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TERMS :2,00 per Ytir in Advance. 1 triISEI. WTMKSPAI. .4. 1ST. " tTILLIlX ilTEIEL Editar aad PreorifVw. Pe'aTn ef Horace Greeley." The sa3fnre.TTfreb.ee of "the death of Hobacb GKEM.tr, which occurred OJ Friday evening laat, is cause of nnl yeraal sorrow. Mr. Giselsy bad many earnest political opponents, but, -we are willing to believe, few personal enemies A great man one who has left the in Uellible impression of an extraordinary genius upoaahe . history of the nine teenth ceasarywhaa gone, and a nation mourns bis antimely loss. If he had frailties,- tbe world can -well afford to overlook lb em, for he had many noble virtues, and was a preeminently useful man as a teacher and leader in his day and generation, . ' - The official Vote of the State of Sew fork gives Grant a majority of 53,525. IMx, for Governor, 5-i.GSl. T remain, who run against S. S. Cox, formerly Congressman from Ohio, who was m candidate for Congressman at large, in the State of New Tork, received a ma jority of 3S.S61. We are constrained to omit a num ber of articles intended for this issue, is ordet to furnish, out readers with an early - copy of President Grant's annual message, read to Congress on last Monday. ."'- Miseoari fooled itself at the late elec tion. ; The official vote stands : Greeley 151,443; Grant 119,196; O'Conor 2,449. And yet B. Grata, Greeley's es.idal np pendage, Was lost at the end. O. P. Morton was elected United States Senator from Indiana, on Tuesday, 26th inst, fey the Legislature, by a majority on joint ballot of 19. Good. Death of Horace Greeley. New York, Nov. 29. Horace Gree ley died- conscious and peaeefullv at t:"iO r. u. The Ti-iltmc furnishes the follow ing account of the illness and last hour? of Mr. Greeley : io far as any of his associates are aware, Mr. Greeley was in almost as good health as usual when, on the day after the election, he wrote the card announcing bis resumption of the editorial charge of the Tribune, His sleeplessness was known to have be come greatly worse, but for years h bad suffered more or less from the same difficulty, and, as is now clear, sufficient allowance bad not bran made for the intense strain upon him throughout tne rammer, especially daring the last months of his wife's illness; but it soon became evident that bis strength was unequal to the hard task to which he "set himself. He wrote only three or four careful articles, nooneo them half a column in length. The moat notable, perhaps, ' was that entitled "Conclusions," in which be summed np his viewsof the canvass. In all, he wrote less than three aud a half columns after bis re turn, contributing to only four issues of the' paper. Two or three times he handed his assistant "short articles, saying, "There is an idea worth using, but J have not felt able to work It out properlyj yoa had better put it iu - shape." At last, on Tuesday, the 12th lest., be abandoned the effort to viBit the office regularly, and sent for the family physician or Air. A. J. John eon, the friend with whom he was a guest, and in whose house his wife had died. Evary effort was made to induce sleep, but be grew steadily worse until it became evident that his ease was critical. Dr. George C. S. Chunte and others were called in con saltation, aud finally it was decided to take him to Dr. Cboate's resident1. two or three miles distant from Mr. draeley'sowD country house at Chap pit qua. Here he received the unin termittiug- attentions of Dr. Choate, and here Dr. Krown and others were " called in connuk-ation.- Theim-'bninia bad developed into inflammation oi the brain, and nnder this the venerat ed patient rapidly sank. At times he was delirious, at usher times lie was clear headed as ever. He lost flesh and strength with startling rapidity, and in a few days the possibility of his speedy death forced itself into un willing recognition.- It was not, how ever, until Thursday that his asso ciates and family brought themselves to admit it, and ven then they still clung to his faith fn the vigor of his constitution. On Wednesday night be failed very rapidly, but oii Thurs day afternoon and eveniug he i-eemed somewhat easier. sss9fl ring the night besiept vary unea!y;-nnUtering occa sionally, and frequently raising liis rifcht hand. Toward moruing lie was ' more quiet, and between eight and utoe,o'clock fell iuto a nearly uncon scions condition which continued -with some intervals through the day. He made occasional exclamations, but many of them, In consequence of his extreme weakness and apparent ina bility to finish what he began, were unintelligible. About noon, howev er, he said quite distinctly and with some force, "I know that my lie deemer livetb." During the day lie recognized various people, his daugh ter nauy times, the members- of his homestead at Chsppaqun,' Mr. John It. Htuart and Mr. Keid. On the . whole he suffered tittle, and teemed to have no mora than the ordinary - restlessness which accompanies the - last stage of disease. During the day - bis extremities were cold, and- there - was no pulse at the wrist: the action of the heart was very intermittent, and constantly diminishing in force. He bad not asked for water or been willing to drink it since iis stay at! Dr. Cboate's, but during Friday he asked for it frequently, and up to within half an hour 'of the end he manifested in various ways his con sciousness of what was going on . around him, and cren answered in ' monosyllables and intelligent!? ues tion addressed to hint. About half past thieehesaid vary distinctly, " It is done,'' and beyond the briefest an swers to questions this was his. last otte ranee. Hie youngest daughter, Miss Cabrialle, was with him through Thursoay evening. Throughout Fri day the elder daughter, Miss Ida, was in constant attendance, as she had been ehiruMt the whole of his illness, and Mrs.GreeUy' before him. Other awn aeia of his Cnappaqua household were present, with Mr. and Mrs. John K. Stuart and a - few other friends. Nothing that science or affection could suggest was wanting to ease the last hours. The wintry wind had fairly set in when the inevitable hour came. Without, sleighs were running to aud fro hearing to Cbappaqua, the nearest telegraph station, the latest bullelios which the thousands of an xious hearts .in the r reateity near by kept demanding.- Within, the daughter and a few others stood near the dying wan, who restrained -onscioos aud seemingly rational and fre from aiii, though bow too weak to spratt. in the ad joining room eat one or two more friends and tlx physician. At en minutes before senui ti e watcher drew back in snvcreiit stiitasss from the bedside. The great editor wia gone in peace after so many struggles in bonor, after so naucn ootoquy. The Tribune issues the following bulletin : " Nov. 29, 9 p. m, Mr. Greeley died very quietly aud without paiu at ten sninates before seven this evening. He wa conscious and rational." Horace Greeley's life was insured for Moe hundred thousand dollars for the benefit of the Tribune Aocia tioo. It is announced that Cbappa jua, the home of Mr. Greeley, is be abandoned by the family, and that the propertv will be auctioned to morrow. The feeling in this city in all quar ters is one of profound sorrow at the death of Mr. Greelev, wtilfii is uni- wersany reijsrueu in vue itgut-vj ana Clonal calamity. President's Message. To tke Senate nnd House of Jteprctrti fatirrs ': THE CONDITION OF THE COUNTRY. In transm'tlintr to you my fourth annual message it is with thankful ness to tho Gircr ol all good that as a ration va have been blessed for the la.l year with ieaco at homo and abroad and a general prosperity, vouchsafed to but lew peoplo, with the exception of the recent dcva6la ting firo which swept Iron, tho earth with a breath as it wero millions ol accumulated wealth iu the city ol Boston. Thero have boon two over shadowing calamities within tbe year to record. It is gratifying to note here, like llieir lellow citizens of the city of Chicago, under similar cir cumstances a year earlier, the citi zens of Boston are rallying under their misfortunes, and tbu prospect is that Ibeir energy and perseverance wiil overcome all obstacles sinil show tho same prosperity soon that they would have shown had disaster befallen it em. Otherwise, we have been Irce Imm' pestilence, war and (-alamiiic-8 which often . oveitako na tions, and, as far as human judgment run penetrate tho future, no cause soems to exist to threaten our pre ent peace. THE ALABAMA CLAIMS ARBITRATION. i ,n wrmnv ' " When Congress adjourned in Juno last, a question had been raised by Great Britain, and was then pending, which tor a tine seriously imperilled the settlement by friendly arbitration of the" differences existing between this government and that of Her Britianic Majesty by tho Treaty of Washington,' bad been referred to tbo Tribunal of Arbitration which had met at Geneva, in Switzerland- The arbitrators, however, disposed of tho