Volume 57 ISTo. 22.
Warren, Ohio. December 25, 1872.
Whole JSTo. 2934
dTESTERS RESERTE CHRONICLE
1 T Published every Wednesday morning,
a gmplre Block, Market 8t Warren W su
&1TUIL, Editor and Proprietor.
TIBLES A!f D TESTAMEVrS at the
by th TBU1CBTT1.L Co. Biblk Society, at all
It dspoaitarias throughout the county. Ail
the styles and price published by the
a n,rin Rlble Soeletv.kent constantly on
hand. Central Depository at Hapgood
Brown 'a. Market St.. (south aide of Court
Bous.so.uare) Warren. O. (July ASJilrv
of the i
LOT. Physician and Surgeon.
FOffleeand residence a few rods Snath
the Atlantic Great western uenoi.
where he ean be consulted proiessionaiiy,
Warren. Q. April 19 litl-tf
a E. LYMAS. Dentist Office over
8. C. Chryst Co. "a new meat market.
opposite tna win aw . ,ZT..
GEORGE P. BUSTER, Attorney at
Law. Office in VanGordcr Block, Market
DR. D. 6IBB05S, Dentists, teeth
xtnrted wtthont ra1n: anner or low
er acts of teeth far $12.00. Office over T. J. Mo
Lain arson's Bank, Main bl . Warren. Ohio.
j. UHi.' . . . ttt.imuj.
B1RX05 BTETC1LF, Physicians,
and Burgeons; Office on High Street at
stand formerly occupied by tfr Harmon
Jan. S 1870
JOH BCTCBnra. W.T.SPkAA.
HCTCHIXS SPEAR, Attorneys at
Law. Office In First National Bank
ling. Sd alary, front ooma Warren O.
Jaji. 5w liSTO-lr.
H. BRISCOE, Physician andSur
.geon. Offlo at Residence, north side or
Market Street, two doors east of Elm. Par
ticular attention paid to Chronic diseases,
Jan. a. lsTO-lyr.
3. B. BBACXXK. at. D. UK. BrSKLL, K. D.
T.RS. BKACkEX, & KtSStLL,!
J briectie mysicisiis ana sQojcvun.uiutre
St .No. Su Market 81, (op stal s). All calls
at office attended to at all hours, day or
night. Dr. B. will give attention to the
treatment of all chronic diseases and ean
eer. Residence corner Liberty and Wash
ton Avenue. Warren, O. fang 21,1872.
ER. F. A, BIERCE, Homoepathlc
PbTsiclan and Surgeon. Offie In batlift'i
J. R. XELS05, Physician and
1 Surgeon, office east of First Kat. Bank.
Office hours from 7 to 10 o'clock, a. m.. and
J to 8 p. m. Jan. 26 W71
"7ASHISGT0N HIDE, Atiorney at
V Law and Notary Public. Office in
the Chronicle Building, over Gates A Del
In's Store. July 10, l73-6mo.
J. VA1TTBOT. rHAD, ACBXET.
T AUTR0T k ACKLET, Successors to
1 J. Vantrot A Oo Dealers In Watches,
Jewelry and Dlxmonda. Market Street, War
ren, liulO. was- a loi"
b. v. umrr. B. H. hoses.
T ATLIFF k MOSES, Attorneys and
rVOounseUsrs at Law. Offto over the Ex
change Bank of Freeman A Hunt, on Market
fit. Warren Ohio. iJan-f UtTO.
JR. COWDERT, Attorney at Law,
. Office corncrof Mill and Main 8t Nlles.
Ohio. ioct.18 IsTl-tt
.T B. TILER. Manufacturer and
. Dealer ta Guns, Rifles, Pistols, Cutlery
int. Tackle, uui. Materials, o porting
Apparatus. Sewing Machines, Ac, Nc 8. Mar.
kslbU. Warren. Ooio. . IJra.a in.u-u
r.B.BrrrrcHrrts, o. . tuttu, j. m. stuli.
TJ CTCHISS,- 1'CTTLE k 8TU1X,
fjL Attorneys at Law, office over Smith A
Turner s Slom, comer of Main and Market
attracts. Warren. Ohio, . - I J an. W. U72-tL .
W. B. rOBTBB. W. POBTKM.
WH. W. F. PORTER, Dealers
. m School and Miscellaneous Books,
Iitationary, WaU Papen, Penadicals, Pam
phlets and Magasines, at the New York Book
Btorsw Main fcveett Warren. Ohio.
z t. j. atACxrr.
ALL k MAl'aTE T, Manufacturers
of Harness and aeaiers in aaaaiery
wars. Trun ka. Valises, Traveling Bags-
Whips, Horse Blankets, baddies and Fancy
Saddlery, Ko. 8, Market Street, Wat. u. O.
Jan. & itno.
WHITTLESET ADAXS, Fire and
Life Insurance Agent, Warren, Ohio.
Merchandise and other property Insured In
the best Companies, on favorable terms;
Farm property. Isolated Dwellings, and their
urnlture Insured for one, three and five
years. Offlc In McCombs and Smith s Block.
" Tf. DATTS05, Mayor or the City
1 .of Warren, Civil Jurisdictionsame as
Justice or the Peace for the city, and crimi
nal Jurisdiction throughouteity and county.
Also agent for Cleveland Cement Sewer and
a rain Vipeoi aU sixes. an.lsTl.
TAREH.MS GtISTS X L. C. R.
AJ Carriage Works, Warren, Ohio, manu
facturers af Carriages, Buggies, Wagons,
Sleighs, and specialties. All orders from
any Dart of the countr - v oruptly atteuded
to. Painting, Trimming and Repairing done
to order on the shortest notice. South of
Canal. .... . . (Jan 3. 1872.
ADOLPHL fcRCTEK, Dealer in
Musical Merehaadueof all descriptions,
vis: Pianos, Organs, Meiodeona, lollns,
3ultars,AoooroociB,Claronetta, Flutes, Fires,
Drums, PiaAO-spreads. Piano-stools, Sheel
snusic, llusic-books, Violin strings. Guitar
fctnnga, Ac, Ac Storeln Webb's BLJck, over
Porter1 Book 6tora. - Mat 1S70.
B. fa. waXAXb, w. b. lbui, a. 1. walk.
WALKER, LESLIE CO., Bank,
era. Church HliL, Ohio. Dealers in
Government Securities. Foreign and Domes
tic Exchange. Collections made. Interest
allowed on Special Deposits. - Clan. -iy.
WARKES TEMPLE SO. 29
Houor and Temperance, meets at cor
ner Main and Market tet.4n this city, every
Friday night. All desirous of aiamg in pro
snoUnKthe temperance cause, which is the
cause of God and humanity, are Invited to
attend with us.
Social Temple meets every Tuesday ev
1. HI. w .1;. 1.;
Jan 10. 1872-lyr
MR. A. P. XI5ER, Contractor of
mall route Xo. VlM.rannlng daily from
wuautvusto Burg Hill via Kinnian, wishes
to give notice to the public that be has pro
vided himself with a pleasant riding coach,
and is now prepared to carry passengers and
baggage to all points on the rout.
R. BECKWn H, Den-
l.tist, has procured one of
t the improved sureeons' Cases.
with the Liantri N'ltnuia Orlrtu
5as and It is, without doubt, the safest,
surest and most rapid in its effects and eli
mination of any anaesthetic known. He
rill remain in kinsman, at his office, until
further notice, ,. ,. (oct.23.
IXK0S i HESMGER, Auc
tioneers, will g've prompt attention to
angagements as Auctioneers. Will
out of city or county. Reasonable terms,
ana tisiactlou guaranteed. If desired, on.
or b lh will suend sales. OfSss of . Sim
mousln Kmc Block. Office of W. Hen
Blngerln Buffalo Clothing Store, from this
data till April 1st, ls72, without further no
tice, oct 8.1S72-U.
FREEMAN fe H17NT,
' DEALERS m "
, Clrns. kasten ELckaage. Cararrrat Bask
tsa,saaUklaasaf ... - ,
Interest AJWwed ea time Deposits.
Collections nd all business connected wltb
Banking pramftiy -""ninl to. .
