-ti- r mi 1 'iaailn.aaai
I : r.":'-' :MfD "'i: -,aifc"ri
.its.:?.? ,07(?- r ;
'ramily Newspaperv IDevpted. toi om'jrest; plltia;;JtVLre' Sclence, rt, Poetry, Etc. ,
u 'iS'. ' .r.'i
"fctjjdHIO'JldOT 13, 1B83.?2 ..,
l?Hi.--q jc ,uiH oat n ,.t l.ltxi'X jnX "i" - ..ii v ,- '
, t: , - .
. si: r.J !j
mm mm - . r m M M M ..II ...
1 1 I II
c rn w y J - 1 i r i.bii- -11,11. 11 ir.r 11 11.11 r
7 in 1
Vw-v .!::;, jh.irWri r"!1' ;! v ' 1 v -----
HBmsyrmt mUtt Kan Samara,
asset or Anwf KipnoHj . AI
OUT. SIX aAOUtfanP
- 1 . -"
JB. mCKftOlf, Atfcney-a-Iw. Wetlm.
. om.O. Otto ta Bmak Bnlldina. Id flaor.
W. V. HBJUUCK. W. YTCAXSOX.
HKRBICK KICHARDSOX, AUomT
and Cowuel)is at Law. Offloa, Benedict'
iMaaK, an ooor, Xeuingtom, w. .-. 1
' X - (X Dm rami Yualn
fad aaUa tiaw York xehna, Qmnnat
Iv toc vurr a
Bhkra. Hair Unt or Sham
oaU at Mbia
om'a O. K. Biiannc Saloon. Li
ivm. Wa alao kwrp tba baa brand at
a laaaa. naama sooca or
. T. KOBLNbON. .
V Wmry Pbll.
JW. HOCeRTOM, Notary Pmblie. Offioa
r ia Htoflibai inw Btora, wart aidaablM
DB. J. mVWTt Homcmaihia.
ami affioa. al uda PudIm bqaa
TKeClAJBBIir, M. IK PbraioiaD as4 Bop-
inorn. Gal la trora TiliaM and ooontry wUl
raoatn prompt atamtion. J '
Pbtcra fb r.
WW. UWTKLL, Pbotocrapbcr. Omllara
m UraaW'a Biaok. ftajlaigtan.O. , . . . r-
n Tom niiimiio r
UN rKAPBlC OrfH.it Ail kinds at Pmt-
biM dona naatli and prompUy. . Offioa, waat aid
Fobiia Sqaara, mWibm'iPnilan;
I - t V-TT WADS WORTH mOH, Flaarnc Mil.
I H BomU Hanina. Matobina.Planina.ata-do
' .to ordar, Piali'ia in Lnmber. Lath. SSimUa.
t rj ma-i, oaaa, ruiima, aioaminaa anq unaaaa
. Lamber of aH aorta, lard. Banc Hamlin' f ad
" Btora. WallinrKm. O; . ....
: T j w.; pearrov '-;-j
, SPECTACLES, ETE GLASSES,
OFZXA OT.AMMT3, TELESCOPES,
And full Una of
. .Qold. Bilvaz.Bbsal, Bobbax and - ,
" . .-,.. - .
Celluloid Frame of the Finest Qra&M
. - - Kap in ntoek. .
FITTING DIFFICULT EYE8
J. H. WIGHT,' Sole Agent
. Dealer la Clocks, Watches. Jewelry."
- Bil-rerware, -Gold Pens, ate. No. S Pub
llo Square, Wellington, Ohio. . . , .
""V "- '"''-M. -L.-.l'u 1jV.X"
. OtSoe ore r Bowman 's Store, in Jtank
tmtrous Oxtda tiat admlolaterftd for.
the extraction of teeth . 01
. ' DXJXISXSXr--- -
0J?ce, Over Tost Office,
. , r
Now is the time to secure your
Hard Coal at the lowest prices the
season will afford. 1 nave now a
full stock of the best Hard Coal
. mined, in all of the various sizes
usually used, at prices as low as
the lowest - " v
Massillon Coals, by the ton or
ear, a specialty. .
" ? - Your further orders resnectfullv
t solicited. '.
. . E. STJTXIIT.
Wellington, Jane 4, 1883. 27yl
Rooms, east side Fublie Sqaaro.- liia
Clark, of Cleveland, a competent Dressma
ker, auiated by Mls Julia Hamilton, have
eharce of the- Dresamsklng Department.
"Balrt-maklng.'Ladias and Children Cloth -
all kinds ol FamUf Sawing aba Fancy
nort msae w oraer. caiuag ana ritung a
speelaly. -. -, 83jl
Hough! on haa on sale Illuminated Note
' JBaads, with data Una, for Union School
. - scholars and business and professional men
' who do not wish to go to the expense of reg
' ular business stationery. The paper la of tba
. Tery flneat quality and will be sold In ssy
' quantity frost one to Uva hundred sheet. ' It 1
. will pay you to axamine It. - ' "'
- - -
-.' ' ty Job Printing oi erery description,
executed neatly, cheaply and promptly,
. at the ExTX&raua Office. " '
T: Dolanfl's Carnage Worts, Wellington;!).;
HovfingnadUie discovery that the trade demands ' cheaper Car-
riages'and Farm Wagons than can be manufactured here,. I have con
'. ;claded toj mak yxew departure in my business. I -will keep in stock.,;
v a nice assortment of New York, Columbus, Springfield and Cincinnati
Buggies and all styles of "Western Farm Wagons, which I will sell at
from Ten to Twenty-five per cent lower than similar goods have been-:
sold in thismarkeV aid will Wabbast the work. With my facilities
for bnying and storing, I can sell a
price, than .they can buy at factories, as I buy by the car-load. I also
have a ftJLline oi Carnages and Wagons manufactured by myself, on
-haiid,- t?-Bap)lytbWwakta . Ct my customers, -which need no comment
" from me. If yc-. want to buy a Farm
. jPhaetonglijItoad. Cart, or&ny grjuda-m- the--above line, examine
( mynprices and'styles'belore buying, as I: know I can give you prices
' 1 thafwill defy competition. All goods warranted to be as represented.
