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A Family Newspaper, Devoted to Home Interests, Politics, Agriculture. Science, Art, Poetry, Etc. WELLINGTON, LORAIN COUNTY, OHIO, JANUARY 31, 1883. NUMBER 20. VOLUME XVI. X III t- Palis3ia& Every Wednesday J. W. .ITOXJGIITOISr. tffioa. Vat aids of Fuhlie Sonars, TERMS OF 8TJBSCQIFTIONs Ono copy, on, yr --.........-.-. Onecouy. six months..... ............ ....... It One oopy , tiiree months - .... .... C 't not pud within tbe ynr ............. 20' BUSINESS DIRECTORY. JBU DI KOff. Attornev-at-Law. Welling . ton O. Omoe in Bank Building. l flanr.- WP. HEURICKa Attorney ud Connel- lor at L. Besiedsst Block. 3d Hour. Wallinrtoa. O. PR ST HATllrrlAI. BAK, Wellington, U. Does a general bank.bg business, bays and act la Mew lurk Exchange. OuTemmait Buoda. etc. 8. 8. Warner. President; B. a. Horr. Cashier; Wra. Cnahiou. 4miil. CUehier. Bar. gllOf. -,r r ,-,r,- 1r TOO WaKT A " FsRHT- LASS gbava. Hair uil or Shampoo, eail at Kobin m i U. K. Shaving Saloon. Liberty btmt. A fail i mm nl of Hair Oiks. Pomade boo Hal. HalutiUfa. A e aW keep the beet.'bratid ui Baaora at.d warrant tbem. Kaxora tion. d or aiound to order. E. 1 . KOBItiS tS. Notary Pa bile. W. HOIGllrO, No ary PuMic Office m rMuuuu . Urua store, weet Puol.- Fa jalctaeta. IM. J KIT, H.. D9 pathiav. Reatrretrra JL nad lathes, -ul ue futue eaiuare, 1. JVlci'i. I n. t., Phisieian and Bnr- , La. a f un uia,,eaud country wil. met e rmi) atta ion. " " " '' Phatecn pher. w p. aA fELi, Photographer. w sruold a ttluck. a a.Uuauo, O. Gallery FrlssUna;. ItftlO Trt IRl!Tl. TO TH r kit aUtPrUtUtOtrMJK. aJi k.nuaof Print mm al.M a neatly ana i-rom. tly. Lnioe, wtat u pam-as Syuare. wear Zaun .uuc'i Ltau; Store. Planing mil. II VTADWOii rH efc WX, Planing Mill 11 BcnMl oa s.t ;-". jjuun, fitih Bli.la, Mmiidinra and thaneu er oi ali a-rta. aaru. nrar naniiia a in XMura. elli. irui. O. OpttvlaiM. J W. HoDaUIWN, Dealer la SPECTACLES, EYE CLASSES. Ai Reading Classes, ! OPERA OT.ASS&. TZXSCOP.CS. ' And a fall Una of OPTICAL GOODS! " Gold, SUrer. Steel. Rubber and Celluloid Frames of tile Finest Qrsvde Kept in stuck. . tysm-s and Repairing Old Fraxmae dons PITTING DIFFICULT EYES A specialty. OflHWWCMT SIDE rtTssLIC QTJABtC. J. H. WIGHT, Sole Agent Dealer in Clocks, Wa'che, Jewelry. Silverware, Gold Pens, etc. No. 5 Pub lic Square, Wellli g on. Oohr ' w. n. S1GE & CO., Fire Insurance Agents, . Omcm. FiasT NaTSoaai. Baas. Bipiiai tit the Iradinc Anserieaa and Foretiti .Oniasm. tiao patmnag t- reapectfuilv a licttmt. . ; . : U.J. EIOLBitOOK, OIH'' "er B.m-n'11 St-r-, In B ik 'r IS lili. g. -tTVT'elikza.stoai, Ohio. yXiir- H Ox G- ilitKiii-ierr. r. t." , X r:C 1 f " I'l. ol C.S.II0LBI100K, Office. Oyer Tost Office, V;lliiii;tii. Olii. amwaa e4A PHELPS & WALDECK. Dealers in all kinds of first-class cut Meats, fresh and salt - Also Poultry, Sausage, Lard, Tallow, etc., etc. Highest market price paid for beeves, hogs, sheep, poul try, game of all kinds,- hides and tallow. South side Liberty street, Wellington, O. ,,10, THTJSSES ' rirui Jones Si Bav. to. sees ih M iro reur e-nt w tsj market by .Ui. axucuotu " "," ,L tincatee-any nvaaol ordinary I tr toeTaxtTh. mu!tan.lble. aa well as the Sueet appU- Kelief and Cure of Hernia yet Invented. Kothlnr can equal them for llghtne . ui uAiir.uTna Tl T ' w..v. 2' ' WSMXiaOTO. OHIO i z . PARKER'S HAIR B AT.S ATiT. This eletsant drwanf ts prcfcired by tHoM wbolunv naed it, to any k suBtlar article, om ac- jcUUllt oi its sRipcTKaf ctainnncw and punty. It con tarns saaterar only that mn bciwncial to the scarp and hair and always Rtstom tss YoothfBl Color to 6re or FaM latr Parker's Hair Balsam Is finely perfumed and is warranted to prerent falling of the hair and to re- daniruif amlitchafic. Hiscox tCo . W.Y. 10b. aasl $1 etxOT, rti Wftiwn la Jr-jf-1 PARKER'S GINGER TONIC M Saperlatlv Health sad Strength Restorer. If yna are a mechanic or tanner, wera out with om emk. ore mother nm down by tjmi(y or buu hold duties try PARKsa'sCiNcaa l inc. If you are a lawyer, mmrurr or buainau sua ea llancwd by mental strain or anxioiM caret, do not take ipwinig.Mwtil.ntlMiiiw Parka-'aGinKer Tonic If you have Consumption, Dyspepsia, Kheama Ism, Kidney Compbints, or any jiorder of the hxngs, stomach, bowels, blood or nerres Pakb's Gingu Tome will core you. It is the Greatest Blood Puiifier A' tba Best ai4 Surest Conjli Cart Cer Oted. If youarewasnnc away from age, dissipation or any disease or weakness and require a stimulant take GiNCaa Tonic at eace: k will invigorate and buikt you Dp from the frit dose but will aerer intoxicate. It has saved hundreds of Eves; it may save yours, CACTIOM I tUnMsil ntWH.In. PwcweisewTmaki Mill mi f'tnh - " '-ff j eiftVrMt ftam prvpMsstaai f rufeikM. ikWAkel. iiiinss a ri . r t r- r cbxat aavnea butcis doujlk sob. its rich and tastmf taniauce has made this ddighrful perfume esceediagly popular. There la aothlaf Ilk It. Insist upon havmjr Ftvoaaa, TOW Couxars and look for tiiialire of sJUtT SCItttav Ajrr m 4knfdaW Sft M tj jm. St b1 1ft cdA ttea. LARGK SAVING BCT1.NO ne. rincipauuine; lue tHOUItsT, StLiCktsT and And 1 iOTWKST tine to St. Joarsh. points In lotraTiT-Atchlson, Topcka, Deal- Dalles, Gal eae, New Mcasoa, Artsona, veaton. tans snd Teraa. "TTii. t-"t- has Dosuprrtor for Albert 0r Lea. Minneapolis and St. PauL rnl versa! """EJSyS" riationally reputed as ly eoocedea to iJJfS being the Grsit he tbe best eaurseed J5$JC5kIhrotiohCar Kallroad in the World for -.-tJjT-; Lin. all elamrs of travel. -- KANSAS CITY T. 1 POTTER. PERCE"L LOWELL. Id ,1c fnt eea'I Managtr, etn.Pm. B'-. C b tcaaro. 