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THE BELMONT CHRONICLE.
AND FARMERS, MECHANICS, AND MANUFACTURERS' ADVOCATE. NBW SBRIBS. -VOL. 5. NO. SI. ST. (LIIRSVILLR, OIIIO, PRIDJV, APRIL 29, 1853. WiOLIM. Ml THE BELMONT CHRONICLE, POBLI9HF.I1 EVERY FRIPAY MORNINO, BY II. J. IIOWARU & D. K. WWBB, nvt.-wr.nv niiiitii SIDE OF MAIN ST. A iw doors west of Marietta street terms or luisumrTioN. If paid within llirte montha, lldS If paid aflur thalllma, , , nam discontinued onljr at lha option of the editor, whila arrraiic are due. TERMS OFADVERTISINO. Kach tqnare, (11 llneaor leu,) three week, tl.JO I 5 vet v additional inneilion, Yearly advertlcinentoni column, 4"'' Hair column, PiJ5 Qnarter column, 15'w t'rafeiwioiial cardi 93 per annum. 0"AI1 Icttera addreaied to the editor mult be paid to rueura attention OI THE LAW OF NEWSPAPERS. i. wnmnmn wp " nw sB m"1", ..-..- ... .... antrarj, are conalderedaawiehinjtoeontinuetheir aub- fiubserlberTflertlreMonllnnance of their pe tlodicale.lhe puhliahera may continue to send them un til all errearasee are paid. 3. If subscribers neglect or refuse to take their period teals from the offices to which they are directed, they arc held responsible till they have settled the bill, and rdered them discontinued. 4. If subscribers remove to other places without in forming the publishers, and the periodicals are sent to the fornierdirection, they are held responsible. 5. The courts have derided that refusini to lake per iodicals from the office, or removing and leaving them uncalled for, is prima facie evidence of intentional rraurt. THE LAW OF NEWSPAPERS. POETRY. IF I WERE A VOICE. Ifl were a voice, n persuasive voice, That could travel the wide world through, I would fly on the beams of the morning light, And etieak to men with a genii-! might, i And tell them to be true. I would fly I would fly o'er land and sea, i Wherever a human henrt might be, j Telling a tale, or singing a song, ( In praise of the right, in blame of the wrong. , If I were a voice, a convincing voice, I'd fly on the wings of air; 1 The homes of sorrow and guilt I'd seek, And calm and truthful words I'd speak, To save them from despnir. 1 I would fly, I would fly o'er the crowded town, e And drop, like the beautiful sunlight, down t Into the hearts of suffering men, r And tench them lo look up again. r If I were a voice, a consoling voice, 8 I'd travel with the wind, And whenever I saw the notions torn Ey warfare, jealousy, spite, or scorn, t Or hatred of their kind, I would fly, I would fly on the thunder crash, 1, And into tin ir blinded bosoms flash g That roy of hope that cheers the mind, , And leaves all trace of griul behind. D . , MISCELLANEOUS. From the Templar's Magazine. WHO HATH WO ? BY B. R. C. "Who hath wot who hath sorrow! They that v tarry long at the wine." Bjiile. c Nor is the "wo" and "sorrow" alone for f those who "tarry long at the wine." Others 6 there are who druin affliction's hitter cup to 1 its deepest dregs. 'T is not the tremulous ' debauchee alone who reaps the bitter fruit of j" his potations. Ah, no! His parents his I gray-haired lather, whose bowed form and 1 tottering step, sure forerunuers of his coming dissolution, show but too plainiy that his I son's debauchery bus brought "wo" and f "sorrow" to his board; his mother she at 1 whose knee he never learned the love for strong drink, but from whose lips oft came the v prayer of the meek and lowly Jesus, "Lead f us not into temptation," docs not her doting I heart bow beneath an oppressive weight ol 1 "wo" and "sorrow"! Through the long years " of his childhood, how fervent were her prayers F for her boy! how diligently she strove to imbue him with correct principles to guard him in his conflict with the great world! Bitter are her tears, and heart-rending her lamentations! He had a sister; she was wont 1 to look to him for protection and advice, to gaze with pride at that noble countenance, as 1 she leaned confidingly or. his stalwart arm. 1 See her now. Atmidnight, in her lonely cham- c ber, her agonizing prayer evidences bright I hopes clouded, a fond heart broken, and trust- I ing confidence betrayed. From that look of hopeless agony, there speak volumes of "wo" 1 and "sorrow." He had a wife. Ah, ye! And she left father and mother and gave herself to him with the implicit love of a con fiding womsr.. He led her from her home away--!rom the bosom of an indi;Igeiitfa.mily, from- a happy hearth, and, at the altar, in the I sight of God and before the world, swore to 1 "love, honor and protect" her. See how he has profaned his oath. With that arm which should have been palsied when it ceased to protect, la atrikes .t. nrth. and her 1 jjitter cup is full her heart is broken her l wo" and "sorrow" are more than she can hear, and ber spirit has left its frail tenement. His children, from the dark corners of that rude hovel, which a bitter mockery calls their home, saw that brutal deed of their besotted father, and from henceforth there was for them nothing but "wo" and "sorrow." The philanthropist's heart bleeds at sound