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Western Reserve chronicle. [volume] (Warren, Ohio) 1855-1921, October 02, 1872, Image 1

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Volume 57 USTo.
Warren, Oliio. October,
2, 1872.
VSThole JSTo. 2922
Published every Wednesdaymorntng.
I n Kmplre M.K-k, Market st W arren V .
Iiteeku Editor and Froprietoi.
nn.r.S AD TESTAMENTS at the
. . r ihm. fr tmle
t,V the TKUMBI LHU. - -
the stvle.-. and prices published by the
Xmencnn liiole Society. kept cn"ii t
uan'l. Central Depository at Hapgood
Brown's. Market st., (south side of tourt
pouses'iuarej Wrren. O. (july l"2- l"r-
.i,.r,itK1-io tlironsTllimi nit ruuiu.
DR LOT, Physician and Surgeon,
Office and residence a few rods S."n
af the Atlantic Great W extern Depot,
where he can be consulted professionally.
Warren. O. April 19 ls71-tf
E. LYMAS, Dentist. Office oyer
.S. C. Chryst 4 Co. new meat market.
opposite ine court Q . -y;-
GEORGE T. HUXTER, Attorney at
( T Law. Office in VanOorder Block Market
St.. Warren. Ohio.
Feb.23. 1S7U-U-
TI. K I LEXER, Attorney at Law,
.and Notary Public, Kewton Falls. O.
N j v. S. 171, 1 y r.
1. MLES, Attorney at Law,
Gibbon. Buffalo county, Nebraska,
rtu .Tractice in the supreme, District, ami
Probate courts in Nebraska. W ill give spe
cial attention to locating f"'r,""5
steads, under the late Uw. Oftieewlth Hon.
F. Trew, Probate Judge. corner Jourt
and First street. (June 187- '
rTd. ttlBBOSS, Dentists, teeth
extracted without pain ; appex or low
er set ot teethfor li'. Ott.ce oyer T. J. Mo
Lain 4 son s -lank, Main St.. W arren. Ohio.
Jan. 5.1HTU.-.
H4.RM0X & METCALF, Physicians,
and Surgeons; Office on High ft reel at
t.,e stand formerly coupled by Dr. Harmon
Jan. a 17.1 .
jTncrcn. " w. spear.
ECTCHISS & SPEAR, Attorneys at
Law. Office In First N"Sl?n
.... -.ding. 2d story, front touw Warren O.
Jan, 5. !S7iMy.
TImijS D. WEBB, Notary Public,
A Pension and Bounty Agent, arid Mrs
uud Lite insurance mtoi. r.
Farm property insured for one, three oi me
J, i W w... jurarce asset;, rep-
rasented over-.W,Oouwl. Office in ebbs
' Block. Main St., Wanen.O. pan i. tf.-
ti apivriir. Physician andSur-
J .geon. Office at Residence .north sii of
Market Street, two doors east of Um. Par
fic Jlar ittention paid to Chronic cMseaaea.
Jan. 5, ls7-lvr.
1 K. BRACKKV. M. D. - I E. BrSSKT.1., X. I.
Eclectic Physicians and?a,;8' "m1;
Kt N o 20 .Market St .. 'up stat s). All calls
Jt o-ncen'tena-.i to at all hours, day or
u u Vr. B. will give attention to the
treatment of all chronic diseases nd I can
cer. Kesidenc corner Liberty and ssli
ton Avenue. Warren. O. aug. 2l.l.i.
R. T. A. BIERCE, Homo'lhic
Phvsician andsurKeon-OUicinSutJifl a
k, ii ich SUeeu
-rR. J. R. XELSO, Physician and
I Scrjreon.olnceeast of Mrst JstUnlt.
tnce hours Irom 7 to 1" o clotk. . m.. and
SloSp. m. '
-WASHINGTON" HIDE, Atlorney at
Law and Notary Public Office In
the Ch-onkle Building, over iaie
R. F. HTERS, Physician and Sur
geon. Office M door north of National
House, Entrance on uueny
hours, from 1U to 12, a. m., nu 1 1 p.
ro . Residence, corner f Higb and Chestnut
streets. Nov. 27. le7-iy
j xarTROT. thad. acklkt.
"7"AUTR0T & XCKLET, Successore to
V J Vautrot &Co Dealers In Watches,
Jewelry and Diamonds. Market Street W ar
ren. Ohio. JD il0
a. w. RATLirr. h. h. hoses.
RATLIFF i MOSES, Attorneys and
Counsellers at Law. Office over the Ex
change Bank of Fret-man Hunt, on Market
ftt. Warren Oliio. ,Jan.f MZU.
5. COWDERT. Attorney at Law,
. Office corncrof Mill and Main St., Nlles.
)iio. loct-ls lS71-tC
SSIMHOS, Licensed County aud
.City Auctioneer. Satisfaction guarnn
,eeu. Enquire at my s' ore, corner of Main
Bnd Franklin Street. Warren, o. apr. 10.lv
TT B. TfXER, Slanufacturer and
1 . Dealer la Guns, Rifles, Pistols, Cutlery
Fishing Tackle, tiui. Materials, Sporting
AplJiratns, Sewing Mahuit, c,o. . Mar
ket SU. Warren. OUio. IJ?- !S7-tf
r.K.Btrrcniits, o. k. tuttlz, j. m.stuii.
Attorneys at Law. office wver Smith 4
T uruer's store, corner of Main aud Market
Streets. Warren. Ohio. Jan. 10. 1872-tf.
XXT K. 4 W. F. PORTER, Dealers
in School and Miscellaneons Books,
fitalionary. Wall Papere, Periodicals, Pam
phlets and Magazines, at tbe New York Book
Store, Main street. Warren, Ohio,
i Notary Public.
Kewton Falls,
GEO. 15. kEXNEDY, Fire aud Life
Insurance Agent, Warren. Ohio.
oei. i, ibti-n i.
W. D. HAIJi. r. J. MACEET.
HALL & XACEET, Manufacturers
of Harness and dealers lu Saddlery
liitidware. Trunks Valises, Tiaveliug Bags,
Wuiis Uorne iiluukets, SaddUes and fraucy
Saddlery, No. 8, Mfcrket street, Wal en. O.
Jan. 5. 1S7U.
Llle Inaunuie Agent, Warren, Ohio.
ftlciL-iiaudixe and other properly insured In
Hie best Compitniea, on favorable terina;
Farm proi;rty. laokiUJ Dwellings, and tiieir
urnilure insured lor one, three aud live
years. Office in McCumbs and Smith a block.
CC. JIcXUTT, House, Sign, and
. Ornamental Painter, Grainer, 4c,
king's New Block. Main St, Warren. Ohio.
May lu. 1.S71-H'
IS. DAWSON", Mayor of the City
.of Warren, Civil Jurisdiction same as
Jusiiceol tee Peace lor the c'iy, and crimi
ual jurisdiction throughout city aud county.
Also ageut for Cleveland cement Sewer and
diain Pit of all sizes. Uan 3,171.
Carriage Works. Warren, Ohio, manu
facturers of Carnages. Buggies, Wagons,
rsleighs, and specialties. All orders irom
f.ny ta;t oi tbecoontr - fomptly aiteuded
to. Painting, Trimming aud Repairing doue
to order on the shortest notice, couth of
Canal. Uan 3. 1072.
Musical Merchandize of all descriptions,
Tiz: Pianos, Organs, Melodeous, Violins,
GuitarSrAecordeous.Ciaronelts, Flutes, Files,
Iirnms Piano-snreads. Piano-stools, Sheet-
4ii usic. Music-books, Violin Strings, Guitar
strings, Ac, 4c sjioreia YveDDSBiocK, o
Porter's Book Store. Man. 6 1K70.
era. Church Hill. Ohio. Dealers In
Government Securities, Foreign and Domes
tic Exchange, collections made, inieres
allowed on special Deposits. Can. 4-ly.
