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Western Reserve chronicle and weekly transcript of the times. (Warren, Ohio) 1854-1855, January 17, 1855, Image 2

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a. i. hum aku,
J. D. COX. : : : :
: Assocutc Editok.
Warren, "Wednesday, Jan. 17.
Know Nothingism.
.Onr neighbor of the Democrat takes
ns to task for net enter'ng into the me
lee about the Know Nothings, and dole
fully laments our 'non-commilalism,'
which he attempts to show is entirely
inconsistent with our duty to the Repub
lican movement.
No doubt the Democrat is entirely sin
cere in his love for the Republican cause,
but we may be excused, we humbly
hope, if we do not appreciate the pro
priety of asking his advice in our efforts
to overthrow the corrupt party of which
he is the County organ. In spite of our
selves, we feel a litile, a very little re
pugnance to taking as a teacher of con
sistent Republicanism one who can stand
upon the Baltimore rial form with its
crawling devotion to Southern interest,
and yet denounce sectional sm ; who can
endorse Franklin Pierce with his veto of
the River an 3 Harbor bill, and yet pro
fess to favor the improvement of our
lakes at the national xpense ; who can
back up Douglas' Kansas iniquity, and
yet pretend to An ti Slavery principle;
who can rejoice over the triumph of Mis
souri Slaveholders in the Kansas elec
tion, and vet try to befool Lis readers
into the belief that the Anti-Slavery vic
tory in northern Nebraska is proof that
there was no danger in opening to slave
ry the territory south of the Compro
mise line : who can put on the most
y earning love for the poor laborer, and
yet support a free trade policy which is
bringing ruin upon the men of toil in all
departments of labor, more crushing than
anything the country has kr.own since
1837. We really think we may be par
doned if our conscience does not twinge
when such an one chides ns for no! thun
dering against the Know Nothings.
We are told that J. R. Giddings and
Frank Wade have denounced the order,
and that it therefore becomes onr duty to
follow suit. We can only say that we
have never professed to be the especial
organ of any member of Congress, and
cannot therefore see how their denuncia
tion of a searet society would impose upon
us the duty of playing echo to them.
: But our neighbor is out in his statement
of facts. II r. Giddings has not denounced
the ends aimed at by the order, but has
aimply rebuked the blacks guard Sellers,
and opposed all secret political platforms.
Senator Wade has never published a word
on the subject that we have seen, and
the Democrat is no doubt mis-led by a let
ter from Edward Wade of Cleveland,
on the subject. So much for our leaders ;
now for ourselves.
. The primary ohject we are striving to
" attain, as Republicans, is the annihila
tion of all national Slavery : to destroy
t be monster wherever the power of the
Federal Government can, ly constitu
tional means, be made to reach it. For
the sake of reaching this object we have
consented to drop many issues which as
individuals we think important; so that
we may Tunite all who agree upon the
mott important of all, the one absolutely
vital, if we really mean to be a free
Whether foreigners should be made
Americans in five cr five-and-twenty
yean ; whether Catholicism is necessaiity
political, so that the professors of that
Religion cannot abjure their allegie-nce
to all foreign potentates and become good
Americans; these are open questions,
npon w hich we have our two opinions,
and upon which we shall be perfectly
ready to muke up a political issue, tak
ing one side or the other, whenever we
have settled the questions of incompar
ably greater moment upon which our
political action is now based.
As to the secrecy of the order we have
no hesitation in raying that we regard it
as exceedingly dangerous. It is in our
belief calculated to demoralize all who
use it as a political engine, and for our
own part we say frankly, we should as
soon undertake to out-sin the Devil by
way of conquering the powers of darkness
as of attempting the overthrow of Jesuit
ism by a secret political association.
Yet we can easily see how honest men
may differ from us, and do not feel called
upon to denounce those who do.
A more serious feature of the case, is
the relation of the new order to the Ami
Slavery question. Recent developments
at the East show that if the " American
party" is not made completely subservi
ent to the interests of the South, it will
not be for the lack of effort on the one
aide to buy, and of very many on ,tle
other side to tell, all those who have uni
ted themselves with the organization.
But we know also that in Ohio and Penn
sylvania the order has been in different
hands, and we are very confident that in
our State politics, we, as Republicans,
will have little reason to complain of the
way in which the votes of the order will
be 'Cast.
We have tteply regretted the introduc
tion of this issue, before the great battle
between North and South had been fairly
fought: we fetl that the prospects of the
Republican party, as a national organiza
tion have been clouded by it ; we think,
however, that we alto see a speedy ter
mination of its existence as a secret order,
and therefore do not regard it as our duty
to enter a political crusade against a
movement in which some of the heartiest
of our Anti-Slavery men are engaged.
. We sympathize with the Ttibune, the
Era, and the leader, in their abhorrence
of tho manner in which the Know. Noth
ings ef the TJi'man stripe, arc hugging to
"death Anti Slavery men insomeofthe Eas
tern States ; but wecannothtlitve thitour
friends of the Portage Democrat would be
found upon the side of the order, unless
they had good reason to belie' e that such
would not be the result in Ohio.
As we have said, we ru.t hesitate to
prophesy a speedy separation of the ele
ments row unitd in thi ecrt oonMr-
y oar
of a
racy, and therefore, (and especially since
the Democratic party of Ohio have chosen
to makedeadly hatred of it, their shibbo
leth) we can afford to wait in pa'ience to
see the end of it. But as soon as it be
comes evident that the intention of the
order is to play the game here, which it
seems to be playing in New York and
Massachusetts, our denunciation of it shall
bi as hearty as even the Democrat can
desire, and we feel confident we shall
have our friend Hall, of the Portage
Democrat by our side, with the whole
phalanx of sturdy Republicans who now
seem honestly to think their Know-Noth-ingism
consistent with their Republican-
ism. vy.