question which had jeopardised tne wbolo ot the treaty and threat ened to involve tho two nations in most unhappy relations toward each ctber, in a manner entirely satisfac ly to this government and in accord ance with tho views and tho policy which it had maintained The tri bunal, which hnd convened in Gcno- va in December, concluded its labor ious session on tho I4tu day of Sep tember last, on which day, having availed itself of the discretionary power given to it by the treaty to award a turn in gross It made its decision, whereby it awarded the sum of fl5.o00.000 in gold s the in demnity to be paid by Gr. at Britain to the United States, lor the rannca tion of all the claims referred to its consideration- This decision happily disposes of a long standing di Here nee between the two governments, and in connection with another award made by the German Emperor nnder a reference to him by the same treaty, leave these two governments with out shadow upon tho friondly rela tions which it is' my sincere hope mav forever tctnain equally uncloud ed' Tho report of the agent of tho Unt ied Slates appointed to attend tho Geneva tribunal, accompanied by the protocols of tho proceedings of the arbitrators, the arguments of tho counsel of both governments, tbe award of the tribunal, and the opin ions given by the several arbitrators, is transmitted herewith. I have caused to be communicated to the h 'ads of tho three friendly powers wbo complied with the joint request mad? to them under the treaty, tbo thanks of this government for iheap poinimcnt of arbitrators made by them respeclivclyvand also my thanks to" "lh eminent persons named by thorn, and my appreciation of tho dig nity, patience, impartiality and great ability with . winch they discharged their orders and liih functions. Her Majesty' gorerfiincnl has communi cated to mc its nppr-iati6n bv- her Majesty of the abiii'y and indefatiga ble- industry displayed by Mr. Adams, tbe arbitrator immed on tho part ol this povcrnmenl during tho protract ed inquiries nnd discussions of tho tri bunsi). I cordially unite with her Maj esty in tbi appreciation. It is duo to the agent ol tho United Stales be fore the tribunal to record my high spnrceiati- n ot the marked ability, unvearivd patience and the prudence and discretion with which he haicon ducted the- very;rcspoiw;ible and deli cate duties committed to him, as it is also due to the learnod and eminent counsel " ho attended the tribunal on the part of this' government, to ex press niv sense of the talents and wisdom which thev brouzbt to bear in llio argument of rcsull. 60 happily renched.' it will be tho providence of Congress to provide for tho dislribu tion amonr tboso who msj' be cnli tied to it of their respective shares of the money to be paid. -Although the sum awarded is ol payable until a year from the date ol the award, it is d.emed advisable, that no timo bo lost in making a proper examination of tho soveral cases in which indemnification may be .due I consequently rect'mmend tho crea lion of a board of commissioners for tho purpose. By tbe 34ih article ol the treaty ol Washington the respect ive claims of the United States aud of Gnat Britain in their construe tion of the treaty of the loth of June. 1846, defining tlu boundary line be tween their retpective territories were submitted to the arbitration and award of his Majrslf the Emperor ol Germany to deride which of thosa claims is most in accordance wi'.h tho true int rprelalion of tb treaty ol 1846- His Majesty, the Emperor ol Germany, having been pleased to un derlake tho arbitration, has the earn est thanks of tbis government and ot tbe people of the United Stales for tbe labor, pains and care which he has devoted to the consideration of this long pending difference. 1 have caused an expression of my thanks to bo communicated to His Majesty. Mr. Bancroft, the representative of ibis government at Berlin, conducted tbe case and prepared the statement on tbe part of tho United Stat.s, with the ability that his past service justified the public in expecting at his hands. As a member of the cabi net at the data of the treaty which has g:ven rise to tho discussion bo tween the two governments, as tbo Minister to Great Britain when the construction now pronouncod un founded was first advanced, and as tho agent ar,d representative of the government to present tbe case and t recuivo the award, he has been as snciatcd with the qties'.ion in all of its phases, and in every stage has mani tested a patriotic zeal and earnest ness in tho mainlenanco of the claim of the United St alps ; ho is entillod to much credit for the success which baa attended tho commission. Aftor a palicnt investigation of the case and of tbe statements oi each parly, his'wajesty tho Emperor, on tho 21st day ot October last, signed bis award aecretng M$L claim of the eovernmeot of tho United States that the boundary line between the territories of ber Britannic ' ina jeaty and the United States should bo drawn through tho Uaro t-tiarincl, is most in accordanco with tho true in terpretation of tho treaty concluded on tho 15th of June. 1S43. between tho agents of her Biiltanic tnoj&:.y and tho United States. THE SAN JUAN QUESTION. "-opies of tbe esse presented on bo half ef each government, and of tho statement in reply, cf each ' and a translation of the award are trans mitted herewith. This award eon firms the United States in their claim to the important archipelago of is lands lying between tho continont and Vancouver's Island, which lor twenty six years, ever since the rati fication ot tho ttcaty, Great Britain has contested, and leaves lis for tho first time in the history of tho United Stales a nation without a question ol disputed boundary between our ter ritory and tho possessions of Great r.ritain on this continent. It is my gratelnl ' duty to ' acknowledge the uroiniiL Kniiiilnnenus action of Her r r- i . . Majesty's government in giving effect to the uward: In anticipation ot any request from this government and before tho reception in tho United States of tho award signed by the Emperor, Her Majesty had givon in struction for the removal ot tier troops which had been stationed thoro, and j for tbo cessation of all exercise or' claim of jurisdiction, so as to leave tho United Stales in exclnsivo poses sion of tbe lately disputed territory. 1 am grateful to be able to annoanco that the orders for tho removal of the troops havo been executed, and the military joint occupation of San Juan has erased. Tho islands are now in the exclusive possession ot the United States. It now becomes necessary to complete the survey and determina tion of that portion of tho boundary line through the Hani channel, on which tho commission which deter mined the remaining part of the line wero unable to agree. I recommend the appointment of a commission to act jointly with ono vhich may be named by hor Majesty for that purpose. THE ALASKA BOUNDARY. Experience of tho difficulties at tending the determination of our ad mitted line of boundary after the oc cupation of the territory and its set tlemcnt by those owing allegiance to the restrictive governments points to the importance of establishing by natural objects or other monuments the actual lino between the territory acquired by purcbaso from Russia and tbo adjoining pnsessions of ber Britianic majesty. The region is now so sparsely occupied that no conflict ing interests of individuals or cf juris diction are likolv to interfere to the delay or orabarrassment of the actual location of the line. If deferred until population shall enter and occupy the territory, some trivial contest' of neighuors may again array the two governments in antagonism. I there- lore recommend tho appointment ol a commission to act jointly with ono tbat may bo appointed on tho part ot Great Britain to determine tbo lino between our territory of Alaska and the co terminus of possessions of Great Britain. In my last annual message I recommended the legisla tion necessary on tho part of tho Uni ted States to bring into operation the articles of tho treat- of Washington of May, 1871, relating to the fisheries and to other matters touching the re lations of the United Stales toward the -British North America posse sions, to become operative so soon as the proper legislation should bo had on the part ol Grca. Britain and its possessions. ." The legislation on the part of Great Britain and its possessions had uot then been had, and during a session of Congress a question' wai raised which for the ti.ue raised a doubt whether any action by Congress iu the direction indicate t w mid become -important. This qaestion hassiuce iteen' disposed of, and I have re ceived notice that the Imperial Par liament and the legislature of. the provincial government nave passed laws to carry the provisions of the treaty on the matters refeired to into operation. I therefore recommend joor early adoption of the legislation in the same direction necessary oa the part of this government.