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ESTERN "Volume 57 ISTo. 51 "Warren, Ohio. July 16, 1873. Whole ISTo. 2963 .Reserve BUSINESS DIRECTORY. CT7TST1R5IXSE1SY15 CHUOXHXB T Published every Wednesday morning, a Empire Block, htth bv, warren w RrrssiU Krtitor anil Proprletot TR. MI, Pbyi JLf Office and resid of th Atlantic 1 Physician and Burs-eon isaenee a lew rods Hooifl l Oreat Western Desot. dm be can o oousuitea professions, iv. Wtmn.& Aprilis 18U-tf A i. LTXiK, Dentist. Office over A -8. C. Chrrst A Oo.'a new mast market opposite U Court House. Market St., War- ran omo . iaB.a.u-u-u GEORGE P. HTirrEK, Attorney Law, Office In VaaOocder Block, Market m warren, onto. LFeb. 2S. imn-u DB. TJ. eiBEOXS, DenUste, teeth extracted without nala nnnar nr ti,a. ar aete of teeth far 112,60. Offloe ever T. J. Mo- miib aon nans, stain ekh, warren. Onto. jan,e is7u- . o. t. atBTCsxr. SriiUCOS A aTETCALF, Physician, L and Sarroora; Offloe on High Ptreet atand former It ocrnniari bv Iir nmoo OBi ATOTOfmaL W. T. SI-MAS. ' TTF1"08 SPEAR, Attorneys at - iJHU-J1150 lB W" Wattooal Bank SWding, M story, troot Tim r-mo. . B. BBACkBB, . D. " t. B. BCBSKIX, M. IAKS. BRACKEH. at ErsSELI- .! EeleetVt Fhyslcisns and 8argeonffle f wiM i uvuiwn QWH.airttt Bt- All ealla at offloe attended to at all boon, day or n lght. Dr. B. wiil give attention to the "jmnioi iujnrcmo disease and ean- wi. nwnKDoteomr Liberty and Wuo. ton Avenue. Warren. 0. (ant P bloc B. T. A. BLEECE. Homrpnslhln Physicisn udgaimfiiLDfflMiBftiiumit oca. n ign sues. TB. J. B. VELSOff, Physician and J Surgeon, offloe east of First Kat. Bank. Offloe hour from 7 to JO o'clock, a. m., and ataap.ni. ju. UD1 AR. GATES, Jobber of Tobacco .and Clean, Market Street, Warren, lepra id, io. QLATE BOO FIX G, done at short no- kjtiee. Reference W. 8. Mathews, War ren; Robt. R. Drake, Akron, O. apr. 14. W F. SEEK:, Baoonsburg, Ohio, II a Manufacturer and wholesale and retail dealer In Pumps, apr. S-Smo J. TAtrTltOT. THAD. Acxurr. YAETBOT A ACEXET, Suocessors to J. Vautrot Co- Iealera In Watcbea, Jewelry and Diamonds. Market Btreet. War ren. Ohio. Jas 6.1870 a. w. auurr. h. h. k osbs. T ATLIFF t SOSES, Attorneys and L VConnaellera at Law. Offloe oyer the Ex change Bank of Freeman afignt, on Market Bk Warren Obis. Jan.' U70. JH. COTTDEBT, Attorney at Law, Office comerof MlUand Vain St., N Ilea. Oaio- loot. 18 lifrl-tf. rvr B. TILER, Manufacturer and JL. DeeJertoeuna.BlfkvPlBtola.CnUeTy Fianini; Isckle.'Onb MatarishL Bponlna Appsstna, 8ewu Martilwa. iyKo. 8, Mar- " os w siranviuik - . to, a iavi-u O B. CRAIG, Attorney-at Law. and kj, Notary Pu-rnlc ; afflo. In "chronicle building, over Lamb's Boot and Shoe Store, t D"wt vim. waiou , May T.-ieTs-lr-s j v. ' . V. - A C. PaBKEB. Attorner at Law. Offloe over Kirk CtrisV tore. lint Dh i wm, uuav -. - COUKTT ACCnOXEEB.- WM. H. HElieiE. has bees lloenaad County Auctioneer, acdwlll give prompt attention to all calls In his Una. Offloe at A. L Frank's Bnflalo ClolhlngBtor, Warren, 0. ' July t. lsTlMwit. . r.a -HTrrcHnra, . at. tcttu, J. m. stcli. TTUTCHIXS, TUTTI.E A 8TCLL. Ij. Attorney at Law, offloe over Smith m Turner's Store, eomer of Main and Market Streets. Varna. Ohio. iJsa. 10. 167J-U. T7ISCHEB & BAEB, House, Bign T? and Ornamental Painters. Graining done in superior style. Bhop in Martin A Chrlstaanar'a hniLriir.. MarketSU. Warren. Ohio. . ; Xeb. U. UCa-tQ , rOBTKB. - W. V. FOKTKB. . 5. TV. J. POBTEB, Dealers .in School and MisoaUaneou Books. phleU and Hagaslnes, at the New Xatk Book Store, Mala Street, Waxn, Ohio. : J. t. BOLUSAT. ' X. B atACCBT. YIEXKA EICHAXGE BAXI. Exchange bought and sold. Int. rest paid on Uma4.Do.iis. drafts ajad pas sage tickets on Earope. . - HwlilDAT MACKXY, Vienna, July .i3i-m . . S. ElU, B.J.atACXBT. "ALL ft JLACaTET, Manufacturers of Hsrnea and eaier In Saddlery aware. Trunk. Vallsea. Traveling Baas. Whips, Horas Bisnketa, Saddle and Fancy Saddlery, ii o. 8, Market Street, War-en. O. Jan.6.B7U.- ' TEMFIBAKCE EOUSE, Tien h Oblo, T. D. Mackey, Proprietor. 1 have also a well furnished Livery Stable In eon section with my hotel. imar.l-m. WA5HIXGT0X HIDE, AUorney at Law sad Votaty Public Office la the old Chronicle Office, Chronicle Buildi ng. Market St, over Gales' Store. : Jan ly lg7g ." s. ,- . 'f j. h. ooraxAWD. s. x. hatfixxd. G OPE LAX D ft HATFIELD, Photo Knpliera,22SH do.- lor Slreet, Comer of Beneca-i Clvela4uvWio-i.:i : - . Aprlrss. isrlr W HllTLESET aDAJR, Fire and I f Xlfe Insurance Agent, warren, Obio. Merchandise and other property Insured In the best Companies, on favorable terms Farm property. Isolated Dwellings, and their nrnlnore insured for one, three and five years. Offloe In McCombs and Smith's block. J I S. DAWS05, Mayor of the City of Warren, Civil Jurisdiction earn a nstloe of the Peace for the city, and crimi nal Jurisdietlan throogboatslly and county. Also agent for Cleveland Cement Sewer and drain itoje of all else. l-(Jan a. 1871. AD0LPHCS" GBXTEE, Dealer In Musical Mercbandlxe of ail deacrlvtiona, vis: 'Pianos, Organs, Melodeona, Violins, eaitsrsrAccordeons,Ciaronetta, Flutes, Fifes, Drums, Piano-spreads, Piano-, too la, Sheew muslei Musie-booka, Violin Bolnga, Guitar Strings, Ac, Ac. Stars In Webb's Hkiek, over Porter' Book Store. Jai 6 1K0. "f B. A. P. M5EB, Contractor of XU-Diall route No. VI39, running dally from Guatavos to Burg Hill via Kinman, wlsbea to give notice to the public that he has pro vided himself with a pleasant riding coach, and la now prepared to carry passenger and baggage to ail point on the routs. Aug. 3-f?w. . . s, E. BECXttTTH, Den- tiat. ha oroearad one of I toe improved Surgeon' Cases, with the Llnnld butrous Oxid Gas, knd It Is, without doubt, the safest, urast and most rapid to its effects and eil aalnation of any anassthatle known. He will reaaatn in aunKnaa. at his offloe, until further noUss. .I: , :. , :,. iooia. E x c g AS G E b A NK FREElLrLN & HdfT, ' WABRE2T, OHIO . DKATJtRH TS I aid. Barer, Xsstsrs trrbrng, Caearrsat Baak Irtt,aaaUkiasr GOVEENMENT: BONDS Interest Allowed on tine Deposits. . Collections and all bn tines eonnseted with Banking promptly m teased to. - BE VENUE STAMPS FOB SALE March I, ISK. ' : - i - ATTACHMENT. Stats of Ohio. Trumbull County, as. Charles W. Tyler, , In Court of Common - va J-Pica. Leicester King, I The defendant who is supposed to reside In Western Virginia, will take notice that on the ftmrtb day of June, 1&7S, the plain tiff filed hi petition stains t said defendant la said Coart in Attachment, nravint Inda- ment against said defendant, for the sum of r -lu, and laierest from the list dsy of .niwk,u.,KjwG incut account, ana anxess the defendant appear and answer by the bh day of August, lsri, said petition wUl be taken as tra and judgmant rendered eeeor ? giy. SUTUyF a STEWART, Jnne.lg7S-Bt. AUy' for Piaintftt ' A CURIOSITY. Arte newly invented It indicating, aoreiy. to. WaaOter Bout. to state of the weath- ar. When It la to be fair Mth ni. lady, aboat two lncbe high, come out of the door, when It Is I bs stormy ah re tires and toe little man cornea oal, It Is really worth seeing and la aold at a w price, at ADAAiaTJot fetor at ai Wall Paper. A large lot of New Patterns Just Received viennaTbook STORE. Which will be trimmed for pnrcbasera. Alboina Mlaoellaneona and School Books, Paper, Fena, Inka and Penclla; Pictures, rTamea ana uiaaa, awo aioniainga sept on nana ana rramas aiaae to order, vasea Toys, Mosiosl Inatnunents and Fsncy Arti c!es nsoslly found In a book store; all of which wlil be sold as cheap ai the aame class of foods can be purchased elsewhere. Those wishing to bey are requested to call. MBS. 1 , M. FUOIK. May 7, J&TS-Smo. BEEIOVAI.. C. McNTTTTHAS REMOVED Vvhls PlctnTea.Framea.Bhadei tc..to Lib erty Bk. Sd door sooth of the 1st Nat. Bank oauains. next to . K. Wlsell'a Carriaae Manufactory, where he has still the best of Kosue window fchadea. Oval and Honare r ramee, tinremoa. netore rial la, uoro, PICTUBE FEAXI5G, SIGX PAimXG, HOUSE PAIXTI5G, AnaaSkladaoPalnUng and Whitening o PAPERING & BEFITTING In my line, will be promptly attended to and at tne lowest possiOM raves. Mar. H. 1&7S. a C MoMUTT. EXAJaXATIOlfS OF TEACHERS Until farther noUea. there will be an examination or teachers at the High School building In Warren, on the first Saturday of erery month daring the year, excepting that daring the months of April and Sep tem ber, there wUl be an examination on each succeeding Saturday, as