[For the Chronicle.]
Elder Bain in Reply to Rev. Ira Norris
WARREN, Jan. 1855.
All you say about the friends of the
late bill not announcing at the time of its
passage their design to extend slavery
needt no reply. Men are not apt to an
nounce all their intentions, while a motion
is pending in debate ; yet even thit was
done at the last session of Congress, on
the part of Southern members. Badger
of North Carolina and Hunter of Virginia
urged the rrmaval of the line for the good
of the master, for the good of the negro ;
and the former intention is but too well
carried out on the part of slaveholders
and their allies. See the late elections
Kanzas, for instance in the Douglas
District, where only 51 legal votes could
had, over 250 were cast. Missouri-
ans with their usual equipage, i e. a re
volver and a bowie, threatened the judgrs
intimidating, and keeping away and dri
ving off legal voters, after having voted
themselves; and when they got ready,
went home to Missouri, whence lhey came
day or so bpfore. JVbn intervention,"
"yopidar tovereignity," "tvatter rightsF'
Shame, where is thv blush ? Consisten
cy! how rare a gem !
What you say of Eden, of man in his
primeval state, is so foreign to our discus
sion, or, if not, so near profanity, that I
shall say but a word about it. I would
just ask, when God gave to man this fear
power did he give him a rule of life,
law? If so, was it a slave law ? What
was to be raised in Eden ? ' To
bacco ?" Away with your vpat tree
from Paradise! Let it not taint the at
mosphere of the groves of Eden !
But perhaps you claim that slavery was
fitly represented by the tree of knowledge
good Bind evil. Ifthisisyour meaning,
theu I say man was forbidden to eat of it,
you say, " to forbid implies to allow
legalize it ;" (more of this hereafter.)
You say, "This lodgment of power with
people will cause free States to grow
all the sooner :" that is begging the
question. facts show the contrary
Free men thun slave territory unless there
a reor probability of excluding slaveiy
South knows this ; hence their hurry
get their slaves into Kanzas, for the
"Missouri compact" being destroyed, and
Fugitive Slave bill being incorporated
the Nebraska bill, slavery is as safe
there now as anywhere in this Union, un
less freemen enough go there to cast out
foul devil that Congress ought not to
in. You say, "This can be done. It
whether peaceably is doubtful.
the work vat already done before the
Nebraska bill was passed, and should
been left as " well enough" always
should be. But you day, "to withhold that
power (power seems to have become your
idea,) would have a tendency to stul
tify and degrade the settlers." Indeed!
bright! Ohio, Indiana, Illinois,
Michigan and Wisconsin organized as
States out of the Northwest territory,
where your one idea power wat and it for
bidden, and with their unparalleled pros
perity they rise up and say, Sir, you are
mistaken. Power to enslave our fellow
is not wanted. The luck of it does
stultify nor degrade !
You profess real Anti-Slavery senti
and say " It is is manifest that the
Constitution does not design that sla
very should be a national institution, and
is what we real Anti-Slavery folks
been urging for years!" Really!
must have been poorly and needless
employed in making a man of straw,
for years urging his destruction ; for
nobody wants slavery to become national!
a word in your ear: did you and
red Anti-Slavery folks give us a
example of your Anti-Slavery spirit
year in the Senate of Ohio, when you
not grant a seat within the cham
ber to a colored man, an editor, who wish
ed to take notes as other reporters were
? Did your example in not voting
a seat help turn him out?
Now for your premises. Passing over
minor points in your power doc
permit me to call your attention to
logical deductions.
You hold that power " to forbid' may
and legalize Has Congress power
forbid murder, larceny, robbery, coun
terfeiting, etc., in the territories f lla
therefore power to allow and legalize
f Please examine and refute the
following propositiins by showing their
contrariet to be true.
1. Good laws forbid great evils. Sla
very (you admit) is "a great evil ; its in
cident are evil, socially, civilly, morally,
religiously," therefore good lawsor
slavery (not allow it as you infer.)
Legislation that forbids the extension
great evil, is so far, good legislation.
Slavery you aJmit is a great evil ; the
'Missouri Compromise" forbade the ex
tension of slavery North of 36 de. 30
; therefore, so far, it was good legis
tion. Legislation which repeals enactments
forbidding the extension of a great evil,
be bad legislation. Slavery, its in
cidents and extension are an abuse o'
you say; but the " Missouri Com
promise" forbade the extension of Sla
very; therefore, its repeal was bad legis
lation. P. S. I may answer some more of your
points soon, this being )03 long al
I remain as ever yours.
News Items.
Washington, Jan. 8. The soldiers
of the war of 1812 areholdingaconven
tion here to-day. They marched in
prosession to the President's House, es
corted by the entire millitary at the city
In the New Castle Courier of the fifth
inst., we find the weight of eight hogs,
fattened in Dudly Township. Henry Co.,
Indiana, by Daniel Reynolds and Mark
Meroby. The hogs weighed respec
t vely 720 645, 480, 456. 452, 450, 429,
and 437 pounds. Hoosierdom is ahead
this season, in large fat hogs.
The New York Commercial annouces
the death of the Rev-u Dr. Kitto, widely
known as tbe editor of the "Pictorial Bi
ble," and author cf numerous works in
illustration of the sacred text. Dr. Kitto
died at Cronstadt, near Stufgard, on the
25th ulu, in the fifty-first year of his
The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania
recently decided that under the law of
1834, the legal weight of a ton in that
State is 2,000 pounds, and not 2,240, as
practiced, until lately, among coal deal
ers, or 2,268 pounds, as formerly allow
ed among the iron men for a ton of pig
metal. The coal dealers of this city
some months ago settle upon 2,000 pounds
as a ton weight.
