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Western Reserve chronicle. (Warren, Ohio) 1855-1921, January 22, 1873, Image 1

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Volume 57-lS"o. 56.
Warren, Ohio. January 22, 1873.
Whole JSTo. 2938
II Phltshfri everv Wediiesdsy morning.
n Empire Block, Market Bu. Warmn Wi.
dmuiuimwruia rropntuji.
act aof ensf of publishing them, for sale
: t. dsnoutoriaa throughout the county. All
tbe stvles and prices published by the
A merles n Bible Society, kept constantly oa
band. Central Depository at Hapsood
Brown's. Market St., (south aide of Court
V ousesauarei) Warren. O. Only-187-1""
T-vR. LOT, Physician and Surgeon,
I t Office and residence a few rods Sooth
of the Atlantic Great Western Depot,
where he can be consulted prolesslonaiLv,
Warren. O. April 19 1S71-U
k . LTMX5. Dentist. Office over
J . S.C. Chrvst A Co.s new meat market,
opposite the Court House. Market St., w ar
ris Ohio sn. 6. lSTO-tf
CI EORGE P. HUXTEB, Attorney at
TLaw. Office in VanGorder Block, Market
TR. D. GIBB05S, Dentists, teeth
I I extracted without Dsln : tinner or low-
et set of teeth for I12.00. Office over T. J. Me-
Lain Son's liana, main Bt. warren, onio.
Jan. s. is.-.
HARM03 & XETCALT, Physicians,
and Sunreons; Office on High Street at
ihe stand formerly occupied by Dr. Harmon,
Jan. & 1ST"
tob BCrrcHTira. w.T.srmAB.
TT UTCHI5S SPEAR, Attorneys at
II is. umce in first national xm.ua
Building. 2d story, front miw Warren O.
Jan. 5, le70-ly.
JU. BRISCOE. Physician andSur
. geon. Office at Residence, north side of
Market Street, two doors east of Elm. Par
ticular attention paid to Chronic rUsoasea,
Jan. 5, lRo-lrr
J. K. BElCKBiT, M. D. I K. M. D.
Eclectic Physicians and Snrgeous.offlce
at No. 20 Market St.. (up stai s). All calls
at office a Headed to at all hours, day or
nurht. Dr. B. will cive attention to the
treatment of all chronic diseases and can
r. Residence corner Liberty and Wash
n Avenue. Warren, O. aug L lisil.
TR. T. k. BIERCE, Homoepathtc
I Physician and Surgeon. Ofn In Sutlifl's
Clock, fa ishSUeav.
TAR. J. B XELSOX, Physician and
J Surgeon, office east of FlrKt Nat. Bank.
Office hours from 7 to 10 o'clock, a. m and
to 8 p. m. Jan. 2a 171
7"AUTR0T ft ACKLEY, Successors to
V j. vautrot tut. Dealers in ,
Jewelry and Diamonds. Market street. War
ren. Ohio. Jap &.1S!0
s. w. atrurr. H. H. mosss.
T ATLIFF MOSES, Attorneys and
AVConnsellera at Law. Office over tbe Ex
change Bank of Freeman 6 Hunt, on Market
fit. Warren Ohio. jjan-f tsrft.
JK.COWDERY, Attorney at Law,
a Office corncrof M1U and Main St.. Niles.
Ohio. loci. 18 l71-t.
6. TILER, Manufacturer and
a Dealer In Guns, Rifles, Pistols, Cutlery
rUhins Tackle. Gut. Materials. Sporting
Appa atoa. Sewing Machines, Ac-, No. 8, Mar
ket St, Warren. Ohio. lira. loTO-tf
r.s.Evrcaxirs, a. m. tuttlx, j. k. btui l
Attorneys at Law, office over Smith A
er'a Store, corner of Main and Market
Btreeta. Warren. Ohio. (Jan. lu. KE2-tf.
w. . roam. w. w. rosTKB.
WK. W. F. PORTER, Dealers
a in School and Miscellaneous Books,
Station ary. Wall Papers, Periodicals, Pam-
fhieta and Magaalnes, at the New York Book
tore. Main Street. Warren. Ohio.
TTALL t KACSXT, Manufacturers
I 1 of Harness and dealers in Saddlery
Hardware, Xrunka, Valises, Traveling Bags,
Whips, Horse Blankets, Saddles and Fancy
Saddlery, No. 8. Market Street, War. n. O.
Jan. &. 1870. .
TA5HlSTOS HIDE, Atiorney at
j Law and Notary Puhllc Office in
the ola Chronicle Office, Chronicle Buildi
ng, Market St oyer Gates' Store.
Jan 1. 1878
I T Life Inaaranee Agent, Warren, Ohio.
Merchandise and other property insured in
the beat Companies, on favorable terms;
Farm property. Isolated Dwellings, and their
orniture insured lor one, three and five
years. Office in MoOombs and Smith's block.
5. DAWSOS, Mayor of the City
a of Warren, Civil Jurisdiction same as
Justice of the Peace for the city, and crimi
nal jurisdiction throughout city and county.
Also agent (or Cleveland Cement Sewer and
drain Pine of all sixes. Cln&.la71.
J Carriage Works. Warren, Ohio, man o
factnrer ef Carriages. Boggles, Wagons,
Klelghs, and specialties. Ail orders from
any Dart of tbe conntr promptly attended
Painting, Trimming and Repairing done
order on the shortest notice. South of
Canal. (Jan 8, 1872.
ADOLPBL's tRfTER, Dealer in
Musical Merchandise of all descriptions.
Tlx: Pianos, Organs, Uelodeons, Violins,
GultarSrAcoordenns.Claranelta, Flutes, Files,
Drums, Piano-spreads, Piano-stools, Sheet
masic. Music-books, Violin Strings, Guitar
Strings, Ac, Ac Storeio Webb's Bijck, over
Porter's Book Store. . IJai 1870,
V Honor and Temperanee, meets at cor
ner Main and Market SU.Ju thiscity, every
Friday alghk Ail desirous of aiding in pro
moting the temperance cause, which is the
eaose of God and humanity, are Invited to
attend with ua.
Social Temple meets every Tuesday eve
ning. . D. M. LAZARUS. W.C.T.
Jan 10, 1872-ly
"fB. A. P. MISER, Cou tractor of
JXLmell route No. 813. runnlngdally from
ouautvusto Burg Hill via Kloaman, wishes
give notice to the poblie that be has pro
Tided himself with a pleasant riding coach,
and is now prepared to carry passengers and
baggage to all points on the route.
Aug. 3a-4lW. .
7 tint, has procured one of
i iheiroproved surgeons tses,
with rha I.lnntrt Klrmm Diid.
Gas and It Is, without doubt, the safest,
surest and most rapid in Its e fleets and eli
mination of any anaesthetic known. He
will remain In Kinsman, at his office, until
farther notice rocU 2S.
Otloneers, will gve prompt attention to
ail engagementa as Auctioneers. Will go
out of city or eonnty. Reasonable terms,
and aUfaetion guaranteed. If deslred.one
or b )th will attend sales. Office of S. Sim
mons in King's Block.- Office of W. Hen
Dinger In Buffalo Clothing Store, from this
date till April 1st, 1872, without further no
tice. - ocli.l7i-U.
els. SI1t, Kastera Ixeaaage. TJaearreat Bsak
letss, sssUkisdisr
Interest Allowed on time Deposits.
Ooneettons and an bnstness connected with
Banking promptly attended to.
March L I87L
n. woeswtcx. . rains.
