'(i 'Tr-r':TT,Tr.S'1r nm
Volume 5T TSTo.
Warren, Ohio. December 18, 1872.
.Whole. -No. 2933
rrrDSTEM resebte chkoxicle
V Published every Wsdnssds- morning,
Empire Block, Market HU. Wan-en V, u.
MTssiL. SAiiar and Proprtetot.
TIBLE8 A5t TESTAMENTS at the
rartrino' imWlWn them, ter )
oyttae Tscwacii.00. Biblb SonrrT.at all
I ti dsposi lories tnronghout the county. All
the stvles and price published or the
American Bible ociety, kept constantly on
band. Central Depository at Haptmerf
Brown's. Market at.,- (south aide of Conrt
Eooaeaonare) Warren, a Only .87i lyr.s
R. I.OT, Physician nd Surgeon,
nmmm. mnA mlibnM fPW TOO RnOtB
ik. iilmla J firMt Western Depot.
where beemarennmlted profeaatonally.
Warren. O. ArrUit l-tf
A E. LTX15, Dentist. Office over
. 8. C. Chryst iCal new meat market.
GEOBGE P. HUSTIR, Attorney at
Lew. Offloe tn VanOorder Block, Market
8t WrenTonio. ITeb. . uaa-u. .
DR. D. 6IBB05S, Dentists, teeth
extracted with oat pain; upper or low
er eeta of teeihfor 110,00. Offlo over T. J. Mo
Lain Son 'a Book. Main St. Warren. Ohio.
Jan.. 1X70--. .
J. H1BKOH. CL T. IlKTCAljr.
TT ARSON nCETCALF, Physicians,
and Humane Offlce on High Street at
Destand formerly occupied by Dr. Harmon
JOB HOTCKHIS. W.T.aPEA.
TT tTCHISs SPEAR, Attorneys at
.JLLLaw. Offloe tn Ftrat National Bank
Bunding, Sd alary, front mnu Ws-ren O.
Jan. a. 1B7U-U.
JU. BRISCOE, Physician audSur
ageon. Office at Residence, north side of
Market Street, two doora east of Elm. Par
tienlar attention paid to Chronic disease.
-Jan. a. IsTXKLrr.
J. B. BBACKBir, K. D. L. K. BtTSSKLi, W. D.
DKS. . BKACeEX, UUSSELL,
Kcleetlc Physicians and 8urgeous,offlc;
at no. Market su. np stal a). All caiie
at office at tended to at lull hours, day or
night. Dr. B. will give attention to the
treatment of all chroaic diseases and can
eer. Residence corner Liberty and Wash,
ton Avenue. Warren, U. . aug 31,1872.
SR. F. A. BIERCE, Homcepathlc
Physician and Surgeon. Offlc In Butlitt's
T.K. J. R. KELSOX, Physician and
If Surgeon, office east of First Nat. Bank.
Office hoars from 7 to JO o'clock, a. m and
1 to P. m. Jan.3& UCl
"WfASHISKTON HTDE, AUorriey at
y Law and Notary Pnhllc Offlce In
the Chonicle Building, over Galea Del
ta's Siore. July 10. l72-6mo.
SB. F. MTERS, Physician and Sur
geon. Office Sd door north of National
se. Entrance off Liberty street. Office
hours, from 10 to 12, a. m, and 1 to t p.
m. Residence, corner af High and Cbestnnt
streets. Nov. 27, WtJMjr-
s. vAtr-raca. thajx. ackuct.
VACTROT k ACKXET, Successors to
J. Vantrot A Co- Dealers in Watches.
Jewelry aaa inamonaa. ataraetcuees -ten.
Ohio. Jan a. 17"
a. w. AATLjrr. H. m. atosra.
RATLIFF A KOSSS, Attorneys and
LXmnsellers at Law. office over the Ex
change Bank of rrmsinan A Hunt, on Jaarket
8k Warren Ohio. i'Jan.f UfTU.
1 X. COWliERT, Attorney at Law,
0 s Offloe cornerof MM and Main 8t-Nile.
Onto.- Joctla iSl-U.
"!t B. TIXER, ManuSictnrer and
1 , Dealer latin as, aUfiea, Platola, Ontiery
fishing Tackle, Oat Materials, Sporting
Apparatus, Sewing Machines, Ac, No. , Mar
ket 81, Wairon. Ohio. Un. KTO-U
.K .HCTCHIHS, 0. K. TTTTLB, J. M. STU 1 1.
TJCTCHI5S, TCTTLE ft BTULL,
n AUoraty at Iaw. office over Smith A
Turoer'i Store, corner of Main and Market
Streets. Warrsn. Ohio. J an. 10. ltCi-tf.
w. ik. mm, . w. r. roam.
WS. A T. F. PORTER, Dealers
,m School and Mlsceilaneons Books,
Btationary. Wall Papers, Periodicals, Pam-
fhleta sad Magmslnea, at the New York Book
tore. Main Street. Warren, Ohio.
W. D. HAXL.' KACKKT.
"IT All. 4 HACKET, Manufacturers
11 of Harness and dealers in Saddlery
Elrdware, Trunks, Valises, Traveling Bags,
Whips. Horss Blankets, saddles and Fancy
Kaddlary, Na a. Market street, Wat en. O.
Jan. a. 1K7U.
T HnTLESET ADAMS, Fire and
nil! LtL I AUAAi-h r 1IW B11U
Life Insnranea Aircnt. warren. Ohio.
Merchandise and other property Insured In
the best Pom pan tea, on favorable terms;
farm property. Isolated Dwellings, and their
arm tore insured for one, three and five
years. Offloe In MoOomba and Smith's block.
"I S. DAWS03, Mayor of the City
I , of Warren. Civil Jurisdiction same as
Justice of the Peace lor the city, and crimi
nal Jurisdiction througbootcity and county.
Also agsnt for Cleveland Cement Sewer and
rain Pine of ahslses. . Clan &, ISL.
tRETOEK GOISTS X L. C. R.
lOarrtace Works, Warren, Ohio, manu
facturers of Carnacea. BnKKiea. W
Isle hs, and specialties. AU orders from
any part of the eoontr i omptly attended
to. Palotiaa, Trimmincaad Repairing done
to order b the ahorteat notice. South of
APOLPHL'S 6RTERf Dealer m
Musical Merchandise of all desert pOons,
vis: Pianos, Organs, Melodeons, iolina,
OaJtaJvAcoorueonk,Claronetu, K lutes, Files,
Drama, Piano-spreads, Piano-stools, Sheet
mnsic, Masio-bouka, Violin strings. Guitar
etruigs, Ao Ac, fclorsln Webb's Hljek,over
P rusT iiuok Store. iJai 6 1870.
a. u. waxjuta, w.ausus, B.A wsi.kka,
WALKER, LESLIE ft CO., Bank
ere. Church Hill, Ohio..' Dealers In
Government Securities, Foreign and Domes
tic Exchange CoLlfcUons made. Interest
allowed on Special Depostta. (jan. 4-ly.
WAKRE5 TEMPLE KO. 2
Honor and Temperance, meets at cor
ner Main and Market Sts-Jn this city, every
Friday night. AUdeslroosof aiami In pro
kmum the tern Derance cause, which Is the
suae of God and humanity, are invited to
ttena witn us.
social Temple meets every Tuesday eve
ning. CM. LAZAiirs, W.O.T. ,
JOHN H. oLAfEK, W. R.
Jan 10, 1872-lyr
TV 1TR. A. P. MIXER, Contractor of
J 1 1 man route r40.VLf, runningoaiiy iroui
Oiumviu to Surg Hill via alinman, wishes
So aive novice to the public tuat he has pro
vided himself with a pleasant riding coach,
and Is now prepared to carry faasengeraand
baggage to ail poinla on the rouu.
) .list, has procured one of
I toe improved Surgeons' Oses,
wrta tbs Liauid Nitrons Oxide
Gas sad It Is. without doubt, the safeot,
snrast and azost rapid in its effects and eli
mination of any anaesthetic known. He
will remain in Kinsman, at his office, until
farther notice. focU 2S.
