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Western Reserve chronicle. [volume] (Warren, Ohio) 1855-1921, August 06, 1862, Image 1

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Western
iRe SERVE
jEi-
VOL. 4(i, NO. 52.
WARREN, TRUMBULL COUNTY. OHIO, WEDNESDAY. AUGUST 6. 1862.
WHOLE NO. 2392.
Hardware Trade Of
SPIii fi STOCK
R. H. BARNUm & CO.'S.
TYESIROrS of operating, dorin
-. I J tin preMat sad eominr ssaeoa. in what ma:
be called a " lively rath and short time trade,
- rr low rate of profit, in aceordanr with the ne
eesaities of war times, wo thill offer to farmer
boaia builders, mechanics, merchants. tesnj mil
man. honse-keeperi and all others, every deevri
(ion of HiBDWiBE. House Paints. Axles. Ieox
Sails, Glass. Sash, Poors and lims at ngU
Instead of keeping the "biggest etook watt of th
auMutains." we have aimed to be supplied will
verrrarlety of soods in our line, which will b
u aeostuU? replenishes mr direct shipments frost.
astern manofaetarinf districts and the large Job
king Houses of Hew York, Boston and Philadelphi
freoi whom, bx recent arrangements, we are e'
abled to bay at vtnr taw rat, hence can, and
. aVat wi!i sell timg-
- b. n. nisjrrs c.
Jobber and Retail Deal arm in Iron. 2Cils. Glae
Pine Doors, aasa. Hardware, and Vi'oeeler'e U t
ter JJ rawer, jtiaraet street. arrea, v.
5. B. Orders fihed promptly. Goods warranted U
' Attention Is inrltad te genera! enumeration
varieties and alasses of gooos, as follows :
,. land Kiddles, also assorted Sires. Cooper's Tool
- axtra 1st alaaa roods.
'. TUe Spades, dram your lots, rardens and fcrat.-
. Ane veuq Agncaxiurai aepon, oon uciux uisuiu
- aiea, oareagooasruoieon Arsiaing. xeaa iu
, Garden Hoes. .
: - " Bakes.
" Spades,
". Trowel. . .
' Cultivator Teeth.
Iroa for Drag Teeth.
Blind Faints, A Ke. 1 quality.
Varnish, tip-top article.
Sheep Shears. Extra Jfo. 1, some number poor.'
Carbon, Oil Lanterns, no need of at ambling dar'
; .- nights, be sure sad bay one. . .
' TmI Twine.
. Sheen Eheart attention is onoe more called tc
.. them, as they are up-top.
Clothes Wringers.
Rifles and Shot Guns.
Rifle Barrells and Trimmings.
Pewder Fasks, 2, 4. 6 and 8 ounces.
Powder F. FF. F F F and FFFFflS.
' iheu Lead, Caps, Wads, 4e.
tr ...
woma fay-- w e are in tns maraet no nonee car
oaaersau os. i erer laa t Eire ns a am. uraer
t '.filled' promptly. Goods sent by hick, railroad
aanal, teamsters, or year ceithbor. Bsar it u
miod, EiUTil has long been a dealer in this class
of goods; is well acquainted with Eastern saann
sMtcrers, Railing Mills and heavy Jobbers, there
for is fully posted as to the market and can jus:
i ' i all at rates which eVv toowtition. '
' Paadr Tire all eises.
, - Two Home Waon lira.
c : i r:.,.i,
. . Axias eid and improved styes.
Tw Harae Wacon Thimbia okeios.
u Camaae Bolts. -. .
. X: . .....
j:: MHW thus jHuifc
; . Wrenches, Kuts, 'H'aahers, Ae.'
Kail Rod am olaas goods. .
. .. StwMtfla Imb.
.... Axe Bar.
- Cast Steel, flat, square and roncd.
. , Enumeration of mixed Tarie-
; ties of goods on hand and fos
saleatBAKM m's Hardware Sale
Kooms at Warren, Ohio. X. B
James G. B hooks won Id be hap
ipy to see his old and new friend
he can sell them goods at rates
ruling far. below former prices
Be Bur and call on him at Bar
sum some bta and little Iron aaee. '
nivaa and Forks all Tarieties.
ooket skniTee. one, two three and four blades.
rauiBK jLmvee ase mem tnis spring.
Trace Chains stratgat and twisted.
Halter " :
. gsr ; -:
.. Iroa Pomps, Raps and Cords.
Mortioe llaehinps.
-.: Cabinet luers' Goods.
" ' Fainily Steelyards weigh rigK.
-J Soaiee all kinds. -
' Bad Irons-failors' Goosa.
- SuUon Hoie Scissors,
B-rat Jacks.
Tile drain, daia 111
Boas Cleaning wants, such as Carpet Taexs, Tack
. food swre polish, Le.
Ha.inmrm. iiirnei nirwtiin. dqudbuu wiwm
Pine Doors, . ;
Sash,
Blinds and Paints,
jlind Hinges, t -
Door Locks,
" Latches,
House Trimmings, all kinds,
Putty, Oil, Glass,
- Nails, every size,
Lumber,
Lath, -
Clexcland Shaved Pine
" :: . Shingles, S
Cut Pine ;
Cut Poolar
do
do-
Qtli at X. H. Sanna 4 .. lard ware Keeas,
,Md.
, A
From the Second Cavalry.
Camf of 0. V. C. Ox Gkand Rivie, )
Iifiiv Ter. 14 siles north or Fokt I
Gibson. Ju!y H'th 1S02.
-Vtv..-.-. Br.rn.-s: To-rtav the mail reach
ed us from Fort Scott. bringing, with oth
er matter, a '-Chronicle" of the 24th
June.
It was a welcomo nioacnnn ts oil
the Tniiiibull County boys, and a I write,
L- p.isini: r.'pkllv from h.ii'id to tell'ni;
each iimc
wist.
Even the advertisements are ea
uerly tookett up, to note the chances, and
new firms. I hear them now. outside niv
tent, where a few have collected together
listening while one of the boys reads.
iney comment on eacti item. 'Jud-e
Birchard got a new partner?" Moses. Mo-
-es, wlios lier " Hello, F. P. Reed
handed partners. bat Adams is that,
wonder?'' "Barnutn taken Brooks in
is a partner, eh ?" Well, that's a good
dex-t." Bays one. " Brooks can run the
Kebmj (camp word not mentioned in
iVebster) inside, while Burnuin does the
lunning and shinnir.g outside." Another
tys, " I believe Barnum used to shin oo
asionally, just to keep his hand in."
And so on, aJ injiittium.
1 notice also in this issue, extracts from
i private letter written by me hastily
vhen we.iry, and without correction or re--icion.