t ot ;ci jia 0
c-p QpayjdicineSj.Dye. Stuffs, Trusses,
..pt't ti PTS iSh6ulder Braces. . " ' .:
O.CCRi SQP&:oJPF. JPATENT MEDICINES
-ejabrmoe nil of the standard goods, and is fresh, being purchased direct of
" . ' ' Mannfacturers. We keep a ful liW af aU times. We hare
- I i' .iiqA .r:'-Jnls' large and well selected stock of :
. y. . consiaVing, pfhe fin jsand best ; Perfumes, Soaps, Cosmetics, Hair Brushes,
J n 'Xl4jhhesC5)":si,Mrrt,rs etc-t which are all first-class goods,
and which will be sold very Tow. Our stock of
will be closed out at actual cost, and' will afford all an opportunity to pur
r chase aba, bargain. We have also a Terr large line of the
ttttitw$iw;: eat.... itt k
t- , ' . . . . . . . , ,
which we are .offering at a great reduction all warranted. ' A fine stock of
for medicinal purposes only. VTe . cordially invite the . public to call and
: examine oar-goods, confident that we can show them
As: Good;: Goods1-and - :as . Low Prices
as any house ijhe
; West sideL2Hd)lia Square
;ii? i' : .-
Aftar a tnoroaa-b. trii
nnu mAirrn T . - .t.
, la tataa- AaS a anT-Jaa
ti, Kiniatnra and Pub
lie Spnaknra will find It
of tha aratsTalu
rhara a Taaaa ss naoea
Mry, X paoojumend if
na a raliabia -remalifU
aa-nt, poaaaaalna- tin.
doubtaa natritlv a&d
xpatoi ati-ra propertlaa, '
imwmUl,, X, oc. s, UBS.
i - nxriUB st tn sr. barter
Is sempoaatt of Harbal and Mueilaguoaa prod
neta.vluolipanaaata Uaa islMUaM af Sa
Uap, axMtaratM tba ana a aaattaa
UtataoUaetaia tha bronehial Tub , and lursaa af
T " BMb.Uaaj NUa, wtasob nltaTM lata Av
MHa ihm iMinai lln I rli Italaan
in, laan a( all ImparlUaa, itraaatbau
. UaaaMa aafaablaA by d Uum , Umfx.
J " mbm lbs an-eataUDaof Sba sluaa, and braeaath
mm aajili in Sllajbt aoiaa aftaai aaa tst
saaaaaiiilliia It ia aaaa-araaa avrsjlae
' Sbaaa. Apply Ua vaaaadr praaapU7 A
SaaSoftwaaty yaara vanaata tba a in inn tba
saavwaaaaT buaa aw bwa ftnnd tbmt ta aa
aawanp initacsaeta aa TUTT'S EXPECTORAIT.
A rime la aaaa nana aaa pblaaa, subdue
-a mnA iu aaaanaadilTearfatbaBMa
abannata aoag A plaaaaat awrdJal, abAW
mv laka 1 raadUr. Tor Cmp tt 1
i.na ilil abvuld ba in avary famflr. .
: tl anSaananaasnaaanawaaaM
afyrttiREOTLT ow the iivna.
Staau llbaaaiat'Ti-i, Ptln, aalpttatiaaat'
- tbaHaart, Iiaalaeaa, Torpid Idvar, aadl
' Vaaaala trvaatlarttsaa. If yeadonotfael
a aainrlaniUat bad tlma atiaintetaatba
I aliiainab.nal Itir niirrriT ' 1 1 L-"J
em. Prea.n. Sli Manay mt ,rt.x.
-WITt FOR TuTr MANUAL fBELU
TUSISGH 2aXP$ & CHARTS
For so .paga catalogue, rtea,
tkldcesa, u. C .Ttrsmox,
Olndnnoa, O' If .T. Oity,
ro Oaaf. Wan.
Jut V A 1 AUAJia W nttSl a-b - aaaa ni-a,
. 1 " I mmw I nW I mm n
TaanffSi 'SSSfb .AT
Single "Buggy to dealers at .less
Wagon, Spring Wagon, Carriage, x
: T. POLAND, Wellington, Ohio,
TJ;Q - H T 0 IT,
best manufacturers 01 . .
State can afford. .
J. W. HOTJGSTOaST.
A mHill af iV--
AtarA- Jorjiborwa In
ralntat fan. -
DmHUt,: Lamm An
Ua, JVoaSraMoMo filali
fnnn it t indlajania
BBV. J.X XOWSZX,
Zttdnafary, ID., nayao ,::
I oonnUar It
a moat xoallent nmady tar
tba dablUtntod Tltal foroea '
medicine co., su . kaoi sx bx. lotb.-
THE MILLER BROS. CUTLERY CO.
ME RIDE X, CO.VJT.
STANDARD POCKET CUTfcERY,"
- svjuuea' Hcisaors ana Ink jsrasers.
W lr mi pi PMral AJ)wmMaQuUlAiea BjtrTolrl-s
Tba Aotna"an4 wtatmitMmplfrro oarecrlpiat
0. 111 l.f.'lnJ.-!iw is -.tlJ M vjlluli!. .
' A large assortment
. of the various styles,
or cases and combl-
V'-- ' Is; F
nation oi inese jusuy;
celebrated Organs on
exhibition at my Musical Rooms, for
sale at prices and on terms to suit pur-ehasers.-Also,
a fine, line ff the beet
make 4 Square Grand and Upright
rianos. Call and examine my stock. - ',
' : WM. VISCHXR. 1
Nervous Tdxhausti6n ..
A SO-saa Cloth-boand Book of whalmoma
Adrtre to Voimr Mrn. by a Kecular fbTBlciaa.
THE BEALTB .0UBItAi.a1ILWAUKIE.WUfc
I II 1 II X
VnTTrWIrneaii this ded noil. "I
TV wtwim It mar Fflmvtn. -1
WltboaaDahiea knai buna, jiv ! n';
To bar, U very simplest fee,, ir J . a
M y heart r do eonver.
H.r bcaatta b trnst3 1 . i
. To b tu eunntrhUe4 Uva -, . j
Till mine Is turned to dust. ;
I dare not ak atR( put, i :
AltbouabI naadlr lore beri r . .
