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One Squire for less) 3 insertions, ' 8I1OO t ?t, . wen additional insertion. vt 7 nree rnsnins,. ; :uw ".;Six rooriihi, ,,;,.!..; ,5:00 Oat feurtVofi column per year, ' " '- 15:00 " "'half1' -Ti -... . ;.. 18:00 H . ik i.r',i,t'' . , ' 30:00 All over a, quie charged a two squares. . jtTAtlf'WnUiotltf Jlill -.tabid t th. exjtens ci lite advcrtitarvXi ri : -- - V Exeoujf d Ub,i, offie Vft, ueatne and da ' ptllljloweityoibliatei.., . . j PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. Fellow citizens of the Senate and of the House of Representatives. The constitution of the' United States f ro .,. titles that Congress stint) asssmble annunllr oa'the first Mondnjr of December, and it tins , been usuat for, the President to make no . communication of a public diameter to the Senate and House or Keptesentatives until ' adyisrd uf their reatlinets to receive it. I .. have deferred to this usajs until Unclose of the first month of the session, but my convic-' t ions of da tr will not permit me longer to postpone the discharge of the oblige lion en . joined by the constitution upon the President 'toglve to tho Cougress information of the atate ef the Uuion, and recommend to their consideration such measnres as he shall judge v necessary and expedient." v It is a matter of congratulation that the Re public is tranquilly iJvanping in a career of prosperity and peace."-' '' ' FOREIGN RELATIONS.—CENTRAL AMERICA. W) ilt relations of amuity continue to ex ist between the' Hailed Sloths and all foreign powers, with some of them grave questions are depending, which may require tiio considera tion of Congress. , ; ' s Of such questions, the most important is that which has ariseu out of the negotiations with Great Britain in reference to Central America. , , , t :.-,. .. . By the dORvention : concluded between the two governments 9" the 19lb of- April, 1850, both -parties, covenanted, llmi "neillier will ever occupy, ot. fortify, or colonize, or as sume or exercise any dominion over Nicara f gua, Cos: a Rica, the Musquilo coast, or any part of Central America." r It waa the unOoubied understanding of the United Stales, in maKing this treaty, that all the present Slate of lha former rcpublioof Centrnli'Amcrica, and the entire territory of each, would henceforth enjoy complete independence: and that bulh contracting pr 4ies engaged equally,, and to the tame extent, for the presentand for the fuiure; that if eith er thin had any claim of right in Cential America, such claim, and alt occupation or authority under it, . were unreservedly relin quished by .the stipulations of the convention; and that no dominion waa hereafter to be ex ercised or assumed in any pari of. Central America,, by Great Britain or the United States..''.. . i- i. .'' This government consented to restrictions V4n retard t a region of the country, wherein ' we had. specific and peculiar interests, only . upen the conviction that the like restrictions , '' wyre in th ssme sense obligatory, to Great . Dnlaiii. But' for this understanding of the force mid t fleet of the convention, it would never have been concluded by us. - So clear was this understanding on the part of the United Slates, that in correspondence contemporaneous wiih lbs ratification of the convention, it was distinctly expressed, (hat 1 Ihu mutual covenants of non-occupation were - not intended to apply to the British establish ment at the Hal at. This qualification ia 'to be ascribed to the fact, that, in virtue of suc-cebsive-tresties with previous sovereigns of the country, Great Britain had obtained con cession of l be right to cut nmhogony or dyt woods at tha.Ballze, but with positive ex clusionafall domain or sovereignty; aid thus it co u Grins the natural constructor! "ami un derstood impart of the treaty as to IJ the rest of the region to which the stipulations up-plied..-. ,- w' ... . it, however, became apparent, at an early day, after entering upon the d isclisrge of aiy present fuucliopa, that Great Britain still con tinue in the exercise or assertioirof large au thorily iniall that port of Central America, commonly called lbs Mosquito coast, and cov ering the entire ieuglb of the Stale if Nicsro. guc ancla part of. Costs Rica; that she re garded the Balixe as her absolute domain, and waa gradually extending its limit at the ex pense of the State of Hondjras, and that she had formerly colonized a considerable insular group known a the Bay Islands, and belong ing, of light, to that Stale. . . All these; acts or pretensions of Oreat Brit ain, being contrary to the rights of the Slates of Central America, and to the manifest tenor of her stipulations with, the United States, as uuderstood by this govtrment, have been made the aubject of negotiation through the Ameri can Ministers in London. . 1 transmit herewith '' the instructions to him on the-subject, " rud the correspondence between him and the British Secretary for foreign Affairs, by which you will perceive that the two gov "r t-riuqenU differ widely and irreconcileablv as to the construction of the convention, ana its effect on their respective relations to Central America. . . r Ureal Britain so construes the convention, . as to ruaintoiu. unchanged sll her previous '' , pretentiens over the Mosquito coast, and in iliffeient rmr.'