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i Wv VOL. XXXIV - COLUMBUS, OHIO SATURDAY MORNtNG' JULY 7, 18CG. NUMBER 7.r; I' Y.I i5i V t r." I ' , , , m--.it;' r . ' ' 1 !t !, im (.".. , ' ...ft , ; ... . -. , . fe&,o - V--- . ..:.,;, : ' -;' .!'--r7 i'. . . , i . M " .'' i "' :' 'i - - i j , j , ' . ! ' FIRST CLASS BOOT & SHOE STORE. NEW GOODS AT -AT- 189 Sotltli High Street , W are dally recelvinjr a first class and carefully Relented stock of the lioRt LOOTS and SHOES ever brought to t.liln market, for Mia Summer Trade, of the latent styles, all of which we will sell at very much reduced prices, being bought since the decline. WE MANUFACTURE TO ORDER All kinds of Ladles' and Gents' Boots and ShoCf, first-class nnd latest styles.' The pub lic, will tlnd It to their interest to call and examine our stoek before purchasing else where. -.., i'iuiic: & Mi)ii:i.ii. jan30-deodly-mnyl4 ' , ' " ' , :-,!-,. ASES'.-.W.ORE:l 'I REDUCED PRICES Opera House Block.' mm 121 SOUTH HICH.ST., , MERCHANT TAILORS T AND DEAI.EIiS IX . . ' i GOODS FOR GENTLEMEN'S WEAR, . .. .: V ; ' -r Invito attention to thoir fin assortment of ,SPRIHC GOODS, Kowopenine, and tn whioli aeoawions will bo made daily uiruunlio season, eiu Uiacing llngllHli and hoolch MuUIbhs'v' MprlnK Overcoat Ingr, IVench and logliNh JIroudclolli, NopmicUH und ' IliinnocKlturn Kulllns, S'roneh Coaling:, IVIai'Hctilcm .Silk nnd Canhnicre Ac, Stc. 1 Ilomeniipr tat. wo keep a better olass of Rnode tlian an r other huve in tlir city, and n.ako our car- ments in the very trH and must (iliiiuatJ man ner, l neroiiire, we nay tnat fur goods are rntinper than those made by any other liuu.e i.tutr or West. GENTS' FURNISHING , GOODS, In great variety. AsHs for Ballou French Yoke Shirts. SHIRTS MADE TO ORDER. Youths, Boys and Children's Clothing, Cheap. CliAHK A; NISWANDEII, aprl30-eodly-r BROAD CLOTHS, l . . CASSIITIERES, ClioAKINCS 3 WOOLEN GOODS Of all descriptions, for men and boys' wear, selling at pricett to suit the timet apill7 : ',) SILKS! SILKS I SILK! r -,. :. . . ; -.j ... , , , i Extra Super Waok Gro. Grains. all widths. . " " Lyons. Cords an i A rmtiros. r. " " Plain and Tripple Chain Tafl'eta. ' ' i " Puperior and Mediant (ro. do Rhinesi " Double I'acio Brocades in Black and Colors. Black and Colored Morie Antiques. ' Also, a splendid assortment of Fancy Dws and Bnmmer bilks, all bought eiuoe the great doeline in gold, and sola lar below the market value. . . . , i.. aprll7 . . tIAt r A. SOU. I HOUSEKEEPING 1 BOODS! r AHSAIl.t.BS QUILTS IN ALL SIZES 0a and qualities. ; '' J -r- Lanoaster and Honey Comb quilt.; y . t r ! iljinen 1'ahle Damask by the yad. -- ' --' . ..i j Jjinen Table Damask in pullcrns of. all sizes. ; Laoo andKiuhnddored Curtains. npkins. DyliOH, Toweli, Cm-hoi, ote.,io. 1 All bought sinoo thegroat decline. . ' i SUMMER DRESS GOODS! i 'A' W ITWrStTALLV ATTRACTIVE A- L OIU'MEN H. embmoina 4ho tarni desUable' H'lesln the market. All UoUt!tltino p grade- Ann in nrinAM. and Aftllinir at urcat harcains. y: prl7 1L . . . I . I , 1 " IT GIAGHAMS! GliXGUAMS! GIAGUAMS! CALL AND SEE Ol ELEGANT AS HORTMKNT, !Hf MASSASOITJHOI a. 'HI vror. v. A I FIVsEr REASONS WHV PEOPLE SHOULD USB Tilt) j Elassasoit" Hair Restorefjan r! Dressing Combined,- In preference to a'l others for" rostoring Gray Haira. to thoir original colon1 I "1' ''r 1st, Hecauso it is as neat as CologneiirihTappU tation and as eaiilr applied.' i im .ia !-. . i 2d. Because it prevents the hair from falling out find from turning grey. " 'Mi .. ' 8.L Boeause it promotes the growth of ther bair, fcepi the soalp clean, and ourea all outaneoaa uti twmtt thesoalp. W i.tk.i jM.i l .A.1 ; - 4th. ' Beoauseitls a beautiful htlrdroaslng.;). II ! v 6th. Because it is the oheapeat,' md warrantar i to give aatisfaotioa, or tho maoey.wUl bi retuu(ed, I .. .... r..r. t -5 ri t.,1 'tftj ir j J The trade supplied at Manufacturers' prioes by MESSRS.: HARRISTptlR Wholosalo Dealers ' in" Fanrfy IJrr" 8oai(:!T(Wou. . . . ti lores, Notions. Htsth.nery, i" ertuuietj, J it ; vi .. . it,. 4..J. im j til n.aJ.,11 10r ud 109 Ea'at Towii ;Si-(riVl, L C. HEADLEY & CO. ) , .. .(.,. x 0 ) I. 1.1, j .a ARE DAILY - OPENIN 3NT 33 W ' DRESS GOODS! . " ......I" '. ' ' ' lAKASOLS, ' . ' . . , . . ",,; V; SITIVSI I A.D ICS, i . Situ . XJinIrella, j ;; '; - c. ; ' AND ' " ' DOMESTIC GOODS. GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS, 250 c& 252 SOTJXII HIGH STH12ET. -ALSO- SOLE AGENTS IN THIS CITY Forthe sale of A. K. VOUSG'S celebrated POF TON HOOP SKIKT! Adopted by M1fc. TSrowart A Co., of Now WILLIAM a RICHES, Dcgignci and Engraver on; Wood, PORTRAITS, 1-'t Yd! For Lodges, NotarieaTublto, County Oflloeri, 4o exeouie.i in-iw 5 poeioiw-niaiiiinr-- ODrlUlvt'l'l poum "iKf freou nooi Third story Johnson building, Coluuibtis, oom No. 10 umo. FOR THE LADIES. Corset U; Mode. ENTIRELY NEW STYLES. '''iJalEfen UESIRES 1 TJellgaiftoinibrmthJ-! aaen ve.amopaana vicia- ,.lty.bat the famous WOK C IKY A M -ZON' and MAD- uL'q....HLik..1.4L:. HoopiHkir ilahulaotnry. , jxisita the OapHol Square, of 1 1 hwhith btbaalbe ,,LUftIVE HALE. inAnnnlli -il.rL.. ..... u.t;j tilt 1. 