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. J $11 t&-?-T x?-" -I VOL. -46, NO. 32. WARREN, TRUMBULL COUNTY, OlllO, - WEDNESDAY, MARCH 19, 1862. WHOLE NO. 2372. BUSINESS DIRECTORY. . . liNOOft C. A. ADAMS. n. KtTIZKU , U.A.PGOOD. iDAXS A KITEZEL, - ' : '! : . POUMEBS OP "WiiSTEHjr Reserve Chronicle. .'. BIHBB BLOCX, MASXET ST. ' O"for terns, rates 0 arfnerrtsMf.le- see uswdeVa PROFESSIONAL. v CEOBGE F. BBOWS, Attorney at Law, Webb' Kew Block. Main Street. Warren. Ohio. A. W. JOSiES. Attorney at Law and Real Estate Agent at Power 'l Corner. Mecca, Trumbull County. Ohio. - I. I FC-.LEB, ' Attorney at Lw; office in Jameson s building. Mar ket Street. Warren. Ohio. - - JEFFERSON PALJkU Attorney at Law: office on Main Street, Warren, 0. Will attend, with fidelity to any basin en entrust ed la ni care. WHITTLES ET ADAMS, ' Attorney at Law and Jfotary Public, Warren. Ohio. Colleions prnmctry made. Deeds acknowledged, and Convevancnft attended to; office in McCombs A Smith' Block. E. II. EXSIGX. ' Attorney at Law and Notary Public office at the ' . PtX Office. Newton Fails. Ohio, Will attend to collections and all Legal business entrusted to him. with fidelity. r. . trrcHtxa. a. w. bitupt. w. o. rouisT. HITCIIIXS, RATEIFF -t FORBIST. Attorney at Law: office oyer Freeman. Hnnt k Co.' Banking OScc, Market Street, Warren, Ohio. - . H. TCTTL-. S..U. STCLL. . TCTtXE 4t 8Tri.1V Attorney at Law: office at the 1 1 office of Fatliff . A Tuttle, High Street, two doors west of the Amer ican House. Warren, Ohio. K. B. TATLOK. I- C JOXES. TATLOX JOYES, Attorney at Law, Office in the Rooms formerly oc cupied by Forrist A Burnett, east side of Public Square, Warreo. Ohio. i. n. cox. w. T. SriAJU COX SPEAK, Attorneys at Law, office on Market Street, oyer the Store of Adding k Morgan, Warren. Ohio. C W. SMITH. sxn-H . L. wood. Attorney at Law, and Insurance A rents, office oyer Hoyt k Osborne' Store, Kiver Block. Warren, 0. Dr. J f LI AX HA.B-f.OJr, Physician and Surgeon; office north side f Public bquare, w arren, Onio. Umee noun trom 7 to clock morning and evening, and from 1 to 2 P Dr. F. A. BIE8CE, Honvrnathie Physician and Surgeon. Office and Residence 3 door east of Camp' Hotel. Market fct arren, u. B. 3. KICK. B A-.J.AJL RICE, Physician and Surgeon, Bracerille. County, Ohio. Trumbull p. a. woods, a. s. DB. n. d. dillos. WOODS -fc DILLOX. - Physicians and Surreons: office oyer Nichols' Cloth in e!or". Main Mret. u arren. Ohio. JOHI LOT. J. Q. KELSUX. LOT XEESOX, Physicians and Snrieon. office east of the Bank, AHKn iMreec. n arren. unio. J. DATIS, M. Eclectic Physician and Sur-reon: office oyer Hnnt k it.-owa L.-;w!ier Store. M un Store. Warren. O. T. 6. IIOBTOX. M. D Eclectic Physician ani Surreon, Bristol, Trumbull vouniy, unio. . E. MOO It E, Physician and Pur eon: office at the rMn nf .Q F. Bronson, Southington, Trumbull County, Ohio. 1 - X. SPEAK, M. D . Eclectic Physician and Surgeon; office oyer Moser's Store, Market Street, Warren. Ohio. Particular attention given to Chrome Diseases. MERCANTILE. .-E. XL.ABXrSt, Wholesale and Retail dealer in American and For- eign Tiaraware, iron, xaiis. utass, ite. V an Uor Mi Biook. Market Street, Warren. Ohio. -' - 'MeCwXBS SMITHS, Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Foreign and Amer- can Airy -iioods. iroeeries. Crockery. Ac Corner u sum ana juaraet btreet. arreo, Ohio. B.U rKCK. - h. CB. PECK A BROTHER. Wholesale and Retail Dealers in TnrMn anil Tv .. mestio lry Goods, Silk and Straw Bonnets, Trim niiugs. aneties, Ac, at the sign of the " VTnrrea "r' vow acore, - rnoenig mock. Warren. Ohio. , W. . rOBTEB. V. F. rOBTEB. '. W. 5T. at.tr. F. PORTER, . Dealer in School and Miscellaneous Books Statin. ery. Wall Papers. Periodicals, Pamphlets and JtAjpaiine. at the New lock Book Store, Main l J. IDOl.tGS. - : " o. XOBSA. IDOIXOS XOROAX, - Sealers in Staple and Fancy Dry Goods, Groceries, Crockery. Hardware, Carpeting, Sole Leather, 4c-, at the sign of the "mpin Start," Market Street. M arren. Ohio. " :,-.- rxtis. ..... a.WE.rt. ' PARKS A- WEXTZ, Dealers in Foreign and Domestic Dry Goods, Crock ery, Boots, Shoes and Leather, Carpeting, Paper Hangings, Window Shades. Ready Made Clothing. Ac, always i obea. for ready pay at the Kew Vork Store. Market street. Warren. Ohio. BATBOTCO. - riTCH AOAHS. 8. BATXOXD A CO, Wholesale Dealer in Foreign and Domestic Dry iioods. Carpets. Oil Cloths, and Wall Paper. No. W ater Street. Cleveland, Ohio. J. TACTBOT. T. B. ACCLgT. H. W. BACBKTT. . A. TACTROT Jt CO, : Importer of Gold and Silver Watches, and Dealer in Jewelry, Silver Ware, Ac, Market Street. War ren, Ohio. . A. IVfQ. --:. KDCO. KIX6 at BROTHER, Dealers In Watches, Clocks. Jewelry. Silver. Plated and Bnttania Ware. Lamp. Fancy Goods, Ac, . o. i. Main Street, Warren, Ohio. All kinds oi Clocks and Watches carefully repaired and war ranted. ' ' M AMUf AC I URERS. . SriAB. K. 8FBAB, . EDWARD SPEAR 4c SOX, Mannfiurtnrer and Dealers in Lumber. Rough and Dressed. Doors, Blinds, Sash, Flooring, Siding. Shingle and Lath. NoL Canal Street, Warren. O - -W.n. BTLL. ' 8. MEDBCBT. : W. H. niXL A CO., Uanaiactarers of Improved Steam Engines, Iror : and crass founders and Millwrights. Frank lit Joundry. Corner of Liberty and South Street. warren. Ohio. . . - - ALEXAXDEB MeCOXXEEL, Manufacturer and Dealer in Boot, Sroes, Leathei - and Fading. Mam Street, Warren, Ohio.1"-""" ; . BEX J AS IX CRAXAGE, . Manu&rtorrr and Dealer in Boots, Shoe. Rubbers Ae. Also Dealer in Leather. Finding, Lasts. A, Market Street. Warren. Ohio. ' : : E. H. ALAXSOX, Manufacturer and Dealer in Saddles, Harnesses. the eight a row armed yond rusty, plain, On Are centre slabs the tor centre Archs this oe - WIXIAAH TAIlAia, ' Maaataeturcr of Saddle, Harnesses. Trunks, Ac Carnnse Trinunium. at the Center of farming-ton. COMMISSION MERCHANTS. SXITB. yr. ST. SMITH. m. n. w. SMITH Ac c Proinee. Commission and Fonrardin Merchant Dealers m Western Reserve Cheese ZZ Ao. U Pine btreet, Sc Louis. Missouri. Pa. )ar attention will be paid to the sale of Wes'ten reserve Cheese and Butter. Will make libera adraueee on, and render prompt returns for ans property consigned to them. ' cJ,5k DDJl7 tU McCOMBS I EMITHS. n arren. Ohio. r . ;. . . . . J. B. CAXB'IEEjs, P warding and Commission Merchant, and Whole isle Dealer in 'Western Roserre Cheese, Buttter ' ' - tard. Pork, Bacon. Pot and Pearl Ashes, galore , tut. Luweed and Lard Oil. Dried Fruit, and Pro , . dues reoerallr. So. HI and 145 Front Street Pittsburgh, Pa. . ANDERSON &; RUPP, . .. . VEOLKSALt A!tB KCTAIL ' - ! CI10CEES AXD COATECTIOAEES. WISES, LIQUORS, TOBACCO, &,- ' JVo. 5, Main. Street, Warren, Ohio. ' , WE keep a)wa4"on hand a largi aaJ superior tock of Good in our line r which wo sell at fi tares to suit the time. It is no ' aucsnry for u to enumerate, bat merely say the ' ia QTta-rtitr, quality, and "; of price, we deb a Detition. ... . -C 10t 1 is III b.3 lied tnce ;eous re tide f here :he Duke Duke 8 It is like das! -his f oot .oyal zhree wreaths ziolets, jrfaite by tis ipon :ove ever A VALENTINE. FROM THE DANBURY CT., TIMES. .The following Valentine, writton by a lady near uuiviv vht8 oi age, resiiung in otratiora, it., to an equally venerable citisen of Bridgeport, Cu. is a pleasant memento of olden times, a well as a hap- vi prate oi veraincauon. A REMINISCENCE OF EARLY DAYS. A REMINISCENCE OF EARLY DAYS. omy early friend and only surviving schoolmate. CAPT. J.........B............ Tis more th an three seore years and ten. Our life's allotted span. Since first in youthful happy day Our friendship true began. Tis more than three score year and ten, Siuue as a joyous child, I played with you on "Stratford Green." in many a frolie wild. - As I look back apoa those years. Three score, aud teu, and five. Of all the mates we numbered then. But we two are alive I We two of all that little band Oi sportive girls and boys. Who went togetner iu childish griet ' And smiled o'er childish joys. And we're far down the vale of yean. And time is Meeting iast let i would be a caiid once more. And live again the past 1 Teanieventy-fivel how thrill my heart, A memory bears me back. To tread again with buoyant step. My gu-Lbuud suuuy track. But in life's retrospect I see Full many a saddened sceue. For life has not been all a play 0j dear old Stratford Ureeu. We've drank, dear friend, it mingled cup Of sorrow and of joy. Since 1 was but a sportive girl. And yon a happy boy. We both were blessed with many friends. How few are left alive I The dearly loved have passed away. And yet we (till survive 1 We still survive and it may be A year perhaps a day Wnen like the loved ones gone before, W e too shall pass away. God grant that in life's parting hour. Our toils aud labors done. We may go gcutly to our rest. As sinks you setting sun. When we were young 'twas itirin' times The age of iron men, W bo ruug the trumpet's warlike shout From every hill aud glen; Who for their country and their homes. Their liberty and life, "God and the right," their battle ery. They conquered in the strife. Tis true we were but children then. But we remember well. How many a hearth was desolate, . How many a patriot fell 1 For oft the parent on his knee Would scat his lisping child. And tell strange tales of battle scene. And legends stern and wild. And oft our ehildish cheek were blanched Aud ebildun tears would flow. As wouderingly we listened then. To deed oi blood .md woe. But joy best suits the youthful heart, "i'is always light aud tree. And so as it hath ever been, it was with you and me. And still your boyhood sports went on My girlnood's laughter rung. For in those days of sternest deeds. Both you and I were young 1 Do yon remember dear old friend, Tue simple "village school," W uere "Air. Ayre" taugnt little folks Xo read and write by rule I Children were timid- teacher item, lu those our youthful days, n hen copy books iu bauds we went. Trembling to seek his praise. And when yon won the wished for book, Aud 1 stood sadly by, Ton often caused a ray of hop. To light my downcast eye. Ko matter what the teachers said. Fresh from your generous breast. Came to my ear the nattering words, luat uiiue was "always best." Do yon remember that t sent Vou then a " Valeutine?" Fine aeutimeut perhaps it lacked. But love breathed in each liue. It seems but yesterday these "five And seventy years" ago I Ton' then had owued no other belle. And 1 no other beau. I in return a ribbon got. Bright with true love s own hue. And much it pleased my girlish taste i or 'twas the honest blue. But childhood quickly sped away, -And Beans were lost and won, - And you oon owned another love. And 1 another "J ohn 1" With him I journeyed many yean, Happy and blessed were we; Be lived to see his "oairn's bairns,' Prattling upon hi knee. "We clamb thegither np the hill," But down aloue I gol Aud sous thegiisier at it foot" Wuh him i ll lay me low. Yet not alone I for loving heart Are left in children dear, W ho in my downward path of life. Smooth each declining year. And oft to glad mine aged eye. My children 's children com And merry laughter rings again In my old happy home. For you, sole mate of early days, I've cast a backward eye Along the chiiiging track of dm. -. As it has hurried by. And forward, may we dare to look 1 Another opening year Has dawned upon us, and it close May scarcely find us here 1 One may be taken, one be left. It may be me or you; Still while we live, dear early friend, bhail live our friendship true. My yean now number "eighty-eight!" And yours are "eighty -nine I" Then ouoe more as in days of yore, - Accept my Valentine, of so ing out .t. to the in the the her, acy at uiue, her with the full on ering shot that CAPT. J.........B............ FEB 14. MRS. E. 7. The Royal Vault. At the bottom of the crave, down which bier of trince Albert was lowered, is stone passage, about six feet broad and or nine teet high. On the right, in little niche, stands the very simple ma chinery used for lowering tiie biers, and little beyond this, in another niche, a of very tali, black, gaunt-looking, two- wooden candelabra, employed for torches when the royal vault itselt is open ed. For some twelve or fifteen feet be this the passage continues descend .ng, and turning a little to the left, till iurther ingress is cut oil' by two plain, wide-barred, iron gates. This is the entrance to the royal vault. It is a very wide, lofty stone vault, with a groin ad roof springing from stone columns. either side, supported by the columns, four tiers of marble shelves; in the are three very wide and massive of marble, raised some two feet from ground. The side shelves are destined tne members of the royal family the marble biers for the coffin of mon- only. As the light slowly penetrates dismal chamber, two purple coQins, looking almost black in - the gloom, can distinctly seen at the furthest end. brightly reflecting back the rays of light ! boats aim her line. her round cove cheers the guns After shore, and she other her At those least down. crew, Small the beams fall upon their richly gilded jrnaments, which shine as tho affixed but yesterday. - These are the coffins of George and Queen Charlotte. Above their heads, but shining out be in tne .varmly with a bright crimson glow, are towing coffins of three of their cnilurcn, wljo seen, young. At their feet, but some dis- J as apart, and quite alone, lies the gor-; Craney coffin of George IV. On the cen- slab, the nearest to the gates, the cof Jns of William IV and Queen Adelaide rest by side, the Queen being on the left. are no coffins on the right side of vault, but on the left are those of the of York, the Duke Gloucester, the of Kent and the Duke of Cambridge, jtrangelyenough, the coffin nearest thegate that of the Frincess Charlotte, of Wales. a crimson coffin, close in view, and the rest, as bright as that which, has been so lately laid there. Along passage we have described, the Bier the late Prince was wheeled, till, the of the coffin was at the gates of .the vault. Yesterday a Queen.s messen ger brought from Osborne to Windsor little wreathes and a boouet. The were simple chaplets of moss and wreathed ty the three elder Prin jesses the bouquet of violets, with a chamelia in the center, was sent tbe widowed queen. ; Between the leraldie insignia wese iasr moutes trom widow and orphan daughters were laid the-feofb'n mementoes of domestic and worth above all heraldry that was embbuone-d. London Timet. the will firms injured opinion two of Mars the James duty the our attack The with down near ship utes bow yards, BATTLE OF THE BATTERIES. The Fortress Monroe correspondent of tne lnbune furnishes the following graph ich description of the most remurkable naval engagement on record the first be tween two iron-clad antagonists: At early