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- PUBLISHED BT
HAPGOOD & ADAMS.
IIIUI BLOC X
VOL. 40, NO 22.
family Sournal, Utuofeb
io rnbom, Agriculture, librafart, (Staration, local
Snfelligwrr, tmh tjp Hems of
JANUARY 1 6, 1 8 5 6.
ONE DOLLAR AND FIFTY CENT
IU AMKVM, IB ADTAJICS).
WHOLE NO. 2050.
MY HEID IS LIKE TO REIND,
The foUosrinf lines, waTted about the world like a
lose waif apoa the tea, are, if we recollect aright, the
competition or the late Willis MoTiiiwriL, and pe
waliirlj' narked by that deep pathos, ard earnest feel
ing, which characterises the national poetry of Scot
land. sLutxaia recollect his beaotU til JeAaaie Morrison.-
lly held is like to reind. Willie,
Mjr heart is like to break
I'm wearin' aff mj feet, Willie.
I'm dyin' lor your sake! .
. Oh, lay oar cheek to mine, Willie,
' - Ykt hand on say breast -bane
Oh, say yell thick on me, Willie,
When I am dead and gane!
It's Tain to comfort me, Willie, ' '
, . air grief mann ha'e iu will
But let me rest upon roar breast.
To sab and greet my nil:
Let me set npon yoor knee, Willie,
Let me shed me by yoor hair,
J ' And look Into the face, Willie, -j
, I nerer sail see mair.
' ' rn aittin' on j -our knee, Willie, "
For the last time in my life
- - A pair heart-broken thing, Willie,
' A mither, yet nae wife.
Ay, press yoar hand Sfion sry heart, (
And press it mair and mair
Or it will bnrst the silken twine,
Eae strange is its despair.
. Oh, wae's me fr the hoor. Willie,
Wfcen we thegiiber met
Oh, wae's me for the time. Willie,. .
- . . That oax first tryst was set' -."
Oh. wae's for me the loamin green '
Where we were want to gae
And wae's me for the destinie. -
That gait me lore thee sae! '
'.' Oh! dinna mind my words, Willie,
I downa seek to blame
( Bat oh! H's hard to lire. Willie,
And dree a wide warM's shame! -Hoi
tears are hsilin' ower yoor cheek.
And hailin' ower yoor chin; -Why
weep ye sae for wortlilessness
Jor sorrow and for sin T
. '"" I'm weary ' the world. Willie,
And sick wP a' I see
' I eanna lire as I ha'e lived.
Or be as I shoo Id be.
; Bat fan Id actit yoar heart, Willie,
The heart that still is thine
And kiss once mair the white, white cheek,
Te said was red langsyne.
A stonn gaes through my held, Willie,
A sir stood' through my heart
Oh. hand me p, and let me kiss -.
Thy brow ee we twa pairt;
Anither,and anither yet!
I How fast my life-strings break I
Farewell! Farewell! through yon kirkyard
Step lightly for my sakel
The layVock in the lift, Willie, - -
That lilts far ower our beid.
Will sing the morn as merrilie
Abune the clay-cauld deid;
And this green turf we're sittin' on,
Wi' dew draps shlmmerin' sheen.
Will hap the heart that lurit tnec
' As warld has seldom seen.
' But Oh! remember me, Willie,
On land where'er ye be '
- And Oh! think on the leal, leal hurt
. . . That neVr Iut it ane but thee!
. And Oh! think on the cauld, cauld moots.
Thai fill my yellow hair " "
That kiss the cheek: that kiss the chin.
Ye nerer shall kiss mair! -
WILLIE. Choice Miscellany.
WILLIE. Choice Miscellany. A BATTLE WITH GRIZZLY BEARS.
We extract the following from the
"Hunlers' Feast," a new work by Capt.
Mayne Beid :
- An adventure with grizzly bears wbich
Lad befallen the "enptaic" was next re-1
Jated. He had been travelling wilb a
strange party the "Scalp Hunters,"
in the mountains near Santa Fe, when
they were overtaken by a sudden and
heavy fall of snow that rendered further
progress .impossible. The "canon," a
deep valley in which they had encamp
ed, was difficult to get through at any
time, but now the path, on account of
' the deep soft snow, was rendeied impass
ible. . When morning broke they found
themselves fairly "in the trap."
"Above and below the valley was
choked with snow five fathoms deep.
