Newspaper Page Text
10NICLE. VOL. 47, NO. 50. WARREN, TRUMBULL COUNTY, OHIO, WEDNESDAY, JULY 22. 18(53. WHOLE NO. 2442. BUSINESS DISECTOSi'. o. . turoooi., c. . atuus, . biikzki . IUPGOOU. ADAMS Jc KI TEZE1, rTltLlHKl:k ,ir Western Reserve Chronicle. EMPIRE BLOCK. MARKET ST. for Urwu. rain of ailvertviua.ir met innJe.- MANUFACTURERS. JAHEMtX A WIIEEI.ER, Manufacturers uf Stove. Plows. Ctinirs.Tinwre jtove Furniture. Stove Pipe, Ac. Xo. ft. Market Street. Werrtn. O. A-ril -Jt. TO. t'KiXAGE CILXORE. Manufacturers and Dealers in B-ots, Shoes. UuMip, A;c Also Dealers in Leather, 'iudiiijral(.-.. c Market Street. Waxren. Ohio. . sriAK. e. SPEAK, JC. EDWARD SI-EAR A SOX. Mauuiaf- turers and Pealers in LuuiW, KtuKli unl ireg3l, lxrs. hiiu.U. ;sati. rioorinz, f-iUint;. Shingles and Lath. So 1, Caiml Mreet, tt arreu. u. HULL. W. II. S. MEIIBlEV. HILL Manufictururs of Improved Steam Engines, Iron and Braw found era arid Miilu-riirhu. Franklin rouixlry. Corner ol lauerty and houta Mrci ;. H arreu, Ohio. ALEXANDER SlrtOXXELL, Manufacturer and Dealer in Roots Shoe?, Leathei and r'iiidinfrs, Maia Street. Warren, Ohio. F II. ALLISOX. Manufacturer and Dealer in Saddles, Ihmiei-ses. Bridles. Martiuiraies, Trunks, Whiiw. Buffalo ami Fancy Robes, ilorse-BlankcU. Covers, Fiy-Xcts. Jte So 17, west side of Main jtreet. Warren. O. WILLIAM TAYLOR. Manufacturer of Saddles, llanirsnes. Trunks. A'C Carriage 'i'riiuminfrs. at the Center of FarmiitKtou. Trnmoul County, Ohio. PROFESSIONAL. ISAAC tRiinx. Surveyor and Notary Public, West Farmitigtou. 0 A. I. FELL, County Surveyor and Civil Eneiueer. Deeds ac knowledged and convcyanciug attended to. Lurch Hill. Llartford Trumbull Co.. Ohio. Jan. 14. 1So3. 1 v. F. W. nESSF.USCII VIDT, Civil Engineer and Land Surveyor, Warren. Ohio. Leveling ana surveying lb toal .Mine altended to. Also Examinations, Mai and Keports ol Collieries made. April , c: J. F. ASPER, Attorney at Law. f Having retired from Anny. on aeeoajat of disability from wounds, would respect fully inform the publie that le ha opened an of ee in River Block, over the More of Uoyt & ts born. for the practice of bis profession, lie will uti hefore the Courts of Trumbull and ad joining Counties. He will also practice before th. I tnrt nf Claims, and the Departments al . Washington City, ilo respectfully solicits a share of public patronage. W arreu Ohio. April 22. 186X . BCCKIKGHAH. . 8. DCKX. BICKIXGIIAM DISS Attorneys and Counsellors at Law, Cleveland. Ohio. Prompt attention given to Collections in Cuya hoga, and adjoining Counties. June IS. 62-ly GEORGE F. BROW.V, Attorney at Law, Webb's Kew Block, Main Street, Warren. Ohio. A. W. JOXES, Attorney at Law and Real Estate Agent, at Power's Corners, llecca, Trumbail County, Ohio. I. L. FTLLER, Attorney at Law; office in Jameson's building. Mar ket Street, Warren, Ohio. . WHITTLE-SET ADAMS, Attorney at Law and Notary Publie, Warren. Ohio, Collections promptly made. Deeds acknowledged, and Conveyancing attended to; office in McCotnbs A Smith's Block. E. IT. EXSIGX. Attorney at Law and Prosecutor for Trumbull Coenty: offiee at the 61d Clerk's Office, north of the Court House: Waxren: Ohio. r. a. mrrcHua.- . w. aATLivr. v. o. tourist. itctchixs, KATurr a- forrist. Attorneys at Law; office over Freeman. Ilunt Jt Co.'s Banking Office, Market Street. Warren. Ohio. . TCTTLt J- BTrl.i TITTLE A- STI LL, Artomevs at Law: office at the old office of Sutliff A Tuttle, Uirh Street, two doors west ot the Amer ican House, Waxren, Ohio. . B. TAYLOR- i c 'ks. TATLOR A JOXES Attorneys at Law, Office in the Rooms formerly eupied bv Fornst & Burnett, east side of Public Square, Warren, Ohio. M. IECHAfiD. B. B. H.iKi:s. - BIRfn lRD A MOSES. Attorneys at Law, Warren, 0.. Office one door south of Oaskill House. April 2. renf ; J. . COX. W. T- SPEAR. . COX A- SPEAR. Attorneys at Law. office on Market Street, over the Store of Iddings A Morgan, Warren. Ohio. Dr. jriJA.X IIARMOX. Physician and Burgeon; office north side ef Public gquare. Warren, Ohio. Ofhce hours from i to J 'clock morning and eveninr. and trom 1 to 2 P M t , - r. F. A. BIERCE, Hoatnrpathfe Physician and Surgeon. Office nnd Residence in SutlifTs Block, north of the Public Square. Office up stairs, residence east end or the Block. R a. WOODS, M. D. DR. B. D. DILLON. WOODS dt DII.LOX". physicians and Surgeons: office over Nichols' Cloth ing Store. Main Street. Waxren. Ohio. JOHN LOT. O. SELSOS. LOT 4k XELSOX, Phrsicians and Snrgeons: offiee east of the Bank. Market Street. Warren. Ohio. J, DATIS, 51. D.. Eoleetic Physician and Surgeon: office over Hunt t Brown's Leather Store. Main Store. Warren. O. Office hours from 9 to 12 o'clock A. M. T. G. IIORTOX, M. I.. Eclectic Physician and Surgeon, Bristol. Trumbull Coanty. Ohio. E. MOORE, Phvsician and Surgeon: office at the residence of S. I'. Sronsoo, Souihington. Trumbull County, Ohio. L. SPEAR, M. I., Eclectic Physician and Surgeon; offiee over Moser's Store, Market Street, Warren, Ohio. Particular attention given to Chronic Diseases. J. C BOWJIAX, Physician and Surgeon, Girard, Trumbull county, Ohio. Particular attention given to Diseases of the Lungs. Chronic Diseases in general. Dr. A. E. LTMAX, Surgeon Dentist, operator in all forms of Scientinc, Medical and Mechanic al Dentistry, Newton Falls. 04.Ma'2S MERCANTILE. R, IS. BARXIM, Wholesale and Retail dealer in American and For eign Hardware, Iron, Nails. Glass, Ac. Van bor der's Block, Market Mreet. Warren, Ohio. HeCOMBS t SMITHS, Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Foreign and Amer ican Dry tioods. Groceries. Crockery, Ac, Corner of Main and Market Streets. Waxren. Ohio. B. H. riCK. B. FKCK. PECK fc BROTHER, Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Foreign and Do mestic Dry Goods, Silk and Straw Bonnets. Trim mings, Varieties, Ac. at the sign of the " Harre llrv Good Utore," Phoenix Bloek, Warren, Ohio. W. ST. FOSTER. rORTKR. W. K. W. r. PORTER, Dealer In School and Miscellaneous Books, Station ery. Wall Papers, Periodicals, Pamphlets and Magazines, at the New lork Book More. Main Street, Waxren. Ohio. . IDDIRGS. - O. MOBGiX. IDDIXGS & MORGAX, Dealers in Staple and Fancy Dry Goods, Groceries, (jrockery. Hardware, Carpeting, Sole Leather, Ac, at the sign of the "Empire Store," Market Street. Waxren. Ohio. . a. FAKES- - WRSTZ. PARKS WEST, Dealer In Foreign and Domestic Dry Goods, Crock ery Boota, Shoos and Leather. Carpeting, Paper Hangings. Window Shades, Ready Made Clothing. Are, always eheap for ready pay i at the N ew ork Store, Market Street, Waxren. Ohio. J. TAUT ROT. T. E. ACILXT. J. TALTROT CO, Importers of Gold and Silver Watches, and Dealers in Jewelry. Silver Ware, Ac. Market Mreet, W ar- . Ohio. KIXG BROTHER, Dealers in Watch oe. Clocks, Jewelry. Silver Plated 1 . L lmmn Vanev Goods. Ac. Ko.7,Main Street, Waxren. 