.-. . -vi. w, i , - .-,. f a 'C"VV f"f . "".' rf'Vw..;-ia. V- wwm.-V' D' 'Jr,jMr J .- -n-r-.,. MU-.i.Y., T r- .intra, j TT"-rw .-.tj..!
VOL. yil062;! NEW SERIES.
COLUMBUS. OHIO; WEDNESDAY
EVENiN APRliijlOj 1861.
SIX D0ILAS3 PE2 TTlH
; InTtritbly U ldfaefc 22
DAILY, TBI-WEHXY AUD WEEKLY
MANYPENNY fit MILLER,
PUBLISH B8 , AjTP'P BOPBlITOBI.
tar Office Kos. 86, 8S tad 40, Sorth High It.
'. TKKM8 INVARIABLY IN ADTANOB.i
Daily . ' , ' . ' fd oo per year.
".. By the Carrier, per week, LtU cents.
rrl-Weakiy . . . i 3 00 per year.
Weekly, - 'iX 00 -"
erui ot Advertising- by 8a aqmre.
nosnBiu I ycai...80 00
One " 9 month! 18 00
3ne " 8 month! 15 00
One " 3 montln 10 00
Ine ' '.'! month! 8 00
)n ' 1 month. 9 00
On sauar 3 wsoki.
. a oo
. i n
Ons 8 weski.
On " lweek..
On " 3 day..
One B day . .
On " llniertloa SO
Diiilayed tdTertliiBintf half mor than (h abor
Ailvettl:emen(g Imdfd and placed la th eolnmnof
Kiipclftl Notice!." double the ordiMt mU.' '
Ail noltcei required to b pnblitbed by law, legal rate.
ii omereu on we innae exciuitreiy alter the ant week
per ten:, more uuin tne aner rate; but all toco wil
ppcar In the Trl-Weekly wlthoulBharre. -
- Vatlnen Garda, aot exceeding Cvellnei, perjear, la
i ub, !?gu per line; ouuiae - i
Notices of meetings, charitable! ocletle, fire companlea,
fce., half prire.
All traniiU advsrUmmt mutt 14 paid for in
l'lv,mc4 Tb rule will not be varied from.
Weekly, unit price at the Daily, where th advertlMf
leithe Weekly alone. Where Dady and Weekly
re botu tued, then the charge lr th Weekly will be
am me rates oi tne Dally
No advertliement taken except for a definite period.
EAGLE BRASS WORKS,
Corner Spring; cV Water Sta.,
W. B. POTTS & CO.,
and Manufacturers of Bras and Composition 0 as tings,
iiniancu unus vrork ot all uesenpuons.
STENCIL CUTTING, &C.
F. A.' B. SDSBISS,
Attorney at laa.'csr
j ; , AND NOTARY PUBLIC.
01Hc6 Amoos Building, opposite Capitol Square.
Machine Manufacturing Company
. MANurAcrciutaa or
STEAM ENGINES & BOILERS,
. Castings, Kill bearing, Xachiaarw.
ALIO,. . v J ..
t.qti ac.B.e.w .6B.MTjlgyp i
- or iTttir Disoairtioa.' '
. C0L,CinU(I8,' OHIO.
OBAS. AM BOS, Hap't- . P. AliBOB, 'Treat,
deoll. 1858-tf '
Little Miami & Columbus & Xenia.
For Cincinnati, Dayton A Indianapolul
Through to lndtaoaoolia without Change of Can
tad bot One Chang of Can between
Columbus and St. Louis.'
THREE TRAINS DAILY FROM COLUM-
. BUS... , ,
j. ,.. FIRSTAIN.'i iMt. . ; t
; 1 ' 1 '' (Dslljry Mondays exeepttd.l ' ' ' 1
NIOIIT SXPBKS8, via Dayton, at 8:45 a. .,!top
plng at London, Xenla, Dayton, Mlddlctown and Hamil
ton, arrlTlng at Cincinnati at 8:i(0 a. m.; Dayton at 5:45
a. m., Indianopolisat 10:id a. m.; bt. Louis at 11:30
P ' 1 '7:1 SECOND TRAIN'.; '
ACCOMMODATION, at 9:10 a. m.i stepping at all Bta
tionibetweeo.Culumbus.and. Cincinnati and Dayton, ar
rlring at Cincinnati 11:03 a. m., Dayton at 0:1 a. m.,
Indlanopolhaf2;SHpi i .
. ; -:.) j THIRD TRAIN.
DAT EXPBB8,at ttMp.ti,', stepping ai Alton,
Jefferson, 'London, . Charleston. .Cedanille;' Xenla.
Spring Valley, Corwln, Morrow, Desrneld, loiter't.
Loveland, Millfordand Flsinrille, arririog at Cincin
nati at 7:20 p. m.; Ht, Louis at IS m; Dayton at 5 35 p,
m.; Indianopolutat 10:38 p.m. ' ,..
. -i: ) . -"'i . '
Nleeplnff Car on all Nla;li( Tralna t
. Ciucinutttl ona Indianapali.
iiAGtJAiuis ciiEtitEB mnouoji.
Tor nartherluformatlon and Through Tlckeu. apply to
.r. ; - ' ' M- L-DOHBUTY,
.TlckotAKtnt,,0cloatloiJot. Columbus. Ohio.
" ' ;; - K, W. WOODWAUD, ".
' ,.. f.t,;;. i: J gaperiritondeat, Oinemnatl. ;
. JNO. W. DOHHUTX
jnl3 Agent, Columbus,
SOMETHING NEW .
ET-O w ARD ft'OOS;
Call! 'av NO.'fij. soctu high st.,
, and examine our new make ot, x, , ,,,,,,:,,
v AMCniCAN WATCH ES, ' '
manufactured by B. HOWARD CO ? Boston, Man.
