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Western Reserve chronicle. [volume] (Warren, Ohio) 1855-1921, November 17, 1869, Image 1

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estekn ' Reserve
Published every Wednesday morning.
In Empire lllock. Market SU, Warren, W.
Rttezel. Editor and Proprietor.
T X. COWDERY. Attorney at Law,
. Hubbard, Ohio. feu. 24, W-t
17 H. ENSIGN has removed his Iw
Zj office over King's JweJry Store, Main
blreet. Warren, Ohio. jan 27, 18t-ly
MO. MESSER, Wholesale and
.Retail dealer la Fashionable Millin
rv. Cret door east of Iddinga fc Morgan's
store. Warren, Ohio. (March SI. UHS-Wiia,
M 1 Manufacturera oi bneeL noon, liana a
iClrTron Xfla- Iron Worka. Xilee. Trnmbull
vouniy, vuio.
Nov. 11. lS6-tf
Bff. RATLIFF, Attorney t Law,
Office over Freeman Hunt's Bank,
ltet street. Warren, Ohio, Nov. llth-tf. .
y . Ornamental Palnter,Grainer,&e4Kinf
Block, Main Street, Warren, Ohio.
Aug. W, IStfS-lyr.
L SPEAR, JL. D., Eclectic Physi-
and Surgeon, office over Freer A Smith 's
Grocery, Market Street, Warren, Ohio. Par
ticular attention given to Chronic diseases.
TVT B. PORTER, Attorney at Law,
1 .office over Park A Patch's Hardware
Store Market 8U, Warren, Ohio, Jan. 8, labs-tf
DR. D. GIBBONS, Dentists, teeth
extracted without pain; upper or low--r
nets of teethJor $12.00. Office ovr T. J. He
Lain & Son's Bank, Main Sl Warren, Ohio.
Feb. 17. UH8.-11.
HARM05 &METCALF, Physicians,
and Surgeons; Office on High Street at
tand formerly occupied by lr. Harmon.
April 22, JJ4.
. - TATIX) .
TAYLOR A- JONES, Attorneys, at
Law, Office over Stiles A Son's Store,
Cur. Market and Liberty SU, Warren, Ohio.
JH. BRISCOE, Physician andSur
.geon. Office at residence, north side of
Market Street, two doors east of Kim. Part
icular attention paid to Chronic diseases.
Oct. 2, lstw-lyr.
DR. F. A. BIERCE, Homo?pathic
Physician and Surgeon, Office and Resi
dence in SutllfTs Block, north of tbe Pub
lic Square. Office up stairs, residence east
end of the Block.
YACTROT & ACKLE Y, Successors to
J. Vautrot 4 Co., Dealers in Watches,
Jewelrr and Diamonds. Market Street, War
ren. Ohio. March 28. lD-i.
I EORGE P. HUNTER, Attorney at
JfLaw, Special attention paid to proceed
ings under Bankrupt Acta.
Warren, O..Sep, 2, lt(-t.
MC, AD. W. W00DW0RTH, Phy
. sicians and Surgeons, office over E. H.
Allison's Drug Store, Main Street, Warren,
Giiio. Office hours from b to 9 a. m., and from
to I p. m. Feb. 27, 1867.
HETCHESS' t SPEAR, Attorneys
at Law. Office on Market St over Id
auigs Morgan's store. Warren, Ohio,
April 1-tf.
Attorneys at Law, office over Smith
,er's Store, corner of Main and Market
Streets. Warren, Ohio. April 16. liW-tf.
"VT R. TILER, Manufacturer and'
1 . Dealer in Guns, Rifles, Pistols, Cutlery
Fishing Tackle, Gun Materials, Sporting
Apparatus, Sewing Machines, ic. No. 8 Mar
ket St, Warren. Ohio. Sept. 23-tf
Za-moh Fitch. C. W. Ttx-r.
ITCH A TYLER, Successors to Ja
meson A Wheeler. Dealers In Stoves,
et Iron and Tinware, and Agricultural
Implements, No. 5 Market bu. Warren, O.
Feb. IS, lS69-tf
E. LY3LA5, Dentist Office over
, tbe new Millinery Store of M. O. Mes-
ser, between lading a. Morgan s ana rrear
ser, bet'
smiu e store, Mantel bu, v arren, uiuo.-
tntrance at tbe chronicije uaice, up suur.
WS. & YT. F. PORTER, Dealers
in ehool and Mlacellaneons Books.
Stationary, Wall Papers, Periodicals, Pam-
phletsand Magazines, at we jew lora soos
Store, Alain street, arren, unio.
J Fire and Life Insurance Agent; and
Pension and Bountv Agent. Passage Tick
ets sold to and from, and money remit
ted to the old country, at tne lowesi current
rates. Office in Webb's Block, Main Street,
warren. Ohio. jan..uoo.
"ALL k MACKEY, Manufacturers
or Harness and dealers in baaaiery
iware. Trunks. Valises. Traveling Bags.
w nips, ilorse isianKets, caaaies ana r snty
Saddlery, x o. , atarket street v arren. u.
May 29, 1867.
"pvR. flX L. HOSIER, Surgeon Den
I tist. Newton Falls. Ohio. Patronage so
Ccited, satisfaction guaranteed. Ha also
keeps s nrst class Jewelry Store, for the sale
and repair of Clocks, Watches, Jewelry, Ac
1 ne lowest prices in me county in eacn ae-
Nov. 25, lSGS-tf
"P-R. F. MYERS, tenders his profes-
1 Bional service to tne people or warren
and vicinity, office front room, over Park A
Chew's Store Stiles block. Hours, from 10
to 12, a. m.( and 1 toss, m. ttesldence, cor
ner sf High and Chestnut Sts.
Nov. 27. HS7-ljr
T Life Insurance Agent, Warren, Ohio.
Merchandize and other property Insured In
the best Companies, on favorable terms;
Farm property. Isolated Dwellings, and their
furniture Insured for one, three and five
years, omce in ucuomts ana smitn's oiocs.
T TJ. Til WSnT. Mavor of the Tnor-
I . po rated Village of Warren, O., and alse
Jusuce of the Peace in and for said Village,
attends to all business usually transacted by
Justices of the Peace. Mayor's regular court
every Monday morning from 8 to 12 o'clock
lov. iiw-u.
IDDLNGS t MORGAN, Dealers in Sta
ple and Fancy Dry Goods, Carpets. Mat
tings and Floor Oil Cloths, window Shades
and fixtures. Tea, Coffee, Ac. They keep con
stantly on hand, a large and full assort
ment ot goods in tneir line, oi good quaiuy
and fashionable styles, and offer them for
sale at the lowest prices in the market.
Jan. . 1887.
Musical Merchandize of all descriptions,
viz: Pianos, Organs, Melodeons, Violins,
Guita rs,A coord eons.Claronetts, Flutes, Fifes,
Drums, Piano-spreads, Piano-stoois, Sheet
music, Music-books, Violin Strings, Guitar
Strings, Ac, Ac Store near Mahoning De
ot. Warren. Ohio. Feb. 17-tf.
SHERMAN, Proprietor.
AVIXG recently leased the well
known Union House, at the entr nr
uuoard. lately kept by U m. Adams. I nnw
pose to keep a hotel that shall prove satis
factory to guests and tbe traveling nubile
generally. The hotel has just been put in
thorough repair and refurnished. Good Liv
ery in connection with the Hotel. Terms
Sept. 22. 1868-lvr
Warren, Ohio.
told, Rllrer, Eastern Exekaage, Csearreat Bask
3otea,aai an Master
Government Bonds.
