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THE BELMONT CHRONICLE,
AND FARMERS, MECHANICS, AND MANUFACTURERS' ADVOCATE. NEW MMK.--WL. 5. HO. 21. ST. fUlBSHLLB, OHIO, NHIMV, FEBRUtRY 1853. IMLI NO. SOI THE BELMONT CHRONICLE, PUBLISHED EVERY" FRIDAY MORWINO, BY II. J. HOWARD A B. R. COWEN, OFFICE ON WEST SIDE OF MARKET ST., IMMKDIATKI.Y IKLOW TUB MARKET HOVft. TERMS OF SUBSCBirTIOrl. I r fialil within thrr inontlia, iJJj 'V.ilVrinSn.ly a. h, option of.hc Kffij While arrearatca are due. TERMS OFADVERTlalNO. tacU aqiure, (11 llneaor la,) three week, lM Every additional Inwrtlon, B Yearly advortiaeuienla one column, '.IV'hn tlair cohtinn, , ' ... tluarter milium, 1J'1IU l'roffionnl carda :i per annum. jrjfAII leltcra aildreaaeil to the editor mint be paid to Insure attention .,31 THE LAW OF NEWSPAPERS. I. Riihaerilwra who do not (live eipreaa notice to the contrary, are considered wishing to continue their uh- 1C2,f,u'l4l.rih(raorilarthedlacontlniianc of their pe riodical. the publishers may continue to aend them un til all arrearae are paid. ' 3 liaubBcriheranejIcctorrefiiiietotakethr-ir per oil leak from the offlcea to which they are directed, they are held reaponaihle till they have aclllld the lull, anil ordered them dlacoiitimied. 4. K nuliacrihera remove to other places without In forming the MWIakara, and the perioilicals arc aent tu the Ibrmer direction, they are held reaponaihle. 5. Therourta have decided that refuainf to take per iodical from the omce, or remnvins and Icavine them uncalled for, it prima facie evidence Of intentional fraud. MISCELLANEOUS. From the Southern Literary Messenger. THE HEIR OF ALBURN HOUSE. BY PAUL CREYTON. By the death of his father, Percival Alburn came into the possession of a very large fortune. Hitherto the young heir had been subjected to the discipline of teachers who curbed his restive propensities, and kept him under continual restraint, but now he resolved to throw off the yoke, and In gaining his liberty, devote himself to the pursuit of pleasure. Percival did not neglect to pay a proper respect to the memory of his father, who was one of the best of men; as soon, however, as the days of mourning were over, he gathered about Mm a number of gay companions, whom he chose for their pleasantry, and their de votion to the enjoyment of the moment. For a short time, in the absence of all -care and reflection, the young heir was very happy. Field Bports'by day and revelling by night occupied his time. Percival Alburn prided himself in keeping the best horses, the; best dogs, the best guns and the choicest! liquors which were anywhere to be obtained. His table was the wonder of the country, and his house was hospitably thrown open to ill his friends. The old country scat of the Alburns appeared to have undergone a strange metamorphosis so wildly did the hilarity of the heir contrast with the sobriety of his father. Percival was the moving spirit of the whole, and he was as I have said, very happy for a time. But the gayest life soon becomes monotonous; the young heir wearied at last of the excitements which were no longer novel or pleasing to his taste. Percival desired a change. "It ia very plain," said he, yawning when he should have been gay, "a man cannot enjoy himself in the country, where there is no novelty. The city is the only place worthy to be come the residence of a man of leisure and means. Let us pel away from this dull spot as soon as possible." Another change came over the old country house of the Alburns. The revellers had all departed, and only the servants remained. The days were once more quiel, and the glare of light and the sounds of mirth no longer invaded the darkness and stillness of night. Percival mixed with the gay throngs of the metropolis. In seeking the enjoyments of life, he suffered no scruples of conscience to deter him; he drank deep or every fancied source of happiness exhnusted the old pleasures and invented new. At the end ol a year, Percival was more thoroughly disgusted with the city than he had been with the country. He even con sidered the monotony of the latter preferable to the selfishness, vanity and deceit which corrupt the former. But the thought of re turning to the home of his fathers was repug nant to him, and he resolved to travel. "Complete happiness," said he, "is not to be found in any one spot. It must be sought in a variety of places; it mast be obtained through a knowledge of the world." Young Alburn selected a few traveling companions, noted fortheirgayety.intelligence and wit, and set out on his pilgrimage. He Bought for happiness in Paris, but he found only a glittering counterfeit, which proved to be hollow. He sought for it then amid Alpine scenes, bat it was not there nor in in luxurious Italy, nor sunny Spain. Neither the North nor the South, nor the Eeast nor the West, nor the old world nor the new, afforded him the gem he coveted. Sure, he often saw tt in the possession of others, but it was not for him; and whenever he flattered himself that he had seized it at last, it van ished in his grasp. At length, weary of his frutless pilgrimage, nd sighing lor repose, Percival Alburn bethought him that he had never been so near the enjoyment of what he desired as when he entertained his friends in the Alburn House. "I will return to it," he said, bitterly re membering the waste of life he had made during his voluntary exile; "I will make the most of what happiness remains for me there." Ten years from the day of his departure, the heir of Alburn House returned to the mansion of his lather, a disappointed, melancholy man. The old servants scarcely recognized in the dark brow, hollow cheek, nd cold, piercing eye of the traveler, the features of the once careless and hilarious heir. And now Alburn felt that he had entered