Newspaper Page Text
THE DEMOCRATIC NORTHWEST. THURSDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1883.
The ClrU-Rlghu BiU Declared Null
and Void by the Supreme Cowrc
Washington, Oct 15. The Su
preme Court of the United States ren
dered decision to-day in the five
civil rights cases submitted on printed
arguments about a jear ago. The
titles of these ceses and the States
from which they came are as follows:
No. 1 United States against Murray
Stanley, from the United States cir
cuit court, district Kansas; No. 2,
United States against Michael' Ryan,
from the United States circuit court,
district of California; No. 3, United
States against Samuel Nichols, from
the United States circuit court, West
ern district of Missouri; No. 26, Uni
ted States against Samuel D. Singleton,
from the United States circuit court
for the Southern district of New York,
and No. 28, Richard A. Robinson and
wife against the Memphis and Charles
ton Railroad company from the United
States circuit court for the district of
of Tennessee. These cases wore all
based on the first and second sections
of the civil-rights act of 1875, and
were respectively prosecutions under
that act for not admitting certain col
ored persons to equal accomodations
and privileges in inns or hotels, in
railroad cars and in theatres. The de
fence set up in every case was the al
leged unconstitutionality of the law.
The first and second section of the act
which were the parts directly in con
troversy, are as follows:
Sec. 1. That all the persons within
the jurisdiction of the United States
shall be entitled to the full enjoyment
of the accomodations, advantages, fa
cilities, and privileges of inns, public
conveyances on land and on water,
in theatres and other places of amuse
ment, subject only to the conditions
and limitations established by law,
and applicable alike to every race and
color, regardless of any previous con
dition of servitude.
The second section provides that
any person who violates the first sec
tion shall be liable to a forfeit of $500
for each offense, to be recovered in civil
action, and also to a penalty of from
$500 .to $1,000 fine or imprisonment
from thirty days to one year, to be en
forced by criminal prosecution. Ex
clusive jurisdiction is given to the
district and circuit courts of the Uni
ted States in cases arising under the
The rights and privileges claimed
by and denied to colored persons in
these cases were full and equal . ac
commodations in hotels, in ladies' cars
on railway trains, and in the dress
circle in theatres.
THE COURT'S DECISION".
The court in a long and carefully
prepared opinion by Justice Bradley,
1. That congress had no constitu
tional authority to pass the section in
question under either the thirteenth or
fourteenth amendment to the consti
tution. 2. That the fourteenth amendment
i3 prohibitory upon States only, and
the legislation authorized to be adopted
by congress for enforcing that amend
ment is not direct legislation on mat
ters respecting which States are pro
hibited from making or enforcing cer
tain laws or doing certain acts, but is
corrective legislation necessary or
proper for counteracting and redress
ing the effect of such law or acts; that
in forbidding States, for example, to
deprive any person of liberty or prop
erty without due process of law and
giving power to enforce this prohibi
tion, it was not intended to give con
gress power to provide due process of
law for the protection of life, liberty,
and property (which embrace almost
all subjects of legislation), but to pro
vide modes of redress for counteract
ing the operation and effect of State
law obnoxious to the prohibition.
3. That the thirteenth amendment
gives no power to Congress to pass the
sections referred to, because that
amendment relates only to slavery and
involuntary servitude, which it
abolishes, ana gives Congress power
to pass laws for its enforcement; that
this power only extends to the 'subject
matter of the amendment itself name
ly; slavery and involuntary servitude,
and the necessary incidents and con
sequences of those conditions; that it
has nothing to do with different races
or colors, but only refers to slavery,
the legality of different races and
classes of citizens being provided for
m the fourteenth amendment, which
prohibits States from doing anything
to interfere with such equality; that
it is no infringement of the thirteenth
amendment to refuse to any person
equal accommodations and privileges
at an inn or place of public entertain
ment, however it may be violative of
his legal rights; that it imposes upon
him no badge ot slavery or involunta
ry servitude, which implies some sort
of subjection of one person to another,
and the incapacity incident thereto,
such as inability to bold property, to
make contracts, to be parties in court,
etc., and that if the original civil
rights act which abolished these inca
pacities might be supported by the
thirteenth amendment it does not
therefore follow that the act ot 1874
can be supported by it.
