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Reserve TERT ONICL "Warren, Ohio. January 1, 187f3. Volume 57 ISTo. 23. Whole 3STo. 2935 WES E BUSINESS DIRECTORY. CTJESTERN RESERVE CHRONICLE J Published every Wednesday morning, a Empire Block, Market SU. Warren Wa. Aitxul, Editor and Proprietor. TJIllLES AND TESTAMENTS at tbe Vjatuaieoat of publishing them, for Rale bythe Ttrnru Co. Bible Society, at all its aepositories throughout the oanty. All tbe (tries and prices published by tbe American Bible Society, kept constantly on band. Central Depository at Hapeood 1 Brown'. Market st (south Bide of Court Eousesuuaxej Warren, O. Only 3.iT2. Is r TAB. LOT, Physician and Sunreon, JLOflSee and rea'idene a few rods Honth ei the Atlantie A Great Western IV pot, where be can be consulted professionally. . Warren. O. April 18 lS7l-tr . LTXAN, Dentist Office over 4 a 8. C Chryst Co.' new meat market, opposite tbe Court House. Market St., War (an Ohio Ian. 5. 1870-tf GEORGE P. HTXTER, Attorney at Law, Office in VanGorder Block, Market fit.. Warren, Ohio. IFeb. 23. 1ST0-U DR. D. GIBBONS, Dentists, teeth extracted without pain ; upper or low er seta of teelfcfor $12.00. Office over T. J. Mo Lain at M l Bank, Main feu. Warren. Ohio. Jan.S.is70.-. J. HABMOS. C. T. METCALX. HARX05 JfETCALF, Physicians, aad ejurceotu; Office on High street at tand formerly oocnpled by Dr. Harmon Jan. a 1S7i yOH ffUrCHl-NB. W.T. SPEAK. HtTCHIXS & SPEAR, Attorneys at Law. Office in First National Bank ilng, 2d story, front -ooms Wan-en O. Jan. 6. kro-ly. JH. BRISCOE, Physician andSur . geon. Office at Residence, north side of Market Street, two doors east of Elm. Par ticular attention paid to Chronic diseases. Jan. 5. l&Tti-LvT I. E. BRACK IS, K. D. UK. BrSSELL, It. D. DRS. BRACKEN, tc RUSSELL, Eclectic Physicians and Surgeous.ofrice at .No. 20 Market St., (np stairs). All calls at office attended to at all hours, day or night. Dr. B. will give attention to the treatment of all chronic diseases and can eec Residence corner Liberty and Wash ton Avenoe. Warren, O. faug 21,172. TR. F. A. BIERCE, Homoepathlc If Physician and Surgeon. Olfi In Sutliu"s Block, High BUeev. iR. J." E. NELSON, Physician and "Surgeon, office east of First Nat. Bank, ce hours from 7 to JO o'clock, a. in., and 1 to 8 p.m. Jan. 25 In" I "WASHINGTON HYDE, Atiorncy at Law and Notary Public. Office in the Chronicle Building, over Gates Del ta's Store. July 10. ls72-6mo. J. TAUTEOT. THAD. ACELET. YAUTROT t ACELET, Successors to J. Vautrot Co., Dealers in Watches, Jewelry and Diamonds. Market street. Wars-en. Ohio. Jao a. 1S70 . w. SATLrrr. H. H. moseb. RATLIFF XOSES, Attorneys and Counsellors at Law. Office over the Ex change Bank of Freeman ikfiunt, on Market bk Warren Ohio. iJan.i J 5. COWDERT, Attorney at Law, . Office corner of Mill and Main St.,Niles, Ohio. lucu IS lo7i-tf. TVT B. TVLEB, Manufacturer and 1 Dealer in Uuna, Rifles, Pistols, Cutlery flatting Tackle, Uuu Materials, Sporting Appa atns. Sewing Machines, Ac-, No. 8, Mar ket BU. Warren. Ohio. U"- 5 lS70-tf r. .HTJTCHISS, 0. St. TUTTLX, I. M. STCIL TTUTCHLNS, TUTTLE & STULL, IjL Attorneys at Law, office over Smith Turner's Store, corner of Main and Market Btreets. Warren. Ohio. (Jan. 10. 1S72-U. w. . roarcx. w. r. i-ohtes. W3. & W. F. PORTER, Dealers in School and Miscellaneous Books, Stationary, Wall Papers, Periodicals, pam phlets and Magazines, at the New Yurk Book fetors. Main Street, Warren, Ohio. W. D. HAXIt J. MACKEY, 'ALL & XACEET, Manufacturers of Harness and dealers in baaaiery Jwux. Trnnks. Valises. Travelliia Bacs, Whirm. Horse Blankets. Saddles and Fancy Baddiery, No. 8, Market Street, War. en. O. Jan. 6. 170. W HI1TLESET ADAXS, Fire and f f Life Insurance Agent, Warren, Ohio. Merchandise and other property Insured in the best Companies, on favorable terms ; Farm property. Isolated Dwellings, and their umiture insured for one, three aud Live years. Office in McCombs and Smith's block. T 5. DAWS0S, Mayor of the City I a of Warren, Civil Jurisdiction same as Justice of the Peace for the city, and crimi nal Jurisdiction throughout city and county. Also agent for Cleveland Cement Sewer and drain Pipe of all sizes. tiano.lS71. -TkREXXES GOIST'S X. L. C. R. If Carriage Works, Warren, Ohio, manu facturers af Carriages, Buggies, Wagons, ' Sleighs, and specialties. All orders from any part of the couutr -promptly attended to. Painting, Trimmingand Repairing done to order on the shortest notice. South of Canal. (Jan . Is72. ADOLFHIS GRiTTER, Dealer in Musical Merchandise of all descriptions, viz: Pianos, Organs, Melodeons, lolins, Guitanvs.ocordeons.Claronetts. Flutes, Files, Drama, Piano-spreads, Pianc-etoois, Sheet music, Music-books, V'olin Strings, Guitar Strings, ic store in Webb's Block, over Porter's Book Store. iJal o 1&70. "TTTARRES TEMPLE KO. 29 . Honor and Temperance, meets a t cor ner Main and Market Sts..in this city, every Friday night. All desirous of aiaing in pro moting the temperance cause, which is the cause of God and humanity, are invited to attend with us. Social Temple meets every Tuesday eve sting. D. M. LAZARUS. W.U. T.' ; JOHN H. &LAXER, W. R." Jan 10, 1872-ly MR. A. P. MISER, Contractor of mall route No. 9139. runnlngdaily from txusiavus to Burg Hill via Kinsman, wishes to give notice to the public that be has pro Tided himself with a pleasant riding coach, and is now prepared to carry passengers and tageage to all points on the route. Aug- 2-49w. Q R. BECKWTTH, Den- tist. has procured one of I tue lm proved surgeons Cses, with the I.innirl N iirnns t lvid Gas. and It Is, without doubt, the safest, aurest and most rapid in its e&ects and eli mination of any anaesthetic known. He will remain in fcLinsman, at bis office, until fnrther notice. oct, STXMOXS & HE5XIXGER, Auc tioneers, will gve prompt attention to all engagements as Auctioneers. Will go ontof city or county. Reasonable terms, ana satisfaction guaranteed. If desired .one or bjUi will attend sales. Office of H. Sim mons In Klne's Block. Office of W. lien nlngeTln Buffalo Clothing Store, from thu dato till April 1st, lb72, without farther no tice. , ; locta.l72-lt EXCHANGE J AXE . FREEMAN & . HST, WABBEX, OHIO DEALERS LV Ola. Silver, Eastern Ezchaage, tanrreat Baak otes, aa all kiads of GOVERNMENT BONDS Interest Allowed on time Deposits. Collections and all business connected with Banking promptly attended to. REViiNUK STAMPS FOR SALE March L 1871. . a, WOB&WlCk. E. LEWIS. FOR FB1CB LJfcT. W0RSWI0K& LEWIS, CLEVEUKD BRASS & PIPE WORKS, Cor. Serwlaaai Ceater Ms., Clweltad. 0.. Manufacturers of and Dealers in Ttronght Iron Jpc Iron tUUnsrn and Jrau Guodt. tor Steam, WaUT.Ua and Oil. Cameron steam and Eureka Hand Pumps. All kinds of Ateauand Gas Ulling tools constantly on iand tiulv ZJ. 1672 1st. QUADRILL MUSIC, drat class Music furnished for Qun , . , rul Parties on reasonable terms, require oi oradureas J. . ORMEd, in care of James Ked Sons, Warren. O., or R. E. Hams, Under 1st National Bank. Warren. . oc. Jl-moa . A PESIRABLE HOUSE rVTriiF-V 01 yALt-On BazettaSU, In tee cily of U arren. known as the earns : ropervy. House new, large and conveni ent; excellent cellar, two g" barns, and - .ther ot bnlidings all in -Sa repaL Will ? ao!d easy term.