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WHOLE NO. 2370.
"T"lT fl "MirV 9(1 " VTT T1TT7XT rrrTTirrTTT T ATTTmTr .-r-w-r-v - . . " ' ' " vahjuiw, inuMDULL uuuiui, uniu, WEDMSDAY, MARCH 5, 1862. BUSINESS DIRECTORY. O. . H1FOOOD, e. . ARAMS, T. E1TEZEL. niKOOO. ADAXS RITEZEL, rCSLISHF.KS b VeSTERN xtl-SERVE CltrtONlCLE. EMPIRE BLOCK, M&SX&f fc. SWior Crrsw, rate o advttiUine.&c set innde.'it PROFESSIONAL. 6EORGE F. BROWX, Attorney at Law, Webb's New Block, Main Street. Warren. Ohio. . A. W. JOXES, Attu-ney at Law and Real Estate Aicnt, at Power t Corners, Mecca, Trumbull County, Ohio. I. L. FILLER, Attorney at Law; office in Jameson's build ng. Mar ket Street, Warren, Ohio. " JEFFERSON PALM. -Attorney at Law: office on Msin Street, Warren, O. Will attend, with fidelity to any business entrust ed to his care. " WHITTLESEY ADAMS, Attorney at Law and Notary Public. Warren. Ohio, Collections promptly made. Deed arknnwledeed. and Convevaneinf attended to: office in McCombs Mmth s Alloc.. E. II. EXSIG.V. Attorney at Law and Xotary Public office at the Pot Office. Xewtnn F'alis. O-iio. Will attend to collection and all legal business entrusted to aim. witb fidelity. r. . HCTCHISS. B. ". KATLIPF. W. O. FOKBIST. nrTcuixs, ratliff a- forkist. Attorneys at Law: office over Freeman, Hunt k Co.'s Banking Oifice, Market Street, Warren, Ohio. O. M. TCTTLK. J- . STCLL. TITTLE STFLL, Attorneys at Law: office at the old oflice of Sutliff A Tutlle.iiiTh Street, two aoors west 01 iuc Amer ican House, Warren. Ohio. ' . S. TATLOS. L. C. JOSE3. TATLOR JOXES, Attorneys at Law, Office in the Rooms formerly oc supied by Forrut Burnett, east side of Public Square. Warren. Ohio. J. D. COX. V. T. SPEAK. COX SPEAR. Attorneys at Law, office on Market Street oyer the Store of Iddings &. Morgan. Warren. Ohio. C W. SMITH. O- - WOOD. Smith a woD. Attorneys at Law. and Insnrance A -rents, office oyer Hoyt Jt On Dome s More, tuver iSloc-a, n arren, u Dr. JIEIAX IIARWOX, Physician and Surgeon; office north side of Public Square. Warren, Ohio. Othce hours from 7 to y o'clock morning and evening, and from 1 to 2 P M Dr. F. A. BIEXCE, B-imomathie Physician and Sureeon. Office and ResO'nee 3 doors east of Camp's 11 o tel. Marlset bt, n arren, O. - W. 1. BICE. . RICE. JT. J. A H. RICE, physicians and Surgeons, Braceville. Trumbull County. Ohio. D. a. WOODS, X- D. DR. R. D. DIIXO. WOODS A DILLOX. Physicians and Surreons: office oyer Kichols' Cloth ing S'or-. Main Srrei. Warren. Ohio. JOBK LOT. ' J. C. KELSOX. LOT A XELSOX. Tbiciann and Surreons: office east of the Bank, Market Street. Warren. Ohio. 1. DAVIS, X. I. EHeetie Physician and Surreon: office over Ilnnt t B oa s Lsothar Store. M lii Store. Warren. 0. T. O. H9BTO.V, H. I Eclectic Phnuas sw 1 Surgeon. Bristol, Trumbull Ooanly. OUta. F MOOSE, . Physician and Snrreon: o5ceat the residence of S. F. Bronson, Soulhington, Trumbull County, Ohio. I SPEAR, M. "Eclojtie Physician and Sur?con; office over Moser's Stop-, Market Street, Warren, Ohio. Particular atteuuo i given to Ciirouie it MS.-lCArJriLE. B. II. BAEM'X, Wholesale and Retail dealer in American and For eiga Hardware, Iron. Nails, tiiass, Ar. Vau Gor 'der's Block, Market Street, Warren. OhM. MK'OSBS 4c K.KITUS, . "Wholesale and R :tail Dealers in Foreign and Amer ican iry tivKiis. tiroeeries. Crockery. Ac. Corner n' &juu and Market Stree-, Warreu, tiuia. a. u. rECK, a. TECE . . FECK A BROTHER, Wuolesale and Rtail Dealers in Foreign and Do- taMitc Iry uooas. auk ju.u Mraw unncts. fnm muis, V'ari Jlies, ,vc at tue sign of the " Wnrrea Dm (madV Jiore," faoeuix Bioek. Warren, Ohio. W. 5. PORTER. W. r. PORTER. W. ST. W. F. PORTER, .Dealer in Sc'aool and Miscellaneous Books, Station ery, Wail Papers, t'eriodicais. Pamphlets and Jti;axiues, at tiie New i ork Book Store. Main tr -t. w mw. Ohio. L. J. LUUIA'US. O. MURtiAX. IDOIXGS A XOROAX, Dealers in Staple and Fancy Dry Goods. Groceries, Cre kery. Hardware, Carpeting, Sole Leather, Arc at the sign ot the "pire .Sore," Market Street. n arren. Ohio. R. S. TARES. A. WENT. PARKS A- WEXTZ, - Sealers in Foreign and Domestic Dry Goods. Crock cry. Boots, Shoes and Leather. Carpotiug. Paper Hangings. U indow fehades. Kcady Made Clothing. Jtc always cheap for ready pay at the New 1 ork ware. Market Street, arren, Ohio. 8. RAYAtOXU. FITCH ADAMS. 8. RAYXOXD A CO., Wholesale Dealers in Foreign and Domestic Dry boods. Carpets, Oil Cloths. and nail raper, Ao. Water Street, Cleveland, Ohio. J. TAUTaOT. T. R. ACELET. K. ST. SACEETT. A. TATTROT A CO., Importers of Gold and Silver Watches, and Dealers in Jewelry, Silver Ware, JuC Market Street. War ren. Ohio. a. uxo. j. eixg. KIXe A BROTHER, Dealers in Watches, Clocks. Jewelry. Silver. Plated and Brirtania Ware. Lamps, Fancy Goods, Ac Jfo. 7. Main Street, Warren. Ohio. All kinds of Oteeks and Watches carefully repaired and war ranted. M AJiTJ F AC i TJRERS. B. STEAR. X. SPEAR, JR. EDWARD SPEAR At SOX, Vanafacturers and Dealers in Lumber. Rough and Dressed.. Doors, Blinds. Sash, Floorine, Siding, Shingles and Lath, No L Canal Street, Warren, 0. . BXLL. w. 8. KEDBCRT. H, HULL A CO Harafacturers of Improved Steam Engines, Iron na oram rounoers ana Millwrights, franklin Foundry. Corner of Liberty and South Streets. Warren, Ohio, - ALEXANDER MetOSSELL, Manufacturer and Dealer in Boots, Shoes, Leather and Findings, Main Street, Warren, Ohio. BEJTJAXIX CRAX AGE, Manufacturer and Dealer in Boots. Shoes. Rubbers. Ac Also Dealer in Leather, Findings, Lasts, Arc. Market Street. Warren, Ohio. E. IF. ALL1SOX, Ifaaoiactnrer and Dealer in Saddles, Harnesses, Bridles, Martingales, Trunks. Whips. Buffalo and Fancy Robes, Horse-B'snkets, Covers, Fly-Nets. Ac. No 17. west side of Main Street. Warren. O. WILLI AX TAYLOR, Manufacturer of Saddles, Harnesses. Trunks. Ac. Carriage Trimmings, at the Center of Farmington, Truuibul County, Ohio. COMMISSION MERCHANTS. W. K. SMITH. IT. 8JCITH. W. II. A W. SXITH A CO., Produce, Commission and Forwarding Merchants, Dealers in est era Reserve Cheese and Butter, Ko. 12 Pine Street, St. Lnuis, Missouri. Particu lar attention will be oaid to the sale of Western Reserve Cheese and Butter. Will make liberal advances on, and render prompt returns for any property consigned to them. Same Parties under the style of McCOMBS A SMITHS. Warren. Ohio. A. B. CAXFIELD, Pwwardingand Commission Merchant, and Whole sale Dealer in Western Reserve Cheese. Buttter, Lard. Pork. Bacon. Pot and Pearl Ashes. Snbra tas. Linseed and Lard Oil, Dried Fniit. and Pro duce generally, Kos. 141 and 115, Front Street, Pittsburgh. Pa. ANDERSON & RUPP, WHOLESALE AXD RET An. CROfERS AXD C0XFECTT0.EKS, DEALERS IX WISES, LIQUORS, TOBACCO, M., Ko. 5, Main Street, Warren, Ohio. WE keep akas on hand a large and superior stock of Goods in ocr line. . which we sell at figures to suit the limM Tt ; t Beaessary for na to ennmerate, but ' merely say that in quantity, quality, and fairness of price, wa defy Oei.KL'SI For the Chronicle. For the Chronicle. THE SONGS OF TO-DAY. . BY EMILY J. ADAMS. ftay. minstrel, cease, such songs as these . Fall idly on the ear, . In hour like this, such Mar day chimes We may not pause to bear. Thou, in onr time of peace, perchance A charmed ear hsd found. But "inid the battle's din, in truth. It hath a sickly