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ESTERN Volume 57 ISTo. 2. "Warren, Ohio. A.ugust Whole OSTo. 291 2 ER'VE BUSINESS DIRECTORY. CITESTER5RESERYE CHROMCLE IT Published every Wednesday morning, I n Empire Block, Market 8t Warren Wit, ArrEzax. IMitor and Proprietor. "QIBLES AXD TESTAJIEXTS at the Vjaetunl rmt of publishing them, for ale by the KriBriLCo. Bibl ssocimr, null Its depoiuries llironghout the ennnty. All the stvles and prices published by the A merican Bible Society, kept constantly on band. Central Depository at Hapgood Browu'a. Market at., (soum side ot toon l.'onsesiuare) Warren, O. Only i. 1872. lyr. DR. LOT, Physician and Surgeon, Office and reaidenee a few rods Sooth ui the Atlantic A Great Western Pepot, where he can be consulted professionally. Warren. O. Anrill lS71-tf AE. LYXA5, Dentist Office over . S. C. Chrvst Co.1 new meat market, onposife tne Court House. Market St., War ran Ohio Ian. 8. 1870-tf DOCT.. SPELL5T.A5, Dentist. Has concluded to remain in Warren, and can be round at his old rooms for the future. (May 1U HPU-tt EORGE P. HU5TER, Attorney at T Law. Office In VanGordef Block, Market 6U Warren. Ohio. tFeu. 23. Iet7' 170-U. T I. GILLMER. Attorney at Law. and Notary Public, itewton Falls. O. Xov. 8, 1S7L, 1 yr. TT D. SIXES, Attorney at Law, jTl .Gibbon. Buffalo county. Nebraska. iTlIl practice In the Supreme. District, and Probate court In Nebraska. Will give spe cial attention to locating Soldier's Home steads, under the late law. Office with Bon. F. 8. Trew, Probate Judje, comer of Court a nd First street. (June 5, 1872-1 f. DR. n. (ilBBOXS, Dentists, teeth extracted withont pain ; upper or low er seta of teethfor $12.1)0. Office over T. J. Me Lain 4 Son's Bank, Main St. Warren. Ohio. Jan. & 1S7U.-. t. HARMOH. C. T. METCALT. AR.MOX & METCALF, Physicians, and Surreons: Office on High Street at e stand formerly occupied by Dr. Harmon Jan. 6 l7t JOB HCTCHrKS. W. T. SPEAK, rrrrCHIXs SPEAR, Attorneys at XXLaw. Office in First Nr.tional Bank Building, 2d story, front -ooma Warren O. Jan. 5. 187U-ly. AMOX D. WEBB, Notary Public, Pension and Bounty Agent, and Fire Life Insurance Agent. Dwellings and Farm property insured for one, three oi five years, at low rates. Insnrarce aswts rep resented, over 3u .000,000 00. Office in Webb s Block, Main SL, Warren, O. Jn 3, 17Z TH. BRISCOE, Physician andSur . geon. Office over Park A Patch's store. Market Street. Residence, north aide of Market Street, two doors east of Elm. Par ticular attention paid to Chronic rUaeaaea. Jan. 5, lsTO-lyr. SR. F. A. BIERCE, Homoepathlc Physician and Surgeon. OtHri In SutliO's k, High SUeeu TR. J. R. XELS05, Physician and 1 Surgeon, office east of First Nat. Bank. Office hours from 7 to 10 o'clock, a. m., and Slot p.m. Jan. 2j lh71 T.R. F. MTERS, Physician and Sur Lgeoo. Office 8d door north of National House. Entrance on Liberty street. Office hours, from 10 to 12, a. in., and 1 to S p. m. Residence, corner ef High and Oiestnut streets. . - - . Nov. 27, lwftMy i. TAtrraoT. thad. icqit, " YACTROT A AGILE T, Successors to J. Vautrot A Co, Dealers in Watches, Jewelry and Diamonds. Market Street, War ren. Otilo. Jan & l7a B. W. KATLirf. , H. H. MOSES. T ATLIFF t HOSES, Attorneys and rVCounsellers at Law. Office over the Ex euamre Bank of Freeman A Hunt, on Market St. Warren Ohio. iJaruf WO. JH. COWDERT, Attorney at Law, . Office oornerof MiU and Main St N lies. Ohio. loci. 18 liil-tt SSISfMOS, Licensed County aud , Clt v Auctioneer. Satisfaet ion guaran teed. Enquire at my store, corner of Main and Franklin Streets, Warren. O. gpr. lO.ly "T B. TILER, ManutSwturer and 1 , Dealer la Guna, Rifles, Pistols, CuUery Fishing Tackle, tiuu MaterlaU, Sporting Apparatus, Sewing Machines, Ac, No. 8. Mar ket St, Warren. Ohio. lif". 1S70-W W. . POKTSK. W. W. POKTKS. W5. k IT. T. PORTER, Dealers . in School and Miscellaneous Books, Stationary Wall Papers, Periodicals, Pam- fhlets and Magazines, at the New York Book tore. Main Street, Warren. Ohio. H S. B0BBISS, Newton Falls, a Notary Public. aor 1, 1871-lyr GEO. B. iEXSEDT, Fire and Life Insurance Agent, Warren. Ohio. . Oct. 4. 1871-lyi. B. HALL. - F. J. Jf ACKKT. ALL ic HACKET, Manufacturers ol Harness and dealers 111 baaoiery ware. Xrnnka. Valiaea. Traveling Bags. w nips, iior&e Aanketa, trtauaues and r ancy Saddlery, No. a. Alarket Street, War n. O. Jan. 5. 1K7U. WHITTLESEY ADAHS, Fire and Life Insnranc Agent, Warren, Ohio. Merchandize and other property insured In the best Companies, on favorable terms; Farm property. Isolated Dwellings, and their ami Lure insured for one, three and five yeara. Office in McCombs and Smith's block. C McSUTT, House, BiRn, and Ornamental Painter. Grainer. Ac King's New Block. Alain St., Warren, Ohio. Alay tu. isl-u IH. DAWSOS, Mayor of the City (of Warren, Civil Jurisdiction same as J uHtlce of the Peace for the city, and crimi nal Jurisdiction throughout city and county. Also agent for Cleveland lament Hewer and drain Pipe of all sizes. uan-lt71. XRESNEN GOIST'S X. L. C. R. 1 Carriage Works, Warren, Ohio, manu facturers of Carriages. Buggies, wagons. Sleighs, and specialties. All orders from any Dart of thecountr piomptly attended to. Painting, Trlmminsand Repairing done to order on the shortest notice. South of (Jan i. 1872. TO THE FARMERS OF TRUMBULL County. O. B. Dealing, Agent for Ohio armers Insurance Company; residence one door north of National House, Warren, O. Rttes of Insurance lower, and security bet ter than any other responsible company In the State. Call and see him before yon In sure. Imay S. 1871-lvr. JERACKI3, M. D., Eclectic Phy cSielan and Surgeon. Particular atten tion paid to the treatment of Cancers and all chronic diseases. Office over H. L, Hunt's Shoe Store, on Market bt , No. 20. Residence on the corner of Liberty and Washington Streets. Warren, Ohio. Jan al, lo72. AHOLFHCS GR.ETER, Dealer in Mnsioal Merchandize of all descriptions, viz: Pianos, Organs, Melodeons, Violins, GultararAccordeona,Claronetta, Flutes, Fifes, Drums, Piano-spreads, Piano-stools, Sheet music Music-boot ft. Violin Strings, Guitar Strings, Ac, Ac Store In Webb's Block, over Porter s Book Store. . IJan.6 1S70. B. H. WAIJCXa, W. B. LESLIK, K. I. WAXKEK. WALKER, LESLIE & CO., Bank ers, Church Hill, Ohio. Dealers in Government Securities, Foreign and Domes tie Exchange. Collections made. Interest allowed on special Deposits. Clan. 4-ly. HARTFORD ACADEMIC Inslitate. J. W. Cheney, A. B., Principal, with an emcient corps of assistants. Two courses of study. Normal and Classical. Spring Term begins alarch. 2uih. For circulars addres T. A. BUSHNELL. Sec'y. DctSS !!7l-lyr HarUord.TrumbullCo..O. "TTTARREU TEMPLE SO. 29 " j HGUOt-andTemperanee.meetB at cor ner Main ST-d Market Sta..in thlscity. every Friday Bigbt All desirous of aiding in pro moting the temperance cause, which is the eanae of God and humanity, are Invited to attend with us. Social Temple meets every Tuesday eve- : nlng. JOHN M'CONNELL. W. R. . , Jan lu, 1B72-Iyr F.K .HUTCH IKS, O. K. TCTTLX, J. M. StDII. HUTCHESS, TUTTLE & SIX LI, Attorneys at Law, office over Smith A er's Store, corner uf Main and Market ' Streets. Warren. Ohio. I J an. 10, ls72-tf. EXAMISATIOXS OF TEACHERS.--Until farther notice, there will be an examination of teachers at the High School building in Warren, on the first Saturday of -every month during the year, excepting that during the months of April and Sep tember, there will be an examination on each succeeding Saturday, as follows: First Saturday, Payne's Corners; second, Johnston; tuird, Bristol; fourth. Warren. Notice is hereby given of the adoption of the following rule. which will be strictly adhered to: "AH certificates bereafter granted by this Board, shall be dated on the day of examination, exnept tbat in special cases for good reason, eertiflcaies may be dated back, but In no case beyond the date of the previous examination,.' - Byarderof the Board, . GEO. P. HUNTER, Clerg--Warren. O, Feb, 7 1872-lyr. . a I pr Is to oi of of to I of a. in T of of ot X a of SI. L.BECKKB. I7CLLER & BECKER, Attorneys at Law, office over Kirk Christy's, Main bu. Warren, Ohio. Qaly 3.1S72-Sni "7"ASHI5GT05 HYDE, Attorney at 1 T Law and Notary Public Office In the Chronicle Building, over Gates A Del in's Store. July 10. lt72-6nio. CB.DABXJXO. I. P. OILDIB DARLING & GILDEB, TJEALEBS IK AXTHKACITE, CISKKL. TOTGHIOCHEltT, CUllilH HILL, A IIKEBAL RIDGE Coal and Black. Delivered to any part of the city at the lowest current rates. Office on west side or Main St.; M door north of Mahoning Depot. Also Agents for me iA.L,jitjii.uii it a rira lu a. Terms Cash on Delivery. eb 21. 