of Bacchanalian revelry the ribald jest the obscene song from out the polluted den of the liquor seller, Society too, hath "wo" and "sorrow," but shv knows it not. Groaning under heavy taxes to support her paupers and ber felons, sho remains perversely jgnofsnt of the cause. Our jails, our penitentiaries and our almshouses, are filled to overflowing with besotted paupers and felons; for this, society weeps for their upport she pays her milllons--aiid this is her wo" afnd "sorrow." Ay. and met h inks, from their joyous'seats sround the throne of the Most High, cherubim and seraphim cease their song of praise at Bight of fallen man and drop a tear. How long, Merciful Father, must these tlilufebc? How long must we stand thus Midaee prim stalking abroad" unarrested! How long ahull these mcrsl plague sputa spread thfit contagion over our grven earth' How long, O God! shall the pestilenti vapors from out these "ante-chambers of hoi continue to "wither the vigor of youth ai dishonor the gray hairs of age?" To that young man who is prone lo "tan long at the wine," we would offer a wor Do you intend to become a drunkard? V( are holding in your hand probably your fir glass of wine. Remember, 'tis the fir glass that makes the drunkard. Were thei no first glasses, there would be no drunkardi Dash U down, 'ere it is everlastingly loo late Dash it down, for in its sparkling depths thei lurks a demon you may not withstand. Dai it down, 'ere you find yourself afloat upo the dread ocean of intemperance that ocea whose briny waves are human tears, wrun from bursting hearts, whose winds sre sigh from out despairing breasts, and whose wreck are human stub! Would you evade that horri ocean? Dash that glass to atoms, wher youstand! Now! stop not to reason the matte for a single moment; for, in that moment, lit demon may possess you, and you will be gom forever! Notwithstanding all the loathsomenes connected with the evory-duy life of the pool inebriate notwithstanding the disgusting evidences of his brutslity and depraved con dition let us not "pass by Aim on the othei side," but let us rather act the part of the good Samaritan, and bind up his wounds ant lead him in a way that he has not known There is too great a tendency to frown upon them, even when they are trying to reform, This is not as it should be. Whenever I see a drunken person reeling to and fro in the street (which, by the way, is painfully frequent), I try to acquaint myself with hie situation. My mind wanders back to hie nfancy. Perhaps his youth was dark and iheerless; no fond mother led him to the foot f the cross to learn to know and to love the 3aviour no sister's kissed proved a protection n the hour of temptation. His father was a Irunkard, his mother was a drunkard, his istersa merciful Providence called away, s it strange, then, that under these circum tances and in the face of a frowning world, hat boy should become a drunkard and go eelingdown to a grave ol infamy ! Would it lot be much more marveibus if he had provtd sober and industrious citizen? Or, perhaps, he had a praying mother, 'lie clasped his dimpled hands together and tught him to lisp, "Our Father who art in leuven;" he had a praying father, a gentle, n-ing sister. He left the parental roof, evered the thousand tics that bound him to is home, and went forth to battle with the reat world. He carried with him iipon his iead the impression of his mother's hand, in enediction his cheek wus wet with the lingled tears of himself and sister he felt lie strong, manly embrace of his good old fa lter still about htm, he heard his blessing till, and upon his soul he wore the impress t his mother's teachings. Thus armed, he ent to meet the temptations that beset us! Vith all his powerful armor, it proved too yeak to protect him. Herculean were his Hurts to resist them, but they came in such nchanting shapes that he could not with tand. Here he saw the wll e glass filled tit he costly side-board, and proffered by the land of woman there taste and wealth had twined it with garlands." So the old im iressions were erased or forgotten teinpta ions thicken. Now he has seen the lurking emon in the cup, but lie cunnot dash it down, lis prayers are forgotten, an. I he emerges ruir. a drinking hell, no more the plastic nfunt, but the grown up, besotted man. Let us compare him with another man, one rho has walked the "straight and narrow lath" of strict morality. The world points o him and says, "Behold a pattern for that runken wretch!" Wise world! Had your pattern" been exposed to one thousandth art of the temptations thut assailed thut runkard, he would have fallen, for he had no security from affliction above earth's urface." Had that poor drunkard been xposed to no more temptations than assailed he "pattern," he would now be in a far ifFerent position. Let us, then, judge a man iy the various trials and temptations he has net, and the spirit he has manifested in over (lining them, and not place so much stress ipon their actual position. Yon miserable iccupant of the gutter has expended more nergies in attempting