March L 1S7L
STAMPS FOB SALE
I Agents for Taylor, Day A Co, or Fre
ouola, N. are furnishing at Manufac
turers' prices, those cheap, durable, light
and beautiful Taylor A Day carriages.
Open and top carriages on hand at their
sales room at the Center of Greene. all and
examine before purchasing elsewhere.
Oct. 2. 1OT1 8m. B. W. CRA'E A SOK.
GAMES FOR WESTER Eren ing
The Checkered Game of Life.
New Game of Authors, aVe.. As.
Jast res'4 a ADAMS' Book Blor -
ESTATE of Jefferson M. Herner,
dee'd. Tbe undersigned has been duly
appointed and qualified as Executrix on
theestate of Jefferson M. Herner. dee d, late
of Trnmbull county, Ohio,
. LUOINDA HERNER
Farmlngtoo, Dec a, 1872 tw.
Vi First class Music furnished for Qna
drill Parties on reasonable terma Enquire
-01 or adureas J. E. ORME8, in care of James
Reed A Sons, Warren, ., or R. E. Harris,
sander 1st National Bank, Warren.
WakRKK, Sept. 2, 1872.
All of the best patterns, and every size from
Infant to Adult. A laige stock of
For Ladles and Gents.
SLATTSOX'S FEMALE STRESGE,
with Irrigator. Speculum Syringe, and a va
riety of other kinds. Also a large assort
Tlx: Hair Brushes, Rubber Combs, Ivory
Combs, Florence Mirrors, Ac A large
33 -A. 25 X ITNT'S
We pay special attention to filling PhgtU
etan's Prescription, and ean sell Physicians
medicines ascheap as they can buy them in
Cleveland or Meadville.
GIVE USA CALL.
IN PREMIUMS! "
Are offered to Ageuta for procuring Clubs
for the CIXCIXXA1I WEEKLr
T TT 13 OAZBTTB
Is a thirty-six column paper, and contains
thirty-lour columns of reading matter.
It is devoted to
Kens, LIterstare. Polities, srrlesltare. Caat
Bterce, aad sll ether ssbjcts of Is
terest te tae people.
As an agricultural paper the Weekly Go
tette can not be surpassed. Thoohands of
farmer&Mid honsekeepers contributed to
this department during the past year.
The Gazette is the Leading Republi
can Kewspaper of the West.
And has the largest circulation of any Its
publican paper west oi the mountalna.
AGEXTS WANTED EVERYWHERE
Send for Prem lum List, etc to cnr. Gazbttk
Co., Cincinnati. O- Loct 23. Smo.
EXAMISATI0XS OF TEACHERS.
Until farther notice, there will be an
examination 01 teachers at the High School
building lrr Warren, on the first Saturday of
every month during the year, excepting
that during the months of April and bep
tember, there will be an examination on
each succeeding Saturday, aa follows:
First Saturday, Payne's Comers; second.
Johnston; third, Bristol ; fourth. Warren.
Notice is hereby given of the adopt ion of the
ioiiowing ruie.wnicn win oe stnctiy adhered
to: "All certificates hereafter granted by
this Board, shall be dated on the day of
examination, except that In special cases
for good reason, eertifioates may be dated
back, but in no ease beyond the date of the
By order of the Board,
GEO. P. HUNTER, Clerk
Warren, O. Feb. 7 lsT2-lyr.
CITY MEAT MARKET
j!J'P rpHE undersigned would res
AA pectfully announce to the citl
SS 1 slfl sens of Warren and the vicinity
that he has opened a Meat Market on Lib
erty Street, opposite F. it. Wisell's Carriage
Factory, where be Intends to keep 00 nstantr
5 on hand, all kinds of fresh meats, and 01
as good quality as the country will afford.
I have employed the services of a good butch
er who has had long experience In the busi
ness, and who will always be on hand to at
tend to the wants of all customers. All or
ders left for meats in the evening will be
romptly attended to. If desired can be de
livered at their residences, or kept in re
frigerator t ill called on.
une 2U. lb'U-U LEMUEL DBA?
J. B. WOKSWICK. E. LEWIS.
RE5B FOB PRICE LIST.
WOESWICK & LEWIS,
CLEVELAND BRASS 2 PIPE WORKS,
Car. Btrwls aafl Crater sot Cleveland. 0.,
Manufacturers of and Dealers In Jtrought
Iron Pipe. Iron hittingt and hratt Goods, for
Steam, Water, Gas and Oil. Cameron steam
and Eureka Hand Pumps. All kinds of
Steam and Gas Ailing tools constantly on
band. (July 24, 1872 lyr.
LI VJ3H Y
Boardinrj and Sale Stable.
THE undersigned having purchased
the interest 1 Peter Fulk in the new sta
ble at the rear of the National House, are
prepared to accommodate their patrons with
new equipages, of all varieties, single and
double, ail 01 the newest styles and nninl&h.
Is all in good conditio, andwitl be let at
reasonable rates. Hearse and carriages fur
nished for funerals. The best of care given
to boarding stock. BABT'OlTT UEKZOG.
May 24. ll-a(
TISSOLTJTION CHANGE OF
XJ FI RM. The partnership heretofore ex
isting between R. R. Bascom and R. W.
Crane A son. under the firm name of Crane
A oascom. was dissolved, by mutual agree
ment, on the aula day of November. 172.
R W. Craue A Hon retain the books and
papers of the old firm, and will continue tbe
mercantile business at tbe old stand at the
center of Greene, where, thankful for tbe
very generous patronage f the past, they
hope by industry and lairdealine to retain
old customers and win new ones. All per
sons having unsettled accounts with Ciane
A Bascom are requested to call on R.'W.
Crane A Son and settle the same, that the
books may be closed.
R. R. BASCOM,
B. W. CRAKE A SON.
Greene, Ohio, Dec 11. Is72-3t
JNO. P. DEAN,
Importer and Wholesale Dealer in
K. 81 Woo Stmt, Pittakargh, Ts.
American. English and German Cutlery,
facturea and Pittsburgh Novelty Locks snd
Latches; Mann a, Llpplncott's and Graff's
Axes; Ames and Rowlands Shovels; Black
smiths' Tools; Ohio Tool Co. 'a Planes; l oll.
Trace and other chains: Mew London W. B.
Globe. National and other Horse Nails ;
Fire Irons. Stands, Shovels and Pokers;
Practical Clothes Wringers, and a full line
of general Hardware at the Lowest Market
Rates. Agents for Park Bros. ACo.'s Bteel.
Oct 28, ls72-m.
Grocery & Provision Stors
Fwt af Xala SL, Warren, Ohio.
Maltby's C. 8. M and TT A u ntn
Marvin's Superior Crackers and Cakes: best
quality Water Crackers. Cross 4 Black wall's
Baglisfa Pickles, Sardines, etc Oysters by
can. half can, or served in tbe best style.
Bsw, Stewed or Fried. A good slock of
Thankful for oast favors, I will do my be,
to please all who may glvs ma a call.
Nov. S. 1S73-1jt
C. B. DABL.rSO. Is P. GrLDIB
DARLING & GILDER
15THR1CITE. C1S5TX, TOreBIOGHEST,
CHURCH BILL, B15KKAL BIDCK
Coal and Black. Delivered to any part of
the city at the lowest current rates.
Office on west side or Main St.; Sd door
north of Mahoning Depot. Alan Agents for
the TALMAl'GK&iHEJi PIPE CO.
.Terms Cash on Delivery.
Feb 21. 16-72.
The moat Wonderful DiscoTerj of the
rrt SD- Howe's
For Consumption and all diseases of th.
THROAT, CHEST, A3D LUStiS.
(The only Medicine of the kind In the world)
A substitute loriOu UTW wu. rerraaoeu-
lv cures Asthma, Hroncnitia, incipient ixn
snm ot ion. Loss of Voice. Shortness of Breath.
