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8 r . ' tt i : .1 ... :. I- ; -. . i. VOL. VII. NO. 193. NEW SERIES. COLUMBUS. OHIO. SATURDAY EVENING. JANUARY 19. 1861. IB DOLLARS PE3 TXAB, InTB.ria.bly Adraae. a. - me 10 --v. - V 1i)t (Dijia ' Statesman DAILY. TEI-WEEILY AND WEEKLY MANYPEY&MILLER, pomrsM ns and proprietors, iCT OBt Hon. 80, 88 and 40, Horth High 8t. YSKJlb IN VARUM 7 IN ADVANOB. trolly - $8 00 per year. Bv the Csrribr. per week, MV5 cents. IiIAVsjHV S uu par year. Weekly 1 00 rrin : AdvertiMlMK bf tne Hquare. L , ue; r I yf li . . . (20 00 On riuar 3 weekt. .14 00 On " wekl..3U0 On " 1 week... 1 7S mount Ul 11 6 nionthi IS 00 Jnionthi 10 00 1 month! U 0 1 mnotli. 5 00 Jut ji. , lit One " 3dayt... I 00 Ono " 8dayl... 7S On " 1 Inaurtlon so : vuplayd avertiinnfuU half more tbtn the abov "i'dyrr.rwnent. Uadbd and placed lu the column Of r!u Nullcea," tfpaoie is oratnary rmot. n: ,i..ii(jiciilrec. to be publlihod by lw, legal rate. It jred on tlielniiaeexciuuviiy aiier intunum uci vtr.. s-nru than tii above rami! nt an men wil r in iho Trl-n eeklv without charge Sn.loe.e Cards, cot exceeding live line, per ear, to tde, ti 50 per Una; outiide Noilteiof metjllufio, chr.ritablat ocletlct, Are companies, ft.'., hair prro. AUtntrtltnt adrtrttitmtnt mwl M paid far tn rs ruin win not ba varied from. Weekly, iwe price aetho Daily, where iht adyertlttr tti tie Weekivalon. v nere 'no uauy mu irmii ' an .tb nU, tben th. eharg In-the Weekly will be al the rate oi tno uauy No advertliemmt taken except for a definite period BUSINESS CARDS. EAGLE. BRASS YVOKKS, Comer Npilnit k Water St., OolumtoUB, OHIO. W. B. POTTS & CO., MAOZZINISTS, And BUdu facta re rf of llrftM And Oompoi.tlon OutlDgt, 0;i.t....l Umb 1VnLr tit nil hwuflntintiB- Electro Plating and Gilding!! STENCIL CUTTING, &C. feblMO-dly A RESIDENT DENTIST. ALL. TIlONKKEUf ItUNOTIIESEIl Tice of a Dentinal, and fsvorlne Dr. B. with thf Ir patronafre mny rely on harlnK jatUtactton glTn . Tae fM) will be roiu'.rtMt on the eooiple'lon of an operation. . 0Si four Ujort North of the American llctel, over Rudiaill's Mat Store. Colorohni Jan 7-1l . p. a. b. smzi&a, Attorney txt JLmc-w AND NOTARY PUBLIC. OEoc Aai'v.i HulHir-g, oppoilte 0;:ltol Eqaare. ooi.cMBca. onio. UOliUMHUH Machlnr- Masufactnrins Csnipauy yy HauuraCTUtrai or STEAM ENGINES & BOILER?, JJaitLiffj, Kill Osarinj, Hnchlntry. JLTttvilsroctca. Worls. c rvxstr crscaimoi. coLiiMnrs, onio. OHA8. iilbOS, t-2i t P. MB0B,.Treu deoll. IH-W-tf MILLINERY GOODS. S20,000W0RTH t OF . Millinery' and Fancy Goods RJl. WAUF. WOULD RESPECT. fully Inform the Cltlteni of Cjlam'uui exd Vi cinity that til Block or FALL AHD WIKTE3 KIXLnTCRY 13 NOW OOMTLETS, Aud fcolng particularly desirous of y reducing: hl stock immvdl X ntely, be -.rill Sell, ., ; FROM TUS DATE, AT . CREATtY REDUCED PRICES. ;Leaca.l.e-js, Y 0 0 CAN GET ' ; ! Bargains ! Bargains ! Bargains! By Calling AND EXAMINING JI1S STOCK!! 1R SELLS EVERY VARIETY OF MILLINERY & FANCY GOODS .... TOOETHEH WITH A Large Stock of Notions, &0 , &0. ' rrpirloe mu and cball be aatia , . factory. - calITat R. H. Ware's ' BONNET ROOMS, ho. 08 east town the ex, OOXjXJIVII3TJO, OHlo. oISM3fa - . M. M. POWERS & BRO ' " DCALtal IN WFOKTID 4!in DOM8T10 1'IOIKN. . - tOBAOOO.- ' ANt I AUTI01E8 Mo. 11 East Stat) Street, txlireen nigh and ' th Poit-OISc,0olumbui. Ohio. ' O0J:UUib "lOLDEN Hll l. HIKTS, ii QOLBES HILI. 8H1HTB, J;.' 7 .- OOIiDHM BIIiL SHIRTS. The Mttm of tha ahlri ar ntV. Th BftdlSI. Yokas, . , (lvt ana baton n formed to fit th peraos with taw and contort. Th mark upon' rich on detlgsatlnt; th tit may b relied on a twine cornet, and eachahlrt Is . luaraotead well mad. . A. full stock of all -qualities ., '. soDttantlr for aal at . . ' BAIN'H, V . a org. . " ' Wo; W Sonlh High itraet. '". T?ANCV BKEM RHK1,' 1 J . VANQY PRESS BILKS, 1 FANCY DH8S8 ilLM. '-- Wa an now o3erlni oar Immt ni oek f Inr'T)rM Alike at nrlaaa lete IhtB Tr beier affand In thla ell. Th atwutlon of th ladlea of thlt elty and Tloinlty la aolwlted, ai onr ttoca ia Tory to rest ana complete in til gradetof good la this line. rTitB4i, , bot4. N. M tooth High etreet.' Eor MedlcaL Porposa. i iTJlta BRANCCIEJ. WI5E9. CORDIALS, AND BIT aas, trail "Bonded Warcnona " ' net. nouunaiJi, or27 . lOd Booth Ulgh ih Itreel. fALTFJi: St TIIHEAD LACE MITTS JUL of elegant' qualities tot Ladlei alao, Mime' Mitts a gra Tanety at ... . .- mi taayf) -.- ANNUAL PROSPECTUS WEEKLY ONE DOLLAR PREMIUMS FOR CLUBS ! ! THE WEEKLY OHIO STATESMAN IS FEINTED OH Ji. 2SL JTMLTSktL O I" DE3! SHEET, AT THE LOW RATE OF; ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR! " PAYABLE IN ADVANCE. It ia an old and reliable Democmtio Journal, and, m h political paper, 1m No Superior in Ohio or any other State! n addition to Its political obaraotor, It is a tint class newspapc , furnishing its readers with the GENERAL NEWS OF THE DAY, An epitome of the stirring event constantly occurring at home and abroad, and choice misc! laneons seleotiona. It also gives the latest and most reliable From all the prinoipal marts of Trade and Commerce. The Business Alan, (ho Mechanic, the Farmer and (he Laborer Will each find their tastes and interests consulted and attended to in the columns of THE WEEKLY STATESMAN. During the session of Congress and the Ohio Legislature, the readers of the Wceelt Smiu man will be furnished with a concise report