.s of Central America. These pretensions, as to the Mosquito coust, are foun ded on the assumption of political relation be tween Great Britain and the remnant of a f ' tribe of Indians on that coast, entered into ' ' at a time when the wholecouutr7 was a colo nial possession of Spain. It cannot be sue i cess fully controverted, tnut, by the public la w of Europe and America, no possible act of sucb .Indian or their predecessors could confer on- Great Britain any political rights. , Ureal Britain1 does not allege the assent of Spain as the origin of her claims on the Mos quito coast. She has, on the contrary, by re peated end successive treatise, reuouncedand " relinquished all pretentions of her own, and recognized the full and sovereign rights of Spain inirr most unequWeosl terms. Yet ' tbeae pretentions, so without solid foundation in the beginning, aet thus repeatedly abjuied were, at recent period, revived by Great Britain against; the Central American States, the regttimat successors to all the ancient jurisdtetion of Spain in that region. They were first applied only 4o a defined part of the coast of N.xaragua. aflerwarOs to the whole ofits.Atlantic coast, and lastly Ip a part of the coast of Costa Bica; and they are now teas - erted to this et tent, notwithstanding ensje .tnentilo(tblitila46atec't: .-. . . S - On thrf eastern coast of Nicarsga and Costa -. Rica, tji interference of Great Britain, though ' eieitedatone time iu. the form, of military occupation of the port of Sad Juan del Norte, then la, the peaceful possession of tbt appro ' priale , authorities af ttie Central. American States, i now presented by her aa lbs rightful exercise o( proUelorthip over 41m.Moijtiiio tjibeof lodians. , ,. j - But the establishment It' (he Balite, now reaching beyond its treaty limits into tlia. State of (londuras, and that of the Bay islands, sp ' - pertaining of right to th sam State, aro a distinctly, colonial governments, as those of Jamie o( Canada, and therefore contrary to ti.' the very letter as the spirit o convention with , the United States, as jt was at tie lima.ef f,. ratification, and now. is understood, by U'" ovrnaitht. '. ;t-:f.-t Is IW-nr' ff utomi nJ ; ' .HntnrvN fern' I feiii?3 flnrpA ; ft ; Rminrai ; n..i.,:;tu ' flu vv mp - s v hm 11 nu n n. 1 l . . BY L. Q. Q0ULD. - V: '-'' "Fearless and rrcU" - $l,50per Annum in Advance. Jnw Series. . Vol.l2,No.3a. The inlerpretrttion- which the British .govern thus in assertion and act, persist in as-self, cubing to the convention, entirely change its character. While it holds us to all our ob-1 ligations, it ia a grest measure releases Great Britain from those, which constituted the con- to sideration of this Korernment for. entering ihta the convention. It is impossible, in my judg IllCllt, IUI lMIIW '""'i. V MWU.VJ such a construction of the respectfve relations of the two Government to Central America. To a renewed call by this government upon Great Britain, to abide by, and carry into ef fect, the simulations of the convention ac cordinc to its obvious import, by withdrawing from the possession or colonization of portions or the Central American Slates oi Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica, the British gov ernment has at length replied, affirming that the operation of the treaty is protective only, and did not require Great Britain to abandon or contract any possessions held by her in Central America at the dale of ita conclusion. The reply substitutes a partial issue, in the place of the general on presented by Ihe United Stales. ..The British government pass es over the question of the rights of Great Britain, real or supposes, in uemrat America and assumes that she had such rights tt the date of the treaty, and that these rights com prehended the protectorship of the Mosquito Indians, the extended jurisdiction and limits of the Bulite, and the colony of the Bay Is lands, and thereupon proceeds by implication to infer, that, if the slipula'ions of th treaty be merely future in effect, Gieat Britain may still continue to hold the contested portions of Central America. The United States can not admit either the inference or the.piemises. We steadily deny, that a tthe date of the treaty Great Britain had any possessions there, other than the limited and peculiar establishment at the Belize, and maititain that, if she had any, they were surrendered by the convention. This government, tecognuing the obliga tions of the treaty, has of course desired to see it executed in good faith by both parlies, and in the discussion, therefore has not look ed to rights, which we might assert, independ entlyof the treaty, in consideration of our ge ographical potitiou and of oftier circumstances which create for ui relations to the Central American States, different from those of auy government of Europe. ,The British goverement in ita last commu nication, although well knowing the views of the United Stutes, still declares that it sees leasons why a conciliatory spirit may not enter the two governments to overcome! all obslsclea to satisfactory adjustment"! the subject. . . - Assured o! the correctness or the construc tion of the treaty constantly adhered to by this government, and resolved to insist on the rights of the United Slates, yet actuated also by Ihe same desire, which is avowed by the British government, to remove all causes of serious misunderstanding between two nations associated by so many ties of interest and kindred, it has