Newspaper Page Text
V olume 57 jSTo. 13. Warren, Ohio. October, 23, 1S72. Whole JSTo. 2925 Reserve Chr W ESTERN BUSINESS DIRECTORY. ttfESTEKXRESEKTE CHBOMCLE Published every Wednesday morning. In Empire Block, Market St W arren W a. Riti-uei. . Editor and Proprietot. BIBLES AXDTESTAJIESTSat the aduof co of publishlnR them, for Bale by the TBrjrarOo, Bible Society, at all i u depositories throughout the county. All the stvles and price published by the American Bible Society, kept constantly on band. Central Depository at Hapgoort Brown's. Market st (south side of Court k'ousesauara) Warren, O. 0-ly S. 187-. lyr. T)offl of the LOT, Physician and Surgeon, F Office and residence a few rods bont n v, .iun,t, 3M.t Western Depot, where be ean be consulted professionally. warren. O. Aomin is.i-u f. i.TW X. Dentist. Office over . 8. C. Chryst A Co.' new meat market, iiiite the Court House. Market St-W sr. opposite the Court House, i ran umo Ian. 5. lt70-U rl EOKGE P. HtTXTEB, Attorney at X Law. Office In VanQorder Block, Market .r nhln. r Feb. is; -ti- nn I. GILLMER, Attorney at Law, I .and Notary Public, ewton Falls. O. Tiov. 8, 1ST1, 1 yr - HD. MLES, Attorney at Law, .Gibbon, Buffalo county. Nebraska, win practice in the Supreme, District, and Probate Courts In Nebraska. Will give spe cial attention to locating fliers Home steads, under the late law. Offlce with Hon. F. ft. Trew. Probate Judge, corner of Court and First strciU. ,Jnne 6. 1872 t DR. D. GIBB05S, Dentists, teeth extracted without pain; upper or low er sets of teeth for J12.00. Offlce over T. J. Mo- Lain & Son's Bank, juii ok. w r.re. v.. Jan. 6. 187U.-. J. HAMID5. C T. MTTCAIJ. TTARMON METCALF, Physicians, M and Surgeons; Office on High Street at tfi-ltand formerly occupied by Dr. Harmon Jan. a IM" : joa hctohiks. w. t. speak MrTCHEXS SPEAR, Attorneys at Law. Offlce In First National Bank ling. M story, front -ooms Warren O. Jan. 6. lsTO-ly. . T; H. BBISCOE, Physician audSur- - riffirm -t Residence, north aide of Market street, two doors east of Elm. Par ticular attention paid to M ironic Jan. 4J7t-lyr. J. R. BRACKETS, K. B. E. KUSSKXX, Jt. B. DBS. BRACKEX, & RUSSELL, Eclectic Ph vsictans and Snrgeons.offlce at o.2u Market SU, (up stalis). All calls at office a needed to at all hours, day or night. Dr. B. will give attention to the treatment oi all cnrouic oiseases .ij cer. Rosi-enee eorner Liberty and ash. ton Avenue. Warren. O. iaug. 21, 1 -. T B." F. A. BIEBCE, fiemcepathic JLFhysrcfan andSnxgeon.OflicinSuUin,s Block, fc ih St-oeu ' DK.J.E. ITELS05, Physician and Surgeon, office east, of First Nat. Bank. Office hours from 7 to 10 o'clock, a. m and Jtohp.nL. Jan.2o 1K71 "TASHIGT03i HIDE, Attorney at y Law and Notary Public. Offlce in the Chronicle Bnilding, over Gates Del ln's Store. July 10, ls72-ru. T R. F. JTTEBS, Physician and Sur JLJgeon. Office iid door north of National House. Entrance off Liberty street. Office hours, from 10 to 12, a. rn and 1 to 3 p. m. Residence, corner of High and Chestnut streets. Nov. 27. 1867-lr J. VATJTROT. . THAI). ACKLEY. yAUTBOT & ACEXET, Successors to J. Vautrot-ACa, Dealers In Watches, Jewelry andJJiamonds. Market Street, W ar ren. Ohio. Jap & 1370 K. W. UTUn. ' . H. H. ktOSKS. . T ATXIFF & 3I0SES, Attorneys and tVCounsellers at Law. Offlce over the Ex change Bank of Freeman & Hunt, on Market St. Warren Ohio. - i Jan-t' uco. JN. COWDE BY, Attorney at Law, Office corner of Mill and Main St., Nilea. Ohio. XocL 18 la71-t. "T B. TTLEB, . Manufacturer and 1 . Dealer la Guns. Rifles, Pistols, Cutlery Fishing Tackle, Gnu Maleriala, Sporting Apparatus, Sewing Machines, Ac, No. 8, Mar ket St.. Warren, Ohio. Js. 6 1870-tf r.K .HtTTCHIKS, O. K. TCTTLK, I. M- STU L I HCTCHOS, TUTTLE k STTLL, Attorneys at Law, office over Smith A 1 uruers Store, corner of Main and Market Streets. Warren. Ohio. Jan. 10. 1K72-U. W. I. FOBTK. W. M. POBTKB. W5. & W. F. P0BTEB, Dealers in School and Miscellaneous Books, Stationary, Wall Papers, Periodicals, Pam phlets and Magazines, at the New York Book Store. Main Street Warren. Ohio. - H S. BOBBIXS. Kewton Falls, .Notary Public. nor 1, 1871-lyr GEO. B. KENNEDY, Fire and Life Insurance Agent, Warren. Ohio. Oct. 4. 1871-lyi. w. d. HAUi r. i. kacxbt. HALL t MACKET, Manufacturers of Harness and dealers In Saddlery Hardware, irnnaa, v ansea, traveling Bags, Whips, Horse Blankets, Saddles and Fancy Saddlery, No. 8, Market Street. War. "a. O. Jan. 6. )7a WHrrTLESET ADA3LS, Fire and Life Insurance Agent, Warren, Ohio. Merchandise and other property Insured in the best Companies, on favorable terms; Farm property. Isolated Dwellings, and their urniture insured lor one, three and five years. Office In McCombs and Smith's block. CC arcXUTT, House., Sign, and . Ornamental Painter, Gralner, Ac, .King's New Block. Main St., Warren. Ohio. May 10. 1S71-U J 5. BAWS0X, Mayor of the City L of Warren, Civil Jurisdiction same as ustlce of the Peace for the city, and crimi nal jurisdiction thrunghoutcity and county. Also agent for Cleveland Cement Seweraud drain Pipe of all sizes. (Jan 3. 1871. TEESJiES & GOIST'S X. L. C. R. JL Carriage Works. Warren, Ohio, manu facturers of Carriages. Buggies, Wagons, fcleighs, and specialties. All orders from any Dart of the countr piomptiy attended to. Painting, Trimming and Repairing done to order on the shortest notice. South of ' Canal. (Jan S, IsTi AD0LPHTS GEETEE, Dealer in M usical Merchandize of all descri pti ons, viz: Pianos, Organs, Uelodeons, iolins, GuitarsrAccordeons,ClaroaeUa, Flutes, Fifes, Drnma, Piauo-spreaMh, Piano-stools, tiheet music. Music-books, Violin strings. Guitar Strings, Ac-, Ac Store in Webb's bick, over Porter's Book Store. I Jan. 6 ls70. kX. H. WALKER, W. B. LE3LIK, B. I WALXIS. WALKER, LESLIE & CO., Bank ers, Church Hill, Ohio. Dealers in Government Securities, Foreign and Domes tic Exchange. Collections made. Interest allowed on bpeclal Deposits. (Jan. 4-ly. . HARTFORD ACADEMIC Institute. W. J. Cowen, A. B., Principal, with an fcoicieut corps of assistants. Twocourses of study. Normal and Classical. Fall Term begins August 2uih. For circulars add res J. G. Hi WIN. Setfy. Oct25 !S7l-lyr Hartford.TrumbulICo..O . "W ABBES TEMPLE XO. 29 VT Honor and Temperance, meets at cor ner Main and Market sta.Jn thiscity . every Friday night. All desirous of aiding in pro moting the temperance cause, which is the cause of God and humanity, are invited t attend with ql Social Temple meets every Tuesday eve ning. JOHN LAPHAM. W.C.T. D. M. LAZARUS. W. R. Jan 10. l74-ly MB, A. P. MIS EB, Contractor of mall route No. 9139, running dally from ouLavus to Burg Hill via Ein.iuan, wishes to aive notice to the public that he has pro vided himself with a pleasant riding coach, and is now prepared to carry passengers and baggage to all points on the route. Aug. 2a-4W. T7 STATE "of- William D. Morris, lidee'd. The undersigned have been duly appointed and qualified as Executors on the I estate or w imam u. orris, aec a, late oi Trumbull Co Ohio. MARY A. MORRIS. ZALMON MORRIS. Greene. Oct. ft, lS72-3t 2M. 0-JFLTjE33FS.t AXUFACTCRER OF FURS. I Shall! have on Eftnd In ov..a choice lot of Ladies' Collars. Muffs and Boas.which will be disposed of as heretofore, at manu facturers prices, old styles Mink, Sable and Filch, made over, after the latest fashions. Work ex pressed Irom a distance will meet with prompialtention. B. M. CARTER. North Avenue, Warren, Ohio. Sept. 18. lS72-8mo . VTOTICE. Farm for Sale, one mile north o! the -cenlerof Johnston. consl-ting of one hun dred and fifty-three acres of cuolce land, in good repair; living water; good buildings and orchard. Forty acres good timber, with ugar camp of two Lundred and liny trees Terms easy. Apply to SHERMAN TERRELL. -Joh nston , Oc t . 