of the doings of eaoh of those bodies. During the past year, the circulation of the Weekly Statesman has increased very rapidly, being now more than double what it was twelve months ago. It is our desire to extend its cir culation, not only in Ohio, But in all the States and Territories West of TJs! In proportion as It is diffused among the people, its nsefulness will be increased; and we invite our political and personal friends to aid us in giving to the WnEi Statesman u The Largest Possible Circulation Among the people. The price of the paper is so low that no Democrat need bs Without it. As an inducement to friends to aid us in increasing the circulation of the Wseext Statesman, we will give A PREMIUM OF THIRTY DOLLARS To the person who will, by the 1st day of January, 1861, send as the largest Club of yearly subscriber, with the cash fur the aame; TWENTY DOLLARS to the person who sends us the second largest Club of subscribers as aforesaid; TEN DOLLARS to the person who sends us the third largest Clnb of subscribers as aforesaid; and to each person who sends as a Club of ten yearly subscribers, with tlio cash for the same, we will send a copy of the Weekly Statesman One Year without Charge! (P Those who are willing to compete for the Premiums, or solicit subscribers for the States man, can out this Prospectus out of the paper and attach to it a strip of writing paper, on which to record the names of all persona who may become subscribers. MAffYPENNY & MILLER, rusLisnsns onio statesman. OF THE 10 S 1 1 . FEB ANNUM ! NAMES. STONE'SBAZAAR. IsTo. 4: Grwvnne- Block. A. P. STONE & O'HARRA ABEIVOWRECEIVINOTIIEIR WIN TER GOODS, and loTlt in pabli to loepect theji. No inch ainck of Oood hu Tr been brouiht to thltmarkrt. Th Booth, in conteaucDC of Iht f.lluie of th grain crop, hu not bean able to purcbate th ua- naiquaotitir or ncn good, ana uiti rtctnasrorcea th Importers to tell them at publlo anotion. Our bajer (Mr. Stone) being In New York at thee large aalci, took drantar of them, and we oan and will tail onr good here, at let than any one wbopnrchind two wtoknince, paid for them In New York. Onr ttock U complete In ererj department of ELEGANT DRE33 SILKS, OTTOMAN VELOURS, BROCHE VALBNCIAS, PRINTED MEBINOS, PRINTED CODURGS. DYED COBOGSs BLACK ALPACAS, ORLEANS, FANCY WOVEN FABRICS, ALL WOOL DELAINES, POPLINS, PRINTS, DELAINES. SHAWLS AND CLOAKS! Five Thausand .Dollars Worth Bought in One Day, At ono ball the Coat of Impoitauca. LADIES' FURS, In all Varieties, o( the Celebrate! mannfatnre of C. O. Oun there Sc. Son. HOSIERY DEPARTMENT, - Men's, tadles and Children Under Bhlrts and Drawert; Ladlet, Mlteea and Children' iloelery or all kind,, In Wool and Lamb's Wool; Fleecy Lined end Cotton Otero of trery make. ALSO A complete assortment of all the rsual varie ties of r - LADIES' CLOTHS, CAS3IMERES, t TWEEDS, FLANNELS, RIBBONS, DRESS TRIMMINGS, Ladies and Gent's Linen Cambrlo Hand , kercniefi, &o.,. &o. To ntrinna wha eall on ni. wa tiled ire out word, to bow them the largest, brat and cbcapcat dock of Oood ever ten la this market, or pay them on dollar par hour while looking. . aeci-aiytaltw. biuas m u uinu. GENUINE FAMILY LIQUORS. WM. B.' MOREHOUSE & CO., : i Importars and Wholetalstitalersla Brand ies, ' Wines,' Gins and Begars beg 1t to tall the attention of the olttatnt of the Uni ted Bute to their Fur Wine and Liquor, put up us f their wa .upenrl.lon, for Family and Medical n.e. In aatorted to ault euitomere. Club, Military and other publlo bodies, who require to pnichai In larg or email quantitlat, In eaakaor bottle, will he liberally dealt with. Friv tlt lent on ayplloation. , OLD MOREHOUSE BITTERS. ''Becomtnetded by the flrttphytlelans as th bnt reme dy known for Dyapepala, Indlgeetlon, Debility, and all Perron Dleette. At a bererage, It I pur, whole tome, and delicious to th taste. Bold by all Druggiiti. I :- . WM. B. MOREHOUSE 00., Prop'ra, ; .1 n.,4-i ;..--. .- I St t Esohaog Place, 1 ' '.j, I?" Jeiwey City, K. J. Th tAcrlbtr wlih to enrage a few act (t men, aaLooal an Trailing AgenUfor their kotu, to wnom liberal maocemenu will s onereo. wot pariw Blar. d4ri a abor. T oot30-dSa liWi.V. WilCill ' HV X? arnr atyteti tBlhboa Bound, Bxtenilonanl Ia-dlantansat- ik . . . . BAIN'S , ntMAV Mm m-mn mm mm ' mayw . ....... no. (V bowui aiuje want NAMES. Firo Insuxanco! LIVERPOOL AND LONDON Fire & Life Insurance Co. 37 Caitle itreet llrernool. 20 and 91 Poullry, London. Offlca, SO Wall and 01 Fin atreeli, New York. THOMAS HOODIE, Agent, Columbus, Ohio. Paid up Capltnl, Nnrplue and Heeerred rtinds (0,0(10,585 Inweaied Inthle Country over.. 800, j'0 nearly Hovoimo, over 8,600,000 IOThe Shareholder personally retpocilble for en gagemenlaof thaCompaoy. All Director mntt ba Share holders. Directors and Shareholder In Now York: James Brown, Esq., Chairman, Iran sit Cottenet, Siq., Deputy Ohairman. E. M. Aroh!bald,n. B. M. Consul, liueen Datllh, liq. Joteph Oalllard. Jr.Eiq. II. Ortnnell, Kiq. Alexander Hamilton. Jr., Eiq. E. F. Bandanon, Eiq. Alu. Hamilton, Jr., Esq., Counul of th Boaid. Alt rid Ttih, Eiq , Rildent Secretary. Local Board In Cincinnati: N. W. Thnma. Eiq. J. D. Jone,E,q. RufusKIng, Eiq. Thompion Neare, Eiq. Bob't Buchanan, Eiq. Th andnlirned, Agent In this city, will be happy to recelr applicatlona for Ininrano In th abor Company, AT THE CITY BAKE. II can recommend It with entlr oonflilence to