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Reserve W ESTERM Volume 56 !N"o. 13. "Warren, Ohio. October 25. 1871. Whole Isro.2873. BUSINESS DIRECTORY. ITTESlTERNRESERYl! CHRONICLE Published every Wednesday rooming. In Empire Bloc. JdurBel su. warren v AiTfULt Editor and Proprietor. THBLES ANB TESTAMENTS at the jLjartual cost of publishing them, for sale Cy the TxrvBriLCo. Bibl nocjkty, t all It depositories throughout tne eouniy. ah the styles and price published by the American Rible Aorietv IceDt constantly on hand. Central Depository at Hapsnod isrown a. M&ricet at., soma siut uuh xxuuse square; warren, u. uu,J . . DR. LOT, Physician and burgeon, Office and residence a few rods Month or the Atlantic A Great Western Depot, where aeeanbe-eomtulted professionally. Warren, 0., AP"' ' ISl-tt KrLTOK 8UTLIFT, BOXES E. STEWAKT. SUTLIFF ft STEWART, Attorneys at Law, In Sutlirr Tattle's ofBoe, High bireet, north of Public Square, Warren. O. August 10. IS70-U. AE. LYJL&.N, Dentist. Office over , S. C. Chryst Co.1 new meat market, opposite the Court Bouse. Market St.. War ren, Ohio. Ian. 4. lSTO-tf I .OCT. SPELLMAN. Dentist Has J concluded to remain in Warren, and can found at his old rooms for the future. (Mar 11. tO-tt GEORGE P. HUNTER, Attorney at Law, Office in VanGorder Block, Market 6t Warren. Ohio. . iFeb. 23. 170-0. L SPEAR, Phvsician and Surgeon, . office over Freer Smith' Grocery, lo.rs.et Street, Warren, Ohio. DR. D. GIBBONS, Dentists, teeth extracted without pain; upper or low er sou of teeth for tl2. . Office over T. J. Mo Lain Son Bank, Main St, Warren. Ohio. Jan. 6. lo76.-. J. H ABHOR. C. T. KTTCALF. a ARM OS METCALF, Physicians, and Surgeons; Office on High Street at ie stand formerly occupied by I)r. Harmon Jan. a 1S7 JOB HOTCHTWS. W.T.SPIA. TTUTCHINs SPEAR, Attorneys at jTl Law. Office In First National bunk. Bunding, fcl story, front "ooins WTnO. Jan. & 1S70-1J . J-H. BRISCOE, Physician and Sor- eeon. Office over Park A Patch' store, Market Street. Residence, north si if of Wurk.t ninft. two doors eastof Elm. Par ticular attention paiu w v-munt Jan. o, lotv-i r. BR. F. A. BIERCE, Homa?pathIc Physician and surgeon. OffiM In Su tuft's k. High SUeej. V1 OlSee vR. J. R. NELSON, Physician and amm x-t nf Fintt Nat. Bank. fi, hour from 7 to IV o'clock, a. m., and iu.ND.in. Jan-i wi EE. F. MYERS, Physician and bur geon. Office 3d door north of National ie. Entrance off Liberty street. Office hours, from 10 to 12, a. m, and 1 to p. m. Kesldecoe, corner af High and fJli es.nut streets. Nov. 27. 1867-ly J BRACED), M. D., Eclectic Phy . iclan and Surgeon. The cure of Can cers, a specialty, or no pay required. All ill to which the human frame is beir to, at tended with promptness, at all hours. Office over 8. L. Hunt's Shoe Store, No. 20 Market e.U Residence opposite Arnold Scoflield on the Bazetta road. (May 10, 1871. J. V ATfTItOT. TH AO. ACKI.KV. TrAUTROT & ACKLEY, Successors to V J. Vautrot Co- Dealer In Watrhea, Jewelry and Diamond. Ma-rket Street, war ren. Ohio. Jan a, 1 B. W. KATXJTF. H. H. MOS1S. RATLTFF & MOSES, Attorneys and Connaellers at Law. Office over the Ex change Bank of Freman A Hunt, on Market fit. Warren Ohio. Jan.f W; B. PORTER, Attorney at Law, .Office In Iddings' Block, Market SU, Warren. Ohio. i Jan. S 1S7U-1V. Ji 5.C0TVBEET, Attorney at Law, . Office oornerof Mill and Main St.,N lies. Ohio. fo01-18 l"l-'t AT B. TfLER, Manufacturer and l . Dealer in Wrm. Rifles, Pistoia. CnUery Fishing Taekle, Ouu MaterUiU, Sporting Appa rates. Sewing .Machine, Ac., o. 8. Mar ketSt., Warren. Ohio. J- 5 1K76-W 9. POBTXB. W- - KTB. N. t W. V. PORTER, Dealers .In School and Miscellaneous Books, Btaiionary, Wall Paper, Periodicals, Pam phlets and Magazines, at the ew ark Book oiore. Main btreet. Warren, Ohio. L5I05 D. WEBB Notary Public, fire and Life Insurance Agent; and Feusion and Bounty Agent. Passage Tick ets sold to and from, and money remlt 4 to the old country, at the lowest current rate. Office In Webb Block, Main Street, Warren, Ohio. . , JanH.O. GEO. B. KESXEDY, Fire and Life Insurance Agent, Warren, Ohio, i Oct. , Kfl-lyr. ; w. d. HAU, T' s'ACirr. SILL k XACKEY, Manufacturers of Harness and dealer In Saddlery ware. Trunk. Valiseagjlravellug Bags, Whips, Horse Blankets, Saodle and Fancy ": Saddlery, No. 8, Mackat Street, Wat "u, O. Jan. S. 187U. WHTrTLESET ADAIS, Fire and Life Insurance Agent, Warren, Ohio. Merchandize and other property Insured In the best Companies, on favorable terms; V arm property. Isolated Dwellings, and their i-timitur. insured for one, three and five years. Office in McOombs and Smith' tueck. F. . HUTCH IWS, & B. OLIDDXTT, J.TT T01I. HUTCUT5S, GLIDDES STULL, Attorney at Law, office over Smith A burner's Store, corner of Main and Market sSireet. Warren, Ohio. (Jan. &. IsTB-tl. T 5DAYTS03, Mavor of the Ineor 1 . porated Village-of Warren, O., and alsa Justice of the Peace in and for said V lllage. attends to all business usually transacted by Justices of the Peace. Mayor's regular court iivery Monday morning from to IS" dock . . Jan. 5. 1870. CC. EcSUTT, House, 6iRn, and . Ornamental Painter. Grainer, Ac, King's New Block. Main St., Warren, Ohio. May U. 187i-tr .TITHE!? AT WARRES, Call at M. "- If HARRIS', one door south of the " Post Office, for yrmr Cigars and Tobacco. . He eepa the beat fiva, ct Ciar in town. July 19, Ti-ly. rpOTHE FARMERS OF TRUMBULL I County. O. B. Dealing, Agent for Ohio farmers Insurance Company, residence one door north of National House, Warren, O. Kates of Insurance lower, and security bet ter than any other responsible company in the State. Call and see him before you in jure. I1 3. 1871-lyr. TimrSGS k MORGA5. Dealers in gta- I ...j v,m Irv fionds. Caroeta. Mat- ungs and Floor Oil Cloths, window Shade and fixtures, lea, conee, ac i uey K-wp con stantly on hand, a large and full assort ment of goods in their line, of good quality and fashionable styles, and oner them for sale at the lowest prices in tne msrub Jan. 5. 180. 10LPHU8 GR.ETER, Dealer In f M usica! Merchandize of all descriptions, viz: Pianos, Organs. Melodeons, Molina, GaitarsAecordeons,Claronetta, Flute, Fife, ' iirnms. Piauom-eads. Piano-'toola. sheet- music. Music-books, Violin String, Guitar string, Ac Store In Webb' Buck, over rorter zook r-tore. u au. o. io u. . H. W. B. USUI, B. U UI. VXTALKER, LESLIE 'A CO., Bank "11 era. Church Hill. Ohio. Dealers In Government Securities. Foreign and Domes tie Exchange Collections made. Interest auiowea on special Deposits. (Jan. 4-iy. C B. DABXUSa. L. T. GILDKH. DARLING & GILDER, mii.imi nt Anthracite Caonel t Ritoailnons Coal and SLACK. Office on west side Main KU ki door north of Mahoning Depot. Also Agents for the celebrated TALHADGE SEWER PIPE CO. A- TERMS CASH 02T DBLirERT. Warren. O, July 27, 1870. , X7ru3LlJTJ.I3XJAlJ House and Lot for Sale. I will sell at a bargain, a desirable House a ad Lot on atouroe Street. 2 doors H um Mahoning Avenue. House in first rate repair; contains nine room, a flrst-elass ceilar, wiib sewer connections complete. A nfly barrel cistern with pump and sink In kitchen. Good well of water handy. Lot . underdralned, and everything In tip top order. For terms, dc enquire of WM. B. lORTER, Office ever Iddingi A Morgan' store. IVarren, Ohio. oct. ll-tf. TT S. MARSHAL'S SALE. KJ . U.S. Circuit Court, Northern DUtrict oi onto. Xanov Sloan. 1 Bv virtue of an vs. Valia Vend! Expo- WilliamS.Pendergest.Jna8 Issued out of the u. s. circuit turt, ."sortnem uixiricv oi Ohio, in uieaoove namea ease.to meaireci- ed and delivered, I have levied upon ana shall ex Dose to nubile sale at the south door of toe lurt House, In the city of Warren, Trumbull county, Ohio, on Saturday, the ISth day of Sot., 1871, between the hour of one and three o'clock, p. m. of said day, the following described Land and tenemente, of William S. Pender-gest,to-wit: The following described tract of land situate In Liberty township, Trum bull County, Ohio, beiog part of Section No. and No. ft. In said towushio, beginuing at the south E corner of what lis known as the McClarysaw Mill Lot. often it) acres, at the wrath line of said section In; thence east 8 euaina si link along said sectlou line o. 15, to a post at the N. K. corner of what was formerly known as the E. Stewart farm; thence 8. W. along the H. lineof said Stewart farm 5 chains 92 links, to the mid dle ol tne road leading from Hubbard to warren; inence aiong me iniauie oi saia road N. 77 W. 8 chain S4 links to a stake standing 8. 