J. W.Chener. A. B.. Principal, with an
emc-ient corps of assistants. Two courses of
study. Normal and Classical. Fall lerni
begius August UHh. For circulars addrea
J. G. IK WIN. bec'y.
Octii !7l-lyr Hartford.TrumbullCo..O.
Hoi.orandTemperance.meetsat cor
tier Main and Market Sts..in this city, every
FriilMV nlnht. All desirous of aiuiug in pro-
inoi.iug the temperance cap&e, which is the
cause of Hod aud humanity, are Invited to
a lie nit with us.
Social Ttmple meets every Tuesday eve
ning. J W tl - n .11, " . v.. i.
Jan 10, l(72-ly
TR. A. P. MI5EB, Contractor of
! 1 mail route No.!S9.ronnlngdal!y from
i7uivuslo Burg Hill via Kiu-man. -ishes
to give uoUce to the pnpuc mat ne nas pro-vi.l.-rt
himself with a olensaul 1 id ing coach.
and Is now prepared toearry passeugersaud
l.aacage to ail pomis ou I i.e ruu.v.
Aug. yt'W.
Hotel de Risley!
House. Evrrv thing New and Clean.
A first ciassCook. Warm Mealsatall hours.
1 f vou waul a Porter House Steak, Rlslcy's
is the place to eet it. If you want Oysters,
p.aw. stewed, t Tied or ot t he Hall Shell, call
on the -'old man" Risley. Families sup
plied wiUi Oysters and all kinds of Game lu
their season. u
p S If you want bills posted tne d bill
poster Is readv at any time with br sh la
linnd. I). P. R1SLKY; Propr"5 or.
Warren, O., Sept. 11.1 s72-Jt
ers, Vienna, Ohio, dealers In Exchange
Huti DraftROQ Europe. Collections made.
Interest allowed on special deposits.
Sept. U-Smo-
Warren, Sept. 2, 1872.
Stock of.
All of the best patterns, and every size from
Infant to Adult. A huge slock of
For Ladies and Gents.
Female Supporters.
with Irrigator. Sprevhtm Syringe, and a va
riety of other kinds. Also p. large assort
ment of
Toilet Articles,
viz: Hair Brashes, Robber Combs, Ivory
Combs, Florence Mirrors, 4c A large
Invoice of
Celebrated Perfumery.
We pay tpecial attention to Ailing Fhyti
rian' Prairiptiont. and can sell Thyslclana
medicines aschespsa they can boy them In
Cleveland or Meadvllle.
Pept 4.
The Slate of Ohio. Trumbull County, s.
lu the Prwbate Court, of said county H. W.
Katlitr, Adm'r. with the will annexed, of
Ktizabelh Price.dec d. va. Charlotte L. Free
man. Samuel L Freeman, Jane T. Katlitr,
Sailie T. Hucke, George B. Hncke. Charles
1 ' I'm. umnj i. JH.-vvuucii.a. v." j 7" p'
itooert i . loo, jaiuwso. iwii -- -Beaer.
, , ,
To Bobert P. T d, who lives in the city or
Washington, D. C; James 8. Tod, who lives
somewhere ill the Stale of Florida; Gruee
1. McConnell and A. C McConnell, who live
In luecitvofCleveland. Cuyahoga county,
Ohio. Von are hereby notitied that ou the
LTtli dav of August, A. D. IK72, said Admin
istrator filed his petition in the Probate
Court of Trumbull County. Ohio, the object
and prayer of whicn petition is wmuiaiu .u
order for the saleof tberoliowingreai esiaie
of which the aaid EliaibetU Price died
seized, to pay tbe debts and legsciesorsaid
decedent, to-wit : A houseand lot on Vine
Street In the city of Warren, and Is-known
bv being the whole of No. ten (101 In pease
piat of Warren, as recorded in Trumbull
County records, book of maps A.. pge 4k
Said petitien will be for hearing on the 18th
dav oi October, A. D. IsTI ,
R. W. R ATLt FF.
Adm'r with the will annexed, of Eliza
beth Price, dee d. isept.4. 187i-t)t.
farther notice, there will be an
eiHmlnation ol teachers at the Hlgh School
building in Warren, on the first Saturday of
every month during the year, excepting
that during the mouths of April and Stp
ember. there wtil be an examination on
each succeeding Saturday, as follows:
First Saturday, Payne's Corners; second,
TaklinKtnnr ti.ird. Bristol: fourth. WTarren.
Notice is hereby given of the adoption of the j
tOHOWIng rU.e.WUlCU Will WMnUHJ ..nrn
to: "Alf certidcatea hereafter granted by
this Board, shall be dated on the day of
examination, except that In special cases
for good reason, certificates may be dated
back, but in no case beyond the date of the
previous examination..'
By order of the Board,
' GEO. P. HTJXTF.R. Clerk
Warren. O. Feb. 7 lS72-lyr.
(TjfwrpHE undersigned would res
JLjy I pectfully announce to the cltl-xIB.z-iis
of Warren and the vicinity
that he has opened a Meat Market on Lib
erty Street, opposite F, K. Wisell's Carriag
Factory, where he Intends to keep co nstant
x on hand, all kinds of fresh meats, and o:
as good quality as the country will afford.
1 haveemploved the services of a good butch
er who has bad long experience In the busi
ness, aud who will always be on hand to at
teud to the wants of all customers. All or
der left for meats In the evening will bt
promptly attended to. If desired can be de
livered at their residences, or kept in re
frigerator till called on. . v
uue2. 1K70-U LEMUEL DRAV
j. K. worswick. E. I-"WI.
ar.ytt fob pbice list.
Cor. Xrrwla as Center Ms., Clerelass. 0.,
Manufacturers of and Dealers In brought
iron fije. Iron Filling and i.ra Good: for
Steam. Water, Gas aud Oil. Cameron steam
and Eureka Hand Pumps. All kinds of
Steam and Gas fitting tools constantly on
hand. (joly 24, J872 lyr.
AND LOT FOR SALE On Bazetta St,,
lu me city "f Warren, known as the Fearns
properly. Honse new, large and conveni
ent; excellent cellar, two good barns, and
other out buildings all In good repair. W ill
be sold on easy term:. Call at tne office of
listliffA Moses, Market St, or at the store
of Fearns 4 Gray. Main St. iapr. 10-tf.
Cold, Sllicr. Esstera Exekaage, Carsrrest Bask
Notes, sis all kiadtef
Interest Allowed on time Deposits.
Collections and all business connected with
Banking promptly attended to.
March fc
. Hkim oahtbei,
I Slialll have on hand In Nov.,a choice
I Ladies' Collais. Muffs and Boas.which
will be disposed of as heretofore, at manu
facturers prices, old styles Mink, Sable and
Hloli, made over, after the latest fasu Ions.
Woik expressed Irom a distance will meet
with prompt attention.
North Avenue, Wan en, Ohio.
Sept. 18, lS7a-3mo
The Girard Savings & Loan
The Stock Holders of the Girard Savings
aud Loan Association, are hereby notified
u meet at tbe Banking House of Walker,
Leslie Co., at Church Hill, o.,at 1 o'clock,
p in.. Friday. Oct. lllh, for the purpose of
electing Duectors for said Association, and
transacting such other business as may be
R, IL Walker, Jobs Morris,
W.B.L,K. WSrfc..
Girard, O., Sept. l-4t. - .