all dtilr oua of obtaining protection agaimtL03a BY FIEE. No Charge f&r Pollclee. E07l8-tf TH08.M00PIE. HOLIDAYS. FANCIES. Such arlloles a you duirt for your RUSSAN V Such at you nttd for your WIFE. Such at tnpfoptr for your DACOQTXB. Such u your SISTEB will prattt yn for. Such at your BROTHER canvtt. Such st you want for THS ONE YOU LOTS BEST.' Such ss will be good for th(" BLESSED BABY." Such u all trat for, Hay be fonnd In rarlety, In my new atock of WATCHES, CHAINS, JEWKLKT, PLATED GOODS, And general auortment of Fancy and Useful Articles. WM. BLYNN, No. 10 Buckeye AllooU. Hrr-cmber, 16C0. FAnilliY FLOUH. "yyillTK WHEAT, BHANDEll "SNO wFLAKE, From "Barnett Mill," SprlngBald, 0. th bait brand of Flour brouiht to our market, flatltfactlon guaranteed. For aula only at WM. McDON ALD'B, noru iuu Bonui uign nreei. HoHdav Presents. OA EICON, DeEAIlVES, ItlKIUNO", CHSMTZCSI, UHKSS SIluKM, anrt all kinds of fashionable "Winter Drees Q-oodo. we are nowofferlngat very lowprlce. decfil. No. S9 Souih Hlub itreet. Save Your Money. T AM NOW RECEIVING SCBSCRIP- J. tlons for all th Magailnea and Literary papers In tne country ana out or it; among in former, in uorn- hill. Tamnl Ra. tha All.nLia. Uamflf. flnriav PetArann. KnlckerboOker, fioleotio, Blackwood, th Britl.h Quarter. He, c, ao. Bnbacrlbera can get them EAULIER, CHEAPER and fre of Poitere, by tending their Bru crlpttont through m. RIODARD KaNNBDY, decU . . 17 8Ute itreet. WatcheB and Jewelry. A FINE ASSORTMENT OF WATCH ei, Olockt, Jewelry, BIlTtrware, Ac, kept eooitant 7 on hand at 1 It. KIRKPATMOK'S. No. ICS, Sonth High Btreet, Oolumbu, 0 IET Watches and Jewelry repaired. . . deol d3n. GETLKraN8 NECK 1 1U, , . . OBNTLBHEN'S NHCK TIES. GENTLT.UEN'a NECKTIES. Th aott deniable auortment la th elty and atnnunJ- lylowprlcoi. " rETEn BAIN, ngrt. - Ne. 89 South Ulgh itreet T?EEGANT PLAIN BLACK. SILKS FOB Hi btreet Bueiue. and atantlM; alto, Bleb Trlmmla and Tamalt to match, at , , BAIN ttarSS ... ". A PPLGS! APPLKBI V loo bblt. Chole Appi noetved ea eontlrnmeat for SSI by MettEB a BBBTIB4DX, ,. - M N. High etroet TXBHB. Daily: per ear. 6 00 Tn Weekly, per .ar 3 OM Weekly, par yea I 00 SPEECH OF HON. S. COX, OF OHIO, Delivered in the House of Representatives, January 14, 1861. January 14, 1861. Mr. Cox's Plea for Conciliation and Nationality. Mr. COX. Mr. Chairman. I onook fmn, .nt for the capital of the greatest of the States of tno great w esc. That potential seotton Is be gnlunlnp; to be appalled at tbe colossal strides of revolution. It has Immense interests at stake in this Union, as well from its position as its power and patriotism. We have had Infi delity to the Union before; bat never in such a icanui nuape. we Baa H in tbe East during the late war with England. Even so late as the admission of Texas, Massachusetts resolved herself out of the Union. That resolution has never been repealed; and one would infer from much of her conduct, that she did not regard herself as bound by our covenant Since 1856, in the North, we have had infidelity to tbe Union, more by Insidious Infractions of the Con stitution, than by open rebellion. Now, sir as acVAsrqueoee, in part.ol these very infractions, we have rebellion itself, open and daring, In terrific proportions, with dangers eo formidable as to seem almost remediless. From the lime I took my seat this session, I nave acted and voted in every way to remove tho causos of discontent and' to Rtnn Oia n.A B.. v. ...viuuuu. n ma laresaoia, I voted to raise the committee from each State; and I voted against excusing the members who sought to withdraw from it, beoause I believed tben, that such a committee patriotloally con stituted, as I believe it was, had in itmuohof hope and safety; and because, to excuse mem bers from service on it, upon the grouud of se cession, was to recognize the heresy. I am reidy to vote now for any salutary measure which will bring peace and preserve tbe Unioo. He rodotus relates that when Mardonius was en camped in BBJOtW, before the battle of Plata, be and fifty of his oflloers were invited to meet tbe same number of Thebans at a banquet, at which they reclined in pairs, a Peisian and a Theban upon each couch. During the enter tainment one of the Persians, with many tears, predicted to bis Tbeban companion the speedy and utter destruction of the invading army, and when asked why be used no Influence with Mardonius to avert It, be answered : '"When on wolud glv Wlhful counieL nobody 1 wll ling to teller him. Although many of u. Pfan$ are aw of th end we are coming to, w .till go on. be eaui. w are bound to our dtulny ; and thlt U the Very hlttereit of a man't grief, to tea clearly, bat hive no power to do anything at all." Ibolieve, sir, that tbe events now transpiring are big with disaster to my country. I nave done my humble part for years to prevent them; but I do not see now that anv cffjrt on m n... DrAaa a R..Ali.tlnn A. . u - .1 . ' . can avail, and this is thefcbttterest of a man's grief. It Is in each a peril as this that the heart spontakeoualy prays for a nearer commu nication with a divino prescience. We Ions fur some direetioo from a superior power, in whose great mind the end is seen from the beginning. At least one might with for some magic mirror of Merlin, in which to see the foea of ocr country spproach, so as rightly to guard Bgsioat IUCIU. Four States have, in so far aa