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Daily Ohio statesman. (Columbus, Ohio) 1855-1870, June 13, 1861, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84028645/1861-06-13/ed-1/seq-1/

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f t II aKJ If "X. X
InvAriably In Adraaes
ET OfflM Boa. 30, S8 and 10, Forth High 0t
flally ... . . . $e 00 per year.
- jj ins varrier, Mr week, emu
m-weasiy . . . . 8 00
weakly, ' 1 00
ww of Advertising by tbe Square
ne square 1 ytai ... $30 00
On " B month 18 00
On " 6 month 15 00
On ' 3 month 10 00
On S month! 8 00
On " 1 month. S 00
I On sqnar 3 weck.4 00
On " weeks.. 8 00
On " 1 week... 1 75
(On "3 days ... 1 00
On 11 days...
On " 1 lnwrtioB
Displayed advertlitaieat half mort than th ibor
Advertisements leaded and placed In th oolamn of
special notices," oonwe im ordinary rout.
All notices requires to be publlehed by law, legalities.
ii oraereaou me insiae exclusively alter tne nnt week
per cent, more man tne aboy rates; bat all such wll
appear In the Trl-Weekly without chare.
Bailnen Oardi, not exceeding fire lines, per year, In
uv, e 9u per line, ouunae j?,
Notlcn of meeting, chari tablet ooletles,flre companies,
etc. naif orlee.
AU trantitnt advertUementt mutt be paidor in
advance The rule will not be varied from.
Weekly, aame price a the Dally, where the ad re HI Mr
sea the Weekly alone. When 'he Dally and Weekly
ate both ased, then the charge lr the Weekly will be
an ineraieioi uie vauy
No advertisement taken exoept for a definite period
A-ttoirxioy at Law
Office Aiuboi Building, oppoelt Capitol Bqnare.
Machine Manufacturing Company
, MiNtrr actum u or
castings, Kill-Bearing, Xaehuary.
lallxoo.3. "Worlx.
or inir msournoii. ,
0HAB. AMB08, Cop'l. . t. AMB08, Tret,
deoll, 1858-tf
Winter Arrangement.
Little Miami Columbus & Xenia
For Cincinnati, Dayton ft Indianapollit
Through to Indianacolls without Change of Can
and bat One Change of Can between
Columbus and St. Lonla. - '
. i BUS.
(Dully, Monday! excepted. V ' '
NIGHT BXPKKBS, vie Dayton, at B: a. m.,ttop
ptng at Loodon, Xenla, Dayton, Mlddletowa and Bamll-
ton.arrlTltiiatClncUioatlat 8;20a. m.: Dai ton at 5.43
e.m.,Inilianopollsl lft8 a m. let. Louis tt 1U0
P '"' SECOND TRAIN. . .'
ACCOMMODATION, at S:10 a. m., stepping at all Bta-
tloni between Oolumbai and Clnoinnati and Dayton, ar
rlTlng at Cincinnati 11:0? a. m., Dayton at : Is a.
Indlanopolia al 8;28 p. m.
- DAT KXPBE88,at :30p. m., stopping at Alton,
Jefferson, London, Charleston, Ceoamlle, Xenla,
pring valley, Oorwln, Morrow. Dee rile Id, reefer's.
Loreland, Mlllford and Plalnville, arriTlng at Cltda-
aU at 7:xo p. m.t t. uonia at ix m; vayton at o a p.
IndlaoopolUet 10:38p. m. , t. :
41eplnir Car ! all Nlrbl Tralna to
Cincinnati and Indianapoli.
tot farther Icformatlon and Through Tickets applr to
oi. a,, vuuiaii,
liciretArent, Union Depot, Oolambas, Ohio.
' Bnperlntendent, Cincinnati.
Jal3 Agent, Colombo,'
Jttit BelTdI - r
lUu TKA8 100 bags prime Bio Oonee. -150
pocket old Dutch OoTemment Java Ooffe. -,
78 bag! Ceylon Coffee.
gOO boll, standard WMt Bngart, eonslnttng of Pow
dred, Chraahed, Grannie ted A and B Coffee.
60 quintal! George Bank Codfish. -, . : t
eObbls. Meis and No. 1 Mackerel. w 4 .
S tea. Pick Salmon.
lOObx. Layer Baialna. , ,
SOhf. box do do
100 qr. box do de
lOO M Cigar, different brand! and grades.
oo?37 . wat. Mcdonald.
And Blaak'Book llanafantTarer, '
Red, White and Bine
DELAINES, ' " " ' 'V.. ,
it sxs is una
BAIN at 80S,
No. St South High itrtet.
Hay Just reoetVtd a new max et -HOOP SKIMS
finished in a manner far superior to any )rt Introduced
for 'K: ; v "' '
BB83.. i lyi, ri-i
Pram "Barnett Mllli,"gprlngfleid, 0. the best brand of
Plow brought to onr market. Batlifactlon guaranteed,
for sal only at - WM. Modonald'S, , ,
noTS7 . . Jr' 10U Souta High itreet.
Irish Linen Goods.' .'i..-'. J
Shirt Boaom Plain and fancy " :
Shirting and Beeem Linens. .. - .. , n
. . :. .., Linen Bhsetlngi and Pillow Casings.
' Llneo Cambric and Lone Lawni.''!.
-i . Jj' J t:,. Linen Pocket tanda'fs, all ilses.
Linen Towelling! and Dlaperi
t :-:iJ tinn Napkins and D'OyUas. ...
. , Linen Table Clothe and Satin Damask.
Linen Towels with colored borders. 1 j ,. : ,
, r -u Linen Stair OoTerlngaand Orash, ,
' Poraaleatlowprloee.-' - .1
. fabtS (v- No. M South High street,
BUOHEB, newityles.Jttit opened by ..
, , ' BAIN A SON,
apflll '.ii'.r:'.: No. W South High street.
All list and colors Just opened at BAINS, '
d.ll. No. W South High itreet.
Tho IateitTn LargeBt-Tho Bert,
xne cneapert jSeoatuo tno Beit,
Tbe most Hellabi fttandard An
tharlty ! tbe Eng-llsb Lang-nage.
