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Daily Ohio statesman. (Columbus, Ohio) 1855-1870, June 05, 1861, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84028645/1861-06-05/ed-1/seq-1/

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5, 1861.
Invariably in Advanc V
l)z i)xo ptattsman
ET Office Hoi. 88, 88 and 40, Forth High ft.
Dally - - 8 00 per year.
" By the Carrier, per week, YX tents.
M-WeoHy ' S 00 per year.
Weekly, , . , , ... . 1 00
erm of Advertising by the 8qnre.
Dniiiare lyeaj...30 00
One " (i mor.tha 18 IX)
Dr.e ' 6 month! 15 00
3ne " 'J months 10 00
3ne I! months 8 00
One " 1 month. S 00
On square J weeki..4 00
One " 8weeks..00
One " lwoek... 1 74
On " Sdaye ... 1 00
One Sdaye... 75
One " 1 insertion SO
displayed advertlsementa half mora thaa tba abov
rata -, i .
Advertisements leaded and (laced In the oolamo of
au.-ciai notices, mivoitin oratnaryratt.
All notices required to be published by lav, legal rate.
11 ordered oa me Inside exclusively alter lbs nrsi ween
per cent, mora than tba above ratea; bat all mob. wll
D pear In the Tri-Weekly without chime.
Business Cards, not exceeding live lines, par year, In
tie, 3i buyer line; outalda f V,
Nutlcea of meetings, chart tablet ooletlN, lira companies,
Ate, half price.
All trantitnt adntrtUemmt mutt bi paid for 4s
td vane T.o rule will not be varied from.
Weekly, name price aa the Daily, where tba advertlaef
aeathe Weekly alona. Where 'he Daily and Weakly
an both uaed, then the charge Urthe Weekly will be
oi l me rati'i 01 uie uauy
No advertlaement taken except for a definite period.
Attornoy rtt Xjo.tv
OOce Ambos Building, oppotlta Capitol Bqnare.
Machine Manufacturing Company
Casting!, Mill Gearing, Machinery.
XLa11xoac1 Work.
or tTiar Dtacaimoit.
OBA8. AMBOS, Bup'l. P. AMBOaVTreaa.
decll, lHM-tf
Winter Arrangement.
Little Miami Columbus & Xenia
For Cincinnati, Dayton ft Indianapolis!
Through to lndiarjaoolia without Change of Can
and bat One Crwge of Care between
ColumbuB and St. Louie.
(Dally, Uondayi excepted. )
ping at London, Xenia, Dayton, lliddletown and Hamil
ton, arriving at Cincinnati at 8:20 a. m.; Day ton atS:t
a. m., Indlanopolts at 10:48 a. m.;ct. Louie at 11:50
ACCOMMODATION, at t:10 a. m., stopping at all 8ta
tloni between Columbue and Cincinnati and Dayton, ar
riving at Cincinnati U:Ui a. m.t Dayton at 9: 13 a. m.,
Indlanopolia af S;ii8 p.
DAT KXPBE88,at 8:30 p. m., stopping at Alton,
Jefferson, London, Charleston, Cedamlle, Xenia,
Spring Valley, Corwln, Morrow, Dearfleld, foiter'a.
Loveland, Millfordand Plainvllle, arriving at Cincin
nati at 7:20 p. m.; St. Louis at 13 m; Dayton at 5 35 p.
a.; Indianopolis at 10:38 p. aa.
eHeeplnt; Care n all Niftht Tralua
Cincinnati and Indlauapelia.
for farther Information and Through Tickets, apply to
Ticket Agent, Union Depot, Colombot, Ohio.
Bnperlntendent, Olnclnaatf.
ju13 '' '' - Agent, Columbus,
Jait Beeelredl
lUV TEAS 100 bags prime Rio-Conee.
1 60 pockets old Dutch Government Java Coffee, .
1 S baga Ceylon Coffee.
SOnbhla. standard White Sugars, consisting of Pow
dred, Cbrushed, Qrannlated A and B Ooffee.
60 quintals George Bank Oodnth.
gObbls. Mess and No. 1 Wacksrel.
6 lea. Pick Salmon.
100 bx. Layer Baislna.
AObf, box do do
100 qr. box do da
100 M Olgare, different brands and grades.
novz7 wm. Mcdonald. '
And Blank-Book Kann&ntuer,
Red, White and Blue
"rvKliAIUKS. -
Jast opened by
-it v . '
aprSO J
-.V d
No. 89 South High street.
ciU OOKT, '
No. 89, SOUtH Hiaa BTBiBT.;'' v ''
Have Just received a new make of HOOP SKIRTS
Bnlshed In a manner far superior to any yet Introduced
for ' ' ' '
mhSS.i' ,j ' '!,. ! f : . . t .,'ji .
. FAmit.Y ri.orjH.-'
from "Bamett Mill," Bprtngneid, 0. th best brand f
Fiour orougui w ui wmi. Batiiraetlon suaranteea
for eale only at , "-WM, McDOMALD'S, t
nottt t J" ! 108 Sontb. High etrwt.
.' Irish linen Goods."
: )
Linen Shirt Bosome Plain and fancy
- Bblrtlog end Boeota Linens. '--,
, , L sen Sheetings and Pillow Oast tigs.
Linen Cambrics and Long La."t
, t Wnen Pocket-bandk rfli, all slaei.
' Linen Towelling and Diaper
'i Linen Napkins and D'Oy ilea. , r
Linen Table Clothe and Satin Damask.
. it Lutea Towela with colored border. , : v
. Linen Stair Oorerlngsand Oraah. .
rorsaleatlowprioee. ..-'
fsbSa,.. , , , No. M Booth Hbjh street ,
-, '-'- r
BUOUIS, new styles, Juit opened by
v . , DA Irl M BUR, -
aprlU No. M South High street.
All sUosand eelors juit opened el BAINI.
dee.ll. Me, W South High atr, ,
The Lateit The largestThe Beit,
The Cheapest Beoanie the Best.
