ttnt," yitt-T-w-' " W. !M l. 'unrulM yi"Wi 'Hlj'v1 TT-ttiK it : . ,''"'. . :": . '" -'..'' ''.""'W? "VWk ':: ."'." '..'. r,-,. "'-'-" ...', .. . r 't ' "
I v ; -! ' -(.li''-!'! "'I fiJ I I ii
. . i. ;" ,-. 1 1 .': .,; . .il ' I
5V i.K Aj'j:
VOL. XXXIII. ' !
Ir.'I - ' - ' - ' '
OOLUMBUS. OHIO, THURSDAY MORNING. MARCH 1, ISGG
f "J' it t I . i c. v i r. ii sm il a w m ii- tfi j u1 nia '
II' 11 A . . A. ' Jl. I I T V ' A ,k . ' i It I A. A A IP M t 1 I 1 B 1 A . A, ' A II -ii.. .
;. i , I"' 'it 'I ':,, v ,'''.'
i I- i.,- v;i.-s'..
GOOD GOODS at
l-i 1.1.' 3
71 ! I
...:. 7. ;..-H :; .. ' v . ..... II
No. 189 High Street,1
We have the BEST SELECTED BTOCK of Laaies', GeiitT ahTt'CliIldrena''
B O OT'E S A N D - S H O B S
It I'' ' J 'I 'H ! ' ' .
Eastern and homo-made, of any
-i rf i-m m if
DK A.tiHIlS SUPPLIED ; JH V- THE A I2
a sirperlor quality of work at the very
-i Hi OiKiMri Work millnltflrt. .;.. .
EXTENSION OF PREMISES.
lEDFOaiUM OF TAB TOT fOR BOOTS ANDlHfc
iave Soutli Hisli Street,
: ! COLUMBUS, OHIO,
A name now as familiar as "household words," and whose eminence as the
Fountain Head for Boots and Shoes,
Is allowed by the publla fixed fact, having now a Room adrqnnte to the requirements
of their evpr IneniasW buslm-nsi, 100 feet deep, and full from floor to ceiling, with the
LA KG EST, BEST SELECTED, and C1IEPEST STOCK iu the city, invito your
V.':- CMEIVTS' '
Jkl1Hlld Calt oo, 0 0
Kpladld Tap Hole Mlootn, 7 OI
lobl Hole Kip, 4 60
Hplesdld do . do., , a 00
! EVERY OTHER ARTICLE EQUALLY CHEAP.
B. P. DUNFOR D & CO, ' - Proprietors.
LOW PRICES !
' ' -' ' " i
Opera House Block.
establishment In the West. -
All orders promptly filled.
'. ') -
iif:ri: & Ki:Mi?r,fi.
folii.li M'nIklnB Hal,
I'rlme Cnll' Ilalnioralw.
,, STATEMENT ....
or hi condition or rnn '
Colombia Fire Insurance Company,
On the. 3lt Star of Docciubor, IhtflS
Jlld. to Ilie Andllrtr of Ohio. Put,
,, iuul ilU.kunlf lltntSlate.
'- NAME AND LOCATION. -.
Th. num. or th. Company th. COt.UMDI A
TIHU INSURANCE OiU'AhV, nd i local!
Ali.w VorkCity. . . . . " '
- ! . . . , T PA PIT'i f. ' ''
Th amount of' its Capital fcttocfcn.ll paid
Ch of the Company oa hand, and in
th. band of Agunt and oth.r poraoni.
The Hoods and Stocks owned by the
Debt, due tba Company, Mourtd . by
f)ebt otherwira locnred
lebtp for Premium! ....
AUother r3ecuri'ie .....
Total Au'eta of the Company.'. .',. fUl.Ml St
. Ill LIAHIMTIEH? m;-'.
Losaea adjunted and not due.. ...... .wv $3S,46S B
toareaanaljuttad..... ..J.- 1(,W5 00
Jjoaaeiio iiupeote, waiting for farthor '
iAJl vther oiaimaajainet the Company. : .-"' la.uos 3
'1 Total Liabillti.,...U...j... I70.SU7 S7
1 Thekrcatest amount Insured in any on risk, $20,
oo. ' - .
-The matest amount allowed by the rule to be in
inred in any one eily, town or vitiate Mo limit.
The greatest amount allowed to be laiured in any
The amoantof itieapitaJ orearotma deposited in
apy other 8late, m aeourity for loaaea therein, .17.500.
1 The Charter, or Aot of incorporation ef aaid Com
pany, if on file.
j ;- II V ; l " 1 1
- 8tati of Nrw York.
fniiMvv a. N.v Ynul
. Tiha il fuiinimii.i. I'pAtMant. and JrtHM IL
A.Tnca, Heoreiary ot the Columbia Fir. In
surance Company, beir( aevorally awurn, de
pore and say, that the forriroing is a full, true and
nwMt atatamani of the aJTairn of the aaid Comoa-
ay; that, the aaid insurance Company a the bona
fide owner , of at least ONE HUNUKfcl) THOU
HAN1 UOiiL liti of actual Cah Capital, invested
in Stooka and Konda, or in ilortgatroa on Ural Kstatr.
worth double the amount for which the same is
mitrtcaged; and that they are the above deaoiibod
OBiceia ot aaid insurance company .. . . ' '
mu. u. ununtiuiib, rnaiaent.