sound: For e'en the lever waits to rune iiis mellow tiute no more. But springs to meet the clarion call That rings trout shore to saorei And stilled are all those witching strait. Si That maidens loved and sung; Our natioa's tlirilling anthems now. Fall ott'nest from the tongue. The banquet hall, half vacant grown, The revel dies away; And they learn duty well, who knew But pleasure, yesterday. And wealth and place are half forgo ti And party colors lade. As self is on the altar of . Our periled country laid. E'en love no loerer doth withhold. But hides her parting woe. And breathing words of earnest eheert She bids ber idols go. Then, minstrels, cease, or tune thy harp And raise to loftier songs. Such as beat the day to which This hour of our s belongs. Such songs as make our love and faith Grow stronger day by day. As teach us best to wait, to watch, lo tabor and to pray. Tebxox, O. For the Chronicle. OUR LITTLE SUNBEAM. BY MERCIA BOYNTON LANE. Did yon ever see a sunbeam Creep into a dark'ned room. Lighting up tue dreary asiect And lisclliugali tue gloom. Sinning s!ily ou the carpet. Uiviug lignt so pure and clear That you t jought some angel spirit Coiuiug unto earth, was near T If you did, yon know the pteashre That onr little sunbeam brought. Filling every nook and corner With the blossoms love bath wrought. Bringing unto us a gladness Tual we never knew before. Filling all our hearts with sunshine That we knew not was in store. J'ttle Lilly, how we love lior, i'nosC sione can only tell. Who alike Hare felt their bosoms. With paternal iecling swell. Heaven bless our darling daughter As we bless ber uiglit and day; May she ever prove a solace To her parents' hearts alway. Braceville, 0 It&L Interesting Incidents in the Pioneer History of Trumbull and Ashtabula Counties. Mr. Joel Blakeslee, in a recent letter to the Conneaut Reporter, furnishes the fol lowing incidents in the earlier history of this region, which will no doubt be read with interest at this time: On that still night in August, 1812, when suddenly, by express, the liorrilic intelli gence of the surrender of the American Fortress by Gen. HulL at Detroit, when like a sIiock ot electric lire the alarm was couiuiunica:ed to every log cabin through out the southern foresU of Erie; then tired with patriotic zeal, simultaneous witu the heroes of these border regions, tiie bold Brigadier General Perkins of Trumbull Co., Major General Elijah Wads worth, of Cm field, Mahoning Co.. and Col. Richard Hays, of Hartlord, Trum bull Co., immediately rallied their forces, aruied iritn swords, muskets, rifles, fowl ing jiieie-s while some lew it is stated armed with pitch-forks for want of some- thins else that would kill. v e will here accompany Col. Hays' command to Cleve l.ind. A iiortion of his officers were M. j. Frarier, of Hubbard, Adjutant Starling Buslinel, Dr. Peter Allen, of Kinsman, Surgeon, dpt. Joshua Fobes, of Wayne, C.ipt. Jededuih Burnham. of Kinsman, Capt. Hutchins. of H;trtford. and others. alhanil Uulcrunn, tsq., oi avne.wuar- termu-ter Ser-reant, in the course of thet camjiaign jerlorniea double duties ol Qu:irtermaster Si-rgeant and Commissary. 1 he brilliant maneuvreina Lieut. JJenja- miu Allen, and of the veteran Sergeant Aaron Rice, of Peninsula memory-. But we are not giving the history of the war, we areaccouipiinying Col. Hays to Cleve land. Judge Titus Hays, too. fi cured con spicuously in the campaign at the west. Col. Hays with his rejriruent commenced lib march August 24th. from Hartford. Trumbull Co. encamped the first night in Andover, and the next day m.ircb.ed helter skelter to Jefferson. On emerging from the deep forest into the public square in Jenerson, the Colonel ordered a halt formed his regiment, and placing himself m tront, raisins himself to his full lioiirlit in his stirrups, -his right arm extended. his drawn sword aloft, he gave the following peremptory order: "ifc if remembered thai I, CoL Jlichard Hays.- marched the first rrm- ment onto the 1 uMie iymare in Jfncrmn ! To the right face firaaid, marehl" ' From the Public Square the troops marched in Tru- liant military style to Court . square, wnere they encamped in front of the old Brick Court House, then not two years old. Marching to Harpersfield, it was found that the enemy had not penetrated into the country as expected, and orders were given for Hays' regiment to be discharged, except 3 companies, Capt. Burnham s, Capt. Fobes', and Capt. Hutchins', who proceeded" fording Grand River and en camped on ground now occupied by Paines- vule village. It was ascertained at Har persfield that the accomplished disciplin arian, Capt. John Reed, of Ashtabula.nnd Capt. Clark Parker, of Painesville, with two companies of volunteers bad gone on in hot baste to Huron. Upon arriving at Cleveland, then rather a poor gravelly sec tion, witn a sparse population, uol. tlays detachment, with several companies of volunteers, were attached to Gen. Perkin's command. Here the Cuyahoga being re garded a frontier, camp discipline was es- utuiiaiieu. a iie nrsi nignt alter GoL tlays arrival, sentries were placed up and down the river to its mouth. About midnight, bang, bang, bang, from the sentries arous ed the GeneraL It was discovered that a small fleet of what appeared to be Indian canoes were gently moving down the riv er, probably the vansuard of a larser force. On ascertaining the strength of the ap proaching enemy, the supposed Indian canoes, containing savages, they were found to be a small fleet of empty salt barrels, which some mischievous boys and some older ones too, had thrown into the river above the camp to test the courage of the troops. Gen. Wadsworth first established his hjd -quarters up the Cuyahoga at Portage. Hon. Frederick Wadsworth, son of tue Gea., and Hon. Uisha Whittlesey were his aids. Gen. Perkins made his tirst en campment some three miles east of the Huron river. In October, Gen. Wads worth resigned his commission to Gen. Harrison. The Ashtabula and Trumbull troops in the course of the campaign, gained the high applause of Gen. Harri son, by their brilliant, bold and success ful manoeuvering. At the early settlement of Ashtabula Co., Indian encampments were scattered along most of the larger streams of the country throughout Northern Ohio. Pre viously a tribe of Massasaugas inhabited a neat Indian village near the mouth of the Conneaut Creek, called the Co-ney-ott Indians, who fled their camp on account of the murder of a white man by the name of Williams. Along the Ashtabula creek, during a number of years after the early white settlements, numerous parties from eastern and some from western tribes hunted and fished in the proper season; among whom was occasionally seen the noted Hank or Henry Johnson. Along Grand River, from its mouth at Fairport, through Painesville, Perry, Madison, Har persfield, Austinburg, Morgan, Windsor, and still up to its source, were encamp ments of various nations, manufacturing as a the els at to C. in the spring large quantities of sugar; extracting tlie sugar water in the Indian style, cutting with the tomahawk a small incision in the side of the tree, from the incision were cut two spiral grooves up ward some distance, placing a spile be neath the cut to conduct the sugar water