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I i f Si i - -J 5 STERN E SERVE We I ' HRONICLE. VOL. 47, NO. II. WARREN, TRUMBULL COUNTY, OHIO, WEDNESDAY. OCTOBER 22, 1802. WHOLE NO. 2403. Hardware Trade of '62 OI'EXI'.G tr. SPUING STOC K NOW AKK1VIXO T R. H. BARNUM & CO.'S. DESIUOU'S of operating, during the prewnt and coming Kason, iu what may fce called a "lively cash aod short time trade." at very rate of profit, in accordance with the oo ceasitk of war times, we shall offer to farmers hoaaa builders, mechanics, men-hanks. i-teiia mill Ben, kMMua-keepers and all other, erery deserip tioa f Hardware, House Paists. Axles. Ikon. Xaiu, Glass, Sash, Doom and lii8 at rivla Inctaad of keeping the "biggest stock west of the Boantaius," we hare aimed to be supplied with very variety of foods in our line, which will be constantly replenished by direct shipments from the Eastern manufacturing districts and the large Job bins Hoases of New York, Boston and Philadelphia from whom, by recent arrangement, we are en abled to buy at rr Lw rata, henee ca. and fact will sell cheap. R. II. BAKXI X Jk t'O. Jobbers and Retail Dealers in Iron. Nails, HI ass, Piae Doors, bash. Hardware, and Wheeler's Wa ter Drawer. Alarket Street, Warren, O. N. B. Orders filled promptly. Goods warranted to suit. . Attention is invited to general enumeration of TanetiM and classes of goods, as tollows: . Sand Riddles, also assorted Sires. Cooper's Tools, extra 1st class goods. Tile Spades, drain your lots, gardens and firms. Ih. Ohio Agrienltura! Report", now being distrib . . a ted. have a good article on Draining, read it. Oardea Hoes. :. " Kakes. Spades, i Trowels. - Cultivator Teeth. Iron for Drag Teeth. Blind Paints, A Ke. 1 quality. Varnish, tip-top article. Sheep Shears, fcxtra No. 1, some number poir." Caraoa Oil Lanterns, no need of stumbling dark . . nights, be sare and buy one. . Wool Twine. Sheep Shears attention is once more called to Cneia. as they are tip-top. - Clothes Wringers. ... KinaB and Shot Ouns. Kifle Barrel Is and Trimming?. ; Powder Fasks. 2, 4. 6 and 8 oanres. I : Powder F. FF, FFF and FF I F G. Shot. Lead. Caps. Wads, ie. ' To Carriage and Buggy Builders. Bia.tia & Co. J". ' would say " We are in the market no hoase can .. . undersell us. .Never fail to give us a call. Orders :.- mailed promptly. Goods sent by hack, railroad, canal, teamsters, or your neighbor. Bear it in . mind, Baivoa has long been a dealer in this class ..: of goods; is well acquainted with Eastern manu fitctmrara. Boiling Mills and heavy Jobbers, there- for is fully posted as to the market and can just sell at rates which dtfv competitirjn. Dandy Tire all sixes. t Xwe Horse Wagon Tire. Springs Eastern and Pittsburgh. Axlesold and improved styes. - Two Horse Wagon Thimble Skeins. English Wagon Boxes. Carriage Bolts. ' Tire Wrenches, Nuts, Washers, Ac. . Nail Rod first class goods. tweeds Iron. . Axe Bar. ' ' ' Cast Steel, flat, sqnsre and rouud. Blister Steel, also German and Spring. Enumeration of mixed varie ties of jxooils on band and for saleat Bakni m's Hardware Sales Kooms at Warren, hio. N. C. James G. Bkooks would be iiap Spy to see his old and new friends he can sell thera goods at rates ruling, far. below former prices. Be sure and call on him at Har- iinra's. ; ' ' Sdooi Knives and Fork all varied eA. - ' Pocket Knives, one, two three and tour blades. ' Pruning Knives use them this spring. . Trace Chauis straight and twisted. Halter Log " Well - Pump " " Dog Iron Pumps, Rope and Cords. : . lisrtiee Machines. . Cabinet Makers' Goods. Family 6teetyarda weigh right. Scales all kinds. - . - -- Sad Irons Tailors' Goose. -' : ' Button Hole Scissors, Shears, of No. 1 quality. . - Boot Jacks. ; Tile drain, dain 111 House Cleaning wants, such as Carpet Tacks. Tack Hammers, Carpet Streohera, Scrubbing Brushes, rood stove polish, ke. ' Pine Doors, Sash, ' t Biinds and Paints, Ulind Hinges, . Door Locks, " Latches, Hou9C Trimmings, all kinds, Putty, Oil, Glass, . Nails, every size, Lumber, Lath, Cleveland Shaved Pine Shingles, Cut Pine do Cut Poplar do : ...... i t . Call at R. H. fiat-Bum Co., Hardware Rooms, Ifarrea. Ohio. j j i I ! j From Harper's Magazine. A WOMAN'S POEM. You say you love me. and you lay Y our hand and fortune at my lett. I thank yuu. Mr, with all my heart. For love is sweet. It i but little to you men. To whom the doors of life stand wide; But much, how much, to woman! She lias naught beside. You make the worlds wherein you move: Yon rule your taste, or coarse, or fine; Dine, hunt, or lish, or waste your gold At dice and wiue! Our world. (aUs. you make that, too!) Id t.arrower shut in lour blank walls: Know you, or care, what light is there? What shadow tail.? We read the last new novel out, Aud live in dreain-luud till it ends; We write rotuautic school-girl notes. That bre our friends. We learn to trill Italian notes. And thrum lor hours the tortured keys; e think it pleases you. and we Hut live to please! We feed our birds, we tend our flowers. ifoor indoor things of sickly blooinj Or play the housewife in our gloves. And dust the room. But some of ns have hearts and miuda! So mu-b the war, tor us aud you; For grant we seek a better life. What cau ae do? We cannot build and sail vour ships. Or drive your engineer we are weak. And iguorant of the tricks of trade: To think, aud speak. Or write soine earnest, stammering words. a Alone is ours, and that you hate; ro tor-vd within ourselves again. We sigh and wait. Ah! who ran tell the Litter hours, Ibe dreary days that women spend? Their thoughts unshared, their lives uukuowu. Without a frieudl Without a friend? And what is he. Who, like a shadow, day and ouht. Follows the woman he prefers? Lives in her sight? II er lover, he a gallant man Devoted to her every wtiiiu; lie vows to die for her, so she Musi lire f r hiui We should be very grateful. Sir, That wheu you've nothing else to do. You waste your idle hours on us; So kind of you! Profuse in studied compliments. Your manners, like your clothes, are fine. Though both, at times, are somewhat stroug Of smoke and wine! What can we hope to know of you? Ur you ot us? e act our part?; We love in jest: it is the play Of hands, not besrtsl You grant my bitter words are true ' " 01 others, not of you and luc: Your love is steady as a star: But we shall see. You say you love me: have you thought How much these little words contain? Alas! a world of happiness. And worlds of paiu! You know, or should, your nature now, lis needs and passions. Can I be What you desire me? Do you find Your all in me? You do. Bat have you thought that I May have My ways and fancies, too! . You love me: well, but have you thought If I love you? But thiuk again. Y'ou know me not; 1. too. may be a butterfly, A costly parlor doll, on show For you to buy! You trust me