Warren, Ohio. July 9, 1873.
r fTTE STER5 BE SE RTE Cpt05ICMS
V i m.k Market 8W- Warren WK.
iteski.. Editor and Proprietor
t (it phvalo.Iftn an J Surgeon
I luttneand residence a few rod Booth
;V,;r Atlantic Great -Western Depot,
" here he can be consulted professional!.
Warren, O. April 1 1871-tf
a -t-T,ww.w Dentist Office oyer
ii. . S. C Chryst Oo.'s new met
.S.poBite the Court Kooaa. Market BUWar-
rEOEGE P. HTJ3TER, Attorney at
I ' " i v.nrinnier Block, Market
. 1 AW . flllVJ " . M liM.v.ff
Warren. Ohio, ireo.-.-
nE. . 6IBB05S, Dentists, teeth
. - ..,., rwiln nuner or low-
-AV e " 'V ,V 'PTfflee over T. J. W
lAin bw "-
O. T. MTCiljr,
Pfl "WTTCITF. PhvSiciallB,
I anv ab- AfHrvK An Hisrh BtraeS at
. . , t t h i tr Maniutu
,ue atana ronneriy
Jan. 6 lieu
XI UTCHI5S SFEAK, Attorney at
H t rmi in First National Bank
I feuding," atory. front room V
l Jmk. a. D570-IT.
! ...nrn w.n. i. a. acssDJ- "
-TML-L BRACEEK. EUSSELL
IJ Eclectic Physicians od8unj,oince
oilpfwite Thompson Hods, Market 6t, A"
Sweilce attended to at aU hour, .day
SrVlghtT Br. a. will give attention to tte
freStment of " i?n,aB VStl
.. - oMMMmer Libera? ana w Ban-
ton Avenue. Warren, O. fan U".
Biock, B igh SLsee.
I K. J. .i"''Jr, Hat. Bank.
1 Santeon, om . m., d
Office hours irom ' r - 25 xmi
Jto8P-ia. - '
AR. GATES, Jobber or Tobacco
.an-dClW Market BWaea,
SLATE R00FIX6. done t horti no
tice. Reference W8. Mathews. War
,nt Sit. B-Drake. Akron, O. lapr. 16.
sun; Hoot. B. Drake,
- -- ? vrrr itomnshurr. Ohio,
V .M'annfacturer and whoiejal. and
Mail ueaier in rumpa. iv
. - TRAD. ACK1XT.
t) ATLEFF JfclOSES, Aniej.."
jKAunsellersatLaw. Office over the E-
cLun Bank of Fresman a ""H"""'T"
tat. Warren Ohio.
H. COTfBEBT, Attorney at Law.
nm. nrnarol Mill and Main 8t.. lleU
V . foct.18 1S71-U.
a Ttrrf R. TVTanufttctnrer ttna
riKhinv Tackle, van -T.-'' -
a n Tr smlni Machine. C w
kut 8t Warren, Ohio. . l
o. 8. Mar-
y", t rpiio itlirnnitlitw, and
IS k.,. Public: office in Chrqnicla
tStiding, over lmbs Boot and Shoe blore.
Market Street, Warreu, Ohio.
A. c PARKER, Attorney at Law,
.Office over Kirk A Christy's store.
Market St Warren, Ohio, ,
a. jc. Tumjc. j. t. btci.1
EUTCHKS, TUTTLE lt?
Attorney at Law, office over Smith
x mnert 8torV, corner of Main and Market
f Blre-U. W arren. Ohio. J an. 1U. lS-tf.
"T7ISCHER & BIER, House. Sign
P and Ornamental Painters. Graining
fihoa In Martin A
Chruteanert bnUdlng. MarketSt.
. w. if. rojrraa.
If. W. T. PORTER, Dealers
w. k. roKrau
Lin School and MiaceUaneons Books,
T -ii- , 1 Panm. WHrwllrais. Pain-
fctaaJoaary, WaU Papers, renoaiia ituu
MiMrunn 1 Magaainea; at the ew York Book
txrwra. Main bueew w arren. wum
; r. r. HACKir.
fAUi JCACKET, Manufactarers
tsf feumeH and ceaiers in oauuwj
v.Hem. Travelins Baes.
Kacuuary. Ja . Ji amii.D-''H
Jan. 4. h(7t
1 Ohio, T. D. Maekey, Proprietor. 1 nave
also a well furnished Uvery Stable in con
nection with my betel. - -' UnarJm,
"WTaSHESGTOS BTEE, Attomey at
1 V Law and Notary Public. Office In
the old Chroniole Office, Chronicle Buildi
ng. Market 8i over Gate' Store.
-" J. H. ODPZUUri). D. F. HATTHIA
0PELASD k HATFIELD, Photo
graphers, 225 Superior Street, Corner of
. StnK.a, Cleveland. Ohio.
AlrU3.lS7S. . --- ,
mUtUTTLESET ADAttS, Fir and
t V LUe Insurance Agent, Warren, Ohio.
Merchandise and other property insured in
mil bunt Companies, 01, lavorable term
? .arm .property, Isolated Dwelitng. and their
culture Insured for one, three and live
j -ear .tiffioe in MoComb and Smith's clock.
1 in iMinn HtmnirhoTjtcltvandoountv.
Also agent -tor Cleveland Cement Sewer and
draw ruM m matm.
(tan c. 1871.
DOLTHITS GBJETEB, Dealer in
'Am aaioaik. cretuu-ilic of all deaortpUona,
vis: Pianoa, tlrgna, Meioaeons, v
u f .... ji.rrr'
OramsTpiaao- ied, Piano-stool, Sheet
mMMuiitboe aaTvWlu Stxlngs, Guitar
", er Weob'fSiock,over
Porter' Book Stoi
MlTk'EB, Contractor of
i . T .- it - ID wntinlntdUlV xTOu!
1 A.lJLm". maul JLTIk
uiJivu to Burg Hill yla K'nnishes
to slve notice to the public ?eh"Pr2-
Tided himself with a tfltaaa u"l L"?
and is now prepared U ea rry 4 -enger and
baggage to all points on lh Jx111'
i:T - '
R. EECKWL Den-
. tist. ha tirocun on 01
the Improved Surgeot. " V"
with the Llonid Kiun t Oxide
tisa. and It te, -without doubt, the satet,
surest and most rapid in Its effect ai a c'1-
TITB. A. P.
wi nation of any anaesthetic knowi v ... i
will remain in Kinaman, at hi office,
FUEEMAN & HNT, S-
y . W A KEEN, OHIQ . .
. DKALEBSIK ', V
I sM, Bllrsr, Easter Exchange, TJaeamat Baak
letea, an sH kiass sf
Q 0 yE ENMEIf T B Q N PS
Interest Allowed on time Deposits.'
Collections and all bnslnes connected with
Ranking promptly attended to. .
EEVESTJK STAMPS FOB BALE
March L ItH.
State of Ohio, Trumbull County, as.
Chart V. Tyler,) In Court of Cemjaon
Leicester King, )
The defendant wools supposed to reside
in Western Virginia, will tax notlee that
ay 01 j u
on the fourth day t
June, 1873, the plain
tiff filed hi petition against said defendant
In said Court In Attachment, praying Judg
ment -Ri nut said defendant.lor the sum of
$; 9-iotf, an latere from the 2it day of
August, it?, upon oooa acouun, auu uuim.
the defendant appear and answer by the
Bin day of August. 1873, aaid petition will be
taken a true and judgment rendered accor
dingly. 8CTLIFF 4k 8TEWAKT,
June 1, lgTt-U. Atty for PlalnU B.