follows : First Satnrdav. Pvtie' Oornen? second. Johnston; third, Bristol: foorth, Warren. nouce is nereoy given or tne aoopuon oi toe following nue.wnicn wui oestneuy aoaerea to : A11 eertlncales hereafter aranted by this Board, shall be dated on the day of examination, except that In special case for good reason, certificate may be dated back, bat in no ease beyond the date of the previous examination..' GEO. P. HTJNTEB, Clerk. . arren. u, r ou. I ioi PACIFIC RAILWAY. Tbe Ksniai and Colorado all rail route to Lawrence. Ellsworth. Golden City, Topeka, Wilson, Warn ego. Banker Hill, Manhattan. Busaell, Junction City, Walker, Mtlford, Victoria, Wakefield, Hays, r.rie, Lontrmont. Central Citv. Celera g.riac iaano Bprlnga, Clay Center. Ellisi oreeiey, Evana, PlalUvllle Cheyenne. Abilene. Wallasa Sciomon, Carson, f-alina, Denver J Brookvllle, Georgetowa, Salt Lake City And all Polnu In Kansas, Colorado, lie Territories AJTD THE PACIFIC COA8TS 188 Mile tbe Shortest Line from Tints city to Deav 210, Mile tbe Shortest Line to Pneblo TTiniaao, esnta r. and an points la w suuouaanigQaj o fsrsmksi it iimn Tsuisrxii Tha Great Elvers art mil Bridged The only Direct Lin to the fertile valleva Of the Kansas. Repnhlt..n RrtUmnp lulln, and 8 mosey Hill Only Line runnlns ears throw rh wlthnnt ebange from tbe Missouri River to Denver. only line running Pullman Palace Cars to wavar, ... Only Through Lin npea which yon eaa aee tne Buffalo. Don't fall to take a trio thmnrti Wanua. and view the great advantage oOered for auioe. Everybody In aeerah of bitalUi nftilaanrra uwuio mas. h asoursion over tit n antra pacinc iiauway. Close connections made In TTnlnn TV not. at Kansas City and Leavenworth, with ail trains to ana rrom trie ,ast, ftortn and who. E.uaus.suiluun.HH, BEVERLEY K. KEIM, . Gen.- Ticket and Pas. A tent. May 7, IS7S. Kansas City The Union Express. npHIS Company, now occupying tbe I new line of tbe Ashtabula, Youngatown eTPlttsburga R. R., have oseoed an offloe la w arren. ou Jmv evrra . nen aoor to mm (Vie, and are prepared to do a general ex press business. Good and valuables for warded la ebarre of special measenrer on all passenger trains. Reach all tbe princi pal cities and towns. In connection with the Adams and American Express com pan lea. notes, XHaiia, mils c reoeivea lor collec tion and returns promptly made, fipeeioi aUentum owes to thtpmtnu of product to tatt- -aouea. nates low. It.n , tiAAi W i. T EGAL NOTICE. XJTb State of Ohio, Trumbull County, as. io vua vuurv m common rieu, Madison Powers. Plt'ff. vs. Tbe MeOnrdv Coal Co. et, al. In proceedings on petition and cross petition for partition of Coal iease ana lxi.i interest m i-awif Thomas Ash ton. David Owens Richard Owens, James Devraux. and John Denni son, snpposed to be non residents of Ohio, uuie vi iuiu raiiuuig la rvaaiyiTsnia, auu maoison r-owers, oi irumonu county , and Oliver D. Paine, ol Manoninc eonntv are hereby notified that In the above cause the MoCurdy Goal Co.. have filed a cross- petition, stating tost, as Assignees and sub lessees, under the Coal Contract and Laaa from John Deanlson to David Owens, re corded in Trumbull county Lease Records, vol. 1, page 24 , and GM. they, the said Mouurdy Uoal Co, have, bold and own an andivided three-eighths share, and Inter est in tne ooal, coal miolng righta and privileges, granted by laid Dennlsoa Lease, la tbe toilowlnc land, to-wlt: Sltnatein Liberty township, Trumbull county, Ohio, bounded on the north by lands of Jonathan Shook and Angelina Boyd; east by lands of asm doouk ana 4ism naming; sootn Dy lauds of said Shook and J. M. Millar. (now Mrs. J, M. Haywarden) and west by lands formerly owned by Wm. Balrd, John Hood ana ADranam uionn, and Mrs, Hay warden containing ltK acre. That said defen dant, and neraons named, ci&im soma in. tereetlnsaid coal and rlrhta. under said coal lease. Ssld croaa-petitlon, as well as the original petition of Madison Powers, prays partition, or sale and division of said coal right, title and Interest, and proceeds thereof, among the owners thereof. Said persons are notified to appear and answer aaid petition and erose-peuuon, by tht 26th uuy oi a aiy, A. u. IA. 3. B. F. HOFFMAN. Att for MoCurdy Coal Co. JuneU, ISTJ-ol HEADQUARTERS FOR ALL KINDS OF SALT. Factory Filled Dairy, Saginaw, Syra cuse, Ohio River, snd the celebrated few Lisbon, a fall supply at Whole-ale or Re tail, naving now arrangement with Salt manufacturer, we are able to anil ult at nearly so) Cleveland prices. Merchants ana rectory men, will do well to aee us be- mtrw uuriDi aiaewnere. Jane 11, 1873. CAMP A RANDALL. Western Reserve College AND PREPARATORY SCHOOL, Hudson. O. Instruction wholly by per manent Prolessor. For Catalogue or la- formation address the President. JuaeBXieTt-aaao, TVTOTICE. llTne Stat of Ohio, Ex. ReL Atfy Gen., vs. Pennsylvania and Ohio Canal Co. NoUcsls hereby given that the nnder- signeu iistb oeen appointed Dy The Su preme Court of the Stats of Ohio. Traataaa of the creditors and stockholder of the Pennsvlvanla and Ohio r,nal r!nmnAn, which corporation 1 bow dissolved, and oi u ana singular ia. sooaa, cnatteia, rights, crediu and effeeta, real and pereonai. of aaid company, and have duly qnallfied as such. Persons having claims against aaid company will present the ssme to tbe un dersigned within ninety day from the date hereof duly certified; and all persons will be held responsible for any illegal tnter- """w win ua property or rights oi said corporation. 8AMTJEL QTJTNBY, Warren. .A- c- VOaiu, Akron. June 15, 1878 Trustees. BUILDINO NOTICE. ,, f"1?1 ProPJs wUl be received by 9,'rrk ' special school dlatrict of Mln eralRldge, Trumbull county. Oblo, for the building of a two-story brick School House SO feet by 80, according to plan and speci fications which can be seen by calling on C. F. Whitney Clerk of said Dls. Each bid mast contain tha nama son Interested in tbe aame, and aoeompa nied by a sufficient guarantee of some dis interested person thst if the bid Is accept ed a contract will be entered into and the Pfjf"0, 0 " properly secured. The bids for both labor and material. each must be specially stated with tbe price thereof. The board reserve the right of accepting or rejecting any or all bids. Bids wllf be re ceived until 11 o-closk at noon of July IS. iTS By order of School Board. June is, 17. tt C, F. WHITNEY. TWELVE THOUSAND ROLL8 of Wall Paper, all kinds and prices.the P-ac to get what you want la the line, at ADAMS' Boo Store; a THE CHRONICLE. Dot Schmall Leetle Baby. Drue a I leere, moat efery day I laugh me wild to saw der ray My Bchmall young baby drte to play Dot fanny lueu. baby. Vben I look of dhem lee tie toes, Und saw dot funny leetle nose, Und beard der vsy dot rooster crows, I shmile like I vaj graxy. Some time dhere come aleeUeschgwall, im s voen aer Tinay tiuu Klght In his leetle stchomeck chmsll. i, IJOt B MJO IMMA 1UI UW w;i He bull my nose and klks my hair, Und grawls me ofer efery where, TTnH ahlnhltera me. bnt vat I care? Dot va my schmall young baby. Around my bead dot leetle arm Vaa arbcwozln me so nice und varm. Oh I may dhere never coom aome harm 1 o am scanmsii leeue imujr. ORATION. Delivered by T. J. McLain, Jr., Delivered by T. J. McLain, Jr., at Warren, July 4, 1873. Fellow Citizens:-We celebrate lO-UBV a natiou s iesuvai. as we as . , .. , . , . ameble to commemorate the birth of national liberty, in harmoDy and unity, lei nsiorgeiau amerences oi nnlitical nmninn. Let us banisn from our minds all sectional jealousies rememberini? onlv. as a eraud central thought, that we are citizens of one common country, members oi one national family : unuea py inaiaaoiU' ble bonds in one common destiny. and animated by the one patriotic sentiment: "Our country may she ever be right; but right or wrong our oountrv still." Let us not forget that we are de scendants of a noble race, who braved all dangers, who endured all hard ships, who made all sacrifices in be half or tne inalienable rig tits or man, and that as such we are bound by ties WHICH none may sunuer. Tbe fathers of the republic ! How tbe heart thrills, now tbe blood cour ses through the veins at the recollec- . . . i,y l. : . , n n .1 . .1 a uon oi 1 1 asuiugiuu, auu auhuib, auu Jefferson of Franklin, and Otis, and Henry from whom we inherit the precious legacy of freedom whose memory is cnerisnea in our Hearts whose valorous deeds and virtues are immortalized on earth and consecrat ed