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VOLUME 54-NO. U. WARREN. OHIO, NOVEMBER 17, 1869. WHOLE NO. 27T2. W Chronic BUSINESS DIRECTORY. Published every Wednesday morning. In Empire lllock. Market SU, Warren, W. Rttezel. Editor and Proprietor. T X. COWDERY. Attorney at Law, . Hubbard, Ohio. feu. 24, W-t 17 H. ENSIGN has removed his Iw Zj office over King's JweJry Store, Main blreet. Warren, Ohio. jan 27, 18t-ly MO. MESSER, Wholesale and .Retail dealer la Fashionable Millin rv. Cret door east of Iddinga fc Morgan's store. Warren, Ohio. (March SI. UHS-Wiia, TT ARRIS, BLACKFORD CO.. M 1 Manufacturera oi bneeL noon, liana a iClrTron Xfla- Iron Worka. Xilee. Trnmbull vouniy, vuio. Nov. 11. lS6-tf Bff. RATLIFF, Attorney t Law, Office over Freeman Hunt's Bank, ltet street. Warren, Ohio, Nov. llth-tf. . 1 y . Ornamental Palnter,Grainer,&e4Kinf Block, Main Street, Warren, Ohio. Aug. W, IStfS-lyr. L SPEAR, JL. D., Eclectic Physi- and Surgeon, office over Freer A Smith 's Grocery, Market Street, Warren, Ohio. Par ticular attention given to Chronic diseases. TVT B. PORTER, Attorney at Law, 1 .office over Park A Patch's Hardware Store Market 8U, Warren, Ohio, Jan. 8, labs-tf DR. D. GIBBONS, Dentists, teeth extracted without pain; upper or low--r nets of teethJor $12.00. Office ovr T. J. He Lain & Son's Bank, Main Sl Warren, Ohio. Feb. 17. UH8.-11. J. HAEXO.t. C T. MKTCALT. HARM05 &METCALF, Physicians, and Surgeons; Office on High Street at tand formerly occupied by lr. Harmon. April 22, JJ4. . - TATIX) . L.CJOSB. TAYLOR A- JONES, Attorneys, at Law, Office over Stiles A Son's Store, Cur. Market and Liberty SU, Warren, Ohio. JH. BRISCOE, Physician andSur .geon. Office at residence, north side of Market Street, two doors east of Kim. Part icular attention paid to Chronic diseases. Oct. 2, lstw-lyr. DR. F. A. BIERCE, Homo?pathic Physician and Surgeon, Office and Resi dence in SutllfTs Block, north of tbe Pub lic Square. Office up stairs, residence east end of the Block. J. VACTKOT. THAD. ACaMJCY. YACTROT & ACKLE Y, Successors to J. Vautrot 4 Co., Dealers in Watches, Jewelrr and Diamonds. Market Street, War ren. Ohio. March 28. lD-i. I EORGE P. HUNTER, Attorney at JfLaw, Special attention paid to proceed ings under Bankrupt Acta. Warren, O..Sep, 2, lt(-t. MC, AD. W. W00DW0RTH, Phy . sicians and Surgeons, office over E. H. Allison's Drug Store, Main Street, Warren, Giiio. Office hours from b to 9 a. m., and from to I p. m. Feb. 27, 1867. JOHS HCTCHINS. W. T. SPEAK. J. C HCTCHrNll HETCHESS' t SPEAR, Attorneys at Law. Office on Market St over Id auigs Morgan's store. Warren, Ohio, April 1-tf. F. E. HtJTCHIKS, C. K. GLIDDEH, J. M. 8TCIJ HCTCHIXS, GLLDDE5 & STULL, Attorneys at Law, office over Smith ,er's Store, corner of Main and Market Streets. Warren, Ohio. April 16. liW-tf. "VT R. TILER, Manufacturer and' 1 . Dealer in Guns, Rifles, Pistols, Cutlery Fishing Tackle, Gun Materials, Sporting Apparatus, Sewing Machines, ic. No. 8 Mar ket St, Warren. Ohio. Sept. 23-tf Za-moh Fitch. C. W. Ttx-r. ITCH A TYLER, Successors to Ja meson A Wheeler. Dealers In Stoves, et Iron and Tinware, and Agricultural Implements, No. 5 Market bu. Warren, O. Feb. IS, lS69-tf E. LY3LA5, Dentist Office over , tbe new Millinery Store of M. O. Mes- ser, between lading a. Morgan s ana rrear ser, bet' smiu e store, Mantel bu, v arren, uiuo.- tntrance at tbe chronicije uaice, up suur. W. H. POKTEJC W. F. PORTER. WS. & YT. F. PORTER, Dealers in ehool and Mlacellaneons Books. Stationary, Wall Papers, Periodicals, Pam- phletsand Magazines, at we jew lora soos Store, Alain street, arren, unio. J Fire and Life Insurance Agent; and Pension and Bountv Agent. Passage Tick ets sold to and from, and money remit ted to the old country, at tne lowesi current rates. Office in Webb's Block, Main Street, warren. Ohio. jan..uoo. . D. HAIX. F. J. MACF.ET. "ALL k MACKEY, Manufacturers or Harness and dealers in baaaiery iware. Trunks. Valises. Traveling Bags. w nips, ilorse isianKets, caaaies ana r snty Saddlery, x o. , atarket street v arren. u. May 29, 1867. "pvR. flX L. HOSIER, Surgeon Den I tist. Newton Falls. Ohio. Patronage so Ccited, satisfaction guaranteed. Ha also keeps s nrst class Jewelry Store, for the sale and repair of Clocks, Watches, Jewelry, Ac 1 ne lowest prices in me county in eacn ae- partment. Nov. 25, lSGS-tf "P-R. F. MYERS, tenders his profes- 1 Bional service to tne people or warren and vicinity, office front room, over Park A Chew's Store Stiles block. Hours, from 10 to 12, a. m.( and 1 toss, m. ttesldence, cor ner sf High and Chestnut Sts. Nov. 27. HS7-ljr TTJHTTTLESEY AD ASS, Fire and T Life Insurance Agent, Warren, Ohio. Merchandize and other property Insured In the best Companies, on favorable terms; Farm property. Isolated Dwellings, and their furniture Insured for one, three and five years, omce in ucuomts ana smitn's oiocs. T TJ. Til WSnT. Mavor of the Tnor- I . po rated Village of Warren, O., and alse Jusuce of the Peace in and for said Village, attends to all business usually transacted by Justices of the Peace. Mayor's regular court every Monday morning from 8 to 12 o'clock lov. iiw-u. IDDLNGS t MORGAN, Dealers in Sta ple and Fancy Dry Goods, Carpets. Mat tings and Floor Oil Cloths, window Shades and fixtures. Tea, Coffee, Ac. They keep con stantly on hand, a large and full assort ment ot goods in tneir line, oi good quaiuy and fashionable styles, and offer them for sale at the lowest prices in the market. Jan. . 1887. ADOLPHTS GRETER, Dealer in Musical Merchandize of all descriptions, viz: Pianos, Organs, Melodeons, Violins, Guita rs,A coord eons.Claronetts, Flutes, Fifes, Drums, Piano-spreads, Piano-stoois, Sheet music, Music-books, Violin Strings, Guitar Strings, Ac, Ac Store near Mahoning De ot. Warren. Ohio. Feb. 17-tf. UNION HOUSE, PBTt A TLX3. OHIO. SHERMAN, Proprietor. AVIXG recently leased the well known Union House, at the entr nr H Euui uuoard. lately kept by U m. Adams. I nnw pose to keep a hotel that shall prove satis factory to guests and tbe traveling nubile generally. The hotel has just been put in thorough repair and refurnished. Good Liv ery in connection with the Hotel. Terms reasonable. Sept. 22. 1868-lvr EXCHANGE BANK OF FREEMAN & HUNT. Warren, Ohio. DEALERS IN told, Rllrer, Eastern Exekaage, Csearreat Bask 3otea,aai an Master Government Bonds. M-mey received on Deposit. Collections and aU business connected with Banking promptly attended to. REVENUE STAMPS FOR SALE. ALLEGnE,Y COLLEGE MEADVILLE. . CALENDAR FOR 1869. Fall Term commences September 15, closes Decem ber 16. Winter Term of 1870 commences Jan. 4. This Institution is sjtuated in the beauti ful City of Meadvilli. healthful, easy of access, and furnished with all the appliance to be desired by the students pursuing a full classical or scientific course of study. Libra ries. Cabinets and apparatus are unusually valuable and extensive. A New Boarding Hall, with completely furnished rooms for the ac commodation of one hundred students has been recently opened and board is furnished at reasonable rates. Classes commencing Latin and Alge bra will be formed hereafter at the bealnnfng of tbe Fall Term and Greek at the beginning of the Winter Term. . Sand for Catalogues. JAS. MAKVIX AQg. B, U0B-17T. Seo'y of Faeuuy. the paper for the people. TRE CINCINNATI (JAZKTTE. DAILYSEMI-WKEKLY & WEEK LY Ter-xaa.H for 1870, The proprietors. In announcing the terms for the several editions of the Gazkttk for 1H70, beg leave to state that the paper. In the nur vi iuiiiuveuieui, is still marcmng on ward. A better pa per was promised last year, and the promise was fulfilled; and now, for the ensuing year, a still further Improve ment Is assured. 