SIMM0.T9 ft HESXIXGEB, Auc
tioneers, wiUgr'Te prompt attention to
ail engagements as Aaououaera. Will go
nto city or coonty. ramsonabla terms,
nd ttofaetloa guaranteed. If deslred.oue
cr b th will attend sales. Office of S, Sim
mons la Kief e Block. Office of W. Hrn
nlnger In BuSalo Clothing Store, from this
date tlU April 1st, 1372, without farther no
tice. . (oet.US7i-t.
EXCII A'K GE BA N K
FBEEMAN i HUNT,
t els. 8Usr, Issters Kxekanga, Cacarrsat Beak
Setts, and all kinds af
Interest Allswed oh tine Deposits.
Collections and all business connected with
Ranking promptly attended to.
REVENUE STAMPS FOR SALE
March L UTL
I Agents for .Taylor, Day A Co.. of Fre
ooula. N. T.. are furnlsUiec at Manufac
turers' prices, those cheap, darahle, light
and beauilful Taylor Day carriages.
Open and top carriages on hand at their
waiesroom at tne center or ureene. i ail ana
examine before cnrcbarlng elsewhere.
Oct. a. isnt m. R, W. CHAKE A SON.
AMES FfYR WtNTRR Rnn Inc
-i , , ...
i .ii mi i w i . .
New Gsms of Authors. As.. As.
Jsst rea d at ADAMS' Book Store.
TESTATE of. Jeflerson M. Hemer,
jJaee a. me unaemirned bas been duly
the estate of Jeffereon M. Hemer, dee'd, late
Farmlngton, Dae. 8, lKSw.
Warrsw, Sept. 2, lrt
JCST RECEIVED, A LARGE
All of the best patterns, and every slxe from
Infant to AdnlU. A laige stork of
For Ladies and Gents.
MAITSOS'S FEXALE STRISGE,
with Irrigator. Speculum Byringe. and a va
riety of other kinds. Alio a large assort
Toilet Articles, .
vU: Hair Brushes, Rubber Combs, Ivory
Combs, Florence Mirrors, Ac A large
Y's pay tprcial attention to filling J3
etan' PretrriptUmM. and can sell Physicians
medicines ascheap as tbey can boy them In
Cleveland or Meadvllle.
GIVE USA CALL.
Sept 4. WM. HAPGOOD.
IN PREMIUMS !
Are offered to Agents for procuring Clnbs
for the CZSaX&A J I WEEKLY
T XX Or ZBTTXI
Is a thirty-six column paper, and contains
thirty-four columns of reading matter.
It is devoted to
Sews, Llterstsre. Psllttes, srrlcsltara. Csav
merce, ass all ether sssjerts af ls
tercst te the seoaie.
AsaaagTlcnltural ps per the Weekhr Oth
scOecan not be anrpaMted. Tbotrsands of
farmers and bousekrepere contributed to
this department daring the past year.
The Gazette is the Leading Republi
cs Jiwppper f the West.
And has the largest circulation of any Re
publican paper westol the mountains.
AGESTS WANTED EVERYWHERE
Send for Premium List, etc touit. Gaxexte
(.Cincinnati O loct2i.3mo.
LbUI farther notice, there will be an
examination ol teachers at the Hth School
boilding la Warren, n the first Saturday of
every month turlDg the year, excepting
inataorcng tne nouuu oi April ana Sep
tember, there will be sa examlnalion on
each succeeding t-aturday, as tallows:
First Satardsy. Payne's Corners; second.
Johnston; tiilrd, Brixtol ; fourth. Warren.
Notice Is hereby given of the adoption of the
following rnte.wbieh will be strictly adhered
to: "Alt cerUfjeatea hereafter granted by
this Board, shall be dated on toe day of
examination, except that In special cases
for good reason, certificates may be dated
back, bnt in no ease beyond the date of the
By order of the Board,
GEO. P. HUNTER, Clerk
Warren. O. Feb. 7 l72-lyr.
CITY MEAT MARKET
THE undersigned would res
pectfully announce to the citl
seus oi Warren and the vicinity
that he haa opened a Meat Market on Lib
erty Street, opposite K. K. Wtsell'sCarriagt
Factory, where he intends to keep co nstanW
;on hand, all kinds of fresh meats, and o:
as good quality as the country will sfibrd.
I haveem ployed the services of a good butch
er who has had long experience Tn the busi
ness, and who will always be on hand to at
tend to the wants of all customers. All or
ders left for meals In the evening will bt
aromptly attended to. If desired can be de
livered at their residences, or kept In re
frigerator till called on.
una ). 1S70-U LEMtJEL DRAT
J. B. WOBSWICK. . X. LKWIS.
SESB FOB PBICE UST.
WOES WICK & LEWIS,
CLEVELAKD brisss pipe works.
. Car. Menrls sad Center Ma, Clerslana. 0.,
'Mannfactnrers of and Dealers in ftnught
Jnm ftp, ron Fitting and bratt OookU. for
Steam. St ater, Gas and OIL Cameron Hteam
and Eureka Hand Pomps. AU kinds of
Steam and Gas fitting tools constantly on
hand. Only 24. l87a f
- VERY DESIRABLE HOUSE
AND LOT FOR BALK-On BazetlaSU,
lu tneclty of Warren, known as the Fearns
properly. House new, large and conveni
ent; excellent cellar, two good barns, and
other out buildings all in eood repair. Will
be sold on eay trm:a. Call at toe office of
Rati i fT 4 Moses, Market SU,orat the stoie
of r earns A Urav. Main Su lapr. 10-tf.
The state of Ohio, Trumbull County, as.
Laura Hulburt, 1 In Trumbull
vs. Common Pleas.
William Hulburt, eL aL) ;
By virtue of an order of sale Issued out
ol the Court of Commou Pleas of Trum
bull Co., Ohio, In the above named case
to me directed and delivered, I have levied
upon and shall offer at public sale at tne
door of the Court House In the city of War
ren, Ohio, on
Satnrdsj. December 28, A. D. 1872,
at one o'clock p m. of said day, the follow
ing described land and tenements, situate
In the township of Huobard. county ol
Trumbull and State of Ohio, to-wit: known
as part of Lot No. 5tf In the original survey
at I.t In the lownahio of Hubbard, said
county aud Slate, bounded and described
as follows, vis : tommeoGiDiHincuwi
of the highway rnnnlug west from Hubbard
corners at the north-east corner of the Par
sonage Lot; thence running sou to twelve
rods along the east line of said Parsonage
Lot to a post on eouth-east corner ; thence
running east nve !N1 to a postousuutu
west coiner it John Winfleld s Lot. thence
running north twelve rods to the center of
said btchwar; thence -running west five
roos along 'tne center oi aaia nignway k
thenlaoeot beginning, bounded nor.h by
the blghwsy; west by rarscnage LiOt ; soutn
by lauds ol Eliza and Geo. Hager, and east
by John Wlndeld's Lot. Con alnlng sixty
rods of land, more or lesa.
Appraised at 1 i . Terms, Cash
G. W. DICKINSON. Sheriff.
8heriff"s Office. Warren, 0- Nov. 37, lS7J-6t
Boardinq and Sale Stable.'
rPHT". uudersiifned bavinir purchased
X the Interest 1 Peter Kulk in the new sta
tue at tne rearoi hi. unm, .
prepared to accommodate their patrons w 1th
new equipages, of all varieties, single and
double, all ol the newest styles and finlnlah.
T- i, n Jt Mnt,!,, - wf 11 It. 1 t .1
nlsbed for funerals. The best of care given
DISSOLUTION CHANGE OF
FIRM. The partnerablp heretofore ex-
Uum between R.- R. Bascom and R. W,
Crane a son. under the arm name of Crane
m -ascom, was dissolved, by mntaal agree
ment, on Ibe kith day of November. 1K72.
R W. CraueAMnn retain the books and
papers of the old firm, and will continue the
mercantile business at the old stand at I he
center of Ureene, where, thankful fur the
very generous patronage f the past, tbey
hope by Industry and lair dealing to retain
old customers and win new ones, in n.r.
sods having unsettled sccouuls with Ciane
A Bascom are reauested to. call on R w.
Crane A Son and settle the same, that the
nooaa may ue vnjseu.
- R. R. BASCOM.
, R, W. CRANE SON.