into the trough, formed of an oblong sheet . . . c. . . ,.. , . i . of white birch bark some 2 by 2 feet square, by gathering, up the ends while moist and tough, and tying them fast with strips of elm bark, thereby forming a very light, neat and convenient sugar water trough, wtth handles. The process of sto ring and boiling, we will omit here; suf fice it to say that when an Indian or squaw sugar cake is finished, cast when boding hot into wooden moulds, and when per fectly cold, it is out equi.1 to flint to strikefire with steel. The two Indian Creeks in Geneva and Windsor were favorite haunts for copper skinned hunters. The greatest and most permanent encampments in Ashtabula Cot, it appears, were in Wayne, on the Pytnatunuig, and Windsor on Grand riv er. Here I would narrate to myself a rather touching incident, as narrated to me by two early settlers of incisor, an old man and his wife, and a truthful old pioneer of Warren, who emigrated to that place in 1800, when the whole plot of Warren con tained but two log cabins, one occupied by Judge Quinby, the other by Wm. Fen ton. Of all the! Indian tribes of the Re serve, was one small peaceful, harmless, wandering tribe, consisting only of a very aged patriarch, his gentle helpmate and numerous descendants, all loving, kind and closely attached. In their almost constant wanderings, carrying their bark and flag tents upon the bucks of the younger squaws, in rolls liKe bundles ol carpeting, the Hhenango settlement was their eastern boundary, the Cuyahoga their western, generally; making short halts on intermediate creeks. The two old heads very aged and infirm, were treat- ed with all the filial care and respe over due to the need. . At last the natriarch died and was buried on iue bank of Grand River, either in Harpersfield or Madison, (my informants knew not which.) At the death and burial, in solemn Indian style, the most heart-rending shrieks, mourning and lamentations were uttered with short intervals of gloomy silence, the customa ry number of davs. when the camp with all its apnendaes set out in mournful or der southward, taking the feeble old moth er of the wanderi.il tribe on a bier of rude construction, made easy for her ancient bones, by placing nn.n;r skins of softest furs beneath her. Thus moving through the wilds of Grand River, a si.ort halt was mndent the Indian encampment in Wind sor. Going thence southerly, a hi. It of a few minutes was made at Warren, the old woman receiving the kindest attention a.'l the way. Here the bier was gently lower ed to the earth, whilst ope- of the party procured a small quantity of whisky for the weary ones. A little was offered the old woman, who appeared almost gone; she motioned her disinclination, and was again pressed to take a trifle. She then, was supposed, drank about a thimble ful, when with a gasp, a slight choking, a low murmur, a feeble shriek closed the scene. She was dead. AVith what feel ings must we imigine the party then raised the bier and moved to the Mahon ing, some two or three miles distant, and buried the mother of the Whole tribe, on the wJdernos bank of the river, where the same intense mourning, weeping and lamentation wasag iinen.:cted: after which the party took still a southerly course, which is the List knowledge wc could ob tain of them. Evacuation of Bowling Green. The evacuation of Bowling Green was made a finality on the 14th aist., two duys before the surrender of Fort Donelsou, and Gen. Mitchell entered the town f;-oui the North as the rebels left it from the South. The rebels commenced the;r in cendiarism the lLth, by burning the resi dence of W. L. Underwood. At 9 the suiue eveu.ng, the big pork hoiue of T. tjuijcy ii Co. About Si4,0JU worth of mum were stored there belonging to Campbeii & Smith, who had been killing cattle lor the retel army, tnd these con stituted the;r emire pix.fits. The rebels spared neither trit-nd or foe in the appli cation of the torch. The Washington Ho tel and six contiguous stores, a saw iiiJl, flouring mill, and another pork Lous' were destroyed. At 11 o clocK the next day the beautiful iron railroad bridge was tumbled down. Mines were exploded in the towers of the piers, but as the iron work did not fall, thirteen rounds ot can non were fired on it before the demolition was completed. About three hours be fore Gen. Mitchell's division came up the turnpike bridge was burned, tallow having been strewed over it to facilitate the com bustion. Gen. Mitchell at once opened with shells across the river on the rebels wher ever congregated. Then the stampede be in earnest. An account says the m- tantry seized the norsesoi inecavairy anu made oil' in wild haste. Reaching a hill a little south of the town, the Texas Rangers, Morgan's Cavalrv, and some of the less frightened of the flying mass halted, and after some deliberation, turned back. Thev went to the fair grounds, and there burned the beautiful amphitheatre, in which a large amount of corn was stored, wagons. About sixteen of the latter were saved. The large tobacco factory of Hampton, Pritchell & Co., was next de stroyed. They then proceeded to the railroad , depot, which contained a vast quantity of shoes, blankets, medicines, hundred hogsheads of sugar, and all articles most needed by them, all ol which were destroyed except some flour and pickled beef, which was rescued by citizens for their own use. The destruc tion of the property belonging to the reb was very great, some estimate its value a million dollars, but it is impossible to even approximate to the amount of de struction with any certainty. The machine shop, known as the ltound House, was also burned ; it contained two damaged engines and two extra tenders. There was a train of cars loaded with meat, the engine to which bad steam on, ready start ; this was fired, but whether by the Federal shells or by the rebel torch, our informant is unable to say. All the cars and contents were burned, and the hall consumed meats lell on the track be- ceil uic auias. iuc uuaaicu ucuua iucu proceeded to the McCloud House, the principal hotel of the town, broke open the doors with axes, and scattered tiie brauds within, consuming officer's trunks, baggage, clothing, and everything it con tained. The Highland House, a drinking place adjoining, was also burned, with Ma jor McGoodwin's new store, which was filled with Confederate supplies. Two men applied incendiary brands to the steam saw mill of a glorious Uuion man, B. Donaldson, celebrated for his sash and blinds manufactory, and resisted the efforts of the owner to stop the progress of the flames. When General Mitchell occupied the north bank o'f Barren river, and com menced shelling the rebels, the scene of their flight, was one of the most terrible routs that can be immagined. The Nash ville pike was completely blockaded with cavalry and infantry, all in admirable dis order.Jand a long line of carriages, carta and all kinds of vehicles. Officers were hurrying away their wives on foot, and carrying their children in their arms, while the whole non-belligerent portion of the nying crowd, were screaming and shouting at the top of their voices in a frenzy of apprehension. A cure for the bark of a dog Tan his hide. . . - a From the Seventh Regiment. Camp