ATTACHMENT. ' '
iu HI bier tl Robert Plater.
r-7 ., T' 1 r . i - i a
xieiure iir uar.i imus, ....u "
Peace. In and for Hubbard Township.Trum
bull eonnty, and State of Ohio. Ontheabth
day of May, A. D. 1873, said Justice issued
an AnW a AtlAAhment Jar g286u Said
. action Is set for hearing on the i&lh day of
4 my. a u. 18,3. at w o ciocx, a. m.
t ' . . AASON KrBTT.R.
June ', 87S-St
l Phiio Mvtcham and Henry L. Bar.
11am, laic parbuers, pin, vs, josepn liarex,
deft. Before Charles Fitch, J. P, Kinsman
Township, Trumbull County.
On the 13m day of June, 1K73, said Justice
issued an order of attachment in the above
entitlea case lor the sum 01 sixty-two and
40-100 dollar. Said cause I set for hearing
-on the th day of August, 1S73, at 1 o'clock,
p. m of that day. PHILO M EACH AM.
Kinsman, Jane 25, 1S7S-31
II . . , , -- . T , V.
y nis r-icnre,iTames,Buuf ,"r
erty Su. 3d door south of the 1st Is at. Bank
bufidlng, next to K. K. Wlsell s Carriage
Maootactory, where he has still the best !
Rustlo Window Shades, Oval and Baoare
Frame. Curomoa. Flcture Kails, Cord. 40
And all kinds of Painting and Whitening o
PAPERING & BEFITTING
! my line, -will be promptly attended to
ana at uis wwoh jmmhmuicj
Mar. IB, US7S. C a HcMCTT.
wall 10,13 ox.
A large lot of
New Patterns Just Received
. AT THk "
VIENNA BOOK STORE, '
Which will -be trimmed for purchaser.
Albums, Miscellaneous nd School Book.
Paper, Pens, Ink and Pencils; Pictures,
Frames and Glass, also Mouldings f ept on
hand and frame made to order. V ases,
Tovs, Musical Instrument and Fancy Arti
cles usually found in a book store; all of
whlcn will be sold as cheap a the same
class of goods can be purchased elsewhere.
Those wishing to bey are requested to call.
MBS. P. M. FOOTE.
May 7, 187S-Smo.
TXAimrATIOXS OF TEACHERS.1
AZiCntil larter aotlee, there will be an
ftluminatlon nf tMrbcnsl the Hieh School
building in Warren, on the Am Saturday of
every moutn auruig toe year, eafwfn.ui
that during the mouth of April and Sep
tember, tuere will be an examination on
each succeeding Saturday, a follows:
First Saturday. Payne' Corners; second.
Johnston; third, Bristol ; fourth. Warren.
Notice 1 hereby given of the adoption of the
following rule, wnicnwui oeswicuy aunerea
to A li nertlBoatea hereafter sranted by
this Board, shall be dated on the day of
examination, except mat in special oases
for good reason, cercincabea may ue uaura
back, but in no case beyond the date of the
By order of the Board, ,
GEO. P. HTTNTEK, Clerk.
Warren. O. Feb. 7 187a-lyr.
The Kansas and Colorado all rail route to
Wamego, Bunker Hill.
Junction City, Walker.
And all Points In
Golden City, .
Salt Lake City
Tism, Colorado, the Terrllorlei
AND THE PACIFIC COASTS
1 DO Miles the Shortest Line from Kansas
lOO City to Denver.
Ol f Mile the Shortest Line to Poeblo
AiVJ Trinidad. Santa Fe, and all point in
new Atexiooana iinsona, .
10 TEKBIESI SO CK5IBU8 TKaRbTXAI
The Great RiTers are all Bridged.
The only Direct Line to the fertile valleys
of the Kansas, Republican, Solomon,&aline
and Smokey Hill River.
Only Line running cars through without
ehange from the Missouri River to Denver.
Only line running Pullman Palace Cars to
Only Through Lice upon which yon can
Don't fail to take a trio through Kansas.
and view the great advantages ottered for a
Everybody In search or health or pleasure
should make an excursion over the Ksmas
Close connections made In Union Depots
at Kansas City and Leavenworth, with all
trains to and from the East, North and
Bontn. tuM U a. buwjui, uen. eupu
EEVXBXEY A. KK1JH,
May 7, 1ST.
The Union Express.
THIS Company, now occupying the
new line of the Ashtabula, Yoangstown
A Pittsburgh R. B, have opened an office in
Warren, on IAberty Stnet, next door to ito
Otnce. and are prepared to do a general ex
press business. Goods and valuable for
warded in charge of special messenger on
all passenger trains. Reach all the princi
pal cities and town. In connection with the
Adams and American Express companies.
Notes, Drafts, Bill Ac., received for collec
tion aud return promptly made. Special
allcnUtm oircn to thipmmU ofproduetto etiU
rs cities. Kate low. U-A. BALDWIN,
May IS, lB7-3mo Agent.
T EQAL NOTICE.
ijTo the heirs of Michael Thomas, deo'd.
wuuse name and residence are unknown.
Yon are hereby notified that on June 13th
1K7, John B. Allen, Administrator of
Michael Thomas, dee'd- filed his petltiou
in the Probate Court of Trumbull county.
Ohio, alleglugthat the personal estate of
ee'd is Insufficient to pay his debts: that
he died owning an equitable Interest in the
following land, situate in Kinsman town
ship, Trumbull county, Ohio, bounded east
bv (and of L. P. Andrew: south by land
of Charlotte Allen; west by land ol Fobe
and Gunderman, north by the highway ;
being 1 acre or land. Said petition pray
for the aale of said lands, and will be for
hearing July I, US7S. - '
AdmT of Michael Thomas, dee d.
By Wasbl nrton Hyde,Att'y for Petition'r.
Jan 1H, lK7-4t
Leae and Odal In
The newly Invented "Weatker Haute"
it indicating, wirely, the state of the weath
er. When 11 Is to be fair weather a little
lady, about two inches high, come out of
the door, when it is to be stormy she re
tire and ttie little man comes out. It 1
realty worth seeing and is sold at a ow
prioe, at ADAMS' Book Store.
EW BOOKS RECEIVED AT
Porter's Book Store 1 New Life in New
da by Grace Greenwood. The Mistery
of Metropollsville, by Eggleston; Window
Gardening: Practical Floraeuitnre; Every
Woman her own Flower Gardner; Paris
Irish and Eastern Sketches ; True a Steel
Alice and Phoebe Gary; Back-log 8 todies
Bart Rlagelejr, off to the Geysers; The Rell
gion of Humanity, by Frothlngham; Har
per' new edition of Dlckln.
The State of Ohio, Trumbull County, ss.
iu the Court of Common Plea.
Madlaon Power, Pll'ff, v. The MoCurdy
Coal Co. et, al In proceeding on petition
and croas petition for partition of Coal
Lease and deal Interest In Land.
- Thomas A hi on, David Oweua,. Richard
Owen, James Devraax. and John Dennt
son. supposed to be noa residents of Ohio,
kiojc 01 uiem reauungin s-ennsyivauia,
an Madisan Powers, of Trumbull county,
and Oliver D. Paine, oi Mahoning county,
are hereby notified that In the above eaus
the MoCurdy Coal Co.. have filed a eroa-
penman, stating that, as Assignee and sub
I leasee. unr.r the Coal Contract and Lease
froia John Dennison to David Owens, re
corded la Trumbull county Lease Records,
'oL 1, p&gee 64a, and 628. they, the said
A, VCurdy Coal Co have, hold and own an
on iiviuea uiree-eiguuis snare, ana inter
est in the Coal, coal mining rights and
Sri yilsges, granted by said Dennison Lease,
1 1 be lollowlng land, to-wlt : Situate in
Lib-9rt townsuip, iruiiiuuu oouniy, unio.
bou Idet on tte norku uy lanus 01 juuainan
o rwl a Af a.