11 1 ri rin flit I fn friVAtHaim A UtMD J mw, ia w t m a !lkbaWl,UydtaUUWUftObM WwMUyalJjUjjfcgUIJibt L0 -'fiu4 UWUUUIJ mm ; ; f iiiiif . r ' t' II H I 4,1 LrisiSJ I 111 X12& p tWPP?Hrt4anuia(;wry, in, t,imc,iAnK ' Junel3-dU The - Great Strengthening Tonic, (NOT 'A' WUISKT PREPAUATION.) ! mtim GERM BITTERS t v .i ii ' .... . i Rosulting from any cans whatever.' . ,.-:! JEZ ' Prnstratinn of tho syatem, indnoad by Hovera Hsriiliips, Kxposuie, tovers, of Direases of Camp lul'e. Moidiw, t.iti,ons, MHo or Koinnle, Adult or Youth, will find in tl.Ls Hitters a pur Tonic, not d'pcn"ont on bad liquors for their almost miracu lous efTtctB. - ' o . .. D'Tpensia and dl'fascs resulting from Disorders nf ilio l.ivcr and l)i(rotivo OrRans, are cured by linnfland'a (Irrinan llittrs. This Hittera linaper formod iiinre Cures, gives better satifaotion, lias m rt testimony, has more respectable people to vouoh for it, than any other arlicle in the market. : We defy any one tocontradict this assertion, and will pay $1,000 to any one who will produce a ce ti flcste published by us that is not genuine. ' Hoof laod's Gorman Bittora will euro every cate of Clrron ioorNervuus Mobility, and Diseases of the Kid neys. 1 Ob'ervotho following srmptoms resulting from disnrilors of the iligestivo organs: Constipation, Inward Piles, fullness of Blood to the Head, Acid ity of the SlMiuacli, fausca. Heartburn, Uirgu.Ht for rood. Fullness or Weight in the Ktomfh, Sour KrttolationHj Winding or Fluttering at the Pit of the Stomach. .Swimming of the Head. Hurried and illfflciilt Breathing, Fluttering at the Heart, Chok ing or riullonatine Sensations when in a lying Post ure Dimness of Vision, Dots or Webs before the Sk'lit, K, vernrDnll l'uin in the Head, Deficiency Of Porspirat'on, Yullowpcas of the Skin and tfv. 1'sin hi tlio -Mile, llsck. Chest Liiub Sudden lualiesof ileal, Hurning in the Hojn, ('onstant uiagiuiugd of tvil, and great Depression of Spirits. I flcmeuilier, thnt this Ultttrt It nnt Alchnholln, itmttitnii no Aim or WhMy, and cannot mnk Jirutitciiritiiul U, (As bent 'Ionic in fAt'WorlU. licau ivliosa'yi sot (From Rcv.'w. I. Keigfriad. Pastor of Twelfth . JiaptistChureb, 1'hiladolphia. . ; 0 inti.ru hn-J have recently boon laboring un der the distressing effects of Indigestion, accompa nied by a prostration of tho nervous system, fa-lueruo-. ro.ueilius werereoomweniled by friends, and some of them toftcd, but without relief.' Your Hooliantl's Uurman llittors were recommended by persons who had tried them, and whose favorable mention of these Hhters induned me to try them. J niuai oi uto'S that I had an aversion to Patent Med icines fro'ii the "thousand and ono" quack "Bit ters,' whoae only aim seems in be to palm off sweet ened and drugged liquor upon the oommunity in a sly wny,-nd th tendency of which, I fear, is to makemany a confirmed drunkard. Upon learning that vours wus purely a medicinal preparation I took it witn happy effect. Its action, not only upon tho stomach, but upon the ne-vous system, was prompt and eraMfyirir. I feel that I bavo derived grrnl and nornianent benefit from the use of a few bottles. Verv rcpfrtfu'lv jours, W. D. SUlUFRlED. No. J64 iHhackamaxoa st. From the Rev. K. T. FendsJL Assistant Editor , Christian Chronicle, rTiiladelphia T linve dorivod decided benefit from the nse of Ilolland's (icrinan Bitters, and feel it my privilege to recommend them as a most valuable tonio, to all who are suffering from General Dotiilitvor from dis ea.os arising from derangementof the Liver. Vours truly, K. D. JKKDALL. tvj fFrom Rev. Wm. Smith, formorly Pastor of tho Vincentown and Millville, N. J ., Baptist Churches. Having used in my famil v a number of bottles of your Hoolland's (Jermsn Bitters, I have to say that I rezard thorn as au excollont medicine, specially adapted to remove thediscases they are recommend ed for. Thoy strengthen and invigorate the system when debilitated, and are useful in disorders of the liver, m of appetite, Ao. 1 have also recommend ed thorn to snvoral of my friends, who have tried thein.and f.mnd them greatly bonefioial In the restor ation of health. Yours truly, ... WJl, S.UJ.TH. 060 Hutchinson it., Philadelphia. Beware of Counterfeits. See that the signature of "O. !. .1 ACKSOJi" is on the wrapper of each bottle. Hhonld your nearest druggist not have tha article, do not be put off by any of the intoxicating preparations tbat may be offered in its p ace, but send to us and wo will forward, securnly packed, by express. Principal