Exposure, Feb. 11, 1862. our camp, and it is well named. On Wed . i r.i - i Dear Friends at Home ; Have you heard from the 7 th lately? I presume you have not, since we left Patterson's Creek. I ou perceive that we have a name for nesdav, the 5th inst.. we received orders to move witli three days rations, and one blanket, and at U:3o, A. M., we started in "soldiers cars." toward the east. Pass ing Green Spring Run, we went to a sta tion known as French's Store House, where we disembarked and took dinner. Toward night we moved to the summit of a very steep hill, where we bivouaceJ, as we supposed, for the night. From this hill we have a splendid view of the valley of the Potomac. I saw one or two artist busily engaged sketching the scenery r About half past eight, we received orders to fall in, and proceed southwurdi It was quite cold and there was about four indi es of snow, consequently it was dillicult marching. Going about four miles, most of the distatice up hill, we came to the bivouac of the 7th Indiana, and 1st .Vir ginia Retriments. iiassine that of the l-'-'th Ohio, about a mile backt Here we halt ed, not knowing which ro.ul to take un til about half past twelve, when receiving the neeessarv orders, we moved on, for- lowed by the iifth and Ooth Ohio, th the 7th Indiana and 1st Virginia halting a short time at the Little Cacaoon River, which we crossed some live miles from the halt. At 4:30, we again moved forward, until daylight, when we arrived at a tan nery, which had evidently seen better days, but it seceded and is like its great example, rotted. We remained here un til about lour o'clock, P. M.. From here were sent out two companies of cavulry, t Cross Roads, returning about three, P. 1L, having captured live of the militia, who said tuey were on furlough their nomes. They belonged to tiic li4th Va. Militia One 2" lutvll'int lookinn man. claimed i to have deserted. Upon examination he was released, aiueh inlormation gained from these men, of a valuable na ture. Col. Monroe is in command of the 114th, which the prisoners say is very much disaffected, having taken oath nev er to leave Hampshire county, again, un der the rebel command. They say that gold and silver is very scarce, among them, the troops being paid regularly in Jell'. Davis' shinplaster currency, and if they can get hold of Ohio notes, or U. S. Trea sury notes, they are as good as gold, and command a heavy premium. . Being ask ed as to the force at Winchester, they re plied that they did not know the exact force, but that it was variously reported, some saying that there were "but 10,000; others, 30,000 or 40,000. I inquired how large a force went to Romney after our evacuation. One replied that Gen. Jack son was at the head of about 12,000 in fantry, two or three companies of cavalry, and "ve or six pieces of artillery, and that he cam in from three directions; from SpringtielJ- Moorfield, and Winchester, supposing us to be still there. There was no small aston.'shment on their part, when they found re had eluded them. They further stated .uat Jackson return ed in two or three day.' to Winchester, taking back one brigade, leaving about ten thousand infantry, Ca tiry. alul artl1 lery, under command of Brig. Gen. Lor ing. Loring committed severa.' daring depredations, among which was tie des troying of the tinesuspension bridge ifcT088 the south branch of the Potomac, ab"u.- six miles from Romney. By some means;. they obtained information of our plan to them, on Sunday, last, (the d)!ed and Monday evening. Loring retired hast- j to Bloomery's Gap, where the prison- j ers said a stand would be m;ide. They ! report a telegraph in. process of construe-' tion between Winchester and Romney, ! and that it is completed to .Lime weapon 15i-iUge, near liloomery trGap One of the prisoners, a young ni;in ot about tventy, j savs he was in the skirmc-hat Blue's Gap, and savs that but four were killed "d j none wounded. He did not know Imw I many were missing. None but the 114th Va., a company of independent cv.valry, and two pieces of oriilry, were in the fight. The cavalry is the same that was so annoying to our pickets, while at Rom ney. capturing several guards, and one or two lieutenants. He owns that they were completely surprised, but soon rallied and stood, about three miles from the Gap. Some one inquired about Floyd, and the afl'.iir at Cross Lanes, they replied that they had never heard of the fight having taken place, nor the battle at Carnifax Ferry. They had never heard of a single Yankee victory, but any quantity of re verses. The troops are not allowed to see a paper, much less to read one; but they are taught to believe that they are fight ing for the constitutional rights, and lib erties of loyal citizens ; that the army of the North is nothing but a rabble, poorly equipped, clothed, and fed, and that all manner of atrocities are committed by them. The intelligent portion of them, however, knowing the falsity of such sen timents, and gradually, as the truth is dis closed, the people are returning to reason. i consequence of teaching, pris oners were very much surprised on seeing the comfortable and almost luxurious con dition of our men. They acknowledged that prisoners were much better cared for. than those taken by them ; and that our troops were in a much more liealthy condition than theirs. The army in Win chester is quite unhealthy; mumps and measles, being the prevailing diseases, with few cases of small pox. These prisoners will be sent to Colum bus. At about 4,30 we started toward the R. R., after marching six miles, to the little Cacapoe, we bivouaced for the night. Friday morning, after breakfast, (we re ceived some hard bread and coffee here,) we again marched toward the R. R. some five miles, to the cross roads, and went into camp. In a very brief space of time, ev ery man was busily engaged collecting rails and brush. Rails for tire, and brush for tents. Long before night, the fine fields were commons, and picturesque huts of pine brush were tastily ranged irrespec tive of order, or regulation exactness. Every "ranch" had its huge pile of dry rails, and happy careless faces were every where to be seen. We have little to do now, having to furnish but two guards from a companv for picket duty. The out post is five miles toward the Winchester and Sprin"field rjijtc Col. Sprague, formerly a Captain of the itu, anu lately released irom. fteccssu, made us a visit on Sunday last. We were heartily glad to welcome him from his re gretted confinement. He was looking well and hearty. On Monday, the 3d Brigade was out on drill. The drill was none of the most in teresting which I have witnessed, and the major part of the officers were quite in dignant at having to drill, it being very difficult performing the evolutions, on ac count of the snow and ice. After drill, Col. Tyler made a speech, as usual, con sisting of much unnecessary compliment to the 3d Brigade, boasting of its prowess and of what it would do, if McClellan would give Gen. Lander permission to act as he (Lander) saw proper Some cheer ing followed the uttering of his stirring ap peal to the patriotism of the brigade, but I am very much mistaken if I did not dis tinctly hear cries of "played out," and don't take," from