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Western Reserve chronicle. [volume] (Warren, Ohio) 1855-1921, July 22, 1863, Image 1

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VOL. 47, NO. 50.
WHOLE NO. 2442.
o. . turoooi., c. . atuus, . biikzki .
rTltLlHKl:k ,ir
Western Reserve Chronicle.
for Urwu. rain of ailvertviua.ir met innJe.-
Manufacturers uf Stove. Plows. Ctinirs.Tinwre
jtove Furniture. Stove Pipe, Ac. Xo. ft. Market
Street. Werrtn. O. A-ril -Jt. TO.
Manufacturers and Dealers in B-ots, Shoes. UuMip,
A;c Also Dealers in Leather, 'iudiiijral(.-.. c
Market Street. Waxren. Ohio.
. sriAK. e. SPEAK, JC.
Mauuiaf- turers and Pealers in LuuiW, KtuKli unl
ireg3l, lxrs. hiiu.U. ;sati. rioorinz, f-iUint;.
Shingles and Lath. So 1, Caiml Mreet, tt arreu. u.
W. II.
Manufictururs of Improved Steam Engines, Iron
and Braw found era arid Miilu-riirhu. Franklin
rouixlry. Corner ol lauerty and houta Mrci ;.
H arreu, Ohio.
Manufacturer and Dealer in Roots Shoe?, Leathei
and r'iiidinfrs, Maia Street. Warren, Ohio.
Manufacturer and Dealer in Saddles, Ihmiei-ses.
Bridles. Martiuiraies, Trunks, Whiiw. Buffalo ami
Fancy Robes, ilorse-BlankcU. Covers, Fiy-Xcts.
Jte So 17, west side of Main jtreet. Warren. O.
Manufacturer of Saddles, llanirsnes. Trunks. A'C
Carriage 'i'riiuminfrs. at the Center of FarmiitKtou.
Trnmoul County, Ohio.
ISAAC tRiinx.
Surveyor and Notary Public, West Farmitigtou. 0
County Surveyor and Civil Eneiueer. Deeds ac
knowledged and convcyanciug attended to. Lurch
Hill. Llartford Trumbull Co.. Ohio.
Jan. 14. 1So3. 1 v.
Civil Engineer and Land Surveyor, Warren. Ohio.
Leveling ana surveying lb toal .Mine altended
to. Also Examinations, Mai and Keports ol
Collieries made. April , c:
Attorney at Law. f Having retired from Anny. on
aeeoajat of disability from wounds, would respect
fully inform the publie that le ha opened an of
ee in River Block, over the More of Uoyt & ts
born. for the practice of bis profession, lie will
uti hefore the Courts of Trumbull and ad
joining Counties. He will also practice before
th. I tnrt nf Claims, and the Departments al
. Washington City, ilo respectfully solicits a share
of public patronage.
W arreu Ohio. April 22. 186X
Attorneys and Counsellors at Law, Cleveland. Ohio.
Prompt attention given to Collections in Cuya
hoga, and adjoining Counties.
June IS. 62-ly
Attorney at Law, Webb's Kew Block, Main Street,
Warren. Ohio.
Attorney at Law and Real Estate Agent, at Power's
Corners, llecca, Trumbail County, Ohio.
Attorney at Law; office in Jameson's building. Mar
ket Street, Warren, Ohio.
Attorney at Law and Notary Publie, Warren. Ohio,
Collections promptly made. Deeds acknowledged,
and Conveyancing attended to; office in McCotnbs
A Smith's Block.
Attorney at Law and Prosecutor for Trumbull
Coenty: offiee at the 61d Clerk's Office, north of
the Court House: Waxren: Ohio.
r. a. mrrcHua.- . w. aATLivr. v. o. tourist.
itctchixs, KATurr a- forrist.
Attorneys at Law; office over Freeman. Ilunt Jt
Co.'s Banking Office, Market Street. Warren. Ohio.
. TCTTLt J- BTrl.i
Artomevs at Law: office at the old office of Sutliff
A Tuttle, Uirh Street, two doors west ot the Amer
ican House, Waxren, Ohio.
. B. TAYLOR- i c 'ks.
Attorneys at Law, Office in the Rooms formerly
eupied bv Fornst & Burnett, east side of Public
Square, Warren, Ohio.
M. IECHAfiD. B. B. H.iKi:s.
Attorneys at Law, Warren, 0.. Office one door south
of Oaskill House.
April 2. renf ;
J. . COX. W. T- SPEAR.
Attorneys at Law. office on Market Street, over the
Store of Iddings A Morgan, Warren. Ohio.
Physician and Burgeon; office north side ef Public
gquare. Warren, Ohio. Ofhce hours from i to J
'clock morning and eveninr. and trom 1 to 2 P M
t , - r. F. A. BIERCE,
Hoatnrpathfe Physician and Surgeon. Office nnd
Residence in SutlifTs Block, north of the Public
Square. Office up stairs, residence east end or
the Block.
physicians and Surgeons: office over Nichols' Cloth
ing Store. Main Street. Waxren. Ohio.
Phrsicians and Snrgeons: offiee east of the Bank.
Market Street. Warren. Ohio.
J, DATIS, 51. D..
Eoleetic Physician and Surgeon: office over Hunt t
Brown's Leather Store. Main Store. Warren. O.
Office hours from 9 to 12 o'clock A. M.
Eclectic Physician and Surgeon, Bristol. Trumbull
Coanty. Ohio.
Phvsician and Surgeon: office at the residence of S.
I'. Sronsoo, Souihington. Trumbull County, Ohio.
L. SPEAR, M. I.,
Eclectic Physician and Surgeon; offiee over Moser's
Store, Market Street, Warren, Ohio. Particular
attention given to Chronic Diseases.
Physician and Surgeon, Girard, Trumbull county,
Ohio. Particular attention given to Diseases of
the Lungs. Chronic Diseases in general.
Dr. A. E. LTMAX,
Surgeon Dentist, operator in all forms
of Scientinc, Medical and Mechanic
al Dentistry, Newton Falls. 04.Ma'2S
Wholesale and Retail dealer in American and For
eign Hardware, Iron, Nails. Glass, Ac. Van bor
der's Block, Market Mreet. Warren, Ohio.
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Foreign and Amer
ican Dry tioods. Groceries. Crockery, Ac, Corner
of Main and Market Streets. Waxren. Ohio.
B. H. riCK. B. FKCK.
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Foreign and Do
mestic Dry Goods, Silk and Straw Bonnets. Trim
mings, Varieties, Ac. at the sign of the " Harre
llrv Good Utore," Phoenix Bloek, Warren, Ohio.
W. K. W. r. PORTER,
Dealer In School and Miscellaneous Books, Station
ery. Wall Papers, Periodicals, Pamphlets and
Magazines, at the New lork Book More. Main
Street, Waxren. Ohio.
