Newspaper Page Text
L .1 .
VOL. 47, NO. 26. WARREN, TRUMBULL COUNTY, OHIO, ; WEDNESDAY FEBRUARY 4; 1863. Western- Ressmieb !,i.fiMRQSifflr; 1 From the Atlantic Monthly. Battle Hymn of the Republic. BY MRS. JULIA WARD HOWN. Mine cy have aeca the slory cf the coming of the He ia trampling out the rintose where tae trapes He hati loe4 the fwullijhtnine of t"" "his truth is marchine on. ol wrmtn re storeu: I hav.Men him in liiew.ttb Crej of a huuilred cir- They h.v. builileJ Him ua ait.ir in the evcimiE devfi and ilainpb; I hare read II if rigliteou.' eulnre by the 'iiui and tlariBf luip : his day U marchiuir on. I have read a fiery gosix:! writ in burui-huJ rows of steel : "As ye deal with my customer?, so with you niy graoe will deal: Let the Hero, bora of woman, crush the ?ertetit with his heel, . tsnce iiod is march intf on." He has (ounded Torth the trumpet that shall never call retreat ; He u situuK out the hearts of men before his juJg ment seat ; Oh, be swift, my soul, to answer Uiin! be jubilant, my fet ! Our God is man hinj on. Id the beauty of the liliea Christ was born across ' the sea. With a glory iu his bosom that transfigure you aud me; Ash died Vo make men holy, let us die to make ..' men free. - . . While God L marching, on. TRUE POLICY OF THE WAR A Patriotic Democrat on the Conduct of the Opposition. SPEECH OF SENATOR WRIGHT, OF INDIANA. . "" On Tuesday, January Cth, the Uniteil States Senate resumed the consideration of the bill to provide for the discharge of State prisoners and others, and to author ize the Judges of the United Slates Courts to take bail or recognizances to secure the trial of the same. The pend ing question being on the motion of Sen . ator Powell to strike out the third section of the bill, Senator Wright, of Indiana, said:" , ; MrPresident, the bill under consider jtiofi contemplates the release of politi . pal prisoners Under cpftaip circumstances; and', under the conditions of the Constitution,- it is designed to authorize the 'President to suspend the writ of habeas 'corpus. ' Some days since I voted to lay the resolution of the Senator from Dela ware Sir: Salisbury) on the table ; and 1 did so because, among other reasons, this bill, if it shall pass, to the statute book, wjll entirely supersede the necessity for sch a resolution; and, therefore, " its further discussion would be not only un profitable but actually injurious. The legislation lor a great country should be accomplished in a broad and catholic pirH. and. pot be tinctured with party pontentions or local jealousies, or even Jsqlated cases of wrong and oppression. 8ueh cases have their teachings, and they may prompt us to a vigorous maintenance of our inalienable liberties, but when tber ; have' effected their purpose they pisy j.W laid . aside and the remedy be farmed by a comprehensive statesman Bhip.?.I 'prefer, therefore, that the brief period which is left to us of this fleeting gessicm shall not be sacrificed to individ ual cases, but given to legislation on gen eral principles, which . shall embrace in their operation the vast era of the repub lic and the aggravate of our fellow oiti lena. -1 am in favor of the bill now be fore the -Senate as it came to us from t he COfomiUee, that we may hereafter regu late, by a-law which shall not be misun derstood,, that about which there has Keen niUcU ascetbity and conflicting judgment.. It is scarcely necessary, then, for-me to say, that I shall not vote for the pending amendment, the motion of my honorable friend from Kentucky, (Jt. Powell) to strike out the third sec Uou,,. . . ..... T. .. THE FOUNDERS OF THE UNION ON POLITICAL ARRESTS. cannot,. if we would, at that much capital has been made by politicians out of arrests which have beeu directed by the President, or others act ing under Itis authority. Men do not aeem. to realize the condition cf things in th4ountry,-find the most -improper ap peals are made to the ignorant and un suspecting, which alarm their fears on thj sabjecf. Jn the dark duys of '70, g'eiieral d Lee wrote, to' James Bowdoin, President of tbe'Massachusetts Council: " We : must save the community in spite of-lho ordinances of the legislature. There are times when we must commit reason against the Jaws of the Jtate for t,he salvation of the State. The present crisis demands this brave, virtuous kind , pf treaon." No statesman of this day would be wiijigg tp use language so strong as that wEicii one of Washington's Qenerals used jB the war of the Revolution ; but occa sions arise when arrests become a neces sity which cannot be disregarded without ' an impeachment of fidelity to the best interests of the commonwealth ; and I am not disposed to yield the credit to the Republican party -of originating a policy as bold as it is necessary, for in the de spondent days of our infant struggle for liberty "it ' yas justified-'' ' Jefferson and Jackson subsequently demonstrated that it had their sanction, and it ever has had the approval of old fashioned Democracy. Gen. Jackson suseuded the liberty of the press in New Oi lcans, and he kept the-entire city arid suburbs uuder martial law after the British had left the coast. He arrested Judge all for iming a writ ((f habeas corpus in favor oT a French subject iho had been seized by General J ackson'a orders t and a recen t Congress of the United" States; by its legislation, commended that exercise of authority. Firmness, and promptitude, fearlessness in .-assuming responsibility when his country was in an emergency, were among the prominent traiu of his character, wbicji secured the deep devotion of the democracy, and the earnest aud enthusi astic regani, which was akin to idolatry. r ' j tpyia Jfrrf bsos's ormoi. . Jdr. Jefferson sustained General Wil kinson for suspending the habeas corpus in New Orleans on the occasion of pertain military arrests, of persons who were sus pected of complicity in Burr's expedition; thus justifying the setting up of military authority over the jurisdiction of the courts in times of public danger. As late as the 3d of February, 1807, in a letter to poveroor Claiborne respecting purr's con spiracy , be wrote :' " On great occasions, every good oflicer must' be ready to risk himself in coine beyond the strict line of law, when the public preservation-requires it. His mo tives jrill be a justification as far as there l any uiscreuon in ui unia jugai pro ceedings, nd no indulgence of private feellnta." ' . ' . " ' ' ' ' 1 call the attention of Senators to' this language, and to the time and circum stances under which it was used.. That was not rebellion of one-third of the entire republic against its government. ine straiis ot tbe Union were not men so desperate. On that ocoasjon a mere handful of men, starting on a distant ex pedition, were arrested and brought to trial. Now the conspiracy is more vitaL and the emergency more imperious. . In a letter. Gen. Wilkinson, of the same date, he says; . . " Ybur sending here Swartwout and Bollman,' and adding to them Burr, Blen nerhafset and Tyler, should-they fall into . your hands, will be supported by lhepub lio opinion." . ' ." -'' There is toother; passage in this letter which" T jnaj te justifed in readicejp J f this connection. Iti appropriateness will bo felt : " The Feds and the little ban J of Quids, ! in opposition, will try to make fomelbing C 4 1 1 .i inffinitamnnla rtf 1 i I tuft htf tlio rnilitarv arrest ami deportation of citi zens; tut if it does not go beyond such , oftV-nUers as Swartout, Bollman, Burr, j Blonnorhaset, Tyler, 4c, they will 1 ! Fiilorted bv the public approbation." Jlav 1 not, Mr. President, slichtlv lt be er the language of Jefferson of that dav. and by a paraphrase adapt it tn the pres ent, and sav that thoj who think more I of iurty than of country, who seek to ; m ike iolitieal catital out of every act ol the government, may try to make some thing of the political arrests that have been made, but if it doe not l'O bevotid such offenders as Governor Moorhead, Buekiicr, Wallis, and their compeers. they will be supported by the public aj- probation " DISLOYAL OPPOSITION. .' .'