Mrs. J, M. Haywai eD' ana west oy iana
formerly owned by Wm. Balrd, John Hood
and Abraham Storm, and Mr. Hay warden
containing l(J6)i acraV That said defen
dant, and persons nam. claim some in
terest in said coal and .right, under said
coal lease. Said orosa-pe ""on, a well as
toe original petition of "n Powers
pray partition, or sale and division of said
m,H,ht tiHAftnri intttt-eAt and proceed
theronf. amonv the owner thereot Said
persons are notified to appeal ' and r
said petition and cross-petition,, by th aith
day of July, A. D. 173. y TMAN
AMyibrMcCurdy Coal Co.
June II. Ig73-t
FOR ALL KINDS OF SA LT.
Factory Filled Dairy, Saginaw, Syra
cuse, Ohio River, and the celebrated
Lisbon, a-ull soppl;- at wholesale or Re
tail. Having now arrangement with Salt
manufacturers, we are able to sell aal t at
or nearly so) Cleveland price. Mereha-nta
and Factory men, will do well to see us be
fore buying elsewhere.
June li. 1873. CAMP A RANDALL.
O. T. HoberV T. C. Hobert, and D. D.
xiuoert, PltrTa, v. Joseph Clary. Deft.
Before E. A. Reed, J. P. of Vernon town
ship, Trumbull county, Ohio.
On the loth day of June, A. D. 1873, said
Justice Issued an order of attachment in
the above action for the sum. of one hun
dred and twenty-one 23-1UU dollar. Bald
Attachment and summons was returnable
June 17th at ten O'clock, a. m. Cause con
tinued till 28th July, 1873, at 1(1 o'clock, a.m.
O. T. HOBERT, and others.
N. G. Hyde, Att'y for PU'us.
Jane 2 1873-31
Read by A. McGregor, of the "Stark
County Democrat," on the occasion of the
Editorial Banquet, giyen by the citizens
of Canton, at the St. Cloud Hotel, in said
City, on the evening of Thursday, June
We read, in old Mythology, great Jupiter would
A aiceting of the greater gods, In high Olympus
There, In assembled Senate, would he distinctly
His mighty will, and there decree it bo fulfilled
The greater Power were ready to obey each high
And carry out the mandates, by air, and scs, and
Old Neptune, with hi trident, was paramount
And oldEolus ruled the winds with high suthorii
The earth was more divided, with matters slight
And even yet, 'tie eTidcnt that things are hardly
And in that distant period, confusion would
Whene'er the charming Godcsses would some
thing have in view,
There's Juno and Diana, and others I might name,
Who troubled father Jupiter with more than
love's own tamo,
But all these michtv potentates havo passed to
their account I
And 'tis of little moment now to what they did
Another class, the lesser gods, more numerous
" they say ;
More circumscribed in power and range, tho use
ful in their way : ,
Among these were the Household Gods, devoted
, to "Sweet Homer
The faithful guardiaas of th hearth, aar e'er al
lowed to roam I
Their high and holy mission, great Jupiter de
To cherish all the Virtues and to benefit man
These Household Gods hare perished too, hare
long since passed away :
The Virtues tho' survive them, around our hearth
Survive too in their vigor, with undimmed splen
As brightly, as in days of old, and Jupiter's de
With fresh impersonations come angel graces in
To sweeten every virtue and blacken every sin
They're found in caskets TOrious, let's ax inside
the shelL ' - "
We find her "Old Mortality," and meet with
Here, too, ar "Angel' Whispers," ''The Chil
dren in the Wood;"
"The Children" of oar Dickens, and "Little Bid
We travel with old "Crusoe" and find sweet "An
The maid that's not forgotten in that "Kingdom
by the Sea;"
Adown the river floating y "The Lady of Sua
Who passes bye the "Violet," aud sweet "Forget-
me-not!" - -
"My heart is in the Highlands" with the "Lady of
While on the "Bonny bank o Clyde," a rest with
friends we take. '
"The wounded Hare!" limps by ns, "The Moun
tain Daisy" blooms.
"The Skylark," and "The Wee Birds," rehearse
their sweetest tunes.
But here, at "Home Again," we meet how long
w e've been away,
"John Anderson my Joe, John," and good "auld
Robin Gray!" .
The sweet "Last Rose 'of Summer" bedecks "The
Old Arm Chair;"
"The Cricket on the Hearth" comes in, the even
ing joys to share!
The Pilgrim" in hi "Progress" tho "Pilgrims of
Are welcome guestsin unison with Boms, and
"Auld Lang Syne!" : ,
And host of other worthies, historic in their
fame, . . , .
With all the brain creations too numerous to
Do Life's great burdens press you, with care, or
Just ope the priceless volume, and search the
Book of Life!
All Hope's without foundation all aspiration
Unless the heart is purity, and, life without
stain! ; 1. :
We Joy with "Little Barefoot" we weep with
"Jessie Deans," -
So delicate to nature, are those Interesting sceae
These sre not fleeting shadows, but embodiments
Immortal a the qualities they represent so well.
-The World" is thus before us "The Sun" with
To "Herald" and to "Chronicle" man's wishes
"The "Tribune" makes tho "Record" up, "Ga
settes" the ravished earth
With light and lightnings, photoing tho "News"
as they hare birth,
"The Times" 'tis seen, makes "Progress" The
Spirit" moves with steam
Illuminating mother earth beyond conception's
God bless the f'Art Preservative," it crystallize
Immortal life creations from human fancy
wrought! : ,
Creations of right reason, well fitted to display
The lovely forms of Virtu In their Innocent, ar
"Companions of the Fireside" no fall of sweetest
chimes! -' -
More lifo-like and attractive than the gods of an
cient times! -
DEBTS OF THE WORLD.
The following statement of the
debts of the world is taken from, the
Pail Mall Gazette. In view 'of our
own heavy debt, it may be some con
eolation to know that some nations
are bearing debt burdeneven heavi
er than the . American Republic.
(States owing less than $50,000,000 are
not inciuaea.; -,
Italy. . .
German Empire, - -
Denmark, . '
Venezuela, . . ,
British India, "
Egypt, ' '
Morocco, 1 -
- . 60.000,000
Include the debts of several Ger
The San Francisco Alta is respon
sible for the story that a Nevada law
yer had as a client a man accused of
murder, and the prinoipal witness in
his favor being; his wife, who was in
capacitated from giving testimony by
reason or ner relation to mm, ne got
the murder trial postponed, brought
suit for divorce in her behalf and se
cured it, and then triumphantly
placed her on the stand to secure the
acquittal of her husband. : .- ,
The fallowing beautiful " ode" was
composed by the local editor of the Jack
son Citizen: .
" How doth the little festive bag
Improve each shining bonrf
He perches on the tater plant
And saps its vital power."
Our poet has given the crank a tarn
and ground it the poetry we mean, and
net the bug out as follows :
How doth the little busy bug
Improve each shining minute ;
There ain't a single tater plant
But you will find him in it.
DEBTS OF THE WORLD. ORIGIN OF COAL.
BY ANDREW ROY.