John B. Akthib, Secretary,
"Subscribed and aworn bufotc mo, tills 8th day of
February, wen. , M k v irh Tr
; ttTAM.J.' ... Rotary l'ubllo.
linn, ornoc or th Atoitok of Sttk,J
irmii. ' CoLiruauH, Ohio, February IT, 188S. J
. I laliarakvaartiAMl. that th forfffllinf II COT'
nt. nt Conribiinn of the
ejyiiUMBIA K1KB 1N8URAKCE.OOMPAN V.of
Vtw York, made ta and nled in ttua ornoe, lor tne
i aTAMP. ' l i" Auditor f State.
i.r CKBTIFICATk'oF AUTHORITY.: 1
(Tt expire on the Slat day of January, If87.) ''
, ' Orrici or Tna Abpitor of Utatw
' "' lN8UBNC DePABTMKNT,
. CoLCimug.Onio, Fobrnary 17 lffi)
wn Th COI.TIMHIA VIHK INSLIK
NCB COMPANV, located at Wew York, In the
i.i nf Kmm York, haa filed in this office a
worn statement of its condition, as required by the
teat aeetien. of the act To regulate iMuranoe Com,
panics not incorporated by the State of Ohio," pass
id April 8.1B5S. and amended February 9, 1884; and,
i ... r..mnn ha f II r tl 1 IikmI till ornlft -
mail stifactory evidence tha it j powweed. of
aiat ON B HUM DBKU THOU SAN 0 1J0LLAK3
of actual Capital invested in Stocks, at Honda, or in
Mortgages of Real Estate, worth double the amount
c...-hh thmaiya is mortnaaed: and. whereas, said
Company has filed in this office a written instrument
nndor itaooTporate aeal, signed by the f resident aad
Seoretwy thereof, aitloriiing any Atoat or Agents
nfaaid Company in thia State to acknowledge aer
Vioe of process, for and in behalf of aaid Company,
according to vno nu Wu i
.T,.fr in nnrauanoe of
tW 'aforesaid aci I, JAMES H GOOMAJt. Anditor
2u;rf, nfiln. .lo hereby certify' that sad
COLUMBIA FIBE INSURANCE COMPANY, of
Si Vnrk ii author teed to trantaet tae business
oVTire InJoraooe i this State until the thlrty-fitst
nav of January, in the "year, one, thpuaand eight
hundred and eixty-aeven. ' i .1.1.. ,
"1. whereof. I lave h.Montn ituMorifced
to, name and earned the aead of myeffloe to be af-
ZVmI the day and year above written, v m
aea o 1 1 u L'u 11 pnmi 1
Auditor ot itate.10
GARDNERjjJ rM Agt, -
OAKEK AND CONFECTIONER
.3 .1ST ttiaii iroot.:'i.
TirUe fur'nlsted on &i fcfiurt Kpfial and loai
lieialteraii. " lptle-dlf
TAfflES NAUGIITON WISHESTOKE-
I til., ih.nlii in t.hm -natmiia of the abovo well
known atore, and to aoliait a continuance of their
favora. Being solo proprietor ot tne building ai
wall hninnu. he can afford to sell for a inuoh low.
er profit than any house in town, and customeracan
depend upon finding at all timca a gooa aiocg 01 sea
tional the bands of bis clcrka and amistanUas will
nnahin iriMMis. ann wi i receive suon prompt aiieir
assure visitors to his eitabliabmenttnattney re in
deed dueling in a '
Flrsit Olaaaj Btoro,
V hero can alwava be found,
DRE8I GOODS, 8HAWL8,
LADIb CliOAKS VV VUK VWXi JHAn.0.
Alio, Hosiery aud fancy (ioo.la of every description.
jAinE na milium,
118 and Jgtioalh High Mroet,
felitO , " ' . COLUMBUS, OHIO.-
I'll - i ! m -'-
CHABLM falTBtOlf.4 ' B. H. OARDNM
Huston & Gardner,
NEIL MOUSE BLOCK,
One Door North of tbe a-oaioiiice.
KEEP CONSTANTLY OS, pAMD ,A, (JENEB
al stookof .....
Oiubs . Modloinea,
rorrumery, ranoyana loumooraj.
Patent llediolnes, Shoulder Braoea,
y' TmaiOia. V i 'I T T
P,ur( Vf inea and Liouo for NeioinM jmrpoief ,
PRESCIUFTIUNS CAREFULLY COMPUUNDED
Day or night, by an experianaad Druggist.
Imported Cigars and oboice Smoking and Chew
ing Tobaccos. .
Sjaoial aitentionvia called W o iteek of
Which to the largest l itr. r - TTto j
ian30-deodiu - LlItsTON A OARDMKB.V.