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The Register will be sent to new subscribers as their names are sent in. Persons, however, intending to snbscrlhefor the Gazette should, in order to obtain the full benefit of tbe Register, send in their names on or before the nrst of January. All letters should be addressed to IMIVSATI tiZtTTi. CO, Cincinnati, O. Nov. 3. lsfi-3t. X EGAD NOTICE. JlThe State of Ohio, Trnmbull County. la the Court of Common Pleas sf said Co. Joseph G. Butler, Jr.) Civil Action. vs. V Attachment. E. C. Garlick. J The said defendant, E. C. Garlick, who Is supposed to be a resident of Indianapolis, Indiana, is hereby notified that on the 0th day of March, A. D. I8t9 the said Joseph G. Butler. Jr., plaintiff, filed in tbe Court of Com mon Pleas of Trumbull Co., O.. bis petition against defendant, alleging that defendant is indebted to him in the sum of one thous and seven hundred dollars, with interest from May 6, 18tiS. upon the promissory note of defendant, for that amount, dated Jan. 6. 1S63. payable four months after date, to the order cf Tbe Lake Superior Nut & Washer Company, at 3d National Bank, New York City, and endorsed to plalntiiT. And In the furt her sum of one thousand seven hundred dollars, with interest thereon, from May 10, 1868, upon another promissory note of de fendant, for that amount, dated Jan. 10. 1868, snyable four months after dste, to tbe order of The Lake Superior Nut A washer Com pany, at 3d National Bank, New York City," and endorsed to plaintiff, and defendant Is further notified that at Instance of plaintiff, an order of Attachment has been issued from said Court, in said action, against the prop erty of defendant, in said county, which has been levied upon tbe undivided one-fourth of tbe coal In certain lands situate In east Hubbard, in said county, and bounded on tbe north by lands of Thomas Matthews; east by lands of the heirs of Amos Snyder, deceased, south by lands of Thomas Snyder, dee'd., and west by tbe public highway, con taining eighty-one acres of land. Said un divided one-fourth, being tbe interest of de fendant In said coaL Iefendant is further notified that unless he answer or demur herein, on or before the 18th dav of Decem ber, a. D. 1HH9. judgment will be taken against him for said sum of $3400, and inter est as aforesaid, and an order be issued to sell said property to pay said judgment and the costs herein, SANDERSON 4-JONES. Oct. 20, ltMt Att'y for Plaintiff. SHERIFF'S SALE. Tbe State of Ohio, Trumbull County, ss. In District Court. Milton Sutllff, vs. Alexander McConnelL James McConnell, Samuel Quinby and L. C. Jones. Assignee of said Alexander McConnell. Bv virtue of an order of sale Issued out of the District Court to medirected and deliv ered. I have levied on and shall expose to public sale at the door of the Court House in dsr of Decesiber, A. b. 1SS9, between the hours of one and three o'clock, p. m., of said day, so much of said land and tenements des cribed in said order of sale as will satisfy the plaintiffs said claln, to- wit : the third des cribed Lot of land in said order of sale. One Lot in said village of Warren, situate on South Street, being part of Lot No. 6, and bounded east bv Franklin alley; south by South Street; west by part of said Lot No. 6, and is 98 feet front on said South Street, and extending north to the north line of said Lot No. 6, containing standing thereon, one double dwelling house and a single dwelling house. Appraised at $1500,00. Terms Cash. Sheriffs office. Warren, O, Nov. 3, lb69-5t. KUBLTC SALE. On Saturday, the 4th day of December, . between the hours of one and four o'clock, in the afternoon of said day, by or- aer or the Court or common Pleas oi l rum bull County, Ohio, I will offer for sale at pub lic auction, upon the premises, in the City of Warren, in said couatv, the following de scribed lands, to-wlt: "Situate in Warren Township. Trumbull Countv, Ohio, and bounded as foils ws: Beginning at an Elm tree standing in the south-west corner of land conveyed by John Crowell to James Crawford, thence southerly along the east line of lands now owned bv Charles Howard, five chains twenty-two links, to the center of Washington Avenue; thence east on the center of said Avenue, one chain and twen- tv-ScA 1 1 . L- . 1 rt imci . , k. , . .. , ........ - , vurutn winuenf live chains and twenty links toa post in tbe south line of said Crawford's land; thence west on said line one chain and twenty-five links to the place of beginning, containing sixty-five one hundredths of an acre of laud. Tsrms made known on day of sale. MA K I HARMON Trustee of William E. Mary H. Harmon. Oct. 27, 1860-ow. X EGAL NOTICE. I The State of Ohio. Trumbull County, ss. jTn the Court of Common Pleas. William Picker) ne. Plaintiff, vs. Ablcal Tyson Pickering, Dert. Petition for Divorce. The defendant, Aoigai, now living at Hemingfleld. near Barnsley, county of i ork shire, EuEland, Is hereby notified that Wm. Pickering, Plt'fl", her husband, now living at BrookSeld, said Trumbull Co.. has filed In said Court, Oct. 22, 1869, bis petition, aliening marriage with defendant in January, 1864 her refusal to live with him In the United States; ber wilful absence from him for more than three years, and her gross neglect of duty towards bira all that time; and praying a decree of divorce from her, and a dissolu tion of the marriage contract. Defendant is notified to appear and answer the petition by the 8th day of Decern ber, A. D., 18j, when the same will be ready for hearing in said Court. Oct. ZZ, UW-t Attorney for PU'ff. THE CHRONICLE. THE TRUNDLE BED SONG. As I rummaged through the garret, List'ning to the falling rain. As it pattered on the shingles. And against the window pane. Peeping ox er chests and boxes. Which with dust were thickly spread. Saw I in the farthest corner What was once my trundle bed. I drew It from the recess, Wnere It bad remained so long. Hearing all the while the music Of my mother's voice in song. As she sung in sweetest sccents. What I since have often read, Hush my dear, lie still and slumber. Holy angels guard thy bed.'f As I listened, recollections That I thought had been forgot. Came with all the gush of memory, Rushlng.thronging to the spot. As I wandered back to childhood. To those merry days of yore. When I knelt beside my mother. By this bed, upon the floor. Then It was with hands so gently Placed upon my infant head. That she taught my lips to utter Carefully, the words she said. Never can they be forgotten; Deep are they to memory given Hnllowed be Thy name, Oh Father ! Father ! Thou who art in Heaven. This she taught me, then she told me Of its import, great and deep. After which I learned to utter "Now I lay me down- to sleep." Then it was with hands uplifted. And in accents soft and mild. That my mother asked Our Father r "Father, do Thou bless my eh lid." Years have passed, and that dear mother Long has mouldered 'neath the sod. And 1 trust her sainted spirit Revels in the house of God. But these scenes st summer twilight Never has from memory fled. And It comes in all its freshness. When I see my trundle bed. WONDERS OF THE COLORADO. Mineral Resources.—Great Canons.— Ruins of Cities and Fortifications. Capt, Samuel Adams has recently explored the Rio Colorado, and its chief tributaries, from its head waters in the Rocky Mountains to where it empties into the Gulf of California. Capt Adams spnt about five years in ascertaining the remarkable features of the wonderful Colorado region, and submits a report of his investigations to the Secretary of War. We make the subjoined extracts: For the first one hundred and fif teen miles from the moulh of the Col orado river, there is a very rich valley from five to fifteen miles in bread tli, with an abundance of Cottonwood, ash, willow and mequite. The fame quality of timder extends over five hundred miles up the river. The Col opoh and Yuma Indians here raise wheat, barley, corn and melons, pen eraly planting as the water recedes. This valley is equal if not superior to that of the Sacramento. They differ in this respect, the soil of the first slopes back gradually to tbe base of the mountains, while the banks of the other are higher immediately along the river. The fish in the harbor and Gulf of California are of the finest quality. In four hours Captain Tru worthy and myself harpooned nine teen sea bass, averaging 149 pounds each. Above Fort Yuma, 140 miles from the mouth