a dreary wilderness, so cheerless seemed the hull ot hi fathers. T live alone in such a place was impossible; he would have died c ennui. Accordingly, once more the heir c Album gathered around him gay companion who were quite ready to live upon his bounty and endure his caprices with ncver-failin goud humor. Again Alburn House resounded withrevelr; and mirth. The friends ol the heir exhibitei a power of facetiousness in the vain emleavo to make him laugh. He only smiled biterly. They drank his wine with unaccustomed zeal and became intoxicated, all fur his good The heir of Alburn was sad as ever. The) rode lu's maddest horses, leaped fences walli and chasms, and sometimes perilled legs ant arms, and even their heads merely to gratify him all without avail. True, when Dar Flcetflyer broke his neck in a fox chase Alburn actually appeared entertained, but in six hours he was as melancholy as before By following Dan's example, the heir's twelve companions who were left, could, rI that rate, have kept him in good humor only three days; and the bare idea of contributing four necks a day to his amusements, wus not, certainly, very encouraging. Now, when Dan Flectflyer was comforta bly under the sod, and the excitement attend ant on his exit from the world, wns over, Al burn remembered that he was the hardest ri der, the hardest drinker, and the most fastidi ous reveler of all his comrades, and conse quently his most valuable man. "What did that ungrateful wretch want to break his neck for!" growled the heir, on re turning one morning from a dull and unsuc cessful hunt. "I would rather have lost any six fellows of the devil'sown picking. Nay, Dan was worth more than all of you, with your vast stomachs, red noses, and insipid nonsense." These remarks were overheard by the heir's companions, but so far from taking offence at them, they sought to restore his good humor by praising boisterous Dan, and repeating some of his most admired sayings. Alburn was only the more angry. ''Dont exaggerate my loss, or I shall send some of you to keep Dan company!" he said, with an oath. So the heir's followers were silent, and lie, with wrath and desperation in his heart, led the way down a long hill, in the direction of the Alburn House. At the foot of the bill was a small humble cottage standing on the Alburn estate, with Ita doorwny fronting the south. As the heir passed by. the happy voice of a female grated harshly on his ear. She was a plainly clad woman of middle age, and she was singing a lullaby to the baby, in the cottage door. On lifting her eyes and perce;ving the dark scowl of the heir of Alburn, she ceased sing ing, and with an involuntary shudder, clasped the Infant to her heart. I Muttering a curse, the misanthrope passed on only to meet another source of annoyance, which angred him more than the first. The husband of the woman was sitting un der the shadow of a stack of corn, tearing the husks from the ear, which he threw into a basket. When the basket was full, he emp tied its shining, yellow contents into a crib near by, singing all the time merily as a crick et. Hard at work, in his stained and patch ed garments, he appeared as happy as a mor tal could possibly be. Every day when he had passed that way, the heir of Alburn had seen that man work ing and heard him singing the same, but he hud never remarked him so closely, and with such bitterness in his heart, as on this occa sion. 'What stupid boor is that," he growled, "who lias found in a hovel, what I have sought the world over in vain.' Why is he so hap py in his dirt and rags, when I am so wretch ed in wealth and splendor! He enjoys him self better alone thun I with my sporting companions. To him labor is pleasure, while to me pleasure is labor. I will follow his ex ample; I will dismiss my companions and make my own happiness." Accordingly, the heir sent away the com pany of revellers, and for a month aiterwards, did nothing but hate the world and meditate on suicide; while all the time the poor cotag er worked and sung as happily as ever. One day the heir of Album, in his most bit ter humor, called his steward to him &.said "Who is this clown that lives under the hill, singing forever and ever!" "Surely, sir," replied the steward, "you have not forgotten Joe Jarvis!" "I did not call you, to have you ask .no whether I have forgotten this man or that man," answered the angry heir. "Tell me who and what is this man!" The steward, too well accustomed to his employer's humors to be disturbed by them, replied in a quiet tone: "His name is Jarvis, and I thought you must remember him, from the fact that he once saved the life of your father at the risk of his own. This was when he was a boy, but your father rewarded him as if he had been a man. He gave him yonder cottage to live in, and the twenty acres around it to work, as long as he lived, rent free." "And the fellow never pays any rent!" "No sir I never supposed you would think of doing differently by him from your father" "How dare you to dictate to me!" thunder ed the heir of Alburn. "Go bring this hap py man to me!" Alburn was sitting in the room which had been his father's study, in the midst of the long neglected, rusty books, when poor Joe Jarvis appeared. The misanthrope looked up from the wine glass, in which he had been striving to drown the blue devils which had been haunting his brain, and scowled darkly upon the cottager. The latter, holding his faded and bruised straw hat in his hand, bowed respectfully, and stood patiently to know what service the heir of Alburn desired at his hands. "You did me the honor to send' for me sir," said he, after a long silence, which the heir rilled up with a scowl of hatred. "1 did," replied the latter, in a aepuchral tone of voice; "and you have no more respect for me