--. . The joint commission for determin ing the boundary line between the Unitid States aud the-British pos sessions, between the Lake of the Woods and the Rocky Mountains, has organized and entered upon its work. It is desirable that the force le increased, in order that the com pletion of the survey and determin ing of the line may be tne sooner at tained. : To this end I recommend that a sufficient appropriation be made: 1 : ! OUR RELATIONS WITH EUROPE. 1 With Franca, our earliest ally; Russia, the constant - aud steady friend of the United Slates; Germa ny, with whose Government and peo ple we have so many causes or. friendship and so many common sympathies, and tbe other powers of Kurope, our relations are maintained on the most friendly terms.; Since my last annual message, theexchange has been made of the ratifications of a trraty with the Austrian and Hungariau empires relating to nat uralization ; also of a treaty with tbe German Empire respecting consuls and trade maifcs: also of a treaty, with Sweden aud Norway relating to naturalization, all of which treaties have been duty proclaimed. THE VIENNA EXPOSITION. Congress, at its last. Session, having made an appropriation t defray the ex pent of commissioners on the part of the United busies to the International . tSta'.isili-al congress at ait. Petersburg, the persons appointed in that eharacter proeee led to their riostination, and at tended tbe sessions if tbe congress ; their report shall in due season be laid before yon. This congress meets at in lervala of atmut three years, and has held its sessions in several of the countries of Europe. I submit to your consideration tbe propriety of extending a.i invitation to the Cong reus to hold its next meeting in the United States. Tbe Centennial Celebration to be held in 1876 would af ford an appropriate occasion for auch . meeting. Preparations are making for. tbe international exposition to be held the next year in Vienna, on a scale of very great magnitude. The tendency of these expositions is in the direction of advanced civilization, and of the eleva tion of industry, of labor, and of the in crease of human happiness as well, snd of greater iutercour.w and good will be tween nations. As this exposition is to be the first which will have been held in eastern Earojie, it is believed tbatAmer i su manufacturers and inventors will I e ready to avail themselves of the op portunity for the presentation of their prod dci ions, if encouraged by pro par aid and protection. At the last session of Congress authority was given Kr tbe appointment of one or more sgmts to represent this government at tne expo sition. Tbe authority thus given baa been exercised, but in tbe absence of any appropriation there is danger that the important benenta which tbe occasion offers will, in s large degree, be lost to the eitiiens of the United .States. I com mend the subject strongly to your coo-' sideration, and recommend tbat an ade quate appropriation be made for the purpose. To further aid the American exhibitors at the Vieuea exposition, I would recom mend, in addition to an appropriation of money, that the secretary of the navy be authorize-! to fit op two naval vessels to transport beteeirour Atlantic -i ties sad Trieste or tbe most couyenienf. port to A'lenna, and hack, their articles for -xa li i H i f 1 1 1 1 1 - THE POLICY WITH MEXICO. Since your last session the President of the Mexican republic, distinguished by his high eharacter and his services to bis country, has died. 11 is temporary sue essor has now been elected with a great unanimity by the people, a proof of contiddiios uu their part in bis pat riotism and widnm whieii, it is believ ed, will be confirmed by tbe results of his administration. It is particularly desirable ' that nothing should be left undone by the government of either republic to strengthen their relations as neighbors and friends. It is much to be regreted that many lawless acts continue to disturb the quiet of the settlements on the border between our territory and tbat of Mexico, aud that complaints of wrong to American cltizona in various parts of the country because of tbe rev olutionary ranci ion in which the neigh boring republic has i-o long been involv ed, has in some degree contributed to tbis disturbance. It is to be hoped that with a mote seilletl ruleo'order through the rspublio which may bees p- cted from tbe present government, the acta, of which just complaint is made, will cease. The proceedings or tbe commission under the convention with Mexico of the 4th of July, lhtii, on the auhjertor claims, have unfortunately been check ed by an ntwtacle for the removal of wuich measures hsve been taken by the two governments whii-n, it is believed, will prove successful. Ttie commission ers appointed pursuant to tbe joint rr8--lutioim of Coimress of the 7ih ot May last toj inquire lnto the depredations on tne iVxjii frontiers have diligently made iuvtatlaiions In that quarter. The report upon thanbtct will Oh com municated to ou. Their researches were necessarily incomp ete, partly on account of the limited appropriate u made by Congress. Mextoo, on the part of that " government, has appointed a similar commission to iuves'gate these outrages. It is not announced officially. but the press cT.tiat country siatna mat the luileot investigation is lired, and that ttie cooperation ol all parties run -cerned is invited to secure that end. I therefore recommend that a Biecial ap propriation be made at the earliest day practicable to enable the commissioners on tbe part of the Uuited States to re turn to their labor witnout ueisy. THE DISTRESS OF CUBA—THE OBVIOUS CAUSE. It es with regiet that I have agaiu to announce a continuance of the dis turbed condition of the Island of Cuba. No advance toward the paci fication of the discontented part of population has been made, while the insutrection has gained no advan tages and exhibits no more of the ele ments of power or of ultimato success than were exhibited a year ago. Spain, on the other band, has not succeeded in its suppression, and the parties stand appanntiy in me same relative attitude which they have oc cupied for a long time past. This contest has lasted now for more than four years. Were it seen at adistance from our neighborhood we might be indifferent to its result, although hu manity could not be unmoved by many of its incidents wherever tbey might occur. It is, however, at our door. I cannot doubt that the continued maintenance of slavery iu Cuba is among the strongest inducements to the continuauce of tbis strife. A terrible wrong is the natural cause of a terrible evil. The abolition of slavery and the introduction of other reforms in the administration of the government of Cuba could not fail to advance the restoration of eace aud order. It is especially to be hoped that the present liberal government of Spain will voluntarily adopt tbis view. The law of emanciiation, which was nasaed more than two years since, has remained unexecuted in the absence of regulations for its enforcement. It was but a feeble step towards emancipation but it was the recognition of right and was hailed as such, and exhibited iu Spain in iianuouy witii inn bciiuuiculs ui humanity anai-l justice, aua iu sym pattiy with the other powers of the ;brltlunand civilized wonu. wiiiun the past few weeks tbe regulations for curry ingout the laws of emancipa tion have been announced, giving evidence of the sincerity of the inten tion of the present government to ! carry into effect the law of 1S70. I have not failed to urge the cousidera ition of the wisdom, the policy and the Justice oi a mow enecuve system for the abolition of the "rent .evil which oppressed a race and continues a blood v and destructive contest close to our border, as well as tbe txpedi ency and justice of conceding relorms of which tne oropiietyis not ques tioned. Deenlv impressed with the conviction that the continuance of slavery is one of the most active causes of the continuance of tbe un happy condition in Cuba, I regret to believe that citizens of the Uuited StHtes. or those churning to be such. are large holders iu Cuba of what is there c aimed as property, uui wnicu is forbidden and denounced by the laws of the United States. They are thus in defiance of the spirit of our own laws contributing to the con tinuance of this -disiretoiug and sick ening contest. In my last annual message, I refened to tbia subject, aud I again recommend such lepisla tion as mav be proper to denounce, and if not prevent, to uiscourage American citizens from holding or dealing in slaves. It is gratifying to announce that the ratification of the convention concluded under the auspices of this government between tpain on the one part, aud the allied republics of the Pacific on the other, Dmviding for an armistice, have beeu exchanged, a copy of the instrument is herewith submitted, it is nopeu that this may be followed by a pei manent Deace