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Volume 50-jSTo. 28, Warren, Ohio. January 3. 1872. Whole USTo. 2883 Western e. BUSINESS DIRECTORY. CTrESTEBSRESERTT CTTROXICLE Y Published every Wednesday morfi'.ng, in Empire Block, Market St Warren Wit. &itkzkl. EUtor and Proprietor. "OIBLES AND TEST AXESTS at the 1 J actual ooj of pnhllRhlng; tbem, for sale by the TurstBri-LCo. Biblk Society, at all iu depositories tbrougltont the county. All the styles and prices published by tbe American Bible Society, kept constantly on hand. Central Depository at iiapgood Brown's, Market (south side of Court Konse square) Warren, O. (July a 1S.U DR. LOT, Physician and Surgeon, Office and residence a few rods Konth oi the Atlantic A Great Western Depot whre he can be consulted professionally, Warren, 0.. April 19, 1871-U AE. LYXA5, Dentist Office over . S. C Chryst 4 Co.' new meat market. opposite tue touri tiouse. Aiaraei ou, n ! reu, Ohio. ian-iloTO-U DOCT. SPELL3U.5, Dentist Has concluded to remain in Warren, and can De iouna at nj oia rooms iut uic iuium (May IL t-M. 1 FORGE P. HU5TEB, Attorney at JTLaw,lfflce In VauGorder Block, Market TI. GILLXER, Attorney -at Law, . and Notary Public, Newton Falls. O. ioT, a.l!Cl.l vr. SPEAR, Physician and Surgeon, Ij. office over Freer Smith's Grocery, Tarket Street, Warren, Ohio. DR. D. GIBBOXS, Dentists, teeth extracted wlthoot pain; upper or low er sets of teetbfor 112.00. Office over T. J. Mc Lain Son's Bank. Main St. Warren. Ohio. Jan. i. IdTU.-. I. EU OIC. C T. KETCALF. HARMON 1 JLETCALF, Physicians, and Surreons; Office on High Street at tue stand formerly occupied by Dr. . Karmon Jan. a lwu job BtrrcHnra. w. T. spkab. SUTCHINS & SPEAR, Attorneys at Law. Office In First National Bank iim2d story, front -ooma Warren O. Jan. a, LSTO-Ly JH. BRISCOE, Physician and Sur- geon. Office over Park A Patch's store. Market Street. Residence, north aide of Market Street, two doors east of Elm. Par ticular attention paid to Chronic disease. Jan. S. USTU-lyr. TML P. A. BIF.RCE. Homoepathlo I t Phrsician and Surgeon. Offlro in Sutllft's Block, High aueeu "pvB. J. R. 5ELS05, Physician and lSurgeon, office east of First Nat. Bank, famce hours from 7 to 10 o'clock, a. m., and 3 to 6 p. m. Jan. 2a 17. TiB. F- STERS, Physician and Sur lgeon. Offire3d door north of National House. Entrance off Liberty street. Office hours, from 10 to 12, a. m., and 1 to p. m. Residence, corner f High and Chestnut streets. Nov. 117. It 37-lr JBKaCKIN, M. L, Eclectic Phy .siclan and Surgeon. The cure of Can cers, r. specialty, or no pay required. All Ills to which the human frame is beir to, at tended with promptness, at all hours. Office overs. L. Hunts Shoe Store, No. 20 Market fct. Residence opposite Arnold Rconield, in the uazetta roaa. tj " J.TACTBOT. THAD. ACXLIT. VAUTR0T & ACKLET, Successors to J. Vautrot A Co, Dealers In Watches, Jewelrr and Diamonds. Market Street, ar ren. Ohio. Jan &1870 n. BATLirr. . H. H. MOSES. Ti ATLTFF A MOSES. Attorneys and rLconnsellers at Law. Office over the Ex- ehamre Baok of Fra!uan c Hunt, on Market bt. Warren Ohio. 4Jan.r S7. WB. PORTER, Attorney at Law, .Office in Iddinss' Block, Market St, Waaren. Ohio. I J an. & 1870-lv. 1 5. C0WDERT, Attorney at Law, I .Office cornerof Mill and Main St.. Nlles, Ohio. foot. 18 l71-tf. "T B. T1XER, Manufacturer and 1 . Dealer la Guns. Riflea, Pistols, Cutlery FuLifag Taekle, Gnu Maxe rials. Sporting Apparatus. Sewing Machines, Ac, No. 8Jrt ar ketSU, Warren, Gilo. tJyo.5 170-U w. X. pobtkk. w- ' roETIm- WS. TV. F. PORTER, Dealers . u School and Miscellaneous Books, Stationary. Wall Papers, Periodicals, Pam phlets and Magasines, at the New ark Book guire. Main Street Warren, Ohio. A LM05 D. TTEBB Kotary Public, Fire and Life Insurance Agent; and Pension and Bounty Agent. Passage Tick ets sold to and from, and money remit ted to the old eountrv, at the lowest current rates. Office In Webb's Block, Main Street, Warren. Ohio. JanaW70. H S. E0BBI5S, Newton Falls, .Kotary Public. nor 1. lS71-lyr GEO. B. lEJfJiXnT, Fire and Life Insurance Agent, Warren, Ohio, ocu 4. 1B71-Iyi. W. D. HALL. F. J. MACK XT. TTALL MICKEY, Manufacturers il of Harness and dealers In Saddlery Hardware, Trunks, Valises, Traveling Bags, Whips, Horse Blankets, Saddles and Fancy Kaddlery. No. s. Market Street, War. en. O. Jan. 5.1870. TrrBTTTLESET ADAJLS, 1 f Life Insurance Agent, Warren, Ohio. Merchandize and other property insured In the best Companies, on favorable terms; Farm property, IsolatedsPwelllngs, and their nmiture insured for one, three and five years. Office In McComba and Smith's Dloclc -. .HtrrcHrirs, c a. qliddkh, j. ir tuil TJCTCBOS, GLIDDEN & STILL, XlA"ey at Law, office over Smith Turner's Store, corner of Main and Market Streets, Warren, Ohio. tJan. &. HfJO-tf. T 5. DATTS03, Mayoi of the Incor I . porated Village of Warren, O., and alse Justice of the Peace in and for said Village, attends to all business usually transacted by I usuces of the Peace. Mayor's regular court rvery Monday morning from to 1? o'clock Jaa. S. 170. CC. Kd5UTT, House, Sign, and . Ornamental Painter, Gralner, 4c, king's New Block. Main St., Warren, Ohio. May lii, Is7i-U fTTHEX AT TFARBE5, Call at M. HARRIS', one door south of the Post Office, for your Cigars tjd Tobacco. He keeps tbe best five cent Cigars In town. July IS, 11-ly. X0 THE FARXERS OF TRUMBULL County. O. B. Dealing, Agent for Ohio mers Insurance Com puny: residence one door north of National House, Warren. O. Hates of Insurance lower, and security bet ter than anv other responsible company in the State. Call and see him before you in sure, may I. ISTl-lyr. XDDOGS X0RGA5, Dealers In Sta sia and Fancy Dry Goods, Carpets, Mat tings and Floor Oil Cloths, window Shades nd txtures. Tea, Coffee, Ac They keep eon etaniir on hand, a large and full assort ment of good in their line, of rood quality and fashionable styles, and ofler them tor ale at the lowest prices In the market. Jan. 6. VSIO. ADOLFHUS GEJETER, Dealer in Musical Merchandize of all descriptions, via: Pianos, Organs, Melodeons, Mollns, ultars,AeoordeouJi,CiaronetLa, Flutes, Fifes, Orusaa, Piano-spreads, Piano-stools, Sheet asasic Missie-books, Violin Strings, Guitar tri aca, c c Store in Webb's Block, over Porter's Book Store. IJan. &. 170. M. H. WALXEIL, w. B. LESUK, . I WALXEK, WALKER, LESLIE k CO., Bank ers, Church Hill. Ohio. Dealers In Government Securities, Foreign and Domes tic Exchange. Collections made. Interest allowed on special Deposits. (Jan. 4-Ir. HARTFORD AC ADEXICInstitnte. J. W.Cheney, A. B., Principal, with au euicient corps of assistants. Two courses of study. Normal and Classical. Winter aercn ixx'ns Dec 6th. For circulars addres T. A. BL'bHNELL. Sec"y. Octij J(Cl-lyr HarUord,TrumbuUCo.,6. JXCHAjVGE bank FREEMAN t HT WABBEK, OWO, DEALERS V3 1Wnr. tastara Exrhsare, Cmrnsl Baak 5ets,aa4sU klsoser GOVERNMENT BONDS Interest Allowed oa tiaie Deposits. .iCoIlections and all business connected with HsnLi.Dg promptly attended to. BEVESrUE STAMPS FOR SALE. March L in. a as I f of to At H. to-wit: of F. . on as ted tue SHERIFF'S SALE. The State of Ohio, Trumbull County, ss James C. Nolan, In Trumbull vs. V Common Plea. James O'Harra, et. aL J By vlrtne of an order of sale Issued out of tbe Court of Common Pleaa of Trumbull Co. Ohio, In the above named case, to me direct ed and delivered, I have levied upon and shall expose to public sale at the door of tbe Court House In the city of Warren, Ohio, on Saturday, Jan. 13, A. D. 1S72. between the hours of one and three o'clock p. m. of said day, the following described lands and tenement, situate in the town shlpof Brookneid, in said county audita te, bounded as follows, to-w i t : East by tbe highway leading from Sharon, Pennsvlva nla. to Hubbard. Ohio: north bv lands of Curt Ik; west by lands ofH. Mart in; sooth by lands of A. F. Mizner. Containing one and oue-fourt b acre of land. A ppraised at t . Terms Cash. i. W. DICKINSON, Sheriff. Sheriff's Office. Warren. 