-s. CaU at tue office of Itaunr Mooes, Market Bt, or at the siore rf Feamj. Gray, Main St. apr. io-tf Warren, Sept. 2, 1S72, ATjIjISOX DHUG STORE. TUST RECEIi:D, A LARGE Tr stock oi All of the best patterns, and every else from Infant to Adult. A laige stock of SHOULDER BRACES, For Ladies and Gents. Female Supporters, SATTSOX'S FEMALE SYRINGE, with Irrigator. Speculum Syringe, and a va riety of other kinds. Also a large assort ment of Toilet Articles, viz : Hair Brushes, Rubber Combs, Ivory Combs, Florence Mirrors, Ac A large Invoice of BAZXN'S Celebrated Perftunery, We pay tpertal attention to filling eian's Pretcriptiotu, and can sell Physicians medicines ascheap as they can buy them In Cleveland or Meadville. GIVE vsa call: Sept 4. WM. HAPQOOD. $30,000.00 IN PREMIUMS! Are offered to Agents for procuring Clnbi for theC.VCT.V.VI WEEKLY GAZETTE. THE O-AZETTS Is a thirty-six column paper, and contains thirty-lour columns of reading matter. It is devoted to Sens, I.ltf ratore. Politic, Arrteslrnre, Cest merre, aad all elker takjteu of la lerest to tae aeople. As an atrrlcultural paper the Week Ga zette can not be surpassed. Thonsands of farmers and housekeepers contributed to this department during the past year. The Gazette is the Leading Republl can Newspaper of the West. And has the largest circulation of any Re publican paper west of the mountains. AGEXTS WAKTED EVERYWHERE Send for Premium List, etc toCiir. Gazetti Co.,Cincinnali.t Loct i.3mo. T7XAXIXATI0XS OF TEACHERS." X-iL"ntil farther notice, there will be an examination of teachers at tbe High School bunding in Warren, on the first Saturday of every month during the year, exceptiug thatduring the mouths of April and Sep tember, there will be an examination on each succeeding Saturday, as follows First Saturday, Payne's Corners; second, Johnston; tnird, Bristol: fourth. Warren. Notice is hereby given of the adoption of tbe following rule. which will be strictly adhered to: "All certificates hereafter granted by this Board, 6hall be dated on the day of examination, except that In special eases for good reason, certiacates may be dated back, but in no case beyond the date of tne previous examination..' By order of the Board, GEO. P. HUNTER, Clerk Warren. O. Feb. 7 1873-lyr. CITY MEAT MARKET HE undersigned would res pectfully announce to the citi zens of Warren and the vicinity that he has opened a Meat Market on Lib erty Street, opposite E. K. Wisell's Carriage Factory, where he intends to keep constant- J on hand, all kinds of fresh meats, and ol as good qnallty as the country will afford. I haveeniployed tbe services of a good butch er who has bad long experience In the busi ness, and who will always be on hand to at tend to the wants of all customers. All or der left for meats in the evening will be Promptly attended to. If desired can be de livered at their residences, or kept In re frigerator till called on. uue 29. 1870-U LEMUEL DRAT livbuy Boardinq and Sale Stable. rpHE undersigned having purchased I the interest ol Peter Folk in the new sta ble at the rear of the National House, are prepared to accommodate their patrons with new equipages, of ail varieties, single and doable, all ol the newest strlesand limning Is all in good condition, and will be let at reasonable rates. Hearse and carriages fur nished for funerals. The best of care given to boarding stock. BARTUET HKEZOG. May 21. 1A71-K JN0. P. DEAN, Importer and Wholesale Dealer In HARDWARE, Xo. 81 V oo Street, Plttsbsrgk, Pa. .American, English and German Cutlery, Spencer A Nicholson Files; Diss ton's Saws, and Boynton's Lightning Saws; Beatty'aA Yerke's A Plumb's Hatchets; Kastern Manu factures and Pittsburgh Novelty Locks and Latches; Mann's, Lipplncott's aud Graff's Axes; Ames and Rowlands Shovels; Black smiths' Tools; Ohio Tool Co.'s Planes; Coil, Trace and other chains; New London W. B. Globe. National and other Horse Nails ; Fire. Irons. Stands, Shovels and Pokers; Practical Clothes Wringers, and a full line of general Hardware at the Lowest Market ci.t. Agents for Park Bros. A Co.'s Steel. Oct 23, 1572-6ra. CHARLES WILSONS' OYSTER DEPOT, Grocery & Provision Store Foot or Main SU, Warren, Ohio. OYSTERS! Maltby-s C. 8. M., and H. 4 M. Oysters Marvin's Superior Crackers and Cakes; best quality Waujr Crackers. Cross Blackwell's English Pickles. Sardines, etc Oysters by ran, hair can, or served In tbe best style. Raw, sUewed or Fried. A good stock of GROCERIES, PB0YISI05S aad C0MJCTI03ART. Thankful for past favors, I will do my bo, to pleas all who may five me a sail. CHABLE3 WILSON. Kov.5.1873-lyr SHERIFF'S SALE. The State of Ohio, Trumbull County, as. Exr'x of Thomas Craig, et. sL I In Trumbull vs. J Common Edward M. Johnson, et. aL (. Pleas. By virtne of an order of sale issued ont of tne uourt oi common Pleas of Trumbull County. O.. in the above named case to me directed and delivered, I have levied on and shall expose to public sale at the door of the Court House, in the City of Warren. Ohio, on Satnrdar, Jan. 4th, A. D. 1873, at 1 o'clock, p. m. of said day, the-fbllowing described land and tenements: Situate in the township of Bracevllie. County of 1 rum bull, and Slate or Ohio, known as tbe north west part ol Lot No. fifteen (15)ln said town chip, and bounded as follows, to-wlt: Be ginning at the oenter of the river bridge across tbe Mahoning river at the place called "the Center of the World," thence running in a north-westerly direction along thecenlerof thehigbway 1T7 chains and 71 links to the Benedict line; thence north on a marked line 14 chains and ca links to the center of the Mahoning river; thenee up the center of the Mahoning river, the several courses thereof, to the place of beginning, and containing seventy-seven and tib-luu aciesof land. (77 66-luu ) Appraised at . Terms cash. G. W. DICKINSON, Sheriff: 8herin0mee. Warren. O., Dec , 1 872-5 w C. B. DAIU5D. I F. GILDKB DARLING & GILDER. BUtEM IS AXTHBICITE, CAJXEL, T01GHI0GHT5T, CHI BCH HILL, MIXEB1L BUKiE Coal and Slack. Delivered to any part of the city at the lowest current raies. Office on west side of Main d door north of Mahoning iepou "B.L " wa. Terms Cash on Delivery. Feb 21. lbTi A TTACHMEXT. f- r v Kemn. Pit ft. vs. John Cronln, Ceii't. Belore Chas. Wannemaker, J. P. of Southington township, Trumouu county. Ohio. tu tbe 17th day of Dec. A. D. :87a, said Justice Issued an order of attachment in the above action for tbe sum of eighty- eight dollars eighty-seven ana one nan cts. ($VN,K7;) Said cause Is set for hearing Feb ruary 4th, 1T3, at 10 o'clock a. m. O. K. BEEMAN. DecK.1872-3t LEGAL XOTICE. Cleveland Cement Pipe Co., by I. N. liawson. Agent, Pit IT s, vs. P. T. Cook and others, whose names ars nnknown, and known as the firm or P. T. Cook ACo.,defl's. In the Court of Common Pleas of Trum bull county. O. P. T. Cook and the other defendants whoso names are unknown, will take notice that the Cleveland Cement Pipe Company, did. on the 17th dav or Deo. A D. 172. file their petition in the Court of Common Pleas of Trumbull county, and State oronlo, against P. T. Cook and the other defendants whoso names and residences are unknown, setting forth that the said defendants are indebted to said plaintiffs In the sum of three hun dred and thiriy-one dollars and thirty-five cents i;l for merchandise sold and de liven d. The said plaintiffs also procured an order nf attachment on the same day In said case to issue against tbe property of said defendant according to law. e-aia case will be tried at Fenrnary termor said Court 1873, which sets February 24th of said year. TAYLOR 4 JONES Dec- 23, 1872-tt Pllffs Atty's. TVTOTICE. Notice is hereby given that the under signed bas.Uiis day Hied in the Probata tCourt'ot Trumbull county, Ohio, his petl. etion. nravinff for an order authorizing him to sell the desperate claims belonging to the estate oi urant Bacon, oec a. ana wwca ac crued in his lite' lme. Said petition will be for hearing on the hlh day or January 1872. MOSES BACON, Executor. Warren, O., Dec 11, 1872-4t Wareew Savthgs 4 Loah Assotiai'k.I Waksex, Ohio, Dec 18, 1872. J THE ASXCAL MEETING OF the Stockholdersor the Warren Savings aud Loan Association, for the election of Are Directors for the ensuing year, win oe held at taelr office In Warren, on- the 1st Monday oi January, a. i. isii. S. M. LAIRD, 8ee'y. Dec. 1ft, 1S72-3L the most Wonderful Discovery of the 19tU Century Dr- S- D- Howe's ARABIAN MILK-CURE, For Consumption and all diseases of the THROAT, CHEST, A5D LOGS. (The only Medicine of the kHnd in the world) A substitute for Cod Liver Oil. Permanent ly cures Asthma. Bronchitis, Incipient Con sumption. Loss of Voice. Shortness of Breath, latarrn. croup, uougns, toias, c, in a iew days, like .naglc Price Si. per bottle ; six or Su, Also, . X3x-. m. X3. HOX7"E'S Arabian Tonic Blood-Purifier. Which differs from all other preparations in Its immediate action upon tbe LITER, KIDNEYS AND