Sim Emirtd Xminent Mwatort of Ohio,
' - HUrary Mm ffrtiyuktri. (
'Hi are upward! of a Hundred Thousand Words,
whose multlfarioM meaning! and derivations, torstbtr
witn tnei. correct ipelilng.ud pronontlauoa ar oleauy
set before the '
(Xnotrmali QommrotaL
BtaithtDtcUUmi of (Ac Ktmbtrt of th QMoBtat
IKKAft Auooialion,
Th andenlgned, members of the Ohio Butt Teachers
Association, adont and aim to use In teaching, writing
and (peaking, th orthography and pronunciation of
Worcester's Boval Quarto Dictionary, and we moit oor
dlally reoommend It as tbe most reliable (tandard au
inority of th Inillsb laniuaz. aa It Is sow written ana
spoxen, . .'
Loam Anatwi, Preildent Keoyon College.
M. D. L tea err, Bnperlntendent Zanesrlll Schools.
Tno. W. Harrr, Bup't Haasllon Union Schools.
M. r. OownaaT, Bup't Publlo Schools, Sandusky. "
Jobs Ltwcb, Bup't Public Schools, OlroleTllle.
S. N. BanroBO, Principal Olerelaad lemal gtmlna'
ry. .
War. miTcststL, Bup't Publlo Schools, all. Union.
Jon Osiixjf. Frlnoioal Stat Normal Bohool, Minns-
Onn H isnft. Mnalnal aartH Intetmedmta BchooL
H. B. Miittw, Bnpl Canton Union School.
BnwiH RasaL, Principal McNeely Normal School,
xu T. Taptax, Prof. Mathematics, Ohio Unlrenlty.
Wat. W. Kdwaxds, Bup't Troy Union School.
A. 0, Hortws. Principal West High Bohool, Oler
8. A. Noatow. Associate Principal High Bchool, Oler
Txxopoaa BTtaLim, Prlseipal High Bchool, Oler?
A. F. HtmisTOK, Principal Olerelud InsUtnt.
i. a. OAXrnLD, Preildent of Bleetie Institute, Hi
W. L. HAiais. Prof, of Chemlstrr. Ohio Weiliran
H. n. Baixxt. Xx-Oemmlaaloner of Common Schools.
Jura MomtoB, Prof. Bbetorle, Oberlln College.
Taos. Hul, President Antioeh College, r
0. W. H. Oatxoaxt. Prof. Mathematics. Hlxh
Bchool, Dayton.
S. 0. CSDMSACax. Prof. Innaie. Htih Bohool.
B. M. Baaaaa, Snp't union Schoola, Aihland. .
Jforw than Sim Bundrti other PrttidtnU of OoIU-
Ms, Proftuori, Avthori and JHttiHguUhei Educa
tor, Hat mdor$4d (As above tentimtnt.
MaXiitta Oollxob "It la truly a macnlAoent work.
an honor to th author, th publishers, and the whole
eoua try ."President Andrews.
Ohio Watt it am Pan imnt ..."It sxaeeds mr exnecta-
tlons. It will be my told in orthoxranby andsronun-
elation, and will often be consulted by m for it neat
and acenrat definition. "President Inompaso.
W. K. XoLBOTm OoiLtax. "Heretofor we hareued
weueter I ortnography. At a recent meeting of our
Faculty, It wae oeclded to chanee It to conform to that
or Woroeitsr' Boyal Quarto. Dictionary." Preildent
uameia. '
WxeTtxx Bxexan Couisc. T find it worth of
ooraiai approoauon." freiment uiicnoocc.
' OsntUK CoLUee. "It more than meet say emecra
tlone. I recommend It a th etaadard anthorltr in
ortnoepy to my children ana mj pupils, president
Ax-noon OoLLxnx. "I adobt and aim to wae In leech
ing, writing and ipeaklag, the orthography and pronun
ciation oi Worcester' noyal yoarto Ulouonary."
rreemeni mil. . j ,.
"In all mi wrltlno. iDeaklDi. and teachlns. I hare en
deerored to conform to th ruli for orthography and
pronunciation a eoeteioed in Worcester's Dictionary."
uorace mann, late rresiaent.
Kxmrox Cotnea, OAXm. ''I most cordially
ttond it m the most rtjIUblt tan dan) Author, tj ot th
BogiUh UDfna.fl tu II to bow wrlitta and vpoken."
riviraviii 4ujw .
him . Ane 3mft, OommUrioner qf Ocmmon
"Th Dlcttonarr la an ImDerlahabl monnment ta the
learning and Induiiry of In author, and an honor to th
world or letter!. Th mechanical execution m far suns
rlor to that of mar other Lex too with which I am ao-
ST JT.ta IT 17 TT .ii Tf- Ti.n ... tmatum in
,vn .t.. M. Ait i vw j jMrivmniwivmr vj
auwon m vno.
"The most reliable standard authority cf th lan
what Ta
Hieading Srewapapera of Ohio Bay,
from tA Cleveland Herald of JfareX SB.
Th orthography of th Woroester Dictionary Is that
nsed by most, if not all. author! ol diatlnctlon In this
oountry and Bngland, and conform to the general usage
or ordinary writers ana spesxers.
Whatever nreludloee may bar existed preylouily, a
careful itudy of thti rolum will loTariah'r be followed
by a warm appreciation of It great merits, and a deilrt
te add- It to th wen seieotea library, n it urge or small,
It Is a library In Itself, and will remain aa lmpcriiha1
bl record of the learning cf Its compiler.
Irom th Cincinnati Oommeroial of AprU 90.
Her ar upward! of a hundred thousand words good.
bad and Indifferent who multifarious meanings snd
derivation!, together with their correct spelling and pro
annotation, ar set clearly before the eye. Th work I
unquestionably th greatest Thesaurus of Xngliih Words
rr paoiuaea. . ,
Jrom Ms Cleveland Plaindealer oStpt. !0, 1S60
Brldently Woxctrrs"'! Botal QdaXto DtonoKAXT it
no only lAe last, Hi the aarr soorib of the ltxd mr it
ud, andean by so possibility roller by comparison or
. ' u i: from tktToUSoMaitof itoyW. -
A to raoxroaouTiox, Woactartm u thi Statoaxo
followed by oar best euthorsi In definitions be leay
nothing to be desired, and In OxTHOoXArHT It I (ufflctent
te say that WoacxeTxa can be aalciy followed.
r n Biiauwrwf asoosLeciier c sjuaiioncrc.
maiB ' j
KTo-Wcarlat, KT. X.