between the same parties. DIPLOMATIC POLICY WITH CHINA AND JAPAN. The differences which ui one time threatened the mainlainance of peace between Brazil aud the Argentine Republic it is hoped are in the way nt satisfactory adjustment. With these states as with the Republics of Central and South America, we con tinue to maintain the most friendly relmlona. It is with regret, however I announce that the government of Venezuela has made no further pay tnents on account of the awa-da un der the convention of the 25th of Annl. 1866. That Republic is under stood to be now almost, if not quite Iranquilized. It is hoped, therelore, that it will lose no time in provi ding for the unpaid balances of its debt to tbe United hlates, wuicu uav Ing originated in injuries to iu citi zens bv Venezuelan authorities and having been acknowledge.!, pursuant to a treaty .in the mosi solemn lorra known, an'ionz nations, it would seem lo deserve a preference over debts of" a Idiffereut origin and con tracted in a different manner. This subject is again recommended to the attention oi uongresa iur aucu acuuu as may be deemed, proper. Our treaty relations with Japan remain unchanged. An imposing embassy Jrom I hat interesting and progressive nation visited this coun try duri ng the year that is passi ng, but being unprovided with powers for the signing of a cor. .-ention in this coun try no conclusion in that direction was reached. It is liopeu, nowever, mat tbe interchange of opinions which took place during their stay iu this country has led to a mutual apprecia tion or the interests mere, wnicu may be promoted when tbe revision of the existing treaty shall be under taken. In this connection I renew my recommendation of one year ago, tliaOo give .importance and to add to the etlicieucv of our diplomatic re lations with Japan and China, and to rurther aid iu retaining me goou opinion of these people, and to se cure to the Umted States its share of tbe commerce destined to flow be tween these nations and the balance of the commercial world an appro priation be made to support at least four army youths in each of these countries, to serve as a part of tbe of ficial family of our Ministers. Our reDre-entativea would not even then be placed upon an equality with tbe representatives of Great Britain or some other powers. As now situated our representatives iu Japan aud China have to depend for interpreters and translators upon natives pr tuose countries who Know our language irrj perfectly, or procure for the occasion tliu i n .. : r .. I .. i r : the services of employees in foreign i business bouses, or tbe interpreters to other foreign ministers. I renew the recommendations made on ; a previous occas on of the transfer to tbe department of the interior, to which they seem moreanoronriatelv to belomr. of all the powers aud duties in relatiou to tbe territories with which the depart ment of state is charged by law or cus tom. - AND JAPAN. RELIEF OF DISTRESSED CITIZENS ABROAD Congress, from the beginning of the government, has wisely made pro-ilon for the relief of distressed seamen in for eign countries. No similar provision, however, baa hitherto been made for the relief of distressed citizens abroad other than seamen. It is understood to be customary with other governments to authorize consuls to extend such relief to thoir citizens or subjects in certa n cases. A similar authority and an ap propriation to carry it into effect are commended, in rase of citizens of the United Suites, destitute or sick under auch cirourostsnces. It is well known that auch citizens resort to foreign coun tries in great numbers, though most of them are able to bear tbe expense inci dent to locomotion. There are some who, through accident or otherwise, be come penniless, aud havo no friends at home able to succor them. Persons In this situation most either perish or east themselves upon the charity of foreigners or tie returned at tbe private charge of our own officers, wbo usually, even with the most benev olent dispositions have no hing to spare, were such the purposes. Should the smhnrity and appropriation tie made care will e taken lo carry the bo niticence of Congress Into effect tbat it oe not unnec ssarilv or unworthily be stowed. THE FINANCES—RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES The money received and carried In to the Treasury during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1872, were: from custom. S216.370.2S6 7" : from tales of public lands, $2,575,714 19; from1 internal revenue, $130,642,177 72: from tax on national bauk circula tion, etc., $6,523,396 39 ; from Pacific railroad coroiianies, J4a,861 87 ; from customs, fines, etc.. $2,136,432 !4 : from fees, consular. Da tents, laud. etc.. $2,2S4,0!I5 92 ; from miscellane ous sources, $4,412,254 71. Total, or dinary receipts, $364,904,229 91 ; from premium on sales of coin. 59.412. 637- 65. Total net receipts. $374,106.83756 Balance In Treasury. June 30. 1871. $109,935,705 59, including $18,223 3-3 received from unavailable sources. Total availuble cash, $484,042,573 15. The net expenditures bv warrants during the same period were: for civ il expenses. Slil.lSfl.Oo'J 70 : for foreign interests, $18,409,369 14; Indians. $7, 065.728 82; pensions, $28,0S3,402 76 ; lor military establishment, including fortifications, river and harbor ini- P'ovements and arsenals, $35,372,157,- for naval establishments, includ ing vessels and machinery and im provements at navy yards. $20,249.- 809 99; for miscellaneous civil, in cluding public buildings, light houses anu collecting the revenue. s42.u-S- 329 08; interest on the public debt, $117,357,839 72; totil, exclusive of pnncidal and interest on public debt. $570,559,695 91 ; for premium on bonds purchased.$4,9o8,2b 76 ; for redemp tion of the public debt, $9,096,025,354; total, $106,918.520 30: total net dis bursements. $377,478.216 21: balance In Treasury, June 30. 1S72, $18,564, 256 94 ; total. $484,042,573 15. t rom the foregoing statement it ap pears that the net reduction of the principal of the debt during the fiscal year en Jing June 30, 1872. was $99, 960,253 64. The source of this reduc tion is as follows : Net ordinary re ceipts during tbe year, $36,469,229 91 ; net ordinary expenditures, including interest on the public debt. $270,559.- 695 91; total, $94,.134,534.00. Add am't of receipts from premium on sales of gold in excess or the premiums paid on bonds purchased. $2,454,470.89: add the amount of the reduction of the cash balance at the close of the year, accompanied with the same at the commencement or the year, S3. 871,348.6-5; total 00,960,2-53 54. Tbis statement treats solely of the pnnci pal of the public debt. By the month ly statement or the public ileqt, which adds together the principal nnd inter est due and unid and interest ac crued to date, due, and deduct the cash In the treasury, as according on the day or publication the reduction was $100,544,491.18. The source of this reduction is a follows: Reduc tion in principal account. $99 &60,053.- 64; reduction in unpaid interest ac cunt. $3,330.952 96; total, $103,290. 956 50: reduction in cash on hand, $2,748,465.22; total, $100,544,491.28 On tne basis of the la-t table the statements show a reduction of the public debt from the 1st of March, 1S69, to the present time as follows : From March 1, 1869, to March 1. 1870. $S7,134,7S0.84; from March 1. 1870. to March 1. 1871, $1 17.679,G30.25; from March 1. 1871, to March 1, 1872. $94, 895.348.94; from March 1, 1872. to No veniber 1, 1882, eight months, .64,047 237 84; total $363,626,099.67. With tbe great redaction of taxation by tbe acta of Congress at its last session, the expenditure of the government in collecting the revenue will be much re duced for the next fiscal year. It is very doubtful, however, whether any further reduction of so vexatious a burden upon any people will be practicable for the present. At all events, as a measure of justice to tbe holders of I he nation's cer tificates orindebreduess, I would recoin uieud that no more legislation be had on this subject, unless it bet correct errors of omission or Commission in the present laws, until suflidout time has elapsed to prove that it can be done and still leave sufficient revenue to mest the current expenses of the government, pay tbe interest on the public debt, snd provide for the sinking fund established by law. The preservation of our national eredit is of the highest importance. Next in importance to this comes a solemn duty to provide a national currency of a fixed, unvarying value as compared w itu gold, and as soon as practicable, having due regard for the interests oflbedebtor ciass and the vlelsiiudes or trade and commerce, and convertible into gold at par. WAR DEPARTMENT. The report of the Secretary of War shows tbe expenditures of the War De partment for the fiscal vear ending June 30, 1871, to be f35,7H9,Ml S2; and lor the fisol vear ending June :, 1872, lo be, $!5,372,157 20, showing