-- - 1 -'" Many may innocently differ in their opinions as to what are the best means to restore tieace" to a disordered land, but mischievous demagogues have stealthily obtruded on the unsuspecting, fears have been aroused, prejudices have been stim ..... .. , , . i ulateU, tbe nunas ot many misieu, anu emloldened by impunity, a combination of such nsencics lias brought partr ma rhinery to accomplish its ruinous work. The timid have been terrified by highly colored pictures of the desolation to en sue from a prolonged war ; moneyed men. rendered sensative by great interests. have conjured to their mind's eye a ci gantic accumulation of public dtbt and rapidly decreasing resources; perturba tion of the less enlightened is generated by the phantasm of a disturbed order of things, social and political equality ot tue races, and the ruin which is to result from an utter failure to suppress the in surrection. Twelve months ago fourteen men, iu the name of Democracy, less than one-fourth of the Democrats in both houses of Congress, issued their call for the organization of a party in this the hour of our. trial ; and to this maybe traced the cause of the present division in the North, the bitter partisan contro versies, the indulgence of private feel ings, opposition to the draft, the discour agement of enlistments, the arraying of party against party; tl)ese are the legiti mate fruits of such organizations at such a time. The Senator here quoted the advice and warnings of Mr. Douglas, and added: "It requires no gift of prophecy nor the wisdom of the statesman to discover that in times like these, if there be party organizations, one, whatever they may say, being for the country, the other must be against it." tus raiLApr or ins ori-osiyjojf e-tfqsed. Men boast their loyalty tq the Consti tution and the laws, but deny that they owe allegiance to any man. Granted that allegiance is due to the government un der whiph wo live, hut is there nothing due to the agent who is the representa tive of the unity, power and strength of the government; is loyalty to the gov ernment reconcilable with hostility to the minister who administers the govern ment? The Senator from Kentucky f Mr. Powell I proclaims his loyalty to the Constitution and the laws, but he laments the war. ana is opposea to coercion, Be cause ho believes the Vr will result in the destruction of both sections of the country, and he would yield them lioense in their crime, in. response, to Ih air sup plication, " let us alona." They hare de stroyed our forts, captured our mints, seized upon public property, violated the constitution ana tne law, in one-tnira oi the republic, bidden defiance to those in authority, and kindly arid graciously we are to " let tliem alone, tor we are op posed to coercion ! And this immunity for crime whiob imperils the national ex istence is reconcilable with loyalty ! It may be satisfactory to the Senator from Kentucky, but it is not reconciiablewith the teachings of the school in which I imbibed my Democracy. Mr. President, what would you think. what would be thought bj the Senate; if a man were ushered into your presence who, singling out an individual, should say, " last night that roan went to my house, set fire to my dwelling, burnt up hiy wife and children," and should add the kind and gracious language, " there he if, but let him alone, I am opposed to coercion." Strapee as it might he, it is not more strange than the same language when applied to rebels in arms; who have stained their hands with the blood of thousands. .When Fort Sumter was struck, when the first violent hand was . . . ''IT 'l laid on the puouc property, iuo ouuauiu tion and laws were assailed, and millions were ensaged in a common calamity. A gracious Providence had benignly favored our far-spread Republic, whose moral in fluences Had Deen leu iu outer lanus, anu humanized foreign despotisms ; we were free and prosperous, and crowned with a halo of glory which was becoming bright er with every revolving sun ; art and liter rature, religion and law, science and in dustry, were accumulating comforts and enjoyments, and our Christian civiliza tion" had its inspiration to the ends of the earth ; but a wicked rebellion has dashed the.cup of our happiness, murder and rapine have desoated oiif faif prov inces, and we must " let theni alone! " Such may .be tlje exhibition of the loyal ty of others, bnt I frankly admit it is not mine. The Senator from Kentucky lias spoken of other manifestations of loyalty, in the late elections, and spoke with an air ot triumph of the gallant Democracy " of my own State, and of their triumphs in others. 1 may 'darken- th5 b.right 'vis ion of the honorable Senator; but the cause of truth inflejf ihly requires that I should tell him how much he is mistaken. Instead of the election in Indiana being evidence of opposition to the government, the gentlemen who sustained the Admin istration by voting for . the tax law and other great measures of the Administra tion, have been re-elected by large and increased majorities ; while- the votes of those were reduced wnq vqiea against the law in one instance at least. If, however, a different result had been pro duced, it would not haye excited surprise, when we consider the means the disloyal, so-called " democrats," resorted to fot that purpose. They may be summed up briefly thus : first, to discourage enlist ments, particularly of those who wouy stay at home to vote the party ticket ; second, denunciation of the Administra tion for pyery possible and impossible shortcoming j third", to 'oppose the confis cation acts ; fourth, to create ill feeling between the East and the West ; fifth, to oppose taxation to meet the expenses of the war aud the interest on the debt necessarily incurred ; more particularly to charge that the Wet is more heavily taxed than the East in 'proportion to its wealth ; sixth, ' ' to impress upon ' the Northwest the great value of the naviga tion of the Mississippi. Qver and above all th.ese, wefe loud protestations pf loy alty tq the government arid support of the war, lul "it must be conducted in a certain way and a pertain manner; but they did Wt Venture tQ proclaim that there should. be." no coercion." Cun ning appeals were wade tQ sfptUnal prej udice ; and such arts were not deemed beneath the men from -whose elevation m station we might have