BLOOD. It Is nnrelv vegetable and cleanses the sys tem of all impurities, builds it right up.and makes Pure, Rich Blood. It cures scrofu lous Diseases of all kinds, removes Consti pation, and regulates the Bowels. For "General Debility." "Lost Vitality." and Broken-down Constitrtions. I "chal lenge the ltuh Centurv" to find its equaL Every Bottle is worth its weight in Gold. Try It ! Price il per Bottle, ( Bottles, la. Sold wholesale and retail, by H0YT& SPEAR, Druggists, WARREN, OHIO. General Agents for Trumbull County. DR. 8. D. HOWE, Bole Proprietor, Nov 6. lS7J-3mo. 161 Chambers SC. N. T. L- EGAL NOTICE. Calvin Pease. Charlse Pease, Laura M. f. Humphrey, Cornelia P, Kinsman, John Erwin. Arthur J. Erwln. Laura G. Pease. Charles E. Pease, Lillian Erwin, Florence iii age, Henry t,. page, .Kate It. Jrwia, Mary P. Johnston, Cyrus E. Johnston, Cor nelia P. Beaumont, W'. H. Beaumont, and Leonora Erwin. will take notice, that on the 10th day of December, 1&72, Frederick Kinsman, Administrator and Trustee, with the will annexed, of tbe estate of Calvin Pease, dee d, hied his petition in the Probate Court of Trumbull County,Ohio.and among other things therein, states that it would be for tbe manifest advantage and bennt of said estate to sell the following described real estate, to-wit : Part or village Lot No. 6 of the original town plat or Warren, Trumbull county, O., beginning at a post on the south side of Market Street, 64 feet east from the north east corner of sub-division Lot No. 7 en the Pease plat of Warren, thence east on tbe south line of said street 85 feet to a post ; thence south at right angles to said Market Street about 350 feet to a post; thence west parallel with said Market Street. 85 feet to a post; thence north about 35ufeet tothe place of beginnidg. described real Also tbe lellowing n Township,' estate situate in said Warret; All the Trum bull county, Ohio, to-wlpied by th land In original Lot No. 27,occu ftx Compa e Penn sylvania and Ohio CanlB wnic D7 as a Canal bed and towing paeason of has re verted to said estate by r resald. 106 aban donment of tne Canal afOrxoed r Also, the following desc ugnjpeal estate, situate In said Warren tow nnj , Trumbull County, Ohio, to-wit: Begl ngat a point in the north line of land bel reglng to Laura M. P. Humphrey, one bund d and thirty three feet west and at right angles to the center line of the Ashtabula, Youngstown and Pittsburgh Rail Road, as now located ; thence northerly and parallel with said center line to the south line of land belong ing to James Forbes; thenoe eastwardly along said south line tothe west line of land neionging to tue estate oi tucnara uaings, deceased; thence southerly along said west line all' i feet to tbe north line of sold Laura M. P. Humphrey's laud: thence westerly along said north line to the place of begin ning, saia petition win oe ior Hearing on the 11th dav or Jannarv. 1873. at 10 o'clock. a. m. at which time and place said defen dants can attend if they see proper. Adm'r and Trustee with the Will annex ed of said Estate. By Jeirerson Palm, Att'y for Petitioner. Dec 11. 1872-4t TL V NSAS PACIFIC RAILWAY. Tie Americas Overland All Bail Bouts to Lawrence, Wilson, Erie, Longmont, Central City, Colorado Spriags Idaho Springs, Greeley, Kvans, Plaiuvllla Cheyenne, Bait Lake City Topeka, Bunker Hill, Wamego, Fossil, Manhattan, Hays, junction city, r.uis Abilene, Wallate Solomon, Salina Brook vllle, Ellsworth, Carson, Denver, Georgetown, Golden City. And all Points in Kansas, Colorado, the Territories AND THE PACIFIC COASTS 188 210 Miles the Shortest Line from Kansas City to Denver. Miles the Shortest Line to Pueblo Trinidad, Santa F'e, and all points In new mexioo ana Arizona. 50 FEKB1ES! SO OMXIBrg TB1SSFEKI The Great Biters are all Bridged. Only Line running cars through wlthon change from tbe Missouri River to lienor. Only line running Pullman Palace Cars to Only lice npon which yon can see tb Buffalo. Don't mil to take a trip through Kansas, and view the great advantages ollered for a home. Everybody In search of health or pleasure should mske an excursion over the Kansas racinc uaiiway. Close connections made In Union Depot at Kansas City and Leavenworth, with all trains to and from the East, North and South. EDM'D 8. BOWEN. Gen. Sunt. BEVERLEY K. KEIM, P Gen. Ticket and Pass. Agent, Eanaas) City XsXo. July 11 i 7S-LYr NEW SHEET MUSIC. Farewell Darling, tiil we Meet, SO cents Hear me say my little Prayer, 30 cents. Sweet Sixteen Waltz, 40eenla. Sweet Sixteen March, So cents. Gone to the Heavenly Garden, 40 cents. 1 bink of me Darling, SO cents. Bertie's Schottlsche, 35 cents. Fold we our Hands. 123 cents. Bellsario, 35 cents. Recollections of my Childhood, 30 cents. Asking a Blessing from Motber. 80 cents. You 11 always And me True, 35 cents. Rustic Besuty March. 85 cents. Close tbe Shatters. Willie's Dead, SO cts. Sunbeam Polka. 35 cents. Sunbeam Waltz. 35 cents. Sunbeam March, 35 cents. .Amaryllis. Four bands, 50 cents. Lost and Saved. 30 cents, Maggie's Favorite Waltz, 40 eents. Lord. F orever at Thy side, K cents. Mattie May, SO cents Ray or Sunshine Polka, 35 cents. Just received at A PA MB' Book Store. THE CHRONICLE. FROM KANSAS. Osborne Co.. Kan.. Dec. 10. 187i Editor Chronicle. Although a luousana mus or mure from our na tive Ohio, yet we often think of old home and friends we parted with. Thinking a few plain faets would be or interest to your many readers in regard to the health and climate, I will send you a few. The winter has been mild, without rain or snow. The health of tbe people in this locality is good and are in good spirits. In re gard to political matters, all very quiet on the frontier, as every man did his duty and all went for Grant. Immigration still continues and the white covered wagons can be seen daily moving westward, some in pur suit of land and others buffalo. Buf falo meat is selling in our marBet for three cents per pound ; tbe robes are worth from two to three dollars each. Wheat that was sown in Aneust looks well ; that sown in September and October did not come up, the ground being too dry. There will be a great deal of spring wheat sowed, as the ground is already plowed for it. There are six saw and grist mills in this county; the furthest from Os borne City is nine miles.' Our county is improving rapidly for the short time it Las been settled. Groves and hedges are being put out in various parts of the county, and soon thecot ton woods will lift their branches to. ward tbe sky and make our homes beautiful. w. J. s. THE USES OF AMMONIA. The Country Gentleman thus dis courses : Spirits of Ammonia are nearly as useful In housekeeping as soap, and its cheapness brings it with in the reach of all. For many house hold purposes it is invaluable; yet its manifold uses are not as generally known as they should be. It is a most refreshing agent at the toilet table; a few drops in a basin of water will make a better bath than pure water, and if the skin is oily, it will remove all glossiness and also disagreeable odors. Added to a foot bath, it en tirely absorbs all noxious smell so of ten arising from the feet in warm weather, and nothing is better for cleansing the hair from dandruff -and dust. For the headache it is also a a desirable stimulant, and frequent inhalations of its pungent odors will often remove catarrhal cold. For cleansing paint it Is very useful. Put a teaspoonful of ammonia to a quart of warm soapsuds, dip in a flannel cloth, and wipe off tbe dust and fly specks, grim and smoke, and see for yourself how much trouble it will save you. Xo scrubbing will be need ful. .It will cleanse and brighten sil ver wonderfully ; to a pint of hot suds mix a teaspoonful of the spirits, dip in your silver spoons, forks, etc, rub with a brush and then polish on a chamois skin. For washing mirrors and windows it is also very desirable; put a few drops of ammonia npon a piece of newspaper, and you will readily take off every spot or finger mark on tbe glass. It will take out grease spots from any fabric ; put on the ammonia nearly