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n VOL. TIL NO. 294. NEW SERIES; COLUMBUS. OHIO FRIDAY MORNING. MAY 17, 1861. '..-. BIZ DOLLAR! PXB YXABrt ' ' InTariablj in Advance L)t (Dljifl Statesman DAILY, TEI-WEEKIY AND WEEKLY MANYPENNY & MILLER, fTJBLISB. B AHD PEOPEIETOBS. OCT Office Mm. 86, 88 and 40, North High St. TJURMB INVARIABLY IM ADVANOB. Oaily - - $8 00 per year, " ay me tamer, per week, 12 sent. Trl-Weaklr .. 8 00 per year Weekly, , . . . 1 00 " criise at Advertising- ly the Squares ne square I yoai...$20 (10 One square 3 weeks..! 00 One " 9 weeks.. 3 00 One " 1 week.., 1 75 One " 3 days ... 1 00 One " 9 days... 75 One " 1 Insertion 50 Uric On One One One '.i mr.i.tha 1H 00 0 months 15 (HI 3 months in 00 U montha 8 00 1 month. S 00 Displayed advertisements bait more than the Abort rates. Advertisements leaded and placed In the columu of enseial Notices," auuou iie ordinary rates. All notices required to be published by law, legal ratea. u oruereu on tne instae exclusively alter the lirstweek per rent, mure than the above rates; but all such wll appear In tho Trt-Weekly without charge. . Business Cards, not exceeding flvelluea, per year, ln up, ajv ;iu per line, omeiiie w'i. Notice or meetings, chari tablet ocletlei, fire oompanlee, ' to., half price. AUtranaiant advertisements mutt be paid for tn advance Tie rule will not be varied from. Weekly, tnuie price u the Daily, where the advertiser settns weekly alone. Where 'he Dally and Weekly a ro both used, then the charite tor the Weekly will be o in mc reus oi tne uany No advertisement taken except for a definite period. BUSINESS CARDS. F. A. B. SIMKLXS, Attorney nt Xjcixt AND NOTARY PUBLIC. Office Ambus Building, opposite Capitol Square). COLUMBUS, omo; OOXj1XIVI:X3T7 Machine Manufacturing Company -. mi v (9.3JI u a one c m i 0s.o . t 1" rv I, : t,y V"" f. HANuracTUUKS or STEAM ENGINES k BOILERS, Castings, Kill Gearing, Machinery. ALSO, n.viix"oaca. W eOXl51 or ETiar DKecaMrrion. COJLUITIBIJfl, OHIO. OHAS. AMB08, gup't. P. AMDOfl, Tree, deoll. lH5rt-tf Winter Arrangement. Little Miami Columbus & Xenia RAILROADS. For Cincinnati, Dayton ft Indianapolis! Through to InJian&Dolis without ChaDge of Cara ' ; . and bat One Change of Cars between i- Columbuij and St. Louia. THREE TRAINS DAILY FROM COLUM BUS. FIRST TRAIN . '; (Dally, Mondays excelled.) 7 NI0I1T EXPRKH8, via Dayton, at 2:45 a. m.,atop- ping at London, Xenia, Dayton, Uiddletown and liamll- ton. arriving at Cincinnati at o:.-u a. m-;uayion auio a. m., Indianopollaat 10.48 a. m ;H. Louia at 11:50 SECOND TRAIN. ACCOM MODATION, at 6:10 a. m., stopping at all Sta tion, between Colombo! and Cincinnati aud Dayton, ar riving at Cincinnati ll:Oii a. m., Dayton at 0:15 a. m., Indianopollaat S;2H p. m. THIRD TRAIN. DAT EXPRESS, at 8:30 p. m., stopping at Alton, Jederaon, London, Charleston, Cedarville, Xenia, Spring Valley, Corwln, Morrow, Deerfleld, Foster's, Lore land, Millfordand Plalnville, arriving at Cincin nati at 7:20 p. m.t St. Louis at 18 m; Dayton at 5:35 p, Indianojiolis at 10:38 p. m. slleenlnr Cora on sail Night Trnlna to Cluclnnatl and Indiunapolia, nAOOAGE CIIECKKU TIIUOUOH. lor further Information and Through Tickets, apply to M. L. DOUKKTV, Ticket Agent, Union Depot, Columbna, Ohio. E. W. WOODWARD, Superintendent, Cincinnati. JNO. W. DOUKUTY Jul3 Agent, Columbus, SOMETHING NEW HOWARD & CO'S. AMERICAN WATCHES, CALL, AT NO. 83, SOUTH HIGH KTM and examine our new make of AMERICAN WATCHES, manufactured by K. HOWARD Ac CO., Boston, Maaa. These Watches are far superior to anything ever offered to the publlo, heretofore. Having the exclusive agency, I can tell them at prices to suit the times. I have just received a large stock of AMERICAN WATCHES, ' . i ' manufactured by APPLETON, TRACY, it CO j alao, a fine assortment of ENGLISH AND SWISS WATCHES, , In Gold and Bllrer Cases, at Panic prices. JanS3 . ' W. J. BAVAG1. Juit Beoelved! inn nr. cic keen and black 1UU TEAS 100 baga prime Bio Conee. 1 SO pockets old Dutch Government Java Coffee. t 5 bags Ceylon Coffee. SOObbls. standard White Bngart, consisting of Pow dred, Chruahed, Granulated A and B Coffee. 50 quintals Oeorge Bank Codfish. ' gObble. Mess and No. 1 Mackerel. A tea. Pick Salmon. 100 bx. Layer Kalsina. - ' ' AOhf. box do do ' - tOOqr. boa do de ' ' ' ' 100 It Cigars, different brand! and gradef . nor7 WU. MoDONALD. M. C. LILL1EY BINT) i-tJUL " And Blank-Book Manufanturer, I ' KOBTH HIGH ITBJCET, COLUMBUS, OHIO '' saarll-dly . " ' FARIILY FI.OCU. : I yynITIJ WHEAT, BRANDED " " 1 "SNOWI,IiAKE." ' t ran "Bamett Mills," Bprlngfleld, 0. the bestbrand of iour uronRui w uur maraei. Batistsetlon guaranteed lor sale only at WAt. MoDONALD'S, novx7 106 South High street. ALEXANDRES KID GI.OVEM. All alaea and oolors Just opened at BATNB, dec. 11. o. IW South High street. Irish Linen Goods. WARRANTED FABHIC Linen Shirt Bosoms Plain and Fane , , . , . Bhirtlng and Bosom Linens. , ' ' Linen Sheetings and Pillow Casings. Linen Cambrics and Long Lawns. . Linen Pocket-handk ft, all sites. t i- Linen Towelling! and Dlaperi -J " ' tlnenlfaptlnsandD'Oylles. ' . linen Table Cloths iiS.;iu Damasks. . ; Linen Towels with colored borders. ' 11 ' Linen Stair Ooverlngsand Crash. ,", -T. . 