THE AMERICAN HOTEL BUILD1X6,
wiTia.ii?io kwdwii it-'this
1' AMWftllUN HOTEL, on
tne nortnweet oor-
nerof High and State atreeu.ow.ea D.flobettWl
McCoy, dcoeased, is now offered flale.- or1rialy,
vtara .past H'has been occupied aa an Hotel, and fa
vorably known to the public on aoooator. Ua poaiT
tion fronting the Capitol 01 tne cuie.. in. ouiio
in ii inaoauolete repair, and oonveniently arranged
for a Firat-Claaa Hotel . It haa a front of 83) leot
on High street, and 187), feet iv 3 tut street. f
To .ny one aesiroua ui ui.kiiik an iiivoiiiineiiu
ikkaru an Hotel or otherwise, there ia not a better
"noV'dYsposeT'oas anHoteK lVriB bl i(Aifi
iato eepamte'ComparLmenui ior aiurv rwuu mu uui-
mil In I'l'-tlM : tMi't I
mHK STOBE ROOM. N(.j ' WEST BBO AR
1 iManin. AvAUlothini ntore br M. (iold
snUtlkiii?ffi wrtipular wqaire at thi 1 roona two
dooii was. of Uigu oa liroao. jcoie-aua
U aT7.n.1 Tn.m ancn.li srHtl I ' 11
f i-W'sj a "u o m t o Hj'n f ma 1 1 w n a u 0 h t 0 n .1 2g i H :
T O B. TH 'm
oa..udoBereatoineejiiBf.- . ,
ior-aVT, ipfrm,atton required. I will be foun al-
, GREATEST INVENTION OF TIIE AGE I '
BREAD, BISCUIT AND PASTRY
Of all kinds, without using Yeaat, Baking Powder,
Soda or Salt.
' ALWAYS READY! ALWAYS RELIABLE!
Flrurof the best quality oots. .' (11
Baking Powder recipie save three teapnon
fullstof -vhich there are SI in a 85 cent box)
toa quart of Flour, wbioh ia fiveeenta lor
Baking Powdor (one quart of looee flour is
- .pound), lteibiatf ots........ 9 88
Pne-half the shortening ii saved, whiob can
not b lass than S6
' Making, barrel eost $'.K 10
A barrel of bell-Uaising Flour cost. IB 00
' ' Making a saving of... '..tio 10
Besides tbe saving of time, trouble and uncertain
ty, only one-half of Egga are required for Pastry.
It give- ONB-HJXTit mure bread than Flour raised
wit. Yeaxt, making
32 Pounds More Bread to Barrel.
Yat Bread cannot be eaten while fresh byper
lona of weak and dyspeptic stomach. Bread, Iiis-
- euit and Pantry made from Self-Kaising Flour may
be eaten while fresh byallpors ns with impunity.
The aboveare facta, which every bouae keeper can
prove to themelvM.
For aale in 6, 12 84 and 49 lb packatea, half
barrel and barro', by grocora generally, and at
G. J. RODENFELS;
213 Euat Friend .treet,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL KLOUlt DEPOT.
Mr. Bodenfels has also the agency for Snow
Flake. nd Empire brands of Flour.
ED. LANE, - - - Proprietor.
FOREIGN & DOMESTIC WINES
LIQUORS, AND CIGARS,
Of the best quality, at
No. 105 South High Street,
Near the Oiora House, Columbus, Ohio.
GREAT CLOSING OUT SALE
, And Immense
REDUCTION IN PRICES!
A aplendid assortment of the latest and moat ap
proved stales now selling off
33 33 Xj O XV O O S T
And greatly under valuo. A rare chance for
A. GREAT DAliGAIN
An oarly call will securo the beat.
BAIN A SON.
Hat, Cap, and lvnilinery Trade.
G. W. SIMMONS,
I.MfOIll NEW YORK CITV, WIIX
open on of about M AKOR Iht, lf, in the
rooms over Moasta. Harris A Sigler's Wholesale No
tion Store, '
No. 10J& 109 East Town Street,
umbus, Ohio, a full and entirely fresh atock of
MILLINERY STRAW GOODS,
HI. EN'S HATS AND CAPS, Ac,
" AT WHOLESALE ONLY.
BAKING MADE EASY.
II AKING POWDER,
.Universally oonceded to be unequalled for the iin
i . . mediate pruduotiou of
Biscuit, Cakes, Bread and Pastry
1 Of every description, in the highest perfection. A
i single trial is sufficient to bring it into general nee
' VoValle byA". HOUSTON A 'CO., No. 238 South
High atreet, Columbua, Ohio. N. B. Please call for
aample, for which there ia no charge; after which you
, will not be without '.he Powder.
DovW-elU .' . ;;.: '.
YOUNG AND, RELIABLE ,
HAT, CAP AND JUR STORE.
j Blern of tho lllack Dear.'
i-UB stock of rrns is ran most
: J eomplet. ever brought to the city, oonaisting in
I part of . , , ,. .
Klcta ' Hark'' mink, Krmlne, Sable,
I Nqnlrrel, t'lich, Water ITIIalc, :
aud Coney (laaas, Collar.
auA niHlta. Also,
Ifou caps for am, ladies, buys misses,
'CARRIAGE and HLEIGH B0BE8. and aU kinds
iof Uoeda kept in a first claim Hat and I'ur store,
01 P"" SMITH Ac CIK41,
novSJ-t : . '. . , 1 i NeilHo.a..,.
:i TO AND FROM ..
GREAT BRITAIN &.IRELANP.
riAPSCOTT BKOS. tc CO.tS KIHIOKA
1 tion and Foreign hxohange Olfioe, 8G SOUTH
BTBEET. NEW YORK. ' .
Draft, on England, Ireland, Scotland
:,.ti. -':!; ad Wares,
-Taosoott'a Favor it. Lin. of Liverpool PaeltoUiail
every three daya.
X 1,1113 OF I. N HOI. TAiatSTtl
.. AIL EVERY TEN DAYS. ,
AISO. JSf&TSJMSUIP SAIUm WSSi'ZT,
to v.pilu wi.tiin tn send for their friends or
remit money to the OLD COUNTRY, eandoaoat
tae lowest rates, oy appiyip. w - -
H1II.KT. TllOfflPSOIf k. CO .