Dealers in Staple and Fancy Dry Goods, Groceries,
(jrockery. Hardware, Carpeting, Sole Leather, Ac,
at the sign of the "Empire Store," Market Street.
Waxren. Ohio.
. a. FAKES- - WRSTZ.
Dealer In Foreign and Domestic Dry Goods, Crock
ery Boota, Shoos and Leather. Carpeting, Paper
Hangings. Window Shades, Ready Made Clothing.
Are, always eheap for ready pay i at the N ew ork
Store, Market Street, Waxren. Ohio.
Importers of Gold and Silver Watches, and Dealers
in Jewelry. Silver Ware, Ac. Market Mreet, W ar-
. Ohio.
Dealers in Watch oe. Clocks, Jewelry. Silver Plated
1 . L lmmn Vanev Goods. Ac.
Ko.7,Main Street, Waxren. 'Ohio. All kinds of
Uioenaaw tt Meaee eaxeiiuu repaucu mum
Forever liio sun is pourint his gold
Ha a hundred worlds tnat be' and borrow ;
H.;1 warmth he squanders on summits cold.
His iwenlih on the homes of wait and sorrow.
To withhold his l.trteress of precious light
1 to bury himself in eternal nii,-ht.
To give
Is to live.
The flower shines not for itself nt all ;
Iti joy is the joy irfreuly diffuses;
Of beauty and balm it is rrodigal
And it lives m the life it sweetly loses.
Xo choice t'-.r the row but glory ol doom
io i:loJe or tinutier. to wuher or bloom,
fu deny
Is to die.
The seas lend silvery rays to the laud.
1 he land its sappuire streams to the ocean :
1 he iieurl sends blood to the braiu of eoniuiaud,
'lue brain to lii heart Us lightning motiou:
And ever anu ever we yield our brcatu.
Ti:l liie uniioi is ary and images deata.
io live
is to giv e.
lie s di-ad whoschaud is not opened wido
( i blip tlieue.si ol a tiumau bro.her;
lie aouuiua til,; lite Ol bis llie-lun ride.
V. ho give uls lortuuae place to auollltr,
Aud a (ii.itisiiiid million lives are tin,
uj came liie feorl.1 in Uis s uipataiea.
is to die.
Throw gold to the fur-dispersing wave.
Aud jour snips sail bomo aim Ions of treasure
Caieuot lorc'liiiorl. all Imrusaip brave.
Alii veulU aud a'd Mlatl sup W11U pleasure
Fung ncalth to loo suusbiue, wind and raiu
Aud roses suall come to lUe chce atalu.
Io gi e
is to live.
H hat is our life ? Is it wealth aud strength T
li Me. lor the -darter's &.iao Mill lose it,
W e sUaii lJud it a liuujred-lold. at length,
vt hile tuey suall torcver lose wno reluse it :
And natiou tuat save tueir union and peace
al tne cost ol rigiit, tueir woeaball increase,
ibey save
A grave
Correspondence of the New York Herald.
1 o-U.iy 1 liave il.sm'iI Jroin eii.l to end
ol luc vv uoiii riound wiicie lue lilies ol
Uatiic vvcle Uiaw n. Tlie) J.iaco bt-ais evi-
Ui-iice ol iia tug been the sceue ol at tierce
struggle, i'lie auocko ol ttiose two uiass
ea oi liuiiiaiiay, suigm and resurginj;
tiic one aguuial luo oilier, could liaiuiy
lwu tvilliuUl Iravnig their truces iu lear
lul liiulaclcls.
i'atciiij; out ol OciijsLurg by ttif llalti-
uiuie liiKe, we couie hi a lew bieps to tlie
entrance ot the ceuieteiy. Little ot the
eticioMire teuiaius au e me wicket gale
vva v , niuu uluca (lie gates have been
loin. llie ne.it uooueu It lice, lirst
tin-own down to iuciiilaie the movements
ot our ai uhery, became absorbed lor luel
aliU ill Various oilier uti:, as tile soldiers
made tlieir camp on llie sjiol. A lew pa
lings scattered carelessly around are all
that remain. The cemetery Was such as
is usually to be found near thrifty towns
ol lite size of Gettysburg. Xone of the
monuments aud auormugs were highly
expensive, though all were neat, aud
many of ilieui bordered on the cosily.
i'he place was kept with considerable
care, as is evinced Ly the tew traces of
horticulture that remaiu. The eye is ar
rested by a notice prominently posted,
lorbiddiug the destruction or mutilation
of anv tree, shrub or stone about the
place, under severe penalties. The defi
ance that war makes against the civil
law, and the overthrow of many ot" socie
ty's customs, is lorcibly apparent as one
peruses those warning lines.
Monuments ana ueaasvones lie here
and there overtuined. Graves, once care
fully tended by some loving hand, have
been trampled by horses leet uotu the
vestiges ol verdure have disappeared.
The neat aud well-trained shrubbery has
vanished or is but a broken and tangled
mass of brushwood. On one grave lies a
dead artillery horse, fast decomposing un
der the July sun. On another lie the
lorn trarmeuts ot some wounded sol
dier, stained aud his saturated
with his blood. Across a small head
stone, bearing the words "Io the
memory of our beloved child, Mary, lie
ir'igtnenlB of a musket shattered by a
cannon shot. In tlie center of a space
enclosed by an iron fence and containing
hull a dozen graves, a lew rails are still
standing where thfy were erected by our
soldiers and served to support the shelter
tents ot a bivouacking sijuad. A family
shaft, has been broken iu fragments by a
shell, aud only the base remains, with a
portion of the inscription thereon.
Stone after stone felt tho effects of the
feu (Tenfcr that was poured upon the crest
ol" the hill. Cannon thundered and foot
nd horse soldiers tramped over the
sleeping place of the dead. Other dead
were added to thete who are resting here, '
and many a wounded soldier still lives to
remember the contest above those silent
The hill on which this cemetery is lo
cated was the center of our line of battle
and the key to our whole position. Had
the rebels been able to curry this point
they would have lorced us to retreat, and
the whole battle would have been lost.
To pierce our line here was Lee's great
endeavor, and he threw his best brigades
against it. Wave alter wave ol living
valor rolled up the slope, only to roll
back again under the deadly hie ol our
artillery aud infantry. Jt was on this
hill, a hltle to the right of the cemetery,
where occured the charge of the famous
brigade of Louisiana Tigers. It was their
boast that they were never yet foiled in
an attempt to take a battery, but on this
occasion they suffered defeat and nearly
annihilation. Sad and dispirited they
mourn their repulse and terrible Josses iu
the charge,
From the summit of this hill a large
portion of the battle ground is spread out
before the sjiectator. In front and at his
feet lies the town of Gettysburg, contain
ing in quiet times a population of four or
five thousand souls. It is not more than
hundred yards to the houses in the
edge of the village where tho contest
with the rebel suarpsnooters tooK place.