1 1.- a: I
If ahe would orant a Ue oatata, -
Her heart's ntalled, porbaps; then
t ji onnr recoTCTio,-
-And plead nTeauae i a Love1
With CuDtd tor Touehea. '
TbMruruet of ber dear Up ,
would surety laTetnbea Ml
i . A Km to. bow laarnnarrVP siitj
ujr uyery or aeuin.. , . -.Ah.
bnnelpaa II' -To me Spoear' -
Har- boat of aullm a; tbL i : 1 ' ' 1;
Obi who can sootbe saeh startled tears
uy Dine a umar: i i , -
How my aforesaid heart would alas-.
' And all aaid fears would cease, !
If lhl fair court would let me brina
oKurchly bill of peao.
Tui'n, by these presents, witness J
I'm estopped to deny
TraiS' aka'a wasa Laa 9 m nuxlaa anl ' - - -
And ahall be till 1 die. . ' ', -'J
; ECLLPSK OF THE St :T
i " "
A solar eclipse is caused wv the moon
rnnnlng between the earth, arid" the snn.
The moon bcioz. an ' opadue bodr ephe
roidal In - sbap4 and generally lof . the
eame apparent ize of .the sun, wbenrts
transiatory motion around' the eartn
carries it into a line between tba earth
and the snn, it naturally shuts ioff the
ran beams from . the earth.' The solar
eclipse always takes place at new moon."
The moon is then in .oonjuction, or aft
most tn a line with tba earth and son
and between; the earth and Ki I 11 the
path of the moon were, ; eiaUy o the
ecliptio br appareut, path 'of. the 'nn.
there would be a solar eclipse at every
new moon. But the path of tie moon
is inclined to the sun's path,) or the
ecliptic, by an angdev . .'The plane of , the
moon'swpath being thos-tntuinod to the
Jilane of the eclipUo by this small angle,
t necessarily crosses the- pi am el tha
ecliotio at .two. points.. Half lot this
Slane is above and the other half below
io plane of the eoliptic -.'The . inoon
makes a revolution ot Its orbit In twenty
nine and a half days, which; is the
length of a lunation. - The tnooti is half
of a lunation above the- plane of, the
ecliptic and the other vairtielow it
The two points where tho TInre of the
moon's path interseets he -ecliptio are
called the moon's nodes. '? t-'r i i- -a
Where it crosses to iro nbove the
ecliptic is called the asoendintf , node.
and where it crosses to- so -Ijelow the
ecliptic is called the " desoendiag node,
Ifcthe moon's path were less inclined to
the ecliptio there would be more eclipses
in any given number oi years than now
take place, if the moon s path were
more inclined to the ecliptic than it now
is there would be fewer eclipses.
The time of the year in which eclipses
Happen aepenas on ue position Of - the
moon s noaes en - ue eonptic, ana n
that position were' always the tame the
eclipses would 1 always happed tu - the
same montns oi u -- yean. - uwin? to
the effect of the earth's tmhre Vt the
equator- upon 'the Btoora-.tbei moon's
nodes move backward - at - tha rate nf
nineteen degrees and -nineteen, mintttna
per year, ana it takes -jtne-;sun' twenty;
days to travel that distance, so that the
eclipses must take .place -.twenty days
earlier each year, or rt, intervals of
about three hundred an'd forty-six davkV
In a period of two hundred and tweaty-
tnree mnauons me nooe return to tba
same place. This period of two hundred
and twenty-three .lunations' reonbres
6,685.32 days or . eighteen years and
eleven days.. Thereforev! after a, lapse
of eighteen - years ana eleven days
from any eclipse we r shall- return to a
similar eclipse, acid it; vill lie. an eclipse
of about the same magnitude as the1 one
ipom which ! we reckon; -. Ahis period
was discovered 1 by the ' Chaldaean "as-
tronomers three thousand rears aoo. and
they were enabled to calculate to with
in less than one day of tha time of ' the
true time of an 'eclipse: T'The modern
astronomer. '-'by- a-mote' .-complicated
method, can -fell tbeexhet second when
an eclipse must begin. ' ni it
' ' The' m66n"is ?a moeh' '"smallej'' body'
than the- snn, btrr -owim to the ' sun .
greater "distance from-tts the apparent
size of the moon is generally' etftial.to
the ' sun's ' apparent siavA Tba . path
of. the : earth- 'in- i 'its r : transiatory
motion around .' the mn ' is aa
ellipse. The sun is located - at one
of the foci of thislellipse. At the winter.
solstice the sun is much nearer to us
than at 'the. summer - solstioe. i ' This
variety of uiatanea) increases or dimin-
wnes tner ap parent aizo oi toe sun, ao
that sometimes it is greater Sometimi
less" ana sometimes equal to the moon's
apparent size.' ' i
. When tha apparent size of the moon
is greater than the apparent size Of the
sun, tha moon." -nuts' off . she: aunligbt
completely - front a portion of tha earth
and lenders that portion of the earth as
dark aa, midnight., iBut'wby la-txn-tibri
and nottbe -wiiole ulumjnatolihaiX of
the earth? The moon isiainmea smaller
body than, the earth, .tfce-raoon' Ajdiam-t
ater beijig only -quartar otthc.arU.'a,
o thatTBt-nlU best .tho Jtadowcoi itbe
jnooa could . -coyer -oaly, thej -one-thtp-'
-teenta part .-of the jjearth a face.'.' &
eides;.- the shadow :;of th moon ; la
sha'ped ' )ike J a " conc,:lTbea volume
of the sun, is,Tpurteen " Vundred :thoo-
sand times the volume",, the- artn,
anu the vornme- of the. moon is only
the one-iorrv-BiniH r3tn Earth's vok
tuhe, Two' Ones drawn tangent to the-'4
two spheroids of, the sun .and moon at
their po It's and -arodiioed until thev meet
behind the moon will form the; cone- of
shade oast by the moon In .the' earth's
direction." ; Such is the" .distance of the
moon from the earth. that sometimes the
apex of this 'cqne of 6 h ado : lust 'reaches
the earth, and -ikmietifnes it doer' not.'
"Wbentho- apejr of ahade reaches tha
earta anaiapra little over, as it rarely
does, r that plaoe on- the earth's sur-
facfl there wQl be a total eclipse. 4 When
the shadow - does' nof reach the 1 earth
there is only a partial eclipse. At most
theSDace, covered bv A ' total wlirse ia
very smalt jThe timiMs a circle of flfliy
miles." But this black circle runs along
after the inoon and ttv' that way dark
en longr aarrow tortpi of : the. earth's
sarfaeaTbe-uxatio bt anr eclipse is
variable. We must distinguish, howev
er, between its duration as regards the
-wholearth and the--one giyeni-piaoe.