'The flloet Heliati standard ln
tberlty of the EnflUtaliant;uage.f
' Bla Bundrti JCminent Educatort of Ohio,
' ' LUtrary iltn Sttryvhtri,
"Beie are upwards of a Hundred Thousand Words,
whose multifarious meanings and derivations, together
with their comet spelliag, and pronunciation are clearly
aat hefnra Ihfl h.. I'
OtnclnnaU Commercial.
Btad th Decliion of the Vtn&trt of th OMo Slat
Tachri AttoctJtion.
The undersigned, members of the Ohio Stat Teacher'
Asaoeiatlon. adoDl and aim to naa in teachlm. writing
and apeaklnv, the orthography and pronunciation of
Worcester's Boval Quarto Dictionary, and we moat cor
dlallv neommead It aa the moat reliable standard an
thorlty of the Bngllah language, aa It le now written end
poavn. - , '
Loam Axnaaws, President Kenyon College.
H. D, Laaearr, Superintendent Saneavllla Bohoola.
Taos. W. HaaviY, Bup't Maullon Union Schools. .,
. ' H. I. CowniaT, Snp'tPublio Schools, Sandusky.
Joh LvacH, Bup't Public Schools, Olrclevllle.
8, N. SiJiroan, Principal Cleveland female Bemlna
Wat. Mitcbbxl, Bnp't Pnblte Schools, Mt. Union.
.' Jonx OaDxa, Principal Stale normal Schoel, Minne
sota. Onus Nam, Principal Vourth Intermediate Sehool
H; B. MaTi, Sup't Canton Union Schools.
Idwix Baotb, Principal MeNeely Normal School.
Xu T. TarraN, Prof. Mathematics, Ohio University.
War. W. Sow aids, Bup't Troy Union School-
A. Q. Honors, Principal West High School, Oleve
8. A. NotTox, AssoolatePrlnolpal nigh School, Cleve
land. Tbbobori Btixloio, Principal High School, Oleve
land. -
ft. V, Hnaiurrow, Principal Cleveland Institute.
t. A. Qaaruxs, President of Kleotlo Institute, Hi
ram. W. I. Haaau, Prof, of Chemistry, Ohio Weilsyan
H, H. BaaNiT, Ix-Oemmlssloner of Common School!,
JiMaa Moxaox, Prof. Rhetoric, Oberlln College.
- Taoe-Hux, President Antioch College.
0. W. II. Cathoaut, Prof. Mathematics, High
School, Dayton.
S. 0. Cbdhiaooh, Prof, Language, High School.
B. M. Biai, Bup't Union Sohools, Ashland. '
' Hot than Shi Bundrtd otKtr Prnidtntt of CoTU
oi, Jrofuori, Author and IHtUngvtihtd Educa
tor, hat endorud ih abov ttnttmmt.
HABiaTra CoLLtaa "It la truly a magnlSosnt work,
an honor to the author, th Dubllsbers.and the whole
eoun try. "President Andrews.
Ohio Wxuta UmvansiTT,-"It exceeds my expecta
tions. It will be my inlde In orthocraphv and pronun-
elation, and will often be consulted by me for It neat
and accurate definitions." President Thompson.
W. B. Boxtono Cotuoi. "Heretofore we have need
Webster's orthography. At a recent meeting of our
Faculty, it waa decided t change It to conform to that
of Worceater'a Royal Quarto Dictionary." President
Weenax Rntxvx Ootuai. 'I And It worthy of
oordtol approbation." President Hitchcock. .
Oazxux OoLtsoa. "It mora than meets dt exneola-
tlona. I recommend It aa the atandard authority In
orthoepy to my children and my pupils." President
Antioob Comcoi. "I adopt and aim to ase In teach
ing, writing and speaking, the orthography and pronun
ciation of Worcester's itoyal Quarto Dictionary."
r resident jilll.
In all my writing, sneaking, and teaching. I have en
deavored to conform to the rule for orthography and
pronunciation aa contained In Worceater'a Dlctlonarr."
Borne Mann, late President.
Kurrox Ooumbl Gianni. "I most cordially reoom-
moad It as the moat reliable standard authority of the
Baglfsh laofuag aa II la now written and spoken."
President Andrews-
from S. Anton Smyth, OommUtiontr of Common
txAoou its vnto.
"Th Dlctlonarv la an imperishable monument to the
learning and industry of lie author, and an honor to the
world of letters. The mechanical execution lafareupe
rior to that of any other Lexicon with which I am ac
from Bon. B. B. tarney. Bo-OommUtiontr of
School in Ohio.
"The most reliable standard authority of th lan
Leading Newspaper) of Ohio Say.
from lh Clmland Herald of JTarcA 28.
Th orthography of th Woroester Dictionary I that
uvra vj in oil. ii dui an, auuiui. ui hmhuvuvh u iui,
country and England, and conforms to the general uaage
of ordinary writers and speakers
Whatever nreludieee mar bar existed previously, a
careful study of this volume will Invariably be followed
by a warm appreciation of Us great merits, and a desire
to add it to the well selected library, be It large or email.
It la a library Inttaelf, and will remain an Imperisha
ble reoord of the learning of Ita compiler.
tronOit Onainnaii Oommtroiat of April 20.
Her are onwards of a hundred thousand worda good.
bad and Indifferent whose mnltifarioaa meanings and
deiivationa, together with their correct spelling and pro
nunciation, are set dearly before the eye. The work Is
unquestionably the greatest Thesaurus of Zngllih Words
aver published.
Iron tht Oltvtland PlaindtaUr of Sept. SO, 1860.