Dividend Jannarr l,186l,4SFerCent.
....$3,8138 50.
U 1861,
Statement Jannarr
Balance, per statement Jan. 1st, 18S0..
Beoslted for Premium dur
3,M,S8) 39
lng th scar 10 1783.033 35
Beoetred for Interest daring
th yew 1800 SH.OU 19
Total receipts for 1860... .1977.007 7
Paid Olalmi by DMtb,S67,0S0 00
Paid Policies lurren.
dered 41.111 89
Paid Salaries, Pott. -
age. Taxes, x
chann.eto. ..... 31.020 54
Paid Oommisalon to
A rents I1.3?5 30
Paid Physldan' fee. ' 5,000 75
Paid Annuities 1,517 00
Paid DlTtdend dur
ing th year 166,300 75 5OS.0OI 03 .
U,78 14
Net Balance January 1st, 1861.
15,818,548 60
Oath on hand.'.... $6.0284 19
Bonds and Mortgages on Beal ,.. .
.state, worm aoaoi u
amount loaaed. 9XIMI 68
Premium Notee, on Policies ,
te ferae, only drawing o per
cent. lntereeW . 1.576.864 17 '
Real Istai 90 893 17
Loans on kerlp .8,93144
Premium!, Note and Oaah, In
course oi iransmmion.... ia,awia
.... 11
' Total Assets........ S.813M 50
T,BT5 Policies la forae, lnxuriiig......t3oi4S8i638
1,433 new Pollciei have been Issued, during th year.
After a oarefnl calculation of the prawn! rain of th
outstanding Pellolee of th Company, and baying th
otary amotmt In reserve tnarefor, the Directors
have declared a DmBcm of 44 per wot. on th Promt.
urns paM ai Mm Ml rates, to aU polioie for life la force.
Issued prior to January 1, 1800, payable according te the
present rule of the Company. . ;
"1 " 111 Oonttngenci, Prcspeot
!'B"",JlU and Arrollcallona, will be furnUhed
wmocT owaxm, at the Oitoe u Agtnote of the Com-
-i .-, . 0M.n5TriB8ON Preaideiit.
M. U. JUlb801W. Anemk
-'- Ne. cWwn Blook
I Johnson Blook,
Columbus, 0,
MarohSe, 1601,-
uuDavriBV' SHElTlRni . Ann
6H1BTINOS, all widths cf meetoeieented saslteew
now offered la greateil Tiulety sad at very km priiW?
Scrofula, or King's Evil,
ia a constitutional disease, a corruption of the
blood, by which this fluid become vitiated,
weak, and poor. Being in the circulation, it
pervadee the whole body, and may burst out
in disease on any part of it. No organ is free
from its attacks, nor is there one which it mav
not destroy. The scrofulous taint ia variously
causeu oy mercurial aisease, low living, dis
ordered or unhealthy food, impure air, filth
and filthy habits, the depressing vices, and,
above all, by the venereal Infection. "What
ever be its origin, it is hereditary in the con
stitution, descending " from parents to children
unto the third and fourth generation ; " indeed,
it seems to be the rod of Him who says, "I
will visit ..the iniquities of the fathers upon
their children."
Its effects commence by deposition from the
blood of corrupt or ulcerous matter, which, in
the lungs, liver, and internal organs, is termed
tubercles; in the glands, swellings and on
the surface, eruptions or sores. This foul cor-
ruption, which genders in tho blood, depresses
the energies of life, so that scrofulous constitu
tions not only sutler from scrofulous com.
plaints, but they have fur less power to with.
stand tua attacKs of other diseases: conae-
qunntly vast numbers perish by disorders
which, ultliouh not scrofulous in their nature,
are still rendered fatal by this taint in the
RVHtcm. Most of tho consumption which de
cimates the human family has its origin directly
in this scrofulous contamination ; and many
destructive diseases of the liver, kidneys, brain,
nml, indeed, of nil the organs, arise from or
are aggravated by the same cause.
One quarter of all our people are scrofulous j
I j t ... .
tucu pi-Linue mu iiivuueu oy una luriung in.
fection, and their health is undermined bv it
To cloanse it from the system we must renovate
Uio uiood by on alterative medicine, and in
vigorate it by healthy food and exercise.
Such a medicine we supply in .
Compound Extract of Sarsaparilla,
the most effectual remedy which tho medical
skill of our times can devise for this every,
where nreveilinir and fatal malndv. It in mm.
bincd from the most active rcmedials that have
been discovered for the expurgation of this foul
disorder from the blood, and the rescue of the
system ! from its destructive consequences.
Hence it ohould be employed for the cure of
not only Scrofula, but also those other affec
tions which arise from it, such as Eruptivk
nnd Skin Diseases, St. Anthony's Fike,
Rose, or EnYsiPELAS, Pimpi.es, Pustules,
Blotches, Plains and Boii.s.Tumoiis, Tetter
and .Salt Riif.um, Soai.d Head, Rmowonu,
Kiii;umatism, Syphilitic and MahcuiuALDis-
r.Aaits, DitopsY, Dyspepsia, Deiiility, and,
ti i) on I.MPUitB liLOOD. .The TJODular belief
in "4ijiiit! of lit blood is founded In truth,
for scrofula is a degeneration of the blood. The
particular purpose and virtue of this Sorsapa
l illn is to purify and regenerate this vital fluid,
without which sound health is impossible in
contaminated constitutions.
Ague Cure.
ron tub speed; ..cyaBor
Intermittent Fewer, or Fewer and Ague,
Hemlttent Fewer, Chill Fever, Dumb
Ague, Periodical Headache, or Billon
Headache, and Ilillon Fewer, Indeed
for the whole t ins ofdteeaee originate
Inir in billnry derangement, tanssd by
the Malaria of Miasmatic) Countries.