T7STATE of Svlvester Merriain,
XiJec'd. The undersigned have been du
i, appointed and quaiined as Executors on
the estate ol Sylvester Merrlam. dee d, late
of Trumbull Vh,.-AfjVA MERHIAM.
Brookfleld.Sept. 18. 1872-31
Warbek O.. Sept. 24, 1H72.
toC. H. Angstadt. I would recommend
mlrons to hiiu, who will luinli-b luem
with coaL at reasonable rates.
September 25, !R72-tC
We offer for sale our
Steam Flourins Mill.
The buildinE is frame. 2's stories high, and
conta ns lour run of stoue, and all the ma
chinery lor doing first class work. We hate
i.. ... ti.. mill lii comuletc renair
putting la new boiler, bolting cloth, ic-
For terms address
Warren, Ohio.
An. !H-tf.
Speech of Horace Greeley, at Warren,
Tuesday Evening, Sept. 28, 1871.
Fellow Citizens : I propose to
apeak on the political questions of the
time a topic which has not been
discussed bv roe before the public for
very mafiy"yeare- 1 BDa11 dea 1
with some that I may call temporary
questions, questions of the time, and
with these as briefly as I may, pre
paratory to some more elementary
The first question I would consider
is this : Being, as we are, on the eve
of a Presidential contest, can the
Democratic party afford to take power
at this time? This Is a question
which is not usually consiuered by
American politicians. It is the cur
rent belief whenever we cau clutch
power, then is the time io take it-
But in England and other countries,
a better and wiser rule prevails.
Gladstone, Disraeli, or any of the
great statesmen of England, any time
for the last century, will consider, as
thev have always considered. Is my
position such, are my relations to my
party, and that party's relations to
the country such that I can afford
now to take power?
The Democratic party went out or
power iu 18'H) by its ow n act. It was
perfectly able to have maintained iw
ascendency, but they quarreled and
threw their power away. I think it
was for the good of the country, but
the fact remained that the party chose,
as it were, to go out of power; di
vided, fought with itself and abdica
ted power. It is the common re
proach of parties that they will do
anything to get power and to keep it;
but in this case the Democratic party
chose to renounce power. At the
next election it was plainly seen by
every sober test that it was in no con
dition to return to power. The coun
try was distracted and at war, and
with such a state or things that the
Democratic administration- coming
into power would have been fettered
or.. i oL.tiMrrnsspd. not merely by the
committals but b? the impulses and
feelings or the great nia, of its sup
porters. I do not esaggerateor speak
as a partisan wueu a j "
great bulk of those who supported
M'Ciellan and Pendleton, In ls4, to
a greater or less extent sympathized
with the rebellion then distracting
the country. I do not mean that the
majority desired or in any manner
would have readily acquiesced in a
division of the country, but they did
believe that the true way to a restora
tion of the country was to arrest tne
war, stop the lighting, aud commence
negotiating, and to try to see if by
some means we could not coax them
back to us. They believed that every
drop of blood shed in that quarrel
was au obstacle and barrier raised
against the union of the country. I
on , int. rpnroachinii them for this. I
- - hinr tiipm fr ,1,1a
am not reproaching tUem lor lllia.
assert what is the truth, when I say
that every Denioi-ratic victory in
this country throughout the progress
of the war, was interpreted by the
rebels as an encouragement to perse
vere in the struggle, aud an assu
rance that they would certainly pre
vail. Had McCiellau been chosen
Presedent, the whole rebel host would
have exulted over it as their victory;
would have taken strength and heart
in the confident hope that they would
no longer be persecuted with what
they called the Lincoln war, then
made upon them.
General Sickles, a shrewed and pa
tient officer, and a good soldier, once
told me that he often asked rebel
prisoners he met after the war was
over to tell him when we struck the
hardest blow in the course of our long
struggle and the uniform answer was:
"When you re-elected Abraham Lin
coin, for we all understood that to
mean four years more of fighting if
you wanted it, and we were not ready
. i j - i . j - .i
to tight ; uoiuing so uisnearieneu auu
paralyzed us as the re-election of Lin
coln." I know that if this re-election
of Lincoln so disheartened them, tbe
contrary result would - have filled
them with confident hope and joyous
exultation. I say had the Democratic
party then come luto power, they
would have been between two fires:
its duty to maintain the government,
which it had voluntary assumed, and
the expectations of a larce mass of Its
suppoi'ters, and a large mass of the
renew, mat its victory wouiu ne
termination of the struggle. It was
no time then for them to be looking
to assume power. In I thoucht
it had a very tolerable chance of
achieving power in the county. I
knew what difficulties and embarras
ments it must encounter after achiev
ing power, but I thought it bad a
chance. The country was burdened
with debt, and struggling under taxa
tiun as it was, that party made no
concealment of its desire to overthrow
the debt. It came together in con
vention, in New York, and proved
itself incapable . of governiug . , le
country in the spirit which was e-.
spimal to its trovernment. It com
menced by virtually repudiation the
debt ; for, when you sav that you will
nav the debt in ureenbacks, and will
make greenbacks in order to pay the
debt easily, you virtually say you
will not pay it at all. Europeans who
held hundredsof millions of our bonds
had Durchaaed them in an open mar
ket for eold: they know nothing
nbout trreeu backs never heard of
them, scarcely they simply found
our bonds for sale cheap, aud they
bought them, taking the risk of our
success in our struggle. They under
stood perfectly that if we did not
succeed the iKinds would never prob
ably be paid. They took a great risk
liavinc a great premium offered
They bought large quantities on the
strength of their faith in our success,
nnil as we did succeed, tl.ey made a
large profit on their purchases. .Now
irli.ii the, Democratic party met in
mnvpni ion and said : "Ifwesuccetd
we will pay our debt in greenbacKs,"
they a good as said to the foreign
creditor: "We will not pay the debt
at all, or only so much of it as we find
convenient and stop mere." io ten
a man, say; InlGemaiiy; J-011 wi"
issue an ' unlimited amount of prom
ises to pay which you never mean to
redeem, though they may draw six
per cent, interest iu gold, is pre
cisely the Jsame as teuiug turn you
will never nav at all.
Tbtu, again, weay alarge number
of 1he leading gentlemen anu leauing
norsons who had been promoters and
champions of the rebel cause figuring
iu that Convention as heroes, states
men. n trior and leaders, ana every
ntie saw that the Democracy in 1864
was a restoration of the rebel element
to the poverninirnowerof the Country
I think when the Convention had
met and resolved and - nominated.
there was no more a chance for the
success of that party. I know that
was the judgment of the National
Republican Commlttew, than in ses
sion, who had met to wage a doubtful
contest, and when they saw the plat
form and heard tht candidates names,
they said, It is no use, the country is
not going to back on Gettysburg,
Yickabure, and Appomatox. .- It is
not possible, they said, that these men
can succeed, and that was the general
instinct of the country. There weie
blacklegs enough iu New York who
de ired thesuceesBof the Democratic
i.rtv to have bet millions of dollars
ou it if they had faith, but not one of
i them ollered to maee or to mse im.
;The content was itually decided
hrri tue -misiHiMiau ana uim.io.ui
were presented, and being so decided,
t ii u, 1. 1, .in timt the isw tion. the Im
putes, the inspiration and spirit of
the Democratic party was hosti e to
the traditions aud the faith of the
country. Its victory would be a
reversal of the victories won in the
great struggle for national unity and
national autnoniy.
Now comes (lie third trial. Is the
party in any better position row ? Is
it in such a position that it can afford
to take possession of theGovernment?
Here is tbe vast debt pressing upon
the people ; here is a pension list equal
to the whoie expense of the Govern
ment at the same time when Gener
al Jackson assumed the Presidency.