the 7th. It is certain that they did not cheer as I have heard it, but from what cause, I am ignorant. This, I know. The 7th would be glad to listen to musketry in action rather than speeches of senseless bravado. CoL Tyler assures us however that we shall soon have such an opportunity, and that "the third brigade is on the advance of Gen. Lander's division." If such is the case the 7th is oh the right wing, in fact the right flank of the army, and Co. H, on the right of the Reg't, which position t will never disgrace. Ourmenarein fine gnirUsnntwMiatani. tng the coldness of the weather, and the exposure te its clemency or rather in clem ency. The only drawback to our happi- nnon sr. 4.1 J a .a 1 "" l"e aeiay ot that "lorward move ment, with the want of paper on which -ue leuers nome. lour correspon- is so nard up at present as to be forced to write upon the back of some old Se- cesn morning reports. "But such as I navp, give I unto vou." We feel the loss oi liieut. Case very deeply. I doubt if anotiier to fall his place can easily be found, but no blame Whatever ia ntrnMirvrt in him and we c-an' but hope that justice may be nis, as in other things. Lieut. Brisbine is very popular, and all confidence is placed in him by his companv. Co, H is mostly well. I have to record the painful fact of the death of one of our boys. Homer P. Raynor, who died in the hospital at Cumberland, on the 2d inst. I did not learn the nature of his disease. Homer was quite a favorite in the compa ny, and his loss is felt deeply. Two of our boys have just left here for the hospi- iai; nieir sicicncss was probably induced by exposure. But I must stop writing, as it is so cold that I can scarcely hold my pen. You will hear from me apain. JULIUS. P. S. Feb. 12. Have just received or ders to move in an hour. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 15th, 1862. pointed when the Adjutant came up, and ins'ead of giving us marching orders, call surround tor a man to go for our baggage. Abou. iiOn our tents came, and long be lly fore nit, our white city was prominent j situated f beautiful hill, and we are iiowenjovin" tflat possible for us to oniov Hear Friend at Home : Once more we are enjoying the comforts of camp life. Alter ten days constant exposure to the weather, in marching and bivouac, it seems almost like home to be snugly en sconced in our warm Sibley tents, made comfortable by our camp stoves and gen erous Government blankets; and then we have facilities for letter writing, such as cannot be enjoyed when "on a scout." I wrote you List from "Camp Expo sure, since that time, we have considera ble altered our position. On Wednesday morning, the Lith inst., wc left our camp very willingly, and after marching about three miles in an easterly direction, we struck the railroad four miles below French's storehouse, and a mile and a quarter above the bridge across the Little Cacapon. This bridge has been twice de stroyed by the rebels, and as many times rebuilt and is now in good condition. Proceeding down the R. R., about a quar ter of a mile below the brrdge, we halted and took our dinner. Here we were passed by eight companies of the 1st Va. Cavalry, the Ringgold cavalry and one or two companies of the 1st Ohio, the whole preceded bv a hne mounted band, attach ed to the 1st Va., and presenting a fine appearance. After dinner, we again took up our line ot march down the K. as far as Tawpaw Tunnel, when we turned our flank toward Bloomery's Gap, near the forks of the Cacapon. Three miles from the R. R., wc halted to rest, expect ing to move on immediately, but Col. Tyler's aid de camp came up, and told us to make ourselves comfortable, as we would stop hero for the night. Happily, wc were near a barn, well tilled with hay and straw, and plenty of rails were handy, so in an incredible short spece ot tune, every one had his cup of coffee, and stow ed himself away for the night. Morning c:nnc, and we expected to move on toward Winchester, but were very much disap- r 1 YAsfprd.iv m 1mm- ii u eru uvl'i i-vis . J . in., the news of the de.-at of the rebels at Bloomery's Gap, by the auvanco ot tue 2d Brigade under command Cf Col. Kim- ball. I did not learn the partic'LiK fare that tbm-r wnl-l tn r-fliola killnd i.'Ud be tween fifty and sixty taken prisoners, Jlj" eluding one Colonel, an adjutant genera and four other commissioned officers. Our loss was four killed and seven wound ed. The victory is complete and decisive, the entire rebel force being dispersed. It will be our turn before long I hope. I think we may stay here for some time, as much unusual care was taken as to our situation, which, by the way, is a very good one Jbr a permanent camp. It would not be' impossible for Gen. Lander to make this his headquarters, it being a good base for offensive operations toward Winchester. That Winchester is the ultimate destination of movements made in this destination, there can be no doubt, but when the all important move upon this supposed stronghold will be made is a matter of mere speculation to to persons in this quarter, except to those who are conversant with the general plans We hope however that we niay soon have an opportunity to try our steel in action. You will hear from me anew. Letters should-be directed as usual. Valley of Va. Via Cumberland. Yours 4c. JULIUS. Secretary Stanton on "Organizing Victory?"—He Slightly Rebuked the Tribune's Flattery? To the Editor of the Sea York Tribune : Sir: I canunot suffer undue merit to be ascribed to my official action. The glory of our recent victories belongs to the gallant officers and soldiers that fought the battles. No share of it belongs to me. Much lias recently been said of mili tary combinations and organizing victory. I hear such phrases with apprehension. They commerced in infidel Franco with the Italian campaign, and resulted in Wsterloo. Who can organize victory? Who can combine the elements ot suecess in the battle-field? We owe our recent victories to the spirit of the Lord, that moved our so'diers to rush into battle, and filled the hearts of our enemies with terror and dismay. The inspiration that comuered in battle was in the hearts of the soldiers and from on high; and when ever there is the same inspiraton there wiL be the same results. Patriotic spirit, with resolute courage in officers and men, is a military combination that never fail ed. . Ve may well rejoice at the recent vic tories, for they teach us that battles are to be won now and by us in the same and only manner that they were ever won by the people, or in any age, since the days of Joshua, by boldly pursuing and strik ine the foe. What, under the blessings of Providence, I conceive to be the organ ization of victory and military combina tion to end this war, was declared in a few words by Gen Grant's message to Gen. BccKN'ER " propose to move immediately on your works!" Yours truly, EDWIN M. STANTON. A school boy being asked to define the word 'admission,' said it meant twenty five cents. 'Twnty-nve cents? echoed the schoolmaster, "what sort of a defini tion do you call that ?' 'I don't know.' sulkily replied the boy. 'but I'm sure it say so on the dvertisement down there at the show.' 