1672. EXCHANGE BANK OF FREEMAN & HNT, WAEREN, OHIO DEALERS IN l-old, Silrer, Eaatera Exraaac. rararreat But letea, aaa all slaet f GOVERNMENT BONDS Interest Allowed on time Deposits. Collections and all business connected with Banking promptly attended to. REVENUE STAMPS FOR SALE March L 1871. CLAYTON E. RICH, LATE OF STOKY RICH, Commission Merchant, IX FLOUR, GRA1X, SEEDS, Dried Fruits y Cheese, 3S Pearl Street NEW YORK. Liberal Cash advances made on Consign ments, tsona wr Market ports. JnneS,IiR2-lyr BURG HILL. T WOULD ANNOUNCE TO THE I eitlaensof this and snrroondlna vicini ty, that I have opened an Undertaker Shop at my residence south ol the station, where 1 am preparea to rurnisn an ainus w RI KIAI. CASKS. Trimminn. Ac. I would also announce tbat X have the best Hearse in this part of the country, to attend ail funerals that may need my attendance. If any are so afflicted as to need these articles they will be furnished promptly and in good style. FRANK A. PRUDEN. Bare H11L May la. 1872-3mo New Drug Store in Kinsman. DRUG STORE, JUST OPENED by Bracken A Fell, where will be kept on hand, at all times, a general assoitment of all kinds of drugs of the best quality .and sold at reasonable profit. In connection, a general assortment of Groceries of the choicest selection, purchased in the city of new lora. wiu oe sold :or ready pay anu small protiu - imay zw-smo-. Dr. BANNING'S BRACES. CJ. HICKOK, who for the last fifteen years has been engaged in the uie of DR. BAKZilSU'8 BRACKS, would say to tlte public that be has now on hand toll assortment of those beautiful and use ful mechanical appliances which has proved to be to thousand of those suffering from the oflects of female weaknems. more than bread and meaU Also an assortment ol the celebrated DANFOBTH TRUSSES, Impervious to rust, which, with the Birk'i A ir Inflated Rubber JJudt attached, make as perfect an Instrument as is any where offered, at will retain the rupture or hernia, with Icav pressure tban any other pad made. C.J.HICKOK, Mecca, Trumbull Co., O. June 3. leilmo CITY MEAT EIARKET THE undersigned would res pectfully announce to the citi zens of Warren and the vicinity that be has opened a Meat Market on Lib erty Street, opposite K. K. Wisell's Carriage Factory, where he intends to keep eo natant- ;on hand, all kinds of fresh meats, and oi as good quality as the country will a fiord. have employed the services of a good butch er who has had long experience In the busi ness, and wbo will always be on hand to at tend to the wants of all customers. All or ders led for meats in the evening will be promptly attended to, if desired can be de livered at their residences, or kept In re ft Iterator till called on. une28. 1870-tt LEMUEL DRAY EGGS. EGGS, EGGS. 3T AM NOW PREPARED to FILL Lorders for Eg;s from my imported and ome bred land una water fowls', consisting of Bronze and White Turkeys, Aylesbury and Cayuga Lucks, Brahma, Cochin. Dor king, Leghorn. Hamburgh, Poland, Game, Bantam, and outer breeds "of chickens. Egga warranted pcre and fresh. I respect fully Invite all lnter.'eted to come and see my stock. Residence two miles west of tba center. Address, CYRUS McCULLY, li r Hubbard, Ohio. LI VE1T.Y Boardinq and Sale Stable. THE undersigned having purchased the Interest f Peter Fnlk In the new sta ble at the rear of the National House, are prepared to accommodate their patrons with new equipages, of all varieties, single and double, all of the newest styles and nninish. all In good condition, and will be let at reasonable rates. Hearse and carriages fur- nifcneu ror iunerais. -i ne neat of care given boardine stock. BAKT'IT A UERZOU. Mav 24. Igil-t T EGAL NOTICE. I 1 manda Siinsdn. Joseph O. W. 8tinson. nansas; Oliver Ross and his wife, Aman Koea. whose residence Isunknown ; Har riet cMinsou ana toe otner neirs-at-iaw, whose names are unknown, of Archibald P. Stlnson, all of whom are supposed to reside near Elizabethtown, In the State of New Jersey; Joseph Fry, who lives in the State Pennsylvania; Luclnda A. Fry, Eliza beth A. Fry and James M. Fry, helrs-at-iaw Elizabeth t ry. dee d, wbo are supposed live In the State of Iowa ; John Dlotra- pbus blinson, Thomas Jenersou Stlnson and the other heirs-at-law of Frederick W, Stlnson, deceased, whose names are un known, and residence of all of which is unknown; W lliiam Agen. Ellsworth Hutch us and his wile, Phebe Hutcbina; John Shank and his wife, Mary AnnShank,Chaa. Curry and bis wile, Hannah E. Curry; aud Silas B. Agen, of Hancock County, Slate ol Ohio: John C. Oilloil, James Gllfoil, Joseph uitioii,Micnaei uiuou and 1 nomas at unan. heiis-at-law of Zilpha M'Ghan. whose resi dence is nnknown, are hereby notified that the Mahoning coal Railroad Co., bave Bled their petition In the Probate Court of Trum bull County, In the State of Ohio, the object and purpose of which Is praying for the proper proceedings in said Court to appro priate to the use of said Company, a portion the land of the said neraona above named owned by them Jointly, with other heirs of james etinson, situate in Lot No. 4, in tbe township of Hubbard, which lands are de scribed in said petition, to be used by said Railroad Co., for the purpose or the con struction of the Railroad of the Company. The quantity of land so sought to be appro priated being 51-100 of an acre. Said petition will be for hearing en the 2GU) day of Angust, A. D. 1872. at lu o'clock, m.. as to tbe preliminary inquiries porvl ded by law, and on the 7th dav of Septem ber A. D. ISTi. at 10 o'clock, a. m at which timea yon are notified to appearand defend said action, or Judgment will be taken as piayed for in said petition. Taylor a jones, Att'ys for tbe Mabonlng Coal Railroad Co. July 10, 1S72-61 EGAL NOTICE. JLJWt iiliam Hill, whose residence Is nn- known, will take notice that on the SStlt day June, ltiTV Emily Hill filed In the Court Common Pleas of Trumbull County, O., ber petition against him praying foradisao lotlon of the marriage contract between them and for the cut tody of their minor child, Mary HilL allegln as cause, wilful absence for more tban three years last past. Said cause will be for trial at tbe next term said Court. By T. I.GILLMER, July 17.1872. her Attorney. EXECUTOR'S NOTICE. Notice is hereby given that the nnder sigued has been appointed and qualified as Executor of tbe last will and testament of George M. Stiles, late of Warren, O., dee'd. T. M. STILES. Warren, July jl, 187S-St. EGAL NOTICE. j Daniel Thomas, whose residence Is nn kuown, bnt supposed to be In tbe State of Iowa, will take notice that on tbe 24th day July. 1872. Elizabeth Thomas filed In tbe Court of Common Pleasof Trumbull county H udio, oer petition agaiu.i. miu, praying lor dissolution of the marrl&ge contract be tween them, to be restored to her former name, and for alimony, cause alleged, ex treme cruelty, and habitual drunkenness. Said cause will be for trial at the next urm said Court, commencing Sept. 9, 1872. By her Attorneys, H (JTCHINS, TTTTLE A STULL. July SI, 1872-61 I. L. Fuller. at In of I Wabbiw, July 10, 1871 ALLISON PRIG STORE, No. 19 Main Street. Have the largest and best assortment pure DRUGS AND MEDICINES In Warren. We make liberal discount to Physicians We have Just purchased a large and complete assoi tment of TRtTSSBS. Infants', Chlldrens' and Adult Sixes. SHOULDER BRACES, The vry best kind. Large assortment of FLORE 5 CE HAIR BRUSHES, RUBBER C0XBS, FRENCH PERFUMERY, and a general variety of toilet articles. GIVE lrSA CALL. July 10-2mo. WM. HAPGOOD. REDUCTION IN PASSAGE RATES ! I NCHOR LINE STEAMERS. J Sail every KVdnextay and Baturdag. passengers booked to and irom any Railway Station or Seaport In Great Britain, Ireland, Norway, Hweaen, Denmark, uermany. France. Holland. Belgium, and the United eiates. cabin rare from new yuksiol-iiiiiujc, LIVERPOOL, GLASGOW and DERRY by Wednesday's Steamers 160. uy Saturday Steamers 0a and I.e. EXCURSION TICKETS, $140. INTERMEDIATE, t3S; BTEERAOE, ISS, ail payable in currency. Parties sending for their friends in theOld Country can purchase tickets at lowest rates. For further particulars apply to the Agents, HLL'.n0uri onuinLna,! duw Huk Green. N. Y or to T. J. McLAIN A SON. Warren. O. Un . ItKZ-lyr A VERY DESIRABLE HOUSE AND LOT FOR SALE On BazettaSU. lu me city