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Ch w ESTERf RONICLE. Volume 57 USTo. lO. Warren, Oliio. October, 2, 1872. VSThole JSTo. 2922 BUSINESS DIRECTORY. fTf ESTE R' RESERVE CIIROSICXE Published every Wednesdaymorntng. I n Kmplre M.K-k, Market st W arren V . Iiteeku Editor and Froprietoi. nn.r.S AD TESTAMENTS at the B . . r ihm. fr tmle t,V the TKUMBI LHU. - - the stvle.-. and prices published by the Xmencnn liiole Society. kept cn"ii t uan'l. Central Depository at Hapgood Brown's. Market st., (south side of tourt pouses'iuarej Wrren. O. (july l"2- l"r- .i,.r,itK1-io tlironsTllimi nit ruuiu. DR LOT, Physician and Surgeon, Office and residence a few rods S."n af the Atlantic Great W extern Depot, where he can be consulted professionally. Warren. O. April 19 ls71-tf E. LYMAS, Dentist. Office oyer .S. C. Chryst 4 Co. new meat market. opposite ine court Q . -y;- GEORGE T. HUXTER, Attorney at ( T Law. Office in VanOorder Block Market St.. Warren. Ohio. Feb.23. 1S7U-U- TI. K I LEXER, Attorney at Law, .and Notary Public, Kewton Falls. O. N j v. S. 171, 1 y r. H 1. MLES, Attorney at Law, Gibbon. Buffalo county, Nebraska, rtu .Tractice in the supreme, District, ami Probate courts in Nebraska. W ill give spe cial attention to locating f"'r,""5 steads, under the late Uw. Oftieewlth Hon. F. Trew, Probate Judge. corner Jourt and First street. (June 187- ' rTd. ttlBBOSS, Dentists, teeth extracted without pain ; appex or low er set ot teethfor li'. Ott.ce oyer T. J. Mo Lain 4 son s -lank, Main St.. W arren. Ohio. Jan. 5.1HTU.-. ,. HABMO: C. T. METTAU. H4.RM0X & METCALF, Physicians, and Surgeons; Office on High ft reel at t.,e stand formerly coupled by Dr. Harmon Jan. a 17.1 . jTncrcn. " w. spear. ECTCHISS & SPEAR, Attorneys at Law. Office In First N"Sl?n .... -.ding. 2d story, front touw Warren O. Jan, 5. !S7iMy. TImijS D. WEBB, Notary Public, A Pension and Bounty Agent, arid Mrs uud Lite insurance mtoi. r. Farm property insured for one, three oi me J, i W w... jurarce asset;, rep- rasented over-.W,Oouwl. Office in ebbs ' Block. Main St., Wanen.O. pan i. tf.- ti apivriir. Physician andSur- J .geon. Office at Residence .north sii of Market Street, two doors east of Um. Par fic Jlar ittention paid to Chronic cMseaaea. Jan. 5, ls7-lvr. 1 K. BRACKKV. M. D. - I E. BrSSKT.1., X. I. DUS. BitACKEX, & RUSSELL, Eclectic Physicians and?a,;8' "m1; Kt N o 20 .Market St .. 'up stat s). All calls Jt o-ncen'tena-.i to at all hours, day or u u Vr. B. will give attention to the treatment of all chronic diseases nd I can cer. Kesidenc corner Liberty and ssli ton Avenue. Warren. O. aug. 2l.l.i. R. T. A. BIERCE, Homo'lhic Phvsician andsurKeon-OUicinSutJifl a k, ii ich SUeeu or -rR. J. R. XELSO, Physician and I Scrjreon.olnceeast of Mrst JstUnlt. tnce hours Irom 7 to 1" o clotk. . m.. and SloSp. m. ' -WASHINGTON" HIDE, Atlorney at Law and Notary Public Office In the Ch-onkle Building, over iaie Del- in-sstore, i-tiuio. R. F. HTERS, Physician and Sur geon. Office M door north of National House, Entrance on uueny hours, from 1U to 12, a. m., nu 1 1 p. ro . Residence, corner f Higb and Chestnut streets. Nov. 27. le7-iy j xarTROT. thad. acklkt. "7"AUTR0T & XCKLET, Successore to V J Vautrot &Co Dealers In Watches, Jewelry and Diamonds. Market Street W ar ren. Ohio. JD il0 a. w. RATLirr. h. h. hoses. RATLIFF i MOSES, Attorneys and Counsellers at Law. Office over the Ex change Bank of Fret-man Hunt, on Market ftt. Warren Oliio. ,Jan.f MZU. 5. COWDERT. Attorney at Law, . Office corncrof Mill and Main St., Nlles. )iio. loct-ls lS71-tC SSIMHOS, Licensed County aud .City Auctioneer. Satisfaction guarnn ,eeu. Enquire at my s' ore, corner of Main Bnd Franklin Street. Warren, o. apr. 10.lv TT B. TfXER, Slanufacturer and 1 . Dealer la Guns, Rifles, Pistols, Cutlery Fishing Tackle, tiui. Materials, Sporting AplJiratns, Sewing Mahuit, c,o. . Mar ket SU. Warren. OUio. IJ?- !S7-tf r.K.Btrrcniits, o. k. tuttlz, j. m.stuii. ELTIUINS, lUTTLE & STULL, Attorneys at Law. office wver Smith 4 T uruer's store, corner of Main aud Market Streets. Warren. Ohio. Jan. 10. 1872-tf. W. . PORTER. W. F. PORTER. XXT K. 4 W. F. PORTER, Dealers in School and Miscellaneons Books, fitalionary. Wall Papere, Periodicals, Pam phlets and Magazines, at tbe New York Book Store, Main street. Warren, Ohio, H S. BOBBIN'S, i Notary Public. Kewton Falls, uol,IH7Myr GEO. 15. kEXNEDY, Fire aud Life Insurance Agent, Warren. Ohio. oei. i, ibti-n i. W. D. HAIJi. r. J. MACEET. HALL & XACEET, Manufacturers of Harness and dealers lu Saddlery liitidware. Trunks Valises, Tiaveliug Bags, Wuiis Uorne iiluukets, SaddUes and fraucy Saddlery, No. 8, Mfcrket street, Wal en. O. Jan. 5. 1S7U. WH11TLESEY ADAJ1S, Fire and Llle Inaunuie Agent, Warren, Ohio. ftlciL-iiaudixe and other properly insured In Hie best Compitniea, on favorable terina; Farm proi;rty. laokiUJ Dwellings, and tiieir urnilure insured lor one, three aud live years. Office in McCumbs and Smith a block. CC. JIcXUTT, House, Sign, and . Ornamental Painter, Grainer, 4c, king's New Block. Main St, Warren. Ohio. May lu. 1.S71-H' IS. DAWSON", Mayor of the City .of Warren, Civil Jurisdiction same as Jusiiceol tee Peace lor the c'iy, and crimi ual jurisdiction throughout city aud county. Also ageut for Cleveland cement Sewer and diain Pit of all sizes. Uan 3,171. DRENNES Si GOIST'S X L. C. P.. Carriage Works. Warren, Ohio, manu facturers of Carnages. Buggies, Wagons, rsleighs, and specialties. All orders irom f.ny ta;t oi tbecoontr - fomptly aiteuded to. Painting, Trimming aud Repairing doue to order on the shortest notice, couth of Canal. Uan 3. 1072. ADOLTHIS GRiTER, Dealer in Musical Merchandize of all descriptions, Tiz: Pianos, Organs, Melodeous, Violins, GuitarSrAecordeous.Ciaronelts, Flutes, Files, Iirnms Piano-snreads. Piano-stools, Sheet- 4ii usic. Music-books, Violin Strings, Guitar strings, Ac, 4c sjioreia YveDDSBiocK, o Porter's Book Store. Man. 6 1K70. R. H. WAXJtER, W. B. I.EST.TE, B. I- WALKER. WALKER, LESLIE & CO., Bank era. Church Hill. Ohio. Dealers In Government Securities, Foreign and Domes tic Exchange, collections made, inieres allowed on special Deposits. Can. 4-ly. HARTFORD ACADEMIC Institute. J. W.Chener. A. B.. Principal, with an emc-ient corps of assistants. Two courses of study. Normal and Classical. Fall lerni begius August UHh. For circulars addrea J. G. IK WIN. bec'y. Octii !7l-lyr Hartford.TrumbullCo..O. WARREN TEMPLE NO. 29 Hoi.orandTemperance.meetsat cor tier Main and Market Sts..in this city, every FriilMV nlnht. All desirous of aiuiug in pro- inoi.iug the temperance cap&e, which is the cause of Hod aud humanity, are Invited to a lie nit with us. Social Ttmple meets every Tuesday eve ning. J W tl - n .11, " . v.. i. D. M. LAZARUS, W. R, Jan 10, l(72-ly TR. A. P. MI5EB, Contractor of ! 1 mail route No.!S9.ronnlngdal!y from i7uivuslo Burg Hill via Kiu-man. -ishes to give uoUce to the pnpuc mat ne nas pro-vi.l.-rt himself with a olensaul 1 id ing coach. and Is now prepared toearry passeugersaud l.aacage to ail pomis ou I i.e ruu.v. Aug. yt'W. Hotel de Risley! ONE DOOR SOUTH OF AUSTIN House. Evrrv thing New and Clean. A first ciassCook. Warm Mealsatall hours. 1 f vou waul a Porter House Steak, Rlslcy's is the place to eet it. If you want Oysters, p.aw. stewed, t Tied or ot t he Hall Shell, call on the -'old man" Risley. Families sup plied wiUi Oysters and all kinds of Game lu their season. u p S If you want bills posted tne d bill poster Is readv at any time with br sh la linnd. I). P. R1SLKY; Propr"5 or. Warren, O., Sept. 11.1 s72-Jt , 1 ' i j j ! i J.J. HOLLIDAY. I. B. If ACKEY. I. B. PATHS. VIENNA SAYINGS BANK. HOLLID AT. MACKET CO., Bank ers, Vienna, Ohio, dealers In Exchange Huti DraftROQ Europe. Collections made. Interest allowed on special deposits. Sept. U-Smo- Warren, Sept. 2, 1872. AXiiXsoisr DRUG STORE. T RECKIVED. A LARGE Stock of. All of the best patterns, and every size from Infant to Adult. A huge slock of SHOULDER BRACES, For Ladies and Gents. Female Supporters. MA1TS0VS FEMALE STRISGE, with Irrigator. Sprevhtm Syringe, and a va riety of other kinds. Also p. large assort ment of Toilet Articles, viz: Hair Brashes, Robber Combs, Ivory Combs, Florence Mirrors, 4c A large Invoice of Celebrated Perfumery. We pay tpecial attention to Ailing Fhyti rian' Prairiptiont. and can sell Thyslclana medicines aschespsa they can boy them In Cleveland or Meadvllle. GIVE VSA CALL. Pept 4. WM. HAPGOOD. PETITION TO BELL LAND. The Slate of Ohio. Trumbull County, s. lu the Prwbate Court, of said county H. W. Katlitr, Adm'r. with the will annexed, of Ktizabelh Price.dec d. va. Charlotte L. Free man. Samuel L Freeman, Jane T. Katlitr, Sailie T. Hucke, George B. Hncke. Charles 1 ' I'm. umnj i. JH.