they could, bv iL.:. . . ... r . luon u.u rnnu, Bcpantteu irora our federal Union. This is one of tbe stern facts which this Consrress has to eneoanter. The Govern ment is passing through one of those historic epoens moment to an nationalities. Our oros perity baa made na proud, rich, intolerant, anrl sl-euffloin'j and therefore proa. 40 be rebe 1 fo0. we bare waxed fat are doing well "tempestuously weii.,- Ascending to the height 01 a aauouai gtory, mrougn a national nnuy, we are in denser of fallinar by our own diaxi. ness. We are called upon to break down and thrust aside the very mentis of our ascent the ConttltaUoniteell! Ia such time, the bitter crimination and vain threats and insults of party and of sections are out of place. They should not turn the people of the North from doing their whole du ty tothe South: nor tbe South from a more do- libreate review of its past, and a more pruden- tiu view or ua perilous future, no man hag the rlcht to say or do aueh t that will further ex . asperate tbe public sentiment of the South. No good man in the worth can oppose any measure of honorable recs!9ion from wrong. 1 oannot speak of South Carolina In the tone and temper of some. She has been a part of our national life. Her blood is In our velcs; her Marions, Sumters, and Pinckneys, are ours. Eutaw, Cowpens, and Camden; are they not a pare of that glory, wblob no more can bs separated from tbe Union than the dawn from the sun? Whatever may be our indignation against her, or our duty to ourselves, let us remember that publio senti ment la not to be reaobed by threat er denun ciation. Our Government depends for its exe-' cutlou on publlo sentiment. To that sentiment alone, in its calmer mood, are we to look lor a restoration of a better feeling. When that feel, lug comes, it will be hailed like tbe sea-bird which visited tbe sea-tossed cararol of Colum bus aa tbe harbinger ol a firm-set footing be yond! Other facts of a similar perilous character will soon transpire. Georgia, Texas, and Lou isiana, will assuredly follow tbe erratio course of South Carolina. This fact must soon be en countered. South Carolina has been singing her Marseillaise, and the waves of the Gulf make accordant musio in tbe revolutionary an them. It but echoes tbe abolition of tbe North and West; for scaroely had the song died away on the shores of Lake Erie, before South Caro lina took it up with a wilder chores! Extremes thus meet. Extremes north have aided, if not conspired, with extremes south, In tbe work of disintegration. That work will go on. I know that we are very slow to believe In any sign cf dissolution. We have faith ia our luok. We have trust in a certain Inventive faculty, which has never yet failed us, either in mechanical or political expedients. Our politics are plastio to emer gencies. Still I must warn the people of Ohio that it la the well-grounded fear, almost the foregone conclusion of the patriotic statesmen here, that the work of breaking up will go on, until the entire South thall be arrayed against the entire North. In view of these facts, I will discuss these propositions: 1. That secession ts not a right in any possi ble relation in which It oan be viewed; to toler- eve it In theory or practice, is moral treason to patriotism and good government. 3, That while it may not Involve suoh direful consequences as other resolutions, still it Is rev olution. 3. That every effort of conciliation should be exhausted to check it, before force is applied. 4. That if the North does not do ber part fully In recession from aggression, it will be imnosaible to untie the northern people, or any portion of the southern people, n repressing ee- C66610D ... T 5. That if the South will make a patient en deavor, equal to the great occasion, to secure hnr rlohu in tne union, t oeueve in at sue win succeed; and if she la then repulsed, It will be impossible for ber to receive anv detriment irom the North; but she will depart In peace. . 6. If she go inconsiderably, aa some Slates are going, the country may incur the' fearful hazard of war. 1 7. If the South press tbe one hard overmas tering question upon the North, and follow It up with seizure of forts and revenue, oannonadlng of our vessels and other aggressive acts, with out giving an opportunity for conciliation, there will be no power in tbe conservatism of the North to restrain tbe people. No sacrifice will be considered too great to make la the protec tion and defense ofthe Union. 1. a Tk.t tn th npAunt atatfl of facta. BO lanff as the revenues oan be collected on land or sea, and the forts and harbors ean be commanded by I tbe Federal Government, that Government mutt be, as to these matters, the Government at facta as well as it jure; and that so long as this sfofut can be maintained by tbe Executive, It should be done by all tbe legal forces ofthe Government. 