The Governor of Iowa in his message
to the Legislature, recommends that a
commisioner of Emigration be appointed,
to reside in New York or Philadelphia
whose duty it shall be to enlighten emi
grants as to the West and the best means
of reaching it.
A letter of Dr. Durhin states that all
the missionaries connected with the Me'h-
odist Episcodal Chuch in China would
probably withdraw from the empire by
the close of the present year.
A new trial has been granted in the
case of Green, convicted of the murder
of his wife in Chicago. The ground of
the new trial is stated to be misapprehen
sion on the part of the prisoner's couns; 1
of a ruling of the court, whereby compe
tent evidence was excluded from the
The merchants and mechanics of New
York presented Mr. Bennett, of the Her
ald, with a seivice of silver plates a few
evenings ago, valued at $1,500. The
box containing the gift r. as taken to the
St. Nicholas hotel, where Mr. B. boards:
neither Mr. Bennett or the landlord dar
ed open it, fearing it to be "an infernal
machine" of some kind.
Miss S. C. Bacon, who kept a perio
dical depot suddenly disappeared. She
was traced to Sullivan, 111. After reach
ing the hotel she was questioned by the
landlady as to her name, residence, etc,
when the remarked that her name was
Sarah C. Bacon, and that she was from
Cincinnati. She was provided with com
fortable quarters, and physicians called
who stated that she had been taking
laudanum, and it was impossible to save
her. She died on the following day,
Tuesday last. A two ounce viol, label
led "laudanum," was found in her pos
The Missouri Legislature are now en
gaged in balloting for a United States
Senator. Seven ballots have been held
the vote on the last one standing as
follows : For Doniphan, 54 ; for Ben
ton, 40 ; for Atchison, 56 ; for Wilson, 1;
Col Doniphan voted for Mr. Wilson.
This is a strict party vote, and will not
changed, probably for some days.
Beactifll TrpoGBAPHT. The neat
piece of Typography we have seen
many a day, is the New Years Ad-
ess of the Ohio State Journal office,
is printed on fine paper in large quar
to, there being a distinct poem for each
the four difleient seasons. The text
printed in black npon a red elliptical
circular ground work ; the cover is taste
fully di corat d with appr opriate des:gns,
and worked in co'ored inks and bronze.
is beautiful, and the verse is good.
Portsmouth Tribune.
At a meeting of the stockholders of
Bank of Commerce, of Cleveland,
held last Thursday, Joseph Perkins,
B. Hcblbut, Amasa Stone, Jr., H.
Habvet, and S. Witt were elected Di
rectors, and al a subsequent meeting of
Directors. Joseph Perkins was elec
ted President,
The Leader says that on Saturday
evening, when just this side of Rock port,
express train from Columbus struck
man upon the track, killing him in
stantly. The brakes had been whistled
down as soon as the man was discovered,
no blame attaches to the engineer.
name of the man killed is not known.
The Portage County Agricultural Soci
ety has presented Mr. and Mr. D. Mc
intosh, of Shalersrille, a massive silver
salver a token of the value of their sei
vices in behalf of that Society. Mr. Mc
intosh was President of that Society five
Congressional. We have no news
any importance this week, and the ac
count of the debates which " drag their
length along" is crowded out by
full report of the Erie disturbance.
Life and Sayings of Mrs. Parting
ton. Baldwin has received at the Main
Street Book Store the above inimiiable
book, written by the man in Boston,
whose brains, like Ike's, "all run down
his head!1' Whenever the youngs
ters get hold of it, it becomes necessary
send them to a geological cemetery to
the old sancho out of them." The
embellishments do full justice to the
of Mrs. P.'s dear departed Paul, be.
whom she used, (in his liL- time,
behind the ghost,) "to ride o:i a pil
lory." Isaac's instrucions to the cat
to skate on clam-shells is also the
subject of a fine engraving, and from
to end it is just what an edition cf
Partington ought to be.
Dn. Duff's address before the General
Assembly of the Free Cnurch of Scot
land, atEdinburg, upon Romanism, with
by "Kirwan," is also to be had at
[From the Cleveland Herald.]
The Devils Again at Work.
that the mob are agnin at work at Erie,
and have succeeded in tearing up the
rails far a mile at Harbor Creek, and in
pulling down the bridge at Erie
Nothing is to be hoed for fiom the lo
cal authorities of Eric, for although the
Sheriff issued his proclamation in antici
pation of this event, nothing but words
have been used. The enormity of this
outrage can be appreciated when it is
known that the matters in dispute, and
uhich caused the outbreak last winter,
have been deliberately adjudicated upon
and settled by the State Courts of Penn
sylvania, and that the Rail (load compa
ny has acted in strict accordance with
the decree and order of that court. Noth
ing will do for these brutal devils but cold
lead Mippli d with a bountiful hand. A
few Mime rifle balls would let light in
upon the brain of those rioters, and prove
a salutary lesson loevil diers. Of course
Pennsylvania now nvst step in and en
force the orders of her courts or suffer a
lawless mob to treat those orders with
It is not to be supposed that this inter
runtion will be a long one, for just as soon
as the proper authority can be brought to
bear, these ruthns will be put down.
The case has assumed an entirely dif
ferent aspect since the scenes of last win
ter, for at that tune ine courts had not
spoken. Now it is a matter between the
courts of Pennsylvania and her own sub
ject:, and if law is to have sway in that
commonwealth the present outbreak will
be summarily rebuked.
A t least one thousand tons of freight
were daily passing to a market over the
Cleveland c Erie Railroad, and every
ton represents say one hundred dollars.
