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I v ; -! ' -(.li''-!'! "'I fiJ I I ii . . i. ;" ,-. 1 1 .': .,; . .il ' I 5V i.K Aj'j: NUMBER '208;6i VOL. XXXIII. ' ! Ir.'I - ' - ' - ' ' OOLUMBUS. OHIO, THURSDAY MORNING. MARCH 1, ISGG f "J' it t I . i c. v i r. ii sm il a w m ii- tfi j u1 nia ' II' 11 A . . A. ' Jl. I I T V ' A ,k . ' i It I A. A A IP M t 1 I 1 B 1 A . A, ' A II -ii.. . WTO ;. i , I"' 'it 'I ':,, v ,'''.' i I- i.,- v;i.-s'.. GOOD GOODS at l-i 1.1.' 3 GO TO rPIERCE & 71 ! I ...:. 7. ;..-H :; .. ' v . ..... II No. 189 High Street,1 ! .1: We have the BEST SELECTED BTOCK of Laaies', GeiitT ahTt'CliIldrena'' B O OT'E S A N D - S H O B S It I'' ' J 'I 'H ! ' ' . Eastern and homo-made, of any -i rf i-m m if DK A.tiHIlS SUPPLIED ; JH V- THE A I2 a sirperlor quality of work at the very -i Hi OiKiMri Work millnltflrt. .;.. . .v;jai.3D-deodly , EXTENSION OF PREMISES. lEDFOaiUM OF TAB TOT fOR BOOTS ANDlHfc DUNFORD . iave Soutli Hisli Street, : ! COLUMBUS, OHIO, A name now as familiar as "household words," and whose eminence as the Fountain Head for Boots and Shoes, Is allowed by the publla fixed fact, having now a Room adrqnnte to the requirements of their evpr IneniasW buslm-nsi, 100 feet deep, and full from floor to ceiling, with the LA KG EST, BEST SELECTED, and C1IEPEST STOCK iu the city, invito your early inspection. List of V.':- CMEIVTS' ' Jkl1Hlld Calt oo, 0 0 Kpladld Tap Hole Mlootn, 7 OI lobl Hole Kip, 4 60 Hplesdld do . do., , a 00 ! EVERY OTHER ARTICLE EQUALLY CHEAP. B. P. DUNFOR D & CO, ' - Proprietors. janlfl-dlyeod LOW PRICES ! KINSELL S, ' ' -' ' " i Opera House Block. establishment In the West. - lowest rates, All orders promptly filled. '. ') - iif:ri: & Ki:Mi?r,fi. & CO., Prices: 99 OO a oo a 7.1 si so folii.li M'nIklnB Hal, I'rlme Cnll' Ilalnioralw. ,, STATEMENT .... or hi condition or rnn ' Colombia Fire Insurance Company, On the. 3lt Star of Docciubor, IhtflS Jlld. to Ilie Andllrtr of Ohio. Put, ,, iuul ilU.kunlf lltntSlate. '- NAME AND LOCATION. -. Th. num. or th. Company th. COt.UMDI A TIHU INSURANCE OiU'AhV, nd i local! Ali.w VorkCity. . . . . " ' - ! . . . , T PA PIT'i f. ' '' Th amount of' its Capital fcttocfcn.ll paid upu, (sot.ooe oo H.ASBKT8. Ch of the Company oa hand, and in th. band of Agunt and oth.r poraoni. The Hoods and Stocks owned by the Company Debt, due tba Company, Mourtd . by mortHe... . 94 81.800 H) 734.WI0 00 i:iwa mi 8,738 54 !H,4.i5 78 f)ebt otherwira locnred lebtp for Premium! .... AUother r3ecuri'ie ..... Total Au'eta of the Company.'. .',. fUl.Ml St . Ill LIAHIMTIEH? m;-'. Losaea adjunted and not due.. ...... .wv $3S,46S B toareaanaljuttad..... ..J.- 1(,W5 00 Jjoaaeiio iiupeote, waiting for farthor ' pro s.OOSOO iAJl vther oiaimaajainet the Company. : .-"' la.uos 3 '1 Total Liabillti.,...U...j... I70.SU7 S7 'IV'.'MTSCRI.LANROOM. 1 Thekrcatest amount Insured in any on risk, $20, oo. ' - . -The matest amount allowed by the rule to be in inred in any one eily, town or vitiate Mo limit. The greatest amount allowed to be laiured in any one blooi-a.vi.ooo. The amoantof itieapitaJ orearotma deposited in apy other 8late, m aeourity for loaaea therein, .17.500. 1 The Charter, or Aot of incorporation ef aaid Com pany, if on file. j ;- II V ; l " 1 1 - 8tati of Nrw York. fniiMvv a. N.v Ynul . Tiha il fuiinimii.i. I'pAtMant. and JrtHM IL l'reiic A.Tnca, Heoreiary ot the Columbia Fir. In surance Company, beir( aevorally awurn, de pore and say, that the forriroing is a full, true and nwMt atatamani of the aJTairn of the aaid Comoa- ay; that, the aaid insurance Company a the bona fide owner , of at least ONE HUNUKfcl) THOU HAN1 UOiiL liti of actual Cah Capital, invested in Stooka and Konda, or in ilortgatroa on Ural Kstatr. worth double the amount for which the same is mitrtcaged; and that they are the above deaoiibod OBiceia ot aaid insurance company .. . . ' ' mu. u. ununtiuiib, rnaiaent. John B. Akthib, Secretary, "Subscribed and aworn bufotc mo, tills 8th day of February, wen. , M k v irh Tr ; ttTAM.J.' ... Rotary l'ubllo. linn, ornoc or th Atoitok of Sttk,J irmii. ' CoLiruauH, Ohio, February IT, 188S. J . I laliarakvaartiAMl. that th forfffllinf II COT' nt. nt Conribiinn of the ejyiiUMBIA K1KB 1N8URAKCE.OOMPAN V.of Vtw York, made ta and nled in ttua ornoe, lor tne i aTAMP. ' l i" Auditor f State. i.r CKBTIFICATk'oF AUTHORITY.: 1 (Tt expire on the Slat day of January, If87.) '' , ' Orrici or Tna Abpitor of Utatw ' "' lN8UBNC DePABTMKNT, . CoLCimug.Onio, Fobrnary 17 lffi) wn Th COI.TIMHIA VIHK INSLIK & NCB COMPANV, located at Wew York, In the i.i nf Kmm York, haa filed in this office a worn statement of its condition, as required by the teat aeetien. of the act To regulate iMuranoe Com, panics not incorporated by the State of Ohio," pass id April 8.1B5S. and amended February 9, 1884; and, i ... r..mnn ha f II r tl 1 IikmI till ornlft - mail stifactory evidence tha it j powweed. of aiat ON B HUM DBKU THOU SAN 0 1J0LLAK3 of actual Capital invested in Stocks, at Honda, or in Mortgages of Real Estate, worth double the amount c...