wholly? One word more. You see me young; they call me tain I think I have a pleasant face. And pretty hair! But. by-and-by my face will fade; It must with time, it may with care: What say you to a wrinkled wife. With thin, gray huir? You eare not, you: in youth or age, Vour heart is mine, while life endures; Is't so? Then, Arthur, here's my hand, Myheart is yours. From the Seventh Regiment. HARPER'S FERRY. Va., Oct 9th, 1862. Messrs Eddurs: It is perhaps unneces sary tor me to retrace our steps in toe great retreat of Gen. Pope from the Rap idan to the Federal Capital, as is already familiar to every one ; how after being " a i i l I i sevenu times out uau&cu aim surruunueu by the rebels, (once cut completely off, at Bristol Station!) by a series of rapid flank movements, and "brilliant strat egy," we succeeded in placing ourselves under cover of the forts about Washington, this is all known. Suffice it to say, this was aixxmiplisbed by our brigade without the loss of a uiau. Bu t perhaps out ruove tuonU in Alary land may not be so widely known, therefore I shall give a brief ac count thereof, hoping it may interest your many readers. 1 shall confine my self particularly to our brigade, it being the tint brigade of the second division of Bunk's corps, originally comnanded by Brig. Gen: Geary, and composed of theold '"third brigade" of Shield's division, and tne -niu tteg i. ra. volunteers. We arrived under cover of the fortifica tions of Alexandria late in the night of the 2nd ofSeptember.careworn and weary, having been tonstautly in the field, with out even the shelter of a blanket, rubber or otherwise, exposed to all the changes of the weather, since the 17th of August. In the afternoon of the 3d, we marched up to Arlington, llighte, as we were in formed, to the support of Fort Albany, and laid out our encampment in a beau tiful meadow, on the left flank of the fort. Our wagon train did not join us until nipht, sc that our tents were not pitched; but we enjoyed the luxury of once more sleeping between our shoddy blankets, and to one, sleep was delicious. At midnight the, order was received, by regiments. "Have your men ready to march at half past eight with two days radtions." We did not start however, until nearly noon, when crossing the Poto mac to Georgetown, we took up our line of march toward Poolesville, (which was understood to. be our destination ) and halted for the night in a cedar grove, five miles from Georgetown. With the morn ing came a change of programme, we were not to go to Poolesville, the rebels had effected a crossing into Maryland, and en tered the place before ttt! Starting at 2 P. M. we marched eleven miles, passing through the neut and loyal town of Kock ville, halting in a grove about a mile from the village. On the 5th, we advanced and found aline of battle fronting towards Poolesville, placing the village of Darns- town upon our left flank. Thus we rested and waited the advance of the foe who had so adroitly eluded the Army of Va., and outflanked the seat of war itself, and who were now menacing our Capital. But they soon realized that it was no Pope who led our men, but the man they respect and fear, but whom they fancied was in disgrace Gen. McClellan. On the 9th having received the infor mation that the . rebels had occupied Fredricktown in force, and it was Balti more and Pensylvania lines was threaten ed, we broke our line and advance in five columns toward Frederick, at which place the advance arrived, and after a light skirmish, entered on the 12th.- LI ere our brigade was promised few days rest, and our camp was laid out accord ingly. But the next morning, (ice had arrived on the 13th, ) we were formed in line, and marching through the city, crossed the mountains into Pleasant val ley to Middletown. While descending into the valley, we could observe the pro gress of the battle of South Mountain, on the opposite range,which was being fought by the advance under the immediate supervision of Gen. McClellan. The di vision of Gen. Cox, of Warren, was in this engagement, and was particularly distinguished for its gallantry and prime fighting qualities displayed. They were all Ohio boys, mid tcot Ue battle. In this fight, Maj. Gen. Eeno was killed, Gen. Cox has been assigned to the corps, com manded by Reno previous to his death. On the 15th we advanced and completed the rout begun the day betore,driving the enemy through Boonsboro, and in great hast toward Sharpsborg. As we were pass ing through Boonsboro, the monotony of- the march was broken by the presence our loved Gen. McClellan, who roue along the ranks amid the enthusiatic cheers ot the brave men he was leading to victory. Gen s Hichardson a ami tii';isaiiton s columns of cavalrv and liiiht nttillerv were in close pursuit of the enemy, and ever and anou could be oeard the reports of their iiuns as thev came up with the reur-.'uartl, each time further down the valley. We halted for the night about three miles from Boonsboro. OnthelGth we advanced, and took )M-ition in the rear of Gen. Burnside's corps, about a mile from Antiotam creek. Somepretty sharp skirmishing oeeured between Geii. Cox's division and the eneniv, while the guns of Buruside developed the position of the main body of the rebels. They had chosen for their position a series of sharp points, rasing lroin the banks of the creek and extending back to the rear of Sharpsburg in a succession of ridges, each more formidable than the first; but when viewed from the southeast has very much the appearance of table laud, the entervening ravines being in distinguishable. These points or ridges are tor the most part surmounted by a heavy copse of timber, which furnished admirable shelter for foot soldiers, while with batteries flanking each hill, they were all that a general could wish for a defensive position. t ully comprehending the strength ot the position, Gen. McClellan sen I Gen. Hooker's and Summer's corps around to the left of their advance position, across Antietam creek, and ere the close of day they had succeeded in driving them fully a mile. We had lain down in line of battle ex pecting to remain until the morrow, the tattoo had sounded and an impressive silence had settled upon the bivouac, bro ken only by the tread of the alarm guard, as he slowly paced his beat, and the oc casional passage of an orderly conveying some order to be executed in the coming day. Not long were we to rest. Our ears were soon assailed with "Attention, jinJ brigade!" and we were soon in line and moving around to the right, to the sup port of Hooker and Sumner, where we arrived about 1 A. M., and bivouacked upon theground held by the reliels scarce six hours previous. An occasional shot. or volley, in an adioinine piece of woods. reminded us of the close proximity of the enemy, nevertheless, the