M-mey received on Deposit. Collections
and aU business connected with Banking
promptly attended to.
CALENDAR FOR 1869. Fall Term
commences September 15, closes Decem
ber 16. Winter Term of 1870 commences
Jan. 4.
This Institution is sjtuated in the beauti
ful City of Meadvilli. healthful, easy of
access, and furnished with all the appliance
to be desired by the students pursuing a full
classical or scientific course of study. Libra
ries. Cabinets and apparatus are unusually
valuable and extensive.
A New Boarding Hall,
with completely furnished rooms for the ac
commodation of one hundred students has
been recently opened and board is furnished
at reasonable rates.
Classes commencing Latin and Alge
bra will be formed hereafter at the bealnnfng
of tbe Fall Term and Greek at the beginning
of the Winter Term. . Sand for Catalogues.
AQg. B, U0B-17T.
Seo'y of Faeuuy.
the paper for the people.
Ter-xaa.H for 1870,
The proprietors. In announcing the terms
for the several editions of the Gazkttk for
1H70, beg leave to state that the paper. In the
nur vi iuiiiuveuieui, is still marcmng on
ward. A better pa per was promised last year,
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IMIVSATI tiZtTTi. CO, Cincinnati, O.
Nov. 3. lsfi-3t.
JlThe State of Ohio, Trnmbull County.
la the Court of Common Pleas sf said Co.
Joseph G. Butler, Jr.) Civil Action.
vs. V Attachment.
E. C. Garlick. J
The said defendant, E. C. Garlick, who Is
supposed to be a resident of Indianapolis,
Indiana, is hereby notified that on the 0th
day of March, A. D. I8t9 the said Joseph G.
Butler. Jr., plaintiff, filed in tbe Court of Com
mon Pleas of Trumbull Co., O.. bis petition
against defendant, alleging that defendant
is indebted to him in the sum of one thous
and seven hundred dollars, with interest
from May 6, 18tiS. upon the promissory note
of defendant, for that amount, dated Jan. 6.
1S63. payable four months after date, to the
order cf Tbe Lake Superior Nut & Washer
Company, at 3d National Bank, New York
City, and endorsed to plalntiiT. And In the
furt her sum of one thousand seven hundred
dollars, with interest thereon, from May 10,
1868, upon another promissory note of de
fendant, for that amount, dated Jan. 10. 1868,
snyable four months after dste, to tbe order
of The Lake Superior Nut A washer Com
pany, at 3d National Bank, New York City,"
and endorsed to plaintiff, and defendant Is
further notified that at Instance of plaintiff,
an order of Attachment has been issued from
said Court, in said action, against the prop
erty of defendant, in said county, which has
been levied upon tbe undivided one-fourth
of tbe coal In certain lands situate In east
Hubbard, in said county, and bounded on
tbe north by lands of Thomas Matthews;
east by lands of the heirs of Amos Snyder,
deceased, south by lands of Thomas Snyder,
dee'd., and west by tbe public highway, con
taining eighty-one acres of land. Said un
divided one-fourth, being tbe interest of de
fendant In said coaL Iefendant is further
notified that unless he answer or demur
herein, on or before the 18th dav of Decem
ber, a. D. 1HH9. judgment will be taken
against him for said sum of $3400, and inter
est as aforesaid, and an order be issued to
sell said property to pay said judgment and
the costs herein, SANDERSON 4-JONES.
Oct. 20, ltMt Att'y for Plaintiff.
Tbe State of Ohio, Trumbull County, ss.
In District Court.
Milton Sutllff, vs. Alexander McConnelL
James McConnell, Samuel Quinby and L.
C. Jones. Assignee of said Alexander
Bv virtue of an order of sale Issued out of
the District Court to medirected and deliv
ered. I have levied on and shall expose to
public sale at the door of the Court House in
dsr of Decesiber, A. b. 1SS9, between the hours
of one and three o'clock, p. m., of said day,
so much of said land and tenements des
cribed in said order of sale as will satisfy the
plaintiffs said claln, to- wit : the third des
cribed Lot of land in said order of sale.
One Lot in said village of Warren, situate
on South Street, being part of Lot No. 6, and
bounded east bv Franklin alley; south by
South Street; west by part of said Lot No. 6,
and is 98 feet front on said South Street, and
extending north to the north line of said
Lot No. 6, containing standing thereon, one
double dwelling house and a single dwelling
house. Appraised at $1500,00. Terms Cash.
Sheriffs office. Warren, O, Nov. 3, lb69-5t.
On Saturday, the 4th day of December,
. between the hours of one and four
o'clock, in the afternoon of said day, by or-
aer or the Court or common Pleas oi l rum
bull County, Ohio, I will offer for sale at pub
lic auction, upon the premises, in the City of
Warren, in said couatv, the following de
scribed lands, to-wlt: "Situate in Warren
Township. Trumbull Countv, Ohio, and
bounded as foils ws: Beginning at an Elm
tree standing in the south-west corner of
land conveyed by John Crowell to James
Crawford, thence southerly along the east
line of lands now owned bv Charles Howard,
five chains twenty-two links, to the center
of Washington Avenue; thence east on the
center of said Avenue, one chain and twen-
tv-ScA 1 1 . L- . 1 rt imci . , k. , .
.. , ........ - , vurutn winuenf live
chains and twenty links toa post in tbe south
line of said Crawford's land; thence west on
said line one chain and twenty-five links to
the place of beginning, containing sixty-five
one hundredths of an acre of laud. Tsrms
made known on day of sale.
Trustee of William E. Mary H. Harmon.
Oct. 27, 1860-ow.
I The State of Ohio. Trumbull County, ss.
jTn the Court of Common Pleas.
William Picker) ne. Plaintiff, vs. Ablcal
Tyson Pickering, Dert. Petition for Divorce.
The defendant, Aoigai, now living at
Hemingfleld. near Barnsley, county of i ork
shire, EuEland, Is hereby notified that Wm.
Pickering, Plt'fl", her husband, now living at
BrookSeld, said Trumbull Co.. has filed In
said Court, Oct. 22, 1869, bis petition, aliening
marriage with defendant in January, 1864
her refusal to live with him In the United
States; ber wilful absence from him for more
than three years, and her gross neglect of
duty towards bira all that time; and praying
a decree of divorce from her, and a dissolu
tion of the marriage contract. Defendant is
notified to appear and answer the petition
by the 8th day of Decern ber, A. D., 18j, when
the same will be ready for hearing in said
Oct. ZZ, UW-t
Attorney for PU'ff.
As I rummaged through the garret,
List'ning to the falling rain.
As it pattered on the shingles.
And against the window pane.
Peeping ox er chests and boxes.
Which with dust were thickly spread.
Saw I in the farthest corner
What was once my trundle bed.
I drew It from the recess,
Wnere It bad remained so long.
Hearing all the while the music
Of my mother's voice in song.
As she sung in sweetest sccents.
What I since have often read,
Hush my dear, lie still and slumber.
Holy angels guard thy bed.'f
As I listened, recollections
That I thought had been forgot.
Came with all the gush of memory,
Rushlng.thronging to the spot.
As I wandered back to childhood.
To those merry days of yore.
When I knelt beside my mother.
By this bed, upon the floor.
Then It was with hands so gently
Placed upon my infant head.
That she taught my lips to utter
Carefully, the words she said.
Never can they be forgotten;
Deep are they to memory given
Hnllowed be Thy name, Oh Father !
Father ! Thou who art in Heaven.