The rocks of the earth which are
known as the "Coal Measures" of the
geologists consist of a series of sand
stones, shales, limestones, fireclays
iron ores and beds of coal in mauiiold
alternations. The coal Is now uni
versally held by Scientific men' to have
been derived from the decomposition
of vegetable matter, the leaves and
stems of ancient plants and trees
which grew and became decomposed
an-! mineralized on the spot where
the coal is now found ; while the su
perincumbent strata have been formed
from the sediments of the water which
flowed over the carboniclus accumu
lation during the subsidence of the
At this period In the history of the
earth immense marshes and swamps
occupied vast areas of surface, from
which there arose a profuse and luxu
riant VegitaUon, consisting of numer
ous, beautiful and various plants,
varying in size from small mosses to
stately trees, which year after year
dopped their leaves and fruit, and in
time died themselves. New forests
arose and died in succesion ; and thus
growth and decay went on through
the slowly moving centuries, until
there was accumulated an enormous
mass of vegitable tissue, like the pul
py mass of a peat bog of tho .present
day. Then, through the airency of
subterranean movements, there fol
lowed a period of subsidence, a grad
ual sinking of the land; the waters
flowed over the surface and deposited
mud and sand, which now form the
shale and sandstone roofs of the mi.
ner, beneath which he hews out the
. The subsidence period was not one
of continual duration. Long pauses
occurred, when new elevations of the
land took place and new jungles and
swamps were formed, favorable to the
growth of the coal floor, the decayed
forests were again covered with shale
and sandstone, by.the gradual sinking
of the land. These periods of eleva
tion and subsidence appeared and dis
appeared alternately as century after
century rolled away, until the various
beds of eoal, and the vast masses of
associated rocks which compose the
coal bearing strata of the carbonifer
ous system of the earth were deposited,-
Many geological writers maintain
that during the carboniferous era the
atmosphere was intensely hot and
saturated with vapor and was charged
with undue proportions of carbonic
acid gas which had been liberated
from the interior of the earth, through
the' agency of . volcanic erruptions,
these conditions it was claimed being
essential to the production of the coa
veeitation: but as coal is found In
newer formation than the carbonifer
ous, the coals - of China belong to
Trassiac and those of tha Pacific
coast the Tertary formations, and as
coal is undoubtedly forming now, in
some place in the earth, it may be
fairly assumed that the climate of
the carboniferous age, though perhaps
more mild and equable, was not ma.
1:1 . 1 r , . .
teriauy uuuae tuo climate ui tug
present age, only the plants and ani
mals were different.
"As we find it in the earth coal
forms are of a series of carbonaeius
minerals which represent but differ
ent stages in a progressive change
from vegitable tissue as found in the
living plant. In peat and Lignite
(brown coal) we witness the first steps
in the formation of coal. Peal is bi
tumenlzed vegitatlon, generally
mosses and other herbaceous plants,
which under favorable circumstances
accumalatea in marshes, hence called
peat bogs. Lignite is the product of
similar change effected in woody
tissue ; and because it retains in a
greater or less degree the form and
structure of wood it has received the
name it beats. ' Peat is the product of
the present age. and lignites are found
la deposits of recent geological age
In the older formations these carbon
aceous accumaiations, still iurtner
changes are bituminou eoal. Where
special and local causes have operated
carry the change still further as
where the keds of coal have been in
volved in the upheave! of mountains
and heat has acted upon it. It is eon
verted Into anthracite," ,
Dr. Newbury in Geological report of Ohio.
To the inherent vanity of the hu
man race mast doubtless be attributed
the invention of artificial mirrors.
In the nrimitive ages of tha world.
tranquil lakes and springs furnished
natural reflecting surfaces for the
gratification of this passion, but ad
vancing civilization suggested a more
convenient agent lor its indulgence.
The introduction or mirrors is as
cribed to the Egyptians, with whom
riginated so many appliances or con
veniences and luxury.
b or many centuries mirrors were
manufactured exclusively from the
various metals, skilfully elaborated
highly polished, copper being
first need for this purpose, xney were
fashioned into spherical shapes and
united to handles highly finished,
either with attractive representa
tions or with frightfully repulsive
figures, which would, by contrast,
heighten the attractiveness of an ob
server's features. In process of time
and lead were combined with cop
in their construction, and subse
quently silver was substituted, and
the fourth century (B. C), mirrors
manufactured from the latter metal
were in very general use among the
Greeks and Bomans, constituting an
extensive branch of industry. Glass
substituted during the second
century, but, for some reason unascer
tained, the use 01 in is Buusutuce ap
pears to have been abandoned, as wri
ters make no further allusion to glass
mirrors until the thirteenth century.
the sixteenth century the Vene
tians Introduced the art of manufac
turing mirrors by coating glass with
composition of tin 1011 ana mercury,
so successful was their enter
prise that, at the present day, no
marked or substantial improvement
been made upon the process they
originated. Though many inven
tions of new methods nave Deen in
troduced, and numerous Improve
ments suggested.such as precipitating
silver, gold and platinum upon glass,
the process of the artists of Ven ice
holds its place on account of the
cheapness and durability of the coat
and the brilliancy or me reflec
A political orator speaking of a cer
general whom he admired, said
was always on the field of battle
where the bullets were the thickest.
Where was that?" asked one of his
auditors. "In the ammunition wag
ons," responded another.
A CURIOUS EXHIBITION.
A needlework exhibition, got np
by the Princess Christian, is now In
progress at the South Kensington
Museum in London. It has a high
historical interest. No article of later
date than 1800 has been admitted,
and there is no lace or woven tapes
try to be seen. Visitors may here
muse over an embroidered shirt that
belonged to Charles I. of .England,
and the 'mantle he wore on the
scaffold at his execution.- Then there
is a star from a sampler worked in
colored silk by the wife of Charles II.,
on which her loving fingers inscribed:
"The 21st of Maye was pur marrlatrs
daye." Poor Queen 1 Bvt saddest
are the memories awakened of Mary
Queen of Scotts. Three relics dis
played at the exhibition attest the
deftness of her fingers. There is a
baby-linen basket, which she worked
for her ungrateful son, James I.; also
a work box, representing Jacob's
Dream, done while she was at Holy
rood; and lastly, a beautiful chair
covering and cushion, executed dur
ing her confinement at Fotheringay.
All these memorials belong to Queen
Victoria. It seems strange to realize,
as demonstrated to us here, that the
virago Elizabeth once made baby-lin
en for sister Mary ; eighteen pieces of
her nandyworK in this line are
shown. There are also various little
toilet articles that belonged to Eliza
beth,' such as her night cap, her shoes,
and her pillow case, a pin cushion,
aud a toilet cover. Silk hangings,
beautiful and fresh, as if just from
the loom, are marked as having deck
ed the bndai bed or Marie Antoinette,
There is a beautiful quilted coverlet,
the property or Anne or Denmars
and close by are some curtain worked
in worsted by Amy Bobsart. Needle
work isnot likely to be so popular with
their granamoiners in oiaen times.
As an occupation it is essentially seda
tive; and we live in a fast and stirring
age. The American maxim "go
ahead" prevails everywhere as a fash
ion. Needlework is a gentle feminine
use of time. It had its advantages.
But it leads itself to gossip quite as
mucn as to meditation.
JEFFERSON'S TEN RULES.
Jefferson's ten rules are good yet.
especially for those - who have the
training of the pupils of our public
schools; They are so short and con
cise, and embody so much of value.
that it would be well if they were
printed in very bold type and put
where we couiasee mem ouen. xney
-read as follows :
1. .Never put off till to-morrow
what vou can do to-day.
- 2. Never trouble another for what
vou can do yourself.
8. Never spend your money before
you have it.