'Yes' said another boy, 'and children half price.' , Among the prizes captured by the Fed eral soldiers at Fort Donelson was a rifle said to be worth $1,000. Its breech is in laid with the finest gold. It belonged to a hotel keeper in Memphis, and was won by him at a horse race. One of the Main regiments at Washing, ton, which contnins upward of 1,000 men has among them only five who are mar ried. I a For the Chronicle. TO EDITORS OF THE CHRONICLE. me. to say I'm truly thankful for the way You've sent your paper, totheday So many times: And never asked for better pay ' Than my poor rhymes. There's been no want of dne respect; There's been no wilful, cross neglect; A or disposition to reject The terms yon brine: But age, and care, the flight hare eheck'd Of fancy's wing. I've often thought, that there, and then. I d sketch some thought! of times, or men. Or other thinrs that met ray ken; But when bcrun. Some adverse influence stop'd my pen Before 'twas done. But when last week, one eventide. KeturninE from a weary ride. Your new drest paper I espied, I made my bow. 'Well done old Chronicle," I cried, "Vour 'bead's np' now.' Then sat me down with earnest will, A former promise to fulfill, And tried my best poetic skill To frame a lay. With what success if well, or ill, Let others say. Who would have thought, a year ago, llapgood and Kiteiel. would in Co., A loyal boat anited row. By the same chart T Little we think, and less we know. What's in the heart. God speed yon in the righteous caa3e; The Union, Conrtituion ami I,a tc. Maintain, defend, in erery rautr; On treason frown, Tdl the last sword rebellion draws Shall be put down. May fortunc'on your path attend. And new subscriptions daily send. And each subscriber prove a friend Sincere aud fervent. My loaj epistle bero 1 cud: Your hutublc servant. J. W. HUGHES, J. W. HUGHES, Berlin, Feb. 19th, 1862. THE WIDOW'S WILL. THE WIDOW'S WILL. A TRUE TALE. BY REV. A. M. SCOTT. It was a bitter night. The snow had been falling in fleecy flights during the greater portion of the day, and the cold was so intense that little business of any kind had been prosecuted by the indus trious and enterprising citizens of the village. Night had succeeded day. The snow and sleet were still descending, and the spirit of the storm seemed to howl around the house, and through the fields anil orchards and forests, and among the distant mountains. Mr. Roland had returned from Lis counting house at an earlier hour than usual. Supper had been served, and the family had gathered around the sparkling fire. The children had been put to bed in an a joining apartment, and the infant was sleeping in the cradle under the immedi ate notice of its mother. Mr. Rowland was reading a newspaper, and as the fitful blast moaned around his commodious dwelling, he would make some remarks relative to the severity of the weather. Mrs. Ii. was parting the flaxen curls upon the head ol the sleeping oabe, and ccc sionally she imprinted the wrrin kiss of matetnal ahection noa its ruddy cheek. Suddenly some one rapped at the door. It was opened, when a little girl of about seven years old was admitted. Her scan ty dress was tattered and torn, a ragged quilt thrown around her slender should ers, and a pair of miserable old shoes upon ber feet. She was almost frozen. 'Your are the widow Watkins' little daughter?" said Mrs. Rowland, inquir ingly. The little girl answered in the affirma tive, and added that her ma was sick, and wished Mr. Rowland to step over and see her, for she thought she would surely die. Mr. Rowland owned theplace on which the sik woman resided. Sho was very indigent, and but poorly able to pay the extravagant rent which tho unfeeling owner exacted. The property was once her husband's, or rather her own, being a gilt from her father on tho very day of her wedding. . Mr. Watkins, was wealthy when a young man and was educated for the bar, and no one seemed more likely to be successful in his profession. He and Jl"- Rowland were early associates. The lotft rt a few years before the period at which find bim.h.-.d commenced the nefarioti'' traffic in nrdent spirits had grown n.fe had induced Wctkin1 to drink made 1ia.ii ' drunk and by degrees a drunkard an'1 Then the poor besotted victim was una:- to pay his debts, con tracted mostly for i mi, but partly by neg- lectina his profession. "I duties, he, his for- mer associate, his preu nded friend, his destroyer, was the first to destroy and op press him. His horses an"1 oxen were sold by the sheriff", next hisho. schold and kitchen furniture were seized ba finally a mortgage vas given to Rowland, upon the homestead of the drunkard, to see're the rum dealer in the payment of a piti ful balance in his favor. This calamity did not check the prodi gal career of" this inebriate. He still quaffed the liquid poison, and still did the heartless dealer hold out inducements to prevail upon him tosiuk lo ver into wretch edness and shame. A fevv weeks after, he was one morning lbund dead in the street. He had left the groce-v at a late hour the precceding night, in a strte of intoxication. Tho night was d.uk, ard he probbly missed his way felt into a i gutter iouud himself unai.'ie to got out and being stupefied with rum, ho went J sleep, and froze to death. Rowland in a short time foreclosed the mortgage, and the home of the drunkard's wife became the legal property of the man who had destroyed her eaee, and reduced her to beggary and want, He permitted her to remain on the premises, exacting an extravagant rate of rent. Mental anguish, excessive labor, want of proper nourishment, and exposure, iiad weil nigh worn her out, and she wa3 fast sinking into the grave, where the weary are at rest. No ona had been near her, no one seemed to cure for her in fact it was not not known even to her nearest neighbors that she was sick. Mr. Rowland felt anxious only for Lis rent, there being at that time a sum due. And perhaps it is owing to that circum stance that he so readily consented to ac company the little girl to the room of her sick mother. He drew on his overcoat, tied a woolen comforter round his .neck, drew on his glove3, ahd taking his uin brela, sat off through the drifted snow and sleet, and bent his way to the widow's uu comfortable home. He found her lying on a misserablc bed of stnv, with her head slightly elevated, the only chair belonging to her house be ing placed under her pillow. She was pale and ghastly, and evidently near the hour of dissolution. Mr. Rowland being seated on a rude wooden stool, she said, in a feeble, but decided tone of voice : I have sent for you, sir, to pay me a visit, that I may make you the heir of my estate. My estate? I know you are ready to as't whi.t estate I have to be queath. And well may you ask what. was once happy. This home was once mine, it was my father's gift my wedding portion. I had horses, and oxen, and cow3 and sheep, and orchards and mead ows. 'Twas you that induced my poor erring husband to drink. It was you who placed before him the liquid poison, and pressed him to take it. 'Twas you that took away my horses and cows, and mead ows apd orchards, and my own home. 'Twas you that ruined my own peace, de stroyed my husband and in the very noon of life sent him down to a drunkard's dis honest grave. 