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E8TERN "Volume 57 ISTo. 25. "Warren, Ohio. January 15, 1873. Whole JSTo. 2937 Ml BUSINESS DIRECTORY. CITBSTEESBESEKTE C II ROM CLE IT Published every Wednesday mining, n Empire Block, Market Su. Warren . K ITUU, Editor and Proprietor. TJIULES A!f D TESTAXESTS at the JfJoatwilcM' of publishing them, for sale by tbe TscubcllCo. Bibli Socirrt.M ill 1 u depositories throughout the county. All the styles and prtrea published by the American Bible Society, kept constantly on sand. Central Depository at Haptrood t Brown's. Market St., (sooth aide of Coort Hoaaesaoarej Warren, O. (July -iS72-lrr T)ofl of the LOT. Phvsiclan and Surgeon, F Office and residence a few rods South the Atlantic Great Western Depot where he can be consulted professionally. Warren. O. April 1 71-tf Ati. LYXA5, Dentist. Office over . S. C. Chrmt A Co.'s new meat market, opposite ths Court House. Market St.. War ran Ohio Ian.6. US70-U GEORGE P. HUNTER, Attorney at Law, Office In VanQorder Block, Market BU Warren. Ohio. LFeb. 23. W70-U DR. D. GIBB0SS, Dentists, teeth extracted without pain; npper or low er aeu of teeth for $12,00. Office over T. J. Mo Lain Son's Bank. Main St.. Warren. Ohio. Jan. 5. WT0.- J. EAUUI. c t. rrciLT. HIES OS k JCF.TCALF, Physicians, and Surgeons; Office on High Street at tand formerly occupied by I)r. Harmon Jan. 4 1870 -OB B CTCHlwa, W. T. TTCTCHIXS SPEAK, Attorneys at ijlsw. umoe in rirst xauonat mbk Building, 2d story, front -ooni Wsrren o. Jn. & iB70-ir. JH. BRISCOE, Physician andBur igeoHt Office at Residence, north aide of Market-Street, two doors east of Kim. Par ticular attention paid to Chronic diseases. Jan. 6, 1K7U-UT . B, BEACKEIf, K. S. L. E. BUSSKU B. D. TKS. BRACaEJT, BUSSELL, U Eclectic Physicians and Surgeons,offlce at So. 2u Market St.. op s talis). All calls at office attended to at all hours, day or night. Dr. B. will give attention to the treatment of all chronic diseases and can cer. Residence corner Liberty and Wa&h ton Avenue. Warren, O. ang 21.187. Eft. F. A. BIERCE, Homoepathlc Physician and Surgeon. Offlc In SuUlfl's ik.blehSUeeb TTR. J. B. KELS0Sr Physician and XJ Surgeon, office east of First Nat. Bank. Omce hours from 7 to IV o'clock, a. m., and X to 8 j. m. Jan. 25 Xici J. VATJTKOT. TH AD. ACBXBT. YAUTROT A CI LEY, Successors to J. Vautrot A Go, Dealers In Watches, Jewelry and Diamonds. Market Street, War ren. Ohio. Jan 5.1370 B. W. BATLirr. H. K. X0SES. RATLIFF K0SES, Attorneys and Oonnsellers at Law. Office over the Ex change Bank of Kraxuan 4 Hunt, on Market EU Warren Ohio. iJan-f 170. J 15. C0WDERY, Attorney at Law, .Office corner of Mill and Main 8t.,Slles, Ohio, loci's l71-ti. .T B. TIXER, Manufecturer and a Dealer la Gnus, Rifles, Pistols, Cutlery ng xacjtie, vui. Matenau, porting Appa atus, Sewing Machines, 4c, So. 8, Mar ket St, Warren. Ohio. 1Jb. 6 ItiTU-tf F. .BTTTCHTiea. 6. ltl'llJC, . K. BTDII. HUTCHESS, TCTTLE & STILL, Attorneys at Law, office over Smith A a uiuer Store, oorner of Main and Market Btreeta. Warren. Ohio. (Jan. 10. liSTJ-tf. . FOBTKB. W. r. POBTKB. S. W. F. PORTER, Dealers . in School and Miscellaneous Books, Stationary, Wall Papers, Periodicals, Pam phlets and Magazines, at the New York Book Store, Main Street, Warren, Ohio. W. D. watt. . V. J. BACXIT. ALL ft MACEET, Manufacturers of Harness and dealers in Saddlery urdware. Trunks. Valiaes. lYaveling Bags. Whips, Horse Blankets, Saddles and Fancy 8aaieryt r. o. 5, jiaxxet otroet, w ar. n. u. Jan.a.lS70. 7"ASHIXGT' HYDE, Attorney at y Law and Notary Public Office In the old Chronicle Office, Cnronlcle Buildi ng, Market St over Gates' Store. Jan 1, 173 WHITTLE SET AD ASS, Fire and Lite Insurance Agent, Warren, Ohio. Merchandize and other property Insured in the best Companies, on favorable terms; Farm property, isolated Dwellings, and their arniture insured for one, three and five yean. Office in MeCombs and Smith's Mock. "I 5. DAWS05, Mayor of the City I . of Warren, Civil Jurisdiction same as Justice of the Peace for tbe city, and crimi nal J urisdiction throughout city and county. Also agent for Cleveland Cement Sewer and drain Pipe of all sizes. (Jan 3. 1871. lRE5SEN ft GOIST'S X. L. C. R. f Carriage Works. Warren, Ohio, manu lurera f Carriages. Buggies, Wagons, fclelghs, and specialties. All orders from any part of the oountr piompUy aueoded to. Painting, Trimming and Repairing done to order on the shortest notice. South of Canal. Clan . i72. ADOLFHLS GRiTER, Dealer in M usical Merchandise of all descriptions, viz: Pianos, Organs, Melodeons, ioiins, GuitararAeoordeons,Ciaronelta, Flutes, Fifes, Drums, Piano-spreads, Piano-stools, Sheet musio. Music-books, Violin Strings, Guitar Strings, Ac, Ac Store in Webb's .block, over Porter's Book Store. JJai - 6 ltCO. TTARRE5 TEMPLE SO. 29 Honor and Temperance, meets at cor ner Main and Market Sta.4n tlus city, every Friday night. All desirous of aiding in pro moting the temperance cause, which Is the eause of God and humanity, are invited to attend with us. Social Temple meets every Tuesday eve ning. D. M. LAZARUS. W.CT.ji JOHS H. oLATER, W. R. Jan 10. lSTS-ly MB, A. P. MISER, Contractor of mail route No. 9189, running daily from uu.li vus to Burg Hill via K.inman, wishes to give noUoe to the public that he has pro Tided himself with a pleasant riding coach, and is now prepared to carry passengers and baggage lo all points on the route. Aug. 2-tSw. s. R. BECKWITH. Den- 7 . tiet. has Procured one of i the improved Surgeons' Cases, with the l.fnnid X i tmn OvlHe Gaa and It is, without doobt, the safest, surest aad moat rapid In Its eflefta and eli mination of any auaesthetie known. He will remain In Kinsman, at his office, until further nouos. joct.23. STMM05S & HE5XWGER, Auc Lloneers, will g v prompt attention to Bil eugagements .as Aaeuoneers. Will go out of city or county. Reasonable terms, ana satisfaction guaraateed. If desired. one or to Jth will attend sales. Office of S. Sim mons in King's Block. Office of W. Ben ningerln Buffalo Clothing Store, from this date till April 1st, 1S:2, without further no . tic. oct 8.1673-tf. JEXCHAIVGE BANK . . -OF FREEMAN & UUNT, WA&EEX, OHIO DEALERS TS t via, YTrtec tastera Exchange, raearreat Baak Mes,satsUiadir GOVEENMENT BONDS Lttest AAlMred on time Deposits. CoiteeiJoas an4 all business connected with Banking promptly attended to. REVENUE STAMPS FOR SALE March L 187L J. K. WOKSWICB. B. I.TWIS. SE5B F0S PRICE LIST. WORSWICK& LEWIS, CLEVELAND BRASS PIPE WORKS, Car. lerwla aaa Center hnk, Clerelsaa. 0.. Manufactnrers of and Dealers In Ttrtrught jrtm ripp, urun ru.iTuju ana uraxt rixxls. lor DkMil WW. , V .HU Ull. OtTlU and Eureka Hand Pumps. All kinds of Kteam ana Gaa ntung toois constantly on UU1T Z4. 1S72 Jvr. A VERY DESIRABLE HOUSE -CX.AKD LOT FOR SALE On BazettaSU. In the city of Warren, known as the Fearns property, iioose new, large ana conveni ent; excellent cellar, two good barns, and other out buildings all in good repair. Will 2 ??. 2- 5 ttrm;a. CaU at uie office of A- m 7' aret t or at the store -.v-...I.MiaBi1 lap, w-tr. A TTACHMEXT KOTTfTT! On the 17th day of Dec 1872. at my ln atanee. an order of Attachment was Issued by Jefferson Palm, a Justice of the Peace of Warren, township. Trnmbail Co. asainHt JB.W wa aa B vu. D, lUiWj A W V tlUt fj JWJ Jan. 8. 1873- V, 8. BOLIX, j at A $30,000.00 IN PREMIUMS! Are offered to Agent for procuring Clubs for the CZ.VCJ.VJVAIJ WEEKLY GAZETTE. Is a thirty-six column paper, and cod talus mirty-iour columns oi reading matter. It is devoted to 5ca, Llterstara. Pslltlm, Arriraltara, Com- rrre, ass sji staer sssjerts ar la teral M ths acoale. A s an agricultural paper the WifJHu Go- trttc can not be surpassed. Thousands of farmers and housekeepers contributed to mis department aurmg the past year. The Gazette is the Leading- Repnbll can Sewspaper of the Tf est. And has the largest circulation of any Re- puuiiua paper west oi tn mountains. AGESTS WASTED EVERYWHERE Bend for Premium List, etc toCiN. Gazrts iAj.,t.incinnati.