Vast fissures b.irrancas were filled
. with the drift; and it was perilous to at
tempt penetrating in either direction.
Two men had already disappeared..
J, 'On each tide of our camp rote the
wells of the canon, almost vertical, lo the
height of a hundred feet. There we
might have climbed had the weather
. been toft, for the rock was a trap found
ation, and offered numerous seams and
.ledges ; but now there was a coating of
ice and snow upon Ihem that rendered
the ascent impossible. The ground had
' been frozen hard before the storm came
' on, although it was now freezing no lone
- er, and the snow would not bear our
"weight. "All our efforts to get out of the
ralley proved idle ; and we gave them
, over, yielding ourselves, in a kind of
reckless despair, to wait fjr we scarce
"For three days we sat shivering
around the fires, now and then casting
looks of gloomy inquiry around the sky.
The same dull gray for an answer, mot
tled with flakes slanting earthward, for
it still continued lo snow. Not a bright
pot cheered the aching eye.
"The little platform on which we rest-;
. ed a piece ol two or three acres was
still free from the snow-drift, pn account
. of its exposure to the wind. Strarrlino-
pines, stunted and lean ts, grew over its
'cutface, in all about fifty or sixty trees.
From these we obtained our fires; but
' what were fires when we had no meat to
' took upon them ?
'We were now in the third day with
out food 1 Without food, though not ab
solutely without eating the men had
bolted their gun-covers, and the cat-skin
flaps of their bullet-pouches, and were
now seen the last shift but one strip
ping the parfieche from the soles of their
"The women, wrapped in their tiltnas,
nestled closely in the embrace of father,
brother, husband, and lover ; far all
these affections were present. The last
string of tasojo, hitherto economized for
their sake, had been parcelled out to
them in the morning. That was gone,
and whence was their next morsel to
come? At long intervals, 'Ay demy!
Dios de mi alma !' were heard only in low
murmurs, as seme colder blast sweep
down the canon. In the face of those
beautiful creatures might be read that
uncomplaining patience that high en
durance so characteristic of the Hispa-
no- Mexican women. .
'-Even the stern men around them
bore uu with less fortitude. Rude i aths
were uttered from time - to time, and
teeth ground together, with that strange
wild look that heialds insanity. Once
or twice I fancied that I observed a look
of still stranger, still wilder expression,
when the black ring forms around the
eye when the muscles twi:cli and quiv
er along gaunt famished jaws when
men gaze guilty-like at each other. O
God ! it was fearful ! The half robber
discipline, voluntary at the best, had
vaniMied under the levelling rod ot a
common suffering, and I trembled to
" 'It clars a leetle, out tharawa !'
' It was the voice of the trapper, Ga
rey, who had risen and stood pointing to
wards the East.
"In an instant we were all upon our
feet, looking in the direction indicated.
Sure enough, there was a break in the
lead-colored sky a yellowish streak.
mat widened out as we onunued gazing
the fl.ikes fell lighter and thinner, and
in two hours more it had ceased snowing
Half-a-dozen of us, shouldering our
rifles, struck down the valley. We
would make one more attempt to tram
pie a road through the drift. It was a
vain one. The snow was over our heads,
and after struggling for two hours, we
had not gained above two hundred yards.
Here we caught a glimpse of what lay
before us. As far as the eye could
reach, it rested upon the same deep im
passable masses. .Despair nnd hunger
paralyzed our exertions, and dropping
off one by one, we returned to the camp.
"We fell down around the fires in sul
len silence. Garey continued pacing
back and forth, now glancing up al the
sky, at times kneeling down, and running
his hand over the surface of the snow.
At length "he approach the fire, and in
his drawling manner, remarked
" 'It's a gwine to friz, rekiu.'
" 'Well ! and if it does ?' asked one
of his comrades, without earing for an an
swer to the question.
" 'Wal, an iv it does,' repeated the
trapper, 'we'll walk out o' this hyar jug
afore sun-up, an upon a good hard trail
"The expression of every face was
changed, as if by magic. Several leap
ed to their feet. Gode, the Canadian,
skilled in snow-craft, ran to a bank, and
drawing his hand along the combing,
'"Ceslvrai; Ugele; ilgelof
"A cold wind soon after set in, and
cheered by the brightening piospect, we
began to think of the fires, that during
our late moments of reckless indifference
had been almost suffered to burn out.