Thee Watches are far superior to anything sTes offered
to th public, heretofore. Having th exclusive agency,
I can sell them at price! to suit the time. J navejust
mannractored by Af PLETON, TRACT,' at CO ; alro,
fin assortment ot ,'. ,' , , , , ...
BNGIilSH AND SWISS WATCHES,
In Gold and Silver Cases, at Panio prices. .
Jan99 i t ' i y. 3.- RAT AG!.'
iH i Just Reoelvedl , .,
1 Art Wfl"CsT GREEW BLACK
1UU TsiAa too sags prim Bit Cose.
1 50 pooket old Duteh Government Java Ooffe. .
SO4bbi. tandard Wblt Sugars, oonilitlng of Pow
dred, Obruihed, Granuutted A and B OoSe. .
SO quintals George Buk Oodllih.
SObbls. Mew and No. 1 Mackerel. ' ' r "
S to. Pick Sshnon. ' '. .i .
tpO bx. Layer Raisin. fjvii; .
Ohf. box do do . . ; . ;t i .mi , , t
llWqr. boxdo d ."t ' ni i
lOO M Olgars, different brand and grade, . . ;
WW3T-, . v..-;, . WM. McDONALD. .
V Ma C. LILWY
' And Blank-Book SLanafastarers
vortk biqh rbsr, wivaavt, omo
turll-dty - (
FAIT1ILY FLUUK. V
vyillTK WHEATj BBANDED ,,
. .'. '"BN OW ti'AK B3 ,'.'.
Iron " Dtm.tt Mllli," Bpringfteld, 0, the best brand of
yiour orouftnt w u market. Batiiracnon guaranteea.
for sale only Ht WM. MoDONALD'B, .
novH7 106 Bouth High street.
V Alllsanoolorsiuttopetimla BAINS,
No. 4a GKvvmie Block.
TER 'flOODB, and UTite the pubUc to Iniptct
tbtia. Mo inch stock of Goods nss rr been brought to
this market. Th South, In aonsequenc of the fallur
of the grain erop, hat act been able to purchase the us
ual quantity or nen goous, ana tni nomas forced th
Importrs to sell thtm at publla auction. Our buyer
(Mr. Stone) being la Sew York at these Urge sales, took
advantage of then, and we can and will Mil our goods
here, at leu than aoy one who purchased two Weeks line,
paid for them in New York. Our stock It complete In
erery department oi j j !H f .
ELEGANT DRESS SILKS, '
, OTTOMAN VELOURS,
I BROCHE VALENCIAS, ,
! , . i PRINTED MEBINOS,
' ' i. J ", i PRINTED COBURG8,
BLACK ALPACAS, , M
. ORLEANS, " ,; ' '"id"
- FANCY WOVEN FABRICS,
ALL WOOL DELA INES,
I -,T ?i- ; DELAINES.
SHAWLS AiiD CLOAKS!
Five Thausand Dollars Worth
Bought in One Day,
At hall tbe Coat t Impcntatlon.
LADIES' FURS,, r
la all Varletle,. af the Celebrated
- Blaaafatnre af C. O, Gnn .
there Sc San.
Men's, Ladle and Children's Unc)et Shirts and Drawers;
Ladle. Misses and Children' Hosiery of all kinds. In
Wool and Lamb' Wool; rioes Lined and Cotton Gloves
or crerjr make.
," i ".' also .' i , " 1 ; i
A complete assortment of all the usual rarie
ties of ' :, .:. . r .... -.. . '
ladies and Gent's linen Cambric Hani
' , . kercbiefii, Ac, &o. , . , , ,
To Mnoni who call on ni. wDldm out word to
show them th lamst, bsst and cheapest stock of Good
ever teen in mis market, or pay meat on nonar per
nonr wntie looking.
aeci-diysitawitw. btunb at u hauba
LATHROP, LUDINGTON & CO.
23 ft 25 PABK FLA.CE,
20 ft 22 MUERAY STKEET,
. IMPORTERS AND JOBBERS OF
Foreign and Domestic
FOBCASH OR APPROVED CREDIT.
W ar omnisr. at oaramnl warerootnt, at Ike above
numbers, slooks of Goods in each of th six department
of oar business, superior t anything we nave neretoior
sainted to in trad.
Thil hsU crown toltiornt mrnitude under the
thorough management of a barer of long experience and
acknowledged good taste. We keep extensive line of
nnest ana onoicest
FANCY VESTINCS ,
' 5 ' AND ' ;- -' .'
To be fonnd In the msrk.t, all selected with th nicest
discrimination. Alto, all grades, colors and varieties o
' J ':' : TWEEDS,
IARMIR8' and MBROH ANTS' CAB8IMIRIB,
KENTUCKY" JEANS, from SX to X cent per yard
- . and upwards;
TWIED8, 3 to IS oont par yard Last year sold- at
' 18 to 20;
PRINTED BATINET3, at 14 cents';
I Andttker Good corretpondiHgly Low.
i Dress-Goods Department.
Manchester De Lalnes,
Hamilton do.- -Paclflo
- do. ,
Printed Bamianles, . .
Taney Ginghams, , ..
' Fancy lllks.
Glasgow , do.
And A New Select Style
FANCY SPRING GOODS.
Cocheco . do. -PaciSo
American do. . i
Bunnell's ' do..'
Manchester, o. Print, fto
Lawrence 0. Sheetings,- Atlaotlo A. Sheeting,
Btark do. Amoskeag do.
Lathrop . t, , do. t' Appl.ton do."
8hawmat,l do, - . Kverett . do. j
Pooaatet do. Otlca, a., do.
, , , , ; . AU Grade and Widlhi. , , j
BLEACIIBD BniRTTOdS1 AND SHEITINQB.
Hill,. r ,
, i . D wight, i r
i-- Great tallti
Ifi Wa'tham, .