Greene. Ohio, Dec. 11, Itfi-U
VFIrst class Music furnished for Qua
arnl Parties on reasonsble terms Enquire
o oraduressJ. .RMEn,ln care of lamna
Reed A Sona, Warrea, O , or ICE. Hams,
under ist r. suonju Sana, rt aiTen.
DARIJNO & GILOER,
ASTHBiCrTE, ClIHtU lOrCBIOGHtTTI,
CHl kCH BILL, a Mini Bill BIDCI
Coal and Slack. Delivered to any part of
the city at the lowest current rates.
Office on west side of Main Stj 8d door
north of Mahoning Depot. Also Agents for
the TALMAVGi. tiAHEB PIPE CO.
a. Terms Cash on Delivery.
The most ffonde rrol Dlscofery of the
rr JS- D- Howe's
For Consumption and alT diseases of "the
THROAT, CHET, A51) LUSGS.
(The only Medicine of the kind in the world)
A substitute for Cod Liver Oil. Permanent
lv cures Asthma, Bronchitis, Incipient Con
sumption. Loss of Voice. Shortness of Hreath,
Catarrh, Croup, Cougha, Colds, Ac, in a few
days, like .oaglc. Price f. per bottle ; six
or $3, Also,
I3r. Bt. IJ.nOWE'S
Arabian Tonic Blood-Purifier.
Which differs from all other preparations In
its immediate action upon the .
LI? Ett, KIDNEYS A5D BLOOD.
It is purely vegetable and cleanses the sys
tem of all Impurities, builds It right up, and
makes Pure. Rich Blood. It cares Scrofu
lous Diseases of ail kinds, removes ConaU
pstion, and regulates ibe Bowels. .
For "General Debility " -Lost Vitality.'
and Broken-down Couatltrtlons, I "chal
lenge the 10 Century" to find lu equal.
Every Botile Is worth lu weight in Gold.
Try It ! Price tl per Bottle, S Bottles, 16.
Bold wholesale and retail, by
H0Y1 & SPEAR, Druggists,
General Agenu for Trambull County.
DR. 8. D. HOWE, Sole Proprietor.
Nov 6, lSTMmo. 181 Chambers St.. K. T.
iMPLO.HEM FtJRTHE WINTER.
11 AGENTS WANTED
NEW ATLAS of THE WORLD
A SERIES ot over Oae Hundred Map and
Dlans: shewlu the varions countries of
the world, plsnsol cities. te. AUo vsloa
ble statiaUcal Table giving the dllterent
Voeernmen- cf the H'ord, ai d their forms,
the routes and distances to ftjreian CUie. a
complete Pott OJttee lUrenory. together with
Lxina Kouu ana uuilances to pieces wumu
the I'nlteO States. Also, the complete Cen
sus of 160 and I87it Ministers, Tem-.heri.and
Kiperienced Canvassers wanted as agents,
to whom a large commission will be given.
Address B. S. GREEN
.Nov. la, 2S8 Superior BU.Cieveiana.u.
REDUCTION IS PASSAGE RATES!
A NCHOR LINE STEAMERS.
Sail every IPednerfev md akdardoy.
Fassensers booked to and irom any Railway
Station or Seaport In Great Britain. Ireland.
Norway, Sweden, oeomara. uermany,
France. Holland. Belgium, and the United
cabin rare rrom nc.w lUHAtsL'i.tuuii,
LIVEKPOOL. GLASGOW -and DERRY by
Wednesday's Steamers MO. By Saturday's
Steamers tut and Ca.
EXCURSION TICKETS, lit.
INTERMEDIAtE. t3t: BTEEBAGS. "
alljiayahie la Cturency. ' ..
Parties sending for their friends In the Old
Country eaa purchase tickets at lowest
rates, rornmner particulars apply to we
Agents. HENDERSON BROTHERS. 7 Bow
llngGreen, N. V, or to T. J. McLAIN A SON
warren O. Oan t. v , ir
New Book Store in Vienna,
SAVING opened a Book and tjta
tionety Store at Vienna, I wonld e
u.tthe patronageof -the people f that
place ana vicinity, i nave a good supply ol
miscellaneous hooka School Books, biatea.
Inks, Dictionaries and Albums. I have al
so Pictures and glass, with many varieties
ot mouldings. Frames will be made and
1sh cut to any order. Also a good stock of
Holiday 3uods,lo which 1 shall add before
Please call and examine the roods. They
will be sold aa cheap as the same class can
be' bought elsewhere. Teachers especially
areinvlted Mrs. P. M. FOOTED
Nov !, 1873-tf w
The Sute of Ohio; rrumbnll County, as.
i-xr'x of Thomas Craig, eL al. I In Trumbull
vs. J Common
Edward M. Johnson, at. aL I Pleas.
Bv virtue of an order of sale issued ont of
the Court of Comnon Pleas of Trumbull
County, O., in the above named case to me
di tec led and deliver d. I have levied on
and shall expose to public sal at tne door
of the conrt House, in theCitr of Warren.
Ohio, on ...
Sataiuar, Jan. 4th, A. P. 1871,
at 1 o'clock; p. na. of said day. the following
described land aud tenements: Situate lu
the towuslilpof Bracevllle. County of Trumbull-
and oi&is ef Ohio, kaown as the north
west part of Lot No, fifteen (lajln said town
hip, and bounded aa follows, to-wit: Be
ginning at the center of the river bridge
across the Mahoning river at the place
called "the Center of the World," thence
running lu s norm-westerly direction along
tbecenier of the highway 27 chains and 71
links to the Benedict line: thence nnrLO on
a marked iine 14 cnalua and tia links to lbs
center of the Mahoning river; thence np the
center of the Mahoning river, the several
courses thereof, to the place of ben inn tag,
and containing seven t -seven and so-tou
acres of land. (77 -luO ) .J. ..... .
Appraiaeu ai a . Terras easn.
G. W. DIt KINSON, sheriff:
Sheriffs Office. Wanvn.O, Dec t, lB73-w
Notice Is hereby given that Isabella and
BaiabM. Stewart have deposited three and
47-IUU dollars with the Treasurer of Trum
bull county, for the redempton of two acres
of land In the north part of Lot Null, In
the township of Hubbard. Said land hav
ing been sold for taxes January 16, 1H7J, to
J. R. Noole, and by him assigned to Lewis
tXnlA, T 1 .J r , I. I.' V V L'nV
Warren.O Deci, 1873-31 Co. Auditor.
The Americas Ovaxlasi All Sail "Saute to
Colo rail Spriags
Salt Lake City
Tpeka, - Bunker Hill,
w amego, - roseii.
U.nh.lt.. U . ...
June lion City, Ellisif
Saltna . Denver,
Ellsworth, - Golden City,
. And all Polnu
Kansas, Colorado, the Territories'
AND THE PACIFIC COASTS
Miles tb Shortest Line from Kansas
. Cliy w Denver.. ..-.-...-!
Miles the Shortest Line to Pueblo
Trinidad, Santa Fe and all polnu la
U ew Aiexiao ana Arisona.
10 riBBIESI 10 OIHIirS TBAHSFEBf ;
The Great RlTert 'ar U Vrldg-ei.
Only Line running cars tbronrh wiinon :
change from the Missouri Hirer to Denver.
only une running r-uiiraan Palace Cars to
omy lice npoa which yoa m as tr
Don't fall to take a trip through Kansas,
and view tb great advantages ottered for a
bvervbody In search of health or otaaaur
should make an excursion over the Kansas
Close connections mad In TTnlon Depot
l n.uuiV,UJllU IMVCDWOrUI, H1WBU
trains to and from the East, North and
South. EDM'D 9. BOWEN.Gen. Stint,
BEVERLEY R. KEIM,
Gen. Ticket and Pass. Agent.
Stzxasasas Oity Mo.
t July II. 7-lir
JN0. P. DEAN,
Importer and Wholesale Dealer in
He. 81 4 Street, PlUaftargk, Ps. . ;
American, English and German Cutlery,
Koencer A Nicholson Files: Dlastoa's Saws.
and Boyntoo'S Lightning Saws; :Beatty's A
Verge's A Plumb's Hatchets; astern Manu
factures and Pittsburgh Novelty Locks and
Latches; Mann's, Llpplneott's and UrafTs
Axes; Ames and Rowlands Shovels; Black
smiths" Tools; Ohio Tool Oo.'s Pis nee; Coil,
Trscsno otaerenaina: fiew-ienoon w. a.
k. K.tlAn.l .n l I i TT K.ll..