The Dela wares, seizing their tomahawks,
commenced hacking at the pines, while
others dragged forward the fallen trees,
lopping off their branches with the keen
"At thai moment a peculiar cry at-
tra ted our attention, and, looking
around, we perceived one of the Indians
drop suddenly upon his knees, striking
the ground with his hatchet.
" 'What is there ? what is theie ?'
shouted several voices, in almost as
" ' Yam yam ! yam yam P replied the
Indian, still digging at the frozen ground.
' 'The Injun's right, it's mm root !
said Gatey, picking up some leaves which
the Delaware had chopped off.
"I recognized a plant well known to
the mountain man a rare, but vonder
ful convolvulus, the Jponea leptophy'la.
The name of 'man root is given to it by
the bunteis from the sin.ila'ity of iis
root in shape, and sometimes in size, to
the body of a man. It is esculent, and
serves to sustain human life.
"In an instant, balf-a-dozen men were
upon their knees, chipping and hacking
the hard clay, but their hatchets glinted
off a3 from the surface of a rock.
" 'Look hyar !' cried Garey ; 'ye're
only spoilin' yer tools. Cut down a
wheen o' these saplim and make a fire
over him 1'
"The hint was instantly followed, and
in a few minutes a dozen pieces of pine
were piled upon the spot, and set on fire.
We stood around the burning branch
es with eager anticipation. Should the
root prove a 'full-grown man,' it would,
make a supper for our whole parly; and
with the cheering idea of supper, jokes
were ventured upon the first we heard
for some time the hunters, tickled with
the novelty of unearthing the 'old man
ready roasted, and speculating whether
it would proved a 'fat old boss.'
"A hollow crack sounded from above,
like the breaking of a -dead tree. We
looked up. A large object an animal
was whirling outward and downward
from a ledge that projected half-way up
the cliff. In an instant it struck the
earth, head foremont,with a loud.bump,'
and, bounding to the height of several
feet, came back with a somersault on its
legs, and stood firmly.
"An involuntary 'hurrah !' broke from
the hunters, who all recognized, at a
glance, the 'Carnero Cimmaron,' or
big-horn.' He had denied the preci
pice at two leaps, lighting each time on
his huge crescent shaped horns.
"For a moment, both parties hun
ters and game seemed equally taken
by surprise, and stood eyeing each other
in mule wonder. It was but a moment
The men made a rush for their rifles:,
and the animal, recovering from the
trance of astonishment, tossed back his
horns, and bounded across the platform.
Ia a dozen springs he had reache I the
' selvidge of the snow, and plunged into
its yielding banks ; but at the same in
staut, several rifles cracked, and the
white wreath was crimsoned behind him
He still kept on, however, leaping and
breaking throughJhe drift.
"We struck into his track, and follow
ed 'with the eagerness of hungry wolves
We could te 1 by the numerous gouts
that he as shedding his life blood, and
about fifty paces further on we found him
"A shout apprised our companions of
our success, and we had commenced
dragging back the j rize, when wild cries
reached us from the platform the yells
of tLe men, the screams of women, ming
led with oaths and exclamations of ter
"We ran to the entrance. On reach
ing it, a sight was before us that caused
the stoniest to tremble. Hunters, In
dians and women were running to and
fro in frantic confusion, uttering their
varied cries. We knew our enemy at a
glance the dreaded monsteis of the
mountains the grizzly bears !
"There were five of them five in
sight there might be others in the back
ground. Five were enough to destroy
our whole party, caged as we were, and
weakened by famine.
"They had reached the cliff in the
chase ol the Cimmaron, and hunger and
disappointment were visible in their hor
rid aspects. Two of them had already
crawled close to the scarp, and were
pawing over and snuffing the air, as if
searching for a place to descend. The
other three reared themselves up on their
hams, and commenced manoeuvring wih
their fore-arm, in a human-like and com
ical pantomime !
"We were in no condition to relish this
amusement. Every man hastened to
arm himself, those who had emptied
their lifles hurriedly reloading them.
" 'For j our life don't !' cried Garey,
catching at the gun of one of the hun
"The caution came too late ; half-a-dozen
bullets were already whistling up
wards. "The effect was just what the trapper j
had anticipated. The bears, maddened
by the bullets, which had harmed them
no mere than the pricking of as many
pins, dropned to their all-fours again,
and with fierce growls, commenced de
scending the cliff.