2t'i E, bs links from a small beach sight tree on the west line of the land herebv conveved: thence N. 21l.i V. 11 chains 28 links' to a stake on the E. bank of the mill dam, at one of the corners or said 10 acres saw mill; thence E. SchainsoOlinks io another corner of said sa-v mill lot; thence 8. 6 chains and SO links, to the place of be ginning, containing 7 38-luO acres of land. Also another tract of land, to-wit: The fol lowing described tract of land, situate in Liberty township. Trumbull County, Ohio, and is known by part of Lot No. l and bounded as follows: Beginning at a post for a corner, at S. W. corner of lands of John Wilson, and running N. 20 chains and i links with the W. lineof said Wllssn's land to a post; thence 8. t W. S2 chains to a post; thence S. 2 E. 20 chains and 50 links to a post; thence E. with south line of said Lot No. 16. 32 chaius to the place of beginning, contain ing to acres and M rods of land, excepting and reserving ont of the above described lands ten acres sold by James Donaldson to Alexander McClary. For more particular description, see Jam. Dennlsoo's treed made to Thomas Donaldson, dated June, 1st!; which, according to command of the Court of Common Pleas Court of Trumbull Co., Ohio, has been attached by the Sheriff of said Trumbull County, to satisfy a Judgment of the Circuit Court of the United slates, for the Northern District of Ohio, rendered at the January term in the rear 1870. in favor of Nancy Slotn, and against William S. Peudergest. Appraised at tM,). Terms Cash. R. HASTINGS. C S. Marshall. By Geo. W. Dickinson, Deputy. V. 6. Marshal's emce.Clev', O..OCU lS.Tl-5t TOTICE. J George H. Porter, and William Grace will take notice that Henry Waener. of the county oi Trumbull, and staieoi unio, uia on the 14th day of October. 1871, file his peti tion in the Court of Common Pleas, within and for the county of Trumbull, in said State, of Ohio, against them, setting forth that on the 2bth day of December, lw5, he and said Porter enured Into an agreement by which the said Wagnersold to said Porter a lot of land situate in Mecca township. Trumbull county, and known as parts of Lots No. 13 una i-i. and wherein said Porter aereed to pav therefor the sum of thirteen thousand dollars, that there is now due to said Wagner on said contract the sum of eleven thousand dollars and Interest from the Ztl day of August, A. D. 1871, and that said William Grace claims some interest In said land. Said petition prays that said de fendants may be ordered to pay said money so due, or that said premises may be sold to pay the same, and tor other and adequate relief. The said defendants are notified that they are required to appearand answer said petition on or before the Itith dav of Iiecem ber, 1S7L HENRY WAGNER. By Ratlin A Moses, Att ya. Oct. 18, l71-t. LLGAL NOTICE. Notice is herehy given to all the lnhabl tuutaof Newton Falls, and vicinity, in New ton township, Trumbull County, and state of Ohio; that on the 11th da of September, 1S71, Thomas I. Gillmer, Wm. L. Hosier, Charles G. Graham, Luther Patterson, and John N. Ensign, the aothorlzed agents of the in habitants of said village and its vicini ty, desiring to secure the privileges of an Incorporated Village, presented to the board of County Commissioners, at a regular ses sion. petition, signed by upwards of thirty of the legal voters of this State and on the territory proposed to be incorporated in pursuance of the laws of Ohio entitled "An Act to provide for the organization and government of municipal corporations," passed 6th May, lsti8. and the amendment thereto, passed April 20, 1871. Selling forth it said petition that said village and vicini ty proposed to be incorporated contained upwards of five hundred inhabitants. That the petitioners desired to be Incorporated under the law of this State by the name and style of "The Incorporated Village of yeuion FalU" and that an accurate map of the ter ritory described in said petition accompa nied by same. The prayer of said petition ers is for tne Incorporation of said territory described according to law. And said Com missioners appointed for thebearing of said rein Ion the 1 iui day of siovemoer, isji, at o'clock, n. m.. at tne Auditor's office in the city of Warren, in said county, when and where all persons may attend and be heard respectively. 1 nu.uAn t. uiuLiucn, WM. L. HOSIER, CHAS. G. GRAHAM, LUTHER PATTERSON. JOHN N. ENSIGN. Agents as Aforesaid Sept 27. 1871-61. LEGAL NOTICE. Roannah L. Wells, of River Falls, Wis consin. Edward L-Drakeand Samuel Drake of Logansvllie, Wisconsin,and the UDkoown neirs oi earan w. uonauue, win taae no tice that on the 29; h day of September, 1871, the undersigned filed his petition In the Probate Court of Trumbull county. Ohio, against the heirs or Nancy Drake, deceased, praying for an order or vourt to sell, in or der to pay debts of said deceased and lega cies, certain lands sitnate in Lot No. Hi. in Howlund, said county, being about five and 77-100 acres remaining of the tract owned by said Nancy at her decease. Bald petition will be for hearing on the tth day of Nov. 1871, at 10 o'clock. A. M. JAMES HOYT. Adm'r. with will annexed of Nancy Drake,dec'd. W. T. Spbak, Atty. Oct. 4, 1871-it. TOTICE. Austin Evans of East Palestine, in the county of Columbiana, and State of Ohio, is notified that Maria Evans did, on the 2ntn day of September, A. D, 1871. file her peti tion In the office of the Clerk af the Court of Common pleas within and for the county of Trumbull, and State of Ohio, charging the said Austin Evans with adultery with one Maiy J. Tumble, and also with three years willful absence frura said plaintiff, and ask ing that she may be divorced from said Aus tin Evans, and that she be decreed the cus tody of het child, and be decreed reasonable alimony. Said petition will stand for hear ing at the first term of the Court of Com mon Pleas of said county In session after the expiration of the sixth publication of this not Ice, MARIA EVANS, By H. C. Camp, Woodworth A Wirt, her Attorneys. (ocu J8, U71-6. VTOTICE TO BUILDERS. Xl Notice is hereby given, that plans and specifications for a new School House, to be built In District No. 1. Warren townsbip,are on file in the Tow shipClerk'soffice. Build ers are invited to make proposals until the 1st day of Nov. A. D. 1871. at 2 o'clock, p. m. The board reserve the right to reject any or all bids. By order of the Board. GEO. B. KENNEDY, Oct.l871-2t - Township Clerk. I? STATE of Oliver Mathews, dee'd. JThe undersigned has been duly appoint ed and qualified as executor on said estate. All persons indebted to said estate will make payment to Augustus Klwell,and pre sent claims against the estate to same lor allowance, as my agent. J. J. MARSH. Bracevllle, Trumbull Co..0..Oct.ll, 1871-3t 778TATE of Marcus Post, dee'd. Notice is hereby given that the nnder- sigaedhas been appointed Administrator of the esiaie oi Aiarcus roai, taie oi xiariroru, Trumbull county, dee'd. JAMES H. POST. Bazetta. Oct. II. 1871-St TESTATE of Horace Norton, dee'd ' n-MWna ha. kun ilnlw ,nMinl ed and qualified as Administratrix on the estate or Horace jNorton. aec a, laieoi i rum bull Co.. Ohio M A KY C. NORTON. Mesopotamia, Oct. 18, 1871-31 House and Land for Sale. rpHE subscriber offers for sale his I house and seven acres of land situate In vavittsburg, three miles west of Warren. Good comfortable House, new Barn, good arehardand other fine fruits growing, will be sold on reasonable terms. Enquire at the Chronicle omce or oi tne suoscnoeron the premises. JAS. T. TRACY. Nov. JO. 1870-tt FARM FOR SALE. THE undersigned offers for sale 40$ acre of land, situate in Champion Tr.. aooutone and one-half mile west of the center, and abont seven miles from War ren. Good frame building, and fair im- trovements. Aboutelehtacres timber land; lance plow land. Address Oct. l-3t H. a WILSON, Warren, O. HOUSE AND LOT FOR SALE. The subscriber offer for sale his bouse ami lot on Washington Avenue, Warren. Good frame boue, 9 rooms ; barn and car nage house; good well of water, cistern at both house and barn; cellar with sewer con nect ions complete. 8. PARISH. Oct.l8-2t. Hair Jewelry Manufactory. MISS S. E. GORDON, respectful ly announces that she still 'continues lue ousiness of manufacturing all kinds of Hair Jewelry. Watch Chains, Pins, Ear rings, Ao- made to order on the shortest Hue and at living rates. Switch, Curls, Braids, of all descriptions and colors, con stantly kept on hand. Rooms No. 8 King's new bloofc. Main Kt., Warren, Ohio. Mar. . 