Here are bills drawn for one hundred
thousand dollars a day against the produce
passing towards a market, and a few
fiends at Erie have the power to protrst
this paper. The thing cannot be tolerated
for a moment, the bur-iness of the ountry
must not be placed in jeopardy by the
rum-suckers of Erie.
A very few days will place a different
face upon the matter, and Pennsylvania
will demonstrate that the decrees of her
court must be respected and obeyed.
ERIE, Jan. 8.
The men of Harbor Cree k met early
in the morning, and pave evident signs of
a mob spirit. An hour before noon, they
got ready for their work, and did it up
thoroughly. Sheriff Vincent was driven
off, and near a mile of rail was removed,
the bridge destroyed, and the road torn
At Erie the rioters met early in the
morning round the Court House, ami were
harangued by a Dutchman. He spoke
broken English for a while, then broke
out in his native tongue.
" I'll give you a little Deutshe," said
he : but he ended his speech with "down
mit de bridge, by God." A hurrah for
the bridge was given, and off the mob
started for it.
This was about one P. M. They
reached State Street Bridge, which is
about 100 feet long, and here Sheriff
Vincent met them.
Just then, say two P. M.. a courier
rode up from Harbor Creek with the
new-s. bhube bmith toon on nis nai and
shouted, " Hurrah for Harbor Creek
they have done it up good. The Dutch
man shouted "The Harbor Cretk boys
are the boys the boys of Erie are tarn d
cowards. Down goes de dam bridge.
And then the work of destruction began.
This was about half past two P. M.,
and at this hour two Dutchmen were on
the bridge with crowbars. Sheriff Vin
cent, half scared, ordered them to desist ;
they hesitated for a few minutes, but one
tho Dutchmen plied his crowbar to a
rail, and was so drunk that in attempting
rip it up he pitched some twenty feet
into the creek below.
Sheriff Vincent then left. Immediately
Otty McGan and others went to work
tearing up and destroying the track and
bridge. Sheriff Vincent in about half or
three quarters of an hour, (after 3 P. M.)
returned, and walking near to the end of
the bridge, took out a proclamation, and
began to read it.
The mob crowded him on, and drove
him iuto the Keystone Saloon, a email
doggery; there they kept him for half an
hour, the building being surrounded by
over 100 persons. Officers Loomis and
Hunter, got him out to take him home,
and walked on eac'a side of him while
Judge Miles was in the rear endeavoring
keep the crowd back. Here stones,
eggs, brickbats, snow. balls and clubs fell
thick and fast around the "officials" the
party reached a large brick house, and
was compelled to take refuge in it the
mob stoned them as they entered, and
surrounded the house, and kept "the par
there near 8n hour. Mayor tving
then appeared for the first time. He
waved his hand to the crowd and said,
"you must disperse and go away;" he
took the Sheriff home, and the crowd went
back to the bridge and commenced oper
ations there again.
About this time, say 4 P. M. a compa
of faiitaslics, rouged, masked with
false whiskers, and drunk, appeared,
headed by a dwarf, who beat the drum,
a " tall feller" who played the fife.
They marched round the crowd, shouting
"spies," "rotten eggs," ecc.
Meanwhile up went the rails and down
went ihe whisky. Over plunged the iron
the creek, and out shouted the riot
ers. Siowly they worked and bard
by 5 P. M. the bridge was stripped,
the timbers set on fire, amid the
drunken brawlingsof as low a set of men
could be gathered together.
Then the rioters marchc 1 to the French
street bridgr GO feet long. Here they
recru Is and worke I more rnpi lly.
Rails and timbers were torn up and pitch
down the embankment. Then the
lorcn was appuea to ine nmueis. iy ;
1. M. the work of destruction
The mob numbered not over 500, wo
and all. They were of the lowest
class, the majority of them drunk. Indeed
was a shocking sight to see the burial
and debauchery displayed by these
lawless beings.
later. The State authorises have
since sent in to Erie a force sufficient to
the peace ; the bridges are being
rapidly re-built, and the interruption to
travel is by this time removed.
Iowa Senator.
Nebraskaisni was fairly floored in the
Legislature of Iowa in the election of ihe
James Harlan to the Senate of the
Uuited States. Mr. II. is a professor in
Pleasant College, a m 'n of decided
ability, and a firm Anti-Nebraska Whig.
Nebraska Democrats after a num
ber of ballotings abandoned Senator
Dodge, and rallied on Mr. Cook, a silver
Whig who stood ready, it is pre
sumed, to subserve the in'erest of Doug
las and Co. Fortuna ely the majority
Ihe Legislature considered Cook an
unsafe character for freedom in the
American Law Register, For January.
The last n amber of this xcellcnt pe
riodical is filled with its usual abundance
of interesting matter. It opens with an
elaborate essay upon "Copy right,"
and the question whether Abridgments
are infringements upon Copyright of an
original work.
The Reported cases contain decisions
by the U. S. Circuit Court upon the ex
tent and limitations of the rights of Pat
entees ; Decisions of the N. Y. Courts
upon the liability of a joint slock compa
rer spurious stock issued by their trans
fer agents ; Decision of the Pennsylva
nia Courts upon the validity of Mortgages
given to secure future advances of mon
ey on Buildings ; beside many matters
of practice, reviews ke.
Published by D. B. Canfield tk Co.,
Philadelphia. Terms S3 per annum.
An anti-Nebraska speaker in the Illi
nois Legislature is elected, by 16 ma
jority. This settles the question ol the
election of Senator against Gen. ShieUs.
Ohio Cultivator. The Eleventh
Volume of this agricultural paper com
menced on thelst inst, and now is a good
time to subscribe. The Cultivator was
the first paper in Ohio, devoted exclu
sively to the interest of the great farm
ing masses of the State, and it has been
sustained with ability by Mr. Bate
ham. For some years past, Col. Harris
has been associated as assistant editor,
and his labors and practical common
sense have been valuable. We are glad
to know that the Cultivator has secured a
liberal support, and we trust there will
be no falling off jn 1 855.