2, 1 87.M t J . as 1 3. lu be of and J for has maa and will of at seen the I m.. of on heirs A less. from the i oih the a in A. 17 . J. HOLI.IDAY. I. B. XACEKTi I. B. PATJTK. VIENNA SAVINGS BANK. TTOLLIDAT. MACKET 4 CO.. Bank JLJLers. Vienna, Ohio, dealers in Exchange auu Drafts on Europe. Collections made. interest allowed on special deposits, Sept. ll-Jmo- Warren, Sept. 2, 1872. AIiLjISOX DRUG STORE. JCST RECEIVED, A LARGE Stock of "-J4 All of the best patterns, and every size from Infant to Adult. A lai ge stock of SHOULDER BRACES, For Ladies and Gents. Female Supporters, HATTSOS'S FEMALE STRISGE, with Irrigator. Speculum Syringe, and a va riety of other kinds. Also large assort ment of Toilet Articles, Tlx: K.lr Brushes. Robber Combs, Ivory Combs, Florence Mirrors, Ac A large Invoice of B AZIN'S Celebrated Perfumery. "We pay special attention to filling Phyti cian t Pretcriplion. and can sell Physicians medicines ascheap as they can buy them In Cleveland or Meadville. give US A CALL. Sept 4. WM. HAPGOOD. EXA3IO ATI0XS OF TEACHEBS.--Until farther notice, there will be an examination of teachers at the High School building in Warren, on the first Saturday of every month during the year, excepting thatduriug the months of April and Sep tember, there will be an examination on each succeeding Saturday, as follows: First Saturday, Payne's Corners; second. oi: nsuni; thlra, lirlMol; lourin, warren. Not ice is hereby given of the adoption of the following rule.which will be strictly adhered to: "Ali certlticates hereafter granted by this Board, shall be dated on the day of examination, except that in special coses for good reason, certificates may be dated back, but in no case beyond the date of the previous examination..' By order of the Board, GEO. P. HOTTER, Clerk Warren. O. Feb. 7 1873-lyr. CITY MEAT MARKET fTjrpHE undersigned would res I pectfully announce to the citi- i it aciis of Warren and the vloinity that he has opened a Meat Market on Lib erty Street, opposite K K. Wisell's Carriage Factory, where be intends to keep co nstant 5 on hand, all kinds of fresh meats, and o: good quality as the country will afford. ha ve employ ed the services of a good butch er who has bad long experience in the busi ness, and who will always be on hand to at tend to the wants of all customers. All or ders left for meats In the evening will be promptly attended to, if desired can be de- frlgerator till called on. ' nne &. LSiO-U . LEMUEL DRAY K. WOESWICK. K. LEWIS. ' SESD FOB PBIt'K LIST. WOBSWIGK& LEWIS, CLEVELJNDER1SS 4 PIPE WORKS, Cor. Kenria aa4 fsater ets Clmlaai. 0., Manufacturers of and Dealers In brought Jr?i tipe, iron truing and bran Goodj, for Steam. Water. Gas and oil. Cameron steam and Eureka Hand Pumps. All kinds of Steam and Gas fitting tools constantly on band. (July 24, 1S72 lyr. AVERY DESIRABLE HOUSE AND LOT FOR SALE On Bazetta St., iue city of Warren, known as the F earns property. House new, large and conveni excellent cellar, two gooa Darns, ana other out bulldiDgs all in good repair. Will sold on ea&y term;s. Call at the office of Katun A Moses, Market or at tne store 1- earns. A Gray. Main Su iapr. 10-IX EXCHANGE BANE FREEMAN & EVXT, WAREEX, OHIO SEALERS d cols, Silrer, Esstera Exchsnga, Cacarreat Baak Hetes, aaa aU kiads af GOVERNMENT BONDS Interest Allowed on time Deposits. Collections snd all business connected with Banking promptly attended to. REVENUE STAMPS FOR SALE March L 1S7L . THE UXDERSIGXED. Agents for Taylor, Day A Co.. of Fre nuuia, N. Y., are furnishing at Manufac turers1 prices, those cheap, durable, light beautiful Taylor A Day carriages. Open and top carriages on hand at their salesroom at the Center of Greene. Call and examine before purchasing elsewhere. Oct. 2, 167. am. R. H . CitANli A SON. AJOTICE. The State of Ohio, Trumbull Co.' in the Court of Common Pleas. Samnel W. Jenkins, vs The Erie Railway Company. The said Erie Railway Co., deienuant.is notified that the said plaintiff nasmed in said (jourt, n is petition against defendant, asking lor a judgment against it SouiO U. for darr ages sustained by him while a passenger upon the Atlantic A Great Western Railway, then run and oper ated by defendant, and caused by the neg ligence of defendant and its emploesand servants, and that an order of attachment been i&sued in said cause. Said petition be answered by the 14th of Dec. Is72, said cause will be for trial at the next of said Court. HLTCHLNS, TUTTLE A STUXL. OcU 2. l(72-6t PltfTs Ally's. INSTATE of Samuel Ticehurst. jjThe uncollected and desperate claims longing to the estate of Samuel Ticehurst be sold at the Court House, in the city Warren. Trumbull county, Ohio, on Sat urday, the 2dtb day of October. A. D., lu o'clock, a. m. A list of claims can be on fi le at the office of the Probate J udge Warren. O. H. M. LAIRD, Assignee. Oct.2.1873.t. GUARDIAN'S SALE OF REAL fcSTATE. In pursuance of an order of Probate Court oi Trumbullcounty.ubio, will oiler for sale, at public auction, on Saturday the 9th day of Nov.. A. D. 17 i, be tween the honrs ol one and four o'clock, p. upon the premises, the lollowing descri bed rral estata. situate in the county of Trumbull, stateof Ohio, and known as part Lot No. 8. in the township of Braceville, bounded by the north and south cenlei road the wtst; by land of Frederick G. Tad's and N. O. Humphrey on the south; on tbeeasl by S. P. ingrabatn. and by land of retus stow and the Cleveland A Maho ning Railroad on the north. Containing about 41 acres of land, be the same more or Terms of Sale. One-third In band, one thlrd in one year; one-third in two years the day of sale, with Interest; the payments to be secured by mortgage upon premises sold. GEORGE E. ROPER. Guardian of John Croy. Braceville. Oct. . 1672-u PROCLAMATION. I. G. W. Dickln.on, Sheriff of Trumbull county, Ohio, hereby notify the qualified electors or said eountv. that Toesdav, the day November, A. D. 187 Is the day ap pointed by law lor holding the Presidential election In the Stateof Ohio, at which time said electors will assemble in their re spective townships in said county, and pro ceed to ballot for rwo Senatorial and twen ty Congressional Electors, as electors lor President and Vice President of the Uni ted States. Given undermyhand a t the Court Hon e, Hie city of Warren, this 9th day of Oct., D. l!f72. G. W. DICK1SNON. Oct .9 l72-3t SherlS. STATE ef Charles Masters, dee'd. JjThe undersigned have been duly ap iMitnted and annulled as K'xecutois on the estate of Charles Masters, dee'd, late of Trumbull Co., Ohio. ENOCH H. MASTERRS, JAMES S. MASTERS. Warren, Oct. If., 187:-:t a to it of his the or his to as is THE CHRONICLE. OCTOBER'S SONG. "O deep brown eyes." sang gay October, "Deep brown eyes running over with glee; Blue eyes are pale, and gray eyes are sober; suuiv Drown eyes are toe eyes lor me. "Black eyes shine in the glowing summer With red or pose and yellow of corn ; But cold the) clce when the still late comer. Silvery frost, creeps over the morn. "Blue eyes shimmer with snsel glances. Like spring violets over the lea But oh, my Grapes, my Wines, and my Dances, What have angels in common with me? "Go. Gray Eyes! What know yeoMaaghlng, Giddy with glee from mere suushine? Go to your books! What know ye,of quaff ing Lucious Juice from the riotous vine ! All the earth Is full of frolicking ; Growing Is over: harvest is done: All the trees are ready for rollicking. urowing scanet witu rustical iuu. Stay, Brown Eyes, In the purple weather. A crown oi oas leaves witu maple blent Shall deck your brow, while gayly together it e two win wanaerio neart s content." Thus October's wild voice was singing. While on his pipe he cunningly played ; All the red wotids with music were ringing. And Brown Eyes listened, with footsteps stayed Waited to hear the song beguiling. Listened and laughed through the sunny day; And earth and sky fell to merry smiling. As hand iu hand they wandered away. Ifarpcr'a