Fir Irons, Stands, Shovels and Pokers;
Practical Clothes Wringers, and a full line
of general Hardware si tb Ixmoat Market
Hau.- A genu for Park Bros. ACo.'s SteeL
Oct a, ISii-sm.
A FINE STOCK oTvi6uVafrons
one dairar to thirty-lv dollars,' sat
epened at ADAMS' Beokswre, ' .
Written for the CHRONICLE.
THE OLD FIREPLACE.
What a crowd of pleasant memories
are recalled by the mere mention of
the name. It is an old aud loved as
sociate which is connected with the
happiest period of our lives. It is a
gentle remembrancer of youth, of
home and comfort. It was in the
shadows of the old chimney corner
that we dreamed of our brilliant
future; there fancy construe! ed "her
gay frost work which vanished when
confronted by the stern realities and
ancompromlMng facts of life. The
source of much felicity is the old fire
place with its cozy, hospitable look.
But the American, in the conscious
Dfide of his practical' tenets, in his
strong love for a "Lread aud butter"
philosophy, and in tne neat or nis ad
miration for new Kimcracks, has
ostracized the homely old fireplace
and now it is rapidly becoming a
thing of tne past, ll nas oeen oan
ithed from respectable society. It
can only be tolerated at present in a
lumberman's nut or an irisnman's
Tills state or attain exists not on
account of the supplies of wood being
exhausted, not because a black, shape
less and unsightly metal stove is moie
cheerful or comfortable than a broad
fireplace, but simply because that
tern arbiter of human action, public
opinion, says that tne stove la prefer
able. The stove is recommended on
the acore of cheapness, convenience
and many other specious pleas.
Now we are very well aware of the
fact thai the average American
preaches and practices habits of fru
gality. We heartily commend him
for bis economic principles. No one
can be happy who disregards their
monitions. But we think there may
be questions in regard lo what true
economy is. We know farmers who
almost starve their stock and sell
few tons of hay. Is this real econo
my? We know others who live in
ignorance, becauce books aud pareta
cost money. Is this economy We
have seen people work with worn out
tools, because it would be a consider
able xpense to get new ones. Is this
good management? And we know
that-, the great mass of farmers and
villagers throughout the Western Re
serve have abandoned the old fire
place with its crackling logs, fot the
narrow, stilted grate with its black,
smokinz coal. We most respectfully
ask, Is this true economy? Many are
ready to answer in tne amrmative.
You say, "it costs more to cut the
wood than to buy the coal ; therefote
coal is the cheaper fuel." Let us ad
mit your assertion in regard to the
comparative d-st of wood and coal,
and have you established your point ?
Ought yon not to take into contioera
tku something beyond mtre dollars
and cents Wheu you go to your
tailor for a new coat you do not always
buy the on. that costs the least money.
And why ? 6inrply from the fact that
you consult your taste in reference to
color, quality of cloth, Ac. All that
we ask Is that yoa apply the same
taste when yoa are getting your win
ter's fuel. Do you really like acoal
fire better than wood ? II so, then
your nse of coal is true economy; nth'
rwiHe it is not. But Wbo that bas
pent the evenings ot bis youth around
i tie broad, warm ami generous hearth
stone of an oldrabined fireplace, can
honestly say that he prefers coal to
wood We have known persons who
were accustomed tu a coal fire, to en
ter a room in which a flue wood fire
was glowing. Tbey were loud and
enthusiastic in their expressions of
pleasure and enjoymenLTbey esteem
ed it a rare luxury. Iu very truth we
believe that an ample hearth warmed
by a blazing wood fire, is one of the
greatest and cheapest luxuries within
the reach of our farmers. Their wood
lots will furnish enough dead or fallen
trees.for the winter's fire, which might
otherwise not. The labor spent in
cutting will be fully rewarded during
the long Winter nights as they sit and
watch the lund tongues of flame leap
ing upward. Who is so blind to fact
that he would ignore the influence of
circumstances. A child that is bro't
up iu good society will unconsciously
adopt the manners of that society.
The mention of a name, an old scene
or some other equally - accidental and
trival occurrence, may recall a flood
of remembrances almost forgotten.
The middle aged and elderly men and
women of to-day, spent their youth
ful evening in cracking' nuts on a
genial neartn-sione, or in tracing tne
inytic figures of the glowing embeis.
Let one of these revisit a room warm
ed by- a bright wood . fire. What a
bnstor pleasant memories are recalled!
What an air of quiet contentment and
peace seems to envelope them ! The
tubles-and bustle of the present are
1 tid aside and enjoyment rules for the
hour. The thought of an oldfashion-
i fire place suggests at once the
s.urdy race of pioneers who subdued
lue primitive forests, conquered the
savage, and laid the foundation for
our present greatness ana prosperity.
Their simplicity, energy and honesty
cannot be too highly esteemed or too
loudly extolled; solicitous are we then,
to retain the old wood fire aa souvenir
of the past. We believe it condusive
of morality, kiadly feeling and hap
piness, i nereis an essence concen
trated within the poiesof the hickory
or oak which being diffused, fills the
atmosphere, enecta . the sensitive
nerves and induces a mood favorable
for Introspection or a uiet thought. .
Donold G. Mitchell, wrote . the
"Reveries of a Bachelor." Any one
who has ever read it will call it a good
book and a valuable acquisition to our
literature. But of all the pretty allu
sions lu that famous work, the allu
sion (q the wood fire are the prettiest
aud pleasantest. Mr. Warner's "Back
Log Studies", is a rare and Unique
book, and the mere mention of the
title is an assurance that it is some
thing different from the common run
of books.- -x -
. Ignore it, though' we may, still there
Is - something inherently - attractive
and hospitable in a crackling fire. It
is genial, generous and joyous. ' it is
friendly. Let a!L so long as the ma
pie and beech are abundant, retain the
oldfashlpded. fin place with its broad
hearth andehjoy one of life's really
great - luxuries. ' Elin.
THE INDIAN PUZZLE.
General Phil. Sheridan has solved
the Indian puzzle, in a report to Gen.
Sherman.- lie says: " I fully indorse
the efforts now being made to civilize
aud christianize the wild Indiana, and
think that the reservation system and
the policy of the government toward
the wild tribes is the most liberal and
humane that haa ever been adopted
by any government toward savage
people, and, so far as the military is
concerned, every effort should be mad.
to carry out its intentions. - The prin
cipal error that I discover is, that
while efforts are being made to reach
the Indian what is right, sufficient
Importance has not been given to
teaching trim what is wroug. I very
much fear that the course pursued to
ward the wild Indian does not cause
him to fully realize from his own
standpoint that he ia doing wrong
when he commit murders and other
depredation, and if some wise system
of punishnr ent could be arranged and
carried out, which would have the ef
fect of controlling him in this respect,
it would much sooner terminattf'the
Indian troubles on our frontier.'-.-
'-'AtfaleTfct tt worth s ehlp-loaa of
General Sherwood's Response to the
Toast to the President at Dayton
'J he Prtrident of the United State,
The central force of the freest, the
most muscular, and the most thor
oughly alive nation npnn earth is
too much of a subject for a ten min
utes' talk at a soldiers' supper. Wheth
er this sentiment be to the office, or
the man who holds it, I have neltner
language to exalt the position, nor
fresh tributes to the mau who exalts
The pinnacle of the American poli
tician the Presidential chair, which.
judging from the present, by the past,
is liable to oe warmea ny a soldier,
but never by a philosopher so near
and so dear to ambition, ia too elabo
rate a place of upholstery to be Jostled
around this convivial board. Let us
rather talk of that broad based, strong
nerved, eminently just and practical
man, wbo led our armies through the
breakers of war, who bas guided this
nation so calmly through the break
ers of civil strife. It is difficult, how
ever, to separate the man Grant from
the President Graut. The name is so
iudissolubly connected with the great
events of the past decade, civil aa well
as martial, that we can scarcely read
our history without finding it shining
on every page. It is one of the feli
cities ot General Grant's public life
tbat he is so honorably awociated with
both war and peace.; With war aa
the commander of all our armies,
with ueaee as the successful advocate
of arbitration for Hie settlement of
international controversies. He teas
first ia war; he is first in peace, and
the November tribute of thirty great
States warrants the assertion that he
is first in the hearts of his country
men. The name of Washington always
calls up the war of the revolution.
