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A Family Newspaper, Devoted to Home Interests, Politics, Agriculture, Science, Art, Poetry, Etc. VOLUME XIV. WELLINGTON, O., THURSDAY, MARCH 24, 1881. NUMBER 27. M W La h h y i r r r 4 : i if f - I ft PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY, T- W. HOUGHTON. tinea, "West Kaa of Public Ifim . TEBM3 OF 8UDSCHIPTI0S: One eopy, in year 91 r Oneouvy.aix months.. .............. ........ 7. Ooeeopy, three months............ ......... fit 'f not paid within the rerr SO : BUSINESS DIRECTORY. Attorneys. I . too.0. Offioe ia Uuk Building. d floor. lor at Law. Benedict . Block. 2d floor. nn ind - Wellington, O. O. JtHWOil I HcUAN, Attor men uol fVi.rllni m. l. KlTria. U. Osnoe.a.Meear Block. - IRST NATIOItAk. BANK. Wellington. OL Dom . MMnl hn k Hi. ti n, i I n liDT. and Mil, Mew York Kxrhange. Government Bonds, etc & 8. Warner. President: B. A. Horr, Caemor; Win. Cushion. Assist. Chier. BMUaaa SAaca. WH- ASHfORIK Huafwtnnr sad dsW er in Bouts sod Kboea sod mil kinds of tint elan wutna work. All work and materials folly warranted. hoop, south side of Liberty street. Welliactoa.X .- r Istp. aW TOO WAWT . A niIST-1 LASS BhSTe, Hir Cut or Shampoo, oad a Bohin ana's 0. A". Shaving balooa. Liberty btree. A fnU assnrtm f nt ntHatr fts, Pomades and Haii Haatnraiivea. We ale. keep th. best brand ol Bnoura and warrant them. Bason boned or E. X. BUBUiaUM. - Orui ajsal To knee. A- ft, mm, Xanvfaetarar. Wholeaale . and Betau dealer ia Cigars. Tobacco, etc. A aae assortment always kept in stocs at lowest bnlasroom, aorta side La bony at. DB. X. L. V?aiftT. Offioe as the old Dental Bank. Wellington, Ohio. Dentist, UM D I.H.I. BOlBBOnK. Bnrreon Dentist. Hiisiii to Ur. Lk r. Mutorook. UOoe, swat raoue oqaara, over fostotnoe. . wXAslat At DEO. .CBitSHfEU, i Manufacturing Chemists and Wholesale ana araiers in isram. auuicuies ana a fall' line of Motions and l)rogaieta' ttondnes. to Liberty Street. - T . W. -BatrSHTOIt. Dealer ia J . TVmk,, Htationery. and a fall sainrtmont ggisto Hnnririoi. Westsideof rnbliebqnai VI oars Pood, Kte. TT ' Mm' BABUNi DceJer in Floor. Feed. u ttraia. oecojs. JV Kte. Msrenonse, m aide Bnifcosd osreet, Weilmgtnn. O. k. HsiTiTIhi and Tf ,i iiim Maker. w. wim km eniDkoved. and onto toe besi stock need. All work done nnder my sapar. ilsna -worm moo nMrnanw; utieou Jeweler. J - H. WMHT, Dealer in Clocks, watches. Jewelry, BiiTsnrare. Gold fens, etc boon. - - Urwr Btakles. U. CCSBIOK MK, livery and Bale Utshli. Choice tamoats famished and tasnawriH Boat aide Mornanic Btrees, G. Livery and Bale Btable. Fin. aontk side Uberty Street. ana tnrnont. as res lost Vtorka X O. FtTLLXJt, Dealer fat Fresh and Salt Lu stents. Bologna and Pork Hanssge. Uigbest oto. -ktsrket. eoatk side tsberty Street. Mpaaa for peeres. own. nogs, runes. Biorcmamt Tailor. A: a. Merchant Tailor. A fine at Cloths and Cnniimrrea. which wiUbe to order in the latest strlea and at prioss. Ho I Benedict's Block, ap Wotary PakUft. ifmm. Notary Pnblic Office urac more, west nam raouo Tat W. NICHALS. Attorner and il duai-iillis- at Law, real estate, loan and eot- lmtiag ageat, Mo. Massey xuoes, ujra, u. m Mm alcTBT. Huaaceopathiat. and ofnoa. west atdeJ'Bblie Hqaara. D1 WAT, Homonrjalhic Phy- awteSoatkataia uact at lesmence, wees Wellington, u. KB. Bg. BSm Parsioiaa and Haiw Oalmfram tillesn and oonntnwill lto nrossnt artentinti Office in second atorv ef U.M. otreos'a new baildinc aontk aid of Uberty IMreot, Wellington. O. sfmotogi isktr. w AT. SAWTBLL. Photoaranher. Galler an I aiim raons. womngion, v. BBIBO XOtTBl BBIINTIIf TV THI ElitBBPBlSSOrriCB. All kiads of Print ing aooe neaUj snd promptly. Office, west aid Public iaaare. ore Booohtoa Drag Store. riaala U11. H, W1MWMTH c WH, Faming Mill. SeroU Hawing. Matching. Planing. ete done to ardor. Dealers in Lam Lath. Hhinelra Uoora. Sash. Blinds, Moaldiaga and Dreassd Lumber of ali aorta, sans. Hamlin's reed Bsnra. Welliagtoa, O. ptleiam. J. W. BOfJOHTOIf, Dealaria gmCTACLES, ETE GLASSES, L:: VRet.cfIns Classes. ffi.sggM, TIXESCOFES, - rf Aa4.faUlia.of , OPTICAL GOODS ; Gold. BUtst. Bteel, Bnbbar and CeQaloid TrmmeB of the Finett Qndai BrUm-g aad Betmiriag Old Franua done to FITTING DIFFICULT EYE8 - - A specialty. . o IK DYING MOMENTS, Have tbey toM yon I am going ' To tbe land of ml ' I am very patient, anowtmr ' All is for the beet : Yet the summer lignt la dearest Ere the soul departa, -Mature seem to draw the nearest . Unto dying hearts. Have they toM yon I am leaving Karthly things behind? Lore, perhaps, waa but deceiving. Friendship proved unkind: 1 - tbe sunshine, slowly stealing iJown the soft green slope. Brings back all the trustful feeling. All the dreams of hope. , Have they told you I am hasting' To a fairer homer Tea: but here are roses w siting, Blossoms white as lim; Here are sun-gilt Tine keares wreathing Round our cottage door. Here are solemn Or-treee breathing FiMtanoe OTermore. Have they told you 1 am setting All my thoughts on high? Tee: but can 1 learn forseltuuj While old haunts are nirb? When the bracken plumes are swaying On our pine-crowned kill. I ran almost bear you aying- That you Ioto me still. Hush: I hear a footstep falling On the garden plot. And a voice speaks, softly calling. Yet I answer not 1 Till I feel your arms around me, - W, mw fae eaur hrealM- Lore and faith have sought and found Thlata "lifeoot death. Sarah Doodaea, fa Good Word. KIT. It was a tnla day on the avenue. AH the fast horses in town were out show ing their paces, and the merry sleigh- riders shouted with mirth and enjoy ment as they raced neck-and-neck, five teams deep, and when they came to a dead-lock it was sou more run. At one juncture, however, there were shouts that did not sound mirthful, a wild plunge among the thoroughbreds. And some policemen ran out irom uia siuo- . . . . , . walk ana tAicea in auinoniauve tones. but the crowd was bo dense no one could see what was going on among the noisy drivers And their plunging horses. " It'a onlv a couple of boys." said the beautiful Felicia Hautton. settling back amonA the luxurious white robes; "two of those horrid newsboys. They ought not to be allowed on the avenue at ail. They're always getting nnder foot and frurhteninsr the horses such good time as we were making, too how disagree able." Anybody killed?" asked one fine frentleman of another aa they passed. " . T . . , 1 . 