rest of the night was passed quietly enough by us. The morning came, fresh and beautiful but our reveille was not the rattle of the drum, nor the clear notes of the bugle. The day was opened bp a fierce volley of musketry, succeeded by another and yet another, which soon were so continous as to be blended in one continous roll Tho struggle had commenced, aud the sun that rose shone upon a held already red with blood. Soon the heavy,tones of the cannon were mingled with the sharp crackling roll of small arms, aud the din was terrinc. General JlooKer was en gaged and hotly too. We were inimedia- ately ordered under arms, and advanced in the direction of the fight. Halting with in easy supporting distance, we n ere l lowed thirty minutes for making coffee, At the end of this time the volume of sound perceptibly increased, and was be coming nearer, lhe rebels were reinfor ced and were slowly driving our men be fore them I "rorward, shouted Gener al Mansfield, and forward we went in col umns of divisions, as cool and regular as in a dull, changing directions to the left, we advanced through a corn-field to ward a narrow belt of woods, the battle raging. Beyond and to the right of this wokii was a corn-field taken by Hooker the evening previous, and which was now held by the rebels, having driv en our boys back An open field lay le- fore us commanded by the direct and flank fire of the rebel arillery, and the left flank of their infantry, and notwith standing the heavy fire we thus suddenly received, the advance was made steadily and in common time. Arriving at the front, ployed into line of battle the 2Stb Pa. in front, supported bv the .tli, jth and GGth Ohio. (The 29th was detached from the brigade at Frederick for guard- duty.) As the line was now complete we advanced and our work teas Itegim. The 28th gave a volley from their Enfields such as I never heard liefore ; it seemed as though a whole brigade had discharged theirpiecesatonce. It wassoon heard from the rest, ouroirn included. No halt was made until the woods were ours, aud the enemy was to be dislodged from behind a rail fence, then we occupiej the crest of the hill in the woods aud from this point we directed our fires to the fence where we could plainly see them level their pie ces at us, and fire.' For an hour and a half we thus remain ed, and fought one side with the energy of desperation, the other with the energy imparted by a conciousness of right and justice, the contest was fair and equal. and the right triumphed, i he blood red "battle-nag of the Potomac," fell time and again, and as often was raised defiantly insultingly. At last the line began to wa ver, and Gen. Green shouted "Charge 1" With a yell of triumph we started with leveled bayonets, and terror stricken, the rebels fled. Like hounds after the fright ened deer, we pursued them for fully three fourths of a mile, killing, wounding and taking prisoners at every rod. Their colors fell a private of the 3d leaped for ward and tore them from the staff! An other was taken by the 2$th. We cannot stop to enumerate the loss es at the fence, but must follow our "vet eran youths." Across the fields we pur sued the foe, who again took shelter in a heavy peice of timber, flanked by their artillery. A battery of 12 pound howit xers came up to our support, and most efficient service it did render. We form ed in the two original lines to the rear of the battery, and lay behind a low ridge, sufficiently high to protect us from a di rect shot, but which offered no shelter from the fragment of sheila bursting near and over us ; these were continually striking amongs. us, often grazing a cap or an arm, but as lar as l Knowi aid no particular harm. . "Men, have you plenty of ammuni tion t" "No, only ten rounds left." A de tachment was immediately tent for more to replenish our nearly empty boxes. Meanwhile, the howitzers were doing beautifully,' when suddenly we heard "But eight rounds lejt: lwenty more rounds would silence the rebel battery, but they had them not. At last a caisson arrived with the twenty rounds, but it came too late ; the rebel battery was also supported! The ammunition was ex hausted, the rebel fire more rapid, and a yell in the distance denoted an advance of their infantry. Shall we retreat ! No? we will hold our ground or die ? On they come yelling defiantly 'tia A. P. Hill's division, second to none but Jackson's. We look anxiously for anoth- er battery. It comes! It comes! We are aafe. The eallant 8th Rhode Island battery comes up in splendid style, our . .... XI II ranks opened ngnt ana leu ior mem, tue exhausted battery of howitzers wheeling out of line. The Parrotts were unlimber ed, and "Shell, five second fuse !" called for, and they opened in glorious style. But what means that fierce shout so closely on our right T They have flanked us, and are charging our battery! A "half right wheel" was made and we were partially under cover of narrow ridge. A portion of our front rnk with the colors advanced, and opened a light fire upon the advancing column, but as was intend ed it only served to draw them on. See ing, as they supposed, our number was small, fiercely shouting, they dashed for ward, expecting to have an easy capture. We waited until thev were within scarce six rods, when with a yell, such ta free men know how to give, we arose and pour ed the contents of our rifles into the mass of i is It A of a to of "grey coals" emerging from the wnod Had it not been for the firmness of their officers they would have broken at once.' as it was, they reeled ami staggered tor a moment, soon rallied and returned our fire for half an hour, then wavered. Pel reiving tins Lieut, tol. lymiuie. (mia Pa., temporarily commnanding the bri gade,) ordered a charge. As we started thev broke and fled in confusion. The advantage was followed up, and Co's II, and 1'. of the 7th were sent into the woods as skirmishers, and under the efh cient direction oft'apt. McClelhind, we soon cleared the woods of the rel el sharp shooters, many of whom were made to bite the dust, llio biigacle advancing, we held the woods for nearly two hours. when our ammunition being out we felV back, the 13th New Jeiev taking our place. But the rebels obtained reinforce-. mcnts, and again advanced, though not so eagerly as before, opening fire upon our men at long range. The loth New Jersey was a new regiment, and remained steady a short time. The officers were ev-, idently deficient in courage, and the men. perceiving it, caught the infection, and li blush to say it, fled. CoL Tvndale aud other officers endeavored to rally them, but in vain. While thus engaged. Col. TV fell teriouslv wounded. It was seen at once to be useless to stand with the rem nant of our brigade, against a fresh divi sion, and our brave bovs leluctantly