And yet the career of Washington,
aa Pieeideut, in harmonizing the poli
cies among the great leaders of the
revolution, in avoiding entangling
alliances with foreign natious; in
crj'Btnliziug the inbreathing spirit ot
a new born liberty into a national
life aud setting the jc-ang republic
on the track of empire give him a
higher place in history and more
strongly endear his memory to the
hearts of his countrymen than his
career as a soldier.
The mention of Grant always calls
up his career as a soldier, and yet,
when we shall all be under the sod
wheu the political bickerings and ani
mosities of the hour rhall have been
forirotten when the impartial histo
rian, seeking the salient events of
this epoch, not from living witness
es but dead books shall give Grant
his place In history, it will be found
that his career as President contribu
ted more to the great cause of unity
and fraternal love among hi people
than his unequaled services in war;
and his treaty at Washington wiH
take its place as tne most magnificent
contributiot. to the cause of civiliza
tion and the peace of natious in ail
history, lo saying this I do not be
little Grant's cervices as a soldier
nor do I desire that those services
should be forgotten. I would not
hide the soldier in the President.
Grant fought the rebellion in manly
combat, with bullets and bayonets,
and through red mouthed cannon.
A more learned man thau be, in the
National Capitol, fought the same re
bellion with Greek fire from the Pa
gan caaaics, through . the Congres
sional Globe. Each had a mission,
aud each fulfilled it well, the pres
ence of one at the While House is no
more a menace to the defeated South
than the other in ibe Senate. Grant's
presence at the Whit. House is tieace.
Grant's presence at tne White House
secures peace to the inmate of the low
est cabin in this laud. Graut'a pres
ence at the White House is a shining
light in the nation's pathway to glory
and refutation of the slauder to uiau's
humanity that republics are ungrate
fuL Nor do I believe that oft-quoted
assertion that lb. pen is mightier than
the sword. I beli. v. it is a cheap
entimeutalisni that belies the logic
of history. Every conquest of value
ainre God made man bas been thro'
heroic sacrifice, and the blood of
martvrs. It was not the blossoming
rod of Moses, but the swift sword of
Joshua, that gave tne promised laua
to IsiaeL It was not the Declaration
of Independence that made possible
our nationality, but Washington' at
Valley Forge. The unification of both
Germany aud Italy have been aceom
plisbed oy the sword. Lincoln's
proclamation- of Emancipation ' bas
been cited as a great triumph of the
pen, but this was but the sentiment
of a nation quickened into life by; the
mad havoc of war, ai.d .intensified
into expression through the despera
tion of the conflict. Not all the ink
jugs in this laud, preaching emanci
pation through a million pens, would
have created such an outburst of patri
otic emotion as that crash of cannon
shot against the walls of Sumpter.
When cannon speak, naiiohs think,
and amid the clasn of great armies
they think great thoughts. Old John
Brown wrote tiie Emancipation Proc
lamation on the mountains of Vir
ginia before Lincoln dreamed, or
dreaming would dared to have uttered
it- But he wrote it with his blood.
Was it not bis soul that went march
ing on? But it was not Proclama
tion of Emancipation that freed the
slaves; it was Lincoln, as comman
der in chief of the army. It was not
the phitiplcs ol Sumner in the Senate,
maKuificentand classic, and cold, that
destroyed slavery aud rescued our
nationality; it was Grant in lront of
Lee, Thomas in Tennessee, and Sher
man and his boys thundering to the
sea.. Tbat wonderful English barris
ter, Phillip James Bailey, says in his
Festus : "While men are what they
are ; while rights are worth maintain
ing, freedom keeping or life having,
so long shall the sword shine."
It was Mazzinl who said: "The
angel of marurdom aud the angel of
victory are brothers; the one looks up
from the eartn aud the other looks
down from Heaven and it is only
from epoch to epoch that their eyes
meet between earth and Heaven, tbat
creation isembelished with new- life,
and people arlae.evaugelist or prophet,
from the cradle or the tomb." : r :
Was mat not a grander epoch -for
us and for all humanity when the
war c ouds lifted above the last crini
sou battle field, and the angels ol
peace, serenely grand in the bright
aurora of a new nation, came forth to
meet the auitelof martyrdom and the
angel of victory ? And is it not a
.fitting climax lo this the grandest
epoch or the ages, tiiat tne greatest
sildier who swung bis victorious eagles
thiough the sulpbry smoke of battle
into the silent air of peace, aud our
liberties and our nationality were
safe, should guide a grateful people in
in thelrgraud career of empire? This
is Graut, the soldier, the President,
the man. Like Tennyson's magnifi
cent Duke he stands before you great
in saving common sense, and simpli
lity sublime. When hla mission as
President is ended, may it be our good
fortune as a nation to find auotber
leader as robust in manhood, as firm
ly grounded in principle, as faithful
and as safe.
Large Clip of Wool. During the
latter part- of last week Mr. James
Buchanan, of Mt. Pleasant township,
delivered al the warehouse of Jacob
Morgan, Esq., of this place, the jar
gest single clip of wool that has, per
haps, ever changed hands in this
country. The clip numbered over
1,500 fleeces, and realized to Mr. B.
the handsome aom of $3,500. The
wool Is of superior quality, light and
fine, and speaks well for the selection
of stock and the care and attention
bestowed upon a flock of .ucli dimen
sions. : Who can beat it ? Washing
ington (-".) Reporter, Dee. 11.
LIFE IN NEW MEXICO.
The Taos Pueblos.
BY REV. SHELDON JACKSON.
The one thought that pervaded all
minds at the time of my visit to Taos,
was the coming feast of St. Jerome
among the Pueblo Indians. Tbey are
called Pueblo (dwellers in towns) to
dirtingulfh them from the roving
tribes. As at the great annual gath
erings i f the Jews, all the national
roads leading up to Jerusalem were
thronged, so. at Taos, they gathered
In from all the neighboring nations.
Inquiring my way along a blind trail,
I was told to fol'ow the crowd. The
way was thronged with Mexicans, on
foot aud on donkeys, families in rude
l.n OaltS ill Oilier VSCODI Slid
WWM .. . - . r
crria9f Apacbe braves, with their
t-.am rKh.fi them 'Xavfiio beaux.
UJt rvj srvj aJ s si v ""f J
with bright-colored autumn leaves
bound arouua meirucaue, uu in uuu
of them, on the broncho, Indian
belles, magnificently got up with
beads and brans wire. Ute Indians,
from camp retainers to the villainous
old chief who turned np his nose at
the last peace delegation, and told
them that be did not believe they ever
came from Washington. Pueblos, in
their best toilets, Ameiieaos, Ger
mans and Freni.h. gathered in, until
the town was wild with excitement.
At length the day dawned, and the
multitude awarmed out to the Pueblo,
some two or three miles distant. Ar
riving at the village, we were face to
face with two great adobe bouses, six
stories high, and irregularly built.
These two buildings are the home of
I.;. ..itu, w, n in l.VU) the Krian-
iards forced their war up the valley of
the Rio Grande, tnese iiuiiuiug were
standing in the same condition that
they are now, and inhabited by the
samo race of people, with substantial
ly the rame cueti ms. How many
more cen uries they have stood tradi
tion does not say, and the people have
no written language.
Ascending a series of ladders from
the outside, aud standing upon the
roof of the topmost story, before us
lay the broad valley of the Rio Grande,
the radiating point of our earlier
American civilization, where, in an
cient times, may have flourished em
pires " that would vie in power with
the Babylonian or Perciao, aud ciths
tbat might have rivaled Ninevhj
fur of these empires and these citiee,
the plains of Asia now exhibit fewer,
and even lesa imposing relics, than
are found of the former luhabitanta of
this territory." At our feet was a
gathering of tribes and nations, such
as, perhaps, could be found at no other
point In the United States.