-vvuucii.a. v." j 7" p' itooert i . loo, jaiuwso. iwii -- -Beaer. , , , To Bobert P. T d, who lives in the city or Washington, D. C; James 8. Tod, who lives somewhere ill the Stale of Florida; Gruee 1. McConnell and A. C McConnell, who live In luecitvofCleveland. Cuyahoga county, Ohio. Von are hereby notitied that ou the LTtli dav of August, A. D. IK72, said Admin istrator filed his petition in the Probate Court of Trumbull County. Ohio, the object and prayer of whicn petition is wmuiaiu .u order for the saleof tberoliowingreai esiaie of which the aaid EliaibetU Price died seized, to pay tbe debts and legsciesorsaid decedent, to-wit : A houseand lot on Vine Street In the city of Warren, and Is-known bv being the whole of No. ten (101 In pease piat of Warren, as recorded in Trumbull County records, book of maps A.. pge 4k Said petitien will be for hearing on the 18th dav oi October, A. D. IsTI , R. W. R ATLt FF. Adm'r with the will annexed, of Eliza beth Price, dee d. isept.4. 187i-t)t. I7XAMIXATI0NS OF TEACHEFS.--Until farther notice, there will be an eiHmlnation ol teachers at the Hlgh School building in Warren, on the first Saturday of every month during the year, excepting that during the mouths of April and Stp ember. there wtil be an examination on each succeeding Saturday, as follows: First Saturday, Payne's Corners; second, TaklinKtnnr ti.ird. Bristol: fourth. WTarren. Notice is hereby given of the adoption of the j tOHOWIng rU.e.WUlCU Will WMnUHJ ..nrn to: "Alf certidcatea hereafter granted by this Board, shall be dated on the day of examination, except that In special cases for good reason, certificates may be dated back, but in no case beyond the date of the previous examination..' By order of the Board, ' GEO. P. HTJXTF.R. Clerk Warren. O. Feb. 7 lS72-lyr. CITY KE AT MARKET (TjfwrpHE undersigned would res JLjy I pectfully announce to the cltl-xIB.z-iis of Warren and the vicinity that he has opened a Meat Market on Lib erty Street, opposite F, K. Wisell's Carriag Factory, where he Intends to keep co nstant x on hand, all kinds of fresh meats, and o: as good quality as the country will afford. 1 haveemploved the services of a good butch er who has bad long experience In the busi ness, aud who will always be on hand to at teud to the wants of all customers. All or der left for meats In the evening will bt promptly attended to. If desired can be de livered at their residences, or kept in re frigerator till called on. . v uue2. 1K70-U LEMUEL DRAV j. K. worswick. E. I-"WI. ar.ytt fob pbice list. WORSWICK & LEWIS, CLEVEUKO BRASS PIPE WORKS. Cor. Xrrwla as Center Ms., Clerelass. 0., Manufacturers of and Dealers In brought iron fije. Iron Filling and i.ra Good: for Steam. Water, Gas aud Oil. Cameron steam and Eureka Hand Pumps. All kinds of Steam and Gas fitting tools constantly on hand. (joly 24, J872 lyr. AVERY DESIRABLE HOUSE AND LOT FOR SALE On Bazetta St,, lu me city "f Warren, known as the Fearns properly. Honse new, large and conveni ent; excellent cellar, two good barns, and other out buildings all In good repair. W ill be sold on easy term:. Call at tne office of listliffA Moses, Market St, or at the store of Fearns 4 Gray. Main St. iapr. 10-tf. EXCHAxTGE bank FREEMAN & HNT XTAEREX, OHIO DEALERS TS Cold, Sllicr. Esstera Exekaage, Carsrrest Bask Notes, sis all kiadtef GOVERNMENT BONDS Interest Allowed on time Deposits. Collections and all business connected with Banking promptly attended to. REVENUE STAMPS FOR SALE March fc . Hkim oahtbei, MANUFACTURER OF FURS. I Slialll have on hand In Nov.,a choice I Ladies' Collais. Muffs and Boas.which will be disposed of as heretofore, at manu facturers prices, old styles Mink, Sable and Hloli, made over, after the latest fasu Ions. Woik expressed Irom a distance will meet with prompt attention. S. M. CARTER. North Avenue, Wan en, Ohio. Sept. 18, lS7a-3mo The Girard Savings & Loan Association. STOCK HOLDERS MEETING. The Stock Holders of the Girard Savings aud Loan Association, are hereby notified u meet at tbe Banking House of Walker, Leslie Co., at Church Hill, o.,at 1 o'clock, p in.. Friday. Oct. lllh, for the purpose of electing Duectors for said Association, and transacting such other business as may be preaeuted. R, IL Walker, Jobs Morris, F.VAX liOKBIS, O. SHEAPtE, W.B.L,K. WSrfc.. Girard, O., Sept. l-4t. - . T7STATE of Svlvester Merriain, XiJec'd. The undersigned have been du i, appointed and quaiined as Executors on the estate ol Sylvester Merrlam. dee d, late of Trumbull Vh,.-AfjVA MERHIAM. GUY AMY. Brookfleld.Sept. 18. 1872-31 Warbek O.. Sept. 24, 1H72. HIIVING SOLD my COAL YARD toC. H. Angstadt. I would recommend mlrons to hiiu, who will luinli-b luem with coaL at reasonable rates. r H. RICHMOND. September 25, !R72-tC ISLAND MILLS FOR SALE. We offer for sale our Steam Flourins Mill. The buildinE is frame. 2's stories high, and conta ns lour run of stoue, and all the ma chinery lor doing first class work. We hate i.. ... ti.. mill lii comuletc renair putting la new boiler, bolting cloth, ic- For terms address RnfH A MEDBCRY. Warren, Ohio. An. !H-tf. I j i THE CHRONICLE. Speech of Horace Greeley, at Warren, Tuesday Evening, Sept. 28, 1871. Fellow Citizens : I propose to apeak on the political questions of the time a topic which has not been discussed bv roe before the public for very mafiy"yeare- 1 BDa11 dea 1 with some that I may call temporary questions, questions of the time, and with these as briefly as I may, pre paratory to some more elementary questions. The first question I would consider is this : Being, as we are, on the eve of a Presidential contest, can the Democratic party afford to take power at this time? This Is a question which is not usually consiuered by American politicians. It is the cur rent belief whenever we cau clutch power, then is the time io take it- But in England and other countries, a better and wiser rule prevails. Gladstone, Disraeli, or any of the great statesmen of England, any time for the last century, will consider, as thev have always considered. Is my position such, are my relations to my party, and that party's relations to the country such that I can afford now to take power? The Democratic party went out or power iu 18'H) by its ow n act. It was perfectly able to have maintained iw ascendency, but they quarreled and threw their power away. I think it was for the good of the country, but the fact remained that the party chose, as it were, to go out of power; di vided, fought with itself and abdica ted power. It is the common re proach of parties that they will do anything to get power and to keep it; but in this case the Democratic party chose to renounce power. At the next election it was plainly seen by every sober test that it was in no con dition to return to power. The coun try was distracted and at war, and with such a state or things that the Democratic administration- coming into power would have been fettered or.. i oL.tiMrrnsspd. not merely by the committals but b? the impulses and feelings or the great nia, of its sup porters. I do not esaggerateor speak as a partisan wueu a j " great bulk of those who supported M'Ciellan and Pendleton, In ls4, to a greater or less extent sympathized with the rebellion then distracting the country. I do not mean that the majority desired or in any manner would have readily acquiesced in a division of the country, but they did believe that the true way to a restora tion of the country was to arrest tne war, stop the lighting, aud commence negotiating, and to try to see if by some means we could not coax them back to us. They believed that every drop of blood shed in that quarrel was au