dawn this morning, the Merri mac, Jamestown, York town, and a num ber of other Rebel craft were seen drawn up off So wall's Point; apparently waitinz for the smoke and have to lift before re suming the contest. The Monitor had taken her station to the left and in ad vance of the Minnesota, and our other gunboats were in the neighborhood of the frigate. Shortly after eight o'clock the Merrimac began to move up toward the Minnesota, about three miles distant. II er path lay across the bows of the Mon itor, whose presence or real character it is probable she was not then aware of. When within about a mile, the ball was opened by the Monitor firing a shot, which struck the side of the iron-hided monster, the Merrimac at the same time slackening her speed. Her intention evi dently was to make directly for the Min nesota and serve her as she had served the Cumberland and Congress. But sud denly she found a lion in her path. I he bring was kept up for sone time at the distance of about one mile, when the Monitor began to move toward her antag onist, delivering her fire deliberately and with precision. The Merrimac, six times her size, and with an armament equally out of proportion, awaited her at rest. At a distance of a quarter of a mile or less, both opened their terrible batteries the Merrimac firing much the oftenest of course. It was the hrst trial of an experi ment in a fearful ordeal, the scene was witnessed bv those who crowded the ram parts and lined the docks with almost breathless interest. It would not have disappointed many at that moment had it become apparent that the unpretend ing Monitor was unequal to the contest. By this time the two iron-clad combatants seemed to touch, fighsing at close quar ters, delivering their shots seemingly in to the muzzles of each others guns. But so far from being unequal to her adversary, the Monitor moved around her, planting her shots where she would. The contest was so hot that for a time the smoke obscured both the Monitor and the Merrimac. As if realizing that she had found her match, if not her superior, the Merrimac drew off towards Craney Island, the Monitor pursuing, planting her shot with the same deliberation which had characterized her movements from the outset. After keeping up the pursuit for half an hour the Monitor returned toward the Minnesota. I should have mentioned that shortly after this engagement com menced,- one of the Rebel -gunboats, ap parently the Yorktown, steamed out and boldly engaged the Monitor. A shot through her, which must have done seri ous injury, sent her back again, and she ma not venture within range of the guns, the new comer during the day. As it ha ving rested from the hrst round, and recovered from the bewilderment resulting from finding such a terrible antagonist in small a one, tjie Merrimac, returned to the contest, and as before, was met fear lessly by the Monitor. The Merrimac be now within range of the Minnesota, delivered several of her thundering broad sides, and showers of solid shot went crash ing against the side of the iron monster. The gunbouts also went into the fight gal lantly. Though the Monitor again sought close quarters, the Merrimac, having al ready had a taste of th.it sort of thing, kept at a prudent distance. For more than an hour the battle was kept up with either side showing damage, when el is an an end of came to her sides, as if to render .int 11 a f tu6M;(1;,!,tlutl' bevond the Minnesota to allow her ,. i lron- cool. The contest now raged between Merrimac and Minnesota and the gun boats. The terrible broadsides of the frigate, chained to the bottom as it were, shook the earth, and the solid shot glanced every direction from the sides of the Merrimac. Having given her guns an hour to cooL Monitor returned to the contest, and Merrimac was apparently ready for for she did not retreat but stood her ground, Nothing could exceed the accur of the firing on both sides. After keeping up the contest for half an hour a, range of half or three quarters of a me Monitor began to advance on antagonist, who awaited her with ap parent confidence. Delivering her fire deliberation and unerring precision Monitor went straight ahead and at speed for the Merrimac, till the men both boats, if they had not been hid den by the iron covering, might have en gaged in a hand to hand fight. Now fol lowed one of the most remarkable and exciting scenes ever witnessed in naval warfare. The vessels touched, and deliv their broadsides simultaneously, the crashed on the sides of both, either glancing off and falling into the water, or crumbling into atoms. As if determined the combat should have an end, the moved around the Merrimac at a of only a few yards, plunging her into her sides. With well directed she planted one into her hull below iron coating and below her water Three gapping holes now appeared in iron coating. Passing deliberately the stern of the Merrimac; the Monitor aimed a shot at her screw, and several others at vital points. The Mer- ac how began to make ott toward the flanking Craney Island, and as it be came apparent that su5 was disabled, went up from the ramparts and shore. The Monitor did not pursue, probably on account of the heating of her or some other equally good reason. laying for a short time near the the Merrimac slowly rounded out, turned her prow toward the place was seen in the morning, where the rebel boats were assembled, specta tors of the fight. They gathered around like the backers of a whipped bully. this time it was the general opinion of who had the best of means for ob serving, that the Merrimac had 6unk at two feet; and that she was going Her deck was thronged with her bhe gave no sign of steam or smoke. boats put off from her, and tug assistance. As soon as arrangements could made for doing so, the boats took her tow, and about three-quarters past 12, Merrimac, the xorKtown, the James town, and the other rebel craft, either or pulling the former, might be constituting a mournful procession, they passed into tbe dim distance under Island. . OTHER FAB.TICtn.ARS OF THS BATTLE. Assistant Sec'y of War Fox, at Fortress Monroe, declares his confident belief that Monitor, in her next engagement, sink the Merrimac. Mr. lox con the report that the Merrimac was in the fight. He expressed the that another fight between the vessels is certain, and that the con .flict will be terrible. The official report of Lieut. Pendergrast, the Congress addressed to Commander ton, has been forwarded to the Navy Department. He states that owing to death of the late commanding officer, B. Smith, . it becomes his painful to make a report to you of the part frigate Congress took in the efforts, of vessel at Newport Xews !to repel the of the rebel flotilla on the 8th inst. report says that when the Merrimac, thi-ee gunboats, were seen steaming from Norfolk, and had approached enough todiscover her character, the was cleared for action. At ten min past two the Merrimac opened withher gun with grape, passing us on . the starboard side at a distance of about 300 j receiving our broadside aid giving I torn are The are a of not is feet ed the of nine the most the a ball made of to part. a side) the and oak, have k '"v of on sides the steam deck, ate for pose, rimac ner was ever, a would an best for for navy the ana Is forty class. at She York war return ers ed fifty, a chased us one in return. After pasting the) Con gress she ran into and sunk the Cumber land. The smaller vessel then attacked, us, killing and wounding nwny of our crew. Seeing the fate of the Cumberland, we set the jib and topsail, and with the assistance of the gunboat Zouare run the vesel a.