New York Mills, te.,o.
SHAWLS AND MANTILLAS,
, , : ,' '. A LAROI AND IBUCT ASSOaTMENTi. ,
COTTON ADIS-a great variety. r . . ,
CHBOKS ... do.' i ...... . .
TIOKINaa-allths leading brands.
ushihd ' ao. ae '
BHIRTING SIRIPIB-all the leading brands,
NANKKKN8 do. -do.
OORBBT JEANS - do. do.
MORBBNB ' do. do. ' '
DAMASKS, PAPER CAMBRICS, COLORED CAM-
LARQR AND COMPLETE STOCKS Of
WH1TX GOODS, ;I j,,,, , . , . .
Gentlemen's Famishing Goods.
UMBRELLAS AND PARASOLS, .
. .OABFET8 AND OILCLOTHS.
And a great variety of Good not enumerated all ot
which we pladg nnlvs to sell at th iouutf taowM
priowth larger portion at from 10 to JO per cent, lets
LATHROP, LUDINGTON & CO.,
I V . ..
I , t r Irish Linen Goods. .
Llnea Shirt BMonl piin and faacf
. Shirting end Dom Llneoe. ... . .
Linen Hhntlngs and Pillow Culngt. :
Oambrica and Long Lawns.
i i i ,M 'Linen Porlrrt-hatidkrs. all site,
! - ' t.i. ."'"PaaaaABIapaa
! UaBTablfi)tbsa4t)aUn Daiwuta. t ' ' .'
:' vk linen Towels with onlured bonier. , ,
? . fJinenStalr0oveviiigsau4Crll. 1
i.Kt. ,.e..i porilrtltipriocs. T ' r -'
!"'";t ' BAWli'Bfjjr":
SPEECH OF HON. JOSEPH F. WRIGHT.
HALL HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
April 5, 1861.
. -J. F. Wiight. Sir The
members of the Hoaae of Representatives, hir
ing listened with much interest to your very able
remarks upon House bill No. 144, do respect
fully ask a copy of tbe same lor publication.
Ydurs, truly, ' '
GEO. 1. CONVEBSE. WM. BtBEKKH
WM J. FLAGO.
S. 1. BROWNS.
3. H. JOLLY.
JOHN SOHIPfi '
5 O. HUGUEfl.
JOHNS. MYERS. ,
J08DPH JONAS. . ,
J. B. OH ABB. .
W. . W00D8.
Shish or Hon. Josipr F. Wriqht, or Hamil
ton, in the Ohio House or RimtsctfTATivcs,
AraiL 4, 1861, orow the Passage or H. B. No.
144, by Ma. Wuoht, or Hamilton To Amind
Siotion 63 or tie School Act: i
' Mb. SrgaiKi:! Since this General Assembly
convened, no question has been presented for Its
consideration of 'greater interest, or mors lm
portanee to the people of Ohio, than that which
is presented in the bill now before the House.
It Is a question which concerns not only the
material prosperity, but the intellectual and mor
al condition of our people. Tbe Stale of Ohio
baa always made liberal and ample provision
for the education of her youth. Her people hare
always been the ardent advocates and devoted
friends of common schools. I apprehend the
enemies ot a well regulated system of free
schools in this State would not exceed a cor
poral's guard. ;
I know, Sir, at this late period of the session,
members are exceedingly anxious for the dis
patch of business, for this reason, if I had the
disposition to do otherwise, I would not detain
the House long at this time. Bat I bespeak its
indulgence while I state, as briefly as lean, tbe
object of this bill, and offer a few reasons why ,
in my judgment, it should become a law.
This bill was introduced at the last session.
In its original shape, it provided for the. levying
of a tax of a mill and a half, and for distributing
the same In the counties where raised. The
bill was referred to a select committee, and re
ported back to the House at this session, in Its
amended form. It now differs from the existing
law, only in tbe amount of tax which" is author
ised to be levied and assessed.
It Is proper that I should here state, Mr.
Speaker, that my mind has undergone no change
in regard to a State school tax, as might be in
ferred by the modification made in the bill. In
my opinion, the whole duty of tbe State upon
this subject is comprised in the act.'of providing
by law a system of free schools. The details
of tbe system, and the support and management
or tne schools, should, I think, be left to the
people in their local jurisdictions. But, in def
erence to tne opinion of a large number of
our moat able and distioRulahed lurltta. who
regard a State school tax to be a 'require
ment of the Constitution, the bill was amended
ao as to make it conformable with their Inter
pretation of the organio law of the State. Al
though I have a high regard lot the opinion of
the profession, touohing the law and the Con
stitution, I must say it is with great reluctance
that I defer to it in this instance. For I can
but regard it to be a matter of sincere regret
that a State school tax should be a Constitu
Upon this point, however, I desire not to be
misunderstood. It is the system of State taxa
tion for the support of schools to wbioh I object.
And I shall endeavor to show, before I leave
the floor, that my objection Is well taken.
The facts, presented in the annual reports of
the State Commissioner of Common Schools,
and of the State Auditor, will furnish abundant
proof, I think, that the State bas outgrown tbe
neoessity of the State school tax, if, indeed, it
ever But, as it .ia my purpose to be
brief, I will here read from the Constitution:
"Art VI.' Seo.a.The General Assembly shall
make such provision, by taxation or otherwise,
as, with tbe Income arising from the school
trust fund, will secure a thorough and efficient
system of common schools thronghout the
State; but no religious or other sect or sects
shall ever have any exelusive right to, or control
of, aoy part of the school funds of this State."
I am free to say, Mr. Speaker, that I clearly
see, In this section of the Constitution, the war.
rant for levying a State school tax for tbe tup-
port of . common schools. But I do not under
stand this to be a dutj, which is peremptorily
eojoined upon the General Assembly. Certain
it is, that no General Assembly that has con
vened sinoe the adoption of the new Constitu
tion, has regarded It to be their duty to author
ise a State tax that would be sufflolent to sustain
the schools for ftbe period required in the law.