appeared tome proper not to consider an amicable, solution of the contro vert hopeless. There is, however, reason to apprehend, that, with Great Britain in aclnal occupation of the disputed territories, and the treaty there fore practically null, so far as regards our rights, this international difficulty cannot long remain undetermined, without involving in serious danger the friendly relations, which it is the iultreat as well as tbe duty of both countries to cherish and presetve. It will afford me sincere gratification, if fuiure ef forts shall result in the success, anticipated heretofore with more confidence than tbe pect or tbe case permits me now-to entertain RECRUITMENT. One other subjeot of discussion between the United Slates and Great Britian has grown out Of the attempt, which the exengencies of the war in which she is engaged with Russia -induced her to make, to draw recruits from the United States. It is the rtaditional and settled policy of the United States to maintain impartially neutrality during the wars which from time to lime occur among the great powers or the world. . Per forming all the duties of neutrality towards the respective belligerent Stales, we may reasona bly expect Ihtm not to interfere with our law ful enjoyments of its benefits. Nolwilhstand ing the existence of such hostilities, our citi zens retain Ihe individual right to continue ! their accustomed pursuits, by land or by sea, at borne or abroad, subject only to such restric tions in this relation, as tbe laws of war, the usage of nations, or special treaties, may im pose; and it is our sovereign right that our ter ritory and jurisdiction shall not be invaded by either of the belligerent parties, for the Iron sU of their armies, the operations of their fleets, the levy of troop for their service, the fitting out of cruiser by or against either, or any oth er act or incident of war. And these undenia ble rights of neutrality, individauland national the United Stoles will under no' circumstances surrender. r In pursuance of Ibis policy, the law of the United States (lo not forbid their citizens to sell lo either of the belligerent powers articles, contraband of war, or to lake munitions cf war or aoldieraon board their private ships for trans portation ( and although, in doing, so the in dividual citizen exposes his property or pirstn to some of the bazurdsof war, hipacls do not involve any breach of national neutrality,' nor implicate the government. Thus, during the progress of tbe present war in Europe, our cit izens have, without national .responsibility therefor, sold gunpowder and arms to all buy ers, regardtei of the destination of those arti cles. - Our merchantmen have been, and still continue to be largely employed by Great Brit ian and by Prance in transporting troops, pro visions, and monitions of war to the principal seat ol ' military operations, and in bringing home their sick and wounded soldiers; but sucb use of our oieichaalile marine is not interdict ed either by the international, or by our muni cipal low, and therefore doe not' compromise our neutral relation with Russia. - But ur municipal law, in accordance with tbe law of nation, peremptorily forbid not only foreigners, but our own citizens, to fit out, within the limit of the United Stater, a vessel lo commit hostilities sgainst any Stat, with whiob the United States are at peace, or to in. crease the force of any armed vessel intended for such hostilities against a friendly Sate. t r Whatever concern msy have been felt' by either of the belligerent power least private aimed cruisers, or other vessels, in the service of one might be fitted out in the porta of this country to depredate on the property of the other, all sucb; fears have proved to be ultter ly groundless.' - Our citizen have been With held (torn any such' set or purpose by good faith and by respect for the law. v i .! While tbe law of -the Union are thus ;per emp'.orily in their prohibition ol the: equipment or armanent bf belligerent cruisers in our porls, they provide' not less absolutely that no person shall, withia the territory or jurisdiction of the United Stales, enlist w enter himself, or bi(v or retain another person to enlist or enter him ment, or to go beyond the limit or Jurisdiction of the United State wilb intent to be enlisted or entered, in the service of any foreign State, either as a soldier, or as a mariner or seaman board of any vessel of-war, letter or marque, or privateer. And tbese enactients are in strict conformity with the raw of nation, which declare that no State has the right to raise troops for land or sea service in mother Slate without its content, and that, whether forbid den by the muncipat law or not, the very at tempt to do it, without sucb consent, ia sn at tack on the national sovereignty. Sucb being the public rights and (he munici pal law of Ihe United States, no solicitode.on the subject was entertained by this government,-when a year since, tbe British Parlia ment passed an act to provide for the enlist ment of foreigners in tbe military service of Great Britian. Nothing on tbe face of the act, or in its public history of, indicated that the British government proposed to attempt recruit ing in th United Slates; nor did it ever give intimation oraucb intention to this government It was matter of surprise, thereore, to find, surisequeniiy, that an engagement ol persons within