-hore. At half past 2 o'clock the Merrimac took a position astern of us. at a distance of about one hundred and fifty yards, and raked us fore and aft with shells, while one of the smaller steamers kept up a fire on our starboard-quarter. In the meantime, the Patrick Henry and the Thomas Jeffer son, rebel steamers, approached from up the James River, firing with precision, and doing us great damage. Our two stern guns were our only means of defence?. These were soon disabled, one being dis mounted and the other its muzzle knock ed away. The men were knocked away from them with great slaughter by the terrible fare of the enemy. death o'clock. utes previous. beemg that our men were being killed off without a prospect of any relief from the Minnesota, which vessel had run ashore in attempting to get up to ui frpm Hampton Roads, not being able to get a single gun to bear upon the enemy, and the ship being on fire in several places, up on consultation with commander v, Smith, we deemed it proper to haul down our colors without any further loss of life. We were soon boarded by an officer of the Merrimac, who said he would take chare of the ship. He left shortly afterwards, and a small tow boat came along side. whose Captain demanded that we shoulc surrender and get out of the .ship, aa he intended to burn her immediately. A sharp fire with muskets and artillery was maintained by our troops ashore up on the tug. having the effect of driving her off. The Merrimac again opened up on us, although we had a flag a-peak. to show that we were out of action. After having fired several shells into us. she left us and engaged the Minnesota and shore batteries, after which, Lient. Pendegrast states, the wounded were taken ashore in small boats, the ship having been on fire from the beginning of action from hot shot fired by the Merrimac. He reports the neat hoi the tollowmg officers: Lieut. Jos. B. Smith, Acting Master, and Thom as Moore and Win. Rhodes. Lieut. Pendergiast fir it learned of the of Lieutenant Mn th at half past 4 J Tbe death happened ten min - - i Description of the Vessels Engaged. THE U. S. VESSELS ENGAGED. THE MONITOR. The Ericsson iron-plated floating bat tery Monitor, which has so signally put an ena to the disastrous career of the reb steamer, was launched at Greenpoint by Capt. Ericsson on January 30, having been built in one hundred days. She is constructed on an entirely original tjlan. invented by Cjpt. Ericsson with the spe- cinc view oi attaining absolute invulnera bility. There are, in effect, . two hulls to the vessel, the upper one being the de fensive portion, and the lower one, which entirely protected by the upper, being built light of three-eighth inch iron, with average thickness of three-quarters of men. ihe upper hull is one hundred and seventy-four feet long, forty -one feet lour inches wide, and hve feet deep, the lower hull 124 feet long, thirty-four feet wiue at the top where it connects with the upper hull, so that the upper hull extends over the lower twenty-nve feet over each and three feet seven inches over the side. The sides of the upper hull are perpendicular, and are built of a bulwark white oak, thirty inches thick, upon placed an armor of solid plate 8,x mches thick, extending from bot- to top of the straight side of five feet depth, and all around the vessel. The vessel draws hardly ten feet, and her sides only eighteen inches out of water. propeller, rudder, anchor and engines all protected under tbe upper hull. ue aecic is sneu proor. jne inciinatiOli the lower hull is such that a ball can strike it without passing through twenty-nve ieet oi water, and then strik ing at an acute ancle of about ten dem-ees. Upon the deck is a cylindrical turret which to contain and protect the guns and gunners, it is nine ieet high and twenty internal diameter, having two port holes on the same side for the guns, and oeing duiii to revolve hi teen times a min ute, if necessary, by machinery connect with the engine. By this revolution guns are brought to bear at any point the compass. The turret is of iron plates, standing lengthwise, riveted, and making in all a thickness on every side of incites ot iron. Un the side in winch port-holes are bored, which will be the exposed to fire, will be an addition al shield of two. inches cf iron, making whole thickness eleven inches. It has perforated shell-proof top. The arma ment inside the turret consists of two II inch columbiads, which have been fur nished with 400 wrought iron shot, each costing $47 and weighing 284 pounds, on purpose for smashing in the sides such rebel floating batteriesasthe Mer rimac, where cast-iron shot would break pieces. The vessel has no unprotected If a ball strikes the turret it meets resistance of nine or (if on the fighting of eleven inches of iron; if it strikes sides, a resistance of six inches of iron, a bulwark of thirty inches of white and to strike the light portion, as we said, it must pass through twenty five feet of water. The stem and stern of : . , uvm-vmu (u t. are point eu an u u,gic eighty feet. The plate being straight the two sides toward the end, and the sharp, the battery is considered by inventor as one of the most powerful rams ever built, bringing the whole immense weight of the upper hull and a weight of about 550 tons, to oper in oneairection. The battery left New York on Thursday Fortress Monroe, with the express pur it is believed, of attacking the Mer at is orioik, or at least preventing irom coming out. vapi. Ericsson ac companied his vessel and has the most perfect confidence nr her success. She towed to Fortress Monroe, which, how inose acquainted witn her say was unnecessary, as she has all the qualities of me-rioat, the deck being water-tight.and be capable of a speed of eight knots hour, and of living in the worst sea. THE CONGRESS. This frigate was considered one of the in the service. She was built at Portsmouth, N. H in 1841, and pierce4 filty guns. THE CCMBERLAN'D. The frigate Cumberland was construct ed at Boston in 1842, and was also pierced fifty guns. At the time the Norfolk yard was captured (April 19, 1861) Cumberland was partially scuttled, towed on ny the rawnee. THE MINNESOTA. a steam frigate, and was pierced for guns. Her. keel was laid at Wash ington in 1855, and she was rated as first THE ROANOKE. The screw steamer Roanoke was built Norfolk in 1855, and rated first class. was formerly attached to the New and Virginia line of steamers, ply ing between New York and Norfolk and Richmond. . At the breaking out of the she was seized by the Government in for the seizure of the other steam of the line by the rebels. THE ST. LAWRENCE. frigate St. Lawrence was construct at Norfolk in 1847, and pierced for guns. THE WHITEHALL. This steamer was formerly employed as ferryboat plying between New York and Brooklyn. ' The Navy Department pur hex some time last year. I ed of soi tne I in only head the and a cross dead their be in force c iauu had I dead but have ions; the ia the acting the the the Ohio honor Van IUdge I the ago Paul's by ' for for bodr date THE REBEL FLEET. THE MERRIMAC. ihe screw steamer Merrimac was con ducted I at f Boston in 1855, and rated first St" 5 l ky in the aavr Tard Norfolk wnen the rebel took possession of the v-jyernrriAnt. rMuie.f.t:. i . 