This she taught me, then she told me
Of its import, great and deep.
After which I learned to utter
"Now I lay me down- to sleep."
Then it was with hands uplifted.
And in accents soft and mild.
That my mother asked Our Father r
"Father, do Thou bless my eh lid."
Years have passed, and that dear mother
Long has mouldered 'neath the sod.
And 1 trust her sainted spirit
Revels in the house of God.
But these scenes st summer twilight
Never has from memory fled.
And It comes in all its freshness.
When I see my trundle bed.
Mineral Resources.—Great Canons.—
Ruins of Cities and Fortifications.
Capt, Samuel Adams has recently
explored the Rio Colorado, and its
chief tributaries, from its head waters
in the Rocky Mountains to where it
empties into the Gulf of California.
Capt Adams spnt about five years in
ascertaining the remarkable features
of the wonderful Colorado region, and
submits a report of his investigations
to the Secretary of War. We make
the subjoined extracts:
For the first one hundred and fif
teen miles from the moulh of the Col
orado river, there is a very rich valley
from five to fifteen miles in bread tli,
with an abundance of Cottonwood,
ash, willow and mequite. The fame
quality of timder extends over five
hundred miles up the river. The Col
opoh and Yuma Indians here raise
wheat, barley, corn and melons, pen
eraly planting as the water recedes.
This valley is equal if not superior to
that of the Sacramento. They differ
in this respect, the soil of the first
slopes back gradually to tbe base of
the mountains, while the banks of the
other are higher immediately along
the river. The fish in the harbor and
Gulf of California are of the finest
quality. In four hours Captain Tru
worthy and myself harpooned nine
teen sea bass, averaging 149 pounds
each. Above Fort Yuma, 140 miles
from the mouth or the river, to a point
430 miles, numerous unconnected rich
valleys are found. These are mostly
occupied by the Majoves, Chinamen,
and Poh Ute Indians." These raise
grain and melons and cut wood for
the steamers. The Majove Valley,
350 miles from the mouth of the river,
is very rich and extends over thirty
miles in length. Her CoL Dent,
who has charge of the agency, has
succeeded in turning the river upon
the reservation.
For 6) miles from the Gulf the Col
orado is navigable for steamers and
barges, at all seasons of the year.
This has been practically demonstrated
by Capt Truworthy, whom I succeeded
in inducing to bring his steamer to
the Colorado ovet four years since.
A few months subsequent to that time
the same steamer was taken by Capt.
D. Rogers to the same point, and
trips made at both high and low stages
of water. Every obstacle was placed
in the way of demonstrating the im
portance of the navigation of the river,
by a coalition of corporations whose
object it was to control the trade and
to obtain from the Government large
appropriations to remove obstructions
which do not exist.
For a distance of 650 miles along the
Colorado river you are in constant
view of leads of gold, silver,
copper and lead. Many of these can
be traced back into the mountains.
Many of these mines are in successful
operation. The scenery of China
wawa, Majove, Block Long, and
Painted Canon are particularly grand.
In that of Painted Canon, (so called
by tbe Indians), at each change of
position new and startling beauties
are revealed. The striking resemb
lance to ruined castles, fortifications
and bastions was .remarkable; in
others two thousand feet above the
water hung from its lofty height a
huge rock, apparently suspended, and
ready at the least breath to come
crashing to the surface llow. Add
to this the different stratas of every
color, as distinctly defined as if fresh
from the hand of a master painter, and
a faint conception can be had of the
magnificent scenery.
At the head of Painted Canon, I
found a white strata of rock extending
for miles across the country. I ex
amined this and found it extremely
light and of the most superior quality
for polishing silverware. I subjected
it to an intense heat and no impression
could be produced upon it. I believe
this will yet be a valuable article of
The steamer for the last forty miles
passed through a continued chain of
canons, the walls in many of these be
ing perpendicular. The smoke and
steam ascending these made it dan
gerous for the boat to lay in too close
proximity. At this part of the river
there is no timber, that having been I
cut down forty miles below by parties i
seeking to prevent the steamers as-
cenoung tne river. Tne supply or
iuei in consequence or tuis naa been
about exliausted when landing at an
opening in the rock which arose eight
hundred feet above, we ascertained it
to be a cave eight hundred feet in
depth and forty feet in breadth at the
entrance. Here we found several hun
dred cords of the best quality of wood
for steam purposes. This consisted of
white pine and cotton wood which
had been washed there for ages. This
was much worn by the action of the
water and the rocks in being carried
by the freshets from the country
above, appearing to indicate the rough
nature of the fall" and streams above.
At this place the steamer and barge
took on about twenty-fivecords, which
enabled us to reach Callviile, thirty
miles above, where the freight was de
livered without any damage.
Here, upon the highest sides of the
canon, the day and date of the arrival
of the steamer and barge were written
in letters so broad and conspicuous
that all the combinations which sought
to crush out the enterprise can never
erase. From Callviile, 620 miles from
the mouth of the liver, to Salt Lake
City, Utah Territory, a distance of 400
miles, there are forty-two beautiful
cities, towns and settlements, the first
being established at St. Joseph and
St. Thomas, 30 miles from the Colora
do. Here, by a system of irrigation,
the finest wheat, cotton and fruit is
raised. . In passing this chain of
settlements the traveler unexpectedly
finds many neat buildings of stone,
brick and adobe, whilst the cotton'
and woolen mills, half concealed by
the orchards ahd vineyards, add a
peculiar charm to the scene. - So suc
cessful have the neonle everywhere
been in raising crops by irrigation, in '
a desolate section heretofore con-
demned, that it is of the utmost im
portance to the general Government
that the public domain should not be
granted to corporations, because it
may be situated in a locality where
there is not a regularity of rains.
The practical experience of the past
few years and of the present, have
demonstrated that the most profitable
and abundant yield of grain has been
produced by irrigation.
Within thirty miles of Callviile ex- I
tensive veins of the finest salt is found
700 feet up on the side of the raoun- I
tains, ami varies from ten to ninety
feet in breadth. This is transparent
and is taken out by the pick and
crowbar and powder, and is supplied
to the inhabitants in tle settlements,
and taken to the silver mines at Pa
hanayat, to those at Eldorado canon
on the river fifty miles, and to the
mills along the Colorado river below.
This salt mine must be of great value,
as the unlimited territory of gold,
silver, copper, iron and lead in the
immediate vicinity are developed.
The quartz mines of this section, those
along the river, and in the center of
the territory must 1 to the country
in their immediate locality what the
Placer mines on the head waters of
the Colorado, and farther inland in
Arizona, are to tbe surrounding coun
try. Quartz mining requires at first more
capital to operate successfully than
Placer. In Summit county hundreds
of canals or ditches wind around the
mountains, these carrying suflicieut
water so that two men with hose and
pipe can do more work (with less la
bor) than" one hundred by the old
system of the pick and shovel. The
quantity or mining territory is un
limited. The average pay to each
miner is from six to seventy-five dol
lars per day.
Above Callviile, the Black or Big
Canon continues for thirteen miles.
In this there is no opening leading
out on either side, no vegetation is
seen struggling out from it, no clear
streams lau into it, to mingle their
waters in the deep chasm below, as is
seen in the canons of the Grand and
the Blue. The sides of this canon
rise from eight hundred to fifteen
hundred feet almost perpendicular.
These look like polished iron. As far
as the eye can reach is one continued
chamber, whose sides echoed back the
successive strokes of our paddles, like
the sound of a mufiled drum or se
pulchral voice.