Office and Manufactory, No..C31 Arch Street, Phi'adolpliia, Fa. ' jomr.s & evans, ' '' (Successors to C. M. Jackson A Co.,) . Proprietors. For sale by Druggists and Dealers in every town tlis United ritatos. - deola-d3tawAweowly CI OLDEN, Flax T en and. Silken CURLS produoed by tho use of Prof. I la ltRRei'ii 4 FKISER LE CUEV- $ tffl warranted to ourl tho T Zjjfl most straight and stub born hair of either sex into wavs ringlets or heavy massive curls. , Has been usea oy the lashionaoles of. Paris and London with the most ara ifying re sults. Does no ii jury to the hair. Price by mail, 4ei!o 1 and nn.tpant.1f 1. DesoTiptive circulars mail ed free. Address Bnrger. Shulta A Co., Chriat, -mui iviJUEiB loreeu k togrow npon tbesmooth , est fafcfl in from three to 1 flvo weeks lyu.ing Dr , SEVIUNE'SRlSS'l'AU , RATt ER . C A F I L - l.AlKt. tno mos, won derful discovery in mod ern science acting upon IhnJtenrd and ilairin an almost Iniraenlnna man, nor. it has been used by tho elite of faris and London with tha. most fluttering success. Names of all purchasers wijl be registered, and if entire sstiJlXctinii is notcivenin every tnstiuuo.tha mon ey will be, chocrlUllv refunded. Plica by mail, scaled and postpaid, tl. Desonptivo oireulars and tti-i,ot ials mailed free. Address BP.KOER, SliUJiTZ t CO., Chemists. P. O. Drawer 21, Troy, Notr Yoik. ' ' ' '' - t t li v;! '' .; " ' , ' -i-)'i Wonderful but True! . , JIADAMK REMINGTON, the worl4 renownod Aattob gist and riomnainbulistio Clairvrrtant, while in a clairvoyant state, delineator the Tor) features of the pers n you ara to luaxry, and by tha aid of an instrument, of intense power, known as the Fay ehoinotropc, guarantees- to produce a porlect and life-dike picture of the future husband or wifa of tho applicant with dato nf marriage,' occupa tion, leading l.aits of nhameUr, Ac. This ia no imposition as testimonials without number can as soit. ' By stating place nf birthj age, disposition1, eo oi of eye and bail, and inoloaing filtr cents and atamped envelope addressed to .yourself, you will receive the picture1 by return mail, together With dosiicd information, i j,- ,-.., . , ., Ad dress in conlidcncS, MAPMK BRRTRtJDil KFlt INOTds.P. 0. ox MI7, West Troy. N. Y . - ma 1 3-dend A weowSm THE CHRISTIAN WITNESS. Bev, F. GIVEK," Ed'Udt' and Proprietor. x ') , PijbUihed weekly on Friday, at . COLUMBUS, OHIO. :" Offico No. 2q North Hlffh Streets' TIIE AVITNESS AIMS TO BE A GOOD religious jnufnnl, free from the political rancor nf the times and opposed' to theiinglingo politics and religion. It is an independent enterprise, but irennduat rd in the interest, of tho movement which looks to tho establishment of Churches on a basis of free amlairrrpievhristianity, discarding all creeds-bntiho; Bible, and all testa of Weroetian fellowship but that nf a Cbristuanlife.t; Itseeks to ba entertaining and instructive to old and young, having a pago devoted excloslrely1 to the familygivirig- ourronb tntelli-' geaooJraiigious and suulaf, and, renoiUpg-th mar kets, East and West. " ,..."'.. I We hope all wboarn in.favoriof a? Christianity free from, politics, seoiarianitm and lanatioism will jillS-lf p o . r . yyi v mi, i tic. ! y MRS-'DOCTRESS DONOVAM, : 11 '411 eAs'T fkiekd stAeet,"j;jL I Kjblciaii fer AVbmvjCliWkiiJ HAS, LOCATED IW COLlUflBtS AT ' the request of some of her friends.- Mrs. D. rospoolfaUy tenders ber services to tba-ladiee of Cp luuibiw and vioinit alter a ocoessful practice of li years rtr Jamy UityVwhere her treatment in ooa fine.uenta and -all- dttaaaoa -inoidntl to ohildreni ka,ve peon .nivfsllr aoknewledged-.i Also, tieataj Womb Diseases, no msttor of bow long '(landing or etmpHcated,iaiid uroula prefer 'tha cases, whiohj Jbave roooived uitdicaj JreatiDent before, in order convince the'staflererof bar superior skill, of whlehj tbe-rair give ttta most unexoeptionable. testimonial j r-.-Otru;o hourafrom'S (o 4 A. M,, and from S to 4JP.-M.-1 ".,i;T6' C''i'-' unoll-eant hksmm, THE TAMMANY CELEBRATION. Letter from President Johnson—Oration by Hon. Richard O'Gorman, and by Hon. Richard O'Gorman, and Speech by Hon. S. S. Cox. The Tammany Society, according to its tiiuu-honored and patriutic cmtora, yester day celebrated the- Annivcr-iary of Inde pendence at Tammany Hall by interesting and appropriate exercifes.1 TUe doors were lOpeneU at 12 o'clock, and the Tammany Kejriment band performed national airs on the balcony until one o'clock the time of the commencement of the exercises. Avery large and respectable audience aeuibled, who listened with enthusiasm to tlic speech es, readings and singing. . The hall was splendidly decorated with flags and banners. The platform was drap ed with a magnificent American Hag, and above it was a bust of Washington, with the motto: -'One Country, One Constitution, One