in heaven. N inety-aeven years ago to day. a band of patriotic men assembled in In Jepencence Hall, Philadelphia, and issued to the world that wonderful document, which bas just been read in your hearing, the Declaration of American xnaepenaance. There have been those who style this Declaration "tne passionate mani festo of a revolutionary war." Such men have no true conception of that noble document. Tbe American Revolution was not asudden outbreak of mad passion. It was the result of years of peaceful but animated dis cussion anecting tne general and natural rights of man to self-govern ment Slavery antedates civilization. It's locks are whiter and more venerable than history. Originating in war in the savage and barbarian ages, it bas maintained its power even am last tbe refinement and civilization of nations down to the middle of the 19th cen-1 turv. Slavery has lived, whilst re ligions and empires have decayed. The Issue of ine jjeciarauon or in dependence and the accompanying American Revolution, was a long stride in favor of equal rights. The Declaration contained propositions so Startling and novel to European ears that mouarchs trembled on their thrones : and vet it was but the em bodiment of priciples of civil and po litical liberty which had foryears been gradually growing in the minds of the American people. To-day we are enjoying tne legiti mate development of these ideas, held estaoiisnea ana promuigaieu oy me fathers : and we are witnesses of the I gradual but certain spread of these principles amongst the nations of We recognize too the fact that just so far as principalities and pow- era acknowledge tne trutn or uw ctciuu I"'""!"" """f "- them into their political system, that same extent do the blessings of peace and prosperity attend them. We behold France.but lately plnng- ed into a humiliating and disgraceful war tn orarirv rn nrioe ann tmn i nn i of a Louis Napoleon, now emerging from her desradatiou and reaching from her degradation and reaching eat after the blessings of a republic. We see Spain, for centuries tbe abode of despotism, superstition, and priestly oppression, rising in her might to overthrow kingly power and estabusn a popular government. We perceive tne constant relaxa tion of power in the hands of nearly every monarch of Europe, and the accasion of rights to the people. We behold the mighty .Prussian Empire banishing the crafty Jesuits from its borders, tnose cunning men of the gown, whose lives are devoted to ivine in wait for republican prin ciples as tbe tiger lies in wait for its nrev. wniist even unaer tne snauow of the Vatican, the pope hides his diminished bead, stripped of his tem poral power ana delealea in liia en croachments against the inherent rights of man. Whilst liberty is thus marching on with giant strides abroad ; we at home are widening and deepening our foun dations, and building nigner and more symmetrical year by year the fair fabric or our American republic Our PRINCIPLES are the benign prin- cipies oi civil u Deny; our creed is "equal and exact rights to all men :" our faith is the permaneucy of our Republican government, under the blessing of Almighty Qod. - American slavery is dead. That dark stain upon our national escutch eon is gone, and gone forever. That mighty power once so weighty in our councils of Stale , .. . . . -a r:lwi,rin hTAT I England's proud boast that the moment a slave touched English soil, his manacles fell from his limbs, can now be made ear own: for in all Columbia's fair land there la not. there can not be a human slave. We are a peculiar people. We are both the governed and the govemora. Tbe people are tbe source of ail pow er, and if for tbe sake of convenience they relegate tne exercise of their sovereignty, for limited periods, to ine nands of tne lew, tney wm ever hold tbem to a strict account for the se of the same. Our Presidents our Governors, o ur ongressmen and our Legislators are but tbe stewards of the people. To tbem we delegate pro tempore the exercise of our sovereignty : for brief we permit them to wield the destinies of State : but the reins of ao coantability are still held by the peo-1 pie. uur omcers nave no hereditary rights, no divine right of kings, but they are merely the stewards or agents of the sovereign people who select them at pleasure to labor in the na tional vineyard. Woe unto tnose then who prove unfaithful to their trust ! The eye of the Master the people Is upon them. He that can create he it is that can destroy. The good sense of the pop ular mind seldom errs. It deals speed ily and correctly, and is ever ready if need be to temper justice with mercy. The will of the people is the highest court of appeal : to it we submit un questioningly. Our government, In way peculiar toiiseir, insures per- . 1:. - .11 .1 !.,.. j I ihVnoor. liriearnTd a7d the ignoran t i . l . i . tne nigu ami tne low. iioeny i and equality" is henceforth our na- lions motto, uur work is now to strengthen, to develope. Asa Nation we have passed through the perils of birth : we have in foreign wars proven ourselves to bt secure I " I preserved the nation which our fathers I foanded. Living or dead, in high social rtvea uenent, . tie no longer swings tne scythe or cradle from "dewy morn till its terorra, whilst the sturdy cheese tom.y, wiih -ihA rm-irii iinni umn Itself become the vanguard of civiliza Old tion, tbe pioneer corps of the great army in tbe morality of its people; with the exercise of that virtue it will stand im- movable as the eternal bills, without I f?)nll5erita wjthou'; we Jave through the blood and snioke and carnage J civil war established the fact that luieruu uireenuons can uesiroy our structure. Its foundations are deep and broad, permanent and immova- ble. Although as a nation we have to eomnlpte our fir.t n,.re have navrthla - n JiZl ' . e.u.u.v.u. America bas her statesmen, her phi iosophers, her warriors, even as had ancient Greece and Rome. America has her battlefields, compared with I which Marathon ana Tbermopyiea and historio struggles of yore fade into in significance. The conflicts of the revo- juuuu, hwju uiivuu uie Tiata ui LiillH are treasured in the memory of every American , toe sanguinary Datues uur meuiurauis civil war, are living realities to the present generation; whilst tbe achievements of our heroes on Ithe field, and our statemen in the cabinet are inscribed on the pa-re of his- tory and engraven on tne tablets of our tumuu (irkiuuj ujiub, um meorarj ,("'' revuiuuonirv suw, ,wuo, wnsi- "nK our iair iana irom tngiana t. op- pression, planted here the tree or liberty Rt IZiZJ. J TVo.haT,. l y .. v. - a eratefnl rjeonla are- the herons who position, or pursuing ineuumuier waix I oi me, ensnnnea oeneatn me costly maroia.orreauDgintn unsuJngraTe, u?"? are.neroes, wortny aescenaants or honors and esteems them. She cares for the living : she establishes a Decora tion Day for the dead, a perpetual re minder or the patriotic deeds or that mighty host "whom no man can num ber" who leu lighting for their country and tbe rights of man. It is well to see a nation weoo at the grave of her heroio dead. It is well that the hearts of millions should be stirred with the holiest emotions. Thus shall tbe glory of the country be insured whilst valor is prized and heroism hon ored among men. lhus snail the graves speak eloquently of the sacrifices made in behali oi toe nation Dv tne silent de fenders, enshrined beneath these mounds. We live in an ace 'of progress. We witness with gratification, tbe march of Improvement throughout Ibe country in agriculture, in manufactures, in sci ence, in arts. No longer dependant on the results of foreign industry, for our manufactured fabrics ana other articles of domestic consumption, we turn to our own manufactories for the same. whilst tbe development of the iron and coal interest is simply enormous, as we or the sianomng v alley can appre ciate, ine num oi industry is neard on every side; tbe smoke clouds of tbe factories darken the air ; tbe puff of the iron horse bearing heavily laden trains over the iana, is a customary sound Tbe elements have been subjected to mans will, bteam cars draw us swiftly along; steamboats plough our naviga ble waters; steam engines extinguish our conflagrations ; steam mills grind our wheat and our corn : steam looms manufacture our cloth, and steam-driv en sewing machines make our garments; whilst doctors-immerse us in