-hh thmaiya is mortnaaed: and. whereas, said Company has filed in this office a written instrument nndor itaooTporate aeal, signed by the f resident aad Seoretwy thereof, aitloriiing any Atoat or Agents nfaaid Company in thia State to acknowledge aer Vioe of process, for and in behalf of aaid Company, according to vno nu Wu i .T,.fr in nnrauanoe of tW 'aforesaid aci I, JAMES H GOOMAJt. Anditor 2u;rf, nfiln. .lo hereby certify' that sad COLUMBIA FIBE INSURANCE COMPANY, of Si Vnrk ii author teed to trantaet tae business oVTire InJoraooe i this State until the thlrty-fitst nav of January, in the "year, one, thpuaand eight hundred and eixty-aeven. ' i .1.1.. , "1. whereof. I lave h.Montn ituMorifced to, name and earned the aead of myeffloe to be af- ZVmI the day and year above written, v m aea o 1 1 u L'u 11 pnmi 1 o iaiak.i UTiiir.Tj',' ..') i Auditor ot itate.10 w .j GARDNERjjJ rM Agt, - febf-dl ::: vji."itENH,;, OAKEK AND CONFECTIONER .3 .1ST ttiaii iroot.:'i. TirUe fur'nlsted on &i fcfiurt Kpfial and loai lieialteraii. " lptle-dlf ' NAUGHTON'S NAUGHTONlJiAilBUILDING.U TAfflES NAUGIITON WISHESTOKE- I til., ih.nlii in t.hm -natmiia of the abovo well known atore, and to aoliait a continuance of their favora. Being solo proprietor ot tne building ai wall hninnu. he can afford to sell for a inuoh low. er profit than any house in town, and customeracan depend upon finding at all timca a gooa aiocg 01 sea tional the bands of bis clcrka and amistanUas will nnahin iriMMis. ann wi i receive suon prompt aiieir assure visitors to his eitabliabmenttnattney re in deed dueling in a ' Flrsit Olaaaj Btoro, V hero can alwava be found, DRE8I GOODS, 8HAWL8, CLOTHS, CAS8IMERES, LADIb CliOAKS VV VUK VWXi JHAn.0. Alio, Hosiery aud fancy (ioo.la of every description. jAinE na milium, 118 and Jgtioalh High Mroet, felitO , " ' . COLUMBUS, OHIO.- I'll - i ! m -'- CHABLM falTBtOlf.4 ' B. H. OARDNM Huston & Gardner, DituoGisTs, NEIL MOUSE BLOCK, One Door North of tbe a-oaioiiice. KEEP CONSTANTLY OS, pAMD ,A, (JENEB al stookof ..... Oiubs . Modloinea, rorrumery, ranoyana loumooraj. Patent llediolnes, Shoulder Braoea, y' TmaiOia. V i 'I T T P,ur( Vf inea and Liouo for NeioinM jmrpoief , PRESCIUFTIUNS CAREFULLY COMPUUNDED Day or night, by an experianaad Druggist. Imported Cigars and oboice Smoking and Chew ing Tobaccos. . Sjaoial aitentionvia called W o iteek of PKRFUMEUY, HOAI'N, Which to the largest l itr. r - TTto j ian30-deodiu - LlItsTON A OARDMKB.V. FOR SALE. r. THE AMERICAN HOTEL BUILD1X6, COLUMBUS, OHIO, wiTia.ii?io kwdwii it-'this ra-"K 1' AMWftllUN HOTEL, on tne nortnweet oor- nerof High and State atreeu.ow.ea D.flobettWl McCoy, dcoeased, is now offered flale.- or1rialy, vtara .past H'has been occupied aa an Hotel, and fa vorably known to the public on aoooator. Ua poaiT tion fronting the Capitol 01 tne cuie.. in. ouiio in ii inaoauolete repair, and oonveniently arranged for a Firat-Claaa Hotel . It haa a front of 83) leot on High street, and 187), feet iv 3 tut street. f To .ny one aesiroua ui ui.kiiik an iiivoiiiineiiu ikkaru an Hotel or otherwise, there ia not a better "noV'dYsposeT'oas anHoteK lVriB bl i(Aifi iato eepamte'ComparLmenui ior aiurv rwuu mu uui- ml FOR 1'REnT.i ll mil In I'l'-tlM : tMi't I mHK STOBE ROOM. N(.j ' WEST BBO AR 1 iManin. AvAUlothini ntore br M. (iold snUtlkiii?ffi wrtipular wqaire at thi 1 roona two dooii was. of Uigu oa liroao. jcoie-aua U aT7.n.1 Tn.m ancn.li srHtl I ' 11 iififij f i-W'sj a "u o m t o Hj'n f ma 1 1 w n a u 0 h t 0 n .1 2g i H : T O B. TH 'm oa..udoBereatoineejiiBf.- . , ior-aVT, ipfrm,atton required. I will be foun al- FLOURjJDEPOT. SELF-RAISING FLOUR! , GREATEST INVENTION OF TIIE AGE I ' BREAD, BISCUIT AND PASTRY Of all kinds, without using Yeaat, Baking Powder, Soda or Salt. ' ALWAYS READY! ALWAYS RELIABLE! ITS ECONOMY. Flrurof the best quality oots. .' (11 Baking Powder recipie save three teapnon fullstof -vhich there are SI in a 85 cent box) toa quart of Flour, wbioh ia fiveeenta lor Baking Powdor (one quart of looee flour is - .pound), lteibiatf ots........ 9 88 Pne-half the shortening ii saved, whiob can not b lass than S6 ' Making, barrel eost $'.K 10 A barrel of bell-Uaising Flour cost. IB 00 ' ' Making a saving of... '..tio 10 Besides tbe saving of time, trouble and uncertain ty, only one-half of Egga are required for Pastry. It give- ONB-HJXTit mure bread than Flour raised wit. Yeaxt, making 32 Pounds More Bread to Barrel. Yat Bread cannot be eaten while fresh byper lona of weak and dyspeptic stomach. Bread, Iiis- - euit and Pantry made from Self-Kaising Flour may be eaten while fresh byallpors ns with impunity. The aboveare facta, which every bouae keeper can prove to themelvM. For aale in 6, 12 84 and 49 lb packatea, half barrel and barro', by grocora generally, and at G. J. RODENFELS; 213 Euat Friend .treet, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL KLOUlt DEPOT. Mr. Bodenfels has also the agency for Snow Flake. nd Empire brands of Flour. jaull-d3in NEW RESTAURANT AND SAIV1PLEROOmS ! ED. LANE, - - - Proprietor. DEALER IN FOREIGN & DOMESTIC WINES LIQUORS, AND CIGARS, Of the best quality, at No. 105 South High Street, Near the Oiora House, Columbus, Ohio. jan!3-d3m' GREAT CLOSING OUT SALE OF LADIES' CLOAKS , And Immense REDUCTION IN PRICES! A aplendid assortment of the latest and moat ap proved stales now selling off 33 33 Xj O XV O O S T And greatly under valuo. A rare chance for A. GREAT DAliGAIN An oarly call will securo the beat. doo!9 BAIN A SON. NOTICE! NOTICE! -TO THE Hat, Cap, and lvnilinery Trade. G. W. SIMMONS, I.MfOIll NEW YORK CITV, WIIX open