To the ielt ol tho town stretches a long
valley, bounded on each side by a gently
sloping ridge. The crest of each ridge is
distant a good three-fourths of a mile or
more lroru the other, it was on these
ridges that the lines of battle were form
ed on the second and third day, the reb
el line being on the ridge to the west
ward. 1 he one stretching directly trom
our left hand, and occupied by our own
men, has but little timber upon it, while
that held by the rebels, boasts of several
groves of greater or less ex ten. In one
of these the Tennsylvauia College is em
bowered, while iuauother is seen tho Theo
logical Seminary. Half way between tlie
ridges are the ruins of a large brick buil
ding, burned during the engagement, and
dotted about here and there are various
brick and frame structures. Two miles
at our left hand rises a pointed elevation,
known to the inhabitants as Hound II ill.
Its sides are wooded, and the forest
stretches from its base across the valley
to the crest of the western ridge.
It must not be supposed that the space
between the ridges is au even plain, shav
en with the scythe and leveled with the
roller. It rises and falls gently and with
little regularity, but in no place is jt
steep of ascent. Were it not for its unu
niformity and for the occasional sprink
ling of trees over its surface, it could be
compared to a patch of rolling prairie in
miniature. To the southwest of the fur
ther ridge is seen the mountain region of
Western Maryland, behind which' the
rebels had their line of retreat. It is not
wild, rough mass of mountains, but a
region of hills of the larger and more in
accessible sort. They are. traversed j by
roads only in a few localities, and their
passage, except through the gaps, is diffi
cult lor a single team and impossible for
an arniv.
T.he Theological Seminary, sjioken of
above, was one ot the spots around wmcu
the battle rajjed. JBjoudit was where
the First and Eleventh Corp contended
with Ewell and Longstreet on the first day
of the engagement. Afterward, tindiug
th:.t the relx-ls were t strong for them,
they fell back and took "p a new position
including this building in the line.
Here the loss was very heavy, and the
Seminary shows the fearful nature of the
struggle. Its walls ure pe (orated with
shot and shell, an. I the bricks are inden
ted uy numerous bullet nurks. Its win
dows show the effects of the mus'ketrv,
and but little glass remains to shut out
the cold and rain. The building i.s not
now in use according to its original de
,i.n 1..., :. : 1 I .1 .1
fc" is occujiieu uy ino rewis au
hospital. From a school for the educ
tion oi ministers ot theuo.spel to a re
ceptacle ol rehel wounded is a change
indeed. The IVnnsy Ivania College has
been similarly occupied, and the instruc
tion of the students is neglected for the
In passing from the cemeterv along the
crest of the lidge where our line of battle
stood. I hrst came upon the position oc
cupied by some of the batteries. This is
shown by tho numerous horses lvinir un
nurieil, and by the larce mounds which
marK where others have been shunt v
covi-red. There are traces rffan artil
lery fight. Here is a broken wheel of a
gun carriage, an exploded caisson. a hand
spike, and the numerous neculiiirv color
ed paper covers tnat accompany fixed am
munition, in the torka of a tree I found
iestament. with the name "Chnrlea
Uuirale, Company G." written on the flv
leaf. The guns aud gunners have disap-
pearea. some ot tne latter are now with
the column moving in pursuit of the en
emy, others are sutlenne in the hospitals.
and still others are restine where the bu-
i ie cine suaii never awaken men).
. :n i.ii
.between the cemeterv and the town.
and at the foot of the ridge where I stand
runs the road leading to Emmettsburg.
It is not a turnpike, but a common dirt
road, and as it leaves the main street lead
ing into town It makes a dimmim) u-seetit
the hilL On the eastern side this road
is lor a short distance bordered by a stone
wail. Elsewhere on both sides there is
uothing but a rail fence.
A portion ot our sharpshooters took posi
tion behind this wall, and erected trav
erses to protect them from a flanking
fire should the enemy attempt to move
up tue roau ironi Gettysburg. These
traverses constructed nt right angles to
the wall by making a "crib" of fence I
rails, two feet high aud tho same distance
part, aud then tailing it up with dirt.
arthet along on the road I find the rails
rom the western side of the road piled
against the fence on the east, so as to form
breastwork two or three feet in Light;
few spadesful of dirt serve to fill the in
terstices, lhis defense was thrown ud bv
the rebels at the time thev were holdin?
the line of the roads. i
Moving to the left I find still more se-
uarA Irand. aF b.iIIIa. G.l.,:... 'I ' ... 1
w .s vi ai wni v uiiuiliiil. 1BCI11V-
seven dead horses on a space of little
more than one acre is. evidence of heavy
ork. llere are a tew scattered trees.
hich were evidently used as a screen for
our batterios. These trees did notescane
the storm of shot aud shell that was rain-
cu iu mat uirection. oome ol them were
perforated by cannon shot, or have been
cut off in that peculiar spliu-'
teiing manner tnat marks the course ot a ;
projectile through green wood. Close by i
here this lighting took place are piled a
large number of muskets and cartridge
boxes that have been collected from tne
field. Considerable work has beeu done
thus gatheriug the debris of the battle,
it is by no means complete. Overall
the ground are scattered muskets, bayo-
ueis and sabres, our own being tndtscrim- :
inately mingled with those of the rebels,
My next advance to the Ielt carries me
where the ground is thickly studded with
In one group 1 count a dozen .
graves of the JOlh Massachusetts, near by
those of the lit th Jnew York, and close
hand an equal number from the lu
ew Jersey. Care has been taken to
place a headboard at each grave, with a
giuie inscription thereon, showing whose
remains are resting beneath. The head- to
board is usually made from the remnant
a box that may have served iu pur-
pose and become useful as a box no long-
er. In a few instances they appear to
have been made from fresh lumber with
snecial reference to their nresent no. fin
one board the comrade of the dead sol-
diers had nailed the back of his knapsack
on which his name was painted. On
was a brass plate, bearing the sol- i
dier's name in heavily stamped letters.
The line of breastworks continues.
From the center of our position, far awav'
to the extreme left, our men threw up '
nasty ueienses, irom wiucn to resist tue
rebel attack. herever stone fences were j
found they were taken advantage of to ,
form a part of the line. Where these '
were not at hand the rails from fences in
were heaped up and covered slightly with 1
dirt. Where these did not run iu the j of
proper direction works of earth and trees
weie thrown up, behind which the men ;
were to fight. They extended nearly to'
base of Round Hill and into the tim-
ber that skirts the elevation. They were ,
thrown up on Wednesday night, alter the 1
1st and 1 1 th corps have been driven Lack
through the town. It was Gen. Meade's
plan to compel the enemy to make an at
tack, and lor this purpose the works were
thrown up. At the same time the rebels
were not idle. They threw up a line al
over four miles in length, in some eases
constructing it with great care. For much
of the way their works partake more of
the nature of permanent defenses than
they do'of a fortification that is designed
to be merely temporary. It was evident
their supposition on Wednesday night
that they could compel us to make the
attack. They looked for an assault with
inferior numbers upon their army in a
strong position of their own choosing.