It was so trivial in matter and
ontetnptable in manner, that I resolved
o sit down at once and try to write you
nd through you to the many friends of
ie Trumbull county boys in this regi
Bent, a few w jrds of intej .t. Thus far I
.mi written when my pen stops and ni$
.end uroo thinking where I shall be
.n. It is eleven mouths lo-d:iy since I
oicraenoed recruiting a company for this
e j:metit, and 60 much haa been compres-
r-1 into tuut opace ot tune ; so many lit-
m etenu-; bo many important and un
uportant cne?, tual .t ail seems a con-
isetl iiuss in my ruind. Almost every
.ay ot" a sohiier's lite is a living romance.
vnd bow bhail I compresa all these items
;aat I know woiild be of interest to the
.mei's, uiothers. brother, gUters, wives
zd children of the noble men who are
faithfully doing their duty in the army
i" toe U. !s. in-tais department, into the
omij& acf cne letter '; , I know how ed-
.oi-s desj)ie long, prosy correspondence;
iow uij military it is. And yet permit me
s.iy naturally what 1 have to say, and
uec, it too lonz, throw :t awav
l'he Lu-t vour readers heard of the d
.t'uio probably was when at Iola, Kansas,
ad about to start soutu on the celebra
d Indian Expedition. The 1st Brigade
jiin us -dKe;;. Indian Home (juards)con-
isJng of i.d Ohio Cavalry, 9th Wis. Io-
niry and Jxanbs zd Inaiana Battery,
:t Iola on the 1st day of June.
Our regiment was in bad condition for
march, especially the horses ; they were
orIy shod ; were poor and weaK, and
jany entirely disabled by sore backs and
.meness. e had already accomplished
ne or two ordinary campaigns through
louth-western jlissourt and jnorth-west-
rn Arkansas." ' We had been constantly
a the move from the latter part of April,
"ithout rest and very little grain for our
lorses. uur marcu irom tola was witnout
iicident of particular interest. The reg-
nent watt under command of Laeut. Vol.
Uthff, and was an easy, pleasant march
jf twenty to twenty-five miles per day.
vex a beautiful, roiling prairie country.
interspersed with oak openings oa the
iilU, ana timber lining the streams we
rossed every tea -or fifteen mile. We
trrived at Baxter's Springs, Neutral Strip.
a the Spring river, on the-, evening of
une 4th. : Here OoL JJoubledav had al-
eady arrived with alargecommisary train
nd some fragments of iiaasas regiments
is an escort, u passed, on our march.
collection of old wooden buildings, which
1 learned was an old Catholic Mission, es
tablished about 1836, among the Osages.
t was a novel scene, these old priests in
heir long gowns, mingling with and teach-
eg these nuked savage the rudiments ot
a..nglih education and the peculiar
enenta of their religion. ;.
e rested on the 5th, and on the 6th,
you learned before, we started for
iound Grove, Cowskin Prairie, where
a)1. D. had learned the enemy were con
centrating. e were a thousand or elev-
n hundred strong, cavalrj-, artillery and
nfantry, all told. The result of the ex-
dition you know. . Ihey dispersed and
led without attempting resistance, and
re started back with our spoils on the 8th;
rriving at our camp on bpring river on
ie atternoon ot the Vth, with men and
jorses very much fatigued. .
Col. D. had already sent m his resigna-
ion, before starting for Bound Grove. ajid
oon after our return he left the Brigade
n command of -Col. Salomau, and started
or Leavenworth, with the intention to in-
ist on the acceptance of his resignation.
r permission to act to do something.
fhe result you have learned through his
etter to the bt.. .Louis Republican, copied
n the Cleveland papers. JLnat letter tells
he whole story ;- it was not the policy ot
he politic military leaders to act, but to
lood Kansas with public money, and give
;o her political wire-pullers tat contracts.
All the toreign troops were indignant
t the treatment of Col. D. The "last
"eather" was 'his being supersceded by
JoL We. What experience has Jshown
'oh W.to be since he has been the oom-
uander of our division, I am not permit-
ed to speak, for he is now my superior
Ulcer, and 1 am under bis command.
ry many officers of the regiment were
empted to band in tneir resignations at
he time the Colonel did his, but were re
trained by the hope that we might yet
ee some kind of service beside bush
.vhacking and fighting guerrilla bands
through the wdds of South-western Ho.
we stayed at titer s springs until
June 23d. our days varied only by scout-
nz. foraging and hard picket service for
ie wboie .Brigade. ck we got but little
est for our horse there. Ou th 23d, the
:d and 3d Btttallions, Lieut. Col. Ratliif
command, were ordered to Jveosho,
Io.. twentv-five miles from Baxter
iirings. The order was issued by CoL
lalom.m, on request of Brig. Gen. Brown,
tue Mo. btate troops. stationed atb.r ng-
ield. jIo. It was nescessary, he said, for
force to occupy that place, as the enemy
ere in large numbers, under Gen. Bains,
within twenty-two miles of Neosho. The
i?d was an extremely hot, sultry day..
vVe started in the morning about 6 o clock
A. M.. and at 10, A. etopped to graze,
aaving accomplished about ll) miles of our
;ourney. V bile resting, a member ot tbe
ith Hansaj came aasning into onr lines.
vinz that eight of their regiment had.
that morning, about sun up, a brush with
the rear guard of three) to five hundred
rebels under command of one Jackman.
on their way to Granby, seven miles from
Teosho, north-east, to get lead. Here was
a chance for a fiitht or a chase, and I im
mediately made application to Col. Ruliff
to give loOor au'J picfced men to give mem
a trial. He immediately called a' consul
tation of the officers, and they thought it
not advisable, as this would take nearly
every well-mounted man in the command,
and wuld leave our train without sufficient
protection; Bo the scoundrels slipped
through onr fingers. We moved on cau
tiously and encamped within two and a
half miles of Xeonlto. - Xext morning I
was ordered forward with pne hundred
men to reconnoitre the place and vicinity.
I found that Jackman's force had en
camped the evening previous three miles
eat of Neosho, and had moved off that
morning at 2, A. 51., southward Our com
mand moved in and occupied the place at
12 o'clock. We remained there until the
28th. Neosho is a beautiful little village,
surrounded by high, timbered hills, back
of which lay the prairies, or tabla-lands.
very rich and fertile. From- the aides of
these Neosho hills flow the most beautiful
springs I vr itv, . th Must
to
'. seat of Newton county, and the country
j is quite thickly settled and well improvod.
j Yet the phantom of secession has swept
j over tbe country and left nothing but des
olation and ruin in its wake. The talc
- ' ,hi .coun,.v" is the s1116 115 il is in eveT
- soutb,rn 1,1,(1 ,rest' county in Missouri
of 1 aryet seen
Originally, a very
laree'
majority of the inhabitants were for the
: Lnion, Dut the rebel Governor placed
! l',e arrus in the hands of th minority,
- 1 at'on against all Union men. They were
powerless and h.id to fly i'vr their lives,
leaving tueir ianiiues to tue teiu'.er mer-
cies of these outlaws. You in vour jx - ace
ful homes in Ohio, can little imagine the
more terrible phases of this unholy rebel-
lion, the privations and sutToriiigs of poor
Union families, the outrages committed
ujon innocent women and children. On
ly a heart of stone would fail to be moved
by the rehearsal of the wrongs of these
persecuted patriots. I have felt sad that
our government was so powerless to pro-
protect them. Gradually, however, as the
union army moves south, these exile re
turn to their homes with arms in their
hands, determined to protect them with
their lives. Then commences that kind
of individual warfare, that is more savage
and unyielding than that of anv of the
old Scottish clans of which Scott wrote.