0 Dec M. 1S71-3U SHERIFF'S SALE. The State of Ohio, .Trumbull County, as. Isaac Mecham, ) In Trumbull vs. Common Pleaa. Jouc. Logan, et. aL I By virtue of an order of sale Issned out of toe court of Common Pleas of Trumbull Co Ohio, in the above named case, tome direct ed and delivered ,1 have levied upon and shall expose to publio sale at the door of the Court House in the city of Warren, Ohio, on Saturday, Jan. 6th, A. D. 1872, between the hours of one and three o'clock, p. m. of said day, the following described lnnd and tenements, situate in the township ofGustavns, County of Trumbull and State of Ohio, and known as part of Lot No. 11 and bounded as follows: Beginning at a point in tbe town line, it being theN.E. cor ner of lands before sold to Francis Llnsley; thence west along tbe north lineof said Llns ley land twenty-five chains to a pout; thence north along the east line of lands so sold to said Linsley, ten chains seventy nine links toa post; thence east along the soth line of lands reserved by said Isaac Meecbam. twenty-five chains to east line of said lot, being the township line: thence sooth In said township line ten chains seventy-nine links to the place of beelnnlna-. and containing twenty-six and 39-iuu acres. Appraised at 5 . Terms cash. O. W. DICKINSON, Sheriff. Sheriff's Office, Warren, O., Dec., I87l-5t LEGAL NOTICE. David Tompkins. Plaintiff, vs Sarah Trumbull County. Ohio. Court of Common Pleas. Application for divorce. i he defendant, Sarah Tompkins will take pot ice that the plaintiff, on the 8th day of Dec 1871. filed his netition in the Clerk's office of said Court, asklnr to be divorced from the defendant, and alleging for eause thereof that said defendant committed adultery at various times and with divers jus times ana vim aivers sept. 1st. in, and Dec 1st, will be for hearing at the persons, between ishh. paia cause next term of said Court commencing March 11. JS72. Tbe defendant will also take notice that plaintiff will take depositions to be usea upon tne nearing oi aaia case, on Saturday, the 6th day of January. 1872. at the Post Office, in Randall. Cuyahoga, Co Ohio, btween the hours of S o'clock, a, m. ana s o ciock. p. ra. oi saia uav. HUTCH INS, GLIDDEN' 8TCLL, Dec 13. 18Tl-l Att'ys for Plaintiff. HP HE RIGHT ONE. I By Madame Mari Schwartz, author of oold and Name." "uuutana innocence. Ac. The Boxton Tnnrerivt says: "There Is straight-forward purpose, a simplicity of statement, a utility in action, a variety ana individuality in thecbaracters, and an air of probability In the plots, which, altnough not sensational or especially emotional, ap peal to the higher nature, exert a salutary influence and attract the fancy." Just ree'd at ADAMS' Bookstore. House and Lot for Sale. I will sell at a bargain, a desirable HoaK and Lot on Moume Street. 2 doors lrom Mahouiog Avenue. House in fin. rat rcnair; contains nine rooms, a first-class cellar, with sewer connections complete. A fifty barrel cistern with pump and sink In kitchen. Good well of water handy. Lot nderdrained. and every th in f in tip top order. For terms, dtc enquireof WM.B. PORTER, Office ever Iddlngs & Morgan's Hi ore, Warren, Ohio. ock 11-tf. PLUMBING, GAS & STEAM FITTIN Theuxdersigued ARENOW prepared to doall kinds of work in their liiie in a first-class manner. Kfctimales made and satisfaction guaranteed on ail work done. We also keep a full stock of Bath-Tuba, Wash Stands, Water Closets, Boilers and all k'oods pertaining to a first class Plumbing Kstablishment. Agents for the Cincinnati and Boston Cooking Ranges. MOHK1S. KELLY CO., Aug. 9. lS71-n Younsatown. Ohio. House and Land for Sale. ! XHE subscriber offers for sale bis house and seven acres of land situate In vlttsburg, three miles west of Warren. Good comfortable House, new Barn, rood orchard and ether fine fruits growing. Will be sold on reasonable terms. Enquire at the Chronicle office or of the subscriber on the premises. J AS. T. TRACY. Kov. SO, lt7U-tf. CITY EIEAT EIARSer (fjPgrrpHE undersigned would re A pectfully announce to the citl saezzafL tens of Warren aDd the vicinity that he has opened a Meat Market on Lib erty Street opposite E, K. Wisell's Carriage Factory, where he intends to keep constant J on hand, all kinds of fresh meats, and ol good quality as the country will afford. have employed the services of a good butch er who has had long experience In the busi ness, and who will always be on hand to at tend to the wants of all customers. AH or ders left for meats in the evening will be romptly attended to, if desired can be de lve red at their residences, or kept In re frigerator till called on. June 'Si. lS7d-tr LEMUEL DRAY FOR FALL&-WINTER. New Millinery of Latest Styles. AY E have received from Xew York, a handsome stock of FEATHERS, TIPS, POXPUXS, Wing. Flowers of all kinds. Ribbons, Vel vets, Shaded Gros Grenes, XECKTIES, FAXCX BOWS, HATS, all styles. In fact we have one of the finest stock of Millinery roods ever brought this place M. C. M.C. FORM AN. rooms in First National Bank Building Warren.Ohlo (oct. 11- tf LEGAL NOTICE. Nancy Johnson. George R. Johnson, Al beit Allen, Susan Allen. Isaac Force, Han nah Force. Eliza Force, Britten Force.Phoebe Smith, Jno. H. Smith, Mary Wier.Doct. Wni. Wler.Ablgal Force. Cordelia Force, Cbaa. Force.Mary Force, and Henry L. Force, will take notice that a petition was tiled against them on thel.".lh day of Dec.. A. D. 187L in the Court of Common Pleas within and for tbe coiioty of Trumbull, by Cyrus Force, and is now pending, wherein said Cyrus F'orce de mands partition of the following real estate In Newton township, Trumbull Co., Stale of Oblo, bounded on the east by land James Giilmer, on the north bv the high way leading from Prlce'sMitls to Duck creek corners; on the west by lands of Alexander Shearer and wife, and on the south by the county line road between Mahoutng and Trumbull counties, and eontains one hun dred and six acres of land, and thst at the next term of satd Court, the said Cyrus Force will apply for an order that partition may be made of said premises. ut-A r.n. til i.i. i r.rt. Dec .. A.U J'S tot Petitioner. I7XECTJR0R'S SALi! Ijla pursuance of an order granted by the probate Court of Trumbull county, Ohio, I will offer for sale at public auction, on the lltn day of January, A. D. 1872, between the hours of 10 o'clock, a. m. and - o'clock p. m. tne premises In Mesopotamia, the follow ing described real esate, known as the Col. Sheldon Farm, containing one hundred (IGu) acres of land, of excellent quality ; a good two story house, large barn, corn house, horse bars and other out buildings, all in rood condition; good fruit of excellent varie ty, two good wells of water and a never iall lug stream running through the farm. Said farm is situate abont one mile from the center of the township and Is bounded follows t On the north by lands of Fred erick fcnoarer and Wlilard Day, and heirs of George Arnold; on tba east by heirs of Geo. Arnold and A. C Fauas; on Uie south by the public highway, and on the west by Harrl. Laird and BenJ. Joslln, to place of be ginning, being part of Lou S and n Tkkms : One-fourta on day ol sale and the balance in two equal annual payments, with annual interest, secured by mortgage. LINU8 TRACY, Fi r of Israel B. Sheldon, dee'd. Not 29, 1S71-4U TESTATE of George H. Bailey deo'd. irne unaersirnea nss oeeo uuiy appoiu' and qualifi ea s Administrator on the estate of George H Bailey, dee d, late of Trumbull Co.. Ohio. 'B. W. PARK. Warren, Dec . 1871-St Hair Jewelry Manufactory MISS S. E. GORDON, respectful ly announces that she still oonllQues uusiness of manufacturlug all kiuds of Hair Jewelry, Watch Chains, Pins, Ear rings, Ae made to order on the shortest Hue and at living rates. Switch, Curls. raids, of all descriptions and colors, con stant!' kept on hand. Rooms No. King's Sew olooic. Majn SL. WarrenOhlb Mar. a. JS71. 