'Ohio. All kinds of Uioenaaw tt Meaee eaxeiiuu repaucu mum a "TO GIVE IS TO LIVE." Forever liio sun is pourint his gold Ha a hundred worlds tnat be' and borrow ; H.;1 warmth he squanders on summits cold. His iwenlih on the homes of wait and sorrow. To withhold his l.trteress of precious light 1 to bury himself in eternal nii,-ht. To give Is to live. The flower shines not for itself nt all ; Iti joy is the joy irfreuly diffuses; Of beauty and balm it is rrodigal And it lives m the life it sweetly loses. Xo choice t'-.r the row but glory ol doom io i:loJe or tinutier. to wuher or bloom, fu deny Is to die. The seas lend silvery rays to the laud. 1 he land its sappuire streams to the ocean : 1 he iieurl sends blood to the braiu of eoniuiaud, 'lue brain to lii heart Us lightning motiou: And ever anu ever we yield our brcatu. Ti:l liie uniioi is ary and images deata. io live is to giv e. lie s di-ad whoschaud is not opened wido ( i blip tlieue.si ol a tiumau bro.her; lie aouuiua til,; lite Ol bis llie-lun ride. V. ho give uls lortuuae place to auollltr, Aud a (ii.itisiiiid million lives are tin, uj came liie feorl.1 in Uis s uipataiea. Todeny is to die. Throw gold to the fur-dispersing wave. Aud jour snips sail bomo aim Ions of treasure Caieuot lorc'liiiorl. all Imrusaip brave. Alii veulU aud a'd Mlatl sup W11U pleasure Fung ncalth to loo suusbiue, wind and raiu Aud roses suall come to lUe chce atalu. Io gi e is to live. H hat is our life ? Is it wealth aud strength T li Me. lor the -darter's &.iao Mill lose it, W e sUaii lJud it a liuujred-lold. at length, vt hile tuey suall torcver lose wno reluse it : And natiou tuat save tueir union and peace al tne cost ol rigiit, tueir woeaball increase, ibey save A grave SCENES ON THE BATTLE-FIELD OF GETTYSBURG. Correspondence of the New York Herald. GETTYSBURG, July 6. 1 o-U.iy 1 liave il.sm'iI Jroin eii.l to end ol luc vv uoiii riound wiicie lue lilies ol Uatiic vvcle Uiaw n. Tlie) J.iaco bt-ais evi- Ui-iice ol iia tug been the sceue ol at tierce struggle, i'lie auocko ol ttiose two uiass ea oi liuiiiaiiay, suigm and resurginj; tiic one aguuial luo oilier, could liaiuiy lwu tvilliuUl Iravnig their truces iu lear lul liiulaclcls. i'atciiij; out ol OciijsLurg by ttif llalti- uiuie liiKe, we couie hi a lew bieps to tlie entrance ot the ceuieteiy. Little ot the eticioMire teuiaius au e me wicket gale vva v , niuu uluca (lie gates have been loin. llie ne.it uooueu It lice, lirst tin-own down to iuciiilaie the movements ot our ai uhery, became absorbed lor luel aliU ill Various oilier uti:, as tile soldiers made tlieir camp on llie sjiol. A lew pa lings scattered carelessly around are all that remain. The cemetery Was such as is usually to be found near thrifty towns ol lite size of Gettysburg. Xone of the monuments aud auormugs were highly expensive, though all were neat, aud many of ilieui bordered on the cosily. i'he place was kept with considerable care, as is evinced Ly the tew traces of horticulture that remaiu. The eye is ar rested by a notice prominently posted, lorbiddiug the destruction or mutilation of anv tree, shrub or stone about the place, under severe penalties. The defi ance that war makes against the civil law, and the overthrow of many ot" socie ty's customs, is lorcibly apparent as one peruses those warning lines. Monuments ana ueaasvones lie here and there overtuined. Graves, once care fully tended by some loving hand, have been trampled by horses leet uotu the vestiges ol verdure have disappeared. The neat aud well-trained shrubbery has vanished or is but a broken and tangled mass of brushwood. On one grave lies a dead artillery horse, fast decomposing un der the July sun. On another lie the lorn trarmeuts ot some wounded sol dier, stained aud his saturated with his blood. Across a small head stone, bearing the words "Io the memory of our beloved child, Mary, lie ir'igtnenlB of a musket shattered by a cannon shot. In tlie center of a space enclosed by an iron fence and containing hull a dozen graves, a lew rails are still standing where thfy were erected by our soldiers and served to support the shelter tents ot a bivouacking sijuad. A family shaft, has been broken iu fragments by a shell, aud only the base remains, with a portion of the inscription thereon. Stone after stone felt tho effects of the feu (Tenfcr that was poured upon the crest ol" the hill. Cannon thundered and foot nd horse soldiers tramped over the sleeping place of the dead. Other dead were added to thete who are resting here, ' and many a wounded soldier still lives to remember the contest above those silent raves. The hill on which this cemetery is lo cated was the center of our line of battle and the key to our whole position. Had the rebels been able to curry this point they would have lorced us to retreat, and the whole battle would have been lost. To pierce our line here was Lee's great endeavor, and he threw his best brigades against it. Wave alter wave ol living valor rolled up the slope, only to roll back again under the deadly hie ol our artillery aud infantry. Jt was on this hill, a hltle to the right of the cemetery, where occured the charge of the famous brigade of Louisiana Tigers. It was their boast that they were never yet foiled in an attempt to take a battery, but on this occasion they suffered defeat and nearly annihilation. Sad and dispirited they mourn their repulse and terrible Josses iu the charge, From the summit of this hill a large portion of the battle ground is spread out before the sjiectator. In front and at his feet lies the town of Gettysburg, contain ing in quiet times a population of four or five thousand souls. It is not more than hundred yards to the houses in the edge of the village where tho contest with the rebel suarpsnooters tooK place. To the ielt ol tho town stretches a long valley, bounded on each side by a gently sloping ridge. The crest of each ridge is distant a good three-fourths of a mile or more lroru the other, it was on these ridges that the lines of battle were form ed on the second and third day, the reb el line being on the ridge to the west ward. 1 he one stretching directly trom our left hand, and occupied by our own men, has but little timber upon it, while that held by the rebels, boasts of several groves of greater or less ex ten. In one of these the Tennsylvauia College is em bowered, while iuauother is seen tho Theo logical Seminary. Half way between tlie ridges are the ruins of a large brick buil ding, burned during the engagement, and dotted about here and there are various brick and frame structures. Two miles at our left hand rises a pointed elevation, known to the inhabitants as Hound II ill. Its sides are wooded, and the forest stretches from its base across the valley to the crest of the western ridge. It must not be supposed that the space between the ridges is au even plain, shav en with the scythe and leveled with the roller. It rises and falls gently and with little regularity, but in no place is jt steep of ascent. Were it not for its unu niformity and for the occasional sprink ling of trees over its surface, it could be compared to a patch of rolling prairie in miniature. To the southwest of the fur ther ridge is seen the mountain region of Western Maryland, behind which' the rebels had their line of retreat. It is not wild, rough mass of mountains, but a region of hills of the larger and more in accessible sort. They are. traversed j by