1871. . E. GORDON. THE CHRONICLE. FROM SEA TO SEA. The following line are from Joaquin Mil ler's poem "From Sea to Sea," In Scribner' for November: Shake hands! kiss hand In haste to the sea. Where the sun come in, and mount with me The matchless steed of the strong New World. As he champs and chafes with a strength nntold And away, to the West, where the waves are curled. And kiss white palms to the capes of gold ! A girth of brass and a breast of steel, A breath of fire and a flaming inane, An iron hoof and a steel-clad neel, A Mexican bit and a massive chain Well tried and wrought in an iron rein; And sway ! away ! with ashontand yell That had strlnkn a legion of old with fear, . That had started the dead in their graves Whilere, And startled the damned in Hades as well Stand np! stand out! Where the wind comes in. And the wealth of the sea pour over you. As its health floods np to the lace like wine, Xnd a breath blows up from the Delaware And the SusQuehanna. We feel the mlaht Of armies in us. and blood leap through 1 l ne irame with a iresn and a keen deiigut As the Alleghanies have kissed the hair. h iin a aiss oiown iar tnrougn tne man ana din. By the chestnut burs and through boughs oi pine. O! seas In aland! O! lakes or mine! By the love I bear, and the songs I bring. Be glad with me! lift your waves, and sing A song in the reeds that surround your isies A aongofjoy for this un that smiles For this laud I love, and this aee and slen: For the peace that is, and the perils passed; Fur the hope that is, and the resist last! O heart of the world's heart! West! my West! Look np ! look out ! There are fields of klne. There are clover-fields that are red as wine ; And a world of klne in t lie fields take rest. And ruminate In the shades of trees That are white with blotems.or brown with bees. A rush of livers, and a brush ef trees. And a breath blown tar from Mexican seas. And over the great beart-vein of earth ! - isy the soutii-sun-iana oi me Chero kee. By the scalp lodge of the tall Pawnee, And up the La l'latte. With a weary dearth Of the homes of men ! What a wild delight Of space! of room! What a sense of seas. wnere tne seas are not! hat a salt-like breeze! What dust and taste of quick alkali ! " i lien nuisTgreen, Drown, men black, liirA niuhl All fierce and defiant agalnat the sky ! I I BEYOND THE MISSOURI. OMAHA, Oct, 10, 1871. Editor Chronicle : In wander ing iiround the west I have finally drifted to the city from which this letter comes. It is a strange mine- ling of the east and west, and of Europe and Asia, for that mutter. At the Union Pacific Depot one may see baggage checked from Calcutta to Southampton. O'o-day at the leaving of the train I saw several Japanese returning home from a visit east. None of your common "Japs" who run with circuses, but genuine princes as might be seen by their distin guished air and tall hats. It is in- terestine to notice the traveler at this same Union Pacific Depot. Every class and clime is represented, rom tne native come in irom some reser vation to Bell his furs, to the English magnate on his way to India; miners tired of civilization going back to the mountains, immigrants bound for the cheap lands west; the Southren come up the valley of the Missouri this far from the land of cotton and Kn-Klux,and the Yankee green from the New England hills. And the city is nearly as cosmo politan as the depot. The numerous sts." prenzed to tne notels show that the Southerner north drifts into the hotel business as naturally as a German does Into a brewery, or an African into a barber shop. rne town is on an east slope of tne bluff, which is here much less abrupt than in most places. Between the city and the Missouri is a wide bed of sand, which in time of high water is mostly covered. When the town was first projected the river was quite close to the foot of the bluff now it is nearly a mile away, and the stream is constantly cutting further into the Iowa snie. un tills sand bar between the town and the river are most of the machine shops and the freight depots of the roads that terminate here. If some freak of the Missouri should cause a shifting of the current Omaha under the Bluff" might have free transportation to the Gulf of Mexico. Stranger things have happened. 'Walker's Island, con taining several thousand acres of land, was a few years ago part of Dakota. A small bayou in time of high water cut them off from the mainland. This enlarged until it became the main channel, and now the old bed is dry ; the balance is a shallow lake and the boundary of Nebraska has been put several miles further north. The continuous chain of railway which seems to bind the continent is broken here. Cars are only crossed by transfer boats, and these in the present low stage of the water often remain stuck on a bar for hours. This break in the traffic of the world has iiad an important influence in build ing up Omaha to what she is. Whe ther the bridge which is now building will not ratlier retard than promote this growth is yet to be seen. This bridge is in its way one of the won ders of the world. Immeuse hollow columns of iron must first be forced down through from fifty to a hundred reel or quiek.and before tliey llud rock to rest on. Then on these col umns a bridge must be built high enough above the highest water mark to allow tne tallest steamboat smoke stack to pats under it for the current shifts so there can be no draw. The bridge now is about half done, and will cost wnen completed not mui-n short of 52,000,000. In the country back of Omaha, five to ten miles from town, the price of land will not vary much from what land is held at that distance from Warren. In quality it is excellent, bringing better corn and grass, but not nearly so good wheat as the Ver million valley in Dakota. On the whole I would recommend the latter country rather than Nebraska to the immigrant. .Nebraska is older, and Inmost places-to obtain government land one must go several hundred miles from the Missouri, while in South eastern Dakota Uncle Sam's estate reaches almost to within sight of that stream. Monday evening I heard Geo. Francis Train. It is a common enough thing of late, I am aware, to hear this self-nominated candidate for the Presidency, but I congratulate myself on hearings him in his own town talking to his own neighbors. George is a riddle. Whether be is lunatic or knave, in sport or in ear nest, striving for free rent at the White House, or simply using his notoriety as a means of money making, he is at least a wonderful man. In speaking there does not seem to be a faculty of mind or muscle of body that he does not bring in full use. I here is something horribly ludicrous in the cool impudence with which he defies Church and State. God and man, and boldly professes to derive his powers from the evil one himself. His fellow-citizens of Omaha are proud of him as one would be of a put bear, but tliev take no stock-tin him. But for this time enough. P. H. " The cow," said an engine driver, was standing square on the track. The locomotive struck her and threw her ten feet over a fence. She landed plump on her feet, and, strange to say, she wasn't hurt a bit," " But didn't she looK scarea " inquired a listener. " Well, I don't know whe ther she was scared or not, but she looked a good deal discouraged." CHICAGO. CHICAGO. It Present Condition--Business Prospects CHICAGO. It Present Condition--Business Prospects--Orders Issued--General Intelligence, etc. [Reported for the CHRONICLE.] As one enters the city from the south he does not at all realize the extent of the ereat calamity nor the immense amount of property destroy ed, for in this portion the buildings are as solid a ever, rue cars or tne Michigan Central and some other roads stop at Twenty-Second street depot, where the streets are lined with trunks at every quarter. All the residences of convenient size are converted into stores and olnces and the remaining goods taken from the rums, are placed here lor sarety. The people throng Michigan and Wabash avenues and State street, some for curiosity and many for em ployment. In front of General Sheri dan's headquarters, on Wabash ave nue, the destitute were waking for passes over the railroads. The police formed them in a line over half a mile in length, and the condition of the passes is such that no single man can receive them, for there will be em ployment in a few days for thou sands. The churches and public buildings are converted into house for the un fortunate, and three times a day the applicants