Jhey hunt each other on the hills like
wild beasts, asking and giving no quarter.
One fighting for domination, for power,
for the perpetuity of wrong and tyranny
in the shape of slavery : the other for bis
Government, for freedom, for hi3 home
nd his family. Thus it is ever, and shall
be world without end. wrong and outr.ige
at war with principles of truth, justice,
and God's omnipotent right.
While in Neosho. I visited frequently,
in company with Dr. Smith, the house
where Lieut. Hutchins was laying sick
with the biliious fever. In a room up
stairs, just over Hutchins' room, lay a man
about forty -five or fifty years of- age, who
was shot the day before we csme in, while
sitting quietly on his own door step, sur
rounded by his wife and children. His
only crime was a love for the Government
of his fathers. .He had rem lined ouietlv
at home, cultivating his farm, and taking
no part whatever la the conte-st. reiving
upon the purity of his former lite and his
present intentions, for safety; he had re
mained at his own fireside, but that was
powerles to save him. He had been shot
at twilight, and had no idea who did the
deed. His wounds showed that he had
been Bhot bv a .hot-w,.n bWl irh .!.,
and buckshot. One ball had entered tbe
left arm above the elbow, shattering tbe
bone and entering his breast on the left
nri K.,t.i,f n-. kn v,a .-,i .ilf
side, passing along the breast bone and
lodging on the right side. . Another ball
had entered the left arm below the
elbow and lodged in the right arm above
the elbow. Dr. fcmith thought he might
possibly recover, and did alf he could for
him while we remained there. The Dr.'s
heart is a mirror of kindness and philan
thropy. 1 wice while at this place, our pickets
were fired upon, and we formed, dismount
ed, for a night attack, but the enemy did
not come.
Oa the morning of the 27th, four com
panies of the 9th Wis., infantry, and one
section of Babb's Battery joined us. and
on the morning of the 28th, at 3, A. SI.,
we started to join the other forces com
posing the Indian Expedition, concentra
ting at Cowskin Prairie. From then un
til now. resting only on the 4th and 5th
insU., we have been constantly on the
marcu.: jLbe weatber bas been, without
one moment's cessation, the hottest I ever
saw ; the thermometer ranging from 98 to i
i fn : . L i i . ,
iuu ju tue suaue. me intense neat and
the clouds of this fine, black, prairie dust
rendered our marches almost unendurable,
Many, vtry many of our poor fellows, have
I seen drop down by the wayside, from
the effects of sunstroke. I shall never for
get the 8th inst. On that day we were
up in tne morning by A A. M., and oil at
i, with the intention of marchine 15 miles
and encamping, as Col. Weir said, in a
very pleasant place, to rest and recruit a
few days. It was one of the hottest and
most sultry of these hot days. You can
partially imagine one 6t these marches.
by thinking ot a long, 4th of July proces
sion, moving aiong in "Close order, on
the hottest day you ever saw ; increase the
heat 10 degrees, and the dust four fold ;
continue tbat mweb, or procession, from
3 in the morning until 3, P. il.f with only
one or two intermissions of thirty minutes
to graze horses, and you have our march
of the 8th inst., aye, and of many other
marcbes or the I'd Uuia All day long we
marched without one drop of water, and
when we at last reached camp, what did
we nndr notning but a pool of putrid
stinking water, that was so nauseating and
repulsive to both taste and smell, that our
tarnished horses would scarcely touch it.
I tried to drink some of it, but the first
draught sickened me, so that I did not
try it again. You will think this pretty
hard for strong men, but what will you
say for those who were sick ? 1 rode back
up to the summit of a hill where we were
to encamp, and there were the ambulan
ces containing the sick of our regiment.
Their appeals for water I shall never for
get. I have been vexed and angry a good
many times since I have been in the ser
vice, but never more so than when I learn
ed that Col. Weir had been informed by
a reconnoitenng party sent out to ascer
tain, the tact that there was no water at
this point, and yet Ke pushed us on. We
soon learned that we were within three or
four miles of Grand Biver, and set narties
to work hauling water from there aa our
only salvation, ihe next day we moved
to our present camp on the banks of Grand
Biver, where we expect to remain several
days recruiting our horses. Whither bound,
or what we are to do, no sane man would
bazaru a guess. &o tar, our movements
under CoL Weir, have to say the least ot
them, possessed the quality of novelty, in
a military point of view. Here we are,
150 miles Irom our base of operations, (Ft.
Scott J all the way, you may say, through
the enemy's country ; without a single in
termediate post, without any force oa the
route to keep communication open be
hind us, and only thirteen day's rations
on band, and which must, I think, be ex
hausted before more supplies can reach
us. We are here between six and seven
thousand strong; counting tbe two Indian
regiments of a thousand each, and which
in a regular engagement would be of about
as much service as so many woodchucks,
and about as easy to keep in line or to-
f ether. It would amuse your readers could
give you a few incidents of our attempts
to make soldiers out of " Lo! the poor In
dian," but I have not time or room.
Some of our scouting parties have been
at Ft. Gibson, and report it evacuated a
few days ago, but three miles from there,
at the junction of Grand and Arkansas
rivers, the rebels under Gen. Pike, have
erected a new and quite strong fortiffica
tion, called Ft. Travis. This Gen. Pike is
the Poet, Albert G. Pike, of Ark. His
force is estimated at eight thousand ; there
is also quite a large force at Ft. Smith.
I think we shall see some hard fighting
here yet, unless the beef contractors of
Kansas should direct Gen. Blunt to bring
us back into Kansas and be fed there,
Then you may look for a general "troub
ling of the waters," and the voice of a
long suffering and quiescent soldiery, that
will no longer be mute, bnt will make it
self heard. That the 2d Ohio has seen
hard service, there can be no doubt. Let
those who doubt it, follow our pathway,
marked by the graves of the brave boys
who have rone down before the exposure
and hardships of a soldier's life. Look at
tbe hospitals behind us, at tbe poor, crip
pled, emaciated beings, upon whom dis
ease and death have placed their inefla
cabla mark. Think of them one short
7Mr ago, i tk prida and rigor f tkair
-
;
minhood, with the warni Mood at their
hearts, as they leaped to the defence
their country and the rights of humanity
look ut them now, and at the.-e desolate
and nameles graves, and tell me not that
the tetrors of war are alone upon the field
of battle. How few of the hope and
wishes with which a soldier enters the
army, are ever realized. Two ureal ue-
sires are in a man's heart, when he leaves
j a quiet, peaceful home, with its untold
j leaves behinl him all on e; th that is dear
. to him. taking his life iu h hand, goes
i into l.'ie army, braving tlio ii.-irusnips oi
! stern-visa ucd war. The first, is to defend
I his countrv, his Government, against out-
i race and wron'c. and to help maintain
thoe eternal principles of freedom and
equality, upon which our Government is
based. The second is a desire that he may,
by some heroic action, some noble deed of
daring, win for himself a name that shall
live after him. How few are permitted
to taste anything but the dregs of the cup
oi disappointment.
