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Eaton Democrat. [volume] (Eaton, Ohio) 1843-1856, January 04, 1855, Image 1

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published crery Thursday morning, in the
toon, immediately over (be Post Office, Main
Street, Eaton, Ohio, at the following rates:
tt 60 per annum, in advance.
12 00, if not paid within the year, and
ft) 60 aTter the year hit expired,
tZThet'eraiqawill be rigidly enforced. JJJ
N paper discontinued until all arrearage
re'psid.unlefiattlieoption of the publiahor
UAll communications addressed totheEd
tor must be tent free of pestage io insure ot
action. ; ..... it
JTN communication inserted, unless ac
orriparued ty t responsible name. '
AiMertcau ArtUt'c Upiou.
TI1E American Artists' Union, would respect
fully aunouuee to the citizen of the Uuited
EUttt and tlio Caoadaa, that fur the pur)oe of
cultivating a tatte for the line arte Itirouglwut
the country, aud with a view of enabling every
family to become possessed ef a gallery of En
gravings, ...if the First Artists ef trie Ago,
They hive determined, iu Order to create iu ex
tensive sale for their lumriiifi. ind tU.i. mi
ouly give employment to t large uumber of arWt
uJ other, but inspire emotiff our enuutrriueu
taste fur works of art, to present to tbe pundits
ersof their engravings wheu H50,0uO of which
-art-sold, . ., ,, .
850,000 OIFT8, ef the Ictael Cast ef
$160,000.
Each purchaser of a Out TMlar Engraving,
therefore,-receives out only an Kugrariif rich
ly worth the money, but ale, u ticket which er.li
tie him to out of the (jiftj wheu they are dis
tributed. For Five Dollars a highly fini.hri Engraving,
bountifully painted iirOil.tnd live tj.lt Tickets,
wiU be tent;or Five Italian worth orplruai:i).
gmiTingii eau be selected ti ti.n tke Catalopucaud
lnt by return mail or express. .
A copy of the Catalogue, together with a spcei
men of one of the iigirniu-. tnu b sees at the
ollice of this paper.
For 'each Dollar sent an Engraving tctiisllv
worth that sum, and a Uift Ticket, will immedi
ately bo forwarded.
ACJEXTS,
The Committee believing that the success of
thisUreat National Undertaking will bu materi
ally promoted by tbe euergy uuU euterpi i of in
telligcutaud peraereriug igeut, hnve resolved
to treat with such ou tlw oiort liberal tei nis.
Any person winhiug to become an Ajjnit, by
tending (post piid,)l, will receive by return lit
M ill. One livllar Eugrariug, e "(j.Tt Ticket,"
a Frosiwctut, a Catalogue and all other iieeesu
ry informutiou,
tin the tiuul ceinpletian ef the salr. the fiifts
will be placed iu the kiudrol'a Committee at' the
purchasers to be distributed, duH ii ticc of which
will be giren throughout tbe United btatee and
thtCauadat.
LIST OF CIFTS.
100 Marble bustsef Waihiugtuuat fltfl
loo ' ' ' Clav .10
lod ', . " Webster In.)
100 " " Calhoun , loo
j elegant Oil Paintings iu splcn-
diiTgiltfi-aiucs.sieltxt ft, each 100
(14,000
M.OOO
l,u
(,000
100 elegit Oil i'amtiiiyi, iixl tt.
each,
H$ steel plate Kugravings, Writ,
liautly colored iu oil. rich gilt
frames, 21x3u in. e;ich.
HMO elegant steel plute Engra
Tinp, colored iu oil, of the
, Vt'ashingtou ituuumeul, JOxVli
in. each, ;
MT,00U teel platcetigrariiig!i,frnm
id ,w
la M
4 .C0
100 aiUerent plates now tn pos
tei"U of and owned by the ,
Artists' Uiihm, of the market
raluo of from 0 cts to $1 each,
1 (rtt-clasi Dwelling, iu Slat at.,
X. V. eity, .
Buildiii(rl.(siBl00andVllst., ''
N.V.city.eachilixlOoft. deep 1,000
16t Villa ' isitee, eontaiuing each
lo.iHW . ft. in the suburbs of
X. V. eity, and commanding a
maguilicent view nf the Hud-
u Uirtr aad .Ltng Island
Sound, at M
tt perpetual leans of canh, without
interest or seeuritvofgiSoeaeh
ti do. do. do. loo
300 ' do. ' do. do. 60
VS0 do. !de. do. Si)
.ono do. do. do. ' 8
1,900
m
ts,oo
6,0
6.000
6,000
,)I0
5,000
lO.OOO
Reference iu regard to the Real Estate, F. .
Ti;ua t C.. Real Ktale Brokera. Xew Verk.
Orders, (port paid,) with m'Hiev enclosed, to be
addressed, J. W. HUiKOOK E, Sec.
$& Uroadway. X. V.