hoped nothing would come to taint bright honor. To exhibit pair of brogans, and to assert that it would soon require two loads of corn to purchase such articles in Aew England, whatever may have been de signed, eould not otherwise result than, in prejudice jn a whole community ggaiuii a goferriiaent which Tuu been eDibarras ed by traitors, who seek to cripple it still more by estranging from it those who are still loyal. What else than further ili visions and sectional convulsions could have IxH'n designed by the pasg of such a resolution as this, by a body of so stvled " Democrats: " : Risolotd, That had it not been for the fauatacisn and peculation of New Eng land our generation would not hare wit nessed the ghastly spectre of disunion aud were it not for the same causes, still potent for evil, those difficulties could be readav adiusted ; theretore, we declare that when we have exhausted every rea sonable effort for the restoration of the Union as it was, should New England stand in the breach, then will we cheer fully sav to New Eugland, with all her cupidity, with all her inertness, funatk-i-m, lolly and moral turpitude, wo bid you good by. remembering you only for the wrong you have done us." Such are the appeals made to the peo ple in the name of Democracy. "O Lib erty, what atrocities are committed in thy name !" was the uttered sentiment of Jladame Uoland. O Democracy, how art thou abused by thy lip-worshipers! If Democracy requires that I shall assist in sowing dissensions among sections, stim ulate the local prejudice cf one State against another, aud thus foment inter necine strife where there should be un disturbed harmony, I shall cease to be a Democrat. NEW ENGLAND AND THE UNION. ' I cannot forget, sir, the part played bv New England in the establishment and the maintenance of our liberties in the republic. What is her record in the an nals of the revolutionary war? The whole number of men enlisted in the continental service from the beginning to the end of that war was lOlJj'J. Of these Lorenzo Sabine says, in the historical essay prefixed to his American Loyalists, that Ot ,907 were from Massachusetts (one or the .New England Mates) alone. AH the States south of Pennsylvania provid ed but 59,493, or less by 8,414 than the gallant Bay State sent. New England equipped and maintained 118,350 men more than one half the total number placed at the service of Congress during the war. lliere stands-her record. It cannot be wiped out. ... And when this unnatural war was forced uiKn us, true tq Iter traditions, the men of New England were the first to rush to the defence of the capital when it was threatened by traitors. Sir, I am not a New Enclander ; I was born and raised in the west; but I am not ignorant of New England genius, which is as famous as her patriotism, uer tlirilt and her learning ; nor can I forget how my heart was gladdened a few years ago, on meet ing with an exhibition of New England's inventive faculty in a .distant loreign land. ' Far iatau't fro. in home, among al iens and stranger, the eye is gladdened by the sight of anything American ; and there all petty divisions and geographical lines are swallowed up in the great whole of my native land. At a great exhibition in Pomerania, surrounded by from ten to twenty thousand Germans, V ood s grass- cutting machine and other Yankee con trivances and evidences ot skill, quicken ed my pulse and made my blood course more proudly. Her inventive talent, her industry, her intelligence, are pro.ye.rb.ial". New England ri'eeds'riQ' eulogy from me ; she has been 4 benefactor tq the civiliaed world, and I would not detract from her merit;' but, Mr. President, all she has, and all she has done, and all she may ex-. pect to do, under the blessing of God, she owes to the institutions which are the pride and glory of this Republic. I have sometime thought that wt, have, never properly realixed 'oijc institutions, their glory," 'and their power. have walked in Munich, where the doors of your Capital were cast, md in Florence, where your Goddoss of Liberty was man-1 ul'actured, and I have gone to Sheffield and into Birmingham, and as 1 have seen six hundred men at work in an establish ment there, I could not but think of one feature of my country. Theio, from, the man in the kiwest occiipatidn' to t(ie highest,' there is ' in every branch, a boss workman, a foreman, to spo that each, man dQes his proper work, . I have seen that number of. men engaged with earnestness and ailence, each obeying his foreman and doing his allotted work. Then I have come to my own country and . gone into our own manufactories, where I have seen a like number of luen engaged ; but here is" this peculiarity there is conversation, and not uncom monly vou will ace the bov at the grind stone saying to the boss workman, tin oog is a ;tt(e (qq abort, or that is a little too long. Sir, there are three hundred thinking men in this country to one in any other country. It is to our inventive power, to this national trait in our char acter, to our lree institution, tnat are with us when we lie down,' that meet us when we rise up, that fill up every inter stice of society, that fill every broad, aye rue in all this land., that Jinn England owes her prosperity, and all this country her present renown. With free institutions are inseperably connected free thought ; genius being unrepressed it becomes prolific in its crea tions : and New England present! a mod el qf Hepublicanisin for. the instruction of other communities.: Owing so much tq its liberty, liberty is there secure, Jaw and justice are impartially administered, property is well guarded, and education is universally ditiused. No political com munity of. an equal number of people upon whom the glorious orb of day sheds iU benignant light, is more blessed in these and other respects; among none is there such care fqrnhe grqwrth,' and'de' velqpemet of the religious sentiment ; so few poor ; such untiring, comprehen sive and healthy philanthropy ; such an amount ot wpaun bq equally distribu ted i such promise of physical progress ; nowhere is the ownership of land in fee simple so universal ; labor so much re spected and so well rewarded ; progress in all that purifies and ennobles man kind so rapid ; where the govern men t bears so easily anc is so cheaply ' adminis tered; 'and among whom happiness in the state, in the family, and in the indi vidual is sq firmly founded on an inde- stroctjble b.asi. ' "keave New England out in tbe cold,"a was said by the honor able Senator from Kentucky (Mr. Davis) Mr. Davis Let me correct the Senator. I didn't say "leave New England out in the cold." 1 said that there was danger that Maine, New Hampshire and Massachu setts would be left in the cold if they did not r(brm their politics a'liHIe. ' ' : Miyrrght-ThU w 'a 'common1' tirade that I hfear very often athome by menwho are trying to prejadice my people against another section of this country ; and al though my friend from Kentucky tfiq not say "New Englanq, Le applied the suggestion to a part' and parcel of this country ; and we cannot afford to part with that; ' No, air'; thq republic, rich as it is in all that makes nations great and glorious, cannot bear, the- sacrifice ; nor can the embellished pages of our historic annals beaj such expurgation,, "Liberty and ymqri, now aqd; fqrevpr, ne and in separable," wa U(e sent'men or aiew England's great statesman and I shall not hp a party to any movement that has for It object ita disseveration. Where ever a man lives, North, East, West 'or South, who U iayal to this government, he is entitled to equal rights and fratern al regard in the great family of American citizens, and no disciple of Jefferson or Jackson will seek' to disinherit him. God forbid that I should seek to encourage among my peopla to estrange them from any portion qf 'their 'feUpw citizens,' 'and weaken the ties which hare solorig tmi-4 .vj T Lj r 1 THE EMANCIPATION POLICY. To those who seem to be Very anxious to perpetuate slavery, I would suy that they had better take the advice of a dis tmguished Democratic General of lllin ois, who urged his Democratic brethren to enlist quickly and go into tho war, be cause it the war continued there would be few slaves left. He thought if the war were vigorously prosecuted, and soon terminated, a few old stumps of negroes might I left in the country. It is very remarkable that men who hurrah for the Union should stand by the wayside and attempt to prejudice our people against the decided views of the Administration, who. by the exercise of the power, seek to destroy tho very element of the strength of those who desire, to rend the Union asunder I mean slavery Napoleon and the General of past years surveyed the whole strength of the enemy ; not merely the number of men in arms, their heavy artillery, their caval ry force, the bravery of the troops, and the skill of their commanders, but the numbers and resources at home to re-in-force and sustain the army in the field ; and they struck the enemy heavily where they could most enectually cripple him. This is the policy of the President, clear ly and forcibly stated. He has announc ed his paramount object to be to save the Union, and not to intretere with Slavery. If he could save the Union without in terfering with slavery, he has avowed his willingness to do so ; but if there were no other means to acomplish that essen tial object than by the destruction of slavery, let it be so; let slavery be de st roved. It is the will of the people that the Union shall be saved, and the execu tive authority must resort to the requisite means. Call it what you may, apply any appellation your fancy may suggest be it invasion, conquest, subjugation, abo litionism if no other resource be left to preserve the life of the nation, the rebel lion must be crushed with fire and sword. by the faggot, and death and destruction LETTERS OF MARQUE. Mr. President, in connection with this subject permit me to cU the attention ot the Senate to a matter in which somu interest was manifested daring the last session of Congreas, and certainly events that have occured since that time should induce the Senate to turn their atteution to it ; I allude to the granting of letters of marque and reprisal. , I hope that during the time 1 shall remain in the Senate, I shall have an opportunity to give a vote in favor of a measure of that character. I took occasion in the month July last, when a proposition of that nature was pending, to . give my views to the Senate upon the subject. 1 he Senator here "ve same account ot the action of the British Parliament in issuing "commuuions to private ships against American privateers in 1777, ad ding: "Sir, I regard this Congress as derelict in duty every hour that it abstains from giving to men who are loyal to this Gov ernment the power to take property up on the sea, upon the lakes, upon the riv ers, that belong to the rebel government, wherever they find it, and appropriate it, if you please, to their own use, for in that way you cripple the strength of the rebellion,,'" ' i ON THE NECESSITY OF A DEFINED POSITION. Wisdom and earnestness in council and promptness in execution are demanded. Unanimity and vigor iu the executive departments, julald operations that will strike terror to the rebel hosts, the people expect this, or they expect a change of the men tq whom their power confided. Weakness and vacillation endanger our best interest ; indulgence to traitors is cruelty to the loyal, . The Ceople have expressed to see a sublime eroism that mocks at fear, ami not an inert prolongation of hostilities that mocks their hopes. . . Inefficiency in administration wiil present the Executive, . therefore, without exouse, for ha. has the choice of his counselors, and should not tolerate imbecility or discordant elements in his cabinet ; and the people have the right to know what counsel they give. Without defined principle and concentrated action, the Administration must be vacillating or ineffective ; and in a crisis so fearful, our country and our firesides in peril, the large, throbbing heart of the nation de pressed wth dark forebodings, beats, with anguish, and the' earnest' prayer ascends for executive enlightenment, for the in fusion of an, indomitable wiil, an iron nerved, energy, and united counsels based on a determined jolicy. Without a poli cy, our high hopes will be blighted, and hence we reiterate our cry for a policy. Oh, for a policy 1 ON THE NECESSITY OF A DEFINED POSITION. CORRUPTION AND PECULATION. fine of thp maqy questions in the West, and perhaps one of the leading ones, which was ma4a to operate on our elec tions, was the ten thousand .stories magnified, bad as they are, of the pecula tion and thieving going on under the Administration. Well, sir, war brings with it, among other evils, always this. The Senator gave a number of instan ces, showing the immense corruption, arid peculation in foreign eou,n,triea' in, times of war. " He added in regard to th.U coun try. One fact, however, must be observed, that all this corruption Is riot accomplish ed by one party. In my experience as a public man for thirty years, I have found that in such times as this, when pecula tion goes on it generally goes on by pairs. AS the beasts went into Noah's ark, our plunderers go in two aiul toa eny crat and a Republican,. These headless villains are carrying oq their schemes of public plunder eveu now while the nation is making every aao rifice and struggling for its existence ; evr en amid the groans of the dying on a hun dred battle-fields, and while the widow's wail is goiitg up over all the land. Nq wonder the honest patriots of tbe coun try have grown sick at heart while brood ing over this great evil. A righteous storm of indignation is brewing, and can, noit be long delayed." The people demand that we at once wage a war qf ex. termina tion upon these Yampyie miscreants, and sweep them from the country, and from the face of the earth, to receive the doom of devils damned. I may say further on this point, that I have every evidence that the President and his Cabinet are doing everything they can to detect and punish frauds ; but gen-' Uemen will see, when they oqi over tlie history of other, countries, utterly impo.Hjle it Is to reach all the cases of swindling which occur. ' We may legis late here, we may provide law after lavfr but, in spite of all we can, d,q, improper influences wjll be brought to bear, to