9. Only when revolution becomes so formi dable as to be Irreslstable, would it be proper to Inquire whether coenon would not be bote, suicidal to the Union and criminal te mankind. I would not exaggerate tbe fearful eonse- qenoes of dissolution. It is tbe breaking up of afederative Union; but it is not like the break ing up of society. It is not anarchy. A link may fall Irom the chain, and the link may still be 'perfect, though the chain have lost its length and its airengtb. In tbe uniformity, of commercial regulations, In matters of war and peaoe, postal arrangements, foreign relations, ooinsge, copy-rights, tariff, and other Federal and national affairs, this great Government may be broken; but In most of tbe essential liberties and rights for which Goverment is the agent to establish and protect, tbe seceding State has 00 revolution, and the remaining States can have none. This arrises from that refinement of our policy whioh makes tbe State the basis of our instituted order. Greece was broken by the Persian power; but her municipal institu tions remained. Hungary has lost ber national crown; but ber borne institution 1 remain. South Carolina may preserve ber constituted domestic authority; but she must be content to glimmer obscurely remote, rather than shine and revolve la a coosteuacea Dana, one even goes out bv the ordinance of a so-called aover eign convention, content to lose, by her Isola tion, that youtntui, vehement, exultant, progres slvo life, which la our nation alitt! She lore. goea tbe hopes, the boasts, tbe flag, the muiic, all the emotions, all tbe traits, and all the en ergies, which, when combined in our United States, have won our victories In war and our miracles of national advancement. Her Go?. ernor, Colonel Pickens, in bis lnaugnral, re- gretfuliy'looks back upon tne inheritance south Carolina bad in the common glories and tri umphant power of this wonderful Confederacy, and fails to nnd lsneuaee to express tbe feel Ings ot the human heart as he turns from the contemplation." The ties ot Drothernood, in. teresta, iinetge, and mstory ar can to ne sever ed. No longer are we to salute a south Carolini an with tbe "idm untentiam di rrpubliea," which makes unity and nationality. What a prettigt and glory are here dimmed and lost in tbe contaminated reason ot man I Can we realize It? Ia It a masquerade, to last for a night; or a reality to be dealt with, with the world'a reugh passionate handling lit la sad and had enough; but let us not overtax our anxieties about it as yet. It ts not the san guinary regimen of the trench revolution; not the rule ol aesigoats and guillotine; not tbe cry of "Vivent U$ Rouget! A mort It gtn- darmtiV but as yet, I hope I may say, tbe peaceful attempt to withdraw from the burdens and bonefits of the Republic. Thus it is unlike every other revolution. Still it is revolution. It may. accordine as it la managed, involve consequences mors terrific than any revolution since Government Degan. If the federal Government Is to be maintain ed, its strength must not be frittered away by conceding tbe theory of secession. To concede secession as a right, is to make Its pathway one or roses, ana not 01 moms. 1 wouia not make its pathway so easy. If the Government has anv strength for its own preservation, the peo ple demand It should be put forth In Its civil and moral forces. Dealing, however, with a sensi tive public sentiment, in whlcb this strength reposes, it must not be rudely exercised. It should be tbe Iron band In a g'ove of velvet Firmness should be allied with kindaess. Power should assert its own prerogative, but la the name of law and love. If these elements are not thus blended In our policy, aa the Executive proposea, our Government will prove either a garment of shreds or a coat of mail. We want neither. Our forts have been seized; our property la ken: our titer torn down; our laws defied: onr Jurlsdition denied; aod, tbat worst phase ol rev oiution. cor snin sent unaer our nte to me re lief of a soldier doing his duty, fired upon and refused an entrance at one 01 our own harbors. Would that were all! Tbe President Informs us, in his last message, (bat- In StitesurtfcA Artwnof ItctiUd. theforla. arienali. and magazine! of the Vol'ed Btatei have been lelied Tul.i by far th moitterlou nap which hu bean taken lino the commencement of th trouble!. Thl publlo properly hu long bean left without ganlioni and trooni for lta protection, becauie no peraon doubted ita tecurtiy under the Big of tht country In all the 8tala of th On ion. Be.ldei, our imall army hat tcarcely been ennui- lent to guarl ourramote frontier agajiat th Indian in- cunioni. The aeiauraor tnu property, from all appear iace, hi been purity aggrutivi, and not in rtsii tanc to any atumpt to overc a dial or Statu to ri miininti Cnio." All tbat the President has done ia defenalvet all that he baa resisted has been aggressive. He proposea no aggression ; nor would 1 favor It. - He would maintain tho laws and property; what else can be do 7 These facts have to be met bow 7 Bv the conquest of all the people of a State 1 By the declaration and wager of war 1 I answer, by the enforcement ol tbe laws and tbe protection of our property in a constitutional manner. This is the answer I have already voted in this House, lu voting for tho resolution of the gen tleman irom New Jersey. But la it asked, how will you enforce tbe lawa and keep forts and property, without war 1 I will answer s first, repeal here every law making ports of entry at tbe recusant cities or towns; and thus avoid as much trouble as possible. That is in our power Second, libel and oonfisoate in admiralty every vessel which leaves such ports without tbe Fed eral clearance. Third, collect the revenue and preserve the property, and only use auch force aa will maintain the defensive. But again It la asked, la not thla coercion against a