"The scene of confusion was now al
iu height. Several of lhe men, less
brave than tluir comrades, ran off to
hide themselves in lhe snow, while oth
ers commenced climbing the low pines !
" 'Cache the gnls ! cried Garey.
'Hyar, yer darned Spanish greaser ! if
yer wont fight, hook on to the weemen a
wheen o' yer, and toat them to the snow.
Cowardly slinks wah !'
" 'See to them. Doctor, I shouted to
the German, who. I thought, might be
best spared from the fight; and the next
moment the doctor, assisted by several
Mexicans, was hurrying Iheterified girls
towards the spot where be had left the
"Many of us knew that to hide under
the circumstances, would be worse than
useless. The fierce but sagacious brutes
would have discovered us one by one,
and destroyed us in detail, 'They must
be met and fought !' thai was the word;
and we resolved to carry it into execu
"There was about a dozen of us, who
'stood up to it all the Delawares and
Shawnanoes, with Gaiy and the moun
"We kept firing at the bears as they
ran along the ledges in their zig-zag de
scent, but our rifles were out of order,
oui fingers were numbed wi'h cold, and
our nerves weakened with hunger. Our
bullets drew blood from the hideous
brutes, yet not a shot ptoved deadly.
It only stung them into fiercer rage.
"It was a fearful moment when the
last shot was fired, and still not an ene
my the less. We flung away the guns,
and. clutching lhe hatchets and hunting
knives, 6i'ently awaited our grizzly foes.
"We had laken our stand close to the
rock. It was our design to have the
first blow, as the animals, for the roost
part, came stern-foremost down lb
cliff. In this we were disappointed. On
reaching the ledge some ten feet from
the platform, the foremost beat halted,
and seeing our position, hesitated to de
scend. The next moment, his compan
ions, maddened with wounds, came
tumbling down upon the same ledge,
and with fierce growls, the five huge
bodies were precipitated into our midst.
"Then came the desperate struggle.
which I cannot describe, the shouts of
the hunlers, the wilder yells of our In
dian allies, the hoarse worrying of the
bears, ti e ringing of the tomahawks
from skulls like flini, the deep dull 'thud'
of the stabbing-knife, and now and then
a groan, as the crescent claw tore up
the clinging muscle. 0 God ! it was a
fearful scene !
"Over the platform bears and men
wont rolling and struggling, in the wild
battle of life and death. Through the
trees, and into the deep drift, staining
the snow with their mingled blood !
Here, two or three men were enaed
with a single foe there, some brave
hunter stood battling sdone. Several
were spriwling upon the ground. Every
moment the bears were lessening the
number of their assailants !
"I had been struck down at the com
mencement of the struggle. On regain-
ing my feet, I saw the auimal that had
felled me hugging the prostrate body of
'It was Godc. I leaned over the bear,
clutching its haggy skin. I did this lo
steady myself ; I was weak and dizzy;
so were we all. I stiuck with all my
force, stabbing the animal in the ribs.
"Letting go the Frenchman, the bear
turned suddenly, and reared upon me -
I endeavoied to avoi I the encounter, but
nn backwaid, fending him off with my
"All at once I came against a snow
drift, and fell over on my back. Next
moment, the heavy body was precipita
ted upon me, the sharp claws pierced
deep into my shoulder I inhaled the
monster's fetid breath; and striking wild
ly with my right arm, still free, we roll
ed over and over in the snow.
"I was blinded by lhe dry drift. I
felt myself growing weaker and weaker;
it was the loss of blood. I shouted a
despairing shoul but it could not have
been heard at ten paces' distance. Then
there was a strange hissing sound in my
ears a bright light flashed across my
eyes; a burning object passed over my
face, scorching the skin ; there was a
smell as of singing hair ; I could hear
voices, mixed with the roars of my ad
versary; nnd all at once the claws were
drawn out of my flesh, the weight was
lifted fmm my breast, and I was alone !
"I rose to my fret, and rubbing the
snow out of my eyes, looked around. I
could see no one. I was in a deep hol
low made by our struggles, but I was
"The snow all arounil me was dyed lo
a crimson; but what lial become of my
terrible antagonist ? Who had rescued
me frcm his deadly embrace ? .