I am satisfied that with a small ap
propriation, steamers could ascend and
descend this canon and ten miles be
yond. For all practical purposes at
the present time, there is no necessity
for this, as steamers can run at ail
seasons of the year to its mouth with
out any improvement to the falls.
Admitting for the sake of the ar
gument that steamers cannot ascend
the Colorado for more than one hund
red miles, by improving the falls, it
does not follow that a proper knowl
edge of the river above will not pro
duce great benefits to the Govern
ment, and unlock the hidden resources
of a vast country. Xo two rivers can
differ so much in their appearance as
the Colorado at its headwaters, and
that portion of it from its mouth to a
poiut five miles above.
For seven hundred miles from the
Gulf of California but three streams
enter the Colorado, the Gila one hun
dred and fifty miles from the mouth,
Bill Williams's Fork four hundred
miles, and the Virgin six hundred
and sixty, while iu the distance of
three hundred miles from the point
whence we started on the main di
vide of the Rocky Mountains, twenty
streams carry their water to the Colo
rado, the principal of which are the
Swan, Snake, Ten Mile. Eagle, Roar
ing Fork, Little Grand and Granite.
In passing by the mouths of many of
these we were apt to be deceived in
the extent of country and quantity of
timber along each. In ascending sev
eral of these streams I was surprised
in every instance to find the largest
pine and cedar and the most luxuri
ous grass and grain, the latter not
confined toa few acres, but extending
as far as the eye could reach. Along
these, and the country southward,
the finest facilities are afforded for
stock raising. Tar wells or springs
are found about thirty miles north of
the Grand, below the mouth of Elk
This sticky or inflamable substance
comes out of the eround over an ex
tended section, and is similar to that
used at Los Angelos, California, for
making pavements and roofs. Birds
and squirrels are found in this where
they have died in their efforts to ex
tricate themselves. At a number of
the smaller streams I saw oil floating
upon the surface similar to that in
Pennsylvania and near Bear River,
Utah. At the entrance of two can
ons I found slate banks five hundred
feet high, and through these were a
number of coal veins. I believe there
is an abundance of this in the vicini
ty. At the mouth of Salt River the
finest quality of salt is seen. The
salt licks near are frequented by vast
herds of deer and sheep. Above and
below these the steam from the warm
springs resembles smoke from distant
camp fires. This whole region is em
phatically the hunter's paradise.
Here follow interesting accounts of
the people of several Indian tribes
living upon the river.
In Arizona many ruins are to be
found of cities, fortifications, canals,
mines, &c. It would be impossible
for me to enter into a description of
all these. One of the most prominent
is that of Casa Blanca, or the Hall of
the Montezumas. This stands several
stories in height looms far above
every other object on the plains
around. The walls are six feet thick,
plastered with lime or cement, which
appears to defy the power of the ele
ments. Over the doors and windows
the cedar timbers are iu perfect pres
ervation, although it must have been
ages since these were hauled over the
long route from their native forests.
The Indians can trace it back two
hundred years. Such is the dryness
of the atmosphere that time has pro
duced but a slow change upon it. The
streets of the city of which this struc
ture formed a part, can be traced bv
the broken pieces of crockery ware,
and the elevation on each side.. Im
mediately back is seen the canal.
which conveyed water to this city of
tne past, anu to me extendea fields
bordering the river below.
At Tubac a more modern ruin- is
found ; tbe walls of the Cathedral are
yet perfect. The altar is covered by
shrubbery, which has grown up spon
taneously, and over the cross the vine
yet clings, as if to protect it from the
beams of the sun, as they shine through
the roofless temple.
This city was but a few years since
inhabited by a large population ; but
the Apache had been there, and made
common waste, the evidence of
whose vandalism is seen over every
beautiful valley and deserted ranch.
So complete has been their desolation
that all that is now left to tell the tale
are a few grape vines, a half-filled
spring, and the silent isolated cross
standing over the graves of their vic
tims. A company have succeeded in
turning the water again into one of
the ancient canals. For miles it ran
around the hills, and across the valleys,
where it discharged itself over a beau
tiful, sloping plain, embracing thous
ands of acres of the richest land. Here
the most successful farming settle
ment in the territory.
At the summit of some of the high
est hills fortifications with their nar
row passes yet frown upon the coun
try below. The solitary cross, the
abandoned altar, the broken arch and
the deserted ruins are all we have to
speak of a people, for whose history
we may search other records in vain.
Perhaps these may be the ruins of
buildings erected by the Spaniards at
time when the ships of Spain rode
in triumph upon every sea, and the
glittering arms of Castile and Aragon
were seen upon every land.
Capt. Ad sins, in closing, gives a gen
eral description of Arizona, and of its
mineral and agricultural resources.
lie also presents the advantages of the
southern route for a railroad to the
Ruins of Cities and Fortifications. A Singular Discovery.---What Is It?
The recent remarkable discovery of
a huge stone statue near Syracuse,
Xew York,. continues to excite much
curiosity ahd attention. A farmer
named "Win. C. Newell, residing at
Cardiff, about 1 miles south of Syra
cuse, iu digging a well, at a depth of
21 feet, struck what he supposed to be
a large stone, but continuing to die,
he soon uncovered two large stony feet
aud legs, and by further effort the
perfect figure of a man of more than
giant size was revealed. A measure
ment showed its length from the top
of the head to the sole of the foot ID
feet 2 inches; width of shoulders 3
feet ; palm of hand crosswise 7 inches;
the large finger 8 inches long; thigh
12iuches; leg below the thifh 9 inch
es. The figure was found lying' on its
right side. Since found it has been
visited by thousands of persons,
among them naturalists and scient
ists. It is thought by some persons
to be a fossilised human lody, but
others, anil the general opinion,' seems
to be that it is a statue. Where it
came from, who was the sculptor, and
when it was deposited in its bed, are
the questions now exciting attention
being investigated.
L. G. Olmstead, who has made
archaeology a study, looks upon the
figure as a statue, showing remarka
ble correctness and grace in its propor
tions. He does not even deem it nec
essary to assume for it antiquity as a
work of art By placing it beside the
highest known models of beauty res
cued from the ruins of ancient Italy,
he pays it an unusual compliment;
yet his judgment in this regard seems
to lie confirmed by the impression
made upon the minds of all who see
the figure.
"As a work of art, the Cardiffstatue
is perhaps a better embodiment of the
intellectual and physical power of a
and mountain-piling old
Titan than Italy possesses."
... T,.,ii. r vi,.i, c
has been to see the giant, and is of the
opinion that it is a petrifaction. He
g ves the following account of it :
The body when found was imbed-
i . -.,. in,h i .,.i ,
of the same color precisely as the
.i. ii.. irLi.
f ,k. ..m. i,.r,,t.,Li
11111 Ul mniy iirii, nil 11 19 a
. - ' . .
bluish gray limestone. A thin layer
of yellowish clay under this. Over
the- whole was a deposit of alluvial
soil, about three feet iu thickness.
The field is a clover lot, extending
from the present led of the creek,
about twenty yanh distant, up to a
low, sloping bank, at the foot of
which lies the body of the giant, the
face toward the bank. The upper
Portions of the body at the left eye
row, at the hip, tin breast bone the
knee cap, aud about the toes of the
left foot, are water worn, and thus
partially jiolished, disclosing the blu
ish gray liniestonecnpping up through
the yellowish while incrustation of
carbonate of lime with which the
body was at one time evidently entire
ly covered. The conclusion is inevit
able that at a formerperiod the creek
ran along by a low bank, and gradu
ally covered the boy with alluvial
deposits. By successive overflows it
formed the interval, and receded to its
present channel. This must have oc
curred long subsequently to the petri
fication of the body of the giant,
which evidently took place at a time
when the Onondaga valley was a lake,
in its ' whole extension, lying up
against the present ranges of high
bluffs as its shores.