Car, Kerwla aa Ceater eta Clerelsaa. 0,
Manufacturers of and Dealers In brought
Irtm Pipe, Iron fMtingt and hrm GoodtTtot
Steam. Vt aler. Gas and OIL Cameron Ktoa.ni
and Eureka Hand Pumps. All kinds of
ok auu uas atung toois constantly on
Pnd tloiv 24. is;2 Jyr.
A VTTR V TtTUTT) ART f xmrTair
ilslil) LOT FOR SALE On Bazetta Hu,
w " arren, idowq as toe 1 earns
property House new, large and convenl.
- r s au in guoa repair, v. Ill
RaUi'ff KmLi. Call at & office of
mL TT . or at tne store
of Feams. Gray. Main St. lapr. 10-tf.
2"5". "SL-y." Iec 11 ,im. ,n.
P. T. Cook Co.. foV 15S ft kXi 5Sa.nJ.
Xcr trial Feb. S, 1871. at ooek?.. m
Jan.8.1o73-ilf w'sTbo'liN
jUntil farther notice, there will be ai
examination ot teachers at Ihe Hluh School
building In Warren, on the first Saturday of
oery uiontn during the year, excepting
tuaiauring the mouths oi April and Sep
tember, there will be an examination on
each succeeding Saturday, as follows:
First Saturday, Payne's Corners; second,
Johnston; third, Bristol; fourth. Warren.
Notice is hereby given of the adoption of the
following rule,wliich will be strictly adhered
to; "A1 certificates hereafter granted bv
this Board, shall be dated on the day of
examination, except tnat in special cases
for good reason, certificates may be dated
back, bnt in no case beyond the date of the
previous exsuitnation..'
By order of the Board,
Warren. O. Feb. 7 la?i-lyr.
THE undersigned would res
pert fully announce to the eiti-
aeus of Warren and the vicinity
that he has opened a Meat Market on Lib
erty street, opposite r K. w men's Camag
Factory, where be Intends to keeD go nstant
on band, all kinds of fresh meats, snd OJ
as good quality as the country will afford.
I haveemployed the services of a good botch
er who has had long experience In the busi
ness, and who wlii always be on nanu to at
tend to the wants of all customers. All or
ders left for meats in the evening will be
promptly attended to, if desired can be de
livered at tLelr residences, or kept in re
frigerator till caned on.
one 2. ltftU-U LEMUEL DRAT
LI V33 11Y
Boarding and Sale Stable.
fT'HE undersigned having purchased
L the interest -t Peter Fulk in the new sta
tue at tbe rear of the National House, are
prepared toaocommoaatetneirpatronswitb
new equipages, of all varieties, single and
double, all oi the newest stvlosaud u"in'qn.
Is all In good eonditKn. and will be let at
reasonable rates. Hearse and carriages fur
nished for funerals. The best of care given
to boarding stock. BAKT' J1T cv HERZOG.
uay in. isi-u
Importer and Wholesale Dealer In
K. 81 Wo4 Street, PitUbargh, Pa.
American. English and German Catlerv,
Spencer JSichulHon Files; 1ib ton's tsaws,
and Boy n ton's Lightning Saws; Benltydc
ters.e s nemo s uaiobeirajatero Mann
fact u res and Pilteburgh JNovelty Locks and
Latcnes; Mann's, Lippincoti's and GrafTs
Axes Ames and Row tan da s novels: Black-
smuus luoitt; unio 1001 uo. '8 fisnes; (oti,
Trace and other chains: ew London W. B,
Globe, Natioual and other Horse Nails;
Fire Irons. Stands. Shovels and Pokers:
Practical Clothes Wringers, and a full line
oi general Hardware ai toe dowett Market
iioiet. Agents ior rari iiros. dUo.'i bteel,
Oct 23, A67U-&D1.
Grocery & Provision Store
Foot f Malo St., Warren, Ohio.
0"3LT 3 T 33 3Ft JS J
Maltby's C. S. M., and H. 4 M. Oysters
Marvin's Superior Crackers and Cakes; best
qosiity Water Crackers. Cross A Black Weil's
Euglinh Pickles, Sardines, etc Oysters by
can, half can, of served in the best style,
Baw, Stewed or Fried. A good stock ef
FR0TISI05S and
Thankful for past fa'ors, I will do my be,
to please all who may give me a call.
Tb Americas Overland All Sail Bolts to
Lawrence, Wilson,
Topeka, Bunker Bill,
Wamego, Fossil,
Manhattan, Heys,
Junction City, Lilis
Abilene, Wallace
Solomon, Carson.
Balina Denver,
Brookville. Georgetown.
Central City,
Celeraos Kprtsts
Idaho Springs,
Plai Uvllle
Bait Lake City
ooiuen city,
And all Points In
Kansas, Colorado, the Territories
188 :
Miles the Shortest Line from r"""'T
City to Denver.
Miles the Shortest Line to Pueblo
Trinidad, Santa Fe, and all points In
jew atexico ana ATixona.
The Great Biters are all Bridged.
Only Line running cars through wlthou
change from the Missouri River to Denver.
Only line rnuning Pullman Palace Cars to
Only lice upon which yon can see th
Don't fail to take a trip through Kansas,
and view the great advantages onered for a
Everybody in search of health or pleasure
should make an excursion over the Kansas
Pacific Railway.
Close connections made In Union Depot
at Kansas City and Leavenworth, with all
trains to and from the Fust, North and
South. EDM'D a BOWLS, Gen. Sunt.
Gen. Ticket and Pass. Agent.
Kansas City JJsXo.
July 21 - 72-1 r
The most Wonderful Discover of the
191a Century
rr. S. D. Howe's-
For Consumption and ail diseases of the
(The only Medicine of theklnd In the world
A substitute lor cod Liver on. Permanent
ly cures Asthma, bronchitis. Incipient Con
sumpt ion. Loss of Voice. shurua ol Breath,
Catarrh, croup, Coukus, Colds, Ac, in a few
days. like jfaglc Price $1 per bottle; six
or to, Also,
33 X". J9. 33. HOWE'S
Arabian Tonic Blood-Purifier.
Which differs from all other preparations In
Its lmmeu late action upon the
It is purely vegetable and cleanses the sys
tem of all impurities,-bullds it right np.aud
makes Pure. Rich Biood. It cures scrofu
lous Diseases of all kinds, removes Consti
pation, aud regelates the Bowels.
For -Ueneral Debility " "Lost Vitality,
and Broken-down ConstltPtions, I "chal
lenge the liltn Century" to find its equal.
Every Bottle Is worth its weight in Gold.
Try it 1 Price $1 per Bottle, Bottles, to.
Bold wholesale and retail, by
H0Y1 & St-EAR, Druggists.
General Agenta for Trumbull Cbunty.
DR. S. D. HOWE, Sole Proprietor,
Nov 6, lS72-3mo. 161 Chambers St., N. T.
f he State of Ohio, Trumbnll County, as.
Abraham btrock. In Trumbull Con-
vs. Vmon Pleas.
Joshua Crum, et. aL j .
By Tlrtne of an order of sale Issued out of
the court oi common fleas of Trumbull
County, Ohio, in the above named case, to
me directed and delivered, I bave levied on
and shall expose to public sale at the door
of the Court House in the city of Warren,
Saturday, Feb. 1st, A. D. 1S73,
at one o'clock, p m. of said day, tbe follow
ing described land and tenements, Situate
in the township of Newton, county of Trum
bull, and State oi Ohio, and known as part
of Lot Ka 6,and bounded as follows, to-wlw
North by the township line road between
Bracevllle and Newton townships; east by
the town line road between Lordstown and
Newton townships; sooth by land belong
ing to Fredln and Craver. and on the west
by Cale ahd ShadieslancLand known as the
Henry bionstetter farm, being situate in
the north-east corner or Newton township,
and containing (as per deed from Hayma
ker and wife) one hundred and sixty-nine
a ud 72-iM) acres or land. Appraised at I
Terms Cash. G. W. DICKINSON. Sheriff.