or the river, to a point 430 miles, numerous unconnected rich valleys are found. These are mostly occupied by the Majoves, Chinamen, and Poh Ute Indians." These raise grain and melons and cut wood for the steamers. The Majove Valley, 350 miles from the mouth of the river, is very rich and extends over thirty miles in length. Her CoL Dent, who has charge of the agency, has succeeded in turning the river upon the reservation. For 6) miles from the Gulf the Col orado is navigable for steamers and barges, at all seasons of the year. This has been practically demonstrated by Capt Truworthy, whom I succeeded in inducing to bring his steamer to the Colorado ovet four years since. A few months subsequent to that time the same steamer was taken by Capt. D. Rogers to the same point, and trips made at both high and low stages of water. Every obstacle was placed in the way of demonstrating the im portance of the navigation of the river, by a coalition of corporations whose object it was to control the trade and to obtain from the Government large appropriations to remove obstructions which do not exist. For a distance of 650 miles along the Colorado river you are in constant view of leads of gold, silver, copper and lead. Many of these can be traced back into the mountains. Many of these mines are in successful operation. The scenery of China wawa, Majove, Block Long, and Painted Canon are particularly grand. In that of Painted Canon, (so called by tbe Indians), at each change of position new and startling beauties are revealed. The striking resemb lance to ruined castles, fortifications and bastions was .remarkable; in others two thousand feet above the water hung from its lofty height a huge rock, apparently suspended, and ready at the least breath to come crashing to the surface llow. Add to this the different stratas of every color, as distinctly defined as if fresh from the hand of a master painter, and a faint conception can be had of the magnificent scenery. At the head of Painted Canon, I found a white strata of rock extending for miles across the country. I ex amined this and found it extremely light and of the most superior quality for polishing silverware. I subjected it to an intense heat and no impression could be produced upon it. I believe this will yet be a valuable article of commerce. The steamer for the last forty miles passed through a continued chain of canons, the walls in many of these be ing perpendicular. The smoke and steam ascending these made it dan gerous for the boat to lay in too close proximity. At this part of the river there is no timber, that having been I cut down forty miles below by parties i seeking to prevent the steamers as- cenoung tne river. Tne supply or iuei in consequence or tuis naa been about exliausted when landing at an opening in the rock which arose eight hundred feet above, we ascertained it to be a cave eight hundred feet in depth and forty feet in breadth at the entrance. Here we found several hun dred cords of the best quality of wood for steam purposes. This consisted of white pine and cotton wood which had been washed there for ages. This was much worn by the action of the water and the rocks in being carried by the freshets from the country above, appearing to indicate the rough nature of the fall" and streams above. At this place the steamer and barge took on about twenty-fivecords, which enabled us to reach Callviile, thirty miles above, where the freight was de livered without any damage. Here, upon the highest sides of the canon, the day and date of the arrival of the steamer and barge were written in letters so broad and conspicuous that all the combinations which sought to crush out the enterprise can never erase. From Callviile, 620 miles from the mouth of the liver, to Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, a distance of 400 miles, there are forty-two beautiful cities, towns and settlements, the first being established at St. Joseph and St. Thomas, 30 miles from the Colora do. Here, by a system of irrigation, the finest wheat, cotton and fruit is raised. . In passing this chain of settlements the traveler unexpectedly finds many neat buildings of stone, brick and adobe, whilst the cotton' and woolen mills, half concealed by the orchards ahd vineyards, add a peculiar charm to the scene. - So suc cessful have the neonle everywhere been in raising crops by irrigation, in ' a desolate section heretofore con- ! a demned, that it is of the utmost im portance to the general Government that the public domain should not be granted to corporations, because it may be situated in a locality where there is not a regularity of rains. The practical experience of the past few years and of the present, have demonstrated that the most profitable and abundant yield of grain has been produced by irrigation. Within thirty miles of Callviile ex- I tensive veins of the finest salt is found 700 feet up on the side of the raoun- I tains, ami varies from ten to ninety feet in breadth. This is transparent and is taken out by the pick and crowbar and powder, and is supplied to the inhabitants in tle settlements, and taken to the silver mines at Pa hanayat, to those at Eldorado canon on the river fifty miles, and to the mills along the Colorado river below. This salt mine must be of great value, as the unlimited territory of gold, silver, copper, iron and lead in the immediate vicinity are developed. The quartz mines of this section, those along the river, and in the center of the territory must 1 to the country in their immediate locality what the Placer mines on the head waters of the Colorado, and farther inland in Arizona, are to tbe surrounding coun try. Quartz mining requires at first more capital to operate successfully than Placer. In Summit county hundreds of canals or ditches wind around the mountains, these carrying suflicieut water so that two men with hose and pipe can do more work (with less la bor) than" one hundred by the old system of the pick and shovel. The quantity or mining territory is un limited. The average pay to each miner is from six to seventy-five dol lars per day. Above Callviile, the Black or Big Canon continues for thirteen miles. In this there is no opening leading out on either side, no vegetation is seen struggling out from it, no clear streams lau into it, to mingle their waters in the deep chasm below, as is seen in the canons of the Grand and the Blue. The sides of this canon rise from eight hundred to fifteen hundred feet almost perpendicular. These look like polished iron. As far as the eye can reach is one continued chamber, whose sides echoed back the successive strokes of our paddles, like the sound of a mufiled drum or se pulchral voice. I am satisfied that with a small ap propriation, steamers could ascend and descend this canon and ten miles be yond. For all practical purposes at the present time, there is no necessity for this, as steamers can run at ail seasons of the year to its mouth with out any improvement to the falls. Admitting for the sake of the ar gument that steamers cannot ascend the Colorado for more than one hund red miles, by improving the falls, it does not follow that a proper knowl edge of the river above will not pro duce great benefits to the Govern ment, and unlock the hidden resources of a vast country. Xo two rivers can differ so much in their appearance as the Colorado at its headwaters, and that portion of it from its mouth to a poiut five miles above. For seven hundred miles from the Gulf of California but three streams enter the Colorado, the Gila one hun dred and fifty miles from the mouth, Bill Williams's Fork four hundred miles, and the Virgin six hundred and sixty, while iu the distance of three hundred miles from the point whence we started on the main di vide of the Rocky Mountains, twenty streams carry their water to the Colo rado, the principal of which are the Swan, Snake, Ten Mile. Eagle, Roar ing Fork, Little Grand and Granite. In passing by the mouths of many of these we were apt to be deceived in the extent of country and quantity of