Government it facto, established by the consent of all the people of a Slate under an assumed legal rightt answer, South Carolina Is not it facto the the Government at to thttt Federal matter, so long as tho Federal Government can hold her harbors, shut in her ships, and collect the reve nue. Who can deny that proposition 7 But still It is asked, will not the use of force in executing the laws, and preserving our prop erty, result in oivil war? Is thereany practical difference between the enforcement of the law when resisted by so large an aggressive power, and the aotual state of war? Here ia the Sphinx of our present anomalous situation. I do not choose now to say what I will do. In case a cer tain result followt tbe performance of present duty I It la enough for me to now to-do the duty oftthe present. But that judgment which makes no disciininatlon between tbe enforce ment of the laws and defense of property, and tbe aotual state of war, must be palsied by un due fear of consequences. There is nothing more plainly dlsolcguished In the books, and la experience, tban the difference between the civil authority, and the war-making power. Tree, tbe military arm may be Invoked to aio the civil authority, but it must be subordinate to it in many most essential particulars. It la then tbe sword of the magistrate, and not of the soldier. Says Chief Justice Taney, In the Rhode Island case; "Unqantlonably, a Stat may tut It milltaiy power io pat aown a armeu in.urrvgiioQ 100 iirong to be con trolled by th civil authority. Ih power I atnllal to th txlilcne of ovary QoTeroment; ewentlal to lb pre lemllon of order and fre Inatltutioa. and ia a nece a rr to th State of thil Union, a to an other Qjr.m m;nt.7 Howard, 4J. Thla Government has bad Insurrections and haa quelled tbem by the civil authority, with the aid of the militia, and without martial law. The Shay i rebellion and tbe western insurrec tion ware put down by tbe pom eomitatut, the writ 01 htoeai carpus was not suspended by tbe United States. But even in extreme cases, where the President may call out tbe militia to suppress actual array and violonce, without a law Of Congress authorising It, the force wsa only to be nsed with a view to cause the laws to be duly executed. All arrests were made nnder civil authority. Trials were had as In civil cases. In Pennsylvania, In 1793, the expedition was not In Its nature belligerent; but It was to assist the marshal, (7 Howard, 80 and 81.) Washington enjoined strictly tbe subordination of tbe military to tbe civil power, and went In person to see that his orders were obeyed Tbe verv genius and Btraoture of our Consti tution would forbid the making of war, In lu sense of aggression, against any State of tho a ' Confederacy. But, unles the power to enforce reside somewhere la tbe Government, It Is vir tually no Government at all. It wears a gar ment of shreds. If the force is ef that Irrespon sible kind called war, the Government U then worse than a failure. It tben wears a coat of mail . But if it have the force to maintain Itself, and subordinate to Itself the military which it may use in its defense, tben It is a Gore rument. It tben wears tbe robe of State! Tbe lime docs not jet call for threats of coer cion by martial or other means, It only calls for detecao from those who are aggressive. 1 would reserve this power of coercion, as Prince Arthur bid his diamond shield. He ever kept It out of sight, covered with a vail and only uncovered it to flgbt Blotters and alien en emiea. I call this tecesilsS), revolution. I will not In an American Congress, with an oath on my conscience to support the Constitution, argue tbe rliilit to secede. No such right oan ever be bad, except by amendment of the Constitution. legalizing such seceision. It la a solecism to speak of tbe right of secession. It is revolu tion; anil tbe burdea 01 prool is on mm who begins lc, to show why be seeks tbe change. The combined reason ofthe ages has fixed in its maxims of thought, rules o govern tbe ac tions or men and nations, which no one can overrule without great criminality. These rules require first that revolution must have no light md transient cause. To overthrow a despotism, such causes must be of crave weight. A fortiori, what must be the grievance to Justify a revolt against a Government so free as ours! Besides, there must bs a reasonable bope of a bappy aod successful termination. Otherwise history, with her judicial prescript, will ban those who begin it to an eternity of tctiibution. There must be in every State tome power to which all otbera wield competent to meet every emergency. No nation can be consigned to anarchy dj aome absurd contrivance, either in theabapeof personal liberty bills or seces sion ordinances. Ia America, we have a na tional Constitution. Under It, we have United States citizenship. To It we owe and swear al legianoe, It may be a compact; but It la a government also. It may be a league; but it baa authority, "operative," aa Mr. Madiaon holda,"directly on the people." It may reach States as States; but it does more; it reaches the people of the States through its (executive, judicial and legislative departments. If It can not declare war against a state, 11 ia neoause a State is a part of itself, and not, quo ai hoe, a foreign and independent State. Ita constitu tion is tbe supreme law 01 tbe land; tuough, aa