than to make your appearance in a ragged coat." I "Indeed sir," rejoined Joe Jarvis, smiling if j ruefully at his working-day garment, "I know f I very well I am not dressed for genteel society i, ! and I assure you sir, I should have run to the , house and put on my Sunday coat which ,r I never wear except to mvrting and on great occasions, and I have hud it now for six years l but Mr. Peters said you was in a hurry tu I 1 sec me." r "Well! well! I can excusp your dress; but do you mean to say you have only twocouts?" . "I had three, sir, but since my wife cut up . j my old black one to make a new brown one for Billy, I hav'ttt but two; and in fact, I do i j very well without any more, for I never wear I I one In the summer, though incoolish weather j like this, when I go to a raising, or to town. i I sometimes feel as if this shiny and patched , old thing was hardly good enough to wear, while you know I couldn't afford to put on my best one. So I sometimes say to Pjlly that's my wife 'If I only had a kind ol : second best coat' " "And is there nothing you want more than I a coat!" "Indeed, sir, there are a good many things j I sometimes think it would be convenient to have" "Well, Jarvis," said Alburn, eyeing the cottager, "what are those things!" "Oh, it's no use to speak of them, or think I of them, so I am contented without them, j but since you have done me the honor to ask me, I may say I should like very much to I have a new axe to cut wood with, since Billy I has badly nicked the old one, by striking it j into the ground; I would like to got little Polly a p;iir of new shoes for winter to-be- 1 sure the weather is growing too coy now for . the poor child to go barefoot" "Pshaw! don't mention these little things tell me, do you never desire a carriage, fine horses, a splendid house!" "Ha! ha!" laughed the good Matured man, "how would I look in a fine house! What i would I do with a fine Carriage! No, no; I ! was not brought up to these things; and though j I don't doubt but they would be very pleas ant, I don't desire them." Album's brow contracted. "So you are contented with what youhave," he muttered. "I think I should be a wretch to complain," replied the cottager. "Thanks to your kind ness in giving me those twenty acres rentj free, I and my family have enough to eat and drink." "My friend," said Alburn, bitterly, "my friend, since you can be so happy with so lit tle, you must do with less. 1 have c.illedyou here to tell you that from this day I can spare you only ten acres. A shadow crossed the poor man's brow, but a moment after he smiied, while a tear! glistened in his eye. "Indeed, sir," he said, in a trembling voice, "I can only thank you for having given "mo I the use of the land so long, and you ure very kind to leave me the other ten acres still. True, Polly can't have the new gown she was going to buy, and I shan't be able to send Billy to school this winter, but I am sure it will be all for the best in the end. I thank you, sir, from my heart." "Come! you have said enough!" growled the misanthrope "Go!" The cottager bowed respectfully, and re tired. Alburn enraged at seeing a poor man bo ' much happier than himself, and at having, for a moment, felt a glow of human sympathy in j ! nil heart, struck the table savagely with his i ! fist, and called his steward, to whom he gave order to have the cottager' laud divided. I Feeling a tierce joy in the thought that this I act would certainly curtail the poor man's happiness, Album rude by the ilottage a few days after, to exult in the anticipated change. Jarvis had that morning found a tree, which the autumnal gules had blown down on Al burn's laud, and now, with the permission of Mr. Peters, the steward, he wus cutting it into firewood for winter. Not observing the I heir as he rode by, the poor man stopped to rest, and began to whistle in the most cheer ful and contented manner. At the sight of such happiness, the misan thrope was more enraged than ever, and he ! immediately gave orders that the cottager ' should be compelled to pay rent for the ten ' acres which had been left him. This was a hard blow for the poor man; but instead of complaining, he resolved to make the best of it, look on the fairest side of the picture, and frighten care away with singing. Now the cottager had a large family, and the heir of Alburn knew that it must take everything ho had to supply their mora ur- ! gent wants, and pay his rent; but, angered at seeing the poor man so much happier than himself, he remorselessly allowed them to I suffer. In the depth of winter Jarvis was compelled to sell his cow; and the proprietor of the estate was one day informed that the poor man's neighbors had actually been ob liged to come to the assistance of his family, which was very much in need. I "Peters," said Mr. Alburn, on the follow ing morning, "send for Jarvis, and employ j him to shovel out the snow from the avenues and paths." The misanthrope rejoiced in the tbo't that , now, if never before, he should have the pleas i ure if such the feeling might be culled of I seeing this poor man cast down with his mis fortunes. As Jarvis approached, wading thro' the snow drifts, with a scoup on his should er, Alburn watched him with a tltirk scowl, and a lip curling with savage triumph. "Are you a mortal man!" Jarvis opened wide his wondering eyes, and returned Album's scowl with a look ol a mazement. "If you are," muttered the proprietor of the estate, "you are an exception to the human ruce!" "I beg your pardon, sir but if you will be so good so to tell me whut is my fault!" "Your fault 1 Why, you are always hap py!" The misanthrope spoke in a terrible tone of voice, as if he had been accusing the poor man of some horrid crime. To the raga and disappointment of the misanthrope, however, Joe J:irvis began to sing, keeping time with his scoup, as he thrcv i up the snow. Alburn stamped his foot fierce ly upon the floor, and ordered the cottager tt be brought before him. It was a cheerful apartment; n bright fir blazed on the hearth, there were books am newspapers on the slielvtsand desk, ami wiw on the table. The cottager smiled as he en tercd, for poor as he was himself, he was glai to think the son of bis benefactor must bi happy in the enjoyment ol so comfortable ai apartment. Alburn's gruff voice startlei him. 