We aro enabled hero to offer the community a
remedy which, while it cure the above complaints
with 'certainty, is still perfectly harmless in any
qiinnlity. Such a remedy is invaluable in districts
where tlicso allHcting disorders prevail. This
"Ci'itR" expels the miasmatic poison of Feveb
and Aoce from the system, and prevents the de
velopment of the disease, if token on the first ap
proach of its premonitory symptoms. It is not only
the best remedy ever yet discovered for this class
of complaints, but also the cheapest. The large
quantity we simply for a dollar brings it within tho
reach of every body ; and in bilious districts, where
revolt and aoce prevail, every body should
have it nnd use it freely both for cure ana protec
tion. A great superiority of this remedy over any
other ever discovered for the speedy and certain
cure of Intermittcnts is that it contains no Quinine
or mineral, consequently it produces no quinism or
other injurious ellects whatever noon the constitu
tion. 'l hose cured by it are left as healthy as If
mev ana never nau me uisease.
l ever and Ague is not alone the consequence of
buv uuuaiiiniiu- pvievu. a givat variety or disor
der! arise from its irritation, among which are
Nturabia, Uheumatim, Gottt, Headache, Bliiul-
7(1.., jwikikw, i.i((uiif vuiiirill, laifllflft, A UV
filiation. Painful A flection of the Spleen, IJister-
ics, l am in me jiouieu, iouc, i aratysis anil De
rangement of th Stomach, all of which, when
originating in this cause, put on the intermittent
time, or become neriodicnl. This " Co nil " exnnla
the poison from the blood, and consequently cures
iiicui au suite, at is an lnvaiunnie protection to
immigrants and persons travelling or temporarily
residing in the malarious districts. If taken occa
sionally or daily while exposed to the infection,
that will be excreted from the system, and cannot
accumulate in sufficient quantity to ripen into dis
ease. Hence it is even more valuable for protec
tion than cure, and few will ever suffer from Inter
mittent! if they avail themselves of tbe protection
this remedy affords. '
Prepared by Dr. X 0. ATEB & CO., Lowell, Mass,
BOBBBTB at BAMUfeL. Columbus.
And by Druggists and Dealers everywhere.
Liverpool, Montreal, Quebec,
'' ' ' ' ' sund .'
jthittu', yohk.
Th Montreal Ooean SteamshlD Comntny'i flrst-clsis
full-powered Olyde-bnllt Steamers sail every 8at
relay from POBILAND, carrying the Canadian and
United States Msil and passengers.
norwegian. north american,
: Bohemian, anolobaxon,
north briton, hibernian,
canadian, novasootian. .
Shortest, Cheapest and Quickest Cone
vevance irons.
Kates) ol ' Feumaee to Europe
3o. see, mo.
Will sail from LIVERPOOL every Wednesday,
from QUBBSO every Saturday, calling at
LONDONDERRY, to receive on board and land Mails and
Passengers, to and from Ireland and Scotland.
ICpTheee Steamer are built of Iron, In water-tight
compartments, carry each an experienced Burgeon, and
very attention la paid to th comfort and accommoda
tion of passengers. As they proceed direct to LONDON
DBBT, th great risk led delay of calling at Bt. John's
Olasxow passengers tr furnished with ran casta its
tickets to and from Londonderry.
Return tickets granted at reduced rate.
Oertlaoatee Issued for carrying to and brlnaingont pas
sengers from all th principal town of Great Britain and
Ireland, at reduced ratea. by this line of steamers, and
leaving idvwrpooi (very wcex.
Sight Draft for t and upward pay-
avi in stngianaiireHaai ecei
- land ar wale..
for passage, apply at th Office. 83 BROADs
WAIi New Varies and 19 WAIEU NX.,
BABXl ft BXABLX, General igents,
aolO-lydttw . Post Offlo, Colombo. Ohio.
(Late of Phalon's Bitabllihment, N. T.,) Poprietore
th new iorx raanionsDi enaving, nau uniting
Shampoonlng, Curling and Dressing Saloon, last Btate
street, over th Post Offlo, where satisfaction will
be give in all th various branches. Ladles and
Children' Bali Pressing .dona la the beat style.
Jyw-div - - .
NIW BTTLEB Bain tic Son, No. 9 South
Bleh street, ban lua t ooened aew style ef Clora Cia-
cnLAX. BAxqouis and Baoaox, nude In the newest and
most HyMen manner. Also, eupere a-iaaaa
Black atllks, very haavy, deilgned sxpreasly fog
MaaUlla aa4 BaKXlsM. (aprUt
isrjLiJ w
J ly large and well assorted. Th very latest pattern
from AMBUI0AN, BNuLIBH and IJMXUxt Motorles
Gold and Velvet Borders,
Gold and Painted Shades,
WINDOW F1XTUEE3, all kinds,
N. B. Landlord! and persons wishing qoaotllles of
Paper will make money by buying of as. Oountry
Merchant and persona from abroad will de well to call
and see at. aprll l-dSmeod B.A.
Spring & Surnmer Millinery.
The Stock Keplanlahed
Spring & Summer Millinery
I now oomplete, comprising every variety of Mlllla
try: also, a large assortment of Embroideries, Hosiery
and Notions. Ae., and to quantities and prices that canj
not tail to suit all who may favor ni with a call. The
goods have been bought at Panic prices, and will be sold
at a small advance on cost.
Miss M. E, YOUNG, late of New York City,
will inperlntend th Millinery Department. Her long
experience In the most fashionable establishment In
Broadway will alone be a warranty that the will be able
to give entire tatlafactlon ta matters of tut to all who
may favor her with their orders.
Tbe Ladle of Columbus and vicinity will pleas ac
cept my sincere thanks for their liberal patronage, and
a woui a rtipectrully solicit a continuance of the same,
: : R. H. WARE,
68 East Town St., Colnmbni, O.
tprll-d3m-eod :
Wholesale and Retail Depot for
No. 106 South High Street.
win Mcdonald,
TW AVT non vlfiTDmna
dJUU SA.SV TAUillllliO,
Dally rrlwal of Good
For the Full and Winter Trade
Of ,1860-61
TO THE PCBLIO for past favors and patron
age, and being DETEBITIINED te BIEHIT
aeonttnaane of earn by strict attention te
trade, and prompt delivery of Goods,
would call th notice of the publlo to the net that
having .a Largo and well Selected Stock on
band, and being tn'dally receipt of goods boa th dlffsr
ent market, I flatter myself that I can offer te th eitl
sens of Columbus, or to any who may desire to purchase,
to assortment of article appertaining to the GROCERY
trade, Vlf EQUALED by any house in th city.