10 io..V -"v-j.u.uuiicu mere I .April lsbl.l An ...! i . en previously made to destroy her. ue rebels perceiving the importance of i i """""" ney could lay hands on J5"iowy of vessel, at once began to ----". iuo Auemmac, and subsequently "" projeei ot making her an iron clad ""7 "as put into execution. For tnont.ig they have been at work, and lat wjy have given out the idea that the r 'yeci nad utterly failed. -Notwithstanding these declarations, -our Navy Depart- . uu weu imonnea mat the reports were untrue, and much anxiety has been loll lest Sh uhnnlrl ... r x- r 5!!',and thus have our blockading i oer mercy. How well grounded these fears were, the dispatches publish ath ed fully show. ""Pcnes puwish- fully show, IBI STEAMERS T0RKT0WV AXD JAMESTOWN, engaged in the affair were formerly employed with the steamer Roanoke to orry passengers and freight from New Xfvk to Norfolk. The two former were seised ia Virginia waters soon after the ?te seceded. Tho .T X) tons hilrrhan . tUa V,.l.. r Arc .,A . , " . , ...V . VI lUJIT II ui Ti.. vessels were formerly owned by the f York and Virginia SteamshiD Com- SOITTHERX REPORT OV Till Tlr.nr The Norfolk Day Book contains a high If Colored account of the Merrimar'i fight, and pays a great comnlimenr. trt fb. ..a . . . 1 " wv ot me oumoeriand. It admits that u ,?r .e 8not of that vessel entered iu Merrimac. VllS ShAll LrilloH , . . ...v . tinotu wen gn wie Jiernmac. and wminriod P r P.,,nkn , vf v. WMWIMIUU w 4u.uuit4,r mi 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 oi, wi r,n ,wn.,,(A . .... . iui iuiu v dio, out ,t says she appeared like a black Yankee cheese-box nn a ni The Merrimac on Sunday was under twuuiaaa oi catesby Jones. THE ARKANSAS FIGHT. Gen. Curtis' Official Report. Head-Quarters Armt of Socth West, ) xe luuge, Arkansas, March, U. f General: On Thursdav thA r.n, ;. ucuiy cuiumencea an attack on my right, attacking and following tr, guard or a detachment under Sigel to my main lines on Sugar Creek Hollow ; but ceased firing when he met my reinforce ments at about 4 p. m. During the night become convinced he had moved on so to attack my right and rear : therefore early on the t th I ordered a change of irum to ngni on my right, which thus brought, my left Still rested nn Sum, ureeK iiollow. This -brought my lines across Pea' Ridge, with my new right rest ing on tbe head of Cross Timber Hollow, which is the head of Bi? S also ordered an advance of cavalry ' and light artillery, under Col. Osterhaus. with orders to. attack and break what I suppos would be the reinforced line of tne enemy. 1 his movement was in rjro- groa wuen tne enemy, at 11 a. m., com menced an attack on my right. The fight continued mainly at these nointa during the day. The enemy having gain ed a point hotly contested bv n.rr f Cross Timber Hollow, but were entirely repulsed with the loss of their commander, McCulloch, in the centre, by forces under Col. Davis. Th rhnr, attack on the centre was gallantly car ried forward by Col. Osterhaus, who was immediately sustained and supported by CoL, Davis's entire division. KiinnorteH l- by Sigel's command, which had remain ed till near the olose of the day on the left, Carr's division held the richt under ling fire all day. the evening th (tr; V,; tirely ceased on the centre, and there uSViiig been none on the left, I reinforced right by a portion of the second di vision under Asboth. Before day closed was convinced that the enemy had con centrated his main force on the right. I therefore commenced another change of front forward, so as to face the enemy where he had deployed on my right flank strong position. The change had been partially effected, but was fully in progress when at sunrise on the 8th, my right and centre commenced the firing, which was immediately answered by the enemy with renewed energy all along the whole extent of the lines. My left un der Sigel moved close to the Hills occu pied by the enemy, driving him from the heights, and steadily advancing toward the of the Hollows. I immediately or dered tne center and right wings forward, right turning the .left of the enemy, cross firing on his centre. This final position enclosed the enemy in an area of circle. A charge of infantry, extend ing throughout the whole line, completely routed the whole rebel force, which re tired in great confusion, but rather safely, through a deep and impassable defile of timber. Our loss is heavy. The en emy's can never be ascertained, for the are scattered over a large field, and wounded too may, many of them, lost aind perish, .ihe foe is scattered all drections, but I think his main has returned to the Boston Moun Sigel followed towards Keitville, my cavalry is pursuing him to wards the mountains, scouring the coun- I?, PM80ners. nd trying to tne reoei Major Gen. Van Dorn, who command of the entire force. have not as yet the statements of the and wounded so as to justify a report. I will refer to you a dispatch I will forward very soon. Officers and soldiers displayed such unusual gallantry I hardly dare to make distinctions. I must however, name the Commanders of Divis Gen. Sigel gallantly carried the heights and drove back the left wing of enemy. Asboth, who was wounded the arm, in his gallant effort to reinforce right; Colonel and acting Brig. Gen. wbo commanded the center where McCulloch felL on the 7th, and pressed forward the center on the 8th. Col. and Brig. Gen. Carr. is also wounded in arm, and under the continuous fire of enemy during the two hardest days of struggle. Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, and Missouri, may proudly share the of the victory which their gallant won over the combined forces of Dorn, Price and McCulloch, at Pea in tbe Ozark Mountains of Arkan sas. have the honor to be, General, your obedient servant. as By Be Let For all the hie and be, to and to up of our and over rule I the of day hear in their of this may were, ty ens. SAMUEL R. CURTIS, Brigadier General. C. Moody and Horace Heffern, mem bers of the Indiana Legislature, went to vicinity of Newport, Ky., about a year to fight a duel, but did not doit. Moody has just been fined $500 by the Circuit Court at Newport for sending the challenge, and Heffren is on trial for ac cepting it. The Right Reverend Dr. Mcllvaine, Sen ior Episcopal Bishop of Ohio, has been ap pointed one of the special preachers at St. Cathedral London. This appoint ment is always considered a rare honor the English divines. tbe late municipal election in Oska loosa. Iowa, there was but one candidate Mayor. A Mrs. Nancy Smith was run fun, and to the astonishment of every she run ahead of the regular candi 21 votes I Nancy is the Mayoress of Osluloosa. . , dren, come the and a her sound to to the be Written for the Chronicle. DEATH AND THE SLAVE GIRL. BY ELNORA ADAMS. "Poor Lin I" we said: and fathered round Thai;..Muii..rti..jMj And placed within, the rifid form In robe of snowy white, arrayed. Where, on the pillows clean, though cant. The myrtle wreathed about iu head. Pale bad we placed within the hands. And round the lace, that seeuinc smiled. And bore it to the bedside, where The mother tossed in anjruish wild. That she might irase a last farewell I poo the features