- loci Zd. .una. T?XAMOATI0XS 0FTEACHEBS. JJjUntil farther notice, there will be an examination of teachers at tbe Hluh School building in Warren, on tbe first Saturday of every month during tne year, excepting that during the mouths of April and Sep tember, there will be an examination on each succeeding f-aturday, as follows: First Saturday, Payne's Corners; second, Jobnston; tuird, Bristol; fourth. Warren. Notice is hereby given of the adoption of the following ruie,whicn will oe strictly aanered to; "Alt certificates hereafter granted by bis Board, shall be dated on the day of examination, except that In special cases for good reason, certificates may be dated back, but in no case beyond the date of tbe previous examination..' By order of the Board, GEO. P. HTOTER, Clerk Warren. O. Feb. 7 ls73-lyr. CITY MEAT MARKET HE undersigned would res pectfully announce to tbe citi zens of Warren and the vicinity that he has opened a Meat Market on Lib erty Street opposite E. K. Wisell s Carriage Factory, where he Intends to keep eo nstanfc I on band, all kinds of fresh meats, and oi as good quality as the country will afford. I have employed the services of a good butch er who has had long experience in the busi ness, and who will always be on hand to at tend to tbe wants of all customers. All or ders left for meats In the evening will be vromptly attended to. If desired can be de livered at their residences, or kept in re frigerator till called on. une2. 1870-u LEMUEL DRAT IiIVBRY Boarding and Sale Stable. THE. undersigned having purchased the Interest V Peter Fnlk In the new sta ble at the rear of the National House, are prepared to accommodate Uielr patrons with new equipages, of all varieties, single and double, all ox the newest styles and Onlnisu. Is all In good conditk-n, and will be let at reasonable rates. Hearse and carriages fur nished for funerals. The best of care given to boarding stock. BART'JKTT UEKZOil. May 2i. iiCl-" JN0. P. DEAN, Importer and Wholesale Dealer In HARDWARE. X. 81 Wsed Street, PlUsbargk, Ta. American, English and German Cutlery, Spencer NictioLon Files; Disston's Saws, and Boynton's Lightning Saws; Beatty's A Yerke's 4Pinmb a Hatchets; Kastern Manu factures and Pittsburgh Novelty Locks and Latches; Mann's, Lipplneott's and GrafTs Axes; Ames anu itowianas bnoveis; ttisck- sniibos 1.001s; unio 1001 jo.'s planes; coll Trace and other chains; New London W. B, Globe, National and other Horse Nails : Fire Irons. Stands, Shovels and Pokers; Practical Clothes Wringers, and a full line of general Hardware at the invest Market Eatr. Agents for Park Bros. & Co.' HteeL uctra, isiz-om. CHARLES WILSONS' 0YSTI.R DEPOT, Grocery & Provision Store Foot of Main St., Warren, Ohio. OYSTERS! Maltby's C. 8. Bad H. A M. Onrtm Marvin's Superior Crackers and ixkw hoi quality Water Crackers. CrossABlackwell's bugusn pickles. Sardines, etc Oysters by can, half can, or served In tbe best style, Raw. Slewed or Fried. A good stock of" GROCERIES, PROVISIONS and CONFECTIONARY. Thankful for past favors, I will do my be, to please all who may give me a call. CHARLES WILSON. Sov.5.187S-lyr PACIFIC RAILWAY. Ths Americas. Overland AJ1 Rail Boots to Lawrence, Wilson, Topeka, - Bunker Hill, Wamego, Fossil, Manhattan, Hays, Erie, Longmont, Central Cltv, Colored Springs Idaho Snrinvs. unction city, rails' nuunic . .list. vreeiey, Solomon, Carson, vans, Salina Denver, Plaitsvllle Brookvllle, Georgetown, Cheyenne. " Ellsworth. Golden City, Salt Lalfe City And all Points In Kansas, Colorado, the Territories AND THE PACIFIC COA8TS ICQ XUes the Shortest Line from Kansas 100 City to Denver. OI O Miles the Shortest Line to Pueblo ,01V Trinidad. Santa Fe, and all points in New Mexico and Arizona. SO FEBBIES! 10 0XXIBTS TR138FEE! Tbe Great Elvers are all Bridged. Only Line running ears through wlthon change from tbe Missouri River to Denver. Only line running Pullman Palace Cars to Denver. Only lice upon which yon can see tb Buffalo. Don't fall to take a trip through Kansas, and view the great advantages ottered for a home. Everybody in search of health orpleasnre should make an excursion over the Kansas Pacific Railway. Close connect ions made In Union Depot Kansas City and Leavenworth, with all trains to and from the East, North and South. EDM'D S. BOWEN, Gen. Supt, BEVERLEY R. KEIM, Gen. Ticket and Pass. Agent. Ssxsaaisj City JVXo. July 31 . 72-lr The most Wonderful DUcorerj of the 19tk Century Ir. S. t). Howe's ARABIAN MILK-CURTE, For Consumption and all dliesies of ths THROAT, CHEST, ASI) LCXGS. (The only Medicine or the kind in the world) substitute lor Cod Liver Oil. Permanent ly cores Asthma, Bronchitis, Incipient Con st nipt ion, boss of Voice,Shortnessof Breath, Catarrh, Croup, Coughs, Colds, Ac, In a few days, like ulagic Price Si per bottle ; six orfd, Also, ZDx-. JS. TJ.UOWE'S Arabian Tonic Blood-Purifier. Which differs from all other preparations In its immediate action upon the LIFER, KIDNEYS AND BLOOD. It Is purely vegetable and cleanses the sys tem of all im purities, builds 11 right np, and makes Pure, Rich Blood. It cares Scrofu lous Diseases of all kinds, removes Consti pation, and regulates the Bowels. For "General Debility " "Lost Vitality" and Broken-down Constitutions, I "chal lenge the lVtb Century" to find Its equal. Every Bottle Is worth its weight in Gold. Try It ! Price SI per Bottle, 6 bottles, la. Sold wholesale and retail, by HOYT & SPEAR, Druggists, WARREN, OHIO. General Agents for Trumbull County. DR. 8. D. HOWE, Sole Proprietor, Nov 6. 1872-3mo. Il Chambers St.. N. T. CATTLE FOR SALE, FOR SALE six (6) yoke of work cat tie. In good condition and well broken. .aqutre of E. M. Zealand. Fowler, Trumbull ounty, where cattle can be seen. DELAMATEK BRO. Cu. Jan. 8. 1873-Zt QDADRILL, MUSIC. Kirst class Musio furnished for Qua nxLii Parties on reasonable terms. Enquire oi or address J. . uiiMfji, in care of Jamas Reed A 8ons, Warren, O., orR. , Harris, under 1st National Bank, Warren, )ec ll-2mos to in er as in at A of THE CHRONICLE. For the Chronicle. A STORY OF THE UNDER-GROUND RAILWAY. Nearly forty years ago, bwfore the advent of locomotives in tbii region with their Ions tralm of cars rattling around the hills and through the val leys, with their huge loads of freight and car-loads of passengers, another species of rail way was in vogue, which served its day and generation with less noise and bustle, and without the iron track or iron horse of our modern road. Trains were usually ran at niebt, except in rare cases, and at ir regular intervals, as tbe necessities of the patrons oi tee route mtirnt require. Traveling was not rapid, nor always safe for passengers or conductors ; but was subject to a different class of acci dents, however, from ordinary rail way travel, wnicn occasionallv Dtit a 6top to ail business for a time on these lines. They are said to have alwavs run toward the north star, from whatever rpoint they may have started. An other peculiarity being that tbe travel al ways appeared to be tending in one direction tne soutnward bound cars seldom, if ever, containing any pass engers. JS ear the period mentioned, a train containing a sable son of Africa, with his wife and child, was approaching a new made station on a line of the road running through No. 5. First Range. These natives or the "Old Domin ion " having tasted the bitterness of unrequited servitude, and beinz soon to be sold to the southern traders, hav ing heard of Canada, tbe land of Ca naan to the bondsman of the South at that tim-, with many fears and anx ieties b ide adieu to tha scenes of their childhood, having no knowledge of the world save what little was con tained within tbe visible horizon which formed tbe boundary of their late homes, had succeeded in eluding their pursuers, crossing the river, arM bad found friends who were aiding them in their journey to the north ward The farm-house, bathed in the soft moonlight or an autumnal midnight, was surrounded bv orchards heavilv laden with the fruitage of the year, whose fragrance was even noticeable to the passer-by. In the neighboring field, the