Th price and quality of the goods offered, I sjaara
antee to irlwe satisfaction. '
Goods Delivered Free of Charge.
novS7. , wm. McDonald. -
T7Vllliaro. jOl- C3-111
And Seed Store,
Gnn, Plaiols, Wood Willow Ware,
ether and Rubber Belting, lew Leather, Ho and
A. made in toe in omeers oi uis Banx, January xvth,
1861. to WIU Wst. A. PLarr, President, and Tmnua
Moontx, Cashier, resigned their offices. Davis Tavlob,
Bsq., was thea eleoted President and W. A. Pbarr ap
pointed Cashier.
By order or in voara or mrsotor.
teb , 1881-dtf. ; . ; W. A. PLATT. Cashier.
bow aelllng at very low pits, also all other kind
fashionable fan,
decs I.
He. 19 loath High tt.
Dally, per ear.
Trl Weekly, per ear...
Weekly, peryeai
.fl 00
. 3 OU
. 1 00
Fortifications against Ships.
Fortifications against Ships. From the Richmond Dispatch.
The Baltimore American gives, from high
military authority, a detailed history of actions
between ships and fortifications, which Incon-
testably establishes the general rale that guns
asnore are superior to guns aaoat, ana that naval
expeditions are utterly impotent against a well
fortified coast.
In 1795 a British expedition was fitted out, at
an expense oi eight millions or dollars, against
Quiberoo, a port of tbe French coast. The bay
of Quiberoo is pronounced by Breoton, ia his
British Naval History, "the finest on the coast
oi r ranee, or perhaps in tbe world, lor landing
an army." Moreover, the inhabitants of the
oountry were in open iosarrection, and eager to
co-operate with me invaders. Ten thousand
soldiers were landed, and arms furnished to as
many more loyalist troops, but the combined
forces failed in their stuck upon the fortifica
tions, ana lien, rioobe, irom bis imtrencbmeuts,
with 7,000 men. held In check a bodv of 18.000.
fiennea up, without defense, in the narrow pen
nsula. In 1799 the Eoellsh and Russians made a de
toent npon Holland with fourteen ships of the
line and ten frirates. carrelnc about eleven
hundred guns and a great number of transports,
wiin an army oi thirty-ell tboueafjl men. The
defensive army consisted of only twenty-eight
thousand men. Besides their Immense moral
and military superiority, th invaders had the
eo-operation of the Orange party in assisting tbe
landing of their troops, and yet they failed to
get posession of a single strong place, and after
m oi six tnousana men, were compelled to
capitulate. "Such." sava AllUon. "vaa the
disastrous Issue of tbe greatest expedition which
had yet sailed from the British harbor during
us war. ian me united mates raise such
naval expedition against the South as that
against Holland, and if so, Is it likely to be more
successful against a united, than that was
against a divided people ?
In 1801 ihe illustrious Lord Nelson, the Na
poleon of the seas, with three shins oi the Una.
two frigates, and thirty five smaller vessel,
mnue a aesperaie attack npon the harbor of Bn
logne, but wag rennlsed with severe loss.
In 1809 the English fitted out an immense
naval expedition to leixe upon the French de
fense or the Scheldt. Flush ne. at the month
of the river, was but Ill-secured, and Antwerp,
sixty or lercnty miles further up, was entirely
defenseless at the time when Ihe British arriv
ed at Flushine. The British attacking lores
consisted of .twenty-seven ships of the line,
twenty turee frigates, thirty-three eloops-of-war,
thirty-eight gun, mortar and bomb vessels,
thirty tlx smaller vessels, eighty-two gun boats.
Innumerable transports, with over forty thous
and troops and an immense artillery train,
making In all, says the English historian, "an
hundred thousand combatants." Yet tbe fee
ble defenses at Flushing resisted successfully a
fire from the fleet, compared with which Freneh
officers, who bad been at Auaterlitg and Jena,
declared that the cannonade at those battles
was a mere jen dWaas, and were onlv re
duced by the land forces after a siege of eigh
teen days. Ia th mean time th fortifications
at Antwerp had been repaired, and after a fruit
less operation of a whole month la lb river,
th English were gradually forced to retreat to
the mouth of the Scheldt, and finally to evacn.
at their entire conquest. Such was tbe reault
of an expedition comprising a naval force more
man three tiroes to number of all th ahina In
, i .,.... ... jr.. . . . . r
me oavy vi mo united oiaiea, ana naviog more
than five times tbe combatants ol the whole
United state Army.
- In 1792, a large French squadron attacked
Caellara, whose defense were so dllacidated aa
oaroeiy to aeserv tne name, out, after a bom
bardment of three days, was signally defeated.
and obliged to retire
Ia 1794, two British stains the Fortitude, nf
seventy-lour, ana the Juno (frigate), of thlrty-
swo gune aiiacaeu a small uwn in tne oiv or
a. .ii- r. I L ' . . . -
murienu, vswsiua, wuivu was armea wiin one
gun la barbette, and a garrison of thirty men
Alter a Domoarament oi two hours and a half,
the ships were forced to haul off with consider
able damage and loss of life, while tbe fortifi
cations and the garrison were unharmed. Here
were on hundred and six runs afloat aeainat
one on shore, and yet tbe latter was successful.
In 1797, Kelson attacked tbe little, inefficient
batteries of Santa Crux, in Teneriffe, with eight
vessels, oarrying four hundred guns. He was
repelled with a loss of two hundred and fifty
men, while tb garrison reeelved little or no
damage. A single ball from the land bittery,
striking the side of one of his vessels, instantly
sunk ber with all aboard.