on of about M AKOR Iht, lf, in the rooms over Moasta. Harris A Sigler's Wholesale No tion Store, ' No. 10J& 109 East Town Street, umbus, Ohio, a full and entirely fresh atock of MILLINERY STRAW GOODS, HI. EN'S HATS AND CAPS, Ac, " AT WHOLESALE ONLY. jan4-dJm BAKING MADE EASY. Williams& Co's II AKING POWDER, .Universally oonceded to be unequalled for the iin i . . mediate pruduotiou of Biscuit, Cakes, Bread and Pastry 1 Of every description, in the highest perfection. A i single trial is sufficient to bring it into general nee ' VoValle byA". HOUSTON A 'CO., No. 238 South High atreet, Columbua, Ohio. N. B. Please call for aample, for which there ia no charge; after which you , will not be without '.he Powder. DovW-elU .' . ;;.: '. YOUNG AND, RELIABLE , HAT, CAP AND JUR STORE. j Blern of tho lllack Dear.' i-UB stock of rrns is ran most : J eomplet. ever brought to the city, oonaisting in I part of . , , ,. . Klcta ' Hark'' mink, Krmlne, Sable, I Nqnlrrel, t'lich, Water ITIIalc, : aud Coney (laaas, Collar. auA niHlta. Also, Ifou caps for am, ladies, buys misses, 'CARRIAGE and HLEIGH B0BE8. and aU kinds iof Uoeda kept in a first claim Hat and I'ur store, 01 P"" SMITH Ac CIK41, novSJ-t : . '. . , 1 i NeilHo.a..,. CIII3AJL lSAGE;,'.,, 1 1 :i TO AND FROM .. GREAT BRITAIN &.IRELANP. riAPSCOTT BKOS. tc CO.tS KIHIOKA 1 tion and Foreign hxohange Olfioe, 8G SOUTH BTBEET. NEW YORK. ' . Draft, on England, Ireland, Scotland :,.ti. -':!; ad Wares, -Taosoott'a Favor it. Lin. of Liverpool PaeltoUiail every three daya. X 1,1113 OF I. N HOI. TAiatSTtl .. AIL EVERY TEN DAYS. , AISO. JSf&TSJMSUIP SAIUm WSSi'ZT, to v.pilu wi.tiin tn send for their friends or remit money to the OLD COUNTRY, eandoaoat tae lowest rates, oy appiyip. w - - H1II.KT. TllOfflPSOIf k. CO . -febS-wly . . - Bankers, Columb.r. W.'P. BROWN,' CIVIL' I3N GI NEER i A . COUNTY SURVEYOR.'' . 1 jajxM-ditawem talesman. ADDRESS —OF— HON. ALEX. H. STEPHENS, Before the General Assembly of the State of Georgia, February 22, 1866. ; Gentlemen of tht Senate and House of Jfep resentativei: I appear before you lo answer to your call. . ThU call, coming In tho iriiposing form it docs, and under the circumstances it does, require a response from tne. You have assigned to nio a very high, a very honorable and responsible position. This position you Know 1 aid not Been. Aiosi willingly would I have avoided It; and nothing butan extraordinary Bcnseof duty could have Induced me to yield my own disinclinations and aversions to your wish es and judgment in the matter. For this unusual manifestation ot esteem ana con fidence, I return you my profoundest ac knowledgments ot gratitude, ur one thing only can I give you any assurance, and that is, It I shall be permitted to dis charge tho trusts thereby imposed, they will be discharged witu & singleness 01 purpose to the public good. V' me great onject wmi me now is to gee a restoration, ir possible, ot peace, prosper ity and Constitutional liberty in this once happy, but now disturbed, agitated and distracted country. To this end, all my en ergies and efforts, to the extent of their powers, will be devoted. You ask iuv views on tho existing state of aflalrs; our duties at the present; and the prospects ot tne luture. this is a tasic from which, under ordinary circumstances, 1 mlsrht vorv well shrink. He who ven tures to speak, and to give counsel and ad vice in times or pern, or disaster, assumed no enviable position. Far be that rashness from me, which sometimes prompts the for ward to rush In where angels might tear to, tread. In responding, therefore, briefly to your inquiries, I (eel, I trust, the lull weight and magnitude of the subject. It Involves the welfare of millions now living, and that of many more who are to come after us. I am fullv impressed with the consciousness of the Inconceivably small effect of what I shall say upon the momentous results in volved in the subject itself. It Is with these. feelings that I offer my mite of counsel at your request. And, in the outset of the undertaking, limited as it Is Intended to be, to a few general Ideas on ly, well may I imitate an illustrious exam pie in invoking aid from on liigh : " that I may say nothing on this occasion which may comproniit the right?, the honor, the dignity, or best interests of my country." I mean specially the rights, honor, dignity and best interests of the people of Georgia. With their sufferings', their losses, their uiisfortuiH'8, their bereavements, and (heir present utter prostration, my heart is in deepest sympathy. We have reached that point in our affiirs, at which the great question before us is "To be or not to be?" and If to he, how? Hope, ever springing in the human breast, prompts, even under Uirear.cst Calamities and adversities, nevt-f to despair. Adver sity Is a dear school, a terrible crucible, both lor individuals and communities. We are now in this school, this crucible, and should bear In mind that It Is never negative In its action. ' It Is always positive. It is ever decided in its effects one way or the other. It either makes better or worse. It either brings out unknown vices, or arouses dor mant virtues. In morals, its tendency is to make saints or reprobates in politics, to make heroes or desperadoes. The first In dication of its working ior good, to which