clear, lay blot ting paper over the place, and press a hot flat iron on it for a few moments. A few drops In water will clean laces and whiten them nicely; and also muslins. For cleaning hair and nail brushes it is equally good. Put a teaspoonful of ammonia into one pint of warm or cold water and shake the brushes through the water ; when the brushes look white rinse them in cold water, and put into the sunshine or some warm place to dry. The dirtiest of brushes will come out from this bath white and clean. There is no better remedy for heartburn and dyspepsia and tbe aromatic spirit of ammonia is especially prepared for these troubles. Ten drops or it in a wine glass of wa ter are often a great relief. The spir its of ammonia can be taken in tbe same way ; but it is not a3 palatable dose. Farmers and chemists are well aware of the beneficial effects of ammonia on all kinds of. vegetation ; ana u yoa aesire your rosts, gerani ums, fucbias, etc., to become more flourishing, you can try it upon them by adding five or 6ix drops of it to every pint of warm water that you give them ; but don't repeat the dose oftener than once in every five or six days, lest you stimulate them too nigniy. xtain water is impregnated With ammonia and thus it vivifies and refreshes vegetable life. So be sure and keep a large bottle of it in the house, and have a glass stopper for it, as it la very evanescent and in jurious to corks, eating them away. HE COULDN'T DRINK WINE. That was a noble youth who. on be ing urged to drink wine at tbe table of a famous statesman, - in Washing- ion, naa tne courage to refuse, lie was a poor young man, just beginning the struggle of life. He brought let ters to the great statesman, who kind ly invited him home to dinner. "iNot take a glass of wine!" said the great statesman, in wonderment and surprise. "Not one simple glass of wine?" echoed the statesman s beautiful and fascinating wife, as she arose, glass in hand, and with a glance that would have charmed an anchorite, endeavor ed to press it upon him. "No," said the heroic youth reso lutely, gently repelling the proffered glass. w nat a picture or moral grandeur was that. A poor, friendless youth, refusing wine at the table of a wealthy and famous statesman, even though pronerea ny tne lair nanus of a beau tiful lady. "No," said the noble young man, and his voice trembled a little, and his cheek flushed: "I never drink wine, but (here he straightened him self up and his words grew firmer) if you've got a little old rye whiskey, I don't miud trying a snifter!" ot Contributor1 Saturday A'ight. It is a curious fact, that if the same letters of the same size precisely are painted on two boards, tbe one white on a black ground, and the other black on a white ground, the white letters will appear larger and be read at a greater distance than the black. This is owing to what is called the ir radiation of light. It depends on this that the impression made on tbe bot tom of the eye by bright objects ex tends a little wider thau tbe actual portion cf the organ struck by the light, and, invading the space occu pied by the darker objects, makes tbe brighter appear darker than they really are. The Women'a Medical College, at Cleveland, is in trouble. A Mrs. Thil man died in 1870, and her body was taken to the college. At the proper time the forms of a funeral were gone through with, but It was subsequent ly ascertained that the coffin contain ed only a block of wood, the body having been retained for the dissec tion table. Her husband has just found out the facta of the case, and brings suit for damages. A ritatintyiiiutioit minleta, .ritA- of an Eastern city, was frequently hparrf tn remark- whlla m vmiih -1 college, that he would never marry a Woman Who "loved another man that Bn VRninl thia flMt D v. Ar . w .u u.o. r. u, uau vi woman's love. He married a widow witn two - seis" oi c-nildren. To a Nautical CorresDondent No. there is no likeness between a dia mond neck-pin and Mr. Ashbury's yacht, except, by the way, it is on the breast of a heavy awell. A NEW YEAR'S COLLOQUY WITH TIME. Eleven o'clock at night ! But an other hour, and all that remains of the present year win nave been borne upon the tireless wing of Father Time into the great gulf of eternity ; and the old fellow will have turned up his glass again, ground his scythe, and laid hold of the new year ; prepared to roll it onward, evolving the future from the lapse of every moment, tin til he shall see it safely deposited in the great grave of the past, which swallows all'thinqs. "Thou art a jolly old fellow, Father Time? Give us thy baud, and ere tbe bright sun of the first morning of the new year shines cheerfully over the grave of its departed brother, let us be a little sociable, aud talk of the Dast. Do not be crusty ; you need not stop in your onward march. I my sely am somewhat of a traveler, and will walk an nour witn you ; only keen that confounded old scythe out of the wav. which, since I first saw it pictured upon the cover of the Far mer's Almanac, aiong wim rue mat-ter-of-iact couplet, Time cuts down sil, Both great and small. ' I never could look at .without .shud dering. "Thou hast visited all countries and all climes; thou hast been in Btrange lands, and beheld strange ana won dtous things; thou hast kept on thy way untiring hast past over the great city, and left messages of joy or sorrow to millions of the sons ot men. Thou hast frosted the heads of tbe aged, cut down beauty In its bloom, and blighted earth's fairest flowers. Thou hast brought poverty iuto the dwellings of aflluence ; thou hast by thy movements brought distrust into friendly bosoms, and thou hast sepa rated families. Thou hast brought about the utterance of the first unkind word between those who had prom ised to love each other ever; thou hast led the youth onward to his first act of wickedness and sin, and the maiden rashly to forsake the dwelling of her childhood the merchant to the verge of bankruptcy, and from thence to ruin and to death ; thou bast plunged the man of crime still deeper into the abyss of iniquity caused children to weep over the death of their parents, and parents for the departure of their children. Thou bast done all these things, old Time ; and now, what canst thou say for thyself ? Hast done any good, old fellow? anvthing for which we shall commend thee, or which should make us hail thy presence with gladness?" "Mortal, listen !" said Time. "God is good, and to perform his will am I sent to the earth. 'Tis to work out the designs of his good providence that I wend my way hither aud thither over this little globe of yours. True, I have fro3ted the heads of the aged, but the aged good man fears not Time. He who has spent his whole life in active deeds of benevolence and kindness, benefiting his fellow men, knows that his gray hairs are a crown of honor, and that it becomes him. even as the crown which he shall wear in paradise as a reward for a life of righteousness here. True, I have cut down beauty in its bloom ; but for what, think you? to gratify a malignant spirit? O, no! there are mortals here who seem all too good to be the inhabitants ef such a dwelling place as this earth, and I have but translated them to a brighter land, where the spirits of the pure and the good the just made perfect will for over dwell. "I have blasted the loveliest flow ers, say you ? Not so. In the garden of paradise they bloom again with more than their earthly freshness and beauty. Purity and goodness should not be scattered upon the cold winds of ingratitude and wrong, without a shelter, and without a fitting home: of such is composed the kingdom of heaven ; and nurtured by its dews, and warmed by the smiles which beam from the throne of niercv, they grow and expand until they become like the angelic beings they so much resemble. "I have brought poverty into the dwellings of atnuence. but to serve a good end. To the rich man who loved bis gold better man ins uoa, x nave taught a lesson ; I have shown him the frailty of human hopes, and the instability of