-febS-wly . . - Bankers, Columb.r.
CIVIL' I3N GI NEER
i A . COUNTY SURVEYOR.'' .
HON. ALEX. H. STEPHENS,
Before the General Assembly of the
State of Georgia, February 22, 1866.
Gentlemen of tht Senate and House of Jfep
I appear before you lo answer to your
call. . ThU call, coming In tho iriiposing
form it docs, and under the circumstances
it does, require a response from tne. You
have assigned to nio a very high, a very
honorable and responsible position. This
position you Know 1 aid not Been. Aiosi
willingly would I have avoided It; and
nothing butan extraordinary Bcnseof duty
could have Induced me to yield my own
disinclinations and aversions to your wish
es and judgment in the matter. For this
unusual manifestation ot esteem ana con
fidence, I return you my profoundest ac
knowledgments ot gratitude, ur one
thing only can I give you any assurance,
and that is, It I shall be permitted to dis
charge tho trusts thereby imposed, they
will be discharged witu & singleness 01
purpose to the public good. V'
me great onject wmi me now is to gee a
restoration, ir possible, ot peace, prosper
ity and Constitutional liberty in this once
happy, but now disturbed, agitated and
distracted country. To this end, all my en
ergies and efforts, to the extent of their
powers, will be devoted.
You ask iuv views on tho existing state
of aflalrs; our duties at the present; and
the prospects ot tne luture. this is a tasic
from which, under ordinary circumstances,
1 mlsrht vorv well shrink. He who ven
tures to speak, and to give counsel and ad
vice in times or pern, or disaster, assumed
no enviable position. Far be that rashness
from me, which sometimes prompts the for
ward to rush In where angels might tear to,
tread. In responding, therefore, briefly to
your inquiries, I (eel, I trust, the lull weight
and magnitude of the subject. It Involves
the welfare of millions now living, and that
of many more who are to come after us.
I am fullv impressed with the consciousness
of the Inconceivably small effect of what I
shall say upon the momentous results in
volved in the subject itself.
It Is with these. feelings that I offer my
mite of counsel at your request. And, in
the outset of the undertaking, limited as it
Is Intended to be, to a few general Ideas on
ly, well may I imitate an illustrious exam
pie in invoking aid from on liigh : " that I
may say nothing on this occasion which
may comproniit the right?, the honor, the
dignity, or best interests of my country."
I mean specially the rights, honor, dignity
and best interests of the people of Georgia.
With their sufferings', their losses, their
uiisfortuiH'8, their bereavements, and (heir
present utter prostration, my heart is in
We have reached that point in our affiirs,
at which the great question before us is
"To be or not to be?" and If to he, how?
Hope, ever springing in the human breast,
prompts, even under Uirear.cst Calamities
and adversities, nevt-f to despair. Adver
sity Is a dear school, a terrible crucible, both
lor individuals and communities. We are
now in this school, this crucible, and should
bear In mind that It Is never negative In its
action. ' It Is always positive. It is ever
decided in its effects one way or the other.
It either makes better or worse. It either
brings out unknown vices, or arouses dor
mant virtues. In morals, its tendency is to
make saints or reprobates in politics, to
make heroes or desperadoes. The first In
dication of its working ior good, to which
hope looks anxiously, is the manifestation
of a full consciousness of its nature and
extent, and the most promlsinggrouuds.of
hope for possible good from our present
troubles, or of things with us getting bet
ter Instead of worse, is the evident gener
al realization, Oil the part of our people,
of their present situation, of the evils now
upon them, and of the greater ones still
impending. These It is not my purpose to
exaggerate If I could that would be use
less; nor to lessen or extenuate that
would be. worse than useless. All fully
understand aud realize them... They feel
them. It is well they do.
Can those evils upon us the absence of
law, the want of protection and security of
nerson and property, without which civili
zation can not advance be removed? on
can those greater ones which threaten our,
very political existence, bo averted ? These
are the questions.
- It ia true we have not the control of all
the remedies, even it these questions could
be satisfactorily answered. Our fortunes
and destiny are not entirely in our own
hand. Yet there are some things that we
may, and can, and ought, in my judgment,
to do; from which no harm can come; and
from which Borne good may tollow In bet
tering our present condition. States and
communities, as well aa individuals, when
thev have done the best they can In view
of surrounding clrcurastancesi, with all the
lights they have before them let results be
what they may can at least enjoy the con-solation-ttio
small recomneiise that of
hnvinr nexformed their duty, and of hav
ing a conscience void of offense before God
and man. This, tt no more valuable result,
will, 1 trust, attend the doing of what I
nronosfi. . .
TheTirst great aiuy, men, i wouia enjmnai
this times ie the exercise 0 the simple, though
difficult and trying, but neveruwless mdispeiiS'
able quality oj patience, l'atieuce requires
nf Hus nfllii-teil to hear and suffer with
fortitude whatever 111s may Deiau tnem;1
This Is Often, and especially is it the case
with us now, essential for their Ultimate
removal by any instrumentalities what
We are in the condition ot a man with a
dislocated limb, or a broken leg, and a very
bad compound fracture at that, now it
became broken should not be with him a
question of so much importance as how if
can.. 00 1 restored . to ucuitu, ; vigor aim
strength.. This requires ,pf him, as the
hlirViMt dutv to himself, to wait quietly and
patiently in splints and bandages, until na
ture resumes ner iicuvt) pvwcio iiiiui mo
vital functious perform their office. The
knitting of the pones and the granulation
of the flesh require time. 'Perfect quiet
and repose, even under the Beverest pain,
Is necessary. It will not. do to make too
great haste to get well. ,, An attempt to
walk too soon will only make the matter
worse.' We mnstor ought now, therefore,
in a similar manner, to discipline ourselves
to the same or like degree of patience. I
know the anxiety and-restlessness of tho
popular mind to be lully on our feet Again
-to walk abroad as wo onoe did to enjoy
onoe more the free out-door air of heaven.