111. Cnicaco. HI, TUTT'S , EXPECTOnAUT Is composed of Herbal and MueUaetooan prod. neta, wlucn pernuu tks lamtaaet ar ska Iasatara, expectorates Ue aicrsel smart ar ttaaseoUaetaiu tna Branchial Tnbaa,5adlomism aoattilag; eoatlag, which valsawaa ar rtsmtaaas that eauaee tbe eon go- la ej.asitf Uaelsimart af all tnapnritses, eSnmartlsesta gHa ml w Ileal anuTeehilerl by dleeaee,invifror atas th eirealauon of tba blood, and braces the nervous rystnn. Slight oalda aftem aad rat eaassaanptlonw It la daagtroai to megler tjMsss. Apply tlsa resaedjr promptly. A test of twenty years warrants the aaeeruoa that bee a roanei taat sa as mranapS mitaetteotaa. TUTT S tAPtCTDHASI. A. stssaila eloaei amlaee us phi. an-, mibSuea intMimsnaa. and its aaa apeedilv cure, the i obstinate cough. A pi eatant corel tal, e alt dram salts It readily. For Crasp K Is l.v.1 mhll and should hs in every family, 1b 5c ntirl 1 ssortles; TUTT'S PILLS ACT DIRECTLY ON THE LIVER. Cstrea C hulls aad Fsvtr, Dyepepsln, ai.k ' a i'11"" :ollc .Comatl sUaMl f HSiai " 1 mipltassavmar " lllnliiaaa Taaalil liver. assdl aaaaso IrrwarmlarrUaa. Uyoadonotfeel eery well," aatnele pill at bexLtima aairnnlaase the stornaeh.Teoreatlieappetite.rrnpartavirortotbe m. rrlee..r.c. an nmrii.(mi 'WRITE FOR TUH'S MAIIUAl rRtE.-W THE MI11XR BROS. CUTLERY CO. STANDARD POCKET CUTLERY, Iadlea fftnsaors aad Ink Erasers. kUksaU styles of ST'E'EIi PEKSe W. Soweutofrtadnabl.QomAerWBiaver, ThaAowa,"aadmmillmsm-graisaaiaa.. v- in. wSnla ttae of Pms wffl be sold by th. trsda. ZeM. ua furnished to daslars on sppiicsiwa ta atit ma A l.trjre asortmeni ..f i he vailous ftyl f ca-e- mid com I'l - nation of thee Jntly ci'lebrntttl Orjtitiison : aw rxliitiilK'H "y Mu-ical K-ioms, lot nale at pric and on term" f suit pur chai-er-i. A No, a tine line of the best muke. r Mjiiare Gratrl and Upright Piinog. fall and -xaiiiine m-lock. WM. VIS CHER. ria An lllnatrated SO pare book on HXeC MEDICAL USES OF ELECTRICITY. . U "iU deeeriptloo of disaaaaa and dlreettoeafor " tbelreare by tbe Pleeire-Marnotle Battery BaU. ' ELECTRO-FARADIO BELT CO., llta 3 14 Crraotnut t.. St. Loula, aso. Vv ,T aJ p TV aj connections sisdavV Throogh XyV TrTtt Ticket. rlathleSrr XV and yoo will Celebrated Line SW?Ser Sad travel log a aleatanonJcealnSgfS. luxury. Instead ,he n fc vwv r Canada. AnOtXfyJV. comf(w vCvvlaf ormatlooSk- CAO. 1 VWXabout Hates ofvTCOv I KjSjr Fare. Sleeping Cars, v S ere . cheerfn'lv rlvrn l.y I i Democrats ana STRONG FACTS A great many people are asking what particular troubles Brown's Ikon Bittsas is good for. It will cure Heart Disease, Paral ysis, Dropsy, Kidney Disease, Con- i sumption. Dyspepsia, Rheumatism, Neuralgia, and all similar diseases. Its wondeful curative power is imply because it puriBes and en riches the blood, thus beginning at the foundation, and by building up the system, drives out all disease. k Lady Cured of Rheumatism. Baltimore, Hd., May 1S80. My health was much shattered by Rheumatism when I commenced .li-g Brown's Iron Bitters, and I scarcely had strength enough to at tend to my daily nousehoiu duties. I am now using the third bottle and 1 am refraining strength daily, and I cheerfully recommend It to all. I cannot say too much in praise of it. Mrs. Maar E. Bbashsab. 173 Prestmanst. Kidney Disease Cured. ChristiansbuTg, Vs., i88r. Suffering from kidney disease, from which I could get no relief, I tried Brown's Iron Bitters, which cured ma completely. A child of mine, recovering from scarlet fever, had no appetite and did not seem to be able to eat at alL Igavehimlroa Bitters with the happiest results. J. Kiu Momtacvb. Heart Disease. Vina St., Harrisbnrg, Pa. Dec a, iS 1. After trying different physicians and many remedies for palpitation of the heart without receiving any benefit, I was advised to try Brown's Iron Bitters. I have used two bot tles and never found anything that gave ma so much relief. Mrs. Jsjuas Hiss. For the peculiar troubles to which .a dies are subject. Brown's Iron BrTTSas is inTaluable. Try it. - Be sure and get the Genuine. itew soivn: Comos to tho -Trout with new stand at a coat of fifty thousand" dollars. It has a new furniture, second to none. It has A self-setttn-' needle, A self-threading tension, A double feed. An oil cup at tbe bottom ot the needle-bar to keep oil from your srooda, Aself'Sdlusd if tension. And a stearin that has been tested for 40 year without change. 8ee it at Mrs. Banninir's Millinery rooms, R. A. LAMPHERE, 43 The only authorised Agent for Wellington. QUININE SUBSTITUTE. The Oniy 25 Cent AGUE REMEDY IN THE WORLD. CURES And all MSl.AItlAt. DISEASES. From Euisn Thomsom. i-astor of the Church of the IBc'iJes oi Christ. Detroit, Mklu -ly sen was dangerously in and entirely pronraled from Cluils and Fever. Quinine and oilier meuicuies were tin without eCect, Mr. Craig, who had used TussstAuas as a tonic, advised a trial of THFJiiAUKtt.Iih a done, reauhmg iu his complete recovery wuiml a lew days." AX AU EaUUUlg79, 01 BT KAtt. tSa. rrs f.Z. DUNOAS DICK & CO.. 112 While Slretl, 1 . Y SEiDLiTltlE at sr. BEIDLITZ POWDERf As pleasant as 15a. EACH ) AT ALL I.AXATISE I.OZKMJLS Ileenlute the Bowels easily arid pleasantly. Cures Cons- flpation, Piles, ItllioiiKiier.K, Headache, Heartburn, Ac. AU D.'ucgiut", or by mnil, 2."e per box. DUSDAS DICK & CO.. 11 rVrcrt. NewTork. White Capsulots. The fuifcKt nml most reliable t'nre for all oi tuo crmarv cirenns. Certnin Cure in eight days. No other meilicina can do this.''' The best medicine is the eheaDest. Beware of dangerous imitations. All Druaaifits. or bv mail, 76c and $1.50 Ter box. Write for Circular. DUNDAS DICK CO., 112 White Street, New York. ""7f-j3"J Instantly relievea by the use 0!VliLl ".and f J I i , J ,1 after several applieationsuf it, QassUsmssadSoh by e'l Druggists, or mailed on receipt ol JPT X DUNDAS DICK & CO., M'fg tSj Chemists. 112 White Street. Nw To-v TO COKSUMPTIVES. The avertlver, having been permanently cored hat rfeMil A iimm i; nuimnthe. bl a slulD e reraedr. I. anilnu. 