Political Persecution.
The Judges of a certain class, both on
the Supreme bench" and in the District
Courts of the United States, together
uith the United fetales Attorneys and
Marshals, are busy whenever they dare
be busy, in forcing indictments against
those w ho have spoken against the Fugi
tive Act, or sought to bring its despotism
to a legal test.
In Boston, men who made speeches in
Fannueil Hall against the seizure of
Burns are indicted. The Jury refuse to
convict. But Judge Uurtiss and the
United States officials press them at every
point, and demand the internal Jaw. ( it
law it should be called, ) shall be en
forced in letter and spirit. We shall see
how a New England Jury will regard
the matter before they pet through with it.
As in Boston, so in Milwaukee. Booth
has been persecuted fiendishly. But the
officials are not satisfied and finding the
old indictment faulty, have brought in a
new one, adding another count on ac
count of the rescue case there last year.
In addition, Byron Paine, the Atty. of
the slaves, Charles K. Watkins, Robert
Reed and Frank Raymond, are put un
der the ban. It is said, furthermore, that
Gen, Paine, H. Hulchins, A. II. Biel-
feld, Dr. E. B. Wolcot, W. H. VVaier
man, George T. Wright and C. Clement,
are to be indicted. Stranger still, a let
ter before us from a friend, decidedly
Hunker in dayf gone by, says, " I fear
I shall have to join the fight for the
United States officials, Judge and all are
leagued together, and there are cn the
Grand Jury tools of theirs or enemies of
the defendants, looking as though it had
been packed. Besides the majority of
these men Dr. Wolcot for instance
denounced kidnapping and the Atlor
neys Byron Paine, &c. aided the fu
gitives professionally, without infringing
upon any law." I he People won t stand
this and can't. It is an issue of personal
liberty, and the citizen, not the slave or
the colored man, is the sufferer.
Nor has Ohio been "let alone."
Sloane, of Sandusky, in doing a simple
professional act performing a duty
which no lawyer would dare disregard
was sued, and mulcted in a heavy pen
alty by the Uuited Slates District Court,
Judge Leavitt, leaning to the side of the
Oligarchs, and the other officials working
for them. Sloane was no Abolitionist,
but what was termed a "Silver Grey."
Yet for the exercise of a right and a priv.
ilege, he was punished under this ac
cursed fugitive act.
Whose life or liberty or property is
safe, if this be justice or law? If the
People can see these things, they will be
alarmed;.tliey will feel that there is danger
in this monstrous wrong to them every
way; and like men they will maintain
their rights al any cost. Leader.
A Cure for Hard Times. Sixty of
the most fashionable ladit s in New York
have formed a society for the promotion
of American industry, by encouraging
domestic manufactures. The members
pledge themselves to wear nothing w hich
is not made in America, and the fire is
spreading. Our good friend, Charles
Stetson, Esq., of the Astor House, New
York, writes to us under date of the 23th
ult., in which he says : " Last evening
there was a large toiree given here;
the idea wa, that nothing but American
goods should be worn on the occasion, and
the effect was delightful. American silks
could not be found, but calicoes and
mouslin de laines were all the rage. "
We would recommend ladies of Cincin
nati to form a society of the same sort,
and resolve to wear only American man
ufactured goods; begin the new year
ith this determination, make domestic
fabrics fashionable, and we shall soon
have good times. We purchase twenty
millions of dollars worth of foreign silks
every year, wiucn, at len percent, i?
the interest upon thre? hundred millions
of dollars. Let tln-ie be a reform. Cin.
We have befi re noticed the movement
mentioned in the iiKCgoing paragraph.
But on seeing it as above in the istii'itm n
yesterday, we could not resist ctpy ing
if for no other purpose, that we might
find occasion to congratulate our anti
protection free-trale cotemporary on the
progress it was making toward sustaining
American interests over foreign. One
two more steps forward ami we, shall
have some hopes the Slatrtman may be
come a fair advocate of home labor and
home production. It is rather late to
come in after so much mischief has been
done by the tariff of '46, but reformation
better late that never. State Journal.
Agreed. The Kenton Xor'- Wester
holds to this notion, and we agree :
"We once advocated biennial sessions
the Legislature, and on the stump, in
another part of the State, urged that as
one of the reforms secured by the new
constitution ; but expetience has satis
fied us that it is a humbug, and the first
amendment needed to our present con
stitut on is a return to annual session."
We copy the above from the Cincin
nati Ei.quirer. We have yet to see the
first man who has any knowledge of
public affairs, that does not agree in the
necessity of returning to annual sessions.
But this is not the only humbug that
found its way into the new constitution.
Slate Journal.
Arrison the Torpedo Monster.
The Cincinnati Timet gives the scene
in the court room upon the rendition of
ihe verdict against the infernal machine
man. It says .
A little after six o'clock in the evening
the court room was again opened to spec
tators, a large crowd of w hom were in
waiting. Even the seats reserved for
the benefit of the fair sex were soon filled
with ladies. Inside the bar it was soon
known that a verdict had been agreed
upon. What it was, was not known,
but it was easily guessed at. "Early
verdicts are always against the prisoner, "
was whispered in more than one ear, and
the general expectation was against the
accused. A solemn anxiety was depicted
on every countenance, a dread wish to
hear the few words upon which the life
of a fellow-being di-pended.
With the Jury, the prisoner, was
brought into Court, and for the first time
during his trial w i placed upon the pris
oner's bench. He folded his hands and
turned his eyes to the jury. We had a
fair view of his countenance. It was
sorrowful, deeply traced with care, yet
fixed. An occasional deep drawn sigh,
and a nervous twitching of the fingers,
were the only signs of emotion. Yet his
appearance seemed pitiful. He seemed
to fed his fate !