a redneiion in favor of the last Uscal year or $427,834 72. The estimates for military appropriation for the next fiscal year, ending June 30, 1374, are 3 ),137 78. The estimates of tbe chief of engineers are submitted separately for for fortifleatio.is, river and harbor improvements, and for public buildings aud grounds, and the Wash iogtnu aqueduct. The affairs ef the freedmen's buicau have all been trans ferred to the War Department, and tbe regulations have been put into execution for the apeedv pavment or bounty due colored soldlera, properly coming under that bureau. All war accounts for money and property, prior lo 1871, have been examined and transmitted to tbe treasury for final settlement. During the fiscal yeai there have been paid for transportation on railroads, $1,300 000 of which $80,957 was over the Pacific railroads. For transportation hy water, $65,637,3-52, and by stage $48,075.84, and for the purchase of transportation animals, wagons, hire of team ters, eta, $9-?4,6S0 6i. About $370.0d0 have beeu collected from southern railroads dtiriug the year, leaving about $4,000,000 still due. Tbe quartermaster has examined and transmitted to the aceouiilii-g officers for settlement $30,717,272 of claims by lowal citizens for quaitermaslera' stores taken during the war. The - subsisting supplies to the amount of $89,04S. 12 bae been issued to the Indians. The annual average of mean strength of Ihe army was 24 101 whiteand 1,494 eolored soidiers. The total deaths for the year reported were 367 white and 54 colored. The distribution of the medical and surgical history of the war is yet lo be ordered by Congress. There exists an absolute necessity for a medical corps-of the lull number established by act of Congress of JulySsth, 1806, there bring now fifty-nine vacancies, and the number of successful can didates rarely exceeds eight or ten in any one year. The river and harbor improvements have been carried on with energy aud ecouomy. Though many are only partially completed, the results have saved to commerce many times' the amount cx mnde.l. The inereas i . . r . . . ., r . of commerce with greater depth of channels, greater security in navies- tion and the savim; of time, adds millions to the wealth of the country aim increases me resources oi me government I he bridge across the Mississippi river at Hock Island has been com pleted, aud the proper site has been ie tor mi nej upon for the bridge at La Crosse. The able and exhaustive report made by the commission appointed j V. 1 I to investigate the rni'ro tunnel, lias been transmitted to Congress. SIGNAL SERVICE DEPARTMENT. Tbe observations and report of the BlirnSl OfVimr hara hMn avtnrlniljari- KtA- tioua have been maintained at each of tbe principal lake, seaport aod river cit ies ; ten additional siuiiens hae beer established in the United States aud arrangements have been made for n exebauce of reports with Canada, and a similar exchange of observations is con templated with the West India Islands. RECOMMENDATIONS TO CONGRESS. Tbe favorable attention of Congress is invited to the following recommenda tions of the Secretary of War : A dia continuance of ihe appointment of ex tia lieutenants to serve as adjutants and quartermasters. The adopiioo of a code providing specific penally for well de fined offence- mi that tbe" inen.ua.iiy of sentences adjudged by court martial may be adjusted ; the consolidation of accounts un. tor wnich expeueditures an made as a memiire tif e-oDoin ; a reap profiriation of ihe money fir the con struction ir a deot at San Antonio, the title to the site being now ;erfcled, a special acr placing the cemetery at the city of Mexico on the same b -is -s ot ti er national cemeteries ; uthrrit t pni i Iiiud iiu lor unlilai v posia in I'ex is The appointment of coniiiiisiiary ser geants Iroin iion-commissioneil ottio rs, as a measure for securing the better care and protection of mipplies. An appro priation oi. me catalogues to the anato mical section of tbe army medical mu seum. A re ppror nation of the amount for the manufacture of breech loadma arms should the selection be so delayed oy tne ooara oi onicers to leave tne lori-ier appropriation unexpended at the elose of the fiscal year. The sale of such arsenals east of the Mississippi as can be spared and the proceeds applied I me establishment otone large arsenal of construction and repair upon the At lantic coast, and the purchase or a suita ble site for a proving and experimental ground for heavy ordnance ; the abro gation of laws which deprive inventors in the United Siau-s service from deriv ing any benefit from their inventi. i ; the repeal oi the law prouibitimr pro motions in tbe siatt corps; a contiiiuanc- of the woik upon thr coast defenses; the repeal of tbe seventh section at the act or July 13ih, IS-si, takir.g iroio en gineers and soldiers the per diem grant ed to other troops ; a limitation ol time for presentation or suosisiance oi sup plies under a i aet ot July. 1861, and a modification in the mode of the selection of cadets for the military academy in order ;o enchauce the usefulness of the academy, whit-h is impaired bv reason of tiie large amount of time necessarily expended in givnnt new cadets a thor ough knowl-. dceol'the more elementary branches of learning which they should acquire before entering Ihe academy. Also an appropriation lor pnnosopuicai annaratns and. an increase in tne num ber and tne pr v ol the .Mi liary Acaue- mv band. The attention of Coui;res will be called during the present session to various enterprise for the more cer tain ami cheaper transportation of the constantly increasing sur plus of the western and southern products to the Atlantic seaboard. 'fbe subject is one that will force itself unon the legislative Drancn oi iu government sooner or later, and I sug gest, therefore, that immediate steps he taken to earn an available iniot mation to insure equitable aud just legislation on a route to connect the Mississippi valley with the Atlantic at Charleston, uuth Carolina, and Savannsli. Georgia, by water, by the Ohio aud Tennessee rivers and canals and slackwater ravigatiou to tne ba vannab and Ocmulgee rivers has been surveyed and a report made by an ac complished engineer officer of the army. Hecond and third new routes will be proposed for the consideration of Conirress, namely: by sc extension of the Kanawha and James river canal to the Ohio, and by an extensien of the Chesapeake and Uhio canal, am not preiaired to recommend gov ernment aid to ttiese or -otner enter prise uutil it is clearly shown that they are not ouly oi national interest, but that when completed tney will be of a value - oiiiraensurate with their cost. 'That production iucreasee more rapidly than the means or transporta tion in our country, has been demon strated by ia.-t experience, that un precedented growin in population ann products of the whole country will refill ire additional facilities, and chea per means for the more bulky articles of commerce to reach tide water, and a market will be demanded iu the near future. Iseotiallv demonstrable, I would therefore suggest either a committee or commission to be au thorized to consider this whole .ques tion and to report to Congress at some future day for Its belter guidance in leirislatimr on the important subject, The rail loads of the country have been ranidlv extended durinir the last few years to meet the growing demands of producers ana renew raucn creuimpoii the canitalista and managers engaged in their construction. In addition to these, a project to iaci itate commerce by tt e building or a ship canal around Niscsra Falls, on tho United Stata aide, which has been agitated fur many years, will no doubt be called to your attention tbis session. Lookiug to the great future ef the country, the increasing uemanos oi coiiimerce.it might he well while on this an b ect not only to hsve It exammea and report upon the various practicable routes lor connecting too .Mississippi with the tide water on the Atlantic, but the leasibilitv of an almost lann-locsed navigation from Maino to th Gulf of Mexico. Sueh a ronte along our coast would be of great value at all times, and of inestimable -aluo in ra.-.eof afoieigo war. Nature has provided tho greater part of this route and the obstacles to be overcome are easily within the skill o. the encineers. I have not shaded to hi subiect with the view of having any further expenditures of public money at this lime than may ne necessiry to pro cur.- an-l iilace all tbe necessary infor mation before Congresa in an authentic rorm, to enable it hereafter, il deemed practicable and worthy, to legislate on tbe subject without delay. The report oi me secretary oi me our herewith accompany iag, explains luily tho condition of that biauch of the pub lic service, its wants and deticienccs, expenses incurred during the past year and appropriations fur tho same. It also gives a complete history of the services of tbe navy for the past year in addition to its regular services. It is evident tbat unless steps are taken to preserve onr navy, that in a very few years tbe Uni ted Stales will ho tbe weakest nation o pon the ooean of ail the great powers. With an energetic, progressive,. business neonle like ours, penetrating and form ing busiuess relatione with every part of tbe known worm, a navy s-rong euuusu to command the respect of our flag abroad is necessary for the full protec tion of l heir rlghta. 