the UmttU States to proceed to Halifax, in the British province of Nova Scotia, and there enlist in Ihe service of Gieat Britian, was ening on extensively, with little or no divguise. Ordinary legal step were immediately taken to arrest anil punish parties concerned, and so put an end to acts infringing trie municipal law and derogatory to our sovereignly. Meanwhile suitable representations on th subject were addressed to the British government. Thereupon it became known by the ad mis sion of the British government itself, that the attempt to draw recruits from this country or iginated with it, or at least bad its approval and sanction; but it also appeared that tbe public agent engaged in it had "stringent instruc tions" not lo violate the municipal law of the United States. . r It is difficult to understand how it should have been supposed that troops could be raised here by Great Britain, without violation of the municipal law. 1 he unmistakable object of the law wss to prevent every such act, which. if performed, must lie either in violation of the law, or in studied evasion of it : and in either alternative, the act doue would be alike inju rious to the sovereignty of the United Slates. In the meantime, Ihe matter acquired addi llonnl importance, by the recruitment in the United Stiles not being discontinued, and the disclosure of Ihe fact that they were prosecu ted upen a systematic plan devised by official authority; :hat recruiting rendezvous bad been opened in our principal cities, and depots for the reception or recruiis estauiisnea on our frontier: ana the whole Dusiness conducted un der the supervision and by the regular co-operation of British officers, civil and military. some in the lortn American provinces, ami some in the United Statea. Th complicity of those officers in an undertaking, which could only be accomplished by defying our laws, throwing suspicion over cUr attitude of neu trality, am) disregarding our territorial rights; is conclusively proved by the evidence elici ted on the trial of such of their agent ss have' been apprehended and convicted. Some of the officers thus implicated are of high official position, and many of them beyond our juris diction, so that legal proceeding could not reach t lie source or the raiscbier. These considerations, and the fact, that the cause of complaint was not a mere casual oc cuireace.but a deliberate design, entered upon with full knowledge of our laws and national policy, and conducted by responsible publio functionaries, impelled me to present the case to the British government, in order to secure, not only a cessation of tbe wrong, but it rep aration. The subject is atill under discussion, the result of which will be commnnica'.ed to you in due time. BRITISH RELATIONS—CONTINUED. I repeat the recommendation submitted lo the last Congress, that provision be made for the appointment ol a commissioner, in connex ion with Great Britain, to survey and establish the boundary line, which divides the Territory of Washington from the contigi-ius British pos sessions. By reason of the extent and impor tance of Ihe country in dispute there has been imminent danger of collision between the sub jects of Great Britain and lha cilizens of the United States, including their respective auth orities in that quarter. The prospect of a speedy arrangement has eontributed bithertoo to induce on both aides forbearance to assert by force what each claims as a right Contin uance of delay on tbe part of tbe two govern ment to set in the matter will increase th danger and difficulties of the controversy. Misunderstanding exists as to the extent, character, and value of tbe possessory rights of the Hudson's Bay Company nd the pro perly of the Puget's Sound Agricultural Com pany, reserved in our treaty with Gjeal Brit ain relative to tbe Territory of Oregon. I have reason to believe that a cession of the righ'.s of both companies to the United Stales which would be the readiest mean of termi nating all questions, can be obtained on rea sonable terms ; and, u it b a vie to this end, I present the subject to the attention of Con gress. The colony of Newfoundland, having enact ed the laws required by the treaty of the 6th of June, 1854, is now placed on the same fooling, in respect to commercial intercourse with the United States, as tbe other British North American provinces. Tbe Commission, wh.ch that treaty con templated, for determining the rights of fish ery, in rivers and mouth of livers on the coasts of the United Stales and the British North American provinces, has been organzed and has commenced it labors; to complete which there is needed further appropriations for tbe service of another season. SOUND DUES. In pursuance of (be authority, conferred by a resolution of the. Senate of the United States, parsed on the 3d of March last, notice waa given to Denmark,' an the 14th day of April, of the intention or thia government to avail itself of the stipulation of tbe subsisting convention of friendship, commerce, and navi gation between that Kingdom and tbe United States, whereby either party might, after ten years, terminate the same at tbe expiration of one year from tbe dale of notice for that pur pose. , The considerations, which led me to coll (he attention oi Congress to that convention, and induced the Senate to adopt Ihe resolu tion refetred to, still continue in. full force. The convention