The . greatest -.;posibU : duration of an
-eelipao rat tho .-eaualor is four hours,
tweoty-aine miaTitfA and forty-four seo
ondsv - The rreatest'possible duration
of total obscurity at tie riren place on
the equator Is aevea fnlnutes and 'fifty
eiguaeoonaa.i-rr ni-'1: -.i:-.---t ' .'tv.-
' Tot aJ soiaTBclfpstja are indeo! very rare
for the earth in general and sanch. mora
so for afiy prtioil4l? iaoe. (From the
sixteenth to the nlaetmritsi rx-ntury there
werw-rtonly-t nlne-tdtni : solar eclipses.
There wQl tea. total eohpse of tba sun,
tisiWeift th United States, on the 8th
ofMaviathS veAri90Q. ; '. i
When the apparent sue of thesui! in
axoaaf oi that of .tha . mcon, ;a circular
''.i T' ---"Tj.irn U.'r.r.i'r. .- '
ring oi light bbrdors 'the, d'ak'.body st
the mooik.-rhia ia known sj aA khnxilar
ealipse And Is, Ol 'taooweV but ipartiat.
inuring the peMaAr totanry tho. aen-)
ttjxa of a-is fdrtrcttaa in 3s ihUasi-;
tpi Tit bK2r'eoiilak2UAl Uie stars
"f Inakiririiirli.na3naida aiwear ; rrt 14ie'
pro0ptiMY firsmrifl jr: vaf .temperatare.
AnlmklA and lata.are.wimitAkAbly.
A(feeted.-7y CjonVolyulvr ; poppies ana
n got abexipa bare iejroi)eerved to ball,
open- frtfm-' being pjvtonaly '.entirely
claBetJj-vnTp'.oO A v. id -f j - rr i
, Duriritt totality irroat towrues of flume
are seea fipreadijair out in various rllreo-
tipns from Xhe r rnoon' limbs, t These
protuberances have been examined by
the spectroscope' and! ' i Ouna to be prinv
oipally cqmposed' of Txydrogen; gna. in a
of .name ara-,ruDtloTis-of that bortion
f - the vubfa atmosphere called by Lock-
yorxne-crrromospnere. - jtnese aongnes
reacn out to vast custances, some as lar
as eQ,000 miles: Jbeyonaihe ..sun's sur
face. Huy spectroscope is'iiow bo per
febtrhdWevet, thaf'in Its jinalrsfis of
these, flames, it can dHpehser-witli an
eclipse. ' The interest awakened by the
I 'fa auw luwi Vdv mm t u sauna va J ataaw
1 regent clDse eeaeerns' the sun's coro-
I na and the hypothetical planet y1ean.
I Dnrintr tatalitr and Inst..' immediately
1 before aadi altec a Juioinous !balo tnir-
Irrnndstheakw.of iUe&un,,,,it is the
I corona, and It reaches out to bn.-im
I TnenB diaUpce, alV the way. from 300,-
1 000 to 1,000.000 of miles from the eun'B
( surface. . It Is of almost infinite tenuis
tVrAdhas no oouaterparl'in the mate-
rainiguapoaniaa vi mux tumU
color varfee' all the way v. from I "pearly
walte-bol tTpd.o.'Xa :.tto spertrokeope ft
a&ows A aiugLa bright necnaina,'which
Cjerrespondao MCMwa -elametitiiRojl
tiieearthv. :-ia.' aa rl J'. I ,!n.-,..-.-
The'-'fldinaal Testerdav' travelled over
avast waste' of water m the ; racinc
ocean, beginning Jn the ,. immediate
neurhborbood of Australia and enning
a lew nnnorea miles xrom bouta Amer
ica. The only morsels of land ; favored
by it are the two small islands of Caro
line and Hint - This eclipse was re
markable for the lcncth-of its itotatity
The duration oi totality- at, fjarouna
Island was five- immitesh0aadt twenty
seconds.,-This island -is-in beveaty-
three degrees twenty minutes longitude
west lrom,..YVasalnrton. ana i ui nine
desrees forty minutes . south ' latitude.
At Flint Islatid totality coaiinued at five
minutes and thirty-three seoons. ' It is
in seventy-three aegreetri forty j minutes
lanmtaae west rrom w asnmsion, ana
in eleven degrees thirty minates'.' south
.latitude, M. S.renruin. in L Lotus
VBcpUbHean. L ..- -.:
nt Aerial Sarlatlon.
t Ki :l. ft
Tt ia fiardlv nfmaiwarv tn av that the
Introduction of a "locomotive machine
which would transport a large number of
popple through toe au in -any precyon
reouired. at tM rate ot thirty miles. an
hppr,' would be startling novelty; in
oor traveHn 1 kmtaeenienU. Let us
p-lanoea the advantase it would -offer.
Comnariatr it- first with, aataatid lomo-
tlrtn, 5t wotua do tar oTjicker-ouan any
sive in first outlay and cost "of Worsunfc1'
UUBb U1LUC1HI XUWA. tiwii, lea. : in'lM
woum require, no- narporsv- wquui - pro-
i 'i . - i
duo r'8eaicTMAraad .would escape
the'preatest daagera) boherent Eft-water
navigaBeav' Jrsin ojui-.i
iViewtng;it, aecnndlyi aa ;a means'1 (ft
transport, -it: would, be . quicker ,. than
road -traveling,', andf -vould ;campnre
favorably with, the ordinary speed on
railways, while ,4t - would .entirery-'dis-
pense- with - the enormotos and , costly
provisfonsrenlrlt-. for ' both I of ' these
modes of getting over the- grouna, ana
be free from tb multitude of liabilities
to acciaentettencune vneai. ' uut it rosy
naturally be objected thatanoh a mode of
1 a.1 1 , 1 r j
luconiuuua wuuiu onve pwuuar uoagera
of its own..tl r- 3i j.'iA I'.-n-i.;'
nr No doubt . balloons have hitherto been
very subject to aooidenta, and . the bare'
idea -I Of i anything- going - wntmo: at
height of thousands of feet above" the
earth has in it something- very appalling.