Ia 1801, tbe French, with three frigates and
six thousand men, were beaten off from the
poorly oenstrnoted works of Porto Ferralro,
which bad a garrison oi oniy nueen hundred
In July of the earn year, an English fleet, oar
rying five hundred and two guns, attacked the
French land battery of Algesiros, of only twelve
guns, and was compelled to retreat with great
In 1803. th English garrison of Diamond
Rock, near Port Royal Bay, with only one hun
dred men and fifteen guns, repelled, without tbe
less of a eioKl man, a trench tqngdron of two
seventy-fours, a frigate and a brig, assisted by
land attack of two nunarea troop. The
French lost fitv men.
Ia 18U6 a trench Dattery on uape Lloost, of
only one gun and a garrison of twenty-five men,
resisted, without toe loss of a man, toe attack
of a British elghty-guo ship and two frigates,
carrying la all over on hundred and fifty guns
ana about one tnousana tnree nunarea men.
Th assailants lost thirty-seven men killed and
wounded, and the eighty gun ship was mnoh
In 1808 a French land battery of only three
guns, near tort Trinidad, drove off an Jboglish
seventy-four-gun ship and a bomb vessel.
In 1813 Leghorn, with weak defenses and
garrison, drove off an Eogllsh squadron of aix
ships, carrying over three hundred guns and
thousand troops.
In faot, the whole history ol th wars of tb
French Revolution la one continued proof of
tbe tnperiority of fortifications as a maritime
frontier defense. Tbe aeacoaet of Franoe is
only eighteen and a half miles from Eogland at
the narrowest place of the Channel; it mu
dotted with rich commercial towns, offering
dagxllng booty; the French navy was incompe
tent to their defense; tne English navy was
supported at aa annual expense of ninety mil
lions or oonars, was continually cruising witn
in aieht of French seaports, bad acquired an
Intimate knowledge of the Freneh harbors,
bays and creeks; the Frenoh barbers and town,
stripped of their garrisons by neeessltlea of
distant wars, wer left with no other defense
than their fortifications and militia; and yet,
though they were frequently attacked, and the
moat desoerate efforts made to effect a nerma
nent lodgment, they escaped unharmed during
tbe entire contest. .
The history of naval attaoki on our own forts
the wars of the Revolution and 1813, teaoh
et ns the same lesson. Ia 1776 Sir Peter
Parker, with nine vessels, earrying two hund
red and seventy guns, was rspulsed by Fort
Moultrie, armed with only twenty-six cunt, and
garrisoned by three hundred and seventy-fir
regular and a few militia. .The British were
entirely defeated, and lost in killed and wound
two hundred and five men, while the same
In th lord was only thirty -two-, Geo.
Moultrie said that only thirty rounds from the
battery wer fired, and the want of powder
alone prevented the Americana from destroying
whole fleet.
In 1814, Fort Boyer, a small redoubt near
Mobile, garrisoned by on hnndred and twenty
men, and having twenty small piece of can
non, tome or tnem a i most entirety useless,
completely repulsed a British fleet of four ves
sels, carrying ninety two guns, and five hund
red and ninety men, aided by a land foro of
twenty artillerist with two cannon and seven
hunlred sad, thirty Infantry., .Notwithstanding
. J l .'IJStv'i ? :
.? I,'.
this Immense disparity of force, th enemy was
completely foiled, on of tbe largest ships en
tirely destroyed, and eighty five men killed and
wounded, while the American loss waa onlv
eight or nine.
Again, In 1814 a batterv of one four-nonnder
and two eighteen pounder guns, at Stonlngtoo,
Connecticut, renewed a British fleet of one hnn.
dred and thirty-four guns. In consequence of
exhausting their ammunition, only part of the
Amerioan guns were used during a part of tbe
engagement, yet tbe ships were eo much Injured
that they were com Del led to withdraw with a
iois or twenty killed and more than fifty wound,
ed, while tb loss on onr side was bnt two kill
ed and six wounded.
Our readers ar all familiar with tbe miser
able attempt to attack Baltimore la the same
year. The rJiillsn fleet consisted of forty sail,
the largeit of which were ships of th line, carrying-
oyer aix thousand combatants. Sixteen
of the bomb vessels and fiigates bombarded Fort
mcnenry tor twenty fire hours, throwing nneen
hundred shells, four hundred of which exploded
within the wall of tbe (ort, but made no Im
pression. The British were compelled to haul
off with much loss.
Eauallv ineffectual waa the attack of a Brit
ish equidron in 1815, on Fort St. Phillip, on the
Missis sippi, a small work of only twenty guns, but
which repulsed the fleet after a eontinnous bom
bardment of nine days and nights.
Letter from Hon. Edward Everett.
The Boston Courier, of Friday, contains the
following private letter from Hon. Edward Ever
ett to a citixen of Virginia, which was banded
to its author:
BOSTON, May 15, 1861.
Mr Dxab Ma. : Your letter of th 9th
reached me yesterday. I read it with mingled
feelines, gratified that your friendly regard bad
yet survived the shook of the limes, and deeply
grieved at roe ainereat view we tax oi tne ex
isting crisis. .
It is well known to yon mat i sustained tne
South,' at the almost total sacrifice of influence
and favor at borne, so long as 1 thought she was
Durauinr constitutional obiects. This I did, al
though the South had placed the conservative
North in a false and indelenslbl position by
tbe repeal of tb Missouri Compromise and tb
nerseverine attempts to lorce slavery into tne
Territory of Kansas by surprise, fraud, and vio
lence, against tbe known wieh of an overwhelm
Inir maloritv ot th people. 1 panned this
course for the take of strengthening tbe hands
of patrlotte Union men at tb Booth, altbongh
I was well aware, partly from facts within my
personal knowledge, that leading Southern pol
itlclans bad for thirty years been resolved to
break no the Union as soon at they eeaaed to
control the United States Government, and that
the alarerv auestion was but a pretext for keep
ing up agitation and rallying the South.