'o make known to his fellow-sufferers tba means of cure To ,11 rf desire It e wl I send a c- py of tbe prescription ued. (free of chsnre.) with trie a recllon. r pn-psnns ana u.ina 11 whleb lory win nna a ai as Llll xor loseiaJ-xio ATHaa. aoBCHiTia, ac i . I , . wl.tilntf the ore .rrlntlou. will nleaae addl Rev. K A- WLLSUN. HMfena. tit. WLUauuburg. M v wis- PIMPLES T win rdsfl (Brer) the reclpt for a simple VrorTA lb Hals that will remove TAX.Fausxss,Pinn.si ,i I HaLM tnat wiii ituwib i,(niusi,riin.H and Blotches leavma ti e skin soft, ele.r snd beaotl ful; a ao In truciloos for prudncltiga luxarlantgrowUi of bslroa s naiu neao wruuuwin -ue. ao r .a, iuciu. Is So aiamp. Ben, VaadeU Co., 1 BarcUy at- N, " " -!-- 1 ' sarsaaamjii -T CiTil-Scrrlce B-ronu. For years the minority party has been crying out for ft.retorm in the Civil Service. For tears it has gone to thn peoide in its Rational and publio platforms with the gravest aoou-svtions against the rnlinz party, for having permitted gross abuses and pernicious practices to grow np in the conduct of the d fferent branches of the Adminis tration. There ha not been an elec tion for nt least the last decennium, when Democratic speakers and news papers have not repeated these charges wi n me utmost venemence against -ery body connected with the publio service, " from the appointing . power down to the lowest custom-house weigher or post-office employe. tivil-:iervice ts orm was weir stock iu trade. With -his batte-cry they harangued the people, and, after the prejudices of the jnasses had. ori'atos to endear him to the Deuocracy been awakened, they had easy work to convince many honest and loyal c.ti sens that there wa truth in their barges, and, in order to ellect a change for the ' etter, there would have to ie a change in the Government. Thus many m n were induced to cast their lot with those who had assumed this garb of re. orm. and a Democratic Conarea was elected. But it is ex ceedingly fortunate for the ountry that. fvpfiir-A tli a npw PonrrrciMfl cat into rower, the men who wiU com nose its i . ... 1 majority nare tne opportunity t.i aenn- i ing v. hat the .' menn b , Civil-Service . Reform, and verily, the revelation of j tho tr e inwardness of these Demo-J cratic reformers is surprising and dis- ! gusting. i The"bjeet of Civil-Service Reform, as generally understood by its true fr.ends, "1 is to irrnore do itics entire y in ine ao- point . ent o: emplo.xs of the Govern- j unscrupulous, ana more prouno in nat ment, and to be Y.rec;ed solely by abil-1 nral resources than any of the little fel- e r . v i itr. merit, ptnerionoo antl onalineation. I lt aims to look entire y for efficien -y in 7. manarino- the C ivil-Service deDart-!- ments 01 the Gove mnent. I n ltr the r Ho is a geat inventor of handy and ex operation of measures provided under? pressive definit'ons.-- When the great this conmrehensiou of C ivil-Service Re- ! lawvers an I the army oncers were in a form all anolieunts. bo h Democrats ! and ReDU lieans. would have to be ex-. amined. rind uo questions would be oer- i mitted to be put to tind out the politics of an applicant. If the Democrats, as a pLuul trera sb a to nnjis a rmttor am-1 ination than the Republicans, they arnnlrl ot the anrxiintmAnla anrl thn same with the Republicans if they beat I the Democr.ii.4 in their examinations. 1 These are the man features of the 1 nroriosed Civil-Service Keform move. menu as understood and demanded by the people and ar embodied, if toj fully, at ea t in an aci eptable manner in the bill, which has recently passed both H -uses or t ongress, and which,' beinsr prepared ry a Democrat, Senator Pendleton, of Ohio, and cominar in re pl. to the constant Leraoonttic demand, could have been expected to have met an enihnsiastio Democratic - supporL But what do we Pud.' B.uh in and oat of Congress we see tbe rcanifestat'ons of 1 emocrat c disgust over the bilL The New York H'owrf, which Is consid ered the prino'pal exponent of Dem orratir. idene. niMioaaa It nolentlv anrl r.lr rllv intitnsten that thn llfmnrnrv when it cr ed for reform did not expect . ... . . ... . the Republicans to trive it to the coun try, but wanted to have the honor and the reward of the work reserved forhe Democratic party. It ase ts that Mr. Pendle on committed a serious error. It does not care for the public inter -st, It does not want the Civil Service im proved until aiter the Presidential elec tion oi it4, wnen it nopes to see a Democratic victoiy. lhis is the position of tbe most Influ ential rem cratio newspaper in the countrv, and the proof has been fur nished, that it re ected correctly the sent ments of its party, during the Sen atorial debate. It is 6afe to say, that there are not twenty Democratic mom bers In Congress who really wish to see the present system chanxed until their party comes into power, and one of the most prominent of their number, Sena- tor Brown, of Georgia, had the couruge to openly say so. : in the e tended remarks which he madeaganst the Pendleton bill, this nll.ng the sacis in his hands, they outspoken gentleman takes the oj en I dn'- want any unple sant reminii grouod, that as the Democratic par y : cences to stand lu the way of their get- had now a lair prospect ot ga ning pos- se-sion O the tinvernmont it would be mprudent to embarrass it by a Civil- pole h rse. and was with him ruled out v ervice efonu act in the exercise of the ' by e iudges. He will not be brought power o ut Republicans out of oil'Tce i nIMm tne track a-ain. but w'uen ihe and cut' Democrats In. 