fell back, perhaps sixty rods, thus relinquish ing the woods anil hill ; but we saved our batteries. On they came yelling and exultingly waving their colors, across the field and entered a cornfield to the south, to flank our men who were engaging another divi sion. Their triumph was short, for as they were thus advancing, they did not perceive that they were coming between two fires, and suddenly found themselves nearly surrounded. Fresh troops Gen. Franklin's, came in from the north and east, over the identical ground we fought over, and precipitated themselves upon the flank of the enemy, six hundred of whom, threw down their guns aud sur rendered : the rest fled in disuiav from the field. We were again, and cV.j.C.., musteis of the held. This couu de atart, ol ed the heavy fight itiK upon the right, and we retired from the front decimated, but cheerful, leel- inj; that our duty was iierl'ormed faithful ly and knowing that the relels were de feated. In the first charge we captured a twelve pounder rifled gun. made at the "Tredegar works. Kichmond." and three stands of colors. As we passed the fence, the dead and wounded lav in nn indiscriminate pile and in numbers difficult to imagine. The blood lay in pools or ran in crim son steams. To clear the bodies, 1 had to stand upon the top of the lence, and jump as far as I could. All over the field the dead lay in long rows, plainly snowing the jiosition of every line of battle. Some idea may be gained of the immense slaugh ter, by the fact, that on an area of only 700 square feet, with a frontof W,tijty-seo-en dead bodies lay besides the proportionate number of tconndrd. This was immediately in front of our regiment in the first en gagement, and at the fence, and were counted the next morning by myself and many others. The slaughter was terrible in the extreme. The 7th entered with 150, and had 5 killed and 33 wounded. Company II, lost oue man killed Henry Bacon, aud one wounded, Corporal 11. J. Bell. He has recovered and is now doing duty. 11 is useless for me to eulogize the 7th or any other regiment. It is sufficient to be conscious that our part was well sustained, and our duty discharged in a maunerwor- thy of patriots. I need not describe the scenes of the next two days they are too horrible. I hall always remember those upturned. disfigured and blackened faces every where to be seen um the mem, along the road through the village of Sharps burg, out to the bridge taken by Gen. r.iirnsule, and the thonsuna other puin- ful scenes. We sui ted on the 19th for Harper's Ferry, arriving at Maryland Heights, on the 20th, but the rebels had skedaddled thence. On the 22d we forded the Poto mac and Shenandoah rivers, and camped upon Loudon Heights, where we still re main, the 7th being detailed for headquar ter guards" to Gen. Geary who has just returned. lie is looking somewhat thin. and wears his arm in a sling. Had I time. I would describe the "sur- roundines" of our camp, which by the wav are rather extensive, but I will re serve this until a future letter. As a reg iment. we are "on the gain," although of late there has been considerable illness in came owing probably to the water, which rather deleterious, and the excessive fatieue endured t obtain it, having to down the mountain fully half a mile. is hoped tnai we win soon move our i i . i n' camD to a more lavoraDie locxuiy. have lately received 190 recruits, some of whom have not be assigned to companies. number of our boys wounded at Cedar Mountain, returned last evening, having recovered, John Lent and Joseph Kin- caid of our company were among the num ber, looking and leeling well. But I am afraid I am overstepping the bounds of propriety, and will close this lengthy but very imperfect letter, by hop ing to toon have the pleasure of once more seeine a "Chronicle," which by the wav has forcotten to visit our camp. Our .,1.1 : rv. TK Clliin f?arr lt P.ricr Div.. 12th Army Corps, Washington, C. Vours, as ever, J UL1L S. Our Present Dangers. Forney writes to the Philadel- nfiia Press: "1 know that there are those in the free States who will resort to every artifice to turn the President a proclamation into a moans of iniurv to the common cause. God help our country in mis uer nisi truu. Attacked by traitors in theSouth,betrayed by ingrates in the North, she now, more than ever, needs the service and support . . i i i . i her children, will not her many sui ferines awake the fire of affection in the hearts of those who have heretolore been deaf to her appeals? A strange nation,in the condition of the free people of this country, would excite the sympathy oi these sympathizers with treason. But they are indifferent to the cause of the mother country that bore them, ou whose broad breast they have grown rich and great. Out of every act of the Admin istration to protect and preserve the Government, these wretched partisans fabricate new elements of strife and dis sension. There is there must be a limit to this atrocious treachery in our midst. The people should see it, or they are lost. If the authors of the rebellion, the advocates of Breckinridge in 1800, and of his treasonable doctrines of 1802, now nermited to sow the seed of a new revolt in fact, to lay the ground work of peace that would breed unending war six months more will find the loyal States broken into a dozen fragments, the de pendents of a way to crush and anticipate this great danger. The people must re buke the shameless demagogues who, under the cloak of loyalty, are toiling on the side of rebellion ; and who, in opios ing Mr Lincoln's Administration, expect see that of Jefferson Davis taking its place. The President's proclamation will give these secession sympathizers in Pennsylvania aud elsewhere another chance to show their hands. May it al so teach the people that the toleration of such treason is a certain forerunner of the overthrow of the Republic 1 a a [Correspondence of the Philadelphia Inquirer. The Rebel Raid Into Pennsylvania. CARLISLE Pa., Oct 11. The recent raid of Stuart's rebel caval ry into Pennsylvania, as far as live miles north of Cliaiiibersliurg, and from thence toward Gettysburg, to which point cannot yet be definitely a.