The sole of the left foot, uuder side
of the left calf, thigh and elbow, and
a portion of the lingers of the left
hand lying under him, are somewhat
eaten away or honeycombed, while
the remaining portions of the same
parts are untouehedjby the corroding
agency. Proof conclusive to my
mind, that this was done prior to the
commencement of the petrifying pro
cess, lies in the fact that the right ex
ternal ear flap, and large tortious om
tne neck, in tne immediate region or
the car, the under jaw and lower edge
of the cheek near it, are hanging in
unmistakable clots of rotting and
dropping flesh, besmeared as it were
with the oozing pus of incipient
putrescence; and at that very point,
fortunately, we may say, for the inter
est of the" face, arrested from further
decay by the preservatory processes of
During the grading of section six of
the Cazenovia and Canastota Railroad,
about twenty miles from Cardiff, the
scene of the present excitement, the
skeletons of five gigantic human be
ings were exhumed, one of them
measuring eleven feet in length. Pet
rified fish have from time to time
been found near Cardiff, and among
others a perch, quite perfect and of
good size was found by W B. Kirk,
of Syracuse. Five miles farther down
the valley, in removing a human
body some years since, from the Onon
daga valley cemetery, it was found
turned to stone. Farther north, in
the same valley, the corpse of a child.
ou being taken up, was found to be I
UU LM'IIJIZ mhtu up, was I1IUUU 10 W
petrified. The body of a man. buried I
. fT T-oor. in tl. -nmo ,,irl,hnr.
reuinelln the hoi she'refus ng o
have it reburied. For these state-
ments I am indebted to a writer iu the
Syracuse Daily Standard, who can
give names if necessary. Thus we see
that petrifaction is no uncommon
thing in the vicinity of Cardiff. Mr.
Wright, who formerly owned the
farm upon which the great discovery
was made, states that near by is a
spring that will, within a few months.
turn into solid stone any small depos
its of sand and gravel. The Onanda
ga Indians are accustomed to regale
their visitors with accounts of things
which troubled their fathers, and
among those things were the stone
Mr. Xewell, on whose im
age was found, has sold three-fourths
of his interest at the rate of $50,000 for
the whole, and five other gentlemen
now own shares in it. As soon as the
exhibition of the giant ceases to pay
at home, it is the intention to take it
up and carry it on a tour through the
The latest from the stone man shows
thathisgiantshipwasamanof means.
He laid down to rest (how many years
ago!) with his pockets full of specie.
The Syracuse Journal tells the won
derful tale. Here it is :
On Saturday last, Matthew Hender
son, of this city, while visiting the
Cardiff giant, picked up from the de
bris thrown out of the excavation
something that seemed like a black
ened scale of brass or a rusty old but
ton. Thinking that it might possibly
have some affinity to the wonderful
statue, the lad placed it in his pocket
and brought it home. lt. -lender-
son. the lad's father, applied some
acids to it, when an ancient coin, of,
nearly the eleventh century, revealed i
:.! " i
On the obverse side of the coin is
the head of the Emperor lestyn. Be- j
neath the Emperor is the date "1091." j
Around the edge of the coin is the fol-!
lowing inscription : "Iestyn-Ap-;
Gwrgant, Tywsog-Morganwg." The !
interpretation of this, as rendered by
a competent "Welshman, means "les-,
tyn, son of Gwrgant, Prince of Glan-1
morgan." The inscription around
the circle is in the Welsh language, :
ami reads as follows: "Y. Brenhin a'r
Gyiraith," the interpretation of which
is, "The King and the Laws." The
coin is 77.S years old over seven and
a half centuries and on the edge of
the rim can lie distinctly seen "Glan
inorgan Half Penny," with represen
tations of leaves intwining. The de
nomination of the coin is imprinted
in dated letters and everything con
nected with ft shows it to be a coin of
the reign of the Emperor whose name
it bears. Further, in connection with
the unearthing of the stone giant, its
discovery in the loose dirt thrown up
from the bed of the excavation where
the statue was found and yet lies is
certainly quite interesting, and seems
to add to the general interest that at
taches to Oris great and unexplained
mystery of the nineteenth century.
Sights and Scenes on the Western
Prairies and Plains.
"A. E. L.," whom we take to be
Hon. Alfreh E. Lee, editor of the
O'azrtr, Delaware, in this State, has
been on an excursion through Kan
sas, via the Kansas Pacific R. 11., "in
terviewing" the prairies, plains and
buffalo of the frontier region. From
a letter written in the Columbus Jour
nal we make some extracts, graphical
ly descriptive:
j seuted ! Like a million torch bearers
lobed in fire these regiments and bri-rock-hurling
j gades of flame kept their nightly
i march over hill and plain, presenting
! to the eye the perfect illusion of niov-
I ing objections. Sometimes rank above
After passing Topeka the burning
prairies gave an additional novelty to
the scenery. The long, dry sedge grass
which covered the bioad plains and
low hills wherever not cultivated was
1 tired in hundreds of places, in some
cases probably by design and in others
by accident. The long, seried lines of
flame driven by the wind swept across
the plain with the regularity of in
fantry on parade, flashing like the
waves of ocean made golden in the
glow of sunset. The smoke from these
tires gave the hazy Indian summer
tinge to the atmosphere, and made a
very distinct and appreciable impres
sion upon the olfactories. And when
the sun went down aud these million
fires were pictured on night's sable
curtain how grand was the scene nre-
ra."k H"?1 ou "'.e u ?4 V"!
"l , w """"I'1 . lVc
: !ne of horuo" were on'y J"
i f,,iclr "imson reilect.on on the smoky
heaven, appearing like the coflagra-
tionof a dozen distant cities. Hour
tio" ,f a "ozen distant cities Hou
after hour our little cotcrwsat togeth
. , . . , . i r i
m-o I,!. ior t It la vnnnprntl Tilinnnmo.
non of the prairies,
wnicli cliarmed
away all desire for sleep, and presented
witli each change of scene a spectacle
apparently more beautiful and strik
ing than any wiucn preceded it. as
the train sped along we had one splen
did succession of nature's own pyro
technics, grander than any ever de
vised bv human skill. Sometimes the
flames were so close as to leap almost
up to the car windows, and at others
so distant as to look like beads of mol
ten gold trinkling out of the ebony
blaeknes of the burned prairie.
Day light foundus approach i ng Fort
Havs, a military post on the frontier,
and brought new and very different
surroundings, on every band now
was the open plain stretching to the
sky like the broad expanse of ocean,
anil excepting the short, crisp buffalo
grass, almost entirely devoid of vege
tation. It was the beginning of the
"Great American Desert," the wild.
treeless and almost waterless plains of
estern Kansas. A crimson light
against the eastern heavens harbin
gered the coming sun, and its broad
red disc appearing above the smoky
rift, crowned with its morning aureo
la, presenteda picture strikingly simi
lar to that described in Fitz James
O'Brien's beautiful stanza:
The red moon, like a golden irrape.
Hangs slowly rlpenlntrlin the 8ky,
While o'er tbe helmet o! thehtllx.
Like plumes tbe summer lightnings fly.