8.. GORPwX. I . a a a a is at to cy of in to a If he or of or a is E. THE CHRONICLE. CIVIL SERVICE REFORM. The Prsident's Message With the Report of the Civil Service Board. WASHINGTON, Dec. 19. To the Smote and Home of Rrpretentatire : In accordance with the act of Con gress approved March 3d. 1871, 1 con vened a commission of eminent gen tlemen to devise rules and regulations for the purpose of reforming tbe civil service. Their labora are now complete, and I transmit . herewith their report, together with the rules which they recommend for my ac tion. These rules have been adopted, and will go Into effect on the l9t day of January, 1872. Under the law re ferred to, as 1 interpret it, tue autnori tv is already invested in the Execu tive to enforce.these regulations, with full power to abridge, alter, or amend them at his option, when changes be deemed advisable. These views, together with the report of the Com missioners, are submitted for your careful consideration as to whether further legislation may be necessary in order to carry out an effective and beneficial civil service reform. If left tome, without further Congressional action, the rules prescribed by the Commission, under the authority already mentioned, will be faithfully executed, but they are not binding, without further legislation, on my successor. Being desirous of bring ing this subject to the attention of Congress before the approaching re cess, I have not time to sufficiently examine the accomoanvine report to enable me to suggest tienniie legisia tive action toinsure the support which niav be necessary in order to give a thorough trial to a policy long needed. I ask for all the strenirth which Congress can give me to enable pie to carry out the reforms in tue civii ser vice recommended by the Commis sioners, and adopteito take effect, as before stated, on the 1st of January, 187f The law which provides for the . - . . convening of a commission to devise rules and regulations for reforming the civil service authoriies, I think, tne permanent organization of a primary Board, under whose general directions all examinations of applicants for pub lic office shall be conducted. There is no appropriation to continue such board bevond the' termination of its present labors. I therefore recom mend that the proper appropriation be made to continue theservices of the present board for anotheryear, and In view of the fact that three members of the board hold position in the pub lic service, which precludes them from receiving extra compensation under the existing laws, that they be authorized to receive a fair compensa tion for extra service rendered by them in the performance of this duty, i Signed U. S. Grant. Executive Mansion, Dec. 19, 1871. The Civil Sen-ice Commissioners, after citing the act under which they were constituted a commission, enter upon a Bketch of the policy of the vari ous administrations in me eany nis toryofthe Government with regard to appointment to tbecivil service,and briefly note the various eflorts made from time to time to correct evils, and then pass to a description of the pres ent condition oi tne civil service m uicu has hitherto been sustained by com mon consent, setting forth in detail the serious and threatening evils of the present practice of treating the inferior posts of the administration as Dartv Drizes. and answering various arguments by which it is sought to be justified. They eay that if by x- ammatton lor admission to ine ttvu service nothing were understood but teste of mere literary proficiency, it intent be reasonably opposed as unsat isfactory, for it is unquestionable that man misht bean excellent appraiser of linen, and yet know nothing of history or accounts; nut, on tne otner hand, it is equally undeniable that an excellent appraiser of linen is not the less excellent because of general intel ligence. Of two excellent accountants tbe one wno nas me most general knowledze is certainly preferable, and country which declares that where technical skui is equal, it wiu select the candidate for service who is the better educated, is a country which directly and practically encourages intelligence and morality. It is true that certain distinguished men in the Dublic service miebt not have passed certain literary examination, which now required or young men enter ing the same service, but it is equally true that the older men could have passed the examination had it in their case been required, ana tne prooi is their capacity, of which their present distinction is the evidence. The Commissioners say,, in conclu ding their report : "We do not in deed suppose that tbe adoption of any rules, however skillfully framed, will once remedy tbe evils in the civil service which are universally ac knowledged, and experience will doubtless show how every method of reform may be improved, but tnose evils will certainly not be remedied without an effort. Those who are content to demand civil service re form, but who oppose every practical attempt to promote it, must be sus pected of having little real hostility the system which they decry. For tunately however, public attention was never more resolutely turned to the subject, and there was never a more favorable moment to begin the reform. The party issues of the last few years are gradually disappearing. The perilous questions of fundamen tal policy have been determined, and the paramount interests of the coun try are now those of the Administra tion. Honesty and efficiency of ad ministration as a settled nalioual poli will now be the chief demand of every party, but nowhere can the purpose be "shown so plainly as a refor mation of tbe civil service so as to se cure integrity, efficiency and econo my." Extracts follow from a recent speech Gladstone, to show that a similar reform has been made, and has suc ceeded in England. The Commissioners continue: "We propose also that iu this country places tbe public service shall be restored those who are found to be fitted for them, and if any one is disposed to thins: that an abu?e of fcfty years is law of the republicantafstem, a lit tle reflection will show him his error. he believes reform to be impossible, merely shows that he is a vlcti 3 tbe abuse, and forgets that in America every reform is possible. The enforcement of the rules that we submit for approval depends of course upon the pleasure of the President; yetshou'.d they receive the sanction Congress in the form of law, their enforcement would become, until re pealed, not only the pleasure, but the duty of the President. That sanction, whether to the rules now submitted, to any scheme, will most surely promote the purity and efficiency of the civil service, which the country most earnestly desires. If that sanc tion should be delayed,the rules adop ted for his action by the President could not bind his successor; but un less we are wholly mistaken, the re form would serve to indicate itself to good sense of the country so that the people themselves would reject any party or any candidate that proposed relapse into tbe present practice. The improvement of the civil service emphatically the people's cause, tbe people's reform, and the adminis tration which vigorously begins it will acquire a glory only less than that of the salratiou pf a free Union. (Sign ed) Gen. Win. purtis, AIpJ. Q. Cattell, Joseph Medil!, Davidson A. W&lpr, B. Elliott, Joseph H. Blackfan, David C. Cox." In er to I fn l The following are the rules sub mitted bv the Commissioners : 1. Xo person shall be admitted to any position in the civil service with' in tbe appointment of the President or the heads cf departments, who is not a citizen of the United States, who shall not have furnished satisfactory evidence in regard tocharacter.health and age, and who shall not have passed a satisfactory examination in speaking, reading, and writing the English language. 2. An advisory board of suitable persons is to be appointed by the President under the 9th section of the act of March 3, 1S71, entitled, 'An act masing appropriations for sundry civil expenses of the Government for tne fiscal year ending June n, mrs. and for other purposes," who shall, so far as practicable, group the positions in each branch of the civil service according to the character of the du ties to be performed, and shall grade each group, from the lowest to the highest, for the purpose of promotion within the groups. Admission to the civil service shall always be the lowest grade of any group, and to such positions as can not be grouped or graded, admission shall be determined as provided for the lowest erode. 