But they have cnilormly 1 left it to township
and other local Boards of Education, to levy
such additional tax as may be requisite to keep
the schools In 'session for tbe period of six
months'. ' I shall have occasion to refer to this
feature of tbe law again. .-, J , v ,
; Seotlon 63 of tbe school law, passed Maroh
14, 1E53, provides that a tax of one mill and a
half shall be levied and assessed for the sup
port and maintenance of common schools. In
the same section, It is also provided that this
tax shall be distributed to the several counties
of the State in proportion to the enumeration
of scholars, and it further provides that Town
ship Boards of Education may assess an addi
tional tax, not exceeding two mills oa tbe dol
lar of the taxable property of the township, for
the purpose of prolonging the schools after the
State funds have been exhausted. The mode
prescribed for distributing the school fund
is even more obnoxious than tbe tax, Tbe ob
jectlon to a State school tax would not be so
great if the school fund were Justly and equitably
distributed; which might be done by a com
pound rale In which the coat of eduoatloa and
the enumeration of youth were combined. A
rale having these two elements for its basis, In
stead of.41stiibaUng tbe school fund equally
among tbe wards of tba State, would result in
a fair and equitable distribution to tnem of
educational privileges; which is the great ob
ject to be attained, and which Impartial justioe
requires shoild be done. Bat I shall not now
dwell upon the propriety of a change of the rule
of distribution of the soheol fund, as none la at
this time proposed.
Here the question very , naturally arises, why
this bill does not propose a change In the mode
of distribution, Tso as 'to make It what It Is
olaimed Joetloe and (quit require. I answer ,for
tbe reason that there la a natural repugnanoe to
Innovation, and the change suggested It so rad
leal, and would Cause so great an Increase In
the labors of the local officers upon whom tbl
duty devolves of apportioning and distributing
this fund, that it would, for this reason, be ob
noxious to them. And with so large an army of
offloe-holders arrayed la opposition to the bill,
there would be but JIUle hope of Its becoming
a law. Besides, I ' fear this House is not pre
pared to vote for so radical change, ia the
mode of distribution, as tbe adoption of the
compound rule just suggested would involve,
But, I am unwilling to believe that a majority
of the members of this Honse will not vote for
this bill when they are in possession of the
facts, which I propose to , submit to their con
sideration. i - '
The law, as before stated, provides that
mill and a half on the dollar valuation on the
grand Hat of the taxable property of the State,
shall be levied and assessed annually for the
support of common schools. The proposition
contained In the bill now before the House is
simply to reduoe this tat to half mill, making
it one-third of tbe preseal niouot. The advo
cates of a St&to tax because it Is a Constltu
tional requirement, oannot object to the bill) for
it recognizes their theory In providing for the
tax; and ' although it ' does not remove tbe
objectionable featureof the law, it lessens it in
so great ratio, that those who sre now op
pressed by it will be reconciled to wait for time
and a further enlightenment of public Bentlment
to accomplish a complete reform. Tbe ends of
justice will be approximated by tbe passage of
this bill, and the practical operation of the law
will not be affected in tbe slightest manner.
True, tbe change is not so radical as I could
wish. Tbere.are other changes I should like to
see made. Tbe school system needs simplifl.
oation. . It should be divested of some excres
cenoesthat have been attached to it by in
discreet friends. But it will require time to
effect a thorough reform.
Mr. Davis, of Tuscarawas Mr. Speaker,
desire to ask the gentleman from Hamilton,
whether his bill proposes aoy other change in
the law than the reduotion of the tsxt
Mr. Wbioht Mr. Speaker, I thought I bad
so distinctly and emphatically stated that tbe
bill before tbe House proposed no other change
In the law than the reduction of tbe State school
tax, that there could be no misapprehension as
to its object. It seems that I was mistaken.
Mr. Speaker, my friend, the gentleman from
Meiga, (Mr. Plants) the efficient chairman of
the standing committee on Schools and School
Lands, made the ablest and most ingenious ar
gument in support of Sec. 63 of the school law
that I bave heard since I have had tbe honor of
a place on this floor, in a report which he made
to this House last session, on H. B. No. 56, re
commending Its indefinite postponement. As a
member of that committee, I then dissented
from the argument of my friend, as will be seen
by reference to tbe report, which will be found
on page 149 of the Appendix to the House
Journal lor 1860. In that report, the writer
says: "The only theory upon which your com
mittee can justify a tax at all for the purposes
of education is, that the State, being sovereign,
bas a right to tax tbe property of tbe Sta.
If this theory is not sound, then the whole sys
tem Is built upon a fallacy, and ought to fall.
Bat, if the principle is right, then the money,
wherever in the State collected, ought to be ap
propriated to the eduoation of the children of
tbe State, wherever they may be found." Now,
assuming that the theory in reference to tbe
Ight of tbe State to tax the property of the
State, for the purpose of education, ia correct,
docs It follow, as a logical sequence, that the
money should be distributed in tbe manner pre
scribed In tbe law, and advocated In the report?
If the oost of education were equal in all tbe
counties of the State, this mode of distributing
the school fund might answer the ends of jus.
tice. Here let me refer to page 79 of the sev
enth annual reportof the Commissioner of Com
mon Schools, and call tbe attention oi members
to the following:
Statement showing the Annual Cost in each County
for sustaining Schools for the years 1858,
1859 and 1860, per scholar in average daily
cooimts. ' -1 1839. 18J0. 1660.