Sirapiy to pay the petitions to the
widows and orphans, and to tbe sol
dier or sailor who were maimed or
otherwise ci ipplied in the war, is equal
to the whole expense of the country
less than forty years ago. That is to
be paid, and it is to be paid if that
party is in power, by taxes levied and
maintained on purpose to pay more
.than one hundred million dollars per
annum on interest to the creditors
of the country, and thirty million
dollars more to the pensioners, who
are, in my judgment, the first- credit
ors of the country. Now the Demo
cratic party if It should come into
power must assume these liabilities,
must pay the debt or repudiate it.
And repudiation is a very simple pro
cess. You have only to take oil' taxes;
that is all. You need not resolve
that the debt is uot to be naid ; you
have simply to take off this and the
other tax, and soon the payment of
iuterest stops ; and so with the pen
sions. The Government must live,
and the salaries of its officers must be
paid ; its armies must be paid, and its
navy kept efficient , and if you insist
on reduciug and repealing taxes, the
debt must go by the board. Now,
does any mau see in the preseut atti
tude of the Democratic party, or the
daily utterances of its speakers aud
leaders, any disposition to impose or
maintain taxes in order to uphold
the credit aud fulfill tbe obligations
of the nation ? 1 do not see it. Mr.
Andrew Johnson declared that when
he paid the interest on the debt
aixWen aud a half years that this
would be the eud of it ; that is, when
the interest amounted to the principal
of the debt there would be no more
to pay. I apprehend that it you nave
liearu any jjemocrauc spcaaci iu.o
canvass, ana nearu nini paiieunj io
Ihe eud, thouen ne may no m
...nv word advocate a repudiation
of the debt, yet you could easily dis
cern that the ami or tne uisH.-uu.rse
pointed towards repudiation ; towards
the repeal and reduction of the taxes
t.ll its payment could no longer be
made. If the Democratic party comes
into power it would, of course, stop
paying the principal of the debt.
From Ihe begiuuig of the debt that
party, and some olhers not of that
Darty, I am sorry to say, have been
Low ling upon what they call mistaken
policy of the Republican party in
nnvintf an 111 uch of the debt. Why
dou't they stop paying the debt ? they
ask. Why don't they reduce the
taxes so that we may simply pay uie
interest on the debt? That is the
everlasting clamor. Now the Repub
licans in the policy they have adopted
are simply maintaining the tradilious
of the Government ; they are follow
ing in that shiny track that was mado
for them oy wasuiogiou nuu Hamil
ton, aud Jefferson, and ail the fathers
of the great Republic. It is no uew
policy, vv nentver we nuu a j eunai
Government we beitin to pay our
debts, end began with a determina
tion that that process should be con
tinued till the last dollar was wiped
out : and but for our complications In
. f L' ..... 1 l.' . ... 1 1. .1 il
tne great w a. a ui x iu j' fc i
in the earlv years of this century,
every dollar of indebtedness would
have been paid off within forty years
of the cloje of the war ; and as it was.
though we were driveu into anotner
war with Great Britain, and incurred
a fresh and a large debt, yet before
that war had been twenty years enu
ed we hail paid every dollar of the
. i i i ,i.,k w.
principal oi iue uaviuuu ucus c
have established a policy contrary to
the Eureopean policy, the Americau
nnllcv which savs when you get out
of the war commence paying off the
debt that the war has made.
I have seen letters from Mr. Glad
stone, the British Prime Minister, in
which he says : " l ou Americans nave
set us Europeans a splendid example.
We go to war ana incur a aeot; we
return to rjeace and pay interest on
our debt ; you have shown lis the true
path. 1 trust you win inspire us anu
fninel us to follow your example in
paying off our debts on the return of
peace. ; ,
The Republican party pledged It
self, Congress pledged ltsen nurine
the war. that, whatever debt we in
curred, uot less than one per cent, of
the principal euouia ie paia every
year till tne oeot was enueu. v e
stand under a solemn national obliga
tion to pay the debt, anc keep on
paving it till mere is no more to pay.
The Democratic party, as a body.
opposes the policy, and grumbles at
the luea mat wo arc faying on ui.c
hundred millions per annum of the
national debt. I believe that in the
mainteiiat.ee of that policy is the only
safeguard against repudiation. While
we were incurriuic the dtbt we heard
every croaker hostile to the Govern
ment saving, iuu win uevci iioj
that debt; you will never pay it." I
well remember feeble, timid men
coming to me and faying, "Do you
think it u sate to invest in uovern
ment bonds?" "No sir," I said:
"nothing is safe in Government
bonds?" "No, sir," I said: nothing
is safe in times like these. But I cau
comfort you with this assurancethat
if the Government goes, everything
goes, aud I would not give a cent for
your property, anu n tne reoeis in
UUlnll, your property mn uc. wunii
but little." Many men I know who
held property, invetted iu the debt.
I know some who sold property at
less than half its present value on
purpose to lend the money to the
Government, and they did not lend
it at the rale of filty or sixty cents on
the dollar, but ihey loaned in gold
the full amount for which they took
bonds. I say, then, so long as we
continue to pay, so long as you and
1 feel that as we are going on we will
wipe out tbe debt, tbe debt need not
drag us down. No child is going to
be hungry for our paying the nation
al debt. We have already paid SoOO,
000,000, yet we have goue on building
houses, furnaces, railroads; we have
swent out into the prairies spreading
over tbe continent, uniting it with
lines of iron all tbe same as tnougn
we did not owe any debt. We have
gone on paying the debt and at the
same time enlarging and extending
all the industries and all the activi
ties of the nation. Suppose you stop
paying the debt, then you have the
prospect of this burden forever, for if
we stop paying we shall not be cheer
ed as we now are, that twenty years
more and tbe last dollar will be wiped
out. We shall feel this burden rest
ing upon us and our children, aud
upon our children's children forever,
and we shall feel the weight of it as
we do not feel it now while we regard
it as temporary.
I hold the Democratic opposition,
with regard to the debt, as only a
manifestation of the same spirit that
condemned Lincoln's calling out
troops; that condemned the borrow
ing of roonev and receiving arms to
subdue the rebellion ; that condemn
ed the enrolling and called out the
national forces by a general conscrip
tion T hill 1 It. in other words, a
manifestation of the same spirit of
disloyalty to the nation in its great
struggle, wnicu was so eviueui iu m.
many stages of that memorable con
test. What will the Democratic party do
if it accepts power ? We can tax ;
we do tax. W do not claim the debt
is not a burden ; it is a burden ; but
the nation bears it nobly, aud bears it
better because it feels ttiat every aay
it grows lighter ; and this enables us
also to diminish the burden of interest.
If it were settled that this debt were
to be paid off in twenty years we
could very easily fund it at a lower
rate, aud were it known that our
bonds would lie less in volume and
amount every year, our bankers and
capitalists would say. "those bonds
will advance as they become scarce.
We will not fear to buy because they
will become of more and more value."
Were it fettled that there would be
no relaxation in tbe Republican
policy of paying off the debt there
would be no difficulty iu funding the
debt at a lower rate of interest,
I feel that the exaltation of tbe
Democratic party to power would, in
the first place, arrest tbe payment of
the debt: it would alarm all the
holders of the debt and all the buyers
of the debt; and instead of being
able, as we are now, to borrow money
at five per cent, with which to pay off
our six per cent loans, thereby dimin
ishing the annual cost of the debt to
the nation, you would find nobody
willing to buy at all. Everybody
would say: "It is not going to be
lessened in volume; it is likely this
new party coming in now may take
off taxes, and reduce taxes, until
there is no money to pay the debt
with ;" and so there would be uni
versal reluctance either to hold or to
purchase any portion of that debt.