1 recommend a careful consideration by Congresa of the recommendations made by tbe Secretary of the Navy. POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT. : The accompanying report of the Post master Ue-.ierai furnishes a full and sat isfactory exhibit of tbe operations of tbe Post Office Department during the year. Tbe ordinary revenue oi the department for the fiscal year ending Jane 30, 1S72, amounted to jl.915,4 37, and the ex penditure 2fi.6-8,192 31. Compared with with the previous fiscal year the inereas of revenue was $1,678,250 1, er 937 per cent., and the increase of expenditures :I,2tit.0S 23, or 9M per cent Adding to the ordinary revenue tbe annual appre ciation or f700 i-OO for tree m.-tter. and tbe amounts paid to the sub-ddiea on mail teamship dues from special appropria tions, the deficiency paid ot or the gen eral Treasury wasti,-17.765 94, an excess of $3,897,707 28 over the deboiency for tbe year 1871. Other interesting atatie ucaiin formation relating to our rapidly extendiug postal aervicu is furnished in tbis report The tolal length of railroad mail routes on the3lth of June, 1872, was 57.011 miles, 9.077 additional miles of such service having been put into opera tion during tbe year. Eight new lines of railway postoffices bave beeu estab lished, with an aggregate length of 2,909 mites. Tbe nuinberof letters exchanged in tbe mails with loreign countries was 24.30500, so increase of o,Gtio,5xi, or 20 per ceut over the number In 1871, and the postage amounts to $109,125,72-5. The total weight of tbe mails exebsnged with European countries exceeded 820 tons. The c ;st of the United State trans At- I .- i 1.:.. i c . i -i JT n,1 "" and alter Octuber i, 1873. Thai .i 1 1.1 i.r ... . t I) :i tl.J l. 75,000 per annum for cairyinga monthly l inlii- mail steamship service was 301 70. I be total cost of the United Slates ocean steamship service, including the a oants paid to tbo subsidize! lines of mail steamers, was I.Oj7,0JD 87. - Tbe following are the only steamship lines Dow retssiving su bodies for mad service under speeial acts or Congress : The Pa cific Mail Steamship Company receive 500,000 dollars j er annum, for carrying a monthly mail between n Francisco Japan and China, which will be increased I ) 1,000,000 per annum foraseioi-month Tbe L n itad States and Brazil Mail Steaov ship Company receive 150,000 dollars pei annum for carrying a monthly mail be i wee u New York and Rio do Janeiro. Brazil; and the California. Oregon, and Mexico Steamship Company receive mail between San Francisco and Hono lulu, Hawaiian Islands, making thetstal amount of mail steamship subsidies at present 725,000 dollars per annum. Our postal communications witn all parts or tbe cirilized world bave been plai-ed upon a most advantageous footing by tue improved postal conventions , and-tbe arranzemeuta recently concluded with the leading coiiiinercnl countries or Europe and America. The gratifying staluuient is made that, with the conclu sion ol a satisiaclory convention witn France, tho details of which bave been definitely 2 reed to by tbe bead of tbe trench postal department, subject to the approval ot tne .Minister ol riuance, luile remains to be accomplished by the treaty for some lime to come, in respect to i h reduction of rates (or improved facilities for postal intercourse. Your favorable consideration la respectfully iovitsd to the reoomuiendatious made by the PostmasterOeueial for an increase ot service fmui monthly to semi month iv trip) -Mi ttie mail steamship route to Brazil ; fur a subsidy inside ol the estab- iiMiuidui of an American line of mail ixauiera between San Fraocisco, New ZoaJandand Australia; for the establisb- iuoiiI ul iiost offices, savimrs banks, and for tbe increase of tbe salaries of heads of bureaus. I have heretofore recommended the abolition of tbe franking privilege, and see no reason now. for changing my views on that subject. It not having been favorably regarded by Conirress, however, I now suggest a modification of that privilege to cor rect its glaring aud costly abuses. I would recommend also the appoint ment of a committee or commission to take into consideration the best method, equitable to private corpora tion who have, invested their time and capital in establishing telegraph i. lies, oi acquiring iDe title to all telegraph lines now in operation, and of connecting this service with the postal service of the natiou. - It is not probable that this sunjrKSS could re ceive the proper consideration during the limits of a short sesuiou of Con gresf, but tt may be initiated so that further action may be fair to the government and to private parties concerned. There are but three lines of ocean steamers, namely : The Pacific mail bteamship company, be tween lan rrancisco. China and Japan, with provision made for semi monthly service after October - 1st, 1873; the United States aud Brazil tne, monthly, and the California, ; New Zealand and Australian line. monthly, plying between tbe United sia es aud foreign ports, and owned and operated under our flag. I ear nestly recommend that such liberal contacts for carrying the mails be authorized with these lines a-) will insure their continuance. If the ex pediency of extending tbe aid of the government to lines of steamers which hitherto have not received it should be deemed worthy of thecousidsration of Congress. Political and commer cial objects make it ad disable to bestow such aid on a line under flag tietween Panama and the western South American ports. By this means much trade now diverted to other countries might be brought to us, to the mutual advantage of this country and those lying in that quarter of tbe continent of America. The report of the Secretary of the Treasury will show an alarming fall ing off in our carrying trade for the last ten or twelve years, and even for the past year. I do not believe thai public treasure can he hetterexpended in the interest of tbe whole people than in trying to recover this trade. An expenditure of $,000,000 per annum for the next five years, if it would restore to us our proportion of the trade of the world would be pro fitably expend d The ince of labor in Europe has so much enhanced within the lat tew years that the cost of building and operating ocean steamers in the United States is not s much gie ter, that I believe the time ha arrived for Congress to take this subject into seri:ius consideration. The disbursements through the De partment of Justice will be furnished by the repor of the Attorney Gener al, aud though these have been some what iucieased by tbe recent act of Cotigiess lo enforce the rights of citi sens of the United States to vote in ihe several States of the Union, and to enlorce tbe provisions of the Four teenth Amendment to the Constitu tion of the United States and other amendments thereto, I cannot ques tion tbe necessity and salutary etlects of these enactments. Reckless and lawless men, I regret to say, have as sociated themselves together iu some localities to deprive other citlxens of tbe right guaranteed to them by tbe -Constitution of the United Slates, and to that end have committed dveds: of violence, bat the prostcu-'thm- and punfchment of many of these persons have tended greatly t the repression of these disorders. I do not doubt that a great majority of the people in all parts of the country favor the full enjoyment by all per-, sons of these rights, to which they are entitled under the Constitution and the laws, and I Invoke-tbe aid and influence of all good citizens to prevent organizations whose objects are by unlawful means to interfere with those right) I look with con fidence to the time, not far distant, when the obvious advantages of good order aud peace will Induce an aban donment of all coiuhiuations prohib ited by the acts referred to, aud wheu It will be unnecessary to carry on prosecutions or inflict punishments to protect citizens from the lawless doings of such combinations. Ap plications hsve been made to me to pardon persons convicted of a viola tion of said acts uoou the ground that clemency in such cases would tend to tranquilize tho public mind, and to tmt (ha virtue of that policy I am disposed, as far as my sense of justice will permit, to give to these applica nous a favorable consideration ; but any action thereon is not to be con strued as indicating any roisi mv determination to enforce with rigor such acts, so long as the con- spiracles ana comuiuauous named disturb the peace of the coun try. It la much to be regretted, and Is regretted by no oje more thtu my- seir, that a necessity ns ever ci- to execute the enforcement set- No one can desire more than I that the necessity of applying it may never be demanded. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR. The Secretary of the Interior re ports satisfactory improvement ana nrocression in each of the several bu reaus uuder the control of the Interi or Department. They are all In excel lent condition. The work, which in some of Ibcw for some years has lieen in arrears, ho been brought down to a recent da'c. and in all the current business has been promptly dispatched. THE INDIANS. The policy which was adopted at the beginning of the adiniuistratlon with regard to tbe management of the Indians has beeu a successful as its most atdent friends anticipate.!. Within so short a time it has reduced the expense of their mansgemeut, de creased their forages on the white set tlements, tended to give the largest opportunity to the extension of the eieat railways through Ihe public do main, and the pushing of settlements I into more remote districts of th coun try, and at the same time improve the condition of the Indians. The policy will be maintained without any change, excepting such as further experiei.ee may show to be necessary twniW it more efficient The sub ject of converting the so-ealred ina an. Territory, south of, Kansas, Into home lor the Indians, and erecting thereon a territorial torm of rovern ment. Is oue of great importune- as a complement of the existing Indian policy, The Question or removal to the teritory has within the past year been presented to many of the tribes resident upon other and less desirable portions of the public domain, snd has generally been received jy them with favor. As a preliminary step to the organization of such a territory. It will lie necessary to continue the Indians now resident therein to farm of proper size, which should lie se cured to them la fee; the residue to be used for tbe settlement of - other friendly Indians. Kfforts will be made lu ttie immediate iuiure to in duce the removal of as many peceahly disposeded Indians only to the Indi an territory as can be settled properly without disturbing the harmony ol i hose already there. There Is no oth er location now available where a people who .are endeavoritg to ae quire a knowledge' of pustoral aud agricultural pursuits can be as well accommodated as upon tbe onoccu pied lauds in the Indian territory. A territorial government thould however, protect the Indians from the inroads of whites for a t-rm o years, until they become sufficiently advano d in the arts of civilization to guard their own rights. aud trom th disposal of lands held hy them for tht same period. SALE OF PUBLIC LANDS. During the lost fi-cal year there were disposed or out of the public lands 11 864 97-5 acres, a quantity greater by 1,090,270 acres tliua wV disposed of the previous year. O Ibis amount 1,370,33) acres were sold for cash, 389,400 acres located will, military watrauts. 4 671,332 acres ta ken for homesteads, b'J3 013 acres iocs ted with college scrip, 3.V4,887 acres granted to railroad, 4(3o.347 acre, granted to wagon roads, 614. 2o5 aere given to states as swamp land, and 5, 0 acres located by Indian scrip. The cash receipts from all sources to the land office amounted to $3 218 lot). During the same period 2.013WS acres of the public lands were survey ed, amounts to 583,3j4,780 acres, leav Ing 1,257,731.628 acres of the public land yet unsurveyed. The reports from the auhordiuate of the Lahd Offices contain interesting in forma tion in regard tt their respective dis t icta. They uniformly meulion the rruilfulnes of the soil during the past season, and the increased yield of nil Kind- of produce evince, in the those states and territories where mining is the principal busiuess, the agricm t iral product to have exceeded the 1 oil demand, and liberal shipments nave been made to distant PATENTS. During tbe year ending Sopte i ber 30. 1872, there were issued from the nateul ftics 13,620 patents, 233 extensions, and 556 certificates and registers of trade marks. During tbe same time 9,567 ap plications for patents, including reissues aud designs have been received, and 3. Io0 caveats bled. Tbe fees received during the same period smonnted to f70.095.9tW, ind the total expenditures lo t02,355,390, making tbe net receipts over tbe expenditures $7,7-40.006. Since 1838 two hundred thousand applications for patents have been hied, and about 134, 000 patents is-ued, the offices being coo Jucted nnder tbe same laws and general organization aa were adopted at their original inauguration, when only from one hundred to five hundred applica tions were made per annum. The com missioner shows that tbe office bas out grown tbe original man, and tbat a new organization has become necessary. Tins subject was presented to Congresa in a apveial communication iu February last, which met my approval snd the approval of tbe Secretary of the Interior, and tbe suggestions contained in said communication were embraced in a bill that was reported to tbe House by the Committee on Patents at the .ast session. Tue subject of the reorganization of tbe Patent Office, as contemplated by the bill referred to. is one of such impor tance to tbe Industrial interests of the country that I commend it to the atten tion of Congress. The commiss oner also treats tbe subiect of tbe separation of tbe Patent Office trom tbe department oi tne interior. Ibis subiect is also em braced in the bill beret -fore referred to. Tbe commissioner complains of the want of room for the model gallery and for tbe working force and necessary hies of the office. It is impossible tn transact the busiaeea ol the orr)ie properly without more r.sim in wnicn to arrange Dies and drawings tnst must be consulted hourly iu tbe transaction of busiuesa. The whole of the Patent Office builoing will soon be needed, if it m not already, lor tbe a -eoinm'xlstion or tbe busme,- ot tbe Patent Office. PENSIONS. The amount paid for pensions in tbe last nscai year was 3i,ia.340. an ! amount larger hy $3,708,434 than was I naid 1'urinir the nreetedini? vear. ff this amount, c',313,409 wa- pnid on der the act of Congress of February li, 1S71, to survivors of tbe war of 1812. The annual increase of pen sions by the legislation of Congress nas more man Kept pace villi the natural yearly losses from the rolls. The act of Congress of June 8, 1872, has added an estimated amount of $7oO,iiOO per annum to the rolls, with out increasing tbe cumber of pen sioners. . w e cannot, therefore, loot for any substantial decrease iu tbe expenditures of this department for some time to come, or so long as Con gress continues to so change tbe rates of pension. The wbole number of soldiers enlisted in the war of the re bellion was 2,638,-523. The total num ber of claims for invalid pension is IiB.out', being but six per cent, of tbe wbole number of enlisted men. The total number of claims on hand the beginning of the year was 91,60!); tbe number received during the year was 2fi,o74 ; the number disposed of was 3-i.lTS, making a net gain of ,- 24. The number of claims now on file Is 79,06-5. On tbe 30th of June, 1872, theie were on the rolls the names of 9-5,400 invalid military pen sioners, 113,518 widows, orphans and dependent relatives, making an ag gregate of 200,023 army pensioners. At tbe same time there were on the rolls the names of 1,449 navy pen sioners, and 1,730 widows, orphans and dependent relatives, making the whole number of navy pensioners 3, 179. There have been received since tbe passage of the act to pro vide pensions for the survivors of the war of 1812, 36, -Sol applications prior to June 30, 1872. Of these there were allowed during tbe last fiscal year 20, 126 claims; 4,845 were njected during tbe year, leaving 11,580 claims pending fiom tbat date, t he num ber of pensions of all classes granted during ths last fiscal year was 23,838 ; during that period there were dropped from the rol s for various causes 9,104 names, leaving a grand total of 232.