; i r -; i ;;, 1 .). I 'i
.((. J, Kc,' K:.
- '!? 'J
i.,iii.T." II o n n't :.:1; ItaiU 4
VOL. VII..N0. 2d8. NEW SERIES, COLUMBUS, OHIO.1 MONDAY -EVENING. 'MARCH "25. 1861.
SIX E0LLMT3 jRSTZiB1
, . Iawiablj, KaUnaeiia
Tier- 1 1 : . a i
A. Ill I! 11 II
- j n vr i .
r t --t t -v T -r
V; rili.jtf. ...i y- ,1'
SijttOljio Stato matt
DAILY. TEI-WEJEJtJLX AMD WEEKLY
MANYPENNY & MILLER,
PUBLISH; SB AHD PB0PBIXI0B8.
KT Office os. SO, 88 and 40, Jfotth High It.
-i. TIHM8 INVARIABLY IS ADVAN01.
S By tho Carrier, per wwk, Vl6
ra-wenv '. , t oo prj
orui ot AdTortlilnf by th 8qura.
ntqu lyeai...$20 00 1 Oneiqnre 8 Mki..4
Out " 0 mouthi 18 00 0n . " WMki.. 8
3ns ' " ' 8 month! 15 00 Oni " 1 WMk... 1
in. ' ith! innolOna ' 9dm... 1
One ' '" fmonthi 8 00 On " 8dyi...
3n ' 1 month. S 00 1 0n - " ,1 loMrtioa
Oivirl idTartliimeDti half nor thM lb bon
Advertisement leaded nd plaoed la th eolama
iipeoUl Notice," do Me tto orcunary Tattt.
A ii uotloee requlrea to be published by Uw, leptl Iktet.
It onlered on the imiaeezciuiiTeiy iwr me nmweec
. pei cent, mora than the abort rater, bat all aook HI
lnnear In the Trt-Weekly without ohanr.
HnlneiOard,Botxoedlng fire line, per Tear, In
ii de, 9'i 50 per line; oatatd . " -
,Notlce of meeting, eharitablet ooletlei.Hre oompanle,
m., tuui price. - . i
Ail tranrtmt adntrUtmntnU wuut U paiifor im
lrxtm 2h rule will not be rarled from.
Weekly, ime price a the Dally, where the adterUMl
eith VVoekly alon. Whr h Sally and Weekly
are Iwthuwd, then the chart! Irth Weekly will b
ii ill ui rati; et tn nany
No adrertUement taken except for a dtflntt period.
EAGLE BRASS WORKS,
' Corner Sprluk Water It.,
W; B. POTTS & CO.,
AndUanntftclnien'of Kraa and Oompnltlon Outing,
linisbid D ran Work of all PeiorlpUoa.
Electro Plating and Gilding!!
STENCIL CUTTINC, &C.
febl TO-dly i-'-i
F. A. B. STTffgntS, .
Attorney tt Law
. AND NOTARY PUBLIC.
Offlce Ambu Bulldlnj, oppoilte Capitol Square.
. COLUMBUS, OHIOi
Machine Mannfactnring Company
STEAM ENGINES & BOIEERS,
OMtlDp, XiU-CNwrinff, XMhlntry. ,
1-:. I .. STMT tiaOWTTIOW ' ' '
coLrniBcs, oiiio. '
0B AS. AM008, Bup't,,'. v ' ' P. AMB08,iTrea.
deoll, laid-tt , i: .ii i - '
ir lrk I'll!
Little Miami Columbus & Xenia
For Cincinnati, Dayton ft Indianapolia!
Through to IndlantDolia withoat Change of Cart
nd bat One Change of Cart between :
, . t Columbni and St. Lonli. '
THREE TRAINS d"aILY FROM COLUM
- ' BUS.
' " : FIRSTTRAIN.
(Daily-, Monday excepted.! ! !
NIGHT KXPKE88, tia Dayton, at S:4S a. m.,ltop
plsg at London, Xenia, Dayton, Mlddletown and Hamfl
ton, arriving at Cincinnati at 6:20 a. m.; Dayton at 5:
a. m., Indianopoli at 10:46 a.m.; lit. Louliat J150
P'm' . . SECOND TRAIN. ,
ACCOMMODATION, at 6:10 a. m., (topping at all Bta
tlonibetweenColombniand Cincinnati and Dayton, ar
riTlng at Cincinnati 11:0S a. m., Dayton at 8:15 a. m.,
IndlanopolU af 8;i p. m. -.-i
THIRD TRAIN. ; '
DAT IXPBB88,t 8:30 p. m., itopplog at Alton,
JeCTenon, London,' Charletton, , Cedarrille, Xenia,
Bpring Valley, Oorwln, Morrow, Deerfleld, foater'a.
Lovoland, Mlllford and Plainrllle, arrirlng at Cincin
nati at 7:20 p. m.; St. Lonla at 19 m; Dayton at 5:15 p.
m.; Indianopoli at 10:38 p.m. : . :; ; 7
oieeplngc Car on all Nlftht Trains to
Cincinnati and Inalanapoie i .t ;
BAGGAGE CHECKED THHOCGn.
lor farther Information and Throagh Tkket . apply to
jv. u i M. L. DOHlBTI,
Tlckat Agent, Union Depot. Oolombn, Ohio."'
7 i M7W. WOODWARD,
.'T'J H - Bopcrlntondent, OlaclnnatL
Jnl3 i i ci.
SOMETHING NE ;; :
HOWARD & GO'S.
AMERICAN WATCHES. -
CALL AT NO. 83, SOUTH HIGH ST.
. and examine our new make of, ,. , ,r.,',
munfactared by X. HOWARD k. CO.,' Bodon. Han.
The Watchea are far tnperlor to anything trtr .Send
to th publlo, heretofore. Haying th. ezelatir agenoy,
loan tell them at price to talt the time. I nay jnt
rtcelrtd a large atoca oi - - -
' AMERICAN WATCHES, "
manafactnred by , APHJK0S, TBA0T7 A CO ;' alo, a
flnaaatortmantof . -.? .!.'' '
ENGLISH AND SWISS WATCHES,
hi Gold and EHver Casei, at Panlo price. ,
JanSS, ";.'"" i i w.a. BATAQ1.