Matiazincfor October. FOR THE CHRONICLE. A GOOD THING. Mr. Editor : In the present cam paign we have had so many good things presented to us that it is im. possible for weekly papers to spread them all before their readers. Among them all I have not seen so vile a question more stunningly and com pletely answered than that which fol lows. Got. Wells certainly over whelmed the Mayor this time. Can you Snd room for it and oblige your numerous readers? M. THAT DUMMY. A Happy Retort on a Rabid Greeley Orator. [From the Richmond(Va.) Journal.] In Governor Wells' great speech, made at Petersburg-, after comment ing upon Mavor Kelley's indorse ment of the Ivu Klux organization, he read the following extract from the mayor's speech, made at Peters burg on Wednesday niclit : "What shall I say of the dummy, driving his horse along the Jersey beach and calling himself President?" I know, said the Governor, Mayor Kelley as an accomplished scholar ; gentlemen noted for bis refinement aud culture ; ordinarily courteousand polite. I am surprised that he, of all men, the Chief Magistrate of the queenly City of Richmond, who knows well what decent respect re quires, should have been betrayed in to the use of such grossly improper language, but as he asked the ques tion, I answer : Who was the matchless hero of Donelson.Shiloh and Vickburg? "The dummy who drives his horse alm; the Jersey beach !" W ho was it that Jed one hundred thousand heroes to the victory over Lee and his before unoonquered army from the Rapidau to the Wilderness to the James, to Petersburg, to Richmond aud the old apple tree at Appomattox ? It was "the dummy driving his horse along the Jersey beach !" Who was it that planned, thut flanked, that fought, that shelled, that charged at Steadman, at Fort Hell and Fort Damnation ? It was "the dummy driving his horse along the Jersey beach !" Who was It that seized the tiger of secession by the throat, and, holding him there, fcaid to those that caviled, those who hoped and those who feared,''Ill fight it out ou this line if takes all summer?" It was "the dummy driving his horse along the Jersey beach !" Who was it, after the victory was won and the Union safe, said to Lee and the conquered army, whose cour age, honor and manhood he respected, "Return to your homes, and you shall not be disturbed by the United States authorities so long as you observe your parole and obey the laws of the place where you reside?" It was "the dummy driving his horse along the Jersey beach !" Who was it that said to Lee, "Let the soldiers of your army who own horses in their charge take them home with them, for they will need them for their spring plowing aud other farm work !" It was "the dummy driving bis horse along the Jersey beach !" Who was it when Lee, Wise and other Confederate Generals were in dicted by a Virginia Grand Jury said, "The officers and men paroled at Ap pomatox cannot be tried for treason good faith as well as true polii.y dic tates that we should observe the con dition of that Convention?" It was "the dummy driving his horse along the Jersey beach!" Who was it that said "Six years having elapsed since the last gun was filed, U it not time that the disa bilities i in nosed bv the Fifteenth Amendment should be removed?" It was "the drmmy driving his horse along the Jersey beach !" Who was it that restored Virginia and reclad her in the full, bright. shining garb of a sovereign Slate, aud now calm and serene, unangered, pa tient and faithful, dures,- unmindful the threats, the abuse, aud the liv ing slander heaped upon him, to do duty alike to friend and foe, to God, his couutry aud himself? It was "the dummy driving his hore a'opg the Jersty beach V Who is it that will live in the hearts of his countrymen revered at home and abroad, the great soldier, modest citizen, and the faithful public servant, unostettatious, unas suming, brave without ambition, for bearing, resolute in doing what he deems right, but never offensive in asserting himself as soldier, General chief for a thousand years after poor detractors have gone down a forgotten grave ? It is "the dummy driving his horse along the Jersey beach !" No words can give any adequate description of the dramatic efiect and tremendous power of the reply. The voice of the speaker was clear as a bell, and was heard by every man of the 3,000 persons present, and might have been heard by 20.000. As often he cornmenced the refrain, "It was the. dummy," the audience arose, shouted, cheered, laughed and wept alternately. Such an effect has rarely ever been produced on a mass of peo ple. It seemed an inspiration. The eflec,t of that meeting will never be forgotten. . so do . far it a get the my be James Gordon Bennett proposes to honor the memory of his father by erecting in Greenwood Cemetery, New York, one of the finest monu ments tuat i his country has produced. The price is unlimited, but rumor places it at near $200,000, The shaft to be o'f white marble, elaborately sculptured with symbolic figures rep reseting the profession of journalism. The inscription wiil be ?impiy "James Gordon Bennett." with age place of birth, and the title be was pleased to be known by. '.'Founder of the Hew York Herald." The London J-'un represents Ameri ca as a female figure introducing Stanley to Britannia, and saying: "Guets I've got a direct claim on you now, sister." We wish all our inter national transactions were half so pleasant as this one. of and his of The First Paper Collar. Walter Hunt, who is said to be the originator of the first successful paper collars, was one of that useful race of inventors who seldom receive their full reward. He had been experi menting for ten years in niacliinety forsewing purposes, and itis claimed perfected au invention which, but for his pecuniary errbarassments, would have proved the first successful sew ing machine. He was compelled to abandon this field, however, and af ter obtaining some twenty patents for new ana useiui inventions, lie turned his attention to the mauuiat-ture collars and culls of paper. Iu 1S54 he made his first collars. Having se cured the aid of business men. wh saw a new and profitable trade in his invention, he gradually got his collars into market ; nut the sale was slow wear a collar made of paper wai regarded as a sign of poverty, aiu people ridiculed the idea of substitu unit paper ior mem. iiutUunt was confident that paper would triumph and persevered. His first collars were made of paper which was intended for a very different use. He tried Bristol board, thick writing paper parchment paper ; but each one of them was deficient In some quality. one wouiu not resist perspiration another would not fold over without cracking; still others were of a bad color, aud none were of sufficien strength. He then tried pasting two sheets of paper together with a strip of muslin between ; yet while this answered in many respects, it did not imoru ai tne advantages be desired. His friends became discouraged with his long-continued and costly experiments, and advised bim toanan don the idea and turn his attention to something more feasible. But he was confident that collars could be made of paper : aud. as be could not find the proper kind of paper in the market, he determined on trying to make it. He built a small rau encine aud made numerous samples or thick sticng paper ; but, after spending i large sum of money in this way, he abandoned his attempt and returned to the manufacture of what he called cloth-lind paper. He perfected ma cbinery which obviated all his dilll culties in pasting the cloth and ia per together, and at lenuth. after an outlay of $10,000.in experiments, his elioru were crowned with success. and merchantable papercollar, which could not be distinguished from linen collars, except by handling, were giv en to the world- PETER