hope looks anxiously, is the manifestation of a full consciousness of its nature and extent, and the most promlsinggrouuds.of hope for possible good from our present troubles, or of things with us getting bet ter Instead of worse, is the evident gener al realization, Oil the part of our people, of their present situation, of the evils now upon them, and of the greater ones still impending. These It is not my purpose to exaggerate If I could that would be use less; nor to lessen or extenuate that would be. worse than useless. All fully understand aud realize them... They feel them. It is well they do. Can those evils upon us the absence of law, the want of protection and security of nerson and property, without which civili zation can not advance be removed? on can those greater ones which threaten our, very political existence, bo averted ? These are the questions. - It ia true we have not the control of all the remedies, even it these questions could be satisfactorily answered. Our fortunes and destiny are not entirely in our own hand. Yet there are some things that we may, and can, and ought, in my judgment, to do; from which no harm can come; and from which Borne good may tollow In bet tering our present condition. States and communities, as well aa individuals, when thev have done the best they can In view of surrounding clrcurastancesi, with all the lights they have before them let results be what they may can at least enjoy the con-solation-ttio small recomneiise that of hnvinr nexformed their duty, and of hav ing a conscience void of offense before God and man. This, tt no more valuable result, will, 1 trust, attend the doing of what I nronosfi. . . TheTirst great aiuy, men, i wouia enjmnai this times ie the exercise 0 the simple, though difficult and trying, but neveruwless mdispeiiS' able quality oj patience, l'atieuce requires nf Hus nfllii-teil to hear and suffer with fortitude whatever 111s may Deiau tnem;1 This Is Often, and especially is it the case with us now, essential for their Ultimate removal by any instrumentalities what ever. " We are in the condition ot a man with a dislocated limb, or a broken leg, and a very bad compound fracture at that, now it became broken should not be with him a question of so much importance as how if can.. 00 1 restored . to ucuitu, ; vigor aim strength.. This requires ,pf him, as the hlirViMt dutv to himself, to wait quietly and patiently in splints and bandages, until na ture resumes ner iicuvt) pvwcio iiiiui mo vital functious perform their office. The knitting of the pones and the granulation of the flesh require time. 'Perfect quiet and repose, even under the Beverest pain, Is necessary. It will not. do to make too great haste to get well. ,, An attempt to walk too soon will only make the matter worse.' We mnstor ought now, therefore, in a similar manner, to discipline ourselves to the same or like degree of patience. I know the anxiety and-restlessness of tho popular mind to be lully on our feet Again -to walk abroad as wo onoe did to enjoy onoe more the free out-door air of heaven. Iwith the nerfect use of all our limbs. I bnAtv how trvinsr it is to' be denied 'renre sentetioh in Congress, while we are paying mi rrronortlon Dl we. taxes bow annoy ing Ifc iyto be .even partially upder military rule, and liow injurious it is. to the general Interest antl business of the'-country to be .without TMWtoftlces and' mall eommuntca-' 'tvina. tti iav nothlmr of divers tottier matn 'tflns pro fcbe. long lift. of our. prpseut. 4Wtb ivenlenccS and privations. ' . ! All these, howevir,"xm must pati.vntly-btai ;. ,r and endure for a season. With quiet and rs pose we may gtt well may get once more on our fe.ut again. One thing is certain, that bad humor, ill-temper, exhibited either In restlessness or grumbling, will not hasten it. Next to this, another great duty we owe to ourselves Is the exerciseof a liberal spir it of forbcurance among ourselves. The llrst step toward local or general harmony is the banishment from our breasts of every feeling and scntimentcal culated to stir the discord of the past. Nothing could be more injurious or niiscliiuo out to the future of this country, than the agita tirmat present of questions that divided the peo ple anterior to, or during tlie existence of the late war. On no occasion, anu especially In the bestowment of olllce, ought such differences of opinion in the past ever to be mentioned, either for or against any one, otherwise equally entitled to confidence. These ideas or sentiments of other times and circumstance are not the germs from which hopeful organization cau now arise. Let all difference of opinion touching er rors, or supposed errors, of the head or heart, on the partof any iu the past, grow ing our. nf these matters, bo at once in the deep ocean of oblivion forever buried. Let there be no criminations or recriminations on account of acts of other days; no can vasslng of past conduct or motives. Great disasters are upon us anu upon mo whole country, and without inquiring how these originated, or at whose door the fault should be laid, let us now as common shar ers of common misfortunes, on all occa sions, consult only as to the best means, under the circumstances as we nnu tnem, to secure the best ends towards further amelioration. Good government