Their expectations in this paticular were
not fulllilled.
Moving still to the left, I found an orch
ard in which the fighting appears to have
been desperate in the extreme. Artillery
shot had plowed through the ground iu
every direction, and the trees did not by
any means escape the fury of the storm.
The long balls of iron, said by officers
present to be a modification of the Whit
worth projectile, lay everywhere scatter
ed. The rebels must have been well sup
plied with this species of ammunition,
and they evidently used it with no spar
ing hand. 'At one time I counted twelve
of these bolts lying on a space not fifty
feet square. I was told that the forest in
rear of our position was full of these shot
that passed over our heads in the time of
the action. The rebel artillery fire has
heretofore been excellent, but I am told
that on the present occasion it was not
accurate. Why it was so is difficult to ex
plain. The defenses thrown up on our left
were next in order of visit. They con
sisted of a single line temporary earth
works, and in a few instances of two lines.
Behing them lay the debris of battle scat
tered everywhere. Pieces of clothing,
tattered shelter tents, spoiled cartridges,
canteens pierced by bullets, torn haver
sacks, broken muskets, sabers, bayonets,
soldiers' equipments all were mingled
in confusion. Stained and saturated with
loyal blood, the fragments of clothing
torn from wounded heroes bore evidence
of the terrible struggle. Behind the
breastwork were the graves of the fallen,
dotted thickly around. The ground was
deeply cut by the wheels of the artillery
as it performed its evolutions on the field.
A mile from our central positions, on
the crest of the hill at the cemetery, was
field of wheat, and near to it a large
tract, on which corn was growing luxuri
antly before the battle. The wheat was
fearfully trampled by the hurrying feet of
the dense masses of infantry as they
kets he can find on the battle-field. Sen-!
tries have very " properly been posted I
extreme left I return to the center of our
position on the Cemetery Hill. I do not
follow the path ly which I came, but I
take a route along the hollow, letweeii '
the two ridges. It was acro-s this holiow ; s
they fell, or gathered in little clusters be
graves. neath some shading tree or beside clumps,
obtain a draught of water. His hands
are outspread upon the earth, and cluteh
of ins at the little tufts of grass beneath
Another corpse, a few pacesd.stant, lies !
with its hands thrown upward, in the po- I
sition taken when the soldier received his I
fatal wound. He was probably killed in- i
me.nt, and his face, though swollen, has
no expression of anguish. Twenty yards
from him are the remains of a body cut
two by a shot or shell. The grass is
drenched in his blood, that even the rain
yesterday has not washed away. His
gun is shattered in pieces, evidently by
the s..me missile that killed its ow ner,
and is laid ten feet away. As I move for
the ward I find another corpse, evidently that
a rebel, who was struck while in the
act of taking aim over his musket. His
cnangeu the.r ivositions iluring tn- ia.il.'.
In the cornfield artillery had been K.altoii-
ed, and changed its position as often a-,
enemy obtained its r.nii'e II irdi.v a
hiil of corn is left in its pristine iuxuri-
ance. The little that escaped the hoofo:-
wheel, as the guns moved from place
to place, has since been nibbled oil by
horse tluring the nuht bivouac
subsequent to the buttle. Not a stalk rtf
is upright. Xot a blade of corn
mains uninjured, all has f.ilien ion be-
fore harvest. Another harvest, in which :
death was I he reaper, has been gathered
above it.
On our extreme left the pointed sum-:
mil of a hill of a thousand leet elevation
toward the sky. Beyond it tiie conn- :
try falls oil' into the mountain region that
extends to the Potomac and across it in-
to Virginia. This hill i.s guile steep, and
dilhcult ol ascent, and formed a strong
position, on which the left of our fne
could rest, ihe enemy assaulted tl.i s
point with great fury, throwing his divis
ions one after the other against it. Their
efforts were of no avail. Our men de
fended their ground against every attack.
It was like the dash of the French jit
Waterloo against the immovable columns
of the English. Stubborn resistance over-
came the valor ot the assailants. 1 nnt
after time they came tothe i.ssauh only to.
tail back as they had advanced. I heir
final retreat left the remnant of our own
men still standing behind their works. - -
The rebel dead and wounded were scat-
termg thickly about the ground. lur
own were not wanting.
dearly to the Ielt extreme ot the line,
and half wav between the crests of the
ridges, stands a neat farm house. Around
this dwelling the baitlo raged as around
lioUKOumoiit at W aterloo. At onetime
it was in the rebel possession, and was
fiercely attacked by our men. The walls
were pierced with shot and shell, many
of the latter exploding within, aud mak
ing of themselves a scene of devastation.
The glass was shattered by rifle builets on
every slue, and all the woodwork bears
testimony to the struggle- Tne siiaii.-
shooters were iu every room, and auileu
to tue disorder caused by the explosion
of shells. What the missiles spared iho
soldiery destroyed. The rebels were driv-
en from tlie house, and the iios.tioii was
taken by our own men. They in turn
were dislodged, but finally took and held
the place.
In au orchard in the real ot thU house
was the lajsition oi the rebel batvci ies uu-
ring a portion ot me action upon our ieit.
ritieenol their horses lie Uead on the
ground, swollen to au enormous size. As
yel, the citizens have made no attempt
to bury the putrefying masses. All over
the field are numerous men from the coun
try, engaged in gathering whatever is ol
value. A few are merely in search ol'rcl-
ires, but the most of them are bearing
away any and everything that they cou-
, J , . w . 1 . . I J - .t .-
vji iici-uiiiaM vaiuo. J1CTC 111 mi;
orchard I find a countryman engaged in
cutting the harness from one of tue dead
battery horses, and preparing to carry it
from the field. Another has collected a
dozen blankets, dropped, by soidiers iu
the heat of the engagement. Another 1
walks past me with three of the best nitis-l
wnere they can take visitors all that is of
value to the Government.
Ketracing mv steps before reaching the !
that the charges were made in the assauit !
upon our position. Much blood was pour-
ed out between these, two swells oi land.
Most of the dead have been buried where
hushes. Some of the rebel dead hre
still uncovered
The first that meets mvi
eAie I come upon suddenly, as I descend i
bank some three or four feet in hmht.
the side of a small spring. He is lying
near the spring, as if he had crawled there
them. His haversack and" canteen are !
still hamrinc to his side, and his hat is lv-1
nn. him Ilia inslcet. U .nn i- i
il,o, M;ail nffkn till nnmnrlui mL-on be I
some relic seeker, or placed in the accum- i
ulatod hean bv our own soldiers. !
stantlv while standing m.rieht. and fell
backward as he expired. His clothinsr is I
not torn, no blood appears upon Ins nar-
hands are raised, the left extended be-1
yond the right, and the lingers of the for
mer partly bent, as if they had just lieen
grasping the stock of a gun. One foot is
advanced before tho other, and the body
lying on its right side. To appearances
did not move a muscle after receiving
its wound.