Snerin's Offloe, Warren, 0Jan.l,li73-5t
bical aociation will hold its next
Seoul -annual meeting In
Ai ten o'clock, a. m., and continuing four
days, closing with a Grand Concert on Fri
day Evening, F'eb. 7th. under the direction
or Mr. L. O. EMERSON, the sbleand popu
lar Cou vent-ion Leadar and Author.
Books furalrhed by the leader. Singers
from abroad entertained free. All lovers of
music are invited.
M. 8. MATHEW, M. D Sec'y.
Jas. McGranahan, President.
Wlllard Case, Trees. L)anJ5, l&73-3t
Gibbon, Buffalo Co., Neb.,
Januaiy 12. 1873.
Ed. Chronicle : How do the poor
shivering, freezing, snow-bound souls
down in Trumbull and adjoining
counties get along, anyhow ? I sup
pose if I were to tell them that to-day
we were sitting with outside doors
open, no fire, and then rather too
warm, and the mercury 62 on the
north side of the house and 74 on the
south side, and that we had not one
inch of snow on the ground at one
time all this winter, they would cry
out with one accord, " that's too thi a"
yet, nevertheless, it Is true. There
is sufficient snow at Omaha for sleigh
ing, but we have seen a few flakes on
ly, aud people make no calculations
for any. : There is not a sled or sleigh
in this county ; but the people living
In the east are alow to believe facts,
when presented, concerning Nebras
ka. Now, if some persons who " sigh
for the leeks and garlics of Egypt,"
and who are so home sick that they
never see, with impartial eyes, things
as they are, write, which they often
do, all sortd of impossible stuff, then
they can believe without once looking
at tbe inconsistency of the story.
When we were discussing the ques'
tion of going west, we found many
friends who tried to dissuade us, al
legit: g as reasons, that we would cer
tainly freeze in this prairie country,
for " Tom, Dick aud Harry " had all
written home that more than fifty of
their neighbors had frozen to death.
That occasionally some careless per
sons get frost-biiteu, we will notdt ny,
for tbe temptation to travel when the
sun is shining out in all his splendor,
and everything in nature looks like a
summer day. is very great, and people
sometimes thoughtlessly start out to
travel twenty or thirty miles, leaving
their wrappings at home, and the
weather changes to severe cold and no
houses near, when the party must suf
fer for being no foolhardy. But if the
same caution and foresight were exer
cised here in Nebraska as in the East,
no more casualties resulting from cold
would be manifest here than there.
We bave now been in this State long
enough to have seen its worst phases,
and feel like reiterating what we have
often said that we never bave seen so
fair a countiy in a state of nature, or
a country where the poor man could
so soon acquire a home surrounded by
all tbe comforts of an old settled coun
tiy. And here, too, the man of mod
erate means can find a place where he
can quadruple bis capital in five years'
time ; and for men of capital there are
openings where fortunes can be made
in a few years, that would astonish
his own expectations.
Let some man come to this town,
where he can get water powers for the
asking, and erect a starch factory, and
my word for it be would coin money.
1 know of no factory of that kind west
of the State of New York, aud here is
all the great west for a market, with
corn and potatoes " cheap as dirt"
An opinion has pretty generally pre
vailed that the-lands in Nebraska
south of the Platte were altogether
preferable to those lying north ; but
of late people have got to looking fur
ther, and their pains have resulted in
their finding out that the best half of
our State, both in soil and water is
that portion lying north of the Platte.
Water is much easier obtained, and is
of much better quality. This opinion,
in a great measure, has been created
by the wonderful amount of " puffing
and blowing " done by the B. A M
River R. li. Co. They have induced
citizens to buy much of their land, at
prices ranging from six to fifteen dol
lars per acre; when, in fact, better
land could be bought of the U. P. R
R. Co. at from three to six dollars per
acre, and upon easier terms.
Now that our portion of the State
beginning to be appreciated, the
tide of emigration is setting in this
direction, and ere long the most avail
able lands will be taken up. Had the
U. P. R. R. Co. used printer's ink in
such profusion, and kept a live corps
of traveling agents in the field, their
lands would long since have been sold
or at least a much larger portion.
Towns are springing up ail along the
line of the U. P. R. R., and the set
tiers are or the right sort. Then again,
friends, I say, come west. You will
live longer, die richer, and shine
brighter than will by in
Clerkships in Washington.
The following characteristic renly
to a letter from a gentleman living
notovera thousand miles from Lafay
ettelnd., who was desirous for a public
situation at Washington, we have
been permitted to peruse : .
Wathinffioitj Dec. 8, 1872.
Mr. , Indiana :5 "
Mv Dear Sib: Yours of the 2d
instent is received, asking that I ob
tain for you,' through mv influence
with sundry persons r.erej a position
in the Treasury Department. I beg
leave to say in reply, that the depart
ments are overrun with . applicants
from all parts of tbe country, aud I
can see no chance for your success,
a Thin is the sixth answer I have
penned to-day to parties making sim
ilar applications at my hands.
My advice is to keep nut of Wash
ington. Two men bave been fcung during
the few days I have been here, and
there are two more in jail awaiting
their turn.
I shall leave the first possible moment
T. U.
How to Quit Tobacco.
Hearth and Home says the best
tning to bold in the mouth is a
mouthful of cold water, renewed
every few minutes. It will take
away the craving for tobacco quicker
than anything else, and is wholly un
otijectiouaole. A pine stick is the bett
of anything to chew, but the objec
tion to that and to anything that is
chewed, is that it over exercises and
weakens the salivary glands. In
quitting the use of tobacco. Quit at
ouce, and do not attempt to quit off
Teetotalers will regret to learn that
French chemist has demonstrated
the practicability of making alcohol
from saw-dust, thecelloluse of which
will yield about twenty four per cent
of strong spirit, having "an excellent
tast." A litteral significance is thus
given to the popular metaphor of
"lemonade with a stick in it."
Examination of Gen. Garfield.
In the Credit Mobilier Committee
to-day, Chairman Poland decided that
tbe records of the War Department,
asked for by Mr. Brooks, to show the
character of McComb. were foreign to
the subject under invalidation.
Neilson, Brooks' son-in-law, testi
fied that he borrowed S5.000 of Dillon
after six months' acquaintance and
without any previous transactions,
giving Dillon Union Pacific stock as
security. He was told by Brooks tbat
be wan entitled to fifty additional
shares of the Credit Mobi'ier.
Hon. James A. Ga field testified :
The first I ever heard of the Credit
Mobilier was some time in 1800 or
1867, I ran not fix the date, when
George Francis Train called on me
and said be was organizing a company
to be known as the Credit Mobilier of
America, to be formed on tbe model
of the Credit Mubilier of France ; that
the object of the company was to pur
chase lands and build houses afoug
the line oi the Pacific railroad, at
-points when; cities and villages were
likely to spring up; that he had no
doubt that money tuus invested would
double or treble itself each year ; thAt
the subscriptions were limited to$l,
000 etch, and be wished me to sub
scribe. He showed me a long list of
subcribers, among them Oakes Ames,
to whom be referred me for further
information concerning the enter
prise. .; I answered that I had not
money to spare, and If I had, I would
not subscribe without knowing more
about the proposed organization. He
then left me, saying he would hold a
place open for me, and hoped I would
yet conclude to subscribe. The fame
dav I asked A met what he thought of
the enterprise. He expressed the
opinion that the investment would be
safe and profitable. I heard nothing
further on the subject for a year or
more, and it was almost forgotten,
when sometime, I should say, during
the long session of 1SG8, Ames spoke
of it aiiain. He said the company
had organized, was doing well, and he
thought would soon pay large divi
dends. He said some of the stock had
ben left, or was to be left, ia his
bauds for sale, and I could take the
amount which Train had off red me
by paying one thousand dollars and
accrued interest. He said if I was not
able to pay for it then, he would bold
it for me until I could pay, or until
some of tbe dividends were payable.
