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9 BUSINESS MEN AND ADVERTISERS.
T DMOCBiT luu tM lorn circulation t ami tlnlheoounty.andvmUtverymoderaUratetof titrating, ll worthy (A noo of all bunneu mm gen erally and other advertixri particularly. Tear odwrttwri aUneett V printed of changing their advertitemenU quurUrly. ,MU, Double ooiumn wtotniimienU a per cent, additional. All trantUmt advertitemenU mutt be accompanied Ititfi tM cmh. AU advertitemenU dtaeonttnuwl 6W lM Nu oonfraetecl br, wiU t charged thort roAsi Mittoul any azapUon. AVI tpecial nHvileve viU be fronted lo advertitert at rtoardt poiitim or location of advertitemenU. AdvertitemenU la inture uu rtion rrnul be hande n Jtuttntu Notion to Bern Co imnt, or tfh page, in trud for ten omU per line ea. lim on. ffimerted reading matter, twenty cenU per lne. ArHclet for Vie benefit of prtvait and perianal buti mutnteraUwtU be admitted to tne reading column of TU Democrat, If unobjectionable, at the rate of Item- ofnti per line, all eommunicaiiont to THE DEMOCRAT. Canton, Ohio. THE DEMOCRAT. vmUhed to tubtcriberi, poitage paid, atlfiper year, lor la montht; fifty oenlt for three monthi, mvaria in advance. It it alto delivered to any part of the tyatthe tome rata. Oorretpondenee, containing important newl, tolicited rem all pant of the count). Writert name and atUtrett required on every communication at a private guaran te of good faith. Any pertoniending in a Club of FodbCabk Ybab IT Bubucbibicbs will be entitled lo J copy ef Tax Dim uckat free for one year. The Democrat. ESTABLISHED A. D. 1833. A. MCGREGOR, Editor. Canton ia the eleventh city in Ohio in population. Secretary John Sherman visited Gar fie'd at Mentor on Saturday last. The Alliance Review is now the Alli ance "Tri-county Review." It does not look at this writing as if the Republicans were going to capture the Senator in Tennessee. Ex Gov. Seymour is quoted as saying that he expects to live to see a Demo cratic President in Washington. Hon. Henry B. Payne, in a letter to the Enquirer, vindicates John McSween ey as an unselfish, devoted Democrat The letter will be found in this paper, Under the new apportionment bill of Mr. Cox, the Southern states gain eight members of Congress and lose twojwhile the Northern states gain ten and lose 8, Jay Goui.d is eaid to have donated $100,000 to elect Garfield; Vanderbilt (20,000, and many other, gave their fives and ten thousands. Thus was the ma chine run. t - The Insurance Chronicle says the loB' sea by fire in the United States during the year 1880 were $76,513,100. That is not, however, by any means the whole amount of the loss. This Democratic Congress don't seem disposed to pension Gen. Grant on the country. Logan's bill is to make him Captain General and then retire him ou pay, but it will hardly pass this session. We learn that our builders and con tractors speak very encouragingly of their prospects for business in the spring, say ing quite a uumoer of dwelling and other houses will be erected. Secretary Sherman was the guest of Gov. Foster at Columbus, nd held a re ception in the Senate chamber on Wed nesday. It may be inferred, then, that the hotel bill Foster paid at Chicago was adjusted. The SoldlfS and Suilora' Orphans' Home is to umlugo (xamination by a committee of the Legislature. Ot course there is a woman ia the case, and it is -claimed the guilty man is an outsider. Th? woman was a matron. I I That ia the best government where the people are the least governed; where the object of government is the general prosperity and happiness of all; where class bias does not exist; where all are equal before the la; and a 1 enjoy equal privileges under the law. Califjrnia papers comment unfavor ably on the new Chinese treaty, as a loose and indefinite affair. A straight up and down act of Congress i the way to regulate this Coollie immigration. A loose jointed treaty will not reach the evil and correct the wrong. Hull, the Democratic member of Con gress from Florida, has been ousted from his seat and his place given to Bisbee, Republican. It is somewhat late, but if tbe House had been Republican, and Biabee a Democratic contestant, he never would have got his seat. At Columbua Mr. Sines has introduced Senate bill No. 245, to reform juries. He proposes to elect jurors, three times the number wanted, fram tbe several town ships and wards; and the Clerk of the Court, Probate Judge and Auditor are made Jury Commissioners, who shall se lect one third of those elected, and so on. During the past year fifty-nine Na tional bank b, with an