to resist temptation han your "pattern" over poster el. With all his before us, how ardently we should pray; 'Lead us not into temptation." Nobody but a Printer, Anyhow. The above was the sneering remark of a jerson residing not very far from the duur uf ur sanctum, in referring to the profession we follow in pride: "Nobody but a Printer." It makes the blood run rampant through our reins to hear such expressions from the lips l those nursed on Republican soil. "No uuuy uui u miner, u,i,., Who was Benjamin Franklin? Nobody but a Printer! Who was William Caxton, oneof the fath ers of literature? Nobody but a Printer! Who was Earl Stanhope? Nobody but a Printer! Who was Samuel Woodworth, the grcal poet? Nobody but a Printer! Who was Governor Armstrong of Massu chusettsl Nobody but a Printer! Who is M. Thiers, the great French his, torian! Nobody but a Printer) Who is the present Governor of Pennsyl vania? Nobody but a Printer! Who is the present Governor of Califor. nia? Nobody but a Printer! Who is George P. Morris, James Harper Horace Greely, Robert Sears, George I) Prentice, Senators Cameron. Dix, Niles am James Buchanan of Pennsylvania? who wa the choice of the people ol a great portion o Iho Union as their candidate for the preai deney1 Who are they' I Nobody but Printers, anyhow. I" If it vas necessary that we should menth id any more of our most eminent men to co vince the people of the tlnion, thst a Print ry is somebody, we would give you a great mat d. specimens of our profession. u But, remember, one thing is evident, evei st person who chooses cannot be a printer. - Jt Brains are necessary, e STORY OF A HUMORIST. e Well, I have seen your friend, and find hii k to be exactly what you describe him as bcin n , a humorist. He seems to have imparted muc n of that character to everything around hin g His servants are all admirably disciplined t s J second his whims, and his very furniture ii s j for the most part adapted to the same purpose d. This put me upon my guard; and there w e hardly anything in the room that I did no r j touch with apprehension. No trick howeve I was practised upon me; and, as I found sub I sequently, I was indebted for such indulgence to one which was reserved for me at nighl i and which wos such as perhaps all my Eng r lish phlegm would not have enabled me ti ; bear with patience. I escaped, however, be ing put to the proof, by the merest acciden the arrival of a poor Scotch surveyor, wh ; was thought a fitter subject for the often re I I peated experiment. The Scotchman was treated with extreme hospitality; he was helped to everything t j excess; his glass was.never allowed to stani ; full or empty for a minute. The potatione were suspended not until, and only while the cloth was laying for supper, during and aftei which they were resumed with renovated en ergy. Our entertainer was like the landlord described by Addison; the liquor seemed to have no other effect on him than upon any other vessel in the house. It wus not so with his Scutch guest, who was, by this time, much further advanced upon the cruise of intoxica tion than half seas over. In this state he was conducted to his cham ber, a fine lofty Gothic apartment, with a bedstead that seemed coeval with the building. I say seemed for that was by no means the case, it being in reality a modern piece of structure. It was of dark mahogany, with its four posts extending completely to the ceil ing of the chamber. The bed, however, was not more than two feet from the floor, the better to enable the party to get into it. The Scotchman, with a good deal of assistance, was soon undressed, and had his body depos ited in this place of repose. All the party then retired, wishing him a good night, and removing th? candle for fear of accidents. When thi door was closed I was, for the the first time, made acquainted with the struc ture of the bedstead, which our host consid ered as his master-piece. Upon the touching of a spring, outside the door, the bed was so acted upon by a pulley that it ascended slow ly and smoothly through the four posts, until it came within two or three feet of the ceil ing. The snoring of the Scotchman was the signal for touching the spring, and he was soon at the proper altitude. The servants required no instructions how to act. In one moment the house was in an uproar; cries of 'fire! fire!' were heard in dif ferent directions. A pile of shavings was set in a blaze opposite the window where poor Sawney slept. The landlord's voice was continually heard, exclaiming, 'Good heavens! save the poor Scotch gentlemen, if possible, the flames have got into the room just under him!' At this moment we heurd him fall, and bel low out. A sudden silence took place; every light was extinguished, and the whole house seemed to be buried in the most profound re pose. The Scotchman's voice could alone be heard, roaring out in the high dialect of his country, for assistance. At length, two of the men servants, in their shirts, entered the room, with a candle just lit, and yawning as if just aroused from their first sleep. They found him sprawling on the floor. 