Catarrh. Croup, Coughs, Colds, 4c, in a few
days, like uiaglc Price 1 1 per bottle ; six
or to. Also,
3Dx-. m. D.BOWirS
Arabian Tonic Blood-Purifier,
Which differs from all other preparations in
us im:ueaiaie action upon toe
LITEM, KIDNEYS AD BLOOD
Tt Is nnrelv veiretahle and cleanses the sys
tem of all Impurities, builds it right np,snd
mas ?s fii re. men nuxxi. 11 cures rrom-
lous Diseases of all kinds, removes Const!
pstion, and regulates the Bowels.
1 - ... . 1 , . . .11... ..I , 1 -! -1 ! , .,
and Broken-down Constltrtionn, I ciial
for ueueiHi Lseuimy ifc , ii.ii.
l.nv.lh. Mth IYntnrv"la find its CO UhI.
Every Bottle Is worth its weight In Gold,
iry il 1 rrice 51 per dohis, mm iw,
Bold wholesaleand retail, -by
nnrrn- c cdfio nimVtr
QUI A OL aJl AiAit AJl 1155101,01
General Agents for Trumbull County.
DR. 8. D. HOWE, Bole Proprietor,
Nov . lS72-Smo. 161 Chambers St.. N. T.
1 EGAL NOTICE.
I i Calvin Pease. Cbarlse Pease. Laura II
f. Humphrey, Cornells P. Kinsman, John
Erwin. Arthur J. Erwin. Laura G. Pease
Charles E. Pease, Lillian Erwin, Florence
fit age, nenrj is. rage, taste u. trwin
Mary P. Johnston. Cvru- E. John-ton. Cor
nelia P. Beaumont, W. H. Beaumont, and
Leonora Erwin, will take notice, that on
the loin day of December, 17J, Frederick
Kinsman. Administrator and Trustee, wltb
tne will annexed, of the estate of Calvin
Pease, dee'd Died bis petition in the Probate
Court or 1 rum bun county. Ohio.and among
other things therein, slates that It would be
for the manifest advantage and hetifit of
said estate to sell the following described
real estate, to wit :
Part of village Lot No. 68 of the original
town plat of M arren. Trumbull coun'y.u..
beginning at a post on the south Ide of
Market Street. 6.1 leet east from the north
east corner of sub-division Lot No. 7 on the
Pease plat of Warren, thence east on the
south line of said street tso feet to a P(t
thence south st right angles to said Market
street about iiO feet to a post: thence west
parallel with said Market Strert. 65 feet to a
post; thence north about 831' feet to the place
01 ueginmae. aescrioed real
Also the lellowing n lowushlp, estate
situate in said Wsrret: All ine, i mm
boll county, Ohio, to-wipiea by tn land in
original ix - o, z,ooco at conipa e j en n
sylvania and Ohio Can in, wuic ny, as a
Canal bed and towing paeaaon olh has re
verted to said estate by r tesaid. the aban
donment of tie Canal afonbea r
Also. thefollowlngdesc nsiuneal estate.
situate In said Warren tow nui . Trnmbull
County, Ohio, to-wit: Begion ngat a noiut
in the no-lb. line of land bcl ivglng to Laura
M. P. Humphrey, one bund a and thirty
three feel west and at right angles to the
center liDe of the Ashtabula, Vonngstown
and Pittsburgh Rail Koad. as now located
thence northerly and parallel wltb said
center line to the south line of land belong
ing to James Forbes; thence eastwardly
along said south line to the westlinewf land
belonging to the estate of Richard Iddings.
deceased; thence southerly along said west
line 5114 feet to the north line of sold Laura
M. P. Humphrey's land; thence westerly
along said nortn line to tne place 01 oegin-
nlna. Said petition will be for hearing on
the 11th day of January. 1873. at JO o'clock,
a. m. at which time arAl- place said defen-
uants can attend 11 uey see proper.
Adm'r and Trustee with the Will annex
ed or said Estate.
By Jefferson Palm, Att'y for Petitioner.
Dec. 11. 1672-tt
REDUCTION IS PASSAGE RATES !
NCHOR LINE STEAMERS.
Sail every HVdneffav and attrdat.
aseneers booked to and from any Railwav
Station or Seaport iu Great Britain. Ireland.
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Germany,
r ranee, Holland, Belgium, ana the (jnileo
Cabin fare from NEW YORK to LONDON.
LIVERPOOL. GLASGOW and DERRY by
Wednesday's Steamers lev. By Saturday's
steamers to. ana tio.
EXCURSION TICKETS. $li0.
INTERMEDIATE, tSX; STEERAGE,
all payable In Currency.
Parties sending for their friends In the Old
Country can purchase ticket at lowest
rates. For further particulars apply to the
Agents, ut. Dfcrtso - Brf7IHt.lt3. 7 Bow
ling Green, N. Y., or to T. J. McLAINASON
Warren O. (Jan i, Li li- ly
The state of Ohio, Trumbull County, aa.
Exr'x of Thomas Craig, et.al.tln Trumbull
vs. J Common
Edward M. Johnson, ct- al i Pleas.
By virtue of an order of sale issued out of
tne Court OI (Common Pleas of Trumbull
County, O., in the above named ease to me
uneciea ana deliver a. 1 have levied ou
and shall expose to public sale at tbe door
of the court House, in the City of Warren,
Sal ui dar, Jan. 4th,. A. D. 1S7S,
at 1 o'clock, n. m. of said dav. the following
described land and tenements: Situate in
the township of Bruceviile. County of Trum
bull, and state of Ohio, known as tbe north
west part of Lot No. fifteen (15)in said town
hip, and bounded is follows, to-wit: Be
ginning at the center or the river bridge
across the Mahoning river at the place
called "the reuter of the World," thence
running in a north-westerly direction along
tbe center of the highway 27 chains and 71
links to the Benedict line; thence north ou
a marked line 14 chains and (5 links to tbe
center of the Mahoning river; thence up the
cen'erofthe Mahoning river, the several
courses thereof, to the place of beginning,
and containing seventy-seven and (o-luO
acres of land. (77 66-100 )
Appraised at f . Terms cash.
G. W. DICKINSON, sheriff.
8herifTs Office. Wam.n.0.. Dec. 4, lsT2-5w
Notice is hereby given that Isabella and
b a rahM. Stewart have deposited three and
47-luu dollars with the Treasurer of Trum
bull county, for the redemptun of two acres
or land In the north part of Lot No. 62, in
tbe towusblp of Hubbard. Said land hav
ing been sold for taxes January Iff. 1S72, to
J. R. NoDle, and by him assigned to Iwis
Hnlet. Jas. D.KENNEDY.
Warren, 0 Dec 4. 1S72-31 Co. Auditor.
Th Americas Overbed AS Bail Boats ta
Lawrence, Wilson, Erie,
Topeka, Bunker Hill, Longmont.
Waraego, Fossil, Central City,
Manhattan, Hays, ' Colorado Springs
JunctlonClty.ElllS) Idaho Springs.
Abilene, . Wallas Greeley,
Solomon, Carson, Evans,
Salina Denver, Plaitsvilla
Brqokvllle, Georgetown, Cheyenne,
Ellsworth, Golden City, Bait Lake City
And all Points in
Kansas, Colorado, the Territories -
AHD THE PACIFIC COASTS
ICQ MIls the Shortest Line from Kansas
100 City to Denver.
Ql 1 1 Miles the Shortest Line to Pueblo
1VJ Trinidad, Santa Fe. and all points In
New Mexico and Arixona.
HO FEBKIESt SO 0XIIBC8 TBiXSFTSI
The Greai Hirers are aU Bridges.
Only Line running cars through withou
change from tbe Missouri River to Denver.
Only line running Pullman Palace Cars to
Only lice upon which you ean see th
Don't fall to take a trip through Kansas,
and view the great advantages ottered for a
Everybody In search of heal I h or pleasure
should make an excursion over th lr""ft
Close connections made In Union Depot
at Kansas City and Leavenworth, with all
trains to and from the Fast, North and
South. EDM'D8. BOWEN, Gen. SapU
BEVERLEY R, KEIM,
Gen. Ticket and Pass. Agent.
3Sxxsbasb City Mo.
July il. 72-Urr
1 VERY DESIRABLE HOUSE
JL AND LOT FOR SALE-On Baaetta St.,
Tu the city of Warren, known as the K earns
property. Bouse new, larg. and conveni
ent; excellent cellar, two good barns, and
other out buildings all in good repair. Will
oe sold on easy if'rm:. Call at the office of
Bailiff A Moaes. Market btaral the store
of K earns A Gray, Main St, Japr. 10-tf.