long rows of plethoric shocks of corn, standing like grim veterans ready to repel tne onslaught of hun ger and cold from the farmer's herds, when they should be called into requi sition during tbe following winter. Tbe nodding of the trees as they swayed in the' midnight breeze was all that seemed to detract from the stillness of tbe hour. The farm-house with its surroundings formed a quiet rural picture not unpleasing to the ye. Soon, however, the barking of the house dog gave notice of intruders at an anusual hour. The inmates were aroused, the pass-word "For Liberty," was given, and the passeegera were soon safely stowed away in a loft of the barn, and the train returned to the station from which it had started. The day ioliowing passed as usual, the household being engaged in the affairs pertinent to farm life; a cle observ er might however have noticed some hurried consultations at intervals dur ing the day, and the disappearauce of eatables in an unusal direction might have excited some surprise. As the evening advanced, the in mates oi tne iarm-nouse retired as usual, aud a look of quiet dfcoruiu pervaded the place. A little before mianient, however, a heht in th kitchen might have beea seen, show ing that some one was astir, and the sable inmates of the loft crept stealth ily irora ineir- retreat. " uid Gray " meanwhile bad been hitched to a light waguu buu urougut to me oacs: door, tbe bundle containinir their worhllv goods was placed on board, and tbe travelers too& their seats ready for an other night journey toward the north momeut later a delicate maiden of some fourteen summers appeared, and took her seat on the train, of which she was to be engineer, brakesman and conductor a new and nntriH field of duty, which stronger arms ana oiaer neaas ICuugnt best to avoid. At the word of command from our little maid, " Old Gray " started, and our train, wilh its load of passengers, slowly and silently, but surely, moved the northward. Ourconductorcol lected neither fare nor tickets; the dead-head " system prevailed on these routes ; they paid neither cash nor crip dividends. Our little train moved onward, while the Polar Star frem his home in the frozen North looked down in his clear, cold way in mild approval, as be had often done before, giving hope of lib erty and freedom in other lands to Afric's sons and daughters which was not vouchsafed to them at that time this boasted land of liberty, " The home of the free, and the land ef the brave." Low mutterings in tbe west soon gave promise of a storm of wind and rain, as a finale to the aultrv ,iava which had preceded the night to which we refer : louder and v ; loud grew the distant thunderj sintbe west; mgner ana nigner erew the pile of dark and murky clouds, while iue iignininga ntiui glare revealed some of the unpleasant features of the lass, wnicn bad been undertaken. The tush was applied and our train moved rapidly toward another farm-house station, a few miles to tbe northward. The storm clouds still rolled onward and upward, while Vulcan was dis charging his heaviest thunderbolts, if to deter our youthful conductor from the line of duty laid out for her self; chain lightning flashed from the zenith to the nadir, revealing for a momentsurroundingobjects, then fol lowed by a darkness that could be seen and fell. The pattering of the rain drops, premonitory of tbe shower to come, warned our conductor that no time was to be lost. Faithful "Old Gray " was doing her best ; the sta tion was already in sight ; a moment later, and the farm-house was reached; the panting, foaming, sweating horse uau uuue iui uuiy, ana aotie it well. A slight rap at the door from which no fleeing bondsman ever soueht food and (shelter in vaia was quickly an swered ; all was explained in a word ; a few moment, the conductor, the passengers, and-"Old Gray" were cared for, but none too soon to avoid the fury of the storm. One nour later, the storm having passed away, the train started on iU return trip, without passengers or freight. The weary miles wer passed over without adventure, without even meeting a belated traveler on his homeward way. J ust as the golden orb of day was gilding the east with rosy streaks of morning light, while Orion and other heroes of old. with their troDhies around them, looked down from their home in tbe skies through the cold damp and frosty airof a lata autumnal morning, our little heroine, the con ductor of cur train, passed in at the familiar gate. Her place was vacant the morning meal something very unusual but no questions were akd. few hours later, however, our little maid was found at her household du ties as usual, sineinir as pailv anrl blithely as ever, all unconscious of the bravery of the deed she had dona. It is now thought by some eminent railway engineers that the true ad vantage of the broad gauge would have been in using rails two or three times heavier than the ordinary rails, and engfues In proportion, so as to be able to make- a running time that would absolutely defy the competition the common gauge railroads. a it a it it of an us CHRISTMAS AND CHRISTMAS EVE. BY HENRY WARD BEECHER. I was not myself brought up.amontr the Litchfield hills of Connecticut, to know anything about Christmas or Christmas Eve. I have but one recol lection of my youth in connection with Christmas. I remember that on one snowy night, by some cnance, I had been to Gov. Walcott's house, and that as I walked back I passed the little box that was called the Epis copal Church. The door was open, the light shone out, and I could see tbe evergreens that bad been put in side, and hear tbe music of the choir, who were practicing in preparation for the Christmas services. I stood wistful, and with a vague curiosity, looking in, and wondering what sort of folks these Episcopal Church peo ple were. Fori supposed there was no otner religion except that which my tatter loosed after ! 1 bat was re 1 ill ion I knew, right up and down, and from top to bottom ! That that was the true doctrine, and the whole of it I bad not a doubt. And for those people who had the columns in their cburcn twined witn green, ana naa such services, I had a feeling of mixed wonder and pity. 1 bat i about all that I knew of Christmas in my you a ger days. I never beard anybody speak of it. It was not known in the bouse or my rather, for a .Puritan or the Puritans was he. I think I must have been more than thirty years old before it occurred to me that Cftiristmas was a day on wb ich even to stop and think. And yet, now that I come to reflect upon it, 1 r , . i. . : . t j . i : j .1 leei lust lb 1H B uuy to ue aeiaeu, auu the evening which is a precursor to tbe day Itself is to be seized, and turn ed to appropriate uses, if for no other reason lor tbis simple one, that wnen the whole world, with a few fragmen tary exceptions, are making a grand march of joy toward the Orient, it is a xbame for any to lag or be strag glers. W ben tne sun went down in itns- sia, millions ana minions were elec trified with one common historic tho't. And when the sun came hitherward to Europe, from the blue Mediterra nean to the frozen zones, everywhere was that same thought. And as still onward the sun came toward old Eng land, and thence over the sea toward our shores, in its passage casting its rays upon the ships that carried their Chrstian passengers, tbe same tho't was in every mind. And now that it has come to us. throughout thelength and breadth of tbe land, north- and south, east and west, and in all de nominations, there is this general turning of the hearts or all grown people and children to tbe great cen ter of our faith, the Lord Jesus Christ. And for one, I cannot consent to see the whole world inspired by a uni versal remembrance of him, and not have any share in it. It is immaterial whether we nave found tbe right day or not. We have found a day when all men walk to getber. The exact time may have been six niontbs earner or sixmontns later: but that is not important. Our Saviour is in heaven, tie has risen. We are not