. tefThe Engratings in tht Catalogue are now
ready for delivery. Kov. t, 185.
o7a i. dbT cl'i7
DCAI.ta IN
CHINA, GLASS-WARE, ETC.,
: 181 KalnBireet, Cincinnati, Ohio.
frene't China
(fold Uand, China and Tea Ware;
White bank, dining and tea warn: 1
"White Ironstone Ware
Dining, Tea and i oi let Ware:
Fainted Ware;
, . Common W title and Edge Ware;
' ' Oirondo'es; Solar I,amp;
Flated SpiMiua. Forks t.ud Hotter Kaives;
. Mated and llritannia Castors;
' ''(Jermao Silver Table and Tea rfpoone;
' Guarded and plain Lanterns;
Glassware, every variety;
Waiteraand Tea Traya;
, Fortigu and Domestic Cutlery;
Uritannia Ware. Sept. IS
Lebanon 'Citizen" copy.
!"": Saddlery.
A eomple te stock of every thing in thia line, for
ale cheap at Xo. 13 Barron street.
A First rate Hit.
If our "stem wheel captains" don't like
ihe following, the need not "pitch into" us,
tt orie'of their own tribe told us the tale,.
A very old and aomewhat pettish gentleman
was coming up the river a few weeks ago, and
got particularly out of humor with the captain
of .the stern wheel craft, and in his wrath
damned the captains of such boats generally.
'The following conversation was heard be
tween him and his little boy, as they approach
ed the "Cave in the Hock," about which the
lad had heard monstrous stories.
"And is that the cave t" asked the boy, as
tbe boat finally got opposite the hole.
"Yes my son, that is the cave."
"And, papa, did bad robbers used to live
there, and kill people t"
. "Yes, my boy they stole everything and
. killed everybody they could. They were great
conndrets."' ;-i
".'Welfc papa; what has becoma of all these
'ladoien' ' ' '
The old gentleman scralobed bia head, and
nally answered: ,
' 'Why, you see th'jr were nearly all captu
ted, and tome were sent to jail, and some
,fen hung, but eorae of the greatest rascals
got awsy.w" .
,. "And what became of ihm, papa?"
. , ''Why," said the old man, with a great
cowl, ."they rot a war from the nolice ofheere,
'enj bctfsme uptaint theie dd ittrn wheel
, ear,"' yaoitee Notions.
- It ETNo insinuations or allusion to any of tbe
-,aforsall. residing hereaboui,.' V '
-.u'a, : '
,
firBeware jesting withsacred things."' Shun
tbe company of any 'one who practices thia,
s you. would shun loathsome disease.
Ptown at every attempt to provoke your smile
1 fty iitob means -i ' . :".v
JTlnruct your son well e ether will. In
'.tmct bin ill. No child toea altogether nn-
' taught. ' Bend him to the school of wisdom or
"M will go ofT himself to the rival academy,
ept by' the lady wilh the cap and bells.
' Tliere ttal way: leacuipg going on ei t ime
aant, Just e in tieW--egdUitioB.i never Idle
afilMiU-WM'
- "i wi til ,r'Mm-Js i
BY XI, U. dOULD.
Fearless sul Tree.
$l,50per Annum inAdvasca.
KewSfrics.
EATON, PREBLE COUNTY, 0. JAN. 4. 1855.
Tl.ll,No. 29.
A First rate Hit. Secretary of the Treasury's Report.
!
The report opens with a statement of the
Teceiplr and expenditure of the past year,
which have already appeared in the President'
message.
The' eat hue In) receipts for lie fiscal year
ending June ?0, 1856, are put down at. in
cluding the balance in the treasury ou July,
loSa, f.6,:6fi, 404 2, and the estimated x-
pendituree at S51,0i,0,277 IS
The amount of the public debt ouli'snding
on the 1st of July, 15.1, was 7.to,023 78.
On the first day ot July, 1854, it was 47,1W
S0 05 thus Conine a redut.liou iu the pub-
lieilebtolvv,ibU,i 73. ,
The receipts fur the fiscal year en June
30, 1656, are estimsted at Wi, ii.iO.ls (j; and
the expemiiturts at flO, 869, 631 37 The
balance iu the treasury on the 1st of July,
!'., is estimated at (21. SSJ,'Jt2.
The Secretary ssvt that the lawe importa
tions duriiiK tl j last three qur,r of the pst
jear were kept tp by heavy eiporta of piovi
sions, caused by the srarct y in Eulsod and
Ftauce; but he anticipate a fallino off in the
customa in consequence of the reciprocity
treaty and short crops. Under the reciprocity
treaty, ar'icli now faying a duly of $l,S2i,
457 are made free.
During the past year the tonnape of the
country shows an mere .se ef Zti.Wl tous.
The imports of the ymr show an ricess of
i(5,.')2l,317 overespor-s ; but thia ece.' the
Stcretary thinks is apparent, not real, rs the
profits on our exports, and the fieihta earned
by our ships in lor-cfu n trade, on It t more tl.au
cover this esetss. In the exports, it should
he recollected, over iv8 000 COO iu specie arc
ineluiled.