'So I am, I believe, now that 1 think of it, replied the cottager, with a guilty look. ' am pretty generally in good spirits, and hope you will pardon me, since -I never hai any idea of giving offence. Really, I am i poor man, and I suppose have no right to bi always happy; and if it displeases you, sir, will try and not be so happy in future.' "I forgive your insolence," growled tin misanthrope, imagining Jarvis to be a grea deal more satirical than the poor man had on; idea of being, "sit down, sir, and tell me you secret." "My secret!" "Yes, Jarvis." The cottager scratched his head. Alburt gathered his brows. "Indeed, sir, I have no secret," said the for iner frankly. "The secret of your happiness, Jarvis tel me what makes you always so happy." "Oh, sir indeed, sir excuse me, but 1 can't tell, for I never thought of the thing be fore." "Listen to me," said the heir of Alourr House in a suppressed voice. "Twelve yean have 1 spent in search of what men call hap piness. Sometimes I have thought it wai found at last; but howsoever fair the fruit, it 1 has turned to ashes on my lips. I weary ol everything even my jovial comrades, whe make it their study to counterfeit happiness, I have dismissed in disgust. I have tried books but they do not interest mo. I take no pleasure now in the society of women, and wine has ceased to warm my heart. Friend j Jarvis," added the wretched man, earnestly, "I have made you a confidant of my sorrows, that you may teach me the secret of happiness. Do it, and name your reward- -if it be to take my pluce here in this magnificent house, and to give me yours, and happiness, in the cot tage under the hill." 4f The cottager was rrft embarrassed. He scratched his bead, antrTcreed up his mouth In a great vuri ety of shapes; and at length he said slowly and thoughtfully "I don't know what to say, sir," unless I tell you when I am least happy. If I am idle, or allow myself to envy any body, or to desire any thing I cannot have, then I feel uneasy like, and if I suffer myself lo speak unkindly to Polly or the child, I e in pure to be mis erable afterwards. Nowlll tell you when I am happiest that's when I am doing all I can to mukc others happy when I am thank ful for what God gives me, and contented with my lot. So I should say, if there is a secret, TO keep Youn conscience clear, and TO LOVE AND LABOR FOR THE HAPPINESS OF OTHERS." Alburn cast down his ryes before the open and cheerful and animated countenance of the cottager. After a moment's reflection he said: "With my experience in the world, I am satisfied, my friend, that you have given me the true secret of happiness: and although it may be too late for me to profit by it, I will reward you with any boon in my power to bestow." "Oh, sir, cried the crttager, quickly, "I ask I desire no reward only let me see you happy, and I shall consider myself richly re paid for anything I could do for you." "And if you do not have the happiness of seeing me happy!" suggested Mr. Album, searching the open face of the poor man with his piercing eyes "then you will not be re paid for your trouble." "And have I not been warming myself by your beautiful fire all this time!" replied Joe Jarvis "and huven't you been impressing on my mind a truth which I am sometimes near forgetting!" "And what is that!" "That happiness does notdepend on wealth and station, and that it is often better to bo a poor peasant than a powerful prince." "Jarvis!" exclaimed the heir of Alburn, House, earnestly, "you are an honest, sensi ble fellow, and more of a philosopher than all the dusty calf-skin pedants that encumber the slloK'Od I" "Oh, sir!" "For my part I have deemed to be unhap py. My selfishness has been its own punish ment. I have even hated you because I saw you happy! I ask your forgiveness!" "I forgive you with all my heart!" cried the cottager. "And from this day," added the heir of Al bum House, "the twenty acres of which I have so cruelly deprived you, are yours again; and here, my good friend, is something to make your children happy." Poor Joe Jarvis would have refused the purse of gold, but Alburn urged it upon him, and would not permit him to go away without it. The cottager almost wept for joy and thankfulness. "Ah!" he exclaimed, "I told Polly it would all be right with us in the end!" Haviiigdismissed the cottager, Alburn pass ed the remainder of the day in meditating on what he had heard. I need not say how much he regretted the twelve years he had thrown away in a worse than fruitless search after happiness, and how ardently he desired to profit by poor Joe's philosophy. "Hut it is too late!" he said; "dissipation, selfish pursuits and misanthropy have untitled me for happiness!" Yet Album experienced certain feelings of satisfaction, such as he had not known before for yeurs. The thought that he had done Joe Jarvis a kindness, produced a comfortable sen sation in his heart, which surprised him; and had it not been for the bitter remembrance of his past career, Alburn would that night have been comparatively huppy. v Resolved to forget himelr, and to ori npy - hia time in some interesting and useful pur- suit, Alburn on the follow ing day, bethought him of a number of poor families in the neigh- borbond, who, report said, were suffering Irorn 1 the severity of the winter. Going to visit 5 them and relieve their wants, be became- - deeply intere.