The great plaza was crowded with
them. In the center of the plaza was
a tall greased pole, ciowned with a
live sheep, bottle, of wine, melons
and dry goods. To the north was a
booth erected for the Virgin Mary and
St. Jerome, while they watched the
games. First came high mass at the
Roman Catholic church. Twelve I n
dian warriors stood as sentinels at the
door, and discharged their guns at
various parts ot the i-eavice, while an
other warrior pounded the stationary
bell upon the root. While a portion
M.r inili.n. avr lii the church.
another portion were in the Estufas
. , , i i. : .. iw.l.
(neatueii tempies; mruaiug
deities for succtss in the approaching
Mass being said, a coarsely dressed
doll (Virgin Mary), and a smaller one
(St. Jerome), with a doll baoy (infant
Jesus) in his arms, were brought out
and carried under a canopy of silk, in
nnwudinn In till) bfKlttl. Whef6 tbfV
could overlook the race-course. As
the procession reached the booth, a
series of bowls aud short, quick barks
were heard, as the racers emerged
from an ettua, which bowls were an
swered by a similar series of barks
fiom the opjjositig company, as they
came out of theii eatvfa across the
creek. The racers were naked, with
the exception of the breech-cloth,
their bodies besmeaied, some with
yehow and others with a drab-colored
clay. Some were greated, and then
feathered. Some had a line of grease
with feathers adhering to the grease,
under the left arm and over the right
noulder, representing a sash. One or
two had a row of eagle feathers around
the waist, and all bad lied around ihe
neck, wrists and ankles a blade of
Spanish bayonet. Forming lu pro
cession, and led by the mueicof drums
(which drums resembled beer kegs
with hides pulled over tbem), they
slowly danced, with short, guttural
barks, and the strewing of branches,
to their position.
During mass, thirty or forty halF
drunkeu Mexicans bad been reckless
ly .riding up and down the course,
flourishing Jive rooster, aud attempt
ing to snaicb it from one another ; but
the course Was now cleared, and the
foot-racing- commenced. Both aides
of the course were Hued wilh teams
aud spectators, and every standing
point on the terraced roof of the
bouses was OCCUpiea. 1 ue races over,
the Indians danced back tolheirtg-
.,. Tl.. erowil II I Kin the i oof-to 1
Pelted the crowd below with waler-
. . . , i . i e .. 1. ...
melon rind, aua me loieuwu suuw
Later in the afternoon there were
more races, and tne ciiuioiuk oi me
greased pole, after which the images
were com mi tied for safe-keeping to a
new family for the eusuicg year, and
are suprjosed to bring good luck to the
. . . . . .1 M tn ,.K...,
buuxenoiu mat una mtm m ui6.
T-l, anrtreit hspk to Taofl. to
consume the night at the fandango
and g ming tables. After supper the
tables were removed, aud dancing
ommeuced. ineuuuisi utuuiucuuire
ud of the hall and the barkeeper the
otber. Every one tbat danced was
expected, at the close or eacn set, to
patronize i he bar. Manvofthe womtn
took their full share of " '1 aoa iigntr-
ning,' aud, as might be supposed, tne
whole conrpany ecame uproarious
iwfnrav'mornlns-. Both SeXSS Smoked
incessantly. When a woman rose to
dance, she handed her cigarette to a
UrjBiid-;, While the Mexican women
were dancing, smoKing ana iinuxiug
wjlh' "American men, the Mexican
men' were in adioinlng rooms gam
bling f and so ended th " uiost holy
feast of Bt- Jerome."
Ihe. uext morning our party, witn
iu,n..uilialiiiM and trausporta
tionrwvgoaV: anil two outriders, filed
out or town. 1 now w" a "
Garland, how that baby, that made
one of the party, got up and down
those hills, our experiences among
outlaws and vermin at Red River
(one of the most despicable places in
all the country), must remain uotuiu.
There are now nineteen towns or
pueblos in different portiouBof New
Mexico. The9e Indi- ns claim to be
the descendants of the Aztecs, wno,
about the vear 1200, dispossessed the
Toltecs. and became masters of nearly
all of Mexico. Their empire culmin
ated in the reign of Montezuma, who
was the Grand Cacique or tne Aztecs,
being their prophet, priest aud king.
Each pueblo is a kingdom within
Itself. Their chief officer (Cacique) Is
hereditary. The chief meu, or coun
cil, are nominate", ny me vaciqu auu
voted for by the people. Tbe hold
Ice for one year.
rhe pueblos have a language of their
n. but use the Spanish in their in
tercourse with the outside world.
They seldom marry outside or tne vil
lage, aud are slowly decreasing in
population. Each pueblo has two
square leagues of land, and are very
wealtuy. During tne laie war iiiejr
loaned the government many thou
sands or dollars.
Tbey dwell in huge adobe build
ings. These buildings are five or six
stories high, each story being "mailer
thau the one beneath it, thus forming
a terrace. - There are no doora to the
first or ground story, entrance beiug
gained by ladder to the top of the
terrace, then threugb a trap-dooc in
the roof, and down another ladder in
to the room beneath. In timet of
danger, the outside ladder Is rr.lled
np upon the fiat roof, and the bunding
is turned into a fortress. :
: Th. sixth story is used aa a mill,
where th. women grind their grain
between two stones, with motion
similar to rubbing clothes upon a
washboard, and they certainly know
how to make good bread. That which
was offered to us waa excellent. Each
family has its suite of rooms, and
those which we visited were snug and
clean, the walls being neatly white
washed. Upon the arrival of the Spaniards,
these Indians were nominally con
verted to Roman Catholicism, but in
reality their Paganism waa merely
baptized. While tbey have a Romish
church in each pueblo, and attend
mas, they also have their estufas, in
which they keep burning the sacred
fire, and worship the sun- ..
. . The estufa is a room under ground,
is shape like an. inverted bowl. The
one into which we went waa about
twenty feet in diameter at the bottom.
The only opening is the trap-door en
trance at the top. In the center of
this room was a depression in the dirt
floor of about two feet square, filled
wilh ashes from the sacred fire. Up
on the eastern edge of this hearth was
a rude aliar, upon which, according
to tradition and Mexican belief, they
I'll sometimes sacrifice children. .
Eight or ten boys are annually set
apart to keep the sacred fire burning.
" Tbey cherish the tradition tbat
Montezu ma, w bo established this Taos
village, taught them to build pueblos,
and kindled their sacred fires; also
planted a tree, predicting, tbat after
his disappearance there would be ro
rain, aud that a foreign race would
subjugate them. i
" But be commanded tbem to keep
the fiies burning until the fall of the
tree, when white men from the East
would overwhelm their oppressors,
raiu would again increase, and he
would soon e-establish his kingdom.
Tbey aver that the tree fell just as the
triumphant Americans entered Santa
And now they await bis coming.
Each morning, it ia said, one appoint
ed for the purpose ascends- to the
house-top at su arising, to see if Mon
tezuma is not coming. As the Jews
of old looked for a Messiah that should
deliver them from Roman bondage,
aud restore to them the kingdom, so
do these Pueblos look for Montezuma
to restore their kingdom. And as the
Jews received a spiritual kingdom, so
let these Pueblos receive the gospel at
the .hands of the " white men from
the East." And aa tbey watch the
rising sun, let them behold the more
glorious risinsr of the Sun of Right
eousness. Herald and Presbyter..
LEAF FROM A LIFE.
The simple facts recorded in this
story occurred in a city not many
miles from here. It would be impos
sible for such a case to happen in
Chicago. We are the personification
of Charity. We are Angels, and this
is Paradise! Therefore, I wish it dis
tinctly understood that I write of a
j ttiful case," as the papers called It,
which came under my notice in a dis
tant city, years ago.
As a rule, physicians are the most
charitable of men. Tbey may not
give fortunes away in alms; but their
lime, which ro tbem is money, is
freely given to the suffering, in more
cases than one might suppose, "with
out money and without price." It
was upon a freezing cold night that a
young - phys dan stepped into the
warm, well-lighted office of a mer
chant prince. The doctor was poor
and needy; his coat was worn and
threadbare, and furnished but little
protection agalLst the cold of the sea
son, because be lab red among the
poor, and gave his time to those wbo
were unable to pay for It.