"I staggered forward to the open
ground. Here a new scene met my
gaze : a strange-looking man was run
ning across the platform, with a huge
firebrand the bole of a burning pine
tree which he waved in the air. He
was chasing oneof the bears, that, growl
ing with rage and pain, was making eve
ry effort to reach the cliffs. Two others
were already half-way up, and evident
ly clambering with great difficulty, as
the blood dripped back from their wound
"The bear that was pursued soon took
to the rocks, and urgedby the red brand
scorching his shaggy hams, was soon
beyond the reach of his pursuer. The
latter now made towards the fourth, that
was still battling with two or three weak
antagonists. This one was 'routed in a
twinkling, and with yells of terror fol
lowed his comrades up the bluff. The
strange man looked around for the fifth
It had disappeaied. Pros' rate, wound
ed men were strewed over the ground,
but the bear was nowhera to be seen.
He bad doubtless escaped through the
"1 was still wondering who was the
hero of the firebrand, and where he had
come from. I have said he was a
strange-looking man. He was so and
like no one of our party that I could
think of. His head was bald no, not
bald, but naked there was not a hair
upon it, crown or sides, and it glistened
in the clear light, like polished ivory. I
was puzzled beyond expression, when a
man Garey who had been felled ujion
the platfoim by a blow from one of the
bears, suddenly sprang to his feet, ex
claiming "Go it, Doc ! Three chyars for the
"To lay astonishment, I now recog
nized the features of that individual, the
absence of whose brown locks had pro
duced such a metamorphosis as, I be
lieve, was never effected by means of
" 'Here's your scalp. Doc,' cried Ga
rey, running up with the wig ; 'by the
li via thunder ! yer saved us all,' and
the hunter seized the German in his. wild
"Wounded men were all around, and
commenced crawling together.' But
where was the fifth of the bears ? Four
only had escaped by the cliff.
" 'Yonder he goes 1 cried a voice,
as a light spray, rising above the snow-
wreath, .showed that some animal was
strugglirg through the drift.
"Several commenced loading their ri
fles, intending to follow, nnd, if possible.
secuie him. The Doctor armed himself
with a fresh pine; but before these ar
rangements were completed, a strange
cry came from the spot, that caused our
blood to run cold again. The Indians
leapel to their feet, and seiz:ng their
tomahawks, rushed to the gap. They
knew the meaning of that cry it was
the death-yell of their tribe !
"They entered the road that we had
trampled down in the morning, followed
by those who had loaded their guns
We watched tht-m from the platform with
anxious expectation, but before they
reached the spot, we could see that the
'stoor' was slowV settling down. It
was plain that the struggle had ended.
"We still stood wailing in breathless
silence, and watching the floating spray
that noted their progress through the
drift. At length they had reached the
scene of the struggle. There was an
ominous stillness, that lasted for a mo
ment, and then the Indian's fate was an
nounced in lhe sad, wild note that came
wailing up the valley, It was the dirge
of a Shawano warrior !
"They had found their brave conr
rade dead, with bis scalping-knifc bur
ied in the heart of his terrible antago
[For the Chronicle.]
LETTER FROM KANSAS.
Brown's Statiok, Kansas Ter.,
Dec. 22, 1835.
Before this letter reaches you, you will
no doubt, have got some report of the re
cent invasion of llii.s Territory by an
armed force, chiefly fiom the. Slate of
This affair, like most other questions,
has two sides, and the stoiy will be told
in a different way 1y both pro-slavery
and anti-slavery partisans. The same
facts, it is well known, appears different
ly when viewed from different stand
points; bearing this in mind, I shall en
deavor, though standing on the anti-slave
ry side, to give you, not my opinion nor
my inferences, but the principal 'facts
connected with this matter. Having my
self been on the grouud as a volunteer in
defense of Lawrence, and being eye and
ear witness of the greater portion of the
events connected wih the siege, I shall
confine my narrative chiefly to the things
I know ; the remainder I shall state only
upon well autheniicated evidence.
Beginning with those events immedi
ately connected with lhe recent out
break, it appears that a Slave State man,
by the name of Cjleman, and a Free
State man, named Dow, had some
high words about a matter of difference
concerning their land claims, which end
ed in Coleman shooting Dow, and killing
him, though the latter was unarmed.
The only witness of this inurJer, as I am
told, was a man named Branscom. Cole
man, it appears, soon after gave himself
up to Gov. Shannon, for trial. On com
plaint, a warrant was issued, (by a jus
tice or judge, holding office by lhe author
ity of the repudiated Legislature of Kan
sas, to a Sheriff, by the same authority,
named Jones, who resides in Missouri,)
for the arrest of the witness, Branscom.