for aid are placed in line to receive their rations. On Sunday the people were terribly excited ; thieves and pickpockets were improving the opportunily by plun dering houses and breaking open safes. In view of this state of excite ment, Detective Piukerton, who is in charge of buildings, issued the fol lowing order : "Thieves and But glart. Office ofPin kerton's Police. Orders are hereby given to the Captains, lieutenants. Ser geants, and Dieu of Piokerton's Preven tive Police, that tliey are in charge of the burned district from Polk street from the river to the lake, nnd to the Chicago river. Any persons stealing, or seeking to steal, any of the propeaty in my charge, or attempting to break open the safes, as the men cannot make arrests at the present time, thru sliall kill the persons by my orders. So mercy shall be shoicn them, but death shall be titeir late. ALLAN PINKERTON. Many of the were charging exoibitant prices for bread. In pur suance of this Mayor Mason issued a proclamation to the etlect that any person selling bread for over eight cents per twelve ounces shall be fined a sum not less than 20, or imprison ment. The County Agent in issuing provisions on the West Side, pro pounded the questions: 'Are you married or single? How many chil dren have you V" and would then call "A loaf of bread ; a little piece of meat ; pass on." Many grocers were charging SI per pound for butter, GO cents per dozen for epgs, and other articles in like proportion. No paners were printed until Wed nesday. " They were sold as high as $1 per copy." Tribune and Journal were printed on the same press and with the same type, on Canal street, near the tunnel, and the press could not supply one-tenth the demand. The Postofflce on State Street, and I ntelligenceoilice opposite, were filled with anxious inquirers for letters and friends. Carpenters, masous and la borers are called lor. The work of excavating and removing the rubbish has already commenced. As soon as the fire and heat had subsided mer chants began the work of opening tbeir safes and searching for valuable pnpers. The strongest safe was not a test of endurance. Mauy vaults were melted and charred. Thousands of books, notes, accounts, and even ereenbacks. were found heated to a jet black, yxt dlscerniblfjirhileot bare' crnmiilea iiue asnes. me iiignest buildings were felled to the lowest foundation. It is difficult in some instances to recall names of streets. Elevators that contained large quantities of grain were burned to the ground, leaving mountains of wheat smouldering in the ruins. Coal yards ten and fifteen feet deep are still burn ing and furnish considerable light throughout the city. Chicago had sixteen large fire en-' giues but six or seven were consumed in the flames. Others were sent from St. Louis, Pittsburgh aud other quar ters. Some of them are used in sup plying the main pipes for the use of familes and fires. Water is hauled from the lake on wagons by express men and sold at high prices. Two thousand soldiers, infantry and caval ry, are ou duty guarding property. Every load of supplies from thecouu-l try are guarded, in order that all may J receive an equal share. Police are stationed at every hydrant to prevent the people from wasting water. A meeting of the Board of Super visors was called to locate the new court house, and other public build ings. Many deeming it a mere specu lation for the value of proierty, the Board adjourned for a further con sideration of the matter. The grandest test of fire proof buildings was the Tribune office, and had it not been for a shell in one of the north win dows, sent from Paris, the entire walls would have been saved ; but when it ignited about twenty feet of the wall was blowu out. The stone walls of the First National Bank are consi dered good. 'The exterior of the Court House is nearly all standing. The intense heat crumbled many walls like mortar. The first temporary building erected near the Court House is an 8 by 10, used by S. D. Kerfoot & C, Real Estate Agents, who have a rough sign "All gone but wife, children and energy. S. D. Kerfoot & Co. First buildintt on burnt district." That portion of lake front east ou Michigan avenue is" building up with suiail avenue is offices to be used by the wholesale merchants. The Fidelity Safe J)epo sitory.on Randolph street, is the first bank that resumed business on the ruins. The walls of the Michigan Central depot are good and work lias already commenced. The walls of the water works are mostly good. The north engine will be started in a few days; the remaining two engines are considerably damaged. The entire North Side presents a mass of total ruins, and nothing is Been but iron, broken crockery and imperishable articles. The rails on the street railroads are warped to the height of three feet, while here and there are seen, on the ground, tele graph wires still connected. . The fire passed to the north so rapidly that shade trees were only burned on the top, leaving a tall stump. In many cases express wagons loaded with fur niture were burned in the street, horses and all. One man entered a large water pipe near the water works to escape the heat, but he was soon burned to death, When the fire had reached the North Side, on Monday night, the wind blew direetly north with such fury that the entire property in this locality was destroyed in twenty-four hours, a distance of over four miles in length aud one in width. ' Many wholesale houses on the West Side have made room for the unfortu nate merchants, and this section will probably do the largest business for some time. Ou Friday about two o'clock a fire broke out on the West Side, near the Bubnrbs, but was soon checked. At three o'clock a barn on Wabash ave nue burned, and nothing was saved. At half-past five a residence on Tbirty-firsi street was burned. The firemen present the apiearance of havingdoue their duty. J.C.Ward. A clergyman said that the members of his church were perfectly united frosen together . Nebraskans who neglect to vote are ridden on a rail. ALLAN PINKERTON. For the CHRONICLE. EARLY MORAL EDUCATION. BY ALONZO BAIN. - In our creation we are created with a mind so formed and constituted, as to Irarn a certain amount of knowledge of this world ; and if we do not learn that which Is good and moral, we learn that which is bad and immoral. Our happiness deoendsupon our mor al character. The happiness of a family depends on the moral charac ter of its members; the respectability of a community depends on the mo rality of its people. The honor and integrity of our nation depends upon the moral character of Its citizens. Our early moral education is neglect ed, our parents and teachers fail to engraft into us the principles of truth and honesty, and we are left to grow up, amusing ourselves with pleasure in whatever form it may present itself to our minds;our parents indulge us in little things which have bad etlect, and even encourage by not dis couraging us. A little hole in a ship sinks it; a small breach in a sandbank carries away all before it; a little stab in the heart kills a man ; and a little sin, as it is often improperly called, tends to his final destruction. In all well regulated households. the father of the famliy exercises a watchful care over his children. He notes their various phases of tempera ment and disoositions. their hopes aud fears ; their anxieties aud disap pointments; their physical develop ments and moral progress, and he be comes, in a measure, answerable in society for their good conduct. With tne help of tnemotner, most youtnmi miuds may be moulded into gentle ness and obedience. Filial duty then becomes a pleasurable habit that is observed through life. A disobedient eon or aaugnter al ways creates un hap pin ess, and ulti mately brings dishonor to the domes tic circle. A father is without power to govern his family if the mother thoughtlessly oppose him ; it is utter ly imnossible to prevent evil results Ho wing from a conllict of authority ou the part of the parents. The clnl i!rcii are insensibly imbued with a spirit of disobedience, and are quick to manifest it ou the least exercise of parental authority. A good mother can exercise no holi er calling than to guide the footsteps of her children iu the path of duty aud virtue. It is the mother who moulds the character and forms the destiny of the child. Think of the solemn responsibility that rests ou the mother the destiny of that child's soul and its influence in this world. If the parents would