Preached by Rev. J. R. Stockton in
the Presbyterian churches of Brookfield
and Vienna November 28th,
[Published by request of many friends.]
Psalm xvi. : I . "The lines are fallen un
to me in pleasant places; yeal haveagood
Thanksgiving ought to be the un
ceasing service of every human being.
Praise to tbe great Jehovah ovght to
he tbe language of every human heart.
There i no human being anywhere
upon this earthly habitation of men,
who has not reason to be grateful unto
the great Utver of all good. Even In
the darkest corners of the earth, and
in its gloomiest recesses, there is cause
for thankfulness, cause for gratitude
to Him who rules the Universe, who
gives His blessings to all His crea
Thanksgiving hat been rendered
unto Qod by all good men, in all the
ages, from Abel, who urougbt tne
firstlings of his nock as a thank-oner-ing.
even until now. And there lias
not been a time in all the ages that the
nations of men have had so great rea
sou fur thanksgiving as now, Aud
there is no one of tne nation which
nas so great reason for thanksgiving
as tills nation, for in trutn ana 1 11
deed are "The lines fallen unto this
people in pleasant places : yea we have
a goodly nerilage."
lien these words were written by
Israel's uoyai xsaimisi, ne was au
exile from home aud from country :
driven to the land of the Philistines
by tbe insane jealousy of Saul, who
feared David; looked upon him as a
rival ; and conscious of liisown weak
ness and wickeduess, dreaJe-l lest Da'
vid should wrest the kingdom from
him. But other thoughts than these
filled the mind of Israel's future kine.
tveu in nis exile, compelled to nee
for bis life, witnoul naviug given
cause for such treatment at the hands
of Saul, compelled to seek refuge
amongst a people wno were tbe ene
mies 01 111s nation a people wno were
dinerentin tastes, in Habits, In edu
cation ; who were uncongenial in ev
ery respect : who were idolators, and
knew not uoa yet in view of all
these, he raises a song of thanksgiv
ing to mm wno bad preserved bim
from tbe bands of bis enemies, and
would yet help bim to overcome all
their machinations, and woulJ restore
him to his rightful heritage. Not
withstanding all his persecutions, and
all bis ruflerings, and dangers, from
enemies and from professed friends,
yet he finds so many things for which
to be thankful, that he has only
praises, and not complaints, to Him
who had preserved bim from dangers,
known and unknown, and who was
able, and willing, to bring him off
conqueror over every diniculty, and
every danger; and would save him
with an everlasting salvation.
Tbe language bere used has refei-
ence to tbe manner in which th laud
of Canaan was divided. The meas
uring line being taken for tbe thing
measured ; and means that big-portion,
or lot, or inheritance, had fallen
in pleasant place-i.
That in every tiling, great ttilntrs
and small, tbe Lord had shown kind
ness, and kindness only, unto His
servant. That everything that he bad.
came from the same unfailing source.
from the same bountiful Giver of ev
ery good gift. And we, my friends,
have greater reason for rendering
thanksgiving and praise to Him who
controls our destioy in as marked a
manner as He controlled tbe fortunes
of tne Hebrew Psalmist the Sliep-
And let us think for a few moments
how ' The lines are fallen unto us in
j-irtt. in land we live in. it is
not my mission to utter fulsome pan
egyrics upon our country, much as I
love it. There are many, very many,
dark spots upon its history. There
are many foul stains upon its fair escutcheon-
There are many things oc
curring every day that are causes of
wonder that tbey do not call down
upon us the just retribution of an of
But you will pardon me if I call
your attention to a few things which
should be causes for thankfulness up
on our part things which you already
know, as well as 1 can ten you. nut
we are prone to forget blessiDgs ; prone
to forget everything but what we re
gard as misfortunes: ana our dispo
sitions are to complain, ralber tban
to give thanks.
Extending tne entire distance be
tween the two great oceans ; extend
ing from almost tbe regions of eternal
inter in the nortn, to lar dowu to
ward the regions of eternal summer
in tne 6outn; tne country-tn wbicn
we live embraces almost every variety
climate, and sou, ana productions.
Its hiils and its valleys contain gold.
and silver, and copper, and iron, aud
coal, in seemingly illimitable quanti
ties sufficient to supply tne world for
centuries to come, its interminable
forests furnish materials, fine enough.
aud -costly enough, and delicate
enough, for the escritoire of the finest
dame in the land ; and strong enough
for floating palaces upon the mighty
deep ; and in quantities enough to
build tne bottoms for tbe commerce
the world. And its broad, deep
rivers, traversing the lengtn and
breadth of the lapd ; and its lakes
great inland seas float a commerce
that would have made Hiram, king of
lyre, Diusn lor tbe smuiiuess 01 ins
fleet; while its mountain scenery, its
fulls of water, its interminable can
yons and its bidden valleys, with
their m nster trees and strange, wierd
rocks, furnish scenery which far ex
cel in beauty and grandeur tbe most
noted places of story aud of song in
the Old World beyond the seas.
All tbese things uod batn done for
And man. with God's help, with
God's blessing upon his efforts, has
subdued these mighty forests suffi
cient for his puriioae ; and during tbe
bounteous season just closed, fields of
golden grain, which bowed its head
tne kibs or tne evening breeze,
waved in gladsome plenty, from Maine
California ; and hanpy homes, filled
witli love and happiness, form one
continuous street from Canada to Mex
ico: while church and school house
dot every hill, and vale, and broad
prairie, like beacon lights, telling the
nosts of aarsness, and ignorance, and
superstition, that a vigilant, and now:
erlul and victorious foe is upon their
track, watcbiug with a sleepless eye.
Tbe broad land, from ocean to ocean.
covered with a network of iron, and
her flowing rivers bear upon their bo
soms the products of the husbandman,
the manufacturer and the artist from
city to city, fiom State to State, and
out to the nations beyond, to exchange
lor tneir gold and tnelr luxuries aud
better still, to take bread and bappi -
ness to tbe starving minions beyond
tbe seas, without money, and without
thought of return.
let scarce three hundred rears have
elapsed since a baud of fugitive Puri
tans, pitiable in numbers, seeking
where they might worship the God
tbey loved and served as their con
sciences dictated, landed upon Ply
mouth Hock ; and a great and power
ful nation of forty millions of people
occupy the land they chose- a people
tree, educated, enlightened and innu-
utial. The nations of the eartn de
light to do this nation honor; kings
and emperors tremble at her influence:
and the downtrodden of the Old World
look to her as the haven of rest and
safety from their wrongs.
And we are aree nation ! t ree to
worship God as we will. Free to roam
er enrtb and sea as pleasure or prom
fna prompt us. Free to labor in the
oil prfthe works hop, the market or in
tbe mine. No fear of revolution, or
political upheavals, or dethroned dy-
nasties, or streets deluged with blood.
disturbs our minds. We have just
passed through a great political ex
citement in many respects the most
bitter and most vituperative that, the
country has ever witnessed ; and yet
a recent writer says : " Upon the even
ing of the election, just at its close, I
walked the busiest street of the coun
try's great metropolis, and, savejhat
hero and there were a few anxious
faces scanning tbe bulletin boards, yon
would not have dreamed that a great
nation bad that day been doing what
might overturn a miuistry, and over
throw their ruler and put another in
bis stead. A thing, which were it to
occur to-day in France, in Spain, in
Italy, or een in Ucrmany, the streets
would be barricaded, and troops upon
troops of armed men would have been
required to keep down the turbulent
And this is not all. The labors of
tbe husbandmen have been blessed in
an unusual degree ; the earth has giv
en forth her products abundantly, and
tbe nation rejoices over a bounteous
harvest. And there is call for meeds
of loudest praise from us, His favored
creatures, to Him wno sends tbe rain
upon tbe just, aud upon the nniust :
who has promised that " Seed time
and harvest shall not fail;" who
showers His blessingsupon His friends
and upon His foe, and who asks so
little in rett m for His manifold mer
cies and manifold blessings unto men
Again : " The lines are fallen to us
in pleasant places," in our being per
mitted to live in the Age in which we
live. It is an age of progress. Edu
cation, and the sciences, and the arts
have risen to a grander heigi t than
ever before. And Religion, tbe eos
pel of the glorious aud exalted God-
Man, the Prince of Peace, is penetrat
ing to tbe darkest recesses of heathen
dom, in a manner wuicn is an aston
ishment to its foe t. The stars, which
were counted by hundreds when tbe
1'sulmist wrote our text, are counted
by thousands now. with that power
ful instrument, the telescope, the re-
suit of man's uod-given ingenuity.