human things. In the low-roofed cottage has the poor man found that happiness and peace of mind which passeth all understand in?, which he sought in vain to find amid the glitter of wealth and the pride of station. Hast tnou not read that it is easier for a camel to enter a needle's eye than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of heaven? aud blamest thou me that I have stripped bim of the vile clogs that weighdown his immortal spirit to the earth. "Thou sayest that I have brought distrust into friendly bosoms ; that I have separated families, and caused unkind words to be spoken. Look at the bright side of the picture ; alas for your human nature ! which, since the days of your good mother Eve, basdelighted to place the burden upon the wroue shoulders. Think how my softening touch has quieted old feuds, and silenced old animosities, lorever. Think how my old fingers have rub bed away long scores of hate and in gratitude; how I have warmed hearts callous to all feelings of affection, and caused them glow again with the fires of friendship and love. I have led the youth onward to wickedness and crime, and the maiden rashly to for sake the home of ber childhood ; but think how many I have brought to see tbe evil of their ways, and turned from the path which leads to perdi tion. Think how many youthful hearts are made wise uuto salvation by bitter experience, and how many repentant erring ones are seeking at the only place for forgiveness, aud atoning for the past by a life of recti tude aud virtue. "Think, too. while ye would seek cause to complain of me, how little ye know : think of all the gladness and joy which 1 Dringto men's nearis. Children are born into the world, and , what an inexpressible flood of de light rushes through the parent's heart, as he traces in imagination the dim, distant future ! and how are his days and nights filled with blissful hopes of seeing them live and grow np around him, to cheer and bless his later years! If I draw wrinkles up on the brow of age, I cause the roses to bloom brighter upon beauty's cbeek. If I destroy, I also make alive. If I brush Into oblivion seme records of the past, I go with the man who searcnetn alter xnowieuge, auu nuiii my experience, his own soul is ex panded, and he becomes a blessing to his race." Just so far had Time spoken when the c ock struck twelve; and with tbe determination to profit by his teachings, I wished him a Happy New Year, and fell asleep. from "Life Among the Ilowert," by Laura Greenwood. A Louisville man who had only been acquainted with his girl two two night, attempted to kiss her at the eate. In bis dying deposition he told the doctors just as he " kissed her the earth slid out irom under ms ieec, and his soul went out oi nis moutu, while his head touched tbe stars." Later dispatches show that what ailed him was the old man's boot. It is said that Albany's new State House "looks like a new set of saw mills, churches and hotels pitched in to a heap by a man in a hurry." Mrs. Partington, reading of the striksofthe wire-drawers, said : "Ah, me! what newfangled things won't they wear next!" MISUSE OF LANGUAGE. A striking example of the so-called authoritative misuse of language is the use of had in the phrases I had rather, jow had better. This has the sanction of iinre for centuries, not only by the English-speaking people penerally, but by their greatest and most careful writers. Nothing, how ever, among the few enduring certain ties of langauage, is more certain than that had expresses perfected and past possession. How, then, consistently with reason, an 1 with its constant and universally accepted meaning in eve ry other connection, can it be used to express future action? A perception of this incongruity and a consequent uneasiness as to the use of these pliniffi is becoming quite common, and it is safe to say that they will ere long begin to be dropped in favor of a moie logical and self consistent phras eology. . Hud rather will probably yield to vould rather, and had better tt mirht better. In like position is the use of the perfect infinitive to express contingent action, as if I had have done, I was ready to have gone, which i supported by the usage of centuries. BUhop Jewell writes," "the church was ready to have fallen." There seems to be no doubt that this is logic ally incorrect. Jewell meant that the church was ready to fall ; we should say, If I had done, I was ready to go ; and we may i e Mire that ere long this phraseology will be deliberately sub stituted ior the other, on logical grounds.' I pass over right away in the sense of immediately, which is in common use here among the most cultivated people, merely with tbe mention of it as altogether unjustifiable on any ground, and as having no affinity whatever with straightway. It is an undoubtable Americanism, on of the very few words or phrases, not slang, which can be properly so called. Dif ferent to is as exclusively British. It has come into use since the Common wealth and the llestoration, and it pet vades British speech and literature, even of the highest class. A word used in both countries, but more commonly with us, lengthy, is a marked example illustrating my pres ent position. It is illogical, at vari ance with analogy, and it is entirely needless, ns it has usurped who knows how or why? the rightful place of a good and well-connected English word, which does properly express that which lengthy expresses only on sufferance, and by reason of general but unjustifiable usage. And yet even Mr. Lowell not only uses it, but speaks well of it as a word " civ illy compromising between long and tedious," which we have " given back to England." It is true that English docs need such a word, and therefore bad it before there could have been Americanisms. For did not Puritan sermons precede President's messages Adjectives expressing likeness in qual ity are formed in English from imma terial nouns, by a surlix which would have at once occurred to Mr. Lowell, if he had used, instead of the Romance word tedious, the Anglo-Saxon wea rUomc or tiresome. The family is numerous, lonesome, wholesome, irk some, handsome loathsome, frolic tome, burdensome, and the like. And so from Anglo-Saxon times to very moiiern days we have had the analo gous word longsome, meaning go long as to be almost wearisome or tedious. It is common with the Elizabethean writers, so well known to Mr. Lowell, and Prior is cited for its use by Web ster. Bishop Hall, in his "Defence of the Humble Bemonstrance," writes. " They have had so little mer cy on him as to put him to the pen ance of their longsome volume." It is manifest that writers who use wea risome, burdensome and irksome can have no consistent objection to long some, which has long and eminent usage in its favor, and which Mr. Lowell might well bring up again as Tennyson has brought up rather. The objection to lengthy seems to be well taken. As to our having given the latter back to England, it may be said that an instance of the use of tbe word before England gave ber people and ber langtiHge to America has not yet been produced, and according to my observation does not exist. Another error common among cul tivated writers aud speakers is the use of adverbs with the verb to look, as He looked wretchedly, she looked beautifully. It might as well be said that the grass looks greenly, or the man looks bluely. A man who lives wretchedly will probably look wretch edly; a woman who is formed and dressed beautifully will look beauti ful. The error is the consequence of a confusion of look in the sense of to direct the eye, and look in the sense to seem, to appear. The same persons who say that a man looked wretched ly or a woman looked beautifully, In the phrases he looked well, she seemed ill, well aud ill are not really adverbs. Such phrases as I had rath er, you had better, had have done, ready to have fallen, right away, dif ferent to, and looked wretchedly, have, it need hardly be said, nothing in common with such as We made the land, the ship stood up the bay, he took