obstacle and barrier raised against the union of the country. I on , int. rpnroachinii them for this. I - - hinr tiipm fr ,1,1a am not reproaching tUem lor lllia. assert what is the truth, when I say that every Denioi-ratic victory in this country throughout the progress of the war, was interpreted by the rebels as an encouragement to perse vere in the struggle, aud an assu rance that they would certainly pre vail. Had McCiellau been chosen Presedent, the whole rebel host would have exulted over it as their victory; would have taken strength and heart in the confident hope that they would no longer be persecuted with what they called the Lincoln war, then made upon them. REBELS AND DEMOCRATS IN SYMPATHY. General Sickles, a shrewed and pa tient officer, and a good soldier, once told me that he often asked rebel prisoners he met after the war was over to tell him when we struck the hardest blow in the course of our long struggle and the uniform answer was: "When you re-elected Abraham Lin coin, for we all understood that to mean four years more of fighting if you wanted it, and we were not ready . i j - i . j - .i to tight ; uoiuing so uisnearieneu auu paralyzed us as the re-election of Lin coln." I know that if this re-election of Lincoln so disheartened them, tbe contrary result would - have filled them with confident hope and joyous exultation. I say had the Democratic party then come luto power, they would have been between two fires: its duty to maintain the government, which it had voluntary assumed, and the expectations of a larce mass of Its suppoi'ters, and a large mass of the renew, mat its victory wouiu ne termination of the struggle. It was no time then for them to be looking to assume power. In I thoucht it had a very tolerable chance of achieving power in the county. I knew what difficulties and embarras ments it must encounter after achiev ing power, but I thought it bad a chance. The country was burdened with debt, and struggling under taxa tiun as it was, that party made no concealment of its desire to overthrow the debt. It came together in con vention, in New York, and proved itself incapable . of governiug . , le country in the spirit which was e-. spimal to its trovernment. It com menced by virtually repudiation the debt ; for, when you sav that you will nav the debt in ureenbacks, and will make greenbacks in order to pay the debt easily, you virtually say you will not pay it at all. Europeans who held hundredsof millions of our bonds had Durchaaed them in an open mar ket for eold: they know nothing nbout trreeu backs never heard of them, scarcely they simply found our bonds for sale cheap, aud they bought them, taking the risk of our success in our struggle. They under stood perfectly that if we did not succeed the iKinds would never prob ably be paid. They took a great risk liavinc a great premium offered They bought large quantities on the strength of their faith in our success, nnil as we did succeed, tl.ey made a large profit on their purchases. .Now irli.ii the, Democratic party met in mnvpni ion and said : "Ifwesuccetd we will pay our debt in greenbacKs," they a good as said to the foreign creditor: "We will not pay the debt at all, or only so much of it as we find convenient and stop mere." io ten a man, say; InlGemaiiy; J-011 wi" issue an ' unlimited amount of prom ises to pay which you never mean to redeem, though they may draw six per cent, interest iu gold, is pre cisely the Jsame as teuiug turn you will never nav at all. Tbtu, again, weay alarge number of 1he leading gentlemen anu leauing norsons who had been promoters and champions of the rebel cause figuring iu that Convention as heroes, states men. n trior and leaders, ana every ntie saw that the Democracy in 1864 was a restoration of the rebel element to the poverninirnowerof the Country I think when the Convention had met and resolved and - nominated. there was no more a chance for the success of that party. I know that was the judgment of the National Republican Commlttew, than in ses sion, who had met to wage a doubtful contest, and when they saw the plat form and heard tht candidates names, they said, It is no use, the country is not going to back on Gettysburg, Yickabure, and Appomatox. .- It is not possible, they said, that these men can succeed, and that was the general instinct of the country. There weie blacklegs enough iu New York who de ired thesuceesBof the Democratic i.rtv to have bet millions of dollars ou it if they had faith, but not one of i them ollered to maee or to mse im. ;The content was itually decided hrri tue -misiHiMiau ana uim.io.ui were presented, and being so decided, t ii u, 1. 1, .in timt the isw tion. the Im putes, the inspiration and spirit of the Democratic party was hosti e to the traditions aud the faith of the country. Its victory would be a reversal of the victories won in the great struggle for national unity and national autnoniy. PRESENT PROSPECTS OF THE DEMOCRACY. Now comes (lie third trial. Is the party in any better position row ? Is it in such a position that it can afford to take possession of theGovernment? Here is tbe vast debt pressing upon the people ; here is a pension list equal to the whoie expense of the Govern ment at the same time when Gener al Jackson assumed the Presidency. Sirapiy to pay the petitions to the widows and orphans, and to tbe sol dier or sailor who were maimed or otherwise ci ipplied in the war, is equal to the whole expense of the country less than forty years ago. That is to be paid, and it is to be paid if that party is in power, by taxes levied and maintained on purpose to pay more .than one hundred million dollars per annum on interest to the creditors of the country, and thirty million dollars more to the pensioners, who are, in my judgment, the first- credit ors of the country. Now the Demo cratic party if It should come into power must assume these liabilities, must pay the debt or repudiate it. And repudiation is a very simple pro cess. You have only to take oil' taxes; that is all. You need not resolve that the debt is uot to be naid ; you have simply to take off this and the other tax, and soon the payment of iuterest stops ; and so with the pen sions. The Government must live, and the salaries of its officers must be paid ; its armies must be paid, and its navy kept efficient , and if you insist on reduciug and repealing taxes, the debt must go by the board. Now, does any mau see in the preseut atti tude of the Democratic party, or the daily utterances of its speakers aud leaders, any disposition to impose or maintain taxes in order to uphold the credit aud fulfill tbe obligations of the nation ? 1 do not see it. Mr. Andrew Johnson declared that when he paid the interest on the debt aixWen aud a half years that this would be the eud of it ; that is, when the interest amounted to the principal of the debt there would be no more to pay. I apprehend that it you nave liearu any jjemocrauc spcaaci iu.o canvass, ana nearu nini paiieunj io Ihe eud, thouen ne may no m ...nv word advocate a repudiation of the debt, yet you could easily dis cern that the ami or tne uisH.-uu.rse pointed towards repudiation ; towards the repeal and reduction of the taxes t.ll its payment could no longer be made. If the Democratic party comes into power it would, of course, stop paying the principal of the debt. From Ihe begiuuig of the debt that party, and some olhers not of that Darty, I am sorry to say, have been Low ling upon what they call mistaken policy of the Republican party in nnvintf an 111 uch of the debt. Why dou't they stop paying the debt ? they ask. Why don't they reduce the taxes so that we may simply pay uie interest on the debt? That is the everlasting clamor. Now the Repub licans in the policy they have adopted are simply maintaining the tradilious of the Government ; they are follow ing in that shiny track that was mado for them oy wasuiogiou nuu Hamil ton, aud Jefferson, and ail the fathers of the great Republic. It is no uew policy, vv nentver we nuu a j eunai Government we beitin to pay our debts, end began with a determina tion that that process should be con tinued till the last dollar was wiped out : and but for our complications In . f L' ..... 