4, Never buy what you don't want
because it is cheap.
5. Pride costs us more than hanger,
thirst and ooltL.
6. We . seldom repent of having
eaten too little.
7. Nothing is troublesome that we
- 8. How much pains the evils have
cost ns that have never happened T
8. Take things always by the
10. When angry, count ten: very
count a hundred
New Albany. Ikd. June 29. South
ern Indiana has witnessed another
midnight execution,' and another
murderer has received short shrift
and iustice at the end of a hempen
rope. On the 29th of June, Delos
Heffren, a noted bully, desperado and
the terror of Washington County,
deliberately shot a Frenchman by the
name of Halstead, in broad daylight,
in the streets of Salem, and after
shooting him to death, held him up
in his. arms until nis Drains were neat
en out with the but of a nistoL In
tense excitement followed tha com
mission of the brutal muropt . which
did not confine itself to Washington
county, but spread to the adjoining
counties, and threats 01 Banging net
fren had been freelv made.
Quietly plans were matured, and
yesterday the town was filled with
people, ostensibly to view the. per
formance of a circus, but really deter
mined that justice in a mass: ana
cowl should consign Heffren to that
doom which he so richly merited.
After the night performance silence
brooded over the town tin 1 o'cioca,
when apparently by preconcerted
signal, the streets leading to the jail
were filled by a crowd of quiet, reso
lute men, who proceeded to the resi
dence of the Deputy Sheriff, which
adjoined the jail and demanded
the kevs. which being refused, be was
overpowered and confined, but would
not disclose vnere we Keys were
placed. A sledge hammer was then
procured and the doors of the jail
When Heffren's cell was reached,
they found him standing at the door
with a piece of the bedstead in his
hand, like a lion at bay. This, for a
moment, caused the vigilants to halt,
but, throwing lighted turpentine
balls in his cell, so that he could be
easily seen, firing from revolvers was
opened upon film. At lengtn ne rell,
wounded in three places, when the
crowd rushed in, seized and bound
him, and hurried him away in the
darkness to the railroad bridge, where
producing the rope procured lor tne
purpose, Heffren was ordered to pre
pare to meet his victim in another
world, and was pushed or thrown
from the bridge. Having completed
their work, the vigilants released the
Deputy bheria and town patrolmen,
whom they had seized, and quietly
left the town. The body was left
hanging until 4 o'clock this morning.
when Heffren's. friends took charge
It la supposed that the same vigil
ance committee that bung the Benos
several years since assisted In the
DttJos Heffren was Assistant Secre
tary of State under the Willard Ad
ministration, ana at mat time no
vou rig man stood higher in the con
fidence of the people, but of late years
nas oeen me uruuneiut ui itw
doggery in SalefDi and almost con
stantly engaged ii disgraceful brawls
and fights. Four year ago he killed
William Johnson, bnt was acquitted,
is said, by a packed and venal jury.
was a brother of Horace Heffren,
the Sons of Liberty notoriety, and
once a prominent politician of South
The Prince of Batsuma, who Is a
leiriUlC .1IULC1 UI lUlClUCIO. . V.J
visited Yeddo, where he had not been
maDy years, creating a great sensa
tion, which gave rise to reports - that
intended to inaugurate revolution.
show his antipathy to progress he
made his officers remove all chairs.
tables, sofas, etc., from the steamer
that brought him, and lay mats in
stead. On arriving at Yokohama he
refused to ride to Yeddo on the cars,
had himself carried in the old
way, by the coolies, in a bamboo
chair. His men were all dressed in
old stvle. with their heavy tin
swords, old banners, lances, etc., and
thus they swarm ea into ma wty,
frowning defiance at everything for
A woman sent her husband to buy
jug of molasses. He got drunk and
filled the Jug with whisky. She took
up, smelt it, sent it back, and then
squaring herself, arms akimbo and
eyes flashing, she exclaimed, ''What,
them, molasses?" The old man
smiled and winked pleasantly, and
waving bis left band propitiatingly
said' "Them's they !" He is now con
valescent, but the jug is hopelessly
GOOD ADVICE TO YOUNG DOCTORS.
Professor L. P. Yandell's Valedic
tory Address to the graduates of the
Louisville Medical School, gives,
among other items, the following ad
vice about the treatment of the sick :
"In all things study the quiet, the
eatte, the enjoyment of your patients.
Give them abundant fresh air and ice
and cold water and fruit, when they
desire such things. As to food, obey
their appetites. Hunger and thirst
have been well styled our "physical
conscience," which in the sick room
is never to be dlsregardad. They are
safer guides in respect to diet and
drink than can be found in all our
medical philosophy. They make
known to us what the living organ
ism needs. .Whatever sick people
have a true desire for they ought,
therefore, to be indulged low Wben
your little patients have been sick a
longtime, and have become ancemio
and emaciated, it may be for want of
proper food, have them carried to the
table, and allow them to indicate by
signs, if they have no words, what
their systems require to build them
up again. Infants suffer great distress
whenill, on account of thirst, which
they have no way of making known
to you except by their moans and
cries. You will often be delighted to
see how instantly their plaints cease
on your giving the little sufferers a
drink of cold water. Dismiss from
your minds, then, and everywhere
discountenance the absurd notion
that cold drinks can ever be injurious
to the sick. Avoid noise in the sick
room. 'Whispering, too, should be
discountenanced. The attention of
patients is attracted by it, and they
are annoyed and fatigued by the effort
to bear, borne of my colleagues
whisper that this is especially the
case witu iaay patients, as a gener
al rule, you may safely trust the feel
ings of convalescents in regard to
sitting upland taking exercise as well
as in reference to diet. In a word, you
can scarcely consult the inclinations
of the sick too far, except as to physic,
of which, or coarse, tney snow nothing."
WORK AS THE FASHION.
If to labor be to rray, as the old
monkish apothegm declares, this is
surel v a mostlprayerful age. That la
bor is meritorious and laudable, has
long been a sentiment ; but it is little
more than within this generation
that the sentiment bas been generally
and practically adopted. Singularly
strange it is that what almost every
hmiv claims to believe should be, in
fact, so slowly accepted. Medical his
tory teaches us that those nations
were most prosperous that held work
to be honorable, and proved by deed
the sincerity of their holding. The
Be publics of Genoa and Tenice gain
ed their supremacy ana nignesi giory
bv their widespread commerce, in
which the first men of the State were
engaged, and were justly proud of
All the world over the men who
work are the men who win. it nas
alwavs been so. and always will be.
They who despise labor despise them
selves. The drones in tne nive 01 nu
manity are stung to spiritaul death
bv- consciousness of their own folly.
Still, in the face of self-enforced mor
als, of indisputable facts, there have
been, and there are, men and women
claiming dlstiction because they do
nothing imagining luieu ata 10 ue an
honor. Because they are aeros they
fancy they make a figure in the world,
forgetful that zeros add naught to the
sum of progress or prosperity. For
tunately, and fitly in this era of un
common sense, rarer than genius
always, the conceited do-nothings are
disappearing fast ; by a moral law,
too. since Nature does not keep what
she does not need. The days of Show
and Sham, of Title and Theory, are
rapidly passing. ijivuizauon nas
come to mean reason, truth, practi
cality. This generation says to every
man; "I care not who yon are; but
what can you do If idle and lnefa
cient, stand aside for your betters; for
they are your betters who can and
will work. I judge each and all by
their labor and its fruits?"
Work, in a word, has become the
fashion a fashion set ages ago, but
never largely followed " until now.
Antecedents and ancestors and au
thority no longer count, even in oli
garchies, unlets sustained cy acts.