'O, dear sir, what is the matter with you!' 'Matter!' says he; 'why isn't the house on fire." 'Not at all, sir.' 'What was the reuson of the cries of fire, then !' 'Bless you, sir. you must have been dream ing; why there's not so much us a mouse stir ring, and his honor and the whole fuinily have been asleep these three hours.' The Scotchman now gave up all credit in the testimony of his own senses. 'I must hu' been dreaming, indeed, and hu' hurt myself by falling out of the bed.' Huet ynurooif. Klr not much, I hope, the bed is so low;' and by this time it hud neea made to descend to its first level. The poor Scot was quite confused; quite ashamed at disturbing the family; begged a thousand pardons, accompanied the servants to the door, closed it after them, and wus once more left in the dark. But the last act of the pantomime was nol performed. The spring had been immediate ly touched upon closing the door; and the bed was soon beyond the reach of our guest. Wt could hear him groping about, and uttering frequent ejaculations of astonishment. He ; easily found the bed-posts, but it was in vain he could endeuvur to get in. He moved hit hands up and down. His leg was oft?n lifted . by way of stepping in, but always tncoun tered the floor in its descent. He u'teret exclamutioiis of surprise, not loud, but deep . for fear of again disturbing the family. He concluded himself to be in possession uf some evil spirit. In short, when it was found by his silence that he hud given up the tusk as hopeless, ant had disposed of himself upon one ol tho chairs , the bed was allowed to slide down again, ane in the morning Sawney could not but expresi bis ustonishment at not being able to find it i in the dark, Extract of a Letter written ir . 17W. 1 , The new postmaster at New Orleans Is not f as the letter writers had it, George W . Kendall, of Picayune, who is at present ii Psrif, but W. G, Kendall. A CAPITAL HIT. in The Local (May, we suppose), of th 1- Clf.veland Herald, hits off the practice of cane If plate, Sic.., presentations in the following hap iy : py style: j Mi ii mil Compliment Came Prf.sehta y tio. On Friday week, the Crew and Cool - of the Ohio Canal boat Polyanthus, present ed their Captain with a cane. The fullowinj is the correspondence: WA LOK, OIO KANAL, KLEVELAN, April 1, 1853. n Hon. Captain Smith, Esq. g The undersigned in behalf of the Kru ant h Cuk of the bote $lfy-Ann-thus, present yt i. with a baswood Kain raised upon the Pcnin o aula, that spot maid klassic ground by being i, j tho home of Jeems Brown, Esq., author of the I "coiners ade, Notes by the Weigh, Altered a Bills" and other works of general issoo sntl t Icircelashun. After being kut, the stick was r taken to "Tinkers Crik" and pealed, and then - to "Jonny Kaik lok" where it was beautifully t mounted, and a hoss and toe line karved on , top of it. Sutch is the simple yet sffectin -1 history of the weapon which is presented to j 'yuas a relick of the affecshun which will - j follow yu wherever the ardooous dooties of a L Balers life ma kali vn. For Kru and Cuk his Bob Jones mark CLEVELAND, April 4th, 1853. 1 With a heart boiling over with burning e motions I acceplyour beautiful Cane. It delu ges my soul with a flood of darling recollec tions of the lime when working, "living and loving" together, in the inspired language of the poet, " We shared eath othcra' gladness And wept each others' tears." When transporting the "black diamonds" from the howling wilderness and dark caverns of the interior to the met-opolis of the Lakes, . how, amid the darkness and dangers which at the "witching hour of night" surround ca nal navigation, have I looked to you for sup port, How often have you, Bob, without chart or compass to guide, steered our gallant craft through the thickening gloom which boded tempest and disaster, while I, and I write it without vanity, stood at the bow; pre pared to snub her." ,And how, when within the walls of the lock, whose grim stones frown ed upon us like the crumbling remains of! some deserted ruin, the relic of Roman or of: German pride & grandeur how often at that ' fearful hour, when the rush of muny waters" i was pouring through the gates, threutcning1 to whelm us, has oar gentle yet lion-heurted cook, Polly, prepured for our solace and re freshment, a pot full of the frugrunt extract of the berry of Rio, r a tumbler of Smith's extract of rye. tj'ti i Pardon my emotion, for the "old time comes o'er me now," and forbids me to say more than that I am, whether in command or retirement, Yours, JOHN SMITH. To BOB JONES, Committee, &c. COOL IMPUDENCE. There is a gentleman residing in Western New York, whom, in default of his real nume we will cull the Colonel. He has one son, Ned, rather a graceless youth, full of all the wild pranks in which students generally ex cel. Being ut home during vacation, he cor responded rcgulurly with his chum, who by s greemcnt, wus to keep him "posted up" in re gurd to everything that transpired with him worthy of note. Of course he was very care ful to