contain an article, which, al though it doe not directly engage -the United Slates to submit the Imposition of tolls on the vessels snd cargoes- of Americana into or from tbe lyaltio ea, during, the continuance of th treaty, yet may, by possibility, be construed aa implying aqcb . submission. The exaction of ;huae loll, not being justified by any principle of international low, it became the right and duty of the-Uuiled Statea Icl relieve tbeiB elvea from th implication of engagement on the subject, so ss to be perfectly free to id in the premises in such way as their public inter ests and honor sha'.l demand. I remsiu of the opinion that the United States ought not to submit ta the payment of Sound does, not so much because of the amount, which is a secondary matter, but be cause it is in effect the recognition of the right of Denmark to treat one of Ihe great maritime highways or nations as a close sea, and the navigation oi n as a privilege ror wiiicn tri bute may ba imposed upon those who have oc casion to use it. This government, on a former occasion not unlike 'he present, signalized its determina tion to maintain the freedom of the sess, and of the grest natural channels of navigation. The Barbary State had, for a longtime, co erced the payment or tribute from all nations. whose ship frequented the Mediterranean. To the Isst demands of such payment made by them, the United Mates, although suffering less oy their depredations than many other ns tiotis returned the explicit answer, that we preferred war to tribute, and thus opened the way to the relief of the commerce of the world fiom in ignominious tax, so lone sub mitted to by the far more powerful nation of Europe. If the msnnrrof payment of the Sound duca diffei from that of the tribute formerly conce ded lo the Barbary Slates, still their exaction by Denmark has no belter foundation in right. Each was in it origin, nothing but a tax on a common natural right, extorted by those, who were at that time, able to obstruct the freeand secure enjoyment of it, but who ne longer pos sess that power. Denmark, while resisting our assertion of the freedom of the Baltic Sound and Belts, has indicated a readiness to make some new ar rangement on tbe subject, and has invited (he government interested, including tbe United States, to be represented in a convention to assemble for the purpose of receiving and con sidering a proposition, which she intends to submit, Tor the capitalization of the bound duel, aod the the distribution of thesum to be paid as commutation among the governments, according to the respective proportions of their maritime commerce to snd from tbe Baltic. I have declined in behalf of the United States to accept this invitation, for the most cosent reasons. One is, that Denmark does not offer to submit to the convention the question of her right to levy the Sound dues. A second that, if Ihe convention were allowed to take cognizance of that particular question, still it would not be competent to deal wiih the great international principle involved which affects the right mother cases of navigation and com mercial freedom, as well as that of access to the Baltic. Above all, by the express terms of the propoaition it is contemplated, that the consideration of the boun'J dues shall be com mingled with, and made subordinate to. matter wholly ex'.raneous, the balance of pow er nmone the governments of turope. While, however, rejecting this proposition and insisting on the right ol free transit into and from the Baltic, I have expressed to Den mark a willingness, on the part of the United States, to share liberally with other powers in compensating her for any advantages, which commerce shall hereafter derive from expendi lutes mace by her for the improvement and safety of tbe navigation of the Sound or Belts. I lay before you, herehith, sundry docu ments on the subject, :n which my views are more fully disclosed. Should no satisfactory arrangement be soon concluded, I shall again call your attention to the subject, witri re commendation of such measures as may ap pear to be required in order to ossert and se cure the rights of the United States, so far as they are affected by the pretensions of Den mark. FRANCE. I announce with much gratification, that since the adjournment of Congress, the ques tion, then existing between this government and that of trance, respecting the rrencn con aul at San Francisco, has been satisfactorily determined, and that the relation of the two governments contiuu to be of the most friend ly nature. GREECE. A auestion. also, which has been pending for several years between the United States and the kingdom of Greece, growing out of the sequestration, by public authorities of that country, of property belonging to the present American Consul at Athens, ana whicn had been the subject of very earnest discussion heretofore, has recently been settled to the satisfaction of the party interested and of both governments. SPAIN. With Spain, peaceful relations are still maintained, and some progress has been made in securing the redress ol wrongs complained of by this government. Spain has not only disavowed and disapproved the conduct of the officers, who illegally seized and detained tbe steamer Black Warrior at Havana, but has also paid the sum clnimvd as idemnity for the loss thereby inflicted on citizens of the United Slates. In consequence of a destructive