The governing heads of the globe
nave active Drains ana ousy nanus.
Only to the striving and strenuous
are the badges of distinction given
Onlv to those who are up and doing
come the early and the full rewards.
THE ALTITUDE AT WHICH MEN
There has been a great deal of dis
mission as to the altitude at whtcn
human beings can exist, and Air,
Glaisher himself can tell us as much
about it as anybody. In July, 187:
he and Mr. Coxwell ascenaea in
balloon to the enormous elevation of
S7.000 feet. Previous to the start,
Mr. Ulaisber's DUise stooa at seventy-
six beats a minute ; Coxwell's at sev
enty-four. At 17,000 feet, the puise
01 tuo luruici ,00 'b j 1
that of the latter at 100. At 19.0CK)
fot Olaifther's hands and lips were
quite blue, but not his faco. At 21,-
000 feet be heard his heart beating, and
his breathing became oppressed; at
29 000 he became senseless : notwith
standing which the eeronant, in the
interests of science, went up another
8,000 feet, till he could no longer use
his hands, and had to pull the strings
of the valve with his teeth. iEron-
auts who have to make no. exertions
have, of course, a great advantage
over members of the Alpuie ciuh,
and those who trust their legs : even
at 13,000 feet these climbers feel very
uncomfortable, more so in the Alps,
it seems, than elsewhere. At tne
monastery of St, Bernard, 8,117 feet
hich. the monks become asthmatic,
and are compelled frequently to de
scend into the Valley or tne itnone
for anything but "a breath of fresh
air ;" aud at the end oi ten years' ser
vice are obliged to give up tueir uigo;
living, and come down to the usual
level. At the same time, in South
America, there are towns (such as
Potosi) placed as high as the top of
Mont Blano, the inhabitants 01 wnicn
feel no inconvenience. The highest
inhahitpd snot in the world is, how
ever the Buddhist cloister of Hanle,
in Tibet, where twenty-one priests
live at an altitude of 16,500 feet. The
Brothers Scglagintweit, when they ex-
n nrcd tha irlaciers OI ine 101-tjamin
in the same country, encamped at 21,
000 feet, the highest altitude at which
a European ever passed the night.
Even at the top of Mont Blanc, Prof.
Syndall's guides found it very un
pleasant to do mis, uiuugu uio riu
feasor himself did not confess to feel
ing so bad as they. The nignest
mountain in the world is Mount Ev
erest (Himalaya,) 29,003 feet, and the
condor has been seen "winging the
blue air" 500 feet higher. ' The air,
by the by, is not "blue," or else, as
De Saussure pointed out, "the distant
mountains, which are covered -with
snow, would appear Diue bibo;- iu
apparent color being due to the re
flection of light. What lizht can do,
and does, is marvellous ; and not the
least is its power or attraction to uu
manity. Chamber' Journal-
Pfleider. a German inspector of pas
senger cars, statates that a single stem
of VemPi with the leaves and blos
soms, mixed witn tne stutnng 01 a oar
seat, will protect it from moths for
years, and that hemp for this purpose
should be gathered just when in blos
som, dried rapidly in tbe shade, and
kept in covered wooden vessels in a
There exists a very beautiful ideal
of what home should be, but some
how men and women have fallen in
to the habit of showing the world
their best side ( of exerting themselves
to be amiable and agreeable to people
who care the least for them ; while to
those to whome their interests, honor
and happiness are of vital concern,
they display all their moat unholy
aha disagreeable) traits.
borne men use their homes as es
cape-valves for all the ill-humor gen
erated by friction with the world. It
will not do to storm and fume at that
but at home ah, there one has a
right to do as he has a mind to ! It
is bis home, and he is bound to have
bis own way there, which he un
doubtedly could only there hap
pens to be one or more others there
intent upon the same thing. And by
the way, this "having one's own way"
is a very difficult thing in a world like
this, where every life is so linked
with every other life.
There are woman, too, set down in
the calender of the world as patterns
of amiability, whose home temper is
a sad commentary upon the wisdom
of the world's judgment! There are
softly modulated and lady-like voices,
the charm of the social circle, which
In the privacy of their houses break
out In irritating taunts and angry re
torts. There are "very nice women"
who destroy all the sweetness and
blessedness of their household by
loud and continual scolding, fret tings
and fault-findings. There are broth
ers who are chivalrous and devoted to
other people's sisters, but who- at
borne tease and trouble their own.
There are charming young ladies fan
cied by some infatuated young men
10 De angeis, wno are stubborn, self-
willed and Indolent at home, where
they should be most agreeable. The
true meaning of home is not a place
to go only when you feel hungry and
cross; wnere yon can wear your
worst coat ana your worst temper.
The home is undervalued, and its
sweetness and sanctity highly dese
crated ; it should correspond with the
beautiful Ideal one, which we all ven
erate, where all baser passions are
subdued and controlled by sweet af
fection, tenderness and patience. It
is. where the wife prefers to stay
above all other places; a place that is
never lonely to her, for the innumer
able blessings that hover around - it ;
where the shadow of solitude is light
ened by the halo of qniet love ; where
the hearth is always bright, and the
rooms tidy and cheerful, and where
the -wife spends her "afternoons,"
and the husband his "evenings."
These are the shrines to which the
absent and weary will turn with long
ing for rest and peace. Exchange. ;
MIGNONETTE AS A TREE.
Buy a pot of ordinary mignonette,
or plant teed. This plant will proba
bly contain a tun composed or many
plants. Pull up all but one : and as
the mignonette is treated without
any delicacy the single plant tha is
left in the middle of the pot may be
vigorously trimmed, leaving only one
shoot. This shoot must be attached
to a slender stick. The extremity of
this shoot will put forth a bunch of
flower buds that must be cut off n
tirelv, leaving not a single bud. Tha
stock in consequence of this treat
ment, will put out a multitude of
young shoots that must be allowed to
develop freely until tbey are about 3J
inches long. Then select out of these
four, six, or eight, according to the
strength of tbe plant, with equal
spaces between them. Now, with a
piece of whalebone, make a hoop and
attach your shoots to it, supported at
a proper hight When they have
grown two or three Inches longer,
and are going to bloom, support them
by a second hoop like the first. Let
them bloom, but take off the seed pods
before they have time to form, or tbe
plant may perish. It will not be long
before new shoots will appear just be
low tbe places where the flowers were.
From among these new shoots choose
the one on each branob which is in
the best situation to replace what you
have nipped off. Little by little the
principal stalks, and also the branch
es, will become woody, and your
mignonette will no longer be an her
baceous plant, except at its upper ex
tremities, which will bloom all the
year without interruption. It will be
truly a rree mignonette, living ior au
indefinite period f for with proper
treatment, a tree mignonette will live
twelve to nrteea years. .
MIGNONETTE AS A TREE. How a Patient was Lost--A case of
A foreign scientific periodical relates
this suggestive story : '
Some time since a lady called upon
celebrated oculist in order to consult
him on account of her eyes, com
plaining that their power of vision
had of late considerably diminished.
At a glance the doctor saw that she
was a lady of rank and wealth. He
looked at her eyes, shook his bead,
and thought the treatment would re
quire much more time, as there was
reason to fear amaurosis in her case.
He must advise her, first of all, that
as she had informed him she was re
siding a considerable distance in the
country, she must move into the-city
at once, and thus enable him to see
her frequently : if possible daily.
The lady then rented an elegant
mansion, moved into the city, and
the physician was punctual in his at
tendance. He prescribed this and
that, and thus days ran into- weeks
and weeks into months. Tbe cure,
however, was still coming; the phy
sician tried to console her.