The .satisfactory condition of he revenue,
in connexion with our rspitlly increasing
comnicice, are Used as arvtmients for a further
reduction in the tariX The Secretary objects
to the eight scht (lutes, or Jillcrenl rates of du
ties under the present tariff, as Collections arc
stittitled with :real diffit-iilties. The bill, he
savs, prtparetl at the Tranry department
last year, anil submitted by Ihe minority of
the Committee ol Ways and Means of the
Hotue nt Repieseiitiitives, contained but two
rates nf duty; the first 100 percent., and the
second of 25 per cent. He is of opinion that
no more money should be collected than is re
quited fur tho econotme.nl administration of
the t'ovcrnmi'it;. An addition to the free list
is recommended.
Under the act nf 1353, over fifteen millions
of silver have been coined and circulated nt
Philadelphia, New York, Boslon, Uallimnre,
Washington Detroit, Chicago, Uiclimond.Nor-
f Ik, Charleston, bavanurih, "rw Orleans, ki
Louis, Cincinnati, Pittsburg, ami San Fran
Cisco ami turnislieil to citizens at various
other lioin's. It is believed thnl Ihe full ben
efit of silver ooiuaee for change can mver be
realized while mull bank notes are eucoura
ced and made current by the patronage of the
community.
The total amount of gold and silver coin in
circulation on the fust ol October last is esti
mated at t2i 1,0110,000, oninsl which there is
i lota! bank note circulation ofSVM.ObS.SiO!).
in lboO there wtie b,d banks in tbe country,
.with a capital of S227, 807,633, and in 1S54
this number has been increased to 1,203 with
a capital of SS01,i5G,07l .
In revcrd to the workings of the independ
ent treasury, II e Secretary says thai in re
ceiving and paying for the last fiscal year more
than Seventy live millions in the current coin,
it has kept up the demand for the precious me
tals, and has prevented the tg,e bank circu
lation Irom obtaining the mastery and driving
INC UOM9IIIUUUIHI1 lUMCHl I1WIIIIIIG 1 OU 11 1 1 jr ,
Ihe heavy export oi specie during me lati
year is in part accounted for by the redemption
of the public debt held abroad,
The Secretary is of opinion that present
pressure in the money market is not owing lo
the specie drain but to heavy importations, the
failure of bo many banks and the curtailment
of the circulation and discount of others,
which in Ihe last six mouths, have reach, d
the enormous sum of nearly fifty millions.
The continuance of the coast survey and
the light house hoard is recommended. Furth
er aid is asked for protecting human life frum
shipw reck on the coast and the repoil suggests
whelh-.-r the law should not provide greater
security in the construction of steam passen
ger vessels or lo leave them os now, to.Mie
shipowners. From the 1st ol Jaiiuary.1854,
to the first of June, sixty-three slea it vessels
have been lost. Allusion is made to the loss
of the emigrant ship New Era. Experiments
are now making lor throwing mortars more
effectually.
Tne Secretary calls for such additional leg
islatiou as may be deemed necessary to gu-ud
against frauds by collector of the Customs.
The remainder of this very able report refers
principally to the operation of the United
States mint and branches, as well as the op
erations of the various departments of the
treu sury.
Postmaster General's Report.
It is a long' ably and caiefuily-prepared
document, and cannot fail to excite a feeling
oi admiration, if not surprise, at its clear ex
hibit of the successful workings of a postal
system without a parallel in the woild for sim
plicity and extent. Ftr the convenience of
the reader, we make up the following ab
stract; , .
There are 23,."48 post oflices in the United
Sates; the annual compensation of 257 of
which amount to (l,C0Oand upwurds. Du
ring the last year, 1,842; offices were estab
lished and CM discontinued . Number of
postmasters appointed (luring 'the same time,
8,018. Removals, 1,977. Number of mail
routes, 6,697. Number of mail lontruclors,
5,107. To'al annual transportation of mails,
63,387,005 miles, at a cost of M,630,G76;lliiis
21,207,530 miles by modes houpecified,' at 6
cents per mile ; 20,890,530 miles by coach, al
6 cents per mile; 15,433,389 miles by rail
road, at 12 cents 4 nulls per mile; 6,7,95,4-6
miles by steamboat, at 8 cents 4 mills per
mile. Increase in the transportation during
the past year 2 J, per cent.
The expenditures of the department du
ring the pasl year were 3,677,424 i2, and
therevtuue 86,955,580 22. To the former;
must be added 6133,483 33, balances due for
eign offic-'S, which would leave the total defi
ciency for the year 1864 at $1,755,321 23.
The deficiency for the year 1853 was 2,117,
078 20 -leaving difference in favor of 1863
$361,760. The. inoreasa, in the revenue of
1864, compared with the revenue of .1853, is
4970,399 4iJ-or abouH9 per cent.