keep their children under their kind care and protection, in a quiet, happy home, until their characters were well form ed, by a matured and riper age, they would then have a guarantee written in their characters, guarding them against sin aud immorality: tiniy would have an insurance policy, a life policy paying them au annual dividend of honor and integrity. I think there is something of amis take made in our churches. We sup pot t ministers to preach the gospel to those who have passed the meridian of their lives and are quietly walking down to the grave; while the youth aud rising generation are more neg lected; aud I ask wouldn't it be as well if not better, to pay more care and at tention to the risiug generation, and build up in thein a monument which shall have engraved on it a good mor al character, and that will stand the storms of temptations, sin and im morality ? The care Df, and the tendency of the present dav and generation, is not what i couid wtsti it to be, and I can only commend the rising generation to the God who created them, that He will preserve aud proUct them from their own disposed destruction. DEATH TO ESCAPE STARVATION. In themauufactureof thelittle tufts of artificial grass, sprinkled with glass beads, to imitate dew drops, a viru lent poison is employed, which is a compound of arsenic and copper. In England wliere most of this deadly grass is made, the color is applied by women and children, who earn only a miserable pittance by the work, and who by inhaling the fumes of the poison become dangerously sick, an '. even die. A reporter of the London Daily Telegraph has been investi gating the business, and an article in that newspaper says : "It is simple work and soon learn ed, but great deal of it must be done to earn any money; and thus plenty of the dusted arsenic is imbib ed bj'jthese victims of the la mode. Our commissioner visited a family en gaged in the preparation of this grass of death. Little, pinched, white faces, dull eyes circled with red, in flamed lids, a perpetual catarrh, and a constant wheeae in the throat mark ed every member of the group. These painful symptoms excite little notice; thev always occur when a large or der for grass is obtained -for such household. What is more serious in the experience of these scatterers of deadly dew-drops ou dfathful her bage is when the ears bleed. "It ain't a good sign ; many in our line get it," said the mother of the family, riut the cough's the worst The cough caught from these sham pastures had 'killed a beautiful little gal last year.' She went on steadily bedewing tliej devil's grass, as she told the story, and the little girl beside her who had the bleeding ears stopped them by a piece of wadding out of her brother; Joe's cap, and went on, too. Sneez ing and coughing, and mopping their running eyes in the midst of the.arse nicdttst.the family could make twelve shillings a week out of the business. Tliey had to work lain and early, though, and work 'all hands,' bleed ing or not bleeding, coughing or not coughing, to earn as much as this." When asked why she exposed her self and her children thus to certain death, the mother answered: "The only trade we should find; if we cut this, would be starvation." ANOTHER COUNTERFEITER. M. A. Boyd was yesterday brought into Court before Judge Sherman, and after a lengthy consultation with his counsel, resolved to plead guilty to the charge of having in possession and selling counterfeit currency. He was remanded for set.tence. The pub lic will recollect the arrest of this man some months ago, after a long and very adroitly managed scheme. He is the king counterfeiter and whole sale dealer for Eastern Ohio. A great many poor fellows are now confined in State Prisons for passing money that he sold them. A short time since Marshal Hastings received .a letter from a convict who is serving a term in Vaupun State Prison, Wisconsin, named Abraham Hall, who was sent to the penitentiary for a term of five years for counterfeiting. Boyd fur-. uished hitn wun money, ne -manned the Lord that Boyd had been caught at last, alter twenty-flve years of law-breakiug, as he had inveigled a great mauy men into the business." Boyd admits that he has been in the business twenty-five years. The com muuity may thank the adroituess and efficiency of the officers of the Secret Service Division for arresting such a notorious character as Boyd. Cleve and Leader. Some time since, a very independ ent young lady of Maryland, one'- of the strong-minded kind, attempted to break a colt She now complains very much of her new set of teeth. TOullat was trie name of the Enclish judge who decided that a man might beat his wife with a stick the size of his thumb. From Wood's Household Magazine. The Wife of Washington in her Workroom. BY JAMES PARTON. There are fine ladies, it is said, at E resent, who disdain the homely, onorable duties of house-keepitiir. thinking it beneath them to attend to the comfort, happiness and dignity of tneir ramilies. It any sucn tnereare. 1 snouid like to invite them to look into the workroom of Mrs. Washing ton, at Mount Vernon, the apartment in which the first lady of lrglnia's palmy days, used to spend her morn ings at work, surrounded by busy servants. Everv ereat house in Vir ginia had such a room in old times, tnd ladies plumed themselves upon excelling in the household arts prac ticed therein. This particular work room at Mount Vernon is described in old letters of the period, copied and given to the world some years ago. by the late Bishop 5Ieade. of Vir ginia. It was a plain, good sized apart ment, arranged and rurnisuea wun a view to facilitating work. At one end, there was a large table for cut ting out clothes unon. At that time. every garment worn by the slaves had been cut out and sewed, either ny the ladies of the mansion-bouse. or under tbeir superintendence. The greater part of General Washington's slaves worked on plantations several miles distant from his home, and were provided for by their several over seers ; but there were a great number of household servants of Mount Ver non, besides grooms, gardeners, fisher men and others, for whom the lady of the house had to think and con trive. At that broad table, sat a skill ful, nice-looking negro woman, some what advanced in years, with a pair shears in her hand, cutting, cutting, cutting, almost all day and every day, the cauntless trowsers, dresses, jackets and skirts, needed by a family or, perliapsa hundred persons, every thing worn by the General or by her self, except their best outside gar ments, which were imported from London, were made in that room, under the eye of the lady of the house. All the commoner fabrics, too, were home-made. On one side of the room, sat a young colored woman spinning yarn; on another, her mother knitting; elsewhere, a wo man doing some of the finer ironing ; here a woman winding ; there a little colored girl learning to sew. In the midst of all this industry, sat Mrs. Washington, ready to solve difficul ties as they arose, and prompt to set right any operation that might be go ing wrong. She was always knitting. From morning till dinner time which was two o'clock her knitting was seldom out of her bands. In this workroom, she usually received the ladies of her familiar acquaintance, when they called in the morning, but she never laid aside her knitting. The click of her needles was always heard in the pauses of conversation. Her friends were surprised, to see her, after her eight yeais' residence at the seat of Government, instantly resume her former way of life. They found her as of old, in her workroom, with her servants about her, knitting and giving directions. One lady, who visited her after the General's retirement from the presidency, gives n instance of her prudent generosUy. "She points out to me several pairs of nice colored stockings and gloves she had just finished, and presents me with a pair half done, which she begs J will finish and wear Jot her sake." Thus she contrived in one and the tame act, to makeapresentandgivea f radical lesson in industry. She was, udeed, a signal example of that vir tue, at a time when ladies of wealth and importance could scarcely avoid practicing it She used to speak of the time spent in levees and other ceremonial duties, as "my lost days." The chief labor of the mistress of a house then was in training servants. Mrs. Washington, like the other Vir ginia ladies, had an eye upon the families of her slaves and inoet of them had very large