Iwith the nerfect use of all our limbs. I
bnAtv how trvinsr it is to' be denied 'renre
sentetioh in Congress, while we are paying
mi rrronortlon Dl we. taxes bow annoy
ing Ifc iyto be .even partially upder military
rule, and liow injurious it is. to the general
Interest antl business of the'-country to be
.without TMWtoftlces and' mall eommuntca-'
'tvina. tti iav nothlmr of divers tottier matn
'tflns pro fcbe. long lift. of our. prpseut. 4Wtb
ivenlenccS and privations. ' .
! All these, howevir,"xm must pati.vntly-btai
and endure for a season. With quiet and rs
pose we may gtt well may get once more
on our fe.ut again. One thing is certain,
that bad humor, ill-temper, exhibited
either In restlessness or grumbling, will
not hasten it.
Next to this, another great duty we owe
to ourselves Is the exerciseof a liberal spir
it of forbcurance among ourselves.
The llrst step toward local or general
harmony is the banishment from our
breasts of every feeling and scntimentcal
culated to stir the discord of the past.
Nothing could be more injurious or niiscliiuo
out to the future of this country, than the agita
tirmat present of questions that divided the peo
ple anterior to, or during tlie existence of the
late war. On no occasion, anu especially
In the bestowment of olllce, ought such
differences of opinion in the past ever to be
mentioned, either for or against any one,
otherwise equally entitled to confidence.
These ideas or sentiments of other times
and circumstance are not the germs from
which hopeful organization cau now arise.
Let all difference of opinion touching er
rors, or supposed errors, of the head or
heart, on the partof any iu the past, grow
ing our. nf these matters, bo at once in the
deep ocean of oblivion forever buried. Let
there be no criminations or recriminations
on account of acts of other days; no can
vasslng of past conduct or motives.
Great disasters are upon us anu upon mo
whole country, and without inquiring how
these originated, or at whose door the fault
should be laid, let us now as common shar
ers of common misfortunes, on all occa
sions, consult only as to the best means,
under the circumstances as we nnu tnem,
to secure the best ends towards further
amelioration. Good government Is what
we want. This should bo tho leadingue-
sire and the controlling object with all;
and I need not assure you, Il this can be
obtained, that our desolated lields, our
towns and villages, and cities now in ru
ins, will goon like tho rna'aix rise again
from their ashes: and all our waste places
will again, at no distant day, blossom as the
rose. . . .
This view should also be borne in minu,
that whatever differences of opinion existed
before tho late fury of the war, they sprung
mainly from differences as to the best means
to be used, and the best line of policy to be
pursued, to spcuro the great controlling ob
ject of all which was good govkhnmknt.
Whatever mav be said of the loyalty or dis
loyalty of any, in the late most lamentable
conflict of arms, I think I may venture
safely to say that there was, 011 the part of
tlus great muss of the people of Georgia,
and ot the entire South, no disloyalty to the
principles of the Constitution ot the Lulled
States to that system of representative
government; of delegated and limited
nowers: that estaoiisnment, in a new un.iau
on this continent, of all the essentials of
England' Mama C'harta, lor the protection
anil security ot life, liberty and property;
with the additional recognition ot the prin
ciple as ft fundamental truth, that all polit-
. ". . , 1 11.' I. I. ..n
leal power resides in me peiiiiu. " ii'i a
it was simDlv a nuestion as to where our
allegiance was due in tho maintenance of
these principles; wnicn uiinirii.y wiispaia
mount in the last resor' State or Federal.
As for mvself. 1 can alllrm that no senti
ment ot disloyalty to tnese great principles
of nelf-L'overnment. recognized and em
bodied in tho Constitution of the United
States, ever beat or. tb robbed In breast or
heart of mine. 10 tneir maintenance my
whole soul w is ever enlisted, and to this
end mv whole life has heretofore been de
voted, and will continue 10 oe tne rest 01
mv duvs God willing, in devotion to
these nrincinles. I yield to no man living
This much I cau say for myself; may I not
say the same for you and for the great mass
of the people of Georgia, and for the great
1 . p .1 . c ....1. Q
mass ot the peopiu 01 uie enure ounui r
W hateverd illerencese xisteu among us,arose
from differences as to the best and surest
means of securing these great ends, which
was the oh ectof all. it was with this view
and this purpose secession wa? tried. That
has fa led. Instead ot oettentigour conoi
. J . . . . it
tion, instead 01 estaonsning our uuerties
upon a surer foundation, wo nave, in tne
war that ensued, come well-nigh losing the
whole of the rich inheritance with which
we set out.