1AA nr. CH GBEEIf an BLACK
1UW TEAS lOO bag prima Bio Cone. 4 ..:'. 'j
ISO pocket old Dutch QoTernjnent Jan Oofe, , ,
15 bag Ceylon Ooffe.
20Obbl. (tandard Whit Bagan, oonihtlng of Pow
dred, Ohrathed, Granulated A and iLOoffea. ...
50 quintal Oeorge Bank Couflah. ; 1
xu out' '1 ucaeii a
. a V
hi t j
lOO br. layer Banln.
n.n hf. hex do do
lOOqr.boi do.'' d 1 :
lOO MClgar, different brand and grae.
MT37 ' ' WM. McDOHJCtD.'
s M..C. L1LL!E2Y,:
And Blank-Book Hannianturor
WORTH E63 RRZlfir, tJOLTJKBtl'S, 0B30
FAmiLY' FLOCH. '
TTTHITB WHEAT, BRANDED
V t.aixn w'iriJA.K'rfl i'i .-.''
from " Bamett Mllla," Bprtognald, O . th beat brand
i". only at . , WAt. MOTaLVa,
A" LEXANDBttJ KID GLOVES.. ,
AU alMtaud aolort JtPed at BAWa. vi
m.. ...... Ko.KSBoaQkBlglittrMb
IsTo. 4 Gfwvnne 'Block.
A; P. STONE t O'HAEilA
IX. TKB GOODS, and InTite the publlo to lnipeot
mem. wo ancn ntn v uooqj am erer peen progn to
thla market. lb Booth, in eouaeuenoe of th failan
of the grain erop, ba not been able to parehaa the n
alaoantttr of rloha-oodi. and thla faotbuforoed th.
Importer ta ell them at publl aoetlon. Oar buyer
iir. Bionej Ming u new orx ai in large wit, too
adrantag of them, and w can and will Mil oar good
bare, et let than aoy on whopnrchaedtwowkilnw,
paid for than In New York. Our itock ii oomplet la
Try aepanmsni oi
ELEGANT DRESS SILKS, '
BROCHE VA1ENCIAS, , ,
BLACK ALPACAS, , .. ;
FANCY WOVEN FABRICS,, .
ALL WOOL DELAINES,
, , . POPLINS. PRINTS,
SHAWLS AMD CLOAKS!
; Rye Thausand Dollars Worth "
I i Bought in One Day,
At one half tho Coat of Importation.
la all Varieties of tho Celebrated
Idanafatnre of C. O. Cob. v. w
there on. . . .,,.
HOSIERY DEPARTMNt! :;
Hen',tadle aed 0hlldin,i Coder Bhlrt and Drawer!
Ladle, MUtetand Children' Hoatery of all klnda, tn
Wool and Lamb' Wool; fleecy Lined and Oottondlore
of Try make. i
A eemplete wsortment of U the tuaal Trie
ties of .
CASSJMERE3, . i,
" - . TWEEDS,
fLANNELS, , "
! , ' DRESS TRIMMINGS,
Ladiei andOent'i linen Cambrlo Hand'
kercMeft, 4o., &o. ,., ,
To Dtnomwho eallon at, w pledte ear word to
how than th. lanntt. beat andebMoMt (took of Oood
trer teen tn thla market, or pay them on dollar par
boor while looking.
' aeei-oiyxtawnw. ' Divnw c u uiiu.
LATHROP, IUDINGTON & CO.
23 ft 25 FABB PLACE,
j 20 ft 22 KTJBJIAY STBEiT,
jsj ill wrons,
! IMPORTERS AND JOBBERS OF .
Foreign and Domestic '
FOR CASH OR, APPROVED CREDIT.
We ara onenlnr. at onramDl waMroomt, at th abore
namben. atoeka of flood In each of th. aU depattmnt
af oar btulneat, mperlor to anything we bar heretofore
xntbuea to intinuic. . .. ,
Thlt ku mn to IU sraaent maanitad. ander tht
thoroufh management of a payer of long xpari.no and
acknowledged good tut. We keep extentlre Una of
u ana ana enoiotn
T. b foand In the market, all teleeted with tb. nloett
diMrialnatlon. Alie, aU gmlet, oolor and rarietka or;
I SATINETS, ' " V '
! : LADIES' CLOAINKG3,
!, ... TWEEDS,
IABMIBB' and MIRCHANTS' OABSIHIBIS, :
KSNT0OKY iEANS, from 9 to ftX eaobj per yard
TWEEDS, 12X to 15 otnt per yard lait year told at
' I ' 18to80i
i rBINTKD8ATINIt8,atltenti; '
And other Good torretpondlHfJf Low. ' '
Haacheitar D Lain,.
Black Bilks, '
Poplins, .' -' .
And AiJfntStUetSt)Uif' ;7 ',; ;
J rAnui erninbuuuus.1
VtiMmae Print, , . , . Blohmoad' Prlnti, .
Cocheos , do, American , do. . ,'
ptclllo ' do. ' Dnnnell' . do.
Bpraga.'a ' do. ' ' ' Bngllah ' do. ':'
Manohettar, o. Prints, Jko. in " 1
- xxMEsno ocnrroNB.
Lawrenea 0. Bheatlng,,
Stark do. '
Latkrap' ; ' do.
Amoakeag do. ' '
Appleton ' do.
Uttca, ., ' do.
BLIA0DBD BHIBTIN08- ARB- BHBNIM0B.
Waniutta, . Dwight, .. , ', , . , Lawrenea,
Lonadaht, 1 ,v? i ereatlall,' Naamkcag,
H1IL. - 9 '-' Waltbam, " Boott,
j " HewTorkMllli.ltoite, f
I 'a tatSB 4"D aiLijrr, ABOitTiitN'r;v''"( ., .
00TT0NAI)J-agmt rarlely.lv ---r
0HK0K8 ' .,....;.. ' . 1
IIOKlNahVall th leading branda..) 1 : "'
USN1BB .' oo - ! ; OO . ' '
8HIRTIH0 BtBIPIB-all tb wading brand,
MANKBINB do- , do.