Adam 3 55 f 7 85 32
Allen ' 3 78 TO!) 3 19
Alb land 05 3 8S 3 18
Ashtabula 3 BJ . 3 7i 3 43
Athens 25 3 74 3 60
Auglaise 5 94 41 s C4
Belmont ' 6 48 6 S3 4 47
Brown T 84 T 30 est
Butler 7 itu 7 75 8 16
Carroll - 4 16 3 Bo 3 03
Champaign ' 8 30 7 76 7 37
Clark 8 Sfl 7 1 B 84
Clermont 0 47 SB 5 18
Clinton 5 09 6 30 5 01
Columbiana 498 4 74 4 31
Coshocton 4 05 3 88 3 76
Crawford..... -- 75 4 73 8 08
Cuyahoga S 93 0 So 6 78
Darke 18 J 17 4 BO
Defiance - 4 60 4 70 4 55
Delaware 3 93 3 8? 8 64
Brie 6 0.) S 0 5 9S
F airfield 4 43 5 14 4 74
PaystU 15 7 84 8 BO
Franklin S 97 5 41 5 43
Fulton 4 01 3 44 3 41
Gallia...., 4 10 3 . 60
Geauga... 3 67 3 67 . 3 48
Greene 7 40 7 By 8 94
Guernsey (in 4 35 4 97
Hamilton II 79 11 71 ll 36
Hancock , 4 95 8 65 3 45
Hardin S f9 S 67 ' 8 69
Harrison 6 53 6 00 6 35
Henry 4 91 4 85 4 39
Highland 7 00 8 84) 8 95
Hocking 4 55 3 8 4 88
Holmes 3 90 3 87 3 38
Huron 5 17 4 84 S 10
Jackson 5 93 6 75 4 89
Jefferson.. S 40 8 60 4 86
Knox 4 38 4 03 , 8 S9
Lak 4 91 3 63 4 541
Lawreno , 8 89 6 01 5 Si
Licking 4 78 89 H '4 89
Login Jf5 05 85 09 84 88
Lorain......... 3 85 3 81 3 94
Lucas v 7 69 8 94 5 80
Madison 7 7J 6 61 8 37
Mahoning 4 Jl 4 4'86T
Marion 8 04 . 8 13 S HI
Medina 3 63 3 44 3 18
Meigs - 4 94 4 83 4 86
Mercer 4 30 4 88 , 4 59
Miami 8 75 8 79 6 91
Monro '6 80 4 88 4 15
Montgomery B S3 B 46 8 09
Morgan 8 44 . 4 64 4 14
Morrow...'. 3 80 4 13 3 60
Muskingum...... 5 67 8 54 8 88
Noble 4 54 3 58 3 56
Ottowa 4 17 4 96 " 4 61
Paulding. 5 94 4 33 4 36
Perry S 81 4 SO 4 78
Pickaway... 8 68 89 7 71
Pike 8 06 6 06 5 88
Portag '4 16 4 88 3 69
Preble.." 8 67 7 1 6 17
Putnam 1 88 4 17 3 85
Richland 4 70 4 57 4 68
Row... ,8 60 6 II 8 56
Sandusky 4 57 , 4 83 4 88
Boioto 0 03 ,3 44 8 66
Seneca. 4 81 4 00 3 91
Bheiby 5 81 0 09 6 84
Btark , 8 tf . 4 73 4 17
Bummit y 4 55 4 4H 4 10
Trumbull 3 6 3 91 S 89
Tuscarawas 8 45 8 01 4 86
Union i 3 68 8 78 B 96
VaaWsrt 4 61 6 83 4 30
Vinton 3 95 4 83i 3 96
Warren.... 8 59 7 901 6 18
Washington.. 4 65 -4 83 '4 73
Wayn.... - '4 33 4 63 4 37
Williams , 4 3t 4 8 4
Wood M 'JB 4 78
Wyandot..." 4 T5 4 35 3 73
1 , .;! t o i i I . . i
' v Awrag fw the State....! . t P7.L i W i
' There are a few errors In this statement, but
tbey are so obvious that I need not consume
time In pointing them out. This table shows
the cost of education, on tbe single Item of tul
lion, to be a fraction of a dollar over five dollars
per scholar in average daily attendance. The
minimum cost it aboot three dollars, and the
maximum coat Is nearly twelve dollars per echo!.
ar In average dally attendance. These facts
adduced from tbe official statement of the high-
est school offloer in the State, render unnecessa
ry any argument to show that the distribution
of the school fund, under the existing law, is
in violation of every principle of justioe, equl
ty, and right. I need not detain the House,
to make a critical analysis of this table of sta
tistics, to show that the law distributee with an
unequal and partial band educational privile
ges to the youth of the State. This will be ob
viouB on its mere perusal . . , " '
But,to return to the argument of my friend from
Meigs. He says, "The-State, being sovereign,
has a right to tax the property of tbe State for
the education of the people of the State." By
adopting tbe 'inexorable loglo of the gentleman,
we shall have no difficulty in proving that the
State bas the right to tax tbe property of the
State to feed, to clothe, and do divers other
things for the people of the State. But, if we
should adopt the same method of distributing
a fund raised for these purposes that the gentle
man from Meigs advocates, and that the law
prescribes, for tbe distribution of the school
fund, we should soon bear a loud cry of com
plaint coming up from those parts of the State
where the oost of food is the greatest; as it
would be found that the amount of money that
would be received there would be wholly inad
equate to meet tbe wants of the people. But,
from those parts of the State where food la
more cheap and living comparatively inexpens
ive, there would come up no note of dissatis
faction; for there, there would be a surplus to be
expended for the luxuries of life, or in such
manner as the beneficiaries of the State should
elect. Nothing is moro evident than (he fact
that a pro rata distribution of money will not
afford equal facilities for education.
But, says my friend from Meigs, In his re
port, "the State is the guardian of all her chil
dren. By her sovereign power, she assumes to
tax tbe property, wherever found within her ju
risdiction, for the benefit of these her wards.