'He is for Ke- t other horses score for a tart he is 1 form. but not until Democra s can be '. wv9 anxious to "go." The Vru err bene ted by it, Hedoesnotobjoc totho i ' ,ta estimate of tho othor "poi'son," present system, ne is in lavor ot giving the sno Is to the victors. He ob eels to the Civd Service ' efor bill, because it wil) preveut the appo'ntrrent of a hun dred thousand Democrats to offices, now hi ed with experienced men. nd this is un loubtedly the opin on of the w ho e arm v o Democratic politic:ans and o lice-seekers when they fully understand tbe purpose of this Demo cra ic( ivil-Sernce efor b 1L The speciacle is thus offered by the Uemoc atic reform party of objecting, nfter cry ng tse f hoarse for ivll-Ser-vice '"eforrh, to thn very first step taken a Zt. , 111 f ..sT . bhi.d.v he-.eved in the good faith of em.K-atio promises, heed the lesson wl .,fafi-.i , tel-will be no more e'iic'cnL hone.it i "-it w . " -""1 nnd s::t s aeory undor the new sys'em thn i i now. We a e row need that, .wi. h a'l the chafes maile. the serv ce as ne er been better nnd purer thrm now lut we concede that i;blico.in "on h:is i rononnced in 'a orof acha ge. and we a ree with the P.esident in ur.-ing C'-ng-e-s to meet tha popn i:ir demand honestly - vhe her we be 1 eve in the .ea bihtv of all the rov's ons o the new ir'l Service law or not. t is eera nly riyltt for the Repub 1 cans to pass a genu nu u.e;uui-o and srive t e plan a lair triaL '1 he Presi dent took hold'ot' the matter in the r ght way w .e he advUed 'ongresa to adopt some u .'h measure. The Dem ocrats r ved that their cry for reform s a sham, wh lo theKepu licanss owed that they were re-id to meet any issue and this one in particular. Burlington Haulcry?. Persons who fancy that wetting coal increases the heat in the furnace mav be interested to know that a series of tests was recently made at l o ;hum. ermany. to determine the value of wet and dry bitum nons coa' in making steam. Washed slack. Iio ding 18 er cent, oi wa er ami .i.a per ce it. of asn. evaporatea . ,u er P.r pound of fuel, while the same coal. with ouly three per cent, o water, mado Irom to jx nils o' steam. Mak ing due allow nee 'or moisture by re ducing to a standar I of like . uant!ties of coal free fro u moi ture. there is ound to be a dirert loss, by using wet coal, of 14 per cent. ClttcUjO Timet. j It wat a cold day for that Judge who threatened to line a party $10 lor coughing in court, when the "d'sturbing element informed his Honor that he would be will n to nav twice that sum to have it stooped. Denver Hustler. Democratic Candidate. General Benjamin F. Butler is not onlv the Democratic Governor of Mas sach setts, but he is considered an avail able and probable Democratic candidate for the Presidency in 1884. He has car ried his own State for Governor against great odds, and that is regarded as a test ot his popular ty w.th the people. The Governorship of a great Sta e has always been looked upon as the step ping stone to the Presidential office, andrunn nz :or the former office is sim ply scoring lor the greater race. It is not strange, therefore, that both Fntler and hU Deraoc ratio iriends look upon himself as the person who is as likely as any man to carry the Democratic stand ard two years hence. Besides having carried his State, in which he has been repeatedly beaten for oyernor, General Hutler possesses many striking qaali.; and to m.ike him the .t representative o'i that conglomeration of political odds and ends. Butler was first a Democrat; then a Kepublican; then a Greenbacker; then a Trades Unionist; then a Dennis Kearney s.ind lot Communist: then a Democrat nnder false pretenses, and no ' a Republican, as he culls himself. The sheet that the apostle saw let down from Heaven did not contain as much unclean stuff as may bo found in Gov ernor Butler's drag-net. And, although the re el Democrats in the South nick- i L ? . I r .1 : t. usuieu uiu, uio . ue umtsi sua war. he is now reg rded as their iriend. and the remembrance of hit sixty odd votes in the Charleston Convention for Jeft Davis as the 1 emocratic candidate for. the Pre-idency against Mephen A. Douglas, ought to -endear him to every ex-Con federate heart In the Solid outh. vienerai nuuor is ukhc suit, suruiu . . . lows wno w ma oe leaucrs oi ine ios- stlied L-'emocracy. He h:vs belonged to all parties and knows lue secrets of all. quandary over the real status of the col oredman during the war a creature that was three-tifths a person and two- fifths a chattel under the Constitution Butler settled the whole .limVulty by i'l hat was a definition which fully met ueciarinsr mm - coairaganu 01 war. the ex.crenies Of the Case. ow General But er has Invente I another term that will make him pop- ular wi n every spous-seeKini wemo- crat. He knows that the idea of Civil- Service Keform is "p sen" to all dyed-in-the-wool t ourbons who are out o office, and I titler it now solid with the bora on that score. At the oston din ner, on the 8th of January, in memory of Andrew .la-kaou, the seco id hero of New t'rleans made a neat little speech in the course of wh ch he said "Tbe doctrine which I rdopr, for one. is not that t the victors bulons: the spoils, but that the Government be Ions to its friends." Thai is he I.O rbon old wine put into new bottles. and is the old Jacksonian m tto put in a new dress. Mr. Hanniiran. of iexat. I innocentlv inquired: V hat are we : hfert ioff allu line to Office COtt'n?. 1 and I 'overnor Butler has answer d the , , . . i i i i , question for the 'Whole . Democratic party. Tbe Government belongs to it friends," and no Civil erv ce ru ea must . be adopted to keep those friends" out of power and place. Do' h tho ox low that hath f.