Aud with it he will show you a star.
whose light, traveling at the rate of
two hundred thousand mi'es in sec
ond of time, has been thousauds of
years coming to earth ; and with the
aid 01 tbe spectrum, be win tell you
the nature and the quality of light
each star emits.
To day, the scientist is mere famll
iar with the starry worlds, which
twink'e like the eyes of angels in tbe
blue vault above, than many of us are
with the counties iu which we live.
To day. a man will sit in his little
otfli, near the home of the " North
Wind," and flash along a tiny wire
permeating through tbe length and
breadth of the land, that "Storm
King" is marshaling his forces for
the onset; and the sailor trims his
sails ana speeds for port and safety,
and the merchantman sleeps soundly
in nis bed. for ootn winu and wave
have yielded tbe mastery to the sci
ence of man. He will go into tbe
depths of the earth and bring there
from a filthy looking liquid, aud from
it the refiner will furnish light for the
million. Tbe chemist will take tbe
residue, a repulsive mass, and from it
bring forth tbe colors of the rainbow.
aud tbe royal purple of Babylon's
haughtiest King cannot vie with it in
beauty. And be will take the harm
less elements we eat and drink and
breathe every day of our lives, and
with them remove the hitherto im
penetrable rock, and make a highway
through the mountains, over which
be will speed with the swiftness of the
eagle's flight, and defy the storms of
beaven in bis progress.
To-day, iron, and steel, and fire, and
water perform tbe tasks which, but a
century ago, the busy fingers of women
and tbe strong arms or men performed,
doing in hours what then required
mouths of ceaseless toil.
And this is also an age of Peace.
No war clouds darken tbe horizon in
the east or the west, the nonh or tbe
south. The dram-beat does not dis
turb our slumbers in the inornincnor
the boom of artillery resound o'er tbe
b.Us aud echo through tbe valleys,
ushering out the day-king, and usher
ing in tbe night, whose sable veil
throws a friendly shade o'er scenes or
carnage and blood, where the piteous
wails of wounded and dying men
make the night hideous with their
cries for help; while a thousand homes
are made desolate, and a thousand
wives widows, aud thousands of child
ren are made orphans, aud a thousand
loved ones find nameless graves.
We, my dear friends, can surely
appreciate the meaning of the word
peace." It is too brief a time
since tbe tramp of armed men was
heaad upon our own highways ; since
the wail of bereaved oues was heard
in our own homes, for us to have for
gotten what war means. The wounds
of battle-scarred veterans are scarcely
healed ; and hallowed memories of
loved ones, who went forth in tbe
beauty of brave manhood, to return lo
us no more lorever, are still green on
me aitars ot our nearu.
It is -too brief a time since some of
us stood upon the smoke-covered bal-
tle-neld. w hile carnage and death ran
riot all around us, and brave comrades
fell at our sides to rise no more a sacri
fice upon the altar of their country
to lorget now we longed, and worked,
and fought for peace, and prayed the
God of battles to stay the "Angel of
Lieatn" in bis mad career, aud spare
our country and our homes. And the
God of battles heard the prayer of His
people; and after the foui stain for
which be punished us was wiped from
liberty's fair . face, the "Angel of
reace " again nnioined ner wings, aud
gladness filled the hearts of millions.
and a meed of tliangsgiving went up
irom tnousanas or homes to lluu
who doeth according to His will, in
tbe army of heaven, and among the
inhabitants of theei-rth," and glory,
aud honor, and praise were ascribed
Him forever and ever.
And may we not hope that the world
will see no more such bloody wars as
tbe last decade has witnessed ? A lit
tle cloud no larger than a man's hand
visible, it is true, in the distant east
ern horizon. The Russian Bear is
growling for 1 share of tbe British
Lion's game ; but let us pray Him,
who weighs the nations as in a balance,-to
avert this fearful calamity.
Already has peaceful arbitration been
inaugurated to settle tbe difficulties
between great nations.
Science, and art, and enterprise are
bringing the nations into closer com
muniqn with each other; the tele
graph and tbe locomotive are cement
ing bonds of friendship between na
tions hitherto strangers to each other.
The " Celestial " empire, so lone
closed against the world, has thrown
off her c.'oak of exclusiveness, and in
vites tbe barbarians of the east and of
the west to come in and sit at her flit
sides, to eat at her tables, and to bar
ter at her shambles ; and sends her
sons to reap tbe harvests and dig the
gold of her young sister on this side
tbe great Pacific. And Japan, tbe
Empire in tbe sea, opens ber doors to
civilization, and sends her eons and
ber daughter to this land to lea-n the
arts and the fashions, tbe scieuce and
tbe follies, the religion and the vices
this great people, and transplant
them to her own fertile soil, where
they will flourish with a luxuriance
that will, ere long, revolutionize her.
and bring her out from under the dust
All tbese things must tend to drive
war. the great scourge of the nations,
from the earth, and hasten on that
glorious time when tbe nations "shall
beat tbeir swords into ploughshares.
and their spears into pruniug-hooks ;
nation shall not nit up sword against
nation, neither shall they learn war
Are not these enougn to bring forth
loudest songs of thanksgiving from
grateful hearts ? Can any one refrain
from singing with joyfulness and glad-
ness of heart : " The lines are fallen
unto me In pleaaaut places; yea I
have a goodly heritage ? " To be per
mitted to live in such a land ? To be
permitted to live in such an age? To
be blessed with such bounteous har
But even all this is not enough
Not enough that we should be favored
above all the people that have lived
and flourished, ard gone tbe way of
an me eartn before us. JNot enough
that we should measure the distance
to stars, and obtain rich treasure from
tbe bowels of the earth. ' Not enough
that we should control the elements,
and make them minister to our com
fort and to our pleasure. Not enough
that the lightning should become our
messengers, and tne winds a highway
for mau to journey to tbe clouds,
There is one thing more He baa dona
for us ; yet one thing more for which
we owe Him thank ; on thing more
for which Eternity will be too brief to
praise Him enough. This one thing
more, tbe grandest, costliest gift of
When away back in tbe counsel of
Eternity the Three-One Uod determ
ined to make man, it Was determined
to create him immortal. He should
have a beginning, but b should have
no end. And, pur and spotless h
came from the hands of hi Creator.
But be proved disloyal to his trust.
and darknest- enshrouded him. He
Again is the great Matter Hand
stretched forth, and gleam of light
penetrate the thick darkness. The
Eternal Son of God, who rested In the
bosom of the Father during the long
" Forever " before tbe " morning star
sang together, and the sons of God
ahouteu for joy," take upon Himself
to lift from the pit into wbica be has
fallen this creature of Hi love. And
that man, that we, my friends, might
not fear to approach His terrible mat
esty ; that we might be more nearly
able to comprehend Him; that w
might be able to love Him, because
we could comprehend, in some meas
ure. His sympathy for us, He became
like us. No, not like us for H bad no
sin-stains upon Him. But He became
like us in form, but fairer; like us in
sympathy, but more intense; like us
iu capacity to suffer, but m re sensi
tive. And be did sutler and suffered
for us. He suffered more than mortal
mau could suffer, and for vs. And
died tbe most terrible of all deaths,
and for us. And it is because He suf
fered, aud died, and rose azain from
Ihe dead, aud ascended again to Hi
glorious tbroDe, far away among the
stars, yet so near tbal be bears our ev
ery word, and notes our every breath
and takes account of ourevery thought
it is because He did this that you
and I. and all we love and oberisn
and all this great and happy people,
aud all the peoples, nations and
tongue on this broad footstool are in
such circumstances as we are this day.