The Postmaster General alludes atconsider-j
able length to the difliculiiee between Ihe de
partment and railroad companies relative to
ihe ratea of compensation; fur carrying 'the
mails. .Tbe. companies, he anys," allege that
ihe government should not ask or expect them
io perform for it any service at lesa rate .than
that paid by individuals "for tunilai services,
This principle, lie conitnd?, he has always
been witling to recnnue in the adjustment of!
prices. V hat is now ruquin d, he believes,
that the reilrcJid companirs should be paid
according to the bulk of the mails, the speed '
w iih which ll.ey are euuvvtd, and the ac-
rommxlalMiis required. Tne sums naid bv
espress comptnies are no fair criterion; for, as
they are uninfluenced by competition, they
can pay any price demanded of them tnd as
sess it upon their customers. Enud, France,
Germany, anl Canada, pay lexi to railroads
tor iimilsemce Han is paid by the United
Sie'es. Complaint it made of the inoflicint
a-coinrawlations, as a general ru le, for route
tents. Allueiiou is made lo ti,e habit of irre
sponsible parlies obtaining, by gross misrep
resentation, mail contiacla, end subsequently
throwing tht in up because of a failure ou
their part to tell the earn at a profit. A
remedy for this fraud in 'Uesicd.
Owing to-caufes not within ihe control of
the department, the expenses of the current
year will greally eicei-ed tho.-e of the past
year. They ate estimated at 9,84 1,921 33.
This increse will be owing to the additional
compensation of posiniKsltis and the enhan
ced puces dtaiaudid by counselors al tht
bat Irtlings.
A tinilnrni plan of regisirh'.ion is warmlr re-
conimemled i an additional protection for the
safe delivery of letters of value. The want
Pol Kiich a ale iiuaid bus long been felt; and as
tne colt ot I's niiiiilainance will full directly
upon ttove who will cheerfully l?r the ex
pense, we see no reason why it should not
be incorporated into our postal system as one
of its ptKCiph) features.
Duriiii; the three years commencing July J,
1851, Si, 607, 0:2 03 postage stamps and
stamped envelopes have lieen issued by the
department, of which S5,09J,301 w ere sold.
For the lust year the cost of ti e rervice on
the various United States mail steam-ship
lines, and across the Isthmus, was ns foihiws:
Collins line, twenty-six round trips, 6858,000;
New York and Il.rrneu, ejevan round trips,
S183,33."!,2(i; Aew York and Havre, eleven
roum trips, 137,600; Astoria and Panama,
via Kan Francisco, twenty-four round trips,
$348,260; New York and ,'ew Orleans to As-
pinwnll, SJfcll.lW; Charleston and H'Vnna,
30,000; Re Orleans It Vera Ctti!!, fvcniy
four round trips, &37,C00; Aspinwll to Pa-
uuma, 8 19,72 1. Total, 3.',023,010,29.
The service performed by the severarliues
of ocean mail steamships is treated si larve
The Post master General is of opinion that the
compensation now received is too large, and
that the present system is calculated 10 drive
oil private competition. He also states that
the Nicaragua compnn have ofl'ered lo carry a
weekly mail between New York and Califor
nia for the siimof S200,' GO per annum, w hich
bethinks is the highest rate of pay which
ought lo be demanded. The coat this year for
a semi- monthly mail by the Isthmus route, is
"67,977,03
No progress has been made since the last
report in the pending negotiations with Great
liruian relative to the admission of France
into the arrangement, as contemplated in the
prevail, n on ihe 12th article of cur post"1
convention. No pos-tul convention hasaa yet
been effected with France; but one is aboul
being ni de with, Mexico,
Arrangements have been made with the
Australia line of monthly packets to convey
mails reculurly between New lork ami Aus
Ir.tlin. The rates on all out going mutter have
been fixed at five cents a letter, two cents
each for newspapers, and cent an ounce for
pamphlets and magazines, these rales em
brace both the United Stales inland and sea
p,( QUg
Ti,e fines and deductions during Ihe pasl
year amulml , ft io,48G. The amount of the
nri'vinaa venr was 6:t7.P21. '
, . -- -
The appendix which accompanies the re
port contains a vast amount of use.'ul informa
tion, which w ill repay the trouble of a carelul
perusal.
Report of Secratary of the Navy.