aggregate capital of $7,274,170 were o.ganized. Eleven banks, witn an aggregate capital of $1 046,000, went out of business, and three banks, with a capital of $700,000, went into bankruptcy. The net increase of national bank note circulation during the year was 2,258,727. B.th branches of the Ohio General Assembly voted Tuesday on U. S. Sen ator, John Sherman and Allen G. Thur man being the candidate!.. In joint con' vention Wednesday the result was de clared, electing John Sherman for the term of six years from March 4th, 1881. In the Senate the vote stood : Sherman 20, Thurman 12. In the House, Sher u an fit. Thurman 3?. to in of to CIVIL SERVICE REFORM. Ex Gov. Tilden, in his letter to the Cincinnati convention declining the nomination, elated that it would require two-thirds of the voters of the country o favor a change of administration at the beginning of the Presidential cam paign, to withstand successfully the in fluence, power and corruption of federal Datronaue. A careful investigation of the facts go to establish the truth of this remark. The results of the elections of 1876 and 1880 confirm it. The contests for members of Congress every two years also confirm. No candid person will doubt the need of civil eerv ce reform under thia condi tion of things. If this country bus got to such a pass that the office holding army can and do perpetuate their rule, the people should begin to consider the situation. Are we a free people? Have we a right to change our publicservante? Ia the safety of the People the supreme law; or is the continuance of a certain set of men in public office paramount to all other considerations? The military and naval service are non partisan why cannot the civil service be also? When the civil service is pros tituted, aa it is, for mere party Buccess, and it is the great instrument of that success through corruption and intimi dation, it becomes alarming and de mands a change. The bills now pending in Congress on this subject, introduced by Senator Pen dletou, have the approval of the New York Civil Service Reform Association, and of leading journals, of which the Nation, the N. Y. limes and Harper's Weekly are examples. These bills are extremely simple and practical. They crea ea commission of five persons, to be named by the President, not more than three of whom shall be adherents of the same party, and two of whom shall be "ixperienced offkers in the public service at Washington, but not in the same department." The duties of the Commissioners include the devising of rules for carrying into effect thesys tern established by the bill, and for su pervising and administering tbe system These rules are required to provide for open competitive examination for ad mission into the lowest grade of the ser vi e in each department or office; for probation before absolute appointment; for promotion on the "babis of merit and competition," and for the protection and liberty of employes as to political contri butions. The commission is to make regulations for and control all examina Hons, by the aid of a chief examiner and officials detailed as examiners, who are to receive a small extra compensa tion. The bill is to go into operation in any department or office as soon as tbe em ployes are classified, and this classifica tion is required within sixty days after the passage of tbe bill, in every office un der the Treasury or Postoffice where the subordinates number fifty. After that, further classification, and consequently the extension of the system, depends on the request of the President. After four months from the passage of tbe bill, ad mission to and promotion in the service must be in accordance with the rules as far as they apply. Commending these bills, the N. Y. Timet declares them per fectly free from stock objections; too much is not attempted, and what is at tempted is not arbitrary; or over-refined or impracticable. Tue Herald's Washington correspond ence gives some instructive revelations to how the business of the Postoffice Department is conducted. Two men named Huntley, partners in securingand carrying out Western postal contracts, have quarrelled, and the wicked partner who attended to the business at the Washington end of the route, has "epit his chin.'' He tells how he arranged have a contract awarded for $2,000 worked up to $13,000, and says the pro cess was an expensive one, for he puts a claim for $24,000, expended in oil ing the machinery. Says Mr. Huntley: "At times I had to pay large amounts money from $000 to $2,000 or $3,000 to get certain things done