steaming hot baths, and declare their ability to steam us out of all tbe ills that flesh is heir to. The balloon is being built in Boston. which will next month carry the daring aeronaut across the stormy Atlantic on an aerial voyage of three thousand miles if it said 1 The lightning has been chained : dis tance bas been annihilated. Tbe morn ing paper furnishes us with detailed ac counts of occurrences which happen the aay oetore a tnousana miles away. if captain Jack, the Modoc Uhlertain is captured by tbe troops amidst the lava beds oi souroern uregon, it is known In Washington City within twelve hours thereafter, and a cabinet meeting Is called the same day to decide what shall be done with the Modoe Llepbaot. Tbe i ankee bas sought oat many new inventions : especially in tbe way of la bor saving machinery. This may be because ho is naturally a lazy animal, or it may be because be is an inventive genius, or it may be because he can get Uncle Sam to issue a patent on his in- vnnrjons and thus make monev easilv. or it mav be for all three reasons com- bined. . From these improvements Per I haps none more than the farmer has de- IZXZt'Sr. nd fork d-pta'-rest time of half him from every cross road, may. with the brave Othello wring his hands and cry 'Farewell ! My occupation's gone." With patent threshing machine to sep- arate iuo .mam iium mo sin. ; niui s patent corn shelter to strip the kornel of 7a from "l9. cob:. w.tih "ulk7 Plow whereon to ride as be turns tbe furrow ; or dog churn to make his butter, we might suppose that the American farm er, of all men, would appreciate the in ventive genins or the y ankee mind, and be the happiest as he is tbe most inde pegdent of mortals. And ao he would be, were he not driven into a frenzy, worried out of his Hie snd barrassed to death bv swindling vendors of worth- lses patent washing machines, by impu dent Lite insurance agents', and the new tangled Colorado potato bug. Institutions of learning are multiply ing on every band, from tbe imposing college, with its faculty of learned aud titled prolessois to the country school house where some faithful mortal, con scieniously divides ber time between teaching the young idea how to shoot. ana showing ber htith in the old maxim 'He that sparelh tbe rod, spoiloth the child." . ' From a nation of three million, one- fifth of whom were slaves, we have grown lo a " population of 45,000,000 ireeman, an. Aside irom me natural increase by birth, we receive year by constant accession by the never tide of imigration, whicb spreads itseir out over tbe vast ana lertue prair- 'tes of tbe Great West, until they are re- deemed from savage wildness aud made to blossom as the roso. - in-former times our railways were only built through thickly settled por tions of. the country, depending for sup port upon ti e local tralnc ; now we see the iron track spanning a continent, winding through valley, over plains and across mountains, pushing out in every direction into the wilderness; no longer seekiug an already located population. but Inviting population in the track of own progress. The railroad bas thus of western emigration. Thls nation approaches Its centennial ty: Three years more and it will have lived a century. Threescore years and ten are tne supposed limits or a man s lire. What is the lifetime of a nation f History tells not. A-d yet from history we may glean a answer. History tells us of the rise and fall of nations how they rose and wiy they fell. itome was a republic Greece was a republic. Yet to-day republican Home and Greece are not. They have moul ded into dust ; they have a record in history, but nothing more. Tbe teach ing of history is this : that tbe lifetime of a nation is measured not by its forti- nea cities, its wealth, its ariaies, its na- vies, but rather bv the virtues of its cit- IzAna. Thaaafetv nf rannhlif Annainra 1 that virtue it will crumble into dust. "ur greatest neea is true, ianmui, seii - sacrificing men. 'What constitutes a State? Hot high-raised battlement, or labored monnd. Thick wall or moated gate ; not cities proua. wita spires ana tur rets crowned : Not bays and broad-armed ports. vt nere, langning at the storm, ncn na vies ride. No: men, high-minded men " Men, who their duties know, But know their rights, snd knowing, dare uauiiaiil." How sedulously, then, should we guard against the insidious advances of vice and immorality into our national uiei we should resist with all our pow- er every attempt to degrade the dignity p"F". nuouia not iorgt that whilst "mrhtennanasa avaltflth a l ? to "FT W P?: pie.' rv e anonia bear in mind uui graat truth tangbt by the experience of sees, that Christianity and Education are the bulwarks of a nation. That with tbem as tbe nation's life-blood, our free- dom, our happiness, our strength, our prosperity will be insured, and our lib- erl institutions, the admiration of the oi ling accounts of embezzlements, defal our cations, robberies, burglaries, and frauds see8 crime, and intemperance and eor arth. ruption abroad in the land, the patriot tehold the incarnate fiend of Intemoer periods ance banished from our midst, and iu his place are happy homes, and emotv of ""r ,fonai giory shall depart ; that we . '.i1 lJh ,a iliri?' Pf9 f .hui0 vet 7 ;, we 8haI descend into that mer- planted, where noble thoughts are in yeara gpired, whore the future citizen is disci ceasing piined by the loving eye and the gentle cirilized world, may become perpetual. That without these safeguards of ctvili- aation we shall presently be "weighed 1 auu iouna wanting ; ln" our Prms " humbled ; that " ooi.vion which awaits nations and 1 men woo violate the ,T 1" " uuueiiio an moral greatness. To the patriot, then, who from this standpoint surveys the national horizon what are tbe signs of the times Is the sky all bright and clear and full of tbe noon-tide sunshine? Or are there clouds Which, thotltrh vat no lnrirop than - - 1 hand may nevertheless be ominous of i coming disaster T We behold the dark cloud of Intern pe ranee overshadowing tbe land. We see it filling our Jails with criminals, crowding our alais-bouses with paupers, heaping up mounds in our cemeteries we see it mskino widows and nmh.n. innumerable: we see this dread Dion- stor, like the deadly upas tree of the oiiguunj ue national life, scourging it, mr i,u,i u w,u, bm,,, j,,,,,,,,. tion until the lover of his country mav well pause and ask, shall we become a rl u"t "r""?,.r4 . iv.auv.'iira T uioToua ku uj biuuiiux VI1 font Th. r.n wi.i. or every conceivable kind the natural I and inevitable conseauencea of fast Hv. lug, and the insane haste to get rich which seems so wide spread and uni versal at tbe present day. Tbe murder er waylays his victim at the midnight hour or pistols him in tbe public hotei at noonday. He is snested, tried for his crime and discharged on the plea of emo tional insanity. Tbe burglar or pick pocket is caught in tbe act or the stolen property is found in his possession. The chances are good that justice will be cheated ana the criminal turned loose to ply his avocation with more impudence than before. Corruption rules in high places as well as in the low. Bribery is potent; offi cials, legislators, judges even are not al ways above ssupicion. The almiehtv aonar, even mouga it do only a green back that bas no jingle to it, was never more persuasive than now. Revelations daily occur at which the community stands appalled, tt e oenoia the gov ernment bestowing unstinted aia in be half of a Pacific Kailroad by the dona tion of lands and the issue of bonds, ta king a first mortgage to secure itself. All s suppose! to bs lovely, when lo ! some fine morning a terrible discovery is mado. The first mortgage has been transposed into a second one. A ioint stock company nss been lormea to fat ten u pon the liberal donations or the gov- ernment to a great public interest, and snd judges, senators, representatives, hitrh olhciais. ana eminent business men are found amoogst tbe conspirators, whilst the people who foot the bills be- gin to realize that they have beenawin- died by a Credit Mobilier. Scarcely have the enormities oi this transaction ceased to disturb the public mind when our Na tional Congress, as if in wanton provoca tion, or as it actuated py a desire to see bow much a patient constituency might bear, vote into tueir own pockets hun dreds of thousands of dollars for back pay under what is commonly termed ine salary cm.