i
The Secretary of the Navy recommem's an
additional but gradual increase ol the Navy;
its re-ortraiii7.niiou, and the ennctucnt of new
regulations for the discipline untl improvement
of seamen. The movements of the various
squadrons are reported in detail. The sloop
ol war Albany, was last heard from at Aspin
wall on the 28ih September, when she Ml for
New York. Painful anxiety is felt touching
her fate." The steamer I mice ton was sent in
search of her a few days since. Lieut. Strain
and party are complimented for enterprise, end
exhibition ol powers, or endurance and goner
ous devotion to in the exploration of the Dari
en Ship Canal route. The result arrived at is
that the proposed Canal is impracticable and
this, the Secretaiy apprehends, settles the
question forever. The bombardment of drey
town by the sloop of war Cyane is narrated,
and immediately approved. Commodore Perry
is highly complimciitej tor his success in Ja
pan. The Secretary does not propose lo in
crease the number of officers nor matt ri I
ly enlarge the squadrons, and thereby largely
lucrease ihe current expenses, nor have a ua
vy of ihe immense size and extent of some of
tne navies of European powers, but to increase
tli.- material i four navy so at least toappiox
itrmte to a state of readiness for t mergences,
which wise statesmen strive to avoid, but wi-
.-v., oiuiv am., ii Fitrjinit. iv i.ibt. i,c Ufci.1 mm
renews n is recommendations oi last ye .r lor
the re-organisation of the Navy; the creation
of a retired list of infirm officers; the discharge
of the inefficient, ami to have promotions reg
ulated by capacity and merit in some degree,
instead of by seniority of commission and pay
to some extent controlled by sea-service. So
far as he baa nutho Hy these views will guide
his action, even without legislation. The
Secretary is far from recommending the resto
ration of flogging. The experience of the navy
justifies its abrogation. There is, however,
urgent necessity for sorre substitute, accom
panied with a plan of reward as well as pun
ishment a substitute woul I be prompt and
sure in order to restrain tbe offender and de
ter the inconsiderate, to reward equally sure
the generous, loencourage fidelity and promote
respectability. It is not the severity, but the
certainty and promptness of punishment,
wuioh promote discipline. He recommends
that the commander of any vessel be author
ized by law to order a summary court-martial
for the triel of petty officers and those below
them; that they have power to punish by dis
honorable discharge in any port, or by contin
umenton reduced rations, and without pay,
with extra labor and a denial of shore privile
ges. It is the Seciettry'a purpose to immedi
ately adopt, in modified form, the apprentice
system, and to encourage,, the enlistment of
American boys from 14 until 21 years of age;
to train them first on a receiving ship,' then on
cruisers, in practical eea-inenthip.C He is
clearly of Hit opinion,, also that a number of
men in the service abould be increased at least
2,600. ,The number of tbe Marine corps is
deemed, entirely too small and an indefinitely
character uy adopting some system of appomt
is, ing ofTiffrs of niilitaiy education and tmining.
Prof. Maury's achievements in developing
theorv of winds and currents, and his prepnrn-
Stated increeae Is earnestly rccommemled.
The corps would oe unproved and elevated in
tion of charts, are noticed most (latteriuglv.
hit it estimated that the savings to our cr,m
merce by the use of his charts would amount
to several im. lions per annum. Robert L.
Stephen's iron w r steamer, shot and shell
proof, for harbor defense, is rapidly progress
ing. The boilers will be ready to put on
bourd in about thres weeks.
Secretary of War's report.
The annual report of Col Jefferson Davis,
Secretary of. War, is an interesting business
like document, and makes many important
recommendations, in order to give increased
f fficiency to the branch of the public servi, e
over w hich be presides. We annex a brtef ab
stract: The sctual strenrth of Ihe army 19 onlv ten
thousand seven bundled ami forty-five." The
whole authorized strength is fourteen thousand
two hundred and sixteen. Tne 'deficiency is
I'a.-t decreasiilk by more rapid enlistments, A
taternen: oi the changes made in the distribu
tion of the army during the last year is given.
The removal from Florida of the remnant of
the SeminoMs has received the attention of
tbe department, but ile efforts have not been
very successful. Keller fortune is expected
next year, through the instrumentality of the
new plan of operations. The Indian (1: futili
ties elsewliele are alluded to. The mass ere
of Lieutenant Grafton and men by the Sioux
is narrated, and the fact stated H at the anr.y
foroe is quite inadequate to the protection of
our frontiers, and to punish Indian aggressions.
Our entire loss in Indian actions during the
year is fourofficen and sixty-ihree men kille ,
and lour officers and forty-two men wounded.
The occurrences on the frontier furnishes de
plorable proofs of the insufficiency of our mil
itary force, and the absolute necessity for its
increase, which was urged by the Secretary
last year.
Our effective force does not exceed eleven
thousand men, winch is entirely inadequate
for the purposes for which we maintain a
standing army. Its immediate increase is
urged, at a cost sufficient to give some degree
of security to the Indian frontiers, for w hich
services Ihe regular force is the most efficient,
cheap, proper and constitutional means. The
increased fay ' enlisted men, induced the
enlistment of 1,005 men in October and Sep
tember last, against 309 men during the cor
responding months lnt year. The number of
recruits required lor the service, of the ensu ng
year will probably not be less than 0,000. lie
recommends the use of camels and dromedaries
for military purposes again, and ks an np
prnprialion to tort their usefulness. An in
creased pay for officers is urged ns an act of
justice and necessity. Additional legislation
is asked to place the willows and orphans ol
the officers and soldiers of the army on an
equality with the widows and orphans of the
officers of the navy.
The necessity of a revision of our mili'ary
Icijii-ULMfc- in come Important particulars is
pointed out, in order to prevent conflicting
claims in regard to rank and command, which
now give ris-e lo much inconvenience and
trouble. One great source of difficulty is the
double rank recognized by our laws; to reme
dy this it is proposed in give effect to the bre
vet rank only where the President may see
fit, and forb'nl the exercise of brevet commis
sions in the regiment, troop, or company where
officers are mustered. Elaborate, suggest ion
for reorganization of the s'air corps are present
ed, and compared with European systems. It
is proposed that there be nine llrigadicr Gen
erals; one lor each Oepartm nt, one for the
Quartermaster General, one for Adjutant Gen
eral, and two for Inspectors General; being nn
addition of three to those who now, by brevet
or otherwise, have rank and command as Brig
adier Generals. Other marked changes in
stiiffnppoiulments, rank and duty are proposed.