Destiny 177ft 18(iU." ! At one side ot the platform was tho mot to: "Tho Tammany Souiety, lounded in 1789. In its very foundation ldeiitilled with theestablishment of the Union; ever faith ful to its obligations, she has added another proof of ber devotion by sending forth her sons to protect and maintain it. At the other side was tho motto: "The Democratic party. Upon 'its union and success depend the future of the Republic. He who would seek to lower it3 standard of patriotism and principle,' or to divide or distract its counsels, is an enemy to the country." ' ' J ' ' ' 1 , Brt.Jts ot ITcnry Clay, Jackson, Webster and Franklin Occupied the right side of the. room, as also the mott es : "A union of hearts, a union of hands, , A union of Stales none can (over; ' -, A union of lakoa. a union of lands. And the flag of our Union forevor." , "The Union must and shall be preserv ed," o-vTTi- tlio bust ot Jackson; ''Eternal hostility to every form of tyranny," over tho bust of Webster, and "Civil and reli gious liberty the rights ot man," over the bust of Franklin. . ! In the center of the right side was a ban ner etobroideerd with black, reading as fol lows: i ' Tit MFMOKY OP THE UKPAUTKD RRAVSS. '. SilKPAKD, FitOMEMT, '. ; ('ONNKR, Cl.A.NCV, : : ; YosBitiui, . PuiiDr. ;. : Kkkmevv, ' The coats of arms of each of tho original thirteen States were also hung iuappropri- ale positions. ; ; At one o'clock the officers of the society and guests entered the hall two by two, with the appropriate badges, Hon. John T. Hodman, Grand Sachem, and llon.llichard O'Uirman. tho Orator of the Day, leading. Among the other gentlemen who then en teral were Edwards Pierrepont, Samuel O. Courtney, Samuel S. Cox, August B;-lmojit, John Kelly, Andrew H. Green, Thomas W. Gierke,. Douglass Taylor, Isaac Hull, JI. T. Btennan, Edward' 11. Anderson, Morgan Jones, James B. Nicholson, Peter B. Sweeny,", Richard li. Connolly, J. It. Brodhead, John' J. Bradley,'Eli P. Norton, aud others. These gentlemen took their scats ou the phitl'.rm. FROM THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. EXECUTIVE MANSION, WASHINGTON, D. C., July, 2, 1866. Sin: 1 thank you for the cordial lnvlta-' tion of the time-honored Society of Tam many, to participate with them in the cole-, bratinn of the approaching anniversary of our National IiKtcpendcnce. The national tone and patriotic spirit of the invitation meet my hearty approval. They are Indications of a growing senti ment which, now that the bitter ttrife of civil war has ceased, requires a renewal of tho pursuits of peace, a return to the Con stitution of our fathers, rigid adhereuce to itr principles, increased reverence for its sacred obligations, a restored, invigorated and permanent Union, and a fraternity of feeling tluit shall make us, as a people, ono and'iudioyioluble. There can be, for tho patriot, no higher duty, no nobler work, than the obliteration of the passions and prejudices which, ' resulting from our late sanguinary conflict, have retarded reconcil iation, and prevented rjiat complete restora tiou'of all the States to their constitutional relations with the Federal Government, which-is essential to the peaue,. unity, Strength and prosperity of the nation. ,.Herctting that iny public duties will riot permit me to bs present at yotir'ceTc- I respectfully! yours, - ANDREW JOHNSON. is To the Hon. John, T. llolliuan, itc, ic City .Hall, New.York. , ORATION BY RICHARD O'GORMAN. . Hon. Richard O'Gorman, the orator of tb.o day, was then introduced, and was re ceived with much applause. He spoke as follows: v' i ! , Qnmd Sactim, Sactietns, and Bretltrtn qf the -Eaijle Tribe: : -, ; 1 The season of fruits is come again.. Win ter and spring have passed, and the glorious summer sun-pours its flood of light and beatagainover all this bounteous land., "In the North and the South, in the East and the West, over mountain and plain and city, over poor and rich, over all the tribes of this great'famih'. this life-giving blessingls fhowered with,-kindly hand. , Voinpasnion ateot the evils wc inflict: on one another, the Great Spirit sheds witli equal tender ness Ills mercies' on ns all. Long years have rolled by , since the 'great Sachem twhose nftmeytiu-betLr walk.cd...tliis1 -earth, .'Tatnmeiinnd Qf-,tuany days" was then, as the legions tell us. a chief brave In battle, lu the council wwe and merciful.', Jealous ot his power and 'goodness, the evil spirit arrayed against him the piqliguant forces of uature. The poisonous malaria aud the poisonous, reptile of the swamp assailed film. The mammoth monsters of the elder -world flung their huge .bulk against him. Torreuta foamed across his path.. Great inundations encompassed him around, 'yet ie jived. At last came, the1 hardest ordeal of nil. The hearts of tlie tribes were turn