This is one of the sad realizations of the
nresent. On this, too, we are but illustrat
ing the teachings ot history. Wars, and
civil wars especially, always menace lib
crty; they seldom advance it, while they
usually end in its cunre overinrow unu in
struction. Ours stopped just snortor such
a catastrophe. Our only alternative now
is either to give up all hope or constitution
al libertv or to retrace oursteps and to look
for its vindication and maintenance in the
forums of reason and Justice, instead of In
the arena of arms In the courts and halls
of legislation instead ot on the fields ot bat
I am frank and candid In telling you right
here, that our surest hopes, in my judgment, to
these ends are in the restoration policy of the
President of the United Mates. I have little
hooe for liberty little hope for the success
of the great American experiment of self-
governmentout in ine success 01 tne
nresent efforts tor the restoration of the
States to their former practical relations in
a common government, under the Consti
tution of the United States.
We are not without an encouraging exam
ple on this line in the history of the mother
country in the history of our ancestors
from whom we derived, iu a great measure,
the principles to which we are so much tie-
voted. The truest friends of liberty in Eng
land once (ia 1642) abandoned the forum of
reason and appealed, as we did, to the sword,
as the surest means, in their judgment, of
advancing their cause. This was after they
had made great progress, under the lead ot
Coke, Hampden, Falkland and others, in
the advancement ot liberal principles.
Many usurpations had been checked; many
of the prerogatives of the crown had been
Curtailed;' the Petition of Hlght had been
Sanctioned; ship money had been abandon
ed; courts-martial had been done away
(with; habeas corpus had been re-establish
ed; high courts or commission anu star
chamber had been abolished; many other
great abuses of power had been corrected,
and other reforms established. Hut, not
satlsfled.wlth these, aud not satisfied with
the peaceful working of reason, to go on
In its natural sphere, the denial of the sov
ereignty of.jthe crown was pressed, ty the
too ardent ' reformers, upon Charles the
First. All else he had yielded this he
Would not. The sword was appealed to to
settle the question; a civil war was the re
sult; great valor and courage were display
ed on both sides; men of eminent virtue and
patriotism tell in the sanguinary and frat
ricidal conflict; the King was deposed and
executed; a Commonwealth proclaimed.
But the end was the reduction of the peo
ple of England to a worse state of oppres
sion than they had been iu lor centuries.
They retraced thulr steps. After nearly
twenty years of exhaustion and blood, and
the loss of the greater portion of the lib
erties enjoyed by them before, they, by al
most unanimous consent, called for restora
tion. The restoration came. ' Charles the
Second ascended tbe throne, as unlimited a
monarch as ever ruled the empire. Not a
pledge was asked nor a guarantee given,
touching the concession of the royal pre-
ogatives that nad been exacted and 00-
ainod from his father. ,; : , . ' " ; 1
,111a true menus 01 tiocrty, 01 reiorm anu
b progress, iu .Government, had :become
onvluced that these wen the offspring of
pence and of enlightened reason, and not
of ' passion nor ot arms. The House o'f
Commons and the House of Lords were
henceforth the theaters of their operation?,
antl not the fields of Newberry or Marston
mor. The result wn, that in less
than thlrflja years ' all their ancient
rights and privileges, which had been lost
In the civil war, with new securities-, were
re-established in theever memorable settle
ment of NiOS, which, for all practicable
purposes, may be looked upon as a blood
ies revolution. " . - :
Since that time England has made still
further and more fUgnal strides In reform
and progress. But not one of these has
been effected bv resort to arm. Catholic
emancipation was carried In Parliament,
after years of argument against the most
persistent opposition. Iieason and lustice
ultimately prevailed. So with the removal
of the disability of the Jews so With the
overthrow of the rotten borough system-
go with the extension ot franchise so witn
the modiilcation of the corn laws and' re
strlctlonson commerce. opeulug the way to
the establishment of the principles of free
trade and so with all the other great re
forms bv Parliament which has so distin
guished English, history fur the last half
Jlay we not indulge nope, even in tue al
ternative before ua now, lroin this great ex
ample of restoration,' if all but do as the
friends of liberty there didr This is my
hope, my only hope. It is founded on the
virtue, intelligence and patriotism of the
American people. 1 have not lost my raitn
in the people, or in their capacity for self
government. But for these great essential
qualities of human nature to be brought
into active and eiiicient exercise, ior tne
fulfillment of patriotic hones, it is essential
that the passions of the day should sub
side; that the causes of these passions
should not now be discussed ; that the em
bers of the late strife shall not be stirred.
Man, by nature. Is ever prone to scan
closelv the errors and defects of his tellow-
man ever ready to rail at the mote in his
brother's eve, without considering, the
beam that is in his own. This should not
be. We all have our motes or beams. We
are all frail ; perfection is the attribute of
none, rn iudice or prejudgment should De
indulged toward none. Prejudice ! What
wrongs, what Injuries, what mischief's,
what lamentable consequences have result
ed at all times from nothing but this per
versity or the intellect! Ot all the obsta
cles to the advancement of truth and hu
man progress. In every department In
science, in art In government and in reli
gion, in all apres and climes, not one on the
list is more formidable, more ditllcult to
overcome and subdue, than this horrible
distortion of the moral as well as intellect
ual faculties. It Is a host of evil within it
self. I could enjoin no greater duty upon
my countrvinen now, North and South,
than the exercise of that degree of forbear
ance which would enable them to conquer
their prejudices. One of the highest ex
hibitions of the moral sublime the world
ever witnessed wa9 thatof Daniel Webster,
when, iu an open barouche In tho streets
of Boston, he proclaimed, in substance, to
a vast assembly of his constituents unwil
ling hearers that "they had conqmred an
uncongenial clime; they had conquered a
sterile soil; they had conquered tlie winds
and elements of the ocean; they had con-,
qncred most of tlie elements of nature; but
they must yet learn to conquer their preju
I know of no more fitting incident or,
scene iu the life of that wonderful man,
"clans et vir fortissimus,n for perpetuating
the memory of Die true greatness of his
character, on canvas or iu marble, than a
representation ot him as he thvn and there
stood and spoke 1 It was an eMbition of
moral grandeur, surpassing that of Aristides,
tchen he said, "0, Athenians, tohat Themisto-.