-Heitained. is without exception the boldest act of the war. and far surpasses in audacitv and dating the celebrated raid on the White Hmi-e. at an earlier eriod of the war. It is difficult to conceive that the feat would be attempt ed without positive previous knowledge of just where they were going and just the amount or oppo? ition likely to he met with. It is believed hereabouts that guide accompanied them, who knew n vh about the condition of a flairs at Moi-cersbuig and ChamWiburg as the citizens of these towns themselves, and perhaps more. PARTICULARS OF THE RAID. 1 proceed to furnish you with the follow ing particulars regarding the occurrence, the main points of which have already been telegraphed to j on. , The cavali v, about three thousand in number (although accounts difler as to their strength, some parties insisting there were not more than seven hundred of them,) and six pieces ot' artillery, crossed the Potomac at Hancock or Clear Sprint?, on Friday morning and proceeded at once to Jiercersuurg, without commit tini; anv depredatioua, or in lhe least degree mter- lering with the inhabitants along the route, it evidently lieing their intention, at the outset, to spare the persons and property of private citizens, horses except ed. In fact this was communicated by some of them to parties iu Chaiubersburg. They entered Mercersburg about noon, to the great astonishment tt the citizens, who at first thought it was a body of Union troops. No damage was done at Mercersburg, with the exception of press ing a numlier of horses, there being no railroad det, public workshops or Gov ernment atoll's in the town. 'I hey pass ed through the town, autl took the 1'itts- i-urg pike lor Chambersburg, arriving near the town just before dark. hie of their first acts was to plant three pieces of artillery on a hill back of the town; after which a detachment of fifteen men were sent in:o the town, leariiig u flag of truce, and requesting to see the chief personages or authorities, slating that they had an ample force at hand, mid that the town must be surrendered or Mihelled, at the same time that guns were in position lor that puijose. Hon. A. K. McClure and Provost-Marshal Stitmnel then accompanied them to the officer in command; ail resistance being impossible the town was surrendered antt soon after ward fully occupied. Previous to their entrance, however, a number of the mili tia of Chambersburg proceeded to arm themselves and made a show of resistance, but the project was abandoned as entirely futile. Oue of the first acts on entering, was to plant two pieces of artillery in the vnitnw t.( tli. Iait m ...i, .mm I i ,a tt fit-ill-, cipal thoroughfares, and nlacini; enariLs at .I t)'.. .;nin ..111, .1 . , irVi 11 1 I 1 OCCUPATION OF CHAMBERSBURG. The town was fairly occupied about seven o'clock iu the evening. Shortly afterward a large lKirtion of them niuile directly for the warehouse and cars, in j which were stored a great quantity ot Government goods, consisting principally of uniforms and a small quantity of boots. .Not long afterward, the whole town was converted into one vast dressing room. On every hotel porch, at every corner, On the great portion of the street door steps, in fact, all over town might lie seen rebel cavalry donning lankee uniforms. and throwing their own wurn-out and faded garments into the street. 1 n many instances, one man would ensconce Ins pedestals in two or three new pair of pants, as many coats, and with the same number of caps hanging about hin. 1 he streets became full ot dirty rebel clothing. It is a noticeable fact that many T them had on Union uniforms when they entered the town, and a number of their horses were marked 'U. S." i CAPTURE OF HORSES. &C. During the night, until daybreak, a por tion of them scoured the country around in quest of horses, and captured about six hundred. Ten of the number belonged to the Hon. A. K. McClure, and were fine animals. Among the horses taken was a celebrated black stallion, owned b some gentlemen in Chambersburg and aluel at $1,200. It is a remarkably large and tine animal, and had quite a reputation in the surrounding country. The rebels fed their own horses at the corn-fields around Chambersburg. The road for five or six miles toward Hurrisburg is strtwn with corn-stalks that were gathered in the fields and brought to the edge of the road for the horses. - CONDUCT OF THE REBELS IN CHAMBERING. The horses of those that remained in the town were ranged along the streets, facing the sidewalks, and remained there for the night, the riders lying around in different directions. 1 1 is not known that they made any attempt to enter a single private house. The taverns were all visited directly after they arrived, and a considerable quantity of whisky was pun ished, for which payment was generally proffered in Confederate scrip. The men were, as a general thing, friendly, and even socially disposed toward the inhab itants, entering into conversation with the citizens in the taverns, barber shops. 4c. In one instance one of t hem entered tavern in which were several citizens, and slightly hesitated ot the door. Some one remarked "Come in, we won't hurt vou." ' Where-upon he entered, remark ing, "Well, perhaps not; but some of you Yankees lie so." With the exception of the occurrences above related, the night was quietly spent Preparations for leaving the town were i .1 i:i. "A.t.....4 : commence! auout tinjuiii. iiiuiisii bleu were placed in the railroad depot, the warehouse in which Government stores were kept, the machine shop, and train laid to the powder magazine at the warehouse. The stolen horses were got together, a large Government wagon with four horses and two or three ambulances, found in the town, were well filled with military clothins. lc, and each cavalry man had a quantity of clothing piled up before and behind him, on his horses, in many instances the pile reaching np to his chin. Three locomotives and the same num ber of passenger cars belonging to the Cumberland alley Hailroad were then utterly destroyed, the buildings stated above were fired and totally consumed. They waited long enough to see that the destruction would be complete, and at 8 o'clock in the morning the whole party left the town, each man and horse a small sized clothing establishment. Tin Theorv or Love. Love pure and simple. Is the very deepest and highest, weetest. and most solemn thing in life to be believed in devoutly until it conies; and when it does come to le held to firm ly, faithfully, with a single-minded, settled constancy, till death a creed nuite impossible, many will say. in this ordinary world, and most dangerous to be put into the head of a poor servant. Vet woman is but a woman, be she maid servant or queen; and if from queens to maid-servants, girls were taught thus to think of love, there might be a few more "broken" hearts, perhaps, but there would certainiy be fewer wicked hearts; far fewer corrupted lives of men, and degraded lives of women; far fewer unholy marriages, and desolated dreary, home less homes. Good Words. , I I For the Chronicle. SOFTLY TREAD. BY MRS. C. A. POWERS. Softly, tread softly. Tis hallowed rround: r wake a the echoes 1'hat slumber arouuJ: ieak aot of trials Aud sulTerinss o'er. Say be died manfully: I'his. aud do more. Gently. pak renlly t he deeds of lhe brnrc; Cham no a ild requiem Over his grave: brop aot a single tear. Breaths