timber along each. In ascending sev eral of these streams I was surprised in every instance to find the largest pine and cedar and the most luxuri ous grass and grain, the latter not confined toa few acres, but extending as far as the eye could reach. Along these, and the country southward, the finest facilities are afforded for stock raising. Tar wells or springs are found about thirty miles north of the Grand, below the mouth of Elk creek. This sticky or inflamable substance comes out of the eround over an ex tended section, and is similar to that used at Los Angelos, California, for making pavements and roofs. Birds and squirrels are found in this where they have died in their efforts to ex tricate themselves. At a number of the smaller streams I saw oil floating upon the surface similar to that in Pennsylvania and near Bear River, Utah. At the entrance of two can ons I found slate banks five hundred feet high, and through these were a number of coal veins. I believe there is an abundance of this in the vicini ty. At the mouth of Salt River the finest quality of salt is seen. The salt licks near are frequented by vast herds of deer and sheep. Above and below these the steam from the warm springs resembles smoke from distant camp fires. This whole region is em phatically the hunter's paradise. Here follow interesting accounts of the people of several Indian tribes living upon the river. In Arizona many ruins are to be found of cities, fortifications, canals, mines, &c. It would be impossible for me to enter into a description of all these. One of the most prominent is that of Casa Blanca, or the Hall of the Montezumas. This stands several stories in height looms far above every other object on the plains around. The walls are six feet thick, plastered with lime or cement, which appears to defy the power of the ele ments. Over the doors and windows the cedar timbers are iu perfect pres ervation, although it must have been ages since these were hauled over the long route from their native forests. The Indians can trace it back two hundred years. Such is the dryness of the atmosphere that time has pro duced but a slow change upon it. The streets of the city of which this struc ture formed a part, can be traced bv the broken pieces of crockery ware, and the elevation on each side.. Im mediately back is seen the canal. which conveyed water to this city of tne past, anu to me extendea fields bordering the river below. At Tubac a more modern ruin- is found ; tbe walls of the Cathedral are yet perfect. The altar is covered by shrubbery, which has grown up spon taneously, and over the cross the vine yet clings, as if to protect it from the beams of the sun, as they shine through the roofless temple. This city was but a few years since inhabited by a large population ; but the Apache had been there, and made common waste, the evidence of whose vandalism is seen over every beautiful valley and deserted ranch. So complete has been their desolation that all that is now left to tell the tale are a few grape vines, a half-filled spring, and the silent isolated cross standing over the graves of their vic tims. A company have succeeded in turning the water again into one of the ancient canals. For miles it ran around the hills, and across the valleys, where it discharged itself over a beau tiful, sloping plain, embracing thous ands of acres of the richest land. Here the most successful farming settle ment in the territory. At the summit of some of the high est hills fortifications with their nar row passes yet frown upon the coun try below. The solitary cross, the abandoned altar, the broken arch and the deserted ruins are all we have to speak of a people, for whose history we may search other records in vain. Perhaps these may be the ruins of buildings erected by the Spaniards at time when the ships of Spain rode in triumph upon every sea, and the glittering arms of Castile and Aragon were seen upon every land. Capt. Ad sins, in closing, gives a gen eral description of Arizona, and of its mineral and agricultural resources. lie also presents the advantages of the southern route for a railroad to the Pacific. Ruins of Cities and Fortifications. A Singular Discovery.---What Is It? The recent remarkable discovery of a huge stone statue near Syracuse, Xew York,. continues to excite much curiosity ahd attention. A farmer named "Win. C. Newell, residing at Cardiff, about 1 miles south of Syra cuse, iu digging a well, at a depth of 21 feet, struck what he supposed to be a large stone, but continuing to die, he soon uncovered two large stony feet aud legs, and by further effort the perfect figure of a man of more than giant size was revealed. A measure ment showed its length from the top of the head to the sole of the foot ID feet 2 inches; width of shoulders 3 feet ; palm of hand crosswise 7 inches; the large finger 8 inches long; thigh 12iuches; leg below the thifh 9 inch es. The figure was found lying' on its right side. Since found it has been visited by thousands of persons, among them naturalists and scient ists. It is thought by some persons to be a fossilised human lody, but others, anil the general opinion,' seems to be that it is a statue. Where it came from, who was the sculptor, and when it was deposited in its bed, are the questions now exciting attention and being investigated. Prof. L. G. Olmstead, who has made archaeology a study, looks upon the figure as a statue, showing remarka ble correctness and grace in its propor tions. He does not even deem it nec essary to assume for it antiquity as a work of art By placing it beside the highest known models of beauty res cued from the ruins of ancient Italy, he pays it an unusual compliment; yet his judgment in this regard seems to lie confirmed by the impression made upon the minds of all who see the figure. "As a work of art, the Cardiffstatue is perhaps a better embodiment of the intellectual and physical power of a and mountain-piling old Titan than Italy possesses." ANOTHER OPINION. ... T,.,ii. r vi,.i, c has been to see the giant, and is of the opinion that it is a petrifaction. He g ves the following account of it : The body when found was imbed- i . -.,. in,h i .,.i , of the same color precisely as the .i. ii.. irLi. f ,k. ..m. i,.r,,t.,Li materia 11111 Ul mniy iirii, nil 11 19 a . - ' . . bluish gray limestone. A thin layer of yellowish clay under this. Over the- whole was a deposit of alluvial soil, about three feet iu thickness. The field is a clover lot, extending from the present led of the creek, about twenty yanh distant, up to a low, sloping bank, at the foot of which lies the body of the giant, the face toward the bank. The upper Portions of the body at the left eye row, at the hip, tin breast bone the knee cap, aud about the toes of the left foot, are water worn, and thus partially jiolished, disclosing the blu ish gray liniestonecnpping up through the yellowish while incrustation of carbonate of lime with which the body was at one time evidently entire ly covered. The conclusion is inevit able that at a formerperiod the creek ran along by a low bank, and gradu ally covered the boy with alluvial deposits. By successive overflows it formed the interval, and receded to its present channel. This must have oc curred long subsequently to the petri fication of the body of the giant, which evidently took place at a time when the Onondaga valley was a lake, in its ' whole extension, lying up against the present ranges of high bluffs as its shores. The sole of the left foot, uuder side of the left calf, thigh and elbow, and a portion of the lingers of the left hand lying under him, are somewhat eaten away or honeycombed, while the remaining portions of the same parts are untouehedjby the corroding agency. Proof conclusive to my mind, that this was done prior to the commencement of the petrifying pro cess, lies in the fact that the right ex ternal ear flap, and large tortious om tne neck, in tne immediate region or the car, the under jaw and lower edge of the cheek near it, are hanging in unmistakable clots of