The ground of complaint agiinst him
wa, anticipated violence on his part, to
the lives and property of complainants.
Jones and hisposte, numbering fifteen
armed men, arrested Branscom in the
night, and started with him fir Lecomp.
ton, by vay of Lawrence. On their way,
about three miles from Lawrence, they
were met by a party of eight men, armed
with Sharp's rifles, and were ordered to
halt," which order the Slier.ffs parly
obeyed. One of the eight then asked if
Mr. Branscom was among their number,
to which Branscom himself replied, "yes,
and I am a prisoner I dont know what
for." "Ride forward then," said the
eight. 1 he bhentt and his men drew up
(heir guns as if lo shoot. "If I do," said
B , "they will shoot me." . The eight
then cocked and raised their Sharp's ri
fles, and commanded Branscom to "ride
forward." At this, the Sheriff's party
laid their guns across their saddles and
Branscom got off his mule and joined the
eight, "tientlemen, sail the bhenrf,
"1 want you to understand that 1 am no
cward. I tell you what it is, I am for
fighting thlt matter out.1' He and his
men then turned round and rode off.
Immediately following this, Gov. Shan
non .issued his proclamation, calling on
the Militia of the Territory to aid him in
enforcing the laws. This call was an
swered for the most part, by the residents
of Missouri, numbering, as variously sta
ted, from twelve to fiiteen hundred men.
Of these, the respectable class, as they are
styled, enrolled themselves under gene
rals, appointed by Gov. Shonnon, while
another class the Atchinson men, par
excellence, rallied under leaders of their
own appointment. A trial of Cjleman
was had by the pro-slavery men, at Le
compton, which resulted in his complete
acquital, and the Atchinson men after
wards made him a leadrr in their camp.
Various and extravagant demands, em
anating from the pro-slavery camp, were
made Upon the citizens of Lawrence,
such as a surrender of their arms, sub-
mission to the destruction of the houses of!
some of its leading residents, the suppres
sion of the newspapers published there,
and a consent to the service of a number
of warrants upon those who had set at
naught the enactments of the Kansas Leg
islature, so called.
These demands were answered by the
most vigorous preparations for a bloody
resistance. Messengers were sent to the
Free State men in various part 3 of tire
Territory, calling for help, and this call
was responded lo by-hundreds, who were
on their way to the seat of war, within
half an hour from the time of receiving
notice. But little time was spent befjre
starting .in casting bullets, for this work
had in general been done in anticipation
of "a time coming." These men,
armed to the teeth, and numbering about
eight hundred, when on the ground at
Lawrence, and thoroughly organized,
went to work both night and day in the
construction of forts, find in an incredible
short space of time, these defences were
in complete readiness, and bristling with
the weapons of deadly confl'ct.
The next act in the drama, was the
murder of Thomas Birber. His resi
dence was about ten miles from Law.
rence. From the beginning of the out
0.0 break, .he with his brothers had been for
a number of days at work on the fortifi
cations at Lawrence. On the afternoon
of the 6th inst., learning that negotiations
had been entered into with the Governor,
he with two brothers and a brother-in-law,
started for home to visit their families.
While on their way, sometime before dark,
they were overtaken by a party of horse
men from the enemy's camp, and ordered
to stop. Upon refusal to obey, several
shots were fired at them, one of which
took effect, the ball hitting Thomas in the
side near the hips. He exclaimed "I am
shot." During the few moments he liv
ed, his brothers rode by his side and sup
ported him in his saddle, the murderers
still in hot pursuit When life had fled,
and no further assistance could be ren
dered, the brothers being hard pressed
sprang from their horses and fled to an
adjoining timber and escaped.
This victim crowned the second assault
of the enemy, and as is the case of Dow,
the attack was boldly made upon an un
armed man. Next morning the corpse of
Mr. Barber was brought into Lawrence,
and placed in a room of the "Free State
Hotel," at that time the garrison of a body
of troops whose only clamor was, "lead us
on to vengeance !"