not a siph. Oh. it were glorious, t hus uioudly to die. Lightly, touch lightly. lhe low-muffled drum: fpeakiog another's Lil'e-iourney outran: Wrap in his mantle lhe slumbering dust: Sheathe the proud sabre, iu blood aud its rust- 'Iw,oe the fair laurel wieath, Uoire tbe still breast; 'thus may heealmly sleep, i-ver at rest; 'tenderly, teiiderly. Whisper his name. Uut wake not tbe slumbering 1..: urs atfaia. LutUttoKm. if. Ther Original Anti Slavery Agitators. There is not a man living who wishes more sincerely than 1 do to see a plan adopted for theabolitiou of slavery. lieo. Washington, April 12, 178t. "The scheme, my dear Marijuu, which you propose as a precedent to encourage emancipation ol the black people in this country from the slate of bondage in which they are held, is a striking evidence of the benevolence of your heart. ' HjoA ington to Laayette, 1 iSZ. "It is the most earnest wish of Amer ica, to see an entire stop forever put to the wicked, cruel, aud unnatural trade in slaves." Meeting at Fairfax; Va., July ISM, 1774, presided oeer by Washington. "i tremble for my country, when I re flect thai God is just. His justice cannot sleep forever." Jcjferwn's SoUt on Naceey ih i irgtnta, 1 1 &2. "The Kiug of Great Britain has uaged cruel war against human nature iUclf, vi olating iu most sacred lights of life and liberty, in the persons of a distant people who never offended him; captivating them and carrying them into slavery in another hemisphere, or to incur miserable death in their transportation hither."tetrrjt' Original Draft if the lkclarution of indejH'n dence. "After the year 1)0 of the Christian Era, there shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in any of the said states" (all of the territories then belong ing to the United States.) Jefferson's Or dinance of 17K7, nnaniniously approved by ( 'ongress ami signed by Washington. "We have seen the mere distinction of color made, in the mostenlightned period of time, a ground of the most oppressive dominion ever exercised by man over man." James Madison. We have tound that this evil has on rued .j. i rrru vitals ot the 1'uion. and has been prejudicial to all the states in which :.k.. ..uiixl " . lA.in.vi ILUjU lO .-. J . '. .uvr.iv.. "The tariff was only the pretext, and .., ....i nmf n .Kauthsra i imts.i.uru tti real object. The next pretext will be the ne- ...i .J.it-4.t-v niie.tinii " .. iinlrfin .fncl'MtH. J 1 -- - Mai Xi.. "Sir, 1 envy neither the heart nor the head of that man from the North who rises here to defend slavery on principle." John Handntph r.f ltoanoke. "The people of Carolina form two class es, the rich anil tbe poor, lhe poor are poor; the rich who have slaves to do leir work, give them no employment, very all th The little they get is laid out iu brandy, not in books and newspapers; hence they know nothing of the comparative bless ings of our country, or of the dangers which threaten it; therefore they care nothing about it." Uenrrat '. Mar'nm to lkiion Vc Kalb. "So long as God allows the vital current to flow through my veins, I will never, never, never, by word or thought, by mind or will; aid in admitting one rood of free territory to the everlasting curse of human bondage." Uovry Clay. ' Alluding to the time the above senti ment was uttered, Thoma3 H. Benton says: "That was a proud day. I could have wished that I had spoken the same words; I speak them now, telling you they were his, and adopting them as my own. "We consider the voluntary enslaving ' of one part of the human race by another i as utterly inconsistent with the law of which enjoins that all things what- soever ye would that man should do to j you, do ye even so to them." Resolutions i unanimously adopted by the General Assem-1 of the Presbyterian Church of the United Urates of America, lSl. ' i ! . : j j Talks about Health. EATING TOO MUCH. Ten persons die prematurely of loo much loou where one dies of drink. Thousands cat themselves into fever, bowell complaint, dyspepsia, throat affec tions, and other maladies. Some years ago the residents of a Ger man city were one morning wild with ex citement. Everybody was poisoned. The doctors were flying in every direct ion. Water was the only thing they had swallowed in common. The reservoir was examined. In one corner a paper of deadly poison was found. The stomach is the reservoir which supplies the whole body. A fever, an in flammation, or some other malady ap pears. Look to the reservoir. There you will find the source of the disease. 1 am acquainted with the table habits of a large number of persons. They have all eaten too much food. Nearly all, too much in quantity, but all have eaten food too highly concentrated. Yester day, I saw a dyspeptic friend eating pears at a fruit stand. He said, with a smile, "I go a few Bartletta half a dozen times a day." Certain dietetic reformers seem to think if thev eat coarse bread and ripe tVii'i neck is all risht. Fine flour bread, pies, and cakes, are great evils. A friend, who has decayed teeth, dys pepsia, torpidity of liver, and a disagree able eruption all produced by excessive eating of improper food, declared in res to mv remonstrance, "But 1 never eat. more than I want." Every person wants the quantity he is in the habit or l, . . H i. i . eating, ir he could digest wen two puuuus a day, but eats four pounds, he wants the Utter nuantitv. A man may want a glass of snirits on rising. He is in the habit of driukins at that time. The body is strengthened by what it can digest and assimilate. Every ounce more than this is mischievous. The large eater is always hungry. The man who eats just enough Butters little from hun ger. Pardon a word of my own experience. During many years' practice of my pro fession, I had but little muscular exercise. ate enormously. An hour's postpone ment of my dinner was painful. Now I labor very hard several hours a day in my gymnasium. I do not eat more than a third the quantity of former years. Now can omit a dinner altogether without inconvenience. 1 have lost twenty pounds in weight, but feel a great deal younger. (More"than half of ti.e thin people would gain flesh by eatiug less.) 1 have only one dietetic rule from which I never de part. This rule, kind reader, I commend to vou. Always take on your plate, before you begin, everything you are to eat. Thus you avoid tneuessert, ami are prrnj not to eat . too much. This simple rule has been worth thousands to me. Dio Lewis, M. D. Matters in Dixie. A Mr. Montgomery, the business man ager of the Yicksburg Whig, arrived in t'airo yesterday, by the steamer Belle Memphis. At the "time our fleet went be low to exchange the prisoners from Camp Douglas, Mr. Montgomery visited the lioats and endeavored to secure passage for himself ami family to St. Ixmis. Cap tain l.ulnre, who had charge of the trans ports, refused to bring him away without the consent of the Confederate authorities as it would be a manifest violation of the fla of truce. This consent was sought by Mr. Montgomery, but he failed in obtain ing it. finally he received permission to come throueh the lines via Hernando to Memphis. He at once availed himself of this leniency, and like George Augustus :5a la, ntaue a journey uue -uou. reaching Memphis last Mouduy, he was arrested as a spy and confined iu the Irv ing pii;n for twenty-four hours. At the end of ihr.t time the authorities became convinced that he had visited the Feder al limits in a far different capacity, and he was r.