1 "MAW, two ooys mixeu up, uota all. one started to cross the street and fell, and tother got run over trying to save him. stweet Awabs, you know, can snware a few ta-ta. Got under the feet of a highflyer And spoiled his time," said anouier, in a distrusted tone. Then the avenue was cleared and the tide of enjoyment went on, and no more Arabs were so foolish as to sacrifice themselves by obstructing the triumphs of the fashionable throng. At sundown of that same day two poorly-dressed boys applied for admis sion a we uuura ui narpor m umpiwi and inauired for one of their number. who had been brought thither that same afternoon. They were permitted to see him for a few moments, and on tin-toe they entered the long, clean ward and sought out the narrow bed on which be lav. virnen tney naa awk wardly greeted him, .they sat down upon the edge of the cot, and were much embarrassed with the strange ness of the scene, and painfully con scious of their own hands and feet; they were also rather shocked at their comrade's clean face; it looked so un naturally white, with a dab of red on either cheek. Their eyes roved stealth ilv About over tbe otner sick beds and their occupants. . Say. old feller," began the biggest oi the two boys, aaaressing nis sice comrade. ain't you puttin' on a heap of stile." Where's Kitr" asked the sick boy. fretfully: "why ain't he a-long of vouf" . Tne two visitors lootea at eacn omer . . . . , , , . . . , and their faces grew downcast and troubled; they dug the toes of their boots into the clean floor at the bedside and shuffled uneasily, while both couehed violently in concert, then the bur bov blurted out: Kit went on an errant, ana ne voia .T a , 1 a me to tell vou ne would oe up to morrer. sure he ses. ses he, tell Jim it's all rite." - Ton ain't gasain, be your Kit didn't git hurt nor nuthrnr He .couldn't sro errants ef he hurt, could her askea tne otner aog- p-edlv: An' here." improvising a lie for Die occasion, "he sent yer this.' The sick and injured boy smiled as he took the big orange in nis feverish bands and turned It over. I knew Kit wasn't the boy to forgit me here, you fels take a bite it s lwearf nd these will be the fashion many a orange and stick of candy and I abie material for spring costumes. this. Foot little Kit! He knowed as W tO W U M how I liked 'em; here, you take a unuia " u ho nandod it back. . . rv . . i . . A i the sick patient put it under his pillow, Then he said, in a strange, quavering yoice: Knlt.no hnn woman a umcu lb. lau 'I want you fels to look after Kit, and don't you fonret it: when I vets well rll pav back every cent; but it 11 be a long time, fer I'm all mashed in; he's a little tel. and needs lookin arter. Now, boys, don't go back on me, will your' "Ton needn't worry about Kit," said the spokesman of the two, looking away and digging violently at the floor, "he's Lord. I am so tired." said the sick boy. If it wasn't for Kit I'd as leve die as get well; but 1 promised mother as how rd alius take care of the little chap, and I've done it; and he wasn't cut up nor bruised nor nuthin when they pulled him cut'n from under the hoes' hoofs?" Wasn t cut up nor bruised nor nuthin'" echoed the visitor with his back to the bed. Good! Jes' you lock arter him till I get outer this and I'll work my fingers of? for ve. Lord, how dead tired I am." He drifted away to sleep and tbe two boys left without waking him. but be fore they went one of them slipped a little leather bag of marbles in his hand and tbe other put a few pennies wrapped in a dirty bit of newsppper close oy. where he would see them on warung. "He'll think Kit sent 'em." said one. as they softly retreated; "they were in Kit's pocket when the policeman found him to think Ae doesn't know." That nbrht when the hospital doctor went his rounds he found the new boy wide awake but very stilL To the fa miliar eye of the physician his symptoms were clearly aenneu. ...... Well, fay boy." he said, kindly. -an 1 An for vouf TK, twvc'a far lis-hted UP. "I Want mm A it. aend for Kit." v vm answered tne aoowr. hastily " but you must wait until morn- i-t . . e' I don't thlnk-I can sir. X omega I'm booked for tother place. It would be all right ef it wurt for Kit. Bnt 1 promised mother I d take care of him. and whaOll he do without meF . I caa t leave Kit. The death-dew was on his forehead. He beat his bands helplessly on the white spread, while his pale lips con tinued to murmur, "I can t leave Kit!" The physician sat down by him. It is against the rules of a hospital to hold much converse with the dyine, or even to notify those who are in extremes of the approach of death; but this was child the doctor assumed the responsi bility, r "My boy, you Knew that you coma not get well, would you feel very sorry f " Mot lor myself; only for Kit." But if I told ou that Kit was well taken care of that a rich and kind fa ther had sent for him and given him a beautiful home . 'Now your eassin. said the dying boy, with his old fervor. "Dad ain't that sort, besides he broke mother's heart and Kit wouldn't speak to him ef be cum back. "No earthly father, dear boy, but a Heavenly one the priest has told you of him. and the home be gives His children. He it is who has sent for Kit.1 The sick boy made up his parched line to whistle. "W-h-e-w " he said brokenly, "rut's aeaa Kiuea arxer au, when I tried so hard to save him!' . a - .ap . . a a t tu 1 - .11 "He was dead when they took him up." said the doctor, 'ana not bruise, nor a broken limb the shock killed him. and he is safe now with his Master don't you believe thatr' But the boy aia not neea mm; nis lips moved faintly and the doctor. benamir down, neara mm sav strain. "Kit s dead!" Then there was a long silence and before he left the doctor turned the white sheet over the tranquil face and Kit and his brother were to- eether aain.