The merchant was a wealthy, piou-,
"eminently respectable" member of
society. He waa the mainstay of a
church, the promoter of charitable
schemes, and a subscriber to alt char
ities which were backed by influ
euce, or conferred distinction upon
t be giver. The world at large honor
ed bis name; but the men in his em
ploy were wont to smile mysteriously
when his charities were mentioned in
their bearing, and one of them was
once beard to remark thai be "never
knew a man so well named-" Now,
strange to say, this model man's name
So, into Mr. Cantter's offlce the
young physician walked with some
tiepidatioii ; but, being one of the
world at large, was confident tbat he
would be beard, for he was on a beg
ging expedition ; not f-r himself h
would rather have died than beg but
for a poor boy who lay dying in a
tenement houve in Dead Man's row-
lay dying of starvation. It was too
late to save his life that the doctor
knew; but he hoped to raise sufficient
money to make the boy comfortable
for the remnant of life left him. As
he opened the door of the counting
room, he saw Mr. Cantter standing
before the glowing grate-nre, declaim
ing nobly uion the beauties ol true
charity to bis book-keeper, who.being
hard pushed to live upon the pittance
paid him by his employer, was not as
entnusiaslic as nis employer would
have bad him. -
" and has not charity, it profit-
eth him nothing," aid Mr. Cantter.
in a loud tune of voice, as the door
oiiened, and the thought flashed
tbrougn bis mind tbat perhaps it was
the pastor of bis church. The doctor
entered, and suddenly the flood of
eloquence which Mr. Cantter was
pouring out upon the unresisting
clerk was hushed, for he knew the
doctor, and knew also that he waa
about to ask for money, and his hands
came from behind bis back, went Into
bis pockets and remained there. The
doctor, by way of tx ginning, re
marked upon the severity of the
"Yes," said Mr. Cantter "God help
The bookkeeper, bending over the
ledger, smiled to himself, but said
The doctor hardly liked the-expres-sion
upon the merchant's face, and
the oily unction with which these
words rolled from bis mouth, but
resolutely dashed at his subject. He
depicted the sufferings of the dwellers
iu Dead Mail's row; the tumble down
houses, admitting the wind and snow
at every corner; the famine which
reigned in tbem ; and then, excited
by the troubles he had witnessed, he
appealed to the merchant to help
those who were nnable to help them
selves. Warmth usually begets warmth,
and it ia therefore singular, but not
less true, that as the doctor warmed
Mr. Cantter cooled, and when be bad
finished speaking tbat gentleman
"I can do nothing for you. I am a
subscriber to the Magdalens' Home,
the .-Esculapius Hospital, the Seamen's
Refuge, the North Pole Missions, the
"But this is ."
"Tract Societies," continued Mr.
Cantter, calmly ignoring; the doctor,
"and many other charities. I find
my time entirely taken up, and I ean
neither spare time nor money to aid a
vagabond who may be deceiving you
"There can be no deception in star
vation." "Weil, may lie not; but I might be
placing a premium on dishonesty ,and
I bo to aid worthy objects."
"All worthy, no doubt; but this is
a cate of such utter wretchedness. A
boy, a little morsel of a child, dying
for want of food," pleaded the doctor.
. "I dare say," said Mr. Cantter; 'but
charily, to be effectivepaust be well
directed. You must come to our
church next Sunday. We have the
finest preacher in the city, and, as bis
sermon is upon charity, you will no
doubt be able to pront oy nis sugges
"But about the boy," amid the doe
tor, fearful that the conversation
would wander away from the subject
which interested him more than the
sermon which was in prospect.
"1 can't squander mouey on uch
objects." said the merchant, again
suddenly diopping from, warmth to
cold. "I can give you a letter to the
Poor Children's Home, and at the
next meeting of the Board"
"D n the Board," said the doctor,
now thoroughly indignant.
"Profanity ! And in my presence!"
exclaimed the mendicant, 'You shock
"Shock you!" said the doctor.
"Shock you ! How have you shocked
me with your lying talk of charity ?
I it charity to go to a fine church, to
listen to a sensational preacher? Is it
charity te go to a luxurious home, to
eat a grand dinner, and talk over the
sermon ? Is it charity to ait on a vel
vet sofa before a blazing fire to look
through French plate glass window
at the houseless, hungry poor as they
hurry by, and say, 'God help the
poor?' Shame upon sucb charity '
"Sir!" said Mr. Cantter. The book
keeper smiled encouragingly upon the
"Shame upon such charity, I say,"
continued he, borne on by the flood of
indignation. "A true, noble charity
is the best thing upon earth ; but a
hypocritical charity should be a
weight sufficient to damn any soul."
Aud, slamming the door to, the doc
tor strode away.
' "I am truly shocked at that young
man's reckless use of strong terms,"
-aid Mr. Cantter; "but," he added,
reflectively, "let us hope that be will
see the error of his ways and repent
before it is too late. I hope, Mr.
Strong, tbat you will take warning
from him, and be more regular in
your attendance at cburch. By the
way. to morrow is Sunday, and vou
must come to our church and hear
Mr. Highfalutin on Charity.' "
The doctor, disheartened at his re
buff, and thoroughly indignant at the
hypocrisy of which he had been a
witness, paused irresolutely upon the
corner, and as be stood there he heard
a quick step behind him ; then a band
hurriedly thrust a small roll of money
into his: and turning, he was just in
time to see the form of Mr. Cantter's
book keeper disappearing in the
gloom. The Bum was email, but it
was sufficient for the purpose, and,
with a lighter heart, the doctor went
his way to Dead Man's row.
A narrow, filthy passage-war be
tween two houses leads from the fine
thoroughfare into a narrow, filthy
court, aud at the end of the court
standa Dead Mau'a row, immediately
in tne rear or a nne cnurcn Mr.
Cantter's church. Why this name
was ever conferred upon these tumble
down old rookeries, I am not able to
sUle. Suffice it to say tbat tbey were
so called, and at the first glance one
was apt to acknowledge Its suitable
As the doctor passed down the
wretched looking court he stopped
one minute to shake hla fist at the
church looming up so grandly before
him, then opened the door of one of
tne most wretcneu looKing nouses lo
the block. Up lour pairs of creaking
swaying stairs ne went, and then
having arrived at the garret, stooped
to avoid the sloping roof, and entered
a squalid, comfortless room. There
was no furniture of auy kind to be
seen, and do tire. The wind bL-w In
at the windows and the door, and
snow had drifted in at the same
place, and lay in little piles upon the
A woman, clothed in rags, sitting
by a straw pallet in one corner of ibe
room, arose as he entered, and looked
at hitn inquiringly,
"Yes," he said, 'after some trouble.'
"Thank the Lord for that!" sbe
answered, fervently. "The poor boy
can die in peace, at any rate."
"I ordered the things sent np. Is
. "Unconscious like," answered the
woman. "His brain wanders a little
A little morsel of a boy lay upon the
bed tne unmistakable mark or ram
ine in bis face.
The doctor bent over him, and,
looking into bis face a moment, said
to the woman, standing silent at bis
"His pain is over. He will proba
bly live until morning, but he will
never again be conscious."
The long night passed, day dawned
and the boy still lived. Themoiniug
wore on, and cnurcn time came. Car
riages rattled up to the door of the
church and discharged their loads ot
silks, satins and broadcloths. The
bowing ushers opened the doors of the
crimson-lined, luxurious pews, and
tne conn relation slowlv assembled-
"Whs do you know of charity?'
thought the doctor. "Here, not more
than twenty reet from the pulpit ot
your cburch, povrty reigns supreme;
yet not one of you all ever took the
trouble to look here for a field of Use
fulness. Y'ou give a little from your
abundance, aud plume yourselves
upon your cnaritaoie hearts; and
from that poor woman bv the bed
you might learn much. Sbe cbeer-,
fully gives what she can her time
iu behalf of a boy sbe never saw be
fore, and "
The organist of the church com
menced the voluntary, and an excla
mation from the woman brought the
doctor to the bed. The little sufferer
moved uneasily ; then a smile came
upon his wan race, a far away look
into nis eyes.
"I hear music," he murmured. Was
it the sont of the angel.-, or the strains
of the grand organ, that he heard ?
Wbo cau ten ;
"He is going fast," whispered the
doctor. : The woman was silentiy
we ping, and covered her face with
her hands. And the first notes of
"Come, ye disconsolate," came to
them from the church. Again the
far away look came into the boy's
eyes, tbe smile upon his lips; his thin
white hand stirred upon tbe bed, and,
while the last strains still lingered
upon the air, he turned his face to tbe
wall, and so died.