1 l.' . ... 1 1. .1 il tne great w a. a ui x iu j' fc i in the earlv years of this century, every dollar of indebtedness would have been paid off within forty years of the cloje of the war ; and as it was. though we were driveu into anotner war with Great Britain, and incurred a fresh and a large debt, yet before that war had been twenty years enu ed we hail paid every dollar of the . i i i ,i.,k w. principal oi iue uaviuuu ucus c have established a policy contrary to the Eureopean policy, the Americau nnllcv which savs when you get out of the war commence paying off the debt that the war has made. I have seen letters from Mr. Glad stone, the British Prime Minister, in which he says : " l ou Americans nave set us Europeans a splendid example. We go to war ana incur a aeot; we return to rjeace and pay interest on our debt ; you have shown lis the true path. 1 trust you win inspire us anu fninel us to follow your example in paying off our debts on the return of peace. ; , WHAT IS TO BE DONE WITH THE DEBT? The Republican party pledged It self, Congress pledged ltsen nurine the war. that, whatever debt we in curred, uot less than one per cent, of the principal euouia ie paia every year till tne oeot was enueu. v e stand under a solemn national obliga tion to pay the debt, anc keep on paving it till mere is no more to pay. The Democratic party, as a body. opposes the policy, and grumbles at the luea mat wo arc faying on ui.c hundred millions per annum of the national debt. I believe that in the mainteiiat.ee of that policy is the only safeguard against repudiation. While we were incurriuic the dtbt we heard every croaker hostile to the Govern ment saving, iuu win uevci iioj that debt; you will never pay it." I well remember feeble, timid men coming to me and faying, "Do you think it u sate to invest in uovern ment bonds?" "No sir," I said: "nothing is safe in Government bonds?" "No, sir," I said: nothing is safe in times like these. But I cau comfort you with this assurancethat if the Government goes, everything goes, aud I would not give a cent for your property, anu n tne reoeis in UUlnll, your property mn uc. wunii but little." Many men I know who held property, invetted iu the debt. I know some who sold property at less than half its present value on purpose to lend the money to the Government, and they did not lend it at the rale of filty or sixty cents on the dollar, but ihey loaned in gold the full amount for which they took bonds. I say, then, so long as we continue to pay, so long as you and 1 feel that as we are going on we will wipe out tbe debt, tbe debt need not drag us down. No child is going to be hungry for our paying the nation al debt. We have already paid SoOO, 000,000, yet we have goue on building houses, furnaces, railroads; we have swent out into the prairies spreading over tbe continent, uniting it with lines of iron all tbe same as tnougn we did not owe any debt. We have gone on paying the debt and at the same time enlarging and extending all the industries and all the activi ties of the nation. Suppose you stop paying the debt, then you have the prospect of this burden forever, for if we stop paying we shall not be cheer ed as we now are, that twenty years more and tbe last dollar will be wiped out. We shall feel this burden rest ing upon us and our children, aud upon our children's children forever, and we shall feel the weight of it as we do not feel it now while we regard it as temporary. DEMOCRACY AND REPUDIATION. I hold the Democratic opposition, with regard to the debt, as only a manifestation of the same spirit that condemned Lincoln's calling out troops; that condemned the borrow ing of roonev and receiving arms to subdue the rebellion ; that condemn ed the enrolling and called out the national forces by a general conscrip tion T hill 1 It. in other words, a manifestation of the same spirit of disloyalty to the nation in its great struggle, wnicu was so eviueui iu m. many stages of that memorable con test. What will the Democratic party do if it accepts power ? We can tax ; we do tax. W do not claim the debt is not a burden ; it is a burden ; but the nation bears it nobly, aud bears it better because it feels ttiat every aay it grows lighter ; and this enables us also to diminish the burden of interest. If it were settled that this debt were to be paid off in twenty years we could very easily fund it at a lower rate, aud were it known that our bonds would lie less in volume and amount every year, our bankers and capitalists would say. "those bonds will advance as they become scarce. We will not fear to buy because they will become of more and more value." Were it fettled that there would be no relaxation in tbe Republican policy of paying off the debt there would be no difficulty iu funding the debt at a lower rate of interest, I feel that the exaltation of tbe Democratic party to power would, in the first place, arrest tbe payment of the debt: it would alarm all the holders of the debt and all the buyers of the debt; and instead of being able, as we are now, to borrow money at five per cent, with which to pay off our six per cent loans, thereby dimin ishing the annual cost of the debt to the nation, you would find nobody willing to buy at all. Everybody would say: "It is not going to be lessened in volume; it is likely this new party coming in now may take off taxes, and reduce taxes, until there is no money to pay the debt with ;" and so there would be uni versal reluctance either to hold or to purchase any portion of that debt. Merely as a financial consideration, I say the Democratic party is not pre pared to take power. It must, in taking power assume the responsi bility of the Government, its duties, its obligations, its taxes. It must as sume that it will faithfully fulfill all the ends, all the duties which devolve upon an administration, and Its pub lic avowals prove that it would not do this. You may ask, would we not go on if the debt were repudiated? I say No. If we were even logo so far as to stop paying the interest, this coun try would be convulsed with the most terrible commercial panic that the world ever saw ; for our currency rests on the integrity of the debt. Every dollar in your iiocket or mine, whether it be a greenback or a Na tional Bank dollar, becomes worthless the hour that the debt ceases to be paid, or the interest on it. There is no longer any money in the country, except specie, which very few of us have, or are likely to have. If all this currency turn to nothing, no man will dare to buy or sell, fearing that the money will be of no value, and turn to ashes in his hands. So with the money in the savings banks. Not less than $-5,000,000 is invested in savings banks, and these savings banks have funded it in Government bonds : but the moment you cease paying interest.everybody knows that the deposits in the savings banks are unsafe, so everybody rushes lor bis money, and has handed out ibis stuff to hini which no longer has any se curity behind it, and becomes again worthless iu the hands of its holders. If the Democratic party were in power, its members of Congress would be men who fought in the rebel armies, or who were high in the rebel councils: they would te necessarily tiie chief advisers of the administra tion, and they would necessarily be adverse to raising revenue, imposing taxes for Ihe purpose of paying off the debt which was the means of their subjugation. They would inevitably be hostile to the policy of paying high taxes in order to pay the debt due to the creditors ot the Union, while the creditors of the Confed eracy fouud their obligation of no value. So with regard to the per." on list. Were the Democratic party in power, it would he very bard to maintain tbe payment of pensions to Union sol diers. They would say, "Why, have we not won ? Have w not voted in the majority ? Now you are paying pensions to those fellows whtm we have beaten at the polls, and you give no pension to, us who have beaten them.'" There would be a demand to pension the rebel soldier as well as ours, and the Democratic Adminis tration and Congress would find