roads only in a few localities, and their passage, except through the gaps, is diffi cult lor a single team and impossible for an arniv. T.he Theological Seminary, sjioken of above, was one ot the spots around wmcu the battle rajjed. JBjoudit was where at the First and Eleventh Corp contended with Ewell and Longstreet on the first day of the engagement. Afterward, tindiug th:.t the relx-ls were t strong for them, they fell back and took "p a new position including this building in the line. Here the loss was very heavy, and the Seminary shows the fearful nature of the struggle. Its walls ure pe (orated with shot and shell, an. I the bricks are inden ted uy numerous bullet nurks. Its win dows show the effects of the mus'ketrv, and but little glass remains to shut out the cold and rain. The building i.s not now in use according to its original de ,i.n 1..., :. : 1 I .1 .1 fc" is occujiieu uy ino rewis au hospital. From a school for the educ tion oi ministers ot theuo.spel to a re ceptacle ol rehel wounded is a change indeed. The IVnnsy Ivania College has been similarly occupied, and the instruc tion of the students is neglected for the present. In passing from the cemeterv along the crest of the lidge where our line of battle stood. I hrst came upon the position oc cupied by some of the batteries. This is shown by tho numerous horses lvinir un nurieil, and by the larce mounds which marK where others have been shunt v covi-red. There are traces rffan artil lery fight. Here is a broken wheel of a gun carriage, an exploded caisson. a hand spike, and the numerous neculiiirv color ed paper covers tnat accompany fixed am munition, in the torka of a tree I found iestament. with the name "Chnrlea Uuirale, Company G." written on the flv leaf. The guns aud gunners have disap- pearea. some ot tne latter are now with the column moving in pursuit of the en emy, others are sutlenne in the hospitals. and still others are restine where the bu- i ie cine suaii never awaken men). . :n i.ii .between the cemeterv and the town. and at the foot of the ridge where I stand runs the road leading to Emmettsburg. It is not a turnpike, but a common dirt road, and as it leaves the main street lead ing into town It makes a dimmim) u-seetit the hilL On the eastern side this road is lor a short distance bordered by a stone wail. Elsewhere on both sides there is uothing but a rail fence. A portion ot our sharpshooters took posi tion behind this wall, and erected trav erses to protect them from a flanking fire should the enemy attempt to move up tue roau ironi Gettysburg. These traverses constructed nt right angles to the wall by making a "crib" of fence I rails, two feet high aud tho same distance part, aud then tailing it up with dirt. arthet along on the road I find the rails rom the western side of the road piled against the fence on the east, so as to form breastwork two or three feet in Light; few spadesful of dirt serve to fill the in terstices, lhis defense was thrown ud bv the rebels at the time thev were holdin? the line of the roads. i Moving to the left I find still more se- uarA Irand. aF b.iIIIa. G.l.,:... 'I ' ... 1 w .s vi ai wni v uiiuiliiil. 1BCI11V- seven dead horses on a space of little more than one acre is. evidence of heavy ork. llere are a tew scattered trees. hich were evidently used as a screen for our batterios. These trees did notescane the storm of shot aud shell that was rain- cu iu mat uirection. oome ol them were perforated by cannon shot, or have been cut off in that peculiar spliu-' teiing manner tnat marks the course ot a ; projectile through green wood. Close by i here this lighting took place are piled a large number of muskets and cartridge boxes that have been collected from tne field. Considerable work has beeu done thus gatheriug the debris of the battle, it is by no means complete. Overall the ground are scattered muskets, bayo- ueis and sabres, our own being tndtscrim- : inately mingled with those of the rebels, My next advance to the Ielt carries me where the ground is thickly studded with In one group 1 count a dozen . graves of the JOlh Massachusetts, near by those of the lit th Jnew York, and close hand an equal number from the lu ew Jersey. Care has been taken to place a headboard at each grave, with a giuie inscription thereon, showing whose remains are resting beneath. The head- to board is usually made from the remnant a box that may have served iu pur- pose and become useful as a box no long- er. In a few instances they appear to have been made from fresh lumber with snecial reference to their nresent no. fin one board the comrade of the dead sol- diers had nailed the back of his knapsack on which his name was painted. On was a brass plate, bearing the sol- i dier's name in heavily stamped letters. The line of breastworks continues. From the center of our position, far awav' to the extreme left, our men threw up ' nasty ueienses, irom wiucn to resist tue rebel attack. herever stone fences were j found they were taken advantage of to , form a part of the line. Where these ' were not at hand the rails from fences in were heaped up and covered slightly with 1 dirt. Where these did not run iu the j of proper direction works of earth and trees weie thrown up, behind which the men ; were to fight. They extended nearly to' base of Round Hill and into the tim- ber that skirts the elevation. They were , thrown up on Wednesday night, alter the 1 1st and 1 1 th corps have been driven Lack through the town. It was Gen. Meade's plan to compel the enemy to make an at tack, and lor this purpose the works were thrown up. At the same time the rebels were not idle. They threw up a line al over four miles in length, in some eases constructing it with great care. For much of the way their works partake more of the nature of permanent defenses than they do'of a fortification that is designed to be merely temporary. It was evident their supposition on Wednesday night that they could compel us to make the attack. They looked for an assault with inferior numbers upon their army in a strong position of their own choosing. Their expectations in this paticular were not fulllilled. Moving still to the left, I found an orch ard in which the fighting appears to have been desperate in the extreme. Artillery shot had plowed through the ground iu every direction, and the trees did not by any means escape the fury of the storm. The long balls of iron, said by officers present to be a modification of the Whit worth projectile, lay everywhere scatter ed. The rebels must have been well sup plied with this species of ammunition, and they evidently used it with no spar ing hand. 