Is what we want. This should bo tho leadingue- sire and the controlling object with all; and I need not assure you, Il this can be obtained, that our desolated lields, our towns and villages, and cities now in ru ins, will goon like tho rna'aix rise again from their ashes: and all our waste places will again, at no distant day, blossom as the rose. . . . This view should also be borne in minu, that whatever differences of opinion existed before tho late fury of the war, they sprung mainly from differences as to the best means to be used, and the best line of policy to be pursued, to spcuro the great controlling ob ject of all which was good govkhnmknt. Whatever mav be said of the loyalty or dis loyalty of any, in the late most lamentable conflict of arms, I think I may venture safely to say that there was, 011 the part of tlus great muss of the people of Georgia, and ot the entire South, no disloyalty to the principles of the Constitution ot the Lulled States to that system of representative government; of delegated and limited nowers: that estaoiisnment, in a new un.iau on this continent, of all the essentials of England' Mama C'harta, lor the protection anil security ot life, liberty and property; with the additional recognition ot the prin ciple as ft fundamental truth, that all polit- . ". . , 1 11.' I. I. ..n leal power resides in me peiiiiu. " ii'i a it was simDlv a nuestion as to where our allegiance was due in tho maintenance of these principles; wnicn uiinirii.y wiispaia mount in the last resor' State or Federal. As for mvself. 1 can alllrm that no senti ment ot disloyalty to tnese great principles of nelf-L'overnment. recognized and em bodied in tho Constitution of the United States, ever beat or. tb robbed In breast or heart of mine. 10 tneir maintenance my whole soul w is ever enlisted, and to this end mv whole life has heretofore been de voted, and will continue 10 oe tne rest 01 mv duvs God willing, in devotion to these nrincinles. I yield to no man living This much I cau say for myself; may I not say the same for you and for the great mass of the people of Georgia, and for the great 1 . p .1 . c ....1. Q mass ot the peopiu 01 uie enure ounui r W hateverd illerencese xisteu among us,arose from differences as to the best and surest means of securing these great ends, which was the oh ectof all. it was with this view and this purpose secession wa? tried. That has fa led. Instead ot oettentigour conoi . J . . . . it tion, instead 01 estaonsning our uuerties upon a surer foundation, wo nave, in tne war that ensued, come well-nigh losing the whole of the rich inheritance with which we set out. This is one of the sad realizations of the nresent. On this, too, we are but illustrat ing the teachings ot history. Wars, and civil wars especially, always menace lib crty; they seldom advance it, while they usually end in its cunre overinrow unu in struction. Ours stopped just snortor such a catastrophe. Our only alternative now is either to give up all hope or constitution al libertv or to retrace oursteps and to look for its vindication and maintenance in the forums of reason and Justice, instead of In the arena of arms In the courts and halls of legislation instead ot on the fields ot bat tie. . I am frank and candid In telling you right here, that our surest hopes, in my judgment, to these ends are in the restoration policy of the President of the United Mates. I have little hooe for liberty little hope for the success of the great American experiment of self- governmentout in ine success 01 tne nresent efforts tor the restoration of the States to their former practical relations in a common government, under the Consti tution of the United States. We are not without an encouraging exam ple on this line in the history of the mother country in the history of our ancestors from whom we derived, iu a great measure, the principles to which we are so much tie- voted. The truest friends of liberty in Eng land once (ia 1642) abandoned the forum of reason and appealed, as we did, to the sword, as the surest means, in their judgment, of advancing their cause. This was after they had made great progress, under the lead ot Coke, Hampden, Falkland and others, in the advancement ot liberal principles. Many usurpations had been checked; many of the prerogatives of the crown had been Curtailed;' the Petition of Hlght had been Sanctioned; ship money had been abandon ed; courts-martial had been done away (with; habeas corpus had been re-establish ed; high courts or commission anu star chamber had been abolished; many other great abuses of power had been corrected, and other reforms established. Hut, not satlsfled.wlth these, aud not satisfied with the peaceful working of reason, to go on In its natural sphere, the denial of the sov ereignty of.jthe crown was pressed, ty the too ardent ' reformers, upon Charles the First. All else he had yielded this he Would not. The sword was appealed to to settle the question; a civil war was the re sult; great valor and courage were display ed on both sides; men of eminent virtue and patriotism tell in the sanguinary and frat ricidal conflict; the King was deposed and executed; a Commonwealth proclaimed. But the end was the reduction of the peo ple of England to a worse state of oppres sion than they had been