It is because He did this that we enjoy
all the great blessings of which w
have been talking, and betid these,
so many more that an age would be
insufficient to nam them eternity
insufficient in which to thank Him
We look upon tbe great orb of day
and think be gives ns light. And so
he does. But we forget that this great
sun la but a satellite revolving around
a grander center, and this agaiu but a
satellite wttn satellites, and sun again
increased, on and on through th re
gions of illimitable space up to the
throne or uoa uimseir, wno is ngnt,
and eives to these their light.
And even this is not all. After ws
have enjoyed the bounties of our lov
ing Benefactor for few brief years.
we must lay tbese bodies down in the
dust, a penalty or mat nrai great ai
lovaltv. But this immortal part.
which thinks, and feels, and enjoys
so much, which taKes tbe crude ma
terials, as found iu nature, as they
came from nature' God, and work
such wonder wi:n them, must seek
another dwelling place. And He has
provided it. Aud it is a more glorious
land tban this one, lovely as it is. And
the age will be a grander on than
e'er was seen on earth, or will be, un
til after it be purified by to fervent
beat that shall melt it. And tne mind
of man shall soar to grander heights,
and accomplish greater result, than
it can ever hope to do, fettered as it is
by sin aud a decaying body. And the
joys of that woild beyond who can
conceive of what they will be? And
this " goodly heritage " is for tu. my
friends; "this land of pure delight;"
this city of tbe living Uod," with
"streets of shining gold," in whose
midst is the " Tree of Life," and he
who eats it fruit shall never taste of
death. The sun may cease to give bis
light, aud tbe moou forget to run br
course, and tbe stars may cease to
twinkle in the midnight sky, but this
"Paradise of Uol," will euaui for
ever and forever.; And this inherit
anre is for us, if we will it so.
Oh ! is there not cause for praise to
Hun who rules in beaven and eartb
our heavenly Father? praise to Him
who redeemed tbe million of saved
ones in beaven with His own precious
blood the glorious Son? praise to
Him who acts upon the hearts of men
and zives them joy unspeakable and
full of glory, even the Holy Ghost?
And when the last trump snail re
sound throughout the universe, and
He that sits upon the great white
throne shall come in power aud maj
esty to judge the world, may we aU
not one missing o or the number or
His jewels, and be taken to dwell with
Him in tbe regions of unending bliss,
where we will sing songs of everlast
ing praise, and our lives be one Eter
A LITTLE ANECDOTE.
There lived in the Valley of Vir
ginia, during the late war, a j ustice of
the peace, and distinguished ior nis
devotion to tbe Cod federate cause.
Through every hour of darkness or
sunshine he held to tbe conviction
that the Confederacy could not fail;
that it was founded on principle as
solid as the basis of tbe eternal hills,
and must prevail. He was in tbe
habit of going to tbe post office, a few
miles from his house, to get his mail
aud hear the news from tbe war. n
sut-h occasions tbe post master would
ask his opinion of the situation, and
have himself fortified by th old
squire's hopeful views Finally, how.
ever, about th close of the war, the
news became worse and worse, until
at last tbe intelligence of the surren
der arrived. Tbe sad tale having
been recited to tbe old squire, he took
his seat and assumed a thaugbtful
attitude. The poet master then began
to interrogate bim.
"Weil, Squire, things are looking
very dark !"
"Yes," replies the old gentleman,
"very black indeed very black."
"What will become of ns?'" In-
3uires the post master; what shall we
"Well." savs the old squire, after
drawing a long breath, "I don't see
anything left us except to go back
into the Union, and if those Yankees
don't behave themselves, tee must
whip them again.-Petersburg Appeal
(Conservative.) JVot. 7.
Scolding is a habit very easily
formed. It is astonishing how soon
one who indulges in It at all becomes
addicted lo it and confirmed In it. It
is an unreasoning and unreasonable
habit. Persons who once get in the
way of scolding, always fiud sonie
thing to scold about. If there was
nothing else, they would fall a scold
ing at the mere absence of something
to scold at.
A leading lecturer classifies hi aud
ience as follows: the 'still-attentive,'
the "quick-responsitives," th "hard
to lifts," tbe "wont-applauds," nd
[From the Courier des Etats Unis.]
GREAT POLAR CONTINENT.
The ship Cadmus has arrived at San
Francisco on its return voyage from
the Arctic Ocean, whither it had
gone to collect the remnant of the
shipwrecked whaling fleet. On the
23 th of September the Cad nans receiv
ed from th captain of the whaler
George Bobbins oertain dispatches
addressed to the 1 rencn ueograpmcai
Society by our countryman, M.Pavy,
now on an expedition to the North
Pole. Tbese dispatches are dated th
tbe Zatb of August, on tbe ens tern
coast of W ran gel Land. We present
an analysis of tbe interesting docu
ments which bav been brought by
tne cadmua :
Th expedition, composed of II.
Octave Pavy, commander, Prof.Thoa.
Newcomb and Henry Edwards, of
tsao 1 ran Cisco, 51. Jean Brail and
four seamen, landed on the 18th of
June on the eastern coast of Holy
uchin bay. On tbe 22d of June the
explorers, reinforced by eleven na
tives, started in th direction of th
east, along the nortn bank or th Sibe
ria, having provided themselves with
led and dogs. On tb 17th of July
tbey reached the mouth of th river
Petrolitz. Near th mouth of this
river they encountered
IXHENSE FIELDS OP ICB UOVTSQ
in a north-easterly direction. They
traversed one single plain of ice sixty
miles in extent. Their bearing indi
cated a deviation of eighteen miles
from their intended coarse). This was
caused by tb movement of the ice,
tbis fact going to confirm the theory
of M. Pavy concerning the concen
tration and augmentation of the great
Japaoes current, known a the Ku-
Ra-Sirod, which flow thraugh Ben
ring Strait on tbe right, and tbeoee
toward tbe east off the coast of Sib-
Th explorer reached th shores
of Wrangel Land near the mouth of
great river, running from the north
west, and which Is not set down on
any chart. Tbis Mr. 5L Pavy con
sidered as confirming another of his
theories that then exists a great polar
continent, and of which th tempera
ture is sufficiently warm to melt the
snow. Tbe current of this hitherto
unknown stream flows in an easterly
direction along the coast, with a ra
pidity of six knots an hour.
M Pavy and hi party followed th
plain of this river toward the north
tor about 250 miles. Tbe plain is uni
formly level, its width vane from
forty to sixty miles, and it is bordered
by mountains of great height, with
many perpendicular peaks. About
About eighty miles from the mouth
of tbe river the travelers found upon
THE REMAINS OF MASTODONS.
and on clearing away the snow in a
tn a place where tusks were visible,
they brought to light tbe eruormous
body of on of tbe animals of an ex
tinct race), in a perfect state of pre
ervation. The skin was covered with
black and streaked hair, very lone
and thick on tbe back. Tbe tusks
measured eleven feet eight inches in
leagtb, and were curved cp to a level
with the monster' eyes. The animal
was in a kneeliux posture, the front
leg being bent, while th hind parts
were deeply imbedded in the snow,
indicating that the mastodon had per
ished tn struggling to get out or a
mire hole or snow drift.
MASTODON IDENTICAL WITH THE
Prof. JNewcomb could not find any
special characteristics distinguishing
tbe) extinct mastodon irom tne ele
phant of to-day. He took from tbe
stomach some specimens of bark and
nerbs, tne nature or which be could
not analyze on the- spot. For tb
space of many mile th plain was cov
ered with th remains of mastodons.
indicating that a numerous drove of
these gigantic animals had there per
ished, owing to some sudden change
or convulsion of nature. This region
abounds In Polar bears, which devour
tbe remains of th mastodons.
About one hundred and twenty
miles from tbe coast, and a half a
league from tb river rises an ice
mountain abut a thousand feet in
height, th base of which 1 surroun
ded by gravel and rocks deeply i ro
bed ed in the soil. The smoothness of
these rocks and their rounded form.
prove that they were at one tim in
the bed of a river, from which they
have been cast np by some strange
phenomenon. Arctic animals areinu
merous in tne valley, and my raids or
Arctic birds fly about the river and its
PREPARING TO DISCOVER A POLAR
At the date of these dispatches M.