4. That this decision affects only
the validity of the law in States, and
not in territories of the District of
Columbia, where the legislative power
of congress is unlimited, and it does
undertake to decide what congress
might or might not do under the pow
er to regulate commerce with foreign
nations and among the several States,
this not being drawn with any such
5. That it is the opinion of the
court that the first and second acts of
Congress of March 1, 1875, entitled
"An act to protect all citizens in their
civil and legal rights," are unconstitu
tional and void, and judgment should
be rendered npon the indictments accordingly.
JUSTICE HABLAN DISSECTED.
At the conclusion of the reading of
Judge Bradley's opinion, which occu
pied more than an hour Justice Har
lan said that under ordinary circum
stances and in an ordinary case he
should hesitate to set np his individual
opinion in opposition to his eight col
leagues but in'view of what he thought
the people of this country wished to
accomplish, what they tried to accom
plish, and what they believed they had
accomplished by means of this legis
lation, be must express his dissent
from the opinion of the court. He had
not time since hearing that opinion
to prepare a statement of the grounds
of his dissent, but he should, prepare
and file one as soon as possible, and
in the meantime be desired to put up
on record this expression of his indi
Bncklen's Arnica Salre.
The greatest medical wonder of the
world. Warranted to speedily cure
Burns.Bruises, Cuts, Ulcers, Salt Rheum,
Fever Sores, Cancers. Piles. Chilblains.
Corns.Tetter, Chapped Hands.and all skin
eruptions, guaranteed to cure in every
instance, or money rerunded. 25 cents
per box. For sale by J. C. Saur. mc8-ly
Skeleton of Gulteau, the Assassin
Washington Oct. 7. The follow
ing appeared in the Gazette to day:
ine skeleton of the jate Charles J.
Guiteau, assassin of President Oar-
field, having been formally turned
over to the surgeon general, is exhib
ited in an upngbt glass case situated
in the north end of the Army Medical
Museum Hall, on Tenth street. A re
porter of the Gazette, having received
a "pointer to that effect last evening,
started off for the museum to investi
gate the matter. Passing by large
cases full of skulls, arms, pickled ba
bies, and other curiosities of humanity.
the upright case was reached. It was
perfectly new, and glistened under a
recent coat of shining varnish. The
interior was decorated with four hu
man skeletons, suspended by their
skulls and glistening in their snowy
whiteness. Two of the largest skele
tons, one of which is Guiteau's, bore
no labels. The smaller ones were pla
carded, "Negro girl" and "Skeleton of
a boy." Of the former, that of the
assassin can be easily distinguished by
us neight. txuiteau was nve feet nine
inches or five feet ten inches. The
purpose of putting other skeletons in
the case was doubtless to prevent sus
picion. A close scrutiny of Guiteau's
bones showed that each distinct por
tion had been marked with a very
small letter "D" in indelible ink by
the museum authorities, probably as a
means of identification in case they
are ever stolen. Another roticeable
feature was a slight stoop of the shoul
ders, which those who saw the man
will recognize at once. The reporter
turned to the gentleman who gave
him the information and asked where
the head was kept.
"lhe head was skinned after the
autopsv," he replied; "it was then
stuffed, sewed up, and pickled in alcho-
hol, and is now in this building, would
you like to see it?"
lhe reporter answered affirmatively,
and was taken to a room in the north
ern part of the museum, where he was
shown the head which planned the
second presidential assassination in the
United States. The preservation was
remarkable, and showed the perfect
expression of Guiteau's face as he
dropped into eternity, with the final
words of the doggerel hymn on his
"W hat was done with his flesh?
queried the reporter. " Was it thrown
into the sewer, as published?