hurricane, which visited Cuba in 1844, the supreme au thority of that island issued a decree, permit ting tbe importation, for the period of six months, of certain building materials and pro vivioni, free of duly, but revoked it when about half the period only had elapsed, to the injury of citizens of the United States, who had proceeded to act on tbe faith of that de cree. ThejSpaiiiah government refused indem nification to the parties aggrieved until recent ly, when it waa assented lo, payment being promised to be made so soon as tbe amount due can be ascertained. Satisfaction claimed for the arrest and search of the steamer El Dorado has not yet been ac corded, but there ia reason to believe thai (t will be, and that case, with others, continues to be urged on the attention of the Spanish government. I do not abandon the hope of concluding with Spain some general arrange ment, which, if it do not wholly prevent the reccurrence of difficulties in Cuba, will ren der them less fiequent, and whenever they shsll occur facilitate (heir more speedy settlement. MEXICO. The interposition of thia government has been invoked by many of lis citizens, on ac count of injuries done to their persons and property, for which Ihe Mexican republic is responsible. The unhappy situation of that country, for soma time past, ba not allowed its government to g ve due consideration to claims of private reparation, and ha appeared to call for and justify com forbearance in such matters cn Ihe part of this government. But, if the revolutionary movements, which have lately occurred in thot republic, and in Iheor ganizalion of a liable government, urgent ap peals lo it justice will then, be made, and, it may be hoped, with mccess, for ihe redress of iil coroplainla of our citizen. . , .. CINTHAI, ailKaiCA... ' ; k t In regard ba th Americsn republic, which, from their proximity and other considerations, have peculiar relations to thia government, while it has been my constant aim strictly to observe all the obligations of political friend ship and of good neigh Dorhoml, obstacles lo this have arisen in some of them, from their own insufficient power lo check lawless irrup tions, which In effect throws mosl of the tsk the United States. Thus it is that the dis tracted internal condition of the State ofNi- caragua has made it iucumbent on me to ap peal to the good faith of our citizens to at tain from unlawful intervention in ita affairs, and to adopt preventive measures to the same end, which, on a mmilar occasion, had the best results in reassuring th peace of the Mex can Stales ot Sonora and Lower California. TREATIES. Since the last session of Congress a treaty of amity, commerce, and navigation, and for the surrender ot fugitive criminals, with the kingdom of the Two Siscilies; a treaty of friendship, corsmeice and navigation with Ni caragua; and a convention ol commercial re ciprocitj ith tbe Hawaiian kingdom, have bean negotiated. The latter kinedom and the State of Nicaragua have also accorded lo a de duration, recognizing as international rigbls Ihe principles contained in the convention be tween the United States and Russia of the '2d of July. 1854. These treaties and con ventions will be laid before the ireuate for ratification. TREASURY. The statements made, in my Isst annual message, respecting the anticipated receipts and expenditures of the Treasury, have been substantially verified. It appears from the report of the Secretary of the Treasury, that the receipts during the last fiscal year ending June 30, 1S35, from all sources, wcte sixty-five million three thousand nine hundred and thirty dollars, and that the public expenditure for the same period, exclu aive of payments on account of the public debt, amounted to biiy-six million tbree hun dred and sixty-five thousand three hundred and ninety-three dollars. During ;he same pe noa, me payments matte in redemption ofthe public debt, including interest and premium, amounted to nine million eight hundred and forty-four thousand five hundred and twenty eicht dollars. The balance in the Treasury at the begin ning of tbe present fiscal year, July 1, 1855, was eignteen million niue nunureu anu tinny one thousand nine hundred and seventy-six dollars; the receipts for the first quarter, an ne estimated receipts tor trie remrimng three quarters, amount, together, to sixty-seven mil lions nine hundred ond eighteen thouson seven hundred and thirty-four dollars thu affording in all, a the available resources of the current fiscal year, the sum of eighty-six million eight hundred and fifty-six thousand seven hundied and ten dollars. If, lo the actual expenditures ofthe first quarter of the current fiscal year, be added the probable expenditures for the remaining three quarters, as estimated by the Secretary of the Treasury, the sum total will be seventy one million two hundred and twenty-six thou sand eight hundred and forty-six dollars, there by leaving an estimated balance in the treas ury on July 1, 1S56, of fifteen million six hun dred and twenty three thousand eight hundred and aixty-three dollars and forty-one cents. In the above estimated expenditures of the present fiscal year are included three million dollars to meet the last instalment of the ten millions provided for in the late treaty with Mexico, and sever, million seven hundred and fifty thousand dollars appropriated on account of the debt due to