CARTWRIGHT'S FIRST VISIT TO NEW YORK. Cartwrieht's account of his first vis it to a great city is peculiarly rich. It was when he went to w York to attend the meeting of the Missionary Board. After a great deal of trouble and vexation of spirit, be at last drew up in front of the old Irving Mouse on Broadway. We give what followed in his own words : We made our wav to the Irving House, and asked the clerk if two of us could get lodgmg and board witn him for a day or two. He replied : "Yes, but we are very much crowoed." . ' "Can vou eive us a lower room with two beds in it?" Tasked, and informed him that I was sick and could not climb many flights of stairs. He said all the lower rooms were occupied, but he had a nice room in the httn story room ooo. I said I could not go up and down manv nights of stairs. "Oh," said he, "I have the best of porters, and if need bo they will carry you up and dowu at all times." "But," said I, "if tbey carry me up and retire if I want to cume down, how am I to get the porters to bring me down ?" "Oh." said the clerk, "when you want anything, you have nothing to but riug tl.e bell, and the porter will be there instantly." It was now gelling dark, aud I said : "We are in a poor fix, in a strange city, to hunt other lodgings, and I suppose we must Etay.'1 "Do," said the clerk, "and In the morning I will give you a lower room." I said to the porier, "Take us to our room." Ud we started, and winding to ev ery point of the compass, we got at last to the 53tb room, and a more fil thy, dirty place I never saw for a bed-, room In the frontier backwoods of the West. I said to the porter, "You rascal, are you going to put us in this dirty pig sty ''" "O, sir, said the porter, "take your seats, aud I'll soon put the room in trim." And he did trim it very nicely, for had evidently been the lounging place for the porters. When he had nicely finished the room down he went. I sat a few minutes, and then rang the bell. Up came the porter. "What's wanting, sir?" I said, "Send up some fresh water todriiikand to wash." It was quickly brought, and down went the porter. He had hardly reached the lower floor before I azaiti rang the bell. Up came the porter. "What's wanting, sir?" "Have you been out of doors ?" "No, sir." "Is this bouse oa fire, or is any fire near it'" "No, sir." By this time the porter was in a free perspiration. My room mate made an excuse for the porter, aud said : "Sir, would you kill the poor negro?" I replied, "He is free, aud gets good wages, and I am determined to trot him through." Down went the porter. He had hardly time to reach the lower floor when I rang the bell again. Up came the porter. "What's wanting, ir?" Said I, "Have you a hatchet about this house?" "o, sir : what do you want wilh hatchet ?" "I want to blaze my way down with notches, so that if the house should on fire I could find my way out." "Uu, bir, tne laudlord won't aiiow that ; if the house takes fire you cau ring the bell." "Why," I replied, "if the house takes fire I might ring the bell till dav of iudgment. Have you no sealing wax or chalk that I can mark way down with?" "I tell you the landlord won't allow that, eithtr." "I replied, "I don't care what tie landlord allows. If the house takes do you suppose I'll stay here and burned up like a fool." "ext morning we paid two dollars each, nnd left for belter quarters. on of In to at The Indianapolis News of recent date says: "Yesterday a young girl applied at a drug store, and after con siderable diffidence whispered to the clerk that her mistress, a theatrical lady, had sent her for ten cents worth love powders. It was a queer mix - ture for tins apothecary to compound. he must needs know all the symptoms of the disease that deman ded such curative agencies. A young man bad been calling and calling lor months past. Either diffidence or lack of warmth had prevented bim from talking business, and now her mistress wanted something to soften heart aud bring him to terms. Tbeclerk consulted his pharmaceut ical works without relief, aud finally from his own resources compounded powdered rhubarb, sweet quinine. assarcetidu, etc., a mixture mar. win certainly bring matters to a crisis, either favorably or otherwise. The result is yet to hear from." What would a pig do who wished to build himself a habitation? Tie a knot in his tail and call it a pig's-tie. let a Pins in Pussy's Toes. Little Fred is now in the third sum mer of his mortal life. Of course he doesn't remember much that hap pened in the first or second one, as his is a pretty short memory. So that Fred's observations on matters and things this summer have all the freshness of a first exrience. This summer Fred's golden curls have been sheared beautiful, en chanted blossoms of infancy, they have fallen into a box, which mam ma keepR privately to remind her of her vani-hing baby. Then, Fred had been moved into the country, and his round, blue eyes are growing rounder nnd tiisger every nour, with new and wonderful experiences. Most strikingly among them, and most puzzling to Fred, is Pussy. Not a big cat, but a kitty, of those tender years corres'ponding to Fred's own. What a wonder 6he is, seen now for the first time, serenely walk ing on all-fours! A Maltese kit, of pure blood and glossy mouse-color, with a little white breast-pin in her bosom! Evidently Pu.-s belongs to the celebrated White Star Line. Eagerly Freddy seizes ber; he hugs her very "tight, and Pussy squirmo iu vain; he examines the wonder; he pokes his fat little fingers into Pussy's bright eyes ; he opens her mouth aud looks at her little pink tongue. He tends her a little while with her head up, aud then, for variety's sake, he tends her with her heels up, and her bead hanging down. Then it occurs to him that Pussy tail Is a nice han dle tocarry her by, and he trie9 that experiment. At last Pussy's patience gives out. and out from her pntty vel vet paws fly tho ten little, sharp, pearly points that have been given U- t for her defense, and Fred reels a new sensation. He throws Pussy on the floor and runs scream ing to mamma. "O, mamma, mam ma. Pussy got pins in her toes !" Then mamma explains to Freddy why the pins were put in Pussy's vel vet toes. "Poor, soft, furry, helpless little Pussv! what could she do if she had not pins in ner toes t jjoes Freddy like to have people poke their fingers in his eyes, or open his mouth, or feel of his tongue? No more does Pussy. Would Freddy like to be car ried round, foueezed up under some body's arm, with his head hanging down ? No more does pussy, nut Pussy can not speak. She can not complain all she can do is to use the pins in her toes." When b red noids 1'ussy rigut enu up. strokes her geutly, and speaus lovingly to her, the little sharp pins in her paws go away clear in, where nobody can see them, and. Pussy be gins toting a low, little purring song, to show how bnppy she is ! So, Fred dy, dear," says mamma, "there is a right way and a wrong way to uanuie everything. If you hold Pussy gent ly, stroke her softly, and treat her kindlv. vou never win ue troubled ny the ten little pins in her ten toes ; but if you trouble and worry and tease Pussy, she will scratch." Little Fred's lesson is a lesson also to ns older ones. Those helpless little dumb oues, who form part of our family, have some rights that we are bound to see maintained. We have sometimes wondered to see a little helpless kitten or puppy given up to be tortured iu a nursery, without even an attempt 10 explain to the children the pain they are in flicting, and the duties they owe to the helpless. Thus, what might form the most beautiful trait in tbe child's character, is changed to a deformity. Instead of learning from the kitten a generous consideration for weakness and helplessness, the little -ones re ceive lu the nursery iue lesson oi