3. A vacancy occurring in the low er grade of any group of officers shall be niieu, alter due public notice, from all applicants who shall present them selves, and wno have furnished evi dences and satisfied the preliminary examination already mentioned, and who skall have passed a public com petitive examination. To test the knowledge, ability, and special quali fications for tbe performance of the duties of the office, the board induc ting such competitive examination shall prepare, under the supervision of the advisory bord, a list of names of applicants in the' order of their excellence as proved by such an ex aminatinn, beginning with the high est, and shall then certify to the nominating or the appointing power, as the case may be, the names stand ing at the head of such list not ex ceeding three, and from the names thus certified the appointment shall be made. 4. A vacancy occurring iu any grade of a group of officers above the lowest shall be rilled byacompetitiveexami nation of applicants from the other grades of the group, and the list ol names from which the appointment is to be made shall be prepared and cer tified, as provided in the preceding rule; but if no such applicants are found competent, the appointment shall be upon an examination of all applicants, couducted in accordance with the provisions for admission to the lowest grade. 5. Applicants certified, or otherwise qualified for appointment as cashiers of Collectors of Customs, cashiers of Assistant Treasurers, cashiers of Postmasters, superintendent of the money order division in Postoffices, and such other custodians of large sums of money as may hereafter be designated by the Advisory Board, and for whose pecuniary fidelity an other officer is responsible, shall ner ertbeless not be appointed except with the approval of such other om cer. 6. Postmasters whose annual salary is less than may be appointed upon the written request of tbe appli cants, with such evidence of character and fitness as shall be satisfactory to the head of tbe Department. 7. The appointment of all persons entering tbe civil service in accor dance with these regulations, excep ting persons appointed by the Presi dent bv and with the advice and con sent of the Senate, appointments of postmasters, and persons appointed to any position in a foreign country, shall be made lor a probationary term of six months, during which the con duct of such persons shall be tested, and if at tbe eud of such probationary term satisfactory proofs of their fitness shall have been furnished by the Board of Examiners to tbe head of the department in which they shall have been employed during such term, they shall be re-apnointed, 8. The President will designate three persons to each department of tne public service to serve as a board of examiner which, under the super vision of tbe advisory board and un der tbe regulations to be prescribed by it, and at such times ana places as it mav determine, shall conduct per sonally or by persons approved by the Advisory Board all investigations and examinations lor admission into said departments,or for promotion therein. 9. Any person who, after a long and faithfal service in a department, shall be incapaciated by mental or bodily infirmities for the efficient discharge of the duties of his position, may be appointed by tbe neaa or tne depart ment, at his discretion, to a position of less responsibility in the same de partment. 10. Nothing in these rules shall pre vent the appointment of aliens to po sitions in tbe Consular service, which by reason of the small compensation or of other sufficient cause, are, in the judgment of tbe appointing power. necessarily so nlled; nor tne appoint ment of such persons within the Uni in iu to is of of to to of I to my any " ted btates as are indispensable to a proper discharge of the duties of cer tain positions, but who may not be familiar with the English language.or legally capable of naturalization. 11. -No Head of a department nor any subordinate officer of tbe Govern ment shall, as such officer, authorize or permit, or assist in levying any assessment of money for political pur poses, nnder the form of voluntary coutributions or otherwise, upon any person employed under his control, nor shall any such person pay any money so astesed. 1 The Advisory Hoard snail, at any time, recommend to the Presi dent such changes in these rules as it may consider necessary to secure the greater efficiency of civil service. 13. lrom these rules are exempt heads of departments. Assistant Sec retaries of department?. Assistant Attorney General and First Assistant Postmaster General.Sollcitor General. Solicitor of tbe Treasury, Naval Soli citor, Solicitor of Internal Revenue, Examiner of Claims in the State De partment, Treasurer of the United States, liegister of tbe Treasury, First and Second Controllers of the Treas ury. Judges of the United States Courts, District Attorneys, Private Secretary or the President, Embassa dors, and other public ministers, Su perintendent of the Coast Survey, Di rector of the Mint, Governors of Territories, Special Commissioners, Special Annual Visiting and Examin ing Boards, persons appointed to posi tions without compensation for ser vices, dispatch agents and bearers of dispatches. Dr. Gutberie, addressing the mem bers of tbe Edinburgh Working Boys' and Girls' Religious Seciety, in con nection with the Cbildrens' Churches tbe city. said. "A child whose fath and mother were dead, happened oome into tbe bands of a friend of his. He began to ask the boy some questions, and among others, he said, 'When your fatherandmother forsake you, Johnny, do you know who will take you up?" 'les ! said he, 'I know perfectly well, sir.' 'Who will take you up?' said my friend. 'The po- lice!" said Johnny. Churchman. Suppose you were to see the sun rising in the middle of the night. what should you call that ?" said a teacher to a plow boy pupil, whom he was examining on miracles. "The mune, please, sir!" "But suppose you knew it was not the moon, but tbe sun, and you saw it actually rise the middle of tbe night, what would you think?" "Please, sir. J should think it was tjme to get up." DICKENS'S GREAT SECRET. [From the London Times.] Charles Dickens, years ago. left to his beloved and Intimate friend, Mr. John Forster, the sau, but interesting task of giving to thd world the true story of his life. Mr. Forster was on the most intimate terms with the great novelist from tbe spring of 1SS7 to the day of Dickens's death iu June, 1870. They were men of about the same age, and to no one, probably, did Dickens confide so much of h'is inmost nature as to tbe literary com panion who now gives us this record of his career. The story of that career in one of the deepest interest. To the outer world Dickens is seen only In the light of an unparalleled success; but those who knew him better than tbe world could know were not ignorant tnat an tnat sunsnine wm checkered by many deen shadows. Dickens suffered more than ordinary men. and the pathetic part of his writings was the richer for the knowledge thus ac quired. Doubtless tne enjoyment, too, was intense: yet, on look ine back over his whole life, it is difficult to resist the thought that it was rather sad than a happy one. There was a middle period in Dickens's career when he certainly appears to have enjoyed life to the finger-tips, with a vivid ana tingling sense or pleasure, very ielightful to recall. But' his childhood was painful, and his wan ing years overshadowed. THE CLOUD. He was a very little and a very sickly boy," says Mr. Forster. " He was subject to attacks or violent spasm, which disabled him from any active exertion. He was never a good little cricket player. He was never a first rate hand at marbles, or peg-top, or Erisoner's base." This was at Chat am. Afterward, when the elder Mr. Dickens removed to London, this small, sickly child then about ten years old had a series of experiences very unusual with the children of middle class parents, but which. while they gave him the most ex quisite pain at the time, and to a great extent threw a cloud over the whole of his subsequent existence, were undoubtedly tbe source of hi mar velous knowledge of human nature. and his familiarity with scenes of want and wretchedness. It need be no secret now, for the fact will do his memory no disservice, that tba child- nood or Charles Dickens was passed almost abject poverty. His father, Mr. John Dickens, fell Into money difficulties, and was confined in tbe Marsbalsea prison, afterward so vividly described in Little Dorrit." Every small sum of money that could be earned by any member of the family became of vital importance, so that the boy Charles. ntmllt tpn veai-a at Aim that fa In ct- j - r -- oaj , some time in the year 1832 was placed a blacking warehouse, belongiug a distant connection of tbe family, named Lamert, which establishment