Merely as a financial consideration, I
say the Democratic party is not pre
pared to take power. It must, in
taking power assume the responsi
bility of the Government, its duties,
its obligations, its taxes. It must as
sume that it will faithfully fulfill all
the ends, all the duties which devolve
upon an administration, and Its pub
lic avowals prove that it would not
do this.
You may ask, would we not go on
if the debt were repudiated? I say
No. If we were even logo so far as
to stop paying the interest, this coun
try would be convulsed with the most
terrible commercial panic that the
world ever saw ; for our currency
rests on the integrity of the debt.
Every dollar in your iiocket or mine,
whether it be a greenback or a Na
tional Bank dollar, becomes worthless
the hour that the debt ceases to be
paid, or the interest on it. There is
no longer any money in the country,
except specie, which very few of us
have, or are likely to have. If all
this currency turn to nothing, no
man will dare to buy or sell, fearing
that the money will be of no value,
and turn to ashes in his hands. So
with the money in the savings banks.
Not less than $-5,000,000 is invested in
savings banks, and these savings
banks have funded it in Government
bonds : but the moment you cease
paying interest.everybody knows that
the deposits in the savings banks are
unsafe, so everybody rushes lor bis
money, and has handed out ibis stuff
to hini which no longer has any se
curity behind it, and becomes again
worthless iu the hands of its holders.
If the Democratic party were in
power, its members of Congress would
be men who fought in the rebel
armies, or who were high in the rebel
councils: they would te necessarily
tiie chief advisers of the administra
tion, and they would necessarily be
adverse to raising revenue, imposing
taxes for Ihe purpose of paying off
the debt which was the means of their
subjugation. They would inevitably
be hostile to the policy of paying
high taxes in order to pay the debt
due to the creditors ot the Union,
while the creditors of the Confed
eracy fouud their obligation of no
So with regard to the per." on list.
Were the Democratic party in power,
it would he very bard to maintain tbe
payment of pensions to Union sol
diers. They would say, "Why, have
we not won ? Have w not voted in
the majority ? Now you are paying
pensions to those fellows whtm we
have beaten at the polls, and you give
no pension to, us who have beaten
them.'" There would be a demand
to pension the rebel soldier as well
as ours, and the Democratic Adminis
tration and Congress would find it
very difficult to resist.
These are but some of the consider
ations showing that the Democratic
party is not in a position that would
enable it to take power without in
volving itself in terrible embarrass
mentswithout fiuding itself bur
dened with obligations and demands,
on this side and that, which would
render its power weakness, and its
holding office only a source of emuar
assment aud vexation.
Now to speak a few words on anoth
er quest iou of the h ur. You have
doubtless beard of our financial troub
les in New York of tbe great defal
cations of the extravagant waste of
public money there and you cannot
have heard too much. I think there
is nothing in the history of nations
equal to the prodigality aud profliga
cy evii ced iu the government of the
city of New York, during the last six
or seven years. That Government
has been, in its leadiug officers as weil
as In its Councils, almost unanimous
ly Democratic. It has been a continu
al critic and cavilieras to the extrava
gance and prodigality of the Natioual
Administration. No longer ago than
the 4'hof July lat. Wm. M. Tweed,
the masterspirit of the City Govern
ment, made a Fpeech at Tammany
Hall, and said: "We are marching
on to power, and we will show them
an example of economy and honestv
in the administration of the National
Government." Laughter.
Mr. Twted has for several years
shaned the legislation at Albany,
which has controlled the nuances or
our city. He has been at the head of
the administration of public work9 in
the city, and at thesaaie time a Sena
tor, a leader and counselor at Albany,
and the several tix levies, some of
them passed by Assemblies and Sen
ates in which a majority were Renub
libabs, have been passed by the solid
Democratic vote with scarcely one
exception, and a few purchased Re-
. i .... u-h.n uta hart a Democrat
ic majority extraordinary measures
were carried mrougn, uuwuy uwv-
i i ;n tl.um thav TsVfn kPl-
dom read, and seldom understood, but
rusbtcd througu in me iaat uuuis ui
t.A it a-a. thnfl the State
frUC otrcoivu. -a v w. - -
government waa administered. Jso
longer ago tnan tne spring ui mm,
measure was passed, aud in such a
maimer that 1 never heard of it till
long after it was passeu, m wnicn it
l.l.l ih.r. three millions of
waa ijioim .- - - .
dollars should be raised, and tne May
or Hall, the Comptroller, xucnuru i.
Con nelly , and tbe Chief of the Bureau
r i..i.ii WnrVa Tweed, were to ad-
just and settle all claims agaimt the
city. I ney met, "
passea Claims ior i,iuvu,ow, .vjfc
cent of which had, or can be ascer
tained to have one particle of honesty
or justice behind it. Bills made up
to be passed ; bills representing no
transaction, but only a false pretense
of transaction, miu hood.-.
property or of service to the city, but
bills were made up and passed, and
the money was paid and went some
where, and the bonds went to increase
the city debt.
By such means as these there have
been added to the city debt, some thir
ty to forty millions of dollars which
the people of New York will have to
pay, though they have received no
profit or possible advantage from it,
while on the other band those mem
bers of the city government have been
buying block after block of real estate,
purchasing wherever land was for
sale as though they were the posses
sors of Aladdin's lamp and bad the
power ot purchasing to an unlimited
extent, and this by men who a few
years ago were bankrupt, but now
pose&sed of from five to ten millions
of wealth, although in tbe meantime
they have lived in the most unbound
ed extravagance. Men on a salary
of $2,500 sporting costly diamonds,
driving fast horses, living at the rate
of S20,000 a year. Men on salaries of
$2,000 as though there was no limit
to their wealth,
For two and a half years there has
been no statement published of the
annual receipts and outgoes of the
city government, although the law
requires such a statement every year;
nothing has been published, but every
thing held back. Once, indeed, in a
while, some leading citizens are in
duced to go and certify, in a general
way, "that all is right" at the Comp
troller's office, every thing going on
well, till some thirty or forty million
of dollars have been added to the debt
of the city, for which there is no pos
sible benefit derived. When these
statements were first made public, I
thought that these men bad furnished
a certain amount of property or labor
to the city, and had been induced to
make out their bill for a large amount
paying back a certain amount to tbe
office-holders, splitting the difference.
This has been done before in New
York, and there are, I am sorry to
say, other localities in which it is done.
But the case is made worse than this.
There must be some fifteen or twenty
millions of bills for which nothing
was ever furnisnerl ; bill.- made out
for $50,000 or $100,000 for carpets, plas
terinsr. plumbing, lumber and materi
als which never existed, or were nev
er supplied at all.
-VA. -1. n f f B11 11,1,? Men In IU1V-
. v. ...... ,n.,-l foloa a all Ttarf iea. all
governments, occassioualiy have done.
There never was any party so pure, eo
upright, so righteous, so vigilant that
rogues did not creep into power under
!l. ...I. an1 nil fheie rtficfeeta At the
public expense. The simple fact that
, . - V l:. ...... n !,(.
a large amount oi fiuunu wvucj
been Etolen Is not, unfortunately, a
novelty, but the fact that men thro"
whom, I will not say by whom, be
cause the facts are not all established
judicially, but the men through
whom this money nas teen stoien, tne
....... 1, .1 , BnnriiVD these IlillH.
lieu nuu uau " . . ,
and certify them to lie correct and
proper ana pass tnem over anu pay
ho.v. thcbA men ctnv in nmco. defvinir
public sentiment, refusing to surren
der their trust, and insisting that
they are going to hold on to the end
of the present term, and then take a
public verdict in a race for another
election. I venture to say that no
such case as this has happened in the
nistory oi iue woriu, nunc
who if they are not thieves and rob
bers, have beeu the conveniences of
thieves ; and men who, if they have
nn( .IaU. Ih. mnnav lhmBIVM. tl R V ft
uotaiv.cu . " - ... w.. . j ,
allowed others to steal it when it was
their duty to see that it was not sto
len. These men cling to their trust,
.. ... j -i .. ..11"
lace me puouc aown, uu .
have done nothing we are sorry for.