Reforms in the organization of rtgiirientsnre
also suggested. The expediency of general
promotions ly seniority, instead of merit, is
doubted by the Secretary; and the establish
ment of a retired list again urged. Professor
ships of ethics, nud of English studies, ot the
military academy, are recommended.
Many other subjects are treated ufat con
siderable length.
Secretary of War's report. LAND COMMISSIONER'S REPORT.
WeNtake Ihe following excellent abstract of
the Land Commissioner's Anuuul llepurt from
the N. Tribune :
During the year emlinf June 30, there were
7,035,006 acres sold for cash; 3.142,000 loca
ted by land warrants, and 14,000 b) other cer
tificates; 11,000,000 reported as swamp lands,
md 1,731, COO interim! improvement malting
a total of 2:I.0::,3I3 acres. For tlie last
quarter 4,70,110.0 acres were disposed of,
being altogether on increase of sales amount
ing to 5,000,000 acres over the previous year,
though there is a diminution of .',0011,000, in
cluding land wainiulH and swamp transac
tions the difference being caused by the. fact
'.hat tho most of the giants fur bounty lauds,
swamps, railr ads, &c, had previously been
disposed of. The sales for the third quarter ol
the current calendar yearart more than twice
as heavy as those for the corresponding quar
ter of the previous year, though the locations
sie less numtrous. From the 30th day of
September 1853, to the 30th day of September
1831, 9,391,104 acres were surveyed, cliictly
in Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota and Florida,
' and 7,190,9'JS acres were brought into market.
This is exclusive of the survey in Caliloruia,
Oregon and Washington, amounting to 1,686,
271 acres, which have not yet been proclaim
ed for sale. The Commissioner says, on nn
average, full oue third more business has been
done in the office during the past year than
in the preceding, of the 26,642,7o0 acres en
tered by the land warrants now issued, .22,
235,880 acies hove been located, leaving only
4.307,880 acres to be satisfied. The report
gives n minute detail of Ihe labors of the De
partment, and recommends more secure depo
sits for Ihe books and papers; and then pre
sents the operations of the various State and
Territorial Surveys. With regard to railroad
lands, it is stated that at the instance of sev
eral members of Congress and others, obont
31,000,000 of acres in severcl of .Ihe land
States had been withdrawn from market, in
anticipation of grants for railrosJs und other
internal improvements.
As such grants were not made, it was deem
ed expedient to restore these masses of land
to market, especially in view of the passage
of the bill graduating the price of public lands,
and this has been done, excei t wnere the res
ervation was for a fixed period, ot had already
been made. In view of tbe increase of busi
ness consequent on the operations of the law
graduating the price of the public lands, and
the decrease tn the compensation ot me ranu
officei , caused by tljot reduotiot, the Commis-
sioner recommends better provision for remu
nerating laud offices, with allowances for clerk
hire a d office rent.
Of the operation of the Graduation law, the
report says: "Judging from the reports receiv
ed, has been productive of much fraud ami
peijury, and proved seriously injurious to '.he
actual settlers on the public domain. As far
as practicable, these evils have beeii remedied
by construction and instructions;, hut the law
is inherently defective; If it be designed to
engraft thai feature permanently nn our land
system, the privilege of purchasing nt the grad
uated price, should have been limited to pre
emptor?, or mode general to u II. Now, it is
a ledged, that persons take the nnth required
by the law with the mental qualification that
the land will be required for nciuul settlement
and cultivation at the future lime. Others; it
is stated, have employed men lo go loruard
one! make the affidavit, paying all their expen
ses, and also paying for the land the employ
er rgrecing to tive his employees, in fee sim
ple, a portion, say an eighth or a quarter of
Ihe land sc entered, retaining Hie balance."
The difficulties ore further explained, as
will besecu in the report. The Commissioner
discusrs at length the granting of land to the
States, ami for railroads and other improve
ments. With regard lo the Pacific Railroad,
he says: The necessity of such a rr.o-.ie o!
oorniiiunicalion becoir.es daily appcrcijt, cm;
that the only way it con be secured is ty
grants of laud, and adds, that should the lutnl
system be clipped, this work and all others of
lite character will be rendered impracti'altle.
If 'the object sought in Ihe passage of the
Graduation Acl was to get rid ol the Innda os
soon as practicable, he says, there is bin little
doubt that Ihe object will be attained by it.
Ii, on the contrary, the supposition was that
ti e lands would not sell for more, his state
ments, he presumes, will show that supposi
tion to be erroneous.
The sales have always been equal !o the
demand; the supply far, very far beyond it.
The demand nl the reduced prices will he in
creased, but chiefly for purposes of specula
tion, und the hardy, enterprising setlier, in
stead of dealing with a kind und paternal Gov
ernment in the purchase of his lands', and se
eming o perlect title, will have to look to the
wealthy monopolist, and trust to his lender
mercies, with ihe risk that his title is encum
bered with prior liens and mortgages.
With such views the Commissioner says Ihe
natural suggestion is that the graduation law
be radically emended, if it be Ihe pleasure ol
Congress to engraft it permanently on ihe land
system; and, in that event, it is further sug-"
gesied that the 12J cent class be abolished, or
rather donated to the States respectively iu
whifh they lie, ns the profit will scarcely de
fray the expense of disposing of them.