-dderr Not much. Chicago Journal. Hendricks and McDonald. The Philadel hia Press is disposed to be facetious about Indiana's favorite Democratic son. the t on. J. seph K. McDonald, and n a OiDDant style com' pares h m with the Joseph who was taken itnwn intn Krrvnt. T'.n other sons the I Benjamins and Reubens 'ragged) i would like to regard him n the same ! light, but they are overshadowed by the r'oarthat ir an In liana Democrat is to be I Chosen to head the grand rush tor the corn cribs at Washington, . oseph wi I e the man. And. in the improbable event ui ue sin um nam mo ousiuess : llug K""'-1 meaiuro. .buiwi hcuuhu nas run uu race, hiui muru aa tue wnen s.y: "In his r!ar Thomas A. Hendricks was a fo-Mlly ch?-r shed favo -He im or In Mann. He waa ab-'nloivl tn thn cold in rcy of a -Hepnb-lican 8ennte ur ng tbe wir, to the more frigid coropanioitahlp nf n Itepu limn Trrrl iture and Bmt olfio ali. as (roveruor. In .STf, atvl when the I'd il ave came In !:, he was lefl In the Vlce-Prealdent al Jerli-ho w tii Til en becHuae h a par nts we-e not keenly enmivb al re to his deacrts. Now, Imwev. r. lindlna the elder brother trt-come ns in ih' favorite Eaaif, Hemlr.oks eonsicnts that Joseph McDon ald shall pass as tba nri-born, and w U take for his bitthrlgbt the porta . f n( the I'reaiden rial prlmie-'." Mr. Hendricks . doubtless deems it time eno.igh to ' talk about accepting t the primacy after tho President al per- ; Simmon h:.s been knocke.l bv somebody ' else At this tincture it can hardlv be thlt he to ,OJ n?. anv eep- le3t t McDonald should not get the nom:iia- tion. .orls it all apparent that he is anxious t keep the honor within the State bonn s. u.iless .-ome'.odv nearer his own houseliold should ; e e ' e it There are some points n t lullv a i justed : in the Democratic ha pv '.amily in ndi . ana, and this is one of them. It's a vert j delicate business, you know. Nobody amon; them wants to "s -rouge"' too ranch for the Ire si en'.al nomination. lest he miss an opporlun ty to capture tho Senaton.il pri e. me im.igme that there is nneasine-s, 1- not actual nnhappiness, among the gre.-vt men just now It woild be nnn ughboriy to say so, but so many I'epubl cans are scr.tm- bii ig np tne division ten o to see tne fun. that it looks 1 ko there is to lie eith er a Donnybrook fair or Kilkenny cat light among the l em-icracy. so m But at present Joseph K. Mo on:-ld is r'ght up w th the band wagon, nud is an .ious for the pr icession to sttrt. As Snt Lovingood would sav. these little diver sions are hard on favorite sons, but they are the making of the pup. lnuianap- oUs Journal. The Commissioner o' the General Land Office states, in reply to an n uiry made by an ex-soldier, that when a sol d'er's d claratory statement is li;ed to m a 1 n ,1 .(.a .,lrliAi. Mmiirnn M i mak an actual entr? to the land and also to establish his residence and com mence lm irovemont within six months a ter the date of filing,' and that he is allowed six months more within which to commence tho residence improve. menu -A Cincinnati man rroa- ed tb.it he had expired and reached hades, and in trying to jump out ot a pit I. lied with tiery serpents he limped out of bed, and through a window and brought up nn the roof of a shetL He has been awful kind to his family since that dream. I Detroit f're: I TBS Q OLDEN LAND. Lonely o'er Life's desert dreary. One broad waste of glaring sand, Hoara I, weak and worn and weary. Searching for my "Golden Land. Tor they told me when I started On that Journey, years ago. Hopeful, blithe and happy-hearted. Ignorant of pain and woe. That, beyond tbe line of btightnesa- 'So this desert looked to me DazilinsT In its ail very whiteness. lake the loara on summer i Was the "Golden Land" enchanted. Known toyouth of every aire; By the band of artist painted: Sung by poet, sought by sage; Land where hopes have glad fruition ljSnd wnere dreams n re dreams no Till, before my longing vision. Seemed to rise its glorious shore. Sense enraptured with its beauty. Soul enraptured with its bliss; What cared 1 that life meant duty 1, who owned aw tales Uke this? So. from childhood's happy Tal ley. Out uponhat sparkling sand, Eajrerly I atppol and ravlr Ah I that was my Ooldeu Land! BntI left It, little gnesslnr All the wealth 1 left behind t All the beauty and the blessing That no after-search etn nnd. That wild langcape stretched before ms, Bwift I aped, tbe goal whs nigh. While like fur iaoe walls, bent o'er ma, Quivering with white heat, the sky. Of the happy future dreaming;. Of the glories Just before. 1 On the fair horizon steaming That enchanted, emiling shore. And I saw, aa I came nearer. Waving trees an 1 sparkling; streams; Fairer shone tbe scene and clearer, . Brighter than my brightest dreams. Groves and gardena softly shaded, 8tHtoly mansions snowy white But the vision slowly faded, faded from my ravished sight. Then I grew so faint and tired. That I only longed for rest: All my glowing hopes expired And despair my soul possessed Now I know the land enchanted That gleamed fair before my eyes . Was but a desert sere- . nalnted On the brazen, baa-,..- . And my feet shall wander ever. On tbis scorching; burning sand; . Xshall faint and fail, but neear ShaU 1 Und my "Golden Landl ...Charles HamOlon, fa Our ConllnmL "C0AL-0IL J0HS5Y." The discovery of oil on the little property of Mrs. McClintock, and the experiment oi the widow which in volved the destruction of her life and the wreck of her homestead, were the stepping; stones by which a vouth. who had "been, reared upon charity, rose to wealth and to an era of extravasrance and dissipation.. Some time previously Mrs. McClintock, who was a lone widow,- had taken the boy out of a charitable Institution to assist upon her I arm. ana sne aaoptea mm as ner son. After her death it was discovered that by will she had bequeathed her little holding to her adopted son, who, in his obscurity as a farmer's hand, was known as Johnny Steelo among his few associates, but who. when ne came to roll in wealth and