-- nietninks tuey nave found out now inucn tne people will bear. Tbe universal cry of condemna tion that bas gone up from the people in Conventions, in State Legislatures, and through tbe press, must teach our serv ants that this was indeed the "last straw" ; and if it did not break the pa tient camel's back, it was not because toe) straw was not an heavy one. but simply because the back was the back of a giant, the back or a xiercuies. The back broke not indeed, out tne neeisnpw up prodigiously and kicks and curses as well as coppers reached the pocketers of the grab, ui these offenders, we may truly say: O. that some Power the gift wad ale 'em. To see themselves as ithers see them 1 It wad fraesmany a blunder iree 'em. An' foolish notion." Verily when we see so much corrup tion in high places, we may well exclaim with the old English author : When rice prevails and Imnlous men bear sway, the post of honor Is a private station." But we would not hence infer that our country's outlook is a gloomy one. True, them srA 0-iant Aviln in nnr midat. which gaii loudly for reformation. When he might tremble were it not for an implic it faith in tbe destiny of our nation, and an abiding trust in the character of our people as a whole. and pure and honaL It stands ready to rebukecrime and immorality ; it stands ready to frown upon corruption wherev- er found; It believes in the true, the ine great neart or me people is true hHntifn ihA mwui. ttrnHtaiii ihnmi cf Nations and has faith in republican institutions. If crime is committed, it would secure swift punishment ; if intemperance blights, it would crush out tbe upas : if otnciai stewards prove corrupt, it will bid tbem stand aside to giye place to wormier ana better men. Thus, actuated by tbe noblest prin ciples, ana imonea with the purest thoughts of Christianity, intelligence aud morality, the people hold and will themselves use the reyis or sovereignty. In tbem is the source of political power: in them let us hope will ever be found that sterling patriotism and incorruptible virtue which alone is able to cement, to purify and perpetuate republican insti tutions. Ana woo are the teachers, tbe inculcators of true patriotism and virtue T We may not look with abiding faith to tbe executive, legislative or judicial authorities to find them, for .ion i i.te exDsrience has isnoht ns that c.irnlDtion mav exist even there. But it ; m iho mothers, ami tha Hv in. structors of our youth that we must repair. We must go to the domestic fireside where coorl motives am Im. band. Mothers of the republic I Yours jt ig under God to give the answer to the question bow long shall the nation live r lours it is to say what sball be tbe character of oar people. Yours the responsible duty of moulding the des tinies of our beloved country. tt bat a magnincent luture awaiia our nation ! If not in open vision, yet in glimpses of hope we behold its dawning greatness. We see tbe great West over flowing with swarming millions, build ing there-of itself a mighty empire; we see tbe marvellous achievements of science and skilled industry; we look upon prosperous towns and cities and highly cultivated fields ; we see the lakes and rivers white with the sails of commerce; we see unnumbered leagues of waving wheat and rustling corn in this future granary of tbe world, t rora every hillside- and plain we see tbe school-house roof and the church spire pointing heavenward, emblems of tbe highest type or civilization. We see all around us tbe triumphs of peace, no less renowned than those of war. We see those two giant forces Cap.tal and Labor no longer glaring npon each other with hostile mien, but march ing together as they ever should, hand in hand, to develops the resources of a continent; we behold vast systems of internal Improvement whereby the pro ductions of the continent's heart are carried cheaply to tbe sea-board, thence ti Ka rlintt-ihiitAf? Ia FmuI tha m-pIH . w. jails and almshouses fast hastening to iuecay, We behold a iudiciarv whose ermine is pure and unsullied as an angel's garb; we see Senators, Congressmen, Legisla tives snd Executives, models of wisdom, patriotism and integrity, with hands scrupulously clean and unstained by contact with Credits Mobilier or salary grabs, doing honest faithful work for honest pay. We see a happy nation inhabiting a continent from the rock-bound shores of tbe Atlantic to the golden sands of the Pacific, from the Arctic regions of tbe north to the blue waters of the Mexican Gulf. Think you this is the vision of an enthusiast? Is it naught but an Utopian dream f Is it only The baselesssbrlc of a vision T" J?J?S!i -rePnb-lic Lh wor,k !"m" uuiuo aiuue, uio .unit vi proujocj should be silent forever. "But this grand structure, this noble tabernacle of freedom has not been reared by man alone. Divinely guided in its formation, it will be divinely protected in it growth, progress and perpetuity." It cannot fall, for it is founded on a rock ; the rock of God's immutable providence, His cloud shall shelter it bvdsv: His pillar of fire shall guide it through the darkest night. Gratefully and truthfully with the poet can we say: . "Great God, we thank thee for this home. inis bounteous oirtn-iana oi tne ires. Where wanderers from afar may come. And breathe the air of liberty. Still may her flower nntrampled spring. rier narves.t wave, ner ciues rise. And yet 'till time shall fold his wings. Remain earth' loveliest paradise." Let us then, fellow countrymen, one ana an. stand by tbe republic oi our fathers. Let ns emulate the virtues of its founders, wbile we strive to equal the heroism of its defenders. Let ns resist encroachments upon liberties. come they from without or within. Let ns stand up boldly for freedom of consci ence, and that diffusion of knowledge which springs from ourcommon schools. Let us teach our children the blessings liberty and baptize them in ttie spirit of patriotism. Then as God's eternal years roll by his sun shall still shine upon a nation pros perous ana mighty, upon a people nappy, virtuous and free, over whose destinies shall float the starry flag of beauty Whilst the earth bears a plant, . Or the sea roll a wave." HE CAUGHT IT. Mr. Tweezer was on tbe bluffs at Peoria, Illinois, calling on a lady friend, and they were out on the porch, discussing the works of the great authors, wuen the young lady's pec white rabbit, wnlca naa essaped from its cage, came rushing around tne house with a big yeuow dog alter It. The young lady screamed, and Mr. Tweezer threw a rocking-cbair at the dog. frightening mm away but knocking over eight flower-pots and telescoping tbe chair, Then the young lady implored Mr. Tweezer to catch the rabbit and save it from the horrid dogs. And Mr. Tweezer commenced to catch tbe rabbit. He employed strata gem at first, following it around the back of tbe bouse.- ana whistling gently, in true hunter's style, to arrest its attention and cause it to stop. Then he made a grab at it when it paused to reuect under tue gooseberry Dusues. Air. 1 .veezer grabbed not wisely.' but too well, for the rabbit took: advantage or nis plunging and snatching around auioung (the bushes, to scurry over over into a neighboring yard. Tweezer didn't like that mucn, ana he took occasion to say something de rogatory to tbe character of the rab bit as he extricated himself from the thicket. But seeing the young lady near, he smiled a dim sort of a smile aud got oil' a dismal sort of a joke about forty thorns in the hand being worth a rabbit in the busu. men ne girded up his loins and resumed tbe catching of the rabbit. He had left bis hat among tne fruitful snruos, ana as he vaulted over the fence a portion of his pantaloons remained on a pro truding rail. But Mr. Tweezer meant business. And so did tue raooiu Theyjcoursed across the yard, then out n the street, men- down two oiocas, then into a potato fieled, then into another yard, and here a man came out and asked Tweezer what in all alxtv-six he was trying to do. Tweez er asked mm u ne uiun t nave "se enough to see for himself. And the man smiled a sad and pitying smile. Ere this Interview took place, it might be stated that the rabbit had srone under the cow stable. Tweezer crawled under and chased it out. Anybody might know that by the look or.ms wnite aucs cioiuw. When h came out the chase began anew, ine ration was ntir, auu wait ed for him on the other side of a picket