-ted in the novel tu-k, and the 1 night came before he had scarcely thought Of noon! i That evening Alburn drank less wise and I ate more SUbetentNl food thin be had done , before for many months; and on retiring to ' rest, he said to himself I "Joe Jarvis has revealed to mc the sreret ' I of happiness after all!" I And feeling a quiet joy stealing into his I heart, he sank into a genial slumber, from I which he was awakened by the crowing of I the cocks on the following morning. That day Alburn paid a visit to the cot 5 tager's family, which he could not Sufficient t ly admire for its order, neatness, rally and: ' happiness. Another long and serious t-on-r versation with Jarvis. strengthened him in I his resolution to waste no more time in sel ' fish pleasures, which are only the counterfeit of bli.-s. i In order to prosecute his good works to ' the best advantage, Alburn associated him- self with an old man named Fisher, distin guished for his public spirit and his kindness I j to the poor, but whom the heir formerly shun I ned, with the repugnance which gayeiy and folly are apt to feel tow ards sobriety and wis- dom. Delighted with the sentiments Alburn ' expressed, the old man gave his hand a henr- i i ty shake, and proceeded at once to make i him a confident of all his plans of benevo- lence, und to give him necessary and useful i counsel. From that time he and his new . friend were united in nearly all their opera tions; the former became interested in the ; churches, the schools, and in al! public works; and in a few months, he found himself enga j ged in politics, not from any low ambition, but from an ardent desire to do good. So complctly was Album's min i absorbed in his new puruits, that he quite forgot to ask himself w hether he w.is happy, until to his surprise, he discovered that he was as nearly so as he could expect to be in his present position in life. So complete a change had his ideas of life undergone, that he was now convinced that DOMESTIC ni.iss was the most 1 perfect from of all earthly happiness. "As I have no mother nor sisters to cheer ' my hearth and home, I must find a wife, whom I can love, and in whose happiness I can take delight." Now Mr. Fisher had a daughter, whose kindness, cheerfulness and goud sense, were subjects of remark. Alburn had seen enough of her to be assured that report had not ex- 1 aggerated her virtues, and to feel that she might exert an all-powerfui influence over his heart. He sought her society, lie portrayed to her the despai he had conquered, the uspira tions he had conceived, his weakness, and his need of help. Her interest was awakened then her sympathy then her love: and in the course of time, they were married. Every one marked the contrast between Alburn House, of the bride and bridegroom, and Alburn House, of the da s of hard-riding and hard-drinking all was peace and I happiness where once all was revelling and discontent. Percival Alburn loved liis amiable wife, and Irom that time he was safe from the demons which selfishness fosters in the soul; but it was not until he was surrounded bv children whom he loved, that he felt all the I truth of Joe Jarvis's definition of the secret of happiness. Keep your constience clear, and love and labor JOT the happiness of others. j ELOQUENT EXTRACT. The following very eloquent passage, in relation to Africa, we extract from the address of Edward Everett, the present Secretary of ' State, before the American Colonization So- i jciety, recenlty in Waahington. In speaking ! of the impracticability, if noi impossibility, , ! of civilizing the continent of Africa by while ! men he said: "I say again, Sir, you Caucasian, you proud , I Anglo-Saxon, you self sufficient, ull-attempt- I j ing white man, you cannot civilize Africa. , j You have subdued and appropriated Europe; I and the native races are melting before you ' j in America, as the untimely snows of April i before the vernal sun; you menace China and s Japan; the remotest isles of the Pacific are J not distant enough to escape your grasp, nor i , insufficient to elude your notice; but Central ! t j .r. iu uuiiiwmo juj, tuij uiuo vuu ueuanov. ' ' I Your squadrons muy range, or blockade her j t coast, but neither on the errands of peace or; ' on the errands of war, can you penetrate into , the interior. The God of Nature, no doubt, i for w:se purposes, however inscrutable, has drawn across the thief inlets a cordon you j cannot break through. You may hover on j the coas , but you dare not set foot ou shore, -j Death sits portress at the undefended gate- r ways of her mud built villages; yellow and j I intermittent fevery, blue plagues, and poisons that you can see as well as feel, await your I approach. As you ascend the rivers pesti- 1 lence shoots from the mangroves that fringe t their noble banks, and the glorious sun, which I kindles all inferior nature into teeming, burst- J ing life, darts disease into your languid sys- t tem. No, you are not elected for this mo- 1 mentous work. The great disposer in anoth- , er branch of His family, has chosen out a , rttee descendants of this torrid region, chil- ' dren of this vertical sun, and fitted them by ( ages of 6tern discipline, for this gracious achievement. ! "From fun in realms, and lands remote, supported i by his earo, 1 Tin y I'aas, unharmed, through burning climes, and ! breathe the tainted air." t Goinu Back to reyond the Dark A- ' ges, when Might made Right. A bill has been reported in the Virginia House of Del- egates, which provides for the appointment j ol overseers, who are lo be required to hire , out at public auction, all free persons of color to the highest bidder, and to pay into the ' i 