Lieut. iSoi. Krathfl is again very mucn
out of heaKh ; was taken quite ill last
night with the dvsentorv, which is the
prevailing disease in camp at this time.
xuereet or the Trumbull county boys
are in usual good health, with the excep
tion of Geo. Hamilton, Co. D. whose fatt
er lives in Mesopotamia. He has been
very ill for several days, of inflaination ot
the bowels. The doctor thought him a
little bettor rerterdav and this morning.
B.
A Foraging Party in Virginia—Kentucky
Conservatism.
'
Upon quitting the Strawberry Festival.
I returned poet haste sg tin to Parie, where
I arrived iuet in time to start with Cap-
j tain Bob Shortly and a company from the
Conic bection ot tbe Mackeral .Brigade on
a foraging expedition. We went to look
up a lew straw beds for the feeding of the
Anutomic&l Cavalry horses, my boy, and
the conservative Kentucky chap went"
along to see that we did not violate the
c institution nor the rights of man.
" It's my opinion, ccairade," sajs Cap
tain JBob auortlv, as we started out" it
my opinion, mv Union ransrer, that this
here unnatural wur is getting worked
down to a very fine point, when we can't
go out for an armful of forage without
taking the constitution 'long on an ass.
I thins, eavs Captain Uob ishortlv, "tbat
lne constitution is as mucu out oi piace
here as a set of fancy harness would be in
a drove of wild bull'aloea."
Cm such be the case, my boy can such
bo the case ? Then did our revolutionary
live in ram.
. Having moved along in gorgeous caval
cade until about noon, we stopped at the
bouse ot a rirst ramily ot Virginia wbo
were just going to dinner. Captain Bob
Shortly ordered the Mackerels to stack
arms and draw canteens in the front door
yard, and then we entered the domicil
and saluted the domestic mesa meeting in
tbe dining-room
" We come, sir," says Bob, addressing
the venerable and hish-minded chivalry
at the head of the table, " to ask you if
you nave any old straw beds that you don t
want, that could be used for the cavalry
of the United States of America."
The chivalry only paused long enough
to throw a couple of pie-plates at us, and
tben.sayshe:
" Are you accursed abolitionists ?"
The conservative Kentucky chap step
ped hastily forward, and says he :
" No, my dear sir, we are the conerva
tive element."
The chivalry's venerable wife, who was
a female Southern Confederacy, leaned
back a little in her chair, so that her lit
tle son could see to throw a tea-cupatmo;
and says she :
"You ain't Tribune reporters be you?
We are all noes and no ayes. Quite a
feature in social intercourse, my boy.
The aged chivalry caused three fresh
chairs to be placed at the table, and having
failed to discharge the fowling piece which
he had pointed at Captain Bob Shortly,
by reason of dampness in the cap, he wav
ed us to seats, and says he :
" Sit down, poor hirelings of a gorilly
despot, and learn what it is to taste the
hospitality of a southern gentleman. You
are Lincoln hordes," says the chivalry
shaking his white locks, " and have come
to butcher the Southern Confederacy ; but
the southern gentlemen knows hew to be
courteous, even to a vandal foe."
Here the chivalry switched out a cane
which he had concealed behind him, and
made at Captain Bob Shortly.
"See here," says Bob, indignantly, I'll
be"
"Hush!" says the conservative Ken
tucky chap agitatedly, "don't irritate the
old patriarch, or the future amicable re
construction of tho Union will be out of
the question. He is naturally a little pro
voked just now," says the Kentucky chap
soothingly, "but we must show him that
we are his friends." .
We all sat down in peaco at the hospit
able board, my boy, only a few sweet po
tatoes and corn-cobs being thrown by the
children, and found the fare to be in keep
ing with the situation of our distracted
country I may say warfare.
" In consequence of the blockade of the
Washington Ape," says tbe chivalry,
pleasantly. " we only have one course, you
see; but even these last year's sweet po
tatoes must be luxurious to mercenary
mudsills accustomed to husks."
I had just reached out my plate, to be
helped, my boy, when there came a great
noise irom tue lacKerels in the tront
door-vard.
"Wuat's that?" says Captain Bob
ShotlyT
" 0, nothing," says the female Confed
eracy, taking another bite of hoe-cake.
" I've only told one of the servants to
throw some hot water on your reptile
hirelings."
As Captain Bob Shortly turned to thank
her for her explanation, and while his
plate was extended, to be helped, the
aged chivalry fared a pistol at him across
the table, the ball jut grazing his head
and entering the wall behind bim.
M By all that's blu6l" says Captain Bob
Shortly, excitedly, "now I'll be"
" Be calm, now ; be calm," says the con
servative Kentucky chap hastily, " don't
I tell you that it's only natural for the
good old soul to be a little provoked? If
you go to aggitate him, we can never live
together as brethren again."
Matters being thus rendered pleasant,
coy boy,, we quickly finished the simple
meal ; and as Captain Bob Shortly war ded
off the carving-knife just thrown at him
by tbe cnivairy s little son, he turned to
the female Confederacy, and says he :
" Many thanks for your kind hospital
ity, and now about that straw bed V
1 he V lrginia matron threw the vinegar-
cruet at him, and says she :
" My servant have already given one
to your scorpions, you nasty Yankee."
" VI course," eavs the venerable cbivai-
ry, just missing a blow at me with a bow-
le-Kmte. " of course your despicable gov
ernment will pay me for my property 1"
ray vou I" says Captain Bob Shortly,
hotly, " now I'll be"
"Certainly it will, my friend." broke
m the .fc.entuciry cbap, eagerly, "tbe
Union troops come here as your friends ;
for they make war on none but traitors."'
As we lelt the doinicil, my bov, brush
ing from our coats the slops that had just
been thrown upon us from an upper win
dow, I saw the chivalry's children train
ing a fowling-piece from the roof and hoist
ing the flag of the Southern Confederacy
on one of the chimneys. -. .
And will it be possible to regain the
love of these noble people again, if we
treat them constitutionally ? We shall
, my key we skall see.
.-: (.-..;-. ;:. . .
SPEECH
Of Hon John Hutchins, of Ohio, in
the House of Representatives. in
Reply to S.S. Cox.