fence. This time tbe pursuit ed down tbe middle of the street. and the spectators looked ou and lapped their hands with enthusiasm. Tweezer's blood was up, and he re solved to catch the rabbit or die in the attempt. So it appeared until a dog darted out and caugnt tne raooiu When Mr. Tweezer came up and re ceived the prey from the jaws of its cantor, he found to his inexpressible sorrow that tbe poor little animal bad not been killed, bo ne bore it oaca and restored it, unharmed, to tbe lov ing arms which awaited it at nome, nd in the miust or caresses wnicn were lavished on ine return 01 tue beautiful pet, poor Tweezer was for gotten. ' A LAND OF WONDERS. The greatest cataract in the world is the Falls of Niagara, where the water from . the great upper lakes forms a river of three-fourths of a mile in width, and then, being sud denly contracted, plunges over the rocks in two columns to tbe depth of 175 feet. Tbe greatest cave in the world is the Mammoth Cave of Ken tucky, where any one can make a voyage on the water of a subterran ean river, and catch fish without eyes. The greatest-' river in the known world is the Mississippi, 4,000 miles long. The largest valley in the world is the valley of the Mississippi. It contains 500.000 square miles, and is one of the most fertile regions of the globe. The (greatest city park in tbe world is in Philadelphia. It contains 2,700 acres. The greatest grain port in the wot Id is Chicago. The largest lake in tbe world ia Lake Superior, which is, truly, an inland sea, being 430 miles Jong and 1,000 feet deep. Tbe largest railroad at present is tbe Pacific Railroad. 3.000 miles in length. The greatest mass of solid iron in the world is mountain or Aussouri. it is 5o0 feet high and two miles In circuit. The best specimen oC lireeian archi tecture in the world is ia tbe Oirard College for Orphans, in Philadelphia. The largest aqueduct in tbe world is the Croton Aqueduct, New York Its length is 4o i miles, and it cost $12,500,000. The largest deposits of anthracite coal in the world, are ia Pennsvlvania. tbe mines of -which supply the market with. millions of tons .annually, and appear to be in exhaustable. niertcan Engineers Reason For Name of The Red Reason For Name of The Red Sea. Will Wallace Harney bas a very readable paper la JLippincoit't Maffa sine on "Strange Sea Industries and Adveuturea" concerned chiefly, with diving experiences. He tells of an American explorer who set forth' to fish for Pharaoh's- golden chariot- wheels ia the Red Sea, but discovered instead tbe reason of that water's name : On one occcasion the diver observed, while under sea, that the curious wavering shadows, which cross the lustrous golden floor like Frauenhofer's lines on the spectrum. began to change and lose themselves. A purple glory of intermingled colors darkened the curtains of the cham bers, reddening all glints and tinges with an angry fire. Instead of that lustrous, golden firmament, the thal lasphere darkened to crimson and opai. The walls grew purple, the floor as red as blood ; the deep itself was purple with the venous hue of deoxidized life currents. The view on thesuaface was even more magnifi cient. - The sea at first, assumed the light tawny or - yellowish reJ or sherry wine. Anon this wine-color grew instinct with richer rauiance ; aa far as the eye could see, and flash ing in the crystal splendor of the Arabian sun was a glorious sea of roses. The water was found to be covered with a thin brick dust layer of infusoria slightly tinged witn orange. The New York Expres vouhes for this: " 'This company shall never get another cent of my money,' said an angry lady on a railway train. How .then, wni you travel t asxea the conductor. 'I'll pay my fare to you.' " FREEMASONRY IN JERUSALEM. Establishment of a Lodge in the Ancient City—"Cotton Megara," or Royal Quarry, the Meeting Place of the Fraternity. [From Jerusalem World.] The attempt to organize a Masonic Lodge in the city of Jerusalem, un der American auspices, which has been long on foot, has at length sue ceeded. Advices were received a few days ago from Mr. John Sheville, who was seat out last spring for that pur pose, that "on Wednesday, May 7th he organized the Royal Solomon Mother Lodge No. 293, in due and ancient form, in the Great Mark Masters' Quarry, under the city of Jerusalem, and initiated a candidate." As a preface to this remarkable in cident- which forms an era in Mason ic history, we give an accurate ground plan of the Cotton Megara (or Royal Quarry,) with which travelers to Je rusalem are familiar, ine very ex istence of this vast cavern under, the city had been forgotten, Upon tbe whole, it it the fettled opinion that no knowledge of the great quarry later than tbe first or second century or the Christian era exists, and it was re served for an American missionary. Dr. J. T, Barclay, to bring the fact to light. Some twenty years since, pasing?along outside tbe north wall of Jerusalem, bis dog, in pursuit of a rat, scratched an opening under the wall and disappeared from the eyes of his master. This led to an enlarge ment of tbe opening and the most re markable discovery that mis most wonderful of cities bas ever yielded, It was found under the northeast quarter of Jerusalem as an abandoned quarry of such vast extent as to an swer most satisfactorily the query that has long puzzled antiquaries : "Where did Solomon's builders pro cure the native stone for the walls and substructures of the Temple?" To enter this weird and mysterious crypt it is necessary to pass outside the city at the north or Damascus gate and turn to the right, Tbe city wall here is about fifty feet high and of corresponding thickness, it was erected, as an arable inscription shows in the year Hegira SHS, equivalent to A. 1). io4u, by order or ine fcuitan Suleyman. In constructing this wall all sorts of massive materials were used granke columns, marble blocks and huge beveled "ashlars," that had done similar duty in mural structures ever since the days or ooiomon. The entrance into tne great quarry bas been enlarged with spade and chisel so that it is an easy matter now to visit the place. The point or en trance will readily be recognized in the engraving. Lighting candles to dissipate the midnight darkness you pass nrst in easterly direction iu feet, Tbe way is ovei great mounds or rubbish, partly artificial, aa tbe marks of chirels show.'; partly made up of pieces that nave fallen irom tne ceiling. Then the way turns, at nearly a right angle to the south, 400 feet. Tbe marks or cniaei ana Ham mer become more and more evident. Blocks of squared stone, la every stage of .preparation, from the rough to the perfect, encumber tne patnway, Piles of clippings are heaped up every where. Upon the sides of the quarry deep, narrow grooves are seen, cut lengthwise and perpendicular, mark ing out the dimensions of proposed blocks, and showing the ancient method of detaching the stones from their native bed. The marble is of a soft, friable nature, called in the na tive tongue melekcn (a piece or whicu nas been sent to tnis omce.i uccas- slonally a harder vein of stone occurs, but tbe same, chemical composition. and this the natives call mtzzch. Turning again to the left we go the distance of l'J6 feet to where a small basin, ehiseled in the harder rock. five feet in diameter and half as deep was male to collect water for the workmen of "Hiram." The water at present is bitter and disagreeable to the taste. Near this fountain Is a deep circular pit, in which lies a hu man skeleton, probably or one or tnose early Christian devotees woo used the quarries of Jerusalem for tbe same purpose as the catacombs of Rome, viz., as places of concealment during the persecutions of the first four - cen turies of our era. A little further to the south there is an apartment eighteen- feet square. which, rrom its regular rorm, seems designed for a particular purpose. Great numbers of bats cling to the roof, 'which is forty feet high. Bones of various kinds, brought in probably by i&ckais. prove that there were once ample openings to the cavern. Nu merous crosses are traced upon tne wall and a lew Hebrew inscriptions, but not sufficiently lepible to be un derstood. It was in this apartment, enceforward known among Iree Masons as "the Chamber of the Broth- erty Covenant," that the Royal Sol omon Mother Lodge, No. 21(3, of Free Masons was duly organized, May 7. Since ISbS. most