to live a life of dis sipation, attained notoriety as the Oil irince. or coai uii jonnnr. wnen ms foster-mother died and he succeeded to her little property, Johnny was only nineteen years of age. Ho cut up the farm into small plats, which Be let to oil speculators, from whom he extracted royalties that for a period or two or three rears brought him $3,000 a day. Where he had previously been ignored he found presumed friends, who hovered about him liKe a swarm or Dees, ana some of the more subtle of them, weav ing: themselves into his "good graces' allured him into habits of extravagance and dissipation, instead of into a walk of life where his suddenly-accumulated wealth might have been employed in the prosecution of good works, that would have brought comfort to others and happiness to himself. But he was supple in the hands of his newly-found friends, and his inclinations being twisted into the crooKcd ways oi the "Prodigal Son," he went on spending his nnncelv" income in riotous livinrr, f ami ling the idea that the stream of wealth flowins to him dav by day, would con tinue, without limitation or check. Some of the stories of the wild career of the "Oil Prince" and the butterfly friends who hung upon his skirts in the davs of prosperity may be interesting. He married a young woman in the same rank of life he had himself occupied as help to Mrs. McClintock, but he soon left her pretty much to herself, while he and his companions went in search of scenes of dissipation, lie got the idea that he should like to see that world wonder, Niagara Falls, and as he could have no indulgence without his friends participating therein, he decided to take a troop of them along with him to see tbe mighty cataract. lo travel in hired conveyance, was infra dig even in an "oil prince," and he must needs buy Horses ana asupero vehicle to ac complish his journey, and when this had been completed, made a present of the whole "turn-out" to one or his compan ions, who all looked upon him for food. raiment and catering to their vitiated tastes. On one occasion, being on spree in Philadelphia with his associates, he went to a hack stand to hire a hack. but the drivers, seeing the spirituous condition of the party, severally declined except one, an Irishman, who volun teered to drive the partv wherever it wished to proceed to. lrhe party was taken to a hotel some distance away, and. on arrivino there, the "Oil Prince called the driver into the hotel, treated him with some liquor, and inquired his name and that ot his employer. Ke questing the driver to take him to the place of business of his employer, he was soon iu the presence of the owner of the hor-io nnd carriage. "How much do yon want for the whole lot?" said the "Oil Prince," pointing to the horse and e-'.rriage at the door. The owner na ed the price, and, after paying the sum without question, the "Oil Prince" turned to the driver and said: "It's Vour's; take me back to the hotel." The "Oil Prince" was soon in the com- Eany of his companions again, and the ack driver went on his way rejoicing over his newly-acquired "turn-out.' Wandering, one day, into the famed Jewelry store of Messrs. Tiflaney, in New fork, he desired to be shown a diamond .ring.. Being shown one, he asked to see ;jne with a larger brilliant: another was brought him, but he wanted a larger still; the whole of the diamond rings usually exposed for sale in the establishment were brought to him in succession, but still the "Oil Prince" craved to see "something, liner and larger." Finally theservitorrummaged the safes for the finest and costliest jewel and produced it. and yet the "Oil Prince" asked if he had not a ring finer than that. "No," said tbe servitor, who was becoming lively suspicious, "that is the best that can be obtained in New York at this moment," The value put upon it was $7.1)00 or $8,000, and no sooner had the "Oil Prince" satisfied him self that it was the best ring in the es tablishment than he slipped it onto his finger and hauled out of his pocket anc. deposited on the counter not a check. but bills and coin in payment. The servitor eyed the strange youth In amazement, and, not unnaturally, sus pected that he must, to be in poraession of such an amount of wealth, be red handed from some bank robbery or the pillage of some millionaire's money chest. A messenger was sent in pur suit of the youth as he strolled along tho street, admiring on his finger "the finest ring in the city," and he was dogged to one of the fashionable city hotels, where the messenger learned that the sus pected bank raider was no other than the "Oil Prince," who had already gained a wide notoriety for his extravagance. One day, having exhausted his purse, he made a nasty journey nome, witn a view of replenishing it He found his wife and her relatives in a state of rebellion against his neglect of her, and against his extravagant, habits. To silence them, . he handed over to his wife $10,000, beside buying her a small property to reside npon, and. this done, he again sought the society of his companions and the revelry which his wealth commanaeu. His game of extravagance and dissipa tion, however, was doomed to have a termination, and his Eldorado to become unproductive. After two or three years' successful operations on the Mc- ClintocK farm, tne wens necame com- Sarati vely dry, and as the oil speculators eparted to other districts in search of more prolific sources of oil, the Oil Prince." found his supply of wealth cut off, and his farm ruined for the produc tion of crops. Some of the companions in his revelries had so shattered ' tneir constitution as to hasten them to prema ture graves, while the most robust had no other matters to attend to than to dance in attendance npon the "Oil Prince," with his