But much of this Impression wul vani-th
before-! common -sense .reasoning. n ' it
must always be borne in mind that for
the purpose' of -loooAotion - there ' would
be no i Treason for;, ascending high. JntOk
uil .air, wuuiu , ooiy . aa 4ierassary m
keep at -a sufficient.. altitude to clear
terrestrial impedimentisv and this would
notonly: do away with much; of the
terror of - the '.idaa, ptitwould greatly
iaarease the probability of a safe escape
fro an aocidenU of whatever kinfL . j
:,Lt us see in. what direction danger
might, in extreme &ses,' lie. I The loss
of gas, by rupture of the.nvelope ror
ouuerwise. ia a remoie..Dosiuuii,v.t u
tha experience of rnany. actual oases haa-.
proved that the resistance, ot tne air to
the TOrfaoe exposed haasnfliced to.pre
Vent .any. rapid Jfall; speoial! measures
might be easily T)rovided,': aid -at low.
elay aUons over, land no : .serieua catas
trophe need be feaned xmcithis- (rroand.
In roesrerg.-over watep precautions
would suu pe possible,-, and the- cause
would not be so hypek-sa as . in marine
casualties., .The. danger of flne; prop
erly guatded against, tteed Hdt begieati
CI. Blll( . BCa-;.. HllUNi H WV
beliere M- Giffard, . who has tried the
eTTusrirnent, tha idea such al daorers
quite n. illusion.-' .- . j L:)rrr. t
The accidents that- arise t ordinary
balloons almost always occur ;in; the de-
lucent, which, if the wiad is high, 're-
I quires great eana and skHIfal "manage-'
rment. ' in this case the propelling pow-
erwoutd be most especially useful; the
aefoaaot conld choose his place or land.
1 In? with orectsioa.' and. Pv-iuimiBg his
I he-ad? to the '.wind,' he .'could avoid the
I dragging which- is so" dagettras,""and
which has so often brought a fatal, ter
mination ' to balloon - vpyager&v. The
worst tjonjecture'conceivable would be a
break-down of the propelling machinery
at a time When It .was Wantetl to aia tne
descent In a" gale.' 'But tbe risk ol such
a break-down could be' made varv alierht
I by ordinary mechanical precautioBa.
l .On the whole, therir'.cnn be no good
I reason to believe that the dangers would
be more formidable with 'this than with
other "kinds Of locomotion, and' when
we rememberi the: frightful j casualties
that so frequently now occnr . In. iand,
river and sea traffic;, and consider -how
many of their causes would be absentia
the free oaths of the air. wS 'may prob
ably even venture to assert that balloons
would be the- safest as well as the pleas-
aptaet mode of- traveungs-nn ; ;. "
' As a set-off against air this, 'however.
there is one great objection to aerial lo
comotion, - namely, Uioj uncertainty ji
must always b iiabld to inconsequence
ot the effect of the wind. d We must not
ignore this: on the oontrarv. we will en
deavor to estimate, its 'exact value. -?rWe
will assume that we can etearo" through
the -air in any direction -at - the rater of
thirty miles-an hour; but tbls will only
count for useful locomotion in a flead
calm. . If there ia any wind, by carrying
the balloon along with It, 1t wul clearly
influence both"the--effectiye direction
and the efectiv ' 'speed j)rZ'; William
PoZe, in Fortnightly, Mevimo. Ir,',:.! i
1 -n -. to . - ..' -:'t-w j .T'-jtiH
"-vl, -: v;.,,- a t'i0:'J i ncci --j
Ton are old. Father Tilden, the younr man
Ji aried.i--j r. eic!,- ;a
And roar whlsiier has mvn very lis-ht:
"Tot early and WUlj you're the ope .caodi-
' Who is always tatt ever in
. ii -i ... ... - -i .- t.r:-.u..t 1. . . i - - -.
in abardars of nr south." Father Tfldon re-
,jIkuaUed my Mtaies well,, -j -f 1 .
Ana now l. not oiq.uia.'UW. UJ mmia im
. cold. , " V -nTT -
i . Wees k not tor sajl utrle: bab-neu."
'"Ton are old; rather nwehl" the young- man
And if a nerfeotrr ur to I
Bv a medical critic taut-1
.that, you're paralytic.
. And, a candidate how can yoa ber
In'the days of my ytSntt,' -said the tremu
lous sage, .11- .,
"My vior I never would stint;
For I knew by and by I could shake on the
. : Anif'do all, my hard ridln in print." . .
Ton are old, Father Ttlden,'" the yoonaT
mu saldt -
--And your bar'l must.be. runninf quite
1 Vet baif of the time, frombung- to the
cat me. . . -
It saems to be kept on the flow. ,
"In the days of my youth" Father Tilden re
plied, , i, ... i
' I learned what a promise would do.
And the hope of a dollar will make a man
L: holler :' . l'
More loud than possession will do."
Tou are old, -Father Tilden," (the younf
?Tet you've Diana, schemes and tames not
ire a great deal to- know Just how
And what yon ar rolnT to do."
f you are r) ght," with a laugh. Father Tudea
. , replies, .-
I am older than some oeorild be: '
But I never was youna; in the wag- of my
tonrue.-' ' i v-
,- Be member that,' Johnny Kellee."
' fhtrilTVTtnn ilaiaWtjs.
o: -j" - - m m t ; i i . . . "
JSoitth Carolina's' UnlqijeBfglstry Law.
The KesTTstrT law of-onthr Carolina
is, perhaps, the boldest attempt that was
ever made under a popular Government
to disfranchise large masses of citizens
ana piaco ine pouucai pirwerr ui n ixibv-
jority in the hands ; of . a . minority per
manently. In order ' to accomplish so
difficult m task" it was necessary that the
righrof - the elector to vote should be
made to depend upon some conoiuon
over which the minority had full con
trol. -The Registry law makes it a con
dition of voting that, the . voter shall
have in his possession a cerUncate of a
. r .r , - i i I Y 1
certain particular lonn, josui wuica ntj
loses his rights as a voter. ' Every vot-
i t . . . . i Jt vi - . " . 1
ing citizen oi isouin Carolina carries tae
Charter of. his libertiea " faV- his pocket.