Bvldentlv Woxcum's RotaL Qoauto DtcnoiuBT U
no only tAa lait, i4 (As sot or of tht bmd mnr ie-
eMa,anaeea ny ne poasipuiiy suner ny comparison or
' from th ToUdo Elad of May 39. . ,
A to raouoisouTiox, WoaotsTxa ta tbs BTAHDAin
followed by our best authors! In definitions he leaves
nothing to be desired, and In OATHoeaArxT It Is anUcient
to say that woacxama can be aalely loiiowea.
PnMUUere, Bewkiellers Statiener,
. 01
iWoxvaarlat., 3NT. r.
Dlrldend January 1,1861,45 Per Cent.
.... 131954 SO.
le 1861, ;
Statement January
Balanca, per tatassenl Jan. let, I860..
Reoelved for Premiums dur-
3,406,38) 3D
In th Jr 10 tTW.im
Becetved for Interest during
th year 1600 814,014 10
Total receipts for I860.... 1977.007 74
Paid Claims by Death,207,OoO 00
Paid Policies surren
dered 41.111 8V -
Paid Salarie, Poit- , .
age. Taxes, Bx
chant, etc.-31.C20 S4
raid uomaisaion to
, 81,355 30
Paid Physician' fees. 4,H6o 7S 'i
Paid Annaillee 1,517 00 '
Paid Dividend dur
ing th year leo.suo n oos.osi 93
411,971 14
Net Balane January 1st. 18fll. .........3,8,5J8 SO
Cash on hand 10,6384 19 " I
Bonds and Mortgagee on Beat
state, wortn aouoi in
amount loaned 8.397.841 68
Premium Notes, on Policies
In fore, only drawing 0 per ' '
ent. Interest- 1,79,M4 17 '" a '
Beal Bstat i 90.893 87
Loan on Scrip..... 4,93144 '
Premiums, Note and Oash, in , .
ooane of transmission.. 43,313 7S
XoUl Aieeui,
13,810,556 SO
T575 PolicU In foroe, Insuring.. ....f8,4a6,5S8
1,435 new Policies have been tsned daring th year
After a careful eateslatlaa of the present rata of th
atatandlnc Polktteeof the Company, aad having the
)eossary amount In reaerv therefer, th Directors
am dwiared a Vivnxra Of n psratuc. en in rremi
am a paid at th tabs sate, to all Pol idee for lire la foroe.
aaraed artot to January 1, ItiOO, payable aoeordinf to the
preeent rate at lh
Bate for all klna, of LU Contlnpnotee, Prospoct
uhs, Steteaeou, nod Applications, will b furniahed
-. . v . v-uwa. a inc yaioe er Agencies tn uom
paar-.T . . .. . , . 1
., tr . . lS. JOBT. t. PATTDRSON, Praldnt
I U. B, UtESOlt. V
v vanson atlocx,
Columbus, 0.
BniBTIHGS,ll wtdth, f saeet eel ahtaA
bow offend ta greatest variety an at very low prioae, "
r B.in aa uai.r
"aprlis Ife.WlleatpHbihgtmi;-
ScrofUla, or King's Evil,
is a constitutional disease, a corruption of the
blood, by which this fluid becomes vitiated,
weak, and poor, lieing in the circulation, it
pervades the whole body, and may burst out
in disease on any part of it. No organ i free
from its attacks, nor is there one which it may
not destroy. The scrofulous taint is variously
caused by mercurial disease, low living, dis
ordered or unhealthy food, impure air, filth
and lilthy habits, the depressing vices, and,
above all, by the venereal infection. What
ever be its origin, it is hereditary in the con
stitution, descending from parents to children
unto the third and fourth generation ; " indeed,
it seems to be the rod of Him who says, "I
will visit the iniquities of the fathers upon
their cldldren."
Its effects commence by deposition from the
blood of corrupt or ulcerous matter, which, in
the lungs, liver, and internal organs, is termed
tubercles; in the glands, swellings; and on
the surface, eruptions or sores. This foul cor
ruption, which genders in the blood, depresses
the energies of life, so that scrofulous constitu
tions not only suffer from scrofulous com
plaints, but they have far less power to with
stand the attacks of other diseases 1 conse
quently vast numbers perish by disorders
which, although not scrofulous in their nature,
are still rendered fatal by this taint in the
system. Most of the consumption which de
cimates the human family has its origin directly
in this scrofulous contamination; and many
destructive diseases of the liver, kidneys, brain,
and, indeed, of all the organs, arise from or
are aggravated by the same cause.
One quarter of all our people are scrofulou ;
their persons ore invaded by this lurking in
fection, and their health is undermined by it.
To cleanse it from the system we must renovate
the blood by an alterative medicine, and in
vigorate it by healthy food and exercise.
Such a medicine we supply in
Compound Extract of Sarsaparilla,
the most effectual remedy which the medical
skill of our times can devise for this every
where prevailing and fatal malady. It is com
bined from the most active remedials that have
been discovered for the expurgation of this foul
disorder from the blood, and the rescue of the
system from its destructive conscquencos.
Hence it should be employed for the cure of
not only Scrofula, but also thoso other affec
tions which arise from it, such as Eruptive
and Skin Diseases, St. Antiiont'i Fire,
Rose, or Erysipelas, Pimples, Pvstvlbs,
Blotches, Blains and Bon., TtiMons, Tetter
and Salt Rheuu, Scald Head, Rinoworx,
Riikumatihm, Syphilitic and Mercurial Dis
eases, DitorHY, Dyspepsia, Dehility, and,
indeed, all Complaints arising from Vitia
ted or Impure Blood. The popular belief
in " impurity of tht blood " is founded in truth,
for scrofula is a degeneration of the blood. The
particular purpose and virtuo of this Sarsapa
rilla is to purity and regenerate this vital fluid,
without wliich sound health is impossible in
contaminated constitutions.
Ague Cure,
1 tor the speedy cure or
Intermittent Fever, or F"ev aadAgue,
Itemlttenl fever, Chill Fever, Dumb
Ague, Periodical lleadarlie, or Billon
Headache, and Ilillon Fevers, Indeed
for the whole elas of dlaaaae originate
Ins; In biliary- derangement, caused by
the Malaria of Mlasinatle Countries.