brutal tyranny. Iio parent ought to allow a child the possession of any living creature with whosecomiori ana weiiare tuey do not charge themselves. Children are not naturally cruel ; they are ouly gnorant and inconsiderate. Ihey have no conception of the pain they often inflict, even by their loving ca resses. A boy. too. basin him a sort of wild, uncultured love of domina tion and sense of power, which aie no sins, but may be made the lounaa- tionsof great virtue, if he be early aught that his strength and power of control are given him for the protec tion of weakness, and not for the op- iression of it. A bo v can use the same faculties iu defending un helping poor animals that he can in oppres- ng tbem ; and the p ts or th nursery are valuable for teaching that very les son. "Oh ! It Is excellent To have a giant's strength ; but tyrannous To use it like a eiant Airs. H. B. towc, in Christian Un- on. is er of CONFESSION OF CRIME. Memphis. Oct. 15. Since the con fession of James Kenny, a noted thief now serving a term in the Tennessee penitentiary, of bis connection with Billy Forrester and others in the Scooler diamond robbery at New Or- eansin lsol. Mr. bcooler came here and alter consulting Chief of Police Athev, he, with that officer, proceed to Nashville, aud after obtaining interview with Kenny, prevailed ponbimto make a full confession. hat robbery was planned by Forres ter, Frank Dayne, alias Dago, who is now in jail at Jersey City, and nave Cummins. In order to draw the po- ce from the scene of the robbery bey hired men to set steamboats at the landing on fire, by which the magnificent steamers Thompson Dean, Magenta and four others were ct.nfeumed. During the fire the rob bery was effected by which one hun- red thousand dollars worth of dias tuouds were obtained. After remain ing quiet the spoils were divided, and be and Forrester came to this city, where a jiortion were sold and the remainder sent East. One large stone was sold to Angelo Mowe, now trial here for robbing the Chief Pol-ce safe. Returning to Mem phis, Schooler aud the Chief found Angelo's pin put up as hail for his I'rother, John ilowe. fccooier at once recognized the stone, and soon after several others were found and identified, never having been re moved from the original settings. conversation with Athey, Kenny said he was certain Forrester mur dered Nathan, but no one knew all about it but orrerter's wife, now in Memphis, aud she was too sly to give Billy away. be it let to om-ii to A Beautiful Experiment. The following beautiful chemical experiment, may be easily performed the great astouishment of a circle a tea parey. Take two or three leaves of red cabbage, cut them into small bits, put them into a basin, and pour a pint of boiling water ou" them: it s;aud au hour, then pour it into t'ecaiiter. It will be a fine blue color. Then take four wine glasses; into one put six drors of strong vine gar; into another six drops of solu tion of soda; into the third a strong solution of alum, and let the fourth remain empty. The glasses may b? prepared some time before, and the few drops of colorless liquid that have licen placed iu them will not be noticed. Fill up the glasses from the decanter, and the liquid poured into the glass containing the acid will be come a beautiful red; the glass con taining the soda will become a fine green ; that poured into tbe emty oue will remain unchanged. By ad ding a iittle vinegar to the green it will immediately change to a red, aud, on adding a little solution of soda to tbe red it will assume a fine grem, thus showing tbe action of adds aud alkalis on vegetable blues. Terre Haute has a cat that is a regu lar visitor to all the circuses. She is supposed to be after the aero bats. of son A A A A A Lesson in Feeding Stock. A correspondent or the Maine Farmer having made the statement that among the valuable letsons that the past winter had taught him in feeding stock was the conviction that he has heretofore "fed nearly double the amount of hay needed," another writer for the same paper comments as follows on his remarks : If feeders have learned, as many no doubt have done, that it is bettt r to feed less hay and substitute meal or some other concentrated food in place of the nay withheld, then the lesson will not be controverted ; but if they have been feeding too much hay to tne siock, nave been giving much more nutriment than was needed, it is quite another thing. I have learn ed no such lesson. I have learned (from the experience of others) that stock can be wintered can be kept alive on much less hay than has usually been fed to them. When you want stock to grow du ring tbe winter, oxen to lay on fat, cows to give fin abundant flow of milk, you must give them something to do it with. Muscle, fat, milk, are all in the feed given, be that grain or bay It comes from no other source, aud can be obtained in no other way. A certain amount of nutriment is re quired to support vitality in an sni mal. If you get growth, fat, or milk it must come from nutriment digested and assimilated in excess. If you desire raiml growth, much fat, or an a'juiidaut flow of milk, you must feed liberally, and at tbe same time feed such food as will keep all tbe organs of the animal in a healthy, aclive condition, that they may be enabled to digest and assimilate the greatest possible amount of food. Milk pro ducers understand this well, and you have not heard them say they have learned to Keep their cows on a small amount or food. They all feed shorts, and feed them not to save hay, hut to make thei cows eat more bay. bhorts are healthy food, and promote the health and activity or ail tbe organs or digPS' tion and assimilation, aud thus the cow is euabled to convert more hay into milk. I have been feeding cot ton seed meal with the greatttt satis faction.. It saved me no nay, but it gave the cows a voracious appetite and that appetite, created by :i healthy digestion, converted a large quantity of hay into milk. My experience baa taught me, and last winter confirmed it, that tbe profit in keeping stock comes from tbe feed, digested and assimilated in excess of what is required to support vitality and the more we can get a single animal to digest andasfimuate, aud therefore convert into the desired product, the greater the profit. Mark Twain on his Travels. I got into the cars and took a seat in inxtanpositation to a females face which was a periect insurance com oanv for her it insured her against ever getting married to auyootiy ex cent a blind man. Her mouth look ed like a crack in a dried teuton, and there was no more expression in her face than there is in a cup of cold custard. She appeared as though she had been through the famine aud got about two thirds through another. She was old enough to be the great grand-mother to Mary that bad a lit tie laiub. She was cbewing prize noD-corn. and carried In her band a yellow rose while a band-box and a cotton umbrella nesueu sweeny oy her side. I couldn't guess whether sbe was on a mission of charity, or goiug west to start a sawmill. 1 was full of curiosity to hear her speak ; so I said : "The elig'fncies of the time requln great circumspection in a person who traveling." Said sbe: "What?" Says I, "Tbe orb of day shines re splendent in the liiue yauitaDove.;- She hitched around uneasy like, then (-lie raised her umbrella and said, "I don't want any of your sass get out: aud I got out immediately. Then I took a seat alongside a male fellow, who looked like the ghoit of Hamlet lenehtened out. ue was a stately cuss: and was reading.