I told him 1 would consider the mat
ter, but would not agree to take any
stock until l Knew from an examina
tion of the cnarter aDd conditions of
subscription the extent to which
should become pecuniarily liable. He
said fie was not sure, but thought a
stockholder would be liable only for
tbe par value of his stock ; that he
haa not the stocK and papers with
h i, but would nave them after i
From tbe case as presented. I nrob
ably should have taken stock if 1 had
been satisfied iu regard to the extent
of the pecuniary liability. Thus the
matter rested for some time, I think,
until the following year. During that
time l understood mere were uivi
deride due, .amounting to nearly three
time the par value of tbe stock, but
in the meantime I had heard that the
company was involved in some con
troversy with tbei'acinc railroad, and
that Ames right to sell the etock was
denied. When I next saw Ames,
told him I had concluded not to take
t he stock. Then the matter ended, so
far as 1 was concerned, and 1 bad no
further knowledge of the company's
operations until the subject began to
be discussed in the newspapers last
Nothing was ever said to me by
Train or Ames to indicate or imply
that tbe Credit Mobilier was or could
be in any way connected with the
legislation of Congress for the Pacific
railroad, or lor any other pt rpose,
Ames never gave nor offered to ma
any stock or other valuable thing as a
gilt. I once assed and obtained from
him, and afterwards repaid him.
loan of three hundred dollars. That
amount is the only vuluable thing J
ever received from or delivered to him
I never owned, received, or agreed to
receive any stock of the Credit Mo
bilier or of the Union Pacific railroad,
nor any divideud or promts arising
from either oi them.
An Investigation by the State Medical
Society-Facts Already Discovered.
From the Lansing (Mich.) Republican.
At the last meeting of the State
Medical Society a committee was ap-
iiointed to report on the laws or hy
gienein relation to our public schools."
The committee conh-is of Dr. Hitch
cock, of Kalamazoo, Dr. Kedzie, of
Lansing, and Drs. McGrawaud Novee
of Detroit,
At a recent meeting of the commit
tee in .Detroit, the work was divided
up amoug the members of the com
niittee as follows : Dr. Hitchcock-
Methods of Government iu Schools
and their Influence Upou the Scholar,
Hyinemcal, Mental aud Moral. Dr.
Kedzie Hygiene as Applied to the
Construction, Warmiug, Ventilation
and Sewerage of Public School rooms.
Dr. McGraw Mmtal Hygiene, in
Respect to tbe Methods in Public
Schools, Hours of Study, the Forcing
System, frizes and lie wards, etc.
and the Kiudergarten. Dr. Noyes
Hyeiene of tbe i.ye in Public Schools.
Uur readers will thus see thuta most
important investigation has been un
dertaken by tne btate Medical boeie
ty, and from our personal knowledge
ot the members of the committee we
hazard nothing in saying tbat this
important work will be well done.
Ice work thus assumed by the
medical profe-sion, aiming to remove
preventable causes of disease in the
public school, is a sufficient reply to
tbe sneers so often heard in regard to
tbe mercenary motives of the profes
8ion. It is just such investigations as
this committee bave undertaken, ap
plied to all the relations of life, which
would fall legitimately within the
province of tbe State Board of Health.
Dr. iedzie nas begun tue examina
tion of school rooms In our city, and
the results already reached are such
as should attract the earnest attention
of all who are interested in public
schools, or who care for the hpalth
and well-being of the rising genera
tion. He has visited fourteen school
rooms, analyzed tbe air in each one,
tested the condition of the room iu
regard to temperature, the degree of
moisture preent,and tbe state of ven
tilation. He states that there is not a
properly ventilated school room in
this city. The foulest air was found
in the Hieh School buildine. where
eight parlsof carbonic acid were found
iu 1,000 of air, instead of four parts in
10,000. The next foulest air was found
In the ward school in the Fifth Ward.
Next came tbe school rooms in North
Lansing and ibe Second Ward.
In none of these was there anything
worthy the name of ventilation in
operation. In some of theie a pipe
twoor three inches in diameter served
to introduce fresh air in to a room occu
pied by 35 to 50 pupils. Tbe only real
attempt at ventilation was found in
Kindergarten, in tbe Second Ward,
and in the scnools in the Third and
Fourth Wards, where the purest air
was found of all the rooms examined;
and yet it was so foul that no human
being should be compelled to breathe
it for six hours a day. Iu all the
rooms, nave these last, a large number
of scholars complained of headache
while in the school room.
Another cof-equence -f ImDerfect
ventilation w., the marked difference
in temperattr between the air at the
floor level and that three or four feet
above the floor. A lake of cold air
covered the floor, undisturbed by any
currents of ventilation. In one room
in North Lansing the difference iu
ihe temperature at the floor level and
that three or four feet above the floor
was 14 degrees ; iu the Fifth Ward
school house the difference in one
room was 13 degrees, aud iu the other
19 degrees. The laws of hygiene re
quires the head to be kept cool and
the feet warm. This result can be
secured in these school rooms only by
the scholar standing on his head f
The humiliating confession must be
made that in the construction of our
school rooms the subject oi ventila
tion has either been overlooked, or
else we have resorted to petty experl
mcuU; not worthy the name. Now
that the rooms are built, their ventila
tion is difficult If not necessarily im
perfect. In the construction of a
school room, as earnest attention
should be given to securing adequate
ventilation as to securing the proper
amount of light. The one is as im
portant as the other.
We understand tbat Dr. Kedzie in
tends to visit a large number of schools
in our State, aud give them the same
eareful examination that he has be
stowi d upon the schools of our city.
We are sure that school officers and
all interested in schools will afford
him every facility to forward this
Forty-Eight Days in Open Boats in
the Straits of Magellan-The Famished
Crew Subsist for Ten Days on
Human Flesh.
[From the New Orleans Times, 9th.]
One of the most extraordinary in
stances of human privation on record,
and a calamity that has rarely ben
equaled in the history of maritime
disaster, has been brought to light
through Mr. John Saville, first ofllcer
of the American ship Golden Hind,
who reached the city from Rio de Ja
neiro on Tuesday.
The wreck of the ship Golden Hind
has already been recorded, but the
uaparalleled sufferings of the portion
of her crew who yet survive, we be
lieve has never yet been made public.
In a long interview, yesterday, Mr.
Saville detailed all the frightful par
ticulars, and we give the fearful story
in his own words.
The American ship Golden Hind,
Capt. Benjamin F. Bobbins, left New
York on the 12tn of February, on a
voyage to San Francisco. When in
the latitude of St. Catherine's we ex
perienced a series of heavy westerly
gales, which continued for nearly a
month with great violence. On tbe
13th of June l&9t, when on the west
side of Patagonia, and at "the Pacific
entrance to tbe Straits cf Magellan,
the pintles and cudeeons of the rud
der gave way, and it floated off. Three
days were consumed in constructing
a temporary one of spare spars. It
lasted about a week, but in another
heavy ga'e this was also carried away,
and we drifted at tbe mercy of the
winds. On the second day after this
last disaster, the Golden Hind struck
between two rocks, one forward and
one aft, on the western coast of Pata
gonia. Three boats were hurriedly
prepared, tbe men put on extra suits
of clothes, laid in a small quantity of
provisions, and at seven o'clock that
evening lowered away. In tbe hurry
of departure nearly all of our nautical
instruments were left on board, and,
in fact, many articles absolutely neces
sary. There were three boats lowered,
the first under the command of Capt
Robbins; the second commanded by
myself, and the third in charge of Mr.