Mr. Chairuiau, my colleague Mr. Cox
from tho Columbus district, ou the Cth ol
June, in the Committee of tho Whole,
made a mast xt inordinary s-iiceeh, intend-
thereby to damage the fair reputation
of the Thirty-Seventh Congress, whose ep-
uapu. aiter a i.-ishion, he took the pains
to write out. The mod cruel epitaph he
have written would have been the
lollowing, inserted at the close of his
s"ecii.- "I his speech was listened to with
patience by tho House." In justice to
the House, it should be staled that durins
its delivery there were but few members
I'lcseui, ana mrwt ot tbeni bis political
friends. L ne other fact that it
may h nt to notice in connection
h; that it was delivered late
I ... .2. and that it was lintrihu-
let! ii. pamphlet form early the next mor-
sun consequently, i supi oe, most
ot it must have been in type belore it was
delivered, and this will account for "lauith-
ter'
coming iu very frequently, and at
piuwcr piaces. it is sometimes nimcuit to
get the laugh in when one wanta it. o
wiu not alwas come at a shaker's l-id-
ding, and this mode of my colleague sup
plies this defect, and shows when tlm au
ditors should have laughed, if they did
not. I will briefly notice some points of
mis careiuuy written out speecb. 1 can-
not consent to follow its style of argumen-
for I cannot do it without getting
into the muddv element in which ha Ha.
lights to sport. He take to the turbid
waters ot low ridicule as nutur.tllv as the
polliwog doe to the dirty waters of the
u ten. in ttiese rued waters he swima
without a rival nnd fs unouestionablv
without a peer in the Thirty-Seventh Con
gress. He arraigus thiH Congress before
the grand inquest of the nation, and the
gravamen of hid charce is, that tho inter
est of the white man is neglected for the
benefit of the negro; that Congress puts in
pern tue constitution and the Lcion to
curry out tlieUtopian idea of negro equ
ality. 2Iy CHir.igue, this session, has in
troduced .'' '"ken oftser than any
member on this tide of the House. Ne-
gro equality seems to disturb his medita-
tions t-y day and hi-s dreams Ly night.
Can it be that he fears tue competitions
of negro equality. The bitterness of some
men towards a rival is measured by their
iear oi mat rival. 1 will not say this is
the case with my colleague, but a circum
stance to which I will soon refer gives
roior to me suspicion.
My colleague, takes special pains and
peculiar delight, on all occasions, to prej-
uaice and kiander colored men, and to
ridicule all men who are disposed to do
them simple justice. He is quick to take
advantage of a prejudice which the accu
mulated oppre. s.ous and wrongs of ages
nave created against tbe African to crush
him still lower in the scale of degradation.
He ridicules all efforts to better his condi
tion by low appeals to a prejudice which
slavery has intensified, if it did not create.
His speech shows him to be in favor of the
perpetual slavery of the African. He is
opposed to colonization or liberation of
the slaves of rebels, fearine it may result
in general emancipation. Ho fears . that
unless enslaved and held in the decreda
tion of cast, Africans will somehow or other
work themselves into dangerous competi
tions with the Anglo-Saxon. The justice
ana me logic oi bis position are on a par.
The bitterness and the meanness of his
attack upon the colored race will appear
in a few character.Vic extracts from his
recent speech, which I will demonstrate,
by the use of one of his c&iuicexpresoions,
the "cesspool of iniquity."
speaking of the colored people of Ohio.
he said "aa a geueral thing they are vi
cious, indolent and improvident." After
quoting from a speech of Sonator Sherman,
my colleague said :
"if the senator could visit Green e Kow,
within the shadow of this Capitol, hence
forth 'To'phet and black Gehenna called,
the type of hell,' and note the squalor,
destitution, laziness, crime and degrada
tion there beginning to tester: if he could
risite the alleys in whose miserable hoveis
the blacks congregate, he would hardly
be reminded ot the paradise which Ma
ton sang, with its amaranthine flowers.
laughter,! its blooming trees ot life, its
golden fruitage, its amber rivers rolling
over elysian flowers, its hills and fountain
and fresh shades, its dreams of love, and
its adoration of God. Alas! he would find
nothing here to remind him of that high
estate in Eden, save the fragrance of the
spot and the nakedness of its inhabitau ts."
Laughter.
"If the rush of free negroes to this par
adise continues, it would be a blessing if
providence should send Satan here in the
form of a serpent, and an angel to drive
the desendants of Adam and Eve into the
outer world. If it continues, you will
have no one here but Congressman and
neeroes. and that will be punishment
enough. Laughter.J You will have to
enact a fugitive law to bring the whites to
their oapitoL Laughter.
Keferrinz to another colleague, I Mr.
Edgerton. he said :
"It is recorded that in this county a
whitn woman of Akron sued out a habeas
eorpuslfor the writ runs their yet. at least
wnere tnere is coior oi rignt, j to tase a mu
latto baby from a Mrs. Jones, a negro wo
man under whose care it had become at
tached to the pickaninny. In the course
of the discussion, Mrs. Jone told the
white woman that she thought, "if the
white folks were mean enough to have
negro babies, they ought to let colored peo
ple bring them up." Laughter. So
the judge decided. These little straws
show how to account for the preponder
ance of mulattoe North."
Speaking of his new congressional dis
trict and the western rceserve, ne said: -"This
new district, sir, is ritch in color
ed materials. A veay pretty mosaic!
A sweet fragrant nest 1 And this is the
Afric's coral strand to which my mission
ary labors are to be directed. Laughter.
"One would suppose that, in the Wes
tern Reserve, where the profeesioa of phi
lanthropy is ever arising in prayer, in
speech, and in print, where for years they
cultivated no civil discipline which inter
fered with their notions of slavery, thir
would be throngs of blacks. Is it so?
Thou iron-tongued census, speak !
Colored persons in Ashtabnls.
25
8&
So
ol
76
bO
t
ti
&e
Cusbogs (Cleveland)..-
Mahoning-
i'ortas-e..
Trnmball
Geaaga.
Lormine - Oberlin)...
Medins...
Summit.
Total .J.SS4
"So that, in these ten counties of the
Western Reserve, there are but a few more
African than in one county of my district!
Why they especially avoid Ashtabula-1
cannot say. Is it the prodigal profession
and scant practice of humanity? Laugh
ter. Or has Giddings, with a view to
protect property and keep np its price,
coaxed them into Canada, where happily
he is now domiciled ? And there is Geau
ga, with not as many negroes as r uiton
county has Indians I . What a commen
tary on representative fidelity is here 1
The member from Ashtabula, Mahoning
and Trumbull, Mr. Hutchins .speaks for
one hundred and sixty-six negroes; dut
from hi piteous ado, one would suppose
that he represented at least as many Afri
can as the king of Dahomey. Laughter
And there is my smiling colleague , from
the northwest, lilr. Ashby whoe rotund
form is ready to become, like Niobe, all
tears by his grief ror tbe poor negro, laugn
ter; whose gushe of eloquence in their
behalf remind one of the Arab lyric In
praise of the dark maidens of Abyssinia
when they iung-. 'Oh I the black amber t
ike k-kek utter l it perfmmi, by f, i
it
ol
" I am not particularly proud of rer.re
ing senting a greater number of Africans tuaa
my colleagues. I think, so far as the
righu and everlasting wrongs, I am en
could ti ely unsuited t- represent them."
' Uion the principle by which hi polit-
it
der the recent call of the Governor, in r
tation, eponse to the Government at Washington,
. I have not seen the xtatiatim from Mihnn.
sweeter than ail else on earth or in Mar:
iha .f v;t r r1,.!.