rotting and dropping flesh, besmeared as it were with the oozing pus of incipient putrescence; and at that very point, fortunately, we may say, for the inter est of the" face, arrested from further decay by the preservatory processes of petrifaction. During the grading of section six of the Cazenovia and Canastota Railroad, about twenty miles from Cardiff, the scene of the present excitement, the skeletons of five gigantic human be ings were exhumed, one of them measuring eleven feet in length. Pet rified fish have from time to time been found near Cardiff, and among others a perch, quite perfect and of good size was found by W B. Kirk, of Syracuse. Five miles farther down the valley, in removing a human body some years since, from the Onon daga valley cemetery, it was found turned to stone. Farther north, in the same valley, the corpse of a child. ou being taken up, was found to be I UU LM'IIJIZ mhtu up, was I1IUUU 10 W petrified. The body of a man. buried I . fT T-oor. in tl. -nmo ,,irl,hnr. reuinelln the hoi she'refus ng o have it reburied. For these state- ments I am indebted to a writer iu the Syracuse Daily Standard, who can give names if necessary. Thus we see that petrifaction is no uncommon thing in the vicinity of Cardiff. Mr. Wright, who formerly owned the farm upon which the great discovery was made, states that near by is a spring that will, within a few months. turn into solid stone any small depos its of sand and gravel. The Onanda ga Indians are accustomed to regale their visitors with accounts of things which troubled their fathers, and among those things were the stone giants. TO BE EXHIBITED. Mr. Xewell, on whose im age was found, has sold three-fourths of his interest at the rate of $50,000 for the whole, and five other gentlemen now own shares in it. As soon as the exhibition of the giant ceases to pay at home, it is the intention to take it up and carry it on a tour through the country. KIND OF MONEY THE GIANT HAD. The latest from the stone man shows thathisgiantshipwasamanof means. He laid down to rest (how many years ago!) with his pockets full of specie. The Syracuse Journal tells the won derful tale. Here it is : On Saturday last, Matthew Hender son, of this city, while visiting the Cardiff giant, picked up from the de bris thrown out of the excavation something that seemed like a black ened scale of brass or a rusty old but ton. Thinking that it might possibly have some affinity to the wonderful statue, the lad placed it in his pocket and brought it home. lt. -lender- son. the lad's father, applied some acids to it, when an ancient coin, of, nearly the eleventh century, revealed i :.! " i On the obverse side of the coin is the head of the Emperor lestyn. Be- j neath the Emperor is the date "1091." j Around the edge of the coin is the fol-! lowing inscription : "Iestyn-Ap-; Gwrgant, Tywsog-Morganwg." The ! interpretation of this, as rendered by a competent "Welshman, means "les-, tyn, son of Gwrgant, Prince of Glan-1 morgan." The inscription around the circle is in the Welsh language, : ami reads as follows: "Y. Brenhin a'r Gyiraith," the interpretation of which is, "The King and the Laws." The coin is 77.S years old over seven and a half centuries and on the edge of the rim can lie distinctly seen "Glan inorgan Half Penny," with represen tations of leaves intwining. The de nomination of the coin is imprinted in dated letters and everything con nected with ft shows it to be a coin of the reign of the Emperor whose name it bears. Further, in connection with the unearthing of the stone giant, its discovery in the loose dirt thrown up from the bed of the excavation where the statue was found and yet lies is certainly quite interesting, and seems to add to the general interest that at taches to Oris great and unexplained mystery of the nineteenth century. Sights and Scenes on the Western Prairies and Plains. "A. E. L.," whom we take to be Hon. Alfreh E. Lee, editor of the O'azrtr, Delaware, in this State, has been on an excursion through Kan sas, via the Kansas Pacific R. 11., "in terviewing" the prairies, plains and buffalo of the frontier region. From a letter written in the Columbus Jour nal we make some extracts, graphical ly descriptive: PRAIRIES ON FIRE. j seuted ! Like a million torch bearers lobed in fire these regiments and bri-rock-hurling j gades of flame kept their nightly i march over hill and plain, presenting ! to the eye the perfect illusion of niov- I ing objections. Sometimes rank above After passing Topeka the burning prairies gave an additional novelty to the scenery. The long, dry sedge grass which covered the bioad plains and low hills wherever not cultivated was 1 tired in hundreds of places, in some cases probably by design and in others by accident. The long, seried lines of flame driven by the wind swept across the plain with the regularity of in fantry on parade, flashing like the waves of ocean made golden in the glow of sunset. The smoke from these tires gave the hazy Indian summer tinge to the atmosphere, and made a very distinct and appreciable impres sion upon the olfactories. And when the sun went down aud these million fires were pictured on night's sable curtain how grand was the scene nre- ra."k H"?1 ou "'.e u ?4 V"! "l , w """"I'1 . lVc : !ne of horuo" were on'y J" i f,,iclr "imson reilect.on on the smoky heaven, appearing like the coflagra- tionof a dozen distant cities. Hour tio" ,f a "ozen distant cities Hou after hour our little cotcrwsat togeth . , . . , . i r i m-o I,!. ior t It la vnnnprntl Tilinnnmo. non of the prairies, wnicli cliarmed away all desire for sleep, and presented witli each change of scene a spectacle apparently more beautiful and strik ing than any wiucn preceded it. as the train sped along we had one splen did succession of nature's own pyro technics, grander than any ever de vised bv human skill. Sometimes the flames were so close as to leap almost up to the car windows, and at others so distant as to look like beads of mol ten gold trinkling out of the ebony blaeknes of the burned prairie. Day light foundus approach i ng Fort Havs, a military post on the frontier, and brought new and very different surroundings, on every band now was the open plain stretching to the sky like the broad expanse of ocean, anil excepting the short, crisp buffalo grass, almost entirely devoid of vege tation. It was the beginning of the "Great American Desert," the wild. treeless and almost waterless plains of estern Kansas. A crimson light against the eastern heavens harbin gered the coming sun, and its broad red disc appearing above the smoky rift, crowned with its morning aureo la, presenteda picture strikingly simi lar to that described in Fitz James O'Brien's beautiful stanza: The red moon, like a golden irrape. Hangs slowly rlpenlntrlin the 8ky, While o'er tbe helmet o! thehtllx. Like plumes tbe summer lightnings fly. A few minutes aftersunrise the train halted at Fort Hays, where fleet-footed anticipation had pictured a splendid buffalo hunt on the prairies, The party had expected to find horses and an escort here, for the hunt, but not being so fortunate, the hunt was spoiled, and the train resumed its for ward movement, the excursionists "trusting to luck" for their expected sport. At every station there were reports of buffalo a few miles away, but none could be seen from the cars. AMONG THE GAME. In the afternoon droves of antelope were distantlj seen, scampering nim bly over the plain, and the cry of "wolf occasionally created a sensa tion. Arrived at the station of Coy ote, a buffalo hunter, who had just come in, reported immense herds of those animals in the valley of the Saline, only tlsree or four miles dis tant, and exhibited some splendid buffalo hams, just brought in, to attest the truthfulness of his statements. This set all amateur buffalo hunters agog, and determined them to have a hunt, or at lcat a reconnoisance, at all hazards. The train was run to a switch four miles fartheron.and there halted an hour to give the coveted op portunity. A large crowd, equipped with all sorts of weapons from a Spen cer rifle to a pop-gun revolver, imme diately struck out upon the prairie. , , , , c , a few- hPwev5' ?,e"t UlOSe WCrC not UUrewaruru lor li.c.r jects blotting. the gray surface of the Pra'ne-, A"e;r . leZVJJ eu me tact mui, mrv nc uuuaiw la dining. The wind was blowing di rectly towards them, and they soon scented the approach of strangers. Rising, they stood for a moment with their great shaggy heads aloft, three magnificent buffalo bulls, very mon arch" of the herd. They were out of effective range, but that was no mat ter to the skillful hunters who were evidently confident that the only thing necessary to bring the animals within range of their weapons was to fire at them as oiten as possiuie. a way scampered the buffaloes up the next ridee with a dozen or so of Ximrods in feeble pursuit. Occasionally the animals that is the buflalos stopped and took a leisurlv view to the rear. and then went off again at a moderate frallon. Finally, the valley of the Sa line appeared in the distance, half shrouded in smoke from the burning prairie, and dotted with hundreds of Dunalo. 