Webb, the second mate. Each con
tained seven men. Mr. Webb assert
ing that he knew the situation better
than we did, parted company almost
immediately, and it being then quite
dark, we lay under the lee or tbe land
until morniug. The sea, at the time
we left the ship, was breaking over
ner lore yard, and during the night
she beat to pieces on tbe rocks.
The next morning the last vestige
of tbe Golden jlinu had disappeared.-
and a search, which continued two
days, was made for the other boat, but
no trace of her could be seen. We
have long ere this concluded that she
was swamped, and that her entire
crew was drowned. Upon examina
tion, it was found that we bau a small
box and a bag of hard bread, the latter
soaked with sea water, about twenty
cans oi Peel, and a little tea and conee.
An allowance of one cracker to each
man, and one can of beef to fourteen
was at first i.-sued, but this speedily
decreased to half a cracker, and finally
we did not taste beef more than once
a week.
A few days after we left the wreck
the Captain's boat was swamped, and
we lost our compass, tb onlv instru
me nt we had, aud a quantity of the
provisions. An attempt was made to
reach Sandv Point, a Chilian convict
settlement, and the coaling station of
the Pacific mail steamers, about two
thirds tbe way through the Straits of
Magellan, but our course could only
be determined by tbe sun and stars,
It was then mid winter, the mount
ains along the coast were covered with
snow and ice, aud the mercury must
bave been several degrees below zero.
We pulled close to tue land, working
all night in talr weather, and during
a heavy blow 1 mding and going into
There were plenty of scrub trees
along the coast, aud as we were pro
vided with two batcuets and a good
supply of matches, a fire was always
to be procured. During these visits
we secured qui tea good supply of shell
fib resembling the muscle, but we
found that this diet brought on con
stipation, and the entire party became
For about twenty days the men held
out admirably ; but in the bitter cold
a number were frost-bitten, and our
legs and feet were terribly swollen.
On Koine into camp we constructed
a tent of the boat's sail and a mizzen
royal sail with the oars. A fire was
built in the center, and the fourteen
men sat around it the night through.
We suffered terribly iroui loss of sleep.
as no one dared to remain away from
the fire lor fear of ireezing to death.
and the tent was too small to hold all
in a reclining position.
At the end ot the twentieth day, tbe
general debility from insufficient food.
aud the extreme pain in our limbs,
rendered the progess slow, and very
often we camped lor several days at a
time. The allowance oi bread had
been reduced to a quarter of a cracker
day, and very often the men did
without for a day or two to help out
the supply. Their conduct through
out the dreadful ordeal was most cour
ageous. .Every man rendered implicit
obedience, and although the ravages
of hunger rendered each almost an
animal, the general wehare was never
lost sight cf.
Almost the entire mouin of July
was spent in pulling in what we be
lieved to be tue directum of Sandy
Point. The only human beings we
met were an Indian aud two squaws
in a canoe. They treated us cordially,
and willingly exchanged a duck for a
small quantity of tobacco, but they
hud no o her urovisious. We had se
cured from tbe sbip two rifles, aud oue
of the crew shot a duck ; but the pow
der became wet, and our weapons
were useless. A dead duck found
among the rocks was also secured and
eaten, but, with the exception of the
shell fish, this was the only food we
In the latter part of July the weath
became fearfully tempestuous, and
after several days of fruitless buffeting
we went into our last encampment.
It was a terrib'y bleak and desolate
spot, shut out from the sea by high
cliffs, and filled with low, stunted
trees. We found, however, a few
roots, some berries, and strange to say,
a little celery, and, not knowing
whether the vegetables were poison
ous or not, each man partook raven
ously of whatever he could find. The
high tides prevented our securing any
sbell-fish, and the few seals we saw
were too timid to capture, but we se
cured water in abundance from the
streams running down the side of the
Here the men became seriously ill.
Their legs were swollen to frightful
proportions; but few could wear their
boots, and a majority wandered about
with their feet tied up In old cloth and
pieces of cinvas. Some, unable to
walk at all, crawled about on their
hands and knees.
At length, a man named White, a
seaman, became delirious and shortly
afterward died. The ground was so
bard frozen that it was impossib'e to
dig a grave ; so we carried the body a
short distance from the tent, and laid
u in tne ousnes.
Tbe next one attacked was a young
reiiow we called Dan sailors, you
know, never give their full name ex
cept on the articles and be died with
in three hours after he became deliri
ous. '1 he carpenter, a man from Liv
erpool, was the next victim ; then we
lost Charley, a German seaman, and
nnally another sailor called Frank
All of them died within ten days o
each other, and all were lain side by
side out in the bushes. As each one
left us, we took his clothes to keep the
living ones warm, but during all these
days not oie of us bad a mouthful of
At length the steward, taking one
ot the men with htm out into tbe
brush, returned with slices cf meat,
which were roasted over the fire and
easerly devoured. We all of us knew
we were sustaining life on the bodies
or our dead companions, but no man
assed a question, sometimes we bad
it boned and sometimes roasted. It
tasted something like beef, but it
makes me shudder now to th i nk about
When we had eaten almost all of
the last body, the schooner Eagle, of
Port Stanley, t aulkland Islands, out
seal fishing, hove in sight. One of
our men crawled up to the head of the
rocks, and waving the American flag.
with the union down, attracted their
attention. The v picked us up and re
ceived us all with as great kindness
as ii we nad been their own Kindred
We found that we had pulled about
lwo-third9 of the way through the
straits or Magellan, and were then
within sixty miles or bandy Point.
There, after tbe thiid day, the Ea
gle landed us, and the Chilian Gov
ernor al once provided us with every
thing In tbe way of food and clothing
we required. He would bave sent us
by the steamer to Valparaiso, but be
fore she arrived, the United States
sloop-of-warOssipee put intoportand
tooK us on board Captain Itobbms,
myself, tbe steward and five seamen
who were left out of a crew of twenty-
one, rrorn tbe time the Golden liind
went to pieces we spent forty-eight
days in open boats, with only tbe sub
sistence 1 have named.
Tbe captain ef the Ossipee shipped
the six seamen, although all of them
were on tbe sick list, and brought
Captain Robbins and myself to Rio de
There I met Capt. Gorham Crowell,
of the bark Colin E. ' McNeil, who
kindly volunteered to bring me to
New Orleans.
Mr. Saville requested our reporter
to state that the tieatment be had re
ceived -during the voyage of the Me-
-Neu could not have been more court
eous had he owned the vessel, and he
desires to earnestly thank Capt. Crow-
en lor unremitting attentions.
Mr. B. F. McCarty, of Cleveland.
has made a discovery which promises
to settle, partially at least, the ques
tion or smoKe consumption, and in
different wayfrom any yet suggested.