iu lor centuries. They retraced thulr steps. After nearly twenty years of exhaustion and blood, and the loss of the greater portion of the lib erties enjoyed by them before, they, by al most unanimous consent, called for restora tion. The restoration came. ' Charles the Second ascended tbe throne, as unlimited a monarch as ever ruled the empire. Not a pledge was asked nor a guarantee given, touching the concession of the royal pre- ogatives that nad been exacted and 00- ainod from his father. ,; : , . ' " ; 1 ,111a true menus 01 tiocrty, 01 reiorm anu b progress, iu .Government, had :become onvluced that these wen the offspring of pence and of enlightened reason, and not of ' passion nor ot arms. The House o'f Commons and the House of Lords were henceforth the theaters of their operation?, antl not the fields of Newberry or Marston mor. The result wn, that in less than thlrflja years ' all their ancient rights and privileges, which had been lost In the civil war, with new securities-, were re-established in theever memorable settle ment of NiOS, which, for all practicable purposes, may be looked upon as a blood ies revolution. " . - : Since that time England has made still further and more fUgnal strides In reform and progress. But not one of these has been effected bv resort to arm. Catholic emancipation was carried In Parliament, after years of argument against the most persistent opposition. Iieason and lustice ultimately prevailed. So with the removal of the disability of the Jews so With the overthrow of the rotten borough system- go with the extension ot franchise so witn the modiilcation of the corn laws and' re strlctlonson commerce. opeulug the way to the establishment of the principles of free trade and so with all the other great re forms bv Parliament which has so distin guished English, history fur the last half century. Jlay we not indulge nope, even in tue al ternative before ua now, lroin this great ex ample of restoration,' if all but do as the friends of liberty there didr This is my hope, my only hope. It is founded on the virtue, intelligence and patriotism of the American people. 1 have not lost my raitn in the people, or in their capacity for self government. But for these great essential qualities of human nature to be brought into active and eiiicient exercise, ior tne fulfillment of patriotic hones, it is essential that the passions of the day should sub side; that the causes of these passions should not now be discussed ; that the em bers of the late strife shall not be stirred. Man, by nature. Is ever prone to scan closelv the errors and defects of his tellow- man ever ready to rail at the mote in his brother's eve, without considering, the beam that is in his own. This should not be. We all have our motes or beams. We are all frail ; perfection is the attribute of none, rn iudice or prejudgment should De indulged toward none. Prejudice ! What wrongs, what Injuries, what mischief's, what lamentable consequences have result ed at all times from nothing but this per versity or the intellect! Ot all the obsta cles to the advancement of truth and hu man progress. In every department In science, in art In government and in reli gion, in all apres and climes, not one on the list is more formidable, more ditllcult to overcome and subdue, than this horrible distortion of the moral as well as intellect ual faculties. It Is a host of evil within it self. I could enjoin no greater duty upon my countrvinen now, North and South, than the exercise of that degree of forbear ance which would enable them to conquer their prejudices. One of the highest ex hibitions of the moral sublime the world ever witnessed wa9 thatof Daniel Webster, when, iu an open barouche In tho streets of Boston, he proclaimed, in substance, to a vast assembly of his constituents unwil ling hearers that "they had conqmred an uncongenial clime; they had conquered a sterile soil; they had conquered tlie winds and elements of the ocean; they had con-, qncred most of tlie elements of nature; but they must yet learn to conquer their preju dices !" I know of no more fitting incident or, scene iu the life of that wonderful man, "clans et vir fortissimus,n for perpetuating the memory of Die true greatness of his character, on canvas or iu marble, than a representation ot him as he thvn and there stood and spoke 1 It was an eMbition of moral grandeur, surpassing that of Aristides, tchen he said, "0, Athenians, tohat Themisto-. cles recommends would.be greatly to your inter ett. but it would be unjust I" I say to you, aud if my voice could ex tend throughout this vast country, over hill and dnle, over mountain and valley, to hovel, hamlet and mansion, village, town and city, I would say, first of all, looking to restoration of peace, prosperity and har mony In this land, is the great duty of ex ercising that degree of forbearance which will enable them to conquer their preju dices prejudices against communities as well as individuals. " And next to that the Indulgence of a Christian spirit of charity. "Judge not that ye be not judged," especially in mat ters growing out ot the late war. Most of tho wars that have scourged che world, even In the Christian era, have arisen on poiutsof conscience, or differences as to; the surest way of salvation. A strange! way that to Heaven, is it not? How much, disgrace to the Church, and shame to man- kind, would have been avoitled. if the ejac ulation of each breast had been, at all times, as it shmUd have been "Let not thia weak, unknowing hand I'renuue thy b'dta to throw, A d deal damnation round the land ' On him I deem TUT foe." How equally proper Is It now, when the spirit of peace seems to he hovering over our war-stricken land, that in canvassing the conduct or motives of others during the late conflict this great truth should be impressed on the minds of all: "Who made the heart ? 