You will naturally ask, why did you
not attack the enemy and attempt at least
to drive them from t!ie Territory ? The
reason assigned to the soldiers by the
"Council" were, that negotiations were
pending with the Governor which would
probably result in his removing the men
under his authority from the Territory,
and thus save further bloodshed, and that
moreover our action should ba strictly of
a defensive character. This line of poli
cy was a hard one for our men to submit
to, yet on lhe whole, the "Council" pre
vailed. As was anticipated, the negoci
ations with Gov. Shannon ended in his
issuing an orier for the return of his
men, which was obeyed. The city of
Lawrence, no longer besiege!, our little
army disbanded nnd each one of us re
turned home, feeling that the cause of
Freedom bad triumphed though no battle
had been fought.
The documents signed by Gov. Shan
non, Gen. Robinson and Col. Lane, binding
them only, if binding at all, are such, that,
if of any force or virtue, no positions of
the Free State party are in iheleast chang
ed or compromised; on the contrary those
positions have been s'rengthened to de
gree which places them, 1 trust, beyond
the power of despots to overthrow.
I need not mention in this narrative,
the hospitalities bestowed upon the Gov
ernor while in Lawrence how Aiah ly
they were appreciated by him, or how hap.
py they caused him to feel. Suffice it to
say, Governor Shannon and the people of
Kansas Territory understand each other,
butter than before this acquaintance.
Very truly yours,
JOHN BROWN, Jr.
For the Chronicle.
" Man cannot live by bread alone, or
very well without it." On account of
the rainy harvest cf last season, much
grown' wheat is on hand, and will un
doubtedly be forced into market ; there,
fore it will be necessary for husbands,
(in order lo keep their wives in good hu
mor,) to avoid purchasing flour from
grown wheat. Good flour may general
ly be known. When squeezed by the
hand, it bears the minute inpress of the
lingers, and skin, longer than bad or
adulterated flour. But, if unfortunately,
flour from grown wheat is already stowed
away in the pantry, it will ba convenient
for the wifj to knowjlie modus operandi
whereby bad biead may be avoided.
The principle constituents of flour, are
s,arch' Bluteu anJ 80,110 8U5ar' Balted
flour u richer in starch, while brown
flour is richer in gluten, hence bread from
unbolted flour is more nutritive than white
bread, but at the same time less digesti
ble, (soluble.) When flour is mixed
with luke warm water to a thick paste,
covered with a board and remains for a
time in a warm place, it undergoes three
First, bubbles of air are evolved from
it, having an acid, unpleasant smell, and
the dough has now the capacity of con
verting sugar into lactic acid. Second
ly, the dough acquires a pleasant odor,
and with a solution of sugar, adds like
yeast; that is, decomposes sugar into al
cohol and carbonic acid. A third change
then ensues. The dough acquires an
acid taste, because the alcohol generated
in the second process passes into acetic
The different actions of the flour, in
the three states of decomposition, upon
the sugar depend upon the altered gluten.
In the first change the gluten may be re
garded as a lactic acid ferment ; . the
second an acoholic ferment; the third a
vinegar ferment. The first two changes
occur rapidly in making bread, on account
of the heat and the ferment added pur
posely. The surface yeast of beer is the
most powerful alcoholic ferment, by which
ihe suaar contained in the meal is resol
ved into alcohol and carbonic acid, which
in the form of gat struggling to escape,
renders the tough mass of dough light
and porous. From lhe rapid heming of
the oven, the alcohol, carbonic acid and
one half of the water employed, volatilize,
and causo the cellular partitions of the
dough. I he bread by baking attains
solidity, and the interstices retain their
form and place.
The same changes will not occur in
flour from germinated wheat ; for when
germination takes place in wheat, the
starch and sugar of the seed, which are
soluble, are absorbed by the radicle; at
the same lime oxygen gas, a constituent
part of alcohol, u consumed and carbonic
acid gas is given off. Sugar, the com
pound of alcohol and carbonic acid, the
generators of the porosity of light bread,
is wanting io flour from germinated wheat;
hence the running dough which ladies
scold about. The slaves of Virginia
make light wheat bread, without yeast or
soda, (called Carolina biscuit,) by a process
which they call "pounding the air into
Carbonic acid gas, as applied to the
rising of bread, is often generated without
the fermentation of sugar, by mixing pul
verized bicarbonate of soda without flour,
and kneading the mixture into dough, but
still .the alcohol is wanting if the wheat
has germinated. City bakers in prepar
ing light and spongy cakes often knead
alcohol, or rum into the dough, to promote
This is the theory ; and now will some
of our female amateurs of the glorious
art of making good bread, try some prac
tical exeriments, on flour from germi
nated wheat and give a detail of their
A Sparta Reply. Dr. Robinson
was asketl by Governor Shannon, what
the free State men would do if command
ed to give up. their arms? u Well," said
the Doctor,"! would advise a compromise
measure keep tho rifles, and give them
For the Chronicle.