worshiping a figment. We are not worshiping the shredded skiu of some past event. We are simply uniting with all Christians tbe world over, on one day in tnree bun- dred ana sixty-nve, in common thoughts, and common feelings and common joys. Uod be t nan tea lor the occasion which once in the year makes the Greek church all one. We are to-night one in rejoicing: one in gratitude to God for the gift of Jesus; one in a kind or mystic, pleasing, yet sad reminiscence. That state of mind which we do not analyze is ofteu sweeter to us than that which we do. The vague' risings of our- thoughts sometimes are like films and mists which do not become clouds, but whic form scarfs, as it were, on the hill-eide. and gleam back tbe mor ningand evening sun tooureye. And these imaginations aud associations how sweet they are ! We have them to-night in common with the whole Ubrlstian world. And nothing Is more beautiful to me than the habit of extending greet- tinirs and kind welcomes to each otber. These salutations amount to but little. It does not change a sordid mao into generous man to say. A merry Christmas to you !" A selfish man is not changed into a benevolent man because he dispenses a certain number or guts, acme or wbicn arecneap.ana some of which are dear. Neverthe less, it does have an effect on tbe aver age of men, taking one year with an other, on the anniversary of the ad vent of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ to feel that this is a time to lay aside business and greet each otber socially, and exchange gifts. And as to this matter of gifts, it is a thine for every one to manage for himself. Your early education, your circumstances and your feeling, are things that are to be taken into the account. As for myself, I do not rec ollect ever to have had a Christmas gift in life until after I was so old that did not make much difference whether I had gifts or not. My edu cation was neglected in this regard; and I shall not be able to remedy tbe defect. I never heard of Santa Claus when I was a boy. I never hung up stocking in my life. I feel bad about to tbis day. i5ut It is too late to begin now. I never went to bed with that kind of exhilarating wonder aud excitemeut and half-laughter and half fun that multitudes of boys and girls go to bed with every Christmas tve. I never felt tbat tbere was any night in the year that was my night, when my parents had got to come to my terms any bow, and serve me with some gift or appropriate enjoyment. And early education goes a great way such things. To some of you how diff erent is your memory of childhood from mine in una respect : In the Louvre, in Paris, you can stand and look through open doors into one department, aud another, ' and another, till the eye is lost in dim perspective. And the open doors of the lives of some persons are Christ mas daysrand they look tbrough those days clear back to tbe periods of their earliest remembrance. And how much fuller is the memory of treasures than the Louvre is of magnificence! Blessed are they that have laid in a great store of them. While, then, we Keep Christmas day, and the evening tbat preludes it, with the whole Christian world, by sober thoughts and proper observan ces, it should likewise be our thought to Keep tnem witn tne nousenoia. ir the church has occasion to remember the birth ot Christ with gladness, the family, above all other institutions in the world, has occasion to give God thanes for tbe birth or Christ on every recurring Christmas, it has profited therefrom more than any other insti tution more than tbe State; more than the Church; more than every thing else. And if our affections are not Dnrified: if our iovs are not sweet ened; if our social affections are not broadened; if tbe chain that connects us one to another is not strengthened. will not be because tbe influence has not been provided which Las led to these consummations from age to age. Christian brethren, while, then, we take this view, which la the popular one; while we make Christmas a day unbroken gladness, and exchange social festivities and greetings, let us uavo vu, iw auu uu. -mui , undertone to our joy; a deep moral sentiment to our affections. Let us remember that our Saviour was pre dicted to come, aud did come, to save from our sins. And it might be worth our while to begin to ask now far, in respect to ourselves individually, this promise has been fulfilled, that he should 'save his people from their sins.' In what regard has the grace of God restrained us? In what respects have we been cleansed ? What habit has been weak ened that should be eradicated ? What right tendency has been lifted up that before was thrown down ? What spir itual element has been made regnant that had to be introduced as an exotic into our nature? How far has the promise that Christ should bring great joy and hope to tne worm been lul filled to us? "He shall save his people from tbslr sins.' What other thing could be promised that would be so sweet to us, or tbat would fill our hearts with such delight if it migbt be accomplished 7 jut to how few has it been accomplished ! Who does not at times say, "Who shall deliver me from the body of tbis death?" Who does not often have occasion to mourn bis infirmity, his transgression, and, abt ve all, tbe con trolling influence of tbe appetites and passions in his nature? And is tbere a Saviour revealed to redeem n rrom these? And is tbis the anniversary, the remembering day of that Saviour? Let not one of us who are named with hiB name, and who have hope in his love, forget to celebrate the coming of mm wbo came, not lor our joy alone, but to save us from our sins. And is it not a good time now to review our experience, and see how the work of grace has gone with us ? Is it not a good time to set in order before our own minds our actual con ditions, and to measure our disposi tions by the law of love as it is given to us in the New Testament? Is it not a good time to throw open the heart and say to the Lord Jesus Christ, "Let tby advent be here and to me?" And if there are any who are not Christ's, if they would be wise, let them behold where that Btar shines which the wise men sought, brighter now to them than ever star was tbat hung in the heavens; and let them follow it till it conies and stands over the place where the young child Jesus lies. Tbere let them find their king. And though their king be like a child, it shall be a Prince and a Saviour to them. Is it not a good time to take hold of tbe past, aud to take hold bravely upon tbe future? My dear friends, I wish yon not only a merry Cbristman.but a pure-hearted Christmas; a Christmas filled with more earnest purpose; with more hu mility; with more consecration to tbe work of God; with more patience un der your buTdens; with more haired of your sins; with more gentleness one toward another; with more kind ness toward those wbo are dependent upon you. I pray that God may, by Jesus Christ, save you from yoursius, aud add to your virtue; and that you may abound in it more and mote un to the end. ; SCRUTABLE PROVIDENCES. When, the other day, a juror in one of tbe WestPeld suits refused to award damages against the steamboat com pany, on the ground that the disaster could have happened only by the di rect win or uod, ana was simply an inscrutable Providence, the communi ty heard him with a supprersed titter which, if it implied tolerance for his convictions, Implied equal contempt for bis understanding. or it was patent to every mind but his own tbat a worn-out Doner must expioue at tbe very instant when all condi tions favored that catastrophe, and that the men who knew that that in stant was imminent, yet hourly soli cited travellers to a possible deatb, were morally guilty, not only of criminal neglect and deceit, but of murder. But many candid men, who saw clearly the accountability oftbe West- field owners and managers, shake their heads just now oyer what seems to them a really mysterious visnation of God the Persian famine. And be cause all great and inexplicable cal