cles recommends would.be greatly to your inter
ett. but it would be unjust I"
I say to you, aud if my voice could ex
tend throughout this vast country, over
hill and dnle, over mountain and valley,
to hovel, hamlet and mansion, village, town
and city, I would say, first of all, looking
to restoration of peace, prosperity and har
mony In this land, is the great duty of ex
ercising that degree of forbearance which
will enable them to conquer their preju
dices prejudices against communities as
well as individuals.
" And next to that the Indulgence of a
Christian spirit of charity. "Judge not
that ye be not judged," especially in mat
ters growing out ot the late war. Most of
tho wars that have scourged che world,
even In the Christian era, have arisen on
poiutsof conscience, or differences as to;
the surest way of salvation. A strange!
way that to Heaven, is it not? How much,
disgrace to the Church, and shame to man-
kind, would have been avoitled. if the ejac
ulation of each breast had been, at all
times, as it shmUd have been
"Let not thia weak, unknowing hand
I'renuue thy b'dta to throw,
A d deal damnation round the land
' On him I deem TUT foe."
How equally proper Is It now, when the
spirit of peace seems to he hovering over
our war-stricken land, that in canvassing
the conduct or motives of others during
the late conflict this great truth should be
impressed on the minds of all:
"Who made the heart ? 'Tiaheolono
Decidedly can try us ;
He knowa eaoh chord, ea-h various tone,
Each spring, its various bias.
Then at the balance Ivt 'a be mute,
Wo never can a liuU it ;
What's dono we part y mar compute,
liut know not what's resuted.'
Of all the heaven-descended virtues that
elevate and ennoble human nature, the
highest, the subllmest and the divlnest is
charity. By all means, then, fail not to ex-'
erclse and cultivate this soul-rogencrating
element of fallen nature. Let it be culti
vated and exercised, not only among our
selves, and toward ourselves, on all ques
tions of motive or conduct touching the
late war, but toward all mankind. Even
toward our enemies, if we. have any, let
the aspirations of our hearts be, ."Father,
forgive theiri; they know not what they
do." The exercise of patience. forbear
ance and charity, therefore, are the three
first duties I would at this time enjoin
and of these three, "the greatest is charity.",
But to proceed. Another one of our pres
ent duties is this: We should accept the is
sues of the war, and abide by them tn good.
faUh. This, I feel fully persuaded, ft Is
your purpose to do, as well as that of your
constituents. The people of Georgia have,
in' convention, revoked and annulled her
ordinance of 18tL which was intended to
sever her from the compact of union of
1787. The Constitution of the United State
has been reordalned as the organic law of
oar land. Whatever differences of opinion
heretofore existed as to where our alle
giance was due during the Lite state of
things, none, foraay practical purpose, can
exist uow. Whether Georgia, by, the ac
tion of her Convention ;of 1S01, was eVer
rightfully out of the Union or uot, there can
be no question but what she Is uow Irf, so far as
depends upon her own will, md I ideem the
whole United States, therefore, ia noto,tvHhout
question, our country, to bechoriahad ,und de
fended as such by all our hearts and by a2 our
arms. f .
, The Constitution of the 'United States,
and the treaties ,and : laws piade ln pur
suance thereof, are. nqW' acknowledged to,
5e the paramount law iqtui whole coun
ty." Whoever, therefore, Ts 't'nie to these
)trhtlplel8 nowredognizerl s loyal, asTar
ts that term has any legitimate ubo or State,
under our institutions. This is the orf
kind of loyalty, and the only test of loyal
ty that the Constitution itself requires. 1 In
any other view, every thing pertaining to
restoration, so fat as regards the great bod jr
of the people, In at least eleven States of the
Union, is but making a promise to the ear
to be broken to the hope.' All, therefore,
who accej t the Issue of tho war In good
faith, and come up to the test required by
the Constitution, ar notf loyal, however
they may have heretofore been. But with
this change comes a new order of things.--.
One of the results of the war is a total
change in our whole internal policy: Our
former social fabric has been entlrely'sub
verted. Like those convulsions iu nature
which break up old incrustations, the war
has wrought a new epoch in our political
existence. Old things have passed away,
and all things among as in this respect are
new. The relation, ' heretofore, under uf
old system, between the African and Earn
pean races, no longer exists. Blavcryi as It
was called, or the status of the black race
their subordination to the whites;' opon
which all our institutions rested is-a boli
ished forever, not only In Georgia,1 but
throughout the limits of the United States.
This change should be received and accept
ed as an irrevocable fact. It is a bootless
question to discuss now whether tha
new system is better lor both races than
the old one was or not. That may be prop
er matter f6r the philosophic and philan
thropic historian of some future time to in
quire Into, after the new system shall haver
been fully and fairly tried. AH changes or
systems, or proposed reforms, are bnt ex
periments ana problems to oe soivea. uur
system of self-government was an experi
ment at nrst. remaps, as a protucm, it is
not solved. Our present duty In regard to
this subject is not with the past or the fu-)
tore, lc is with the present. The wisest'
and best of men err in their judgment M
to theprobaole workingorany new system.'