Chief Justice Marshal aaya, (Wbeaton, 304,) "the aovereign powera vested in the State governmenta by their respective constituen cies remain unaltered and unimpaired, yet tbey remain so, except ao (area they were granted to tho government of the United States." I could cite Marshal, Jefferson, Mad ison, Jackson, Story, Ducr, and Websteralmost every student, expounder and exeontor of tbe Constitution, to show these conclusions to be Ir refragable. It is an absurdity to contend that States, wbicb voluntarily surrendered sucn por tions of their sovereignties as were requisite for a National Government, can be equal in power to that National Government. In tbe name of the people, tbe Constitution asserts its own supremacy and that of Ibe laws made in pursuance thereof. U is supreme, oy tne con sent ot Bouln Carolina nerseu, "over tne uon stitatlou and laws ol tbe several States " Let South Carolina, then,' attempt, as she has by her ordinance, to annul her connection with this national system, does she not usurp a power of the General Government? Does she not infringe on tbe rights of Ohio7 Is it not a plain viola tion of tbe permanent obligation she is under as one or its members r nay, sne not oniy breaks her oath of fealty to the United States Constitution, but sbe breaks ber oath to ber own Constitution, which requires tbat oath. Am I referred by members of my own party to our platform and principles indorsing the Kentucky and Virginia resolutions 1 Am 1 told that the sacred principles of State rights deolared by Jefferson ana Madison, as a check against the usurpiions of a consolidated Federal Power, allow tbat each State may so Judge of tbe Infraction ot tbe Destitution, ana tbe means and measures of redress, tbat it may tro out 01 tne union 1 luesw Virginia Bum a.ea tucky resolutions ar misinterpreted. Judge Marshal, however federal bis views, in a letter r . I T r l XT'. . , I- to Judgo Storv of July 31, 1BJJ, Calory's Lite and Letters, p. 135,) is sn honest witness to this misinterpretation. Hsaayst . 'The word 'Stat rlsbt.' at expounded by th reioU- tion. of 1798 and tho report ot 17U9, oonitrnod by our Leguiatara, baa a charm against which all raoniog i vain, inoi reioiuuoos ana inai ropori oonimaui Ui ereed of every politician aho hop to rite in Virg.nla; and to question them, or tx to adopt tht construc tion given bythtlr author, la deemed political sacrilege This Government was intended to be perpet ual. It was adopted in toto, and forever. Says Mr. Aladiaon : "The ldeaof referring the right to withdraw wa itart. td, condildered, and abandoned; won than rejected. 1 Judge Marshal says: 'Th Intrnment was not Inttaded to proTlJemerely for the ex aenole 01 a tew yean, out waa to endure tnrouin long lapaeof agu, th event of which were looked up la th UMrutaoie aeuree. 01 rioviucoc.'- It was,, therefore, provided with means for Its own amendment. By the Legislatures of three fourths of the States, there is a means of amendment; and In that way alone oan a State withdraw. Nullifleatlon and secession, said Mr. Madison, are twin heresies, and should be hurried in the flame grave. Well said General Jackson, that secession did not break a league, but it destroyed the unity of a nation, hence, he argued that It is an offense against the whole Union. - To say tbat a State may constitutionally atoede, Is to say that tbe constitutional elements were poisoned at tbe birth of the nation and ot malice prepense, were intended to kill our national life I Suoh reason ing overthrows all government. It is to affirm tbat tbe tribunal appointed for the arbitrament of mooted questions under the Constitution, or tbat the mesne for ita own amendment, ah.aU be set aside at tbe pleasure of one ofthe parties to be affected. Monstrous sophestry I Are gentle men of the South aware that It Is from this twin heresy that the Republicans have drawn their arguments for their personal liberty bills and for . 1 . f . 1 r , , t mt their repudiation of tbe fugitive slave law 7 The very cruet justice 01 uoio, so recently reinaora ed lor bis seditious decision in tho Oberlln fugi tive case, bases bis adjudication on tbe usurpa tions of the Federal Government. He, like South Carolina, denies that "the deoisions of the usurping party, lu favor of the validity of lu own assumptions, can settle anything " (x ports, Busline! 1, 9 Ohio State Reports, 227.) He warns against tbe "praotioal omnipotence of tbe Federal Government by making autboritive tbe juudgment of its judicial tribunals." He sang the Marseillaise in his ermine, from tbe supreme beneb, as Scuta Carolina kings It In her convention. - I would, therefore, guard against tbe least re oognitlon ol tbie right of secession, or of nul lification, which is tbe lesser type of the same disease. - It would, I say, destroy all govern ment. It would dissolve tbe united mass of powers now deposited in the Union Into thirty three separate and conflicting States; each with a flag, a tariff, an army, a foreign policy, a di versity of Interests, and aa idiosyncrasy of ideas. Nay, that would ba tolerable; but it would do more and worse. It would disintegrate Slates, counties, towns; tear oiUes ftom their places on the map; disorder finances, taxee, revenue, tariU.i and convert mis uorio, now so lair and firm that it seems built on tbe earth's base, aud pillared with tbe firmament, into a play bouse of cards, built on a base of stubblo. It would thus destroy the established order.