'Twas you that made me beggar, and cast my poor starving babes upon the charity of a pitiless world. I have nothing left but these ragged quiltsj them you do not want yet I have deter mined to bequeath you my estate. Here, sir as my last will and testament, I do be queath to you this vial of tears that I have ' shed tears that you have caused. Take this vial; wear it about your vile person ; and when hereafter you present the flow ing bowl to the lips of a husband and fa ther remember that you are inheriting another vial of widow s tears. An hour more and the poor widow, the widow of a thousand sorrows, the once favored child of fortune, the once lovely and wealthy bride, the once affec tionate wife and devoted young mother, lay cold and senseless in death, and her soul had been summoned to that God who said "Vengeance is mine, and I will repay." Horrors of the Battle Field. hih reCentlv occurred in Limerick, Ire to iori . Official returns show 321 killed, 1054 wounded, and 150 missing in Gen. Mc Ciernand's Division at Fort Donelson. Such is the terrible record of the brave Illinois Division led by the gallant McCler nand in the thickest of the fight at Donel son. One who was invited by Gen. Mc Clernand to take a ride over the battle field the morning of the surrender of the rebel Fort and army to Gen. Grant, de scribes the battle-ground as chiefly con fined to the space outside of the fortifica tions, extending up to the river bank, a distance of two miles, to the point where Gen. McClernand's force rallied from the retirement which they were at first forced into by the impetuous charge of the ene my. It was here that the grand sortie was made by the rebels up the river bank with tho intention of turning our right flank, and cutting their way through. Some ten or twelve thousand men com posed the force tent out for this purpose. ihey advanced under a deadly pre ot ar tillery, and steadily drove Gen. McCler nand's force before them a distance of tif- tv.or sixty rods. Our troops here made a stand, and having been reinforced by one or two regiments, began the terrific assault before which the enemy were forced to retreat. The ground was contested with desperation, and the slaughter on both sides was immense. The eye-witness of the field says : The whole space of two miles was strewn with dead, who lay in every imag inable shape and torm. f ederals and reb els were promiscuously mingled, some times facing grappled in the tierce death throe, sometimes facing each other as they gave and received the fatal shot' or thrust, sometimes lying across one another, and again heaped m piles which lay six or seven deep. 1 could imagine nothing more terrible than the silent indications of agony that marked the features of the pale corpses which lay at every step. Though dead, anl rigid in every muscle, they still writhed and seemed to turn to catch the passing breeze for cooling breath. Staring eyes, gaping mouths, clenched hands and strangely contracted limbs, seemingly drawn into the smallest com pass as u by a nii'uty ctfort to rend assun- uer some nreiistiUo bond which held them down to the torture of which they 'lied. One sat against a tree, and, with mouth and eyes wide open, looked np in to the sky as if to catch a glance at its neeting spirit. Another clutched the branch of an overhanging tree, and hung half suspended, as in the death pang he raised himself partly from the ground. lue other hand grasped his taithiul mus ket, and the compression of the mouth told of the determination which would have been fatal to a foe had life ebbed a minute later. A third clung with both hands to a bayonet which was burned in the ground, in the act of striking for the heart of a rebel foe. Great numbers lay in heaps, just as the fire of the artillery mowed them down, mangling their forms into an almost undistinguishable mass. Many of our men had evidently fallen vic tims to the rebel sharpshooters, for they were pierced through the head by rifle bullets, some in the lorenead, some in the eyes, others on the bridge of the nose, in the cheeks and in the mouth. This cir cumstance vei ined a statement made to me by a rebel pilicer among the prisoners, that their men were trained to snoot low and aim for the face, while ours, as a gen eral thing, tired at random, and shot over their heads. The enemy, in their retreat, carried off their wounded and a great many of their dead, so that ours far outnumbered them on the field. The scene of action had been mostly in the woods, although there were two open places ot an acre or two where the fight had raged furiously, and the ground was covered with dead. Ail the way up to their intrenchments the same scene of death was presented. There were two miles of dead strewn thickly, mingled with firearms, artillery, dead horses, and the paraphernalia of the battle-field. It was a scene never to be for gotten never to be described. On Monday sixty privates-if the Illin ois 11th, gathered upon the battle-field, were laid in a row awaiting burial. An officer stated that he stood upon n little hillock where the battle raged the fierc est, and counted within a circle of twenty feet seventeen dead bodies, ten of whom he could reach with the point of bis sword without moving from his position. Asj late as Wednesday considerable numbers of the dead were still on the field unbur- ied: and some of the wounded laid in the woods three days and nights before they were tound. tt,,,, ; tnre- nr .fh-oi,tnw land : "A woman not far from Emly, burned her husband a tew months ago. A knock came to the doer some night last month, She asked who was there. A hollow voice answered. 'I am yourhusband, who was bur ied, and I am very miserable in purgatory till my debts are paid. Sell the two pigs you have and be sure you have the money for me on such a night when I call. The poor woman did as he required, and felt happy at being able to meet his request whether through fear o love (as he ap peared with his shroud and pale face.) Between tho first and second visit of the ghost, the poor woman went and told her story to the priest; he told her it was all very good, but at tho same time to have two policemen in the house' when she would be giving the money. According ly, after getting the money, the purgato rial and shrouded ghost came, and was arrested by the police and lodged in Lim erick jail, there to undergo a little more purgatory till his trial comes on. This gho?t turned out to be a near neighbor, who is godfather to one of her children," A writer in the Pittsburgh Gazette states so much petroleum is now refined on the banks of the rivers that the refuse impreg nates the water to such an extent as to kill thousands of the best fish, and take the hair from the legs of the horses driven into it It is said a negro was heard to say at the bombardment of Hilton Head "that the Yankee balls was so rotton that they burst and fly all to pieces and kill many ot our masses." The Memphis (Tenn. Argus of Jan 2nd, confess that the South is "ten-fold worse off than when the war began." An eastern editor says that when he goes out a sleighing he goes alone and walks. At' the late session of Court in Lake County, after a session of one day the jury was discharged for want of busi ness. Some 400 or 500 persons were drowned Honduras last