- -Detroit Free lYes. Fashion Notes. The newest bonnets have very short strings. Trams are mucn worn separate irora the skirt. Bonnets are to be made of silk for SDrinir wear. Old-fashioned paste buckles are now seen on ladies bonnets. No dressy toilet seems complete with out a lace and velvet muff. C Amelias and red carnations Are both in favor as floral Adornments. Shirrinsrs and gathered skirts will be much in vogue the coming season. Dark jackets of cloth nave cutis and collars of velvet embroidered in gold. Head-dressc3 of feathers are more worn abroad than head-dresses of flow ers. White vulture feathers . axe substi tuted for Oklxich, plumes on evening bonnets. Round heavy balls of jet are worn on the scarves that are now so fashionable on dresses. No dressy toilet is ' complete without a lace jabot, or cascades of lace down the front. The imported dresses are all bouffant in effect around the hips, b it narrow and clinging at the foot. Bridesmaids wear wreaths of flowers matching their bouquets, and fastening on them small tulle veils. - Long gloves are more and more fash ionable. Arms are being covered, while the throat is being uncovered.. It is hardly considered in good taste among ultra fashionables to wear arti ficial bowers as ornaments. Dresses of gros-grain silk can be made lasnionaoie oy.. trimmings oi piusa, brocaded velvet or brocaded satin. The Urge satin bows that are worn on the corsage with the henus are so conspicuous . as almost to hide the wearers. Clicking fringes of white jet are worn on bridal dresses. Each strand of jet is finished with a large bead or ball of let. ; - The favorite snaaes worn niter oibck are all dark shades of red, dark greens. garnets, violets, lapis-blue and . seal- brown. " '. v Among; the old . fashions revived is that of wearing sleeveless polonaises of figured goods over skirt ana sleeves oi plain Velvet, plush or satin. The prevailing fashions are in favor of slender ladies, and the fashion papers are full of hints to the stout women in regard to their desiring to produce that effect as much as possible. - The prettiest and lightest of handker chiefs are brought from FayaL They are woven from the fibers oi the aloe. or century plant, as it is often called. and are not like silk, cotton or woolen. When you can get cheviots double width, in dark patterns of small checks. ax. aim dinllajp a want, -wiiv wmIa rnur m0nev on more costly material for street I dWinWI IHUUTi Bow a Bridegroom Get Left, I I nr.. w... vrtnM v.a. uia , saw-uuuuu vuiuu m.iuw train yesterday was a newly-wedded pair, who were as loving And tender as people in that interesting condition of we vsuAiiy Are. -iney naa a section in a sleeping-ear and were on a bridal trip to the Pacific coast. Near Sidney a wheel on the sleeper was broken, and the Ira n stoppea at tnat place aoout an near to put as a new pair ot wneets. Here, during the delay, Mr. Goodwin, who is the bridegroom alluded to, got out to kick up his heels And look Around. And while he waa absorbing the beauties of nature and some otner thin firs about the town, the train which Is one of these things that doesn't wait for time or the tiadJ auiatlv rolled out. leavtnflr Mr. Goodwin, and bearing away his D ride. Then there was consternation in Sid ney, and on board the Pullman. The bride was in a state bordering on dis traction because of her lost liege, and vainly, though frantically, did . the eroom put in his best locomotion to cateh the retreating train. As he and the bride were one, with a very clear case of "a passenger on board that was left behind," it was iun to everybody else except the two most deeply inter ested. Failing: to catch the train on foot, he clambered into the cab of a lo comotive which happened to be puffing about the place, ana earnestly solicited help. The engineer, a tender-hearted man with a tender, saw how it was, and proceeded to obtain proper authonty as quicjur as possible, ana sianea wun Mr. Goodwin on a stern chase after the flying train that was trying-to make up an nour oz lost- time, ana wmcn was proud of a new pair of wheels. Away the extra locomotive sped, on the wings of love and sympathy and steam. Goodwin petted the engineer and fire man, and helped to shovel coal, and at Antelope, thirty-seven miles west, the wild-eyed, pursuing husband overtook the nearuess cars tnat bad run away wim a mwu no w wne, ana so. wiey i t" "rrj o" ' Arms. CAeyenng bun. The History f the Democratic Farty. Prolixity is a serious fault in a writer of history. It is not a fault which can be charged to Mr. Samuel J. Randall. That distinguished writer and manu facturer of history has succeeded in con densing the history of his party during the last six years into the brief compass of two remarkably short chapters, which are here presented without any abbrevi ation. "Charier J. In 1ST4, the Democratic party after a long interval, obtained control ot the House. "Chapter It. With the close of this session it is again In the minority." These two brief chapters tell the whole story. Though, to the uninitiat ed, it looks like the beginning and the ending of a historical narrative from which the middle part has been omitted, such is not the fact. There was no middle part. The historian could not find any materials lor a mioaie part. His task was to write a faithful history of the political performance of his party during the period between 1874 and 188L He found its whole history dur ing that period to be comprised in tw.o notable events first, its entrance; sec ond, its exit. 