'i Porsaleatlowprtoes. - -- BAIN at SOU,' -. feb3 . .' " Ko. W South Hih street. - TIONNBTH, HIBUONS TABS, AND auuubp, newtviet.jascoptneany BAIN St BON, eprilS Ke. 99 South High street WORCESTER'S ROYAL QUARTO DICTIONARY. The Latest The Largest The Beit, ' The Cheapest Because the Best, "The Moat Hollab 6tandard An tuorlty of the EnKllah LangnaKO." Six Hundred Eminent Educator) of OMo, "inB BEST ENGLISH DICTIONARY EXTANT." t . literary Men Eetrywher "Iloie are upwarda of a Hundred Thousand Words, whose multifarious meeninga and derlvatlona, tofrether with theti correct apelllog, and pronunciation are olearly sei nerore ine eye.'' Oincinnaii Commercial. Head theDtclttoni of tho ifembert of the OMo State jeaciere Auootatton The undersigned, membera of the Ohio State Teachers' Association, adont and aim tonsetn teaching, writing: and speaklnir, the orthography and pronunciation of Worcester's Boyal Quarto Dictionary, and we most cor dlally recommend It as the most reliable standard an. tborlty of the English language, aa It la now written and spoxen. Loam Audsiws, President Eenyon College. M. D. Lionrrr, Superintendent Zaneaville Schools. Thos. W. lUavit, Bnp't Uasal Ion Union .Schools. M. F. Oowniav, Sup't Publlo Schools, Sandusky. John Ltbch, Sup't Publlo Schools, Cirolevllle. 8. N. SixrosD, Principal Cleveland female Bemlna ry. Wh. Mitchill, Sup't Publlo Schools, Mt. Union. Jour Oodsh, Principal Stat Normal School, Mlnne, sola. . Orana Naaoit, Principal Fourth Intermediate School, vincinnati. II. B. JliRnn, Sup't Canton Union Schools. Eowir HtoiL, Principal McNeely Normal School. Kli T. TarraN, Prof. Ualhematlcs, Ohio Univeralty. W, W. Kowaana, Sup't Troy Union School. A. 0. Horxua, Principal Weat High School, Cleve land. B. A. NoToH. Aasoclate Principal niihSchool, Cleve land. Tbiodorb Btikliku, Principal High School, Cleve land. ' R. P. noHirroK, Principal Cleveland Inatitule. J. A. OiariiLD, President of Elecllc Inatitule, EI ram. W. L. Harris. Prof, of Ohemlatrv. Ohio Wealevan Univeralty. II. H. Barnit, En-Commissioner of Common Ecboola, unio. jamcb Monitor, Prof. Ithetorto, Obertln College, Toon. UiiL, President Antloeh Oollere. 0. W. H. Oatbcart, Prof. Mathematics, High ccnooi, uayton. 8. C. Crumbacoh. Prof. Lansniaee. niih School. Dayton. B. M. Barbbr, Sup't Union Schools, Ashlacd. Hare than Sim Hundred other Prettdents of Cone- gee, Profeteore, Author and DltllnQuUhtd Educa tors, hate endorsed, the aooxe eentlmtnt. PRESIDENTS OF COLLEGES IN OHIO. Mariitta Coixroa "It la truly a matnlflcent work. an honor to the author, the publishers, and the whole country.- i-reswent Andrews. Onto WsaiiYAH UmvrasiTV ..." It exceeds mv exnecta- tiona. ii will be my auide in ortnoa-raDby and pronun ciation, and will often he consulted by me (or Its neat and accurate definitions. "President Thompson. W. R. Eclbotio Coluob. "Heretofore we havenaed Webster's orthography. At a recent meeting of our Faculty, It was decided to change it to conform to that or Worcester'! Boyal Quarto Dictionary." President Garfield. Win-rut Rbhrvc CoiLror. "I find It worthy of cordial approbation." President Hitchcock. OantLra Coixtos. "It more than meets my expecta tions. I recommend It as the standard authority in orthoepy to my children and my pupils." President Morgan. AxnocH OoLLxai. "I adont and aim to use In teach- ins, writing and apeaklng. the orthoaraohy and pronun ciation of Worcester's noyal Quarto Dictionary." maiden! mil. "In all my writing, sneaking, and teaching'. I have en deavored to conform to the rules for orthography and pronunciation aa contained in Worceater'a Dictionary." Horace Uann, late President. Kurrox Coluob, Omnia. "I moat cordially reoora- mond It as the moat reliable standard authority of the Kna-llah lanauaae as It la now written and anoken." President Andrews, i SCHOOL COMMISSIONERS OF OHIO, From Jtev. Anson Smyth, Commissioner of Common aoMois it wixo. The Dictionary Is an Imperishable monument to the learning and Industry of Ita author, and an honor to the world of letters. The mechanical execution is far supe rior to that of any other Lexicon with which I am ac quainted." From Bon. U. O. Barney. Miy Commissioner of Schools in Ohio. "The most reliable standard authority of the lan guage." WHAT TUB ! Leading ISTewepapers of OMo Say. From the Cleveland Herald of llarch 38. The orthography of the Worcester Dictionary It that used by most. If not all, authors of distinction In this country and England, and conforms to the general usage or ordinary writers ana speakers. Whatever nreludlces may have existed previously, a careful study of tills volume will invariably be followed by a warm appreciation or lis great merits, and a desire to add It to the wall selected library, be It large or small, It la a library tn itself, and will remain an Imperisha ble record of the learning of Its compiler. from the Oincinnaii Commercial of April SO. Ilero are upwards of a hundred thousand words good, had and indifferent whose multifarious meanings and derivations, together with their correct spelling and pro- nunclatlon, are sec oiesriy oerore tne eye. xne work is unquestionably the greatest Thesaurus of English Worda ever published. From the Cleveland Plaindealer of Sept. SO, I860.' Evidently Worcestbi's Rotal Qoarto Dictiomart is not only the last, but the m work of the kind ever is sued, and can by no possibility suffer by comparison or eontroveriy. , . , From the Toledo Blade of May SO. 1 A) to nOKDHCIATIOK, WORCTSTIR IB TBS STAITOARn followed by our best authors; In definitions he leaves nothing to he desired, and In Orthoorafrv It la aufllclent to say that wobccstrr oan be aateiy followed. . INGIIAtri & BKAGG, Publisher!, Booksellers dc Stationers, NO. 101 SUPERIOR ST., CLEVELAND, 0UI0. maiO 1 THE MUTUAL BENEFIT LIEE INSURANCE COMPANY, OF Uo-cvrcirlac., T- DlTidend Jannary l , 186 1 1 4S Per Cent. ASSETS..... 1.1,81230 CO, Statement Januarr It 1801, Balance, per statement Jan. 1st, 1880 13,400,58) 39 Beoelved for Premiums dur- 1 ' Inir the year 10 t03.0S3 53 Received for Interest during . , tne year ino xie.oit iu Total receipts for ieC0;...8l)77.OG7 74 Paid Claims by Death,S0",050 00 . PaldPollotet sunen-- 1 , dered 41.111 SO ,. .. . Paid Salaries, Pott- . .. . , . ,., age, Taxes, isx- , - - -change, elo 3I.0S0 54 Paid Commissions to Aients.... .. 51,355 30 Paid Physicians' fees. 6,110(1 75 L , , , ... 1 .. Paid Annuities..-.. 