How are you going to get us out?
v Hefv vou." Once in a while one
suggests to another to go out. "It does
not look wen," says one, ior vou w
be here : it is not good to have a bad
smell about us : you must get out to
inane things sweeter." But the oth
er replies. "It is no worse in my cor
ner than in yours ; if I go out you
ought to, and I dont mean to go."
And they do stick, all of them, and
they will stick till they are perfectly
certain that they must cither accept
the State prison or go out of the way
of the law and justice of New lork.
Now is the Democratic party respon
sible? Not if tbe Democratic party
elected them not knowing they would
steal, or willing others should steal
money by the millions ; but they are
responsible so far as they sustain or
may sustain their unrighteousness
If that party shall promptly repudi
ate them, kick them out of their pla
ces, follow them up by legal prosecu
tion and punish them, it will not be
morally responsible before thecountry
for the money stolen while it was ig
norant of their crimes. But it is le
sponsible before God and man for de
frauding the people out of iheir votes
when that has been a plain, publish
ed, notorious fact for years ; yet tbey
go on and the whole party profit by
it, wink at il and take the spoils the
receiver if not the thief. The Demo
cratic party has known just as well. I
venture to say, here in Ohio, that
tliese frauds were going on, for they
have been devtloped in solemn re
ports before Congress. Democrats have
been elected by votes that any man
must have knowu to be fraudulent.
These men, whom it is now claimed
have defrauded the Democratic party
and disgraced it by their dishonesty
in money matters, are the very men
who have been defrauding the State
of New York out of their honest,
righteous votes for years, and the
whole Democratic pany stood by
them without giving oueword of re
buke or interposing asingie reproof io
put an end to this most nefariou and
It were in vaiu. fellow-citizens, for
that party to say, as the guilty Mac
beth said to bis ghostly persecutor:
"Thou canst not say I did It ; never shake
Thy gory locks at liie
Because the facts haye been so notori
ous, they have been so demonstrated,
that no man could doubt their exist-euce,
It is now nearly forty years since I
have been a voter, and thirty-odd
yea.s since I came to have some little
share in advising and counselling how
public affairs should be managed. I
was then a Whig, confronting tbe
same party, with the same principles
and the same usages that have been
more developed since, and the very
first act of legislation in which I ever
bore a conspicuous part was an act
.:Kin.. on. I rmilrlny?a reeistra-
tion of the legl voters of the city of
New York. I had been for several
years an active politician at the polls;
I had seen bow fraud was rampant at
those polls ; and I Knew, ana every
. . k.nr fliuf an lonir as anv
WHIV luunn , " :
man could come up and swear that he
1 1 V. . .. ..n.A nuum.
was a voter, anu unit m
. . i . .. n,an nresent knew he
ru uiuugu t -
was not a voter ; so lougas a man who
was not chaiiengeu couiu put
vote apd go away, just so certain
would there be fraud. The man who
insists on leaving my door open at
. . that hiirclar miirht
DlUtVU pu.uuos o -
take advantage of it and come In and
steal my property, ,
thief as though be took it himself.
I bau seen ior yeaia mat wo
bodv of those who were not citizens
and chose to vote, did vote; ana h
they chose to vote tea time-,
many different polls, they could ; there
i..;o....in,t tt and the first
was au urn 1 -,
act I attempted to pass was the Regis
tration Law of New rki '1 187-T
Mr. Seward and Mr. Weed, the lead
ers of my party, were, nowever, Hos
tile to it; they thought it would raise
aery that the Whig party was inimi
cal to the right of suffrage for the
ignorant and friendless emigrant who
had just come into the country ; they
resisted, and all the Democratic party
. . i .lAniiiu Tnev saw that if
resiaicu, oi vom.. - j
one thousand ilk gal votes were polled
.ii ....i . l,n)pnH In their
II WOUIU IUU BV CU uuuu.u --
majenty ; they would have so much
the greater majority. They Isughed
at all our attempts to keep out illegal
votes, because tbey knew tbe Illegal
v..tes helped their side. Still we
passed our act in defiance of the Demo
cratic party in tbe Legislature; but
when tbe jiower returned to them, as
it did iu consequence of General Tyj
lor's treachery, they repealed our act ;
but they did not propose another
they did not ssy "ou have hit upon
the wrong remedy ; we'll abolish this
and establish a better one something
more efficient than this," but they
simply swept it out of existence, and
opened the ballot-box so that any
body could go in and vote.
Fellow citizens, in a township where
you may say everybody knows every
body, where no man can come up lo
vote without several persons of each
party knowing whether he is a voter
or not, it may be safe, though I don't
think it 19, to allow men to vote with
out any kind of registration ; but in a
great city like ours, where very few
men know those who have lived on
either side of them for ten years I
have lived without knowing who was
my neighbor for ten years I could
not tell at the polls any one man in
twenty of those who were entitled to
vote, and one hundred might vote
illegally without bringing the fraud
home to them. And I say that the
men who insist that all safeguards
shall be intermitted, all barriers
thrown down, they are the men that
are resposible before God and man
for the polling of illegal votes.
For forty years I have known the
Democratic party to resist steadily
and constantly every effort to deter
mine who are entitled to vote before
hand. I waa in tbe last Constitution
al Convention of the State of New
York, and was their chairman on
Elections and the right of Suffrge.
I drew up the article as it exists in tbe
present Constitution ; I made a new
one, without the least thought of bene
filing or injuring any party, whatev
er, my whole object was to establish a
system nnder which every legal voter
should surely vote, and no illegal vo
ter could possibly vote. One of the
provisions whereon I was most tena
cious, was that the registration should
be completed and published, a list
made ou, so that every one could see
it, six days before tbe election. But
every Democrat in that Convention,
including the present Chief Justice of
the State, a half dozen ex-Governors,
the candidate for Governor, all the
leaders of the party were there, and
tbey all voted against any aud every
effort I could make to prevent illegal
voting. They would have no barrier
that they could possibly avoid or de
feat and when at last I had carried
through tbe article giving six days be
tween the closing of the registry and
the opening of the polls, after I had
left they succeeding in cutting it down
to four days ; they could not get it quite
out. In every respect e had the
whole strength of the Democratic
party doing every thing in its power
to prevent and obstruct any barrier
being fet np against voting illegally.
Now then, when at the next year
we came to the polls aud found them
polling in the city alone not Jess than
thirty thousand illegal votes, ; could I
blame only these men, or the men
who engineered the fraud ? Could I
fail to see that the men who left the
dcor open to the fraud were as culpa
ble as tbey who voted? The men
who through years steadily aud every
where ; in the Conventions and the
Legislature bad done their utmost to
leave the gate wide open through
which illegal voters marched in bri
gade front, could I doubt that they
were responsible?