'The conscientious his torian could not give any account of what the party did . between those events, as there were no facts going to show that it did anything. "Historic truth," said Cwsar in his life of Napoleon ILL (or vice versa), " should be no less sacred than religion." How can any body who knows Mr. S. J. Randall have any doubt that he has a profound re spect for that sentiment? That portion of Mr. Randall's great historical wotk which follows his sec ond and concluding chapter is in the nature of an epilogue. He has therein compensated himself for the absence of facts by resorting to the always con venient a priori method of the old phi losophers and schoolmen. When the party entered, in 1874, " it' had to faoe a financial crisis," he says. Assuming that the financial crisis." or commer cial revulsion, which emerged in 1873, continued during 1874, the statement seems warranted. It would have been a further warranted inference that the business revulsion in 1873 and the en trance of Mr. Randall's party in 1874 had to each other the relation of cause and effect. If the revulsion had not come in 1873, the remarkable states men of Mr. Randall's party trade-mark would not have been able to form that virtuous alliance with the fiat-money lunacy which enabled them to get con trol of the House in ioi4. They found "labor unemployed, trade depressed, commercial distress wide spread, gloom everywhere. " They pro- i . i . i poseu to gw isuor employment, aiievt ate the commercial distress, dispel the gloom, make business lively. And they did it. jbey "stopped extravagance. established economy." and "restored confidence," says Sir. RandalL They did all this by the marvelous potency of syllogism. It is very well remembered that they proposed to do it by repealing the Re sumption act, postponing indefinitely the return to a solid-money basis, and flooding the land knee-deep with irre deemable "fiat money." This was their plan of "facing the financial crisis" and putting a stop to the revul sion. That the consequence of execu ting that plan would nave been univer sal bankruptcy ana ruin, puono ana private, sane people do not doubt. But they did not fulfill their plan. All their efforts to repeal the Resumption act and reopen the flood-gates of "fiat money" were defeated. I here were obstacles which they could not sur mount. Therefore, by failing to fulfill their programme of commercial and in dustrial ruin, they saved the country from commercial and industrial ruin! Thev did it by the simple but efficacious met bod employed by the celebrated John P. Squibob in his great tight with Judge Ames. To the disinterested aoectatora the victorv anrie&red to be on the side of the Judge, who had got his antagonist down and. in tbe language of the frontier, was "chawing him up?' It looked differently from Air. bquibob s point of observation. " We held the Judge down with our nose," says that veracious historian, "which we had conveniently inserted between hisJteeth for that purpose T It was in much the same way that Mr. Randall's party stopped extravagance, established econ omy, and restored confidence. It found gold at a premium And the notes of the Government at a dis count." It endeavored to keep gold at a premium, to banish it as a stand ard money, and to reduce the notes of the Government to a still greater dis count by indefinitely postponing re sumption and indefinitely continuing the " lawful money " fraud. It failed utterly in that virtuous scheme. There fore, says Mr. Randall, " it leaves the publio credit better than ever before and unequaled in the money-markets of the world! " "It has witnessed the removal of sectional distrust within our borders.' By these words it does not appear that the conscientious Mr. Randall intended to assert that his puissant party has re moved sectional distrust, but only that it has witnessed its removal by the ef fect of events which it was unable to direct or control. Why has Mr. Ran dall thus attempted to deprive his party ot an important part of its hard- earned glory t It is no less plain that the removal of sectional distrust is one of its grand achievements, since 1874, than it ia that the restoration of busi ness confidence, the resumption of specie payment, and the improved pub lic crecit are among its glorious works. Had Mr. Tilden been made President in 1876. thus rfvinz the Southern sec tional party control of the Executive power, it is a presumption of reason that sectional distrust and animosity wduld not have been removed, but in tensified and prolonged. Foreseeing this very natural consequence, Mr. Kan dall's party, in Congress, having the power to make Mr. Tilden President, omitted to do so, and, instead, made Mr. Hayes President. The latter began and steadfastly pursued a policy which has had a prodigious effect in hasten ing the disappearance of sectional dis trust. Therefore, by making Mr. Hayes President, has Mr. Randall's party been, not simply a witness, but a cause, of the removal of sectional distrust! It is wrong for Mr. Randall to try to shear his party of any part of its glorious achievements. But "the crowning triumph" of that party, Mr. Randall's logical mind per ceives, has been "the eflort" to enact the Funding bilL It seems at first little difficult to understand how legislative effort" which met with de feat can be a "crowning triumph." But a little Randallian ratiocination renders it perfectly plain. The party attempted to enact a Funding bill which, had the attempt succeeded, would have raised the very mischief in business and fiscal affairs. But the paTty attempt failed. The failure pre l vented the mischief which the attempt threatened. Therefore was tbe syllogist ical outcome " the crowning triumph" of the party which failed! The epilogue to Mr. Randall's history of his party during the last six years has a peculiar value. It serves to make clear many things which hitherto have been obscure. It enables us to see dis tinctly the ground for the so-long-as-serted claim that that political incarna tion of Bourbonism has been the "party of the Constitution," the "party of progress," etc. When, twenty years ago, its controlling section took up arms against the Constitution, it was thought that the name " party of the Constitu tion" was inapplicable. Strange er ror! Had the party succeeded in that undertaking, the Constitution would have been smashed. It did not succeed. Did not its failure save the Constitution, and so conclusively establish its claim to the title of Constitution-saviorf Again, when, only two years ago, its agents in Congress set out to undo the political consequences of its failure to overthrow the Constitution, it was riuought that its course imported a par ty of reaction instead of a party oi progress. The effect of its success would have been to remit the uonsutu tion back to the time of Buchanan. But it did not succeed, and the conseqnenoe of its failure has been the extinction of its control in Congress and tbe advance ment of the