'At one time I counted twelve of these bolts lying on a space not fifty feet square. I was told that the forest in rear of our position was full of these shot that passed over our heads in the time of the action. The rebel artillery fire has heretofore been excellent, but I am told that on the present occasion it was not accurate. Why it was so is difficult to ex plain. The defenses thrown up on our left were next in order of visit. They con sisted of a single line temporary earth works, and in a few instances of two lines. Behing them lay the debris of battle scat tered everywhere. Pieces of clothing, tattered shelter tents, spoiled cartridges, canteens pierced by bullets, torn haver sacks, broken muskets, sabers, bayonets, soldiers' equipments all were mingled in confusion. Stained and saturated with loyal blood, the fragments of clothing torn from wounded heroes bore evidence of the terrible struggle. Behind the breastwork were the graves of the fallen, dotted thickly around. The ground was deeply cut by the wheels of the artillery as it performed its evolutions on the field. A mile from our central positions, on the crest of the hill at the cemetery, was field of wheat, and near to it a large tract, on which corn was growing luxuri antly before the battle. The wheat was fearfully trampled by the hurrying feet of the dense masses of infantry as they i-. of a to ; is it in A kets he can find on the battle-field. Sen-! tries have very " properly been posted I extreme left I return to the center of our position on the Cemetery Hill. I do not follow the path ly which I came, but I take a route along the hollow, letweeii ' the two ridges. It was acro-s this holiow ; s they fell, or gathered in little clusters be graves. neath some shading tree or beside clumps, obtain a draught of water. His hands are outspread upon the earth, and cluteh of ins at the little tufts of grass beneath Another corpse, a few pacesd.stant, lies ! with its hands thrown upward, in the po- I sition taken when the soldier received his I fatal wound. He was probably killed in- i me.nt, and his face, though swollen, has no expression of anguish. Twenty yards from him are the remains of a body cut two by a shot or shell. The grass is drenched in his blood, that even the rain yesterday has not washed away. His gun is shattered in pieces, evidently by the s..me missile that killed its ow ner, and is laid ten feet away. As I move for the ward I find another corpse, evidently that a rebel, who was struck while in the act of taking aim over his musket. His cnangeu the.r ivositions iluring tn- ia.il.'. In the cornfield artillery had been K.altoii- ed, and changed its position as often a-, enemy obtained its r.nii'e II irdi.v a hiil of corn is left in its pristine iuxuri- ance. The little that escaped the hoofo:- wheel, as the guns moved from place to place, has since been nibbled oil by horse tluring the nuht bivouac subsequent to the buttle. Not a stalk rtf is upright. Xot a blade of corn mains uninjured, all has f.ilien ion be- fore harvest. Another harvest, in which : death was I he reaper, has been gathered above it. On our extreme left the pointed sum-: mil of a hill of a thousand leet elevation toward the sky. Beyond it tiie conn- : try falls oil' into the mountain region that extends to the Potomac and across it in- to Virginia. This hill i.s guile steep, and dilhcult ol ascent, and formed a strong position, on which the left of our fne could rest, ihe enemy assaulted tl.i s point with great fury, throwing his divis ions one after the other against it. Their efforts were of no avail. Our men de fended their ground against every attack. It was like the dash of the French jit Waterloo against the immovable columns of the English. Stubborn resistance over- came the valor ot the assailants. 1 nnt after time they came tothe i.ssauh only to. tail back as they had advanced. I heir final retreat left the remnant of our own men still standing behind their works. - - The rebel dead and wounded were scat- termg thickly about the ground. lur own were not wanting. dearly to the Ielt extreme ot the line, and half wav between the crests of the ridges, stands a neat farm house. Around this dwelling the baitlo raged as around lioUKOumoiit at W aterloo. At onetime it was in the rebel possession, and was fiercely attacked by our men. The walls were pierced with shot and shell, many of the latter exploding within, aud mak ing of themselves a scene of devastation. The glass was shattered by rifle builets on every slue, and all the woodwork bears testimony to the struggle- Tne siiaii.- shooters were iu every room, and auileu to tue disorder caused by the explosion of shells. What the missiles spared iho soldiery destroyed. The rebels were driv- en from tlie house, and the iios.tioii was taken by our own men. They in turn were dislodged, but finally took and held the place. In au orchard in the real ot thU house was the lajsition oi the rebel batvci ies uu- ring a portion ot me action upon our ieit. ritieenol their horses lie Uead on the ground, swollen to au enormous size. As yel, the citizens have made no attempt to bury the putrefying masses. All over the field are numerous men from the coun try, engaged in gathering whatever is ol value. A few are merely in search ol'rcl- ires, but the most of them are bearing away any and everything that they cou- , J , . w . 1 . . I J - .t .- vji iici-uiiiaM vaiuo. J1CTC 111 mi; orchard I find a countryman engaged in cutting the harness from one of tue dead battery horses, and preparing to carry it from the field. Another has collected a dozen blankets, dropped, by soidiers iu the heat of the engagement. Another 1 walks past me with three of the best nitis-l wnere they can take visitors all that is of value to the Government. Ketracing mv steps before reaching the ! that the charges were made in the assauit ! upon our position. Much blood was pour- ed out between these, two swells oi land. Most of the dead have been buried where hushes. Some of the rebel dead hre still uncovered The first that meets mvi eAie I come upon suddenly, as I descend i bank some three or four feet in hmht. the side of a small spring. He is lying near the spring, as if he had crawled there them. His haversack and" canteen are ! still hamrinc to his side, and his hat is lv-1 nn. him Ilia inslcet. U .nn i- i il,o, M;ail nffkn till nnmnrlui mL-on be I some relic seeker, or placed in the accum- i ulatod hean bv our own soldiers. ! stantlv while standing m.rieht. and fell backward as he expired. His clothinsr is I not torn, no blood appears upon Ins nar- hands are raised, the left extended be-1 yond the right, and the lingers of the for mer partly bent, as if they had just lieen grasping the stock of a gun. One foot is advanced before tho other, and the body lying on its right side. To appearances did not move a muscle after receiving its wound. The body of another rebel attracts my attention by a singular circumstances. The face is discolored in the extreme black as that of the purest Congo negro. The bands are as delicate as those of a lady, and of snowy whiteness. With the exception cf the luce, the body is but lit tle swollen, and there are no signs of the commencement of decomposition. Sev eral bodies that I find show blackened fa ces, but no other than this display such a contrast between the color of the face and hands. Near a small white house on the rebel line lies the body of an officer, evi dently a lieutenant or captain. His right arm is extended as if to grasp the hand of a friend. All possible positions in which a dying man