COR81TJBA5S,,t doi. , r .-.,, ')
DAMASKS, PAPBR 0AMBRICI8, 00L0RSD CAM
' , :!' ..'. : , .. . f :'l. I :.-! I"!1
lARGti AND COMPLETE STOCKS OF
' I . - . YAIKU 0n0OTr
Gcitlcmeii's Fnndsliing' Goods!
' umbIellas and parasols,
CARPETS AND OIL.CLOTHS,
And a treat rarltty of flood not enmtrtd all of
which wa nledt ountlrta to sell at th lovttt mar
pr4cf-the larger portion at from 10 to 30 per cent, let
nA Myar. I ' ' -i t i ' i: !.''
..IB II I' ,
aaarS f ) t
Irish ' Linen Goods.
'ARRANTED FABRIO , 7 .
nmn oniri uotom nam ana; rancj y x
nmrung ana Botom Jjlnenl.
Linen hMtln ant PUIew Oattngt. i '
j.ujcn Ukoibrlce and Long Lawns.
...M' -, Llntn Pm.kAt.h.nrfkrh. .11 alalia.
. ' J i . -' T... wvil.n. lowellingaaniDlapMi.
v'J'.. Ito table OloUia and Biitin rj,n,,i. "
i. .'.') linen foweh) wtihoolortd border.
I . ? , ' r .... wu..nh
HE OHIO STATESMAN STEAM
BOOK TAHD JOB
. ". , . . . ' v ' .' '
...;:!. ', 1 , V V:; '. -J: ' ' '
PRINTING ESTABLISHMENT '
Hiring lncmied lti ah-tldy
I fully prepared; to execute In the
MOST ELABORATE MANNER,,
THE LATEST STYLES,
i . ;:
'rotis, ', ".
1.1: i . . l i 1 i' 1
CHECKS ' '
' CIBOtUBS,.,,!; ,,,
PAHPHLXT3, " ' ;
LBTTBB HBADS, '
LBGAL BLANXS, .i
' LABELS, CARDS, ,
And every decr!pU6a of
LETTER PRESS PRINTING,
Canal to any IiUbllihment lis th Stat, and upon
: J " ',:...,' 1 ; ' ' ' '
:l ; ! term which will eonpar ftroraMy with the '
leading Sastara Printing Honaea. I
i i i
Having every Faoility to aid tTa
w tub ntODPcrroif or
; , I i . . ' : .
i ii-.. v
.: - I :,: .
ff offer oar acrrice to all who may deefr that dial
of work. '
W hart oomeeted with ew KttaUIthment i
BLANK BOOK BINDERY: ' '
1 :. 'Mi , .i ' ' ' l'u
j i..'' !. t i r !'! J -'!
j Irom which w. predoe the" '
,;, , ,v; . ... i .j. !' t:. .
.... u . r- - ' I-.', -..t ...
Flxxent 231a. r&lx, Worir
AND TBI MOW
! . . , :' i ;l !. kvi 1 !
, 0TJPSBJ BAIL SO AD B1AHK
. : '.f.-i i: : -V
-.i.' . . -. ..(? 'j' : ;i".'.7 ' ..."
1 i.OUK: ESTABLISHMENT
.-. i .. h 1 im "
Ii admlttad to be ,r:i
.. . , ,,. .
. i..; . Jo I i ' i.i)V
T 1 IT'1 TiA.rLC3r-EaT
.) ''4 "IT"
'COMPLETE LN FACILlTffiS,8
t.-. !! . ' ,'-i i .! -I l. 19 :
,. i n.l.i."1 'i. ' '' :--1 ft; ' '
anb TBI Horr , Uir.
4,.,,.'J .''I ,i . -I I-.' ii.. ' I
PERFECT 'IN : Wol'NliATION' ' '
fi.' I iw
Al I :
.v,T ' :
l '.: In thU City', and w my JM,'"J'" '
.1 11. i li- l'kl .! J' ! . - Ul
.,1 ,,' ,.-,U ) -. I.U.U e.:i i -'
j ; , ..liit.T l' I.V1 f . 'l"ft. I' T! lll,J.'
WE WTXL FAVORABLY COMPARE
....'1 hhl ! 1v '" WuJ A ixiiot
S.. n ,fiy,i i"
... t. . . ..i. . . ,-i i. i
r v -V.iw 1' ! - j-.iw ui iit i
i,l a.., m , I'wrrrw awr'' .,ti9-l-!: o. I'.rli
,.,--. :J ,i :rt ..'.'J !.W i f '.;toli:H 10 IK'
... ,' I. - :'. ., ,, ,
rrmunf Hoaao In tho Wett. ( tK
r . -I--." is -i ." .o - H .! I .'.it
. ' ,,:.!. i-.i'ij-'iii ;
t- n. t rf i RICHARD NKTINS,!' "
ovu i.i .... i.rur.
I -i 1 oil. 1 V' J'
Genta Linen Shirt Oollars,';;,0
OF SUPERIOR QUALITY i IN AK.
BOH, Standing, Byron, P.ntgnay, Renfrew, and
other new ahantt. Uemmed Pocket Hudkerahltt. Keck
tie, Btookj, Stiwtt and B TMlng QIstm, Half Hoat.f
every aioa, unaeruarmsaia ana an aina or Waal' far
Duulng toods la treat variety and at mcderat. prloe. -,
" I" 1 BAIS fc BON, ,
feh99 Ho. SO Sooth Hlrtttree.1
B r ALTivSii 4k tMUKAII LACE MITTS
lli. el eleaant eaaUtiw for Udie; alaw, Vinee' Pitta
Shi (?) hirr tftljC5iumx
Dally, par year..
i ii fi I1 1 .i ' " 1 f'1"''" '"
Slavery—Its Origin, Nature, History, &c., &c.