Constitution to the time of Garfield. Therefore is it the party of progress! Great is logic! Great is Mr." " Sam" Randall! But greater than either is a party which can boast its glorious achievements and crowning triumphs in the consequences of its failure to achieve the opposite. Chicago Timet. The Old and the New. The Administration of Mr. Hayes is closed and that of Mr. Garfield begun. Mr. Haves retires to his home in Ohio, whence he came four years ago to take the oath of Chief Magistrate, to be sooken of hereafter as au ex-President, and to be blamed ana critioisea ana praised by the people whom he has tried to serve accoraing as tne spirit may move them. Yesterday Mr. Hayes was the central figure in Washington society, the foremost citizen of the proudest Nation on the earth, and everybody was crying. " Long live the King, this evening the faces oi tne populace are turned towards his suc cessor in office: thev are worshiping the rising sun, and " the King is dead" so far as Air. liayes is concerned, i ne old has passed quietly and peacefully away. and a new reqimt has been established in the Republio by the inauguration of a new Chief Executive. That Mr. Garfield goes into the White House under more favorable circum stances than Mr. Hayes did is a fact that cannot be denied,, and for which the former ouzht to be truly thankful. The election of Mr. Hayes was clouded by his opponents denying bis right to the omee and formally contesunz it De- fore a tribunal created by Congress for the purpose of deciding the case in a manner altogether novel and different from any previous counting in of a President since the first one was elected. Mr. Tilden had received large majority of the popular vote, and the Electoral vote of Louisiana and Florida, on which Mr. Hayes had to rely for success, was surrounded by so much uncertainty, tnat a great many honest people on both sides were in clined to give Mr. Tilden the benefit of the doubt and decide the question in his favor. When the Electoral Commission declared in favor of the title of Mr. Hayes to the office by an 8-to-7 deci sion, the verdict was too close to carry with it, to the minds of those who voted against him, the conviction of honesty and fairness. They admitted that Mr. Hayes had been declared the President by tne new process, out tney stouiiy denied that he was the choice of a ma- iority of the people of the United States, or that he had fairly secured a legal majority of the Electoral votes. A his cry of "fraud" that has been perpet ually sounded in the ears of Air. Hayes ever since he assumed the duties of the Presidential office, has embarrassed his official action and added much to his Dersonal discomfort. It is an annoy ance that his distinguished successor in the office will not have to encounter. for which he has eood reason to thank an aroused people and a united And aggressive and victorious Republican party. Mr. Hayes surrenders the Presiden tial office, it is but the truth to say. with as clean an official and personal record as any man ever carried away from the White House. The country has been eminently prosperous under his Administration; the uovernment has resumed specie payments under his rule, after a forced suspension of near ly twenty years, and peace and pros perity and rapid progress have marked our career as a Nation. Mr. Hayes has not signed any obnoxious measures that will unpleasantly connect his name with the past, and has urged no public policy upon the attention ot Congress, or the people, that was incompatible with the general we 11 are. ms cabinet has been composed of gentlemen of marked ability and conspicuous -for their statesmanship, and his whole course has been eminently wise, pru dent, conservative and successful. General Garfield begins his official career in Washington with none of the embarrassments and impediments that hedged about his immediate predecess or, either in regard to the legality of his election, or tbe effort that ought to be made to conciliate the booth, or the doubt that existed in the publio mind as to resumption. He is not called upon to repeat the experiments that Mr. Hayes made to bring those people lately in rebellion into closer and friendlier relations with the Adminis tration. His chief difficulty will be to harmonize the different factions in his own party, so that he may have the cordial and united support of the dominant party in the Union. Judging the new President by every reasonable test that has ever been applied to him. in publio and in private, in peace and in war. in evil and good report, the whole people turn their confiding faces towards him and exclaim, Welcome," and "All HaiL" Chicago Journal. B9This has been a short session of Congress, but the Democrats have ac complished a great deal. They have shown the country, with convincing clearness, that their party cannot be trusted with the management of any publio question. Weak and demoral ised as the Democracy was after he November election, it has steadily lost strength since, until it stands to-day at a lower point in the public esteem than it has occupied since the close of the war. Ex-Governor Seymour says to win in future Presidential contests the party must take a "man who by his charac ter and business relations can draw votes from the Republioai party and poll the Democratic vote." In the lan guage of the esteemed Betsey Prig "there am t no sion person." FACTS AXD FIGURES. A single business house of Greens- soro, N. C. has bought 250,000 rabbit ikins this season. -The fruit canneries of California are turning out a stock worth $2,000. 