can fall can be no ticed on this field. Reaching the Emmittsburg road I find the same signs of battle that I have men tioned elsewhere. The rails are every where scarred by bullets, tho fences thrown down, the ground cut by the wheels of the guns and trodden smooth by the feet of the soldiers. In every place it is strewn with the wreck of battle. shattered gun carriage shows where a rebel battery stood and received the shot of our own. I mot here a woman and three children on their return to their home on the left of tho line of battle. Five days ago they were forced to flee to town to escape from their locality between the two contending lines. This morning, for the first time, they return back. I fear the battle has made sad havoc with their property. If their house is stand ing, they will find it shattered by shot and shell, and all its furniture torn up and destroyed. The war tells heavily upon the inhabitants of the region where it is waged. Its brief transfer to to this local ity will long show its effects on Gettys burg and its vicinity The little farm house on the Emmitts-, burg, rood where Gen. Meade held hU; headquarters during the cannonade, is l .H , . ..., . , most. leanuiiy cut up. ai is uireanv knownhow Gen. Lee masked his PrtihV ry and opened with hundred and thirty ! rvin at iKa en ma (imA ririrTi i r To., i shells in every second of time fell around ! those headquarters. The shells tore thro . the little white building, exploded and : scattering their fragments in every direc- j tion. Not- a spot anywhere was safe. One j shell through the doorstep, another in the , : ' 1 ; , ! i ' 1 ! , j I i j . ' I ri li- is .... "I.!. ! a is to by to of of the retreating rebels. The hill coin completely mauds a hill iew of the (own the Susqui-h anna. The green fields and darker lo.-e.4ts 1 k as peaceful as if they had never heard the sou:l 1 of contcml iti ing arinie-t. Nearly t .v j hundred thou but md men m-t hero three days igo in same is the case with tjiose in fn.m. be- hind which the rebel sliarpshooters were posted. I Within twentv vards oi" one portion of; fourth :iiftir. oti tho l ;s of a chair in which a stall' ollieer was seated, und oth tho ejs severed mid i-plinteiel the posts in from ol tic house, howled through the tie's bv which the dwell n wassnrround the ed, and fa l deep .ui r nvs ol the soft earth. At the fence in front of the build hungry ing the horses ol" aids and orderlies were i.id.i-j.. A d-i-n of the friiio'ened .'in Hhful .Tiia! fell by the rebel i.ti.iecliies. and oth- ers broke away and fled in th" wildest lrig.it loiyiid. the rear. One staff oflicer, and .iiiotipT and another were wounded, Strange to say. amid . II this iron had no one of I he stall" v.is killed. Everyman stared death full in ;he face, and had lil rises tl prospect of esc .ipJn-i unhurt. Iiately lIhs history of u- ,r has there Iiepu a s.-ene to e . jil.tl this. This storm of pitiless iron was bv no cnininev. a 'hint Kii.it . u; a niter, a mean hurled at heail'iiiarter alone. It was Lee's grand attempt t shatter and break our center. Menaratorv to th charge which should possess him !" the key to our ro.iiti-.il It was a brilliant plan, and fiifl in which X ipoleon often achieved success. Whenever that array of guns was pointed there Ihe air was la- den with the hurl ling missiles of death. Every tn-e, everv shrub, evi i-v blade of grass bent before the blast Through the thick roiling smoke-cloud that separated tlie i-ontendiiiL' hosts shell after shell crushed oil its fiery way. Man nor beast could stand before it" Huge gaps were c it in o.ir lines, and butt -rvnfter battery hii.-lie-l its lire, disabled bv the rebel iguiis. Xeailv two hours of this cannon- ade. and then came the charge which was so nobly rrnulsed Once more at the Cemetery, I-struck across the Baltimore Turnpike to the hill that lorms the extremity of the ridge on which the main portion of our line of bat tle was located. This hill overlooks the town and tho whole valley toward the northwest, where it runs off into the hil ly country in the direction of the Sus quehanna. It lv.tson tins hill, just to the right ot ihe ..-metery. where the battery was posted that the Tiger brigade of Lou- attempted to take bv a charge. I have elsowhcre spoken of this charge, on 1 t?ie manner in which it was met by our troops. Look ins from this elevation dow n to Ihe valley below one can readilv understand the desner-ite nature of such ch irge. Th-tt the Timers succeeded in (leaching the guns and actually spiking ono of them, anrue irreat valor on their part. E.pnl heroism was displayed by our t mr trnops in driving back the enemy aft- f i i..t lm.1 net l,l.i : rt Ail tliA 1t.ll The hill was made artificially Urong during the night, alter the first assault-. by the erection of several redans, behind each of which a gun was posted. They were sufficiently high to prevent their being carried with ca?e by the enemy. In addition to the artillery in this divis ion there was u considerable number of guns held in reserve. This position of the line received special attention. ii it was toe key to our whole position. Should our position be carried our deleat would l.e c I tain, as it wouid separate our win 's Ii'oni each other. lite deten- ses that were thrown up still remain, but tlie nns were in tint roirl in mir-uit of tho whole legion of the tight. Far away on the left the mountains stretc i awav to the Potomac, and on the riht. mortal comb it. and to d iv there is a Sah- bath-like stillness. To i 1m ri -'it of the hiil the line of b it- i tie for almost- a halt" mile, fails back at j -hi an-les to the general course, from "Hound Hill to the Cemeterv. This is ! i.v il.a uli-.iw of lli, .-in inil-tho v ,i lev thron-li which a stream winds, bonds ! harpiy tothe eastward. From h.-r.j tho il.i. rnt follow :l re'ill.ir ri.l -e lint. over a succession of elevations and de-: pr. ssions. Tho defenses are on these in- j equalities along tho front of the crest. Fortune willed it that for a portion of the , sistance there shouid be a stron-' stone fence. This w is rendered more dense by ' tiirowinj up a ouantity of dirt on both 1 ;.!.. nrereniin.r bullets from i-lanein.' ; i l.i-.