Mi. McC. was looking after means to
secure a better draft for a sluggish fire.
and the idea occurred to him, after
other devices had failed, to try the ef
fects or steam. A small pipe was
made to conduct the "dry steam"
from the top of the boiler to the upper
part or tne I urn are, where it entered
in two small jets striKing downward
on the burning fuel. No sooner was
the steam injected into the furnace.
than the sluggish, smoky fire sprang
up into a clear, bright, tellowisb and
intensely hot flame, filling tbe whole
furnace with a loud roar. The end
sought a strong draft was attained,
and in addition the long sought desid
eratum of a smokeless fire. This sim
ple apparatus was next applied to tbe
furnaceor the Cleveland Jierala print
ing establishment, and that journal
gives an interesting account of there-
suit. It says : " The smoke stack tbat
had long been a nuisance to ourselves
and our neighbors was instantly as in
nocent or smote as a deserted house ;
and so it has continued, save when
the steam has been turned off for the
sake of experiment and comparison.
The exact ci emicnl process is not yet
clearly determined. The most proba
ble explanation is tnat the agitation
caused by tbe violent injectiou of the
particles or steam brings the oxygen
of tbeairinto more rapid combination
with the coal gas, and so facilitates
combustion. Tbe steam Itself may be
decomposed, aud so lurntsb some ox
ygen, but this does not add to the
heat, as an equal amount or the heat
gaiued in the recombination of the
oxygen is lost in its separation from
the hydrogen of the Bteam, There is,
in the Herald furnace, a Saving of
about twenty- nye per cent- or the ruel
consumed, which represents the
amount of carbon hitherto carried off
in smoke. By Mr. McCarty's simple
contrivance on wnien ne has secured
patent the Herald saves money by
tbe consumption of less fuel ; it no
longer annoys its neighbors with a
cloud of black smoke, even when
fresh coal is thrown on the fire ; and
the engineer leports that he can ret
up steam much quicker tban before."
No recent triumph of engineering
has been more decisive tban tbat just
achieved at the Hoosac Tunnel. Last
week a junction was effected between
the headings from the eastern side and
the central shaft, and this success is
regarded as positive proof tbat in les
than a year from this time the great
Massachusetts bore will be completed;
indeed, the prophets are very exact.
and declare tbat " on October 13, 1873,
all goes well, there win be an open
ing through Hoosac Mountain from
east to west," But almost anything
can be believed of this remarkable
enterprise, now, for it appears that al
though the shaft was suuk 1,030 feet
into the earth, tbe heading from it
was so true that when the junction
was made with the opening from the
east, it showed a dinerence in line of
only five-sixteenths of an inch. This
result seems almost incredible, but it
rests upon the statements of the Mas
sachusetts State Engineers, who have
muue a careful examination of the
At a school in Greene county.Iowa,
the scholars caught a skunk and put
in the schoolma'am's desk, think
ing she would "smell a mice" aud
give them a holiday. She wasn't one
that kind. She took a spring clothes
fastent d it on her nose, went on
with the exercises, and let the schol
ars enjoy the perfrime.
How Edwin Forrest Rehearsed and
Handled Subordinate Actors.
[From Anecdotes of Forrest in the Philadelphia
To the majority of actors he was a
source of terror. The announcement
of bis coming to a theater was almost
invariably tbe cue for ei'.her fear or
rebellion among those who bad acted
with him, and oftner among those
who had never had that privilege.
One actor would relate to the others
instances of Mr. Forrest'B tyranny,
which would set the company up in
arms against him, and when he arri
ved in the best of dispositions, and
tbe desire to get through his engage
ment as happily as possible, be would
find bis supporters in rebellion, one
half bating, tbe other half fearing
him. The dread tbat actors had of
him la almost beyond belief. Young
men who were accustomed to get thro'
their minor parts with credit on ordi
nary nights, would falter, stammer,
and injrloriousiy breaK down while
rehearsing with him. In an engage
ment placed by him In Washington
a few years ago, some notable instan
ces of this occurred. Mr. Forrest was
to open in "Macbeth," and attended
the last rehearsal himself, the other re
hearsals generally being conducted by
tbe actor who traveled with him. On
this occasion the company was a par
ticularly bad one, even for Washing
ton; consisting principally of what
were known as "war actor." Mr.
Forrest came on the stage with a very
pleasant smile, but before the first act
was over the smile disappeared, aud
by tbe third act a heavy frown and
ominous shaking of the head denoted
that Mr. Forrest was himself again.
Tbe readings of tbe actors were as bad
as bad could be. He endeavored to
instruct them, but to no purpose.
When the caldron scene ia tbe fourth
act was reached the tragedian's little
etock of patience was quite worn out.
The cue was given for the apparitions
to rise through tbe caldron. The
First Apparition did so, and spoke
his two lines without difficulty. Tbe
second one was not so successful. He
had to say immediately upon bis ap
pearance "Macbeth ! Micbeth ! Mac
beth!" to which Macbeth replies,
"Had I three ears, I'd hear thee!"
The apparition, before speaking,
glanced at Mr. Forrest, and immedi
ately loEt bis voice, his words being
inaudible. Forrest replied in the
words of the text, laying scornful em
phasis on the words three, and, much
confused, the aparition continued in
the words "Be bloody, bold and reso
lute," laying the emphasis upon the
word bloody, as though it weie a
qualification of the word bold, thus
giving an original and ridiculous read
ing to tbesentence. Mr. Forrest rush
ed at the unfortunate young man,
roailng out, "You're a butcher sir,
Shakespeare doesn't want me to be
bloody bold; be wants me to be bloody,
bold and reso ute. Go down, sir go
down." Seven times that young man
came up the caldron, never to get fur
ther than bloody bold, tc., and so ex
asperated did Forrest become that he
insisted eventually on the person per
forming the First Apparition, "doub
ling" the other two, although all three
should be entirely different in appear
ance and manner. The troubles with
the young man, however, were not to
end there, in the nun act the nu-
fortunate youth had to play the sec
ond officer, aud rush in to announce
to Macbeth tbe approach of Malcolm's
army. This i a very trying saluta
tion for a novice, and many failures
bave been caused by it. Mr. Forrest's
young man, however, rushed in at
the orooer moment and droDDed unon
one knee, tbe usual business. The
tragedian, who was as energetic at re
heral as he was at night, rushed at
him, seized him by the throat, and
The devil damn thee black, thou cream
faced loon.
Where gottest thou that goose look V
The young man replied in the text,
"There are ten thousand." "Geese,
vilain," roared Forrest, giving him
a abase; when, instead of replying
in the simple words of his part, " Sol
diers. sir," the poor wretch cried out,
" Ye-e-e-8, Mr. Forrest." This was
too much for Forrest, who threw him
off with tremendous force, and then
stamped np and down the stage boil
ing with rage. In one of his turns
bis eye again lighted on the second
officer, who had picked himself up,
and stood wondering what wonld
come next. Forrest gazed at him fix
edly, and in a voice of the utmost
calmness said, " Sir, you are a butch
er by trade, are you not ? " "No, sir,
I am an actor.' "An actor," replied
Forrest : " you are not, sir ; you are a
butcher, air ; go and resume your call
ing; kill sheep, kill oxen, kill asses,
if yon will, but never kill Shake
speare more." This ebullition-cooled
the tragedian down, and tbe rest of
the rehearsal and the performance
passed off without further trouble.
Mr. Forrest, however, never forgot
tne "young butcher," as he called
him, and has been heard to say that
he followed him everywhere.
in Cincinnati, a few months after
ward, an actor playing Seyton In'the
same tragedy, on coming in to an
nounce the death or Lady Macbeth,
confounded Mr. Forrest's ears by say
ing, instead of the words, "Tbe Queen,
my lord, is dead," said, " The King,
mv lord. Is dead," to which Mr. tor-
rest equally astonished his audience
by forgetting himself, and replying,
is he, then wnat am i doing here .' '
Forrest vowed that this was theyouog
butcher from Washington, and it took
much persuasion to convince him to
tbe contrary. To a man of so much
excitability as Mr. Forrest, no catling
in the world wag so liKelv to draw
forth the roughest portions of bis na
ture. The homage, mingled with fear,
he everywhere received from his fel
low-actors served only to increase bis
natural vanity. VI late years, when
his temper received additional acri
mony from illness, the lines of the
actors playing in Forrest's pieces were
by no meaus cast in pleasant places.