The body of another rebel attracts my
attention by a singular circumstances.
The face is discolored in the extreme
black as that of the purest Congo negro.
The bands are as delicate as those of a
lady, and of snowy whiteness. With the
exception cf the luce, the body is but lit
tle swollen, and there are no signs of the
commencement of decomposition. Sev
eral bodies that I find show blackened fa
ces, but no other than this display such a
contrast between the color of the face and
hands. Near a small white house on the
rebel line lies the body of an officer, evi
dently a lieutenant or captain. His right
arm is extended as if to grasp the hand
of a friend. All possible positions in
which a dying man can fall can be no
ticed on this field.
Reaching the Emmittsburg road I find
the same signs of battle that I have men
tioned elsewhere. The rails are every
where scarred by bullets, tho fences
thrown down, the ground cut by the
wheels of the guns and trodden smooth
by the feet of the soldiers. In every
place it is strewn with the wreck of battle.
shattered gun carriage shows where a
rebel battery stood and received the shot
of our own. I mot here a woman and
three children on their return to their
home on the left of tho line of battle.
Five days ago they were forced to flee to
town to escape from their locality between
the two contending lines. This morning,
for the first time, they return back. I
fear the battle has made sad havoc with
their property. If their house is stand
ing, they will find it shattered by shot and
shell, and all its furniture torn up and
destroyed. The war tells heavily upon
the inhabitants of the region where it is
waged. Its brief transfer to to this local
ity will long show its effects on Gettys
burg and its vicinity
The little farm house on the Emmitts-,
burg, rood where Gen. Meade held hU;
headquarters during the cannonade, is l
.H , . ..., . ,
most. leanuiiy cut up. ai is uireanv
knownhow Gen. Lee masked his PrtihV
ry and opened with hundred and thirty !
rvin at iKa en ma (imA ririrTi i r To., i
shells in every second of time fell around !
those headquarters. The shells tore thro .
the little white building, exploded and :
scattering their fragments in every direc- j
tion. Not- a spot anywhere was safe. One j
shell through the doorstep, another in the
the retreating rebels. The hill coin
completely mauds a hill iew of the (own
the Susqui-h anna. The green fields and
darker lo.-e.4ts 1 k as peaceful as if they
had never heard the sou:l 1 of contcml
iti ing arinie-t. Nearly t .v j hundred thou
but md men m-t hero three days igo in
same is the case with tjiose in fn.m. be-
hind which the rebel sliarpshooters were
posted. I
Within twentv vards oi" one portion of;
fourth :iiftir. oti tho l ;s of a chair in
which a stall' ollieer was seated, und oth
tho ejs severed mid i-plinteiel the posts in
from ol tic house, howled through the
tie's bv which the dwell n wassnrround
the ed, and fa l deep .ui r nvs ol the soft
earth. At the fence in front of the build
hungry ing the horses ol" aids and orderlies were
i.id.i-j.. A d-i-n of the friiio'ened .'in
Hhful .Tiia! fell by the rebel i.ti.iecliies. and oth-
ers broke away and fled in th" wildest
lrig.it loiyiid. the rear. One staff oflicer,
and .iiiotipT and another were wounded,
Strange to say. amid . II this iron had no
one of I he stall" v.is killed. Everyman
stared death full in ;he face, and had lil
rises tl prospect of esc .ipJn-i unhurt. Iiately
lIhs history of u- ,r has there Iiepu a
s.-ene to e . jil.tl this.
This storm of pitiless iron was bv no
cnininev. a 'hint Kii.it . u; a niter, a
mean hurled at heail'iiiarter alone. It
was Lee's grand attempt t shatter and
break our center. Menaratorv to th
charge which should possess him !" the
key to our ro.iiti-.il It was a brilliant
plan, and fiifl in which X ipoleon often
achieved success. Whenever that array
of guns was pointed there Ihe air was la-
den with the hurl ling missiles of death.
Every tn-e, everv shrub, evi i-v blade of
grass bent before the blast Through the
thick roiling smoke-cloud that separated
tlie i-ontendiiiL' hosts shell after shell
crushed oil its fiery way. Man nor beast
could stand before it" Huge gaps were
c it in o.ir lines, and butt -rvnfter battery
hii.-lie-l its lire, disabled bv the rebel
iguiis. Xeailv two hours of this cannon-
ade. and then came the charge which was
so nobly rrnulsed
Once more at the Cemetery, I-struck
across the Baltimore Turnpike to the hill
that lorms the extremity of the ridge on
which the main portion of our line of bat
tle was located. This hill overlooks the
town and tho whole valley toward the
northwest, where it runs off into the hil
ly country in the direction of the Sus
quehanna. It lv.tson tins hill, just to the
right ot ihe ..-metery. where the battery
was posted that the Tiger brigade of Lou-
attempted to take bv a charge. I
have elsowhcre spoken of this charge, on 1
t?ie manner in which it was met by our
troops. Look ins from this elevation
dow n to Ihe valley below one can readilv
understand the desner-ite nature of such
ch irge. Th-tt the Timers succeeded in
(leaching the guns and actually spiking
ono of them, anrue irreat valor on their
part. E.pnl heroism was displayed by
our t
mr trnops in driving back the enemy aft-
f i i..t lm.1 net l,l.i : rt Ail tliA 1t.ll
The hill was made artificially Urong
during the night, alter the first assault-.
by the erection of several redans, behind
each of which a gun was posted. They
were sufficiently high to prevent their
being carried with ca?e by the enemy.
In addition to the artillery in this divis
ion there was u considerable number of
guns held in reserve. This position of
the line received special attention. ii it
was toe key to our whole position.
Should our position be carried our deleat
would l.e c I tain, as it wouid separate
our win 's Ii'oni each other. lite deten-
ses that were thrown up still remain, but
tlie nns were in tint roirl in mir-uit of
tho whole legion of the tight. Far
away on the left the mountains stretc i
awav to the Potomac, and on the riht.
mortal comb it. and to d iv there is a Sah-
bath-like stillness.
To i 1m ri -'it of the hiil the line of b it- i
tie for almost- a halt" mile, fails back at j
-hi an-les to the general course, from
"Hound Hill to the Cemeterv. This is !
i.v il.a uli-.iw of lli, .-in inil-tho v ,i
lev thron-li which a stream winds, bonds !
harpiy tothe eastward.
From h.-r.j tho
il.i. rnt follow :l re'ill.ir ri.l -e lint.
over a succession of elevations and de-:
pr. ssions. Tho defenses are on these in- j
equalities along tho front of the crest.