; '. We'iriake to following eztraoU from an m-
Bomentmadelbj Rer. Thoihton ctbimqklloW)
D. D.,'of Colpepef, Ylrglnla'. : We find It In the
JMfofou. HfralirRlchmonJ, v.r : ,w . ...
ftSo far at the oapaoltyof the Afilcant has yet
Deea derelopea, we nave uu rasauu to uenova
they can retain the blesilnga of elrilizatlon and
the Gospel which we bare given them, when our
control and protection are withdrawn. The evi
deooe which auitaJni this conoltulon itorea the
clrilired world ,)n the face, Uke the gun In the
On tbit continent, at an early itage of oar
htftory, well-meant efforts were permitted In the
Prorldence of God the object oi whiohwas to
bleia Ham'a race by releasing then- from our
control, and giving them ireeaom, .., aneee er
forte have gone on among well-meaning men for
more than two centuries. ' For tho whole of thla
lime, faota have been accumulating which prove
fAffr freedom to be curie both to them and the
white race. StUUadditional aids, suggested by
benevolenoe, bare been resorted toby good men
in the clave Stateiilo inahe the experiment uo
petsful, until the demonstration seemi complete
bat fteedom to them Is a curse on this conti
nent, and everywhere else on the globe. These
untiring efforts Qq the part of benevolent indi
vidual have been In silent progress.in the slave
8tates, and are but little known by those- at a
distance. Their voice It the volet of God. He
(Am proclaim to ut that, in thti effortt, im are
warring- eigainit ,Jtft fixed rian.,.. Misguided
philanthropy, however, still found excuses for
the failure. That failure, it was thongbt, would
not have taken place upon a fair field for the
experiment. To meet this bewitchiDg blindnews
of benevolent slaveholders at the South, God,
In His providence, has tolerated the selection of
three different theatres, more favorably situated,
upon which to make the experiment on a large
loale. Two of them Ha surrounded with the
overflowings of sympathy, aid, and counsel, by
three of the most powerful nationa of the earth.
In Jamaica, one hundred millions of dollars
were paid to the owners of Ham'a deaaendanta
In that island bv the English government, to res
lease from Donaage a set ot weu iea laoorerg -who
were supplying their own wants, render
ina a remunerating inoome to their owntrs.
and a needful supply of troploal productions for
tho wants of the. mother country. Here, the
experiment was thoughtfully made, and sur
rounded by a wise roreoast, that seemed to bid
defiance to failure. The land wa owned by the
white race their farms were aU In good order
H , tbese farms, there was a supply of good
houses In these houses, tho elavea had lived
and" reared their families these farml were
tuDTjlied with the tools and machinery neceasarv
for their successful cultivation and to tho nse
of these tools and thus machinery tho slaves
had been accustomed since childhood. These
farms the houses on them the tools and ma
chinerywith the supervision of the owner-
were the capital which England said and believ
ed was to be rendered more valuable by free,
than by slave labor., On every farm, the need
ed supply of labor was to be found. . A mortl
guarantee was given to the laborer, that capita
should not oppress him, because the demand
of capital for labor should alwajs be kept
greater in that island than the supply. Of courae,
capital wonld be completed to slve the highest
price for . labor which a small , return of profit
wouia atiow. , . -,
What hag been the result of this well arranged
experiment, to give ireeaom to this race or peo
pi.f Home were ready for every one of then
homes, too, in which they were raUed th
highest price for labor awaited every one of
them who would ga to work a powerful and
sympathetic government threw, ber shield
around them the avails of their labor were se
cured to them with assurance doubly aure that
merit should bare everything accorded to it which
justice could demand, I aek, again, what has
been the result ot tnts wen arranged and ooatly
experiment, to give freedom to Ham's descend
ante? The result is, according to reports made
to the English Parliament, (by abolition mem
bers sent in different years from their own body,
to make a strict personal examination) that
the export of sugar in a short time had fallen
off from upwards of six hundred millions to
two thousand pounds and very toon after, to
nothing and that every other product of la
bor had shared the tame fate. That the farms
had grown over In bashes that the ditches
were filled up that the roads were lmpas9abie
that the machinery was rusting and rotting un
usedthat the house were surrounded with
brushwood and trees that nearly concealed them
.tnat thousands oi negroes were hovering around
tho towns on the coast In destitution and star-
vation.whose existence was a mystery, as none
could account for it that others" bad retreated
from civilization and the reaoh of law to the
mountains, where they were living In savage
and beastly degradation on '.root and herbs,
and that no price wonld secure labor. . That
the value of real estate wag reduoed, according
to an assessment, twelve millions in a very
short time in short, that the Island and the
oegroes were ruined, unless efSoient control in
tome form was re-assumed by their well mean-
logout misguiaeo oeneiactora. . , i ... . .
' The second experiment, to which allusion has
been made, Is the one in Africa, ..The best ma
terials to be found among the free negroes of
tho United States were selectett for thla experi
Long and anxiously In our country had the
highest order of minds, the purest philanthropy,
the mott disinterested patriotism, and the most
self-sacrificing benevolence, sought to do good
to tut race oi people, and to originate and put
In operation a practical plan foi elevating tbem
to the blessings of a; higher' civilization, and a
more enlarged freedom, or self control For
accomplishing" their deaires, these , 'great rnen,
to distinguished In the world's history for disir
tereeted goodness, met in the city of Washing,
ton in IS16, and after mature deliberation,
adopted a plan for tarrying out their wiihet by
the agency of an organisation wbloh tbey oalled
"The American Colonisation Society ,V Their
purpose was, to aid fret persons of color' to sttr
tie a coiony or oo tomes in Airioa. in pursuance
of this plan, they raised by voluntary contribu
tion a rumcieni. fund, employed suitable agents
to. explore the ooatt, and floally purchased of
the natives on that continent a territory large
enough for tho settlement of every negro, free
and bond, In the United States. . (- ., .
To this well selected home rich Tn soil Sa
lubrious In climate, and highly adapted tO0om-
Ham's descendants In the United States a j Were
most advanced In civilization, trnbl lo spirit, and
So great was'ihe desire of Southern pblfan
thropiits to succeed in this experiment, that
through their Inflaenc., Indirect lid wa Obtain
ed from the federal government., to sustain the
colour against hostile natives. Places of de
fence were nutit ny the aid'ol our tailors end
ana jrecucw y vuc war euii auuruuu teurity
againttaggrejBlon,';' X':,,ri' ' "4'"
Tbe 'pawage of the emigrants, to tntlr new
homo tlx months'iprovlslon When thev arrived
there lands surveyed and ready for settlement
hospitals for the sick, and medical aid for
their assistance were all thoroughly arranged
and secured to them by. those noble hearted
men. But tne above catalogue or bounty , rails
fat short of the whole-souled benevolence and
forethought wbioh characterized their efforts.