1 State Treasury ihe sum accruing from such sale. The sums are to be devoted in fu'ure to sending free persons of color beyond the limits of the State. At the expiration ol five years, nil free persons of color remaining in the H ate are to be soli! into slavery lo the hicrhest bidder, nt public auction, the pro ceeds of surh sales to be paid Into the public treasury, protided that said persons of color i 'mil be allowed the privilege ol becoming the slaves ol any fret white person nhnin they may select, on the payment by sui h ; ST son of a fsir price. New York Extravagance. Hon. John A. D;x, in a recent lecture before the Histori cal Society made the llluwing very just re marks: Nothing can be more unw ise than the e rection of costly dwelling--, which run only be maintained by princely foi tunes. At the death of ll;e hesd ol the family, : nd the divi sion cl the inCOStral prop-riy, not one of the children, ns a general rule has enough to support tbe establishment and it passes into other hands. Nothing ran be more cruel to children than to bring them up with expecta tions which cut lot be fulfilled, und with huti- Ita of II As which bey aro compelled lo aban don. The pareir :or the sake of a few years of ostentation, invests a large pcrt'on of his estate, in a splendid dwfliingi with the cer tainty thai his death will be the signal for the expulsion ofhis children from it. Nothing can be more Inconsiderate if it is done with a full view of the inevitable consequences. Look for the splendid mansions of 3D years ago, and see what has become of them. Scarcely one remains in the family by which it was constructed. They are boarding houses, places of public exhibition, or the w ork shops of fashions. 0r"Josliui R. Giddings, writing to the True Democrat, condemns in strong language the loeofoCO free trade and direct taxation plank furced into the free soil resolutions. He spits upon Spaulding's Platfjrm, end frowns, and shakes his angry locks at him. Our free soil friends raised a terrible outcry against the&tli resolution in the Whig piatfurm of lust sum mer, but it was not one thuu.-andth part a full of iniquity and mischief in iLs practical uperation as this miserable free trade and di rect taxation scheme. No wonder that the' K iser heads oi the party are alarmed at the interpolation of the inonater into the creed. liut how will they get it oul! Forrest City. LAWS OF OHIO. Published by Authority. AN ACT To pruvldn for the tnuwfrr nf buaim s.- from tha Su perioT nitd Cotnmercisl Courts of Cirv'tntisHa lo the Court of CHiituofl PloM ol Hamilton County: nirl uOa trorn tha Bupt'floT Cottn of Ctevtteiid to tha Court of Common Pitas ol Coyabog Lootuttjr. Sic. 1 B? H riftffi.i hif i!u Gin.nl Asctiljf o thi Staff of Oifai Tlim opon tbe final adjournment at the fctapufiof court ot Cinrumnri. mm I Cummer ciftl Court of Cincinnati, on the uocond Monday ot r't-'briinry. on1 Ijhontaitd t Ight bunt red unl nYryturee, 1 1 io Clerks of raid Courta hull ro-pcctivjly deliver 10 the Clerk of il,.- Court ot Common IMeai of Uara ilton county, anil the latter .-lull reeehe nil the innl files aii'l Other piper in the cauii then p wr before that time dtspOMvl ot in s-ii 1 gup ri r an : I'onimerual Courtat also, the rei-unls, journal. dock ata, t-.v.xuti ns, eiders ot aele, and otoor books pa pera end property ot" said Superior an 1 Commerci il Bsc. 2. Tim all cau??3 prn-liu in anil Sup ri t and Conunerri tl Courta. on said day of sjuourntn nt. Mia.l !-, arranged on the dockets of f-iil Court o: Common Pteas, in auch order I Court ahull ilireet. ami aai I uauaea shell wu s - i to final dispu H.ti.ui in said Court :i it o-ijunlly brought therein; und alt Wlb oi review, writ ot scire fades and er ror ourani nobles motions to ajnenjasJturtArsutasiiie udgmenta, decrees lor new trials, orders or other proceeding! i and other motions and applications winch shall bo rendered proper or neoosaary by the JaeraaSt orders, judgments or other aeocerlings . uid Superior or Commercial Curt entered m any time previous to gnjd adjournment shall he brought in and dimm ed I I by BUtd Court oj Common PlettJ Six. J. Thai where any cause has taen disposed if. mid a con ptete reeura thereof nude in either jaid Superior or Commercial Court on or before i adjournment but said record has not been signed by he Judge ot suid Court, said record ahull I"- exam ned and if fttund corn et, atoned by any one of the 1 udgesofthe court nfoommoa ;ile;.y: and any can etli-i-josed ol in either said Superior ur s;,ii Commercial Jourt, on or before said adjournment, of which a ! complete word has not then been mode, shall W eeatattd by the Clerk of the Court of Common Pit as nut signed by any one of the Judges of aai l Court; inJ all uaescrMa of the records of any cau Mised of in sni 1 Bupeti r or Commercial Court shall w mada and authenticated in he same msoHr is if mid cause Iind been disposed of in theCourtof Com uon Pleas, Hec, 4. That all vtHs of execution, orders for ale in Chancey, and other final processus issued out if said Superior or Commercini Courts on or after I he first Monday in J tnuary, A. I)., una thousaii 1 ililit lmnded and fifty three, shall be made return inta to th t May term t the Court ot Common Pleas ban mmwt - mil i ... I , ...