'Tiaheolono Decidedly can try us ; He knowa eaoh chord, ea-h various tone, Each spring, its various bias. Then at the balance Ivt 'a be mute, Wo never can a liuU it ; What's dono we part y mar compute, liut know not what's resuted.' Of all the heaven-descended virtues that elevate and ennoble human nature, the highest, the subllmest and the divlnest is charity. By all means, then, fail not to ex-' erclse and cultivate this soul-rogencrating element of fallen nature. Let it be culti vated and exercised, not only among our selves, and toward ourselves, on all ques tions of motive or conduct touching the late war, but toward all mankind. Even toward our enemies, if we. have any, let the aspirations of our hearts be, ."Father, forgive theiri; they know not what they do." The exercise of patience. forbear ance and charity, therefore, are the three first duties I would at this time enjoin and of these three, "the greatest is charity.", But to proceed. Another one of our pres ent duties is this: We should accept the is sues of the war, and abide by them tn good. faUh. This, I feel fully persuaded, ft Is your purpose to do, as well as that of your constituents. The people of Georgia have, in' convention, revoked and annulled her ordinance of 18tL which was intended to sever her from the compact of union of 1787. The Constitution of the United State has been reordalned as the organic law of oar land. Whatever differences of opinion heretofore existed as to where our alle giance was due during the Lite state of things, none, foraay practical purpose, can exist uow. Whether Georgia, by, the ac tion of her Convention ;of 1S01, was eVer rightfully out of the Union or uot, there can be no question but what she Is uow Irf, so far as depends upon her own will, md I ideem the whole United States, therefore, ia noto,tvHhout question, our country, to bechoriahad ,und de fended as such by all our hearts and by a2 our arms. f . , The Constitution of the 'United States, and the treaties ,and : laws piade ln pur suance thereof, are. nqW' acknowledged to, 5e the paramount law iqtui whole coun ty." Whoever, therefore, Ts 't'nie to these )trhtlplel8 nowredognizerl s loyal, asTar ts that term has any legitimate ubo or State, under our institutions. This is the orf kind of loyalty, and the only test of loyal ty that the Constitution itself requires. 1 In any other view, every thing pertaining to restoration, so fat as regards the great bod jr of the people, In at least eleven States of the Union, is but making a promise to the ear to be broken to the hope.' All, therefore, who accej t the Issue of tho war In good faith, and come up to the test required by the Constitution, ar notf loyal, however they may have heretofore been. But with this change comes a new order of things.--. One of the results of the war is a total change in our whole internal policy: Our former social fabric has been entlrely'sub verted. Like those convulsions iu nature which break up old incrustations, the war has wrought a new epoch in our political existence. Old things have passed away, and all things among as in this respect are new. The relation, ' heretofore, under uf old system, between the African and Earn pean races, no longer exists. Blavcryi as It was called, or the status of the black race their subordination to the whites;' opon which all our institutions rested is-a boli ished forever, not only In Georgia,1 but throughout the limits of the United States. This change should be received and accept ed as an irrevocable fact. It is a bootless question to discuss now whether tha new system is better lor both races than the old one was or not. That may be prop er matter f6r the philosophic and philan thropic historian of some future time to in quire Into, after the new system shall haver been fully and fairly tried. AH changes or systems, or proposed reforms, are bnt ex periments ana problems to oe soivea. uur system of self-government was an experi ment at nrst. remaps, as a protucm, it is not solved. Our present duty In regard to this subject is not with the past or the fu-) tore, lc is with the present. The wisest' and best of men err in their judgment M to theprobaole workingorany new system.' Let us, therefore, give this one a lair and Impartial trial, without prejudice and with that earnestness of purpose which always' looks hopefully to success. It is an ethno-' logical nrobletn. on the solution of which depends not only Die best Interests of both1 races, but It may be, the existence ot one or the other, 'if not both. This duty of giving this new system a fair and just trial will require cl you, as legislator ot the land, great changes in our former laws in: regard to this large class of population,; Wise and humane