Fortune willed it that for a portion of the ,
sistance there shouid be a stron-' stone
fence. This w is rendered more dense by '
tiirowinj up a ouantity of dirt on both 1
;.!.. nrereniin.r bullets from i-lanein.' ;
i l.i-.-m.rb t he inters! ices of tlo.
wall. The trees around the wall are
thicklv scarred bv rebel hails, mid the
the works are the remains of a rebels
coat and a bloody blanket. Near it I '
foil 'd a copy of the Jf testament, ol I
!he ordinary 32mo. size, well printed and !
not Ladlv bound. On the title page is
the imnriiit of tho Confederate States Bi-'
Sivciety, and it claims to have teen
thrown trom the press of ::n establish
ment iu Atlanta, Ga. It contains the
name of John H. Congreve, ol an Ala
Iiamn regiment, the number being so
binned that it cannot be mr.de out with
On the flv leaf in the end ot
the book, the owner attempted to draw
representation of the rebel flag above
that of the
I mon.
ftcr passing the forest hill on the
ht, n rocky and somewhat strep as-'
cent, I entered the lorest. I lie breast
works here are constructed of piled logs
and dirt. The engineers were iu all cases
careful to keep them on the brow of the
hill the most difficult positions for the
rebels to assault. In one place is a con-
siderable quantitv of cast off soldiers' .
clothing, shelter tents aud rubber bl ink-
ets. A little back of the position on the
hillside, in a quiet nook, where the earth
less rocky, are the graves of several of
slain. The loss" does not appear '
have been heavy on our side in this lo-
cality, owing to the excellent position ;
occupied. i
Down the slope of the first hill, nearly j
the Lank of the stream, is a long '
mound of yellow earth. Approaching
this I find it to be the restinn place of a
of the rebel dead. Close by it, !
the side of a tree has been scraped and ;
neatly smoothed down. On this spot the
following insci iptition has been placedi-j '
'Forty-live Rebs buried to the right."
index points to the mound. Further :
down the valley is another mound, close J
the bank of the stream.
n the ,i iev.t;nn fi-nn, the cem-
eterv, the line bends still more to the;l'"J
right fallowing the brow of the hiil. At
the base of the hill is a stream known an i
Rock creek, across which the rebels were
obliged to move in their advance on the
It is but a few steps across, and
largo ehough to hinder the move-
menu of the troops. From the stream ! P
the summit of the hill the ascent is j
quite steep-too steep to be climbed, ex-
ceptl.v a llow walk. The rocks along 1 1-1
whole ascent are rough and irregular, !
and in the face of a heavy fire, must be 1
difficult to pass. The trees are of good j
size and the forest free from underbrush.
The limbs of the trees are from ten to
feet high, and afford no protec- My
to the approaching foe. .
. i " M.I I
About Halt wav trom the center ot tne
extreme right is the location ot tue scene
the fiercest attack upon that portion
tho field. The most terrible fire of
the day lias left its marks upon the trees
and rocks I have seer, the whole f '
thilouo ittienei.i. as wen as wnere cs.ier-
. 1.:. ...! .v.
man mci. ins unvuvui
Chickasaw Bayou. The traces of fight
there are but slight compared to those on j
this orninid I find t ree nfter tree scarred !
frorrf base to limbs so thickly that it
would have been imiss!ble to place one s
hand upon their trunks, without cover-
ing the mnrks f a bullet. One tree was
stripped of more than half its leaves by
the effects of the bullets alone, and many
i .
of lis twigs were cut half off. and were
hanging wilted and ready to drop to the
grouno. Ihe trunk of the tree, about
ten inches in diameter, was cut aud scar
red in every part. The tiro which struck
thesa trees was that which whs directed
from our muskets upon the advancing
rebels. Every tree and bush for the dis
tance of half a mile along these works
was nearly as badly marked. The storm
of oil. lets must have been as thick as
hailstones in an ordinary storm.
How a man could exist iu it and come
out unhurt, is difficult to imagine.
The trees are not alone in displaying
the terrible effects of the shot. The
r.icks, wherever they f:ce toward our
breastworks, are thickly strippled
with dots of white. On ono rock
presenting a surface of about seven square
leet, bullets have left their traces in little
blurred spots, like a snow flake of the
size. Tue missiles, flattened by contact
are lying scattered about in the leaves,
most of them giving little sign that they
have ever been musket projectiles.
Our sharpshooters in some localities oc
cupied novel positions. One of them
found the half of what had orice been a
hollow tree, witlr a hole left by the re
moval of a knot, facing directly
toward the ground where the rebels ad
vanced. He was thus provided with a
convenient loophole from which he could
lire upon the enemy. Another found a
nook between two rocks, about two feet
wide by six or eight long, and as many
high. The end of this nook was toward
the rebels, and filled up with smaller
stone. It made a fine spot for a sharp
shooter to occupy. It was occupied to
good effect by one of our marksmen, as
three or four dead rebels in front of the
position give evidence. Every conceiva
ble corner was filled with a sharpshooter
always on the lookout for the foo. It
was this fact that operated to slay the
rebels in larger numbers. Their loss on
the right was very heavy, though not so
much so as on the left. The extreme
right of the line is close upon a meadow
on the hank of Rock creek. Here but
few marks of the bait la were seen, tho
most of them being from cannon shot
that were probably thrown from single !
batteries on the other side of the creek, i
Lines drawn from this point to the ex
treme left, and again from each wing,
would form a triangle with the longest
si-Jo in the rear. The reader can obtain
an idea of the shape of the line of battle
by picturing to himself a horseshoe, the
toe at the cemetery and the wings at the ,
heel. The horseshoe should be widened ;
proach perfection. Officers with whom I
have conversed nay the liue was nearly a
quarter of a circlo. This position gave ;
us great advantage over tho rebels. We
could concentrate on either wing or on '
the center by moving from two to three ,
m.les. Acting or, the circuni erence of,
our outer circle, Lee was forced to move :
... , ... . .-
1frt mi Ip Io rnulr a :i eimthir cnlicen trAt ion. '
By watching Lee's movements carefully;
General Meade.was able to checkmate
him on -each occasion.
The great battle is over. The enemy is
in full retreat toward Virginia, with our.
victorious army in pursuit, ire tins
reaches you the two ho-ts mny again
measure strength.
9 ,
Justice to the Blacks the Interest of
the Nation.