1.517 00 ' . Paid Dividends dur- . ins; the year 1CO.S0O 75 505,001 63 411,976 14 Net Balance January 1st. 1801 .. . .ASSETS.' ' 3,819,55S 50 Cash on hand $0,6384 19 Bonds and Mortgages on Real Kstate, wortn double tne amount loaned 1.327.841 68 Premium Notes, on Policies,. In force, only drawing o per cent, interest 1,979,864 17 Real Estate 00.893 97 Loans on Scrip 5,03144 Premiums, Notes and Cash, In ' count of transmission.. . 45,343 75 Total Asaets.......... 13,812,559 50 TiSTS Policies in force, insuring; 830,426,538 1,435 new Policies have been Issued during the year After a cart ful calculation of the present value of the outstanding tfoltcleeof the Company, Bad having the necessary amount in reserve therefor, the Dlreotore nave declared a Dmntnn ot o per cent, on tne yreml urns paid at the table rates, to all policies for Ufe In force. Issued prior to January 1, 1800, payable according to the present rule of tb (Inwininv. .. , i,,:,... ' . Bates for sll kinds of Lite Contingencies, Prospect uses, 8 ta laments, aid Applications, will be furnished without ohasojb, at the OOioe or Agencies ot the Ocm- ' ."' HOBT. L. PATTERSON, President. nVM "p "fT-T fC. CIROVEB, Vice Presidents -BIN J. 0. MILLER, Benretsiry. - , , , 11. U. U iiiESON, Agent,' , ' M..ofl ifwi Mo, 4 Jghnson Block. ..yatchg8,1861.. Columbus, 0. BliEACHED - "IIEETINGR AND HWTWaB, all widths, of most "ebrftrt now offered In sreatest varlelv and t aprllJ . bom, K. 99 South High street. IIBHBi Dallv. nervear, ,.0 00 ., 3 00 .. 1 00 Trl- Weekly, per vear. ..... . rreeaiy, per year Red, White and Blue. Oh. Columbia, the gem of the ocean. The home of the brave and the free, The shrine of each patriot's devotion, A world offers homage to thee1 Thy mandate makes heroes assemble, When Liberty's form stands in view; . Thy banners make tyranny tremble, When borne by the red, white and bluel When borne by the red, white and bluel When borne by the red, white and bluel Thy banners make tyranny tremble, When borne by the red, white and bluel When war raged In wide desolation, And threatened our land lo deform, The ark then of freedom's foundation, - Columbia rode safe through the storm. With her garland of victory o'er her, When so proudly she bore her brave crew, With her flig floating proudly before hor, The boaatof the red, white and blue. The wine cup, the wine cup, bring hltbor, And fill it up to the brim, May the wreath they have won never wither, Nor the star of their glory grow dim; May Ihe service united ne'er sever. But hold to their colors so true Ihe army and navy forever I Three cheers for the red, wh'te andblue! SOLDIERS' HEALTH. Interesting Suggestions and Recommendations The following article, on "Soldiers' Health," la irom Hall's New York Journal of Health. It contains mnch valuable information for both soldiers and civilians: 1. In an ordinary campaign sickness disables or destroys three times as many as tne swora 2. On a inarch, from April to November, the entire clothing should be a colored flannel shirt, with a loosely-buttoned collar, cotton drawers woolen pantaloons, shoes and Blockings, and a lieht-colored felt bat, with broad brim to pro tect the eyes and face from the glare of the sun and from the rain, and a substantial bnt not heavy coat when off duty. 3. Bun stroke is moat tneciuauy prevented oy wearing a silk handkerchief in tne crown ol the hat. 4, Colored blankets are best, and if lined with brown drilling the warmth and durability are doubled, while the protection against dampness from lyine on the ground la almost complete. o. Never lie or lit down on the crass or Dire earth for a moment: rather n?e your bat a handkerchief, even, is a great protection. The warmer you are the greater need tor this pro tection, as a damp vapor is immediately gene rated, to be absorbed by the clothing, and to cool yon off too rapiaiy. b. While marching, or on otuer active amy, the more thirsty you are, the more essential Is it to safety of life itself, to rinse out the mouth two or three times, and then take a swollow of water at a time, with short intervals. A brave French general, on a lorced march, leu dead on the inBtant, by drinking largely ot cold water, when snow was on tne ground. 7. Abundant sleep is essential to ooaity cm- ciency, and to that alertness of mind which is all-important in an engagement; and few things more certainly and more effectually prevent sound sleep than eating heartily after sun down, especially alter a heavy mtrcrt or acne- jate battle. 8. Nothing is more certain to secure endu ranee and capability of long-continued effort, than the avoidance ot ever; thing as a urinlt ex cept cold water, not excluding cofTeo at break fast, l'rius as little aa pajsimo, ot even oia water. 9. After any sort of exhausting effort, a cup of coffee, bot or cold, is an admirable sustatner of the strength, until nature begins to recover herself. 10. Never eat heartily fast before a great un dertaking, because the nervous power is Irre sistibly drawn to the stomach lo manage the lood eaten, thus drawing oil mat supply wnica the brain and muscles so much need. 11. If persons will drink brandy, It is incom parably safer to do so after an effort than before; lor it can give only a transient strengtn, lasting but a few minutes; but as it can never be known how long any given effort ia to be kept in con tinuance, and if longer than a few minutes, the body becomes more feeble than it would have been without the stimulus, it is clear that its use before an effort is always hazardous, and is always unwise. 12, Never go to sleep, especially after a great effort, even in hot weather, without some cov ering over yon. 13. Under all circumstances, ratner tnan no down on the bare ground, lie in the hollow of two logs placed together, or across several smaller pieces of wood, laid fide by side; or sit on your hat, leaning against a tree. A nap of ten or fifteen minutes in that position will refresh you more than an hour on tne bare earth, with the additional advantage ot perfect safety. 