Soule vs. Bonaparte.
A friend of Mr. Soule, the American Min
ister to Spain, lately gave publicly to a por
tion of a letter to Mr. Mason, in Paris, written
by Soule,on his being refused a passage throu. h
France, which in its tone and spirit. shows
how much personal feeling was involved in
the matter there. We quote the 'following
ex'racts:
"This case will not admit ofarty equivoca
tion. Ol an outrage which will atinikm)
public character, M. Uonnparto endeavors to
make thus tanji.y and ciuliiy a peisnnal ag
trout, my antecedents, he has told oi,"U
inifnf a nulme'.to ivtol.e the iittinti,u the
periul pocrrnnient.' Well, I will impose my
antecedents lo those of my insulttr.
"As you know 1 exiled myself voluntarily
i i 1 825, to escape persecution brought upon
me by the anient stiuggle iu which I had eu
g ged against the dcplurablo policy inaugura
ted by the accession of Charles X to the
thr.,nc-of France, and which, in 1830, led to
the breaking by the people of the crown of
that monarch.
"While I was studying liberty in the coun
try of my adoption; jwhilu I was devoting my
self to.scnous pursuits thanks to which I
have been able lo become what I am M.
Louis llounparte, tw ice a rebel and once a
murderer, appeared as a criminal before the5
grand tribuiuil of ihe nation over which he
nt present reigns ns an insolnut despot, and
was condemned to an ignominiiius punishment.
"While a .Senator, elected by the free and
tin.-olici ed sitfl'iagts ol the Stale til Louisiana
I mounted the steps of the Capitol, M Louis
Honap.irle was bathing in the blend of n peo
pie massacred by the abirrm whom he had
just enrolled to make them the monsters of Ins
appetites and covetoiisness."
tTHon. K.'V. Thompson is urged for T".
S. Senator from Indiana by the Ttrre Haute
r.xpress.
Branded like Cain.
A Letter in the Itichmoud Dirpaleh, from
Lexington, Virginia, specking of Ihe acquittal
of Dr. Thompson, charged wiih killing Mist
Pmakr, says:
"A meeting has been held in Covington,
which passed resolution forbidding him to
return to that place, and a messenger was
dispatched to inform him of it. He is now
staying at Ins lather s wilhin two miles ol
Fincnstle, ad, notwithstanding his very
numerous connections in that neighborhood,
the citizens have likewise held an indignation
meeting prohibiting him from entering town.
He has been hung in effi;jy, together with the
jury, in Fmcnstle and lluchnnnn. and was
burn1, in this place wiih loud acclomations,
ami encouraged by Ihe presence nud approval
of the most respectable citizens,"
U.rUncle Sum was born a nation seventy
sevrit years ago. Since then he has whipped
h is mother and one of his brother; thrashed
the llarbary cousins; thresleened France ond
nif.de her pay up; and cleared decks for battle
with Austria, lie has set for an example of
Itbeily on popular power that has thoroughly
frit hlened the despots of the earth, atid peril
ed the ancient thrones. He has grasped a
continent, anil is fast covering it wita n free
nud educatel ond thriving people. He has
built more ships than other nation in the same
time, and his ling is now seen on every sea
ami oean'arnl every river and harbor. He has
buiit more steamboats, more railroads, more
telegraph lines, more school houses, more
churches, mote cities, in that seveuly-scven
yenw than any other nation in five hundred
years'. And fce has printed more newspapers
mode more speeches, and done more bragging
man any rMier nation tn't a thousand years.
l :
ITT Do jtetj like novels?' said a city girl to
her Buckeye besu. ' ' ' ' , S
I don't know,' said he.'for I never eat an v.
bu; I'm tome on young possum.' . , . -
STThe old laying it.: To make a mr.n a
drunkard, give bin a wife who will scold him
every time be comes home,
-!?. fit
ft.--;.' :''
Rates of Advertising.
One square, (or fes) 8 insertions, 'f If v
" - Each additional insertion, ,2
" Three tnonte,l ..:. . 8,00
" Six months, 6,00
" Twelve months, ... 8,1 0
One fourth of a column per year, " ' 1.3,00
" half - ..; 18,00
" column v ; " ' , ' 30,00
AH overt square charged as two squares.
KTAdverlisenien's inserted til! fordid at the
expense of ihe advertiser, ' '
JOB WORK
Executed at this Office with aeatnetf and
despatch, at the lowctit possible rates.
Where do Men go who Die at Chicago!
I
I
Borne years ago, when Chicago was in Hi '
infanrj, a stranger took up his quarters at the
principal hotel, and Ascribed his name on the
register os "Mr. J , of St. Louis." For
several days he remained there, engaged in
transacting the business which had brought
him to the place, and 'from his exceedingly
plain dies', manners, and general appearance,
attracted but 1 1 tile attention.