-unless he has a safe or An -old stocking
m which he can oid it at tome.' - if ne
-loses this paper he loses ' with it all the
powers that a - Republican- system ot
government comers upon . a citizen ior
ne protection oi ius oivu uoerues. a
petty larceny may deprive a voter of his
whole political capacity. " If he sells his
.1 . . , n , -t . - .
certificate he parts with his : political
manhood. This, scheme whs designed
by the successors of .the Calhouns, the
Ifrestons and ' the . Haynes, to take ad
vantage of the illiteracy, thoughtlessness
arid cupidity of the negro, in order to
strip mm of political rights that - were
acquired at the cost to the. Nation of tha
great war. :'.".".".;. i : -..(-.:
Ape Ategistrauon law . is -not a tem
porary provision , lo a sincle- biennial
eleetioh, but is a permanent system that
must s tana until tne law is repeaiea or
modified. According to this law, from
and alter the day on which the regis
tration books were closed, which was in
me summer oi issz, r there exists no
means by which a, citizen " entitled to
vote at. that day, ana. not then regis
tered. Can ever afterward- acquire the
right to -vote. Those who may sub
sequently acquire such right, either by
coming ot age or oy. tne, resiaence of
one year in tne Stale, -can . claim regis
tration under it, but - not such as had
the legal right to registration at that
day, and, by accident or neglect, failed
to claim it. .it is true that this want of
authority to add to the registered names
after tne aav oi tha dosing oi regis-
tranon nas-oeea aisregaraea by the
Supervisors of Registration who were
ail. of one, political party ana .many
names have been added since that time.
But-every name so added is that of
political partisan of the officers, and no
negro or white independent nas oeen
able to secure registration, since . the
date above mentioned.:"'.; !
Thousands of these registration cer
tificates have already been stolen, lost
or destroyed, and before the next . elec
tion, in 1834, the right' to .vote for all
time while the present law stands, will
be fost to a large proportion of the ne
gro population of the State. . The Reg
istry act makes no provision . and con
fers no authority to replace a lost or de
stroyed certificate. .-: It allows .a muti
lated certificate to be exchanged for
new one,- but unless the old one is sur
rendered to the registering officers ; no
new certificate can be issued. In or
der to embarrass- and. disfranchise the
working people who hire out their labor.
and . thus- lwruentiv move: their resi
dence' from place to place, .a certificate.
w&icft is requirea to state'- tne place of
resiaenoe ot the Voter, becomes worth
less the moment he. changes his resi
dence,- - To-produce this effect it is not
necessary that he should move from one
county to smother, - or-even from one
polling precinct or ward to another, but
if he goes from one place, of residence
to another in tbe same poiiing precinct
or ward, even tnougn ne may pass from
the nlace of one emolover to that of an
other immediately adjoining the former,
tbe character ol tufl political liberties
gone,' and he must seek a 'new certifi
cate, stating his new place of residence.
' Thus the favored classes of South
Carolina, who, as the possessors of its
political authority, are the protectors of
the weak, are convertea into ravenous
wolves; devouring1 and destroying the
liberties' of the poorer classes, both alack
and white. This i uJourbonism
South Carolina, -(-.-;-. , . .
r-.- With anything like a free vote and an
honest count-South Carolina" will in 1884
oast its Electoral votes for- the Repub
lican Presidential nominee, and this fact
is so patent to the Bourbon managers
that they are striving in every possible
way to interpose obstacles to the non
fulfillment of that end. and the violent
opposition of the newspapers to the at
tempt of the ,Natkual Government to
bring, violators of the Election laws
justice is part of a scheme . to hold the
State for the- Bourbons by intensifying
feeling between the raoes and keeping
the management of the election in- the
hands of the present-State Government,
which has so shamefully . violated the
rights of a clear majority, of the people.
Charleston (S. C.) Cor.'Xi Y. TVtoffne.
-i . - r. - . a " "
. TheNew Jiaven doctors have re
cently shown such partiality for lemon
juioe in prescriptions that the ' large
arng stores now ouy lemons oy tne box..
In one, prescription.-weighing-eight
ounces, ,prepareo. a aay or two ago,
inere were six ounces . oc lemon juice.
Aeu aaven Ktgisicr.
-r-The Arkansas Legislature has
passed a bill prohibiting the ' sale
liquor within two miles of any : church.
.t-jT.::tS'.tc;J iM 7Jti4.ia
' .'. Democratic ."Reform., t ' ;
While the Democratic press of the
country puts on" a bold, front and talks
loudly and often brazenly .01 - tne jjemo
cratio suecess in '1884, the. most saga-"
clous leaders of the party see ifinhmera
ble obstacles-" in the1 :way of eieAting. a
Democratic; President: i-Troubba beyer.
comeatT tooitho jBtJurbohs in a I gentle'
shower.- bat always assumes thejnatare-1
of a flood, '., , ,'-,.' -c.vrf
The tariff ' discussion In the last Con
gress, and the -pipe-laying that s now
on ior bpeaxer' 01 - tne next italic-use
of Representatives," have
developed the fact that the party-!
about evenly divided betWee-n -frae-trade'
ana protection. . xnecnances, nowever.
are in favor of Samuel J. Randal (.'a el ex ;
tion, which would be, considerea a tri-,
umph of the protectionist wing. !
jsext alter th tann mODia comes
"Democratlo Reform." "-If w a "su
perb" article -on which to urge the
election 01 superb ' - canoiaates ..to
offioe, but when applied to the practical
management of public affairs has failed
to pive satisfaction. ' . . 1 ;
In Pennsylvania the "Reform" ."has
been tried just long enough to - warrant
the prediction that no other Bourbon
ueiormer" win again occupy . ine ex
ecutive chair in the Keystone State.
The Republicans of that Commonwealth
nave suns: personalities, anawiu go into
the next campaign with an unbroken
front- and- fight for the principles of
their party." f ia "i.ii .-r.irji j . s
In New York tha "Reformers" have
had everything their own way ;for the
pasr year, ana yet tney are not - nappy.
In fact the ""'lie form baa ' teeny so
marked' that the : Republicans of the
Empire State-have closed, up . their di-
viaea ranks ana are seam .paeparmg
in the coming struggle to add another
victory to the many hey have already
acmevea. 'ir is acxnowieagea py mea
bers of aHparties that the session of the
Legislature which closed on AlAy 4 was
the most discreditable with' which the
State has been afflicted for many years.
Although the Democrats had. an -over-
1 , fZ 3 . . I -- .1 . 1
wnmnjing. mnjnny Ul IBS ASanmolV,;
tney resortea to au manner .or funiair
ness to render the opposition helpless.