or w arren. known as toe earni nrooertv. House new. lartr. and convent ent; excellent cellar, two good barns, and other out buildings all in aood repair. Will be sold on easy tenn;s. Call at the office of Ratlin Moses, Market SU,orat tba store oi g earns.a tara v, m ain m. i apr. lo-ix. USE THE RED HORSE POWDER, FOR ALL GENERAL DISEASES OF STOCK & POULTRY RKFFERRXCE8: Hone Cured of Gtandert Aaron Bnvder'a. U. S. Assistant Assessor. Mount Aetna. Pa C Bacon's, Livery and Exchange Stable, helm's, Danville, Pa A. Kliis's. Merchant, WaablnKtonville. Pa. J.Nice Sioanaker'a. Jersey Shore, Pa. Jione vureaof img fever. nest at Bro a. Aiewisourg, i'a 11 arte Cured of Cblic Thomas Cllnran'a. uijiou ooumy, I a. Hogt Cured of Cnofera. H. Barr'a, H, at A Cadwallader'a. Milton. tout Cured. Dr. Mc'Cleerv's. J. H. M'Cor- mic-K's, Milton, ra. thicken Cured of Cholera and Gape. Dr. D. T. Krebs's, Watson town. Pa Dr. U. Q. DavU a, C. W. Sticker's Jobn and James Finney's. Milton. Pa. Hundreds more could be cited whose stock was saved by using me nea tiorse ravaer. prepared by CYRUS BROWN. Druniat. Chemist and Horseman, at his Wholesale and Retail Drug and Chemical Ejnporum, no. an Broadway, Milton, pa. For sale by H. G. Slralton Co.. Warren. Ohio. Bold At wholesale, by U. U. Stratum uo., warren, u at manuiacturers prices tjune.ja. m&' CHERIFF'S SALE. O rfae State of Ohio, Trumbull County, as. James Caaslday, vs. 1 In Trumbull Com- Vmon Pl Ezra Haskell. etaL J By vlrtne of an order of sale issued ont of the Court of Common Pleas, of Trumbull County. Ohla, in Uie above named case, to me directed and delivered, I have levied upon and shall expose to public sale, at the door of thi Court House In the city of Warren, vrmo, on Saturday, Aorrnst 10th, A. D. 1873, at one o'clock p. m. of said day. the follow ing described real estate, (subject to tba dower estate of Ann Haskell in 30 acres therefrom, assigned to her in the north-east Dart of said premises, to wit : In the town ship of Lord town, in said county and State, being an undivided two-fifths of one hun dred and twenty-nve acres of land, being parts of lots five and six In said township, and being the same land of which Moses uaakeii died seized. Appraised at 9 . Terms Cash. G. W. DICKINSON. Sheriff. Sheriff's Office, Warren. O. July 10 1872-St SHERIFF'S SALE. The State of Ohio, Trumbull County, Eliott Knapp, 1 In Trumbull Com' Al. L. A Boxana Cutler.J yi. Mnonrceaa. By virtue of an venditioni exvona Issued ont of the court of Common Pleas of Trum bull CoM Ohio, in the above named case, to me directed and delivered. 1 nave levied ODon and shall expose to Dublie sale at the door of the Court Hons In the city of War ren, o., on Saturday, August 10th, A. D. 1S72 at two o'clock, p. m. of said day, the follow ing aescnoea tana ana tenements, to-wit: tiln.t. In t V. u wn.hin 1 ...... ti.,i.l county of Trumbull and State or Ohio, and bouuded as follows: on the south by lands owned by J. K. Wing ; on the west by lands owned by Henry Haskell ; on the north and east by the old plank or Slate road, and contains within aid boundaries, 12 acres of land, be the same more or leas. Appraised at siuu.uu. "t erms uasn. G. W. DICKINSON. Sheriff. Sheriff's Office. Warren. 0 July 10. lurSt I EGAL NOTICE. J Court of Common Pleas. Trumbull Co, ijuio, John Smith, vs. Robert Otis, Henry H. Otis. Lucy Otis and Mary L. B. Otis. Henry H. Otis and Mary L. B. Otis, whose place of residence is unknown, will take not.ee that on the 9th day of July, A. D. W:John Smith filed his petition in tbe Court of Common Pleas within and for the County of Trumbnll, and State ef Ohio, against the said Robert Otis, Henry H. Otis, Aucy otis ana Mary x,. ts. otis aeienuania, setting forth that said defendants gave a mortgage to the said John Smith, on cer tain lauds situate in tbe township of John ston, and bounded and described as follows: Known as part of Lot No. In lnt division of lands in said township, and Is bounded as follows: commencing at tbe north-east corner of lands owned by Henry Simonds and running north on west line of lands owned by Daniel Dunbar, 5 rods to lands owned by Eliza A. Chase; thence west 20 rods to the center of the north and south center road leading to the center of Gusta vus; thence south 6 rods; thenee east 20 rods to the place of beginning, containing 100 rods of land, to secure the payment of four hundred and early dollars, with interest from April 11, 1S71, and praying that aaid defendants may pay said anm now claimed to be due, with Interest as aforesaid, or that said premises may ne sold topa tne asme, and that the said Henry H. Otis and Mary L. B. Otis, are notified tbat they are required to appear and anawer said petition by tbe lllsl day of Angust, A. D. 1871, or tbe same will be taken as confessed, and judgment ana aecree renaerea acooruingiy. R. W. RATLIFF. Att'y for Jobn bmltta, July 10. 1S72 6t SHERIFF'S SALE. The State of Ohio. Trumbnll County. William Bailey, ) In Tram bull Com vs. man pleas. John W Leydi; et. aL J By virtueof anofiasorderof salelrsaedout the Conrt of Common Pleas, of Trumbull County Ohio, In the above named rase to me directed and delivered, i nave levied nnnn and aball exnose to public sale at the door of the Court House in the city of War ren, Ohio, on Saturday, Aug-. 10, A. D. 1872. t o'clock, n. m. of aald day. the follow ing described lands and tenements. Situate the townshlnof Huubard. In aaid county and State, being a certain Lot of land and nniiaings situate tnereon, ana anown as rt of Lot 56 in the original survey of Lots 3bard, commencing at the north- eat corner of part of said Lot 66 aa now owned by "W illiam Brlsblne, and In tbe center of tbe north and south center road said Hubbard; thence west 12 rods; thence north 7 rods ; thence east 12 rods; thence south 7 rods to tbe place of beginning, con taining 84 rods of land. Appraised at aiuw. lennavmsn. G. W. DICKINSON. Sheriff. Sheriff's Office. Warren. 0 July 10 1872-1& ARM FOR SALE. The north-west corner farm In Lords- lutrn. (excentine onel conslstlnkof onehun. dred and fifty-four acres of choice land. In good repair, new bouse and barn, good or chard, and about forty acres choice limber. Terms easy. Apply to. H.J.LANE, J uly si-4t warren city. T7STATE of Horace "Wolcott, dee'd. iNotlce is hereby liven tbat the onder- sigued has been appointed Executor of the estate of Horace Wolcott, late of Farming- ton, irumouu county ,odio. dec d. w . n. muuiAD, jtx . Farmlngton, July 31. 1872-3t. in on la of for THE CHRONICLE POETICAL ASTRONOMY. Tba following lines may be both Interest ing and nsefnl to some In remembering tbe order of tbe planets in tbelr solar system : MERCURY. "First Mercury, amid full tides of light. iwiiii U7AI fcuvouu iu urr u.iiviii iq ui Ail that dwell here must be refined and pure. Bodies like ours such ardor csn't endure. Our Earth would blaze beneath so fierce a ray. And all ber marble mountain! melt away," Distance from the Sun, 37.000,000 miles. VENUS. "Fair Venus next fulfills her larger round. With softer beams and fairer glory crown'd. Friend of mankind she glitters from afar. Now the bright evening, now the morning star." Distance from tbe Sun, 68.000,000 miles. EARTH. "Next in her turn, onr Earth comes rolling on. And forms a wider circle round the Bun, Witb ber the Moon attendant ever dear. Her course attending through tbe shining year." Distance from tbe Sun, K.000,000 miles. MARS. "Without our sphere the sanguine Mars dis plays A stroue- reflection of prlmevial rays. See Mars alone rnns his appointed race. And measures out exact the destl ned spase. Nor nearer does he wind, nor farmer away, Butflutlslhe point where first be rolled away." Distance from the Sun, 115,0.0,01.1 miles. JUPITER. "Still more remote from days cheering source. Vast Jupiter performs bis constant course. Four friendly moons with borrowed luster rise. Bestow their beams benign, and light bis skies," Distance from theSun, 490,000,000 miles. SATURN. "Bnt farther yet the tardy Saturn "ags. And eight attendant luminaries drags, Investingwtihadoublering bis face. He circles through Immensity of space." Distance from the Sun, UO0,0o0,0uu miles. URANUS. "Farthest and last, scarce wanned by Phoe bus' rays. Through his large orbUranns wheels away. How great tbe change could we be wafted there! How strange the seasons, and bow slow the year I Strange snd amazing as tbe difference be. 