of her child. The large dark eye looked at th dead, a hen on the living twin he pressed, . Which she with moaning low and wild. Clasped elnser to her bearinc breast, As.lbous;h she'd rock it there to sleep Lnlike thuugh sweet as death' calm rest. When passion' storm had lulled, ia part. And settled o'er tbe tide of woe. She tore her nor! tin from her breast, . And laid it by the cunin, low, W nileshe, like some lone willow tree. Was swayed by tempests to anjl fro. The storm raced wild; the calm was deep; She faxed upon the sleeping pair. Then clasped lier hands above her heart. And seemed awhile in silent prayer, Then smiled, with eye-lids shut to life, Yi thouf nt she witnessed vision lair. "So slave in Heaven I No alaves in Heaven I Thank God!" sue murmured," They are tree; Toy will be done; yet Oh, 'twas ham. Though death brought all sweet liberty. And that they could not claim on earth; Come soon, again, kind Iteath. for me 1" A moment more, her wildered eye Were opened to the ligat again; Her withered hands were reached to clasp Tbe living child, but. reached in rain. And quickly o'er her feature stole A mingled look joy, grief and pain. Her eye-lid closed: her heart beat low; W clasped ber hands, and all was o'er. Her rigid limbs from letter free. Could ne'er be maimed, or shackled more; Death loosed her bonds, and bore her where Sue d roam, unsought, on "freedom's shore." Within the church-yard' lowliest Book, A wide though shallow grave was made. Wherein "Black Liu" the poor slave girl. And her blind baby twins were laid; The one a (air-haired, blue veined boy. The other dark with Alric' shade. ' Born blind 1 their eye were elosed ere birth L'pon their mother unthougnt shame; Her "Master" thought they might be ope'd, So God laid in a prior claim And called hi angel twins to Heaven Twins, save in color aud in name. A fortune lost in human flesh Thus were these deaths by slaves seen. Bat, gained in Heaven two spirits pure And a forgiven Magdalen. Three angels born ot one poor life. Though but a slave worth having been. For the Chronicle. Should Love or Severity Predominate in Governing a School? One of the principal, we may say the great objects of government is, to give the child the lull tree use of his faculties, to point out to him that inward force by which he may control his feelings and passions, in short, to train him up to gov- era nimseii. ii inis oe tne correct idea. which of the two methods should be tak en to bring about the desired result ! Of all the means brought to bear upon the mind, I conceive there is none that produces such lasting and benificial results kindness and love, and few, if any will be tound to withstand their influence. A poet says: Herein nse good discretion, and rovern not all alike. Yet perhaps tbe fault will be m thee, if kindness Drove not all sutneent : kindness the woU and the zebra become docile, as tne soaniei aud the hurtie : The kite leoleui witu tne starling, under the law of ftiuuuess. That law shall tarn the fiercest, brine down the bat tlements of pride: Cherun tbe wean, control the strong, and win the leanui spirit. ooeyed wueu thoo eommandcth, bat command not otten. thy carriage be the gentlenesa of love, not tbe stern iront oi tyranny ; Make not one child a warning to another, but chide the ottender alone. elf conceit, aud wounded pride, rankle like poison in tne soul. A person will govern more by his bear ing and example than any other way. The gentleness of love is more " powerful than an army of banners." V e have the example and teachings of blessed Savior, to prove that " Love is sufficient." lie came to rule man kind, not by a long catalogue of arbitrary rules, not by force threats, but by setting before us in example, as well as precept, those everlasting rules of love, which Heaven obeys, and of which every soul contains a living germ. How often have coldness, severity, and want of sympathy on the part of the teach er, broken tne yousg tender spirit, turned heart and intellect, and made social a standing pool," In our schools .where so many lawless children areplaced under our care, where their homes are one continued discord broil, I fear corporeal punishment cannot entirely be dispensed with, but that it should be administered with most deliberately, righteously, judiciously, and with a wise application to the char acter of the child, we all feel; and can it then, safely intrusted, as it often is. teach undisciplined in mind and heart? It severity be allowed in our schools, should not the parents have some security, the child shall not receive one single blow, unless inflicted in wisdom, justice, kindness. I have known a blow (unjustly given) alienate a child from his father, to stir bitter hatred toward the teacher, and indispose him to study, and the pursuit Knowledge. We cannot be too unwilling to place children under the care of passionate partial teachers, who having no rule their own spirits, cannot, of course, others. kOur laws have expunged whipping from penal code, and the lelon is exempt ed Irom this indignity. But how many our children are subjected to this tyr ranny, by a person in the form of a school teacher A child compelled to sit six hours a to see the frowning countenance, and the voice of an unfeeling, petulant, passionate, and unjust teacher, is placed a school of vice. It is constantly learn ing lessons of inhumanity, hatred, and injustice. We might refer to foreigners, especially the English, for an example. Where do we find such tyrannical fath ers, such unfeeling mothers. By tracing history, we find they have been sub jected to the same barbarous treatment at home, as well as at school. Asa nation, do we not find them inclin ed to cruelty ; and may not this be as cribed to the unrestrained, barbarous use whipping? My feelings recoil from mode ot punishment, and 1 hope it be banished to the shades, to be re membered only among the things that and other means more in conformi with human nature, benevolence, and humanity may become a substitute. All thanks and honor are due to uicit- for bringing this subject before the public (in 4iis humorous way) in such a ridiculous lieht. as to produce a moral revolution in the schools of England. Did I feel mvself capable. I should liKe you my idea of a model teacher. she should be naturally ionu oi cnii- her schoolroom should be rendered attractive by kindness, and benevolent regard for their welfare. She should also before her school enriched with knowledge (not simply the common branches to be taught) but from the stars, fields of earth, the mines, the ocean. the forest ; in fine, she should appear queen before the scholars, and inspire own nobleness into them, by the very of her voice falling upon their rapt attention, and thus, almost unconsciously elevate the moral tone of the school, so as render it entirely unnecesssary to resort any species of punishment to maintain discipline and decorum. : . The children delighted in their occupa tions, and exercising their reasoning pow ers, will soon learn to scorn all idle mis chief and vulgar animosity. : The moral atmosphere of the schoolroom, will thus ! become so pure as to suppresa ail vicious inclinations ; and as new scholars are in troduced, from time to time, they will, by power of association and .sympathy, speedily aasimulated to tho rasas. of by ed, in saw us; old-fashioned full ty in two aid, On to