families and when she noticed a little girl that seemed bright and apt to learn, she would have her come to the work room, where she would be taught to sew, and afterwards, other home arts. In this way, the house was kept sup plied with good cooks, chamber maids, seamstresses and nurses. Promising girls were regularly brought up, or, as we may say, ap prenticed to the household trade which they were to spend their lives in exercising. This training of servants was for merly supposed to be part of the duty of all mistresses of great houses, whether the servants were white or black, bond or free. Ladies did not then regard a house, with all its corn plicated business and apparatus, as a great clock, which, being wound up after breakfast, would run twenty four hours without further attention. Having themselves actually perform ed all theoperationsof house-keeping, aud having acquired skill in their performance, they knew that a good servant is not born, but made; and tliey were willing to take a world of trouble in forming a servant, in order that by and by they might enjoy the ease and pleasure derived from skill ful service. I must confess thatsome times, when I have heard ladies com plaining of the awkwardness of girls who, until recently, had never seen a household implement more com plicated than a poker or an iron pot, the thought has occurred to me that possibly, if they could take some trouble to teach such girls their duty, they would observe a gradual improve ment There is a tradition In Virginia that Mrs. Washington, with all her good qualities, was a little tart in her tem per, and favored the General, occa sionally, with nocturnal discourse, too much in the style of Mrs. Caudle. The story rests upon the slightest foundation, and it is safe to disregard it. Great housekeepers, however, are not usually noted for amiability of disposition, and ladies wnose nus bauus are famous, are apt to be over run with company, which is not con ducive to domestic peace, nor does it tend to curb the license of a woman's tongue to remember that, at her mar riage, she brought her husband a vast increase, both of his estate, and of his importance in the social system. How far George Washington was, in his youth, from anticipating the splendid career that awaited him ! He was by no means so favored in fortune and family, as his biographers would have us believe. Every reader, I suppose, remembers the Que tale, which even Mr. Irving repeats, of the youthful Washington, getting a mid shipman's commission, and yielding it again to his mother's tears. There lay the British man-of-war at anchor in the river. The boat was on shore : the lad's trunk was packed ; and I thick, his unifoim was on. But, at the last moment, the tender youth, overcome by his mothei 'a tears, de clined to go. Such is the romance. The truth was this: His mother, left a widow, was anxious for the future of her b-y, fourteen years of age, whose inheri tance was a farm and tract of laud on the Kappahannoc, of not great value or promise. She was advised to send the lad to sea, before the mast, in one of the tobacco ships that so often ascended the broad rivers of Vireinia. She was for a while dis posed to favor the scheme. But her brother, Joseph Ball, a London law yer, in large practice, remonstrated against her sacrificing ber son in that way ,and advised her to bring him up a planter. "I understand," ho wrote, "that you are advised, and have since thought of putting your son George to sea. I think be bad better be put apprentice to a tinker, for common sailor before the mast has by no means the common liberty of the subject; for they will press him from a ship where he has fifty shillings a month, and make him take twenty-three, and cut and slash, and use him like a dog. And as to any considerable nrefer rrent In the navy, it is not to be ex pected, as there are alway so many gaping for it here, who have interest ; and hi has none." lie proceeds to tell her that, a Virginia-planter, with three or four hun dred acres of land, and three or four slaves, has a great deal better chance of winning a comfortable and inde pendent position, than even the cap tain of a merchant ship and it was far from easy to get to be captain. "George," he concluded, "must not be in too great haste to be rich, nor aim at being a fine gentleman before nis time;" but "go on ger.tly and with patience." The mother accepted inn view or the situation, and tne boy was not cat and slashed on board ship. He learned, as we all know. the business of a surveyor, and prac ticed that vocation until the death of his brother gave him a competent estate. He was Colonel commanding the Vireinia troooa. twentv-seven years of age, and shining with the lustre of tne fame recently won on liraxiuocR s neld, when first the rtcn young widow Curtis cast upon him admiring eyes. He was riding, hooted and spurred, in hot baste, from headquarters to the capital of the province, where he was to confer with the Governor concern ing the defence of the frontiers. Within a few miles of his destina tion, he was pressed by a friend to stay to dinner. With extreme reluc tance he consented, intending to mount the moment the meal was over. At the table be met the widow, and was captivated. The horses were pawinjr at the door, but the young Colonel came not forth. The after noon flew bv. vet he came not. Eve ning drew on, the horses were taken back so the stable ; Colonel Washing ton bad made op his mind to stop ail night It was not till the next morn ing that he rode away. Within a year they were married at the "White House," which was ber home, and they took up their abode at Mount Vernon soon after. Her first husband had left a vast estate in lands, and forty-five thous and pounds in money, one-third of which was hers, and now became tne joint property of Colonel Washing ton and berself. lij tneir marriage, he became one of the richest men in Vireinia. She trained an excellent husband, and her three children a wise and careful father. If anv ladv in Vireinia eould claim exemption from the cares and labors of a household, on account of her wealth and social stonding, it was Mrs, Washington. She had been an heiress and a beauty. For generations her ancestors had been persons of wealth and high consideration. Her first husband possessed a great ion- une, and her second was tne most illustrious personage or nis time. But she deemed it a privilege to at tend to the details of housekeeping, and reeardtd the dav when she was obliged to shine in the drawing-room, as "lost" A Great Publishing Enterprise. Thoueh it mav. at first glance, seem almost incredulous, it is a fact that one of the largest publishing en terprises ever conceived of, is being carried on with the greatest success. by Messrs. li C. Allen jo., Augusta, Maiue. It is held by them that they can conduct business more economi cally at that place than from a larger city, and surely these words are prov ed by the subscription prices of their publications, which are really thirty three and one third per cent cheaper than those charged by other publish ers for similar papers. Messrs. Allen & Co. have, from the very start, show ed the greatest energy in starting and pushing their papers. It is only two years since they launched forth their first publication, The People's Liter ary Companion, and of the first num ber they printed three hundred thou sand copies, for gratutious circulation, and also spent nearly $100,000 in ad vertising it through newspapers. J. no result was immediate and grand, sub scriptions flowed in through the agents, who were employed in all parts or the countrv, py tne tnousanu, daily. The people everywhere seem ed to appreciate the real merits of the paper and the low subscription price, and thousands, thinking they could not afford two literary papers, discon tinued those that they were taking, and subscribed for The Companion. For two years The People's Literary Companion was continued as a month ly publication, and at one time at tained the enormous circulation of eight hundred and fifty thousand copies. It is now published weekly, and is meeting with greater success than ever. Though its illustrations are finer and more tasty than those of the three-dollar weeklies, and its reading matter of thegreatest interest in all its departments, the subscrip tion price is only two dollars per year. Messrs. Allen fc Co. have just started a paper for young falks, called Our Youxo Folks Illustrated Paper. It is published semi-monthly sub