"0 vhere nn rest be found f
Best for the wenry sonL" HoirraoxtU.
Rest is happiness. To be at rest is to .
Is satisfied. Rest is, therefore, the ulti-.
mate object of all the energetic human
action which we see around us in tha
world. "Man never w, always to b
blest." He looks forward to some future
time when he shall be satisfied when
he sjiall enter upon astate.of quiet enjoy
ment the result of all his anxiety and
toil. It is a painful thought, that many
of our fellow men, of like passions with
us, with similar propensities and hopes,
and fears and capacities of enjoyment and
suffering, who are searching for rest,
will, probably, never find it. . The affec
tionate injunction of the Saviour, "Learn
of me ; for I am meek and lowly ia
heart," is disregarded. Teachers of a
very different character have supplied his
place. Perhaps the most efficient agents
in misleading their leaow men, ana
bringing the christian character into con.
tempt, have been some 01 our modern,
writers of fiction. It is deemed so im
portant that the moral purity and the dig
nity of human nature should be manifest
ed and maintained, that these men of ge
nius are zealously engaged in holding up
to our admiring gaze that sublime benev
olence which springs up io the natural
heart, independently of divine influence,
and makes christain charity ashamed of
herself. Mr. Dickens, for instance, has
furnished us with numerous imaginary
specimens of M Nature's 'Noblemen,
contrasted with most revolting pictures
of man, selfish, cruel, hard hearted pro
fessing christains and ministers of tha
Gospel? Thus, men of corrupt minds are
taught to look with contempt and abhor
rence upon the professed followers of the
Redeemer; and to believe that they,
themselves, are by nature morally "rich
and increased with good, and have need
of nothing," not knowing that they are
" wretched, and miserable, and poor, and
blind, and naked." They may sometimes
be conscious of the existence of a spring
of wretchedness within them ; they may
feel, at times, that they are indeed weary
and heavy-laden, and have need of rest :
but they will not resort to the Saviour.
According to Mr. Dickens, (who is good
authority) the professed followers of
Christ are the most mean and heartless
and despicable creatures in existence;
and shall they look in that direction for
comfort ? No-r-they can console them
selves with the thought that when soma
cherished plan for increasing iheir wealth
or fame shall be accomplished -when a
few more years of toil and trouble shall
have nassed awav when thev shall have
pulled down their barns, and built great
er, and made room for ail their goods,
they may say to their souls, "Eat, drink,
and be merry." There is but little rea
son to hope that such will ever find that
rest that remains to the people of God. .
REST. S. B.
Thi Gin or thk Gab. The common
fluency of speech in many men, and most
women, is owing to a scarcity of matter
and of words, for whoever is master of
a language, and has a mind full of ideas,
will be apt in speaking to hesitate on the
choiceof both, whereas common speakers
have only one set of ideas, and one set
of words to clothe them in, aud these are
always ready at the tongue's end. So
people come faster out of a public place
when it is almost empty, than when a
crowd is at the door. !
Oss great secret of domestic enjoy
ment is too much . overlooked! that of
bringing our wants down to our ciicura
stances, instead of toiling to bring our cir
cumstances up to our wants. Secret !
Well, it is; for few know it, and fewer
practice it. The ballot box of political
economy is located on the family hearth.
A Hist to Mboical Cobblxrs.
When the mind's diseased, it's frquently
not healing a man wants so much as
fresh -souling. -
Thk total length of tha Mississippi and
all its tributaries is fifty-one thousand
miles, which is more than twice the
equatorial circamfrence of the earth.
There are five hundred millions mora
of heathens than of Christians in tha
. Brighax Young, the Mormon, is repu
ted to be worth nearly $300,000. .
To try whether your conversation ia
likely to be acceptable to people of sense,
imagine what you say written down, or
printed, and consider how it would read;
whether it would appear neutral, improv
ing, or entertaining ; or affected, mis
chievous, or unmeaning.
War is the letter L like a young lady
giving away her sweetheart to another?
Because it makes over a lover.
Monst may be the root of all evil,
but little good can ba effected without its
aid. . t