it very difficult to resist. These are but some of the consider ations showing that the Democratic party is not in a position that would enable it to take power without in volving itself in terrible embarrass mentswithout fiuding itself bur dened with obligations and demands, on this side and that, which would render its power weakness, and its holding office only a source of emuar assment aud vexation. NEW YORK FRAUDS. Now to speak a few words on anoth er quest iou of the h ur. You have doubtless beard of our financial troub les in New York of tbe great defal cations of the extravagant waste of public money there and you cannot have heard too much. I think there is nothing in the history of nations equal to the prodigality aud profliga cy evii ced iu the government of the city of New York, during the last six or seven years. That Government has been, in its leadiug officers as weil as In its Councils, almost unanimous ly Democratic. It has been a continu al critic and cavilieras to the extrava gance and prodigality of the Natioual Administration. No longer ago than the 4'hof July lat. Wm. M. Tweed, the masterspirit of the City Govern ment, made a Fpeech at Tammany Hall, and said: "We are marching on to power, and we will show them an example of economy and honestv in the administration of the National Government." Laughter. Mr. Twted has for several years shaned the legislation at Albany, which has controlled the nuances or our city. He has been at the head of the administration of public work9 in the city, and at thesaaie time a Sena tor, a leader and counselor at Albany, and the several tix levies, some of them passed by Assemblies and Sen ates in which a majority were Renub libabs, have been passed by the solid Democratic vote with scarcely one exception, and a few purchased Re- . i .... u-h.n uta hart a Democrat ic majority extraordinary measures were carried mrougn, uuwuy uwv- i i ;n tl.um thav TsVfn kPl- dom read, and seldom understood, but rusbtcd througu in me iaat uuuis ui t.A it a-a. thnfl the State frUC otrcoivu. -a v w. - - government waa administered. Jso longer ago tnan tne spring ui mm, measure was passed, aud in such a maimer that 1 never heard of it till long after it was passeu, m wnicn it l.l.l ih.r. three millions of waa ijioim .- - - . dollars should be raised, and tne May or Hall, the Comptroller, xucnuru i. Con nelly , and tbe Chief of the Bureau r i..i.ii WnrVa Tweed, were to ad- just and settle all claims agaimt the city. I ney met, " passea Claims ior i,iuvu,ow, .vjfc cent of which had, or can be ascer tained to have one particle of honesty or justice behind it. Bills made up to be passed ; bills representing no transaction, but only a false pretense of transaction, miu hood.-. property or of service to the city, but bills were made up and passed, and the money was paid and went some where, and the bonds went to increase the city debt. By such means as these there have been added to the city debt, some thir ty to forty millions of dollars which the people of New York will have to pay, though they have received no profit or possible advantage from it, while on the other band those mem bers of the city government have been buying block after block of real estate, purchasing wherever land was for sale as though they were the posses sors of Aladdin's lamp and bad the power ot purchasing to an unlimited extent, and this by men who a few years ago were bankrupt, but now pose&sed of from five to ten millions of wealth, although in tbe meantime they have lived in the most unbound ed extravagance. Men on a salary of $2,500 sporting costly diamonds, driving fast horses, living at the rate of S20,000 a year. Men on salaries of $2,000 as though there was no limit to their wealth, For two and a half years there has been no statement published of the annual receipts and outgoes of the city government, although the law requires such a statement every year; nothing has been published, but every thing held back. Once, indeed, in a while, some leading citizens are in duced to go and certify, in a general way, "that all is right" at the Comp troller's office, every thing going on well, till some thirty or forty million of dollars have been added to the debt of the city, for which there is no pos sible benefit derived. When these statements were first made public, I thought that these men bad furnished a certain amount of property or labor to the city, and had been induced to make out their bill for a large amount paying back a certain amount to tbe office-holders, splitting the difference. This has been done before in New York, and there are, I am sorry to say, other localities in which it is done. But the case is made worse than this. There must be some fifteen or twenty millions of bills for which nothing was ever furnisnerl ; bill.- made out for $50,000 or $100,000 for carpets, plas terinsr. plumbing, lumber and materi als which never existed, or were nev er supplied at all. CAN ROGUES BE KEPT FROM OFFICE? -VA. -1. n f f B11 11,1,? Men In IU1V- . v. ...... ,n.,-l foloa a all Ttarf iea. all governments, occassioualiy have done. There never was any party so pure, eo upright, so righteous, so vigilant that rogues did not creep into power under !l. ...I. an1 nil fheie rtficfeeta At the public expense. The simple fact that , . - V l:. ...... n !,(. a large amount oi fiuunu wvucj been Etolen Is not, unfortunately, a novelty, but the fact that men thro" whom, I will not say by whom, be cause the facts are not all established judicially, but the men through whom this money nas teen stoien, tne ....... 1, .1 , BnnriiVD these IlillH. lieu nuu uau " . . , and certify them to lie correct and proper ana pass tnem over anu pay ho.v. thcbA men ctnv in nmco. defvinir public sentiment, refusing to surren der their trust, and insisting that they are going to hold on to the end of the present term, and then take a public verdict in a race for another election. I venture to say that no such case as this has happened in the nistory oi iue woriu, nunc who if they are not thieves and rob bers, have beeu the conveniences of thieves ; and men who, if they have nn( .IaU. Ih. mnnav lhmBIVM. tl R V ft uotaiv.cu . " - ... w.. . j , allowed others to steal it when it was their duty to see that it was not sto len. These men cling to their trust, .. ... j -i .. ..11" lace me puouc aown, uu . have done nothing we are sorry for. How are you going to get us out? v Hefv vou." Once in a while one suggests to another to go out. "It does not look wen," says one, ior vou w be here : it is not good to have a bad smell about us : you must get out to inane things sweeter." But the oth er replies. "It is no worse in my cor ner than in yours ; if I go out you ought to, and I dont mean to go." And they do stick, all of them, and they will stick till they are perfectly certain that they must cither accept the State prison or go out of the way of the law and justice of New lork. WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE ROGUERY? ? Now is the Democratic party respon sible? Not if tbe Democratic party elected them not knowing they would steal, or willing others should steal money by the millions ; but they are responsible so far as they sustain or may sustain their unrighteousness If that party shall promptly repudi ate them, kick them out of their pla ces, follow them up by legal prosecu tion and punish them, it will not be morally responsible before thecountry for the money stolen while it was ig norant of their crimes. But it is le sponsible before God and man for de frauding the people out of iheir votes when that has been a plain, publish ed, notorious fact for years ; yet tbey go on and the whole party profit by it, wink at il and take the spoils the receiver if not the thief. The Demo cratic party has known just as well. I venture to say, here in Ohio, that tliese frauds were going on, for they have been devtloped in solemn re ports before Congress. Democrats have been elected by votes that any man must have knowu to be fraudulent. These men, whom it is now claimed have defrauded the Democratic party and disgraced it by their dishonesty in money matters, are the very men