One of tbe most tryingordeals through
which a young actor ever bad to pass
was to play Lucullus to Forrest's Da
mon in the play of "Damou and Pyth
ias." Lucullus ia Damon's servant.
aud upon him depends the success of
Forrest's greatest scene in the play,
viz, : that in which Lucullus an
nounces to Damon that he has slain
his horse. Here Forrest rose to the
very height of bis grandeur, and his
Eassion was something terrible to be
old. He always seized Lucullus by
tbe waist, threw him down, picked
him up agaiu, threw bim down, and
Dually rushed off to Syracuse, drag
ging Lucullus after bim. Tbe unfor
tunate actor playing Lucullus had al
ways to be provided with a strong
leathern belt around bis waist, by
which Forrest seized bim, and many
time when Mr. Forrest was in more
than ordinary vigor, he has been
known to lift Lucullus by this same
belt, and actually throw him off at
the wing, with the most utter reck
lessness of the consequences either to
tbe poor actor tbe scenery, or the
prompter. So great a dread arose in
the minds of actors regarding this
part of Lucullus, that at one time Mr.
Forrest was obliged to travel with his
own Lucullus, as the only means of
securing the proper interpretation of
this great scene.
Nearly every actor who bas ever
layed with Mr. Forrest haa bis own
little anecdote to tell of Forrest's grim
humor or scathing sarcasm ; but such
anecdotes mainly depend for appreci
ation upon an imitation of tbe trage
dian's voice and manner. That Mr.
Foirest bad abundaut humor of its
kind, no odc can be in doubt. A re
mark of his made in Baltimare a few
years ago has become famous as a
stage tradition. Mr. Forrest's legs
were a theme of great admiraliou to
the world at large, aud of no little
pride to himself. The play was " Yir-
ginius," and Mr. Forrest, in the cos-
tume of the Roman general, was
standing at the wings in bis usual firm
attitude, and with his usual scornful
smile, gazing at the actors and super
numeraries standing on the stage.
The lower limbs of the actors for the
most part being plentifully padded,
C resented a respectable appearance,
ut the poor supers, being, as id usual
ly the case in American theaters, mere
overgrown boys, and having so pads,
their limbs were ridiculous, and the
fleshings with which they were cov
ered being a world too wide for tbeii
shrunken shanks, their appearance
roused the Ire of Mr. Forrest, Mr.
Ford the manager, passing at the
time, Forrest called hia attention to
tbe supers, and said : " Mr. Ford, for
heaven's sake, what are those?"
" Those," said the manager, " are
Roman citizens, Mr. Forrest." " Ro
man citizens! Ye Gods, did Romans
have legs like those?" Tbeairof ut
ter disgust attending the words was
Indescribable, and Forrest stalked' on
the stage as if he could devour the
Roman citizens, legs and alL
Capt. Scott always said there was ho
boat on the western waters like the
Flying Dolphin, for speed and beauty.
He knew every inch of her, from the
great black hold below to the delicate
white railing on top, as wetl as he
did bis wife's face and figure. Peo
ple said, too, he was as fond of one as
tbe other. He was standing one eve
ning, leaning over tbe deck railing,
watching tbe sun go down behind the
Virginia hills, when one of the pas
sengers came upon him.
"That's a curious fellow yonder,"
nodding to a lame boy who was sitting
on the deck, whittling. "'Work on
the boat?"
"Satu? Well, no. I can't say Sam
works, exactly. You see be bas no
more strength as to body than a cat.
Lots of head. Good brain, sir."
"I noticed bim selling some trifles
this morning odd little toys and
charms for a lady's watch chain."
"He made those, Sam did. I'd like
you to looK into his pen. Sam !''
Sam stopped whistling and shut up
his knife, and then limped np. He
had a thin but remarkably pleasant,
even jolly face.
"I'd like you to show Judge Brooks
your cubby-hole yonder, lad," watch
ing them as they walked away togeth
er. Somebody, he thought, ought to
give Sam a helping hand, and he was
perpetually boasting of tbe boy to
every passenger, in tbe hopes tbat
some ol them would be interested in
"It wouldn't cost Brooks the rent of
one house," he said to the mate, "to
give Sam an education ; not as much
altogether as he spends foi a horse. I
tell you it galls me, South, to see a boy
like tbat left a beggar, for want of a
Judge Brooks, meantime, looked
curiously in tbe little closet where
Sam Blept and worked. There was a
small turning lathe. and several knives
aDd files. On the table were one or
two trays filled with rings made of
can nel coal curiously carved, of purple
and white mus;Ie shells, crosses, an
chors and hearts of gum copal, and
long strings of miuature keys, books,
etc.. turned out of mother-oi-pearl.
"Very curious indeed; very pretty,
Is this all you have done V" said tne
Sam, after a minute's hesitation,
took out of a box a complete steam
engine, about half a foot high.
"I'm! ha! What's the use of this
now? Can't sell that for a lady's
"No." said Sam. "I made it at odd
times. I understood tbe eugine bet
ter when x bad made it."
The Judge looked at him-curiously.
I really don't see the necessity why
you should understand tbe steam en
"Hike machinery," said Sam, sim
ply. I could bave invented it if"
"If what?"
"It I bad been different."
"Had no schooling, eh ?"
I can read and write; that's alL
Sam winced a little at the rough
tone; but be answered as usual with
downright directness.
"I'm not able to earn my living by
any kind of work, sir, and I have no
friends. Two years ago Capt Scott
said to me, 'Sam,' says he 'come
aboard the Flying Dolphin. There's
plenty for you to eat aud drink, and
may be something Ml turn up.' I sell
these things and keep myself in shoes
and the like. The captain mostly
gives me hia old clothes."
L in ! na? Well. I'll buy a few of
these Gimcracks for my wife and
daughter. These charms, now; what
do you say they cost ?"
the judge round Lapt. Scott with
his wife and daughter when be enter
ed the cabin, one hand full of parti
colored toys. The ladies were de
lighted with them, and profuse in ex
clamations. "Yes." said the captain. "The boy
has great ability, if it were cultivated.
If 1 were a rich man, I know no bet
ter use I could make of my money
tban to give such a helpless cripple a
Mrs. Brooks dropped the charms as
though they burned her.
"JNow Lapt. Scott." she said, sharp
ly, "I will have no such idea put into
my husband's head. He is only too
ready to fling away bis money on
every beggar. What good can this
boy be to us. or to anybody, for that
She stopped, turning red, for there
in front of ber stood Sam.
Tbe boy's lip trembled a little, but
be said, quietly, "You dropped some
of tbe things you bought. Judge
Brocks;" and handing them to him
turned and went out.
"I'm very sorry," began the judge.
"Your wife should be," said the
captain, roughly. "The boy is no
beggar. I wouldn't tramp on a worm
in that fashion;" and he followed
Somehow, the story went about
among tbe crew that evening, (the
captain told it) and everybody bad a
joke or kind word for Sam. If he had
beeu a gloomy, melancholy lad, it is
very likely bis lameness would not
have made him the favorite he was.