keep all his precious epistles from the eye of the Colonel, and us Ned was "Colonel Jr.," it became necessary to watch the mail arrivals closely, as hie chum wasn't very par ticular in adding that distinguishing feature lo his name. One day he rode round to the Post Office, ! as usual, uud found to his dismay lhalJue, the 'groom hud taken the letter and left for home. He started at a gallop, but wus unuble to I muke up the time, for Joe arrived ahead. Ho ping that nothing wry bad would come of it, he marched into dinner as cavalierly us possi ble. One gluncc ut the Colonel's face reveal ed to him that he was in for it. The substuntiuls being disposed of as usuul ' the ludy mother left the room, and left Ned J and the Colonel sipping their wine. Leisure ly pulling the letter from his pocket, the Colo j nel passed it to Ned, and asked him w hat he thought of it. Ned quietly perused it, its con- tents being an account of his chum's doings, i both lawful and unlawlul, and ending by urg ing him to come to him without delay. Ned finished it in silence, and handing it buck to ! Ills raillci, oniJt "Well, sir, consideringyourage and station in life I think you keep very bad company!" and before the Culouel could recover himself sufficiently to reply, he vanished from the ' apartment. Dutchman. NEWSPAPERS. The celebrated writer, "Junius," thus speaks of newspapers. We commend it to , the attention of all: "They who conceive our newspapers ure no restraint upon bad men, or impediment to the execution of bad measures, know nothing i ' of this country. Our ministers and magis trates have really little punishment to fear, and few difficulties to contend with, beyond 1 the censure of the press and the spirit of re , 'sistanco it excites among the people. While i this censorial power is maintained, to speak i in the words of a most ingenious foreigner, I 'both ministers and magistrates are compell- ed, in almost every instance to choose between I his duty nd his reputation.' A dilemma of , this kind perpetually before him, will not, in t deed, work miracles on his heart, but it will i ' assuredly operate in some degree upon his : conduct." . i It is said thajj Northrop, the kidnapped slave, who has recently returned to Sandy , Hill, New York', has been offered three thou- sand dollars for the copy right of his book, i which is in preparation by a lawyer of that place. THE NEWSPAPER. B As popular lectuershas frequently o f la , thought it worth their while to say uncii - things of newspapers, we deem it no mo than right to offer the following, from - sermon by Rev. Dr. Adams of New Vbrit, i ( an offset to their slanders. ItfjKirter. "Why is anything made public, but 0 ', belief that it will be of interest to othen Why is it announced that Isaac and Rebect were married on a certain day last week, bi on the supposition that it will give yc pleasure to know it. And then lower dow 1 on the sheet, under the startling head i 1 deaths, your eye runs along nlways with a prehension lest it fall on some well know name, and reads that the aged father, tri young child, the beloved wife, the rich, th poor, the admired, the honored, the beautift are gone, is it not taken for granted that eve strangers will havca sigh fo the afflicted, i the world respond in sympathy to the in cursions of a common foe! "Read in this light, the commonest adver tisemcnts which crowd our papers have i kindly order about them. Say not, with i cynic sneer, as though you Were doobtfu whether there was anything honest in thi world, when a storekeeper advertises hi; wares, that it is all sheer selfishness, for if i is pleasant for one to announce a fresh sup ply of tallow and wool, h rdwaresor muslins is it not just as pleasant for one who wishei to know it! When a brace ol young partner.' in trade insert their virgin advertisement, in forming the world how happy .hey shall be to wait on customers, can you read it without entering into their new career! "Business advertisements! Waste papc! You know not what you say. Those ships which are to sail for every harbor in the world those fabrics w hich have arrived from every commerciul mart on the eurth, this iron from Russiu, tea from China, wool from Stnvrna, fruit from Malaga, coffee from Cuba, cotton from Georgia, sugar from Louisiana dj they not preach to us at the corners of the streets, at the entering in of the gates, in our docks, and in our custom houses and exchanges, sermons on the mutual dependence of mankind!" The New York Journal of Commerce thus speaks of the New York Board of Aldermen: "Men who should bo at work with shaved heads and striped jackets in one class of public buildings, occupy in others the honor able post of Legislators in our local legisla ture, throw over their persons the pure ermine of justice, and hold in their hands the power to govern a city whose example for good or evil, influences every place on this continent." The National Intelligencer. There was a debate recently in the Senate on a proposition to poblUh the speeches of Senators in the National Intelligencer as well as in