"e autuonty, in the heart ol the black
another est Slate ol Mississippi, Alabama, and
Georgia the slaves are no longer coerced
to work. Nor is the Proclamation a lie,
policy toward the black race, there is yet
used of something more. The treatment
ol the blacks in the long run must be
based not on the necessities of war, or
any emergency of transient circumstan
Uniou ccs, but should be founded on principles
of universal application, and of eternal
force. The nation, that is, the individ
that'we uals who compose the nation, must learn
to treat the blacks on the simplest priu
to ciples of even justice. They are to be
treated neither with harshness nor with
softness; not as a bervile class, not as nat
portion ural interiors, not, as degraded race, but
simply as men. Tho nation, if it would
secure its own prosperity and happiness,
must conquer the prejudice, which has
led, and, if indulged, will lead to outra
An geous aud calamitous injustice. We put
in no plea for compassion and kindness
to a long suffering, deeply wronged, and
blameless race, it is not any ground of
" ,";,;.
ckuin lor the blacks, but we claim justice
f them as their right and thereto- as
the only rule ot trea me t which will not
endanger and enfeeble the We ot the m
right. tion Usetf, and expose it to ineviubW pen
not luet. Sell interest on our part, on the
.of the white race requires just ce to
Je blacks. Their work is to be paid for
he of men- lf tthev. d a
?ork ,-lull wages, not half wa
the Ses are their due. If they are idle let
em suner me consequences, a tie
fern ot apprenticeship, or of forced labor
to be applied to them, no more than to
"bite mon, that is, it is to , be applied on
twenty when there is danger of their Decora
tion g a burden on the community, and then
lr ra v . V TC1 t Ii1 trtpf0( I In Ki-i in
At tho present time the greit question
for lias nation to solve is not n nether the
L'niou shall be preserved, for the Union
la inuissoiuhic; Hot ncn, the war is to be
nnuLeu, ior me war wui euu tiiica reoei- .
lloIi c-"es; nor is it any question about -
constitutional rights or natural liberties,;
6u1, 11 w luo tue tiresome, the here- J
u.lolo iil ausWcied question ot the posi-
"on and ire-iuicin oi the black race. ,
Tne answer gneii io this questkin will be :
el,.' t fiiielisfifiie of Alnenciin i.rincinlea !
-- i 1 '
l" fropiiwy ol national prosperity
or --'" w lrlei1 " ".
"eating them, that ol slavery, which
us plainly been a wrong one. and has re
suite- m w.uyi.v,.., Uu-uuu
or ttI,d suttering slavery is very near
il3 ' Ihe Proclamation ol the hrst ot
.January, 15oi, is not a dead letter. It
is working like yeast to leaven the
whole lump ot the Southern social system.
Airway as we learn, upon unquestiona-
"to keep the word ot promise to the
ear, and brea.t it in our hope
It is to
u luaiuuuucu "'""'S "-
to its lull intention, with the whole force
of the government, aud the entire sup-
port ot me nation. 1
Liie new policy that
it inaugurated commends itselt daily
more and more, no less to the intelligence
than to the conscience of the people.
The enlisting of negroes ill North and
South Carolina, in Louisiana, and in the
Western Slave Slates, the enrollment of
black volunteers in Massachusetts, Kan
sas, and ether free States; the employ
ment of freed men on abandoned or cou-
IkaaIoiI f.hintutinna unrler rm-eminnf.
authority ana inspection, are evidence ot
the practical operation ot emancipation,
and of the sincerity of the administra
tion and of the people in the work of free
dom. But although all these and other facts
afford evidence of the destruction of sla
very, and of the establishment of a new
. . i r AnmnAnMlinn tl.nf WM rPSt fill T
is to be applied to them, no more than to I
the same proportion as white men would
receive it.
There is no blinding oui selves to the fact
that, whether we like it or not, the blacks
are part of this nat: n for weal or for woe.
m.iL, "eiuer . or not, u.ae.s
- " -i
v. .
rniml democratic instico thev will as a ;
- - j
race soon learn to take care of themselves, ;
au soon raise meuiseives iroiu iu ;
depths of slavery to honest independence.
More than this they will become a class ,
i '"""tuw imijvruiuce io woiuuuu),
They j
will form a laboring class of freemen such j
as no other nation possesses, and their I
rise from bondage into the enjoyment of I
freedom and justice, will involve a con-
slant and steady increase in tne sources
of national pro5,rerUy, security and power.
The same fi -jp and equal justice that
each ono of vft demands for himself, is
demanded bvAhe negro. lie has as good
a right to itas we have. It is the duty of
every man who loves his country, who be
lieves in tne inalienable rights of man
and who would serve God, to help him se
cure it. f y
Head Q'rs Frovost MiSsHit, )
19th Dis't or Onto, I
Warren, July 14, 18g4. J
i The following forms are published for
the information of those who claim ex
emption from the draft on account of any
of the reasons set forth in these forms.
When such a person is notified that he
has beeu drafted, he should at once pre
pare his testimony according to the prop
er form. Form 26, however, for ar aged
and infirm parent desiring the exemp
tion of a son, should be made at once,
and forwarded to this office. The elec
tion must be rnado before the son is
drafted. Each of these certificates must
have a five cent revenue stamp. Signi
tures by a mark must be witnessed.
By order of Board of Enrollment.
Provost Marshal 19th Dis't, O.
FORM 25.
Certificate Exemption for the son of a widow.
Certificate Exemption for the son of a widow. or of an aged and in firm parent of parents.
I, the subscriber , resident
of l county, State of
, hereby certify that I,
being liable to military duty under the
act of Congress "for enrolling and calling
out the national forces," 4c, approved
March 3, 1803, am the only son of
, a widow, (or of , an
aged parent,) dependant on my labor for
We, the subscribers, do hereby certify
that the above named , is the
only son of a widow, (or of aged and in
firm parents,) dependent on his labor for
Personally appeared before me,
, the above named and
, and severally uiade oath
that the above certificate is correct and
trtie. to the best of their knowledge and
Justice of the Peace.
Dated this day of , ISO .
y , he f fc aboye ifi.
must gi d fc L person claim-
. ,. , . f. i,
mg exemption, and the second by two re-
. . . . .. . - ..J.
pectablo citizens (heads of families) resi
dents of the town, county, or district, in
which the person resides, and sworn to be
fore a magistrate.
Xotf 2. This certificate is to be used
only in cases where the labor of the person i
claiming exemption is actually necessary j
for the support of the persons dependent
on him. The exemption does not apply
in cases where there is sufficfent property
to yield support, and the necessary busi-
uess for collecting theincomecan be trans
acted by agents, trustees, or the like.
FORM 26.
FORM 26. Certificate of a parent that he or she desires one
of his her sons exempted.
of t county. State of
, hereby certify that I am aged
an infirm, and that I am dependent for
Uunnort on the labor of mv two sons above
f the subscriber 1 Ka father lar mother
(f anj residents
named: and that I elect my son .
, shall be exempt from the '
operaoions of the act of Congress for en-
rollingand callingoutthe national forces,"
approved March 3, 1803.
. j
We. the subscribers lo hereby certify j
the obove named , is aged ',
an.l infirm, and dependent on the labor'
sons for support. j
" i
... .. ,"
Personally appeared before me the above i
name'1 .,au!
, ... , severally made oath i
that the above certificates are correct ana ,
Justice of the Peace.
this day of 130 ,
Dated at
Notb 1. The first certificate must be
signed by the parent makina the election J
and the second by two respectable citizens,
(heads of families) residents of the town,
county, or district in which the persons
reside, and sworn to before a magistrate, i
In case the father is deceased, the certifi
cate is to be signed by the mother, and
the fact of the father's death is to be sta
ted by the persons certifying.