But be was a merry little fellow, ready
Willi nis laugh at everybody's JoKes,
no matter how poor. He bad a good
voice, too, they thought, and every
evening his shrill pi pes could be heard
above the chorus or tbe men singing,
Tbe songs he knew were not to be
To-night be did not care to sing but
stole away to his den and went to
work at his lathe.
"What ails you?" said South, the
mate, rapping him on the back.
"You're bothered about something,
Sam. Out with it."
Sam got up, standing on his sound
leg so as to hold himself at his full
height. "It's onlv if I could do
something like other boys or men.
Thete things are of no use. I I am
beggar, as she called me, Mr South,
and 1 11 never be of any account to
any living being."
South was a rough fellow, and hesi
tated. "I'm not used to talking re
ligion, Sam, and you know it. But
it's my belief that God never made a
roy to be of no account, and someday
He gives them all a chance to show
what they're here for. Your tlme'll
come. Now come down. The men
want you to sing."
"Not to-night." He sat down and
began to turn the lathe violently, as
he did whenever he was troubled. .
"He frets like a girl," thought South
looking at the boy's tbin cheek and
delicate hand. "Books are the work
for Sam; that's sure." For South's
idea of accepting trouble was to knock
down the man who injured him ; any
grieving beyond, a puzzle and bewil
dered bim.
Sam worked steadily all that eve
ning. At night hecrept Into his bunk,
but he could not sleep. The boy waa
hurt deeper than anybody could
know. He knew how weak in body
he was and without any education his
life would be useless. And he-would
become so helpful and good a man, if
he had but the chance- which other
boys did not care for.
But where was the chance? He
turned restlessly on his narrow bed
ntil midnight, and then he got up
and dressed himself". He would go
Out on deck In the fresh air.
As be went oat coder tbe clear
moonlight, the solemn shadows of the
hills on either side, tne poor boy pray
ed to God to give bim his chauee.
As he turned into the lower deck, a
carious smell came with a sudden
whiff toward him. Sam stopped a
moment, then hobbled quickly toward
tbe bold. A dense curl of black smoke
crept out of the door. He flung it
open. On tbe lower step lay an ever
turned lame.
"That drunken Btile!" muttered
Sam. From the lamp a tongue of
flame crept along the floor, a mere
thread, which a paii of water would
extinguish. But at the further end
of this tongue it licked and twirled
about a keg, had ad! ready charred the
hoops,. and was thrusting itself up to
the head.
The blood seemed to stand still in
Sam'a veins. He knew the keg was
full of gunpowder, enough to blow
the boat into atoms.
Could he give the alarm X
The watchmen were at the other
end of the boat. Long before he could
reach them, tbat glittering, writhing
point would have done its work. -
For himself there was a chance of
escape. With a step he could reach
the small skiff of the boat and rush
it into the water. Life was dear.
I doubt if this thought stayed one
moment in Sam's mind. An empty
pail lay near him. He caught it up
and filled it with water- Then he
stopped. He must go up close to the
powder. The flames were crackling
all about it.
A strong boy-would have rushed
desperately in. But Sam had only
the courage of a girl. He staggered as
he went; his breath left him. But he
hobbled straight up to the Jaws of
The next minute the floor was
drenched in water and tbe fiery tongue
died like a living thing, hissing
Tbe watchman hearing the sound,
and catching the smell of smoke, gave
the alarm, and rushed to the lower
deck to find the fire out aud Sam lying
exhausted on the floor, hia arms oyer
the powder keg.
Tbe cry of lire once given, a wild
terror spread through the boat. In a
few minutes the passengers, men and
woo en, were huddled together in the
cabin, pale and chattering. Capt.
Scott came in the door.
"What is It?" cried Mrs. Brooks.
"Is there danger? Are we to be the
next victims of these . murderous
"There is no danger now, madam.
I wish you would come with me,
gentlemen, and see what tbe danger
baa been, and who it was, mnderGod,
that saved you."
The men crowded after him. They
were Southern and Wsstern men,
whose hearts are easily touched, and
whose hands find their way readily
to their pockets. They delight, -too.
In m eo tin tn anil voMrftlut iona .
The next morning a meeting was
called and a string of grateful resolu
tions relative to Sam, which ended by
a subscription list for a testimonial.
Judge Brooks placed tbe money in
the captain's hands : "I hope you will
find it enough to do the lad some per
manent good," he said.
The captain's eyes were dim. "It
will educate him thoroughly as a ma
chinist." he said. "You will hear of
that boy yet, sir."
We have all heard of him. But it
is not necessary to give his name or
to tell anything concerning . him, ex
cept tbat God gave him hia chance
and he has used it as God would have
him. Youlh't Companion.
The Indianapolis Sentinel of recent
date tel's the following story :
Some years ago, there was a well
known engineer, whose name ia not
given for good and sufficient reasons,
who ran a passenger train on one of
the most popular and most traveled
roads that run out of Indianapolis.
At a certain place on the road, every
night for about week, as the passen
ger train ran by this engineer, came
thundering along, it was certain1 to bo
thrown from the track by obstructions
placed there. Several of these mis
haps Cju d loss of.-life, and the ability
of the eugineer was being questioned.
One night as the unfortunate train
was hearing the fatal spot, the engin
eer who sitting glum and silent at the
throttle, turned to the fireman and
said; "If this train jumps the track
&t that place to night, you follow me;
But keep close after me. Somebody
has been throwing this train off the
track and I'm going to catch him."
When the train arrived at the usual
place it struck a misplaced rail and
was banked. Ihe engineer, clostiy
followed by the fireman, jumped from
the engine and ran into a cornfield
and started up a man tbat lay con
cealed there. L'pon bringing the cul
prit back to the wreck tbe enraged
passengers wanted to lyncn mm, but
the engineer, astearn, cold, determin
ed man, prevented tbem. saying he
would iae care ot him, and through
tbe intercession of the conductor the
trembling wretch was left in the
charge of the engineer. The train
was righted and was soon speeding
on its .ray. Tbe prison eer who had
confessed the deed, had been seated
on tbe engine and tbe fireman placed
beside biiu as guard. W hen the train
was on a smooth piece of track tbe
engrneer beckoned the flremann to
stand out of the way. -Tbe fireman
stepped aside and the engineer picked
up around stick of wood and struck:
tbe criminal such a blow upon the
head that it stuned him. He then
caught tbe quivering form of the
poor wretch, and opening tbe furnace
doors, threw tbe body into the hot
seething hell of flame The doors
were shut, the train rattled along ant
never, until upon bis death bed did
the engineer confess the act, nor was
ascertained what had been the fate
the fiend who had been in tbe hab
of throwing the passenger train off
the track.
A funny man tells how he has dis
couraged a horse car conductor. Tbe
latter asked him to "Make a little
room, sir?" Says I, "You want me to
make a little room, do you ?" Says he,
"Yes, I do." Says I, "What kind of
room do you want, a bath room or a
billiard room?" Says he, "Sir, there
room for eleven ca this seat." Says
"Sir, there isn't. Says he, "There
are eleven on the other side." Says I,
see it, and there are ten on this
side now, and you tell me there is
room for eleven more." Says he, "I
mean there U room for one more."
Says I, "Well, why in thunder didn't
you say so? One isn't eleven." He
smiled with such an expression of en
tire woe tbat the driver shouted whna
hia hoRes.
The young man who bas an ambi
tion to make a great noise iu the world
should learn boiler making. He can
Re more noise at that trade thn
anything else be can engage in. If he
believes a man should strike for wa
ges," be should learn bbu-kamithing:
especially if be is good at "'blowiuj,, '
be would embrace a profession in
which he can rise rapidly, he should
become an aeronaut. He couldn't,
find anything better "for high."

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