Notwithstanding this state of things, and Ihe
wholly nnwarrantable manner In which tbe poli
cy of Secession was initiated by South Carolina,
and fallowed nn by the other Cotton States, and
in spite of tbe seizure of the publlo establish
ments and tbe publlo property which, In the
absence of any joint act of partition, waa sheer
plunder It was my opinion that, If tbey would
abstain from further aggression, and were de
termined to separate, we had better part in
peace. But the wanton attack on Fort Sumter
which took Dlaoe. not from any military neces
sity, for what barm was a single company, coop-
.. . , , i .1.1- . - a . ,
Cd up in tinarieston narnor, auia wuu w oama
Carolina? but for the avowed purpose of "stir
ring tbe blood" of the Sontb, and thus bringing
in the Border States), snd the subsequent pro
ceedings at Montgomery have wholly changed
tbe state 01 anirs. i ue oumu nae levied an
noprovoked war against th Government of the
United states, tne mttueei ana most neneaoeui
la tbe world, and has mad It the duty of every
rood clt ten to rally to ite topport.
I peroeiv that my having publicly expressed
that sentiment, ana ooDtriomea my mil to
wards the regiment of Mr- Webster (who In.
herite-the conservative opinions of his illns-
triona father) hae caused surprise on tbe part of
torn of my Southern mends yonrseu among
the most valurd of them as if my so doing was
inconsistent with tb friendly reelings 1 have
ever cberished toward th South- . But the
friends forget that as early a tb 12th of April,
that Is, belore tbe proclamation of President
Lincoln, the Secretary of War at Montgomery
bad threatened that by th 1st of May. th
Confederate flag should float over tbe Capitol at
Washington, and la due time over Fabeuil Hall.
When General Beauregard proceeds to execute
this threat, his red-hot oannon balls and shells
will not snare the roof that shelters my daugh
ter and four little children at Washington, nor
my own roof la Boston. Mast I, because I
have been th steady friend of the South, sit
still while he Is battering my house about my
arst .
I certainly deprecate the choice of a President
exclusively by the electoral vote of one seotioa
the oouutry, though consenting with th great
est reluotanc to be myaeit upon one or th op
posing tickets. It was, however, fully la the
power ot the soutn to nave proauoea a different
reault. But the Disunlonlsu were determined
have their own candidate, though mistaken,
trust, In th belief that he shared their disloy
al views. I mak this charge against them
without scruple, justified by subsequent events,
well as by the language or tne entire Union
bress at the South during the canvas.
After the election was decided th Disunion
would not wait for eeerl et$, because they
knew none could or would be committed. Tbey
knew that there was aa anti-Republican major
ity la tbe Senate, and that there would be on
the present House They "precipitated" the
rupture of the Union, because they knew that
they waited even th pretext tor It would
After the Cottoa States bad seceded, and al
though tbat olrcumstano greatly Increased th
difficulty of compromise, measures wer never
theless adopted or propoeea in uongrees, which
must have removed all sincere alarm ou tb
part of the South, that their constitutional right
were threatened. The accredited leader ol th
Republican party, including tb Preeideot-eleot,
uniformly pledged themselves to that effect.
The two Houses, by a constitutional majority.
pledged themselves in like manner against any
future amendment of the Constitution violating
tbe rights of the South. A member from Mas
sachusetts ( Mr. Adams), possessing Ihe enllr
confidence of the inoomlog Administration, pro
posed to admit New Mexico as a State, and
three new Territories wer organised, without
anti-slavery restriction. While this was
done In Congress, tbe States repealed or modi
fied the laws throwing obstacles la th way of
recovering fugitive slaves law which bar
never been of any praotlcal Injury to th Cotton
8tates. These conciliatory demonstrations had
effect In staying the progress of accession,
because the leadera of that revolution wer de
termined not to be satisfied; and to maintain
their policy, which In tbe light ot th Constitu
tion Is simply rebellion and treason, they have
appealed to th sword. '
You say that the South desires nothing but
peace, and ask whether the North will not "let
alone?" But, my good friend, th South
demands a great deal more than "peaee." She
olaims the capital of the oountry, although the
but a third of its population. She claims
control of the outlet of Chesapeake bay and
tributaries; tbe right to command tb
most direct rout to the Atlantio from Ohio,
Indiana, and Illinois States whoee population
amounts to flv and a half million (th Balti
more and Ohio Railroad); th right to dra
goon th Stat of Maryland and th west
ern nart of your own State, with Kentuoky,
Missouri, . and Tennessee, Into .joining
Southern Uomederaey; tbe runt to occupy
fortresses whloh protect the trad ot the
Gulf of Mexico; the right to shut up th outlet
the Ohio, Mississippi, and tb Miosourl; and,
finally, she claims tb right of any State, who
choose to pan a law to that effect, to break up
Union, la antoroing thee unconstitutional,
monstrous and unheard of usurpations, she asks
be "let alone;" and when the Government of
United States, la obMiene to tb eoiema
oaths of It members (from whloh th leaders
th revolt dispense themselves), takes meas
urea to defend liaair. in capital oi tne union,
publlo establishments, and the rights ot th
wool people against this Invasion, long or-"
mi&ttt.t,,,Mlto" Md Appointed "
politician (for Mr. A. H. Stephen, truly d
oler. that to b soure of a great part of '
.."'V ),,hV,xoWn,i -""th. North
seeks to "subjugat th South."
I oannot describe to you, my dear friend, th
sorrow caused m by this stateof thing. Clr"
cumstanoes, a vou well know, had lid me to
form personal friendly relation, at tb South
mor entensirely than moat Northern men, and
the support riven. eeDeclall i k. w i '
States, to tbe ticket on which my nam was :
borne at the late election fll!H k .
tud. II th sacrifice of all I bay could
have averted tb present disastrous struggle, I
could have mad It willingly, Joyfully. But, I
pray you, believe me, tbat I speak aot only toy
own conviction, but that of the entire North,
when I say that we feel tbat th conflict bat
been forced upon us to gratify the aspirations
or ambitious men; that it Is our duty to our
selves, to our children, and to tbe whoi people,
to sustain th Government ami th.t ft i. u
possible, mor th interest nf th. tann.t.
of the North that this attempt to break up th
vumu biiuuiu tan.
I remain. My dear Mr.
Sorrowfully and sincerely your i,
Is Specie Contraband Goods.
From the St. Louis, News, June 7.
E. Loring, of this eity, was In
New Orleans, a few weeks ago. when, learning
of tbe war being wsged oa curreney her, and
the extra raluF that had fn consequence been
placed on speoie, be purohssed several houdred
dollar worth of halves and quarter for thi
market. H had his treasure securely boxed
and Insured, and "shipped la good order and
condition" on board the steamer John Walah,
bound for St. Louis.