ed; against ' him, . and 3 brethren, " slow brethren: in.ctyil : war.n Tammenuntl ,was victorious, and his vanquished enemies laid bound aud lieiple3S,at his teet; Then, while slleut and despairing, -they awaited thelrloom. ,:U tuffied .ou .tliem a face of pity, and. Joosea their bonds, and in a gen tle anI tearful voice, as If a father, more In Sorrow tlian'anger, reproving a1 wayward iidilld. he said to them : 'Arise, aud o vour .ways; jouliave,erwd;,yoii have .suffered ; we are children of the tame great" Father 'we are brethren Sn'cS ihorei-' Gtf 'to yor fiefcblate Wlsrwams-"TWI wasted iltlds, go, repent and amende. Remember that .while the arm of.Taiuruenund is strong, his heart Is merciful; he has conquered he conquers hut to save.H,J Thtis, havlnjr vanoulshed his peiiemlte, 'he lived-imany days, a benefactor to hu raoe ana uaa,,sTiia. witeu oe. aiea tne tears of good men dropped like gentle ram from heaven on nlS.gravei'- So runs the in !dian legend'. Ht'-miv bern. The race of Tammenutad has passed away ; wheteolus tercdihelr wig w.am gr-oatcities.no w tand, and aipongall the DiliUoos that eat the fruits pf tills broad continent; "which Was oriee the fed man's huMhtfrferouiTdoiia sooletr Ulone-ln-Vts nameaod ceremonies doosihon- or to thy forgotten,jiyarrior; aufl 6age,9f the Tlilrteen Tribes. The legend Is not without its moral. , The red man has been supplant ed by tho white man, and against the white man, too, the .malignant forces of nature have warred. By him, too, the pestilent swamp, the forest, the torrent, have been subdued.. He has ransacked the secrets of the earth arid gea, and by the potent magic of science, skill, and labor, compelled the very forces that combined against him to do his bidding, till in a space of time that in the book - of history is scarce a page, this continent so lately rude and desert, ilossomed like the rose, till in all the earth there was no land so Jreo, so prosperous, so happy, so hopeful as ours. Al this it was till the evil spirit sowed anion 2 as. too. the seeds of discord, lit the fatal tires ol faction, let loose the demon of civil war to work hayoc and desolation where peace and. prosperity had made al most au Eden on earth. And now the war is over. The' , victory is w on ; the van quished disarmed, and helpless , before us. Never was victory more unquestionable, unquestioned, and complete. ' Is there no lescon for us in the Indian legend 1 have told you? Shall wo white men be less mer ciful than tho Indian whose home we in herit? Shall we Christian men be more re vengeful toward our brothers ,in sin than was. the : Pagan savage? Shall we, who boast of civilization, and progress, and knowledge, fail to reach that noble sagacity of statesmanship which deems war fruitless, and victory incomplete until the enemy, conquered a3 well by clemency and mag nanimity as by arms,' Is converted into a fi iend. This day, citizens, you set apart as the political festival of all the year. You do well. It should ho a. holy and happy day. Never, while this Republic Jiyis, should, its citizens fall,' when this anniver sary conies aronnd, -to edentate it with pomp and rejoicing, to awaken the mem ories of its early perils, to ascend, as It were, the stream of Its history back to lis first source, to that dark add doubtful hour, ninety years ago, when the thirteen colon ies, uniting in one solemn' purpose. Bet be fore mankind that calm statement ot their grievances, whicu you have read to-day, roke the tie which had bound them to the government which did them wrong, and appealing to Heaven and the future, de clared themselves to be thenceforth thirteen equal and independent States: and in de fense ot their rights as such free and in dependent States, pledged their lives, their fortunes and their sacred honors. You know how well and bravely that pledge was kept. Thus was burn the new con federacy of States, then and now called "the United States." Think, citizens, what it was then and what it is now. This ancient society has honored mo w ith its in vitation to speak to you to-day. I scarce know in what tone it is fitting to address you. Fourth of July orations have a doubt ful reputation. It s.m iiis to be the custom for orators on this day to utter only such words as shall be pleasant to liear to con gratulate, to flatter, to applaud, and Heaven knows there is for us ample subject of con gratulation, and he need never flatter who desires to praise to its desert the brave, generous . American people. . We have much cause to be thankful: the war drum rolls no longer, the sword i sheathed, the battle flags are furled. The com is waving over the graves where sleep In . peace, side- by si.Je, the victor and the vanquished in the terri ble conflict which has been, and never again can be. That awful trial of the thought, irt