'Twixt this dull planet and bright Mercury, Yet reason says nor can we doubt at ail, Millions of beingsdwell on either ball. With constitutions fitted for tbat spot. Where Providence all wise has fixed their lot." Distance from tbe Sun. 1,800,000 miles. NEPTUNE. As Neptune Is the last, and so far, tbe most distant planet discovered, connected with the solar system, we have seen no nnetrv aa In the case of the others noticed: as Uranus at that time was considered the most distant planet. Beyond Uranus' orb. In distant skies, Neptune's vast circuit. In the distance lies, Wbat heat, or light, or beings, gild bis n'ains. Or high Intelligence, this world sustains. Is far beyond inougDt s loftiest nigm loscan. wnoaroops ner wing ana owns me u iu vain. Nacth.cs. It la well known, for Frederick Douglass himself has sounded the alarm, that unusual efforts are being but forth bv the Koman lamoiics to convert the Southern negroes to the faith. Most of these simple-hearted children of sorrow are now attached to the Methodist and the Baptist churches, whose worship is character ized by a fervor and simplicity pecu liarly attractive to me nwrro mina. It is probable that serious difficulties will be experienced in attempting to break in upon tins lascioauon witn new doctrines and an elaborate cere monial. Says the Ohio Statetman : The missionaries doubtless count much on the fervid imagination of the necrro race, their docility under spiritual guidance, and on the fact that wherever they have been bro't under the influence of the Romau Catholic Cbcrcb, as iu Lousiana.Flor ida, the West Indies, and South America, tney nave Deen its aevotea children. It should be remembered, however, that the negro is generally faithful to early impressions and tra ditions; and we suspect that it would prove quite as difficult to convert the colored Romau Catholics of Lousi ana to Protestantism as to induce their brethren of other States to cease to be Methodist or Baptists." PROGRESS OF ENTERPRISE. "With railways increasing their mi- leace at a rote of twenty per cent, per annum.and their touage twenty-three per. cent, per annum, tne young ana vigorous element which is now con ducting the most important business interest of the ace has scarce an idea of the conditiou of affairs as they ex isted thirty years ago. These men no doubt remember well the sensation they ex petienced the first time they heard the shriek of a locomotive, but their sensations were in no wise of guch character as those which fi led the ears and hearts of older men who had been watching the progress of events with breathless interest in their declining years, and wbo at last were gratified to see a beginning of the end promised them by long cher ished hope. One who is not familiar with tbe condition of commerce, manufacture, and transportation, as they existed even a quarter ot a century ago, in this country, can form no idea of tbe magnitude of the later developments. The tedious climbing of mountains coaches, tbe slow movement of canal boat, the small number of steamboats and sailing vessels on our rivers and lakes as compared wan tne Dresent. and the one man men wuo traveled on business to the thousand who now travel on business, are but slight illustialionsof the change, the progress, the achievements and the wealth which has resulted from the application of American enteiprise aud American genius. Then tbe arrival and departure oi sixty stage coaches at Pittsburgh would bave Deen consiaereua miguty wonder. Now tbe arrival and depar ture of sixty passenger trains at Pitta- hur!?h is no wonder at an. men tne movement of one hundred passengers per day between BulTalo and Chicago made business brisk and the Great West a thriving, promising country. Now the movement oi one ttiousauu Dassengers ter day, or even live thou aand, does not effect tbe public pulse auy stronger. A ton oi man per oay any mail route was considered enormous. Twenty-flve tons per day new considered but a trifle on many routes. And when we know tbat every branch of commercial and industrial business has increased in a ratio to corresDond with the swell of travel. we eet a faint glimpse of the extent tbe progress of tbe affairs of the country. Electric lips hold converse between Boston and New Orleans, and steam, engineering and powerful machinery supply our entire popula tion in a day with that which could not before be supplied in twelve months. The voung blood of to day is apt to look upon its predecessors with a feel ing of contempt, as if more was not done for want of energy and a just appreciation of the greatness of the future: but tne lime oi tnose years long past was spent in paving the way for the magnificent present in giving birth to means, and brains, and enterprise which should be used the development of the future. And the end is not yet American Manufacturer. It is now said that the Colorcdo desert was once the bed of the sea. Careful instrumental observations have lately been made which seem to establish tbe fact beyond doubt, prov ing that either through the gradual exhaustion of the sources of water supoly, or through some more sudden natural convulsion, tbe beat of the continent, once occupied by a vast expanse of water, has been drained, witnin a comparatively snort space oi time, and changed to dry land. a a HIGHLY INTERESTING LETTER FROM DR. LIVINGSTONE. Horrors of the African Slave Trade. The following is an extract of Dr. Livingstone's letter to tbe N. Y. Her- gstone aid, received by cable from London : In trying to make the eastern A fri es slave trade better kuown to Americans, I indulge tbe hope that I am aiding, although in a small degree the good time coming yet when sla very as well as piracy will lie chased from the world. Many have but a faint idea of tbe evils that trading in slaves inflicts on the victims and au thors of its atrocities. The slaves gen erally, and especially those on the West coast,at Zanzibar and elsewhere. are extremely ugly. I bave no preju dice against their color, indeed, any one wbo lives lour among mem for gets they are black, and feels they are just fellow men, .tsui low, retreating foreheads, prognathous jaws, long heels, and other physical peculiarities common amongslavesand West A f ft can negroes, always awaken some feelings of aversion. I would not ut ter a syllable calculated to press down either class more deeply in the mire in which it is already sunk, but I wish to point out that these are not typical Aincaua any more tnau typical .n glisbmen. and tbat the natives on nearly all the high lands of the interi or continent are as a ruie lair average snecimeus of humanity. I happen ed to be nresent when all the bead men of the great chief Msama who lives west of the sou in end or rangy anyka, came together to make peace with certain Arabs who had burned their chief town, and I am certain one could not see more nneiy formed, in tellectual beads in any assembly 1 London or Paris, and faces and forma corresponded with finely shaped heads. Msana himself bad been a sort of Nanoleon for fighting and conquer ing in his younger days. Many of the women are very pretty, and, like all ladies, would bave been much Drettier if they had only let them selves alone. Fortunately the dears could not change charming black eyes beautiful foreheads, nicely rounded limbs, well sbaned foims and ima hands and feet, but must adorn them selves. And this they do oh, the hussies by filing splendid teetn to point like cat's teeth. They are not blank, hut of a light warm brown color. Cazembe's Queen, Moana Nyombe by name, would be esteemed a real beauty either in London, Paris or New York, and yet she rade a strall hi le through the cartilage near the top of her nne, siiguuy atiuuiue nofu The Doctor details the peculiarities of a neonle called Rua. and tells or number of them who were captives dvinor of broken hearts. 'Ihey had no complaint but pain in the heart, and they nointed out its seat correctly, thnnirh many believe the heart to be situated underneaih the top of the sternum or breast bone. I his, to me, was the most startling deain x ever SAW. The watershed is a broad Deit, tiee covered unland. some seven hundred miles in length from west to east. The general altitude is Deiween iou: and rlva thousand feet above the sea and mountains stand on it at various rxiinta. which are between six and thousand feet above the ocean level. On this watershed springs arise whir-h am well nigh Innumerable.