who have been defrauding the State of New York out of their honest, righteous votes for years, and the whole Democratic pany stood by them without giving oueword of re buke or interposing asingie reproof io put an end to this most nefariou and abomiuable'business. It were in vaiu. fellow-citizens, for that party to say, as the guilty Mac beth said to bis ghostly persecutor: "Thou canst not say I did It ; never shake Thy gory locks at liie Because the facts haye been so notori ous, they have been so demonstrated, that no man could doubt their exist-euce, ILLEGAL VOTING AND REGISTRATION. It is now nearly forty years since I have been a voter, and thirty-odd yea.s since I came to have some little share in advising and counselling how public affairs should be managed. I was then a Whig, confronting tbe same party, with the same principles and the same usages that have been more developed since, and the very first act of legislation in which I ever bore a conspicuous part was an act .:Kin.. on. I rmilrlny?a reeistra- tion of the legl voters of the city of New York. I had been for several years an active politician at the polls; I had seen bow fraud was rampant at those polls ; and I Knew, ana every . . k.nr fliuf an lonir as anv WHIV luunn , " : man could come up and swear that he 1 1 V. . .. ..n.A nuum. was a voter, anu unit m . . i . .. n,an nresent knew he ru uiuugu t - was not a voter ; so lougas a man who was not chaiiengeu couiu put vote apd go away, just so certain would there be fraud. The man who insists on leaving my door open at . . that hiirclar miirht DlUtVU pu.uuos o - take advantage of it and come In and steal my property, , thief as though be took it himself. I bau seen ior yeaia mat wo bodv of those who were not citizens and chose to vote, did vote; ana h they chose to vote tea time-, many different polls, they could ; there i..;o....in,t tt and the first was au urn 1 -, act I attempted to pass was the Regis tration Law of New rki '1 187-T Mr. Seward and Mr. Weed, the lead ers of my party, were, nowever, Hos tile to it; they thought it would raise aery that the Whig party was inimi cal to the right of suffrage for the ignorant and friendless emigrant who had just come into the country ; they resisted, and all the Democratic party . . i .lAniiiu Tnev saw that if resiaicu, oi vom.. - j one thousand ilk gal votes were polled .ii ....i . l,n)pnH In their II WOUIU IUU BV CU uuuu.u -- majenty ; they would have so much the greater majority. They Isughed at all our attempts to keep out illegal votes, because tbey knew tbe Illegal v..tes helped their side. Still we passed our act in defiance of the Demo cratic party in tbe Legislature; but when tbe jiower returned to them, as it did iu consequence of General Tyj lor's treachery, they repealed our act ; but they did not propose another they did not ssy "ou have hit upon the wrong remedy ; we'll abolish this and establish a better one something more efficient than this," but they simply swept it out of existence, and opened the ballot-box so that any body could go in and vote. Fellow citizens, in a township where you may say everybody knows every body, where no man can come up lo vote without several persons of each party knowing whether he is a voter or not, it may be safe, though I don't think it 19, to allow men to vote with out any kind of registration ; but in a great city like ours, where very few men know those who have lived on either side of them for ten years I have lived without knowing who was my neighbor for ten years I could not tell at the polls any one man in twenty of those who were entitled to vote, and one hundred might vote illegally without bringing the fraud home to them. And I say that the men who insist that all safeguards shall be intermitted, all barriers thrown down, they are the men that are resposible before God and man for the polling of illegal votes. For forty years I have known the Democratic party to resist steadily and constantly every effort to deter mine who are entitled to vote before hand. I waa in tbe last Constitution al Convention of the State of New York, and was their chairman on Elections and the right of Suffrge. I drew up the article as it exists in tbe present Constitution ; I made a new one, without the least thought of bene filing or injuring any party, whatev er, my whole object was to establish a system nnder which every legal voter should surely vote, and no illegal vo ter could possibly vote. One of the provisions whereon I was most tena cious, was that the registration should be completed and published, a list made ou, so that every one could see it, six days before tbe election. But every Democrat in that Convention, including the present Chief Justice of the State, a half dozen ex-Governors, the candidate for Governor, all the leaders of the party were there, and tbey all voted against any aud every effort I could make to prevent illegal voting. They would have no barrier that they could possibly avoid or de feat and when at last I had carried through tbe article giving six days be tween the closing of the registry and the opening of the polls, after I had left they succeeding in cutting it down to four days ; they could not get it quite out. In every respect e had the whole strength of the Democratic party doing every thing in its power to prevent and obstruct any barrier being fet np against voting illegally. Now then, when at the next year we came to the polls aud found them polling in the city alone not Jess than thirty thousand illegal votes, ; could I blame only these men, or the men who engineered the fraud ? Could I fail to see that the men who left the dcor open to the fraud were as culpa ble as tbey who voted? The men who through years steadily aud every where ; in the Conventions and the Legislature bad done their utmost to leave the gate wide open through which illegal voters marched in bri gade front, could I doubt that they were responsible? When we commenced to prepare for the election of IStiS, in the first place, men were rushed through and naturalized by the hundred together, three hundred or four hundred in one evening, in a room like this; men swore, forty at a time, that they came here five years ago; they were rushed through faster than a Chicago pork merchant can stick bogs, they put these men through. They are very dexterous in Cincinnati and Chicago, in tbe pork business, but they can't kill hoirs as fast as the New York people made votes. Then they got out forty or fifty thousand fraudulent. illegal naturalization papers, leaving a place for the name, ail tbe signatures and seals perfectly correct, aud these were peddled out at the rate of two ... . i i mi .. aollars per uunureu. insMie waa flooded with them. A good faithful Irishman, who worked for me, and his son, who had not been long enough in the country to be citizens, were supplied with papers proving that they were naturalized, and that they were entitled to vote, but they did not. To begin with, it was certain they would cheat ; they were prepared to cheat, William M. Tweed, the master-spirit now, as then, sent out to all his confidential fellows in thecoun try: "The instant the polls close, send us an estimate by telegraph, showing how the votes stand at your poll," so that before our votes were counted they could tell pretty well how many were needed to beat Gen -eral Grant. And they did beat him for President; they were sixty thous and majority against him, whereas there were not thirty thousand ; and the proportion in Brooklyn wai about the same, some of it made by fraudu lent naturalization, and the rest by fraudulent counting largely where they could control. They would get two men of their own party, and auother whom they could buy, and make the result just what they pleased. Of that sixty thousand majority in the city for Seymour over Grant, not over thirty thousand was houesL They had planned, and con trived, and prepared for months to be ready to make that vote just what ever should be necessary to beat Grant in the State. Our State was clearly for him. and the result was only perfected by this fraud, whole sale, deliberate, prepared, conspired, Intended