Soon Mr. J w.j suddenly seized with
illness, during which he was sadly neglected
by his host; and the servants taking their tone
from the master of the house, left him to shift
for himself os best he could. Thus matters
wer.ton, till one morning ha was found past
praying for. His pupeis were then examined,
that the sad intelligence might be communi
cated to his friends; when, to the surprise of
all, be wac found to be one of Ihe wealthiest
men in the wes'csn country.
Arrongements were accordingly made for tha
funeral, bul, before the last rites wire per
formed, the $ulijec' came to life again, having
been the victim ol catalepsy, instead of the
"grim King of Terrors." All were overjoyed
at his fortunate escape from' so dreadful a fate,
and from that time were profuse in their ex
pressions of solicitude, elicited, however, if
we may be judges, by "documentary evi
dence," rather than by any personal regard.
At length some one ventured to ask him
how things appeared to him iu his trance, to
lucli he thus leplicd:
"I thought 1 l ad come 1o the river of death,
where I me', an oniel.who banded me a jewel, '
to serve me or. n pass to the othe: side. On,
giving this to the ft.rivnir.tr, 1 received from
him ano her, which carried n e forward anoth
er stage of my journey. Going on thus lor
several states, receiving at the termination of
each, a ticket for the si.ucet liiig one, I ot last
rent!, til ihe rates f the Uraveuly City.
There I found St. Peter, who cpenid the
do jr .it n:y summons, p.pe in moulh, stated by
a smaii table, on which stood a goodly mug of
steaming hot whisky toddy.
"Good morning, sir," paid he, very politely.
"Good morning, St. Peter," toid I.
"Who are you, sir," said he, turning over
the leaves of a huge ledger. ,
"My name is J ."
"Very good, sir, where did you live down
below?"
"I lived at St. Louis, in the State of Missou
ri." "Very well, sir, 8nd now til me where you
died
"1 died at Chicago, in Illinois."
"Ch.cago?" said he, shaking Lis head,
"there is no such place, sir 1"
"I beg your pardon, St. I etcr, but you have
a map of i he United States bete X"
"cssir."
"Allow me to look at it?"
"Certainly, sir."
"With that he handed down a splendid at
las, and I pointed out to him Chicago, on tha
map,"
"All right, sir," said he, after a moment'
pause, "it is there, sure enough, so walk in,'
sir; hut I'll be blett if you ain't Ihe frtt per
son that ever came here from that place."
Thus ended Mr. J 's account of bia
transition state, and no more questions we e
asked.
UrO' let me die in ti e country, where I
shall not fall like a leaf of Ihe forest unheeded;
w. ere those who love me need not ninsk the
heart to nu et the cnreles) multitude, and strive
lotor.-ei me! bury me in Ihe country, amid
Hie prayers1 of the pood and the tears of tha
living; not in Ihe dark, damp vault, away
from i he sweet sren'ed nirand the cheerful'
sunshine: but in the open field, among tha
flowers that I loved and cherished while liv
Fanny Forrester.
OKoot Hog, i r Die, is now rendered aa
follow s: 'Peiittiate the the subsoil, my por
cupine friend, or early expect an obiluary
notice on your untimely demise.'
ITYou have no business to have business
with other people's business; but mind your
own business, and that is business enough for
any business man.
HT'Wlien I see a child, I always feel safe
with the women folk, for I have always found
that Ihe road to a woman's heart lies through
her child.
ITEvery man who comes into the world
makes some mark upon it ere lie goes to his
final rest.- It maybe a small one hardly
visible to (he plodding piignm or life's high
way but nevertheless, in the futnre time, it
will attest some service cone, or some duly
neglcctc-d.
ITJnlius. Sam you're a drunkardyou
alltrs drunk, and your habits is loose, niggayoul
habit is loose.
Sam Julius look a here. ,'
Julius Well, what is itf Ittends I at
tends. Sam why, does you know de scianca o
reason?
Julius Why,, yes, negga yes.
Sam Well, ax me dis den how de debit
am my habits loose, when I is tight all de timet
JTlIow true it is of loo many preachers that
which Sidney Smith says ol Bennet: "That ha
is too opt to put on the appearance of a holy
bully, os if he could carry his point against in
fidelity by big words and strong abuse, and
kick and cull' men into christians."
fJTThe best thing to give your enemy is for
giveness; to your opponent, tolerance; to a
irienii, your heart; to your child a good ex
ample ; to your father deference ; to your
mother, conduct thnl will make her prond of
her son ; to yourself, respect ; to all men,
charity; to God, obedience.
IDA rash and somewhat deluded young
man has threatened to apply the Maine Law
to his sweetheart, she intoxicates him so !
Perh ss the Marriage Law would be more ef.'
fectual. -
, 1 , : i
ITEiiteriiigupon an argument with a meia
pysician is like getting into an omnibus you
know where you slart from, but it is impossi
ble to tell where it will cirry you.
riTThe man who got into a train of thought,
wns taken into custody at the first slation for
traveling witnouta ticket, and sentenced la
three day's imprisonment in a brown study.
There are wide wastes of intellect yet
uninclosed . , ,
Flattery is more dangerous masked that
barefaced. . , , , .
D"A retired schoolmaster excuses bis pas
sion for angling by ssying that, from constant
habit, be never feels quite himself unless fce'e
handling the roa,

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