which arms were the advocates, anu the argument shot and shell, the bayonets and the vessel, is over. Judgment unappeala ble and irreversable, has been given. It Is decreed that no State of the United States can secede, can leave the Union, can cease to be one of the United States without the consent of all. Judgment unappealable and irreversable has been given. It is de creed that the relation between capital and labor, which prevailed in certain ot the States, called Slavery, shall exist no more. These two questions that have disturbed society need disturb it no longer : they are ot the past. There let them be buried. For all this we owe our thanks to that Provi dence in whose- hands are the destiny of nations, and under Providence, to the gal lant men, who, on laud or scu, with stead fast hearts fought the great quarrel out. Why should I waste words in telling you of this ? Your own hearts cannot fail to bo sensible ot it. And why should I keep back the gwer and sadder thuughts that struggle tei utterance, or now, because it is the Fourtfi of ylj, break the resolution I formed long ugo, to" speajt to the people whenever thev cari'd to' hear me. the thonlittf that lay nearest to my hoart to' be alwvys canuiu, irauK ana open witli them; to speak tho , truth, or not to speak to them at all. Citizens, I warn you that the republic Is still iu danger. The worst of tho storpi has , blowu over. The state still rides a proud and gallant sight. She has, escaped, more by God's providence than by good eteerlng, the Scylla of secession. She is drifting, dritting slowly, but surely, into thocharybdis of centralization. Can her course be changed ? . Is there time still to put her head atout, and escape the dan ger ? ,Gpd knows ; it depends ou hltn and the people. Have you even thought what centralization really means, and wliat are its inevitable tendencies? Cast your mem ory back to the, state of political allairs tea or. twelve years ago. Then we in New York 'scarcely felt the Anger of the Federal Government.' It carried Jottf ltters and collected certain Import ' duties i to an amount necessary Ao. meet the current ex penses of that Government, and they were trifling. But for all other purposes of eov crriment, the law of the State of New York was sufiicent, paramount, and supreme. Now all this is changed. The linger of the Federal Government -now i stronger than the arm of the State., We are getting what is called, a stronger Government. AVe have now let loose on' 'us a cloud of assessors, collectors of 'taxes, federal offlelals of All sorts, prying Into every man's transactions, questioning, spying, informing, .gather ing up a largo proportion of our labors, and pouring it Into the central reservoir, from which - It flews and 'percolates In corrupting streams from end to end of. the. land, and countle&soltlcials, great and small, with faces, ever reverently turned towards Washington; as DoslenYs to rn " towards Mecea,! lap up the intoxicating tide and ory for more. rO Ut artisans work hardandea'n good wages, but) somehow they cau't live as well as of old. Yages are high, "but the necessaries of -lilo are, higher. What's the cause of this ?. . It is because in order to, satisfy a few worthy mlllipnaries, tdpro tectthem, to increase their profits, the' cheap1 Bapply of till sorts of commodities, iwhlch forelgu nations are eager to sell, us, it, as fa? as possible, shut out by exoesslve import duties. Thus the manufacturer is protected; the manufacturer becomes rich, the eon sUmef bedoms poor.' iTt,ua laboro is saori-i ficed to the few;, the, people that pay taxes are sacrificed .to, those that, "receive, taxes, This is bad; but bad as.lt 1 worse remains behind for this very money, writuHrbm the sweat of labor,- Is -usea to tfortify and perpetuate the very system whioh oppresses jy for this money, when paid, flows also to vv astungton, to pe wasted or turned to mlfe-. Chief and corruption, as: he fore. 'Federal patronage overflows the land.' Who. jatj wonder now tbat at every political assem bly some oner-flomahAiitikttened on Federal diet, with thai-snbiia&e loyalty which men .pmmonlI exhibit toward, the jvarty whose parley recelyojja thajijrivig style of ora tory which all over tho world the pensioned patriot mo-t affects, denounces all dissent, all remonstrance, all opposition to' the powers that be as treasonable, seditions And disloyal. With such command of money, and with such a hungry horde of loyal ad herents to receive it, and light on their side; can you wonder that the five or six ener getic and unscrupulous men who rule -the committee at Washington which now car-? rlcatures the Congress of the United States, ' grow more daring and more reckless, more secret and sudden In their action, more se cure of the continuance of their power?. See