Utter silence prevailed as the foreman
arose and passed ihe sealed verdict to the
Court. It was ope ned and read :
" We, the j'iry find the defendent,
William Arrson GUILTY OF MUR
charged in the indictmi nt. "
When it was read, there wa. a move
among the spectators, as if disposed to
applaud. One man said rather loudly.
"That is right!" but the prompt Cull
of the Deputy. Sheriff for order was in
stantly obeyed. The announcement made
no change in the prisoner's countenance ;
a deep drawn sigh was his only response.
A young lady sitting by the side of Judge
Flinn burst into tears, and even his honor
seemed much affected. Desirous of spar
ing the prisoner's ftelings as much as
possible, Deputy-Sheriff Higdon gave
him a seat behind the Sheriff's desk.where
he was free from the gaze of the sjiecta
tors, which was fixed upon him.
We have mentioned that when tho ver
dict was rendered a young lady burst
into tears. Soon after, she seated her
self beside the prisoner, and engaged in
close conversation with him, during which
tears flowed freely down her cheeks.
We understand that during his residence
here last summer he paid his addresses
to this young lady. She was subpocned
by the btale to testify against the prisoner,
but took the summons so much at heart
that Mr. Pruden, the Prosecuting Attor
ney, agreed not to call her as a witness.
We are not aware what the prosecution
expected to prove by her, but suppose it
was nothing of great nion ent. S.ie had
been in constant attendance during the
trial, manifesting a great interest in the
proceedings. She continued in close con
vrrsation with the prisoner until he was
taken from the Court room.
The prisoner was esrortrd back to jail
about 7 o'clock. Instead of conducting
him to his old quarters, Jailor McLean
took him to what is known as the Fatal
or Murderer's Room. It is called the
Murderer's Room from the fact, that per
sons convicted of murder in the first
degree have always been confined in that
apartment, and the Fatal Room, from the
fact, that every inmate of the apartment
so convicted, has suffered the full penalty
of the law.
The prisoner had but li'.tle to say. As
soon as he was taken into the room, Jailor
McLean informed him that he had an
unpleasant duty to perform, that he must
strip him and examine his clothing. The
prisoner made no objection, but i in me
diately changed every article of clothing.
putting on those furnished by the Jailor.
Those lielo'k oft", "were taken possession
of by Mr. McLean, who searched them
The prisoner requested the Jailor to burn
some papers in his pocket-bo k, which
was done in his presence. At an early
hour he threw himself upon his bed, and
overcome, was soon asleep.
The Eighth.
It has grown inlo a yearly custom for
the LocoloC3 party to make some politi
cal demonstration upon the anniversary of
the Battle of New Orleans. Aj the bra.
zen serpent was lifted up in the wilder.
ness, to bring the rebellious children of
Israel back to duty, so is "Old Hickory,"
on the eighth of January, carried aloft
as the Host of the modern Democratic
church, upon the passing of which the
worshippers of this political saint ot the
Hermitage, uncover and " Hurrah tor
Jackson. 1 he charm of this name has
again and again been invoked to awe into
silence any mutterings among the dis
affected, and ony doctrine which could
secure the powerful name of Jacksonism,
has been swallowed without a why or
In accordance with th's custom, the
leaders of the present 8K.lf-styled Demo
cratic party called a Convention, to be
holden at Columbus, on yesterdty, trust
in" that the odor of the glorious eighth
-1.1 .ia.1 nn.-v tli conp nf t liQ devout
...i,;,o f r..,.i,nn n,l i-ormlt th
leaders to mould them to their purposes.!
How successful the scheme we are yet
The Columbus Journal of yesterday,
the 8th, speaks of the Convention then
session, and says :
" The attendance was remarkably slim,
compared lo that of former years. The
Citv Hall was only about half full of
delegates and lexkers-on. "
A great' struggle has been going on for
few days upon the question of nomi- j
nating State Officers, and a postponement j
that matter has been deemed vital to I
the saiety ot tne democratic organiza-,
tion. those in lavor ot nominating ai
the present convention have carried the
day, as we see by the Fact, and the pres-1
ent Uovernor, sieaiii, renominaien w no, i
- i . i- t it i
out aatJ votes, receivea 101 nenuiie.ier
recemng 12, and iMedary oa. james
Myers, of Lucas, was nom'iiated for Lieut.
Governor. Wm. Kennon, of Uelmont,
and R. B. Warden, of Franklin, were
nominated for Supreme Court.
Henry B. Payne, of this city, was the
President of the Convention. The Con
vention at last accounts had net adjourned,
passage of resolutions having been
postponed until the nominations were
The Journal says :
There is an under current of- feeling
that will probably break out before the
close. So far as the people are concerned,
they look on with indifference. Whether
nominations are made now or next
summer they are destined to a terrible
defeat. The presentiment of this is man
ifest upon the countenances and in every
movement of the old parly hacks. Cleve.
The remains of Elder R. Badger
who on the 29:li of April, 1 S53, was
rowa ;d in Weber river in his efforts t o
descue the child of an migrnt were
r'ound Oct 19, 154, imbedded in the
and, and wi h his bones were also found
122 in gold.
We come bury Cæsar, not to Praise
Journal has ably hand
led the doings, the aims, and the objects
of Ohio Locofocoism as exhibited in its
late Convention, so that all we have to do
is to copy its articles.
In speaking of the tameness, and de
pression of spirit which we ghed down
the de'djates the Journal says :
There was no enthusiasm, no shouting
nothing that reminded one of the spirit
of that party in its palny days. '1 hey
evidently came to "bury Caesar." They
felt the t rrible rebuke of the people at
me late election, and, by presenting the
same meu and measures, they felt a con
ciousness that they weie invi ing a repe
tition of the blow. The speeches of the
candidates were tame and deprt catory.