When we commenced to prepare
for the election of IStiS, in the first
place, men were rushed through and
naturalized by the hundred together,
three hundred or four hundred in one
evening, in a room like this; men
swore, forty at a time, that they came
here five years ago; they were rushed
through faster than a Chicago pork
merchant can stick bogs, they put
these men through. They are very
dexterous in Cincinnati and Chicago,
in tbe pork business, but they can't
kill hoirs as fast as the New York
people made votes. Then they got
out forty or fifty thousand fraudulent.
illegal naturalization papers, leaving
a place for the name, ail tbe signatures
and seals perfectly correct, aud these
were peddled out at the rate of two
... . i i mi ..
aollars per uunureu. insMie waa
flooded with them. A good faithful
Irishman, who worked for me, and
his son, who had not been long
enough in the country to be citizens,
were supplied with papers proving
that they were naturalized, and that
they were entitled to vote, but they
did not.
To begin with, it was certain they
would cheat ; they were prepared to
cheat, William M. Tweed, the master-spirit
now, as then, sent out to all
his confidential fellows in thecoun
try: "The instant the polls close,
send us an estimate by telegraph,
showing how the votes stand at your
poll," so that before our votes were
counted they could tell pretty well
how many were needed to beat Gen -eral
Grant. And they did beat him
for President; they were sixty thous
and majority against him, whereas
there were not thirty thousand ; and
the proportion in Brooklyn wai about
the same, some of it made by fraudu
lent naturalization, and the rest by
fraudulent counting largely where
they could control. They would get
two men of their own party, and
auother whom they could buy, and
make the result just what they
pleased. Of that sixty thousand
majority in the city for Seymour over
Grant, not over thirty thousand was
houesL They had planned, and con
trived, and prepared for months to
be ready to make that vote just what
ever should be necessary to beat
Grant in the State. Our State was
clearly for him. and the result was
only perfected by this fraud, whole
sale, deliberate, prepared, conspired,
Intended from the first to be.
Tbe instruments were few compara
tively ; five thousand men will poll
fifty thousand votes iu New York if
weil led. They have iheir names
prepared. Ana we proved that the
leading Democratic politicians of the
city had fifteen or twenty men set
down as lodging in their house when
there were no such men there not
merely at the grog shops, where they
would put fifteen, twenty or thirty in
a place where they did not live, but
at the houses of the leading Demo
cratic politicians, men were put down.
Then a man goes round and gives
them the names they are voting on ;
each one gets his name and resilience;
they go and vote, and then on to tbe
next poll, at which they have another
residence, and so they are sent round
from poll to poll until they vote per
haps twenty times. And suppose we
arrest them and take them before a
judge, they are not away twenty min
utes berore tney are reieaseu uy writ
of habeas corpus, and at the polls
Now I complain not that individu
als have done this gieat wrong to the
nation and tbe people, but that the
Democratic party as a whole has sus
tained and countenanced this fraud,
and by doing their utmost by having
the polls so prepared aud arranged
that the fraud could take place. Men
like Belmont, and others who figured
as their great teen, -are now very
anxious that the money fraud should
cease, but you never heard a word
from them in deprecatidh or censure
of those gigantic political frauds
which were just as notorious as the
money frauds now are. They stood
behind them in the Convention and
the Legislature, and everywhere held
the gates open to let this flood-tide of
fraud sweep in and overwhelm the
honest verdict of the loyal voters of
tbe State.
I perhaps shall have to pay one
thousaud, perhaps two thousand dol
lars, my share of these frauds.
Suppose it be the tenth part of what
I am worth, but what of that? I
don't value that consideiation one
straw. If I lose it, if It is stolen, I
can make it again, and if I can not, 1
can do without it; but tbe political
frauds by which my right ol sunrage
has been systematically destroyed,
wherebv those who have been invited
T-nay, commanded by the State to go
nn every vear end record their delib
erate verdict on ihe public affairs of
. ., r ,. .1 t
the nation, tne irauiis wuereuy tuai
verdict has been falsified are turned
upainst me. That to me is twenty
times more heinous and outrageous
tlmu all the stealing of money, and
the Democratic party has stood be
hind these frauds; frauds which have
made the State return a verdict
against herself; frauds which have
made me a victim when I had a right
to be of those who, being in the ma
jority, record the verdict and deter
mine what was the opinion of the
State of New York. Those political
frauds, so abominable, strike at the
very foundation of government, for
the worst possible despotism is a des
potism of bogus voters. Far worse
even then the despotism of the Czar
Nicholas or that of Napoleon is a
government maintained by fraudu
lent, irresponsible voters. Yet such
a corrupt syatem has been maintained
for years by the Democratic party, by
the connivance of men too respecta
ble to be active agents in it, yet not
too respectable nor too honest to pock
et the gains of it, or to shout victory
over success won by gigantic fraud.
I was a candidate two years ago,
very much against my will, for a
State office. Now In the city of New
York there was, for certain reasons, a
wide-spread personal good will to
ward me, and I received, doubtless,
many votes that were given for other
than political consideration, yet I
was beaten in the State by some
twenty two thousand votes. How?
Tbe Sixth Ward in New York gave
something like five thousand majori
ty against me, and yet there are not
three thousand voters living in it.
Loud laughter. In the tenth Dis
trict of that ward there were polled
against me more votes than the census-taker
a few months before had
fouud men, women and children liv
ing iu that district. Laughter.
There are men who are Senators,
men who hold the highest places in
your State, who are usurpers by vir
tue, or vice, of their ability to poll
illegal votes. It is a government
based on repeaters. Such frauds are
often a thousand times more conse
quence than mere financial dishones
ty which so alarms the country. I
have been for forty years trying to
have them arrested, and the Demo
cratic party has been fighting me
steD bv step from beginning to end.
How. then, can I feel any respect for
the would-be respectable portion of
that party when 1 see mat it coun
tenances and connives at these frauds
hich strike at the very vitals of the
Government? Loud applause. j
Fellow-citizens, I desire to say a
few words upon the questions which
fundamentally divide the two parties.
Questions not of to-day, but of all
time, divide us. I saw the other day
for theie is nothing incredible or
impossible that d'es not get into
the newsoaners a sueirestion that I
would probably be the best Demo
cratic candidate to run against t.en.
Grant for President. I thought that
about the most absurd thing I ever
heard or read ; for though Ueneral
Grant is not a Democrat, he was one
once. I never was at any time of my
life; and if the Democratic party wire
called upon to aeciue between trant
and myself, I know that their regard
ior what they must call principle
would induce cine-tenths of them to
vote against me. "Why? I am a de
cided enemy of that party, even in its
most respectable aspects.
With regard to those principles
which commend it to the good will
of some men whose good will is wor
thy of respect ; if, for instance, there
be anything which characterizes and
distinguishes that party to-day from
the Republican party, radically, fun
damentally, it is tbe idea that gov
ernments should be restricted to the
narrowest possible sphere.
I presume there are Democrats
present. If so tbey will agree with
me that if there is anything which is
a vital and indispensable principle of
. , ... :.. ......
tne uemocraiic party il is mis, mat
Governments ought to be restricted
to the narrowest sphere in which
tbey can move ; that when they have
to tbe best of their ability kept any
evil disposed person from robbing my
house, or cutting my throat, the Gov
ernment has performed all the duty
it owes me, and has done all the work
in which it can wisely and profitably
be employed. I think any Democrat
will agree with me that if there be
one principle among the shifting
phases of political contention which
distinguishes the Democratic pany,
it is this, of restricting the National
Government iu the most rigid man
ner to the duties which no man can
deny belong to it." So with the State
Government; regarding it always
with jealousy, limiting its powers,
fettering its operations, keeping it
within the sphere where its duty shall
be to protect individual rights against
violence and overthrow. Now I dis
sent from that. I am net a believer
in that idea of Government, On the
contrary I believe that Government
has other functions, beneficent, cher
ishinir, fruitful, besides that of merely
protecting my person against spolia
tion. I hold this, indeed, to be among
its most sacred duties, but I insist
that there are other duties which it
may and should perform and which,
failing to perform, it goes entirely be
yond its legitimate duties.