from the first to be. Tbe instruments were few compara tively ; five thousand men will poll fifty thousand votes iu New York if weil led. They have iheir names prepared. Ana we proved that the leading Democratic politicians of the city had fifteen or twenty men set down as lodging in their house when there were no such men there not merely at the grog shops, where they would put fifteen, twenty or thirty in a place where they did not live, but at the houses of the leading Demo cratic politicians, men were put down. Then a man goes round and gives them the names they are voting on ; each one gets his name and resilience; they go and vote, and then on to tbe next poll, at which they have another residence, and so they are sent round from poll to poll until they vote per haps twenty times. And suppose we arrest them and take them before a judge, they are not away twenty min utes berore tney are reieaseu uy writ of habeas corpus, and at the polls again. Now I complain not that individu als have done this gieat wrong to the nation and tbe people, but that the Democratic party as a whole has sus tained and countenanced this fraud, and by doing their utmost by having the polls so prepared aud arranged that the fraud could take place. Men like Belmont, and others who figured as their great teen, -are now very anxious that the money fraud should cease, but you never heard a word from them in deprecatidh or censure of those gigantic political frauds which were just as notorious as the money frauds now are. They stood behind them in the Convention and the Legislature, and everywhere held the gates open to let this flood-tide of fraud sweep in and overwhelm the honest verdict of the loyal voters of tbe State. I perhaps shall have to pay one thousaud, perhaps two thousand dol lars, my share of these frauds. Suppose it be the tenth part of what I am worth, but what of that? I don't value that consideiation one straw. If I lose it, if It is stolen, I can make it again, and if I can not, 1 can do without it; but tbe political frauds by which my right ol sunrage has been systematically destroyed, wherebv those who have been invited T-nay, commanded by the State to go i I i ! nn every vear end record their delib erate verdict on ihe public affairs of . ., r ,. .1 t the nation, tne irauiis wuereuy tuai verdict has been falsified are turned upainst me. That to me is twenty times more heinous and outrageous tlmu all the stealing of money, and the Democratic party has stood be hind these frauds; frauds which have made the State return a verdict against herself; frauds which have made me a victim when I had a right to be of those who, being in the ma jority, record the verdict and deter mine what was the opinion of the State of New York. Those political frauds, so abominable, strike at the very foundation of government, for the worst possible despotism is a des potism of bogus voters. Far worse even then the despotism of the Czar Nicholas or that of Napoleon is a government maintained by fraudu lent, irresponsible voters. Yet such a corrupt syatem has been maintained for years by the Democratic party, by the connivance of men too respecta ble to be active agents in it, yet not too respectable nor too honest to pock et the gains of it, or to shout victory over success won by gigantic fraud. HORACE GREELEY'S PERSONAL EXPERIENCE. I was a candidate two years ago, very much against my will, for a State office. Now In the city of New York there was, for certain reasons, a wide-spread personal good will to ward me, and I received, doubtless, many votes that were given for other than political consideration, yet I was beaten in the State by some twenty two thousand votes. How? Tbe Sixth Ward in New York gave something like five thousand majori ty against me, and yet there are not three thousand voters living in it. Loud laughter. In the tenth Dis trict of that ward there were polled against me more votes than the census-taker a few months before had fouud men, women and children liv ing iu that district. Laughter. There are men who are Senators, men who hold the highest places in your State, who are usurpers by vir tue, or vice, of their ability to poll illegal votes. It is a government based on repeaters. Such frauds are often a thousand times more conse quence than mere financial dishones ty which so alarms the country. I have been for forty years trying to have them arrested, and the Demo cratic party has been fighting me steD bv step from beginning to end. How. then, can I feel any respect for the would-be respectable portion of that party when 1 see mat it coun tenances and connives at these frauds hich strike at the very vitals of the Government? Loud applause. j SHORTCOMINGS OF THE DEMOCRATIC POLICY. Fellow-citizens, I desire to say a few words upon the questions which fundamentally divide the two parties. Questions not of to-day, but of all time, divide us. I saw the other day for theie is nothing incredible or impossible that d'es not get into the newsoaners a sueirestion that I would probably be the best Demo cratic candidate to run against t.en. Grant for President. I thought that about the most absurd thing I ever heard or read ; for though Ueneral Grant is not a Democrat, he was one once. I never was at any time of my life; and if the Democratic party wire called upon to aeciue between trant and myself, I know that their regard ior what they must call principle would induce cine-tenths of them to vote against me. "Why? I am a de cided enemy of that party, even in its most respectable aspects. With regard to those principles which commend it to the good will of some men whose good will is wor thy of respect ; if, for instance, there be anything which characterizes and distinguishes that party to-day from the Republican party, radically, fun damentally, it is tbe idea that gov ernments should be restricted to the narrowest possible sphere. I presume there are Democrats present. If so tbey will agree with me that if there is anything which is a vital and indispensable principle of . , ... :.. ...... tne uemocraiic party il is mis, mat Governments ought to be restricted to the narrowest sphere in which tbey can move ; that when they have to tbe best of their ability kept any evil disposed person from robbing my house, or cutting my throat, the Gov ernment has performed all the duty it owes me, and has done all the work in which it can wisely and profitably be employed. I think any Democrat will agree with me that if there be one principle among the shifting phases of political contention which distinguishes the Democratic pany, it is this, of restricting the National Government iu the most rigid man ner to the duties which no man can deny belong to it." So with the State Government; regarding it always with jealousy, limiting its powers, fettering its operations, keeping it within the sphere where its duty shall be to protect individual rights against violence and overthrow. Now I dis sent from that. I am net a believer in that idea of Government, On the contrary I believe that Government has other functions, beneficent, cher ishinir, fruitful, besides that of merely protecting my person against spolia tion. I hold this, indeed, to be among its most sacred duties, but I insist that there are other duties which it may and should perform and which, failing to perform, it goes entirely be yond its legitimate duties. Take, for instance, that great work which made the city of New York the commercial emporium of the New World, the New York and Erie Canal. If the Democratic principles are right that canal should never have been constructed, or, at least, not till in dividuals put out their own money and constructed it at a venture with their own means and at their own risk. If tbat had been the case it might have beeu delayed for a bun dreil years. And the sceptre would long ago have passed from New York and Baltimore or Philadelphia would have been the emporium of the New World. New York is purely such by means of the Fie Canal. Had not that work been constructed she would have remained as she was, inferior to Philadelphia in population and wealth and inferior to Baltimore in her op