ob tain, contracts,' arid iinproper men will ob tain them, and the government will be defrauded ; and the party ojt cf power act as upon eycry sch, case, and repre SpU it sq as tq poison the.jublip mind ; not because that sq doing will ad.Ypce the interests pf tp pou.nty, hut simply that hw Rwy et mtq power, , ' ' , : ,,. I HOW THE REBELS MAY OBTAIN PEACE. If the people of the rebellious States really desire to enjoy their rights under the Constitution, they have it in their power to do so at once tbe door is open before them. Tbey have but to accent pf the invitation of tho President, lay down their arms and return to .their al legiance to the government, and they will find at once that the constitution is the he palladium of their rights and' liber ies. But' on the other hand, if they tie; sp'virn rtiis invitation, and 'persist in their barbarous rebellion, they can ejaim no rights unikr-the eonstitutifww they make - HMD lit to them the stftrie of the Scripture's; if they fall upon it they shall be wived : but if it falls upon them it will grind them to powder, ; . . ;,: . ' , - .-. HAT TUE COVERNUFNT HAS ACCUHI'LISUED. ... Now, Mr.. President, it may asked and that question I desire , to .answer in a brief summary manner wh.it is to be the end of hII this ; when are those things to cease? I answer, 'first, the war w not to cease until we secure the salrtt tion of every inch of the territory of this country. " Dark as the hour may be, who can tell what may be accomplished in the day of peril by the energy of a tree peo ple lighting for right aud humanity : know that many men seem to despond. We hear upon the streets, as we go thro' th multitude, occasionally "a man des- pwoding. I- can conceive how a man might despair on any other subject but bis country. ' But, sir, is there anything in the histo ry of the- past eighteen months nvhich should make us despond ? Is there any thing that should make us go with heads bowed down? True, the wailing, tho weeping,' the mourning in the land is enough to make sad the heart of every patriot; but lias the government accom plished nothiiig? But. .little. more, than eighteen months ago an administration went out of 'power which, according to the language of Mr.- Douglas,' had seces sion in its very midst for over twelve months,, planning for disruption, taking your guns, sending your navy oft into dis tant seas; so that when this administra tion came into power there was - no navy at hand, no money in the treasury, no ar my to fight the battles of the country : and have we accomplished nothing? Sir, I rejoice that we have a government to-day, and rejoice still more that one- half of the territory claimed bv the reb els is now under the national flag. . I re joice to know that we have made a block ade of three thousand miles', the greatest blockade the world has ever seen, and so effective that no nation in Europe calls it in question. 1 reiorce to believe that we have possession of the great city at the mouth of the Mississippi. I rejoice that we have an army, that we have a govern ment, - that we have a country, that we have . a currency, and, if we do our duty, we shall be able to sustain the currency and "the country, and thank God we are living this day to do something to bring about the salvation of our glorious repub lic. . . -.,..' ,i I am no military man ; but if my opin ions were worth anything, 1 should like to have seen the army on the Rappahan nock and on the Potomac stand still. I want to see the Mississippi opened. . I want to see Louisiana, Texast Arkansas and Missouri cut off from the cotton re gion. I know -that there is not a foot of grazing land in the Southern Confederacy when you cut those States on from cot tondom. t know .that over tr o hundred thousand head of cattle have crossed at Vicksburg from thegrazingregion west of the Mississippi, . to give life' to this rebel lion, in the last twelve months. I want tbe Mississippi river opened by Western boys ; as it soon will be, in my judgment. Then I want to see those rivers which gr up into the heart of cottondora, lined with our gunboats., In other word. I mean this: icatl to tee on huiulnd lious ant slaveholJert running one way, and I vcant tee a million of nearoet runninij the other. Applause in the galleries. , It he Vice Presidents Order ! - Mr. Wright 1 want ta strike the heart of the rffirHmn , : A ffact to gt ground it throat ; aud when you do that, and not before, wjU you see daylight,; I want to see five hundred thousand bristling bayo nets directed against the heart of the re bellion. ' Then I want to see another thing done in the South r I want to see the disloyal man telt behind. our armies as tbey advance, uentiemen may talk about conciliation; they may talk about this i.olicT and the other; but you must come to it sooner or later. : This may be a war of extermination ; but this country has to be saved, cost what it may. . If. the army had cut off the railroads in the South when it had possession of them f if the fire, and sword, and tbe fagol. if necessary, had . been used to. take the means of the rebels out of their poss.04: sion, you would iiave been, nearer peace to-day than you, are.: ' " Sic, I thank God for another thintr. it is that we have now a General in the. ar my who is equaL, believe, to the present emergency; one who 13 fighting for his country, and not for the Presidency. ' I am glad to know that - we have a General who can show that by uis srde one or more of his staff officers have fallen ; a General who dare,' in the dark moment of this late terrible battle; "which haa thrilled the country, fly through the midst of the conflict, heading, iq the trying, trembling moment, with Napoleonic courage, his heroic cavalrymen, and lead them thro' game lind sword to a crowning and glori ous viotory. ' I will give his name.' . It is General. Rosencrans, the hero of Murfrees- boro. f Applause in the galleries.! - , , I - I ' i , ; .,. NECESSITY OF THE UQ18.. , ., Mr. President, lleaven only knows what may grow out pf this war ; but if it should result in bringing up the manhood 6f the nation, and "the patriotism of the aation. tt will he a rich and happy consn- mation. . In conclusion, what is the demand of the hour? What Is the prayer that leaps this day from all the hearts of the loyal people of tbe whole, land r it is, U I may -; here answer the interrogatory, that that those who ayq lu authority should feel as the? feel, a profound, intense - ap preciation of the perils that environ our national life, and for all to rise to that grand elevation, that sublime cojiseious- nota, that we are a nation and not a par ty ; that this great war is being prosecu: ted. not for Party aggraridisment nor men wboare partisans, but for national preser vation, honor, greatness, perpetuation arid power; teaching,, through eyciy act, the great mind and hiart of the American poplej our national existence as supreme over party, supreme over every other in terest, and, that no power, no Interest should stand, i the way of our nation's Unity, her laws and constitution, which a wioked rebellion is trying to destroy; ' ' Whatever may be the end of this ter rible contest, J at least have the consci ousness of knowing that in every, act,, from the time 1 left the old world tq this moment, I have attempted, ia ury hnmble way.i.toi sustain, tht' Ini power; and to sustain, my country in this its trying hour. bave entered no party caucus ; I have known no party name; 'and God, being my judge, I will not until we have a coun try redeemed, adaveir- .A thoughtful, Dutchman suggests that Dc. Watts was thinkingof Holland, -when he wrote the kymn commencing '.Hark freiu the. tombs a . doleful sound I Mine ears (mynheers) attend the cry.' . - Another Brat.. How odd it is," said Pat, as he trudged along on foot one hot, sultry day, "that a man never meets a team going the -ame way as he is. The se'nsitive.'ac'tqr, who couldn't stay, in the snme room with, tea urn .on' aq count of iU hissing, has been killed by p burst of applause).. .. ., ,, u-- v i m l- The best dowry to. advsnce the mar riage of si yewig aly Js to have in hfr countenance mildness, in tier speecn wis dom,' and fn her behavior modesty.' 