-m.rb t he inters! ices of tlo. wall. The trees around the wall are thicklv scarred bv rebel hails, mid the the works are the remains of a rebels coat and a bloody blanket. Near it I ' foil 'd a copy of the Jf testament, ol I !he ordinary 32mo. size, well printed and ! not Ladlv bound. On the title page is the imnriiit of tho Confederate States Bi-' Sivciety, and it claims to have teen thrown trom the press of ::n establish ment iu Atlanta, Ga. It contains the name of John H. Congreve, ol an Ala Iiamn regiment, the number being so binned that it cannot be mr.de out with On the flv leaf in the end ot the book, the owner attempted to draw representation of the rebel flag above that of the I mon. ftcr passing the forest hill on the ht, n rocky and somewhat strep as-' cent, I entered the lorest. I lie breast works here are constructed of piled logs and dirt. The engineers were iu all cases careful to keep them on the brow of the hill the most difficult positions for the rebels to assault. In one place is a con- siderable quantitv of cast off soldiers' . clothing, shelter tents aud rubber bl ink- ets. A little back of the position on the hillside, in a quiet nook, where the earth less rocky, are the graves of several of slain. The loss" does not appear ' have been heavy on our side in this lo- cality, owing to the excellent position ; occupied. i Down the slope of the first hill, nearly j the Lank of the stream, is a long ' mound of yellow earth. Approaching this I find it to be the restinn place of a of the rebel dead. Close by it, ! the side of a tree has been scraped and ; neatly smoothed down. On this spot the following insci iptition has been placedi-j ' 'Forty-live Rebs buried to the right." index points to the mound. Further : down the valley is another mound, close J the bank of the stream. n the ,i iev.t;nn fi-nn, the cem- eterv, the line bends still more to the;l'"J right fallowing the brow of the hiil. At the base of the hill is a stream known an i Rock creek, across which the rebels were obliged to move in their advance on the It is but a few steps across, and largo ehough to hinder the move- menu of the troops. From the stream ! P the summit of the hill the ascent is j quite steep-too steep to be climbed, ex- ceptl.v a llow walk. The rocks along 1 1-1 whole ascent are rough and irregular, ! and in the face of a heavy fire, must be 1 difficult to pass. The trees are of good j size and the forest free from underbrush. The limbs of the trees are from ten to feet high, and afford no protec- My to the approaching foe. . . i " M.I I About Halt wav trom the center ot tne extreme right is the location ot tue scene the fiercest attack upon that portion tho field. The most terrible fire of the day lias left its marks upon the trees and rocks I have seer, the whole f ' thilouo ittienei.i. as wen as wnere cs.ier- . 1.:. ...! .v. man mci. ins unvuvui Chickasaw Bayou. The traces of fight there are but slight compared to those on j this orninid I find t ree nfter tree scarred ! frorrf base to limbs so thickly that it would have been imiss!ble to place one s hand upon their trunks, without cover- ing the mnrks f a bullet. One tree was stripped of more than half its leaves by the effects of the bullets alone, and many I ' i . of lis twigs were cut half off. and were hanging wilted and ready to drop to the grouno. Ihe trunk of the tree, about ten inches in diameter, was cut aud scar red in every part. The tiro which struck thesa trees was that which whs directed from our muskets upon the advancing rebels. Every tree and bush for the dis tance of half a mile along these works was nearly as badly marked. The storm of oil. lets must have been as thick as hailstones in an ordinary storm. How a man could exist iu it and come out unhurt, is difficult to imagine. The trees are not alone in displaying the terrible effects of the shot. The r.icks, wherever they f:ce toward our breastworks, are thickly strippled with dots of white. On ono rock presenting a surface of about seven square leet, bullets have left their traces in little blurred spots, like a snow flake of the size. Tue missiles, flattened by contact are lying scattered about in the leaves, most of them giving little sign that they have ever been musket projectiles. Our sharpshooters in some localities oc cupied novel positions. One of them found the half of what had orice been a hollow tree, witlr a hole left by the re moval of a knot, facing directly toward the ground where the rebels ad vanced. He was thus provided with a convenient loophole from which he could lire upon the enemy. Another found a nook between two rocks, about two feet wide by six or eight long, and as many high. The end of this nook was toward the rebels, and filled up with smaller stone. It made a fine spot for a sharp shooter to occupy. It was occupied to good effect by one of our marksmen, as three or four dead rebels in front of the position give evidence. Every conceiva ble corner was filled with a sharpshooter always on the lookout for the foo. It was this fact that operated to slay the rebels in larger numbers. Their loss on the right was very heavy, though not so much so as on the left. The extreme right of the line is close upon a meadow on the hank of Rock creek. Here but few marks of the bait la were seen, tho most of them being from cannon shot that were probably thrown from single ! batteries on the other side of the creek, i Lines drawn from this point to the ex treme left, and again from each wing, would form a triangle with the longest si-Jo in the rear. The reader can obtain an idea of the shape of the line of battle by picturing to himself a horseshoe, the toe at the cemetery and the wings at the , heel. The horseshoe should be widened ; proach perfection. Officers with whom I have conversed nay the liue was nearly a quarter of a circlo. This position gave ; us great advantage over tho rebels. We could concentrate on either wing or on ' the center by moving from two to three , m.les. Acting or, the circuni erence of, our outer circle, Lee was forced to move : ... , ... . .- 1frt mi Ip Io rnulr a :i eimthir cnlicen trAt ion. ' By watching Lee's movements carefully; General Meade.was able to checkmate him on -each occasion. l ; CONCLUSION. The great battle is over. The enemy is in full retreat toward Virginia, with our. victorious army in pursuit, ire tins reaches you the two ho-ts mny again measure strength. 9 , : j ! Justice to the Blacks the Interest of the Nation. "e autuonty, in the heart ol the black another est Slate ol Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia the slaves are no longer coerced to work. Nor is the Proclamation a lie, policy toward the black race, there is yet used of something more. The treatment ol the blacks in the long run must be based not on the necessities of war, or any emergency of transient circumstan Uniou ccs, but should be founded on principles of universal application, and of eternal force. The nation, that is, the individ that'we uals who compose the nation, must learn to treat the blacks on the simplest priu to ciples of even justice. They are to be treated neither with harshness nor with softness; not as a bervile class, not as nat portion ural interiors, not, as degraded race, but simply as men. Tho nation, if it would secure its own prosperity and happiness, must conquer the prejudice, which has led, and, if indulged, will lead to outra An geous aud calamitous injustice. We put in no plea for compassion and kindness to a long suffering, deeply wronged, and blameless race, it is not any ground of " ,";,;. ckuin lor the blacks, but we claim justice f them as their right and thereto- as the only rule ot trea me t which will not endanger and enfeeble the We ot the m right. tion Usetf, and expose it to ineviubW pen not luet. Sell interest on our part, on the .of the white race requires just ce to Je blacks. Their work is to be paid for he of men- lf tthev. d a ?ork ,-lull wages, not half wa the Ses are their due. If they are idle let em suner me consequences, a