Tht society and Its influence , Scored for tht)
colonists' all kinds of tools 'tb cultivate thelf
fields, oarts and wsgens for the use of their
farms; steam mills 0 saw their' lumber, to
grind thtir grain, and to manufacture their
oane into sugar and molaasesi draft animals to
plow thtir land i arms to t defend their person
by land, ana snips ior weir commerce ny tea.
Tkn hmvIHaiI for ah.m a . ov.tA.nmani .
of charge, and secured (or them, either direct
ly or indireetiy, sonoot nouses and teaohers
foe tt;lf children chucchee in which, o , worn
thip . God Bibles and preachers to teach to
tbem the way to heaven books filled with In
struction on all suitable subjects printing; na
pert to diffuse knowledge olothlng for their
bodies ano aneotionate and enlightened coun
tel for their minds. Thousands of hearts, in
all partsof our country, ascended to God for
their success, and followed them to their new
homes, in every form of benevolence. Oar
Government . has indirectly secured .tbem
against hostility and violence, at an expense,
If fairly estimated, that would reach many mil
lions of dollars. Every motive was quickened
Into activity which could be awakened In thtir
hearts, for the regeneration of Afrloa, and their
own progress In Christian civilisation.
: Could a better theatre bare been' selected
could better materials have been .secured to
oconpy It could wiser and better counsellors
have been selected on the globe, to guide their
infant movements In the mission of self-improvement
and African redemption 1 . ' j - .1
The noblest branch of Japheth's desoendanta
who bad been so long accustomed to progress
on this continent, were slow to doubt the suc
cess of this experiment, and could not patient-
ly and wisely weigntneevidenoe time began to
furnish, that its success was doubtful. . .Whtthr
er by design or not, disoouragmg facta were
withheld from the public, and flattering plo
turet of success were tlvtn to the world.
Our oountry was mado familiar, by the press,
with comparisons between this and other colon
Ixation experiments, with a large balance in
favor or Liberia 'Yet, In 1843, more than
twenty year after the eettlement of the colony,
their statistics showed that the average Quantity
of land cultivated in this agricultural, colony
(inoinuine town lots) was about one third or an
acre per bead, and that not a single draft ani
lmal, plough, wagon, or cart, was usedi at that
time for any purposes that no farming tool was
used, except a bill hook aad bos; that the
machinery sent them to saw their lumber,
grind their grain, and manufacture their cane
into sugar and molasses, and the tools tent them
to oultivate tholr lands, were then rutting and
rotting unused. The colonists have at all
times affirmed that the soil was exceedingly pro
ductlve, yet their custom houses, at that time,
reported not a single article exported from Li
beria, which was produced by the labor bf the
ooloolsts. , The articles for whloh their toil was
peculiarly adopted, such as tobacco, bread
stuff, cotton, coffee, sugar, molasses, potatoes,
so., wore imported irotu abroad, and so was
their meat. All these artialea commanded
high prices in their own market, prices wbloh
ought to have Induoed their, cultivation by any
BUman being willing 10 laoor.
, After tbey had been adding to the outfit which
they carried with them, the avails of their own
labor, and all that bad been g'.en tbem bv their
benefactors for more than twenty years, the as
sessed value or tneir agricultural .wealth was
five dollars and a few oents per head. During
the whole of this time, .their government had
oost them nothing, and our navy bad given them
peace and security. . , , ... ,-.
Statements, however, were in conflict, and its
friends, from time to time, sought for informa
tion that certainly could be relied on. , The
laat accredited agent was Mr. Cow en, from the
Kentucky Colonization Society, who, in 1858,
after a sojourn of seven weeks, made a recort.
This report, with respect to agriculture, pre
sents about the same state ot facta as those of
1843. The colonists hare always affirmed that
the climate was healthy; yet, with a rich soil to
give thtm food, and a healthy climate to pro
long their, lives, and forty years to multiply
their raoo, tbey are now about one-fifth lees in
number, tbati the original emigrants. .. , ..
The general view I have taken of Jamaloa
and Liberia is derived from source that are
entitled to the highest credit, but my informa
tion has been obtained from different sources
and at different timet, and was not carefully pro-
served, sunoosing ltoould be obtained again at
pleasure from historical records, and in chro
nological oroer, oni u una 1 was mistaken
There Is nothing, however, In point'of fait, from
any quarter, tending to a different conclusion,
from that at which I have arrived: thai is, that
this race of people have never, at yet, proved
themselves capable, under any circumstances,
of retaining in freedom what slavery gives
them, or of making progressive improvement,
unless they ara tubjeoted, more or lest,to the
control ot the white race,. For more than three
years, I have been trying to get statistical and
historical facts, concerning these experiments
on foreign fields. But the library of Congress,
the proprietors of book stores, and some of tho
best informed of our publio men, could give mo
no aid. This is a suggestive fact. "lie that
doe(h truth eometh to the light," says "Christ
Hero are experiments that have been in pro
great for more than forty years; one of them by
the most enlightened government In the world,
tho other by many of the most enlightened in
dividuals In the United States, that aro almost
covered op In darkness. Why Is this 1 ;r
ne of the ordinances of God Is, that man
shall oat bread by the sweat ot hisjface that Is,
that be shall by labor contribute his snare to the
common stock ' Of supply lor human wants.