The Hunker Democratic Convention.
Columbus was crowed on the 8th
the Convention being very large. The
Fact (neutral) says it appeared to lack
that union which is so characteristic of
the Old Democracy.
There were three candidates for Gov
ernor, and 258 votes cast. Of these Col
Medary received 69 ; Leadbetter, 12
Gov. Merdill,177. A nomination of the
latter, by acclamation, followed.
Lt, Gov. Myers was put on the track
again. Judge Kennon and R. B. War
den selec'ed as candidates fcr the Su
preme bench ; W. D. Morgan, Auditor :
J. G. Breslin, Treasurer ; Wm. Trevitt,
or Secretary of State ; J. B. Steedman,
Board of Public Works ; Geo. W. Mc
Cook, Attorney-General.
The Convention adopted the Baltimore
Platform, the State Platform of '48, de
nounced Know riotlungism, and reques
ted the Legislature to pass a law with
holding from Bank and Bankers all rem
edies in collecting their taxes, and for
bidding the State Tresurer or County
Treasurers from receiving the notes of
such Banks or Bankers in payment of
taxes. Cleveland Leader.
Harlan, Hunker Whig," is elected Uni
ted States Senator from Iowa, (in its
telegraphic column. ) Where did it get
that word, Hunker i Was it in the Tel-,
egraph or interpolated ? The Herald
has no such report. The fact is, unless
Harlan has changed, he is as bold and
outspoken as Wade nor has he changed
for Col. Dewey informs ns, that he
stands, as he has always stood, "square"
on the great issue, and a Republican
throughout. He has "the grit" we
know, if we mistake not, and will show
it whenever occasion may call for it.
Would that all others were like him !
Know Nothing Defeat on Tuesday.
The result ef the Ward Election, on
Tuesday, in this city, was a complete
prostration of Know Nothingism. In
the First Ward there was no opposition
to the Know Nothing ticket, except on
Constable, and the vote on that was a
tie, showing that if a full ward ticket ap
posed to Know Nothingism had been in
the field it could have been elected. In
the Ninth Ward a fusion was effected be
tween the Know Nothings an Whigs,
which resulted in the choice of their
ticket. In all the other wards the Know
Nothing tickets were very generally de
feated. The total vote of the secret or
der was about 1400 its full strength,
and this is only about one-third the vote
of the city. Pittsburgh, Gaz., Jan. 4.
The $45,000 Robbery from the United
The $45,000 Robbery from the United states Express Company-Arrest of
the Supposed Perpetrators.
Perhaps the most daring robbery ever
committed in this city, was that of the
United States Express Company's agent,
at the Hamilton 'and Dayton Depot, a
few months ago. It will be remembered
that he had just taken the bag contain
ing bis valuables from the car, and
placing it in the express wagon, turned
for a moment to adjust a package, and
on looking around, bag and contents,
amounting to forty -five thousand dollars
was gone. The company offered large
rewards for the detection of the thief or
thieves and the recovery of the money,
but until now without success. The po
lice, and the Company's agents, howev
er, have been constantly on the alert,
and at one o'clock on yesterday morning
Mayor Snelbaker, Capt. Hoke and offi
cers Carty, Parker, Rose, and Hazon
and Hopkins, arrested three young novn
named Williams, Miller and Skillman,
on a charge ot navmg commuted ine
rebbery. Another man named Estep
arrested for the same offense, has been
brought to the city by the Marshal of
Davenport, Iowa.
llharus is an omnibus driver, late a
driver in the employ of the Little Miami
Omnibus Line, and at the time of his
arrest was sleeping in one of the com- j
pany's stables. Miller has also been an
omnibus driver, but has recently been
engaged in breaking mules, and was
arrested at a house on the corner of Court
and Walnut. Skillman is a driver
of an express wagon in the employ of
the very Company be is accused ot Hav
ing robbed, and was in charge of the
wagon from which the money was taken.
We know nothing of Estep. but the fact
oi nis arrest ii i rov mougui pruueni.
by the officers to make further disclosures
in advance of the judicial examination,
as they suppose some important devel
opments may yet oe made. Cincinnati
Columbian, of Monday.
Frightful Railroad Accident.
The Indianapolis papers contain the
narticulars of a severe collision on the
Lafayette Railroad, which occurred on
ti,e o-d inst. At ihe point where the ac-
ciderit took place, there was an embank-
roent nd a short curve, the rule re-
aumn each regu'ar train to come to a
euii 8ton before passing such a ciirve, was"
obeyed by the train going np but, being
nerlected by that coming down, its speed
. . . -
was too heavy to stop suddenly, parlicu-
larly on a heat y down grade. The down
train, which had a locomotive attached
each end, consisted of twenty-eight
cars, twenty-four of which were filled
with live hogs. Mr. John AVhitten was
engineer of the forward machine the
Tippecanoe who did all in his.powerto
"check np," but the rear locomotive
bieaking loose the momentum of the
whole train bore upon him with a fright
ful power, dashing his engine into the one
going up, which wa then backing at
the rate of five miles per hour. This
engine was slightly injured, and remain
on the track, but the tippecanoe, a large
new machine, went dashing over the ties,
with its cowcatcher bent under, at a fear
ful rate for some three hundred feet,
when, at one leap, it bounded at the foot
of a thirty feet embankment, dragging
after, and upon it, three of the cars tilled
with hogs. The scene was one of intense
interest-every person there being el
ectrified at the result, and each anticipa
ted the most horrible consequences.
Fortunately but one person was injured.