- These unrincs ioiu each other and form brooks, which again converge ai.d become rivers, or say streams of twentv. forty or eighty yards, that never dry. All flow toward the center of an immense valley, which I be lieve to be tbe vailey of tbe Nile. In this trough we have at first three large rivr. Then all unite iDto one enor mous lacustrine rierthe central line of drainage, which I name WeOD Lualnba. In this great valley there are five great lakes, oje near the up per end is called Lake Bemba, or more properly Bangwolo, but it is not a source oi tue -t-wie, ior uu ii;n n er betrins in a lake. It is supplied by a rivpr called Ghambezi and t-everai others, which may be considered sour ces, aud out of it flows the larger river Luapula, which enters Lake Moera and comes out as the great lake river Lualaba to form Lake Komolondo, west of Komolondo. But still in tbe trreat valley lies Lake Lincoln, which i nnmB aa mv tribute of love to the erest and good man America enioyea for some lime ana tost, unuui mire - , i . r r .u ...... (rrpat. rivers I mentioned, Bartle, Freres or LuQra, falls into the Komo londo. and Lake Lincoln oecomes a lacustrine river, and it too joins the ctntral liue of drainage, but lower down; and all these united form the fifth lake, which the slaves sent to me instead of men forced me to my irreat grief to ieave as the unKnown ifep. Rv mv reckoning, the chro- nnmetem being all dead, it is five de grees or longitude west oi speae s po sition at Uiiii. This makes it proba. h e that the great lacustrine river m th valley is the western branch of Pptlierick'a Nile, the branch which Sueke. Grant and Baker believed to hp the river of Egypt. If correct, this would make it the I He only alter all the Bahar Ghazel entered the east ern arm. I found that mighty river left its washing and flowed rightaway to the north, the two great western drains, the Luflra and Tomaine, run ning north-west before joining the central line, or main. Webb's Luala ba told that the western side of the great valley was high like the eastern, and as this main is reported to go into large reedy lakes, it can scarcely be augbt else than the western arm of the Nile. But besides all this, in wich it is quite possible I may be mistaken, we have two fountains, or probably the seventh hundred miles of water shed, and giving rise to two rivers, the Leambia or Upper Zambezi and the Kafne. which flow into inner Ethiopia; and two fountains are re ported to rise in the same quarter, and forming the Lufiraand Tomaine, flow, as we have seen, to the nort h. The country abounds in food of all kinds, and the rich soil raises every thing planted in great luxuriance. A friend of mine tried rice, and in be tween three and four months the crop increased one hundred and twenty foid. Three measures of s ed yielded three hundred and sixty measures. The maize is so abundant that I have seen forty-five loads each above sixty pounds weight, given fcr a single goat. Maize dura, or uolcus, sorghum, hen- nistum. cassava, sweet potatoes ana yams furnish in no stinted measure larnaceous ingreaients ior aiet. x-bhij oil, ground nuts and a forest tree afford fatty material looa.. xiananas.auu nlnntaina are in great Profusion, and tiie sugar cane, the saccharine, the nalm toddv beer of bananas, tobacco and vague canabis, salina '.luxuries of lire, and villages swarm wun kuu sheen, hoes. Digs and fowls, while elephants, buffalo and zebras and gokos or goi illas yield to expert hun ters plenty of nitrogenous ingredients of human food. Kxail Culture. In the district of Champagne the cultivators bave made good some of their losses by the war the rearing of snails for the Paris market, where tney onng irom two to three francs per Hundred, anu which are known bv the name ot Champagne oysters. During the summer, after a heavy dew or rain, the peasants catch tbe snails as they crawl out, with bouse on back, for a promenade; contractors buy up the mollusk, iuclose them in a kind of park, fatten them on salads, thyme, mint narslev. etc. When large enough not to pass through a ring of cerlain size, they are fit for the table or are supposed to be. Florida Is the only State in the I Unio.i without a daily paper. Iky. j-ibly COMETS. An adventurer astronomically In clined predicts tbat a terrific comet will apar in the heavens during the coming month of AususL Hesavsit will appear as large as the sun, can be een in the daytime and will turn mgbt into day. He further says that it wilt intercept the earth in its flight around tne sun, win rnrce the earth from its prevent orbit and dash It into Aslerottial" fragments, bucb a ca tostrophe to our planet and the con sequent summary end of the human race is not a pleasant subject to con template, but we have no faith li thee predictions of cometary colli sions aud "consequent" disasters. Ihere are many comets floating about in the Solar System, but they all seem to be regulated by fixed laws which preclude the probability of frightful collisions. It is true that comets have approached planets and remained in close proximity for weeks and months, but in every instance on record without any apparent damage to the planets. Comets may have their orbits changed by coming in close proximity to a planet without producing any perceptible influence upon the planet or its satellites. The comet of 1770 fell in with the moons of Jupiter, in June, 1779, and was not separated from them until tbe follow ing October, but the motions of Jupi ter and its moons were in no sense in fluenced by the contact. - On tbe oth er hand the orbit of the comet was so changed that it performed a revolu tion once In fifty instead of five and I half years. It has since been power fully attracted by Jupiter, and has been thrown into a third orbit re quiring a period of twenty yeara to accomplish Its revolution. I bis com et came very near the earth but pro duced no sensible effect upon the length of the year or upon its physi cal condition. These circumstances indicate that these bodies contain small amount of matter, and are com' paiatively harmless in their nature. Another important thing is also in dicated by the facts above recited. If tbe comet of 1770 was entangled four months among tne satellites of Jupi ter and then separated from them taking a new and long orbit was there hot a repelling as well as a centripetal force which guided the comet in its course? ' If that comet was repelled by Jupiter, may we not inftr that other planets under a similar Jaw would repel comets before they come sufficiently near to cause barm. - We have no doubt of such a law which has been established for the safety and perpetuity of the planetary sys tem. A comet may contain a suffi cient quantity of matter to. produce disastrous results if permitted to oaah against the earth, but we do not be lieve the laws of nature will permit such a resnlt. Besides all this, comets are so irreg ular in their times of revolution it is Impossible for any astronomer to cal cuiate with any degree of accuracy where the earth will be In its orbit upon the return of comets of long perioua, wune tnose or snort periods are Known to oe out or our way. w i move at the rate of over one aud one half millions of miles per day, around the sun, and as all comets of long periods are irregular in their returns to their peranelious it is impossible for any man to predict a collision with any degree of certainty. An error of twenty days In calculation would carry us more than thirty millions of miles from the supposed point of dan ger, so that we would stand a fai chance of escape even if the earth did not possess the power of repelling sucn unwelcome visitors. We advise our readers to give them' selves no uneasiness about the suy posed approach of this comet of terrific proportions. There are no good rea sons for apprehending danger. Many repine and wonder at tbe accumulation of their misfortunes and disappointments, when their own selfishness causes the greater share of them. They expect tbe world to yield to them of its abundance, witb little enort on their part; and if neighbors do not fly to their assist ance every time their services could be or use, no matter how great the in convenience, they are directly set down as no friends. Tbe fact is, people generally have enough to do to keep thrift in their own homes, and those wbo prosper most expect to serve themselves and do so cheerfully and energetically. It a farmer neglects his Held, and It fails to yield corn and wheat