his journey (Jewell writes "tooke his proci esse " ) they came in thick, he took her to wife, a house hard by, he took up with her, he did it out of hand, I won't put up with it, given to hospitality, stricken with years. The latter are truly idiomatic and gen erally metaphorical ; and although they defy analysis, they are not, like the former, at vari ince with tbem seivesand defiant of reason. Richard Grant W hite, in January Galaxy. WAY OF THE TRANSGRESSOR IN RUSSIA. If only half the shrewdness which thieves display in planning and exe cuting their depredations was exerted In an honest way, many convicts would now be sure of wealth aud po sition. It is also singular that the genius aud tact with which a crime is planned seems to give place to stupid ity as soon as the oftense has been committed. A new illustration oi the mingled sharpness and folly of crimi nals has recently been afforded at St. Petersburg!!. On the night of the 16th of June lasl, four public buildings were robbed of precious stones, valued at nearly HirJ,000. From the golden pillars of the Czarina's private chapel in the Winter Palace six niagniheent eme ralds and twelve topazes were taken ; the Grand Duke's palace on the New ski Prospect had been entered, and the splendid diamond crois, given by Napoleon I. to Alexander I., carried away from the museum ; the Acade my of Sciences had been despoiled of some of its most valuable mineralogi cui specimens, while the Museum of Mines hud lost a lump of gold weigh ing eighty pounds, aud many coetly gems. The doors next morning were found open, though they had been carefully locked at night, and no un usual noises had been heard. Experts testified that that the locks had not been picked, but opened with keys, and the robbery of the chapel, an act which a Ilussiau would regard as sac rilegious, convinced the authorities tha: the robbjrs must be foreigners. The hotels were visited by detect ives ; travelers' b3ggage was exam ined ; lists of recent visitors to the pillaged edifice were carefully studied, and dually a heavy reward was offered but all to no purpose. A week had elapsed, and the ctlicils were as puz zled as ever, when a lady called upon the Prefect of Police, who gave her name as Davis. Her husband, Wm. F. Davis, au agent of a London safe and iock company, bad been in SL Fetersburgb for about a year, and had there made the acquaintance of N. B. bail n tiers, agent of au Americau lightning-rod manufactory. He had be come infatuated with Saunders' daughter, and very intimate with her ', father. That morning she had re ceived a note from him, saying that he no longer loved her, and that she would never see him again. She im plored the Prefect to brin him back to her. Tbe surveillance of strangers is very strict in Russia, and the Prefect on consulting his books, found that on June 5th Davis and Saunders had vis ited tbe public museums, and that on tho 12th they bad been called upon in regard to tbe robbeiies, and offered to open their trunks. The officer who visited them had seen nothing suspi cious in their behavior. The Prefect, having learned of the intimacy be tween Saunders and Davis, was struck by the fact that they had been to tbe museums so short a time before tbe robbery, and resolved to make further investigations. He sent M rs. Davis to ber hotel, and dispatched a detective to obtain from her all the information possible. As the result of his inqui ries, he discoveied that Davis and Saunders had had taken a drosky about four hours previous. The driver of the drosky was found, and testified that be bad taken tne lugiuves to 1'e terholf, where a traveling coach was waiting for them. Officers were hurried to that place,, and arrested tbe men. Davis seemed to be much flurried, but Saunders was very cool, aud pretended to be much surprised at his arrest. The driver said be bad been paid a large sum to take them to Helsinzfors, in Finland. They were put in the coach and driv en back to St. Petersburgh, where they denied everything except Davis' intention to desert his wife. Nothing was found in their trunks, but an ex amination of the coach exposed box under the seat, in which some of the stolen property was discovered. The prisoners deuied tneir guilt very stoutly, but, on being threatened with the lash, Davis confessed that be had made false keys, at Saunders' sugges tion, having taken wax impressions of the locks while his accomplice di verted the attention of the keepers. Saunders persisted in affirming his innocence, but after repeated whip pings, acknowledged his guilt. Mrs. Davis was overwhelmed with grief on bearing that her exertions to recover her husband had resulted in his arrest for robbery. She mace earn est but ineffectual attempts to obtain his pardon. The offenders were tried, convicted, and sentenced to bard labor in the government mines. -Mrs. Da vis, who is an American, has declared her intention of following her hus band to Siberia. He, it is said, is well known In this country as the agent of a patent lock, but is accused of having participated in other robberies than those for which he is new undergoing punishment. FINANCE IN THE WEST. A movement is on foot in Chicago and other western cities, relative to the present stringency in the money market, for urging upon Congress the passage of a law, of which the follow ing are the main points: To permit any holder of S10.000, or multiple thereof, of any United States gold bearing bonds to deposit tbe same temporarily at the Sub-Treasury or designated depositories in New York, San Francisco, New Orleans, or Chi cago, under regulations to be made by the Secretary of the Treasury, and re lease an amount of legal tenders equal to the face of said bonds temporarily deposited, and on presentation of a like sum in United States notes at the place where said bonds were tempora rily deposited, to receive tbe said bonds, or their equivalent in kind, less the interest which would have accrued during the time said bonds were deposited, the converter or retirer of bonds as aforesaid to adjust by pay ment in gold the value at the time of conversion and withdrawal, whether the same be presented by coupon or otherwise, as may be provided by the regulations established by the Secre tary of the Treasury ; and, provided further, that tbe Secretary of the Treasury be required to hold in re serve United States legal tenders to the amount of $40,000,000, to be used for the purpose of temporarily retiring bonds, as aforesaid ; but said notes shall not be used for any other pur pose, nor shall the whole amount of legal tenders, including those which may be held in reserve and those wbich may, at the time, be held in United States Treasury, Sub-Treasuries aud depositories, exceed four hun dred millions, until expressly author ized by law. A BALLOON VOYAGE ACROSS THE ATLANTIC. Philadelphia Star says: Prof. John Wise, the well known aeronaut, has it in contemplation to make a bal loon trip across the Atlantic next summer, preparations for the great aerial voyage being in process of ar rangement now. The Professor, it will be remembered, made tbe famous air trip from St. Louis to the eastern extremity of Lake Ontario, a distance of over 1,200 miles, in the short space of about 19 hours, or at the rate of about 63 miles an hour. He feels en tirely confident of his ability to make the quickest trip on record across the Atlantic. Quite a number of scien tific gentlemen have made application for permission to accompany him in this greatest of ail ballooning expedi tions. As showing how far America is ahead in aeronautics, so far as dis thance traveled is concerned, the long est trip ever made by an European balloonist was only 400 miles, while that of Prof. Wise's was three times that distance, and, what is more, the greater portion of it was accomplished in the midst of a cyclone, aid with three passengers beside himself. TURNING OVER A NEW LEAF. There is wonderous difference in people, as regards the propensity for turning over a new leaf. It is odd that, lor the most part, they who have