Ons dav the patient hit upon a cu
rious scheme, and she waited not long
ctrry it into effect. She prooured
for herself a veiy old and pour ature.
putanooa 01 tremeuuuua hi so upuu
her head, took an old umbrella
and a market-basket rn her hand, and
these habiliments she visited her
physician, selecting for the purpose a
very rainy day. She had so well suc
ceeded in distorting and disguising
herself that the eye even of a jover
could scarcely have recognized her.
She was compelled to wait' a long
time in tbe ante-room of ber physi
cian, with many others -who, like
herself, were seeking relied At last
her turn came.- ;
Well, my good woman, what have
you to complain of ?"
very Dad eyes, doctor," sne ans
He took her to the light and looked
nlo her eyes, but failed to recognize
patient. Shrugging his shoulders,
"Your eyes are well enough."
Weill' she said.
"Yes; I know what I am saying."
"But I have been told that I was
getting the a a I forget how it is
"Amaurosis?" i - .
'Don't vou let them make you be
lieve any suoh nonseDse. Your eyes
a little weak, but that Is all. Your
physician ia. aa ass !"
"An 1" .
"Yes: an ass 1 ' Tell him boldly that
The lady now arose, and in her cus
tomary voice said : "Sir, you are my
physician; do cot you know me ?"
The face the sage councellor made
easier to imagine than describe.
"Gracious, madam! "he commenced
stammer an apology ; but the lady
would not listen to him, and indig
nantly left him. She never saw tbe-
gentleman any more.
A number of ladies ia Nashville
have signed an agreement to abstain
from all outward adornment on Sun
days, wearing only the plainest sort
apparel. Buin ia thus threatened
the milinary business, there being
place left in which to display the
sweet thing in bonnets.
IF I SHOULD DIE TO-NIGHT.
Tflshoulddte to-nluht.--- :' -A
My friends would look upon my quiet face.
Before thev laid it in its restlnz Dlace.
And deem that death had left it almost Sail;
And. laying snow white flowers against my
Would smooth it down with tearful ten
derness, And fold wT hand with llniminz caress.
Poor hands, so empty and so cold to-night!
If I should die to-nleht. ' s
Hy friends would call to mind, with loving
Some kindly deed the Icy hand had
wrought; ! -
Some gentle word the frozen Hds had said :
Errands on which the willing feet had sped.
The memory of my seinshnea and pride.
My nasty words, would ail be put aside.
And so I should be loved and mourned to
night.. . - ..
' If I BhonM iIIa tA.mli, ' -'' i:
Even heart enitranged would turn euro
111,11 Ml U1B,
Recalling other davs nmnrurhllT- ' "
Tbe eyes that chill me with a verted glanea
y ouia look upon me asof yore, perchance.
And soften in the old, familiar way, -For
whs could war. with dumb, uncon
scious cl&v r . -
80 1 might rest, forgiven of all, to-nlghti.
Oh. frianda. T nray tn-nifl-hi-
Keep not your klase for iny dead, cold
The way Is lonely, let me feel them now.
Think gently of met I am travel worn :
jiy laitering ieet are pierced witn many a
Forgive. oh.netfrtR-estraneed. I dead t
When dreamless rest 1 mine i ahaii not
Tbe tenderness for which I long to-night.
(B.S., In Christian Union.
From the Cincinnati Gazette.
A WEIRD AND TERRIBLE CATASTROPHE.
- TBOPHIV '
COLUMBUS, O., June 28.
One of tbe most , frightful and as
tounding all airs that ever occurred in
Columbus or any other city took
place in this vicinity last night. The
story has in it elements of the ludi
crous, the tragical, the terrible, and
the pitiable, all combined.
About 7 o'clock Friday evening
Timothy Heiiar, a tack man, inform
ed William Walcutt, another hack
men, that be was wanted, with his
carriage, at , Meneely's saloon, on
State street. Both hackmen lumped
on ' tbe box and rode down to the
place named. There they found D.
B.-Webb, Samuel Fleming, and Ja
cob Huston, and learned from, Webb
that he and tbe party wanted to ride
over to Franklin ton to fixe ha' some
pyrotechnics, tho pohee -having or
dered them to cease giving any -. far
ther display on the street where tbey
were. Webb baa been passenger
agent for the Baltimore & Ohio Kail
road at (Joiumbus about live years
Fleming : was a locomotive engineer
on the road from (Jjaiiiicothe to Via
cinrati, and Huston is known as
snorting man-: .
The party went across the river to
Franklinton, and there let off their
fire works, which tbey had obtained
at the store of Charles Wagner, the
principal Columbus dealer in that ar
ticle. This process was repeated, ana
a larger quantity of fire woraa dis-
cnargea than on tne nrat trip.
It is pretty evident, too, , from all
the facts that have transpired, that
the men had drank a good deal, and
that on this second trip they had become
recklessarand ripe for mischief
and disaster. 1 give tne remainder
of the wUJ and horrible story from
the columns of tnis evening's Dis
After this batch of paper and pow
der was destroyed, another visit was
made to V a goer's, where tney ar
rived near 11 o'clock. The driver re
mained outside, supposing they -were
getting something to eat, but nnaily
went in and nrund vv ebo witnanotn
er large lot of rockets, Boman can
dles, and fizzing fixtures of every de
scription on his arms. Webb- told
Wagner that tney were going to Lon
don, eeeing the carriage outside,
vvagner told tnem 11 tne nrewonts
were to explode In it that it would
be dangerous ; that there was enough
powder in tbe package purchased to
blow the hack uu, Webb said they
were going to discharge the bacsman,
from which W agner supposed tney
were going to London by rail. Ha
discovered after they were gone that
some one had taken a whole box of
matches without his knowledge. Af
ter driving to Meneely's again, Webb
paid the hack man five uoiiars and
discharged hint, - Not long after, he
wanted to re-engage him to go to Al
ton. Thediscipie of Jehu had not
much confidence in the financial con
dition of the patriotic, party by . that
time, so he put the figure high ($15),
hoping the amount would deter them
from going. Webb says : "I'll give
you 4 10. take eare of your horses, and
we'll come home in the morning."
Give me the monev now and I li
go." "No ; I've only got $2, but I'll
give it to you. ia the morning." Hav
ing received $3, the hackman said be
couldn't lose much,, so . Uiey 'all
jumped into the carriage. . Webb
called for matches,, ana tney were
brought out of the saloon, but the
driver got tbem and threw the whole
tot away, and whirled tne norses
heads, toward Alton. The tempta
tion to have another grand illumina
tion on tbe bridge was too great for
them to withstand, so they lined the
dark roadway with a stream of sparks
aud smoke, and caused its old passa
ges to reverberate witn sounds which
the wild horses on their hind legs
again, and disturbed tbe nocturnal
reveries of the driver. With the ex
ception of random shots nothing of
importance occurred uatuioey rescu
ed Suiiivant Hill ; when, tho. driver
discovered that they had a torch
lighted in the carriage, and . remon
strated with them against throwing
fire crackers under the horses' feet.