was opened as a rival to the famous blacking shop of Warren, In tbe Strand. SINKING IN THE DREGS. Lamert's bouse was at old Hunger- ford stairs, and it is to be found exactly described in "David Conner field." What many suspected before now specifically revealed. The life the boy David Copperfleld is the lire or tne boy Charles Dickens. Tbe future novelist entered the warehouse James Lamert in tbe most menial capacity, at a salary of six or seven shillings a week. His work was to cover the pots of paste blacking, first with oil paper and then with blue paper, to tie them round with striner. clip tbe paper close and near, and paste on a printed label. In the discharge of these duties his com panions were boys of humble birth and uncultured manners, and young Dickens, remembering his happier uliildhooj at Chatham. Ion cine for education and a start in lire, and fearingtbat, if his present employment conunuea, ne wouia sins: into tbe mere dregs of society, suffered a deeree anguish, tbe memory of which he could never shake off at the very height of his prosperity. to to to STRUCK DUMB WITH HORROR. In a fragment of autobiography which Dickens wrote in 1S47, he said: From that hour until this at which wrote, no word of that part of mv childhood, which I have now gladly Drougnt to a ciose, nas passed my lips any human being. I have no idea how long it lasted; whether for a year, or much more, or less. From tnat nour until this my father ami mother have been stricken dumb upon it. I have never heard the least allusion to it, however far off aud remote, from either of them. I have never until I now impart it to this paper, in any burst of confidence with one, my own wife not excepted, raised tne curtain x men dropped, thank God 1 Many portions of this unfinished autobiography wereintroduced.almost word for word, two years later into David Copperfleld," and the manu script has now been largely drawn upon oy air. orster. in of. I ter at 1 HOW THE SECRET WAS BROUGHT TO LIGHT. That gentleman thus relates the way in which tbe revelation was first made him : The incidents to be told now would probably never have been known to me, or indeed any of the occurrences of his childhood and youth, but for the accident or a question I put to bim one day in March or April of 1S47. I asked bim if he remembered ever having seen in his boyhood the elder Mr. Dilke, his father's acquaint ance and contemporary, who had been a clerk in the same office in Somerset House to which Mr. John Dickens belonged. Yes, be said, he recollected at seeing him at a house in Gerard street; where his uncle Barrow lodged during an illness, and Mr. Dilke had visited him. Never at any other time Upon winch 1 told bim that some one else had been intended in tbe mention made to me, for that the reference implied not merely his being met accidentally, but bis bavin? bad some juvenile employment at a ware- nouse near tne strano; at wbicn place Mr. Dilke, being with tbe elder Dickens one day, had noticed him. and received, in return for the gift of bair crown, a very low bow. lie was silent for several minutes ; I felt that I had unintentionally touched a tender place in bis memory ; and to Mr. Dickens I never spoke of the subject again. It was not however then, but some weeks later, that Dickens made further allusion to my thus having struck upon a time of which he never could close the re membrance as long as he remembered 9 of . on in (at of anything, and tbe recollections of which, at intervals, naunted bim and made him miserable, even to that hour. . , DICKENS'S SECRET AGONY OF SOUL. Very shortly afterward. I learned in all their detail the incidents that had been so painful to him; and what then was said to me or written respecting them revealed the story of his bovhood. The idea of "David Copperfleld, "which was to take all the world into bis connaence, baa not at this time occurred to him ; but what it had so startled me to know, his readers were afterward told with only such change or addition as for tbe time misrht sufficiently distrains him self under cover of his hero. For tbe poor little lad, with a good ability and a most sensitive nature, turned at the age of ten into a "laboring hind "in tbe service of " Murdstone and Grimby," and conscious already of what made it seem very strange to bim that he could so easily have been thrown away at such an age, was indeed himself. His was the secret agony of soul at finding himself "companion to Mick Walker and Mealy Potatoes," and his tears min gled with the water in which he and they rinsed and washed out bottles. It had all been as fact, before he thought of any other use foe it; and it was not until'several months later, when the fancy of " David Copper field," itself suggested by what he had so written of his early troubles, began to take shape in his mind, that be abandoned bis first intention of writing hisown life. Those warehouse experiences fell then so aptly into the subject he bad chosen that' he could not resist the temptation of immedi ately using them; and the manuscript recording them, which was but the first portion of what he had designed to write, was embodied in the sub stance of the eleventh and earlier chapters of his novel. What already bad been sent to me, however, and proof-sheets of the novel interlined at the time, enable me now to separate the fact from tbe fiction, and to supply to tbe story of tbe author's childhood those passages omitted from the book, which, apart from their illustration of the growth of his character, present to us a picture of tragical Buffering, and of tender as well as. humorous fancy, unsurpassed in even the won ders of his published writings. THE SPECTRE OF HIS LIFE. Writing in bis own proper person. in tbe fragment to which ailuuon has been made, Dickens said of this period of bis life: "The deep remembrance of the sense I bad of being utterly neglected and hopeless ; of the misery It was to my young heart to believe that, day by day, what I had learned, and thought and delighted in, and raised my fancy and my emulation up by. was passing iaway from me, never to be brought oacs: any more, cannot be written. My whole nature was so penetrated with the grief and humiliation of such considerations, that even now, famous and caressed and happy, I often forget in my dreams that I Lave a dear wife and children; even tbat I am a man, and wander desolately back to that time of my life. My mother and my brothers aud sisters (excepting Fanny, in tbe Itoyal Academy of Music; were still encamped with a young servant girl from Chatham work house. In the two parlors in the emptied house in tiower street North. It was a long, way to go and return within the dinner hour, aud usually I either carried my dinner with me, or went and bought it at some neigh boring snop. in tue latter case it was commonly a saveloy and a penny loaf; sometimes a fourpenny plate of beef from a cook's shop ; sometimes a plate of bread and cheese and a glass of beer, from a miserable old public house over the way the Swan, if I re member right, or the Swan aud some thing else that I have forgotten. Once I remember tucking my own bread (which I had brought from home in the morning) under my arm, wrapped up in a piece of paper like a book, and going into the best dining room in Johnson's alamode-beef house in Charles court, Drury lane, aud magnificently ordering a small plate of alamode beef to eat with it. What the waiter thought of such a strange, little apparition, coming in all alone, I don't know ; but I can see him now, staring at me as I ate my dinner, and bringing up the other waiter to look. I gave him a half penny, and I wish, now, he hadn't taken it" A GLIMMER OF LIGHT. Iu these and other passages the readers will recognize some of the earliest parts of "Copperfleld." Mr. John Dickens being unable to make any arrangement with his creditors, Mrs. Dickens wa3 obliged to break up her poor household in Gower street .Nortli, and go into tne juarsuaisea. The autobiography then proceeds: The key of the house was sent back the landlord, who was very glad to get it: and I (small Cain that! was, except that I had never done barm to auy one) was handed over as a ledger a reduced old lady, Ion 3 known to our ramily, in JLitue college street, Camden Town, who took children in board, and had once done so at Brighten, and who, with a few altera tions aud embellishments, uncon sciously began to sit for Mrs. Pipehin "Dombey" when she took me In. She had a little brother and sister under care then, somebody's natural children, who were very irregularly paid for. and a widow's little son. The two boys and I slept In tbe same room. My own exclusive oreaxiast a penny cottage loaf and a penny worth of milk I provided for myself. kept another small loaf and a quar of a pound of cheese on a particu lar shelf of a particular cupboard, to make my supper on when I came back night. They made a hole in the or even shillings i knew wen : of of of a and I was out at the blacking ware- bouse all day. and had to support myself upon tbat money all the week. suppose my lodging was paid ior oy my father. I certainly did not pay it myself, and I certainly had no other assistance whatever, (the making of my clothes, I think, excepted) from Monday morning untill Saturday night. No advice, no counsel, no en couragement, no consolation, no sup port, from any one that I can call to mind. SO HELP ME GOD. Sundays Fanny and I passed in the prison. 