the Globe and Union. The discussion produced the following compliment to the In telligencer, and subsequent hit at the Sena tor from California, from the Hon. Mr. But ler of South Carolina: "The Intelligencer ," said Mr. Butler, is the first paper I everaaw the first that I ever brought from the post office, more than forty years ago. I remember, in 1307, reading the editoriuls of the Intelligencer, by way of learning to read; and in 1S1J-'I3, 1 was stir red by the perusal of its columns. I never see that paper w ithout its being associated in my mind with former anil better times." Mr. Welles, (in hie seat.) That was be fore I w as born. Mr. BfTLER. Yes, sir; and I think we had better times then than now since you were born. Laughter. The sentiment uttered by the Senator from South Carolina is one that will be cordiully respondedto by thousands of our citizens. The National Intelligencer has become one of our country's lund-murks; nay, it may almost be suid to be a "National Institution." s man thinks of Washington without the asso ciation of this valuable gazette. It has not been our lot to agree with it in all its views, yet we cannot recollect an instance in which the opinion of its distinguished editors were not founded upon what they believed to be the best interests of their country or of the human family. In the pursuit of these exalted ob jects they have spared no labor or expense to record permanently the best di most interest ing information upon politics and the higher branches of historical or general literature. The volumes of the Intelligencer ure treasures lo all who are 6o furtunate as to possess them, and we are sure they will be handed down from sire to son as heir-looms of authentic Americanism. American . "STICK TO IT." The very doctrine ol all others. "."Stick to it." Who ever knew a mortal to enrol him self under this bunner. and come out the lit tle end of the horn! Nobody, we'll be bound. Its principle, acted up to with rectitude, pur pose, heart and soul, would keep any uiun a bove water and in blue sky. "Slick to it." It's the very history of suc cess in epitome. All history, all experience; the triumph of mind, art, literature, every great and noble work is its direct and appro priate illustration. He who would be, do, gain, make, save, achieve anything in what ever departmcntof life, trade, politics, religion, philanthropy, or love, must make it his first and lust object of solicitude the Alpha and Omega of his aspiration and action. Tell us, young man, who ever did a thing worth a note, that did not "stick to it." Look around you among your acquaintances, and see who is, and w ho is not "something." in him who is deservedly famous and honored you will find the man who, years ago, in the strength, determination, energy, and light of an all conquering resolution said, "I'll stick to it," and who did, and has stuck to it ever since. What has made trrcat lawyers, statesmen, divines, artists! What has made a Webster, a Choate, a Brougham, a Kossuth! Simply and solely, and truly, by cho.ising something real and vita!, and ftic',inij to it. And if you wish, or txpecf , or meun to door be anything j you have got to do likow ise. Then chor te I end "stick lo it." Armed with its princi il and inspiration, you may rise to undrean re j of heights wanting it you may ink to I a thought of depths. PeUn'ill's' Reporter. I i THE BELMONT CHRONICLE. CRUEL TREATMENT OF INDIANS. it A communication of Edward F. Beai.e, IU ' Superintendent of Indian affairs, to the De jf: partment of the Interior, dated March 3, 19.03, ,. and published in the National InUUlgthMT, j contains accounts of the manner in which ejthe Indians of California are treated, w hich, e although arpuiently well attested, are almost ' incredible. One thing is very certain, if they . : are not clearly unfounded, our government -! should forthwith take effective measures to put a stop to such barbarous deeds. Resolv ' ; ing, and fulminating, and declaiming the f k j Monroe doctrine, and scheming fur the ac-ji quisition of more territory, whether Cuba, the 1 (I Sandwich Islands, or other territory of our 1 ' neighbors, or descanting up in tho cruelties,, and lawless movements of European dejpots, j r will not justify or excuse the neglect of surli ; c i appalling casei of cruelty, and wrong, and ' i barbarous murder. We owe protection to these miserable and helpless children of the p forest. To discharge 'his obligation is a- c mong the firi-t, and highest duties of our I powerful government, and if neglected, it n will fill a page in our history that our poster- t; j ity will blush and humanity will weep to read. ' j I now turn to the condition of the Indians 1 c in California, and the necessity of doiiig't; something for their relief and protection. u Their condition is truly deplorable; driven c' from their hunting and fishing grounds, in'1' danger of starving, many of them made to I w work entirely without composition, and st continual massacres going on. To give un j ,c account of all these is impossible, and 1 shall tlJ chiefly