enough to support bis family, it does not fol low that another man is bound to give him or sell below a fair rate from his well-filled granaries. If a man abuses himself In dissipa tion and finally sinks down sick, and prostrated in mind, body and pocket. his friends are not bound to support him. Generosity and kindness of heart prompt those kindly services which are often received as rights. Jivery man and woman Is responsi ble for themselves so far as they are well and or sound mind, and when each rouses up resolved to help them selves tbe world will be happier, ror then the burdens or life will be more evenly distributed. Elm Oblou. LIBERAL CONSISTENCY. President Grant appointed Thomas Murphy Collector of the port of New York. Horace Greeley and Senator teuton op pose J the appointment on political grounds. The Tribune re garded the appointment as a political blunder, and Senator Fenton was ter- severe on tbe President for ap pointing a Democrat to so Important an onice. The urioune aevotea col umn after column to prove Murnby Democrat, and dared Murphy to deny the charge which it made that be had voted for John T. Hoffman, the Dem ocratic Governor of New York. Feu- ton was equally aggressive, and con sidered the lact that jviurpny naa voted for Hoffman "the sum of all villainies " and the fact that should secure his instant removal from office. The investigation into custom house affairs in New York resulted in vin dicating the Collector's personal in tegrily, and proving the charges raised aeainst bis official character false and malicious. But, in the esti mation of Greeley and Fenton, tbe uncontradicted fact that he had voted for Governor Hoffman was the un pardonable sin which they could nev er forgive, jnow marK tne consisten cy of these very liberal politicians. A Tew montns only nave intervened since these gentlemen thought a vote for Governor Hoffman was tbe grav est of political crimes. Now they are hand and heart witn tnis same wonn Hoffman, doing their best to furth- r his interest as a Democrat, and he in turn using all his influence to advance their treasonable movement against the Republican party. The very man that Greeley aud Fenton once -thought it a political crime to vote for is now the leader of Greeley's cause in the fcjlate of New York. This piece of consistency is in keeping with the whole movement. It proves one of two conclusions i Either these men were honest or hypocritical when they objected to Mr. Murphy-on the grounds of bis having voted for Hoff man. If they were honest then they are dishonest now. If they were dis honest theri, how much credit can we allow them for honesty wow! - . -. a. The "Fat Contributor," in nomina ting himself for tbe Presidency, says: 1 am tbe special friend oi tne labor ing man. No one likes to see a man work better than I do. In fact, I had rather see a man work than work my self. . This is a noble sentiment, and one that will prove popular. Smiggles savs that his idea of a grain elevator is realized in rye whis- ed so the the by to Perilous Yoyage in A Balloon. A. perilous balloon ascension was performed In Chicago, July 4th, from the corner of Madison and Elizabeth Streets. - No basket was nsed, a trapeze of the size commonly used by circus performers being suspended beiow. When tbe balloon was filled, thirty persons kept it to the earth with diffi culty. . The aerouaut in position, and tbe guys loosed, it shot into the air with extraordinary rapidity. The athlete held by one leg as he left the level of the earth. At the height of a thousand feet, he performed a sum mersault, and lay horizontally acmes tbe bar. As the ascent continued, he performed a variety of feats, ending, when nearly the height of a mile had been reached, by sliding, head down ward, from the ring and catching his toes upon the bar. After keeping this position for a while, he carefully drew himself upon tbe bar and so continued through the remainder of almost too fresh for comfort upon the tbe voyage. The atmosphere was face of the earth, but at tbe height of a mile and a half, which was soon reached, the cold became Intense. Clouds were around him. and. occa sionally. afield of mist passed beneath his feet. From below, only the gray body of the balloon was visible. Those ho looked intently could just espy little speck below it tbat was all. Until tbe height of a mile was gained, tbe fresh northern breeze was sweeping tbe balloon rapidly toward the east and Lake Michigan. The danger was Imminent, and he bad made no preparations. The balloon was speedily carried over the lake, which was reached near Sixteenth street, The last weight was loosened, an a large part of the gas having escaped the balloon began to descend rapidly, and at last struck the tree tops two miles from shore. Being encumbered ny the cord or the trapeze, he diseu tangled nimseir, cut it loose irom th balloon, and clung to tbe ring an network. The wind carried the bal loon rapidly in a south-west direction to the shore, and he was rescued still. almost dead with cold and badly bruised. I Perilous Yoyage in A Balloon. Patrick Henry in Court--His Brilliant Defense of the Indicted Preachers. Tbe intolerance of the Established Church Mr. Parton illustrates by tbe case of three Baptist preachers wbo were arraigned as disturbers tbe peace" . before magistrates who were determined to convict them. Patrick Henry rode fifty miles to de fend them, and the following account is given of his performance it was more than a speech on that occa sion : He entered the court house while the prosecuting attorney was reading tbe indictment. He was a stranger to most of tbe spectators, and, being dressed in the country manner, his entrance excited no remark. When the prosecutor had finished his brief opening, the new comer loot tne in diet men t. and glancing at it with an expression of puzzled incredulity, be gau to speak in tbe tone of a man who has just beard something too astonishing for belief. May it please- year Worships, think I beard read by the prosecutor, as I entered tbe bouse, tee paper now hold in my nana, ii i nave rightly understood, the King's attor ney has framed an indictment for tbe purpose of arraigning and punishing by imprisonment tnese turee inonen- sive persons befoie the bar of this Court for a crime of great magnitude i disturbers or tbe peace. Alay it please the Court, what did I hear read? Did x near it aisunctiy, or was it a mistake of my own? Did I hear an expression as of a crime, tbat these men. whom your Worships are about to try for misdemeanors, are charged with wun what t Having delivered Lnese words in a baiting, broken manner, as if his mind was staggering under the weight of a monster idea, he lowered iiia voice to its deepest bass, and, assu ming the ptofoundest solemnity of manner, answered hia own question: Preaching the Gospel or the ton or God !" "Then he paused. Every eye was now rivited upon mm, ana every mind intent: for all this was executed as a Kean or a Siddons would have performed it on the stage- eye, voice, attitude, gesture, all in accord, to the utmost possibility ot enecu Amid silence that could be leit, ne waived tbe indictment three times around bis head, aa though still amazed stiil una ble to comprehend the charge. "Then b raised his hands and his eves to Heaven, and. in a tone of pa' thetic euergy wholly indescribable ex claimed : 'Great God I "At this point, such was the power of his delivery, that the audience re lieved their feelings by a burst oi signs and tears. The orator continued "Mav it nlease your Worships, in a day like this, when truth is about to burst her fetters, when mankind are about to be aroused to claim their natural and inalienable rights, when the voke of oppression that has reach ed the wilderness of America, and the unnatural alliance of ecclesiasti and civil powers are about to be dissevered at such a period, when iberty, liberty of conscience, is about to wake from hersiumoeringsana in quire into the reasons of such char gesaslflnd exhibited here to-day. Here occurred another of bis appal liug pauses, during which be cast piercing looks at the iudges. and at me three clergymen arraigued. l hen resuming, be thrilled every nearer oy nis favor ite device of repetition. "If I am not deceived according to the con tents of the paper I now hold in my hand these men are accused oi preaching the Gospel of the Hoa of God I He waived the document three times around his head, as