11 was a granu sigm, iuuv compensating for the four miles run over the parched prairie. The three bulls made for the main herd, of which they were apparently the pickets, and just at that time a "kingdom for a horse" would have been considered a bargain by any one of the half dozen pursuers. Regretfully the latter turn ed back from the chase to rejoin the train, to which they were vigorously summoned by the impatient whistling of the locomotive. Judge Andrews tells of an occa sion when, to use a Southern phrase, he was "taken down'" by one of his audienceduring a political address. He was a candidate for Governor of his State, and was explaining to a lartre crowd how his friends had pressed him to be a candidate, and that the office was seeking him and that he was not seeking the office. "fn fact " said ho. "the office of Governor has been following me for the last "ten years . Just then a tall countryman m the audience arose and shouted . But here's yer consolation, Judge-you re gainiu' on it all the time, and it will never catch you . ,rttii The prophecy was literally fulfilled. , " . A congregation at Chicago wants a new preacher, and says that besides being a good preacher, he must be a man of good moral character. How People Take Cold. (From Hall's Journal Health.) Xot by tumbling into the river and dragging home wet as a drowned rat ; not by being plunged into the mud, or spilled out in the suow in sleighing time; not by walking for hours, over shoe-too in mud : not by soaking in the rain, without an umbrella; not by 1 scrubbing tbe floor until the unname-1 able sticks to you like a wet rag ; not j by hoeing potatoes until you are in a lather of a sweat ; these are not the : things which give people colds; and i yet tney are an me time teuiug us how they caught their "death-cold by exposure." The time for taking your cold is af ter your exercise ; the place is in your own house, or office, or counting house. It is not the act of exercise which gives the cold, but it is the getting cold too quick after exercis ing. For example, you walk; very fast to get to the railway station, or to the ferry, or to catch an omnibus, or to make time for an appointment; your mind being ahead of you, the body makes an extra effort" to catch up with it, and when you get to the desired spot, you raise your hat and find yourself in a perspiration; you take a seat, and feeling quite comfort able as to temperature you read a newspaper, and before you are aware of it, you experience a sensation, of chilliness, and tbe thing is done ; you look around to see where the cold comes from and find an open window near you, or a door, or that you have taken a seat at the forward part of the car, and it Is moving against the ! wind, a strong draft is made tnrougn the crevices. After any kind of exercise, do not stand a moment at a street corner, for anybody or anything ; nor at an open door or window. When you have been exercising in any way whatever, winter or summer, go home at once, or to some sheltered place ; and how ever warm the room may seem to be, do not at once pull off your hat and cloak, but wait awhile, five minutes or more, and lay aside one at a time, thus acting a cold is impossible. No tice a moment: When you return from a brisk walk and enter a warm iroom, raise your bat and your fore head will be moist ; let the hat remain a few moments and feel the forehead again, and it will be dry showing that the room is actually cooler than your body, with your out door cloth ing on, you have really cooled off full soon enough. Many of the severest colds I have known men to take were the result of sitting down to a warm meal in a cool room after a long walk; or being engaged in writing, have let the fire go out, and the first admoni tion of it was the creeping chilliness, which is the forerunner of a severe cold. Persons have often lost their lives by reading in a room where there was no fire, although the weath er outside was rather comfortable. Sleeping rooms long unused have de stroyed the life of many a visitor and friend. Our splendid parlors and our nice "spare room" help to enrich many a doctor. About Puffs. No greater mistake is made by peo ple who advertise than in the value they set upon editorial puffs in the newspapers. What we mean by that is the style of articles found in tbe local columns and "leaded" as edito rial matter, and generally descriptive of somebody's cigars, candy, cock tails or cabbages. Many people sup pose these to be the most valuable adertisements, when in fact they are the very jioorest. The public gener ally understand that these paragraphs are paid for either in favors or cash, and estimate them accordingly. Some people ask the editor for a puff and "encourage" him properly too, more for the purpose of reading his extravagant language and witnessing his ingeuuity in the use of expletives than for the profit they expect to derive. Some are too indolent to write their own advertisements, and still others resort to a puff in order to get a dead head notice. This is all wrong. Puffs are the most worthless of advertisements. Some men are willing enough to pay for printing ink but they imagine that palpable, straight advertising is not the thing. They want to get it done in the third person or to have the endorsement of the editorial "we." That business man who soonest educates himself out of this delusion will have the most greenbacks, business man's advei tisement in his own language, over his own signature, and for which he is plainly responsible, is in the nature of an official document and receives more considerate attention than a puff in the local column, and is both more valuable and respectable. There is an air about the responsible adver tisement, which says: "1 want to trade and will give you a fair bar gain." The puff insinuates that there is no responsibility in the matter. When we have occasion to advertise our own business, we rarely make editorial mention of it, but insert an advertisement, This view of the sub ject is not inconsistent with the very common practice or making editorial mention or new advertisements, and that, nor of focal mention of matters j th,t . Mn.i.nii nnrrin. in tl. business community, by which any man's business may be called into n tiee. One is a news item and the other is an introduction as it were of a new customer to the reading or busi- ness public. To obtain the full value of printer's ink, advertise. Do it in your own language, or if you cannot do that to ge one better in the matter to heln von. or come to the office with your ideas written down and we will help put them in shape. Byallmeansadvertise. Change often, and when your business admits of it make different features of it to-lav one Wk anoth- r .La T pi prominent iu their turn thing, to-morrow or next er, aud then something else. ti your advertisements have something of tbe dash iu them, without great exaggeration. Hundreds of fortunes have been made by