14. A cut ia lees oangerou3 man a nuuet wound, and heals more rapidly. 15. It from any wound the blood spirts out in jets, instead of a steady stream, yon will die in a few minutes, unless it is remedied; because an artery has been divided, and that takes the blood direct from the fountain of life. To stop this !nstantly,tie a handkerchief or oth er cloth very loosely bitwikn the wound and the heart; put a stick, bayonet, or ramrod be taetn the skin and the hankerchief; and twist it around uutil the bleeding ceases, and keep it thus until the surgeon arrives. 16. If tbe blood flows in a Blow, regular stream, a vein has been pierced, and the hand kerchief must be on tbe other side ot the wound from the heart; that is, below the wound. 17. A bulletthrough the abdomen (belly or stomach is more certainly fatal than if aimed at the head or heart; for in tbe latter cases the ball is often glanced off by the bone, or follows round it under the akin; but when it enters the stomach or bowels, from any direction, death is Inevitable under all conceivable circum stances, but is scarcely ever instantaneous- Generally tne person lives a aay or two witn perfect clearness of intellect, often not suffer ing greatly. The practical bearing of this statement in reference to the great future is clear. 18. Let the whole beard grow, but not longer than some three Inches. This Btrengthcus and thickens its growth, and thus makes a more perfect protection for tbe lungs against dust, and for the throat against winds and cold in winter, while In tbe summer a greater perspi ration of the skin is induced, with an increase of evaporation; bence, greater cooluess of the parts on tne outside, wntie mo inroat ia less feverish, thirsty and dry. 19. Avoid lats and Ut meats in summer aud in all warm days. 20. Whenever possible, take a plunge into any. lake or running stream every morning as soon aa yon get op; it none at nana, enoeavorto wash the body ail over as soon as you leave your bed, for personal cleanliness eats like a cnarm against an diseases, always eitnerwara ing them on altogether or greatly mitigating their seventy ana snortening tnetr duration. XI. Keep tbe hair ot the bead closely cut say within an inch and a half of the scalp in very part, repeated on tne nrst ot eacb moutD and wash tbe whole scalp plentifully in cold wa ter every morning. , 2!!. Wear woolen stockings and moderately loose shoes, keeping the toe and finger-uails always cnt close. Xi. it ia more important to wash the feet well every night than to wash the faoe and handa of mornings, because it aids in keeping the skin and nails soft, and to prevent cha&nga, blisters and corns, an or which greatly interfere with a soldiers outy. . 24. The most universally safe position after all stunniogs, hurts and wounds, Is that of be ing placed on tbe back, the head being elevated three or lour incnes oniy, aiding more tnan any one thing eise oan oo, to equalize and re store tbe proper circulation of the blood. . 25. s The more weary yon are after a march or other work, the more easily will yon take told, If you remain stui alter it is over, nn less, the moment you cease motion, you throw a coat or blanket over your shoulders. This precaution should be taken in tbe warmest weather, especially if there la even a slight air Stirring. 26. The greatest physical kindness you can show a severely wounded comrado is first to place bim on bis back, and then run with all your might lor some water w anna ; not a see ond ought to be lost. If no vessel ia at band take vnnr hat: if no hat. off with your shirt, wring it out once, tie the arms tn a knot, as also the lower end, thus making a bag, open at tbe neck only. A fleet perBon can convey a bucket ful half a mile iu this way. I've seen a dying man clutch at a single drop of water from the fingers' end, wiln tbe voraciousness of a fam ished tiger. 27. If wot to tbe skin by rain or by swim miug rivers, keep in motion uutil the clothes are dried, and no barm will result. 28. Whenever it is possible, do, by all means, when you have to use water for cooking or drinking from ponda or sluggish streams, boil it well, and when cool, shake it, or stir it, so that the oxygen ol the air snail get to it, which greatly improves it for drinking. This boiling arrests the process of fermentation which arises irom tbe presence or organio ana inorganic im purities, thus tending to prevent cholera and all bowel diseases. If there is no time for boll ing, at least strain it through a cloth, even if you have to use a shirt or trowser-lcg. 2'J. Twelve men are hit in battle dressed in red where there are only five dressed in a blu ish gray a difference of more than two to one; green, seven; brown, six. 30, Water can be made almost ice cool in tbe hottest wentlicr by closely enveloping a filled canteen, or other vessel, with a woolen cloth, kept plentifully wetted and exposed. 31. Wbilo on a march, lie down tho moment you halt for a rest. Every minute spent in that position refreshes more than five minutes stand' ing or loitering about. 32. A daily evacuation of the bowels Is in, dispensable to bodily health, vigor and endu rance; this is promoted in many cases by stir ring a tablespoonful of corn (Indian) meal in a glass of water, and drinking it on rising in tbe morning. 