1 was at tne Academy in Tenterdan street, Hanover square, at o'clock in the morning, to fetch her, and we walked back together at night I was young ana cmidisn, ana so little quallifled how could I be other wise ? ro undertake the whole cbaree my own existence, that in goiug to . , i , . ... . xtungeriora stairs 01 a morning 1 could not resist the stable pastry put at half price on travs at the confec- tionarys' doors, in Tottenham Court Road, and I ofteh spent in that the money I should have kept for my dinner. Then I went without my dinner, or bought a roll or a slice of pudding. There were two pudding shops between wniebl was divided, according to my finances. One was a court close to St Martin's church the back of the churrh), which is now removed altogether. The pud dins at tbat shop was made with cur rants, and was rather a special pud ding, but was dear two pennyworth being larger than a pennyworth more ordinary pudding. A good shop for the latter was in the Strand, somewhere near where the Lowther Arcade is now. It was a stout, hale puddlug, heavy and flabby : with great raisins in it, stuck in whole at great distances apart It came up hot about noon every day ; and many many a day did I dine off it ALMOST A LITTLE ROBBER AND VAGABOND We had half an hour, I think for tea. When I had money enough, I used to go to a coffee-house and have half-a-pint of coffee, and a slice of bread and butter. When I had no money, I took a turn in Covent Gar den Market, and I stared at the pine apples. The coffee-shops to which I most resorted were one in Maiden Laue; one in a court (non ex is taut now) dose to Hunkerford Market ; and one in St. Martin's lane, of which I recollect that it stood near the church, and that in tbe door there was an oval glass plate, with "coffee room" painted on it, addressed to ward the street If lever find my self in a different kind of a coffee room now, but where there is such an in scription on glass, aud read it backward on the wrong side, "moor eeffoe" (as I often used to do then, in a dismal reverie), a shock goes through my blood. I know I do not exaggerate, uncon sciously and unintentionally, the scantiness of my resources and the difficulties of my life. I know that If a shilling or so were given me by any one, I spent it lit a dinner or a tea. . I know that I . worked from morning till night, with common men and boys, a shabby child. I know that I tried, but ineffectually, not to anticipate my money, and to make it last the H'eek through, by put ting it away in a drawer I had in the counting house, wrapped intosix little parcels, each parcel containing tne same amount, and labeled with a dif ferent day. I know that I have Ion n- ged about tbe streets, insuSk-lently and unsatisfactorily fed. 1 knew that, but for the mercy of God, I might easily have been, for any can tbat was taken of me, a little robber or a little vagabond. THE YOUNG GENTMMAN. But I held some station at the black ing warehouse too. Besides that, my relative at the counting-house did what a man so-occupied, and dealing with a thing so anomalous, covld, to treat me as one upon a different foot ing from the rest. I never said to man or boy how it was that I came to be there, or gave the least indication of bel ng sorry that I was there. That I sufieretl injsecret, and that I suffered exquisitely, no one ever knew but I. How much I suffered it is, as I have said already, utterly beyond my pow er to tell. No man's imagination can overstep the reality. But I kept my own counsel, and I did my work, I knew rrom tbe first tbat if 1 could not do my work as well as any of the rest. I could not hold myself above slight and contempt. I soou became at least as expeditious and as skillful with my hands as either of the other boys. Though perfectly familiar with them, my conduct and manners were different enough from theirs to place a space between us. They and the boys alwavs spoke of me as "the young gentleman." A certain man (a soldier once) named Thomas, who was the foreman, and another named Harry ,'who was tbe carman, and wore a red jacket, used to (all me "Charles' sometimes, in speaking to me ; but I think it was mostly when we were very confidential, and when I had made some effort to entertain them over our work with the results of some of the old readings, which were fast passing out of my mi ud. OUT OF THE DEPTHS. After a time the lonely little boy thinking there was no reason why he should be obliged to live so far from tbe Marshalsea, remonstrated with his father so pathetically, and with so many tears, tnat, as tbe son records, the kind nature of the parent gave way. Mr. John Dickens appears to have been one those genial, kind, easy-tempered, impracticable human beings wbo, in spite of all their good and pleasant qualities, their honora ble dispositions, and even their indus try (for he had all these virtues, as his son becomingly sets down), fail to make their way in the world, for waat of the one faculty of adaptation to the stern conditions of life. The consequence of Charles' remonstran ces with his father on score of his ex ile was that he was provided with a back attic at the house of an insolvent court agent, in Lant street, Borough, "where." says Dickens, in his autobi ographical sketch, "Bob Sawyer lodg ed many years afterward." Heie he slept on tbe floor ; but "the windows had a pleasant prospect of a timber yard.' and the poor little lodger, feel ing that he was close to his true home, tbe prison, thought the new sleeping room a Paradise. FAME. When his father left the prison, the boy (wbo had by that time been re moved from tbe blacking establish ment) was put, at about twelve years age, to school in the Hampstead Road, where he soon became noted for his vivacity and fun. A favorite trick of his was heading a number of bis schoolfellows in tae streets in pre tending to be beggars. When tbe old ladies of whom they begged answered with tart speeches, Charles would ex- Elode with laughter, and take to his eels. By aud by eameMhe start in life first as a lawyer's clerk, then as a newspaper reporter, and then as a successful author. His old poverty soon became a mine of riches to him, and the rough material of his fame. He never lost the habit of coining bis life into enduring fiction. Tbe Dora "David Copperfleld" was, it seems, his first love, the memory of whom always dwelt with him ; and the Flora of "Little Dorritt" was the same lady, not dead in fact, but some what altered by the lapse of a quarter a century (as that same quarter of century will change us all to whom, one day, Dickens and his wife paid a formal visit and found the stuffed favorite, Jip, in the pas sage. A POSSIBLE CHEESE MARKET. Tbe Rural New Yorker has some figures regarding the possible devel opment of tbe American cheese mar ket, which'must prove encouragiug to factors if only the individuals com posing the public at large can be per suaded to eat one ounce of cheese every day. For our owu part, we have not tbe slightest objection to do this in the interest of the trade, and if every body will do likewise, just think what the result will be. Our population of forty million souls, or rat her of consumers, will dispose of 912,500,000 lbs. per year. Now, sup