... .i n l . .1 .
enow triiLurvu, "lit 1 luuu mi uut
,hero.' Great laughter. Yet, from the
whole eleven counties of Lis district
cannot count as many ntroe, by half,
live in my own county."
chattering goes about their inalienable
cal action is controlled, my colletgue
Mr. CoxJ cannot understand why it
that a BeDresentative should strive to do
an act of common justice or an office
. common bumacity to a cbisa of human
beings who do not happen to behis itnme-
( diate constituant. Tbe whole secret
, his abuse of the negroes is, that ihey can-
"not vote. Had thv the riht nf Knfrnn
I have no doubt he would sit up nights to
compose peans to tneir praise,
My colleague at the extra session took
occasion to unjustly renroach the Western
Reserve for not raising its proportion of
troops ior tnis war. statistics irom m
thentic sources show that Ashtabula couu-
ty, with a population of 31,814, has sent
over fourteen hundred men. Trumbull
county, with a population of 30.656, has
sent nearly, it not quite the name number.
nt this does not embrace soma coiupan
le maue up, and now in tbe service, un-
i tng county, but I believe she has sent as
nimy men in proportion to her nonulatinn
cither Trumbull or Ashtabula counties.
The same i true of other counties at thn
ttoservo. Irankhn county, in which my
colleague Mr. Coxl resides, and in which
ii situated Columbus, the capital of the
State, with a population of 50,361. accord
ing to a recent statement, has only sent
between nine hundred and a thousand
men. This may be accounted for, in pai t,
from a fact stated in my colleague's speeoh,
that there are in hi county many more
mulattoe and nezroes than in the coun
ties of the Beserve, and when theGovern-
ment is willing to receive such aid. very
j likely his county will furnish hef quota
My colleatrue has been soma tim hfr.r
the public as a politician, and he has fig
ured somewhat m other department of
Human enterprise. He bas traveled, and
added to the contributions of literature
by making a note of his travels. In Oth
er words, he has written a book. There
was wisdom in Job' desire that his "ad
versary had written a book." I quote
from the title-page of mv adversary's
book : "A Buckeye Abroad! or Wander
ings in Europe and in the Orient by Sam
uel S. Cox.'; This is grandiloouent and
euphonious. I make no criticisms upon
wic- uous or tue suojeci-matter or it. in
sentiment it-is average, and in literary ex
ecution it is respectable. The first chap
ter 6hows a turn of sea-sickness, but thi
is said to be good for tho stomach. A
turn ju.-tt before my colleague composed
his speech, might have relieved it of much
foul matter. To show the House and the
country the difference between "A Buck
eye Abroad" and a Buckeye at home, I
will ask the Clerk to read a passage from
my colleague's book, in which he describ
ed tho . Pope at service, in ihe Sistioe
chapel. .
The Clerk read the follow in ir :
"While waiting the entrance of his Ho
lines, the mind can find delight in exam-
ining the 'last judgment of Angelo fres-
coed upon the wall of the chapeL' Every
of hope, doubt, despair and beati-
tuae, Deam upon us from tbe bgures up-.
on the wall. y ithin a sacred inclosure,
over which tip-toed curiosity can . barely
is a green carpeted floor and tapest-;
ry hangings, with an altar and a throne.
Seats are arranged for the cardinals, who
soon begin to pour in, dressed in great red
gowns and scuu-caps, attendocl by ser-
in purple. After bows and crosses
the servants proceed to unroll the train
and seat the cardinals. A very hearty ar-
ray of old Romans they seem, with their
arm under cover, their gaudy hair shin-
:ng, tneir tony prows and intelligent tucee
bOHPeakinz cood living, as wi ll as atudv
and reflection.' Most of thorn kept np an
inaudible prayer. One tine, old, trem-I
bling fat gentleman seemed to be beyond
tbe age of piety, but his habitual prayer-:
fulness still played upon his lips. He re-
minded me of Chancer' monk, who re-
peated all hi terms,
'That he had learned out of some decree,
'o wonder was be lieanl it all the dr.
Directly, buff soldier, with gilt
bel-
met and drawn swords rusb in to ttuord
the door. 1 thought at hrst there was a
sudden insurrection, knowing that in
matters of power, as poor Pin has learn
ed, 'there is but one step from the Cap
itol to the Tarpean Rock. But no ; the
choir strike the high notes, the doors be
yond open, and 'Viola,' the vicegerent of
God appears in hi tiara and cloth of gold.
Around him swarm ministers ot every de
gree and shade, of color. He kneels, the
rustle of red cardinals shivers in the hal
lowed air, and all kneels. Then he
ascends to the throne, a fine looking, full-
, , , , .,T i-
taced man, graceful ana aigniuea m nis
bearing. Power he seems to wear as a fa
miliar garment. How graciously he ex
tends to the cardinals, wbo severally leave
their seats, attended by their attendant
in purple, carrying their trains They
bowing, kiss the hand, or, as I was inform
ed, the diamond brilliant upon the Pope's
ring, as a token of reverence. An Infer
ior order prostrate themselves and tip
their labia at the feet of his Holiness, up
on which is a cross of silver. In the
meantime, seraphic music from the Pope's
select choir ravishes the ear, while the in
cense titilate the nose. Soon their arises
in this chamber of theatrical glitter a
plain, unquestioned African, and utters
the sermon-in facile latinity . wjth grace
ful manner. His dark hands gestured
harmoniously with the rotund periods and
hi swarthy visage beamed with high or
der of intelligence. He was an Abyssin
ian.
"What a commentary was here upon
our American prejudices 1 The head of
the great Catholic (Jburch, surrounded by
the ripest scholars of the age, listening to
the eloquence of the despised negro, and
thereby illustrating to the world tbe com
mon bond of brotherhood which binds
the human race." .
The sermon of the Abyssinian, in beauti
ful print, was distributed at the door. I
bring one home a a trophy and as a
souvenir of a great truth which Ameri
cans are prone to deny or condemn."
Mr. Hutchins Thi Abyssinian admir
ation of my colleague, which he has so
graphically described, may have suggested
to him the propriety of having hi speech
mostly in type, ready for distribution as
soon as delivered. . ,
The quotations from my colleague'
speech which 1 have read, show "the
Buckeye" at home. The extracts just
read by the Clerk show "the Suckeye
abroad." This Buckeye Bhrub flourishes
best in exotic soiL There it grows to re
spectable height, and its foliage is quite
beautiful ; but at home it grows low and
scrubby, and ite foliage w scabby. 1
would suggest to my colleague to become
not a "wanderine Jew," but a wandering
"Buckeye abroad." ' In his case, "dis
tance lends enchantment to the view."1
In justice to my colleaguo, J will state
that these quotation from hi recent
speech are taken from the "sun-set" side
of his political life, vhen he is in "the
sere and yellow leal." A few words in
reply to his indictment against this Lon
gres. The events which have occurred
up to this time during the life of . the
Thirty-Seventh Congress, are the most
eventful in our history. 'The Government,
of which the Congress is a part, since, the
4th f Hb, ISii, taa Uy whieh Mr.