amities pain loving hearts.and sadden if they do not obscure the faith of many sob Is, it seems worth while to look a moment at this subject of In scrutable Providences. Here is this case of the Persian famine. For unknown years the Per sians have been cutting on tbeir trees, and diminishing tbeir rainfall there by, rvay, not only bas the removal of the forests decreased the supply, but it bas wasted whatever rain fell For the roots of tbe trees, and of all the innumerable shrubs and bushes and vines and ferns that thrive In tbeir shadow, keep the ground open and held the water in countless natu ral wells for the nse of tbe soil in droughts. But all the undergrowth dying when its protecting forests were felled, tne scanty snowers percolated into tbe streams at once, causing rare floods and freouent droughts. The droughts yielded no harverts, and no harvests were followed by pestilence. fan-ine and death. Now, for tbrte years no rain has fallen on the blis tered fields, and a nation apparently is dying. The very first drought was the kindly warning ef Heaven against tbe violation or natural laws. Men were too heedless or too ignorant to accept it; and tbe sins of the fathers are to-day visited on the children, not In tbe vengeance or an awful Power, but in th discipline ot relentless law. Is not this a Providence so scrutable that he who runs may read ? When. In Chicago, a nighta fire undid a generation's toil, spreading misery aud death broadcast, was tbat horror in the least degree inexplica ble? Every man who, within thirty years, had put up"a wooden house in city whose familiar breezes were gales, and whose galea were hurri canes, solicited tbat ra'.n of tire. They wbo, hasting to be ricb, lell into tbe snare of cheap and dangerous buil dings, digged, every man, a pit for his neighbor's feet as well as for his own. Tbe inscrutable aspect or tbe calamity was tbat it bad not come years before. And the providential les son would seem to be that laws of matter are laws of God, and cannot be violated with impunity. When tbe earthquake wellnigh swallowed up Peru, five or six years ago, men stood agbast at tbe mysteri ous dispeusation. Hut Heaven bss not only always declared tbat tropical countries are liable to earthquakes. but bad taught tbe Peruvians through hundreds of years to expect two eartn- rjakes in a century, travelling in cyclts from forty to sixty years apart. The citizens of Africa have not only this general instruction, but that spe cial warning which Nature always gives. A great light appeared to the south-east. Hollow sounds were heard. The dogs, tbe goats, even tbe swine, foresaw the evil, and hid them selves. But the simple men passed on and were punished. Before the Alpine freshets come, the streams are coffee-colored. Even the tornadoes of the tropics, which are instantaneous in tbeirswoop, so plain ly announce themselves to old sailors. tbat they reef sails and save ship and life, while only the heedless perish. The simoon gives such certain and in variable warnings that the caravan is safe if it be wary. Herculaneum and Pompeii were built too fur up the mountain. And tbat tbe builders knew quite as well as the excavators of the splendid ruins know It now. But they chose to take the risk. And to-day their cheerful compatriots gather tbeir heedless vin tage and sit beneath their perilous vines still nearer to the deadly crater. St. Petersburg has been three times inundated, and after each most fatal calamity processions filled the streets and masses were said to propitiate the mysterious anger of God. peter the Great, who built the city, was tbe suc cessor of Canute. He ordered the Gulf of Kronstadt to retire, and then set down his capital lu the swamps of tbe verge of the Neva. Whenever the river breaks up with tbe spring-floods the trembling citizens are at tbe sea in a bowl. Only three times bas the bowl broken, so much money and skill have been expended upon it. But when a March gale shall drive the tide back upon the river, swollen and terrible with drifting ice, drowned St. Petersburg will be the pendant for burning Chicago. Modern science has brought tbe wonu a nitn gospel, in it we read that Got commands us to give him our r bole heads as well as our whole hearts, jot that e cannot know him nor obey him till we discern him in every minutest fact, and every immu table law of the physical universe, as In every tact and law of the moral. It is barely two hundred years since the great Cotton Mather preached a famous sermon cnlled "Burnings Be wailed," wherein be attributed a ter rible conflagration to the wrath of God kindled against Sabbath-breaking and the accursed fashion of mon strous periwigs ! For years after his time tbe Puritan colonies held fasts for mildew, for small-pox. for cater pillars, for grasshoppers, for loss of cattle by cold ana visitation oi cod. They saw an Inscrutable Providence in all these things. But. when their children had learned a better husban dry and better sanitary conditions, the "visitations" ceased. In the perfect providence of God there are no surprises. If there seem to be, it is that we have suffered our selves to be taken unawares. We must work out our own salvation. Tbe book of natural phenomena is opened wide before every man, and he is set to learn it for his own good. If he will not study it tbrough rever ence and love, he is taught it through pain. But the pain itself is tbe bene ficence of a perfect law, and it is a constant testimony to the goodness and tenderness of God that calamity not less than prosperity is a Scru table Providence. CArwfian Union. WAITING FOR THE VERDICT. Closing Scenes of the Stokes Trial. [From the New York Herald, Jauary 5.] During the long hours waiting for tbe verdict the court room was not more than half crowded. Tbe ladies related to Stokes' family, all dressed in deep mourning, were grouped to gether sitting on chairs, and above, thechandtller burned brightly with its u.any lamps. Some few persons had gone to sleep on tbe upper benches. and here and there an officer of tbe Court utrolled around and cazed va cantly at the- ceiling. The reporters scribbled without purpose on tbe fly sheets, and conversed with each other about tbe incidents of the trial. The Judge's seat was vacant, as he bad gone to dinner at either Delmonlco's or tbe Astor House, and it was ru mored that the counsel for Stokes and Beac1), Fullerton and Fellows were dining with him. In the Supreme- court Chambers tbe prisoner, Edward S. Stokes, and his cousins, alter, Ibomas and Henry Htokes, were conversing and walking to and rro. STOKES SEEMED MORE SANGUINE. than he bas been at any time since his imprisonment. So sanguine was be tbat half an hour before tbe Jury came in with their verdict, Henry Stokes, his cousin had a bail bond made out so as to give bail immedi ately on the possible disagreement of tbe jury. A little before tea o'clock a sumptuous banquet was prepared for the jury in the Supreme Court Chambers. A long table was set, covered bv a white cloth, on which was spread game, fowl, and all the delicacies of tbe season. The jury ata a hearty and pleasant meal, occupy ing twenty minutes or so at their sup per. They then went back to the jury room aud were locked up again by Valentine. In tbe meantime dis cussion was rife in the Court among the audience, nearly all present can va.