- Said I, "Mister did you ever see a camel leopard " l said camei leoparu because it is a pious animal aud nev eats any grass without getting down ou his kuees. He said he hadn't seen a camel leopard. Then I said "Do you chew?" He said, "No sir." Then said I, "How sweet is nature?" He took this for a conundrum and said he didn't know. Then he said be was deeply interested in the history great men. "Alas " he exclaim ed, "we are but lew." I told him I knew one? "The man who made my cooking stove was great man." Then he said "Youug man look at these gray hairs." I told him I saw them, and when a man got as old as he was he ought to dye. Said I, "you needn't think these hairs are any tin of wisdom, it's only a sign that your system lacks iron ; and I advise you to go home and swallow a crowbar." He look this for irony aud what little entente cordiale there was be tween us was spoiled. It turned out that he was a chaplain of a base ball club. When we got to Rochester I called for a bowl of beau soup. It ought to called lead soup. I seed you a receipt for making it: "Take a lot of water, wash it well, and boil it until is brown on both sides ; then very carefully pour one bean Into it and itsimmer. wnen iue ueau oegma get restless, sweeten it with salt, then dutit into airtight cans, hitch fn to a brick, aud chuck tbem overboard and the soup is done." The above receipt originated wun a man in Iowa, who got up suppers on oiid occasions for Odd Fellows. He bus a receipt for oyster soup, leaving out the salt. . . Xr.nRkitnr of Iowa reminds me oi tho irav I not the money to pay for my ticket and pay for that fellow s supper. I beta fellow a dollar that 1 mmlil tnll him how much water a quait went under the railroad bridge over the Mississippi at Dubu que in a year. He bet, aud I said two pints to a quart. I won the bet, but after all that supper was an awful swindle. If the city didn't settle fas ter than its coffee did, its old settlers club would be a failure, and the city tDubuque is celebrated for its fine turnouts on the streets ; While I was there a wagon upset and spilled a lot women, I didn't see it I looked other way. No cards. ed to he of er of AN INGENIOUS COMPARISON. The following ingenious compari is published in the Roman's Journal Woman is Man U Active, Strength, Force, Dictation, Conquest, Rebellion, Centrifugal, Unrest, A gatherer, A leader, A m'str serv. For open air, Reason, For causes, Reckless, Inventive, Constructive, Theoretical, Impersonal, Irreligious, The State, The world, Passive. Beauty, Affection, Persuasion, Endurance, Subordination, Centripetal, Rest, dispenser, follower, servant-master, house plant, Inctinct, For results. Cautious, Imitative, Conservative, Practical. Personal, Religious, Society, the church. The home, A load of brick passed over an Iowa boy last week without hurting him. was under a bridge, 808 44 FUNNY FABLES. Translated from the Persian of Zambria, the Passee. the Passee. I. , . A cat, waking out of a sound sleep, saw a mouse sitting just out of reach, iciiu.ius mat it the slightest movement of hers the mouse . ould retollectan engagement, she put on a look of extreme amiabil ity, and said : "Oh! it's you, is it? Do you know 1 thought, at first, you were a friend ly great rat; and I am so afraid of rats! I feel so much relieved you don't know! Of course you have heard that I am a great friend to tbe dear little mice." "Yes," was tne answer, have heard that you love us indifferently well, and my mission here, was to bless you while you slept. But as you will wish to so and get your breakfast, I won't bore you. Fine morning isn't? Au revoir. This fable teaches that it Is usually safe to avoid one who pretends to be menu wituout saving any reason to be. It wasn't safe iu this Instance, however; for the cat went after that departing rodent, and got away with him. a! II. A hippopotamus meeting an open alligator, said to him : "My forked friend, you may as well collapse. You are not sufficiently comprehensive to embrace me. I am myself no tyro at smiling, wheu in the humor.". "I really had no expectation of taking you in," replied the other. "I have a habit of extending my hoqt- tality impartially to all, aud about seven feet wide." "You remind me," said the hippo potamus, "of a certain zebra who was not vicious at all ; he merely kicked the breath out of everything that pas sed behind him, but did not seek to induce things to pass behind him." "It is quite immaterial what I re mind yon of," was (he reply. "The lesson imparted by this fable is a beautiful one. III. A sheep making a long jonrney found the heat of his fleece very uu comfortable, and seeing a flock of other sheep in a fold, evidently awaiting for some one, leaped over and joined tbem, in the hope of being shorn. Perceiving the shepherd ap proaching, and the other sheep hud dling in a remote corner of the 'old, he shouldered his way forward, and goiDg up to the shepherd, said : "Did you ever see such a lot of fools? It's lucky I came along to Bet them an example if docility. Seeing me operated upon, they'll be glad to ofler themselves." "Perhaps so replied the shepherd. laying, hold of the animal's horns; but I never kill more thn one sbeep at a time.- Mutton won't keep in hot weather." The chops tasted excellently well with tomato sauce. The moral of this fable isn't what you think it is. It is this:' The chops of another man's inuuou are always nice eating. IV. Two travelers between Teheran and Bagdad, met halfway ud the vertical face of a rock, on a path only a cubit in width. As both were in a hurry and etiquette would allow neither to set his foot upon the othir even if dignity bad permitted prostration, they maintained for some time a sta tionary condition. After some reflec tion they both decided to jump around the other ; but as etiquette did not warrant conversation wilh a stranger, neither made known his Intention. The consequence was they met with considerableeraphais, about ftur feet from the edge of the path- and went through a flight of soaring eagles, a mile out of their way." I his is infamous. The learned Par- see appears to wholly Ignore the distinc tion between a fable and a simple lie. Translator. SAGACITY OF A MARE. (Virginia City Mountanhtn, .) A remarkable instance of the sa gacity (is it not reason?) of a horse has come to our notice. .Mr. John Fletcher, -Norwegian, owns an imbro- Keu cay use mare, which runs fn a pasture adjoiuir.g his house. The mare, which is very wild, has a you 113 colt at her side. A few nights sine?, after Mr. Fletcher bad retired, he was aroused by the mare cominji to the window of his house, and by pawing, neighing, and in every way possible trying to get his attention. This con tinuing for some time, he got up and went out and drove her away, and re turned again to bed ; but she imiuedi ately returned, and if possible increas her demonstrations ; he again went out, when the mare came up to him and rubbed her nose against him. although always-before she had been very shy of allowing any one to come within reach of her, then ran on a few yards before him continuing her neighing then as he did not follow htr, she returned to him rubbing agaiust him in tbe most demon strative manner. He attempted to drive her oil, struck her with a stick, and followed her & few yards to freighten her away. Assoou, how ever, as he returned toward the house she returned aud tried In every way prevent him from dome ma. lie theu remarked that her coll was not with her, a fact he- had not noticed before, it being quite dark. It occur red to him then to follow her, which did. Soou as she saw he was do ing so she ran oil' before him, stopping every few yards, turning around to that he was still following, then again runuingou, keeping up her casi ng, until she reached a distant part the field, where she stopped at an "prospect hole." On coming up with ber she again commenced rub bing against him, and drew his atten tion to the hole, where he soon dis covered the colt. It appears it had lipped into the pit aud was unable to out, and the mare bad taken this method