Christ has ordained that in His kingdom no man
shall eat anless he work. We have sent Ham's
descendants to Africa to raise and govern fami
lies, and to assume the higher responsibilities
of Organising and governing states. - From the
beet authenticated facts wo can gain,' we are
obliged to believe that tbey are not qualified to
do either, because they will not perform volun
tary' labor. Among- Ham's race In freedom,
here and elsewhere, tnere ere but lew indvid
uals who are willing to labor 'continuously
for the support of a family. - No people ' can
multiply and -raise families, unless tbey hare
homes and aro' well fed, In the Northern State,
In Jamaloa, and Liberia, the deaths among the
free (blacks steadily exceed their births. The
slaves al the South multiply faster than the
white race at the North. - ".'" -J
On the field of experiment there is' another
that deserves our notioe. In Haytl,' the slaves
were emancipated by the Assembly of France
in 1793. " In the same year they slaughtered
the white race, and appropriated to themselves
the Invested wealth of the island. This island
had been In a most prosperous condition before
that event. ' Itt exported productions had been
immense. : From that time its ' productions de
clined, and fromihe address of their President
latt year, they have reached the lowest level of
ltxlness end poverty, are in a Very degraded
ooudttloru as much or more so than the original
Inhabitants wnen tne itiano was discovered by
Columbus, in 1493.- i ; "
. I have said that the evidence which Droves
tho unfitness of tne African for freedom, uteres
ns in ths faoe as the sua in the heavens, that It
amounts) to a demonstration; ' That evidence
has been patted In review before my reader.
It consists, first, in the experiment at the South .
of giving freedom' to the most promising tif
tne race, we 01 tne eoutn snow tnat it has
m.1 mm ia thtm.' :. '' ''
I rine norm emancipated inai portion or tne
race they held In bondage. From the same un
willingness to labor, they are too poor to raise
families, are diminishing In numbers, and are
degraded by an amount of crime which ex
ceeds more then twelve timet that of the white
U UK" Il ll-V.., iS'll f .II..1II
In Jamaica, no wages can overcome
willingness lo perform labor.7
In Liberia, where thev have been literal!
held so by kindness and counsel, and stimulated
by the ' prospect of regenerating Africa, we see
tho same incurable disease. '' " .' ,
m In Haytl, we see" them sharing all the evils
which flow from self control, and an unwilling
ness to laoor, wniie we see the slaves at the
Q....I. J .L - I 1 - A . - ... I ...
qouhi, uuuot ins cuuirui oi iue wDiterace, cuu
tented and Well provided for; increasing la num
bsrs, and Improving in morals and Intelligence
What have written thus fag was intended to
disabuse men's minds as to the origin of gov-,
erament, as to Its "resting oa the consent, of the
governed as to being ''born free and equal,',?
as to whatjronstltutea slavery, at to what con
stitutes freedom, as to the rule by whloh free
dom orself-sonlrol Is to be meted ont, at to the
propriety, in civilised life, of subjecting seven'
eighths 0 the human family to the oontrol of
one-eighth, as to the Justice of according free
dom to the white race at a given age and with
holding it from Africans for lire, at to the evi
dence furnished that they are an Inferior race,
. u m . r ..1-1 J , j
ana nnu, ivr wvi emu uvuuuaa ireeaom
KNAPP & CO.'S
r'rom and after this date we shall '
REDUCE THE : PRICE
OF OUR WINTER GOODS
TWENTY. FIVE PER CENT,
' in osora to hk! room rot out
- ! '. t .. - "
,Our assortment is still good,
pnd it is known to every
, one that our
. T O O 2S1
' C0NSI8T8 6
FIRST CLASS GOODS.
J tor ipc msTPDHfrvrr. ta evr.x.
"Sut 4 B.A. W aVALf A A-4 111VAA A.V Ae' W MUUU)
SO .DO NOT FORGET THE
' CHEAP STORE OF
KNAPP & O O .
, NO. 119
SOUTH HIGH STREET,
.1. , ' ' O II I o
5 Ton of Feathers and 50 Tone of
j . , Rag Wanted..
.i, - THE ' J '
WEEKLY OHIO STATESMAN-
' II AY1NQ A CIRCULATION
lames' by .remu, thousands
than any Othtr paper la Ohio, oatdd. of OlnoinnaU
OfferfT Facilities for Advertising
. Which CANNOT IAII, to bring
Speedy, ana Remaneratlwe Return
,; To tho wbe take advantagt af then.
THJU W IIIH'K I,Y STATESmAN,
Distributed at It I throagh era 17 Pot Oflle In Ohio,
Reaches a Large Class of Headers
Whoa patronage I valuable, and who seldom are tht
, Dtlly Edition, of etry joamali; and a only
A Limited Somber of Advertisements
. An inserted In It column, appoprlataly and .
.' Tnrr caskow nan
t. ..... , ... .. ..... .. .. .'-
01 ALL I
Adrertltlng tn the WIS KLT 8T ATI SM Alt will la
, It advantsgon Is., , ,
THE INCREASE OF TRADE
Which ( ahaoit certain to follow an extenilre dtssemts
atlon knowledge of their bailnea
AMOHQ; C0U3STBY DEALEB3 !
1 , : ABVIEnsMBKTS nfTINDID fOK '
ThJe Veekly Statesman
Bhonld ba handed tn before Iriday aooar ,
BILL POSTING 1
UOHN. H. STEKLEY
' l ...... i ,-wlllattena to th. wiwci
: P03Tn,TQ ABO DISTaiBUTEKQ
-m !.ib !! '' ' Of ''$: ''i
BILLS IN THIS CITY.
L, Al order left at th Office of tht BiaUtman will be
,t .... . .
promptly attended to. Janll-tf
! j on;' J 70B0I H WHEE1KB. !l
XV MaaBUrraa, Bacoatir, and lavia. vuw iwa. wo.
Naw Toat; Mau:al, and Cm Viae or Raarvoao
Niw Toaa Litwud Can. Jftrnrai. Lira. t
OHIoo SI Illah ' hftlrt BI ' '
'Alexandre's "Kid, Gloves.
Tkf.Alfi AWDKITIBROIDERHD, nOVS-
X OUKTAIBB aad regular snap. Slack Kid Stove.
embroidered Is white, maaeata, purple. . Und
KtdOlove. klaeea Eld Qlovea. A eomplato assortment
f these c lebratcU aiova, alway for a by
a.tm m. aw
fcbM'n'J'1" n.'l 1 if,,, oa Bom,. Hi,n Wre..