We are en ailed here to offer the community a
remedy which, while it cure the above complaint
wun cenaimr, is stm penecuy Harmless in any
quantity. Such a remedy i invaluable in districts
mli or these afflicting disorders prevail. This
"Curb" expels the miasmatic poison of Fever
and Aocn from the system, and prevents the de
velopment of the disease, if taken on the first ap
proach of its premonitory symptoms. It is not only
tho best remedy ever yet discovered for this class
of complaints, out also the cheapest The large
quantity we supply for a dollar brings it within the
reach of every body and in bilious districts, where
Fever and Aoub prevails, every body should
have it and use it freely both for cure and protec
tion. ', A ureal superiority of this remedy over any
other ever discovered for the speedy and certain
cure of Intcrmittcnts is that it contains no Quinine
or mineral, consequently it produces no quinism or
other injurious ctlect whatever upon the constitu
tion. Ihose cured by it are left as healthy as if
they had never had the disease.
1 ' J , . - -
r ever onu Ague is nut atone me cuusequcnc 01
the miasmatic poison. A crcat variety of disor
ders ariso from its irritation, among which are
- ni,,M.LM. ri . it X. - a - n 1.:. j
ticjj, Toothache, Earache, Catarrh, Asthma, Pal
pitation, Painful Affection of tht Spleen, Uyeter'
tct, Pain in the Boioelt, Coke, Paralysi and De
rangement oj tnt atomacn, au or v. men, wnen
originating in this cause, nut on the intermittent
type, or becorno periodical. This " Cube " expels
the poison from the blood, and consequently cures
them all alike. It is an invaluable protection to
immigrant and persons travelling; or temporarily
residing in the malarious districts. If taken occa
sionally or daily while exposed to the infection,
that will be excrotcd from the system, and cannot
accumulate in sufficient quantity to ripen into dis
ease. Hence it is even more valuable for protec
tion than cure, and few will ever suffer from Inter
mittent!! if they avail themselves of the protection
this remedy affords.
Prepared by Dr. J. 0. ATEB &, CO., Lowell, Mas,
BOBBRTB at BAHDIL, Columbus. .
And by Druggists and Dealer verywhere.
i .1,
For the Whiskers and Hair
Tha ratarrheri (ska sleaaur In announcing 0 tl
Ottlsens ol the Untied States, that they have obtained the
Agency for, and are now enabled to offer to th Amerle in
pnblio, the abov Justly celebrated and world-renown id
aitlola. The - . ;::,
prepared by Da. 0. P. BKLLINGHAal, an eminent
physielan of London, and Is warranted to bring out a
thick setof ., . . .
Whiskers or a Mustache
In from three to six week. ' This article Is th only en
of the kind used by the Ireneh, and in London and Paris
It Is a beautiful, economical, eoothlog, yet stimulating
oompound, acting as If by magic upon the roote, causing
BDoautltul growin oi luauriau. nun ai apirou m, w,
scalp, It will cur Bauniss, and cans to spring np In
Dlace of th bald spot fin growth of new hair.- Ap-
T . . . .. ... . 1. 111 B MUHUW
puea aoooraing io uireouoa., i. w
hair Oix, end reetor gray hair to it original color,
leaving It soft, smooth, and flexible. The "Ossussr" I
an Indispensable article In every gentleman' toilet, and
after one week's use they would not for any consideration
bswlthoutlt. . . . '
Th subscribers are tne oniy ngenui nrins ar.wi.iu
ik. tTni,4 Htaix. to whom all orders must be addressed.
Drf.n.Tiniurahnx (oreale brail Dranlst aod
Dealers; or box of tb "Ongunt" (warranted to have
the desired effect) will bssent to any who desire It, by
mall (direct), securely paoked, on receipt of prioe sod
postage, B l.io. appiy w or auui -.-.-,
IIOBACB h. UHUsman aa uu- ,
ckcuaim, to.,
4 Williaa Street, New-York.
(Lata of Phalon'S BataMishmont, N. t.,) Foprletor
v . a..i,i...kl Hhavhir. Hair Outttna
uiv ,aw - - - , , o...-
h streelVover v Offlo, where satlafaction will
H VrlZ el .il tha warioua branches. Ladle aad
nn-iinaann uraanna naioon. iai staia
OhlUren'gSaIlPrNuVIDelattobtfti'l . .
lylarg and well aesorted. She v.ry latest patterns
irom AMitltiOAn, amuiiiBnanua".
Gold and Velvet Borders,
; ' AND
Gold and Painted Shades,
N. B. Landlords and persons wishing quantities of
Paper will make money by buying of us. Country
Merchants and persons from abroad will do well to call
and see us. aprll 1-dSmeodl B. Ac A.
Spring & Summer Millinery.
The Btoolc Heplenlshed
Spring & Summer Millinery
Is now complete, comprising every variety of Millin
ery; also, a large assortment of Embroideries, Hosiery
and Notions, eta., and In quantities and prices that canj
not foil to suit all who may favor us with a call. TSe
goods have been bought at Panic prices, and will be sold
at a small advance on cost.
Miss M. E.YOUNG, late of New York City,
will superintend th Millinery Department. Eer long
experience In th most Taahlonabl Xstablishmant In
Broadway will alone bo a warranty that she will be abls
to giv entire satisfaction In matter of rut to all who
may favor her with their orders.
The Ladles of Columbus and vicinity will please ac
cept my sincere thanks for their liberal patronage, and
I would respectfully solicit a continuance of the some.