to obtain assistance. Ueinij uuable to get it out alone, Mr. Fletch went for some of his neighbors, and wilh them returned. Whiie tbey were taking the little fellow out tbe mare manifested the most' in terse de- igbt. aud seemed almost beside her self with joy ; aud afterward, wheu the men had got it out of the hole, sue came up to Mr. F. and placing her nose on his shoulder gave every sign gratitude that a human mother inignt undtr similar circumstances. Who will sav that a norse does not reason? Tho nrntrrras of the iron industry iu he United States is shown iu tht fact that duriDg the year ending June 30, 1870, it supported 3,S3 establish ments, gave employment to lU,!J-57 bauds, aud turned out products val ued at ?o00,b.2 107 iu the aggregate. There were 86 pi? iron establish ments, using 574 blast furnaces, em ploying 7,-3- bunds, and producing 040,480 ; also 8- bloomer pigs, employ- .U-j.S-l tons 01 pius, vaiucti -1 ruj ng ,90 hands, aud producing iiu,- tonsof blooms. The iron fo;iu dries numbered -,Go3, employe! ol, 7 bands,and turned out products valued at $t.i9,S37,8. The forges numbered 102, employed 8,.)01 hands, and produced articles valued at f 8,147, 009. The bar, rod, railriroad irou and rail factories numbered 3U-, employed 043 hards, and manufactured prod uc:s valued at lu,3-l,lo!. "Josh, I say, I was going down the street the other day, and seed a tree bark !" "Sam, I seed it hollow !" "I seed the same one leave !"' "Did it take its trunk with, it "Oh, it left that fur board !" ! The Two Presidencies. ,,1 n' STtt 0ne jjj0ur prudential election and the other is that of Mexico. On the ; result of these two elections depends ( the good or bad government of 40,000.- uin) i.eonle eastol tlm Kio Uran.le and 9,000,1)00 west of the same stream, In the case of the latter such a thing as good government la a myth, aud indeed there must in our ease, too, be two opinions astwo good government, for the party out of power, in its chil ly, carping state will always find fault unh ihe administration and declare the country is going to ruin ! Such is now the case with us and a strong rabid effort is being made to overturn one of the beet administrations that has ruled our country. The good sense ot the people will, however sustain that administration and re elect the President for another term, despite the cries of "stupendous frauds," "nepotism," and the like. On the west side or tbe Kio Grande an ebction is to be held in order to nil the vacancy caused by the death oi Benito Juarez. Mexico has always been a field of contention for ambi tious and grasping leaders. To-day we find fewer in the field than of yore, and they are both respectable; that is, they have standing and wealth, and have not lately, at least committed any crimes. These two men are Santa Anna and Lerdo de Trejaca. Many are under the im press ion that Santa A aria is dead, but he is not, though in the seventy fourth year of his age. During the administration of Senor Juarez a Urge party looked up to this ambi tious old man as their chief and fu ture ruler, and he has never given up his design of again ruling the Mexi can people. In ISO! he returned to his native land from Havana, wheie he had been living like a prince, and signed an act of adhesion to the Mex ican empire. The very next day this Changeable man issued a proclama tion to the people in which be referred to the time he governed tbem as tbe ".golden age of their history." For this he was ordered back to Havana and it la only recently that he again set foot upon Mexican Boil. Having wealth at his command, he is causing two new journals to be started to ad vocate his caudidacy to the Presiden tial chair, and his cause appears to be gainiug ground, for the Mexicans like contention. It causes money fo be expended and stirs up trade in a small wav. Ou ihe other hand, Senor Lerdo is also possessed of wealth, and is, de jut e, i'resiueut. He has the toverQ- uient aud all its patronage, and it will be bard to oust him. Besides, he has made friends with Diaz, a pow erful rival, and has the advantage of youth over Santa Anna, who- by age is incapacitated from active exei tion iu a Presidential contest. AU things oonsiaered, then, Senor Lerdo will defeat his famous rival, should the latter go to the polls. There is some Mmilarity between the positions of Senor Leido and Gvu. Grant. Both are exercising fie functions of President, and au election is to be held to continue them in of fice or to send them back to private life. There is no analogy between the positions of Santa Anna and Greeley, however, the former being a bold usurping man, aud tbe latter a weak politician, vain acd visionary. Early History of Railroads. At the Fifth Annual Convention of tl.e American Society of Civil En gineers, Mr. J. D. Steel, of Coatsville, Pa., read u paper on "Karly History of Railroads, aud the Origin 01 the Guage The paper was lull or in terest, and elicited the undivided at telitiou of the mt.iubers. The author narrated the gradual progress of tbe from the first wooden track to the perfect steel rail f the present day Mearn was employed first in Kugland, in 1811, in which year it was proved that the adhesion of the wheels to the rail was sufficient to move a load ed train without the use of cogs or stationary engines. In 1SI6 Stephen- sou applied tbe motion directly iron) the piston to tbe wheels, and a tew y tars later a train of S wagons load ed with freight and passengers was drawn at the rate of twelve miles per hour. In 127, the first road wa built in the United States the Quin cy road, wilh a guage of three feet. About the same time the Mauch Chunk road was constructed, which w::s a gravity railroad, extending a distance of nine miles. In 1S-S the Baltimore acd Ohio road was com nienced with a guage of four and a half feet, and wilh outside flanges for the wheels. In 1S.9 the ltocket, a tubular engine, was built in England for the London and .Manchester rail road, and about the same time it was settled iu Fuglaud that there was less fiiction in having the flanges on the outside of the w heels. A great many experiments' were tried with gauges of varying width, until at last, as a compromise, the present guage of four feet eight and a ball ini-bes was adopted. In 1S30 the first American engine was built by Ptit r Cooper, "nd ran from Balti more to Fllicott's Mills, carrying twenty-three passengers, at a rate of five to eighteen mile an hour. At the present time there werel-5,- wo miles ot railroad in the world, and locomotives enough to form a coutin uous line from sew York to Chicago. The conclusion of the reading was greeted with warm applause. In the discussion which followed, Mr. McAlpine said Mr. Horatio Al len, the President of the Association, was the engineer on the Charleston ai:d Hamburg railroad, and was the fii.st man in America that took hold of a lever to run a locomotive. This locomotive was the Lion. Mr. Mc Alpine had seen it put together wheu he was a boy, aud bad helped to tome extent In the operation. Any one who would go to Kensington Mu seum in London, could see theie the first English engine, the Kocket. It w::s a curious thing, purt wood and part irou. He would also see there one of the first engines made by Watt. Tbe walking beam and connecting ro.U were of wood. Portions of this engine were in the Bank of Euglaud and in the Kesiu.tou Museum. Mr. M. X. Forney said that iu 1S.'5 Mr. Allen hail two engines buiit for the South Carolina railroad which had all the essential leatures of the Fair ie engine. An engraving of this engine bad been published in a nauer iu this country aud in Ennin- ccrinr in England, since which time Mr. iaulie had taken out new pat- ents for his engine. The case was nieutioued as of interest because it appeared to be the revival of au aban doned invention. Even the