And as tbe man in a threadbare
coat and tbe woman In rags knelt by
his side and prayed silently, in tbe
church tne preacher, clothed in broad
cloth, arose aud gave out his text:
"Charity covereth a multitude of
Silks and satins rattled as their
wearers seated themselves to listen.
and the sermon went on, and in glow
ing language depicted the want and
wretchedness of tbe poor; and the
vast congregation listened with rapt
attention. L pon tbe speaker, too, tbe
subject took a hold, and by degrees
bis gestures became more natural ana
lest studied, his phrases more earnest
and less glittering.
So tbe sermon went on, and at fast,
after a thrilling appeal, the preacher
raised bis jeweled hands, cast up his
eyes, and cried, aa though in agony i
"God help the poor!" and the vast
congregation bowed, and softly mur
mured: "God help the poor!'
And then well, then the service
was ent'ed, and the preacher and con
gregation went home to their dinners,
and left Chanty entirely in the
hands of the Almighty. Louis Dorr,
in Chicago Tribune.
A minister once told Wendell Phil
lips that If bis business in life was to
save the negroes, he ooght to go Sontb
where they were, and do it." "1 hat
ia worth thinking of' replied Phil-
Hps; "and what is your business in
lire r" "To save men from hell," re
plied the minister. . "Then go there
and attend to vour business," re
joined Mr. Phillips.
PRISON REFORM. The Approaching National Congress a
n-IiT i.1!?"1 Pri8n Assoclafion'of
the United States will hold Its second
annual meetmgat Baltimore, Md.. on
the evening of Tuesday, Jan. 21 1873
Hon. Horatio Seymour, President of
the AssociaUon. will preside, and will
deliver an opeuiug address. The.
Corresponding Secretary will present
bis annual report, devoted mainlv to
a review of the first great work of'the
Association the International Peni
tentiary Congress of London, which
bas taken its place in history as one
of the most remarkable, as it is likely
to prove one of the most useful, inter
national gatherings the world has
ever seen. The standing committee
on Criminal Law Reform. Prison
Discipline, Care of Discharged Pris
oners, Juvenile Delinquency, etc.,
will also, doubtless, be ready with
their reports. Interesting and valua
ble papers are expected fiom corres
ponding members In Europe, particu
larly from M. Demetz. tbe founder or
Meltry. who wi.l give his views on
the necessity and ntilitv of nwid
training for prison and reformatory
officers,in connection with an account
of his own labors in this direction r
from Miss Mary Carpenter, who will
favor u with some account of herob-' -
serrations during a recent visit to'
several penal reformatory establish
ments on tne Continent; aud front
Sir Walter Croflon, the originatorand
organizer of the Croiton Prison Sy-
ieui. a iew special papers will also
be furnished by American writers.
But tbe great feature of the Balti mors
Cona-resa will be a body of special re
porta on tne preventive retormatory
and penal institutions and work of
the different States. Measures have
been taken to secure such reports frorif
all the States of the Union. Od tfi .
information thus furnished, arnpW
and accurate, no doubt. It wiU be tlie
duty of tbe association to organize
the vast work upon its hands, aud
t"en to do it.
Invitation to be present and to as
sist in tbe labors of this Congress is
cordially extended to alt heads, chap
lains, and other officers of prisons
and reformatories, and to their mana
ging boards; to secretaries and mem
bers of boards of State Charities to
Social Science Associations; to mem
bers of prison commissions: to crimi
nal judges and prosecuting attorneys;
to chiefs of police; and. Indeed, to ibe
friends of improved prison systems
and prison administrations through
out the country. There will be room,
and welcome, and work for as many
as find it In their heart to respond to
this call, be tbe number wbat it may;
When tbe work of tbe National A-.-o-clation
ia fully organized, we want not
cuiy a prison discipline and ajuve
uile reformatory departmei t, but also
a criminal law reform department and
a police department; for our aim em
braces everything which has to do
with the prevention and repression of
crime. . .,
It is believed that the work of the
Congress can be completed ia three
days, but that will depend somewhat
on circumstances; in any case it wiri
be a question for the Congress itself to
Efforts will be made to -secure re
duced fares on railroads and reduced
board at hotels, the rtsult of which
will be duly communicated to persons
who propose to attend the Congress.
By order of the Executive Committee.
E. C. Wises. Cor. Sec'y. -Offlce
of the National Prison Associa
tion, No. 101 Broadway ,N. Y.,Ncv.
About two-thirds of our receipts of
butter for some weeks past has been
of so poor a quality as to render it ai
most unsaleable, and we are almost
tired of calling attention to the fact
that choice quality is scarce and want
ed, while the common aud medium
grades are plenty and dull. Even
now, when tne choicest butter ot the
year is received, the quautity that
comes up to the highest standard is
comparatively small, and it fc- mani
fest that there la a want of practical
skill on the part of butter manufact
urers, or there would not be so much
poor stuff made. The remedy for all
this iow grade of butter is the institu
tion of butter factories, in which
skilled labor, system and neatness can
do as much for this portion of the dai
ry business as cheese factories have for
ihe cheese trade. Butter ia a compli
cated substance, consisting of eight
fatty acids, in combination with a pe
culiar sweet liquid called glycerine.
The process of making if is not les-s
complicated than is the substance it
self, and we do not expect to see its
manufacture perfect until it is made
in .butter factories, under the super
vision of skillful hands. Since "the
introduction of cheese factories, Uia
average quality of cheese has greatly
risen, and the export has iucreaseH
from 1,000,000 of pounds to 60,O0V,m'.
The factory cheese commands on the
average at least one cent more per
pound than does the domestic, and as
we make about 250,000,000 pouuds an
nually, the total increase of rcouey
value to the country from cheese fact
ories is 2,500,0u0. There is here and
there a dairy in which as good bulter
and cheese are made as iu the factory;
We are willing to concede tba. a bet
ter article is made in some domestie
dairies than in the factory; but this
does not militate against the principle
that the average production of ths
country would be increased both in
quantity and quality, were all ouf
eheee and butter made on the co-operative
factory system. In the domes
tic uairy, butter making is mainly an
art; in the factory, science and prac
tice are com Lined, or should taiiJ
both have scone for action in the won
derful proceui by whicn butter is
evolved from milk, and originally
from grass. Boston Shipping Liz'. . ;
The "deformity nuisance" is made
a matter of complaint by the Boston
newspapers. The mendicants who
thrust out a mutulated arm. or dis
close a distorted limb, and the whole
class of beggars w bo make a commo
dity of their deformities have niaiie a
descent on the Hub, and the outcry is
raised for the intervention of tbe po
lice. The Boston Globe savs tbat a
dwarf Germai. girl may be seen on the
streets of tbe city, wilh a little tiu
box strapped about her neck for the
reception of coin, owns a tine bonsi-
in New York, and is building a rou'
of tenement houses in Brooklyn. .rn.
other imposture is practiced by a niel
ancbol, woman, with a hand organ,
accompanied by a child, which lies
from morninx till nitrbtina rjernetuxl
stupcr, aud whose white lips aud uu
natuial paleness apptal to the passer
by. The child, savs the Glnhr i
daily drugged with opium, and if oili
er like faa.'l8 were known, nine-tenthn
of the persistent askers for alms on
the street, says the paper, would be
better able to give thau many thev
Mr. Greeley's bouyTa scarcely cold
in the ground before his will is con
tested. The last Instrument was exe
cuted on tbe Hh of Ts'ovember, the
day previous to his death, and gave
all his estate to Miss Ida Greeley, with
lue quaiiucniion mat one imir or the
property was to be used bv her for I he
education and support of her sister
Gabrielle. Samuel Sinclair. R. 11.
Manning and Charles Storrs. the con
testants, ofler a will dated January,
1871, which gives the propery to the
twodaushlers.aiid in addition, uiake-s
bequests to certain relatives, with a
legacy to the Children's Aid Society,
of Hew York. The young ladies de
cline to accede to any proposal of com
promise, and the contest will proceed
on the grouml of the testator's Inca-
Eacity to execute the will a few hours
pfore his death.
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