howgraduallv, silently, surely, the in fluence of this political aristocracy, like the serpent gathering fold upon fold, encom passes the Republic about and chokes it In its tightening embrace. To think, speak, act, as this oligarchy ordain, is to be loyal. To be loyal is to share in the patronage they can bestow. Who would notbeloyal, when, to be loyal Is to bo rich ? Tims you see now power the power of the puiseaswell of tho sword a power .that , appeals to all men's1 hopes, and all men's Jears, concen trates in Washington and gathers to ahead. Thus the fatal conspiracy of the lew Bgaiust the many grows and strengthens apace, corrupting, debauching the minds ot our people. Under its baneful Influence the rich grow richer, and the poor grow poorer, and the fatal quarrel between copital aud labor, which in the older countries from time to time Shakes all society, .here begins to mutter and to - threaten. Why slmtil the peasant of Ohio, or the artisan of New York grow poor that the manufac turers and speculators of New England and Pennsylvania should grow rich ? 13 this your idea of a Republic? It is not mine. I have spoken of the mischievous change iu the theory atld pract ice of our Government here iu the States which have been victori ous in the late civil war. See how It works among that portion of the people on whom fell the weight of dcfeatv Itisinoro than a year since the war ended j more than a year siuce tlio defeated people recognized and accepted the conclusions to which they had been fared : that no State could of right, or did In fact, cease to 'be In the Uniou. Yet these eleven Stales, which are now in the Uniou, were always in the Uuion, could not take themselves our, of the Union, have been for more than twelve months denied by this oligarchy all the Constitutional rights of States to be heard by their Rep resentatives iu the Great Council of the Republic. All obligations to the Union they are held liable to p?rform. They must obey the Federal Constitut i n and laws, aud pay the Federal Uxes, yet the rights of rep resentation iu the Federal Council, which tho Constitution secures to al are denied to ttirm. They are treated, not as States of tho Uuion, but as a foreign couque ed peo ple, whose lives, liberties, laws and proper ty are held at the will of tne conqueror. Is this constitutional ? Is it l'ivhil ? Is it just? Is it expedient? Is it in accordance, with the will of the American people? Remember the grievances against vthi,:h the old coloni.-is protested as suthV'.ent ground for their revolt taxation without representation ! This was the chief ground ihe most llagr.int violation of the princi ples of Britisu law and eternal justice. They laid it down that a tax is in its nature a voluntary aid from the people to the Gov ernment, and could nit be imposed without the consent of the people through their represent itives, legally chosen. Thisvio--lation of this principle they cousidered an outrage worth fighting against. And yet we, the inhtyritors of their quarrel, of their principles and their triumph we who read their Declaration of Independence and applaud it we Americans inflict on Amer icans the self-saine wrong. I say "we;" for is not this still a Government of the people? Are not these half dozen poten tates at Washington, by whose decrees these outrages are inflicted, the creatures of the people, and bound to do their will? Citizens, the people's liberties can never sutter. Their rights can never be betrayed but by the default of the people themselves. It is by their want of vigilance, by .their, misplaced confidence in parties and men, by their apathy and torpor, that their ruin is wrought.' Oh! for some master-voice to rouse socictr" from its stupor to stir it into thought us did the angel of old stir the stagnant pool that bliud and paralyzed might be cured aud invigorated. Let but the people speak :' their voice will roll like thunder over all the land. Who shall say them nay ? . Let but the people wake, aud these enemies of the Republic will be scat tered as the dew-drops of night the lion shakes lroin his mane. 4 1 hear it said that the' Southern people are not loyal, and guarantees are needed from them. Loyal to what To the Constitution? It is for the Constitution they ask. Where else but in the Constitution can they find any hope? They ask lor its protection us well as its obligations. That it shall not be only a sword by which they are assailed, but a shield by which they maybe defended Their conduct for the last twelve months proves that they have abandoned in good faith abandoned the theory of secession. They pray for "Union," and Uniou is denied them. How long Is this to last? What was this civil war for? On July 20, 18C1, this resolution was of--fered in Congress : , . . . , i "Congress, banishing allfeeiinar of mere passion aud re 9tituienr, will recollect only its duty to the whole- Country ; that this war Is not prosecuted on our part In any spirit of .oppression, nor for any purpose of overthrowing or iuterlcring with the rights or established institutions ot those States, but to defend nnd maintain the supremacy of the Constitution and all laws made in pursuance' . thereof,' and to preserve the Union with all Its dignity, entirety and rights of the several States unimpaired.' rfhat as soon a thl is accomplished this war ought to oea-Je-,'. . , . .