New York Sun has been obliged to unite ill exposing tbe late attack or the 'Xew York Tribune on Speaker Blaine, aud says, editorially : "About six weeks since we were iu C.rmpil that Mr. Blaiuo had once re- reived a large present of Kansas Pa- ciiic stoc k, aud that among the paiwrs in a great iusun im- 1 Was aU!I:IUul oiucutow piwtc fact. V.e sent a competent gentle man to examine these papers and af ter he bad carefully gone over tbem be reported to lis that It was another Blaine, with a different Christian name, aud not the Speaker at all. The European lnonarchs are gen erally fond of horses, and good ones too. Queeu Victoria's horts are val ued at $-30,000, King William's at Francis Joseph's at SUO.fKX), Vi. tur Kmauuel's at $19,000, Car Alexander's at o3.000. Leopold's of Belgium, at $y0,000, aud the Sultau 3 atsoOO.Ooo. . . .: THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE. For the convenience of our readers who may wiah to try their skill at political estimates we print below the liBt of the electorial college as it will be constituted in choosing the next President: States. No. of votes States. Ho. of votes Alabama 10' Nevada 3 Arkansas , New Hampshire... 5 California. 6 New Jersey Connecticut New York 35 Jjelaware 3 North Carolina 10 Florida . fthirt . Georgia II orecon ' g Illinois... 21 Pennsylvania 2 Indiana low . Kansas... Kentucky., lousiana . li Rhode Island. 4 . 11 south Carolina 7 . 5 Ten do wee . 12 . 12 Texas s . M Vermont 5 . 7: Virginia H . 8 West Virginia S . 13 Wisconsin 1.) .11! Maine Maryland M assac h use t ta Michigan Minnesota M lsslRii ppi M issoon -iebraak .. . 51 Total s No. of so. ts 37 15 Senatorial electors.?-! 8. Repreaen. elect's W This Is upon the Inula ofth r, of 1870. Hitherto it has been custo mary to use the previous census in an election which has occurred within two years after the taking of the cen- bus. In 1832. and again in 1S5 thia was done, but by common consent a different coarse seems to have been agreed upon for the ensuing election. We say it has been agreed upon, for all the States have made nominations in accordance with the new appor tionment, This Will Drove an nrlnntar In I ho Greeleyites, as they expect to get the greater portion of their votes iu the ooum ana west, where the new dis tribution makes a larger increase than at the .North and East. It cannot be said, therefore, that the friends of General Grant have wrought this change for their own benefit. They can afford, however, to give the Fu sionists this advantage, and can beat them. Indeed we believe we might concede them all the Southern States with perfect safety for the re-election of General Grant; for really we do not see what Northern States Greeley is likely to carry. " - STAR DEPTHS. The mind of man utterly falls to realize the immensity of space, and no one unaccustomed to thenseof the telescope can have any adequate idea of the difference presented by the na ked eye. even upon a clear night, and the scene which Is disclosed to the eye and mind of tbe astronomer. How difficult it Is to realize that each star in the solemn depths of the universe is a sun like our own sun, but sepa rated one from each other and our own by distances almost beyond the power of man to compute. Only about three thousand stars cau be distinctly seen and counted by the naked eye, while an ordinary tele "cope reveals the presence of some, thing like three hundred and fifty thousand. Herschel's great eighteen inch instrument, it is estimated. shows one hundred and eighty millions, while the great Kosse telescope, by its vast penetrating power, is sup posed to open np our vision tb not less than seven hundred millions. And yet, when the whole heavens are swept by this telescope we have only penetrated a distance into space from our stand point on this globe which, when compared to tbe immensity be yond, is no more than tbe space occu pied by tbe room where we write or read, is to the immensity of depth penetrated by the last mentioned in strument. THE AGUE POISON. M. P. Bolestra has communicated to the French Academy some obser vations on ague poison. He says that in examining marsh water he always finds, in proportion to its degree of putrefaction, a granular microphyte somewhat resembling in form the Cactus Fervvianus. It is always ac companied bya considerable quantity of small spores 1-1000 of a millimeter in diameter, greenish-yellow and transparent, and also sporangia or vesicles containing spores from 2-100 to 2-300 of a millimeter in diameter. and of very characteristic form. This plant grows on tbe surface of the water; when young, it is rainbow-like in tints, and looks like spots of oil. At low temperature of cellars and in water containing no vegetation, it de volopes slowly, but in contact with air and exposed to solar rays in the presence of decomposing vegetation ,it grows last, disengaging small gas bubbles. A few drops of arsenious acid, sulphate of soda, or, still better, neutral sulphate of quinine, stops its vegetation at the surface of the water, the spores become thin and transpa rent, and the sporangia alter so that they would not be recognized. These chauges may be seen under the mi croscope. M. Bolestra states that these spores can be lound in marsh air. lie caught agues twice during his researches once after having been exposed to air from water In fermen tation covered with fresh alga; in full vegetation, mixed with an extraordi nary quantity of spores. He thinks these spores constitute ague-poison. A STATE RULED BY WOMEN. Among the Holland possessions there is a remarkable little State which, in its constitution and the customs of its inhabitants, surpasses the boldest dreams of American emancipation ladies. Upon the is land of Java, between the cities of Bataviaand Samarang, lies the little kingdom of Bantam. Although trib utary to Holland, it is an independ ant State, politically without import ance, yet happy, rich, and since time immemorial governed and defended by women. The soverign is indeed a man, but all the rest of the govern' ment belongs to tbe fair sex. The King is entirely dependent upon bis state council, composed of three women. Tbe highest authorities, all State officers, court functionaries, military commanders, and soldiers are, without exception, of the female sex. Tbe men are agriculturists and merchants. The body-guard of the King is formed of the female elite. These amazons ride in the masculine style, wearing; sharp steel points in stead of spurs. They carry a pointed lance, whieh swing" very gracefully, and also a musket, which is discharg ed at full gallop. The throne is in heritable by the eldest son, aud in case the King dies without issue a hundred elected amazons assemble, in order to choose a successor from among their own sons. The chosen one is theu proclaimed lawful kiug. The capital city of this little State lies ia one of the most picturesques parts of the island, in a fruitful plain. and is defended by two well-kept fort resses. From "Are , American Les Heatthu than Europeans" in Vo- vember Galaxg. An exchange says that "young men in England are forfeiting their marriage engagements inconsequence of the high price of coal." They shouldn't stand back on that account. They ought to know that many a mau's wife makes the hcuse hot enoujrh for him without the use of a poaud of coal. Sheridan one day, wheu coming back from shooting with an empty bag, did not like to go home com pletely empty, and seeing a number of ducks iu a pond, a farmer leaning on a rail watching them, said : "What will you take for a shot at the ducks?" "Weil, he said, ' I will take three dollars." "Done," said Sheridan, aud be fired into the midst of the flock, killing a dozen. "I'm afraid you have made a bad bargain," said Sheridan. "Well, I don't know," said the man, "they weren't mine!"