Haviug thus created a commoifTund, shall she not
act with an impartial jWi'ee in its distribution T"
Most certainly, my friend, that is Just what I
desire. It is because impartial justice is not
meted out by this law that I complain; and
when the gentleman shall have examined this
question, and be satisfied, as he must bo, that
impartial justice cannot be done under tbe law,
I trust he will concur with me in tbe opinion
that it should be modified, if it cannot be re
pealed. If the Constitntion requires us to keep
an unjust law upon the statute book, let ns
make it as tolerable as we can. . -
Again, It Is aeked : "But would it be ei
ther just or Impartial to distribute to such of
her wards as happened to live within ten miles
of Cincinnati, or Cleveland, or Columbus,
twice as much of this common fund as to those
who msy happen to live a half a mile further,
If that should be across a county line?" Ia an
swer to tbe latter question, I say emphatically,
if It requires twice as much money to keep the
former at school the same length of time it does
the latter that is, if tbe cost of eduoation is
twice asmucb to tbe former as to the latter
they should, as a matter of justice and equity,
receive twice as muoh money
Ma. Stout Mr. Speaker, I rise to a question
or order. Tbe bill before the House, tbe gen
tleman has stated, relates to 6 reduction of the
school tax. His remarks are upon the distribu
tion of the school fund. His speech don't fit
the bill. "
The SrEAKia The Chair ia of opinion
that the gentleman from Hamilton is in or
der. ..,, i .
Ma. Wbioht Mr. Speaker, I am aware that
is a weakness of the gentleman from Mon
roe, to allow himself to get into a state of high
nervous excitement whenever this question is
discussed. Monroe county receives from the
school fund about three times as much as she
pass into it, and makes an annual net gain of
about $9,000 by the operation. .' If this bill
should pass, she will only receive 'a bonus of
one-third tbe amount. This, I apprehend, is
the cause of my friend's uneasiness at thla time.
If be will hear me patiently, I do not despair of
convincing' him that, the distribution of the
school fund Is a subject pertinent to. the question
before the House. No one will suspect tbe
gentleman of faithlessness to his constituency
upon thii question. Let me entreat him not to
ignore justioe, though bis constituents should
profit by bis act. I know justioe is on the side
advocate, and If it were possible for gen
tlemen here to divest their mind from the bias
which self-intorest has produced, I should have
no doubt aa to the result of the vote on this bill.
If it falls now, I shall still look hopefully to tbe
future. ,. ,. ,
Now, Sir, if the friends of the State school
tax bad only attempted to nnke it suffislont to
sustain our schools for the period required.
without resorting to local taxation at all, tbe in
justice and inequality would have been so pal
pable, and its oppression so grievously burden
some to a portion of tbe State, that open rebel
lion, If oot absolute secession, would have been
the result of the law, If the latter had been
fashionable in those.daya. While, on the other
hand, counties oi leas wealth, and greater rela
tive enumeration of youth of school age,, would
have received more money than tbey oouid ex
pend nnder the law; for the School fund can on
ly be applied in payment of teachers. But why
should tbe State, if she proposes to educate
"her wards," aa my friend says, confine her be
nevolence to providing money for the payment
of teaobers? Books, houses, and incident
al expenses, are as Indispensable to the school
as are teachers. And again, if the entire ex
pense were providod for by tbe State, there
would be more consistency in the system; and, I
think, It would be more nearly equal and lust
The ohildrea of some of the counties now at
tend school, at tbe State's expense, nearly four
times as long aa they do in others.
Ctn any apology be offered for a law that Is
so unfair, so partial, so unjust la its operation T
Csa any reason be assigned why the child of my
friend, tbe gentfeman from Carrol, (Mr. Buss) '
should be kept at sohool, at the expense of the
State, four times as long, eaoh year, as my own,
or that of any one of my colleagues ) Is there
any Justice In keeping tbe children of the con'
stituents of the gentlemen from Medina and
Mclga at school each year twice as long, at the
expense of tbe State as, the children of tbe con
itituents of the gentleman from Butler and Fay
ette T I might multiply these instances of the
partiality of the law, to a conaiderable extent,
but it is only necessary to call tho attention of
members to these facts, and they wil) not fall
to pat a proper estimate upon a law which is
so totally uojust. ' Let me ask why a child, who
happens to live in a county where the cost of
education Is two or three times more than It Is
in other counties of the State, should be per
mltted to attend school at the expense of tbe
State only one-half or one-third of tho time of
the more fortunate child who happens to reside
In a county where tbe cost of education is in in
verse proportion to the time it is permitted to
attend school. Circumstances modify tbe cost
of education materially, and make a very great
disparity in cost in tho different sections of
tbe State. Tbe differences exhibited in
the table to which I have referred are appa
rently greater than tbey are lu fact, in some
Instances, for the reason that, in the counties
where the greatest difference is shown in the
cost of education, there Is also a difference In
the length of time which the schools have been
kept In session. Making due allowance for
this, the difference of cost would not be so great.
As I wish to take no adrantego in the presen
tation of my argument, I have deemed it but
just and proper that I should mako this state
ment In explanation.