advertising, and yet as an art it is but imperfectly un derstood. Exchange. i I ! ! I'm a Woman, Don't You See My Hair? Xot long since a party was given near Hannibal, when a mischievous voung woman thought to enjoy the fun to be derived from passing herself for a young man just arrived from a strange locality. But the male por tion of the party penetrated the dis guise, aud immediately set their wits to work to have a little sport over the affair. It seems that horses had been stolen in the neighborhood, and they caused the report to be whispered about, taking good care the disguised woman should hear it. Finally the report that the thief was probably in the room went the rounds, the young lady was pointed out and the yell was set up "there he is, now." Revolvers were drawn in an instant, and the la dy presuming they were really seri ous, and not wishing to be exposed in company, also fearing they would shoot her without ceremony, sprang out of the room and ran furiously for home. The pistols were fired in the air. and the fugitive presuming the next shot might be fatal, pulled off her cap, let down ner nair, and screamed at "every jump, "I'm a wo man, don't you see my hair?" Tbe boys were so excited by laughter that they could neither shout nor longer run. They halted, but the disguised female continued to run, screaming at the ton of her voice. "I'm a woman, don't you see my hair?" Hannibal Courier. He that overcomes evil with good, overcomes three at once tha devil, the adversary and himself; and the self-conqueror is the greatest of con querors. SWEET BY AND BY. There' a land that Ih fairer than day. And bv luith we mv Nee It afar. For the Father wait over the way To prepare ua a resting place there. Chorus In the sweet by and by We shall rest on that beautiful hore. To our bountiful Father nbove, .We will offer our tribute of praise. For the glorious Kifl oi ilia love. And the blessing that hallow our il.iys. tliorus In the sweet by and by We shall si ng ou that beautiful shore. We will sing on Hint beautiful shore The melodious songs of the blest. Ami our spirits will sorrow no more .Not a sigh for the bleKsingsof rest. Chorus In the sweet by and by We shall pruhieou that beautiful shore. j I ! From Poverty to Opulence. The Altoona, Pa., Tribune is respon sible for the following story, which it pronounces true to the letter : A young man giving his name as Harry Stewart, arrived in Altoona, not long since, in a state of complete destitution, and called upon Rev. Mr. Guyer, to whom he stated that his parents died in Idaho, leaving him alone and penniless; that they had come from England and moved to Idaho when none but Indians infested that territory, and that he hail never enjoyed any advantages of education save what his mother had given him. He had heard in Idaho that in Penn sylvania orphans were given educa tions for nothing, and ho desired to reach Harrisburgh to obtain an en trance to one of the State institutions of learning. The boy appeared inge nious, and greatly interested Mr. Guyer in his behalf, who took him to Mr. John Shoemaker's office. Mr. Shoemaker speedily obtained him a situation in Plack's planing mill, but after working three or four hours he came back and stated that he wished to go on to Harrisburg. A pass to that place was procured for him, and he was sent on his way, those who had been willing to befriend him soon foigetting all about him in the busy cares of life. When in conversation with Mr. Guyer, the boy had stated that his mother had left him some papers which she declared were very valua ble, but which he could not read. W ben in Harnsourg a sudden tno t struck him, and he entered the law oftieeof Mr. R. Minnich, to whom he showed the papers. A brief exami nation of the documents showed the latter their true nature, and he at once telegraphed to the British Minister at Washington, who in turn telegraphed to the American Minister at Loudon, and in a short time answer was re turned that young Stewart was heir to an entailed fortune amounting to 553,Oi'lO,0ii0 in gold, deposited in the Bank of London, and equal to about S77,00O,0iki in American currency. This fortune has been lying in the bank for some six generation, and has increased to its present vast propor tions. Young Stewart's identity as the le gal heir to this vast possession, hns been fixed beyond doubt, and he will receive the first instalment of about SS.0ti0.fl0O duriusr the present month What effect the sudden possession of such immense wealth will have upon i the mind and character of a young, uneducated and inexperienced boy. remains to be seen. Stewart appears to have a large share or sturdy com mon sense, a well balanced though uneducated mind, and considerable natural shrewdness, and if he is for tunate enough to escape the wiles of human sharks who will be attracted by the glitter of his gold, may soon learn to use it for the benefit of his fellow man, and the still further en richment of himself. Mr. Minnich has furnished youDg Stewart with a traveling companion, a shrewd and talented young railroad engineer named Johnston, whose knowledge of the ways of the world will be a safeguard against the temptations of designing persons. A Grandmother, Mother and Bride in One Day. [From the New York, Nov. 6.] The Hon. Zadoc Pratt, ex-member of Congress from Greene county, and one of the milionaires of the interior of this State, was recently joined in wedlock with the young, beautiful and accomplished daughter of the late Francis Grimm, Esq., of this city. The nuptials were privately celebrated in Prattsville, Greene county, the resi dence of the groom. Col. Pratt, the happy groom, is widely known throughout the State, lie was born in Stephentown, Renns seler county, October 30, 17!Hl. Col. Pratt has been widower for a number of years. He has now renew ed his youth, in a fortunate choice for the third time, and will have the best wishes of all who know him for his happiness and prosperity in the new relation. Miss Grimm, who has thus become an "old man's darling." is well de serving the good fortune that has be fallen her iu becoming a grandmother, mother and bride, all in one day, as well as the mistress of an estate esti mated at several millions of dollars. For the past three years, she, who is now Mrs Zadoc Pratt, has been whol- dependent upon her own resources for a livelihood. A woman of rare independence, good abilities and com1mena,b,e ', he J"er"hs T"11 iV" 1!"u",l.,.".5 - ' 1 " ? O'n-ty W ithout being a mem ber of the Sorosis sisterhood, she has practically illustrated female inde pendence by actually supporting her self with her own hands. She has bj - . years connected with the lurf, tuld and larut. It UU IUC 4 taij , J ' " - -.- well-known agricultural and sorting paper, as an employe in one of the mechanical departments. She has discharged this oftieeof trust faithful lv. and leaves to enter upon her new "I'tore with the best wishes of all her frmer associates. She falls modestly and gracefully into her new position, and now drives her pony phieton with the same facility and ease that she formerly manifested in folding news papers, Woman's extravagance is. repeated ly urged as one of the chief causes of the husband's ruin. We believe that the charge is, with few exceptions, utterly groundless in fact. It is un doubtedly true that the wife is more sensitive upon all questions touching wealth and position in society ; and however limited her means, eager to maintain "appearance" before the world. All that lies uiion the surface we see, but we do not see, nor can those to whom the subject is not brought directly home ever know, the bitter struggle to comply with the inexorable demands of society, -ou the part of those to whom Fortuue has shown a niggardly hand. False pride it may be, but a pride born of social requirements, and not more faLse than the society to which it owes its birth. It is nt only woman's privilege but her duty to appear as handsome as possible. If she desires to be consid ered beautiful, why reproach her for following tbe natural instinct im-j planted iu the breast of all her sex? Does she desire to appear well dressed? j The decrees of fashion are unalterable, and dread ostracism is too sure to fol low their neglect. Woman's troubles j are mam tively few ter as w inir the travac-ance. so frequently urged against her. "Whv.dearme, Mr. Longswallow," said a good lady, "how can you drink a whole quart of that hard cider at a fold, her pleasures compa- '. ... . . 