have recourse to official report hereto-1 fore made as a sample of whit is done, and i '' to show the necessity of relieving them. ' And, first, I give an instance of this new w mode of oppression to the Indians, of catch-v' ing thoni like c.ittle and making them Work, I 'l and turning them out to starve and die when , si; the work-sc:ion is over. It rotates to a at scene of w hich there are many instances, and " the knowledge of which coming to me from rcport, I sent out a reliable person to attend I 'i to the case. It must be added that these op- ,0 pressed Indians, while actually starving to th death, were only fifteen miles from Ban Fran cisco, surrounded by settlers i.nd their slock, and took nothing. The indictment spoken al of I consider as ending in nothing. tc Copy of a letter from J. U. Jen' ins to Super- tr, intendent Beale, dated San Francitco, Janu- ' uary 13, 1303. ol 'I have the honor of informing you that, in obedience to your letter of instructions of ' date December 8, 1S52, I went over to the! 01 San I'ablo rancho, In Contra Costa county, to j 01 investigate the matter of alleged cruel treat ment of Indians there. I fuund seventy-eight j ex on this rancho, and twelve back of Martinez, sc and they were there most of them sick, all ! l" without clothes, or any fuod but the; fruit of j s' the buck-eye. Up to the time of my coming! P' eighteen had died of starvation at one camp;! fr how muny at the other I could not learn. l'' These Indians were brought Into this county th from sutne place near Clear lakr by Cslifor- 01 I nians, named Ramon Brioucs, Rumon Mess, hi I Jose M. Quiera, Jose Francesco, and Juan pi I Beryessa, who have for some time made it a ' j business of catching, and in various ways hi I disposing of them, and I have been informed w that many Indians have been murdered in ' these expeditions. These present Indians r j are the survivors of a band who wre worked Ci i all last summer and fall, and as the winter 'J. I set in, when broken down by hunger and la- A I bor, without food or clothes, they were turn- r' I ed adrift to shift for themselves as best they i' j could. Your timely interference in behalf of ti I these unfortunate people has saved the Uvea I of most of tuem, for Indians coul.l not have i lived through such weather as we hnve had ! without anv food, elothtnv. or shp'.trr. MARTINETZ. Di:ar Sir: I have the honor lo icknowl 1st edge the receipt ol your favor of the 10th ult. a in which you desire such information as I d : may have concerning treatment of Indians in ' fi ; this county, I most cheer.ully respond to il j your wishes. In the discharge of my duties ii i as District Attorney I obtained the following 0 I information, which ii substantiated by rella. u j ble evidence. ; I Ramon Briones, Mesa, Quiera, and Iicry- j eaai, of Napa county, ure in the habit of kid- II napping Indians in the mountain! near Clear it I luke; and in their capture several have been v j murdered in cu!d blood. There have been d j Indians to the number of i ne hundred and u j thirty-six thus captured and brought into this ii county, and held here In servitude adverse to a ; their will. Th .'so Indiana are now aaid to be j in the possession uf Briores, Meso, tmd Bery- p essa, and sundry other persons who have PUN t cka ltd them in this county. It is u'.so a noto- e rious fact, that these Indians are treated in- s humanly, being neither fed nor clothed; and q from such treatment many have already died, p i and disease is now threatening destruction to t! I the remainder. All the Indiana I illude to o I were brought here forcibly and againat their J 'will. From my observation that class of pop- s illation who have these Indians treat tiiem a more like brutes than human beings. There is also a regular organized company ti . of persons who capture and sell these Indi- i ans, and several have lately been so disposed s of to William and Ramon Castro. o There is now pending a suit aguinst the t persons above nsined lor kidnapping these ,i Indians, bu. the statutt s of lliis State afford a no udequale prelection agelait cruel treat ment of the Indians. Respectfully, (i J. H. JENKINS, Esq. R. N. WOODS I Here is the account by the Supci intendent, " ne, 'of mi'sarres referred to, in letteri embodied P'e in his communication: led jn. The above mentioned massacre has many cruel aggravations. Il was upon "ns-rva- lnn" .,,! tl.