Pavy was preparing to winter under
the aeveuty.fi fth degree ot latitude, in
the vallty of th great river Polar
continent. He bad begun to lay in
provision and fuel. Both he and his
companion were in good health and
courage, and were confident of arri
ving, during tbe coming season, at a
great Polar sea of moderate tempera
ture, at tbe extreme north of tbe continent.
POWER OF COMPREHENSION.
It was said of Thoreau, we believe.
that he could take np any given num
ber of lead pencils without counting.
A celebrated trapper once assured us
that be could tell how many balls he
had in his bullet pouch by placing hi
hand on it- without stopping to count
them, ana added; "1 can tell the
number of bullets instantly, without
stopping, as you pronounce a word
without spelling it." Sou they was
accustom! to take in the substance
of a book in turning the leaves over
continuously, glancing down tbe
pates. Houdan, the magician.tralned
himself to quickness of perception,
when a boy, by running past a show
window at full speed, and then trying
to tell what was in it. We once saw
man on a canal boat who was amus
ing himself by going from passenger
to passenger and telling almost every
one where he bad een mm berore.on
uch a train, in su :h a hotel, in such
street, giving date and place to
people with whom he had never ex
changed a word. This training of the
faculties in 'particular - directions Is
carried to a marvelous extreme by
backwoodsman, trappers, and men
who guess tb weight of animals.
rer hap tbe most remarkable instan
ce are the marker who leap from
log to log at the- mouth of a boom,
tanding on the log, ana translating
instantly an old mark into a new one,
remembering what equivalent ta give
for each of a hundred mark, and
ohopping it upon the log in th time
that it noat it lengtn. it is said
that Thoreau knew the relative order
of flowering of all the plants in tbe
Concord woods, and knew the note of
every bird, and a thousand out-of-the
way things besides. Hearth and
It I said that Gov. Jacob, of West
Virginia, is unable to decide who are
the Congressmen elect from that
State, and accordingly a bill ha been
Introduced in tb Stale Legislature to
determine th matter. His excellen
cy thinks that the returns of tbe sec
ond Congressional election beld in tbe
State tbis year viz: tbe election of
October 24th are so meager as to
Justify a doubt as to who was elected
on that day.
Frenuent earthquake shocks are felt
along tbe Big Smoky mountain rauge
North Carolina. Th inhabitants
that region are in consternation at
tbe recurrence of th shocks, and th
adjacent vslltys are filled with deer
and bears, frightened from their ac
customed haunts by tbe strange com
motion of the mountain.
Anger keep soro men poor.
DOOM OF THE CHEROKEE
[From the Missouri Republican. Dec. 4.]
An intelligent correspondent from
th Cherokee Nation gives a very
gloomy account of th condition of th
nation and its prospects. He says
that education is doing absolutely
nothing for the full-blood Cherokees.
In the first place, tbe educational fund
amounting to $35,000 a year, Is entire
ly inadequate to tbe work to b done,
and also that it is chiefly swallowed
up by other more pressing demands
for money. Teachers with no know
ledge of Cherokee attempt to teach
children English, and they learn a
few expressions of conversation and
to read in a simp e reader without
acy understanding of the subject
matter. Thir instruction in English
does not begin right and it cannot
reach the right spot to be digested,
assimilated with their mental consti
tution and thought, and made availa
ble. Th memory only is taxed. It
soon rejects the burden, and all this
wrong-end foremost instruction is lost
lo bo of any benefit to these wild
tribes, Instruction must come through
tbeir own language, and there are no
teachers to give it
According to thiscorrespondent.tbe
educator of the Cberoke Nation are
throwing away tbeir labor and doing
absolutely no good. The Cherokee
dialect is spoken by only about ten
thousand. Tbe majority of these
think it sufficient for their needs of
business and communication. Tbey
can not be reached by be press; they
pay little regard to the half-breeds,
and still less to the whites. No full
blooded Indian can be found who
dares to go among them and tell them
plainly of their condition aud Im
pending doom. They dread change ;
they scorn innovation. They want
to be let alone, and depend on the
treaty of 1823 to secure their lajds to
them forever. In the mean time tbe
whites are making inroads and de
manding that th territory shall be
opened. Tbe locomotive is dashing
past their doors, and there they ait
without a particle of understanding
of what is going on around them.
Tbey are entirely unprepared for the
batiie of races which is pressing closer
and eloser upon them.
Tbe great difficulty, and one that
seems impossible to overconr e, is the
task of dissipating the prejudices of
the full blood element. They are a
olid mass of Inert matter, and the
activities of the age do not reach
them. In their legislative assemblies
they vote solid against anything that
threatens t-disturb them with change.
They are Indians in instinct; wish to
have no relations with the whites,and
bold to their native Cherokee with the
force of patriotic devotion. It may
be demonstrated to them that, where
two races meet, tbe stronger will ab
sorb or exterminate the weaker; but
the teachings of history do not reach
this people. They hold themselves
as tbe wards or the government.
Repeated promises have been made
to them that, in tbe distant land west
of the Mississippi, they have eecuied
to them "a permanent home, which
shall, under the most solemn guaranty
of the United States, be and remain
theirs forever; a home that shall nev
er in all future time be embarrassed
by having extended around it tbe
lines, or placed over it the Jurisdic
tion of a Territory or State, nor be
pressed upon by the extension in any
way of the limits of any existfng Ter
ritory or State." (Treaty of May 6,
1828.) To their simple mind a bar
gain is a bargain. They have given
tbeir lands in Tennessee and Georgia
and Alabama in exchange for this
country, and here they have been
promised security from the intrusion
of the whites. They rely upon the
good faith of the Govern most, hold
ing a solemn treaty good against Acts
of Congress, the law of races, commer
cial extension, and the moral atmos
phere diffused by a locomotive.
Aud her are these 10,000 Indians
profoundly ignorant of all that sur
rounds them; destiny advancing upou
them in the shape of territorial bills,
conditional land grants to railroads
professional land grabbers, and tbe
obliteration of their tribal relations,
and nobody can be found willing to
tell them th truth and urge them to
prepare themselves for the emergency.
An English education, which weuld
be their only armor for th strife of
races, tbey cannot rot.and apparently
do not want. Tbey are peaceable In
dians, but unless they are roused into
life enough to mingle with lii'e around
they will soon be swept away by tbe
surging current or tne civilization 1 nai
Is now beating and dashing at their
The Philosophy of Frying. "The
true philosophy of frying i to have
the fat at a boiling beat before any
thing is put into it. Being merely
warm, it penetrates, and tbe food Is
greasy:" not, it is tn pertecuon 01
To Maze Ahirts. To every quarol
made starch add a teaspoonrul ot starch
and one of white soap.scraped fine.
lioil tbe starch, after adding not wai
ter, until jou bave it as thick as you
A Sice Fried Cake. Take one cup
of sugar, two eggs, on tablespoonful
of butter, one teaspoonful of cream
tartar, one cup of aweet milk, and
stir in fl.-ur until thick enough. Then
t i-.zzieit jscer.rui a piece or but
ter the size of an egg into a skillet;
sliver up some beef and put in, turn-
Ing nearly all tbe time, till done.
Put tbe meat in one side of tbe skillet.
and put in a little cream, milk or
water for gravy.
torn Bread i?ua.-lake six cup
fuls of corn meal, four copfuls of
wheat flour, two cupfuls of molasses.
two teaspoonsfuls of oda, aud a little
salt; mix tbis well together, knead it
into dough, then matte two cakes of
it, and put into tbe tin or iron pans,
and bake one hour.
Force Meat Ball. Chop a pound or
two of veal kidney or any tender meat
fine; mix with one or two eggs and a
little butter or raw pork, some like an
onion; season with salt and pspper.
Do them up into balls about the size
of half an egg and fry brown.
Velvet Cream. One coffee cup of
wine, half a box of gelatine, tbejuice
and grated peel of oue lemon, oue and
a half pints of milk and one coffee
cus of whit sugar. Dissolve the
galeline in the wine over the fire,
grate in the peel and add th juice of
th lemon; after it has dissolved, add
th sugar, let it simmer, strain it and
then add tbe milk; stir till cool and
nut in a mould.