zealous and unre mitting efforts have been pursued by Dr. Morris and bis associates to secure the organization of a regular lodge in Jerusalem. The difficulties, almost insurmountable, were referable to the sparsity of the craft in the East, their umerous languages, taeir inexperi ence in Masonic work, tbe want of suitable chambers for lodge rooms. &o., and most of all the fact that there is no Grand .Lodae of Masons in the Turkish, dominions. Several efforts to organize this lodge at Jerusalem failed one Irom the death of the Hon. John P. Brown, at Constantinople, and One from the degradation and death of the Pacha General at Syria, Mohtnimed iteschild. The nearest lodges were at Bey rout Syria, 150 iu the north, and Port Said, Egypt, 200 miles to the southwest; but with in the memory of man there has been no lodge at Palestine. At last all the named difficulties wers. overcome, and a warrant was is sued by the Grand Lodge of Canada, Under this authority the Rev. Mr. John Sbeviile left New York April 8; confered with a Masonic company at Cairo. Egypt. May 2. arrived at Jeru salem May 6, and the Jib of May, the day named in the warrant, organ ized the lodge.' Collecting together twdve of the resident and .visiting Masons of Jeru- rmlem. Including four of those speci- ned iu the warrant, Mr. She vi lie en terel the vast and gloomy vault at 2 p. m., and proceeded with guides and torches to "the Chamber of the Broth erly Covenant" already named, where the Masonic emblems, ejgraved by Dr. Morris in 1863, remain to designate the place, Upon a square pillar which marks the center of the chamber the essential objects constituting THE "GBEAT LIGHTS " OF MASONRY' were displayed in traditional order. A proper arrangement of officers and members followed,- and the well known forms of organizing the lodge dedicating the work to the royal pat ron, King Solomon, were proceeded with. On the some evening a resi dent of Jerusalem, .a gentleman of distinction, was initiated,. . . THE FIRST ACT Off THE KEW LODGE. after the Grand Marshal had pro nounced the organization perfected, was to declare that "all Master Ma sons who are members of the Ameri can Holy Land Exploration are here by recognized as honorary life mem bers of No. 293, with corresponding rank." ' The number of these is some two thousand. To the Past Grand Master of Ken tucky, Robert Morris, LL. D., ia due the inception of the plan, and to the liberality of some two thousand of tbe Masonic fraternity, under his earnest appeal for five years, its successful ac complishment. The condition of so ciety in the Turkish empire, social and civil, is extremely encouraging just now to the establishment or Mi sonie lodges there, and it is proposed during the coming year to organize them in sufficient numbers at Joppa, Acre, Nazareth, and Nablous to j us ury ine rormation or the Grand Lodge of Palestine. It is known that the ancient craft is favored by the Sultan, aouii aziz, and that a good propor tion of the Pachas and high efficials are members or tne craft. A FUNNY COW ITEM. Colorado has fifty million acres of tne best crazing land the bright sun ever shown upon, etc It is more than enough to feed all the cattle we ever owned, but not more than we once expected to own. We went into tbe wholesale cattle business once. We purchased a long horned, brindle Texas cow, for $27.50, and drove ber to our hash house in the country, and into a corral. Then we got up on the fence, and sat down on the ton rail to calculate how long it would be before we were rich and respectable. We calculated how this cow would have a calf in a few months, and then how that calf would have a calf in another few months, and so on ; and how our country school teacher's wages would allow us to invest in long-horned. brindle Texas cows everv vear. and how those cows would have calves. and those calves would have calves, until, tbe rule of one hundred per cent, compound interest figured us out a bloated bond holder. We were happy then, and in our innocent lov we were full of the milk of human kindness, and would pet our cow that was the forerunner of such a husre fortune. So we got down from the fence and started slowly toward her. speaking persuasively 'suke boss ; suke boss.' But that long-horned. brindle, Texas cow wouldn't 'suke.' She stuck her tail np straight in the air, lowered those ngly looking horns, and bellowing rr-ade a charge on a calf, and that calf was us. We made ourselves scarce thereabouts, just then, and our long-horned forerunner of a fortune loved us, and kept us company close behind. We reached the fence, and so did long-born just at tbe same time. We tried to get over it, and long-born gave us vigor ous aid. She butted us through a panel of fence, and hooked us under a wagon, then we crawled ont on the other side and jumped over a ten rail fence. Long-norn anectionateiy charged she wanted to be with us but we lit out then, only looking back to see the rails hying around. and our loved long-horn lying on her back, wildly kicking ber heels in sor row for our absence. W e don't own any cows now." A GHOST, AND WHAT CAME OF IT. An Iowa newspaper asks the fol- owing connumdrums : "JJo the spir its of tue departed ever appear upon earth ? Are they permitted to return and hold visible communions with former friends ? Do they hover about us?" .Now for the reason of these interrogations! A young man died at Princeton township, leaving a wid ow who subsequently engaged herself to a man in California, witn whom she had been acquainted formerly. Bat No. 1 appeared to her, and lifting his nnger, said : "postpone your mar riage !" He came again a few nights after, and repeated his "Postpone your marriage I ' Sue was very much rreigntened, but her friends told her that it was the nightmare. Still the dead hnsbahd kept coming and kept saying tbe same thing. Then he appeared to the mother of the lady, and this time he varied tbe monotony of tbe warning, for he said : "Have Sarah's marriage post poned." So Uie pocr widow wrote to her affianced and had the nuptials put ofT. Now, what came next? What, but a San Francisco newspa per containing a marked account of the arrest for robbery of the Califor nia lover, and of his incarceration for wan f of bail? Farthermore it spoke of his wife and children as deserving of sympathy, and assistance of the charitable. So ghostly number one did not appear for nothing; and the widow is, perhaps, in ner gratitude, more in love with her husband s shade than she ever was with the substance. ECCENTRICITIES OF LIGHTNING. During a recent thunder storm at Hawthorn station, Illinois, on the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy railroad, the electricity was particu larly lively in the vicinity of the Cicero lime-kiln and quarries. Con- lderable commotion was caused by its freaks in one of the boarding houses occupied by laborers employed at these works. At the time of the occurrence there were present but two of tbe men, the woman of the house and her child. The electricity entered alongside of the stove-pipe, kipped oil on to tbe floor, passed un der a closed door into an inner room, made a detour of the room, repassing nder the door taos into the nrst or mam room, making an exit at the outer door, which was standing open. It course could be plainly traced on the floor by a shallow, roughly skived out, splintery furrow. - Jtioth, men were prostrated, but soon recovered their faculties, but retain marks that a so er of how that their escape rrom so dire ful an antagonist is certainly wonder ful. One of them basin the bottom of the left foot, as if done by an in strument, a piece of fl?su cut out, three-fourths or an inch in diameter and three-eights, of an inch deep, perfectly -round and concave. The man's thigh ou the same side has a blackened and somewhat bruised spot as large as one's band ; a clasp -knife In his pants pocket on tne tame siae bad its metal parts blistered as if in tire. Tbe sole or other parts oi bis hue or other clothing were not torn or scorched. The other of the me a ha i his left breast bruised and black en oil.. Neither the woman nor. the child, which was at the time iu the arms of one of the men, waa not in jured iu the least. LANDS UNIMPROVED AND IMPROVED. PB0TED. BY PROF. J. D. BUTLER. A lady having two lovers, accented (he one who was poor but smart, rath er than the other who was rich, but an imbecile. When asked the rea son of