Tbey ceased, as requested, but re-,
taiued the torch. Tim Kellarhadhls
hair singed while trying; to get it
away front them, .he being on the
box with the driver. The carriage
Jogged along; the two men. outside
versing witn eacn omer.meau;
while, except when they were chaf
fing with the pleasure seekers behind
them. , The torch cast a flickering
light upon the . muddy roadway,
which every now aud then received
debris of an exploded fire - crack
All at once a learrul cracRung
commenced in the carriage. -. '
The horses pneked up tneir carai
started. The noise increased, and
speed of the horses also. Present
tne wnoie naca seemea 10 ds in a
flame. The driver called out: "My
horses are running away ; jump out
God s sake and save yourselves ; l
can't hold 'em !" It was but a mo
ment or two until tbe animals were
madly dashing forward through the
gloom, splasbing mud and water in
every direction ; while tne nzzing,
whistling, and crackling, and
terrible explosions of the fireworks-
jumping to the right and left, and
under and over tbe iranuc animais.
over and around the driver was
almost enough to split tbe stoutest
horse's heart with fear, and sink the
beasts Into the mud with absolute ter
Tim Kellar was about to jump off
box, wben the driver seized bim,
holding the horses to the road with
other naoa, ana Deggea mm not
jump. "Stay with me, Tim," cried
Walcutt: "we're all gone up, but I
you to stick to the team like a
man." Tim remained, and, if be had
his life, the other driver would
said, as we say of. the engineer
when he jumps into the yawning
chasm witn but engine ; or the cap
tains of ill fated steamers at sea, when
stand back and save every other
person on board, and then go down
the craft they love so well ; "He
right ; he was a brave man."
horses remained on -a dead run
one mile, when, frouiisheer ex
haustion and the strong arms and
faithful reint behiud, they were
checked and quickly taktn from the
.The fireworks were still going.
walcutt, looked at the ridiculous
ene and laughed. It was burning
bis carriage, but he couldnt help
laughing, and shewed himself to be a
. . Philosopher by saving he
mightas well laugh as ery The sup
PosiUon is that a UrtUe was broken
nfn?"1?Vrhen tbe hoes were
running, which wonM t-ii
cTtC "l1 for Are oommuni-
that he and TiL
ofthe flare up than tbeir passengers
Sam Fleming came running
little spots of half smothered nd
smoldering fire orr his clothes and
carriage.,, He had lumnw! -k
1" waf the1?nd fift
unuJM i.k i. itiaiue. he
tf""'1 " 'P forth from a Rwiftlir
UU Lhind fl?' Which m-
Deen carried back bv ihT" 1 7u
HustortTn0 V flDd Webb'a'nd
laughinir at thg 1Dg. side,
atfoi , h, f h 8 ibaar7 of the situ-
k1 tady. Huston did not appefr to
righ?wen m2 "P onder it
down to Blgelow's, a mile or so tow
ttfE" elow w?uldt
tie get a quart at
lain fl i la P - a.
vwu uunarea and fifty
Iff..' J started- back ;
as vast va WiU w 21 V- f 1 mat n
toward the cUy wUh thfortT-
Tr,!.' a Came back with it
rI ftrm, ?v,Wereken to Meneely's,
anel from, thence Huston went to hia
home on outa street, in W. H. He
Pretty well exhaust-
TrVebb waa Uken to Ameri
E t 4 o'clock a. m., and
.eS V4',00m:I05' wnere Flow
. Kfnsell were called,, and did
alt that eould be done to save life, but
theimfbrtunate- sufferer -died- before
noon, HJs wife and ohild-aged six
!STeBrSn? hl feUl,,r d friends
were notified In the morning, and
were present whenjife. ceased to ex
ist.' fhe deceased was not conscious
much after daylight The physicians
weresatisfled that the case was hope
less from tbe beginning. The sad end
of this unfortunate exuberance of pat
riotism, has taken away a good heart
ed man-j pne whose faults, if he had
'hyere. against himself.
CAPITAL AND LABOR—HOW TO
RECONCILE THEM. BY PROF. J. D. BUTLER.
.When Falstaffsent his page to Mas
ter Dumbleton for a satin cloak, and
offered his bond and Bardolph's for
payment, the answer was that the
"tailor liked not the security." The
Knight called Dumbleton a rascally
knave to , stand QDOn Becnrit.v anil
cried, "I would as lief they would put
ratsbane inmy mouth aa stop it with
security." He who goes a borrowing,
goes a sorrowing. Not only Shylocks,
but most capitalists are deal' tn hr.
rowers, because they, as well as Fal
starTa tailor, "like not the security."
Capitalists will not lend a poor man
money. They demand security. Aa
he eannot endorse, others -win not. An.
dorse for him. He ha no- lands, no
chattels, on which he can give a
mortgage. Where he ia sanguine
that he can double- the monev he
wishes to borrow, they, say . to him,
"you may be robbed or cheated, or
your investment mav be bnmi nr
and your insurance worthless, or you
may abscond, or your death msv
blight the brightest nrosneRta1' "w
like not your security." It is a "cas
tle in the air." . .
Again, capitalists shnn ' nnrfintr
their investments Into the hands of
any poor stranger. They are distrust
fuFbf his honesty where them is a
chance for fraud ; of his competence.
where skill is demanded : of hia
where he has no interest at afato-
and of his vigilance, where there are
temptations to negligence He might
carve out his fortune, but no one will
truss nim witn the tools. ,
' But must capital and lahnr
be hostile ? Ts there no way in which
capitalists can be lust to themplvi.
and yet generous to borrowers? Yes,
they can. ,How? By land sales on
ten years' credit, and six tier eent.
interest. - The borrower cannot be
cheated; ont of land which is not
deeded to him till he has finished
paying ior it. Me cannot run away
with it. No fire can burn it up. He
can not -lessen iu value. The labor
and money he lays out en it will in
crease that value. He cannot strip it
of lumbermore' than he can pull hair
from a bald head. " Nor in such a loan
la his honerty, .competence, zeal or
vigilance-distrusted.. He Is stimula
ted to the exercise of them all by his
fear of losing the sum he paid in ad
vance, together With whatever he
lays out to improve his farm, and by
his hope. of making it pay for itself,
and support him and his. Other bor
rowing dults the edge of thrift this
The Burlington A Missouri "Eiver
Bailroad Co .within thirty-three
months onward from April, 1870, sold
in Iowa and Nebraska, 478,983 acres,
to- 4,535 purchasers, mostly on ten
years" credit, at six per cent, interest
Tha purchases average ons finniirpri
and eight aeree apiece.
. Thus the B. & M. road ha fumioh.
ed 4,525 loans, amounting, in the ag
gregate, to $4,656,453, to men, most
01 wuom, wouia nave oeen unable to
rorrow from banks.' or any ' other
source. Its long- credit sales- have
given them tools to work with. So it
makes borrowers and lenders friend
ly ; affording lenders security, and
borrowers-ail the loans they eaa use,
and these such as will, in most cases,
pay for themselves. He who gives
us a chance to help ourselves is the
best helper. .
The Hob. John Bigelow, recently
returned from Europe, secured while
there the original manuscript autobi-
ograpby of Franklin, written by the
philosopher's own hand, together
with a pastel portrait of the distin
guished man. Tbe manuscript and
picture were in the hands of descen
dants of the Duplessis' family, and
cost J5.0O0, There are tweaty-flve
pages of matter which have been sup
pressed In the life of Franklin' writ
ten! twenty years after his death i.v
his grandson, Franklin Bacha.
Amelia Phillips, -of Chicago, is a
WCDlan WhO was - unconnnrinnulv
married.! . She says she and .Jacob
sauntered into Justice Kaufnjann's
office, one day last April, and when
tuey went out Jacob claimed her as
his wife. She" didn't understand Ger
man, and Was utterly ignorant ;f the
nature- of the conversation that hmt
taken place in, the justice's office, but
soon kainsd that it . was a bonaflde
marriagev ftbe made the best of it,
however : aud would have continued
so doing", had she not discovered that
Jacob had two wives. That was too
much, and she wants a divorce.
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