that will ap pear on tbe book. Out of these law amounts come all the incidentals which represent four years' business, and the four years' business represents my col- ections in tbe departments of about $500,000, It is necessary, in getting these accounts through the department, and it has been the custom, to be very friendly, not only with tbe heads, but with the clerks and messengers, and we always treated them very kindly in pre senting them with some trifle, with a ci gar, opera ticket or something of the sort. To get anything done in the de partments requires assistance of a great many members of Congress, whom we have to treat in the same manner, and whom I occasionally send theatre tickets; and always when I ask favors I generally send carriages for them, and ask them to do certain things in the de partment." He also declares he had to entertain newspaper correspondents with lavish magnificence to keep them quiet; that he paid the hotel bills of the Republi can Governors of Wyoming and Mon tana, and presented the wives of clerks and important officials with silk dresses and gold watches. It is not surprising the clerks at Washington do not want a change; and when it is remembered that more than a million? of dollars beyond the appropriations were squandered on the "Star service" routes during the last year, it is not difficult to account for the opulence of the Republican treasury dur ing the recent campaign. Garfield visits the machine shop since the election, and they are not very acceptable to the workmen. These vis its are more acceptable to the employers, who were active in electing Garfield, buy ing 329 capes, writing letters on the tar iff, Ac. This cutting down of wages was not done before the election. The talk then was that Garfield must be elected in order to keep business good and Be cure netter wages, in this way men were deluded and votes obtained. Eleo tion being over and Garfield elected, the Toting aces lean, ST. JACKSON'S DAY. The celebration of tbe 8:h of January at Wooster has afforded some of our pert Republican coteinporaries an excuse to air their self styled loyalty and gab ble about "8t. Jackson's day." Indeed, some of them have the impudence to lay claims to Jackson, admitting his in tegrity, his patriotism, loyalty and at tachment to the Union. They take care not to state that President Jackson was a staunch Iriend of the Constitution and of Justice; and believed in obedience to and the enforcement of the laws. He claimed the Constitution did not sanc tion monopoly, and hence he opposed National banks a robbing tariff and all schemes 0. public plunder. His veto of the Maysville road bill, and of tbe Unit ed States bank charter are full of grand sentiments and political truths, Though only a lad of fourteen he took part in the war of the Revolution; and in the war of 1812 he also toak a hand, closing it at New Orleans, giving the British one of tbe greatest defeats they ever had. In the language of Jefferson, "he filled the measure of his country's glrry Gen. Jackson's ideas were that strict obedience to justice and the Constitution would insure peace and perpetuate the Union of our fathers, without secession or civil war. He had no sympathy with those evil spirits who were wiser than the Constitution and the laws, and who were ever scheming, under pretense of "the higher law," to get up trouble, and involve the country in intestine war, that they might forcibly succeed in establish ing by force and fraud, their monopoly policy of plundering the public. Gen. Jackson was no friend of the British funding system, which the Re publican party has adopted with plun dering improvements. During his ad ministration he paid off the National debt; disconnected the government from the U. S, Bauk, and paved the way for the Independent Treasury system which was fully established during Polk's ad ministration, after which the Govern ment collected its revenues in gold and silver, and disbursed nothing else. This system regulated values and business, prevented inflation, and hence contrac tion and panics. As yet, the country is still in the meshes of irredeemable pa per money, in fact; and hence the uncer taiiity in values and business. The idea of Jefferson and Jackson was, that Government had no right to disturb values or interfere with the busi ness interests of the country. Let gov ernment depart from the line of non-io- terfeience, and mischievous results en sue, lunation is followed by panic and contraction; and prostration and ruin follow. The only safety is where paper money represents