1 Bnt, after making every reasonable allow-
ance for difference of time, and tbe greater cost
because of tbe higher grade of schools, we have
overwhelming proof that the State, in making
a distribution of tbe school fund, utterly fails
in dispensing equal educational privileges, whioh
is the end that ought in justice and fairness to
be accomplished. I take it, this is what was de
signed, both by tbe framers of the Constitution
and the law, and the character of those men
warrants me in the opinion that, if tbey could
have foreseen the practical operation of their
legislation upon this subjeot, we should not have
tbe present law, nor Ssc. 2 of Article VI. of tbe
Constitution to annoy us at this time. Nor can
I believe that tbe friends and supporters of this
law ever fully realized the fact that it was pos
sible that such outrageous wrong and injustice
were contiogent upon its practical operation; for,
surely, that sense of justice and right for which
the true friends of free education are provetbial,
would bave Impelled them to wipe off from the
statute book this instrument of oppression and
The county of Hamilton, which I have the
honor to represent in part, pays an excess Into
the Treasury of. $57,000, to be distributed for
the support of schools In counties where they
have relatively more children, than material
wealth. And twenty-seven bther counties pay
an excess into tho school fund, to be distribut
ed for the snpport of schools in tbe remaining
sixty conntios. In five of these counties, this
excess is less than one thousand dollars; in the
remaining twenty-two counties, this excess va
ries from one to sixteen thousand dollars. Of the
sixty oountiei that are bonefioiaries of tbe State
school tax, seven of them receive leas than one
thousand dollars; the remaining fifty-three re
coive sums varying from one to nine thousand
dollars. I make tbe statement in round num
bert, as absolute accuracy Is not Important to
my purpose. True, the passage of this bill
would not divest the law, as has been admitted,
of its obnoxious features; but it will render it
less objectionable, for tbe reason that it will be
much less burdensome This is possibly the only
relief that can be had, while tbe present Contli-
tution remains in force. But time ia the great
corrective of errorain human legislation, and
it will sooner or later bring a change that will
dispense, with nnerring certainty, equal and ex
act justice to all. And if it be true that tho
Constitution requires legislation upon this sub
ject that ia obnoxious to justice and equity, it,
too, will have to yield to. the' Influence of the
great reformer, and undergo such modification as
experience bae proved to be necessary, to per
mit legislation that will be equitable to all parts
of the State.
The total State tax is $3,503,712 93. The
State school tax is $1,213,811 73, or more than
one-third of all the State taxes. I submit, Sir,
whether It would not be good economy to di
minish the State school tax, aa proposed in this
bill, and Increase correspondingly the amount
levied for payment of the State'debt. This, with
out locreasing tbe State taxes, would givo us
morejtbac three-fourths of a million to add to the
Sinking Fund, which would greatly hasten the
period when the State debt, now noar $14,000,
000, shall be extinguished. Hamilton county
pays' $473,057 27 of the State tax, and $167,
311 44 of the school tax, or nearly a seventh.of
all tbe State taxes. I desire to suggest to gen
tlemen who sometimes indulge in making com
plaints that the legislation for Hamilton county
oonsumes a good deal of the time of this House,
that these figures indicate that she is entitled
some consideration. Within her limits is
situated the great commercial centre of the
State the Queen City, the pride of the West
This renders necessary a greater amount of local
legislatiob than is needed In any other county
tbe State. However, Hamilton eounty has
asked for no more consideration than she is just
entitled to, from this or any previous Legis
lature.! I will, with great pleasure, avail myself
of the opportunity to acknowledge the courtesy
which has been extended to tbe delegation from
Hamilton by the members generally, and de
sire to say it is dnly appreciated.
In addition to tbe faota that I bave already
presented for the consideration of members, I
wish to state that, in a number of tbe counties
that receive an excess from the sohool fund, the
local tax for sustaining schools is only about
one-fourth of tbe amount of their State school
tax; so that the effect of the law, it will be seen
is to make edacatlon exceedingly cheap to them.
On the other hand, the looal tax for prolonging
schools in Champaign, Butler, Franklin, Ham
ilton, Madison, Montgomery, and other coun
ties, Is in excessof their State sohool tax; showing
oonolusively that tbe cost of education in thoae
counties that recelro only from tbe sohool fund,
eay fifty to seventy per cent of the amount they
contribute to it, Is greater than In thoae counties
that receive aid from the State. . Tbe aid re
oeived by counties from the State school fund
Is in inverse proportion to the existing neoestl
ty for IK". Thus, the statistics which I have
presented show that the cost ot education ia
greatest In the counties upon which tbe bunben
of the State School tax falls moat heavily- ' To
this statement there may be some exceptions,
but as a general rule it la correct. Who can
consistently support a law which has not even
the semblance of justice to sustain it?
- Let me give a few more fact and figures
The total taxes for all purposes are $10,817,67S,r
lev The total State tax Is $3,503,713 39; which
'deduct from the for met, 'and e bare $7,313,-
963 85, tbe total amount of fell other than 8tate
taxes. Of which Hamilton county paid $124,.
535 46. Now, If we add to this sum tba emoaat.-
contributed to the State taxes by my tsoaaty,
$172,057 27, we bave $1,995,593 73, the" whole I
anfouot of taxes paid by HsmHton county, be
ing a iraotion snort or two millions, at aaarirV.
one-fifth of all the taxes collected fa tbtl State '
Notwithstanding Hamilton and other countiej,"'"
sre onerously taxed forlocU purposes, they are u
compelled by this law to contribute to the school
fund for the support of schools la counties
where tbe local taxes are comparatively light.
We pay, aooording to the last animal statement '
of the State Auditor, nearly $65,000 for -i (b -support
of schools in other counties. This sum1 '
Is leu than It has been for several years pae0"
The passage of the bill would be t sarins) to
Hamilton county annually of aearly $40,000
Twenty-seven other counties 'would be propor
tionally benefitted. Have I not auooeedeJ I
showing why this bill should pass? ' - ' ' :
The legitimate functions of goverame
few and simple. It is Instituted for the preser. -vation
of order, for tbe protection of the Indi
vidual in his person and property; The virtue-
and Intelligence of the people are tMMntiat to "
secure permanency and stability to tba govern
ment. Upon these also depend, In an eminent
degree, the character of Its eivlf nf ,
institations. Hence tbe necessity to ednoato',' '
and to educate all the people. Instruction U
the elementary branches of education Ieabe- -lutely
necessary to qualify the Individual for aai
6.. ,u.rKO U1 ms aM t0(fi
lien. Education for tbe people ia !..