300 a year, and tbe business is largely increasing. A German chemist has established the valuable fact that wood impreg nated with parafine oil is preserved for many years from rot, even under cir cumstances most favorable to decay. It is said there are 11.825.000 cattle killed in the United States annually, the meats from which amount to 4.088,300, 000 pounds, and their total value when killed for food Is 608,200.000. About 600 inventors have sent models or plans of improved stock cars. in compliance with tbe oner of the American Humane Association of a prize for the best. The judges find themselves overwhelmed with the work of examining. The California Railroad Commis sioners have fixed the railroad freights lu the btate At a reduced but varying schedule, avenging twenty-five . per cent. The railroads must furnish trans portation for second and third class pas sengers at sixty per cent, of first class fares. . Special Agent Jenney, of the Na tional Census Office, has prepared a blank for the collection of statistics of fires and losses by fires that have oc curred in the United States during the years 1879 and 1880. - The compilation will, when the returns are complete, be classified by States, and wul show the loss on each kind of nrorjertv burned. About 50,000 of these blanks will be dis tributed throughout the country. The railway mail service of the United States embraces sixty-nine lines of railway post-office, some of them longer than necessary to reach across a whole European Kingdom. Including steamboat routes, tbe annual service foots up 102,166,001' miles, on which mails are constantly being received, dis tributed and delivered, with a saving in time over the old methods, upon each letter or package bundled, of from twelve to twenty-four hours, and in one year the employes in the railway mail service distributed z,bdo,4o3,3ZU letters and pieces of mail matter. . The value of the grape and wine product of California for 1880 ia esti mated at f3. 500,000. Tbe State fur nished over 10,000,000 gallons of wine. 450,000 gallons of brandy, 91U0.U00 worth of raisins, and grapes for preserv ing and table use to the value of 100, 000 or 150,000 more. The new brandy is worth at wholesale (1.15 a gallon. The new vineyards that have been planted cover 8,000 to 10.000 acres.. In Sonoma County alone 2,000 acres were planted in vines last year, in Napa County the wine product has increased from 297,670 gallons in 1870 to Z,4to, 000 last vear. Land fit for wine grow ing may be bad lor o to lzo an acre. according to location auu sou. WIT AND' WISDOM. " Let 'er slide." as the man said when his wife fell on the ice. No matter how old a crowbar may be, it remains as pry as ever. The Whitehall Times accuses Bos ton of spelling beans with a capital B. Why is the nine-year-old-boy like the sick glutton? Because he's over eight. The weather-cock is a vane fowL Some folks think it's a peacock, but this is an error. It seems as if them as aren't want ed here are - the only folks as aren't wanted i' the other world. Adam Bede. "No dlinkee, no dlunkee!" was the sententious reply of a Chinaman when asked to take a inendiy nip. Society never finds out that a wom an is lovely and accomplished until her husband becomes rich. A merchant who has a book-keeper with but one arm alludes to him as his short-hand writer. PlUladelyhia Chron icle. Schoolhouses should have lightning-rods on them, for if you spare the rod the children may be spoiled. Whitehall Times. . Helgh-hol handle the dough; How 1 do wish that dinners would growl A sponge-cake vine or a doughnut tree Whata refreshing sight to seel "If I punish you," said a mother to her nauehtv little p-irL "do you think it will be for my pleasure?" "For whose pleasure is it, then? It isn't for mine," returned the child. A prominent lumberman in Bur lington has had his coat of arms painted on the panels of his carriage, with the Latin motto "VidL"' Which by inter pretation is 1 saw." uawkeye. Table D'Hote Abroad. Breakfast on the Continent always means onlv bread and coffee; to tbe la boring people it means a bowl of broth and a bit of oreaa. or oreaa aione. xne American, however, will find himself served with butter, and eggs or meat. unless he has previously ordered "plain breakfast," when he w.ll receive the usual bread and coffee. The noted table d'hote is perhaps the least suscep tible of change. It usually is served at six o'clock, an hour when the day's work is over, and the meal can be taken at leisure. It is the social meal of the day, and all the guests of the hotel Are expected to meet at the table. It re quires never less than an hour, oftener two, and unless your company is enter tainine. it is a long and dreary process. Perhaps you have been told that there will be ten or fifteen courses, and if un initiated you have your mind made up that for once vou will have your usual "square meal;" but when tbe waiter, with neck-tie and shirt front of immac- n 1 nt a whiteness, brines vou a small piece of bread and a dish of slightly colored water called soup, you proceed with quiet resignation with the belief that you will have the dinner presently but your curiosity is only the more aroused when tbe plates are changed, and after a loner dreary waitinsr you re ceive a very small bit of fish; then the table is cleared again, and you are served with a bit of chicken; like a true American you have dispatched your bread long enough since, and you take chicken and " play it alone;" but you conclude it is " passing strange" when you learn that buttered chestnuts and nothing else, or a bit of cheese alone, will be served for a course, and so you continue for an hour or two in patient expectation of the meal that never comes. My Yankee friend put it exact ly right when he said: " There is a mouthful to eat, and then a square acre of silence." I shall always respect the American, who, tne other day, when he had borne patiently until the meal was half over, thundered ont to the waiter: Good BTacioue! Life is too sliort to be wasted in this manner, sir! For heaven' i sake, bring me something to eat." Foreign cor. cicoa uemmerciM. Youths' Department. .THE ST0RT OF A PEG. In a small town, not far from the River Rhine, there was a large dam, built, in great part, of heavy timbers. which shut in tbe waters oi a stream that ran into the river a few miles be low. Quite a large body of water was thus held back by the dam, while below it the stream was narrow and sha'low. In the dam was a sluice-gate, which could be raised by a lever, and by which the water could be let off. when ever it was necessary. It was not a very tight gate, and a good deal of water ran through its cracks; but that did not matter, for there was plenty of water left for the uses of the towns people. un tne top ot