-8ing the situation and the probabli result of the deliberations of tbe jury The nervousness which Stokes dis played while waiting for the verdict on his lormer trial was all gone. He seemed elated with tbe consciousness that the deliberations oftbe Jury would either set him free, or else'jjive him an oportunity to give bail on accountof their disagreement, blokes took light supper at a quarter to ten. A dozen oysters on the half shell were brought to him. He ate four or five ; the rest were left lying on their shells. Neither Ibe father or mother of Stokes fortunately, as the sequel will show, was present at the delivery of the verdict, w bile waiting ror tne verdict the ladies connected with Stokes' family, all of whom appeared to belong to tne highest ranK or soci ety, seemed to be in deep trouble and anxiety, and ever and anon would look at tbe clock and again at tbe door through which the jury were lo pass to their seats. Stokes kept on smoking, and his younger brother, Horace, who has been so faithful and steadfast to bim tbrough the varied vicissitudes of both trials, seemed far more anxious than tbe prisoner bimseir. At a Quar ter post eleven o'clock there was- ob senable in the Court, among the vaiciug audience, tbat premonitory bustle and confused humming which always noticeable when a long ex pected event Is about to take place. First came Mr. Sparks, the Clerk. from an inner room followed by the officers of the Court, wbo pushed chairs aside and made a passage way for tbe jurymen. Then came me jurymen's attendant, who opened tbe door oi tne box. alter wnicn followed the prisoner, looking as un daunted as ever, and surrounded by his friends and relations. These lat ter took seats faeing the jury box. Tbe Judge then entered and took his stat on the bench. At this moment i THE TWELVE JURYMEN filed in. looking very grave, and pres eutly they took their seats. As they passed in it was noticeable that but one man out or tbe twelve looKed at the prisoner ; all the rest seemed to avoid a glance at his face. There was a dead silence in tbe Court. Tbere was no need to ask what tbeir verdict would be. It was imprinted In the lines or a EVERY MAN'S FACE OF THE TWELVE. First they answered severally to their names, and then tne judge. In the usual manner; said, "Gentlemen, have you agreed upon a verdiet?" Foreman of the jury (rising) We have. Mr. Sparks Gentlemen of the jury. rise. Prisoner, stand up. Gentle men of thejury, look upon the prison er. Prisoner, look noun the jury. Whatsayyou, gentlemen of thejury? uo you nna tne prisoner at tne oar, Edward 8. Stokes, guilty or not ? a THE VERDICT. Foreman of the 'Jury Guilty of murder in tne nnt aegree. : At the moment that these words passed the lips of the foreman, tbere arose in the court such a terrible, piercing wail from one of theyoang ladies dressed In deep mourning, tbat seeaied to eurdl tile blood of every mani and woman iff court.'' None who heard it will ever forget IU The yoong lady'whb uttered, this cry-Jel forward wlU her fhee.proneon tbesboiilder of the' prisoners - Horace ; Stokes, tie brother, burst Into tears, and all his friends and relations by one impulse, they clustered around him, seemed terribly affected, Thejury were then polled at tbe re quest of Mr. Townsend, one of the prisoner's counsel. When asked by the Clerk if they all agreed upon tbe verdict, they answered, separately, Yes." Some of the responses could not be heard ten feet from where they stood. As the twelfth man answered Yes," is in STOKES ROSE SLOWLY, and, facing Mr. Beach, one of tbe counsel for tbe prosecution, and who had at one time been a counsel for Mr. RfAkea in a civil case. aaid. alowlv and deliberately. " Well. Sir. Beach. I must say you have done your work well. I hope you have oeen well paid lor it." Then Stokes sat down. Mr. Beach did not reply ; but his face turned a little away from the prisoner. Mr. Fellows, the Acting District At torney, rose, and, addressing the Judge, asked that SENTENCE BE PASSED upon the prisoner at the bar. As Mr. Fellows sat down, Mr. Ly man Tremain, tbe able and learned counsel for the defense, wbo bad been sitting by a table with his head bowed in his hand, stood up and said : " Youi Honor,' I hope you will not think it necessary to pass sentence at this late hour of the night. Would it not be' better to wait till Monday morning?" Judge Boardman I see no absolute nee- ssity for passing sentence- to night, and I see no impropriety in acting on the counsel's suggestion. I will therefore defer sentence until Monday morning. District Attorney Fellows then ad dressed the Coui t in an explanatory manner, and stated that Messrs, Beach and Fullerton had not been employed by Mr. Fisk'a family, and tbat they had been employed ty the county to assist in the prosecution. Stokes (rising suddenly and Inter rupting) Mr. Fellows, state that THEY WERE HIRED BY JAY GOULD. Please state that. There was an Intense sensation in court at this moment, and Mr. Fel lows then resumed his address, stating tbat he was glad to retire from an of fice where for three years he bad been accusiomed to witness such scenes of suffering and sorrow as he had wit nessed to-night. The Court then DISCHARGED THE JURY. with thanks for their attendance and for the courtesy they had shown him during the progress of the trial. Then tbe audience began to move, and Stokes, wbo showed a firm manner. conversed with the sobbing ladles and his otber fnends. Again as Stokes stood up to leave the court, be spoKe outeriy to jur. Beach. He said, as he rose : Mr. Beach, you should be well satisfied with your work, and I hope you are satisfied, for you did it well." Mr. Beach (excitedly) No, no- Mr. Stokes, I am not satisfied with my work. Tben Stokes' friends gathered about him. and got between bim and Beach, as it was feared tbat a collision might take place. Mr. Tremain got up to leave tbe court with Stokes, and as he did, one. of the jurors, a small, dark- featured man, with a bign bat, leaned forward over thejury box and said to Mr. Tremain: " Well, Mr. Tremain, I hope that you do not feel any way bad against us, as we tried to do our duty, i am sure you did yours, and worked as hard for Stokes as if be was your own son Mr. Tremain I hare nothing to say ; but how did you stand on tbe jury 7 Juryman Well, I do not think have anv right to state that. sir. District-Attorney Fellows O, there is no barm ; now it is all over you mu sneak your mind. Juryman- Well, we stood on going out, ten for conviction and two for ac quittal Mr. Dos Passos (one of Stokes coun sel) Yes, and those two gave in like cravens and cowards, (bensation.) Stokes (to the jurymen) Why, you don t mean to tell me, as nonesi men that anv of vou believed in the testi raony of that scoundrel Hart ? Why, I am sure there is not one man ef the twelve believed in his heart what he said or did. I know how it is. Eve ryone has been humbugged by false aud perjured testimony, oougnt ana paid for. Tbat is the truth, so help me God, at tbis solemn moment." Here District Attorney Fellows came forward and said : . " Ed., I hope you havo no hard feel -ings against me, I did only my duty, and did not try to exceed it, as coo made me." Mr. Fellows was weeping at this moment, and every person in court was crushing and pushing right and left at tbis moment. Col. Fellows, as he made his last remark, offered his hand to Stokes, who refused it and said : All right. Fellows : I hear all you say, and I suppose you think it's all right, but a verdict given on perjurea testimony is a villaoy that no one will countenance never, never as long as tbe world stands.'' Here the court was cleared by the policemen, wbo behaved as if they were in a riot ; and, a passage having been made. Stokes walked out of the court, arm in arm with Mr. Tremain, and followed by the sobbing ladies, who clustered around him aud held his hands as if they would never let g of him. And thus ends the second act of this tbe most exciting of mod ern criminal trials. Stokes was taken down to tbe cell in tbe Tombs, accom panied by Deputy Sheriff Shields. [From the N. Y. Herald, Jan. 6] At twelve o'clock precisely on Sat urday night Edward S. Stokes re-entered tbe Tombs a condemned felon, on tbe very anniversary of the day of the week on which he committed the deed which may send him to a felon's deatb. THE MENTAL ANGUISH OF STOKES. The keeper saw him lying on the UCU, WUIUIJ IS UU L II O iSJWU v, mo ttll, bis face concealed in tbe pillow, and evidently laboring ander the most se vere mental depression. For hours he never stirred, and at the promen jt v. : t. : .. t. .;.!.. rt hi. mII ade time of the prisoners refused to leave his cell to take his customary walk. He did not weep, for when he turned up