-it- ( ttoeeeaes of any kind, outstanding at the expiration i either aaid Superior or Comntcruial Courts, shall ' ie returned to the Court ol Common Pleas at iu' laid May t no, A. ). one thousand eight hundred ind ftlty three, mid have the same va'iiity and t it t n the aaid Court of Common Pteas th y would iiive had in nail Superior and Commercial Courts;! md ail procees necessary to carry into effect nny ' 11 luni. iii. decree, order or Other pfOOeodillg of said -upfti-ir or Commercial Court, biiatl, utter said ad- ' imminent, ! issued from said Court of Common 'leas in the same manner and have the saute effect is if said jiidgnj Hit d toreo iwdet r other processi ng were originally had and entered therein. Si c j. That any cause disposed of in said Su erior or Commercial Conn may be removed to the astfiol Court by appeal, writ of error, ecrtiorari, or , itberwiae, in the same manner as it disposed ot in ! aid Court til Common PU ns; nud all special man lates, anil writs of procedendo, and other writs no saury to carry into tlV.xl any judgmfQl widtifa hall nave been thereto removed front aai I Superior Commercial Conn byuppcal, writ ot error or otb rwisc, shall, after said aojour lment, lie directed to, ind obeyed by said Court ot Common Pteas, in like nanner aa il aaid cause bad been removed there rem; but this seetion shall not be constru ad so us to leprive the District Court of its power lo bsuja pro ess in such causes not directed to an interior Court. BBC b That the District Court and Court ot Common Pleas aforesaid, shall have the same pow tra ith respect to the causes rauuiillg or disposed of ii said Superior and Coinni- rctll Courts, at or before m i J adjournment, and with respect to all the jud acute, decrees, orders nud oilier proceedings, and be process of suid courts, as said Courts respective y Would have had had tin y been continued in e. stence, ami said causes, judgmcntr, decrees, orders md other proceedings, shall bold and occupy tlte mmu position, and Trtve, thu s one effect in law as it irlgtnelly brought, entered, or hud in said Court of Common leas. Stc. 7. Tint all eaasa transferred from said su. erior and Commercial Courts te the CtHin ot Cout nun Pleas, in which notice ol aOpeal shall huveheou mterod, but in whi h the appeal shall not have hetm lerfected, Mich appeal Dtay 1 perfected in the aaid Jouri ol Common Pleas; an 1 when any order orde :reo of eilhor the Superior or Commercial Courts equires a report or accounts to be rendered to either i die said Superior or Commercial Courts afu r Hid i jay, the sume slm!l be made to tbu court ol cum- ' Ssjofi plen. as if ihe BOm ft- r S Of order bid Is on ' mads in saw court of common plea. ! Hrr 8. That nil vn which may have Wrt hr tf'foit hfmtjftil into id- d tat rial eustrt, in ihe comi ty of Herutltevi, from snM ssjaed r or atanaasyejal Beufle, bv n; peal, writ of error, or certt 'rRri. ami Wlifcfl me nave lieen dlspoaM of by Mid distriet sjssjft, nt the ixmrniion oj paid hi,), rior and com inr 'f i d e.jnrt-. but which may yet remain to bo re saaraVd to tha enstrt below for new trial, execution IF other proceeding' may ! SO remanded to ibo sard court of common pirns, w ldeb shall proceed as if the nm'1 had ori onaied therein. Sir Lt, Thai lor all . tviei m rfrmei. under thi net by the rU rk ol the f i ' court of common pMae and snrarlnr end ernareiiil court, for th nm peiMJiiion ol vrldcfa He re i no urntajluil by lew, t lie coiir' of t i-iPhion pi an miy alnw compensation, to be paid OSJI of the nottnty 'r aMury, not exceed intr, each amount ns would 1 v xtble for like Aervict-s hf Bffescribad by th art reublatin the fee of clerks of court of common pVns. pipsed Mny first, ono ihntasaod eight hundn l and 0 tytwo. Si. In. That on ills final adjournment of th t MCMior court of Cb vc! nd, in the county of Cn i yelasgy . an th' ooond Monday of rsjDrajnry, on ihossjaad tight hundred and fi;tv-three. the clerk of aaid rourt shall deliver to ihe clerk of the court M comrmm pb as i i said county of Cuynhofa, compr int USD third subdivision in the fourth judicial cir cult. and eaM list annrjueajd eiefh shall feerlve all the original files and other papers in the eausx i tot i p ndiog or before that time -V; - I of, n mid M rior court ot Cleveland; and nlno th record, journals Sockets. eJMcutioas, orders of sale, and other bfjoka. eajpets and property of said suiierior cnurt: ari'i in all further proceedings in relation to the cau.-'.a or other Rattafl So transferred, the saj I ootrri ot common plea, or the proper district cour, IS the case mny be. in said fulWivUion. shall he u.tv em d by the prevbdonS of this act in like manner i- r quired oi the ensjft of common plena of Hit i lleon county or discreet overt, in reference to tin aa ease or otre r matters tranesl rrad Iran the super r and ef mruereia! court- d ( ineinnnti, to far a- - j provisions ere applicable, St ee if the sense had bei t frniK.d 00 at to apply in r-peciHc laagSJagS to - id court of cucanntl pier.- of Ccyuhoa county, or ' irict court in sold subdivision. tja, IL That the clerk ef the court of tonim plena of llesjdliesj eeauitv ha asal Us i hep ' qojred to snake out With aii convenient dnp end prtei rvs In bis otftce a loll and ournsjlete in-u x of judgment and decrees rendered in the sai 1 ootn mercSa) and superior courts ot Cincinnati, aud :!- nf those rendered in the court of common pleas of , Hamilton county, sines the organization of the sai 1 1 eottrti reepectjvt ly. both direct end ravereed uniform with the index ol judgments and decrees rendered in ttettpremu court of natnittdB county, heretofore made. Sm . 12. Tint for Ma services in making out the said Ind tee the siid clerk shall be allow, d fira cents tor each 8000 indexed, and if indexed und'-r mora than one nainc, tlssp five cents additional tor each additional name under which it shall ,. deled, to Ik panel out of the county treasury on i!ie ortkr of the county oommlesloriere. JAMES C. JOHNSON, Speaker of the House of Representatives. WILLIAM MEDILL, President of the Senate. January 27, 1853. AN ACT Put the rt organltirion of the Slate Library, and io provide for ihe appointment ot Librarian. Sr.e 1. it rtnt tt'l ft lite i t'-f.ll .UrffwV' nf the State nf (J7o, Tint it shall Im the duty of the Governor of this State, bv and wHi th? edviee an l eouseflf of t!i rVnete t. appoint a8ute Librarren, v. ': shall hold I i offiee t or two years end until bit sU'-ec-i x sbnll U- a;tp Yt-1 an 1 tpialitl kL See 3. Tbe ianrl in. h rfbre he enters upoej the discharge of his official dutieaehall Hvea Uon I ii nee penal sum of ten thjueand doltors, with good and sufficieni aeeurity, to l approved by the Oav nrnor, made pay iMe to tlw Statu ot Uhio, eieidition ed that he shall, f ii'hia'ly di-c;arj ihe duties of Librarian, and d ii vcr over to his successor in office 1 1 !iooks und irthjcr piuuerty bejtorjfging to the Bute Ubrury. ace -inline to Jaw, an 1 so rui.