power of will and self-restraint enough enough to keep good resolutions are least in the habit of making tbem, and appear most content to live on a lower plane, without aspiration ; while, on the other hand, they who are most sensible of personal short comings, and most appreciative of bet ter modes of living, oftenest break good resolutions, and seldomest reach the standard they covet. Thus stur diness or stability of character is fre quently earthy by instinct, and inca pable of that volatility wbich, on its part, can never walk steadily onward, bat is always on a series of excursion ary skips aud hops upward to a high er lite, whence it as regularly 'floun ders and flops down, bruised but not tamed, to the clay. Goethe says that persons auite unstable and incapable of all improvements "frequently ac cuse themselves in the bitterest man ner, confessing and deploring their faults with extreme ingenuousness, though they possess not the smallest power within them to retire from that course along which tbe irresistible tendency of their nature is dragging them forward." Nobody need be down-hearted at this dietum. Some men seem to be governed by fate, bo cause they have no will worth speak ing of or at least give no proof of any; while others apparently have a will free of fate, so strongly does it act on circumstances; and if it be answered that thia strong and free will is itself a form of fate, at least it is one tbe possessors can neither fear nor com plain of. Many lads have such practical viewa of life, joined with such self conscions and self-esteem, as to mature at once. They imagine themselves grown men before their beards are out; in their elders they see only their peers, and hence feel the burdens of life already in youth. These are they who be come famous betimes great traders, money lenders, railroad builders, soldiers, lawyers, journalists, at the I dawn of active life. Their oppoeites ' waste each New l ear in wondering what will happen when they grow to be men; when the opportunity comes; when life really opens wide. Hum ble and timid, they fancy all other men to be wiseror stronger than they. At thirty, they hear with wonder that ponder stalwart, thoughtful man, whom, in old childish habit, they ad dress with a deferential "sir," is only thirty years old, too. At forty, they still cling to their conciliatory, depre catory ways feel like boys dodging bewildered among men, though man hood has encompassed tbem twenty years. It comes upon them like a shock to find their hair whitening, and people describing them as the old gentleman," while their feet are too palpably sliding on the downhill stretch. Till then, tney had never thought themselves mature to a ca reer, nor suspected that they had reached the now-or-never of lifie till it was years away in the past. Such men take an aroma of the cradle with them to the grave, only quitting their first childhood when they enter the second; ever are they dreaming of the possible suture, and proposing to turn over the new lear. vrxjiwooa, oy Ph ilip Quilibet, in January Galaxy. The Diggers Among Old Ruins and and Their Discoveries--The Wonders. of Arizona. The diggers among the old ruins of dead empires have been and are ma king many wonderful and important discoveries. Among the latest and most interesting of these ancient rel ies recently unearthed are those of glorious old Homer's strong-walled city of Troy by Dr. Scbieimann, as detailed in his fascinating report, pub lished in last Saturday's Herald. The learned Doctor, at the bottom of the debris overlying the city, the accu mulations of three thousand years, finds the evidences of a high civiliza tion among the relics of ancient Troy, and thence, in tbe different strata up ward, from one occupation of the city to another, he finds, from the evidence of the artificial remains therein, a steady decline from civilization to wards barbarism. As a geological historian his record of tbe ruins of Troy establishes his reputation, and his Herald report is worthy the posi tion nf an explanitory appendix to the "Iliad." At the same time the diggers among the ruins of the island of Cyprus, the Temple of Diana, an cient Jerusalem nearly a hundred feet under the streets of the present city and likewise among the ruins of Moab.and among tbe wonderful treas ures unearthed in Assyria, on the Ti gris and the Eophrates, are filling up the blanks in the history of empires and people passed away, and back to the deluge, are confirming the records of the Old Testament. And these historical ruins of three, four ur five thousand years are not confined to the Old World. I Central and South America there are the re mains of an ancient civilization, da tinfi further back, perhaps, than that of Rome or Carthage; and there still remain in Mexica some fragments of ancient temples whose history bad been lost in tradition in the time of Cortez. North of Mexico and south of Greenland no evidences have yet been discovered of the existence any where, at any time, of a higher civili zation )han that of the Aztecs interi or to Columbus; and these Aztec re mains are confined to Western Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Southern Utah and Arizona. They Indicate a a state of civilization like that of the Aztecs in Mexico as Cortez found them, and the tradition is general among the Mexican aborgines at this day that their ancestors in a great mi gration came down to Mexico from the North. Fremont, Abert, Emory, Sitgreaves and other government ex plorers of our vast acquisitions from Mexico have given us their sketches and descriptions of numerous ruins of old Aztec temples ana aweiungs in New Mexico and Arizona,and of their irrigating canals and their pottery. They indicate a civilization as low as the "lowest of Dr. Schliemann'a de scending scale of Troy, though far above any advauces of the mound builders of our North-western States. We have a report, however, from San Francisco that tbe ruins of a great city have recently been stum bled upon by some prospecting miners in Northeastern Arizona, and that these ruins tetl of a prosperous com munity that must have been destioy ed or transferred farther south thous ands of years ago. It is thought so from the fact that a deep. canyon near the heart of the city has' been made by the winter wasbidg of that region, whicn has required at least a thousand years of those washings to cut thro' the rocks to its present depth. This whole report, however, may be a California canard, though we confi dently expect from Captain Wheeler's exploring expedition in Arizona aud Colorado discoveries more interesting to Americans thus even the finding of the encircling wall and inside relics of ancient Troy. A'ew York Herald. THE WHITE SLAVE TRADE. The Baltimore Wecker calls atten tion to the large number of youthful Italians who, so long as the weather will permit, perambulate the streets of our cities, are found on steamboats and ferries, in companies of two or three boys and girls, with screeching violins and harps or singing anything but melodious Italian songs. No one, says the Wecker, can see these chil dren without being struck with their precocity, their bold and impertinent manner aud air. It is scarcely possi ble to feel anytninglikesympathy for them, and yet tnese ucionunates are most deserving of pity. Theyarethe victims of cupidity who have never known the joys of childhood, whose home is tbe street. In the truest sense of the word they are slaves white slaves, Hundreds of these little waifs are sent over from Italy every year by their ignorant parents, and hired out to Italians, naturalized in this coun try, for a term of years. As soon as tbe children arrive on American son their training begins. A few weeks of instruction is sufficient to send the littieonesoutin thestreetand through the country at large as 'musicians,' to earn their own frugal fare and scant clothinir. and to help fill the coffers of their masters. If the earnings of the day are not satisfactory to these latter, the rod is freely applied. Thus the childhood and