A few minutes aftersunrise the train
halted at Fort Hays, where fleet-footed
anticipation had pictured a splendid
buffalo hunt on the prairies,
The party had expected to find horses
and an escort here, for the hunt, but
not being so fortunate, the hunt was
spoiled, and the train resumed its for
ward movement, the excursionists
"trusting to luck" for their expected
sport. At every station there were
reports of buffalo a few miles away,
but none could be seen from the cars.
In the afternoon droves of antelope
were distantlj seen, scampering nim
bly over the plain, and the cry of
"wolf occasionally created a sensa
tion. Arrived at the station of Coy
ote, a buffalo hunter, who had just
come in, reported immense herds of
those animals in the valley of the
Saline, only tlsree or four miles dis
tant, and exhibited some splendid
buffalo hams, just brought in, to attest
the truthfulness of his statements.
This set all amateur buffalo hunters
agog, and determined them to have a
hunt, or at lcat a reconnoisance, at
all hazards. The train was run to a
switch four miles fartheron.and there
halted an hour to give the coveted op
portunity. A large crowd, equipped
with all sorts of weapons from a Spen
cer rifle to a pop-gun revolver, imme
diately struck out upon the prairie.
, , , , c ,
a few- hPwev5' ?,e"t
UlOSe WCrC not UUrewaruru lor li.c.r
jects blotting. the gray surface of the
Pra'ne-, A"e;r . leZVJJ
eu me tact mui, mrv nc uuuaiw la
dining. The wind was blowing di
rectly towards them, and they soon
scented the approach of strangers.
Rising, they stood for a moment with
their great shaggy heads aloft, three
magnificent buffalo bulls, very mon
arch" of the herd. They were out of
effective range, but that was no mat
ter to the skillful hunters who were
evidently confident that the only
thing necessary to bring the animals
within range of their weapons was to
fire at them as oiten as possiuie. a way
scampered the buffaloes up the next
ridee with a dozen or so of Ximrods
in feeble pursuit. Occasionally the
animals that is the buflalos stopped
and took a leisurlv view to the rear.
and then went off again at a moderate
frallon. Finally, the valley of the Sa
line appeared in the distance, half
shrouded in smoke from the burning
prairie, and dotted with hundreds of
Dunalo. 11 was a granu sigm, iuuv
compensating for the four miles run
over the parched prairie. The three
bulls made for the main herd, of which
they were apparently the pickets, and
just at that time a "kingdom for a
horse" would have been considered a
bargain by any one of the half dozen
pursuers. Regretfully the latter turn
ed back from the chase to rejoin the
train, to which they were vigorously
summoned by the impatient whistling
of the locomotive.
Judge Andrews tells of an occa
sion when, to use a Southern phrase,
he was "taken down'" by one of his
audienceduring a political address.
He was a candidate for Governor of
his State, and was explaining to a
lartre crowd how his friends had
pressed him to be a candidate, and
that the office was seeking him and
that he was not seeking the office.
"fn fact " said ho. "the office of
Governor has been following me for
the last "ten years .
Just then a tall countryman m the
audience arose and shouted . But
here's yer consolation, Judge-you re
gainiu' on it all the time, and it will
never catch you . ,rttii
The prophecy was literally fulfilled.
, " .
A congregation at Chicago wants
a new preacher, and says that besides
being a good preacher, he must be a
man of good moral character.
How People Take Cold.
(From Hall's Journal Health.)
Xot by tumbling into the river and
dragging home wet as a drowned rat ;
not by being plunged into the mud,
or spilled out in the suow in sleighing
time; not by walking for hours, over
shoe-too in mud : not by soaking in
the rain, without an umbrella; not by 1
scrubbing tbe floor until the unname-1
able sticks to you like a wet rag ; not j
by hoeing potatoes until you are in a
lather of a sweat ; these are not the :
things which give people colds; and i
yet tney are an me time teuiug us
how they caught their "death-cold by
The time for taking your cold is af
ter your exercise ; the place is in your
own house, or office, or counting
house. It is not the act of exercise
which gives the cold, but it is the
getting cold too quick after exercis
ing. For example, you walk; very
fast to get to the railway station, or to
the ferry, or to catch an omnibus, or
to make time for an appointment;
your mind being ahead of you, the
body makes an extra effort" to catch
up with it, and when you get to the
desired spot, you raise your hat and
find yourself in a perspiration; you
take a seat, and feeling quite comfort
able as to temperature you read a
newspaper, and before you are aware
of it, you experience a sensation, of
chilliness, and tbe thing is done ; you
look around to see where the cold
comes from and find an open window
near you, or a door, or that you have
taken a seat at the forward part of the
car, and it Is moving against the !
wind, a strong draft is made tnrougn
the crevices.
After any kind of exercise, do not
stand a moment at a street corner, for
anybody or anything ; nor at an open
door or window. When you have
been exercising in any way whatever,
winter or summer, go home at once,
or to some sheltered place ; and how
ever warm the room may seem to be,
do not at once pull off your hat and
cloak, but wait awhile, five minutes
or more, and lay aside one at a time,
thus acting a cold is impossible. No
tice a moment: When you return
from a brisk walk and enter a warm
iroom, raise your bat and your fore
head will be moist ; let the hat remain
a few moments and feel the forehead
again, and it will be dry showing
that the room is actually cooler than
your body, with your out door cloth
ing on, you have really cooled off full
soon enough. Many of the severest
colds I have known men to take were
the result of sitting down to a warm
meal in a cool room after a long walk;
or being engaged in writing, have let
the fire go out, and the first admoni
tion of it was the creeping chilliness,
which is the forerunner of a severe
cold. Persons have often lost their
lives by reading in a room where
there was no fire, although the weath
er outside was rather comfortable.
Sleeping rooms long unused have de
stroyed the life of many a visitor and
friend. Our splendid parlors and our
nice "spare room" help to enrich
many a doctor.
About Puffs.
No greater mistake is made by peo
ple who advertise than in the value
they set upon editorial puffs in the
newspapers. What we mean by that
is the style of articles found in tbe
local columns and "leaded" as edito
rial matter, and generally descriptive
of somebody's cigars, candy, cock
tails or cabbages. Many people sup
pose these to be the most valuable
adertisements, when in fact they are
the very jioorest. The public gener
ally understand that these paragraphs
are paid for either in favors or cash,
and estimate them accordingly.
Some people ask the editor for a puff
and "encourage" him properly too,
more for the purpose of reading his
extravagant language and witnessing
his ingeuuity in the use of expletives
than for the profit they expect to
derive. Some are too indolent to
write their own advertisements, and
still others resort to a puff in order to
get a dead head notice. This is all
wrong. Puffs are the most worthless
of advertisements. Some men are
willing enough to pay for printing
ink but they imagine that palpable,
straight advertising is not the thing.
They want to get it done in the third
person or to have the endorsement of
the editorial "we." That business
man who soonest educates himself out
of this delusion will have the most
greenbacks, business man's advei
tisement in his own language, over
his own signature, and for which he
is plainly responsible, is in the nature
of an official document and receives
more considerate attention than a
puff in the local column, and is both
more valuable and respectable. There
is an air about the responsible adver
tisement, which says: "1 want to
trade and will give you a fair bar
gain." The puff insinuates that there
is no responsibility in the matter.
When we have occasion to advertise
our own business, we rarely make
editorial mention of it, but insert an
advertisement, This view of the sub
ject is not inconsistent with the very
common practice or making editorial
mention or new advertisements, and
that, nor of focal mention of matters j
th,t . Mn.i.nii nnrrin. in tl.
business community, by which any
man's business may be called into n
tiee. One is a news item and the
other is an introduction as it were of
a new customer to the reading or busi-
ness public.