-s aril re gulations us may be eJopted by the Ooneral Assam) ly Se--. J. That siid Librarian sh i!l ageente and de livers n-cfipt to tt!3 Treasurer of State, tor all books, maps and other property belonging t the Stare J orary, or which mav hereaiusr be ptrrehasnd tor or presented to aaid Library, snecifying In said lacelpt each iook or est of books, map, or ertieie tf prouer ty st ne rati ly, which receipt, with ihe bond pvea bv sail Libruiion, shell be nJed in the Treaeurers ca Sec, & me Librarian be held accountable for ail sail prop rty: and in case id t!ie death, resisnadoa or re nioval from otle-.-ol the Librerii n, aUbooaa, mans an J other pronurty belonging to the Library shall hum dUtelyoa delivered to hi- sncoessor in omce. taking Iii- reeeipl for tbi same, which sball be Sled with liu- State Treasurer, ami a credit s'utll be. en tercd on the rem lot of the Ibrmer librarian accord innly; bnineithu the roceiot nor ihe bond of the Libra: i m ahsll be given no or eonoclls 1, pnlees tlio whole property in bis hinds shall have been secouut e 1 for accirdino to lew end the rules and regulations for t!:- government i the Butte Library Sec. F. 'i'lf Li ifarian may he rem ivad by Joint Resolution ol tin i -n-ral ssembly, for snflleiant cause, wbl sh ihatl he specified in pucq resolution. Bud It. Tlmt th rescoatlou of ihe Librarian shnll b- mud. t - Uw UiVcmOf, who : hereby uu thoris -d tir ami ui i o Librarl oj in ail easssj where a rseartcy ahali happen during toe reeesj of the Qcn eral Assembly, and the p-r.o.u so Bppointod shell iiiv, th same bond, sign the earn receipt, arid dj ch irife all tb duties appi rt lining to said oili re In th- same manner as though be had b- ,i appointed aaoorrting to the previswns nf the first sectl m uf this set, andw slrallnuld bisolBce until the next eession H the Uann1 XutUkt ! U l' bis snocessur 1 sliall be ap.-'.'.ut-.-.l and .!iS -I. Si . 6. Th it tlic Btete Library rJiall b tin 1 r tin niauagetneni of a Board ot Co nmissf mere, oonsi it ing of the Governor, Secretary ui State, and Stata Liigari in. .Sic 7. Thai the Cornmi-rionrrs of tha Library ha!l hSVO p Wi r to adopt any rules and rt ;u ,pS proper or noonsasry I,,r preservation, rttfulanoti an f inert as iof ttie ltlarnry, not lnoonatstni with the law, wbieb tha librarian shall in all thlnirs ob serve, an 1 lo superintend and direct all egpenoiwr i of appreprUUeiUl made lor the Library. fctec. 8, That the s;iil Hoard of Comm. i Ml r shall eonirol die sale of th i Reports of th Supre n court, and ill extra copies ol statistics and otu doeum jnts not otherwise uppropri ned or otnsrwj slirlfiT-ts f- Inn ft-iisTrnrcil ol kept ill lb Li'r ir -. and tor the uurpooe of making such sale the earn imsei oners may appoint a enitahle pi reon up . -, terms as ihey snail deem beat, Uon wh un tti v s tall Like abuoil "iiii aatiefaotnry surety, oondiUoti i t,, the faltatiil y rtnrmsnee at his duty, an I payin over th proceeds ol the sa'es by bini uiaoaj an i i t Comiulsiiiunera snail spply the prs.;i'.!. ot sue isaJusi to the inoruass aadpreeervatl mi of tij i Library. Sec '.I. The commissioners shall direct ri Li brium ti exebangs statu'.L-, loantals, legislative daeuntoute and other spooks wttn other fssjslative bodies nud Ubrarieoi as they ihall deem prip.r. Sir. io. Ail persons sh id bo pjermltte-J to visit tin? Library and examine and re id till books then-, without tailing tbsganu thcr.-fro.u. unisr snah sa sdaiious as the Board of oomndasi mora snail pre scribe, members sad sa Members of the Usnerel Assembly, Judges of the Supre o o Ooart n i 1 a ur t" common I'lcas, olllcere of State und tb ir clerks actually engaged in the servloe of tha State, and cicrks and Serv ants-it- Anna of tlte li- ueral Aaseui b!y, shall have tree access to the use of ilw books of ihe Library, uu 1 ti ive the liberty of taking the sent oui, uojdereujh regulation-i a the eominissieaars may deterntine; bui no public ofQarr or other peaoii baring a rigiil t- lake bookaOUl n die Library, shall have in authority to eivu any other puson in order Ul take bo i Its out of ihe sam -, uu I il any pereai having such rigui shall give such order, or otherwise obtain books OUt oi til - Library to be Uied by imv other p' raou iioi having suen ri rht. such person shall thereupon forfeit el ri.mt to take books trwiairons. Sic. II, That ilie commlsfioners ot thuSuteLt brary shall, five d ij proot i din $ the ooinnesgaasaant of each regular sessloii t thu Ueneral Assembly, make a rep "i t I be Uovi HUT, of all receipts and expenditures, and of the condition oi the Library, At nil other m i t rs in relati u thereto that they may deem expedi m loi lbs I ifurmation of the tie ienl Aaaamb y id set I rep fl ihall b u imuiunicated by the Govern m to theGe ierai Asset tn'dy, al in ; with tlie reports ! the tlxocj Ive Departineni und State Instituiioiis Su. I) Thai the aoi entitled "An act rubt'ing io the Stat- U.eary,ie'i! January 2i, 1-JI, aud ifia act io regulate ihe Maw Library, possrsj March 6th, 1- i.i, be and th suma are b r. .' rojualud. JAMES C. JOHNSON, JAMES C. JOHNSON, Speaker of the House of Representatives. WILLIAM MEDILL, President of the Senate. January 27, 1853.