tie fern ot apprenticeship, or of forced labor to be applied to them, no more than to "bite mon, that is, it is to , be applied on twenty when there is danger of their Decora tion g a burden on the community, and then lr ra v . V TC1 t Ii1 trtpf0( I In Ki-i in At tho present time the greit question for lias nation to solve is not n nether the L'niou shall be preserved, for the Union la inuissoiuhic; Hot ncn, the war is to be nnuLeu, ior me war wui euu tiiica reoei- . lloIi c-"es; nor is it any question about - constitutional rights or natural liberties,; 6u1, 11 w luo tue tiresome, the here- J u.lolo iil ausWcied question ot the posi- "on and ire-iuicin oi the black race. , Tne answer gneii io this questkin will be : el,.' t fiiielisfifiie of Alnenciin i.rincinlea ! -- i 1 ' l" fropiiwy ol national prosperity or --'" w lrlei1 " ". "eating them, that ol slavery, which us plainly been a wrong one. and has re suite- m w.uyi.v,.., Uu-uuu or ttI,d suttering slavery is very near il3 ' Ihe Proclamation ol the hrst ot .January, 15oi, is not a dead letter. It is working like yeast to leaven the whole lump ot the Southern social system. Airway as we learn, upon unquestiona- "to keep the word ot promise to the ear, and brea.t it in our hope It is to u luaiuuuucu "'""'S "- to its lull intention, with the whole force of the government, aud the entire sup- port ot me nation. 1 Liie new policy that it inaugurated commends itselt daily more and more, no less to the intelligence than to the conscience of the people. The enlisting of negroes ill North and South Carolina, in Louisiana, and in the Western Slave Slates, the enrollment of black volunteers in Massachusetts, Kan sas, and ether free States; the employ ment of freed men on abandoned or cou- IkaaIoiI f.hintutinna unrler rm-eminnf. authority ana inspection, are evidence ot the practical operation ot emancipation, and of the sincerity of the administra tion and of the people in the work of free dom. But although all these and other facts afford evidence of the destruction of sla very, and of the establishment of a new . . i r AnmnAnMlinn tl.nf WM rPSt fill T is to be applied to them, no more than to I ""J the same proportion as white men would receive it. There is no blinding oui selves to the fact that, whether we like it or not, the blacks are part of this nat: n for weal or for woe. m.iL, "eiuer . or not, u.ae.s - " -i v. . rniml democratic instico thev will as a ; It - - j race soon learn to take care of themselves, ; au soon raise meuiseives iroiu iu ; depths of slavery to honest independence. More than this they will become a class , i '"""tuw imijvruiuce io woiuuuu), They j will form a laboring class of freemen such j as no other nation possesses, and their I rise from bondage into the enjoyment of I ' freedom and justice, will involve a con- slant and steady increase in tne sources of national pro5,rerUy, security and power. The same fi -jp and equal justice that each ono of vft demands for himself, is demanded bvAhe negro. lie has as good a right to itas we have. It is the duty of every man who loves his country, who be lieves in tne inalienable rights of man and who would serve God, to help him se cure it. f y Head Q'rs Frovost MiSsHit, ) 19th Dis't or Onto, I Warren, July 14, 18g4. J i The following forms are published for the information of those who claim ex emption from the draft on account of any of the reasons set forth in these forms. When such a person is notified that he has beeu drafted, he should at once pre pare his testimony according to the prop er form. Form 26, however, for ar aged and infirm parent desiring the exemp tion of a son, should be made at once, and forwarded to this office. The elec tion must be rnado before the son is drafted. Each of these certificates must have a five cent revenue stamp. Signi tures by a mark must be witnessed. By order of Board of Enrollment. DARIUS CADWELL, Provost Marshal 19th Dis't, O. FORM 25. Certificate Exemption for the son of a widow. Certificate Exemption for the son of a widow. or of an aged and in firm parent of parents. I, the subscriber , resident of l county, State of , hereby certify that I, being liable to military duty under the act of Congress "for enrolling and calling out the national forces," 4c, approved March 3, 1803, am the only son of , a widow, (or of , an aged parent,) dependant on my labor for support. We, the subscribers, do hereby certify that the above named , is the only son of a widow, (or of aged and in firm parents,) dependent on his labor for support. Personally appeared before me, , the above named and , and severally uiade oath that the above certificate is correct and trtie. to the best of their knowledge and belief Justice of the Peace. Dated this day of , ISO . y , he f fc aboye ifi. must gi d fc L person claim- . ,. , . f. i, mg exemption, and the second by two re- . . . . .. . - ..J. pectablo citizens (heads of families) resi dents of the town, county, or district, in which the person resides, and sworn to be fore a magistrate. Xotf 2. This certificate is to be used only in cases where the labor of the person i claiming exemption is actually necessary j for the support of the persons dependent on him. The exemption does not apply in cases where there is sufficfent property to yield support, and the necessary busi- uess for collecting theincomecan be trans acted by agents, trustees, or the like. j j FORM 26. FORM 26. Certificate of a parent that he or she desires one of his her sons exempted. of t county. State of , hereby certify that I am aged an infirm, and that I am dependent for Uunnort on the labor of mv two sons above f the subscriber 1 Ka father lar mother (f anj residents named: and that I elect my son . , shall be exempt from the ' operaoions of the act of Congress for en- rollingand callingoutthe national forces," approved March 3, 1803. . j We. the subscribers lo hereby certify j the obove named , is aged ', an.l infirm, and dependent on the labor' sons for support. j " i ... .. ," Personally appeared before me the above i name'1 .,au! , ... , severally made oath i that the above certificates are correct ana , belief. ' Justice of the Peace. this day of 130 , Dated at Notb 1. The first certificate must be signed by the parent makina the election J and the second by two respectable citizens, (heads of families) residents of the town, county, or district in which the persons reside, and sworn to before a magistrate, i In case the father is deceased, the certifi cate is to be signed by the mother, and the fact of the father's death is to be sta ted by the persons certifying. Note 2. This certificate is to be used only in cases where the labor of the person claiming exemption is actually necessary for the support of the personB dependent i 'ei . i i Oil llllll. AUC rACHI'HUIl UVb in cases where there is sufficient property ... , , ; to vield supivort. and the necessary busi-' uess . 'l .un. . i"1 ... ...... - . .... ......... acted by agents, trustees, or the like. ..