-. I .. .1 : .1 m . . , mm w upon uic Imth of the United States. It was plotted for woekr, and sowell known to the whites that newi of it went three hundred miles to agent Wo zencrafl, at San FrincllCO, tnd he had time to get fiearly lo tho place before it was per petratod; and k"pt so secret from the Indians that, they had no suspicion until the attack was upon them. It was a massacre of women and children. The men were absent at work; the head man, Pasqual, a Christian Indian and a food man, to DM well known for years, being actually st work on the house in which I passed a part of last winter, at another res ervation, and when be went home from work found all his family destroyed. It is a reali ty of the history of Lean's ramth1 and for all this thm was no redresi In the country ToiGomnorof the State did not answer tie etter officially addressed to him. The Unit id States District Attorney could find no law 0 apply to the case; and the loader of the aaaaacn was elected county Judge, There are from 70,000 to 100,000 Indiars n that country, and probably not a week 'asses in which some are not killed, or work d and starved to death. Accounts of the iUingi usually appear in the newspapers: nd as such accounts are mostly derived from he actors, they appear ns war exploits and xpeditions for which the United States is ailed upon to pay. The total demand for ndK.n wars in California, it is believed, is ear a million of dollars. I Will only mention two other instances of keee m,sacrcs, one the ramoui cf.,e of tho inity river.) This river, falling into the Pa Ific from the high rugged country some dis mco north or San Praneteed, is noted as the est in the country for salu.on fish, which institutes almost the whole subsistence of ie Indians upon it. Ti.c whites took the hole river and crowded the Indians into the erile mountains, and when they cam .- back fish they were usu-illy ebotj and if ;hny ok cattle, or were suspected of taking cattle, ey were pursued and DMiibed, and their llagMeometimeeatucked. In the spring the last year some Indians were charged if: taking c ittle. A party went againat a llage, surrounded it In the. night, attacked at daybreak, killed the whole (chiefly in rting of women and ci.ilJren, the men being sent; except one woman a.nl child taken wawurt," carried home a bSg full of scalps reported in the newspapers at 150, but he lved to be about 130 and all without loss themselves, which proves the character of B operation. The second instance I will mention ii this: In a conversation on the subject of Indian lain with OerIHHchcoc, just previous 1 leaving California, I mentioned the fa-t lat I had seer, in the papers a long and floor Uing account of a victory gained bv a pary ' whites over a tribe of Indiana, somewhere the northern district, and it was from that licer I leartud the following story of this ruir: A party of Indian fighters had been i a long hunt after Indiana, unJ unsuecess I in finding any. Being determined, how er, not to come in without scalps, they nt for some Indians who were livin" near make a treaty with them. These Indiana apt in the white camp that night, eating lacefully With, as they supposeJ, their iends, In the morning the commander of a white party ordered his men to discharge eir rides and load afresh, so that each Ight be sure of his ,Jn. He then disclosed s plan; which was, that at the crack of his stol they were to commence the massacre their gueats. The plan succeeded adinirs y. All the Indians were killed; and the ctors returned with the scalps of thirty In ans to the nearest mining town, where they ceived an enthusiastic welcome from the tjsena. Thii wa-, told General Hitchcock r one of the acton in this glorious ifl'ir. t the same time n United States force of Igular soldiers wus in the vicinity fur the jrpuse of chastising tho Indians, should icre prova any necessity for doing so. From the National Intelligencer. Our Foreign Indebtedness. The free-trade papers are attacking the itistici of Mr. Senator Broadhead on Hie ibject of the probable balance of our public ;coimt current with foreign nations, pre dated upon t!i. excess of our imports and ir other outgoings, which balance during ie last fiscal year Mr. Broadhead estimated i his receut speech in the Senate it 00,000, which hud been liquidated by ship, tents of epeel or by the transmission of 'ederal State, and other stocks. The Journal of Commerce objeota to Mr. roadhead's estimate of ten per cant, as be. ig the probable undervaluation on the it., uico of foreign merchandize, un which the ulies are based, below the actual cost of said lerohandise, and states that thia ten per cent, i eetinated by Mr. Hr .dhe.id non the toss mount of importations, which Ineladee free oods, on whien there COUld he no olijcct to resent underv dued invoices, and alw upon he foreign gooda re-exported, which, in tho X ports, would of course be estimated at the line value us 00 th. ir entry inward, and that n these two items the difference of this ten er cent, would m ike a reduction of mora nn three mi. lions of dolkrs on the estirnato f the honorable Senator. By reference to Ir. Bradbeed'i ipeeeb, however, it will be sen that he makes out his balance of C4 liliiuiis againat the United States, without icludin:: euytbiug for the item of undervalua oii o:i the invoices, and contents himself '1th letting aaid un lervaluatioa go as an off H againat the probable increased value of ur export arl ling from the freight, etc., on liese exports lo foreign ports, so far as they lay have been shipped for American account, nd in American vessels. In Some remarks which we offered recent. t OH Mr, Broadhead'l speech, we endeavored j show that such an offset was a very liberal ne, and tiiat the advanced price upon our