posing that in 1879 three hundred mil lien pounds of cheese are made, it will not be more than one-third as much as the ounce system will justi fy, and much less than the average consumption of Great Britian. -These figures, then, may be trusted as an ju dication of Uie possibilities for home consumption. There are now proba bly 10,000,000 cows in tbe United States. Suppose tbat one-half of these, or 5, 000,000, were devoted to making cheese, at 400 pounds to the cow, tbey would produce an aggregate of 2,000,000.000 lbs., this is fifty pounds to each person, or less than two and a-half ounces daily. And estimating one pound of cheese equal to two pounds of beef, this cheese product would be equal to 5,900,000 of bullocks averaging 800 pounds net weight each. God's Word sets forth the nature of good and evil ; of virtue and vice ; of sin and holiness; of goodness or un godliness; it points out tbe elements of character needful for tbe highest manhood. It ttaches the divine nature, in so far as man can receive it by similitudes of human experi ence. It furnishes motives for right living drawn from two worlds. It reveals the methods of recuperation in moral disorders. It opens to us the spiritual relations which may subsist between the human soul and the divine spirit. It makes known tbe holiness of Ood, whose nature is the criterion of all characters, and of all right government In short, the Bible is a book of instructions, in respect to human li fe and destiny. It concerns iUelf with Character and Conduct. John Snyder, of Virginia, owns a crow which serves as a substitute for dogs, cats and all other domestic senti nels. He destroys every frog about Ahe well ; allows a mouse no chance for bis life; drives away hawks from tbe poultry, and bids fair to act as the best squirrel dog in tbe country. He readily spies the squirrel either upon the fence or on trees. aDd, with a natural antipathy to the whole squir rel tribe, his shrill, keen note is readily detected by his owner, accompanied by rapid darts up and down, and tbe owner is thus led to the game. The most remarkable feature about tbe habits of tbe crow is, that he invaria bly keeps five or six days' rations ahead of time, well concealed. PUBLIC SPEAKING. BY HENRY WARD BEECHER. Some one writes to us that he is studying at a law school : that, be sides a knowledge of law, he is desir ous or attaining the art of oratory, and he asks that we will give such advice ax our experience may suggest We can hardly hope tobe ormncb ser vice to the inquirer. We do not know his temperament, his disposition, his attainments, his habits, all of wbicb would modify any instructions likely to be of benefit It is personal and peculiar advice that each man needs, aDd tbat must be given by some one who knows the circumstances of the applicant Some general hints, applicable to a'l young aspirants for public speak ing, may answer a good end. 1. The earlier one begins to practice public speaking the better. For al though the gift in point of fact, de velops late in life, it is only in the case of those who have a strong, though, it may be, dormant talent for it No man has learned anv art un til he'ean practice it spontaneously, without conscious volition. If this proves true in music, in drawing, iu the dance, or graceful posturing, it is even more apparent in oratory. Par ents and teachers should encourage children to narrate, to converse for story telling and fluent conversation are essentially of that same nature aa oratory. 2. Tbe habit of thinkino on oae'j feet U invaluable. Great orations may be prepared with elaborationand study, not alone In their substance, but in form. Such we know to have been the preparation of orations which continue to be read from age to age. -. . . But for the purpose of American life, one must be qualified to speak without laborious preparation of lan guage, and this can only be done when one can command his thoughts in the face of an audience. The fac ulty of doing this is greatly helped by early and persistent practice. Aspir ants for oratorical honors, without neglecting the severe preparations of tne stuuy Kir special occasions, should lose no opportunity to speak off-hand. One should not be downcast at fail ures. They are often far batter for the student than successes. He who goes to school to his mistakes goes to a gtsod schoolmaster, and will not be likely to become either idleorconceit ed. 3. Publie speaking means business, or ought to. Although there is a great deal of fancy talking, after-din ner speech es; complementary speech es, aud religious exhortations, all of wnicu are meant to fill up time, yet public speaking, in its nobler aspect, is an attempt to gain some definite and important end by tbe use of raesons and pursuasions. When a man seeks his neighbor for a business conversation, he knows just what he wants, aud he settles with himself by what method he will get it This is the very genius of a good preparation for a speech to know definitely what you wish to gas n of an audience. and tbe means by which you propose to secure it All true oratory is prac tically psychology. 4. A man may speak deliberately or even slowly, but no man can succeed who speaks hesitatingly wbo goes ou a sentence and begins again. Such a speech is like a shying horse or a balking mule. At all hazards tbe young speaker must learn to push on to keep a current moving "from beginning to end of his address. If you drop a stich, don't atop to take it up. If you stumble on a word, let it go. Don't go back to it. Keep right, on.no matter what happens, to the end. Momentum is of more value than verbal accuracy." Of eours, the best speech is that which Is full of good substance, expressed by the best. language, and fluently uttered. But while one is learning, he should nev er let himself be tripped up by a word, or tbe want of one. Jump the gap; run over the mistake. Keep right on. It will be time enough tbe next en deavor to profit by tbe experience of, tne mistake. 5. If one is slow of thought, dull of feeling, very cautious and secretive in nature, without the talent eombative ness, which tends to project one's mind upon another's, or if one be ex cessively sensitive, so tbat a mistake gssbes like a lancet it ts not likely be will succeed as a public speaker. jew lorK jieraui. a is It as Riding on Foot-Novel Method of Rapid Transit. The most curious design which has yet b.-en projected for securing rapid city transit is a plan, already patented, for a moving sidewalk, which shall be in perpetual motion, carrying destrians at the rate of ten miles an ir, a speed which tbey can increase by their whole power of independent locomotion. ine particulars -or the plan are briefly these: It is proposed to have a series of pillars along the outer verse of the curbstone rising to the height of tbe second story of ordinary buildings. Space between tbe tops of these pillars and tbe buildings adja cent is to be a sidewalk, one-half of which is moveable and tbe other half stationary. It is to be reached at every corner by a stairway. On the inner or stationary walk pedestrians can pass back and forth at their leisure, entering the stores and offices which might then occupy the second story of the building, and be entered Imme diately from the street The other half of the walk, made of a sort of lattice work and moving on small trucks which are beneath tbe surface and altogether concealed from view, is propelled at tbe rate of ten miles an hour by engines beneath the sur face of tbe ground at such intervals as may be necessary to secure tbe requisite power. Tbe sidewalk is moved by friction rollers, worked upon by shafts which pass up through the upright pillars, and one side of the street passes up, and on the other xide down, continually night and day. On this moving roadway pedestriaus may stand or occupy the numerous chairs or settees thereon provided, and be traveling toward their destination at the rate of ten miles an hour, or, if so inclined, can walk at full speed in the same direction, thereby adding four or five miles au hour to their rate of progress. - The most ingenious part of the whole contrivance is the device for getting on and off this moving path way. The pedestrian mounts to the stationary walk, and then if he were to step from this to the moving one he would of course be suddenly