33. Loose bowels, namely, acting more than once a day, with a leeltng ot debility after wards, is tbo first step towards cholera. Tbe best remedy ia instant and perfect quietude of body, eating nothing but boiled rice, with or without boiled milk; in more decided cases woolen fl tnnel, with two thicknesses iu front. should bo bound tightly around tbe abdomen, especially if marching is a necessity, 34. To "have been to the wars" ia a life long honor, increasing with advancing years, whilo to have died in defense of your country will be the boast and the glory ol your child ren's children. Gunpowder Manufacture. The invention of gunpowder is claimed bv the r i. .l . .. . uermuiia mr ineir countryman, uertnoidui Schwartz; but it ia well known to have been in use among tho Chinese sinco A. D. 65. Some of the be.tt qualities are composed an follows: KITIR, CilARCOtl., aui.ruui. ...7,r ,...7S ...05 ...7H IS I.' 15 1'.' 83 10 10 vn 0.12. Army powder. Sporting Mining French Tho Ingredients are firft reduced to an Im palpable powder in cylinder mills workod by water power, or between metallio rollers. It is next weighed, then properly mixed in a mixing; trough with a wooden roller for three hours, and at some mills it ia merely stirred abont in a large tuo lor a snort time; but when this ia tbe caee, moro time ia allowed for iucorporatlnr'. which is the next process The cylinders of moit incorporating milla aro two in number, and made of a very tough description of stone; they each weigh about three tuns. The bed of the mill on which they revolve ia of the aims ma. terial; but cylinders and beds of iron are also much used. The objection to iron beds is that they generally wear hollow In the middle, and it would be out of the question to have stone cylinders and iron beds. The charge which is placed in the mill at a time is 42 lbs., and it Is moistened with 2 pints of water, which is placed in the mill with tbe charge; but this is varied according to the stato of tho atmosphere. At the end of three hours, the charge ia withdrawn from tho mill to be pressed either in a hydraulic or a powerful screw press; it is separated at equal distances by plates ofoopper, so that a uni form pressure may be applied to tbe whole, which is about 600 tuns. When taken from the press it is in thin solid cakes or layers, called "pre?s cake." 1 bis is broken in nieces of about a quarter of an ounce In weight, and removed to the coruing bouse, where it is granulated by placing it in sieves having a rotary shaking motion, given to them by machinery, with two blocks ol lignumvilst wood, which crush the pow der between them and the sides of the sieve; two other sieves of different degrees of fiueness are placed under the first, wbicb catch the oow- uur uu eruaraiu it luiu une ana coarse grain, (for artillery and muskets) and tbe duet, or meal powder, falls iuto a box placed beneath. The powder is now glazed by beinir nlaced In a cask, which revolves on an axle through the centre about thirty times in a minute, which takes eff all the corners of the grains and gives tbem a polish. Tbe last process is drying, which Is perform ed by steam, radiation from hot irons, or solar heat; it is sometimes again sifted before bar reling, to clean it aud prevent it from caking together. The pressing and glazing process, although they lessen the effective force of the powder, are absolutely necessary; first, to give the powder density, to prevent ita breaking bv carriage; second, to prevent its absorbing moift ure from the atmosphere, which it ia liable to do from the alkali whioh la in the charcoal: third, to prevent the powder losine ita nower when kept for any length of timo. The quality of the powder produced depends more on the care taken in its manufacture than on the exact proportions ot tbe ingredients. How the World is Governed. There are about one hundred senaratal nr. ganized governments in the world at the ores- eu. viuiu. Awnny one nan are monarchies in Europe; and of these a large proportion are pet ty prinoipalities and dukedom's, containing alto gether about six millions of inhabitants. Of the governments of Europe, Great Britain is a limited monarchy; France is nominally consti tutional, dui, in reauty, an absolute monarchy; Russia and Austria are absolute: Prussia. Snain and Sardinia are limited, with two chambers of deputies. There are only four republici In Eu ropeSwitzerland, San Marino, Montenegro, auu Anuurre. i uo turee latter contain an ag gregate population of not over 120,000 people. Switzerland, secure In her mountain fastness, is now, by common consent, left unmolested. The governments of Asia are all absolute despotisms. Thibet has the name of being a , , , . 3 n. " nierarcoy, out uiuers in no practical sense Irom a despotism. In Africa, the Barbary States, and all the va rious negro tribes, of whatever name, are ruled despotically, exoept Liberia, which is republi can, end may be an opening wsdee of olvllin- tion on that continent. This experiment, with that of the Island of Ilayti, would seem to in dioate the capacity ot tbe negro race for self- government. The great islands in toe southern and Pacific Oceans are mostly Independent and dcsnotle such as Japan, with a population of twenty n.!I- tionB, ana niaaagascar, containing about nve million!. Tbe Sandwich and Society Islands are limited monarchies, and the other Islands in tbe Southern and Paoifio Oceans belong mostly to the different European cowers, and are ruled according to their respective forms of government. - ; On the American continent, there Is bat one monarchical government that of Basil which is, however, liberally constitutional. , In the three great geographical divisions of Amerloa, there are now eighteen separate republics. TITAN T E D. A GENTS TO SKLL Y V packages of STATIONERY and JIWKLRY, at prices one-third leas than can be purchased elsewhere Call on or address (sump enclosed) t, L. BAILB Y, Ne lot uourt at., noaion, aiaes, marcn xe.iiim Dr. J. H. McLEAN'S Strengthening Cordial and Blood PURIFIER. Tbe Greatest Heiuedy In Tbe world. AND Tm MOST DELICIOUS AND f) DELIGHTFUL OORDIAL V' EVER TAKEN. V IT IN STRICT ly