scription price one dollar per year. It is very handsomely illustrated with appropriate engravings, and cannot fail to interest and benefit all the boys and girls, and the old folks, too, who have preserved young hearts in their breasts. Messrs. Allen 4 Co. have just moved into their new publishing bouse, which they have built during the past summer. It is an elegant struct ure of brick, with granite and free stone trimmings. All the fittings are superb. The first story is used for storage room, and here may be seen, at any time, tons of paper, waiting for the printing presses. The second story is the press-room, where, on an average, one hundred thousand papers per day are printed and folded. The folding is done by machines, each machine folding sixty paners per minute. The third story is the mail ing department and included in the furnishing of this room, are thirty tons of type, which la required for printing the names of subscribers on the paper. The names of subscribers are printed on the papers at the 'rate of sixty a minute, by wonderful little maehines. The forth and fifth stories are devoted to the compositors' de partment, and the business and pri vate offices of the establishment, which are fitted up and furnished with the greatest elegance. The sixth, storv is devoted to an electrotype foundry, and a department forfoldiug pamphlets, circulars, etc., etc. iuc entire building is warmed by steam, aud pure water runs to every depart ment and room. The cost of the building exceeds one hundred thou sand dollars, nad i sa standing witness to tbeenergyof the enterprising pub lishers. We congratulate Messrs. Allen A Co. on their great success, and as long as their liberal prices are continued, and their publication, kept up to their present standard of merit, may their prosperity continue and constantly increase. Maine Farmer. The resident Poles in (New York kun wArv miit, chYf'itrl over 1 1 a , u nv,- , ' J ......... - the discovery of a plot to assassinate the Grand uuxe Alexis on nis arriTai in the United States, and they have held a meeting to take measures to prevent anything of the kind. If such a plot really does exist, our Gov ernment ought to, and doubtless will, make provisions for the security of our roval visitor. The Yalt exploring party fell Into great disfavor among the Indians, be cause most of the party were bald. The Great Fires in the North-west. It may be well to give our readers a condensed report of the ravages by 1 firein Michigan and Wisconsin during the past two weeks. We begin with Wisconsin. The loss of life in the village of Peshtigo, Northern Wis consin, with a population of only two thousand, totally destroyed, is twelve hundred, while fifteen per cent of those injured cannot survive. We quote from the Detroit Tribune : The fire tornado was heard at a dis tance like the roaring of the sea. Balls of fire were soon observed to fall like meteors in differen parts of the town, igniting whtteverthey touched. The people rushed with their children in their arms for a place of safety, but the storm of fire was upon them, and enveloped them in flame, smoke, bur ning sand and cinders, and those una ble to reach the river were suiiocated and roasted alive. This terrible scene happened on Sunday night, the Sth of October, already made famous by the Chicago horror. The only survi vors were those who were fortunate enough to reach the water, many throwing themselves into mill ponds and clinging to the floating logs. A number of these were drowned, by being thrown from the logs by mad dened horses and cattle that rushed into the water. The fiery cyclone swept over a tract of country eight or ten miles wide. Every building, fence, and all the timber were licked np clean by the tongue of fire. Kead it over slowly, that the mind may fully take in and comprehend, if possible, the fearful calamity which is set forth with such terrible calm ness. Reports from the east shore of Green Bay places the loss of life fully as great as to Peshtigo. The same ac count states that the immediate wants of the people are supplied, but large amounts of provisions and clothing will be required for the coming win ter. From the country roundabout Port Huron, Michigan, tne people have been burned nut, and are now over crowding that city. On the same Sunday night on which Chicago was burned, a strong wind commenced blowing over Huron county, passing at different hours in somewhat different directions, but al ways tending out towards the lake at tue east, uy ten o'clock in the even ing it was blowing very hard and by midnight it was a gale, rousing the slumbering fires in the forest into tremendous fury and bringing des truction noon the farms and the lake settlements. The warning of imminent danger was nrst brougbt to tne shore by men, women and children fleeing from the interior toward the lake and the fire shortly afterwards burst on some of tne settlements themselves. On that night the town of Sand Beach was totally burned, except Carrington, I'eck dx Co's boarding houeand store, and the Rice shingle mill, lying un der a hill near the water. The inhabi tants were driven out and many sought retuge in tne lake, tnrowing the water over themselves to protect their bod ies aud face from the intense heat oc casioned by the burning of the great number or buildings near the shore. This town is almost totally ruined, its muling Interest destroyed, ana its population scattered far and wide. On the same night also White Rock was entirely destroyed, a village of some 300 inhabitants. At least one person was burned to death here, the body of a woman apvitnced in life be ing afterward found in one ol the streets with the head and limbs most ly destroyed. On the same night rorestvilie wasentirely burned. On Monday night the fires attacked other settlemeats on the shore. Hu ron City, a place of quite a population and a good business point, was com pletely destroyed with the exception of f ur buildings. New River was about one-half burned. At Port Hope, Stafford & Haywood's mill and its surroundings were burned, aud two tanneries, together with eight dwel lings about them, were also complete ly consumed. Forest Bay was ruined entirely. Center Harbor suffered the same fate, as did also E'm Creek. Tire, a littie settlement awav from the lake, has been utterly destroyed. erone Mills is burned, as is also a hamlet, where a gentleman named Frank Buskwoski resided and did business. It will be seen from the above that the ruin and devastation in that re gion was almost universal. When we reflect that these people are Tar away from the thickly settled country, we may begin to realize the extent of the catastrophe. We quote further: 'Ihe approach or tne fires from the woods, both on Sunday and Monday niguls, was very sudden, and left no time for preparation on the part of the inhabitants, who saved absolutely nothing. The flames were first seen rushing from the forests toward the farms and little hamlets in the interi or, and men were driven almost in stantaneously from their homes, and. with their famines, often half dressed sought safety in fligbt, hurrying, as a rule, towards tne lake. There 19 no doubt that many of these thus seeking to escape were overtaken by the fires i and rerished miserably. Many skele tons have already been found in the interior, and also the charred remains of men, women and children. It is thought by persons from the country that from forty to fifty human beings were overtaken and burned on Sun day and Monday nights. The newly prepared farms, with their buildings, have been generally destroyed, together with the clothing, furniture and provisions or the fami lies, leaviDg in the interior a scene of utter ruin in all save a few fortunate localities. Ttie little capital which these people had accumulated during several years of patient toil, has been annihilated in a night, and they must abandou their places, or receive such assistance as shall enable mem to re sume operations again, wun me means of living, until something can be raised from the land. Alougthe lake shore, and in tha mill towns which have been visited by the fire, the loss of human life has been much less, though some persons have doubtless perished in their im mediate vicinities, whose fate is as yet unknown to their friends. The destruction of property has, however, in the aggregate, been much greater than in the farming districts, as these towns were considerably developed, possessed improved buildings and had large business interests. Many