portunities of reaching the people of this mighty valley of the Mississippi and tbe Ohio. I say, then, that if the fundamen tal Democratic principles ate true, New York has no right to be the treat city of this continent, and the State no light to be the Empire State. They were made such bv a deliberaU defiance of tbat cardinal principle which, more than any other, makes the Democratic party respectable. I do not believe iu that principle. I be lieve that the Government has duties toward me, and toward every good citizen. It is just as clear to me as that to which Democracy ould rou tine it. I believe that the man who sets up near my door a gambling house, and there entices in my sons, if I bad sons living, and corrupts them with liquor and all manner of sensual allurements, and makes them black legs and debawshe, wars upon my rights just as much as though he lay under my window prepared tc shoot me if I came out ; and that the duty of the Government is to piotect me against his conuptionsand iniquities as much as against the burglar and assassin. In other words, I believe that the Government has a wide range of benefioent activities which are denied and rejected by the Demo cratic party ; and I insist that it shall fulfill its obligations to its people in a more generous and less niggardly spirit than the Democrats would have it. I could never be a Democrat, so long as the Democratic party holds to this fundamental idea. So lonir as it Insists that your Federal Government shall have the narrowest pnrsible scope of power, and your city irovern meuts shall be forbidden to do any thing more than just to keep one man's hand out of another man's pocket, ami one man's pistol from, another man's head, I could never be a Democrat. Democracy in power must always war against the best in terests and dearest rights of a free people like ourselves. It may be that despotic governments should be watched, and fettered, and kept with in the narrowest bounds ; but a repre sentative republican government is simply the people acting in a collec tive capacity for the promotion of ends desired, or required by the gen eral well-being. That is my idea of Republican Government, I should have been an earnest and zealous sup porter of De Witt Clinton, had Hived forty years earlier, through the great struggle in defiance of the Democratic patty, who repeatedly sent up from Tammany Hall delegates to represent New York, instructed to .fill up the ditch, and who scofled and scouted at the canal policy which he was main taining. I say I should have stood by him in that long .and arduous struggle. THE DUTY AND ADVANTAGE OF PROTECTING INDUSTRY. With regard to the kindred question the right of the Government and the duty of the Government to cher ish aud to encourage the industry of the people I believe tbat it is one of the most vital functions of a govern ment to do whatever it can or may to diversify and extend industry ; to see tbat the largest number of people are employed, and to the best possible ad vantage. This seems to me one of tbe things that a government ought to do; hence I am, and must be, an advocate of the protective policy a policy championed by Washington, by Jefferson, by Hamilton, by Madi son, and by all the great lights of our earlier, and, in my judgment, of our better era, for I don't believe, much as this country has grown, tbat it has ever seen an abler or an honester ad ministration than . that of George Washington, under which the policy of protection to home industry was firmly established, on the recommen dation of Washington, seconded and rendered luminous by the masterly report of Hamilton. I believe that policy to be essential to the best in terests of every class, of every section and of every interest in the country. Mr. Gree'ley proceeded at some length to argue that protected indus try benefitted the entire people of the country, and ultimately enabled them by improved methods and machinery to successfully compete with the ill paid producers of Europe. He con cluded : Fellow-citizens I beseech you to stand by the party that pro tects the industry of the country ; stand by its industry, which is pros perous because it is protected. We can not be defeated, I think ; we can not be overthrown so long as the in dustry of the land lies confidingly upon us, and is not disappointed. Loud applause. NO EXCELLENCE WITHOUT LABOR. The education, moral and intellec tual, of every individual, must be, chiefly, his own work. Rely upon it, the ancients were, right: both in morals and iuisllect, we give the final shape to our characters, and thus be come emphatically, the architects of our own fortunes. How else could it happen, that young men, who have had precisely the same opportunities, should be continually presenting us with such different results, and rush ing to such opposite destinies? Difference of talent will not solve it, because that difference is very often in favor of the disappointed candi date. You will see issuing from the wall3 of the same eollege, nay, some times from the boscm of the same family, two young men, of whom one will be admitted to be a genius of high order, the other scarcely above the point of mediocrity, yet you will see the genius sinking and perishing in poverty, obscurity and wretched ness; while, on the other hand, you will observe the mediocre plodding his slow but sure way up the hill of life, gaining steadfast footing at every step, and mounting at length to emi nence and distinction, an ornament to his family, a blessing to his coun try. Now, whose work is this? Mani festly their own. They are the arch itects of their lespective fortuues. The best seminary of learning that can open its portals to you, can do no more than afford you the opportunity of instruction ; but it must depend, at last, on yourselves, whether you will be instructed or not, or to what point you will push your instruction. I speak from observation a certain truth, there is no excellence trithout great labor. It is the fiat of fate, from which no power of genius can absolve you. It is this capacity for high and long continued exertion, this vigor ous power of profound and searching investigation, this careering and wide spreading comprehension of mind, and these long reaches of thought, that "Pluck bright honor from the pale-f.-.ced moon. Oi dive Into the bottom of the deep. And drag up Urownei honor by tne locus. This is the prowess, and these the hardy achievt ments, which -re to enroll your names among the great men of the earth. F. Le Prevoxi. A few days since one of theGreeley Democrats met Judge P , of this city, who is sound in the Democratic faith, and does not agree with tl) Louisiana delegation at LouisviMe, who, with saof hearts, 'forsee the death of Democratic principles." "Well, Judge," sai the Dolly Var denite, "I suppose you intend to cast a good old Democratic vote for Horace Greeley?" "No, I don't intend to vote for Greeley." "Goinu to vote to for Grant ?" "No, I shall not vote for Grant." "What is your position, then, if you don't mean to vote for Grant or Greeley?" "Well, I will tell yon," replied the Judge. " W htn I was a boy, down in Maine, once or twice a year a tribe of Indians, some twenty or more in number, were in the habit of coming down the river and indulging in a a glorious drunk. I always noticed, however, vbat tiiy detailed two men to keep sober and watch their canoes, and r.ow tuat the Democratic party is out on the rem page, a few of us old chaps are watch ing the canoes." Boston Evenhi( Jovmal. The Pyramid Building. Every State in which general ¬ tions have been held since the open ing of this campaign has gone Repub lican, and in all, except linooe isianu, there have been large Republican pains over last year's vote. Even iu Tennessee and Kentucky the Repub licans have shown heavy gains in tne county elections. The Republic-all pyramid now stands: MAINE. OREGON. VERMONT. CONNECTICUT. RHODE ISLAND. WEST VIRGINIA. NEW HAMPSHIRE, NORTH CAROLINA. The FayeUville News says there is a man in that town who, like Grain Browu, "practices total abstinence at various intervals." He lately "let up ou drinking" ten times iu one fore noon.