a tclenllflo and Vegetable Compound, procured by die distil lation of Boots. Ilerlis and Barks, Yellow Dock, Blood Boot, Saraaparilla, Wild Cherry Hark and Dan- se oeuon enters into its oompQaiiioa, ineen-.,, m f , Rcfore Taking," i1t remeduiAitcr laRliig. principle ot each Ingredient is thoroughly extracted by my new method of distilling. produclngi,a deliclrns, es hlleratlng spirit, and tbe most INFALLIBLE remedy for renovatins the diseased system, and restoring the sick, suffering and debilitated INVALID to llKALTH and STRENGTH. fflcLEAN'Sl STRICNttTlIl'MIrVU COCO DIAL, Will effectually cure COMPLAINT, DT8PRP8IA, JAUNDiOS LIVKR Chronic or Nervous Debility, Diseases of the KUnoyi: and all diseases arising irom a disordered Liver or Htnm acn, uyipemia. Heartburn, inward rues. Acuiitv or Hick- neis of the Stomach, Fullness of Blood to the Ilea I, Dull am or swimming In tbe bead. FalL nation or tbe Ucart 'ullnessor Weiiiht In the Stomach. Sour BiuclatUini Choking or suffocating feeling when lying down, Drvnesi or leiiowneaoor tneekinana Kjes, mgui Bweats, ia ward levers. Pain in the amall of the back, ehest or slda. Sudden Flushes of Beat, Depression of Spirits, frightful Dreams, Lanuuor. Desnondency or any Nervous Disease Sores or Blotches on tho rikin, and lever and Ague (ot nm. - a v vuiiiibuu juvvr.j Over a million of ifottlae flare been sold during the last alx montha. and In no In- stance has it failed in giving entire satisfaction. Who, men, win sunerirom weakoess or Debility when MC LEAN'S STRENGTHENING CORDIAL will cuie you? No languaire can convey an adeuuata Idea of the Imme diate and almost miraculous change produced by taking this Cordial In the diseased, debilitated and shattered nervous system, whether broken down by excess, weak by nature, or Impaired by sickness, the relaxed and unstrung uigauiuiuuu ia ivsturcu iq iu pristine neaunanu vigor. iriAHKICD 1'ERSONSi, Or others conscious of Inability, from whatever i-ausr, will find McLean t Strengthening Cordial a thorough regenerator of the system ; and all who may have Injured uiemseives oy improper indulgences, will nml In the Dor- dial a certain and speedy remeily. To tbe Lad Ion. McLean's Strengthening Cordial Is a aoverelgn and speedy cure for INCIPIENT CON SUMPTION, WHITES Obstructed or Difficult Menstruation, Incontinence ot Urine or Involuntary Discharge thereof. Palling of the womb, uidUlneaa, raiotmg and all Diseases lucldne t Females. There is no Mistake Abont it. Buffer no longer. Take It according to Directions. It will stimulate, slrengthen and invigorate you and cause me oioom oi neaun to mount your cneek again. very bottle la warranted to give satisfaction . lOU CHILDREN. If your children are sickly, nunv. or afflicted. UcLnnV Cordial will make them healthy, fat and robust. Delai n' t a moment, try tt, and yon will be convinced. IT IS DELICIOUS TO TAKE, Caption-. Beware of Drupelets or Dealers who m try to palm upon you some Hitter nrSarsaparllla train, which they can buy cheap, by sayin, It Is Just aa good. Avoid such men. Aekfor McLean's BtrenitLenlniOrir. dial, and take nothing else. It la the only remedy that will purify the blood thoroughly and at the same time strengthen the system. uue taniespoontui taken every mornlnc fast nr. Is a certain preventive of Cholera, Chills and Fevar, Yellow sever, or any prevalent diseases, it Is put up In larie bottles. .... Price only 11 per bottle, or S bottles for S5, J.H. McLSAN, Bole Proprietor of this Cordial, Also McLean's Volcanic Oil Liniment, Principal Depot on the corner of Third and Pine streels, St. Louis. 11a. McLean's Volcanio Oil Liniment. The best Liniment in the World. The only safe and certain cure for Cancers, Piles, Swellings and Bron chitis, or Goitre, Paralysis, Neuralgia, Weakness or the Muscles, Cnronle or Inflammatory Rheumatism, Still ness of the Joints, contracted Muscles or Ligaments Karache or Toothache, Brunei, Sprains. Wounds. Fresh Outs, Ulcers, Fever Bores, Caked Breasts Sore Nipples, Burns, Scalds, Bore Thoat, or any Inflammation or Pain, no difference how severe, or ho long the disease miy have existed. McLean's Celebrated Liniment Is a eer tain remedy. Thousands or numan brines have been aaved a life of decrepitudo and misery by the use of this invaluable med- cine. McLEAN'S VOLCANIO OIL LINIMENT Will relieve pain almost Instantaneously, and It wll eleanse, purify and heal Ihe foulest sores in an ineredl ly anon time. for Horse and Other Animals. McLean s celebrated Liniment la the only safe and re liable remedy for the care of Spavin, Bing Bone, Wind galls, Splints, Unnatural Bumps, Nodes or Swelllnga. II will never fail to cure Big llead, Poll Evil, Fistula, Old running Bores or Sweeny, If properly applied. For Sprains, Bruises, Scratches, Sores or Wounds, Oncksd Heels, Chafes, Saddle or Collar Galls it Is an Infallible remedy. Apply it aa directed, and a cure is certain in every inatance. Then trine no longer wlln tne many worthless Lini ments offered to you. Obtain a supnly of Dr. McLean's celebrated Liniment. It will cure you. J. II. fflcl.tCA X , Sole Proprietor, Corner of Third and Pine Streets, Bt. Louis, Me, For sale by all druggiata. Foraaleby BOBKKTS At BAMDSL, eugltt-dAtwly Columbus. Ohio, T. G. MiCORMICK. HENRY 8IIAEKET. GILBERT COAL MINIM CO. Quality of Coal Unexcelled! THESE miNEft ARE SITUATED North of Zaneaville, 0., aud OltDKtta for this justly Celebrated Respectfully solicited, and filled wilh PROMPTNESS and DISPATCH. MCCORMICK ic SHARKEY, Zaneaville, O. Dr. W. E. IHE, Asrt., Columbus, O. mar7lf Baltimore Clothing Honsc. aUHnrACTraiM and wnouciALS dialoiS is READY-MADE CLOTHING, No. 308 V, Baltimore-street, . (BeTwnra irasftTT ako mnwARD,) RALTIMORE, Hid, A Largs Assortment of Pise and Tarnishing Ooods Constantly on Hand OelSSdly i -' ' mrilllaxxi. .ZL. CS-ill coLtiinnim, oiiio. ' AGRICULTURAL WAREHOUSE Aiid Seed Store," DIAUt IN . . -! j:: GENERAL HARDWARE, NAILS, (ILASS, BASn, PUTTY, COBDAQB, anna, IMstole, Wood Willow Ware, atherand lUbber Belting, laws leather, Boss and king, . eoi-uiy Ladies' Linen Pocket-HandJt'fi. HEMMEDBTITCHEDtilNEN HAND kerchiefs, very wide hems. Embroidered Linen llandk's all prices. Hemmed Btllched and plain do, do. - I . do do i colored borders. : , , - Mourning do , : black borders . do do ...... new ttyle cross stitched,, y Pine Apple do ' " new patterns. ' " Mi ue,' Plain and Hemmed Stitched de all rrftsM.