equal amounts of spe cie, dollar for dollar. The public should be secure against loss, and this is the only, way. All history shows that when governments interfere with the curren cy, directly or indirectly, scheming knaves take advantage of the disturb ance of values, and profit at tbe expense of honest business and labor, Tbe experience of this country during the pt twenty years of Republican rule verifies what we say. The Democratic principle then, is, that our government has no right to legislate so as to enhance some values and depreciate others thus enriching some at the expense of otuers, Our Constitution gives no such power to our government, whose mission is to ad minister public aff.iira for tbe equal ben efit of the public, and make all citizens equal before the law. It is highly important in this country that correct ideas of government should prevail among the people. In order to have this the Constitution should be well understood, and care taken that men of understanding and principle should be selected to administer public affairs. , An honest, conscientious man is Eck- ly B. Coxe, Democratic Senator elect to the State Senate of Pennsylvania from the 26th district. Mr. Cox, when called upon to take the oath of office, declined to do so from inability to swear that his election expenditures had been only such as were "expressly authorized by law." An act passed in 1874 defines tbeBe ex penses to be for printing and traveling, for disseminating information to tbe public, and for political me tings, demon strations and conventions. Mr. Coxe, as appears from a letter to his constituents, was not ignorant of tbe statute, but did not foresee at the beginning, what sort of expenses he would be involved in, and when he found himself violating the law, he refrained from withdrawing, lest the act should endanger the success of the whole ticket. Nevertheless, he did nothing of which he was ashamed, or which was in his judgment corrupt; the two items which the law does not recog nize being expenses incurred in the nat uralization of "a large number of per sons," and the payment of "a small sum of money for tax receipts." Mr. Coxe adds: "I purchased a number of tickets of radios for cows, guns, &c, for the benefit of widows and other unfortu nates, and expended a small amount for balls and fairs; but as they neither help ed nor hurt me, I think I may neglect them." Tub formal election of several Sena tors occurred Tuesday, that of Sherman in Ohio, Piatt in New York, Bayard in Delaware, Dawes in Massachusetts, IJale in Maine, lliwley in Connecticut, Con ger inMichigan,for the full term, and Bald win of the same state, to fill out Chend. ler's unexpired term to March 4, Advi, ces from Pennsylvania indicate a bitter fight. One ballot was taken Wednesday and the Legislature then adjourned un til to-day. In Indiana the work of e'eo tingBjn Harrison was begun and was completed Wednesday. Much indignation is expressed in New York among the business community, at the consolidation of the telegraph companies, bo as to continue the monop oly. The American Union was started, and stock subscribed, on condition there was to be no selling out to the Western Union romp!E7. as THE GREAT QUESTION OF THE FUTURE. When Republicans found they had elected Garfield and Arthur, their joy was unbounded, and they imagined they had so crushd out the Democratic party that it never would come to life again. Their organs and leaders have been sing ing the praises of their financial system, as a thing of beauty and a joy forever, and that all were now submissive to the policy. These men little know the vitality of the Democratic party; little know that the measuring test of great public ques tions are justice and tbe Constitution; and that issues, live issues, are abund ant. For example, a few days ago in the House at Washington, Mr. Belford of Colorado, in his speech on the fund ing bill, notified the Republicans of the East that the currency was an issue yet, Mr. Hayes, in his last annual message, again urged the abolishment of the greenback currency, and also wanted the coinage of tbe standard silver "dollar of the dadii" stopped. Secretary of the Treasurv John Sherman, in his report took tbe same ground. All lbs leading Republican journals take the same posi tion. It is the position, then, of the Republican party, Ia April, 1878, Con gress by resolution forbid the further cancellation or retirement of greenbacks, tbe House passing the measure by 177 to 35. The remonetization of silver was passed over the President's veto, all