.ae:...i i. j i m t ..!i.i-it I; - . ... -s
cerned, the success in the same length ol
time is without a parallel in the history
any nation. The Government of Eng
variety land, in 1796. under the administration
tory as the " Loyalty Loan," being raised
as tho voluntary subscription of loyal per
peep, sons of 18,000,000. The fact has been
proudly chronicled by English writers as
a remarkable instance of the patriotism
ingusb people, ihe loyal American cap
vants italists as quickly responded to the amount
of S150.000.000 1 Napoleon, in the zenith
Lincoln was inaugurated President, has
had forced upon it perplexing questions
ana emiarnuing uuues to a greater ex
tent than in the same length of time dur
ing any former period since the adopt i
of the Fedend Constitution. This Con
gress, as thi" legislative branch of the Gov
ernment, has had to meet those question
and discharge those duties, and history
will record in the main that it has met it
responsibilities and performed its duti
wisely and wt l'. Frm the e -sistent
opposition of my colleague I Mr. Cox an
those wbo act with him politically, thi
Congress hat. failed to do some thing'
which it should promptly have done. an
what he most complains of will live on
the historic page aa among its most nol le
ana oenencent acts.
This Congress found the Government
in debt S120.000.000, caused by the frauds.
stealings, and imbecility of a Democratic
Administration, which my colleague help-
eu to eioci, ana wnicn ne supported.
it jouna it .avy scattered to Otant
seas by the orders of that Democratio Ad
nnnisir';on. it round its munition ol
war, arm-, and ordnance, and most of its
treasure, in the hands of traitors and re
bels by the connivance and treachery
tne members ot the Cabinet of that Ad
ministration. It found many of the Gov
ernment forts, arsenals, dock-yards, navy
yards, custom-house and mints in posses
sion of armed rebels, a large majority ot
wnom were members of tbe party to which
my colleague belongs. The Government
securities were selling at a discount oi
sixteen per cent.: public confidence
abroad in the integrity and stability ol
tne uovernment was gone, and at home it
was materially weakened and well nii?h
aestroyed, and nearly all the Democratic
party in the slave State, and many of it
memoers in tne tree states, were openly
or secretly consnirin to overthrow th
Government and destroy the unitv of th-
nation. A majority of the army officer
woo were democrat had turned traitor
and had basely deserted their flag, and
were in arm against the Government
which had educated them.
The foregoing is a eeneral and b'riei
statement of the condition of aCaii when
the Thirty-Seventh Congress, on the call
of the President, on the 4th day of July
last, was summoned to a discharge of iu
duties. So energetic, prompt, thorough
was the action of the Thirty-Seventh Con
gress at the extra session, that it inspired
hope and revived confidence throughout
the loyal section of the country. Laws
were promptly passed, on the recommen
dation ot the Lxecutire and the Cabinet,
to provide ways . and mean to raise an
Army and provide a Navy ; and forthwith
in response to these measures, six hun
dred thousand citizen soldiers were in the
held, armed, equipped and supplied with
all the requisite munition of war. . The
new and improved vessels of war were
built ; the Navy was re-organized, and its
glorious aechievments at Harteras. Roan
oke, Forts Henry, Donelson, Pulaski, Phil
ips, Jackson, at Island No. 10, at New Or
leans, Memphis, and at other places, in
co-operation with the Army, are the grand
results. The action of Congress was but
the echo of the patriotic voice of the peo
ple. On the authority of law, money flow
ed into the Treasury at the call of the
Secretary sufficient to meet all those ex
traordinary expense, and to-day the Gov-
ernment securities are selling at a premi
um, oo i.ur as tbe raisins of money, means.
materials, and munitions of war is mn-
of Mr. Pitt, effected a loan, known in bis
and of the exhaustles resources of the
of hi power and in the pride of hi mil-
itarv success, and in the heirrht of his
military glory, never raised and put into
tne neid an army or six nundred mousand
men aa nromnf Iv an did th President of
the United States on the authority of th
legislation of the Thirty-Seventh Congress.
The nationsof Europe have beheld these
results with wonder and amazement, and
some of them with chagrin. Our national
symbol, the American flag, with no star
obscured and no stripe erased, will soon
float in triumph over every rood of the
Republic and it will again command re
spect on every sea and at every port where
commerce, enterprise, ana civilization
have a habitation and a name. What
ever has been found defective in the leg
islation of the extra session has been cor
rected and is being corrected, at the pres
ent session. Congress has matured a sys
tem of taxation commensurate with the
high duties which it ha been compelled
to discharge. Thi has been a most ar
duous and difficult- task. There are,
doubtless, detect in this system which
experience will develope and which fu
ture legislation will correct. The patriot
ism of the people has been tested in sur
rendering the flower of its population for
the defense of the Government, and the
croaking of demagogues and traitors at
the tax hill will not swerve them from
their integrity or frighten them from their
patriotism. The soldiers must be paid
their families must be provided for. This
Congress ha had to act upon embarras
sing questions, some of them without pre
cedent in the history of the Government.
There has been occasion for honest differ
ence of opinion among loyal and patriotic
men a to the legality and policy of cer
tain measures. Upon many questions
each member, in obedience to the judg
ment of the whole, has been obliged to
vield up. to some extent, bis individual
opinions : and the individual ideas of
members of what is right and proper can
not always be carried out.
In discharge of those hish duties which
this rebellion ha devolved on this Con
gMss, it has freed the capital from the dis-
i j. i : - r l . - -J 1 .
grace anu me urxmw oi awvory , wiu
iug upon slavery in the State a the im
mediate cause ot tbis wicxea war against
the Government, on the recommendation
of the President, Congress, in a liberal and
friendly spirit, haa proposed to aid by pe
cuniary compensation such State aa may
desire to rid themselves of th' terrible
incubus. As a punishment for crime, as
means of putting down the rebellion, Con
gress is proposing to confiscate the prop
erty of rebels, and to deprive them of their
slaves. Following the teachinirs of Jeffer
son, and the example of the Congress of
1767, this Congress bas lorever pronioitea
slavery in the Territories acquired and to
be acquired.
Against these and other kindred meas
ure of obvious policy and justice, my col
league of the Columbus district protest
by voice and vote, and because Congress
entertains them, he hurls at it hi bitter
est denunciations. I am grateful to my
constituents for an opportunity to vote
for and advocate such measures. Few
men in mv age have had, or will hm an
opportunity to do so much good in a pub
lic way as the members of the Thirty-Seventh
Congress. These measures, against
which my colleague wags bis tongue with
such hatred and bitterness, will be re
garded in history as the noblest acts of the
Thirty-Seventh Congress. They recog
nize the inalienable right of man to lite,
liberty and justice. One cannot fail, in
reading my colleague's tirade igainst these
acta, to be reminded of tbe burning woras
Mark Antony over the dead body of
Cesser ; : . , .(-".
" Oh ladment I thou art 8sd to bruiush beset.
And men have lost their reason.