- pensioners on tbe rolls on the 30th if June. 1872. It is thought that tbe claims for pensions on account of the war of 18I2 will all be disposed or oy the 1st ol May. 1873. ll is estimated tbat $30,480,000 will be required for the pension service during the next bscal year, THE CENSUS. The ninth census is shout completed Its eomrdetion is a subject of congratu lation, inasmuch as the use to be made of tbe alalia! ica therein contained de iiends very greatly on tbe promptitude or publication. Tbe Secretary of the Interior recommends that a census he taken in 1875, which recommendation should rei-eive the ready attentiou ol Congress. The interval at present estab Imbed between tbo federal census is m ong thai the Informalioa obtained at the decennial periods aa to tne material con dition, wauls and resources of tbe nation is of little practical value after the ex piration of the hi si half of that period. It wonld probably obviate the coustitn- tional provision regarding tbe decennial census, if a census taken iu 1875 should be divested of all political character and no reapportionment of Congressional , representation be made under it. Much a census, coming as it wonld in the last year of tbe first century of onr national Hxbdence. woutd furnish a noble uionu mentof tbe progress of the United States uuring that oantury. EDUCATION. Tbe rapidly Increasing interest la edu cation is a most encouraging feature in tbe current history or the country, and Is n doubt true that il is due in a great zqea'ure lo tho edectsof the Bureau of Knucation. That office is enutinuail receiving evidences which abundantly prove its efficiency from, tbe various institutions of lcurninir and elueators of all kinds throughout the connti v. The report of the commissioner coutainsa at amount o; eiuca-.ional details of itreat interest. Tbe bill now pending uniure congress providing lor tile appro priation of pan of tbe proceeds ol the aies of pupiie laius .or educational purpose, lo aid Ihe slates in the general education of their risiug generation, is " """ oi sucn great importance to to our real progress, and is so unani mously approved by the leading friends education, tbat I commend it to the favorable attentiou of Con areas.. TERRITORIAL AFFAIRS. AfTaln iu tbe territories are gener ally satisfactory. Tbe energy and business capacity or tbe pioneers who are settling up tbe vast domains not yet incorporated into states, are keep ing pace in internal improvements aud civil government with the older cominuuiues. Iu but oue of them, Utah, isthe condition of ahirs un aatistactory. txcept so far as the quiet of the citizens ay be disturbed oy real or imagiuary danger of Indi an hostilities, ,t has seemed to be the policy of the Legislature of Utah to evade all rr sponsibility to the govern ment of tbe United Mates, aud even .. bold a position iu hostility to it. I recommend a careful revision of tbe .re-eullawsof tbe Territory by Con ars, and the enactment of such a .aw. a the oue proposed la Congress l its last session, for instance, or -xjiueihiug similar to it, as will secure teace, the equuiiiy of all cil liens be f re the law, and the ultimate extiu g lishmeut of polygamy. - Since the establishment of a terri orial goveruiueut for ihe Ub-laict of Columbia, the improvement of the oouduioii o the city of Washington tudaiirrouudinga, and U.e increased prosperity of the citizens, areobservu me lo the tuosi casual visitor. The ualioo, being a large owner of prop erty iu this city, should bear witn the citizen of the District a just share of me expense of these improvements. I recouimeud, therefore, an appropri ation to reimburse the citizens from work done by them along ud in front of public grouuds during tbe past year, and liberal appropriations in order tbat the improvt ment aud em iiellisbment of tl. public buildings aud grounds may keep pace with the improvements madr by the territorial authorities. - ' . AGRICULTURE. The report of the Commissioueis of Ai-riculturef gives a v-eiy full and In teresting account or the several divi sions of that department the horti cultural, agricultural, statistical, ento mological aud chemical and the benefit- conferred by each upon the agri- cultural interests of the country, i he whole report is a complete history in detail of the workings of that depart ment iu all its branclies,5bowing the manner in which the farmer, mer chant aud miner is informed, and the extent to which be is aided in his pursuits. Tbe commissioner makes oue recommendation that measures be takeu by Congress to protect and induce the. plautiegof forests, and suggests that no part of the public lauus enouid be disposed of without the condition that one-tenth of it be reserved in timber, where it exists, and where it does not exist, induce ments suouiti ne oirered for planting it. CENTENNIAL CELEBRATION. In accordance with tha terms of the act of Congress, approved March 3, 1871, pruviuing ior tne celebrauou of the one hundredth anniversary of American independence, a commission baa been orgauized consisting of two members from each of tbe States and Territories. The commission has held two sessions, and has made satisiaclory proressin the organization and in the initiatory steps necca-iary for carrying out tbe provisions of the act, and for executing the provi sions also of the act of June 1, 1S71, cre ating a Centeunial Board of Finance. A preliminary report of progress has been received from tbe president of tne commis-ionand is herewith transmitted, il will be the duty ol the commission at your coming session to transmit a report of tbe progress made, and to lay before you the details relating to tbe exhibition of American and foreign arts, products i and manufactures, which, by toe terms of tbe aot, la to be held nnder tbe aus pices of Hie government of ihe United Slates, in the city of Philadelphia, in ihe year 1876. This celebration will be looked forward to by Americas citizens with great interest aaiuaraiog a eentury ot greater progress and prosperity man is recorded id the hi-tory ol any olker ualiou. aud proving a further gucd pur poe io br nging ugetnar on our soil people of all the commercial nations of be earth lu a matter calculated insecure Internatinal goood feeling. CIVIL SERVICE REFORM. An earma: des re bat baen felt to cor rect the abuses which bavaxrown up in the civil service of tbe ciuntry, through the detective method of maKitig appoint ments lo office, wbtoa bas been regarded too much aa the reward of political ser vices. Under authority or Congress, rules have been estai-l-shed to regulate toe terms of office and the mode of ap pointments. It cannot be expected that any system or rule can be entirely etleetive and prove a1 perfect remedy tor tbe existing evils until they bave been thoroughly tested bv actual practice, and ante Dated according to the requirements of the service. Curing my term of office it shall be my best endeaver to so apply the rules aa to secure tbe greatest possible reform In the civil service of the government, but it will require the direct attention of Congresa to render the entorcement of the svslein binding upon my successors, aud I hope tbat tfie experience of the past year, together with appropriate, legislation by Congress, may reach a satisfactory solution of the question, and secure to the public service, fur ad time,, a practti-al method of obtaining faithlul. and efficient officers and emploves. U. S. GRANT. Executive Mansion, Dec 2, 1S72. SHERIFF'S SALE. I'be Miate of Ohio, Trumbull O.nuty, ss Geo. W. Dlt worth, et.al.1 In Mahonire vs. J-Common Fleas. Brad ford W fill ams, et.al i By virtue of an execution issued ent of the Court of Common Pleas, of Mahoning Co.. Ohio, in Mie above named case. to iiie direetetl and delivered. I bave levied upon and shall expose to public sale on Satarday, December Ith, A. D. 1S72. at one o'olccx p. m. of said day, and coa ttnnei'rom day to day until tbe following described personal" properly is sold : A lo of Dry liofKls. Gr cenes and a aeoeral assort ment of goons such as Is usoally krpilna eooniry store. The above sale to take place at a store room formerlv occupied by sal Williams, el. al.. in the village of Bubbank, Trumbull county. Ohio. Terms cah. O. W. DICKINSON. Sheriff. Sheriffs Office. Warratvlta, lws.4 1S72-H . unurv Easily KukJv with onr Stencil at . BlUiiC I Key rheca On i lit. ciicuUri Free Btanord M i's Co. W Pulton Wanted AgentsfiTi tax frmilv Knitting Machine. Tbe simplest and beat in th world. Address, A a Kmc ax Ksitmnu Machine Co., 3l.i;; Wui.Ui;oa street, Boston, Masa. , liOMirr iu4 laswra ai lor nrtea the Haaslsetarris, VANOUatEN 4 T1 rT, Ul a. U St., CINCINNATI. Agents! A Rare Chance. We will pay Agents, JJOperweek in Cash, who will eng iB with n at ooce. Every thing fnrnisiied and expa-nnespaid. Address. A. COL LI EH at CO.. Charlotte. Mieh. "ryatciiosisn xr sort- chamim.." I How either sex may fsslnateand sain the love aud affection of any person Ikey choose inalanlly. This in-.de mental ae-quiTYtn- nl all can possess, free, by mail, lor 'ix. toateiher wlin a marriage ajnirte, h nyp tian tirade. 1'reams. Hints to Laviiar. tiwl- iliuK-Nlsbl Shirt, ate. A oncer boon. Ad dreas 1. WILLIAM.-, ak Co. Cubs. Ihi!a. r.OOK! FREE TO ALL! rn PER WEEK TO AGENTS. U(e or $ JUioMuale. To all who will writ for an. Ageill-T Ki-wiuarmta ..w,.. .,1 - " der or ntot'trrav" Uiellji I'sTRaf KB Hi iRS: VJ r i lr, i I. i. mi, ,,i i un vi,.-. aai,j rn j lllnl llinsi rations, and will be seal KHKK. to all who muy write. Address 1. vaksiik Palcison, N.J. THR hM.1 telling Rook In thfe market isi the struggles of Petroleum Y. IXasbja It is Illustrated by THOMAS ?t AST. the- greitestof American Artists, and contain .n Introduction ny noa. iurn- outuaaor. Aaenta wanted tut tbis and oilier M.iar books. Address I. N. Kicnartlaoa. Co., Boston, Mass. and &V. IahiIa, .