- v And Is suoh order among men, with a view to per manency, nothing? Tbe North has rights, property, la teres la, relatione In the South, not to be surrendered without loss 1 and the south in the North, eiee etrae. - Ia thla nothing 7 la depredation ot - property) - depression 01 bnii ness. loss and lack of employment, withdrawal of oapltol, derangement ot ewrrency, increase of taxes, miseartUKO ot - public works and eutcg prise, destruction of State eredit, tbe lots of that national symmetry, teograpiii, ttreoim, Dame, honor, unity, and alerv, whioh, publlwus tell us are themselves the creator' end guardians of eaah, eredit, and eommeroe are these coose Queoces nothing 7 Barely sucn a taut ot com plicated Interests ths growth, of years, cling lng, with root and liber, to the eternal rocks of publlo stability cannot bs uptorn without great struggle and stupendous orlme. to bb oomtinobo GHEAT ATTRACTIONS AT nHHIN.nl WM. RICHARDS A GAIN NOTIFIES THE PEOPLE OA? e vumuiwiuauu wsuuiiiv, tuu M at aWOrV laWtt VI tU one of th bost itock of DRY GOODS ver offered to their dlacrlmlnatlnc aaa aalaaua arith great care, and purchased at Paals Prle. a fkl Iba-l fled In laying, no man can offer greater ladooemeat to th "reedypay" buyer. Hliltneof Ores s (Jo ocl s li complete, conilitlng of all tbs latest styles sad he portatloni. ' -AA, Muaaaw, both plain and faney, and In great vartoua. Satinets, Cloths and Casaimeres, IN Q0ANT1TII8 TO SCIT TRC SfANV. PRINTSI PRINTS ! ! PRINTSI!! rains to ndiiirom too tminoH. Sheeting. Shirtlnr. Tloklne. Towellno-. Cotton A Wool Flannel, Gentlemen'! furnuhlng Goodt, ate., Ac, at GREATLY REDUCED PRICE9! HOODSlfHOODSII! BEAUTIFUL ONE! ,Jtf BtCllVEO BV XXrBBSS. BALMORAT SKIRTS; 4 yaro wide admitted by all to be Iht Best, Nicest and Cheapest, in mtrket. Don't fall to get on. jiememMi tne piao and call 100 n al 258 South High Street, Ntaa raicNO. deolS-lmd WILLIAM RIOHARDi. MM Winter Arrangement. Little Miami Columbus & Xenia RAILROADS. For Cincinnati, Dayton 4 Indianapolis! Through to Indianapolis without Change of Cora and but One Change of Cars between Columbus and St. Louis. THREE TRAINS DAILY FROM COLUM BUS. FIRST TRAIN. (Daily, Mondavi exctJ.) MIOIII IXPBIC88, via Pay ton, at S'5 m..atop ping at London, Xenia, Dayton, IJIddletown lid Hamil ton, arriving at Cincinnati at &TO a. .; Dajtoa ta4t a. m., Indianopoll at 10. td a ro.;tt. Loulaat 111.6 P B' SECOND TRAIN. , : ACCOMMODATION, at 0:10 a. a., (topiing at all ! tiontbetwoen Colombo and Cincinnati and bayton, ar riving at Cincinnati 11 US a. m., lit; ton at li a. m., Iruliauopoliiaf38p. tn. THIRD TRAIN. DAY EXPBE38,at 8:30 p. m., .topping ai Alton. Jeffenon, London, Charleston, OcdarvllU, Xenia, Spring Talley, Corwin, Morrow, Seerfleld, totter'. Loveiand, tllllford aod Plalnvilla, arriving at Cincin nati at 7:80 p. m.; Bt. Louii at 18 m; Dayton at J 35 p. m.; IndlanopolU at 10i3S p. m. Sleeping? Oars sn all Night Tralas to " Cincinnati and Indiatnapelie.( BAOO AGE CHECKED TIIBOVOB., Por further icformatton and Through Tlokaf. apply to M. L. DOUBBT?, Ticket Agent, Union Depot. Oolumbaa, Ohio, i. w. woodwajld, Superintendent, Cincinnati. jno. w.dohbrTx JB Agent, Coinages, . . THE WEEKLY OHIO STATESMAN HATING A CIRCULATION LARQES BY RYERAZ TB0UUND3 Than any other paper In Ohio, ouUlle of Cincinnati Offers Facilities for Advertising Which CANNOT PAIL to bring Speedy and Kemaneratlwe Metnrne To tho who take ad rat. tag of thra. THE WEEKLY STATESMAN D UtrUmted aa It It through every Pott Office In Ohio, Reaches a Large Class of Readers VTho patronage It valnablt, and who teUoa mi the Dally Edition of city Journelit and at only A Limited Somber of Advertiiemeiu Art Inserted In It eclumat, appoprlately and HANDSOMELY DISPLAYED! Tsrr caimoT ran to Attx,ot Attention OP ALL I WHOLESALE DEALERS Advertising In the WEEKLY STATESMAN will Aa It advantagon In THE INCREASE OF TRADE Which 1 almoet certain to follow an txtanilv diKtmka aUoa of a kntwiadg of their bualneai AMONG C0U5TRY LEAIEES J ADVERTISEMENT! INTB5D1D POR The W3eklv Statesman Bhould bt handed In before Priday noon. HAOLB WHOT.ira 4 T rffi LOOKING GLASS STORE. JOSIH7A COW PLAN D, Manufacturer and LValtr, No. A3 Sonth Pourth Bt., i at Haan .1 . k ... . , . .. .... ' w.Kwu miu vueewai, roiiaaaipiua. TirilEHE ME OFFF.MW. it tnu J"!"11 " variety of Looking Ola, In Qilt, alahofany and Walnut Praat, Larg irene Plat mnrora, ruin ana Ktcnly u minuted, giliaad Fancy Wood Portrait and Fictur Pramte. I00ETH0 GLASS FLATZf BT THS BOX, ' Oft fjf lias QUAlfTn T. Ooode packed In th Sanwt nana, aad InMr4 against Unrakag. JOSHUA C0WP1AID, S3 South Pwrta Birawt. angtKMda. Philadelphia. IIE1B.HY KtXHEER (Lei af Phaloa's BiUtllahaMot, BT. I.,) f joprktor th New York FaAhlonabi Shaving, Tlalr Catting Shampooalng, Carting and Draiog Saloon, Ho. IS . But Slat etreet, near to Poet OflMe, Sret Boor, where utiifactioa will b given at all tht Variou branch. Larilee and OblMran't Hair Diwtrlaa; dona .. In the beel tyl- SB , . . . j;VIdl? PAHI9 CLOAiaS AND PALtiUTS. kind. In th moat (tylUhaad alrnnt manner. A mw Invoice Jo.t opened by - PBTIB. AIN, dw.ll. Nn. M Sooth lilghetrwt. THE RECEPTION nooi SK.IHT. Th aott anHMful and elenal aklrtA .rr-j t- al. A nw lotJut pnd by PBTl a BalN, dee.H. W South High trewl. ' ''i 'iil .