To obtain the full value of printer's
ink, advertise. Do it in your own
language, or if you cannot do that to
ge one better
in the matter to heln von. or come to
the office with your ideas written
down and we will help put them in
shape. Byallmeansadvertise. Change
often, and when your business admits
of it make different features of it
to-lav one
Wk anoth-
r .La T pi
prominent iu their turn
thing, to-morrow or next
er, aud then something else. ti
your advertisements have something
of tbe dash iu them, without great
exaggeration. Hundreds of fortunes
have been made by advertising, and
yet as an art it is but imperfectly un
derstood. Exchange.
I'm a Woman, Don't You See My Hair?
Xot long since a party was given
near Hannibal, when a mischievous
voung woman thought to enjoy the
fun to be derived from passing herself
for a young man just arrived from a
strange locality. But the male por
tion of the party penetrated the dis
guise, aud immediately set their wits
to work to have a little sport over the
affair. It seems that horses had been
stolen in the neighborhood, and they
caused the report to be whispered
about, taking good care the disguised
woman should hear it. Finally the
report that the thief was probably in
the room went the rounds, the young
lady was pointed out and the yell was
set up "there he is, now." Revolvers
were drawn in an instant, and the la
dy presuming they were really seri
ous, and not wishing to be exposed in
company, also fearing they would
shoot her without ceremony, sprang
out of the room and ran furiously for
home. The pistols were fired in the
air. and the fugitive presuming the
next shot might be fatal, pulled off
her cap, let down ner nair, and
screamed at "every jump, "I'm a wo
man, don't you see my hair?" Tbe
boys were so excited by laughter that
they could neither shout nor longer
run. They halted, but the disguised
female continued to run, screaming at
the ton of her voice. "I'm a woman,
don't you see my hair?" Hannibal
He that overcomes evil with good,
overcomes three at once tha devil,
the adversary and himself; and the
self-conqueror is the greatest of con
There' a land that Ih fairer than day.
And bv luith we mv Nee It afar.
For the Father wait over the way
To prepare ua a resting place there.
Chorus In the sweet by and by
We shall rest on that beautiful hore.
To our bountiful Father nbove,
.We will offer our tribute of praise.
For the glorious Kifl oi ilia love.
And the blessing that hallow our il.iys.
tliorus In the sweet by and by
We shall si ng ou that beautiful shore.
We will sing on Hint beautiful shore
The melodious songs of the blest.
Ami our spirits will sorrow no more
.Not a sigh for the bleKsingsof rest.
Chorus In the sweet by and by
We shall pruhieou that beautiful shore.
From Poverty to Opulence.
The Altoona, Pa., Tribune is respon
sible for the following story, which it
pronounces true to the letter :
A young man giving his name as
Harry Stewart, arrived in Altoona,
not long since, in a state of complete
destitution, and called upon Rev. Mr.
Guyer, to whom he stated that his
parents died in Idaho, leaving him
alone and penniless; that they had
come from England and moved to
Idaho when none but Indians infested
that territory, and that he hail never
enjoyed any advantages of education
save what his mother had given him.
He had heard in Idaho that in Penn
sylvania orphans were given educa
tions for nothing, and ho desired to
reach Harrisburgh to obtain an en
trance to one of the State institutions
of learning. The boy appeared inge
nious, and greatly interested Mr.
Guyer in his behalf, who took him to
Mr. John Shoemaker's office. Mr.
Shoemaker speedily obtained him a
situation in Plack's planing mill, but
after working three or four hours he
came back and stated that he wished
to go on to Harrisburg. A pass to
that place was procured for him, and
he was sent on his way, those who
had been willing to befriend him soon
foigetting all about him in the busy
cares of life.
When in conversation with Mr.
Guyer, the boy had stated that his
mother had left him some papers
which she declared were very valua
ble, but which he could not read.
W ben in Harnsourg a sudden tno t
struck him, and he entered the law
oftieeof Mr. R. Minnich, to whom he
showed the papers. A brief exami
nation of the documents showed the
latter their true nature, and he at once
telegraphed to the British Minister at
Washington, who in turn telegraphed
to the American Minister at Loudon,
and in a short time answer was re
turned that young Stewart was heir
to an entailed fortune amounting to
553,Oi'lO,0ii0 in gold, deposited in the
Bank of London, and equal to about
S77,00O,0iki in American currency.
This fortune has been lying in the
bank for some six generation, and has
increased to its present vast propor
tions. Young Stewart's identity as the le
gal heir to this vast possession, hns
been fixed beyond doubt, and he will
receive the first instalment of about
SS.0ti0.fl0O duriusr the present month
What effect the sudden possession of
such immense wealth will have upon
i the mind and character of a young,
uneducated and inexperienced boy.
remains to be seen. Stewart appears
to have a large share or sturdy com
mon sense, a well balanced though
uneducated mind, and considerable
natural shrewdness, and if he is for
tunate enough to escape the wiles of
human sharks who will be attracted
by the glitter of his gold, may soon
learn to use it for the benefit of his
fellow man, and the still further en
richment of himself. Mr. Minnich
has furnished youDg Stewart with a
traveling companion, a shrewd and
talented young railroad engineer
named Johnston, whose knowledge
of the ways of the world will be a
safeguard against the temptations of
designing persons.
A Grandmother, Mother and Bride in
One Day.
[From the New York, Nov. 6.]
The Hon. Zadoc Pratt, ex-member
of Congress from Greene county, and
one of the milionaires of the interior
of this State, was recently joined in
wedlock with the young, beautiful
and accomplished daughter of the late
Francis Grimm, Esq., of this city.
The nuptials were privately celebrated
in Prattsville, Greene county, the resi
dence of the groom.
Col. Pratt, the happy groom, is
widely known throughout the State,
lie was born in Stephentown, Renns
seler county, October 30, 17!Hl.
Col. Pratt has been widower for a
number of years. He has now renew
ed his youth, in a fortunate choice for
the third time, and will have the best
wishes of all who know him for his
happiness and prosperity in the new
Miss Grimm, who has thus become
an "old man's darling." is well de
serving the good fortune that has be
fallen her iu becoming a grandmother,
mother and bride, all in one day, as
well as the mistress of an estate esti
mated at several millions of dollars.
For the past three years, she, who is
now Mrs Zadoc Pratt, has been whol-
dependent upon her own resources
for a livelihood. A woman of rare
independence, good abilities and
com1mena,b,e ', he J"er"hs
T"11 iV"
1!"u",l.,.".5 - ' 1 "
? O'n-ty
W ithout being a mem
ber of the Sorosis sisterhood, she has
practically illustrated female inde
pendence by actually supporting her
self with her own hands. She has
bj - . years connected
with the lurf, tuld and larut.
It UU IUC 4 taij , J ' " - -.-
well-known agricultural and sorting
paper, as an employe in one of the
mechanical departments. She has
discharged this oftieeof trust faithful
lv. and leaves to enter upon her new
"I'tore with the best wishes of all her
frmer associates. She falls modestly
and gracefully into her new position,
and now drives her pony phieton with
the same facility and ease that she
formerly manifested in folding news
Woman's extravagance is. repeated
ly urged as one of the chief causes of
the husband's ruin. We believe that
the charge is, with few exceptions,
utterly groundless in fact. It is un
doubtedly true that the wife is more
sensitive upon all questions touching
wealth and position in society ; and
however limited her means, eager to
maintain "appearance" before the
world. All that lies uiion the surface
we see, but we do not see, nor can
those to whom the subject is not
brought directly home ever know,
the bitter struggle to comply with the
inexorable demands of society, -ou the
part of those to whom Fortuue has
shown a niggardly hand. False pride
it may be, but a pride born of social
requirements, and not more faLse than
the society to which it owes its birth.