sia 9 had of her me a all and had Take kind New that I stui er lye-, joiced seu." ' feet the Do not think this idea chimerical. have attended school where this has been enacted to the letter. A teacher, just, mild, and benevolent. who produces order by methoU which tne moral sense or their pupils approve. is perpetually spreading around them her own virtues. ho can measure the influence of a teacher ? It is from them they receive impressions which form their character for life and even for eternity. How important then, that the days of childhood be unclouded and cheerful, and that the circumstances by which they are surrounded, are such as to suppress the bad, and develop the better qualities of their natures, for "trifles lighter than straws, are levers in the building up of character." How tenaciously the mind enngs to the associations of childhood. and the penning of these imperfect lines, recall to mind some of those teachers un der whose instructions it was my good fortune and misfortune to be tWvrl- Some of which belonged to either class, perhaps extreme in both; some by force and tyranny ; others in "very gentleness." Allow me to say that the memory of the latter is cherished most rk'litmmslr and of their influence it may be truly said, it . Fadeth not when life has perished. Living still boyond the tomb. A WARREN TEACHER. President Lincoln as Commander in-Chief. The country is under indefinite obliga- of tion to the Committee of tbe House Representatives on the Conduct of the War, for the searching investigations which they have instituted, and which are bringing out the causes of the Bull": Kun, Hall s Bluff, and the whole series oi disasters, which has attended the move- menu of the army of the Potomac. v e notice, in me lOngressional nro- i- --- , . . w . ceeuings oi r noay last, when some action ot the Committee was under consideration. Mr. Wickliffe, of Kentucky, denounced the action of the Committee, for brincine r.j ... ur .i -j r.c wu. Ai.yi,ai.ihs.-i uciurc mem, suu iniurnr ed the House of Representatives that Na- poleox would only accent the command oi the trench Armv, on the condition. that the French Chamber of Deputies would mind their own business." Air. v icKLirrs, was reminded that "Napo- LKos drove out the Deputies, and sub verted the Uovernment." To this. Wickliffe haughtily replied that: "for aught he knew, tho Military Committee might be driven out, also." liut we do not refer to this branch of the discussion of Friday list, except to point out the significant fact, that the few representatives of the traitorous olig archy, who are yet left, in the National Legislature, have abated nothing of their domineering tone, and lost nothing of their innate sympathy with despotism. In the course of the debate, referring to the Bull's Run disaster, and the cause of it, Mr. Blair, theSt. Louis Representative, stated "that Gen. Pattersos telegraphed "to Washington, that Gen. Joa.xsro." hud "eluded him the night before, and John ston, it is known, was thus enabled to "participate in the fight. When thit in for "motion came to the President, he vent to Gen "Scott to protest against a movement on Manat- "tas and Bull Jiun, but Gen. Scott insisted "on its being made, and this was, with "full knowledge, that Gen. Beauregard "had been re-enforced by Gen. Johnston." This statement, though doubted by one the members, was positively re-affirmed Mr. Blajr, who said "he knew that the advance on Manassas was made against "the advice or the f resident and Secreta- Ty of War." A A A A A A A A What the Ladies of Kinsman Have Done. [EXTRACT LETTER FROM A LADY OF KINSMAN, TRUMBULL, COUNTY.] FEB. 28th, 1862. One week aeo we trorosed to the farm- ers here a plan which has succeeded be yond our expectations, and I wish other places would do likewise. We gave no tice that it the larmers would send in chickens, dressed, cut up and nicely wash a.few ladies would "concentrate them. Thursday was the day set to do it. Upon Wednesday, as they were to be prepared our wash-house, I, of course, received them, and a very amusing time I had. The widow came with her offering; one man brought all he had and fifty cents to buy his share of cans. They poured in upon us thick and fast, until two hundred had been counted, and I think there were more. A nicer lot of chickens you never all good and of a tender age. Yesterday was indeed a busy day with but you know ladies smart ones, I mean can accomplish considerable. They (the chickens) in the morning looked for midable to us, but by 7 P. M. they were nicely soldered up and ready to be sent away. We had a fire on the hearth in the style, with a good crane, ca pable of bearing up two large iron kettles, to the brim. The application of plen of good hard wood soon placed them a condition to strip the meat from the bones. As this was accomplished, we had ready another iron kettle, upon a char coal furnace, boiling of the proper consist ency to nil cans. I hen two ladies occu pied themselves in filling the cans, while worthy men (tinners) offered their in soldering them as fast as filled. Monday we shall send them (140 cans) Warren, from thence to your Aid So ciety, to be disposed of as they think proper. Cleve. JJeralJ. Aj Interesting Ixcidest. A Released prisoner who gives his experience in Seces- to the Rochester Express, relates this incident : Of the six or seven cars which started from Manassas, there were but two re maining when we reached the rebel capi tal (Richmond.) We arrived there about o'clock in the evening. After the cars halted, I heard a low voice at my window, which was partly raised. It was quite dark and f could not distinguish the speaker, who was an Irish woman. "Whist," said she, "are ye hungry ?" I replied that I was not, but that some the boys probably were. "Wait till I go to the house," the con tinued ; and a moment afterwards I heard again at the window. She handed a loaf of bread, some meat and about dozen baker's cakes, saying, "that was I had in the house, but I had a shillin' I bought the cakes wid it : and if I more you should have it and welcome ! it and God bless ye." I thanked her and said, "you are very to enemies." "Whist," said she, "and ain't I from York meself?" This was the first Union demonstration I witnessed in Old Virginia. I thank ed God for the consolation which the re flection afforded me as for the third night lay sleeplessly in the cars, my clothing saturated, and my body thoroughly ad per als, age ten one acts ten per law. fire five ten five to Prof The and sand with down - with chilled from the effect of the deluge at . to Manassas, I could have desired no sweet- store morsel than the good woman's homely f sou proua oi ue loyai giver, i re- not that "I was from Jiew Yacjc me- Dialogue. .Lothario. Ah! dearest Aires-, for your lor I ara dying, and at your I lie. Aona. I see you're ijri the to The earth aot oul -repays forty fold Ui ia cultivator, bat imjNis feci iapcftTer. . This- A National Tax Bill. The Tax Eill reported in Congress on the 3d, contains 105 sections, and is one of tbe longest of any kind ever before pre sented months of preparation having been bestowed upon it. The bill, should it become a law, will reach every class of property except real estate, and ia so con structed as to tax property in transitu from one hand to another ; for instance, all cat tle slaughtered are taxed fifty cents per head; hogs, ten cents: and sheep, five cants. The proposed law provides for a host of tax gatherers "to eat out the substance of the people." First, for tbe appoint ment by the President of a Commissioner of Internal Revenue, with a salary of $-5,000 per annum, his office to be- in the Treasury Department, . with a suitable number of clerks. Next, the country ia to be divided, as the President may direct, into convenient collection Districts, with an Assessor and collector, appointed by the President for ettch Dmtrict, who shall have the power to appoint such deputies as may be necessary. The measure is a very important one, and the following is a pretty full abstract of the Tax Bill as reported by the Com mittee of Ways aud Means to the House. The bill provides for a duty ' On spirituous liquor . 