though still lost in wonder, and then with the same electric atutuae oi appeal to heaven, he irasped 'Great God !' This was louowea by anotner burst of feeling from the spectators; and again this master of effect plung into the tide of his discnurse : . "May it lease your Worships, there are periods In the history oi man when corruption and depravity have long debased the human cnaracier. that man sinks uuuer tne weight oi tbe oppressor's band becomes his abject slave. He licks the hand that smites him. He bows in passive obe dience to the mandates of the despot; and, in this state of servility, ne re ceivfcs the fetters of perpetual bon dage. But, may it please your Wor ships, such a day has passed, from tbat period when our fathers left tbe land of their nativity for these Ameri can wilds, from the moment they placed their feet on tbe American con tinent, from that moment despotism was crushed, the fetters of darkness were broken, and heaven decreed that man should be free, free to worship God according to the Bible. In vain ere all their sufferings and blood shed to subjugate this New World, if we, their oitspnng, must sun be op pressed and persecuted. But, may it please your Worships, ptrmlt me to enquire once more forwhat are these men about to be tried? ibis paper says 'for preaching the Gospel of saviour to Adam s fallen race :' Again be paused. For the third time he slowly waved the indictment around his head; and then turning to judges, looking them run in tne face, exclaimed with the most impres sive effect 'What laws bave they vio lated?1 The whole assembly was now painfully moved and excited. The presiding judge ended the scene saying '(sheriff discbarge these menl'" .., . . Stanley Matthews, one of the origina tors of the "Liberal" movement, intends vote for Grant and Wilson, Defense of the Indicted Preachers. JAMES A. GARFIELD. Speech of Mon. James A. Garfield at the Congressional Convention of the Nineteenth District at Warren, July 31st, 1872. Gentlemen ov the Convention and Eellow Citizens: I should do injustice to myself if I did not in tbe strongest term express my gratitude and my gratification for this renewed proof of your confidence and appro val in unanimously nominating me to represent this disttict in the forty third Congress. Ten years ago.while I was in tbe field, you first chose me as your Representative in Congress. The period which has elapsed since then has been filled with events of the nioet important and startlinz char acter. The problems, which have confronted the nationel Legislature have been of more tban ordinary difficulty, but through them all Ihave enjoyed tbe benefit of your counsels nd have felt the strength of your con- "tan support. You have never asked me to be tbe mere echo of tbe party voice or the unquestioning follower of party. Few Congressional districts have had a nobler record than this. With no city in its limits largo enough to attract those elements which cor rupt and poison the fountains of poli tical power, with a population equally removed from distressing poverty .and from the excess of wealth which sometimes brings with it a disregard of the rights and interests of others; with a high average of intelligence and habits of rea vi ing and indepen dently judging of public affairs, the people of this district, for more than ball a century .have held, and express ed bold and independent opinions on all public questions. During that whole period they bave supported and defended their representatives in maintaining an independent position in the national Legislature, and when ever be has acted with honest and intelligent courage in the interest of truth, they bave generously sustained nim, even when he has dinered rrom them in minor matters of opinion and policy. Another circumstance is also worthy of notice. There is in- this District no one great interest which overshadows all others, and compels its representative to become the spe cial advocate of one interest to the neg lect of all others. This is a national constituency. That course of legUla - tion and administration which will best subserve tbe interests oCthe whole country will also be best for the peo ple or this district. You can hardly realize what confi dence and strength it gives) a -representative to know that he has suen a district behind him. It enables him to aid in maintaining for the nationel legislature tbat position of indepen dent judgment which holds undis turbed tbe balance of power bet een tbe co-ordinate branches or. the gov eminent. It is not in accordance witb the spirit of onr government that rep resentatives should be chosen on the merits or demerits of the Presiuent.or of auy party leader, nor should an executive be chosen to share his pow ers with members of Congress. It was the anxious care ot the founders of this republic, that tbe co-ordinate branches of the government should each, as far aa possible,' be indepen dent in its own sphere.: The indepen dence of the legislaturedependa upon the independent action of its mem bers, and tbat in turn upon the inde pendent character and spirit of the people who choose them. - - -Tbe discussion of this topic leads me to consider a subject which at the present moment occupies the front rank in national questions, and on which much will be said on both sides during the coming campaign; I allude to the ' i REFORM IN OUR CIVIL SERVICE. No man whose vision is not utterly blinded by partisan reeling, will deny that our civil service has fallen far be low the high place which the founders Intended it should occupy; and it is no doubt true tbat the doctrine of "spoils." introduced in the days of Jackson, has been tne cuier motive power in dishonoring and degrading that service. But a careful study, of the subject has led. me to conclude that at the present moment another element is at work even more danger ous than the doctrine of "spoils." It is the tendency of the different de partments of the governmentto inter fere witb tbe independence of each other. While it is made the . consti tutional duty of the President to rec ommend to Congress such measures as he considers for the public good, it was never intended that ne should dictate to Congress the policy of the government, nor use the power of his great office to force upon Congress his own peculiar views of legislation. The tendency to do this, beginning in the days of Jackson, naa a steady growth until its culmination in tbe administration of Andrew Johnson; when adherence to bis policy or re construction was made the text of party falicity and the ground of all executive favors. Tbe effoit to im peach Johnson was really an effort to protect Congress against toe unlaw ful encroachments of executive power. Curiously enough, since 1S67. strong tendency has been- developed in the opposite direction, aud I do not hesi tate to declare tbat we are : now in greater danger of disturbing the bal ance and distribution or powers by the interference of Congress with the ex ecutive office than we were in the days of Johnson from executive usur pation. -. ; By the provisions oi tne civil tenure act. the President cannot remove an otfieer even for the worst of crimes; he ean only suspend him until tbe Senate approves or disapproves . the nomination oi a successor, tnis rias placed in the bauds of tbe Senate so much coutrol over executive appoint ments tbat it has at last resulted in a custom now rigidly followed by the Senate, not to confirm a nomination for any fetate nnless the Administra tion Senator from that State approves. This substantially subjects the Presi dent to the dictation of the Senators aud Representatives in whose State te wishes to make an appointment. Thus his action is virtually no longer free; his appointments must be the result of compromise with the Sena tors and members. And yet, under onr theory of government, the Presi dent is held responsible for the char acter of the officers be appoints.. Bad appointments have been made under tbe present administration, but most of them bave been made under the condition!