his face at the question of the keeper, whether he wanted to go out, his eyes were not red, but his face was haggard and his look was tbat of man wbo was undergoing the very extremity of mental anguish, and only wished to be left alone to plunge him self in it to the fullest extent possi ble. The keener in the orison are main ly of opinion that Stokes bas deserved bis rate, as lnoeea is tne general puo lic outside. It is generally considered tbat this conviction of a murderer is wholesome lesson, and will do more to rid the community of murderers and cut-tbroats than any dozen otber convictions could have done. Ana yet tbe keepers feel an innate sympa thy for him begotten of bis quiet ways and his gentle behavior since he has been in the Tombs. The keeper told the Herald reporter that he had heard Stokes say in conversation about a week or so ago that if he should be convicted of murder he would never hang, but would find some means of committing suicide in preference to a public and ignominious death. This tbe general opinion tbat be will at tempt something of the kind, and un less a.veiy severe watch Is kept over him he may succeed. It is intended, view of tbis, and also considering the large number of murderers now the prison, to increase the force of keepers, and place such a watch upon them all that no such thing may hap pen. Stokes still Inhabits tbe cell on tne second tier of the Tombs which be has lived la ever since he has been placed in the prison. But to-day, at early hour, a number of tbe women tbe place will be put to work to n up the famous cell No. 5, which has been the dwelling place of all our cel ebrated criminals from the time they were sentenced until tbe hour of tbeir death, or their delivery to a lighter fate. This pell is on Murderers' row, on the ground floor, and the last who inhabited it was Foster, who was niaced in another cell since he suc ceeded In getting his stay of proceed ings. Here Stokes will live for the next few weeks, either until his death on tbe gallows, or until his able coun sel succeed in procuring nim tne mr ther benefit of tbe proverbial law's delay. Tbis cell Is neer lnnaoitea by oue person for more than a mouth or so, until his fate is decided one way or tbe otber. [From the Herald, Jan. 7.] At half-past ten yesterday, the Court of Oyer and Terminer was opened at the usual hour. The long protracted trial of Edward S. Stokes for the murder of James Fisk, Jr., on the Cth day of January. 1872. was brovght to a close by the passing of sentencs or deatb upon btokes ror tbat murder just one year to the day from the date of the fatal shooting. It were needless to say that the court room was crowded ; that tbere was a great rush of thousands to witness the clos ing scene, one hundredth part of whom could not possibly even be ad mitted within the building or get a view of the closely guarded doors of the court room ; or that Inside tbe temple of justice itself the scene was a most solemn one to all, but terrible in its solemnity to the doomed one there, the center figure of all the great crowd, the ouly one wbo, when all these proceedings are at end, may not gohisown way, but under strict guard and with sentence of death upon his head, shall be escorted back to his sol itary cell. Judge Boardman, having taken his seat oo the bench, and counsel being all in their places, tbe prisoner was brought in by Sheriff Brennan and his deputies, the Sheriff remaining close beside his prisoner during the proceedings. THE SENTENCE. Edward S. Stokes, In obedience to the requirements of the law, this Court orders and directs tbat you be taken hence in the. custody or tne Sheriff of the city and county of New oris-to the prison from whence you came, and tbat you be there confined in close custody by said Sheriff nntil the 2Sth day of February. 1ST3, and that upon tbat day, between the hours of eleven in tbe morning and three ia tbe afternoon you be hanged by the necs till you be dead, and may God bave mercy on your soul. THE DEATH WARRANT. Stokes beani tne sentence unmoved nor even throughout the reading of the death warrant directed to tbe Sheriff bv'Mr. Sparks, did he evince any change of manner or emotion of ay Bind, ine oeatn warrant was then handed to the Sheriff; the Sher iff touched Stokes on tbe shoulder: the deputies stood up ; the sad party, the escort and the condemned man, turned their backs upon the judgment seat so fatally confronted a moment before by one of them, and made their way through the crowd to the ante room, and so to the Sheriff's Office and to the Tombs a living tomb for a time at least to bim, the youthful- est, and, but a short year and a day or two ago, tne iuuest oi ine, neaitn ana hopes or any oi tnem. So ended the Stokea trial. Greeley, Raymond and Bennett. In burying Mr. Greeley we bury the third founder of a mwspaper which bas become famous and weal thy in New York during the last thirty-five years. Mr. Baymond died three years and Mr. Bennet scarce six months ago. These three men were exceedingly unlike each other, yet each of them possessed ex traordinary professional talents. Mr. Raymond earpassed both Mr. Bennett and Mr Greeley in the ver satility of bis accomplismenta and facility and smoothness as a writer. But he was less a journalist than either of tbe other two. Nature bad rather intended him for a lawyer. and succt-ss as a legislative debater and presiding o Illcer bad directed bis ambition toward that kind of life. Mr. Bennett was exclusively a news paper man. He was equally great as a writer, a wit, and purveyor of news; and be never showed any desire to leave a profession in which be had made himself ricb and formidable. Horace Greeley delighted to be a maker of newspapers, not so much for tbe thing itself, though to that he was sincerely attacbsd, as for the sake of promoting doctrines, ideas, and theories in which he was a be liever; and his personal ambition, which was very profound and never inoperative, made him wish tb be Governor, Legislator, Senator, Cab inet Minister, President, because such elevation seemed to afford the clear est possible evidence that he himself was appreciated ana that the cause he espoused bad gained the hearts of the people. How incomplete, indeed would be the triumph of any set ot principles if their chief advocate and promoter were to go unrecognized nd unbonored ! It is a most impressive circumstance that each or these three great journal ists has had to die a tragical and pitia cle deatb. One perished by apoplexy long after midnight In the entrance of hi sown home : another closed his eyes with no relative near him to perform tnat last sad office ;rnd tbe third, broken down by toils, and excitements, and sufferings too strong to be borne, breathed his last In a private mad-house. What a lesson to tbe possessors of power, for these three men were powerful beyond oth ers! hat a comments! y upon hu man greatness, for they were rich and great, and were looked upon with envy by thousands who thought them selves less fortunate than they ! And amid such startling surprises and such a prodigeious conflct of licht-i and shadows, the curtain falls as the tired actor, crowned with long ap plause, passes from that which seems to that which ,1s. How to Measure an Acre and Parts of an Acre. Land can be measured with satis factory accurracy for many purposes, ay pacing. Five paces are equal to oue lineal rod. A man having long legs will usual y measure more than a rod at five paces.whilea short legged man will be obliged to step unnatu rally long to measure a rod at five paces. The correct way ia to meas ure 16i feet on level groutid, then practice gauging the steps, until one can niei-sure one rod at every five steps. Then one bundled steps or paces will be equal to twenty rods. If a piece of land be two hundred paces long and fifty paces wide, call every five paces a rod, multiply the rods in length by tbe number of rods in width, and divide the product by 160, the square rods in one acre. Thus: 100 paces, 20 rods, and 50 paces, 10 rods, or 10 by 