69 East Towa St., Colnrubn, O.
prll-d3m-eod ,
Wholesale and Retail Depot for
No. 106 South High Street
an Aiiu imin f AaiDiiM
Dally rrlval f Good
For the Fall and "Winter Trade
Of ;1860-61
TO THE FOBXIO for past favora and patron
age, and being DETERMINED to MERIT
aconttnuano of asms by Btriet attention te
travde, and prompt delivery f Geods,
I would sail the notice of th public to th toot that
having ,aLarfe and well Selected Stock an
hand, and bring lc'dally receipt of goods from th dlffar-
n t marksls, I flatter myself that I can offer to th clU
so of Columbus, or to any who may desire to purchase,
an assortment of articles appertaining to the GROCERY
trad, TJNEQTJALED by any house In th city.
Th price and quality of th goods offered, I guar,
antee to give satisfaction.
Goods Delivered Free of Charge.
wm. McDonald.
William 4Lm CeVULl
.; COliCtHBUSs OHIO) '
i ' And Seed Store,
Guns, Piatole, WodWlllw 'Ware,
atherand Rubber Belting, Ismm Leather, Ho and
king. eoi-uiy
I il. In the th officer of thia Bank, J anna it Seth.
1801, to wit: Wai. A. Putt, President, and Taosus
Moons, Cashier, resigned their office. David Tatlob,
Bsq., waa then elected Prealdent and Wat. A. Platt ap
pointed uosnier. .-
By order of th Board of Directors-
lebS, BflWtf. W. A. PLAIT, Cashier,
new eelllna at very low Priose, ale all other kind
bahleneMt IMS.
leol. ' " Wi Svttth High ft.
T. ... a r" TaamSalaa tJ A If tl .
Sle (Oljicr Statesman
The Condition of the Union—Sketches
of the Seceded States.
Virginia, the last of the receded Stales, is
270 mile loog, and 200 broad at its greatest
breadth, containing 61,353 square miles of ter
ritory, with a population of 1,693, 190, Including
Slaves of the whites, 221,000 are liable to mili
tary duty. The Federal Government occupies
several important etrategio military points with
in the border of the State, wbieb, for the time
being, give it partial and not an unimportant
degree of possession of the whole State. The
rebels have fortified themselves and are In force
at Norfolk, Harper's Ferry, Richmond and
Lynchburg, Stanton, Yorktown and West Point.
The western part of Virginia, embracing
twenty five counties, with a population of over
two-hundred thousand (of which twenty thou
sand are liable to military duty), opposes the
ordinance of secession of the State, and claims
its loyalty to the Stars and Stripes.
This State contains an area of 45,000 square
miles. The Governor of the State has caused
the seizuro of Forts Caswell and Johnson, seized
the Arsenal at Fayetteville, and levied upon the
publio funds of the United States, and is now
equiyplng force to join the rebel army. The
State h3 a population of 1,003,342, and of that
number 132,000 males are liable to military
South Carolina, the pioneer of the States ol
the Southern Confederacy, is two hundred
miles long and one hundred and twenty-five
broad, containing 23,000 square miles of terri
tory, with a total population indifferently stated
at 715,371, about one half of whom are whites;
of the latter 60,000 males are liable to military
duty. In the siege and bombardment of Fort
Sumter, thia State rallied a force of between
eight and ten thousand men. Since the evacu
ation of that fort by the United States troops,
five thousand of the former have been retained
to hold the forte in Charleston harbor, and three
thousand have been sent to Virginia to await
further operations. The harbor of Charleston
is efieotnally blockaded by the United States
steam frigate Nitgara, and all commerce will
for the future be suspended. The blockade of
Charleston is in effect equal to the occupancy of
me city.
This State is three hundred miles long from
north to southland two hundred and forty broad,
and contains a population of 1,082,827, of which
number 78,000 males are liable to military
is duty.. Savannah, situated on the river of that
name, about seventeen miles from its mouth, the
great seaport and commercial mart of the State.
The month of the Savannah river is defended
by Fort Pulaski, on Cockspur Island. This fort
is an immense work, built of brick, and (mounts
150 guns, someoi them of improved make and
nnisb. me fort la garrisoned by six hundred
men. To the south of this fort, on Tybee
Iiland, the secession troops have erected an
immense sand fort, in which has been placed
heavy battery of guns. This work has an ex
tended sea range, and will prove a formidable
customer to a blockading or attacking squad
ron. There are upwards of two thousand trooDS
between the eitv of Savannah and the mouth of
the river. Fort Jackson, a small fort two miles
from Savannah, has a garrison of two hundred
men ana an armament ot six or eight heavy
guns. This State seceded from the Union Jan
uary 19, 1861, by a vote of 208 to 60.
This State contains 50,672 gquare miles of
territory, and has a popnlation of 955,914, ot
whioh Dumbee 119,000 ei liable to military
amy. moDiie, toe oniy seaport oi any imoor
tanoe, is ailuated at the head of Mobile bay,
lonv mues irom ine sea coast, i ne Day is pro
..-.-j i T- . - r , . . ...
teciea uy runs morgan ana uaines,tne nrst sit
uated on prominent sand spit, commanding
all the sea approaches. The latter is situated
oo the opposite shore. These forts are now gar
risoned by 1,500 troops of the Confederate States
army, nnder Col. Hardee. The forts are well
equipped and ready for good defence.
This State is 385 miles long, and from 50 to
250 wide, containing 59,263 square miles; it has
a population of 145,000, and of that number
6000 are liable to military duty. The State,
from its peninsulated position, embraces a large
and extended sea coast, with few harbors, in
which are embraced those of Key West and
Pensaoola, both of which are now in possession
of the United States troops.