floored. To prevent such a catastrophe there is a series of seats ingeniously con trived to move partly on the movable and partly on the stationary walk. These are stopped by apply inga brake, which releases tbem from the moving platform and allows them to run on their own trucks on tbe stationary one, where they are readily stopped. The passenger takes his seat, the con ductor takes his fare, tbe brake is reversed, and Immediately the seat moves on, and the traveler eaa leave it without the risk of breaking bis ueck. It is said tbat an attempt will soon be made in New York to de monstrate the feasibility of the scheme. "These ladies are like birds tbat are on tbe wing,' said a humorous clerk to his employer, as a bevy of shop damsels left the store. "Why so?" asked the proprietor, "Because it takes tbem a long time to settle upon their purchase," (perches,) replied the clerk. The proprietor saw the "point," and was so gratified at bU aoutenesa that he at one raised tbe Clerk wages. to he Dr. is for the the It rid and left the of the SHOEING HORSES. The Charlier method of shoeing horses is attracting so much attention that we give an account of it Tbeo- ' retically, the device is intended to protect simply that part of the hoof which breaks by direct contact with the ground, at the same time preserv ing the natural form, structure, elas--ticity, and functions of the hoof. To this end the iower edge only of the hoof is cut away, the Instrument used being a drawing-knife, contrived for the purpose by M. Charlier. This operation makes a groove, in which a metallic rim is set, taking the place of the part cut off, and becoming a substitute for the rim furnished by nature. After a short time the metal will be even with the sole and frog, both of which are thus permitted to come in contact with the ground, as nature Intended they should do. The frog is never pared, and soon becomes able to do its part in supporting the weight of the body. It soon becomes thick and flexible, decreasing tbe shocks to which the tendons are sub jected upon hard roads. It is claimed. moreover, that when the frog is well developed It prevents the animal from slipping on ice or pavements, acting like the padded foot of a dog, cat, or camel. With Charlier' shoe the so:e of the hoof is never touched, and its horny development becomes healthy, strong, tough, and able to resist con tact with the sharpest stones. Many of our best horsemen are now agreed that all attempts to protect the sole from contact with the ground are misdirected, causing the bottom ot the hoof to become more or less dis eased. If these theories are correct, we may expect tofcto see the Dexters of the future adding some seconds to the fastest recorded time of -to-day. while our common work-horses arid roadster will, ia like manner, im prove upon their present performances. AN INEBRIATE ASYLUM. AN INEBRIATE ASYLUM. A Visit to the Institution at Binghampton, New York. [Correspondence New York Times.] With the exception of a few of tbe comers, there is nothing whatever in the appearance of the eighty-five gen tlemen who are at present residents in the Asylum, which, at a cursory glance, would distinguish them from the boarders or transient guests of a New York hotel. They are well and neatly dressed, quiet and gentlemanly in their deportment, and apparently sociable with one another. In fact there is a decided resemblance to a hotel throughout The parlors, balls, reception rooms, billiard and smok ing rooms, co'ridors and bed rooms are all arranged exactly like those of a. modern hotel; and when the in mates are seated at tbe long rows of tables in the dining rooms at their table d'hote dinner, and go out one by one as they please, to stroll with a cigar through the balls and corridors, the illusion is complete. The term of residence in the asylum varies from three, six, nine, up to twelve months, according to tbe needs of the patient's case and the time be can afford to .spend on his cure. Tbey may, of course, leave at any time, unless they are "committed" patients. Tbe latter alwavs leave as soon as their term is up, and hurry away to their old haunts, to make us for their enforced abstinence by a Ion a extended jollification. Dr. Dodze is of the ooiuion that much good, ofteu permanent cure, may be effected! a three months ; but in all cases, he recommends patients to remain six months, a term which be considers ample. In the cases of elderly men, nowever, where the disease is of ten, fifteen or twentv years erowth. he thinks It advisable that they should remain. in the institution for nine months or a year, or even for a longer time. I asked the doctor what he thought was a fair estimate of the proportion permanent cures among those who bad left the Asylum. He says that it difficult to form a trustworthy esti mate, but that from all the data they can collect cn the subject they think from sixty to sixty-five per cent is by no means in excess of the reality. One word about tbe exact capabili ty of tbe Asylum aa a reformatory so far as I understand it from Dr. Dodge. does not assume the power of so curriDg a man of the love cf liquor tnat a relapse is improbable, as soon a man puts his foot into the Asy lum be is regarded as a patient seek ing hospital treatment for a curable ' physical disease, brought on by con introduction into the system of alcoholic poison. The first thing is eliminate the poison, and then to gradually work away the pernicious influence on the brain ana internal organization. So soon as this is af fected the patient is restored to the mental and bodily condition in which was before Le betrayed his love for alcohol. But no treatment can erad icate the tendency, and it is precise ly that which the reformed drunkard has to fight against. One drink of whisky may at any time awaken that slumbering tendency, just as some trifling incident will resuscitate a long forgotten love, if certain circumstan ces do not intervene. Many a man lias left it strong in the conviction that he is now possessed of sufficient strength of will to drink to modera tion, has found himself back under Dodge's care within three moths. Those who have been drunkards, and have reformed, must bear in mind tbat they have become drunkards be cause they had in their composition what their fellow-men have not In herent tendency to a love of alcohol. LOCKING UP THE OLD FOLKS. [From the Nashville Banner, Dec. 24.] A rattier romantic runaway affair occurred at Franklin, Kentucky, early Friday morning. The father of a certain young lady of that place had refused to give his consent to her marriage, and had treated her lover with great harshness, on account, as alleged, of being poor. But though love does not, in most cases, run par ticularly smooth, nothing can prevent two hearts from uniting their destinies better or for worse, whenever tbe owners so resolve. To make ourstory brief, a plan was concocted by which pair were to run down toMitchell ville, this side of the State line, where arrangements had been made the day previous with a magistrate to perform ceremony. The fond couple appeared at tbe depot at Franklin shortly before five o'clock on the morning mentioned. having been suggested by some nnfeeling wag, that tney might possi bly be overtaken by her irate father, their blissful hopes blasted at the very momentof realization, the bride groom became considerably demoral ized, but was soon reassured by bis pluekier companion, wbo cooly re marked : " I don't see how he can ; I really don't He lives three miles from here, and if he comes he will have to walk. He ean't make the distance afoot before the arrival and departure of the train. I foresaw tbe danger of such a denouement last night, and made my arrangements accordingly. I went to the stable. all the bridles, locked the doors. threw the keys away. When I home this morning, mother and father were asleep. I quietly turned key upon them, and threw it away too." It need bardly be said tnat ner ex planation was highly satisfactory. The train rolled in at o.o7, the lover jumped aboard, and were married at u.20, at Mitcbellville, on the arrival the train at that place. That girl wai certainly worth tbe trouble of winning, but we have a notion tbat if her husband tries to kick out of tbe matrimonial trace, keys wille be turned on .hi 111 too some ;f thes "ays.