Rules were modified or abrogated, arbi
trary and unf air rulings of the . chair
were rreqoentiy resortea to,: una tne
"gag'?., was constantly applied to faoili-
tate pscusan purposes wiua a ireoauesa
disregard of the rights of 'the minority.
xne "senate with its narrow .Demo
cratic majority eriibited a partisanship
quite as -intense and purblind as that
which prevailed in the .Lower House.
and the Lieutenant-Governor fairly out
did the Speaker in his subservienoy , to
tbe aictates 01 Democratic party inter
est. In the matters of legislation the
good measures were few and. far be
tween, i The subject iof . Civtl-8erviee
Reform, which the Democrats Strove in
vain to escape, was handled as gingerly
by them as a ten-year-old boy-would
reacn out toward tne onsmess ena ot
hornet. ' '"" 1,1 r,",l I " '
The New York lime, in noticing the
commissions and omissions of this " Re
form ? body says: "A more; contempt
ible exhibition of . incapacity and dema-gc-gism
combined could not be conceived
tana tha pottering over the aibiect ol
prison reform which finally resulted in
the passage of a bill to .submit to the
people -the ; question .ot, , abolishing
tne . contract labor . system. The
Aqueduct bill.' which is 1 intended
to make a huge political job of a great
public work; was perhaps the crowning
disgrace 01 tne session, me. iteappor-
uonment act was. .a partisan , gerry
mander... JEheJSxcise bill for New York
and Brooklyn is m the interest of liquor-
sellers and a menace to good order add
morality 1n - those cities. The ieneral
Surface Kailroael bill is a specimen ot
the jobbery which invariably met .with
favor at the hands of tba majority.' The
prevailing influences of the session aie
well illustrated , in the defeat of such
measures as that for reducing! pilots',
fees and that for the regulation of. ele
vator charges, while such . schemes .aa
the Storm hang Bridge and such petty
jobs as that -relating to the publication
of the Court of Appeal repor
irts were put
through by a party vote.'- ' ''
jLemocratio .euitors are ,aepnvea -or:
1 1 1 JAJAw.A .1 A .1 T .!!
. - , .. , , .
the part of ttepuxuleans ia tor the pur
pose of making political capital for
Governor Cleveland in ' his message to
the Legislature the day before the final
adjournment, on the subject of the nom
ination for the immigration Oommis
sionerahip, pictarss Ub. fellow' "reform
rs" as a set of scamps unfit for the so
ciety of honest people, ' lie tells them
point blank, that the "Reform" man
agement of that important department
has been ?a scandal and a reproach tt
civiiizauon. ' tnat uie money, 01 tbe
State is -apparently expended with no
regard to economy; the snost. disgrace-'
ful dissensions - prevail among those
having tne matter jn cnarge. uareiacea
jobbery -has been permitted, aad i tha
poor immigrant, wno looxa tr tne m-
stitationa for-i protection. finds that
pis neiptesaneaa ana 'forlorn oonoition
a rrom tne - reaoinr- acrrcmi nnnmtnn--
ity for imposition an4 swindling.1""''011 c
The Oovernar : further charges that
an overweeninsr creed for -Datronao-e"-
nas neen tna oasis 01 tne censurable ana,
disgraceful action of the New X ork Leg-,
islature. Governor -Cleveland's' words
are not of local applioation.alone,but
maybe lustlv applied to the whole union
lB1j,.uiiuiwiw ""f 1,J"T
hold. . ; An overweening . greed of pat.
nmn.-. .- M n .mwili iMing tmwn nrntr. I
ronage'? has. been the guiding star of
Bourbonism ever; since the war. . .Prin
ciple nas been relegated to the rear and
every make-shift resorted to for acces
sion to power and the capture -of pelf.
Democratic ".Reform," is a stupendous
fraud, and the people have never. failed
to recognize its true character .when it
has been put to the . practical test of
. 1 . t i j nri 1 1
coui-ruuicur j paouc awm, wrri9B ana
eoonomieu Republieaa" management.
whethev in State -or - Kation, may some
times get monotonous, put one -year of
tsouroon rule is usually enough to send
the people back to that toartv which has
many times, in. peace and war; been'
weignea in tne oaianoe ana- never
found : wanting.-" Lanpng ' 2 (jbSeft.)
Mepuoitcaiu . - .lt I - - I fx:. &.-i
' --The' Hall of Reoorus", " opposite the
New York approach: to the . Brooklyn
bridge, ys itho.-liew York; ifot, has
reached the age of -one hundred and
twenty-seven years.' and .there are asso-.
ciations wnich maka tbe removal of . the
structure. source of, regret, but it has
been officiallv condemned", aa a tinrlpr-
box, in whtca- the documents represent-''
ing aounon 01 aqilars, now nied there.
are , exposed to. much risk. n Jts arrange-!
ment is inconvemgnt, its appearance 13
not ornamental, and Its site is needed to
widen the street at the entrance ' of' the
o-reat brido-e.0 ii -i.rj;:;r - - .if i
o - o
nl -r ..ri . ? ! 1 a a a ' 1 1
. . Infernal machines are now made so.
small that they pan be carried in a coat
tail pocket. When you see a man act
ing as if he wanted to ba kicked ' you Hi
ori do tier jet tne lODi ow.vOefro rr
- ?'r:. .l:cl j
RELIGIOUS A3 f EBTJCAMOXAX.
l&:ohnkySTateras' endowed the
Park CVmgregaonalaChuxcli 'f Nor
WcliJTX)nn.f Wllhfl0,fl00. .
-To edaontita; caSldParfectly requLref
profoundor r. thought, ceater.wisdon;
ithan to goyern .pite-r-Channing.
,Xha8,U8novja- r, X-) ominary
has Ijeen." offered $5,000 pearly for the
education or "tnrrry- maiansv-' -Ana pro
posal Us from'tee Goettrmant
Sniith College shouldjM able to find .
sufficient patronage fftom-ihose of its '
wit namB toTnaia it the grandest edu- -cational-.institTrtiori'.on-'eartb,
3WA.V.' --"- -"'c-.W t--V
' "A ' medical 'school fdi? ' women is to
pe established in Toronto, Can., and it
hr said that Dr.' Jenny Hi Trout, of tha .
city, has promised togive f 10,000 toward
its endowment r
Miss atnnafiliTar. Trhnnn'rnnfrrrn
bon in Brooklyn has recently been ais
bandeoV will go pi' Italy in the fall, ,
Bpepd next spring; in Egypt andPales
tme and os. her return to this country
make an effort to Obtain another church.