supply of $3,000 a day cut on. i he "prodigal" returned to his wife on the little proper ty he had bought to stifle her complaints in the days of his wealth. Settling down to practical business, he found employ ment in driving a team whicn ne owned, and subsequently he secured an appoint ment as station agent on the Oil Creek route. He was in the habit of saying. after he had "sown his wild oats." that in his wealthy days, "I had lots of fun, but I did not really enjoy myself after all." A few years ago a 'banking com pany publicly announced that it held a deposit of $20,000 in the name of John Steele, and that it had not been claimed. The attention of the "Oil Prince"- was drawn to the announcement, and he was reminded of the circumstance, which he bad forgotten, that in an interval of his "sprees" he had deposited that sum in the bank. With this sum, and with the fift he made to his wife, the "Oil rince," after all, is lifted above penury. and in a humble cottage he is otten re minded of the evils which an improper use of wealth may create. ' The story of the Oil Prince" is also ' the story of many others who were 'raised to the possession of wealth under pretty much Bimilar circumstances, and who used their wealth to wreck their constitutions in their search for pleasures, which left in their patn a corruption ot ana a sting to society that wealth itself could not eradicate. While many persons have grown rich out of the discovery of the subterranean oil lakes, scores have been made bankrupt in pocket and health in their eager race for the "almighty dollar." All over the oil regions in the counties of Venango, Butler, Clarion andMcKean, in the State of Pennsylvania, o ice fertile farms have been put nnder tribute to explorations for and speculations in tne mineral on. To land owners and to holders of onri- nal land leases the discovery of and the increasing traffic in petroleum has proved a veritable godsend, but among specu lators in oil wells Dame Fortune has been as varied in her moods as is her wont. rejoicing the heart of one by bushels of riches and saddening the heart of another by financial wreckages and deep dive into the sea of poverty ana squalor. Speculators who invest their capital in sinkinsr wells to tap the oil lake not nnfrequently find that their time has been wasted and that investments have been thrown awav; while others who succeed in striking oil where it is run ning in a copion stream find, in trying to secure a profitable market for the pro duct, that they are hedged about by the most gigantic monopoly the world ever saw, except it be the East India Com pany, which the British Government found to be to its interests to gobble up. inatanapoits Journal. Some of the Trials of Authorship. To be known as a writer is to become public property. Every book a writer publishes say, rather, every line he traces is an open sesame as good as a latch-key for some one ; it may be some score, or hundreds, or thousands. The already recognized author, with whom his affinities may be more or less strong-. takes his hand as a brother after the publio has accepted him sometimes before. The unsuccessful authors. whose efforts find their natural habitat in the waste baskets of the maga zines and newspapers, seeing that he is afloat, struggle to the surface through the dark waves of oblivion, and grasp at him, in the vain hope that he can keep their heads, as well as his own, above water. The hitherto undiscovered twen tieth cousin starts up in the huckleberry busties, ana claims mm as a relative. That citizen of the world, the borrower whose remittances have failed to reach him, is at hand to share the good fortune of his literary friend, whose works, as he says, have been his traveling com' panions from China to Peru. The poet with his manuscript, the reader with his larynx, invade his premises, and he must read and listen, perhaps to his own verses, until He back recoils, he knows not why. E'en at the lines himself has made. Rejoice,' O man of many editions! You have sold your books yes, and you have sold your time, your privacy, vonr right hand, if that is the one you hold your pen in, and a slice of your i in mortal soul with it! For if you do not sooner or later explode in all the mal edictions of Ernulphus and Athanasius, yon are gifted with a patience that Job tho all-enduring might have envied. There is one more trial which touches the finest sensibilities of an author. The reader who has adopted him as his favor ite, or his object of admiration, has formed an ideal of his person, his ex pression, his voice, his manner. How rarely does an author correspond to this ideal picture! How often is the visitor who has made a pilgrimage to the shrine of his demigod disappointed, disen chanted, and sent off regretting that he has exchanged his false imaje for the real presence! Let every pilgrim on his way to the idcl s temple read Miss hdge- worth ' " Angelina, or L Arnie lncon- nuo." Oliver Wendell Holmes, in At lantic Monthly. An American says that, from his late experience oi English wesi'ner, he snoutu imagine mat "run n Bnttania!' ought to tie as popular in England if "WW iuumDiai" is in the states. SCHOOL AND CHURCH. The Colored Methodist .Episcopal Church of America has four Bishops, 1,729 preachers, 125.000 members. Sun day schools and members, 46,027. A young man who wanted to teach school in Kansas could not tell horizon tal from perpendicular, and when asked what circular was said it was sort of fur-lined cioak. The Old South Church in Boston 'a rV'i to pay to the family of its de- -;is ..i.or, Dr. Jacob M. Manning, uio ia.i salary to next April and $3,000 per annum thereafter for six years. Boston fosl. A scholarship fund for the educa tion of clergymen's daughters has been received by