Let us, therefore, give this one a lair and
Impartial trial, without prejudice and with
that earnestness of purpose which always'
looks hopefully to success. It is an ethno-'
logical nrobletn. on the solution of which
depends not only Die best Interests of both1
races, but It may be, the existence ot one
or the other, 'if not both. This duty of
giving this new system a fair and just trial
will require cl you, as legislator ot the
land, great changes in our former laws in:
regard to this large class of population,;
Wise and humane provisions should be.
made for them. It Is not for me to go into,
detail. Suffice it to say, on this occasion,)
that ample and full protection should be.
secured to them so .that they may start
equal before the law In the possession and
enjoyment of all rights of personal liberty
and property. Many consideration tlaim
this at your hands. Among these may be
Btated their fidelity in times past. They
cultivated your fields, ministered to your
personal wants and comforts, nursed and
renred your children, and even in the boar
01 danger and peril they wero in the mala
true to you and yours. To them we owe a
debt of gratitude as well as acts of kind-,
Tills should also be done because they are :
poor, untutored, nniuformcd, many of them 1
helpless, liab e to be imposed npon, and,
need it. Legislation should ever look to -the
protection of the weak, against the
strong. Whatever may; lx said of tho.
equality of races or their natural capacity
1 to become equal, who can doubt that at,;
this time this race among ua is uot equal to
the Christian? This inequality does not
lessen the moral obligations on the part ot
the superior to the inferior. It rather in-1
creases them. From him who has much
more is required than from him who has
little. The present generation of them, it .
is true, is far above their savage progeni-.
tors, who were at first introduced into this.
country, in general intelligence, virtue and
moral culture. This shows capacity lor.
improvement; but in all the higher charac-.
teristics of mental development they are.
still very tar below the European type. ;
What further advancement they mayi
make, or to what standard they may attain ,
uuder a different system of laws, every
way suitable and wisely applicable to their.,
changed condition, time alone caii disclose, 7
I speak of them as we know them tobe,
having no longer the protection of a mas-!
teror a legal guardian. They now need
all the protection which the shield of tbe f
law can give, but above all this protection;
shoul 1 be leoured because it is right and ,
just that it should be upon general prlnci-,
pies. All Governments, iu their organ Iq i
structure as well as in their administration,
should have this leading object) in view 1
The good of the governed, protection and ,
security to all under its jurisdiction, should,
be the chief end of every Government. It 1
Is a melancholly truth' that while this ,
should be the chief end ot all Governments,,,
most ol them are used only as instruments ,
of power for the aggrandizement of a few,
at the expense of and for the oppression ol (
the many.- - 1, ,'-h
Such are not our Ideas of government, i
never have beeo and never should be. Gov-.)
ernments, aocordlng to our Ideas, should
look to the good of the whole, and not a .
part only. The greatest good to the great- 1
est number is a favorite dogma with some. ,
Some so defended our old system, bat you :
know this was never my doctrine. The,
greatest good to all, without detriment or
injury to.any, is the true rule. Those Gov-,
ernments only are founded upon correct. (
principles of reason and justice which look,,
to the greatest attainable advancement, '
Improvement and progress, physically, in-,
telloetually and morally, of all classes and ,
conditions within their rightful Jurisdlc-,
tion. , Our new svstem should look to the'
best interests ot aU classes, the protection,'
security and Improvement, phystcalljr, in- ,
tellectuaily and morally.: All obstacles, If .
there be any should be removed, which. .,
can possibly hinder or retard the blacks to.',
the extent of their capacity. All proper
aid should be given to their own efforts.
Channels of education should be opened
up to them; schools and the usual means of .
moral and intellectual training should be,(
encouraged among them. This Will dictate .
not only what is right proper and Just in, ,
itself, but it is also the promptings o( the ,
highest consideration of Interest-, , '",,,'(,.,lt
! It is dlffloult to conceive a greater evil orio
curse than could befall our country, strlckv j
311 and distressed as it now, is, for so largw
portion of its population a this class wiilij
qtiite probably constitute amongst ua here- (
after, to be reared in ignorance, depravity. 1
and vice. In view of such a state of things 1
well might the. President eveu now. look to o
3bandonmentM xf us noc juoweveiy. ind
ulge in such a future. . The system can
not be worked. .Let us not stand- still
hesitatingly, asking naa there any good
thing come out of Nazareth? But Jet
n rather say, as Gamaliel did, if this coun
cil or thif. work be of men it will form to
iourb.L if it. be of God, wo cannot over-
inrow lUi xuoiluoeiiuuBui uicnscum woe taj, r
problems. . With: these we have : hereto-,,,
fore had but little to do. : The emaaoi patloa j 1
of the black was ever considered by me,i
with much Interest. Looking to the ,best .1
interests of all the pecuniary aspects of, It,
the considerations of labor and capital, lai-
a political, economical view, sluk luto sjg-,,
Hlcance in eoraparieon 1 wiui ;nun, . ma ,
11 problem, dneof the results of war, U now
1 ii. presenting one of the most per- ,
lextngoustlons of the sort that ny reo
iMair lad to dealt with. : Let 1 us resol re
l lc Atx th hffc we can with, it from all the
ifniU .wa have ocean got; awL la thU coa- j
xml | txt