of which the people heartily approved These are vital questions; questions highly important to the people, involv ing the well being of labor and honest business. It would seem that the Re publican party managers are the nfere tools of scheming plunderers, who only want to use tbe government for their unholy purpose. Garfield is fully com mitted to the Hayes-Sherman policy, and the probability is there will be a re vival of some or all of theee questions. These, questions will not down at the bidding of those interested, any more than the waves of ocean subsided at the Command of a tyrant king, This Mr. Belford, it should not be for gotten, is a Republican of high standing, representing the mining interests. Spea king of the men of the Republican party who propose to stop the coinage of silver and de troy tbe greenback, he says the Republican party cannot afford to follow this leadership, "unless it is willing to surrender the Western states. This shows mutiny in the Republican camp upon the currency question on the eve of Gar field's Administration. Mr. Belford also says: "We propose to have the currency of tne constitution, gold and silver and pa per convertible into coin, under the Re publican banner, or under that of some other party which has at least a decent respect for the rights of man." Following tbe example of the New York Democracy, the Chicago Democ racy are reorganizing for effective work in the futnre, on this platform: 1. The largest liberty for individuals consistent with public order. 2. Local self government. 3. Opposition to centralization. 4. The separate, independence of the legislative, executive and judicial de partments. 5. The recognition of the Supreme Court as the proper and final arbiter be tween the states and the National gov ernment. 6. The indivisibility of the union. 7. Strict maintenance of the nublin faith. 3. Such a civil service reform as will make the subordinate officers of the government independent of party victo ries, and remove from our national elec tions all contests for the spoils of natron a'e and oflice. 9. A revision of the tariff on sound and scientific economical principles, the in terests of consumers to pe paramount. Civil service reform and a revision of the Tariff are everywhere made promi nent issues. People now see they have been enriching, by unequal legislation, corporations and individuals who use their great profits to corrupt the ballot box and defeat justice. A bill of par ticulars can be furnished. its The Nation objects to the appoint ment of Mr. Blaine as Secretary of State, follows: "Mr. Blaine is not free from reproach. Mr. Garfield knows very well he had no answer to the charges against him in connection with the railroad operations wbile in Congress, except that the com mittee which heard them had "rebel brigadiers" in it. To the confession tbe miserable confession in one of his letters, that he used his authority as Speaker to help speculators in getting a bill through tbe House, and then claim ed reward for it, he has never attempted any answer at all." Considering that the Nation BUDnorted Garfield for President when his record wat infinitely worse than Blaine's, it is difficult to understand why it should now make a fuss over tbe appointment of the purer man of the two to the com parative unimportant office of Secretary of State. Perhaps the Nation would have thought better of Mr. Blaine if. in stead of making no answer at all, he had gone before tbe committee and denied the truth under oath. N. 1. Sun. Thb funding bill passed the House on Wednesday. It passed with Speaker Ran dall's amendment, which provides for $400,000,000 3 per cent bonds, redeema ble after five and payable after ten years. AIbo $300,000,000 3 per cent certificates, in denominations of ten, twenty and fiity dollars, redeemable after one and paya ble in ten years. The Senate may change the rate of interest to 3J per cent, but it is doubtful if the House will agree to that, as it fixed 3 per cent by forty ma jority on a full vote. Another of Speaker Randall's ideas is, that only one-fourth of 1 per cent is to be paid by government for placing the loan. This will not allow the payment of large sums to grasping syndicates.and will oblige the Secretary of the Treasury to popularize the loan. The idea is to give the people a chance to take a hand in the loan. . for to M. at as til to Wa understand the more influential and radical class of our temperance peo ple throughout the state do not favor lo cal option, but prefer Prohibition. They think there is no use playing