20,200 sauare rods, which divided by 160, H acres. A square acre is about 208 feet Si inches on every side. In order fo lay out an acre of land twice as long as the width, the .ength roust be 417 feet and five inches, aud the width liMfeet four inches. Twenty feet front, 2,178 feel deep, one acre. In one square acre there are 43,560 superficial feet; 640 acres make one square section. If a plow turn a fur row slice oue foot wide, a team roust travel about eight and one-third miles to plow one acre. jV. W. farmer. The Viceroy of Egypt proposes light upon a very dark subject, tbe Pyramids, by transforming them into lighthouse, to guide travelers on tbe Nne. Had they been so used in 1799, Napoleon might have changed bis fa mous speech to something like this: ''Soldiers, forty gas burners look down upon you." Review of the Wool Trade in 1872. and Prospects for 1873. and Prospects for 1873. [From Walter Brown & Son's Circular. New and Prospects for 1873. [From Walter Brown & Son's Circular. New York. Jan. 1, 1873.] A Review of the Wool market, during the year just closed, reveals many peculiar and not altogether un interesting features. The year 1S72 opened on an unusually active and buoyant market, with prices strongly tending towards war rates. This state of things continued through January and February, during which period manufacturers, most of them, laid in large supplies. High prices drew hither large supplies of raw material from all the markets of the world ; and it was now seen that the deficiency in our own Domestic clip was more than made up. Consumers were, however, disappointed in the sale of tbeir productions, and sudden ly withdrew from the markets, and prices as suddenly fell. The subse quent dullness, and the steady decline in values wnicb followed, was nearly as great as the activity and high rates which bad previously prevailed. For nearly six months the Trade labored under this depression hnt during the interim the supplies in me rcaooBro markets, wbich bad been materially augmented, became reduced, and a reaction set in, which by November established an advance of five per cent. But manufacturers were not eager to take hold, and bought only as their needs required. The Boston fire gave an Impetus to this advance, and prices rose rapidly; uu. ib ueing rouna mat losses by tbe fire bore heavily on many manufactu rers, directly and through their com mission houses, cash trayers were offered Inducements in tbe way of concessions; and by tbis means, as much as by any other, extreme val ues were not reached. It is, however quite noticeable that a Ann feeling pervades the whole trade, with the general opinion that early in the New Year higher figures will be obtained ; resulting probably from tbe fact tbat stocks of Domestic Wools in the Eastern Markets are very light, and such Wools as still remain in the West are mostly Jheld by farmers and second bands at ex treme rates, with no indications of yielding before the near approach of the New Clip; also that few, if any, orders have gone abroad for Foreign Wools, owing to the nnremunerativa character of last season's operations. The month just closed, usually a quiet one in the Wool Trade, was marked by many large transactions, and there was more or less activity throughout: but the stringency in the Money Market and very high rates ruling for all mercantile paper, wool and woolen paper being under a cloud since the Boston fire, and more closely scrutinized than aay other, bave probably prevented any speculative movement, which other wise would have taken place. With relief from this quarter, such an event Is not unlikely to occur the present month. Stocks of all descriptions in the markets are quite small, aud holders are firm in anticipation of further improvement; and the facts we have stated seem to warrant the opln ion that, should the machinery of tbe country continue to be actively em ployed, a short supply during the next few months is inevitable, except it be-increased from abroad at necces sarily higher values than now prevail. How Much Land for a Cow One Year! We asked two experienced Wiscon sin dairymen : How many cows will a good dairy farm of 160 acres support Id average seasons, keeping- besides only the horses seeded, and, perhaps,, a few hogs to nse up whey, etc. One, who has been many years in the business c this was in private conversation, we do not. mention names said that on his farm' of .that size, on which wer twenty acres thickly covered with timber, .and worthless for pasture, ha would keep forty. The other's estimate was forty also for the 160 acres. Of course both . included the C3 of such land as wa necessary for the usual orchard, ear den, etc., but not for the production of anything for sale except the pro ducts of the cow in milk.orthe cheese or butter made from the milk. Both of the dairymen to whom we refer believe heartily in the vaue of sowed corn, believing it a cheaper feed than hay. One says that he would want one and a half acres of pasture for each cow. to last until after having. After that time he pastures the mea dows, and feeds green corn fodder.etc., with tbe nsual pasturage. The other would have two and a half acrfs of pasturage for each cow for the whole season, also feeding corn fodder in the rail. He so plants this that while it produces a large amount of stalks and leaves, it also matures a considerable quantity of corn. On tbis feed he re lies largely for the winter feed. H e tcrn f armer. HOW TO RELIEVE HARD TIMES! It is the circulation of money more than its abundance tbat is needed. There may be a great deal of money in a community, and yet the times be very hard, if it, does not circulate, but lies stagnant in safes and banks, it is of no use to the community. To show how a small amount of money, in circulation, may be made to pay a large amount of indebtedness, let us suppose that in the same community A owes Ba hundred dollars, B the same to C, C to D, D toE and E to A. Tbe times are hard, but A "scratches around," gets together his hundred dollars, and pays B ; B in turn pays his debt to C, C to D, D to E and E back to A. At night each of the five finds himself witbjustasmuch money as he bad in tbe morning, while each bas paid a debt of a hundred doilars. An aggregate of five hundred dollars iudebtedness has been paid, and the money remains to do the same work over again. This is only an Illustra tion of what actually occurs when money is in circulation. The lesson we drew from it is that in bard times each man should try and pay something. If he owes his butcher, bis baker, or even his printer, and can't pay all, let him pay a part and so keep the wheels of trade in motion. A dollar in circulation is worth a thousand lying idle, We may not thus do away with hard times alto gether but we may make tbem much eaier to be borne. Above all should men be generous and lenient towaid one another in times like the: e. It is not a time for the creditor to tako tbe debtor by the throat and say, pay wt what thou owest, but rather to be forbearing and gracious, and So each man help his brother nntil ', get upon smoother roads and easier going. Lawrence Journal. There may be some truth in the talk of aristocracy in churches, judg ing from the result of a recent sale of sitting at St. Bartholomew's Protec tant Episcopal church, at the corner of Madison avenue and Forty-second street. New York. There are two hundred pews in tbe church, and the valuation is $312,900 the lowest being valued at $300. At tbe sale tbe pre miums for choice ranged from S10 to $1,500, the latter price being paid by anderbilt for tbe first choice, who paid also for the second choio-, $l,lm. Nineteen pews sold for So2,900. The characteristic of the umbrella U its power of changing shapes. Voi can leave a bran-new silk with an ivory and rosewood haudle at any public gathering, and within liner hours it'will transform itself Intit'n light blue or a faded brown-cotWB'. somewhat less in size than a cirenit tent, with a handle like a te'"oh pole, and five fractured ribs.