month by floods, caused by unprecedently heavy rains. Nashville, Tennessee. As Gen. Mitchel is reported marching on Nashville with a large army, the fol lowing sketch of it may not be uninter esting to our readers : Nahville is situated on the left or the west bank of the Cumberland river, some 200 miles by the course of the stream from its mouth; 280 miles northeast of Mem phis; 2G0 miles southwest of Lexington, in Kentucky, and 64 miles from Wash ington City. Many of the private resi dences are erected on a scale of pala tial magnitude and splendor, and the public buildings exhibit a corresponding character. The suburbs aboundjwith pic turesque scenery, enriched with benutiful groves of cedar. The city was originally laid out in lots of one acre each, with a reservation of four acres for public build ings. I he boundaries hare since been en larged. the new capitol. which stands on a commanding eminence, one hundred and seventy-five feet above the river, is one of the most noble, magnificent and costly structures in America. The material is fine limestone, which was quarred on the spot, and nearly resembling marble. The dimensions are 240 feet by 185, and the estimate cost $1,000,000. It is built, as it is stated, entirely of stone and iron, with out any wood about it, except the plank on which tho copper roofing is fastened; the floor and inner walls are of crossed stone. A lunatic asylum on a larger scale has recently been erected in the vicinity. The State Penitentiary at this place is 313 feet by 50 containing 200 cells. The University of Nashville was founded in lfUG. The Medical College connected with the University was opened in 1851 ; it occupies a spacious building, and has upward of 150 students. There are also a number of female seminaries, the largest of which is -attended by more than 300 pupils. There were fifteen newspapers publish ed here, six of them daily. Nashville contains three banks, with a total capital of S5,1S2,500, and fifteen churches, repre senting the various religious denominr tions.The mineral cabinet of the late Dr. Troost contains the largest private collec tion in the Unite'! States. The city is lighted with gas. The Cumberland river is crossed by a magnificent wire sustpenj sion bridge built at a cost of $100,000. Water is supplied by being raised from the Cumberland river. Six railroads now center at Nashville, affording communi cation with many desired points. It i the terminus of the Nashville and Chat tanooga railroad, 150 miles long, which was finished in 1S51, at an expense of about $3,000,000. The road is built in a very substantial manner, and completes the connection with Charleston and Savannah. The com merce of Nashville is very extensive, amounting annually to over five thousand tonnage, composed of steamboats navigat ing the Cumberland river, engaged in the conveyance of passengers, and the traffic of goods and produce. Extensive munu facturing establishments are in successful operation at this pUice, among which may be mentioned the powder mill, the roll ing mill, the Tennessee Iron Works, just ' below the city, on the Cumberland river, which are as extensive, and equal in ca pacity to any in the United States, and foundaries and machine shops. The pop- ' ulation of Nashville at present is about 2iJ,00u. Description of Ship Island. This island, often alluded to in connec tion with movements of trooos. is situated in longitude SO, latitude 30, and belongs.; to the State of Mississippi. It extends. -, curving in shape, about seven miles east and west. The west end is a barren sand beach, not half a mile in width, with plen ty of wood, looking nice and green, when everything in our northern homes must needs at this season of the year look cheer less and dreary. The whole Island is about two square miles in extent, very good water abounds, and by only sinking a barrel in the sand any amount may be ob tained. Ship Island is distant as follows : From Ship Island to New Orleans, vis " Sound fin mile Ship Island to Pa.-? a'Outra or if. E. Pass. 60 " Mobile 40 . Furt Pickens W " Paiieogouut, Biloxior Jlis-is- sippi city on main land 12 The Island is between Horn Island east and Cat Island west twelve miles. Got. M'rea, in his annual messageof the Island harbor, referring to the construction Railroad from New Orleans to the main kind: "That the approach to our gulf with all sea vessels, and especially of large class ships, has advantages over that either of New Orleans or Mobile, cannot be questioned, and the entrance to the harbor of Ship Island, and the safety of, anchorage when within it, is equal to that of any port in the United States for the largest class of merchant vessels or ships of war, at flood tide, the average of which on our coast does not exceed three feet. The entrance to the harbor affords a chan nel one mile wide, with twentyseven feet of water, and of three miles wide with; twenty-three feet of water. The iiarbor, when entered between the Island and main land, affords twenty-seven to thirty feet of water for three miles in width noith and south, and the same depth of water from five to seven miles east and west the deepest water being nearest to the Island, as it is in the entrance through tho channel. The main shore can be ap- ; proached within four miles with twenty feet of water, and within one mile with about thirteen feet of water, from which it gradually shallows of the beach ; in fact from the main shore to the deep wa ter in the harbor, the descent is gradual, over a smooth bottom." At the western end of the islaud h situ- ' ated Fort Massachusetts, (formerly Fort Twigjs, and Camp Constitution, under the command of Brigadier General John W. Phelps, being the advance of Gen. But- ' ler's Division, which is composed of both Infantry end artillery. The Fort mounts heavy guns, placed in position since its occupation by our flag. The fort on Ship island was where the gun thiei ioyo in tended those heavy guns he attempted to get away from Pittsburgh, but was luckily frustrated. The Constitution is an ample shelter for every act necessary to crush out this re bellion, under n our armies can march from Ocean to Ocean, from Lake to Gulf, and meet and strike down rebellion wher ever it raises its head. There is no great er foe to our country even in the rebel lious States, than he who would "solemn ly roll the Constitution up and lay it rev erently away." tievehnit Herald. ibe r isx or the Old i list. A person who took Gen. Scott the news of our wes tern victories yesterday, asked him what the government would likey do with Johnson, Floyd, Buckner and Pillow? "Hang 'em, of course," was the instant re ply ot the old military man. The Ravenna Democrat says : Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, who is in com-" mand at Cairo, and led our forces so gal lantly in the recent expedition against Fort Donelson, is the oldest son of Jesse -R. Grant, who nearly a half a century ago resided in Ravenna. The Captcse or Fokt Doselsov. Xrbctlion im, (. taHn ,ku Me neoy, Meeting (; eaeet of nek saofaer , Am tmct tin tnuttnm, to far,. law i tfsaa, "" Mi au on- et bt wm: jaaixApcarc. The Southern Confederacy has ordered that all free negroes who do "not volunteer shall be impressed into the public service.