Engineer Whitten had one leg broken in !
three places, and although considerably
otherwise bruised, will no. doubt recover.
The damage to property will be nearly
10,000, Forty hogs wer; killed.
Home Affairs.
Protracted Mebtings have been held
in several of the village chnrches during
the past week, and a good deal of relig
ous interest has been aroused. The at
tendance has been, in general, very full,
and it is believed that a permanent, and
much needed influence will flow from the
Liejcoa Sum. One. or two liquor
suits have been tried before Justice
Palm, in the course of the week. The
suits were brought from the country.
We hear it intimated that the zeal of
those who should take care of the mor
als and temperance of our village youth
has abated so far that Liquor-selling is
again flourishing among tire Doggeries
in spite of oui very efficient law.
Our Village Clock. We are bles
sed (as we suppose everybody knows)
with a town clock, and quite a conven
ience it is too, to be able to lean back in
our office chair and see the "town time"
without rising. But town clocks in these
days, are apt to be independent, like all
the rest of Young America, and ours,
a while ago, was made independent of
the striking weight, or the striking weight
independent of it, by some mischevious
urchin who filed off a connecting wire in
the belfry. Aaron Day offered to have
" the spirits" tell who it was that di l it,
if some of the suspected youngsters
would "form a circle" at a table in his
barber shop, but we are told they back
ed out, not that they were afraid the
spirits would tell of them, but simply be
cause they did'nt want to deal with such
things; in short, they had conscientious
scruples about it, and so we have not
learned who filed off the wire. The wire
was mended in a few days, but somehow
the clock got a fancy for striking five
minutes before the time, which, by the
way is a convenient thing, for it gives
fair warning, and has a tendency to
bring people "to time." In this respect
however it is not up to an old brass clock
on our kitchen mantle shelf, which strikes
one when the minute hand reaches the
eleven, and gives the rest at the proper
time. We think our old clock was a
leetle ahead even of the Court House
time-teller with its yard-long pointers.
But our City Fathers are enemies of
vagaries of all kinds, and have corrected
this little inclination of the clock to go
"on its personal curve" and it is now as
steady as though it were in the steeple
of the steadiest church in town.
Barsum's Abtobiographt. Neigh
bor Ritkzel, of the Democrat, says the
people are buying a great humbug when
they buy Barnum's life, but that if they
will buy such things, they might get the
Democrat for twenty-five cents more.
Does that mean, Brother Rttezkl, that
the Democrat is a humbug of a twenty
five cent larger size? We "hang in
suspense " till we get an authoritative
Warren and Braceville Plank Road Co.
We notice with great pleasure the pros
perous condition of the above road, as
indicated by the followoing account of
the proceedings at the late meetin of
the stockholders. Samuel Quinby Esq.,
continues in his position of Treasurer,
the stockholders not having time at their
meeting to make new election, or re
election, for all the officers.
The management of the company un
der its present directors and officers is
efficient, and in these days of bad trav
elling the community appreciate the ben
efits of the smooth road to Leavittsburg.
The meeting of the stockholders was
held on the eighth of this month. Har
mon Austin, T. E. Webb, Franklin S.
Stow, H. B. Perkins, Jessy S. Haymay
ker, Lewis Hoyt and Samuel Quicby,
were elected Directors Harmon Austin,
was appointed President.. The Direct
ors ordered a dividend offiw per cent to "
be paid to the stockholders from the tolls
received on the road from August 14th
1854, when the road was completed, up.
to January 1st 1855, being four and an
half months. Beside the dividend de
clared we understand that the Company
has reserved a very liberal surplus for
expenses, and for the sinking fund, so
that the road may be purpetually kept
in the very best condition.
Atkr's Chkrrt Pectoral. Amongst
the many nostrums that are daily heral
ded forth to the public as penaceas for
nearly all the ill which afHicts humanity,
theTe are, no doubt, many entirely worth
less, and others that possess all the merit
which is claimed for them. Among this
latter class stands foremost the invalua
ble family medicine, the name which
heads this paragraph. This is no idle
puff. We speak knowingly, having tes
ted its efficacy on several occasions with
in the last year, in our family. At this
season, when colds and influenza are so
prevalent, we confidently recommend
the free use of this preparation. It will
be found equally efficacious in diseases
of the throat, and in all pulmonary affec
tions. Virginia Recorder Buchanan, To.
Ia Green township, an the 4th in., by K. fl. Can
fled, Kq., Mr. DisiiL J. liiirutT, to MiM Lxnt Goo
ak. -
On the SBth all, at Berlin centre, bj Re. Tagg. Mr
Uonu Suunmui to Mis H!sa Rab. all of
abore piace.
A$ Castile. Wyoming Count;, S. T, on the th ot
Dec., after a short and painful illness, Mrs. Loarrra
Taaaa, wife of 0. M. Taber, formerly of Trumbull
Ia Boardman,oa tho Sth inst, Disw. Mosssrn, aged
years, IV months and 19 days.
GasiT Ct'ia or BaacmTOSi. The Rfltors of the
Richmon-t Republican, ol Dec 4th. Kit, says that
Carter's Spanish Mixture to no quack medicine.
They had a man in their press-room Tho was alBio
with TiofeDt Mercurial Rheumatism, who was oos
tinuaUy complaining of misery in the back, limbs and
joints; his eyes had become fererish and mattery,
neck swollen, throat sore, and all the symptoms of
Kheumaliam, cornbinsd with SerofuU. Two bottles of
Carter's Spanish Mixture cured him. and, in an edito.
Hal notice as abore. they bear testimony to its wonder,
effects, and say their only regret is, that an scHennf
with disease of the blood are not aware of Iho existence
such a medicine. They cheerfully seeommend it.
8-X their certificate, aad notice la fan around th
botllr, d-lm

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