;' -The eccentrio old Canadian, Arunah
Hrmtiagton who Mt 2P(M)00 to be
divided among the sublio. schools 01
Vermont,, has, 'done .something which
win be of little, practical -value to the
school -J Kach district will be entiuea.
to tho insignificant sum'of ten dollars,
which wilfnot advance much, the cause :
of edncatipfa StUland.Jlerald. -
A -.Tha Ktufcrt nf Alabama now supports
four .normal schools, hree of which are
for colored people"; and of these three,
two haVe colored Principals. ' In Mont
gomery ther pnbHo schools nave been
"tBdrUUguly UitaillZWMuring the past
year. ) Xhe-xeoent convention of colored
teacnera neiain. that city was very sno-
toi. Baltimore tsun.
-According' . to . . Dr. "'
V. . - .
Brown University.'1 the
made wonderful -orogress since 1830.
There are now "2,860, 000 communicants,
of whocuvtwo-tlnrda are in the Southern
States, .t In ; these .;States . they have
.twelve educational ..institutions, 2,151
pupils paying for their education. In
the Northern States,' according to the .
same authority," the) Baptists number
775,000.'- o:,::.:ac: t-v v.! -!...
r-The Eerald and Prtahyter says: "At
the naxt meeting ot our. general assem
bly, wa suppose another, foreign synod
will be added. to its rolL'. The synod of
Syria was organized' by American Pres
byterian -missionaries in December of
1869. ' It -has" five -Dresbvteries. being
the names respeotiveiy of Beirut, Sidon,
Alt, Lio anon, J.ri pou anaramen, con
sisting of American , Presbyterian mis
sionaries at their several stations, with
other ' Presbyterian ' missionaries who
'may desire to unite with them.
1 anJifor-ifT t-,a Our Wemenv-''-
". To the fact that our women are not
Well nourished byilain'aad substantial
food, we ' ; add" another, that' they over
work and, we can account for the some
wbat;.anomaloui fact-, that woman's
physical-, condition, does .not improve .
with the advance oi science ana popular .
education. ' While it is 'true ' that she is
fVertaxeoCr'bvertaxea herself, from a
kind of servile regard to customs and a
desire for "exhibition, a needless and
false display, it is yet still more evident
that care, anxiety, undue solicitude and '
excitement are doing --a still more fear
ful work of - sapping, the ."foundation of
female health, - Jx is a well known fact
that " the . heavy,' non-excita'ble German
and Dutch females are ' able to perform
much exhaustive-labor, toil, working
on their-muscle -and 'not on their
nerveB.V' ,Ta au they may seem plod-
Qers, tuna yet an astonishing, amount of
labor is performed in the long day, con
tinued year, after year till . old age ar
rives.' Indeed the labor of the self-
polseft ian6t exhaustive -toil, but sym
metrical' development,.: really adding
force and stamina. u-..-;;.-.; r.
"-- They.- havuj more muscle.' and bone,
solid and firm; , w more brain, nerve,
excitability,, '.vim,',' 'go-ahead. We
"crowd on steam" and are running the
machinery of this wonderful mechanism
at a fearfully destructive rate 01 speed.
We have an especially excitable, nerv
ous temperament. Our yovng women
are beautiful, but their beauty too often
fades soon after assuming the cares of a
family. "They are in haste, more gov
erned by the clock -than by judgment.
They "time'1' themselves and expect
their labor to be completed . '.on tune."
that is, before dinner, so that the after
noon may be given to .fancy-work and
the like. .There is often , a fated idea
that "some one is coming and will find
them ia 'the -suds'-' or xrat : of order.
Having "company",, is ; great event,"
one demanding toilsome cooking, for it
is custom . to prepare dishes lor such
that, if intelligent,' we would not dare
to give to our own family,' not to chil
dren,' tertainty Regarding such com
pany as a ' gang I of spies, aa it might
seein, a vast amount of cleaning seems
I. demanded lest some innocent dust, a
Stray tear or ms 01 paper, a iittie spiuer
silk, etc'; might be discovered by argus
eyed 1 visitors.--instead 1 of 'the social
elements a, real; advantage from these
social interviews, they of ten prove a
disadvantage,, laborious .and irksome.
While, -their I unnecessary intricacy, on
account of the unusual labor, etc .'ren
ders them less frequent than our higher
nature woulanndlcate. Xbat was a
-i . -i . -i . r .
apBspW.wpWrgjnuui b wue,
as I was assured by her, who made no
other change px. the, family affairs, when
Visited, than , to increase the dishes -and
the' ' 'amount tn ' food, ' proportion
'Agntn, most of ouT"nervpu8" wom
en stimulate, not all df.Jbhem by the use
.of aloohorpreparationfli , but by the
tants;p tie pastor, bj '.strong tea,;
couee, tne spices sou certain extracts
or essences.1 'A hard day's work is too
toften preluded by unusually strong tea,
which acts as-.au irritant, an excitant,
the effects, -in some. , respects, being not
unlike those of. . ardent - spirits. These.
..like,, Gib partially intoxicated person.
are certain-to taoor Deyona tneir real
strength,' which --must 'exhaust. We
need ho other evidence-of the irritating;
nature of thia-.teav than the., fact that it '
jroduoes wakefulness, with,' an absolute
(certamty,'aa V, watciers'.'. .well know.
If this irritation is on the nerves, result
ing in the evidence that such " work on
their ' nerves,", to this undue and ex
hausting haste; this is: ruinous waste of
vital foroe, we may add in inference
that much of. the prevailing neuralgia
is ' produced Jby this nerve excitation.
We may infet, thjrefore, that all such
excited action and ' unnatural effort
must tend ta exhaustion, 4ain, sickness
and r picemature -death. --.While hard .
work-may destroy, hundreds, it ia be
lieved 'that' this excitability, this toil,
under the unfavorable circumstances of
v'hlgh"pressure";and;'ttese forebod-; ,
ings,' the fruH Of - fcea-exeltement, etc,';
will destroy tenaof thousands, directly '
and .wdirectlyJ:yr. JM. ,-JIannaford, in
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