or fooling .iray tice r.nv mon"?. ".. . i IT lotoinitiht Btm. New Year's Greeting. When luooen hu orowned the effort of yer'i hard work, and when unremitting ZEAL to please the rnuan and to aatlsry their wanta In an honest and upright manner, haa won the plaudit and the patronage of all olassee, It becomes a pleasure as well as a duty to greet and thank those who have encouraged ui by tbelr custom and friendship. We therefore wish you ALL a LUCKY and HAPPY NEW YEAR ! And hope that It wlU bring you the same Joy and prosperity with which the OLD TEAR was fraught lor OS "Prosperity is the Frnit of Economy." If you want to economise It is advisable to purchase whatever you need AT ONCE. We Must Make Room for Spring Goods and are therefore willing to sell all our Winter Goods at ONE-HALF their Value. You can now Save 50 per cent on Overcoats. Suits. Pants. Overcoats. Suits. Pants. Hats. Furnishing1 Goods. Hats. Furnishing' Goods. Don't forget to open the New Year by a visit to the Philadelphia Clothing House and Save CiO Per Cent. Save 0 Per Cent. Save GO Per Cent. Save 450 Per Cent. Save GO Per Cent. Save GO Per Cent. AT Loweiisteiii Bros., Philadelphia Clothing- House, 1 East Tuscarawas Street, CANTON, OHIO. Headquarters for Hate. We now offer an IMMENSE STOCK of Hats and Caps of Every Variety, At the LOWEST PRICES the market can afford. We purchase everything by the case for spot cash, and will not be undersold by any house in our line. You will laso always flud a well selected (took of Centa' XT-u.s?jm.JLMam.JL3tm. anHM9 Of every variety. Trunks, Valises and Umbrellas. Also a full line of SWEET, ORR & CO.'S OVERALLS, And the famous QUAKER CITY THE BEST IN THE WORLD. Sign of (he GOLDEN HAT, Wo. 10, SHIRT, laundriedandunlaundried, GEO. H. SPANGLER & CO. S, W. Public Square, CANTON, 0. K THE FUNDING BILL. The Republican members- of tbe Houee have been opposing thn three per cent loan, and favoring a higher rate of interest. They have shown themselves on the side of capital and against the people. A correspondent of an eastern paper thus speaks: The debate on the Funding bill illus trates how curiously weak the Republi can side of the House is to be in the next Congress in leaders. In the Fund ng debate Hawley and Frye have been the only Republicans who have shown a dis position or ability to conduct a running debate on their side. Neither of these gentlemen, it is expected, will be found in the 47th Congress. Mr. Conger has been absent on Senatorial business; Mr. Robeson has been similarly occupied, and has been quiet, and the natural and recognized leader of the House, Mr, Gar field, is negotiating treaties at Mentor. In the absence of these accepted spokes men the party is drawn into a certain disorder, the more noticeable from its previous excellent discipline, and from the new spirit of unity and vigor infuied into the Democracy by the energetic leadership of Speaker Randall. This gentleman has shown in the present de Date uncommon powers as a parliament ary leader. Some of the inferior Republican rep resentatives have made . themselves prominent, but have gained no laurels, serving rather to show the ability and skill of the Democrats. The Stark County Democrat is a self- constituted guardian of Congressman McKiuley and the U. S. Government in Postoffice appointments. This is a very big position, and is evidently wear ing on said guardian. Of course, it is highly necepsary to abuse McKinley, 'his uncles and his cousins and his aunts.' especially the latter. It is unquestiona bly smart, very smart, and absolute v indispensable in the conduct of a great Democratic "organ." Rep. 15th. Will not the F. F. C. organ allow us to ask a question as to the Canton, Massil- Ion and other Fostoffices in the district? The Congressman seems determined to make a change at Alliance. "Uncle Tom" is a public character and runs the organ, and helps Heldenbrand & Co., to run the Court House "masheen." As brother Abner, we rejoice he is going Honolulu. Tom, it is believed, has a personal interest in the Canton P. O , and possibly others. At all events he did not want Joe Gillespie continued P. at Alliance. Republican papers continue to crowl Democratic papers for having printed tne Morey letter. That was not tbe worst thins they printed about Garfield: they gave prominence to extracts from Republican papers denouncing Garfield a bribed and perjured legislator. Un tn ose KepuDlican papers retract.Dem ocrats can afford to let the Morey for gery rest. Uy the way, how many Repub ican papers retracted the forged dispatch said have