'i 1 " Th fact' thai irHen aid: blue ara, the rpf attractive colors, reason why me-V"' . ' . .. . . i WOLF AT THE DOOR. BY MRS. A. M. P. ANNAN. Tn'ta tirinl. dear mothar. Tonr rheok it eu'tte Date; Won't you lay down your sewing, and tell me a tale M larie trt tent. In tn rooa iimea ol era. Rich ba' and jewels and purse of cold? : Not ob.iHi' litflo Riding-Hood eroin the moon Was the . .iihalshemet like oar wolf tt the door? Shall w scier walk oat where the heuses so tall Have lace o'er eaeh window. and lamps in each hall? Y here the eurly-haired ehildrea play over Ibe Brai? . We might hear their fay laughter and talk as we'd pass, - , : Most you sit here and work tilt your finsers ar sore? . ..-..---.- think we mieht stand by the wolf at the door 1 I'll lay dr:Tn your work oh, how warm it will be My nice liitl cloak I why I thoofht 'twas for me I Once always in garments as nue I was dresaed, , But I shan't ask for this if you think 'twould be best : ' - ' v ', 't - Yet I can't nnJeratanJ what yoa told me before. That it might, for a while, keep tbe wolf from the door. .. i ., . . -. i . .1 . " . . The elothe I hare on are so thin and so woret ' try to be thankful they never are torn : . But I should like sorao new ones with tassel aad braid, . And sleeking nut thmnken. nor fMed, nor frayed. And a pair of new shoe how they'd creak oa the floor I But then he mUiht hear them th wolf at tha-door! Bv the lizht of th lamo thatihinea over the way. wine And the shadows that flit o'er the gleam on the wall . . They frighten me, eoming so sbapelem and tall; Un. now 1 would beg tor a eanule once more, If you thought he'd not see us the wolf at the floor i And the fire oa tbe hearth, it ha died away aniti Won't you kindle a new one, dear mother.to-aight? LKn t you love tne son name as tney crackle and flow ? . i ... . . They would warm your poor hands, that are cold And the kettle would ling hark I u that th as tne snow r .. . wind's roar ? Oh, mother! 1 fear 'tis the wolf at the door I Well, hear me my prayer, and I'll lie down ia bed. And while your arm is passed under my head. Won't veu tall me again to be truatine and brarev Though I march over thorn on my way ,to th grave ? ' To keep sin from my heartiest it eat to th oore , Hear mother, is sin like tne won at tne door 7. .1 , l-.'i .,: . i.-i'. And tell me of mansions still grander than those . bar tne neb children play and th gras greenly rrows: r Where they'll give me bright robes, and" a' crown for my-head.: - ' . J And on fruit from the garden of God 111 be fed: Oh, -mother t to think there we'll live evenuare, -- Ana be in no loar ol tne wou at in door i ; - -. ' Our u Th Chronology of the 1860. Meeting of South Carolina Seces- ' ."' sion Convention.' '; i- "Tee.'17 Secession Ordinimce passed, ' ' '.'2f Major Anderson moves) hutorce? it .! from fort Moultrie tor ort sum- .. . ter ton the night of) ' "V"" '26 Jno. B. Floyd resigned positiori as- ;i ;" bocretary .qf Wat, . ; .: , " I '29 .1861. ,.!i t,yu.A.k.s. t, Senator Benjamin's farewell aeces ii,- ( sion speech in Senate. , ..... Jan. I Departure or outn Carolina Com missioners from Washington. - f .4 Buchanan's Fast I -" - ' - Mississippi Convention, passed Or. . dinance ot secession, i , Star of the West, fired on from Fort Moultrie,'" - ' Florida and Alabama passed Ordi nance of secession, , r i It Mr. Seward's speech in the Senate ? 121 Navy yard -at Pensacola seized by . the rebels; " ;. ' Secession Ordinance passed by the 1 Georgia Convention.: ,nn 1 ' i 19 ,. 21 Jeff. Davis withdrew from, the, , Senate, Louisiana passed Ordinance of Se-' oesaioB,. i -.-j.-.- '. i 26 SMinL. and Cuatool UoliM i-j seized at New Orleans, ,: 31 Montgomery " Convention organ- ized, '- ' ' Feb.Ti Peace Convention organized at' '"'"' Washington, : . --i :'- 5 Jeff Davis elected President and i . . . . 'Alex.' tl. Stephens Vice Presi-,. ; dent of the Southern Confede- J : -racy by the Montgomery Con vention, , .; i i .u-. -- 44 -8' Jeff Davis inaugurated, I. .i- "-,18 President Lincoln arrived 'in Washington, "23 Texas declared out of the Union, Mar. 4 Commissioners from the : Mont- ' gomery Government left Wash-. -i mgton , .... . . . : Apr. ii Attack on Sumter. :12 15 President's eall for 73,000 men," Arsenal at Harper's Ferry burnt. First troops arrived at: Washing . ton' - .' - .. .: , Massachusetts troops attacked in Baltimore, '--'- 4 ' New Vork 7th' reg't started for Washington, . , -Gosport navy yard abandoned 21,000 stand of arms taken by III- -18 -.1 - 1S 10 J9 ;ii30 Inois troops from St. Iqms Ar senal, ; ; ' " -25 Capture of Camp Frost at St. Lou- -U, by Gen. Lyon, i . May 1 Gen. Butler enters Baltimore, " 13 Ordinance of Secession pasjed by " ' North Carolina Convention, ' " 20 Telegraphic - despatches . seized . .i : throughout the North, . ,. j ", 20 Death of Col. Ellsworth, ". , . . ', " 24 Capture of Alexandria,' " 1 -;' 24 IJeutj Tompkins' dash to Fairfax ' ' Court House, , , :.'..': - 31 Battle of Phillippiy AVestern V ir ginia, ' " " June 3 Border State Convention met at Frankfort, Ky ' Battle of Big Bethel . i. Western Virginia Convention met at Wheeling, , Fast day in Rebel States, 1 ' Harper's Ferry evacuated, ,; '" ' Massachuaetts: 1st Regiment, Col. Cowdin, left Boston fox. seat qf war, .' .' . Ohio troops fired on from masked battery at Vienna, 1 "" Battle of BooneyUle, Miaoari, ' Marshal Kane arrested, . The Sumter 'csoajwd from New Orleans," 1 ' -' " "Z Battle of Falling Waters Western, Virginia, , -.; '.i.i.1 ) Congress met, ,. ,' ..n i Battle of Carthage," Missouri',' , Battle of Rich Mountain, Western 'Virginia,.: I ., .:: -.:,r' " Battle of Qarrick's Ford,iWerB Virginia .- -. ' J17 17 29 July 2 if 44 5 ' f t ' ";14 Advance from Washington toward ,. , Manassas,- - -'; : " 16 Battle of Blackburri Ford, ' ":" 18 Battle of Bull KUn. i -.. m- i 21 Gen. Fremont arrives at St. Louis, " 25 Gen. McClollan arrives - Wash ington, , -.ii .7 " 27 BatUe of Vug Spring. Missouri, ., Aiig. -2 HamrJ tonburnt, i-x. i : "r-jf. Battle o Wilson's- Creek; death : of Gen. Lyon, ., 1 f, ii t -..:. The Banks agree .to Uk0,0U0,- 000 of government loan,-; Gen. Fremont's Proclamation, v; . Capture of Forts at HaUeras,,'-,-: .; Gen. Grant take Doaseesksa of. Pa- . to ! " . 