! - . Co-FartnenblD.-. ,.i t
Iltar r. inie vai aujnii a aai ma
tan JAMKS ADQKH BAIN aa partner la my boil-
mmm hlk 111 S.l H., t mMMi ..M th. tn
of Bala a Bon. , iT , P. B AIM, DO 0BlhMIh St.
ColumbureblJ.'lRSl. ' " feblt
RJiriF AND CPTTOH ROFCf
do do xwtn, .
ilea otrataae Candle wm,
'tor sal by
Jl'KMB k aiSTIlATJX, -i
rtrfl .. M a. High Street.
, aO -...Jf".
HERRING I t-SO bfcts,
Ha. I Piekled aTerring In store, for (al. by
nbS7 3, ,KorthBlgh trt.
ROYAL QUARTO DICTIONARY
. " - ". mm .-..i-Jt CV.
Th lateit The Larfeit Tlf teat
The Cheapest Beoaus tin Beat. -
- easwawtma , J CjI ! 'f '
"Tho moat R ellable ttaaiard Ani
tkorlty of (ho EBKlUaLavaanaaf o.t -
fTtftr,Tt Trnrrrf fifmaYn'rl of. flllt.
THB BEST BMOLIBH DIOTIONAa JrtAJTT!,,j
"He . ar onward of a Hundred Thauasd! Wiu".
whoa malUfarlon Deaalat and AwlTattoaa. aeib
with theli oorrect plllng, and prenHaaUtloa an elaarhr
athernra the a.a . .
..:;.. OaoaVwtaM OmmmiaU
Bead the DeoUUm of M Membtrt f th CWt State
Th anderalned. aaamheM ef th. Ohio ntaaraadiM '
Association, ados and aba to as. la. aaaehlu. arltla
and apMklnir, the wlhogMphy ano pmaaetatJoa of
WoraaatM'a BmsI Ooaraa btMlaurw. -
dlally reeoaaarana U a Ss ot nllaMa asa4ste a'"
thortty of th Saglish hagaags, a K a aww wtttkaa and
apokan. . -, , ,iv -v
! Loam Ajrnatwa, Praddeat Ken yon Oolteft1 T.T '
v. LaaaaTT, BaperioMnaeni neUl SchooU).
Too. W. HatvtT. Sap't Maestloa Cnloa school.
U. t, Oowsaav, Bap'l fablta Schoela, Baadaaky.
Jobn Lvsca, Bap'l rablio SoaMMlav drakrelil. ''''
ft. ST. aUaroaa, Principal OlamlaM I caul. Baalaa '
WW. Hitcwhl, Sup't Public School, aft. Union.
Joan Oonew. PrlaelMl Slato Kormal lcho.1. Ulsne.
sota. " . ' " C
Onoa hTABO. Prlnelnal VnuHh TntmrmAlmtm Bhnl.
OlnoinnaU. r . . .
H. B. ftUarm, Bap'l Canton Union School.
Xnwia Hasaa, Prloelpal KUNMly Moiaal School.
Ku T. Tatran, Prof, atathematlc, Ohio Cnlvaraltyr
WM. W. Hawass, Bap'l Tra Untaa BehMaV'-."
A. 0. Horsum. Priacloal Waat Blah SchooL CI... '
B. A. NoHTOH. Aaeoclate PrlaelDsl Hlib BesaaL Clmi 1
Und - " .r:,r
Turn dors Bntuwa, yrlodpal High School, CItT
B. y. Hoaimlt, Prlndaal Cleveland Iniltat. '
J. A. Oaariau, Pmldeat of Xlecti laetltai Hi
W. L HaXRI. Prot of Ohamlabrv. Olila Wl.n -
TJnrreralty. , i . 1. .
H. H. BASSaT. Ii.CiBBlaUatiafDaual aUuota.
Ohio. . 7 j w .
Jaxn ttomoa. Prof. Bhetorl, Oberlla Oollef. v .
Taoa.Uuj.,Preald.nt AnUaeh College. ... '. ,
0. W. U. Oathoast. Pnf. atthB&Ua. Hlh
School, Daytoa. -
C. Canaaaoaw. Prof. laanui. niA MAnlX.
B. at. Baain, Bupf union Bohsols, Ajhlaxd.
Jfor Um Sim Humdrtd oMaf FretUmto of CWZs-
gee, Frofeeeore, Author etmd VitHmgiiihdSier
tore, kom mdorttd (A aioa emtlrxmi.
PRESIDENTS OF C0LLEQE9 IN OHIO.
HiaiirTA Cotuoa "It ht tralv a manihleaat waA.
aa honor to tb author, tb. sabllab,,, and Uie whol
eoantry.' Praeident Andnw. r i
Oni. Whlit an UitiTnutTT .-"It sod aurazMcU.
Hon. It will be my cnld la Mtaoannh and annan-
clation. and will often be consaltod by m for It. seat
and accural definition." President Ihotayson.
W. . Kcucno Cotuoa "IJerctofar. w. haeaasml
W.bster'i orthography. At I recant mooting of our
Fatuity, It waa decided to chann U to cafana to that
Woreetter' Horal Quarto DtcUonanr." PialAut
vTirrifK Bnaavt Cottrol. I Cod It worth af
cordial approbation." Pnaideat Bltcaoacfc.
Ossbltr Cotuoa. "It mora thaa BM.lt ay erperfa
tloo. I reooaimenel It a th Btadar4 talhorilyla
orthoepy to my children and my pupil." f res ideat
Ajniocw Couaat. "I adopt ant ate to at hi tosch
ug. wrtUng and apetktog, the orthography aad proaaB
elation of Worceater' atayal Qasrto I'totliaar "
Creeident Bill. ,,, , - . ,
-In all my writing, speaking. aa4 teaching, I bar n
deavored lo conform totbsralaa for ertiography aad
pronunciation aa contained In WotSMtor fitoUonarr
Horace alana, lata Prealdentr . . , . . v
Kurrea Oouioa, Oajmm-I aaerteordiallj mom
mond It a th mott reliable (tandard aaiharlty af th
Knglleh languaa. a It I sow written and apoken.n
SCHOOL COMMISSIONERS OF OHIO.
From Be. Anm Smytk, Commtttiontr Ornrnon
School to Ohio.