ber choice she said : -"A man who is poor mav get over it : but if one is a natural-born fool he can nev er get over it." She is a good model for a farmer. Let him prefer a Nebraska farm, for its capabilities though unimproved, rather than improved but infertile land furtber East. Nebraska land has no defects which it cannot soon get over. But this is more than can be said of tbe sterile regions, wuere the characteristics are stumps, stones, steeps aud swamps, as well as a soil on which one may sow a bushel and reap only a pecs. io niaKing a suk purse out of a sow's ear. . - Jjettera lortuueiu wait wimauiau or farm. The one must grow, the other may dwindle. - So think 0.000 larm hunters who ave bought railroad land of tbe Bur lington and Missouri River Railroad. Many of them have little or no capi tal, but they pay nothing but six per cent interest for two or four years, and then the principal in seven in stallments. Some American students at Bonn, Germany, recently gave one of the professors a surprise paity. - The old gentleman, who had never heard of such an institution, thought they had come to plunder the hoose.and called I loudly for the police. ACROSS THE ATLANTIC IN A BALLOON —PROF. WISE'S EXPLANATION OF THE GREAT UNDERTAKING. rse. To the Editor of the Daily Graphic : Thanks to the liberality of the Dai ly Graphic, the problem of the air currents, by which a system of aeral transition may be established, is now to be tested. The lines are laid, aud the work is already begun. We may not be able to equip the very bestout ht, but we shall have one all suffl eieat to give it a fair trial. Mr. Don aldson has taken in hand the con struction of the net work, car.gallery, and boat, and I have taken in hasd the floats. The gallon proper will be a sphe roid of 100 feet transverse, and 110 perpendicular and diameter. Tho supplemental ballon will be a sphe roid of 36 feet diameter. These, with allowance for expansion of gas, will give ns a lifting power of 15,800 P0."?438-and a net carrying power of 9,o00 pounds, and of disposable bal last 7,500 pounds. Our floats will not lose by exoemose of gas over fifie n pounds per hour, and that will ena ble us to keep afloat twenty days. But allowLig a liberal margin for the free escape of gas in the hiphpr n.i rarefied regions of the atmosphere, we may still calculate safely for a ten days' buoyant power, and, if deemed necessary, we can dispose of th hnir. and gallery, and thus restore a buoy ant force of 1,200 pounds, whi.-h would-serve us tor several davs mon. so that, under the most adverse cir cumstances, we can hardly fail to reach the European shore. We shall carry a boat more for the purpose of providing for a contintren- oy that may possibly arise from any damage to the main balloon, but one mat we nave ntue cause to appre hend. The boat will be stored with water and provisions to serve for thirty days. Our kind friends are thus assured that we are not fool hardy, seeing that we shall provide against all and any contingencies that are likely to possibly arise. Our main reliance is on the great eastward drift of the trade wind, and, after your publication of Dr. Ramsey 'a admirable paper on the motiou of the atmosphere, always and forever east ward, without an attempt at the ex act solution- of its cause, since the fact is patent, and with the Smithsonian Institute's reply to my letter on the same subject, that this eastward mo tion of the air "as an established fact of science of every day's experience ;" we have, I think, little to tear for tbe result of the voyage. We do not pre tend that in this first experimental voyage we shall be able to makes giv en point on land, but we have an eye to the gulf stream, the great warm riverin the ocean, which forms above it, in the ocean of air, a corresponding aerial river that will float us to the coast of Ireland. It becomes a phys ical correlative that tbe air, on being warmed by tbe gulf stream heat, will rise and move lorward In the isoba- ric line of the least resistance, which must inevitably be in the direction of the gulf stream. - Meteorologists wUl take great interest iu this part of the problem to be solved or attempted to be solved. These great but silent imponderable elements, the most po tent of ail in the great cosmogony. are yet so little understood by science that a lifetime's devotion to the eluci dation of a single feature in them wiil be well spent, aud that is the anima ting principle that moves us- to the experiment. We are not scientifical ly presumptou3, bnt we know .what we do know, and that is, that the at mosphere above us moves eastward; the Heavens above attest the fact iu its fleecy messengers constantly to be seen in this aerial highway. What we don't know is the actual condition. of this force of nature over and above the sea, and, as a method of explora tion, we Intend to make this aerial voyage, and in oar humble way- en deavor to mark out an untrodden path for men and mails. We have a living faith in its success, and a be lief mat we shall aid the too little cul tivated science of meteorology, and in that we look for our reward the sat isfaction of that little honorable ambi tion, without which man is but a poor thing. We crave the public patience until our embarkation. In due course of time we will announce the day of de parture, since it is impossible for us depart in an unobserved and unos tentatious manner, because we are compelled to leave from the midst of dense population, on account of gas supply, although we would prefer to start in me presence oi me lew good friends only who have faith in tbe sincerity of our design and in the ways aud means we Have designated for its successful accomplishment. This is all I have to say at present reply to your very kiud and polite note as to the true intent of our pro ject. -1 would not have penned this, out 1 leel bound to make a respectful reply to the party who has aided us much, ana without whose aid our project would probably have gone to sleep again, and slumbered for anoth decode or two in the strong arms unbelief, that righteous tyrant that makes skeptics of us ail. New York, July 2. John Wise. THOMAS JEFFERSON'S RELIGNON. In the July Atlantic, Parton brings Jefferson's life np to "The Presiden tial Election of 1S00." He devotes his especial attention to "thatproduct . of tbe imagination known aa the Campaign Lie, which has here ob tained a development unknown in other lands," and in relation to tho religious feeling against Jefferson in the campaign, he says : "It strength ened Jefferson's faith in Republican institutions, that his countrymen rose superior to religious prejudices in is aud gave their votes very nearly as they would if the religious question had not been raised. Tradition re ports, that when the news of his elec tion reached New England, some old ladies, in wild consternation, hutg their Bibles down the well in the butter-cooler. But, in truth, the creed of Jefferson is, and long has been, the real ereed of the people of the United States. They know, in their hearts, whatever form of words they may habitually use, that Christianity is a life, not a belief ; a principle of eon duct, nota theory of the universe. 'I am a Christian,' wrote Jefferson, 'ij the only sense in which Jesus wished any one to be p sincerely attached to his doctrines in preference to ail oth ers.' " SUMMER PLAY. "Nothing," says Dr. F. G. Holland In jSerioner's for July, "can be more cruel and nothing more foolish tnau to place children where they must be dressed every day in fresh and fash ionable clothes, and their freedom to play curtailed for the sake of appear ances. What childhood, needs is per fect freedom to romp, to make mud pies, to leap fences, to row, to lish, tu climb trees, to chase butterflies, to gather wild flowers, to live out of doors from mbrning until night, -and to do all those things that innocent and healthy childhood delights iu, in cheap, strong clothes provided for the purpose. Exactly that which child hood needs, manhood and womau hood need perfect liberty and per fect carelessness. So, whether the dweller by the sea go inland for hU summer play, or the resident of tbe inland city go to the sea, he should seek some spot unvisited by those de voted to fashionable display, and pass his time in unrestricted communion with nature, and in those pursuit and amusements which, without let or hindrance, perform theolliceof recreation."