of them have been swept out of exis tence, and most of the settlements have suffered seriously. In many there is now neither employment for the people nor prospect of work to do, nor are there any habitations in which thev can dwell. Both emplov-ers and employes have suffered terribly. The means of the former have been crip pled, and many do not feel able to re build and resume business this year. The people are in a great measure de pendent npon thee men, and, if the towns are not rebuilt, they must scat ter in search of employment, the greater portion being utterly without resources. And this is only part, and although probably no other section has suffered more, vet the fire has burned over many thousands of acres, rendered honst-Iesa and homeless many hun dreds of people, of which we have no definite retiort. In quoting from the reports of thu Tribune, wuooui em-hellishment-we conceive that we have given all that is necessary to awaken the strongest sympathies of our peo ple. - ; - . Two unmarried sisters In Montreal have permitted their old father to go to prison rather than allow him to j give their ages to the census-taker. j [From Wood's Household Magazine for Oct.] FARMING AND MANHOOD. BY HORACE GREELEY. Reading Gail Hamilton's article on "Rustic Simplicity" impels me to ask whetheroar loving Father and Friend has eo ordered His creation that obedi ence to His commands makes us "ear ly wrinkled, bent, bafd. rheumatic," give us the "hard, shrunk, shriveled look," decrees us to "bequeath to our children diminished stature and en feebled frames." Gail Hamilton says such is the fate of "the actual, hard working farmer" which most men are and must be. My father was of ' this class, as my only brother is so were both my grandfathers, and their ancestors, so far as I can trace them. My paternal grandfather rais ed nine sous and four daughters, and never was worth $2,000 in any one of his 94 years. My father was an unu sually hard worker, always a farmer, never worth $2,000, generally worth from 0 up to SoOO; he died So years old, and five of his seven children survive, from 0 to 49 years old. (The two ear liest died in infancy.) My uncle John born two years after my father, has been a farmer all his life: he is now 7 years old, but erect and vigorous; his eye bright, and his voice as fnll and ringing as most men's at 50. He is the lost of the thirteen children of my grandfather; one only died of eon- sumption at thirty-three years of age. leaving six children, of whom n years still with ns the Test of my father's, brothers and sisters lived to be from ; TO to SO years old except one who died at 50; and he was not an habitual worker. All the rest were farmers or farmer's wivesi none of them over rich; most of them quite poor; yet not one of them all was prematurely "wrinkled, bent and bald;" not one .. of them bequeathed to his children (and all of them had children) "di minished statnre,orenfeebled frames." Here is a large family of poor, and generally hard-working farmers, the descendents of a race of just such, whe have lived by tilling the hard, rocky , soil of New Hampshire since the . year 1640. I submit the facts in oppo- " sition to Gail's naked assertion. I ' happen to be theonlyoneof the erowd ' who might be called "bald." I was more "bent" at 40 than my father or his father at 70; and I am the only one who earned his livelihood otherwise than by farming. But is farming hard work ? - i To some, I think it is. ' The- very -poor have to take in this, as in other . ; pursuits, the roughest and hardest:, tasks. Te clear land of heavy timber, . or stone, or stumps, is hard work; and in farming, as in other pursuits, he who cannot make his head available, ' must do the more with his hands. : . The negroes of Jamacia, accustomed ; to "tote" everything on their heads, ' being supplied by their masters with wheel-barrows, lifted these with their 1 contents to the altitude of their thick skulls and walked off with them. I should not wonder if this made some of them appear "ben t,"or even"bald;" J possibly "rheumatic" also, If so, they suffered not from their addition to t tillage, but from tbeir lack of intelli gence of brains. , My rural home is in a township set- . tied by Quakers, and still mainly peo pled by them. Nearly all are farmers; some poor, others in very comfortable -circumstances. I am confident they do not average four fair days' work , pec week, and that not one among the hundred or so is "wrinkled,"' . "bent" or "bald," by reason of exces tive labor. I doubt that there are five men among them who work or work ed so hard at 30 as I do at 60. Yet all live comfortably, and most of thorn , are adding to their worldly stor". Again : When I was a farmer's boy, .1 e average of farm-work was harder, that is it required more muscularexertion, ' than it now does. Mowing and reap- -ing severely taxed the physical ener- . gies of the stoutest; and they were th chief business of the two hottest months of each year. Now, horses mow and reap, men simply guide them. Hoeing corn, potatoes, etc., drew the sweat out of me profusely ; now, cultivation is mainly horse work. In the West, a farmer rides in his sulky, tilling his vast expanse of " corn. 1 saw, fast May, negro fads or 14 years running thirty-horse eneines on the rich, alluvial plantations of the lower .Mississippi, not merely plowing. . but tilling crops of growing cane a foot high. Negroes, lately slaves, guiding the plows and cultivators, which did far better as well as cheaper work than horse-power ever did. I have not a doubt that nine-tenths of the cultivation of the great valley will be impelled by steam within the next twenty years. In other words, steam will do the wrrk, directed by human intelligence. And so fast as labor be comes intelligent, will drudgery cea . Biddy and xJinab win not use a wash ice machine: when thev abdicate. their educated mistress will not work without one. And so iu other depart ments. And now as to the city man of rural birth, who "stands erect," "walks elastic," is at peace with him self and the world. There are such, undoubtedly. Those who have achieved and sue- ' ceeded can afford it But what pro portion do they bear to those who have rushed into cities aaajaued. 1 have been here forty years, neither thoughtless nor unobservant; and, in my judgment, more country-born men have died here in prisons, hospi tals and alms-houses, in these forty years, than have achieved even a modest competence. And day after day my son! sickens at the never--, ending procession of the multitude who crawl on the knees of their spirits to those who have achieved position and means, with the beggar's petition "Please give me something to do." I never knew a man or woman to grovel for work while I was a farmer's boy in the country. I am sure Gail Ham ilton did not mean to make my life more care-fraught and sad than it need be, by compelling me to ey No to more and yet more of these abject petitioners; yet that she has done. MURDER AND LYNCHING. Locisville, Kv., October 17. A man named Gridley, said to be a des perate character, shot out of the hotel window at Warsaw, Kentucky, at a youngman named Worth, with whom he had a difficulty, inflicting a mor-. tal wound in the breast. Gridley was pat in jail. About twelve o cloc'k yesterday morning a party of men went to the jail, broke through into Gridlev's cell with crowbars, Ate, and fired in, killing the prisoner. The occurrence creates considerable ex citement. "Further accounts of the killing of Abij ah G rid ley at Warsa w.Ken tucky , say that he was a man of some prop erty, but was much feared. His de predations on his neighbors had be come so intolerable that they had banded against and caught him: There were several cases of robbery against him in. court, and he had threatened the lives of witnesses, finally killing Joseph Worth. Those who attacked the jail numbered seventy-five or one hundred, from the county. They broke into the jail, but were unable to get into Gridley' cage, and shot bim eight times thro' the bars. His wife and infant child were with bim at the time. He cursed and defied his murderers to the last. The town was picketed, and nobody is allowed to interfere. The citizens of Warsaw deeply regret the occur rences which they were unable to prevent, but the people of the county, it is said, breathe more freely, as it is declared that no roan's life or prop erty was safe while Gridley lived, he was so furious at his detection anil prosecution for his rnwdteits.