The State is 339 miles long, from north to
south, and 150 broad, containing 47,151 squere
miles. It has a population of 886,658 inhabi
tants; of that number 71,000 are liable to do mil
itary duty. The Mississippi river, with its va
rious windings, forms the entire western boun
dary of the State, aod its margin consists of un
This State is 240 miles long, and 323 wide,
containing 64.000 square miles. It has a popu
lation of 440,775; ot this number 65,000 are lia
ble to military dnty. In view of tho over
whelming force of troops raised in the West,
this State has called a large force inlo the field.
and fortified stragetic points on the banks of the
In extent if territory, Louisiana is 240 miles
long from north to south, and 216 broad, coo
41,346 square miles. The population of the
State is 666,531; of that number 75,000 are lia
ble to military duty. The creetiMississippi
outlet, and New Orleans, the great commer
cial mart of the extreme Southern States, being
witbln tneiutisaiction or tne btate, she will, in
ber present hostile attitude to the Federal Gov
ernment, Inflict severe injury on those within ber
borders. With the Mississippi river closely
blockaded, and ber commerce with the West
and Southwest cut off, It will be but a few
months before her ease will be pitiable.
The territory embraced in this State in mean
length is four hundred miles, and its mean
breadth one hundred and fourteen miles, con
taining an area of territory of 44,000 square
miles, and embracing a population of 1.146.690.
of which 167,000 are liable to military duty.
In regard to tne present crisis Tennessee baa not
directly severed the bonds which bind that State
to the Union; but it has adopted a military league
made between its governor and three commission
ers of the Confederate states shall be employed
to assist the confederated rebels- The Legisla
ture has also adopted a declaration or independ
ence, and haa permitted the people to vote no
on it, which they will do on the 8th of Jane
Thia State contains 325,000 gquare miles of
territory, snd a population of 605,955 84,000of
hloh are liable to military auty. At present,
their slumbers in the State a deep sentiment for
the Union, whioh requires the moral force of the
secessionists to keep from awakening to new
vigor and increased lite. The large extent ol
territory of Texas, witb a sparsely settled pop
ulation, and large inland frontier constantly
menaced by hostile Indians and predatory binds
of Mexican adventurers and roDDers, renders tne
presence of large military force within her bor
ders necessary. Now that the United States
military forces nave been driven trom tne Mate,
the Camanche Indians will make a desperate
warfare upon its frontiers. The anticipated
nreaenoe of a United btate blockading: squad
ron near toe mourn oi tne iuiBiaippi river, wut
have a tendency to isolate Texas in a great
measure from the Southern Confederacy, as her
. . . , mr ,-; -l ,,1
commeroe with the neighbonog stales was by
water." -v i i' - -. . ,
The neonla of the embryo Territory of Arixo
na have, in an informal manner, deolared their
grmoathie with the Southern Confederacy, atd
. . . - , x l , 1 . .a ,
It 1 therefore viewea ia mo upi or a eoceueu
Territory. ..The population of the Territory is
Inalrnlfinant. and It if Dhyaloally and pecuniarily
suable to ntsUt In the present movement. Ite
moral force will be Insignificant. The people
of Arizona are chiefly devoted to agricultural
pursuits, and at present nnable to afford meant
lor their local protection, and, for tbe past two
years, cave been calling upon the f ederal Uov
eminent to send trooos into the Territory to re
pel the constant incursions and forays of hostile
Indians. Toeir secession Urdtnancewas passed
at a man meeting of the people at Mesllla,
March lb, lBbl. The Territory cost the Uni
ted States Government $10,000,000.
This Stato, which still continues faithful to
the Union, we place with Missouri and West
ern Virginia, considering them at preeent at
neutral states. JventucKv in territorial ex
tent is 400 miles long and 170 In breadth, con
tainioz 37,680 square miles. It has a popula.
lion of 1,145,567, of whku 186,000 are liable to
military duty. This State from its proximity
to tne tree states, has among its citizens many
tnorougniy union men.
The State of Missouri contains 65,037 eauare
mues oi territory, and is 2al miles long, and
and two hundred aod thirty broad. It contains a
population of 1.204 214, out of the male popula
of which 221,000 are liable to military duty.
Tbe geographical position of Missouri, penin
sulated as she is between Kansas, Iowa and
Illinois, with her great river outlet near Cairo
completely in tbe bands ot tbe f ederal Uov
ernmcnt, seems to render ber alliance with
the Rebel Confederacy of the South a hazardous
Chesapeake Bay—its Rivers and Important
After making the entrance to the Chesapeake,
Hampton, Roads opens to the right, a broad es
tuary, with a deep channel a mile and a half
In widtb in Us narrowest point, bigbt miles
from tho buoy which marks the entrance to the
Roads, on tbe north side of the channel, is Old
Point Comlort, on which is Fortress Monroe,
whose guns command tbe channel.
This fortress is the largest and one of tbe
best constructed in the United States. It was
built, like all the coast forts, for defense against
a foe approaching from tbe sea, and is ease
mated only on the side facing the channel, hav
ing simple wall masonry only to the landward.
Against an attacking force Irom that quarter U
will need protecting out-works. Its walls en
close a parade-ground of about seventy aeres,
making it an admirable school for recently re
cruited regiments. Opposite the fort, in the
channel, distant about a mile and a third, are
tbe walls of a small fortification commenced by
the government, not finished, called the Rip
Raps. Farther np tbe Roads, and four mires io
a right line across westerly from Fortress Mon
roe, is Caswell's Point, where tbe Virginians
have attempted to erect batteries At this point
to tbe south, opens Elizabeth channel, the en
trance to Norfolk harbor. Fortifications at
Caswell's Point, although too far distant to
threaten Fortress Monroe, would effeotually
guard this entrance. Elizabeth cbsnnel, from
its opening into Hampton Roads to tbe oity of
Wort oik, is eigbt miles long, direct in its course,
very deep, and scarcely a quarter of a mile in
width. Craney Island lies close to tbe channel,
on the west side, about three miles from Nor
folk, on which are the remains of an old fort,
which the secessionists are rebuilding. Nearer
to tbe city, on the other bank of the channel, is
Fort Norfolk, also being improved and monoted
with ordnance by tbe Virginians.