Hiatory will be true to justice, and will
not "own such judgment" a my colleague
kat preMmaeesL Me istreMt ajaijut
.iv .ir.. : :.: : )
is
A
in
in
his
these measures with all his power of rid
icule "the raw-headed and bloody bones"
of negro equality. These measure have
no relation to political or social equality,
and have no tendency to regulate tbe one
or interfere with the other. Because we
are willing to do jutice to the humblest
;n society, does it follow that we are bound
to extend to them the same social and po
litical privileges which we enjoy ? Be
cause my colleague is disposed to pay hi
humble washerwoman a just compen-a-iion
for her labor, shall I reproaca him
with the inclination, to marry br, or to in
vite her to his table? The right of suff
rage is a political right, and State or po
litical community may withhold it from
i class of persona without an interference
with their natural right. It is w.tuheld
in most of the state Irom foreigners till
tbey have resided in the country five
years. It may be granted conditionally
to, or witheld entirely from colored txr-
aona, without injustice to their natural
rights. The people of each State are en
tirely competent to regulate that matter,
nd moat people are competent to control
their eocial relations. Should the gradu
al emancipation clan be carried out in
the States, and should confiscation liber
ate the slaves of rebels, if mv oolleasue
really fears he shall be brought down or
up to a social equality with liberated Ab
vssinians. ouch a he saw at Sistina Chan.
eL or if he fears any tendency to amalga-
im laat race wnicn ne so despises
n this country, but which in. Soma un
charmed him. I will not object to a speo-
.1 I .. C 1 i- . n T .... -..
iw ior ma peneut. aucn a but would
oe in order on private bill day, if no ob
jection is made, and I am sure no one on
thi side of the House will be so unkind
a to interpose an objection. MycoUeajru
eems to have but little creiudice asainst
the cociety of traitors, and from his rote
;ire he would seem desirous of cultivat
ing it. This may be attributed to the
act that hi system la so full of prejudice)
tgainst the negro, that there ia no room
or justice to traitor. ... The space u lim-
teu, ... , .
A , bill passed the House, a few ay
since, entitled. " An act to prescribe an
oath of oflice." Thi bill provided in sub
stance that all United States officers thall
take aa oath that they have) not volun
tarily engaged in thi rebellion, or borne
arm against the United States. Without
uch a law, at the clone of the war. thi
House might be mainly filled, from the
states now m ret-eiLon. with traitors.
My colleague showed by his vote that he
was willine. aa a member of this bodv. t.-
sit alongside of traitors, whose hand are
red with the blood of his murdered con
stituent. My colleague, and all his Dem
ocratic associates, voted against thi bilL
Ibey do not object to the society of trai
tors, but they do oppose acts of common
justice and humanity to loyal colored per
sons. - aiy colleague in row out in hie
peech the pro-slaverv argument that
emancipation in the West Indie hat been
a failure. This is untrue. Emancipation
nowhere ha been a failure, politically.
morally, or pecuniarily ; . for the reason
that freedom is better than alavery for all
parties concerned ; and because right ia
always product re of lood, and wrong ia al
ways productive of eviL -This is part of
the economy of Providence in the govern
ment of this world. Emancipation in the
West Indies has been a great succeea, and
aa an example we should . profit by it.
Pro-slavery writers and . speaker: have
seized upon isolated fact and in ignorance
of the real condition of the island before
and since emancipation, or willfully blind
to it, have used these facta to the preju
dice of emancipation. An able writer in
the Edinburg Review, for April. 1833. in
an article entitled the " West Indies) a
they were and are," used the followioa
language: "rt "
Never was a more raTFtcaJ revolution
made in the fortune of a whole people
than when eight hundred thousand Brit
ish negroes stepped from slavery into free
dom. When the clock began to strike
twelve on the night of July 31, 1834, they
were in the eye of the law, things, chat
tels, beasts of burden, the mere property
of others. When it had ceased to sound,
they were, for the first time, not only free
men, but men Btamiiog on the same level
as those who had formerly owned them :
The negroes were everywhere jubilant
when their birthright of freedom was re
stored to them. Her. James Phillip,
Baptist missionary in Jamaica, in dcrib
in the state of things when the slave
were released from their apprenticeship
in 1333, uses the following languaga:
in iront ot me Baptist ctuipei were
three triumphal arches decorated with
leave and flowers, and surrounded by
flags with inscriptions, 'Freedom ha
come I ' Slavery is no more 1 . The -
chain are broken; Africa i free!- The
enthusiasm of the multitude was aroused
op to the highest pitch. They wanted to
greet all the flags, many of which bore
names of their benefactors. ' 'Sturge,
Bougham, Slingo,' . The flags were
unfurled, and for nearly an hour the air
rang with exultant shouts, in which the
shrill voices of the two thousand children
joined: 'We're free 1' 'We're free 1' Our
wives and our children are tree.'" -
Could emancipation to such people be
failure? The real condition oi the West
Indies has been misunderstood or grossly
misrepresented, What ha been quoted
as a failure of emancipation ia attributa
ble to other causes, and emancipation ia
no wise responsible for it. The principal
fact relied upon to show that the island
were injured by emancipation is the fact
that in some years since emancipation the
export have been le-s than before.
The chief end of man in- society i not
to raise produce to export, and thi ct
is not the best criterion of the prosperity
of a country. ' When all things are taken
into the account, the fact on thi head
are against slavery, aa I will hereafter
briefly show. The bad company of slave
ry in the West Indies had well nigh bank
rupted and rained them, as it alway-doa
any State or country where it is tolerated.
The population rttura from the islands,
made to the British Parliament prior to
emancipation, showed that in eleven is
lands (the only ones from which returns
were made) " "the slives had decreased in
twelve years by no less than 60,2 l'J; name
ly, from 553,194 to 497.975." According
to the estimate of the Edinburg Review,
had similar returns been procured from
the other seven colonies, (including Mau
ritius. Antigua, Barbadoea, and Grenada)
the decrease must have been little, if at
ali, less than 100,000." What an appal
ling fact was this one hundred thouseuid
human beings slaughtered in twelv years,
that a few privileged slaveholders might
become rich in exporting rum and sugar!
A few may be pecuniar y benefitted by
such a st ta of things, but everything ra
mble and desirable in society must go to
decay. This damning fact was encuh, in
the estimation of the British public to
destroy slavery, Emancipation came, and
in the next twelve years from ten colo
nies (no returns were made from the oth
er) there was an increase of 54,076 color
ed person.. This may beset down to th
credit of freedom. "Increase of popula
tiots.trway. regarded as an evidence of
prosperity in a State or community.
Under the demoralizing influences of
slavery the West Indies, prior to emanci
pation, were rapidly going to decay in
commerce and in everything that con
tha well-beine of society. In Ja-
macia, for ten years prior to 1S30, the de
crease in sugar was no less than 201,842
hossbeads from the amount produced for
ten years prior to IS 20. Lord Chandos,
in presentea a peuuon irom. uus
West India merchants and planters, set
ting fori the extreme distress under
which they labored, and he declared in
his speech, in substance that it was ia
possible for them to bear np axainst sak
JeTW- nMsu4

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