tnis aam, wmcn was wide enough to serve as a bridge, four children were amusing themselves one summer day. Uscar, the largest ooy. had put on a bathing-dress, which was nothing more than a - pair of short trousers, and had climbed aown to the stream, to see if he could take a swim. But he bad found that the swimming did not amount to much, for there was only one place a moderately deep pool lust under the sluice-gate wnere ne could have any chance of striking out with his arms and legs. So he soon climbed up again to the top oi the dam. He would have been glad to bathe in the great pond above the dam, but that was not allowed. Little Lotta, the only girl in the party, had been watching Oscar, and bad lost ner cap, wmcn naa tumDiea off into some bushes below, at the side of the stream. She had called to Oscar to get it for her, but he was already half-way up the face of the dam, and he did not want to go back. He was not related to Lotta, and she bad two brothers there. If she wanted her cap. one of them could go down and get it. lie did not consider that it was not pleasant thing for a boy, with bis or dinary clothes on, to scramble down the wet face of the dam. Lotta began to cry, and her younger brother, Peter, said he would roll up bis trousers and go down lor ner cap, This, however, made Carl, her other brother, laugh. He said he would try to get the cap witn a sties, ana 11 ne could not reach it he would go down himself, tie was nearly a big as uscar, and could climb lust as well. So he got a long stick, and, taking this in one. nana, be got over tne edge of the dam, holding with his other hand to a peg which was driven into a beam that ran along the top. Then he braced bis feet against the aam, ana grasping the peg very tightly, he reached down toward the cap with his stick. It was a white muslin cap. and hunsr lizhtly on the edge of the bush. If ne could but hook his stick into any part of it it would be easv to brine it up. lie had just worked bis stick under the front of it when crack! went the pes: and down went Carl! uscar. lust oeiore mis, naa reacnea the top of the dam, and had run into the house near by to dress. Little Lotta and Peter were so astounded when tbey saw Carl go down, and heard the great splash beneath, that they just stood for a moment with their mouths open. Then they began to cry and ran off to hud somebody to help. Uscar soon came running out or. tne house, and some men who happened to be working near by were attracted by the children's cries, and went to them. When they heard the story, they all hurried to the dam and looked over, but there was nothing to be seen of Carl. Then the men, with O-car, ran to the end of the dam and hurried down to the edze of the stream. One of them waded in, and felt, with his bare feet, all over the bottom of the pool He thought Carl might have been stunned bv the fall, and was lying there. But he did not find him. Perhaps he had been carried down the stream, one of them suggested; but this was not likelr, as the water was so shallow be low the pooL Still, the men, with Oscar and tbe two children, went aown tne stream for some distance, examining it closely. But there was no sign of Carl When the peg broke, (jarl instinctive ly gave a great push with his feet, and tnis causea nun to turn completely over, so that he went into the pool feet fore most. 'The distance which he fell was not great, and the water broke his fall; but it was a very much astonished and startled boy who, for a moment, flound ered and splashed in that pooL When he could really see where he was, he half-swam, half-waded to the shore, and ran up the bank as fast as he could go. As soon as he had recovered a little from the confusion into which this sud den accident had thrown his mind, he began to wonder if his body was all right. So he kicked out his legs, and he threw cut his arms, and soon found that nothing was the matter with any Eart of him. But he noticed that he eld in his band the peg to which he had clung when he was reaching for his sister's cap. It seemed strange that he should still tightly grasp this little stick; but people often do such things when excited. Carl looked at the peg with a good deal of interest. 'It's an inch and a half thick!" he exclaimed, " and made of hard wood. It ought not to have broken so easily. Oho. I see! Here is a knot, right where it broke, and there must have been an old crack there, f or only half of the break looks fresh." At this discovery, Carl grew very angry. "A pretty man," he cried, "to put in such a peg for people to hold to! I am eoimr to soeak to him about it this min ute. It was Franz Holman who built the dam, and, of course, he put the peg in. I micht have killed myself, and I shall just tell him what I think about it." So, without considering his wet clothes, nor his little sister and brother. whom he had so suddenly left on the bridge, he ran off to the shop of Franz Holman. on the outskirts of the town. He found the carpenter outside of his shop, hewing some logs. "Hello!" cried Carl, running up. Didn't you build the dam, down yon der?" The man stopped his work, and looked with amazement at this earnest and flushed vounsr fellow, without a hat. and with the water still dripping from his hair and bis clothes. "Yes," he said. "I built it the timber part, I mean. What is the mat ter with it? You don't mean to say that is has brokenr' "No. it hasn't," replied CarL "But this peg has broken, and it came near killing me. If you built the dam. of course you put the peg in. and I think it's a shame to use pegs with knots and cracks in them, for people to hold on to." People needn't hold on to them, if they don't wan't to," replied the car penter. Let me see the peg." "You can look at it in my hands," said CarL " I don't intend to g" ve it to you. Loox at that oia crack, unaer tne knot? And people do have to hold on to it, or else tie something to it What else was it put there for?" "Pshaw!" said Franz. "You are- making a great bother about a little thing. Any peg might break witn a great, heavy boy, like you, banging to ft" " Not if it was as thick as this and had no knots in it," said Carl, walking -away, quite as angry as he