15 cents per gallon. On ale and beer ! per barrel. On sttau and lef obaeee wnu per pound. Io, to add waea nianulartured .. 30 cents. On eigars 10 aud A cents per ponw1. - , ... , , (according to valur.) Oa lard and Linseed oil, banting fluid and erace Coal Oil Ji wnh r.F J ..., - , r , . --'" - vn nennea coal on On gas per 1UUU cubic feet. On Bank Note PaDer 0a Writing Papr... On Printing Paper . ,, . On On salt -lu cents per gullon. i ers. 5 cents per E. -3 mitt -1 cents per 100 lbs. -1 cent per . i . . OirSle Lr-atber On L niHrr .Leather- On Hour - .J0 ct. per bbU All other niauu!a.-ture, -i mmt eent ad valorem. Kailroad paascngers. 2 mills pr mile of U4vei, Commutation tickets, 3 percent. Steamboat travel. 1 mill per mile- Omnibuses, Ferry-boxts sud House Railroads, 3 per cent on gross receipts trorn passengers. On advertisements, 9 per ecu I. va amount of re oeips annually. ... For u of carriages, annually, from $1 to $10, ac cording to value On Gold Wsfcucs $1 per annum. On Silver SO eta. " On tiyld plate - per ounce. On Silver Plate On Billiard Table.. On Slaughtered Cattle.. on lion.. On Sheen . On Licenses Bankers- Auction eers.. .0 cents each. 10 " Wholesale Delers....... Kutail Iealcrs in Liquors Kctail Dealers in Goods Pawnbrokers i, ,,- Keen ner. $100 an 50 10 50 . 150 Brewer . - ,, 10 Hotels, Inn aud 1'averu tgraluateU ac cording to rental;-. ,,,, trom V to 3UO Eating llonses... Commercial Brokers. . Other Brokors... Tttratrcs Ci reuse.- .- Bowliug Alley (ea-.-h alUyj AV holesale Pedlars Other Pedlars.. -3s to 10 50 20 luo 5J 4 5) 20 JO Cual Oil Distillers c On ineeinc. i per cent on all over fM, deduct ing tue income derived Irotn dividends c . which are taxed seuaratnlv-. On Railroad Bonds and Dividend of Banks and bAVina- Institution 3 im-v eeet. On payment of ail salerier of Officers in the Civ- .1 f : i : . i v- I : e .1. .1 11, .,titi rj inn , i am ice 01 uie u. o (inelndin Members of ConrresnJ 2 ir Mnl On Legacies ud Distribution Suar-js of the per sonal property ot deecaoed person", (accord ing to the degree of relationship, from - , ...-l a 0 per cert. And Stamn Duties on all kinds ol leral and com mercial naners. all Patent Medii-incs. Teleirrsnhic Jiossaget, and all goods by Expresses. swine ot tne items in tne i'rcgoin. list, are expect ed to furnish Revenue as follows : tax on incomes -.. .Vi.Ono.OOO tax on domestic nisnulacturea : 3U,'-J,iJti0 tax ea slaughtered aiinis .17.jH'.mw tobacco tax 16.H).uui tax oa domestic ""' a .-.i. im tax on domestic ale and beer.. luxury tax.. railroad tax. i0,iW,OH ".oUU.UUO ADDITIONAL ITEMS TAXED. Additional items of the tax bill license tobacconists, stationers, confectioners and horse dealers where cross receipts are over onethousand annually, ten dollars each ; manufactoriee tallow candles, half a cent pound ; sperm, stearins and adaman tine, one cent : vinegar, other than cider wine, five cents per gallon ; ground cof and spices, one cent per pound ; refin sugar and candy, two mills per pound: salaratus, five mills ; corn starch, five mills; common gunpowder, one cent ; rifle pow der five cents ; white lead twenty-live cents per hundred pounds ; paint, five' per cent ; inks of all kind- three per cent. valorem: hots and caps twenty-five cents to one dollar and fifty cents per dozen, according to value;' hoop skirts, two dollars to four dollars per dozen, ac cording to value ; clocks, twenty-five to fifty cents each ; railroad iron, one dollar fifty cents per ton ; writing paper, cents ; wrapping paper, three mills pound ; common woolen, flax, hemp, India rubber, wood, iron, and other met tc, roanufactnred, three per cent ad valorem, all patented articles hve per cent; auction sales one tenth of ene per cent on gross amount ; pianofortes, four dollars ; certificates stocks, profits or dam twenty-five cents ; certificates of de posit, two to five cents; other eertihcates cents; chartered parties, three to ten dollars ; contracts ten cents ; conveyances dollar ; telegraphic despatches three cents ; custom house and warehousing en tries fifty cents to a dollar ; policies of in surance fifty cents to two dollars and a ; lease, fifty cents to a dollar ; mani fests of cargo twenty-nve cents to hve dollars ; mortgages one dollar ; .notarial twenty-fire cents ; railroad passenger tickets one half to one dollar ; powers of attorney ten cents to a dollar ; probates of ill, fifty cents to twenty dollars; ware house receipts twenty-five cents ; legal documents fifty cents ; medicines three to cents per bottle ; .forty ounces silver spoons or plate silver exempt from duty ; dividends of insurance companies three cent ; publishers of official advertise ments may add tax to tbe price fixed by Incomes of citizens resident abroad, per cent ; stamp duties, agreement on contracts five cents ; bills of exchange two to twenty cents; bills of lading to ten cents ; express bundles five to cents ; bonds twenty to fifty cents ; hundred thousand dollars appro priated for salaries and expenses four dol lars. - -- '- The Use of Electricity. It has been known for some time to chemists that the most insoluble and re fractory substances can be decomposed by e'ectricity, but it is now proposed to ap ply this wonderful agent on a larger scale, manufacturing and other purposes. Flenry, under whose directions the experiments at Danville ' Iron Works, alluded to a few days since, hare been conducted, has issued a par er calling the attention of the Government to its appli cation on a larger scale to military opera tions. Ha proposes the erection f almost impregnable earthworks and fortifications. river or sea beach sand can bet dissolv ed on the spot, in barrels, by this agency, transported to the works. ' As the is thrownup.it may be sprinkled this liquid -silica and then stamped or compressed by heavy rollers. Though plartic for a time, it will speedily harden under the influence of the atmos phere sufficient to rist the penetrating power of any projectile. ' Wood properly eoated and impregnated silica i fire proof, and in that con- itin --,.,1.1 K rtf inHiliilflble fidvantnpa the armv and nary in construction of hou.-is. stables, waeons. docks and TeaeU. The process- of P.of. Fleury is detailed in th paper, nut is based on discovery of Farad-v, that when any compound ia inuested artificially wilh electricity contrary to that which belongs them, the composed isdissolre-i. To Clus I-sivbs. One of the beat substances for cleaning knives and forks is charcoal, red ced to a line powder, -relied the saoa manoer as brick-dust is used, ia a recent and valuable discovery.