1 r - ..hor'i.'- llljustiry man in counieuuut- i..L .r...: r .lti ov. single Uraugm . as soon as ine man could breathe again he replied : ! "I beg pardon, madam, but upon my it was so baru I couldn't bite it ' ' : . Heroism of a Child. Rev. Edwin Clay. M. D., writes from Pugwash, Canada, as follows : On Friday night last Mr. Cornelius Crowley retired with his family to rest, a little after dark. About 10 o'clock they were aroused bv the sound of fire somewhere in the build ing. On springing from his bed he found the whole body of the house in flames. His first thought was to get help, so he ran at once to the barn, where two of his sons were sleeping. On his return he found it impossible to get up stairs, where five of his fam ily were sleeping, or to his father's room, where tne old marfand a little son were sleeping together. But Mrs. Crowley, with her babe in her arms succeded in arousing some of those up stairs. Her brother and sister threw themselves out of the window, forget ting the three children who were still asleep in another bed. The mother's sereaui3 awakened the eldest daugh ter, and she came to the window and asked what she could do, when her mother urged her to throw herself down from the window, but she re- ' plied, "2vo; my brother and sister must be saved." She then returned through the heat and smoke, and took her sleeping brother, a little younger than herself (nine years), in her arms, and carried him to the window, with no injury except a slight scorching of his face and hair. She then returned through the floor and brought a still younger sister (seven years) to the window, and here the dear girl had more than she could do, for her sister in her fright refused to be thrown off, and with the flames coming up around her, she struggled with her until she put her out off the window, and the child dropped helplessly to the ground. After hanging a moment or two upon the window sill, she drop ped down herself, a distance of near ly sixteen feet, When she rose from the ground she said "I am done, moth er; but I have saved my brother and sister from being burnt up." The mother, with her burnt children, then walked a distance of six hundred and seventy yards (I had it measured), to tbe first neighbor's house, in a state of nudity, for they had not saved any clothing. I was soon sent for, and, in about three hours after the fire was at tending to the wants of the suffering children. I saw there was no hopes of saving the dear girl. From her forehead to the bottom of her feet she was one mass of burnt flesh. This, with the fearful shock received from jumping so far, and walking such a distance in the cold (the night being chilly), caused her to sink very rapid ly, and at six in the morning she died, aged eleven years and eight months, a martyr to the love of her brother and sister. The Secrets of the Aurora Borealis. The true nature of the aurora bore alis has long been a perplexing mys tery to men of science. Careful ob servations and comparison of accom panying phenomena have shown that solar disturbances, manifested by the appearance of spots of unusual num bers and dimensions, are followed or accompanied by intense magnetic ac tion, affecting the whole electric sys tem of the earth, and marked by bril liant displays of auroral streamers on the night succeeding the solar disturb ance. This showed that a relation exists between the aurora, terrestrial magnetism and the sun, but it left the precise way in which the sun excited the electric luminosity of the auro ra as much in doubt as ever. At what elevation above the earth the auroral light exists, and whether within or beyond the regionsof our atmosphere, was also unknown, and tbe most em inent men of science were at variance as to the possibility of ascertaining the actual distance of the silently shifting streamers of light in the northern sky. Spectoroscopic analysis, that has so wonderfully expanded the limits of scientific research, was sometime since applied to the light of an aurora with unlooked-for results. Instead of a parti-colored band of light, which might have been expected, showing that the aurora was due to solid parti cles excited to luminosity by electrio action, it gave the single line of light characteristic of incandescent gas. But the line produced by each gaa has its own proper position in the spectrum, and the line of the aurora does not correspond witn that ot any gas with which chemists are acquaint ed. Repeated observations by several skillful experimenters give always the same result. They can pronounce only that the aurora is due to the in candescence of a gas different from any known to science. But another discovery has been made which, from its connection with the former, is of great interest, The zodiacal light, that faint gleam in the sky which has hitherto been supposed - to be due to the lignt reflected Irom a vast number of minute bodies travel ing round the sun within the orbit of the earth, has been an object of great interest to astronomers. It has, until recently, never been subjected to spec- -troscopic analysis, because its light is so faint that it was thought its spec trum could hardly be made visil Die. It was presumed, however, that if a definite spectrum could be obtained, it would present, as the accepted the ory of its origin required, a feeble likeness of that of the sun. . A Ger man scientist has at last succeeded in observing the spectrum of the zodical light, and instead of being, as expect ed, a faint copy of the ordinary pris matic spectrum, it presented only a single line, and that identical with the spectrum of the aurora. This proves conclusively that the previous ly received theories of the nature of the zodical light were erroneous, and that aud the aurora are due to the same electric influences operating in the same medium. It is now believed by astronomers that the same methods of inquiry will . show, when an opportunity occurs for making the test, that the tails of com ets are of the same nature with the aurora aud the zodical light ; if so, three of the most mysterious phenom ena of the heavens will be traced to a common origin, and their nature par tially explained. .v;' 7,"- pm h hml Then she sun iru auu i miner ww " . ,' self by twisting her back The New York female doctors only charge half the regular fee for attend Botil ance, and they are beginning to mo off." nopolize the business. "John Paul" has been to-see the woman on the flying trapeze, in New York, and thus he reports: "She was quite a pretty woman, neatly and sim piy dressed in a girdle made of a stripe or two from a small American flag, circling her waist. I never felt so proud of my country's flag before. I have seen it waving over thriving cities, happy villages, and majestic mountain heights, but this was the first time that I had ever seen it gen erously protecting the waste places. I shan't attempt to describe what that plucky little woman did on the tra peze, the rings, and the incidental ropes. She accomplished feats that made my hair run cold and every drop of blood in my veins stand on end. She swung her head downward bv one foot from the trapeze bar, hold ing her husband by one ear with the tips of her thumb and forefingers, and in that position turned ten somer saults over the bar, swinging her husband over her head each time. This feat she afterward repeated, va- rying sugniry ny nouiinij ner mrs- hair one in ported her hair round the bar, fastening it with a. single hair pin, and auerward leanessiy ate a mince pie which the programme as : sured us was bought iu Fulton mar j ket while a shudder of horror ran through the audience.