provisions should be. made for them. It Is not for me to go into, detail. Suffice it to say, on this occasion,) that ample and full protection should be. secured to them so .that they may start equal before the law In the possession and enjoyment of all rights of personal liberty and property. Many consideration tlaim this at your hands. Among these may be Btated their fidelity in times past. They cultivated your fields, ministered to your personal wants and comforts, nursed and renred your children, and even in the boar 01 danger and peril they wero in the mala true to you and yours. To them we owe a debt of gratitude as well as acts of kind-, iiess. Tills should also be done because they are : poor, untutored, nniuformcd, many of them 1 helpless, liab e to be imposed npon, and, need it. Legislation should ever look to -the protection of the weak, against the strong. Whatever may; lx said of tho. equality of races or their natural capacity 1 to become equal, who can doubt that at,; this time this race among ua is uot equal to the Christian? This inequality does not lessen the moral obligations on the part ot the superior to the inferior. It rather in-1 creases them. From him who has much more is required than from him who has little. The present generation of them, it . is true, is far above their savage progeni-. tors, who were at first introduced into this. country, in general intelligence, virtue and moral culture. This shows capacity lor. improvement; but in all the higher charac-. teristics of mental development they are. still very tar below the European type. ; What further advancement they mayi make, or to what standard they may attain , uuder a different system of laws, every way suitable and wisely applicable to their., changed condition, time alone caii disclose, 7 I speak of them as we know them tobe, having no longer the protection of a mas-! teror a legal guardian. They now need all the protection which the shield of tbe f law can give, but above all this protection; shoul 1 be leoured because it is right and , just that it should be upon general prlnci-, pies. All Governments, iu their organ Iq i structure as well as in their administration, should have this leading object) in view 1 The good of the governed, protection and , security to all under its jurisdiction, should, be the chief end of every Government. It 1 Is a melancholly truth' that while this , should be the chief end ot all Governments,,, most ol them are used only as instruments , of power for the aggrandizement of a few, at the expense of and for the oppression ol ( the many.- - 1, ,'-h Such are not our Ideas of government, i never have beeo and never should be. Gov-.) ernments, aocordlng to our Ideas, should look to the good of the whole, and not a . part only. The greatest good to the great- 1 est number is a favorite dogma with some. , Some so defended our old system, bat you : know this was never my doctrine. The, greatest good to all, without detriment or injury to.any, is the true rule. Those Gov-, ernments only are founded upon correct. ( principles of reason and justice which look,, to the greatest attainable advancement, ' Improvement and progress, physically, in-, telloetually and morally, of all classes and , conditions within their rightful Jurisdlc-, tion. , Our new svstem should look to the' best interests ot aU classes, the protection,' security and Improvement, phystcalljr, in- , tellectuaily and morally.: All obstacles, If . there be any should be removed, which. ., can possibly hinder or retard the blacks to.', the extent of their capacity. All proper aid should be given to their own efforts. Channels of education should be opened up to them; schools and the usual means of . moral and intellectual training should be,( encouraged among them. This Will dictate . not only what is right proper and Just in, , itself, but it is also the promptings o( the , highest consideration of Interest-, , '",,,'(,.,lt ! It is dlffloult to conceive a greater evil orio curse than could befall our country, strlckv j 311 and distressed as it now, is, for so largw portion of its population a this class wiilij qtiite probably constitute amongst ua here- ( after, to be reared in ignorance, depravity. 1 and vice. In view of such a state of things 1 well might the. President eveu now. look to o 3bandonmentM xf us noc juoweveiy. ind ulge in such a future. . The system can not be worked. .Let us not stand- still hesitatingly, asking naa there any good thing come out of Nazareth? But Jet n rather say, as Gamaliel did, if this coun cil or thif. work be of men it will form to iourb.L if it. be of God, wo cannot over- inrow lUi xuoiluoeiiuuBui uicnscum woe taj, r problems. . With: these we have : hereto-,,, fore had but little to do. : The emaaoi patloa j 1 of the black was ever considered by me,i with much Interest. Looking to the ,best .1 interests of all the pecuniary aspects of, It, the considerations of labor and capital, lai- a political, economical view, sluk luto sjg-,, Hlcance in eoraparieon 1 wiui ;nun, . ma , 11 problem, dneof the results of war, U now 1 ii. presenting one of the most per- , lextngoustlons of the sort that ny reo iMair lad to dealt with. : Let 1 us resol re l lc Atx th hffc we can with, it from all the ifniU .wa have ocean got; awL la thU coa- j