-lea-ed from custody. According to Mr. Montgomery's story, the Confederacy is not an Arcadia, lo Vicksburg, the"foll'wing price ruled at the time he left. Chickens, 2 each ; flour per bar rel ; bacon, oi'c jer iound ; ham, 3oc; common shoes, such as are furnished to our army at 1 2j, brought :Si0 in Vicks burg. Cotton cloth Si per yard ; woolen and silk oods, none in market. Whis key $15 per gallon ; butter 75c per pound, and not of a quality that would command a premium iu the New York market Corn $1 25 per bushel. As an onset to theabove, wages areTery high, but not enough so to counterbal ance such exorbitant rates. Common day laborers readily get five dollars for one day's work ; draymen receive $1 5 for each load transported, in pl.-ice of 50c, the price for such service before the war; clei ks.in mercantile houses are paid twice as much as in the North, but find it ditti cult to keep up appearances on the sti enu.s thev receive. Negro labor is being substituted for white lalor wherever it is practicable. The war has swallowed up nearly all the able-bodied white men, and Sambo is now permit ted to do various things that formerly were outside his line of duty. The doctrine of the Enquirer that this is a white man's war, is most . 1 i 1 . . - X . L. I 1.. clearly proved by the complete anil thorough nature of the conscription in Dixie. . Mr Montgomery gives some interesting information concerning the lombardment of Vicksburg by the Federal fleet in July last. When our fleet tooK position aoove and below Vicksburg there were less than 5,(100 men in the defenses, and at no time were there more than S.tmO within forty miles of the city. When Farragut's fleet attacked the batteries all but two guns were silenced, and had Gen. V illiams land force made an assault it would have found no difficulty in carrying the posi tion. The Confederate commanUers iook- il unon the citv as certain to fall when ever attacked, and most of the valuable ,..nr..l.U i.nnnsrtv in Yickshur? was taken I'lv,'. ... ... 1 into the interior of the State, to save it from the ranucitv oi tne isnscrs. "c.n estate was for sale at a low rate, and an ntar.trUiiiir Roeculator Could have laid -0 i ' the foundation of a fortune. Brownlow on the Proclamation. consciences ot that class oi radical men among you who are afflicted with an ia God, curable disease I call "digger en the brain." Tue only point in the whole thing is this: Xhe rebels intended, when pressed to the wail, us they will be, to issue a proclama by tion freeing all the negroes themselves, 'as a last desperate means of inducing Afr. Brownlow writes to the Philudel- phia Pvai a sketch of his return ks at De troit, a lew days Bince. This Ls what he has to say about Emancipation : "I am aware that my views are desired upon the subiect of the late emancipation procla- ... , 1 1 .. I . ...l.w.l. malion ot the i resident, aooui. u.u there is quite a sensation on this ground. I am a Pro-Slavery man, and a true South erner by birth, raising and education. 1 have defended the -peculiar ir.s.itution' ever since I have defended any measure, and 1 am here what 1 am in the South, having nothing to disguise-. If the policy of the Presideut is, as 1 understand it to be, to free the slaves of rebeb in alius, and to compensate loyal men for theirs, I am with him allowing, as does the proclamation, all rebellious Stales three months to come back in, and thu3 secure their slaves. The measure is useless in the revolted States; it can't be enforced, because the most simple Post office law can't be enforced. 1 think the measure useless, as 1 do much ot the legislation ol the last Congress, but it will quiet the England to acunowieuge meir muepeim ence. This done, they would have placed the Lhiited States Government in tne false attitude of fighting to perpetuate slavery. And all there is of the matter is simply this: Mr. Lincoln has taken the start of Jen Davis, t ain ior manunig uj thfr Government, the Army and avy. and backing them up, as the meahs of mittine down this rebellion. The Admin istration will commit errors, and has done to; and when had we an administration that did not? Let us distinguish between the Presideut and the Government, aud chug to the latter as long as life cling to us. ' About Hair. f!od covered the skull with hair. Some people shave it off. Mischievous practice. It exposes the brain. God covered a part'of maii'sjace with hair; some people shave it off Mis chievous practice it exposes the throat and lungs: the eyes, likewise, say wise physiologists. Men lecoine Imld. hy? IVcausc they wear close hats and caps ! Women are never bal.L except by dis ease; they do not wear close hats and caps. Men never lose a hair below where the hat touches the head, not if they have been bald for twenty years: the ciose caps hold the heat and persperation; thereby the hair glands liecome weak, and the hair falls out. What will restore it? Nothing, after the scalp becomes shiny. But if, in process of falling out or recently lost, the following Is the best: Wash the" head freely with cold water, once or twice a day ; wear a thoroughly ventilated hat. This is the best means to arrest the loss, and restore what is suscep tible of restoration. What will beautify a woman's hair ? Whatever will invigorate the hair glands, t ils and most other ap plications debilitate the hair glands ; cold water Is best. At first, the head looks like a witch, but after a few weeks, it makes the hair become rich and curly. Only the part of the hair next to scalp should lie wet it mn-t be thoruoghly dried. Iio Le ri, M. f. What h.vs been Averted. The defeat of the Rebels, says the Albany Keening Journal, has prevented the loss of Mary land, the invasion of Pennsylvania, and the beleaguerment of the National Capi tol, the recognition of the South by for eign powers, and the disgrace of the Na tion. What victory ever averted more disastrous results? The quest ion. "What beeome of all the pins?" is partly answered by one of the papers in Birmingham. England. An old sewer in that city, just opened for repairs for the first time in many years, was found to be paved with a deposit of