-'V Oomprlatng the most select assortment In the oiiy And al lowest prices. nmn nun, J,b2 Ho. loath High Street. mm I Vil-vsl "-jr -tii- trf Is In of it Ayer's Sarsaparil la A compound remedy, designed to be the most effectual Alterative that can be made. - It is a concentrated extract of Pnvn Sarsnpnrilla, so combined with other substances of still greater alterative power as to afford nn effec tive antidote for the diseases Sareaparilla is reputed to euro. It is believed that such a remedy is wanted by those who suffer from Strumous complaints, ond that one which will accomplish their cure must prove of immense service to this large class of our nfllicted fellow citizens. How completely this compound will do it has been proven by experiment on many of the worst cases to be found of tho following complaints : Scrofula and Scrofulous Complaints, Euuptionb and Eruptive Diseases, Ulceus, Pimples, Blotches, Tusiors, Salt IIheum, Scald Head, Syphilis and Syphilitic Af fections, Merciiri.vl Disease, Dropsy, Neu raloia on Tia Douloureux, Debility, Dys pepsia and Indioestiox, Erysipelar, Kosb on, St. Anthony's Fire, and indeed tho whale class of complaints arising from Impurity or tjib Blood, This compound will be found a great pro moter of health, when taken in the tipring, to expel tho foul humors which fester in tho blood at that season of tho year. By the time ly expulsion of them many rankling disorders are ninned in tho hud. Multitudes r-nn. hv tho aid of this remedy, spnre themselves from tho endurance of foul eruptions and ulcerous sores, through which the system will strive to rid itself of corruptions, if not assisted to do this through the natural channels of the body by an alterative medicine. Cleanse out tho vitiated blood whenever you find its impurities bursting through the skin in pimples, eruptions, or sores; cleanse it when you find it is ol structcd and sluggish in tho veins ; clcansif it whenever it is foul, and your feelings will tell you when. Even where no particular disorder is felt, people enjoy better health, mid live longer, for cleansing tho blood. Keep the blood healthy, and all is well ; but with this pabulum of life disordered, thero can be no lasting health. Sooner or later something must go wrong, and tho great machinery of life is disordered or overthrown. Sarsnparilln has, and deserves much, the reputation of accomplishing these ends. Hut the world lias been egregiously deceived by preparations of it, portly because the drug nlono has not all the virtue tlmt is claimed for it, but moro because many preparations, pretending to bo concentrated extracts of it, contain but little of the virtuo of Sarsaparilra, or nny thing else. During late years the public have been mis led by lurge bottles, pretending to give a quart of Extract of Sarsnparilla for one dollar. Most of these have been frauds upon tho sick, for they not only contain little, if any, Saraapa rilla, but often no curative properties whatev er. Hence, bitter and painful disappointment has followed the use of the various extracts of Sarsnparilla which flood tho market, until tho namo itself is justly despised, and lias become synonymous with imposition and cheat. Still wc call litis compound Sarsaparilla, and intend to supply such a remedy as shall rescue the namo from tho load of obloquy which rests upon it. And wo think wo havo ground for believing it has virtues which are irresistiblo by the ordinary run of tho diseases it is intend eu to cure. In order to securo their complete eradication fr om the system, the remedy should be judiciously taken according to directions on the bottle. prepared by DIt, J. O. A YE IE V CO. LOWELL, MASS. Price, $1 per Bottle i Six Bottles for $3. Ayer's Cherry Pectoral has won for itself such a renorm for tho cure of every varicly of Throat and Long Comprint, tlint it is entirely unnecessary for us to recount tho evidence of its virtues, wherever it has been em ployed. As it has long been in constant use throughout this section, we need not do more than1 assure the people its quality is kept up to tho host it ever hns been, and tlint it may tc relied on to do for their relief all it lias ever been found to do. Ayer's Cathartic Pills, TOR TEE CUED OS Costiteness, Jaundice, Dyspepsia, Indigestion, Dysentery, Foul Stomach, Ei-ystjtetat, Headache, Files, Rheumatism, Eruptions and Skin Diseases, Liver Complaint, Dropsy, Teller, Tumors and Sail Rheum, Worms, Gout, Keuralyia, as a Dinner rill, and for Purifying the Blood. They arc sognr-coated, so that the most sensi tive can take tliem pleasantly, and they are the best aperient in the world for all the purposes of a family physic. Price 25 cents per Eox ; Fivo boxos for $1.09. Great nnmhers of Clergymen, riivsicians.SUites men, and eminent personages, huvo lent their names to certify the unparalleled usefulness of these remedies, but our space hero will not permit the insertion of them. The Agents bclnw named fur nish gratis our American Almanac in which they are Riven ; with also full descriptions of the above complaints, and tbo treatment that should bo fol lowed for their cure. Do not be put off by unprincipled dealers with other -preparations they make more profit on. Demand Ayer's, and take no others. The