considered merely as a police regulation. - But
n aoes not inerejcre follow that the State sbonM
raise and distribute tbe funds necessary to fur
dish the requisite educational privileges. X have
endeavored to demonstrate that there ienomora"
propriety in the State performing this duty than
In Its furnishing food and olothiog for the people. '
How far J bave succeeded, I leave it witW she
Honse to decide. The State may, with propria. -ty.by
law, make provision "for affording the.
advantages of a free eduoation to all the voutb
of tho State" But, In my judgment, experience '
oaa demonstrated that the raising and the die
tributing of the funds nectaiary for this purpose i 6
and the entire management aod control of tbe,'
schools, should be left with the people, In their
local corporations. With such an arrangement.
we may feel confident that the schools will
managed with prudence, and a wise economy.'
which will secure success, and give complete
satisfaction. .. ,c
In conclusion Mr. Speaker, I will repeat that"
I am decidedly in favor of supporting tbe com-"
mon schools by looal taxation. For I bave an r
abiding confidence In tbo people's capacity to -manage
their own affairs. In the admin litre-;
tion of the schools, due regard should be bad
to economy and efficiency. These should "be
primary objects of tbe law. To secure whlobV
the oontiol and management of the schools'
should be brought as directly home to the pee-'
pie aa practicable. Tbe people of Ohio bave '
long been distinguished for their enterprise- and
public spirit; and these are ample guarantees
mat tbeir constant and untiring effort will be
directed to promote the success and usefulness ;
ot the schools Tbe only danger that threatens '
the common school system is, that its over-
zealous friends will bring it into disfavor with
the people, by amplifying and expanding it.
Boards ef Education have tbe authority to estab
lish township, central, or high sobool. . Nonen
bas yet been organized under tbe law, and it ta s
to be hoped none ever will be. Thta 1 a much i
of an excrescence upon the common school Sys-'
tern as the ragged school would be. Tbe tendsa
cy of either, as an adjunct to tbe school svstsdtr
could not fall to do harm . It would unavoidably re -'
sultin the establishment of invidious distinctions
in society .and for this reason It is to be deprecated. ' -Our
school law bas become entirely too complex, -
and there has been, I regret to say, a disposition
upon the part of iboie who claim to be the
friends, par excellence, of our common schools
to render it even more so. The system is made
ponderous by excessivo machinery. It is the '
nature of power to centralize, and nowhere is
this more manifest than in, the Ohio school
system. The band of reform is needed upon it.
The common school system, pure and simple,
is amply sufficient to furnish the means of ele-ic
mentary instruction to all tbe youth of the .
State. It is comparatively inexpensive and 4
popular with the people, and will remain so, s,
long aa it is kept within ita legitimate sphere, r
Let township or central high schools beettab.
lished by private enterprise, and publio benevo-,
lence will provide for the ragged school when
needed. Letour school system be pureed of
aod kept free from all extraneous appendages;,,
and we need have no fear of its success, x ,
Finally, let me say, Mr. Speaker, the bill aa-d
fore the House should pass. . It is eminently a
measure of Justice, and it will sooner or later bal
come a law. Depend, upon It, tblsia only
question of time. Justits Is slow, but oertaia -. ?t
: V ' "- - 1 ' .-: li-J
n&5i--&li i Arts V T
I jiil n
From tht New IorkOtmrvtr.1 ' SU
As all parties manufacturing Sewing Machine ar ob- . -
Used 10 uy air. Bow license on each machine ld. 1
and ar a so compelled to make returns to him, andef rt
oiu. mm iu lu.iiuuiuvr wiu, uia vooss B1T CQmooui!
ment. From this reliable source w have ottalaed th 1
following statistics. Of th machine mad in tbe gear
lesti, th.re were sold, J
By Wheels? st Wilson.......... 81,305
" I. M. Btngersk Co., .....10.95J ,,,,',
Grover fc Baker... 10,880 .
Phowlng the stirs of Wheeler fc Wilson to 8 WUt '
those of any other Company ." . . .. . Y . -
Awarded the highest premlnme-tt th - , ..a,
United Btates Fsirs of 1858, 1&9 and 1808; ' '
... also at th - w..rMj
Ohio 8 late rain of 1859 and 1M8 , . ,
and at nearly all th County Fairs hi to Btaat.V
Our nrioes. at th late ndutton, ons low M aw"
loch Hich machine now moU. and but a trifl higher than
th Interior two thrtaa oeoea wtc macAitui, tow -forced
unon the market. ' 1 ' ' .- -it .
Th WBBBLKB a WILSON MACOtNS mikes the
Look tnen theenlyen which cannot bmvel.4. - It 4
It luu 0 Both 8insa of th goods, leavUf M rVf ar f
oAaMonMs tuuUr tidm. '
atsnocAAtew uofattted 3 years, io4 fcusrsectfoW
dvea in their nss, free of eh.rte. . ,
II. 0BABr,81 High st.,Colambhv0. '9
WM. SUMS IB It 0O S
doc3-8awd3mfcw6n' Pike's Opera Ho. Cincinnati.
. HF..1UY KtEIILEK, , y -v . is'.
(Lte of Phalon'l Iitabllshment, .. T.,) Poprittar
- th Hew Tork Fashionable Sharing, Beir Oattiug '
ham nooning, Curllagand Dressing Saloon, Bstt State-.
Street, over the Pott Oilioe, when satiifoctlon will
n given In all th various brant-be, lottos and '
Children's Ualr Dressing don In the beltstyl.,,
JySI-dlV . ' " ' ut .
O T 13 I.
LA SnAWLII STELLA
I in all dotrableeolnni, and at rtrr
BAIN t St'ti.
No. SB louth High stiwt.
...A... -vm wow.
' . .ii j- I .-? 1 -i a,J V1
xml | txt