Texas, which two sums make an aggregate amount of ten millions seven hundied and fifty thousand dollars, and reduce the expenditures, actual or estimated, for ordinary objects of the year, to tbe sum of sixty million four hundred aud seventy-six thousand dollars. The amount or the public debt, at the com mencement or the present fiscal year, was forty million five hundred and eighty-three thousand six hundred and thirty one dollars, and deductions being made of subsequent pay ments, the whole publio debt of the federal government remaining at tbis time is less than forty million dollars. The remnsnt of certain other government slocks, amounting to two hundred and forty, trues thousand dollars, referred to in my last message as outstanding, has since been paid. I am fully persuaded that it would be dif ficult to devise a system superior to (hat, by which the fiscal business of the government is now conducted. Notwithstanding Ihe great number of public agents of collection snd dis bursement, it is believed that the checks pud guards provided, including the requirement of monthly leturns, rentier it scarcely possible for my considerable fraud on the part of those agents, or neglect involving hazard of serious public Kss, to escape detection. I renew, however, the recommendation, heretofore made by me, of the enactment of a law de claring it felony on the part of public officers to insert false entries iu their books of record or account, or to make faKe returns, and also requiring them on the termination of their service to deliver to their successors all books records, and other objects of a public nature in their custody. Derived as public revenue is, in chief part, from duties on imports, its magnitude affords gratifying evidence of the prosperity, not only of our commerce, but of the otbergreat inter ests upon which that depends. The principle that all money not required for the current expenses of the government should remain for active employment in the hands ofthe people, and the conspicuous fatft that the annual revenue from all sources ex ceeds, by many millions of dollars, the amount needed for a prudent and economical adminin- nation of public affaiis, cannot fait to suggest uia propriety or eariy revision and recuc tmn ol the tanu of duties on imports. It is now genernlly Conceded that (he purpose of revenue alone can justify the 'imposition of u ucs on nnpurrs, inai, in re-aujusting the import tables and schedules, which unques tionably require essential modifications, a de parture nom me principle or the presen( tar iff is not anticipated. ARMY. The armv, during the past year, bos been actively engaged in defendmgthe Indian fron tier, the state of the service permitting but few and small garrisons in our permanent fcr tifjeations.' Tha additional regiments author ized at the last session of Congress have h.n recruited and organized, and a large portion of me iroop nave ajreauy been sent to the field. All the duties, which devolve an the milifry establishment, have baen satisfactorily per formed, and the. dangera and privation inci dent to Ihe character of Ibe service required of our troops have furnished additional evi dence of their courage, zeal, and capacity to meet any requisition, which their country may make upon them. For lha detail of (he mili tary operations, (he distribution of the troops, aud additional provision required for the mili tde pruinrrnt. publishedcvcry Thursday morning in'.). (.Id Uasou o Ha l, ecotitl story of the buck build up west of C. Vauausdsl & Co'i (lore, Main Street, Eaton, Ohio, at the folio ire rates s 11:50 per annum, in advance. $-00. not paid within the year, and 82:50 after the year baa expired. 7"Thes rates will be rigidly enforced. Nu paper discontinued until all arrearages are paid unless attbe option of the publitbtr. CTNo communication inserted, unless ac companied bj a responsible name. tary service, I refer to the report of the Secre tary of VV arand the accompanying documents. experience, garnered irom events which hove transpired since my last annual messnge, has but served to confirm tbe opinion then ex pressed of the propriety of making ptoviiun, , by a retired list, tor disabled ollicers, and Tor increased compensation to the officers retained on the list for active duty. All the reason which existed, when these measures were re commended on ' former occasions, continue without modification, except so far as circum stances bsve given to them additional force. The recommendations, hereioiore mane tor a - partial reorganization of the army, are also re newed. .The thorough elementary tfiucalioii given to those otlcer, who commence their service with the grade ofcadet, qualifies them, to a considerable extent, to perioral the duties of every arm of the service; but to give the. highest efficiency to orlillery,requires the prac tice and special atudy of many years; and it is not, therefore, believed lo be advisable to maintain, in lime of peace, a larger force that arm than can be usually employed in the du ties appertaining to the service of field and siege artillery. The duties of the stall' in all its various branches, belong to tbe movements of the troops, and the efficienry of an ormy in the field would materially depend upon the ability with which those duties are discharged. It ia not, as in the case ot the artillery, a speciality, but requires, also, an intimate knowledge of the