came, for he ' saw that the carpenter cared nothing at ; all for his mishap, nor for his own rep- -utation in the matter of pegs. ' When Lotta and reter reacnea .pome they found no Carl, and when they told their mother what had happened, she was greatly frightened. Without wait ing to put anything on her head, and followed by several neighbors who had been attracted oy ner cries, sne ran to . the dam. On the way, quite a number of people ran out of their houses and shops to see what was the matter, and : these all followed the poor mother; so that when they reached the bank of the pool there was quite a little crowd col- ' lected. A new search was immediately begun, but it was soon very evident that Carl was not in the stream. While all this was going on. and Lot ta and Peter were crying, and some of the older men and women were trying to comfort the poor, distressed mother, who was certain that she had lost her boy, Carl came walking down among them, with the broken peg still in his hand. He had been home, and finding no one there had come to look for the family, supposing that Peter and Lotta, " at least, might be playing by the dam. When he saw the crowd, he was almost as much astonished as the crowd was to see him. He was still hatless, and wore ' his wet clothes, although the air and the . sun had dried them a good deaL The moment his mother saw him, she rushed to him and caught him in her arms, while little Lotta and Peter clung ' to his legs. The people gathered around him and, as boon as he could get a chance to speak, they eagerly asked him where he had been, ana how everything had happened. Carl told them about the broken peg, and'how it had had a knot in it and how he had been up to see Franz Holman about it who didn't care a snap of his finger whether people tumbled off dams and broke their necks or not Then he passed around the peg, so that every- -body could see that he was right in what he said about it and that it was not his own fault that he fell from the top of the dam. Some of the good people laughed as . they looked at the peg, while others said that Franz Holman ought to know better than to use a piece of wood like that for such a purpose; but the most of them seemed to think the broken -peg was a matter of very little conse quence. They were glad the boy was safe, and there was an end of the mat ter. But it happened that two or three of the principal men of the town had been attracted to the stream - by the crowd, and an idea struck the mind of one of these. "If Franz Holman was so careless as to use wood like this, in a peg which should have been a very strong one, he , . ,i , i -i j may nave oeen equauy careiess in ouuu ing the dam itself. And, now that I come to look, it seems to me that the water is running through a great many cracks and crevices." Several persons now examined tbe face of the dam, and they thought that it did indeed look very leaky. It was not strange that this had not been noticed before, for it was very seldom that any one, excepting boy, came down to the bed of the stream under the dam. After a little consultation among the older townsmen it was thought that the dam might be weak, and that it ought to be carefully, exam ined. Accordingly, tne very next aay. several carpenters and Fran Holman was not among them were set to work to make a careful examination of the condition of the timbers, and they soon found that many of them were very rotten, and that Holman, in trying to make as much profit as he could out of his work, had put in timbers which had been taken from an old bridge tnat naa been torn down, and which were, prob ably, unfit for use when they were put into tbe woodwork of the dam. Now. thev were certainly unfit to stand the strain put upon them by the great body of water in the dam. This discovery excited a great deal of indignation against Holman, for if the dam bad given way tne wnoie Doay of water in the pond instantly would have poured down into the valley of tbe stream, where, a short distance below, there were a number of small cottages inhabited by poor families.. Had the accident occurred in the night these houses might have been swept away with all their occupants. The sluice-gate was opened and the water allowed to flow gradually out of the pond." When the water was low enough, the old dam was to be taken down and a new and strong one built Some ot the officials of the- town went to see Franz Holman, to call him to an account for his dishonest workmanship, but tbey did not see him. ' He did not want to talk to any one about the dam, and had gone away in the night, taking all his tools with him in his wagon, and leaving, unfinished, the work on which he was engaged. As they walked home from their un successful visit the good townsmen be gan to talk of young Carl, whose strange accident bad probably prevented a sad disaster to the town. One of them pro posed making him a present, and when it was objected that the boy ought not to be rewarded simply for getting a tumble from the top of a dam, this man asserted that if it had not been for Carl's sturdy earnestness in charging Holman with his bad work, and in aft- . erward bringing the attention of the towns-people to it no one would have thought of examining the dam. This view of the case was thought a fair one, and when the matter had been considered for a day or two it was de termined that the town should send Carl to school. He was known to be a food, smart boy, but bis mother, who ad lost her husband, could not afford to give her eldest son the education he ought to have. When Carl was told that he was to have a new suit of clothes, and was to be sent to school to Baroles a town about five miles away, from which he could walk home on Sundays and holi dayshe was delighted. To go to school to Baroles was a thing he had longed for, during more than a year. -And his mother was just as glad as he was, and very proud of him besides. "What 1 want" said Oscar the big boy who had been on the dam with Carl and the others" is to find a rotten But he never found one. Paul Fort, in Si. Nichol-is. Vanilla has been found to be aa abundant wild product in the Para guayan woods. - Ui- WBBT UM FVBUO aOtT, -A.