Note 2. This certificate is to be used
only in cases where the labor of the person
claiming exemption is actually necessary
for the support of the personB dependent
i 'ei . i i
Oil llllll. AUC rACHI'HUIl UVb
in cases where there is sufficient property
... , , ;
to vield supivort. and the necessary busi-'
uess . 'l .un. . i"1 ... ...... - . .... .........
acted by agents, trustees, or the like.
..-.I. ...... t..tlii in sni a I T u -
FORM 27.
Certificate that the person liable to draft is the
only brother of a child of children dependent.
on his labor for support.
I, the subscriber, " , being li
able to draft into the service of the Uni
ted States, hereby make affidavit that 1
am the only brother of ,
underT.2 years of age, having neithea fa
ther nor mother, and dependent on my
labor for support.
We, the subscribers,
: .1 . C
county, irate of , hereby"
certify that , who is liable !
to draft, is the only brother of
unner 12 years of age, having neither fa
ther nor mother, and dependent on his
labor for support.
Personally appeared beforo me, the !
above named and . j
and severally made oath that the aoove i
certificate is correct and true to tlie best
of their knowledge and belief.
Jnsticc of the Pence.
this day of I ho
Dated at
Note 1. This certificate is to be used
only in cases where the labor of the per
son claiming exemption is actually neces-
sary for the support of the persons de-
penueii L Oil 111UJ. J.UQ CAbUipilUll UUCT
not apply in cases where there is sufficient
property to yield support, and the neces
sary business can be transacted for col
lecting iho income by agents, trustees, or
the like.
Note 2. The first certificate must be
"'- j " 6 ;-r
n, 1 fH. 'rSnt iaVhe
"., j;..,; ;,
bame town, county, or district With the
person for whom ex
i exemption is claimed.
FROM 28.
Certificate that two members of the family of
Certificate that two members of the family of the person liable to draft are already in the
military service of the United States.
We, the subscribers,
, residents of
county. State of
, hereby
certify that two members of the family
and household of , county
and State ahovementioned, are in the
military service of the United States, as
non-commiasoned officers, musicians or
Personally appeared before me, the
above named and , ,
and severally made oath that the above
certificate is correct and true to the best I
of their knowledge and belief.
Justice of the Peace.
this ' day of 180 .
Dated at
Note 1. This is only intended to ap
ply where the members of the family
claiming exemption reside in the same
family. If any of the members reside
elsewhere, and have gone into the mili
tary service or the United States, no ex
emption on that account can be claimed.
Note 2. This certificate must be sig- -ned
by one of the parents, if there be
any; if not, by two respectable persons
(heads of families) resident in the same
town, county, or district with the person
for whom exemption is claimed.
FROM 29.
Certificate that person liable to draft is the
father of motherless children, under 12 years
of age, and depending on his labor for support.
I, , the subscriber, being
liable to draft into the service of the Uni
ted States, hereby make affidavit
that I am the father of motherless
child , under 12 years of age, and de
pending on my labor for support.
We the subscribers, and
, residents of ,
county, State of , hereby
certify that" is father of
motherless children under 12 years of
age and depending on him for support.
Personally appeared before me, the
above named and ,
and severally made oath that the above
certificate is correct and trueto the best
of their knowledge and belief. ; i J T
: ' ' " ; t
Justice of the Peace.
Dated this day of . ISO .
Note. The first certificate must be
signed by the person claiming exemption
and the second by two respectable per
sons (heads of families) resident in' the)
same tewn, county, or district with the '
Ierson for whom exemption is claimed.
From 30.
Certificate for exemption on account of unsuitableness
of age.
I, , of . , county.
State of , having been enrolled
under the provisions of an act of Con
gresss"for enrolling and calling out the
national forces," c, approved March 3,
13C3, as liable to perform military duty,
in the service of the United, States,
hereby certify that I am not legally sub
ject to such liability, ami for the follojy-
iae reason: .. . . - -. .
That I am ' years of age.
Wc, the subscribers, .and
, of the town, county and
State abovementioned, hereby certify
that the above statement of . '
age is correct and true to th best of our
knowledge and b-plief. ' - '
Personally apivenred before
above named and
and severally made oath that the above
certificates are correct and true to the
hst of their knowledge and belief.
Justice of the Peace.
be signed by the parents of the person s
claiming exemption, and the require
that ments specified in the regulations are to
be adhered to. The blank space in the
of certificate to indicate the age of the pr-
son is to be filled as follows:
That I am 'under twenty' years of age.
That I am 'over thirtv-five' year of age,
ianrj married "
That I am 'over forty-five vears of age,
accordi to the r.t in the -, ,
x. . .f T ,t;fi
otitA is not
led, and the requirements of paragraph
CI. Regulations, Ac., must be complied
Dated at ' , this day oj iSO .
Note 1. The certificate in regard to
age is. in all cases where practicable, to
signed by the parents, the fact of the age
must be certified to ty two respectable
persons (heads of families) resident in
h to count or distri(.t wiUl.
, Fn l,m Jr.,t, u nl-v'in.-
Personal Appearance of Gen. Meade.
"Agate," the Army correspondent o
the Cincinnati Gazette with the Army of
the Potomac, thus describes Gen. Meade
In a plain little wall tent, just like the
rest, pen in hand, seated on a camp-stool :
and bending over a map, is the new "Gen
eral Commanding" for the Army of the
, 1 v
Tall, slender, not ungainly.
but certainly not handsome or graceful,'
thin-faced, with grizzled beard and mus-
thin-laceu, witn grizziea oeara ana mus-
. , ... , .
, r- rr
forehead, from each corner of which the
slightly curling hair recedes as if giving
premonition of baldness apparently be- -
-oen fnrt.-fiv and fiftv vears of ape
altogether a man who impresses you rath-
as a thoughtful student than as a daslw
ing soldier so Gen. Meade looks in his
"I tell you. I think a great deal of that
fine fellow, Meade," I chanced to hear
the President say, a few days after Chan
cellorsville. Here was the result of that
good opinion.
Grant's Account Current.
The following has been passed to Gen-
eral Grant's credit and shows
state of "exchange' m Dixie:
The United States in account with
Lieut. General 1
General 4
Brigadier Generals 12
. f.T
p- m jn ruin
vfrtwu'X''"'"''". "... .20.000
Field artillery 102
Siege Guns..
Mortars in good order
Stands of colors
VICKSBURG, MISS., July 4, 1863.
Ople was once engaged to paint the por.
trait of a lady, who, whenever she tho't
the paiater was touching the mouth .
screwed it up in a most ridicuous man
ner. Ople, who was a blunt man, said
very quietly, "Madam, if you wish the
mouth left out, 1 will omit it with pleas
ure. B-The East to the "West, greeting
Gettysburg, July, 1S63: We go you 12,000
The West to the East Vicksburg July
4, 1863: All right; we go you 12,000 bet
ter. Cin. Com.
An English writer says you can tell
when you atra surrounded by a dozen
Americans by the following unerring test:
Three will be found, smoking cigars, and
nine reading newspapers.

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