"No, it was not," he replied. "Guit
eau's flesh was cremated in this build
ing at noon of November 27, 1882, af
ter it had been stripped from the skel
"It was shoveled into the furnace
above, and the ashes now grace some
as'li heap in the suburbs of Washing
ton." Extreme Tired Feeling.
A lady tells us "the first bottle has
done my daughter a great deal of good,
her food does not distress her now, nor
does she suffer from that extreme tired
feeling which she did before taking
Hood's Sarsaparilla." A second bottle
effected a cure. No other preparation
contains such a concentration of vital
izing, enriching, purifying and invigor
ating properties as Hood's Sarsaparilla.
Boston is the heaviest-taxed city in
There are 2,400 counties in the Union.
The land of the free is divided into
Municipal debts have Increased 136
per cent, since 1S7U.
State debts have decreased 25 per
cent, in the past decade.
Washington City owes a per-capita
debt of $127.
More English than Irish i migrate to
The West has 124,000 factories.
The percentage of foreign-born citi
zens is continually growing less.
There are 311 cities of 7,500 inhabi
tants in this country.
The debt of the cities of the United
States aggregate over $600,000,000.
Why go about with that aching
head? Try Ayer's Pills. They will re
lieve the stomach, restore the digestive
organs to healthy action, remove the
obstructions that depress nerves and
brain, and thus cure your headache
A Ran on Drag Store.
Never was such a rush made for any
drug store as is now at J. C. Suurs for a
Trial Bottle of Dr. King's New Discov
ery for consumption, coughs and colds.
All persons affected with asthma, bron-
i-uiu iiuaraeaess, Bevere i-uugiis or any
aiiw.-i.ioii oi me inroat anu lungs, cau
get a trial bottle of this great remedy
free, by calling at above drug store.
Regular size $1.
A couple of pickpockets followed a
gentleman for somt blocks, with a
view of availing themselves of the
first opportunity to relieve him of his
purae. He suddenly turned into a
lawyer's office. 'What shall we do
now?" asked one. "Wait for the law
yer," said the other.
WABASH, ST, LOUISA PACIFIC Bl
Tint Card taxing ff.ct Sunday, Anj. 12.
No. 1 Lightning Express ...! 8 :5j a m
r-ianiBgU n.prM , SIM P ID
" 4 Atlantic Eznraaa Q'lRnm
W- Aoc freight
6:14 a m
No. 1 Through Express ... 1MB p m
x hi Louts ............,...... 6 loo p m
" Pedne Express 2:00 m
" 13 Local Freight 8:32 a m
" t Acc. freight 7:53 pm
No. 2 does Dot nop between Napoleon and Toledo.
No. t does not atop between Napoleon and Tole
do. No. A Itnm mt nAnA T) k n T I A .
werponly between Napoleon and Ft. Wayne.
kiuju j uo not carry passengers westoi
Denanoe. Baauaflre will nnt h nhMk.i fn f raivht
Noa. t and S run dally. Other trains dally except
J. K. WITHERS, Agent.
BALTIMORE AND OHIO RAILROAD
Time Card-In Effect Aug. 12. 1883.
- Hicksviile ......
t 10 -
S 86 -8
4 40 -
3 10 PH.
8 38 -
5 00 -
5 83 "
6 50 -
7 30 -
7 SO -
8 SO -
9 45 -
10 46 "
10 51 -
11 22 -
11 36 "
1 36 "
2 00 -
Monroe ville... ......
Lv Chicago June...
2 53 -
3 21) -
3 39 -
4 40 -
5 25 -9
2 65 -
8 80 -
6 18 -
7 03 -7
10 40 -
Ar Newark ,
Lv Columbus ....
8 10 "
12 10 '
2 21 -
5 15 -4
6 10 -6
8 10 -
Lv New York
- Chicago ..