the Mills Seminary, of Cali fornia, from Mrs. William E. Dodge, of New York. Two of the most accomplished kin dergarten workers of St. Louis have been invitea by the Canadian Lrovern ment to introduce their system in the American dominions of the tueen. d&nrtTa Rrw rtAttor trnrhurn nnrTa the nom ae plume of Arthur Sktechley, was for two years an Episcopalian cler gyman, lie afterwards " went over' to the Koman Church and became a lay man. A school girl at Montrose, Pa., put her finger into a knot-hole in her desk at the Academy the other day, and was unable to pull it out again. . The desk had to be split open with an ax before the youthful prisoner could be liberated. The Sultan has taken away from the Franciscan monks at Jerusalem a pieoo ot land tnat naa long been in their pos session, and has made a present of it to the Czar of Russia, who wishes to erect a memorial chapel there to his mother. . In Calcutta, the' dedication of a Ze nana Home brings out the fact of a very gratifying progress in female education. tne non-Christian females who can read and write having doubled in the last fivo years. It is said that there are now more than 4,0tX) Hindoo girls in mission, day-schools in Calcutta and its suburbs. Indeed, they exceed the number of boys in the schools and colleges by 1,000. The Methodist Bishops held a meet ing in New York a fe-v days azo and considered the propriety of celebrating; tne centennial oi Aietnooism in 1884. After full deliberation it was unanimous, ly resolved that a celebration of the cen tennial of the organization in 1784 of tho Methodist Episcopal Church, is desirabl ana tnat it is also aesirea tnat all other organizations of American Methodism should unite in the celebration. The overseers of Harvard Cbllega have voted to revoke the degrees of any graduate who participates in any disso lute behavior in commencement week. Their right to do so is questioned, the) decisions in somewhat similar cases in dicating that when desrrees have been once conferred the diploma can not be witnneia. ; Lawyers say that the courts would compel the college to desist, if ap plied to on a writ of quo warranto by a graduate who had been punished in this manner. Neat Haven Register, - - , One of the most remarkable affilia tions which has been known in religious worship was that recently in Philadelphia between Baptists and Jews. The Rev. Dr. Magoun preached in the Roder Shalom synagogue to a mixed congre gation composed partly of his own Broad Street congregation, and partly of the regular attendants on ' the synagogue. Rabbi Jastrow offered prayers in Hebrew and read from the Old Testament script ures. Dr. Magoun preached on David, and held up Judaism as the fountain of revelation, containing the germs of all that has been developed into the Christian religion. Fuiladetpliia Record. - PUNGENT PARAGRAPHS. Lime Kiln Philosophy: ' Gem'Ien. it am de nose attached to de emptiest head which makes de moas sound when you blow it, Let your life consist of ackshuns instead of reverberaahuns." Detroit Free Press. The Jiorseshoes lying about the blacksmith's forge are not, as has been generally believed, heavier than other horseshoes. The reason why you cannot lift one of them so readily is simply be cause it is hot. Boston Transcript. It is not conducive to . longevity to look into the muzzle of your gun while nulling the trigger. An exception, per haps, might be made in the case of a loaded gun; but as loaded guns are no toriously innocuous, they are quite un worthy of mention. - .' The census report will show that twice as many idiots and lunatics were reported in 1880 as in 1870. This will explain the large attendance at Oscar Wilde's lectures'and the rush for seats to hear an English amateur actress. Nor ristoum Herald. A pair of them: The Governor "Now, Tom. this won't do. I come in at twelve and you are not home yet; I come in at one and still you have not ar rived. It is too bad your mother don't like it' Tom "Never mind datfi Til take your part with the old lady! If. T. Tribune. When Brown was initiated into the Masonic order he was plied with all sorts of questions upon returning home. "Now tell me. Brown," said Mrs. B. "did you see the goat?" "No, dear," replied Brown; "but I saw several old donkeys there, and I already begin tot , feel a family feeling toward them. . A man with a Big Head approached, a Doctor with a Complaint that Thanks giving was a Fraud, since it always) Brought a Fellow an Awful Headache', and a Sour Taste in his Mouth. "And where," asked the Doctor, "Would my Thanksgiving come in If it Were not for yon Fellows with your Rackets?" Hon. Silverplated Coffin Orr was arguing with a man" who asserted that the colored race never held any positions of honor among the ancient, Jews. "Nowlookeeheah, sah," exclaim ed the old man, "dat am a fabricated un truth, an hit shows dat yer never read yer Bible. Hah! ver ignoramers, who was Nigger Demus? Wasn't he a ruler: of de Jews? Yeh! yehJveh! ' Guess dis nigger eot yer dar! Whose old Nigger Demus, honey?" and the old man limpedt away chuckling heartily at his supposed! victory. Whitehall Times. . - A literal translation from the Flie geiule Blatter: Pastor (On Saturday evening to the very late out from the gossip-circle-home-returning wife) ' "Whv remainest thou, then, so fright fully "long out, wife?" Wife "Ah. I have thee by the preparation of thy lec ture not to disturb been willing." Wife (Herself jusfor-the-usual-curtain-lec-; ture-sat-down-to-the-on - Sunday - even -ing-very-late-out-from the - club -home -returning-spouse) Why remainest, thou, then, so frightfully long out, hus band?" Pastor "Ah, know thou, dear child, I have thee even by the pre para-, tion of thy lecture also not to disturb, -been willing." Boston Courier.