Tbe city of Norfolk, located upon an almost
level site, presents but few natural defences
aeainst an attacking foroe. Tbe city and Porta
mouth, lying opposite, can be approached from
several points. Troops could be landed irom
the Hampton and Lynn Haven roads, within
seven miles of the city; tbe approaches being
easy and lndeieneioie. An approacn could be
made from Loudon bridge on tbe south, witb an
easy march ot ten miles.
Norfolk is important for its railroad connec
tions; as the location of a navy yard, whose dry
dock and machine shops are proving uselul to
the Virginians, and as the Chesapeake terminus
of the Dismal Swamp canal, through which
passes the commerce of Albemarle and Pamlico
sounds. Into Hampton Roads empties the James
river, a large stream affected by the tide one
hundred milei from ita mouth, at which point
the falls and rapids, with a descent of one hun
dred feot in two miles, effectually block further
navigation, giving at the same time an unlimit
ed water power. At this point is situated tbe
city of Richmond, beautifully built on several
elevations, tbe most noted oi wnicn are bbock-
hoe and Richmond hills, between which flows
Sbockhoe creek. Tbe city is handsomely built,
the streets intersecting at right roeles. Oo
Sbockhoe hill are the capitol and other promi
nent publio buildings, and about them are clus
tered the aristocratio mansions of the city. Ves
sels drawing ten feet ot water fasten to the
wharf at Richmond, and those drawing fifteen
approach within three miles oi the city. Lines
of steamers, before the secession difficulties, con
nected Richmond commercially with New York,
Pbiiadelphia, Norfolk and Baltimore. Rich
mond haa been tbe great depot of Virginia
wheat, which its mills have converted into flour.
Five lines of railroad diverge from Richmond.
One line running due north passes Fredericks
burg on the Rappahannock, and terminates at
Aquia Creek, near the Potomac. A line run
ning east terminates at Whitehouse, on the
York river. A third line runs due south to
Wilmington, North Carolina, having interme-
. . : . D- 1 XT. tir-u
uiaie BUMiuua as a ercrauurg, r a., sun r, ciuuugl
N. C. Tbe Richmond and Danville railroad!
extends ia a southward direction to the latter
town, near the North Carolina boundary line,
beyond which it is unfinished. The Virginia
Central runs nearly west, being finished as far
as Covington, beyond the Blue Ridge. At Gor
donsville it forms a Junction wiih the Orange
and Alexandria road running northeast, and
the Lynchburg road running southwest. This
oity is thus the military as well aa tbe commer
cial centre of the State, and a point of great
etrategio importance.
From tbe buoy at the entrance of Hamoton
Roads to tbe lightship at the mouth of York
river, the distance is about fifteen miles. From
its source at the junction of the Pamnnky and
Mattanony, Its debouchment Into tbe Chesa
peake, the York river flows forty miles, being
an aa.uarv with a heavv tide, varvinr from two
to four miles In widtb. it is navigable by tbe
largest vessels to Yorktown, and by vessels of
secondary arait to its source, a tana spit
separates tbe mouth of the York river from
mob Jack Day, wnica sets miana bdoui niteen
miles, with eighteen feet of water. Into this
bay empties the Severn, North and Ware rivers,
inconsiderable streams, navigable a short dis
tance for vessels of light draft. From the
liehthouse at New Point Comfott to tbe light
house at the entrance of tbe Rappahannock, is
twenty miles. A space of four miles to tho
south of tbe light comprises the entrances to
the Rippabannock and a small bay and river
called tne riankeetank.
The Rappahannock, like the James river,
rises ta the mountainom portions of the State.
At one hundred miles from its month, naviga
tion Is stopped by falls and rapids. Tbe river
below the falls has the oharacter of an eetuary,
being broad and affected by the tides. At the
bead or tide-water is tne city oi r reoenctsDarc
a great tobacco depot, lying on the line of tbe
Richmond and Potomao Railroad. ' 1
Twenty-two miles from the light-shin, moor'
ed at the onth ot the Rappahannock, ia the
lighthouse atSmith'srolot, guiding tbe entrance
to the rotomao.
8even miles below Washington lies the city
of Alexandria, tbe most important tows en tbe
Virginia side of the river. The shores of the
Potomte) below Washington have but a few
light elevations, aod it would be difficult to la-
ede navigation by hastily eonstruotea Deuer
es. The width for the same distance varies
from one and a half to five mile. Arte Ter
I Osmmereiaf ,'t
The Monster Gun "Union" for
The great gun which has been under way for
some months at the Fort Pitt Worki is at last
complete, and now on the way to the railroad on
East. Though it Is expected to do great execu
tioo. If ever put in service, the immense labor
and oost required in the production of a single
gun of such calibre, will doubtless prevent their
manufacture to any great extent. Though tbe
"Union" was completed with less delay than
the Floyd owing to the fact that all the appar
atus requisite had to be prepared for the latter
It baa been an almost ineessant labor of
months to finish it. The amount of band li
bor required in finishing would scarcely be be
lieved. The gun is made of Iron of the very
best quality Bloomfield, of an extra refining
and combines hardness and toughness in tbe
"superlative" degree, tbe bore being further
hardened by tbe "hollow" plan of casting to el.
most the hardness of steel. To chip and file
such portions of the eun as nannot ha Ani.haj
by lathe machinery, is no easy task. In this
way tbe trunnions, the "rimbaees" uniting the
trunnions to the gui, the breech and ratchet are
all finished. The rifling, althongh an under- '
taking of some magnitude, was completed In a
few days without difficulty.