It is nt only woman's privilege but
her duty to appear as handsome as
possible. If she desires to be consid
ered beautiful, why reproach her for
following tbe natural instinct im-j
planted iu the breast of all her sex?
Does she desire to appear well dressed? j
The decrees of fashion are unalterable,
and dread ostracism is too sure to fol
low their neglect.
Woman's troubles j
are mam
tively few
ter as w
inir the
travac-ance. so frequently urged
against her.
"Whv.dearme, Mr. Longswallow,"
said a good lady, "how can you drink
a whole quart of that hard cider at a
fold, her pleasures compa-
'. ... . .
1 r - ..hor'i.'-
llljustiry man in counieuuut-
i..L .r...: r .lti ov.
single Uraugm . as soon as ine
man could breathe again he replied : !
"I beg pardon, madam, but upon my
it was so baru I couldn't bite it '
Heroism of a Child.
Rev. Edwin Clay. M. D., writes
from Pugwash, Canada, as follows :
On Friday night last Mr. Cornelius
Crowley retired with his family to
rest, a little after dark. About 10
o'clock they were aroused bv the
sound of fire somewhere in the build
ing. On springing from his bed he
found the whole body of the house in
flames. His first thought was to get
help, so he ran at once to the barn,
where two of his sons were sleeping.
On his return he found it impossible
to get up stairs, where five of his fam
ily were sleeping, or to his father's
room, where tne old marfand a little
son were sleeping together. But Mrs.
Crowley, with her babe in her arms
succeded in arousing some of those up
stairs. Her brother and sister threw
themselves out of the window, forget
ting the three children who were still
asleep in another bed. The mother's
sereaui3 awakened the eldest daugh
ter, and she came to the window and
asked what she could do, when her
mother urged her to throw herself
down from the window, but she re- '
plied, "2vo; my brother and sister
must be saved." She then returned
through the heat and smoke, and took
her sleeping brother, a little younger
than herself (nine years), in her arms,
and carried him to the window, with
no injury except a slight scorching of
his face and hair. She then returned
through the floor and brought a still
younger sister (seven years) to the
window, and here the dear girl had
more than she could do, for her sister
in her fright refused to be thrown off,
and with the flames coming up around
her, she struggled with her until she
put her out off the window, and
the child dropped helplessly to the
ground. After hanging a moment or
two upon the window sill, she drop
ped down herself, a distance of near
ly sixteen feet, When she rose from
the ground she said "I am done, moth
er; but I have saved my brother and
sister from being burnt up." The
mother, with her burnt children, then
walked a distance of six hundred and
seventy yards (I had it measured), to
tbe first neighbor's house, in a state of
nudity, for they had not saved any
clothing. I was soon sent for, and, in
about three hours after the fire was at
tending to the wants of the suffering
children. I saw there was no hopes
of saving the dear girl. From her
forehead to the bottom of her feet she
was one mass of burnt flesh. This,
with the fearful shock received from
jumping so far, and walking such a
distance in the cold (the night being
chilly), caused her to sink very rapid
ly, and at six in the morning she died,
aged eleven years and eight months,
a martyr to the love of her brother
and sister.
The Secrets of the Aurora Borealis.
The true nature of the aurora bore
alis has long been a perplexing mys
tery to men of science. Careful ob
servations and comparison of accom
panying phenomena have shown that
solar disturbances, manifested by the
appearance of spots of unusual num
bers and dimensions, are followed or
accompanied by intense magnetic ac
tion, affecting the whole electric sys
tem of the earth, and marked by bril
liant displays of auroral streamers on
the night succeeding the solar disturb
ance. This showed that a relation
exists between the aurora, terrestrial
magnetism and the sun, but it left the
precise way in which the sun excited
the electric luminosity of the auro
ra as much in doubt as ever. At what
elevation above the earth the auroral
light exists, and whether within or
beyond the regionsof our atmosphere,
was also unknown, and tbe most em
inent men of science were at variance
as to the possibility of ascertaining
the actual distance of the silently
shifting streamers of light in the
northern sky.
Spectoroscopic analysis, that has so
wonderfully expanded the limits of
scientific research, was sometime
since applied to the light of an aurora
with unlooked-for results. Instead of
a parti-colored band of light, which
might have been expected, showing
that the aurora was due to solid parti
cles excited to luminosity by electrio
action, it gave the single line of light
characteristic of incandescent gas.
But the line produced by each gaa
has its own proper position in the
spectrum, and the line of the aurora
does not correspond witn that ot any
gas with which chemists are acquaint
ed. Repeated observations by several
skillful experimenters give always
the same result. They can pronounce
only that the aurora is due to the in
candescence of a gas different from
any known to science.
But another discovery has been
made which, from its connection with
the former, is of great interest, The
zodiacal light, that faint gleam in the
sky which has hitherto been supposed -
to be due to the lignt reflected Irom a
vast number of minute bodies travel
ing round the sun within the orbit of
the earth, has been an object of great
interest to astronomers. It has, until
recently, never been subjected to spec- -troscopic
analysis, because its light is
so faint that it was thought its spec
trum could hardly be made visil Die.
It was presumed, however, that if a
definite spectrum could be obtained,
it would present, as the accepted the
ory of its origin required, a feeble
likeness of that of the sun. . A Ger
man scientist has at last succeeded in
observing the spectrum of the zodical
light, and instead of being, as expect
ed, a faint copy of the ordinary pris
matic spectrum, it presented only a
single line, and that identical with
the spectrum of the aurora. This
proves conclusively that the previous
ly received theories of the nature of
the zodical light were erroneous, and
that aud the aurora are due to the
same electric influences operating in
the same medium.
It is now believed by astronomers
that the same methods of inquiry will .
show, when an opportunity occurs for
making the test, that the tails of com
ets are of the same nature with the
aurora aud the zodical light ; if so,
three of the most mysterious phenom
ena of the heavens will be traced to a
common origin, and their nature par
tially explained.
.v;' 7,"-
pm h hml Then she sun
iru auu i miner ww
" . ,'
self by twisting her back
The New York female doctors only
charge half the regular fee for attend
Botil ance, and they are beginning to mo
off." nopolize the business.
"John Paul" has been to-see the
woman on the flying trapeze, in New
York, and thus he reports: "She was
quite a pretty woman, neatly and sim
piy dressed in a girdle made of a
stripe or two from a small American
flag, circling her waist. I never felt
so proud of my country's flag before.
I have seen it waving over thriving
cities, happy villages, and majestic
mountain heights, but this was the
first time that I had ever seen it gen
erously protecting the waste places.
I shan't attempt to describe what that
plucky little woman did on the tra
peze, the rings, and the incidental
ropes. She accomplished feats that
made my hair run cold and every
drop of blood in my veins stand on
end. She swung her head downward
bv one foot from the trapeze bar, hold
ing her husband by one ear with the
tips of her thumb and forefingers, and
in that position turned ten somer
saults over the bar, swinging her
husband over her head each time.
This feat she afterward repeated, va-
rying sugniry ny nouiinij ner mrs-
hair one in
ported her
hair round
the bar, fastening it with a. single hair
pin, and auerward leanessiy ate a
mince pie which the programme as
: sured us was bought iu Fulton mar
j ket while a shudder of horror ran
through the audience.

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