4 00 "
9 00 -
10 10 -
10 03 -
10 57 -
II 61 -
10 00 -
3 05 -
3 00 "
4 10 -
5 09 -
6 15 -
7 15 -
9 00 -
8 00 -
7 35 -
8 28 -
10 22 -
9 00 .
1 00 AM
2 10 -8
6 13 -
7 00 -635
4 10 .
8 02 .
6 64 .
8 50 .
9 30 .
8 30 .
9 35 "
11 00 .
7 30 .
10 05 -
11 32 "
11 45 -
11 60 -
2 04 -8
8 60 -8
10 10 .
12 26 .
5 40 '
Trains run on Columbus time west of the Ohio
EAST BOND.-No. 1. daily, with thronch Sign
ers from Chicago to New York, and Sleeping Car
from Indianapolis to Wheeling, No. 3 through
Sleepers from Chicago to Baltimore daily, and
through Coach from Sandusky to Columbus through
Coach Columbus to Wheeliug, daily. No. 6, daily,
Sandusky to New York; on other Divisions, daily ex
cept Sunday. Sleeping Car from Toledo to
Cumberland All other Trains daily except Sunday.
lrtuusruuon Baltimore time east oi tne onto
WEST BOUND.- -No 4 daily with thronuh sleeDers
from New York to Chicago. No. 2, through sleep
ers, Baltimore to Chicago aud through coach from
Columbus to Sanduskv, through coach from Wheel
ing to Columbus dally. No. 6 daily on main line
0.0. 1L. E. Dlv., ou other Divisions daily, except
Sunday. Sleeping car, Cumberland to Toledo
and Wheeling to Indianapolis, All other trains
daily except Sunday.
ij. m. vols, u. t. A., Baltimore.
W. E. Rkppxbt, Pass. Agt., Columbus.
O.K. Lobd, Gen. Pass. Agt., Baltimore.
Columbus, Hocking Valley &
The SHORT ROUTE BETWEEN
Taxing Effect Sept. 1, 1883.
Detroit via O
r. 05p.m. 9.C0a.m. 3.45 p.m.
6:50a.m. 12:03 p.m.
7-:23 . 12:36 .
8:00 . 1:10 .
8:36 . 1:49 .
9:20 . 2:86
6 :06 p.m.
.10:10 . 3:30 . 10:55 .
, 8:00p.m. 8:00p.m. 10:00 a.i
. 7:46 12:20 night. 1:25 "
.. 10:05 ,
8.20 a.m. 6:25p.m.
IV or tli Bound,
Athens...... 7:35p.m. 7:38 a.m.
Pomeroy 4:45 - 4:50 "
Oallipolis.......... 8:26 " 5:42 -
Logan 8:45 - 8:60
Lancaster 9:25 - 9:40 -
Columbus 10:48 ' 11:00 "
Columbus.......... 5:30a.m. 13:10p.m.
Delaware. 6:18 " 1:04 "
Marion 7:03 - 1:49 -
U Sandusky........ 7:55 - 2:33 -
Gary 8:25 - 8:18
Fostoria 8:47 - 3:47 -
Toledo 10)3 . 6:06 .
, 12:30p.m. 7:60p.m. 1:00 a.m.
Alltralns arriving In Toledo, via other lines, make
close connections with the South bound trains of the
Columbus, Hocking Valley and Toledo B. R.
Direct connections made In Union Depot at Colum
bus for Newark, Zanesville, Pittsburgh, Wheeling,
Baltimore, Washington and Philadelphia; also for
Dayton, Cincinnati, Louisville, and all points South
Trains will arrive and depart from ToledoatColum
bus Hocking Valley and Toledo Railroad Com
W. H. HARRISON, Oen'l Ticket Agea
fllTTTQ T A WD mar be found on Die at (Ho.
J.n.i.0 riLrSiOt p. (Well ft Co's Newspapei
Advertising Bureau (10 Spruce St.). where advertising
seuararta may be made tor It la HKfr YOBJC
IN HENEY COUNTY.,
FURNITURE of all Kinds,
such as Plain and Fancy Parlor and Bed Room
Suites, Kitchen and Dluing Room Sets, Chairs, Bed
steads, Tables, Stands, Lounges, 4c, from th
plainest to the richest make, of every description.