Take, for instance, that great work
which made the city of New York
the commercial emporium of the New
World, the New York and Erie Canal.
If the Democratic principles are right
that canal should never have been
constructed, or, at least, not till in
dividuals put out their own money
and constructed it at a venture with
their own means and at their own
risk. If tbat had been the case it
might have beeu delayed for a bun
dreil years. And the sceptre would
long ago have passed from New York
and Baltimore or Philadelphia would
have been the emporium of the New
World. New York is purely such by
means of the Fie Canal. Had not
that work been constructed she would
have remained as she was, inferior to
Philadelphia in population and wealth
and inferior to Baltimore in her op
portunities of reaching the people of
this mighty valley of the Mississippi
and tbe Ohio.
I say, then, that if the fundamen
tal Democratic principles ate true,
New York has no right to be the
treat city of this continent, and the
State no light to be the Empire State.
They were made such bv a deliberaU
defiance of tbat cardinal principle
which, more than any other, makes
the Democratic party respectable. I
do not believe iu that principle. I be
lieve that the Government has duties
toward me, and toward every good
citizen. It is just as clear to me as
that to which Democracy ould rou
tine it.
I believe that the man who sets up
near my door a gambling house, and
there entices in my sons, if I bad
sons living, and corrupts them with
liquor and all manner of sensual
allurements, and makes them black
legs and debawshe, wars upon my
rights just as much as though he lay
under my window prepared tc shoot
me if I came out ; and that the duty
of the Government is to piotect me
against his conuptionsand iniquities
as much as against the burglar and
assassin. In other words, I believe
that the Government has a wide
range of benefioent activities which
are denied and rejected by the Demo
cratic party ; and I insist that it shall
fulfill its obligations to its people in a
more generous and less niggardly
spirit than the Democrats would have
I could never be a Democrat, so
long as the Democratic party holds to
this fundamental idea. So lonir as it
Insists that your Federal Government
shall have the narrowest pnrsible
scope of power, and your city irovern
meuts shall be forbidden to do any
thing more than just to keep one
man's hand out of another man's
pocket, ami one man's pistol from,
another man's head, I could never be
a Democrat. Democracy in power
must always war against the best in
terests and dearest rights of a free
people like ourselves. It may be that
despotic governments should be
watched, and fettered, and kept with
in the narrowest bounds ; but a repre
sentative republican government is
simply the people acting in a collec
tive capacity for the promotion of
ends desired, or required by the gen
eral well-being. That is my idea of
Republican Government, I should
have been an earnest and zealous sup
porter of De Witt Clinton, had Hived
forty years earlier, through the great
struggle in defiance of the Democratic
patty, who repeatedly sent up from
Tammany Hall delegates to represent
New York, instructed to .fill up the
ditch, and who scofled and scouted at
the canal policy which he was main
taining. I say I should have stood
by him in that long .and arduous
With regard to the kindred question
the right of the Government and
the duty of the Government to cher
ish aud to encourage the industry of
the people I believe tbat it is one of
the most vital functions of a govern
ment to do whatever it can or may to
diversify and extend industry ; to see
tbat the largest number of people are
employed, and to the best possible ad
vantage. This seems to me one of
tbe things that a government ought
to do; hence I am, and must be, an
advocate of the protective policy a
policy championed by Washington,
by Jefferson, by Hamilton, by Madi
son, and by all the great lights of our
earlier, and, in my judgment, of our
better era, for I don't believe, much
as this country has grown, tbat it has
ever seen an abler or an honester ad
ministration than . that of George
Washington, under which the policy
of protection to home industry was
firmly established, on the recommen
dation of Washington, seconded and
rendered luminous by the masterly
report of Hamilton. I believe that
policy to be essential to the best in
terests of every class, of every section
and of every interest in the country.
Mr. Gree'ley proceeded at some
length to argue that protected indus
try benefitted the entire people of the
country, and ultimately enabled them
by improved methods and machinery
to successfully compete with the ill
paid producers of Europe. He con
cluded : Fellow-citizens I beseech
you to stand by the party that pro
tects the industry of the country ;
stand by its industry, which is pros
perous because it is protected. We
can not be defeated, I think ; we can
not be overthrown so long as the in
dustry of the land lies confidingly
upon us, and is not disappointed.
Loud applause.
The education, moral and intellec
tual, of every individual, must be,
chiefly, his own work. Rely upon it,
the ancients were, right: both in
morals and iuisllect, we give the final
shape to our characters, and thus be
come emphatically, the architects of
our own fortunes. How else could it
happen, that young men, who have
had precisely the same opportunities,
should be continually presenting us
with such different results, and rush
ing to such opposite destinies?
Difference of talent will not solve it,
because that difference is very often
in favor of the disappointed candi
date. You will see issuing from the
wall3 of the same eollege, nay, some
times from the boscm of the same
family, two young men, of whom one
will be admitted to be a genius of
high order, the other scarcely above
the point of mediocrity, yet you will
see the genius sinking and perishing
in poverty, obscurity and wretched
ness; while, on the other hand, you
will observe the mediocre plodding
his slow but sure way up the hill of
life, gaining steadfast footing at every
step, and mounting at length to emi
nence and distinction, an ornament
to his family, a blessing to his coun
try. Now, whose work is this? Mani
festly their own. They are the arch
itects of their lespective fortuues.
The best seminary of learning that
can open its portals to you, can do no
more than afford you the opportunity
of instruction ; but it must depend, at
last, on yourselves, whether you will
be instructed or not, or to what point
you will push your instruction. I
speak from observation a certain
truth, there is no excellence trithout
great labor. It is the fiat of fate,
from which no power of genius can
absolve you.
It is this capacity for high and
long continued exertion, this vigor
ous power of profound and searching
investigation, this careering and wide
spreading comprehension of mind,
and these long reaches of thought,
"Pluck bright honor from the pale-f.-.ced
Oi dive Into the bottom of the deep.
And drag up Urownei honor by tne locus.
This is the prowess, and these the
hardy achievt ments, which -re to
enroll your names among the great
men of the earth. F. Le Prevoxi.
A few days since one of theGreeley
Democrats met Judge P , of this
city, who is sound in the Democratic
faith, and does not agree with tl)
Louisiana delegation at LouisviMe,
who, with saof hearts, 'forsee the
death of Democratic principles."
"Well, Judge," sai the Dolly Var
denite, "I suppose you intend to cast
a good old Democratic vote for Horace
Greeley?" "No, I don't intend to
vote for Greeley." "Goinu to vote to
for Grant ?" "No, I shall not vote
for Grant." "What is your position,
then, if you don't mean to vote for
Grant or Greeley?" "Well, I will
tell yon," replied the Judge. " W htn
I was a boy, down in Maine, once or
twice a year a tribe of Indians, some
twenty or more in number, were in
the habit of coming down the river
and indulging in a a glorious drunk.
I always noticed, however, vbat tiiy
detailed two men to keep sober and
watch their canoes, and r.ow tuat the
Democratic party is out on the rem
page, a few of us old chaps are watch
ing the canoes." Boston Evenhi(
The Pyramid Building.
Every State in which general ¬
tions have been held since the open
ing of this campaign has gone Repub
lican, and in all, except linooe isianu,
there have been large Republican
pains over last year's vote. Even iu
Tennessee and Kentucky the Repub
licans have shown heavy gains in tne
county elections. The Republic-all
pyramid now stands:
The FayeUville News says there is
a man in that town who, like Grain
Browu, "practices total abstinence at
various intervals." He lately "let up
ou drinking" ten times iu one fore

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