Corn Meal Bread. Pourovera pint
or nice coin meal, one pint of hot new
milk: beat tbis wall and add a little
salt, then stir in a large spoonful of
nice sweet laid, beat two eggs very
light and stir in also; this must be
well beaten, and of tb consistency of
rather thin batter, add more milk
should it be too thick, then mix in a
large spoonful of yeast; butter the
pans sod set to rise in them; when
risen, have th oven of a moderate
heat and put them in; bake two hours
and a half to a light brown. Serve
Apple Jelly. Halt tart apples, and
takeout the cores. Boll them till
very toft in a large proportion of wat
er: then let tb apples pas through a
jelly-bag, without squeezing them.
Weigh the liquor, and to each pint of
pat a pound or white sugar; then
boil it slowly till it becomes a thick
jelly, which is aoerUined in the
same mvoue? a current jelly. If you
Wish to bav it of a red tinge, put in,
when taken from the fir, a lUUe
cranberry or beet juice. If yon wish
bave it a straw color, put in a little
linctr of aafron. If green, use tbe
expressed juice of spfbach leaves. Let
pass through tb ally-bag again;
When cool, turn Um
HOUSEHOLD RECEIPTS. PROGNOSTICS OF THE WINTER.
True to the prognostics of th buffa
lo, whose migration has recently been
noticed, winter has made Its bois
terous debut. We can now no longer
The pale, descending year, yet pleasing still
and must resign ourselves to his
"stern, icy breath, intensely keen."
Old and hoary headed as he is, his ar
rival is always a subject of interest,
and speculation is ever rife as to the
probable severity and lgngth of his
visitation. In the grand climatic
cycle of the world's history tbe varia
tions of tbese conditions have played
do unimportant part in determining
the destiny of men and nations. In
I60S, the great frost king, by bridging
the Baltic Sea with solid ice, enabled
Charles X., with his whole army, to
make a safe and decisive march acro?j
it for his invasion of Denmark. In
December, 179a, by sealing op the
seas which wash the shores of Hol
land a base of operations and an en
campment on tbe ice was furnished
tbe French array, aud thereby the
late of tbe nation sealed. It has also
often been well remarked that the
Russian Winter of 1812 was the first
death-blow to Napoleon's fortunes.
Without wishing to divine the
Winter now impending, it may be
instructive to note that the computa
tions of the greatest living scientists
give us some general idea of its proba
ble character. The severest and most
intense frost seasons have long since
been demoustrated to recur In supra
annual cycles of eleven years. Re
sponsive to the mysterious vortical
spots which freckle tbe face of tbe
sun and have been com pan d to ter
restrial cyclones, the temperature of
our planet is exposed to the passage of
a vast cosmical heat-wave, followed
closely by a cold wave, coincident,
respectively, with the increase and
decrease of the sun-spot cycle. De
pending upon tbe results of tbe most
observed eleven years period, tbe con
clusion now reached by phywicists is
that we passed through the center of
a cold wave of minimum temperature
last winter and are now just emerging
fr m it. Tbe inference would in this
case be that we may anticipate a
severe early winter, but one of mod
erate duration and declining rigor. It
should be added, however, that there
has been noticed one variation from
the rule, which was very marked.aud
occurred in 1S35-36, which occupied a
relation to tbe cold wave precisely
similar to that occupied by 1872-73 to
cusmicai pnenomenon 01 last year, in
the winter of lS35-'3S,the Hudson
river was closed to navigation one
hundred and twenty-five days the
longest ice-blockade which occurred
in a period of fifty years. If the law
of climatic cycles now announced by
meteorologists holds gcod we shall
have another severe and protracted
winter about 1879, but, by parity of
reasoning, it is possible and probable,
we may expect in tbe latter part of
the wiuter great precipitation 01 snow
and usually severe storm. At any
rate every endeavor should be made
to supply the poorer classes of the
country with abundance of occupa
tion, that tbey may have it in their
power to avert tbe calamities of the
season. While with reason hoping
for the best, let every one prepare for
the worst. X. Y. Herald.
In the year 1S29 Arkansas Territory
was visited by a nobler relugee than
commonly came to its seclusion. A
volunteer exile from the Executive
Mansion of Tennessee, followed by
the fury of a political press, and that
public full of uncharitable interpre
tation, which believed the worst.
Sam Houston had resolved that tbe
sun should forever shine upon his
back, and tbe East be forgotten in
the miserv of hia snirit. A invent
or, elected at tbe age of 34. bv 12.000
majority, he had proved the reverse of
Art hath no charity for him
Whom lot e hath satisfied.
He married ayonng lady, and after
three months of living together they
separated. The reasons neither ever
gave. All rushed forward with a rea
son, and that the basest; but none
guessed the shortest one that the
woman did not love him.
Like Hester Prvnne. imblored bv
the preacher, in public, to tell the
name of her betrayer, when the
preacher himself was that, it miebt
be said over Sam Houston: "He
would not speak? Wondrous strength
and generosity of man's heart. He
would not speak !" He resigned his
office, bowed his head, and, in the
splendor of a young career, departed
for the desert, lie lauded at tbe
mouth of White river, and ascended
the Arkansas ts Little Rock, but not
to tarry and take root again in public
station ; for apprehending this the
political papers, even there defamed
him. Many years before he had been
adopted into a Cherokee tribe, and be
had come to claim its sympathy and
brotherhood. Four hundred miles by
laud and water, he pushed up toward
the falls of the1 Arkansas, and his
father Ooiooketa, the chief, hastened
likewise to approach him. The young
Governor of Tennessee stood before
the savage, and was greeted by hi
"Colenneh," said the chief, "you
bave become a great chief among your
people. You have suffered there, and
have turned your thoughts to my
wigwam. I am glad of it. It was
doue by the Great Spirit."
For a little space, Houston relapsed
into the Indian's own brunken and
maudlin sorrow. His strong nature
revived-again and be became thn In
dian champion at Washington, and
th scourge of tbe swindling ageuta
and traders who imposed upon theni.
They revived at tbis capital ail tbe
siauilers of Tennessee, but his scaia
bad healed and would not bleed anew.
At lost, an Ohio Congressman slan
dered Andrew Jackson in his name,
whom Houston revered. Then there
was an affray on the avenue, am)
nearly simultaneous breaches of the
Congiessman's head, and the privi
leges of the House." For this offense
they tried the man of misfortune on
ihe floor, in Police Court, and wher
ever he could be dragged; but he com
pelled a verdict of character at.tbf
bands of the very cock-parrow wu.i
had defamed him. Then, shskfng
tbe dust of Washington from his feet, -he
returned to the wilds of Arkansas-,
and read Horace till tbe beauty of lit'
and career were born again, and,
with a freshed spirit, he saw his op
portunity in TexA. To that creat
new State he became deliverer and
President, and with ruacnaniinons '
patriotism, he led tbe conuuest is the '
caoital ami the nation which bad ct
bim off. Cor. Chicago Tribune.
"Patrick, the widow Malony- U1U
me that you stole on -of ber fine.-t
pigs. Is itcorrect?" "Vis, yer hon
or." "What have vou done with it ?-'
"Killed It and ate It, yer honor."
"Oh, Patrick. Patrick ! when you art
brought face to face with the wi-low
and her pig on tbe judguiei.t day.
what account will you be able to give
of yourself when th widow accuses
you of stealing?" "D!d you say th
pig would be there er liverence?"
"To be sure I did!" "Well. the,
yer riyerenee, I'll say, Mrs. Malotiv,
there's yer pig"'
'! I. - -
An -Irish soldier once retcrnin
from a battle in tbe night, mirt hin-,-a
little way bebiud hid companion,
called out to him. "Hello, Pat. I have
taken a prisoner." "llrii g bim alin
tbeu; bring him along." "He wi n 1
conie." "Well then, come Tourvlf."
"He won't let nie."
If there is anything that keeiw th
mind open to angel visits and repels
the ministry of ill, it is human love
xml | txt