The guu was taken from the lathe to the yard
at the works for tbe purpose of finishing the
breech, and yesterday, having been completed,
it was set In motion for the East. Some silent
alteration was made in the plan of moving it,
from that used in movincr the "Finv,t n..
latter was furnished with two huge rings, some
six feet in diameter, ods of whlnh waa .i.nni n
the breech, tbe other over tbe muzzle. These
rings being of the same diameter allowed tbe
gun to be moved by rolling about its longitudi
nal axis. For tbe purpoee of moving tbe Uolon
but one ring is used, slipping over the mutsje
and bringing its diameter up to that of the
breech four feet. Tbe ring Is slipped on
loosely, and will turn on tbe gun, If necessary,
relieving tbe strain where tbe gun i moved in
a ourved line. A block and tackla. ih ka -
bight of the fall wrapped three or fonr times
around the gun and looped over a trunnion, is
all the machinery used in moving this immense
mass twenty-five tons weight. An iron
flaak, moved when necessary on tbe foundry ear.
is used for an anchor to furnish a "purchase"
on tbe tackle. The gun is rolled on timbers
prepared at the ends for breaking joints and
forming angular lines, and its progress, though
b M means swift, is steady and satisfactory.
The "Union" is to be shipped, we learn, to
Washington City via Baltimore, and trom thence
to Fortress Monroe, or "Old Point Comlort,"
where an opportunity will be had ol testing it
in comparison with tbe "Floyd." We hope to
hear of both being need as thev could be. if
necessary in "smashing" Sewoll's Point bat
tery, ana ror otoer oonoxious localitid, Charles
Pittsburg Dispatch, May 31
An Unfavorable Representation of
The Turin correspondent of the T.
thus describes the appearance of Garibaldi as a
General Garibaldi I say it with incr
gret haa lost by his conduct in Parliament, a
great part of his prtitige. His fantastic style
of drees contrasted with our plain clothes, and
bis striking countenance, would have produced
on the deputies, as they have on the people at
large, an effect the reverse of unfavorable, if
they bad been accompanies with good sense and
eloquent speech. But it must be confessed that
a strong and somewhat imperiou voice was
tbe only attribute manifested In tbe chamber
that at all corresponded to bis imposing appear
ance. His rough, ill chosen and often inco
herent language, is sufficient of itself to prove
that he is not qualified either ior discussion or
administration in a civilPked country. He bad
to deal with a man of lofty character, Baron
Ricosoll, and a man of genius, Count Cavour,
and his words and actions showed that be was
incapable of comprehending either of them. He
was, in fact, a rueeed and Indomitahla ,,a.;n.
chieftain in a sober, business like, deliberative
assembly. To the courteous and conciliatory
language of Cavour he answered rudely, not In
tentionally, but from ignorance; in a word, be
was thoroughly "out of bis element."
In tbe midst of unwise or selfish counaalinr.
the weak side of his character is exposed; he
does not know tbe usages of Europeau society,
nor haa be tbe discretion to select for advisers
men who could and would keen him from Mo
deling instead of leading him into mischief Io
mecnamDer, when be read his remarks, be was
more unfortunate than when he anoketham.
because he read what bad been written by oth
ers, who are making use of thiieraat. hlinrf m...
for their own purpose. This sometimes pro
duced amusing results. For instance, be pre
sented an.order ol tbe day; subsequently he an
nounced that he should not vote for it, because
it had been drawn up by other persons, and did
not express bis views.
Mere we bave a light thrown on his extraor
dinary decrees and counter decrees, and the con
fused and contradictory course of action that
astomsned everybody so much during his die
tatorship oi Southern Italy. He is a brave and
loyal soul, but wba't I cannot help oalling bis
stupid inexperience, makes him the toolot olev
er sum miacoievous men. irom contact with
whom his beet friends and advisers withdraw.
In the recent division in tbe chamber, twn nf
bis Generals, Maleochini and Caniozzi, voted
against his order of the day; two abstained from
voting; three voted with him aa a last a.r-riCa
to their personal devotion to him, but they will
not follow him any further if he does not get out
of the bands of tbe Mazzinians in disguise.
The Weapons of this War.
The editor of Wilkes' (N. Y.) Spirit of the
Times Is a soldier now In Washington. In a
late letter to the Spirit, he thug remarks oo tbe
weapons with which the battles are likely to be
Some importance has been attributed to tha
faot that the Southern men, as a general thing,
are better marksmen than the soldiers of the
North, and that they will consequently possess a
great advantage, through such superiority, in tbe
boor of battle. But while I do not believe that
thia is tbe ease to any great extent, I would not,
even if it were so, give much consideration to tbe
faot; for in battle but few special shots are made,
and tbe coming struggle le not destined to be a
contest of mere markmanthip or evolution -War
began with tbe spear for its weapon; after
a variety of changes, through several centuries,
it yielded its refinements, and under Napoleon
III., on the fields of Magenta and Solierino,
came back to tbe spear agaio. On those bloody
and bitterly contested fields, tbe alert Zount
and the athletio CAeer a" Afrtttu refused
to accept of the rations of powder aod ball when
served out to the troops, just previous to battle;
nay, when the charge was given, refused even
to discharge tbe load which waa already in their
weapons, dui, rusuing lorwara through the fire,
they engaged tbe Austrians hand to hand, and
bayoneted them in the ranks. This Is uaques- '
tionftbly tne true resource of superior physical
condition. "
Oa this plan the coming war between the
North and booth will surely be contested: and
In part evidence thereof, I will merely point to
the fact that the Government ha already taken
away the little coBtly breach-loading toys whioh
tbe munificence or Htw xork put la tbe bands
of Col- Ellsworth's regiment, and served out to
them th spear, in the shape of a sabre on the
end of a Minis mutket, and may Heaven help
those under tbe edge of whose bayonets these
"pet lambs" shall succeed In getting. There
will be some strange fighting, in whioh, possi
bly, even 'ontting" and wrestling and throttling
may form a part; but, after a short turmoil, the-,
result will be a heap of alain and a flying rem-'
neat, eaoh of whom will probably render his
verdiotot the struggle In the exclamation that
those fellows are not gentlemen!" The sabre
bayonet I also to be distributed tbrougboat tbe
entire army, and I feel certalr, from what I
have gathered through military mn, that the
actual embraee of battle, man to man, is what '
tbe Northern eaptalnt of thia war intend most
ly to rely "poa. - ' .

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