-.I. ...... t..tlii in sni a I T u - ----- FORM 27. Certificate that the person liable to draft is the only brother of a child of children dependent. on his labor for support. I, the subscriber, " , being li able to draft into the service of the Uni ted States, hereby make affidavit that 1 am the only brother of , underT.2 years of age, having neithea fa ther nor mother, and dependent on my labor for support. We, the subscribers, : .1 . C and county, irate of , hereby" certify that , who is liable ! to draft, is the only brother of unner 12 years of age, having neither fa ther nor mother, and dependent on his labor for support. Personally appeared beforo me, the ! above named and . j and severally made oath that the aoove i certificate is correct and true to tlie best of their knowledge and belief. Jnsticc of the Pence. this day of I ho Dated at Note 1. This certificate is to be used only in cases where the labor of the per son claiming exemption is actually neces- sary for the support of the persons de- penueii L Oil 111UJ. J.UQ CAbUipilUll UUCT not apply in cases where there is sufficient property to yield support, and the neces sary business can be transacted for col lecting iho income by agents, trustees, or the like. Note 2. The first certificate must be "'- j " 6 ;-r n, 1 fH. 'rSnt iaVhe "., j;..,; ;, bame town, county, or district With the person for whom ex i exemption is claimed. -Major s FROM 28. Certificate that two members of the family of Certificate that two members of the family of the person liable to draft are already in the military service of the United States. We, the subscribers, and , residents of county. State of , hereby certify that two members of the family and household of , county and State ahovementioned, are in the military service of the United States, as non-commiasoned officers, musicians or privates. Personally appeared before me, the above named and , , and severally made oath that the above certificate is correct and true to the best I of their knowledge and belief. Justice of the Peace. this ' day of 180 . Dated at Note 1. This is only intended to ap ply where the members of the family claiming exemption reside in the same family. If any of the members reside elsewhere, and have gone into the mili tary service or the United States, no ex emption on that account can be claimed. Note 2. This certificate must be sig- -ned by one of the parents, if there be any; if not, by two respectable persons (heads of families) resident in the same town, county, or district with the person for whom exemption is claimed. FROM 29. Certificate that person liable to draft is the father of motherless children, under 12 years of age, and depending on his labor for support. I, , the subscriber, being liable to draft into the service of the Uni ted States, hereby make affidavit that I am the father of motherless child , under 12 years of age, and de pending on my labor for support. We the subscribers, and , residents of , county, State of , hereby certify that" is father of motherless children under 12 years of age and depending on him for support. Personally appeared before me, the above named and , and severally made oath that the above certificate is correct and trueto the best of their knowledge and belief. ; i J T : ' ' " ; t Justice of the Peace. Dated this day of . ISO . Note. The first certificate must be signed by the person claiming exemption and the second by two respectable per sons (heads of families) resident in' the) same tewn, county, or district with the ' Ierson for whom exemption is claimed. From 30. Certificate for exemption on account of unsuitableness of age. I, , of . , county. State of , having been enrolled under the provisions of an act of Con gresss"for enrolling and calling out the national forces," c, approved March 3, 13C3, as liable to perform military duty, in the service of the United, States, hereby certify that I am not legally sub ject to such liability, ami for the follojy- iae reason: .. . . - -. . That I am ' years of age. Wc, the subscribers, .and , of the town, county and State abovementioned, hereby certify that the above statement of . ' age is correct and true to th best of our knowledge and b-plief. ' - ' : Personally apivenred before the above named and and severally made oath that the above certificates are correct and true to the hst of their knowledge and belief. Justice of the Peace. be signed by the parents of the person s claiming exemption, and the require that ments specified in the regulations are to be adhered to. The blank space in the of certificate to indicate the age of the pr- son is to be filled as follows: That I am 'under twenty' years of age. That I am 'over thirtv-five' year of age, ianrj married " That I am 'over forty-five vears of age, accordi to the r.t in the -, , x. . .f T ,t;fi otitA is not led, and the requirements of paragraph CI. Regulations, Ac., must be complied with. Dated at ' , this day oj iSO . Note 1. The certificate in regard to age is. in all cases where practicable, to signed by the parents, the fact of the age must be certified to ty two respectable persons (heads of families) resident in h to count or distri(.t wiUl. , Fn l,m Jr.,t, u nl-v'in.- Personal Appearance of Gen. Meade. "Agate," the Army correspondent o the Cincinnati Gazette with the Army of the Potomac, thus describes Gen. Meade In a plain little wall tent, just like the rest, pen in hand, seated on a camp-stool : and bending over a map, is the new "Gen eral Commanding" for the Army of the , 1 v Potomac. Tall, slender, not ungainly. but certainly not handsome or graceful,' thin-faced, with grizzled beard and mus- thin-laceu, witn grizziea oeara ana mus- . , ... , . , r- rr forehead, from each corner of which the slightly curling hair recedes as if giving premonition of baldness apparently be- - -oen fnrt.-fiv and fiftv vears of ape altogether a man who impresses you rath- as a thoughtful student than as a daslw ing soldier so Gen. Meade looks in his tent. "I tell you. I think a great deal of that fine fellow, Meade," I chanced to hear the President say, a few days after Chan cellorsville. Here was the result of that good opinion. Grant's Account Current. The following has been passed to Gen- eral Grant's credit and shows state of "exchange' m Dixie: healthy The United States in account with GENERAL ULYSSES S. GRANT, CR. Lieut. General 1 General 4 Brigadier Generals 12 . f.T p- m jn ruin vfrtwu'X''"'"''". "... .20.000 35.000 Field artillery 102 Siege Guns.. 30 Locomotives.: Mortars in good order Stands of colors 30 80 80 VICKSBURG, MISS., July 4, 1863. Ople was once engaged to paint the por. trait of a lady, who, whenever she tho't the paiater was touching the mouth . screwed it up in a most ridicuous man ner. Ople, who was a blunt man, said very quietly, "Madam, if you wish the mouth left out, 1 will omit it with pleas ure. B-The East to the "West, greeting Gettysburg, July, 1S63: We go you 12,000 prisoners. The West to the East Vicksburg July 4, 1863: All right; we go you 12,000 bet ter. Cin. Com. An English writer says you can tell when you atra surrounded by a dozen Americans by the following unerring test: Three will be found, smoking cigars, and nine reading newspapers.