12 29 "t,-20 ducah, , . -jitit.:!,."':!. l.a.t it Sp 6 Battla of feummersvillei Western .?- . Virginia. ... .! .:. (,!",. r I-A ".il 1ft jhe President modifies EremontTs it'' ' prochunation '-: ,;a! jti ' '! fco.'U Battle of Cheat, Mountain, VestnA - em Virginia. ! 1 ..,-.,. - 4:i vd ,-14 Surrender of Lexington, Missouri. ?, 20 NaUonal Fast, - Munson's Hill .evaeuated.- . -.- ;"i 28 Wilson's Zouaves attacked qn San t ' 1. v, . to Rosa Island, . 11 :,Ocl.10 Attack on eur fleet at. mouth of . n Mississippi, .. ,f r -.i:.i 1 -i t dft 12 lUitle of lull's DUiir. andxdeatb 1 t J ...of Senator Baker, t " - 1- 'l '.'21 Zagonyi's charge at SpringfiekL " 21 dm. McClel lan PDoin toil fine:u: ? ' ' - al-in-Chief.,., !... -..-..t :-;r 9.-1 " 2Jot 1 jien. Fremqa t'a removal Iron hii .1 : 1 I command. ... Battle of Behnojit, Missouri. ...iia'i 1 .3 (japtureoi rort Aoyai, o, .; -1. cuiOliti- Z- ' f ' The -.-.,'.! r-resiqent The Gen. The The ' ! Gen.' Tbe Gen. Gen. ; Gen. - - Newn ' Van The - ' The Gen: - St. . Holly a -" .--it , Great '-Murfreesboro4' . Kev ami oaote nr,l In hr) We l,rl any for sion first tie bn-.rnost r; St, il-j.i-T)I Fast'in Bebel States, ' ' ' " ,"' "15 News of thecaptureof Mason arid - Slidell ?-.-; :-: ! , - v - . " ReUUs attack Fort Pickens,. - 2223 Coneress mef..' : Dec, Gen. Phelps landed troops at Ship ' Island. i . .-! io - '- "' '- Island. Battle at Cam p. Alleghany, i I'" Stone fleet sunk in Charleston bar - bor,' '.' " , ', . : f. Battle of DrairiesviHer News of -settlement of the Trent ' affair,.. :, .''.-.. ,-. -. ! '20 :27 ,) : ..j.-. , f ,.1SG2. --.'.i i . :.'! Gen, Burnside's -fleet sailed .from' Annapolis.. . . ., . . Jan. Col. Garfield defeats Humphrey Marshall. Secretary Cameron ' retires from" the Cabinet,, (about) Battle of Mill Spring, death of "13 Zollieoffef, .' "; Expulsion of Mrl Bright, of Indf- '," "ana frrlm the Senate, (about) ' '' Capture of Fort Henry, .. -:-i Feb. " Roanoke Island,.' , , ''""' :.'' Fort Donalson, - .'.' " , Nashville occupied, '(about) ' ''. '" Battle of Pea Ridge " I Apr.6,7 Destruction., of the Cumberlanu- and Congress by the Merrimac, Manassas evacuated by the rebels, Capture of Newborn, Evacuation' ol New Madrid! by the rebels, (about) J Battle of Winchester- ; . Battle of Shiloh, ... Mar. 6, 7 Surrender of Island Na. 10 toCom, " Foote, ; i t. : - -.. : j ' - " 7 Surrender of Fort'Pulaski,', Com. Farragut runs by FortarhilT lip and Jackson, " j . , fleet before New Orleans, Evacuation of Yorktown,' Battl of Williamsburg, . : i .- ' "' . 23 "" '25 May 3 ," 5 General Wool akes possession of ; Norfolk, .'".', " Battle-of West Point, !- '-! ' H Gen. Kuri tor's proclamation issrtetf jat.Hiltor ileati, t. A . ;-J i Naval Battle p-ir Fort Wright on I -. ""th6 Mississippi,' . " Merrimac blown up, '". ?l Robert Small runs steamer Planter outef Charleston.! ... :' . r. Monitor and Galena repulsed; ""hear Fort Darling, on James river; ' '-". rT' Hunter's proclamation annnUed by the President,, t , ,t . ; ,. Federal. . victory . at Lewjsburg, Western' Virginia. ' . " . "-'' 13 oi.: Kenley's 1st Md. Reg't rout- ec at front, itonra,' " Banks retreats through Win chester, . ,, , , , r . Battle of Hanover Court House, vacuajkn of Coririlll, -: '" UatUe- of SfiT Oaks, May 31 and June I narval victory at Memphis, 6 Battle of Cross Kys. ..6 Battle of Porf Republic,". Rebel raid at White House, rear' 8 MeCleUaa.'s army T. :- " : Kawetse at Jimes Island nur . w Charleston, President visits Geri '. Scott, Ffemtrntiuperseded by Gen. Pope, Great battles in front of Richmond, 26 i: f June 26 July i i.incoin calls tor 00,000 , ''volunteers, ' ''' ' 1 " Congress adjourns, ; - '-, L' '' rebels attack Murfreesboro', ' ' Pope takes Aonunand of tho , Army of Virginia. ... rebel iron-clad gunboat .'Ar-' ssdmu suece"s ii-TaTiig cur Beet to VJOKsburg, . . " 16 President calls for 200,00t militia, ' . ( Aug. , 4 Battle of Batori Rouge, 1 ' V - 5 Citizens liable to a draft prohibit ed from leaving their State or ': " county, . i, .... , .. ; , ' " 8 Battle of Cedar Mountain, . " 9 Pope began his retreat from th Rapidan, ' " '" 27 Battles at and near Bull Run, 28,29,30 Battle at Richmond, Kj, Battle or lhantilly, Sept. Martial law 'at Cincinnati, rebel army crosses the Poto- ; ' macr., r t ;. 1 . - ; ''. ..4 Battle at, Washington, N..C, .. , . - " 5 Battle of bouth Mountain, 44 14 Surrender of of Harper's Ferry, ' 44 15 17 .22 , 23 3,4 ; 8 Battle of Antietam, - 4 4 ' Proclamation of Emaocipation, ' " Davis shoots Gen. Nelson at. Louisville, ' " "',,,- . , " Battle of Oorintlr, " ,''' Oct Battle at PcnTville,' Ky:;' 4- - 44 Stuart's cavalry'iraid into Penn- i - sylvania, , . W.I2 ictory at Maysviue, Ark., . j " Mitchell's attack upon the , ' South CarolinS Railroad,- - ' Bqell reliored of - his - eom- : mand in Ken., and : Gen. - Rose-. crans appointed in his place, r " of depredations of the Ala-' bam near our eoast, -' Nov Negro .troops engaged, at' King's - Bay.. Ga,, x ,a . .. : ;, Nov. Dorri, Price and Lovell da-. , feated at Corinth, M;ss., " Mass. 41s, 43d,4th and 4Cth :? ' Regiments leave Boston for the ' irar' : 1 j - :' !i -" President's Sabbath Proclama tion,""' - oi'' ,44 McClellan superseded by Geni Burnstde. I J .1 ' " Mary's, Ga., destroyed by the : . Mohawk,' ...,.,1 : ,- " Imboden routed in Western Va., " 23 '4 " 1 9 44 10 - 13 - Spring9,: Kyi, occupied by Grant's forces, ' M-i-i-.ii Burnside -demands the surrender .' of Fredericksburg. 21 Secretary'of War issues an order lor retensmg political prisoners, i Message of President Lincoln re- ' ' ' commending alteration of the - - Constitution, f Dec. . I Burnfide crosses the RarVpahnnock, " Repulse of Burnside at Fredericks- ' burg, 1 Battla of Kinston, N. C, , r .,i ' ' ' WhitehaU, " ' . GenBariks fmpersedes Gen. Butler New Orleans. 41 4 ' 12 - x 13 14 .16 -16 17 Bo.tUa.of Goldsborough; 2. C ',i4 Desperate but abortive assaults uoon 1 . Vicksburg,' ... M 1 23, 29 Battle hi Tennessee, near "'' '-1 30, 13 iu ! w!.iii " "' ' ' '" The Record of the Year Against Rebellion t.i'.j- beiiioit, v.-- :,,i Tb XeTarl Times publishes a ehronol- of the war eytaUajotiWthA year 1862, gives a summary, jroiu nmuu the following interesting para- t thomrin the change wnicn tne i,i.ainnnih .nasvwroosbt in- our favon every material particular :we are vasi- htar otlU than we1 were ' year- ag. eherished hopes then, bat w are; im- measotably bette -eatittea wootonow. .f;litmrilu hnw Atanus nr. A Tear io no not won on land a single Dai tie 01 aeaount. -Hatteras and Hilton Head, . . , J1.J MM,M'1W wHicn wo ars noo-1 , . ,. -, isxhere-all that -relieved 'a? dismsi catalogue of disaster-. J? It was Jtot vnul iu,k : l.nnni trial. we gaiBoauw eameTf futare'soooesaj m 4he bat- of if ill Stwingv.rono taeu H ponderasioe ot vkitortei en ' our de has mark-Kl. - -Regard ac-too-irw. Ka nrinoinal enpacemotita. In tne u'khx,: tnit Snrinss? Forft' Henry,-Fort TW.iaor.jmd RoatoOk. Iskd, ail ttroUt rw .1 fTtt il-:iSrns.oKew Madrid r- Pea Xwhem. WinchestJ Santjf Fi TrU,.,l KniTi.rttiabariIJUBdina,.f,Ort wJrKt.;;:Fort MWorf. Fart Jack and Philip, w&klgef-ort,. V,":!r-i-r 1 ; nnIl -MM-t-T-cV't -Ja-U ' 16 2 13 0 Front Royal, and', thft'other figtfj when, with overwhelming force,' they pursued Banks vp. the h warKhjaiL. : In' the So ta mer, Fair Oiks, ileinpuis Bate Rcage anu ross iveys, all to cur advantage. . 