- Ihave named. Mr. Greeley insists - that the first step towards civil service reform Utbe adoption of the one -term principle by which the prospect of a re-eleeuon shall be removed from tbe Executive; but if J am right in the views already expressed, the first step towards re form lies further back and must be the restoration of that independence to the legislative and executive de partments respectively, which the constitution requires. Let it once be fixed and understood that neither Senators nor Representatives, kingly nor combined, can dictate appointments- to the Executive, and then again, as in former days, the whole responsibility of a wise or unwise se lection of officers will justly rest upon the President and heds of depart ments. - No time should be lost in inaugurating this reform. Many citizen and a few Senators and Representatives have sustained the President in hut attempts to re form the eivil service. He has under taken to establish a body of rules by which selections for office shall be made on the ground of personal merit and fitness for the pubiie service. But many members of Congress of both parties have denounced tiie at tempt, and loaded it with ail the odium they could command, I have a of on If say in is done wbat I could to sustain the President in this efTort; and though some things bave been accomplished, yet I am satisfied that no plan of com petitive examination or advisory boards can cure the evil until the ex eeutive is left free and untrammele! in the exercise of his constitutional powers and is held to a strict respon sibility for the result of bis actiou. During tbe debate on the appropri ation to carry into effect his plan of civil service reform, I called on the President in company with my col league, the Honorable Mr. Perry, of Cincinnati, and bad a full conversa tion on tbe subject. The President expressed an earni st desire to better the condition of the service, but it was easy to see that the chief obsta cles in tbe way of tuecess were those to which I have alluded. No mere change of administration will solve the difficulty. Mr. Greeley himself has lately said that in case of his election he shall make no differ ence between his Revubiican and Democratic supporter, in his appoint ments to office, thus tacitly admitting that the offices of the government are to be for his supporters. . That is no civil service reform. Turning from these general reflec tions I now call attention to the more striking features of THE CAMPAIGN NOW OPENING. If we were to judge alone by the platforms of tbe opposing parties, we might be in doubt whether this cam paign is a contest for principles or a mere struggle for a choice between men. Thu battle has already begun ' in spirit of unusual violence, and bids fair to be as fierce and disreputable in the spirit in which it is carried on as any we have ever witnessed. Neither candidate ought to be elected by force of the abuse heaped upon him by hia adversaries; but the issues deserve to be discussed with manly fairness aud Justice. Unless the Democratic Con vention, soon to meet in Louisville, shall put another candidate in the field the choice for the Presidency will lie between General Grant and Horace Greeley. It is a fair matter of discussion to consider tbe relative merits of the two men, the spirit, character and opinions of the parties represented by each, and the dangers to be apprehended from tbe accession to power or one or the other or those parties. No doubt each candidate is open to criticisms more or leas severe. io doubt each party can be justly charged with errors of judgment and lauiui or conduct and or principle. Ail these are legitimate topics of debate and must be considered in making an intelligent choice. For myself I pre fer General Grant aud the party which has put him in nomination, rather tban Horace Greeley and the party which supports him. . I shall indicate briefly the reasons for this preference. The first is found in the past career of the two parties. "While it is true that no party can stand on its past record alone, yet it is also true that its past shows the spirit and character of the organization, and en ables ub to judge what it will probably do in the future. Tbe most ardent defender of the Democratic party will not deny that during the last twelve years the history of the party haa been a record of repeated failures ; of doctrines strenuously advocated but soon exploded and abandoned ; of measures recommended to the nation, but rejected as unworthy of adoption, and now no longer finding any con siderable number of supporters even in the party itself. It will perhaps be said by some defenders of the new movement that the party now in the field against tbe Republican party Is no longer the Democracy which we have fought for the last twelve years. They may say, in tbe exuberance of their hopes for the future, as Senator . Schurz said in his St. Louis speech a few days since: "The Democratic party no longer recognizes itself. - It has been swallowed up by the new era. No party can do wbat tbe Democratic party has done without dropping its historical identity. . It cannot return to its old grooves ; that is impossible; the first attempt would shiver it to atoms." : This view of the brilliant Senator from Missouri would be pos sible if the Democratic party had by any act or admission of its own con sented to dissolve its organization. But let it not be forgotten that this very month the Democracy assembled in convention at Baltimore with a full body of delegates from each State and from each congressional district of the Union; that the call for its convention was strictly to the Democ racy a call to which none but Demo crats were invited; that its organ iza- tion and proceedings were regular in every respect ; tbat in the adoption of platform of principles, it had before it ail the time-honored principles ot N Democracy from the days of Jackson down, from which to select; and the fact that it adopted a platform made by its late enemies, whieh contradic ted every subsequent doctrine put forth, by the party for the last ten years, proves nothing more than that it bas chosen to try new doctrines in the hope of belter success. Let it not be forgotten, that in nominating a candidate it bad the whole field of Democratic statesmen from which to choose. The fact tbat it chose for its' candidate a man who has been for forty years its most conspicuous ene my, is by no means an acknowledg ment that it bas devolved its organi zation, but only tbat it bas chosen to wear a mask, and put on the uniform of its enemy as a stratagem of war. Even if twenty per cent, of the sup porters of .Horace Greeley should be those who have hitherto acted with the Republican party, tbe significant fact will still remain that eighty out every huudred of his supporters will be Democrats of the old school, acting through an unbroken organi zation, and inevikably controlling the policy of the new forty. Two mil lions seven hundred thousand Demo crats voted for their candidate at the Presidential election of IStjS ; and it will be vain and Idle for a few or even many thousand Republicans to hope that they can leaven this enormous lump and convert it from wbat they know it has so long been, into an earnest, unselfish, pure and patriotic party. If the new movement had been preceded by an actual, formal dissolution of tbe Democracy and the formation of a new party, there might have been reasonable grounds for ex pecting a better result. But I fear that ourRepublican friends who have gone into it will find themselves like those ancient travelers who entered the cave of the sorcerer hoping to sieze and subjugate him, but were themselves robbed and enslaved by the giants of the cave. I ask those Republicans whether they have full confidence that the great Democratic party, whose alliance they now seek, really intend, aa they declare in their platform, to "recognize the equality all men before die law, without re gard to racv or color," and to "resist any reopening of questions settled by tbe late amendments to tbe constitu tion?" . What do they see in the past conduct of that party to give them any such assurances? Do they believe tbat the party who bas long assailed the sanctity of our public credit will flow insist that it shall be sacredly maintained." Do they really believe that the party, so many of whom fol lowed Mr. Pendleton in his theory of greenback expansion, will now insist a speedy return to specie payments? they believe all these things, as promised in the platform, I can only that they will have no difficulty believing that the age of miracles about to return. Let tbe old mem bers of the liberty party, who for forty years have struggled through evil and through good report for the enfran chisement of the colored race, but Concluded on tecond page.