been sent to Gen. Hancock from Cardinal McClosky. The Carroll Free Press has not for one. And how many of the Republican pa pers, that systematically howled for months about stuffed and fraudulent census taking in theSjuthern states has bad tbe manhood to confess the census figures correct; tbat they were only try ing to embitter tbe North against the Soutn? Is such conduct any better than for gery? Carroll Clironkle. Thb fact that the colored people of South Carolina pay but about a twenti eth of the taxes, yet furnished 72,853 of the 134,072 children in the public schools last year, speaks volumes for the treat ment of the negro outside of politics According to the Charleston Courier he is acquiring his own home, if nothing more than a log hut and truck patch. Better relations are year by year devel oping between the races, and the Courier says the kuklux Is "only a horrible mem o:y ol the pait.:' Thb Montgomery, Ala., Advertiser no tices this little bit of Fraudulent Hayes's methods of civil service reform: Abner Judd, ex-postmaster at Bel green, Franklin county, was as faithful and popluar a postmaster as is to be had in tbe entire state. He gave general satisfaction, and bis removal could find no apology in his official or personal be havior. What is more, he had been a faithful Union so'dier. And still more, he bears the marks of battle upon his person. His disabled condition an hon orable badge of bravery and devotion to his flag appealed alike to the sympathy of the blue and the gray. He has lately been deprived of his lit tle office dismissed by Mr. Hayes. And why? This was the question the friends of Mr. Judd and the public generally, hastened to propound. There was but one answer to be found, he had voted for bis old commander, Gen. Hancock. A gentleman came into our office one day last week and asked if we had a copy of a paper published in . We repli ed in tbe negative, but told him the city supported three papers, one of which haJ frequently come under our notice. He went on to say he had thought of go ing to tbat town to reside, and knowing but little about it, be wished to know the kind of paper it had. He said, "You can form a pretty good idea of a town from its press. A town that has a good paper, well supported by its business men, is pretty certain to be a good place." Never was there a more honest statement made. Every dollar expended in judicious ad vertsing returns a rich margin to the ad vertiser, and we have the most success ful business men of this country to bear testimony to the truth of what we say, It bears a sure harvest. Oxford, Mary la nd, Enterprite. Thb Chicago Tribune corrects the as sumption that the division of Texas res's wholly with the Legislature of that state. The language of the statute is: "New states of convenient Bisse, not ex ceeding four in number, in addition to said state of Texas, and having sufficient population, may hereafter, by the con sent of said state, be formed out of the territory thereof; which Bball be entitled to admission under the provisions of the Federal Constitution." The provisions of the Constitution re lating to new states are, that they "may be admitted by the Congress into this Union." Thb local option convention held at City Hall, Columbus, last week, was the largest ever held in the state. Strong resolutions were passed, demanding that the General Assembly pass a local op tion, antiliq ior law. Four thousand dollars were subscribed to carry on the work, and a large sum raised by passing the hat. Petitions are pouring into the Legislature signed by overlCO.OOO names. We have not yet learned from the Rep, how Senator Hartshorn and Messrs. Sny der and Conrad of the House, stand on the question. In Pennsylvania 350,000 Democratic voters have eight me inhere of Congress; while 375,000 Republicans bave nineteen , In Philadelphia 50,000 Democrats have ten members of the General Assembly while 70,000 Republican voters have 28 members. Counties have been sliced in balf to secure Republican gains in the Legislature, and numbers of Democratio counties have been massed together, in creasing Democratic majorities in Con gressional districts, and making gross in equality of representation. This in Pennsylvania. Thb Democrat wants to know where Senator Hartshorn and Representatives Snyder and Conrad are on the question of local option. The Rep. may know,, but the Review doesn't, or it would wil lingly tell. We think, however, they could not do a better thing for them selves or their constituency, than vote for and support local option. Attiana