duties of an oflictrol the line, and it is not doubted, that to complete the education of on officer for eitt.er the line or the general staff, it is desirable that be shall have served in both. With this view, it was recommended on a former occasion that the duties of the staff should bo mainly per formed b delailsfrom the line; aud, with con viction ol the advantages winch would result from such a change, it is again presented for Ihe consideration cf Congress. NAVY. The report of the Secretary of the Navy, herewith subrrilted, exhibits in full the naval operations of tbe past year, together with tbe present condition of tbe service, autl it makes suggestions of further 1 tgislu'.ion, to which your intention is invited. The construction of the six steam frigates, for which appropriations were made by the last Congress, has proeetded in the moit sat isfactory manner, and Willi such expeditions as to warrant the belief that they will bo ready Tor service early the coming spring. Im portant as this addition to our naval force is, it still remains inadequate to Ihe contingent exigencies of the protection of the. extensive sea coast and vast comn.eminl interests of the United Slates. In view of this foct, and of the acknowledged wisdom of the policy of n gradual and systematic increoseof the navy, art appropriation is recommenJed for tbe construc tion of six steam sloopa-of war. In regard to the steps taken in execution of the act of Congress to promote the efficiency of the navy, it is unnecessary for me lo say more than to express entire concurrence in Ibe ob servations on that subjtt presented by tho Secretary in his report. POST OFFICE. It will be perceived, by the report of the Postmaster General, that the gross expendi ture of the department for the last fiscal year was nine million nine hundred and sixty-eight thousand three hundred and fourly two dollars, and the gross receipts seveu million three hun dred and forty two ihousund one hundred anil thirty six dollars, making an excess of expend ilure over receipts of two million six hundred and twenty six thousand two hundred and six dollars; that the cost of mail transportation during that year was six hundred and seventy four thousand nine hnndred and fifty-two dol lars gieater than the previous year. Much of the heavy expenditures, to which the Treasury is thus subjected, is to be ascribed to the large quantity of printed matter conveyed ly the mails, either franked, or liable to no post age by law, or to very low rates of postage' compared with that charged on letters; and to the great cost ol mail service on railroads' and by ocean steamers. The suggestions of Ihe Postmaster General on the subject de serve the consideration of Congress. INTERIOR. The report ofthe Secielory of the Interior will engage your attentioon, ss well for use ful suggestions it contains, as for the interests and importance uf tbe subject to which they refer. The aggregate amcunt of public land sold during the last fiscal year, located with mili tary scrip or land warrants, taken up under grants for roads, and selected as swamp! lands by Slntes, is twenty-four million five hundred snd fifiy-seven thousand four hundred and niue acies ; of which the portion sold was fifteen million seven hundred and twenty nine thousand five hundred and twenty-four acres, j ielding in receipts tbe sum of eleven million'four hundred and eighty-five thousand three hundred and eighty dollars. In the same period of lime, eight million seven hundred and twenty-three thousand eight hundred and fifty-four acres have been surveyed; but, iu consideration of the quantity already subject to entry, no additional tracts have been brought inlo market. Tbe peculiar relation ofthe general govern ment to tbe District of Columbia renders it proper to commend to your care not only its mateiial, but also its moral interest.' including education, more especially in those ports of the district outside of the cities of Washing ton and Georgetown. The commissioners appointed to revise and codify the laws of the District have made such progress in the performance of their task, as lo insure its completion in the time prescribed by the act of Congress, Information has recently been reeelredtha't the peace of the jcttlrment in the Territories of Oregon and Washington is disturbed ly hostilities on the port ofthe Indians, with in dications of extensive combinations of a hos tile character among tbe tribes in that quarter the more serious in their possible effect by reason of the undetermined foreign interest existing in those Territories, lo which vour at tention haa already been especially "invited. Efficient measure, have been takenwhich, it ,s believed, w,l restore quiet, and afford pro tection to our citizen. 1 .,!.Bni81Ie"it,0,, 0f Ktns thtM h'e b St.S:C',al 10 "!. b''t . yel none hate accuned under circumstances to justify the interposition of the federal Executive.- federal aw, or of organized resistance lo ter ritornl law, assuming iho ehor.cter ef insur rection, wbieb, if itsboaid occur, it wculd be TL du.,yP'onl'"1y to overcome and suppress, i cherish the hope, however, that the occur rence Of any such untoward event will be pre vented by the sound sense of Ihe people of the th right to determine lUir own domesiio in Btitutisu, are entitled, while deponing Ihem selvea peaflly, to,tie free tx,cuie of ,al right, and must be protected iu lha njoymtitt