1 thq-seven days,1 battles before Bich inondv consequent npo-th transfer of .our base, frojg the-PanTaakey'io'-.:the ' JamesRLver, beiBning with Gaines' Jiiils and ending wUh iLiIvera Hill, according to General McClelfut: we '"whipped the" enemy every-tune.v - 'The battle ef Cedar Mountain ' resulted iathe efiemyfailine back.though ia'caDj- pFJcU Cr?y"kijJ-" won"the advantage;.' whili tbe battlo oj Gtovetoo and' tho second 'battle of Bull Run-on thei other hindr resulted in ear'' , falling back, taccgh in many respecUj" had gained the, -ayaiitiig.i; The oniy positive victories of ic:rortince won Lr : the rebels durmg this sconTViire that of : Jame&.dsla&d, near-Charle3Jori,"'aivl tha -repulse of our gonboa:s aS V:cksbarg. In the Autumn nic ir:r.-.;uni victoties' ' were at South Mouuui i:,.!. ii .m. I'irr" outh, luka, Cortnth. rfTT, V ryville, ChapUn.',": gec. n.i batti" Pea Ridge and Crr liiil; L:ia our r -reverses were' Harta 1'env, whh" ?. ( the consequence ot treaohery, ilua ville and Hartsvnle. Tlar .e r,re! month of December we m c LaI ibe tory ot Prairie Gr-yre, and ti-' ing Gen. Forest's expedition t j ro, and hate suffered no di5v.r., the signal one at Fredericksb;,; Geographically, how is it? 1 1 a when the. year dawned upoE -us. .-.-jMs.J shut in upon the Western a'oi on the narrow fringe tf Arlit;.: over the Potomac, upon the t.v c--; east of the Cheapeak and vpon non-shot - range of. Fo'?r -r - Newport News. 7 Evr?ai!r3""T" " -mac- was' blockaded by r t.ai. - v. Now we have the -virtual comma:-, a c. least half of "the State.-f Then th oi'i - pointa we held in th Atlantic, ctattri. South, where Key, West, Port Royal, ".n 1 the quicksands of Hatteras., J?ow '--i have the command of a cniarter tf Nuf-.li Carolina, . ahcL--aae- V, iimioglorf Charleston, possess th entire - Ac!- - u coast of the Southern Sties In tue ley of" the Mississippi, the rebels . :-ii-manded half of Missouri and two-; i:' i i of Kentucky, and every foot of soil ut i to the Gulf. Now, all of, Missouri, n'i Kentucky, the greater part of Tennr half of Arkansas, the greater part oi' 1 isiana, and large portions cf Mfei-j. , are within our control. , In' the Te r ries of New Mexico aud Arizona the re flag, which was then defia-Jrthai.cea.. : to fioat altogether.' The Natiojia"i- arr:: lines have been extended within th. jT-"--over nearly a half, of the territory U L; ea claimed by the Confederacy and- .vliat is of great significance-Tit has unifjrsaly provtS that ground once lost to the rebels is permanently lost. They have again and again made desperate efforts' to repossess soma of ; the important positions, take from them; but in not a single instance; with' any lasting success. Their;' limits j have been constantly growing less, and that. two. irre para Dry. - 1 - . - J our foreiw relations,' the! year is. brought also, a decided. i&iprovemecit. : . England has submitted herself more deci dedly than ever to the policy cCnon-m- i . tervention; and,- -without the o-cpera-' 7 tion of that Power, there can possibly ba ". no intervention that we need fear; Th. ' ; more advanced position of .the National , Government against Slavery Ms made our course stronger with the t! -.nipean - ' ' masses, while the ex t rov 1 j :. r 1 r . qgg-, or our "Navynas ,I3iLicr-I . .. rulers Mvhith a new and wholesome A-.ir . T . want of cotton has made itself fL-ii more direful effect, and yet we aro ; : ' j " to-day than ever from foreign in f- : '-! . v ence. The year, it is-true, has sui-j ' v. us to some unjust treatment frova or-. - . but we have a right to congratulate 01:: selves that we have escaped all seriou compli cations. ..- f: thus we stand at tue ciose 01 t.'.O yxr. so far as regards progress actually . If reference be had to our preparation ; for the future, the view is still more ea- couragmg. vvnea tne year oeneu we had not a solitary iron-cliu., - jVonitor was not launched. unvt:e --! die of Febuary. Now. we hTritrr'. than forty-four invulnerable: vessels - Larger and more formidable fleeJ. of u class than all Europe combined wluV our other vessels in the serv ioe kavebee.fi increased more than, threi. foi l,, so that they now amount to nearly. five hundi-ed. The ' army has' more than , dowoie J ia effective numbers; in discipline aud every soldierly quality it has improved in even greater ratio-. "What iso -higher conse quenee still, every department; i under far more energetic direction thaa iu was . twelve months ago. Then procrastina- tion was the ruling spirit. Now unrelax- ing activity is the universal' order of the dav. V - - .-: .; - -' The year 1802 secured gains and advan tages which, bv every natural law,- ought- : to insure the complete suppression of the rebellion within the next twelve month. ' It will depend entirely upon th fidelity ' of the North, whether this end Is realized . . A Operations of the Internal Revenue Law. [Special dispatch to Chicago Tribune.] Commissioner Boutwell's rerort on t!;e introduction and operations or the T,t Law. is at hand. It-savs 4a mimber i persons in U10 enii'lor of tho c.o-. eluding Asscssore, Couectors, -Ajaj-. . Assessors, or Assistant collectors ac-i Clerks is 3,802. It estimates the revenue, exclusive of stamp; up la tlie 30bh cf aex t June, at sixty millions, and froaamrs at sixty millions, lrus (sranwe wfra- ponds with statements ranee -- 111 tnese tiiapaicues, im the absurd estimate made m.r.asters ri pers. . :, '- ' " .' ' : As regards compensation of assessors n suggests the payment ot a'l-easonaia amount for office rent, safe, Ac, ard a sal ary of $1,500 per year, when the receipts are $400,10 or less; and additions! som pnsatioa.in ne case to exceed $3,5JC'. -The total expenses of collection are at a rata a little over three and a ha if million. r or two-and forty one-hundred pereewt. The Commissioner estimates uiai tnocoi lectioa expense never need exceed thrs percent., jn the-now aoyai otates. .mo -important suggestion is made that a wise economy would limit theoperatioos of the law to States ; the income in Territories barely : covering collection, e-xpenses by exemMion of territory. Emigraiioa will be encouraged and tle revenue eventual ly increased. - Stamps or dinersnt kind will be manufactured for public conven ience, as before the-passage, of tb suple raentaiy act enabling those of all k;nu to be used interchangeably- Stamps !- now Torwarded from Philadelphi-v wuhm . the days of receipts pf orders. vNo staiip agencies have been established,- an.i it is . deemed unwise to estaUlshjinj-piircais . of large amount. . ',. .. -- The Commissioner suggests the apo-nt-. 'ment of a solictor for his bareaaa. '1 definition of riianufaciures has been t -r-.do ia ooaformity with the usages of t Uiiii- t-Uiiiiej-? j- A - ' to embrace every article made oy nan a machinery . known , to , com user-- Commissroner dqubts the ejjlyes; legislation'on this point. JI? nous amendents to tne law, jju- nition, as wholes! and, ret-f f ays on various minor prei1- . . .- ., . , r: 1 aci visei with the Ways and Me Lot thjj Sgerejary of the Trjrr-r 1 i-.fr. K a newiy ra- -jTT,, nu.i.s 1.. r -:a.L-i iiar . cTer'-.-.me L r -1-'4 lr;i ts-ru.ts. toraii.