Prices reasonable, and large stock to select from.
March 8, 1883.
Napoleon Planing Mills,
Reiser. Shoemaker & Stockman
noma announce to tneir mends that they have pur
chased the well-known Factory of Clrlch It Tressler. st
tha Inw.PAntnf tn .1 1.1 . .
. w.u. wub uwj win seep a israv
assortment of the best
Vis.: Lumber, Shingles, Lath, Doors, Sash, Blinds,
Window and Door Frames and every thing found in a
Cf All at bed-rock prices.
Wswfll lui lit. v.l.. n . , .
wiipi,vu.hibwwj aua wainui
Lumber. 60.000 fmtt of Aunh nt . ,i ...1 i..
exchange for work.
Also 60 oords of Oood Black Ash Shingle Bolts S ft
in. long at (3.60 per cord.
Highest market price paid for all kinds of lumber
Call and MM mfcthnnM afn4 n TT1JA1. b. h i --
- uii.u a roasit
where yon will always find Fred and Dave ready to
NAPOLEON PLANING MILLS.
BOOTS Bl SHOES. I
I Opposite the Court House
NAPOLEON, OHIO !
J 15 i
Eh II lis
g it i t
g If I i
Machine Works & Foundry,
C. F. BEARD, - - Proprietor.
Millwright, Engineer and Steam Fitter,
Special attention paid to Job Work.
SHAFTING, PULLEYS, HANGERS, ETC.
Architectural & Machine Castings
Estimates Given on Social Work.
THE BRYAN PLOW.
The best Plow In t
Heller & Coover's
They have a full Une of Shelf and Heavy Hardware,
Shopwhere wedo all kinds of work, such ae spouting
on Washington street.
VI If ft HV
of AIX PI. A NTH. for ALIj
Ilf ATK. All .re tpfftnd;
flnfi mnd Farm Need
of cnltnra of ftrainfl. Itnot
Planting, etc. only Uhta.
mwnwT HIRAM SIBLEY
Tk Board ! School Examiners fHsary
oouuty,OhU,lll bold meetings 'nkesxam-
InstloDohppallcantt for Wachertetrtllcatai,
la Bssenieut or Court House lm Na
poleoa,0hio,on the lstand 3d Saturday
lm March aud the &rt and third
Saturdays in April and May, the first
Saturday In June, July aad Anjrnst,
the 1st tad 3d Saturday in September
and the first and third Saturdays in
October, the first and third Satdayg
in November, and the first Saturdays
In Dmn'iir, Janaaryand February.
Evidence of ;ood moral iharactti wtllbs
required of til candidates Tiiatevidence tobs
a personal knowlsdgi oftlisixamtnersconcera-
Inf the applicant, or nirtlflcatr of?oodmoral
teb.0-78 JOHN U.HORNUNO
HENRY HOLTERM AN.
The Domestic is an exceedingly simple machine
In alt its parts sod processes, and is quickly requir
ed and it needtt but little practice or skill iu the ope
rator. The superior advantages of the I domestic are
mainlylight running, quietness, uo cares or fear,
wheels tire mat nly perfect, double thread lock stitch,
durability, simplicity of construction aud hardness of
we art uk parts. Self threading shuttle, self setting
needle, loose pulley for winding bobbins, automatic
take up, automatic tens.onssew.ng from the finest
to the oourseat thread without change of tensions;
vibrating motion or presserfoot, uudurbrafdiug at
tachment not uted by a i y other machine in the world
in fact the advantage of the Domestic are so numer
ous that uo pet sou cau afford to purchase a sewing
machine withotiiltratgiviuKthe Domestic atrial.
Office at Rob r a & Yocke's Store.
Ladies Hair Dressing Bazar.