countless millions of pins, compacted into a mass as hard as the slag from a blast furnace. Every sewered town would probably fur nish a similar spectacle. Versatility as a Means to Manhood. We are not sent here to do merely some one thing which we can scarcely suppose that we shall be required to do again, crossing the Styx, we find ourselves in eternity. Whether I am a painter, a sculptor, a roe, a romance writer, an essayist, a politician, a lawyer, a merchant, a hatter, a tailor, a mechanic a factory or loom, it is certainly much for me in this life to do the one thing I profess to do as well as I can. But when I have done that, and that alone, nothing more, were is my profit in the life to come? I do not believed that 1 shall be asked to paint pictures, carve statues, write odes, trade at exchange, make hats or coats, or man ufacture pins and cotton prints, when I am in the Eniporean. Whether I be the grandest genius on either in a single thing, and that single thing early, or the poor peasant, who, behind his plow whistles for want of thought, I strongly suspect it will be all one when I psss to the com petitive examination yonder! On the other side of the grave, a Roffaelle's occu patian may be gone as well as a plowman's. This world is a school for the education not of a faculty, but of man. Just as in the body, if I resolve to be a rower, and only a rower, the chances are that I shall have indeed strong arms but weak legs, and be stricken with blindness from the glare of the water; so in the mind., if I care but for one exercise, and do not eon suit the health of the mind altogether, 1 may, like George Morland, be a wonder ful painter of pigs and pigsties, but in all else as a human leing. be below contempt an ignoramus and a drunkard. .V Eiu urd B-iliccr l.yttun. in BlachcooJ. Heart Power. A man's force in the world, other thing being equal, is just in the ratio of the force and strength of his heart. A full-heai-ted man is always a jowerful man ; if he be erroneus,. then he is powerful for error; if the thing is in his heart, ho is sure to make it notorious, even though it may by ' a downright falsehood. Let a mail be ever so ignorant, still, if his heart be full of love, to a cause, he becomes a powerful man for that object, because he has heart power, heart foice. A man may be deficient iu many of the advanta ges of education, in many of those mcei lies which are so much looked upon in society ; but once give him a good strong heart, that beats hard, and there is no mistake about the iower. Let him have a heart that is full up to the brim with an object, and that man will do the object, or eLe he will die gloijou.lv defeated, and will glory in his d-Ieat. Heart is icr. SHE I M sSM A Si re Pav m aste r. That terrible air ing of Anne of Austria to Richelieu holds true for mercy a well as for judgment : My lord cardinal. God does not pa? l the end of every week, bot at the last he pays' Godniaypnt his faithful ones upon a long and faithful apprenticeship during which they learn much and receive little food only, and that in a measure' often the bread and water of affliction. Vet at the last he pay, pays them into their hearts, pays them into their hands also. jjWe may lemember long seasons of faint yet honest endeavor; the prayrs of a soul yet without strength; the sacrifices of an imperfectly subdued will, bound even with cords of the altar: we may remem ber such times or we forget them, but their result is with us. Some of the good seed sown in tears Is now shedding heavenly fragrance within our lives, ami some of'it will blossom, perhaps bear fruit over ntir grave. Tri e Cot rtesv. Manners are more im portant than laws. 1'j.on them, in a great measure, the laws depends. 1 he law e v I .1 nAn-..i..l l fi-n can toucu us nere aim -, Manners are what vex or soouift. corrupt or purify, exalt or debase. t.ariarise or re- fine, by steady, consume, u"""-"- - sible operation, like that ot me ir breathe in. They give their whole form ir.. I....;n: l.l llipir and color to our uv. - -- - .ualitv. thev aid morals, they suppiy mem or they totally destroy them. r., t-ma ami labor are worse than useless that have been occupied m layuig up treasures of false knowledge, which it will be necessary to unlearn, one day, and in storing np mistaken ideas, which we . ..fie. romendier to forget, l ;m- otheus. an ancient teacher of rhetoric, al ways demanded a double fee from those pupils who had been instructed by others: forf in this case, he had not only to ira. plant, but also to root out. 3- Man's anger kills, but God's anger .,.. M an. in ri IK Hiii-rr, .i ;n..oail.le heilhts aud tellr er uuiiii , . , i.i him, as he lies ciu.-ned nu -T ; there forever. Vou are disgraced you have a bad name you can never rise " But God's anger casts tne sinner out'of the prrson of sin. and then, when he lies helpless outside, tenders him grace to lift him to heaven. Soldier's Pass.-Iu the third Regi ment. Wisconsin Volunteers it rule that no soldiers can leave cam), without pass. The chaplain was one day dis tributing tracts; among others one bead ed "Come, sinners come!" oon after the tract was picked up hi camp, and un der the headiag was penciled. "Can t do it ! Col. Ruger wan't sign my pass. smart and patriotic "mother in Israel recently sent her tribute to the ashiiig ton Sanitary Commission, bearing tlu kThese socks were spun and knit by Mrs. Zerush Clapp. 'Jl years old. whoa hands in vouth were engaged iu moulding bullets in the revolutionary war. Keep the toes of these socks towards the rebel. Chestertown; N. Y." The (treat Western Railway Company are aliout to lay a track to the oil region of Enniskillen. At presant, nearly a.uw barrels per week are sent irons i wells to Wyoming station. Several ves sels are to be loaded at .-sirm m with oil for England. B-A punctual man is rarely a por man and never a man of doubtful cred.t His small accounts are frequently settled. ... . ...:ti. illrt'.nnttv in rai- and ne never mens , .... --- - - , sing money to pay larger iienw.m-. Small debts neglected ruin credit. and when that is lost a man will soon be t thelmttom. . tg-Your men are inclined to be a lit tle noisy, observed gentleman i? a Colonel at one or our mi. J;.J?f plied the Colonel, the inlan tr tact.c r f their nurseries were very bad 1 fear. The Wheeling Intelligencer state that the Government h. decieded to suspend the otierotion of the tax law in W extern Virginia lor the present. Reason, it will notty to put the machinery in motion. ir,c-,..v or the War. The Count de P..ia is uretiarin!? for publication a his tory of the war in the United States from its commencement to the battles before Richmond. The youngest and prettied girl is chicken if she is a goose. Why are the Germans like quinine and gentian ? Because they are two tonics.