youth of these un fortunates is ent in misery, oii times, too, in sin, until, having out grown the rod of their taskmasters, and debased in mind, aud schooled in iniquity, they are let loose on society to avenge themselves for the wrongs of their childhood, A late telegraphic despatch from New York speaks of this matter as something entirely new. It is not a new thing at all, but has existed for a large number of years ; and the only reason why the thin? has not been broached before is that no one has seemed to specially concern himself about these street gypsies. L.et us, however, hope that now public atten tion will be directed to this matter in such a manner as to induce the au thorities to put astop to this infamous white slave trade lor all time to come. Robert Dale Owen suggests that the word translated "vear" in our version of the Bible means but a month, so that Methusaleh, instead of 9tf, was but eO years old. Thereupon -o:win P. Whipple replies (in the Brston Globe.) that thia theory makes Sliem a father at the tender age of eighty years, and Nahor a grand lather twenty-nine months from his birth. A study of the "Arcana Ccelestia" might help Mr. Owen to get hiiuself righted in the matter. TWO SELF-WILLED MEN. From Robert Dale Owen's autobiog raphy, in the January Atlantic, we learn that his grandfather was, in the earliest days of the eotton manufa't nre, a partner of the celebrated in ventor, Arkwright He glvea the fol lowing characteristic anecdote : In 17S4, a village and several large cotton mills were completed. The ite was a strip of valley land adjoining the river, about a mile from the ancient town of Lanark ; and, tha entire wa ters of the Clyde, brought through a rock tunnel thousand feet long, formed the mill race. Then, for the first time, Arkwright (not yet Sir Richard) came to Scot land, to visit the new manufactory. Taking a post-chaise from Glasgow, Mr. Dale and he reached the summit of a hill which commanded a view of tbe village, and on the gentle slope of which were laid out small garden spots, separated by gravel paths. It was a fine summer evening. Getting out of the carriage, Mr. Dale led his partner to a favorable point, whence could be seen not only the entire es tablishment, Including the vast facto ry buildings, the mechanics' shop, the school house and the rows of stone buildings for the work people, but also the picturesque river winding its way below the mills between abrupt walls of shrub-covered rocks, the landscape bounded by a beautiful champaign country stretching out on the other Dans, wen do I rem-nbertbescene: " How does it suit yoa ? " my grand father asked at lengta. Arkwright scanned the whole with a critical business eye for some time before he averred : " Capital ! That site was selected with great judg ment." " Yoa like the way tbe street are laid out and the mill buildings now placed ? " " Very well ; couldn't be better." " Each family in the village has one of these gardes patches." "A very good idea." " We had to tunnel the rock for a long distance, at a heavy expense ; but we gained a fall of twenty-six or twenty-eight feeL" " It's a spot in a thousand," cried Arkwright. " Might have been made on purpose." " I'm glad you like it." " I do very much." Then, after a long look over tbe village and its sur roundings, he added, pointing to a wooden cupola within which the fact ory bell was hung : " But that ugly steeple or whatever it is what made you put it off at the end of the build ing?" " Why, where would yoa have it?" " Over the middle of the mill, of course." " I don't see any of course ' about it. It's just right where it is." " You think so? " asked Mr. Ark wright. " To be sure I do, or I wouldn't have put it there." " ell, you've a curious idea of things. I'd like to hear a single good reason for having tbe thing stuck on to the end of the building, the way you've got it." " If a man's so blind he can't see that this was tbe proper place, it's nae worth while finding him reasons for it." " Blind ! X man with half an eye might have seen better. I don't care to argue with man that hasn't more common sense." This was too much for my grand father. "Arkwright," aaid be, "I don't care to have a man for a partner who will get stirred np about such a trifle, and talk such nonsense about it too." "Neither do I. So there's one thine we do agree about. I'm ready to sell out to you to-night." " Good ! Let's get Into the carriage, and I'll show you all over the place. Then we'll go back to the auld town " (so Lanark was usually called), " get something to eat and a glass of toddy" (my grandfather was a strictly tem perate man, but no Scotchman in those days thought an occasional glass of Highland whisky toddy an offense against temperance), " and I dare say we can hit it off atween us." That evening Richard Arkwright and David Dale dissolved partnership the latter remaining sole proprietor of the village and mills of New Lanark. The Origin of "Auld Robin Gray." The authors of the "Songstresses of Scotland" tell the story in this way. There was an old Scotch air (not, however, to which the song is now sung, for that we owe to an English clergyman) of which Lady Anne Ber nard was very fond, and which Soph Johnstone was in the habit of sing ing to words that were far from choice. It struck Lady Ann that she could supply the air with a tale of virtuous distress in humble life with wbich all could sympathize. Robin Gray was the name of a hepherd at Bak-arres, who was familiar with tbe children of the bouse. He had once arrested them in their flight to an indulgent neighbor's. Lady Anne revenged this arrest by seizing the old man's name, and preventing it from passing into forgetfuiness. While she was in the act of heaping misfortunes on tbe heroine Jeanie, her sister Elizabeth, twelve or thirteen years her junior, strayed into the little room, and saw "Sister Annie" . at .her escritoir. "I have been writing a ballad, my dear," the frank elder sister told her little cofidante; "and I am oppressing my heroines with many misfortunes. I have already sent Jamie to sea, bro ken her father's arm, and made her mother fall sick, and gave her auld Robin for a lover, but I wish to load her with a fifth sorrow in tbe four lines. Help me I pray." "Steal tbe cow, Sister Annie," said tbe little Elizabeth. ' The cow was immediate ly lifted, and the song completed. Watson's Art Journal. "GOOD BYE COLONEL!" The too profuse use of the title of "Colonel,'' elicits tLe following perti nent remarks of the Philadelphia. t'ost : "To call a man a "Colonel is to convey the idea that he is of a mild, meek and benevolent disposition. It is also an evidence tnat he was never a soldier. For instance we may recall some of the Colonels of Philadelphia. There is Colonel Forney, Colonel Me Clure, Colonel McMU-hael, Colonel Scott, Colonel Mann, Colonel Fitz gerald, Colonel Phillips, Colonel Kutchen, Colonel Green and Colonel Fritz. Of what regiment? And we might mention many more gentle men of high standing who have nev er been in the army, and can only be called Colonel as a tribute to their an tipathy to blood. If every Colonel was a soldier, the standing army in Philadelphia would be a menace to our liberties. Their number is as great as it was in San Francisco, to which John Phoenix bore witness in the following story : "The steamboat was leaving the wharf, and everybody was taking leave of friendsall but Phoenix who had no friends to bid bim fare well. Ashamed of his loneliness, as tbe boat sheered off he called in a loud voice, 'Good bye. Colonel ! and to great delight every man on tbe wharf took off bis hat and shonted. Tolctie), good bye ? " . "Mrs. Jenkins requested the pleas ure of Capt Brown's company tosniall party on Friday evening next. 21 Sprigglns place, Monday." "Cai l Brown presenls his compliment t Mrs. Jenkins, and reerets that seven teen privates will be detained by hi beat corpus write, and two serpent are on the sick list; tbe rest of Capt. Brow's company will have much pleasure in waiting cn Mrs. Jenking on Friday evening.