MKS.M. . JOHNSON & CO., have opened a
Ladies Hair Store, in room corner of Main
and Scott streets, wncre thev are prepared to man-
nrnnriiini .,A ils.luh ro ..thiol. tiuif'..K. U..n...lw
French Twists. Front Piece, Ventilated Front
Waves, 8arntoj;tt Waves, Coquetts, Flirts, and Water
Waves, in all the latent styles. Will also do over
all kinds of ladies hair good. Satis faction guaran
teed. Pricesreaso.ialile. Given a niM.
M.A.JOHNSON A CO.
(tec 2 8-81 tt Napoleon O.
I solicit a share of your
i, Sllll WURK, FJC,
be world, for sale at
also Tinware, Paints, Oils, Glass, etc. Also a Tin
and rooting. Call at thu sign of the "Dig Padlock.'
HELLER A COOVEK.
onlv the twtit sent ont.
JManaal t History and best methi
fnii. Oruwm. Fodder Croon. Tnwl
Annual Catalog ami Prict Lit of agg mOS.
& CO, Rochester, N,Y" Chicago, IU.
. for All. Cl.l.fU. kHA -
Ml TV TV o
BespaetfaUy Inform the ctrliw of SapolaoB ar4
Henry eoonty that they erenow occupying their new
room, la the brick block erected upon the mine of
their old stand, where they Invite all their old enatom
era, and as many new ones ae wish to come, to oall aad
Entirely New !
Queens & Glassware,
and in fact everything onndin a flrstlaes grocery.
We In lend to keep constantly on hand foil
slock of goods in our line, aod invite share of the
GASH PAID FOR COUNTRY PRODUCE
Brick and Tile!
WealsomsnufactureatuDenorauallty of brick
tnd tile, which are sold at the lowestprfces. Par
tleslntending building or ditching should give
us acall, examinaourstockand get prices.
METEBHOLTZ k BRO.,
Proprietor of the
itk ail Tile Works.
Footof Washington street
IST-A.I03LE01Sr. - O.
I would PAMiMtfia II v f n Inrm
the eitlsens et
that I am, bow
prepared to furnUhthem with!
Building Brick, Sidewalk
Brick 8b Sewer Brick.
Tile of every Desired Calk by the 1,0811
Call atthe Tara id Examine Stock
und 1 rieei.
E&Purtles cam address me atKannteon. Ct . a
they can call npon me at my residence on Wash
lngton street Scott's addition. ul-82tf
GEO. IP. CUEDES
Confectioner & Baker,
WOULD respectfully call attention to his super
ior quality of
Ice Cream, made from Pure
Sold by ths dish, quart or quantity. Fresh Confec
tionery, Bread, Cakes etc., always on hand. Lunch
served up on short notice and reasonable price.
UEO. F. OURDKS.
East of Engine House, Napoleon, O.
Sash and Blind Facory
Thlesen, Hildred & Co. Proprietors.
Take pleasure in announcing to the public and
all in need of anything in the way 01 building
material that they are now prepared to furnish
them with lumber for building purposes, from
thesround to the roof. We keep constantly on
Doots, Sash, Blinds, Casing, Flooring!.
Sittings, Shingles, Finished Lum
ber, Eongh Lumber,
and every kind of lumber required for abulldlng.
Custom work doneon short notice. Poplar, wal
nut, whltewood. ash and oak lumber bouxhtand
THIK8EN, HILDRED A CO.
1 F. SHONER,
Halters, Whips, Etc.
on short notice. We are selling our stock cheap, and
invite a call from all needinR anything in our line,
All work wsrranted to give satisfaction.
Shop on Perry street,
Next Door to Carj's Sew Block.
Hlffglns Bulletins, Near
New Catholic Church,
Bugies ani WagflBS,
F. A. Lehmaun, solicitor of American and fonlgn
patents, WashinRton , 1. C. All business connected
with pateuts, whether before the Patent Office or the
Courts, promptly attended to. No charm made un
less a patent la secured. Send for circular, tf