So far all was very well; and ven though
th policy of lnsursnce contained what Is known
as th "war clause" relieving the company
from all responsibility In ease of loss or damage
by confiscation, seizure by rebelliooaState.tn.
no apprehensions of a serious nature were felt
by tbe owner of the valuable box.
Mr. Loring did not travel with his money oa .
the steamer. Being in somewhat of a hurry, he
took tbe oars, and came all the wav thrnrh t
rail. On reaching St. Louis, he found that his
spool enterprise would pay handsomely, and he
began to look with some anxiety for tbe approach
of the steamer with bis little box. He waited
for several days In expectation that tbe coin
was safely on its way, and that It would earl.
come to hand, when he wok up on morning to
learn that tbe John Walsh bad been eelied by
th Secessionist at Memphis, her freight con
fiscated to tbe authorities of the plsoe, and the
boat pressed into the service of tbe Southern
Here, indeed, was an unpleasant state cf
things. Whst made tbe matter worse, too.
was the faot that no tidings of the box nf an.
oie oould be bad from tbe officers of the Wakb. .
The case waa a puzxliog one to sjl who bad
beard of tt. circumstances, thd remote n:.,l.
billty of specie Intended lor us la one of the
cities of tbe " Northern Confederacy," being
rcgarueua ooniraoana, lenaing aa unusual
degree of interest to the whole affair. Tbe
matter, at the present writing, stands la about
tne position we nave described.
Mr. Lorinr bavins: waited with Joh lika n.
tlence for soma Information concerning the fate
aad whereabout of hi halves and quarters, and
being enable to obtain anything bearina on the
aubject, starts by tbe first boat for the South on
an exploration for tbe discovery of the box of
silver. Tbe box wos cloeely sealed and ad
dressed to Mr. L. at St. Louis. It mav be that
was deposited by the Clerk or Captain of the
John Walsh for safe keeping, It, one of tbe
mempois nanxing-nousea, though ir such were
th ease, U la strange that the owner waa not
promptly notified of tbe faot.
There ie no question but specie gives "aid sod
comfort" to people in this latitude, and in that
view of tbe matter it might be held by the
Memphttttes as "contraband." The ft nf
ihe box of small change snrzests an Interact.
lng and important question, aud we shall await
with some curloeity further lntelllrenca In rela
tion thereto.
The British Civil War.
Our latest diepttohes from Newfoundland
seem to indicate tbat all lb horrors of oivil war
ripening In that Province. Although there is
nobody hurt jst.tb Confederate Provincials have
cut down the tilegraph wires, intercepted tbe
malls to tb Government steamers pasting
Cape Race, and Will probably repudiate their
debts. Notwithstaodln the somewhat inolent
tone toward this country adopted by British
statesmen at times, w have always hoped
against hop that tb United Kingdoms of Eng
land would remain a nnlted nation until their
common destiny should have been fnlfilled.whlle
Urge lotereat in the codfish btnks of New
foundland have, perhaps, rather strengthened
our desire to see th unhappy dissensions be
tween tbat Provioe and th British Government
Mrs. Victoria Albert settled without tbe in- '
evltable misfortune of civil war; but now that
portion of th people of Newfoundland have
risen in revolution, w arsnot prepared to fullv
share th somewhat overweening oonfldenoe cf
the St. Johns Cbief of Polioe in his unques
tionable ability to subdue them.
Ae to the attltud proper to be assumed by
United State as regards this unhappy
straggle, w beg leave to assure th British
residents In onr midst, that our Government Is
quite able to ascertain how onr honor, our in
terests, and our national relations are to be .
moot clearly vindicated without any diotatlon
from them. W have had nothing to do with
bringing about of this fearful strife of
brother with brothers and w shall maintain a
position of striot neutrality favoring neither
side, Th United State wiU undoubtedly reo-. .
ognite th Confederate Provincial of New-" -foondlsnd
aa belligerents, and as such, permit
them to bring the telegraph wires they may cut
down in Newfouadlaad to this oountry and sell
them here: bat our own subjeot will be warned
against taking side with either Government
United Statee refusing to afford them any '
Erotection should they be arrested for grand
iroeny by on or the other.
Whichever party may meree trlumuhanl
from th frightf ul chaos of this unnatural war,
will, of course, be recognized aa th Kingdom
England. Further than this, w can give no
positive assuranoe at preseut Sunday Mercury.
Ktirmo a SxcatT. The following Is evident
ly tbe production of on who has been a close
observer of tbe female character i
Some women seem to be Inoapable of keeping ' '
a secret. It seems to burn upon their Hps till -they
have uttered it. Let a woman of this de
scription come injposseseion of a secret affecting
th peace of whole families, and which every ,
tie of humanity would persuade her to bury in
utter oblivion, and what doe she do! Stayal -home
and forget It by pursuing her accustomed
avocations 7 Ah, no wet or dry, cold or hot,
out sh must go at th earliest hour thatit la '
decent to Vint one can ou nor mm mumaio -friend,
without perhaps any definite Intention ol ,
unburdening ber mind.' But when so arrives, .
ah otn think of nothing !. Oa toplo after
another Is started, but all immediately nag. a
Strang air of mystery and constraint comes
over her, which brings th conversation entire-.
lv to a stand. "What le the matter 1 Has any-
r . . i-- . . , i i . t l
thing happeneai ' vo sen m wan au nippen
d!" Ill all over. Out It must come if It
Cost her life. But then ' sba quiet her con- .
science by exacting a promise) of Inviolable te- 4
erecy. Tbe promise ef secrecy, however, mean .
that sh will tell it only to ber immediate ao
qualntenoe, whom she can trust; so la about
two davs It Is all over town. It Is a profound .
secret until It is found tbat everybody knows It.
Thus It la la thcower ot ome two or. three
women, who are so disposed, to keep any com.
inanity la a perpetual etrlle. I have myself .
known a whole town to be thrown into a moat
wlolent excitement and a division oreated, whion
separated families, alienated friends, and en
tlralw brake no all social harmony for years by
Sne bas Insinuation of not mor thaa ten word.

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