"Tb Dictionary I an Impertahabl. monumaat to th
learning and ioduitry of In author, aad aa honor to Ik
world of letter. Th mechaaiea azeeettea I far supe
rior to that of any other Leilooa with wfcfak I V.
Irom Son. IT. a. anuw. Za OmmlMtlamm f
school to Ohio. .
"The most re liable tandard anthorUr af tha leal
vnuv na . . "
tjeadins Nowapaparsi of Ohio Say, V"
Fromth Cleveland Btrmld of htarehto. -lb.
orthography of th Woreotor Dltttonary it that'!.,
astd by moat. If not alL aatbor .( dlatuMtioa ! im.
country aad Bagland, and eoataras to tha tanaral aaaca
of ordinary writer and epeakera. "
Wkatonr preiadloe may bar txteted nrrrln..!.. '.
cartful etady of thl rolam will Invariably fallowed r
by a wnrm appraoution el It, gimt BMriCa, aod a Aolr . i
to add It to Ik. well aelMtod library, b. It large t aallT
a. iu iwrii, mm win raauin .n , n n.,..
1 1. i, i , t n i i rn . .
mimn,MM.HMiuiHii,HafMr, . , m
tromtk (Xaolntiatt Oommtrotalqf April Hi. -v
17 -p if if a hundred thru, nil wn. I. i t
bad and lodhTeme who maltifarioa meanlnra and -,
derlrations, Ugether with their rorrMt eyalliag aad pro- v" A
UMUVMMWM. vviorw Ul .J. XB. WWHI Ml ' 1
aaqueatlonably th greateat Ibeaaara of Inglish Word
y.r publlihed, , , , .,, ... .m u ':
Trom ti CUvtland riaindUaltr oAnf. .0. IMfl" '" v'
Xrldently Woacawm' Rotal QsaSto Dtcnaaaaw 1
af onlv lh latt, but Ou aarr rk nt Li. i..
aiea'.iBdoaa by bo posiibllity sutler by coenpaiison or ' '
eontroveriy. . , t-'
From it Tbledo Slad of May 13. . tB,-,,i)
A to ntoaoactaTioB. Woaoawrva m av.Mn.k.
follewad by oar beet authors) la OeSnlttant be leave '
nothing to be deaired, and In 0TaoaAjeTt it I tutDcteal . Lift
to any that Woacaaraa can be tatrly followed. - ,
flVGHAn At BRAGG.
PNbUahrtBMkellerwAVStatloaert,' " "
nu. j.i BursiBMua ST., CLIVILAH0, OHIO.'
met .. la., ...' o.: '
Chrt CbupA, Cbld, Botwommi, Mi--'- ' !'
wa, anyhilatlon orSornmoih , t
throat,MUeotMo BmeMmg Oh
to Oonntmfrliam. MronXrttit, AMAa- Joa
aaa, amf CbtarrA. Citar tmd civ ,
trm0kt Unvo4c of ' i -f -eVBm.IV
Few sr. aware of th. hnportaae. at ehtcklng a Couth ''1"1 "'
or 'Q.mmoa uoia" ia iu nnittg; that wbloh to the S). J
beginning would ykUd to mild remedy. If aeglected, l .,
ooo attaok th luDea. "ifm'iireasWiil !KU 1 Ui
oonulnlng demnloent Ingredient, allay Palmtsarx tad l..tn
That troabie la m Throat for wbU u'
th'2roA'r( a epaoiuc havUg da tat tUcni
ottin a mm whlaperer." ..
"lreeommend their a, to PbsuoS;.. .
BIT. I. ClUrtKC r-
'Cavt arored extremal, erTicai. ior r .
noASanctsa." ' i
BKV. HSNRT WAB9 EBPHKaVin : k:1
"Almost tnttaat relief In th diatrrealn m
labor of lirWln peala to Amu,.""' 8C 1
. , . i
. BKV. A. . Q0Lar0S.lr.,aO
"Oontala ao Onlam or anything Iciurl ...
to." v : . SB. Ai A. HAfhuJ t.1 jMJ'JM
. . .:. . OAmUt So .,. .aj
"A' Simple and pksaaant eamulaation tor
Oonaaa, c,"( . - j . -: ,nqJ at
DB. O., I. BIOBLOW, .. .
"Beneficial In Baoscwm ' i Lad
KB...ir.W.LANB. TV, .
"I hav. proved thameicelknt tr Waaasv ia .rft
.Oocoa." - -r"
. .. B.IV. n. vr. ariatxir J bJi
tBOOntS ' ' Mortonl. .
"Benencl.l shea eompelkd apeak, tut--
BBOWB'B faring from Colo." . jTt . . "mtui?
: - bkv. a. p. j. AaniRsos, ,. . '
' i ' "BiracTttAila tcawviag Boaiseaea aed .i
atOWB'B IrrUatioa af tb Tbrral, at voaaavaa wl A
SrtAKtatudBUMeaa." I inxHu 4
BBOWH'I Teacher WMmlo. Sou tfuraju'.x i
. ' h'saaal Ciiega.
TBOOHBS - ' , !t T -j w"r.'.M-4
Ortat benefit wbra taken before and after i i.r.- y
BlOtm'B preaiag, aa ly jir..t doarwatm. Irom '
iheir past affect, I think tbey wu( a of per i '
TS00SB8 maneatadrantiir tosje." .. ,
BROWITB , Praaidealaf Alkea Oolleg, f aa.. i,,ir,t ;
IBO0BI8 JO0' T Dwrglet at TWIHTI- 'u6
I f V n BtM-rta a unv T-
HVBOSNia A BOXJTI
BOBBBTSaSABOXL. ' ' '
' ; s.l.aAatusxa t o.. . :
1 as Beath Blgh ttrwt, Oolnmbu,0.
SkvT4ealtti , .i . - i.., . i.
v t ll i I
Slavery—Its Origin, Nature, History, &c., &c. NOTICE!
nrott sciichi: is PEsinouw. ry,
X etostag ap hi aid benou al ones, tnt hom 1 .t
all person! hating ansattk aeeooBtt en hU boeuwiil '
give bm Buawiuateatienllos. , ,
Ma , . : I . -f. BAIH. '
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