sick wnnt the best aid there ia for them, and they should have it. All our remedies are for sale by - i ROBERTS at SAMUEL. Columbus. I And by Druggliu and Dealers everywhere. I nov: lya.twstw DO YOU WANT WHISKERS? DO YOU WANT WHISKERS7 DO YOU WANT A MUSTACHE! DO YOU WANT A MUSTACHE? BELLINGHAM'S v CELEBRATED StimulatiDgODguciit, For the Whiskers and Hair The subscribers take pleasure In announcing olhe Oltiaens of the United States, that they have obtained the Agency for, and are now enabled tn offer to the American publlo, the above justly celebrated and world-renowned artlole. The . . . , i STIMULATING ONGUENT ! prepared by Da. 0. P. BELLINOUAM, an eminent pnysiciao ot London, ana is warranted to nruig out a inica set ot . i Whiskers or a'Mnstachc j from three to six weeka. Thla article It the only One the kind used by the Preach, sod in London end Paris Is In universal use. It Is a beautiful, economical, soothing, yet stimulating compound, eoling as If by migle upon the roots, causing abeautitui growin oi luxuriant nair. ji applied w int scalp, It wllleure auntie, and cause to spring op in place ottbe bald spots a fine growth ef new hair. Ap ulied aooordlnr to direotiona, it will turn Bio or Tewr hair babx, and restore gray bairto Ita original Color, leaving It soft, smooth, and flexible. The Oiraumrr''. ia an Indlanenaahle article in every gentleman's toilet, and after one weel'g use they would not for any oootMeratloo be without IU The subscribers are the only Agents for the article tn the United States, to whom all orders mast be addressed. Price One Dollar a box ror sale by all Druggists and Dealers; or a box of tbe "Onguen t" (warranted to hare the deatred effect) will be tent to any who desire It, by mall (direct), aecurely packed, on receipt ef pries ad postage, aji.io. sippiy to or aoairss . '- ' -: HORAOB L. TJiaiMAN St. CO,,, nmoooiiTs, Jte., feb90dfcw8m d William Street, New-York HENRY KCEIII.EK, ' j (Late of Phalon's Xatabllehment, N. T.,) Proprietor , the New Xork Fashionable Shaving, Balr Cutting Bhampoonlng, Curling and Dressing Saloon, Bast State - street, ver the Post OSoo, wbsu. aaOttactloa (will be given In all lbs various branches.! Ladies and Ohlldren'l Hair Pratalnf Son In the best style. JyW-dly BEAUTIFUL,, I AND CHEAPER THAN EVER!? OCR SPRING STOCK 18 CNCMJAL ly large and well snorted. The very latest patterns from AMERICAN, BNQLISU and f RKN'CH litoriea." GOLD PAPERS AND BORDERS; Gold and Velvet Borders, ', SPLENDID DECORATIONS, SIDELIGHT " AND ' FIRE BOARD PAPERS, Gold and Painted Shades, GOtiU WINDOW CORNICES, BUFF, BLUE, ' ' AND GREEN HOLLANDS, WINDOW FETCHES, all kinds, CORD AND TASSELS, BEAUTIFUL PICTURE3 AND FRAMES. RANDALL & ASTON, lOQSouth. UlslaSt. COLUMBUS, O. N. B. Landlords and persona wlihlnv nn.r.mu. r Paper will make money bvbuilnir t ... n...... Merchants and persona from abroad will do well to call andaeeua. april 1-dSmeodl R.fcA. NEW ARRIVALS on1 Spring & Summer Millinery. The Stock Replenished DAXLY FHOOT I.ATI58T IMPORT ATI UN8 OF NEW YORK. MT STOCK Of Spring & Summer Millinery la now compute, comprising every variety of Millin ery; also, a large assortment of Embroideries, Hosiery aud Notions, Ate., and In quantities and prices that can! not fall to suit all who may favor ut with a call. The goous nave seen bought at Paolo prices, and will be sold at a small advance nn mat. MILLINERY. Miss M. E. YOUNG, late of New York City. will superintend the Millinery Department. Her lorg experience In the most Fashionable Establishment in d run u way win aione ne a warranty that she will he able to give entire talltfsction In matien r - wn who may favor her with their orders. The Ladlet of Columbnt and vb.nii .mi ... iiigu, ac cept my sincere thanks for their liberal patronage, and -v-.u icuuiiyioiicua continuance or the same. R. H. WARE, 08 Eaet Town ht Coluiubns, O. aprll-d3m-eod Wholesale and Retail Depot for FAMILY CnOCEBtESv No. 10G South High Street 1m. McDOMLD, DEALER IN FINE & STAPLE GROCERIES, IN ALL 'HEIR VARIETIES. Dally rrlval of Oasda For the Full and Winter Trade Of .1860-61 , irpRETflRNING SINCERE Til Aiwirai TO THIi PUBLICI fnr ..t r. ..j ... - - I--- 'wiai euu ell run age, and being DETERMINED to III EH IT noonuuuanus 01 same ny strict attention to trade, and prompt deliver- of Goods, I would call the notice or the public to the fact that having .aLarare and well Melee ted fil attfJaP.lt Ati hand, andbelug In'dally receipt of goods from the differ ent mameu, l natter myself that I can offer to tbe eltt tent of Columbus, or to anv who mav dailra tt .nxk.u an assortment of article! appertaining to the 011001 RT iraae, uneitu-afecu by any house Id the city. The price and quality of the goods offered, I guar, antee to stive satisfaction. ' Good Delivered Free of Charge. " WM. MoDONALD. SUNDRIES. ITU III MA, TAPIOCO, A. Psgo Klce Flour Pearl Barley Cracked Wheat. Coco Cream T-ntar Figs ' ' ' U ' o Seedle Halslns arrow noot, Peotch Oat Meal -Bplit Peas Chocolate Broma, etc. Soda Pro net Preth Tomatoes reaches Sreen Corn Ireth Cano 'S Frails ef every description;- Jellies of all kinds; .. . ' Flavoring Bxtreetsof all kbi. ' flam Drone; Mixed Dandles; ' - '1 rt . ' ' Almonds, Filberts, Peoos Nuts, . . , . ' -! - Kngliah Walnuts, Braall Nuts.efo; ' ' ' eoW v.. . ,,. v ., ... WM. UeOOsUlS. Notice. CITY BANK OF COLUMBUS THE FOLLOWING CHANGER WERE made in the the officers of thla Bank, January SUth, IHdlt to Witt Wat, A. Putt, President, end Titosus Mooaaa, Cashier, resigned their ofucee. Davis Tavlob, Bsq., was then elided President and W. A. Platt ap pointed Cashier. "I- V - Byerrtere the Board ef IHrsetore. ' ; febS, WUl-.tr. v . W. A. PL ATT, Cashier. MINK MCFFSi VICTOBINIS andCTJPFS ws are now selling at very low prices, alio all other kinds fashionable fan. PSTH BANS, dertl. No- 9 South Ulgh at.