-Passed, $0to 5. , ' ' ' " That was the deliberate, solemn" declara tion of thereof thi ., It was for that to save, restore, preserve the Union they fought, For this purpose, arid no other, then, young; nren left the plough and the bench, and took tip arms. ; For this they suflored and died'", Fhrough'all their long days of toll and danger thts'wa9 the prize they sought to win..' 1 TJtoy gained it They conquered 'it.' They returned to thelt homes, rejoiclnjj ". that' llre; Union their fathers bequeathed' to them' had been by their stronsr arms preserved. And now they find they but grasped a shaaow.fThe reality, is snatched from themj The Union is not saved. The Union is uot preserved. The Union, is prevented and delayed lest its rescbrirflbn. may thwart', the plans ,or cross the'specalations bf tlie honorable-gentlemen In Congress to whom' civil- war and fll9unlon have been theBOUrce of profit and power, they could' iiot otherwise attain to. They tieed guarauteesi Guarantees fo what? 1 That the South will heneefortt. be rVryal and obedient to the Constitution, and the laws that accord therewith.-.- Whatbew tpr guarantees-can you havetbanthey have given1 toti and-giva i Is1 Dot- thrlr defeat cOjnrIeteiHatimiteft,'' troBhlflg- arlt te?i Is tiotthrS a'gMaranteitXhat they-wlll never 9&iri take Up arms agarhst the Omnipotent 111 which bas ordained thatces8ionislm possible, '' and 1 the' Union" shall never pe dissolved Ata-'not Jfrwir ruined cities; " their-'' waste "I "fields,'! o -their desdlate' nearths, the'g'raveg ol their dead-- father, son- brotherhusbandth-j graves of their lovea oneswtv wnicn nature, Higher, mightier, kindlier than -mim's- latfsv Jwlll this, that these men are Americans, our J own brothers-rdeje-ted. but not yet humll- i fated, too proud to be fnlne? Ask our sol- f diers, the men who stood face to face with ( tbem In many a hot and bloody 4 gitt-rVho i met them under a flair , of truce, who met t-: them on a lonely picket,, where kindred, ! Ignoring the articles of war. made them for r awhile companions and friends;. Ask the t, generals who commanded our'vletorious 'i hosts ask them If they would not trust the , word of those -whom the had aeon o gal- . lantly defending a theory With, their lives. i Ask Grant if he does nottrust Lee. Take r the yote of the wholearmjrand navy, -Tbe men who fought, not the men Who talked; ask them U tliey trust the loyalty of the men they foogbt, vanquished and forgave. j and my life for it, from end td' end of that glorious column of heroes will- ring out, ' "Aye, aye." Would to God It had been left to them to the men who foughttheoaarreU out to settle it, and I believe tlie ".Union" would be ,'w hole to-day; But the' "Union must be. It cannot be prevented.'!' II can- i not be retarded. There Is UniOB In the ' hearts of the peopler-North, South,, East, I and West." They long for reconciliation, i( They desire the society of one another'' jr trade and cotnm-Tce with one another. , It r ' cannot bo that they rtiU much longer sub-1, mit to tlie tricks, stratageans and maneuvers ! . of faction that 10 enrich iU'elf, retain power, T would keep open, irritate and Inflame the 1 wounds of civil war. That only need time ' and peace to heal and be forgotteh.' For re- , member, time is running by opportunies unused never return. Still thepeopleof the South trust the people of the North and VVest. They still hope In their vreneroslty i ---still hope In their just second thoaght i their c at ui com montane.) Let not recon ';, dilation true, real reconciliation be de-, 'f. layed until that confidence is gone and re- ' - i , placed by the snllen submission of oliap- j- pointment and despair. .J, too. (rust in tlm . f people. They are often abused and mi-led; lied to by factions men and for factions ends. But it is by playing-tm their noble," ; instincts and gcuerous JtupuJ&es they are betrayed. . ,. .' ,r ", , ' ' ; JIMed by Fanov'a meteor ray, ' ' ' 1'n , .' by paaa,on driven, . . .,,. But still the light tbat led aatray. : Was liftnt front Heaven. ...- '.-v Tell them but the truth lay bear the deceit ' show them but the unconscious Instru- ments of wrong and they will be as quick ' to resent the treachery as to undo the mil chief it has caused. Citlzeusof New York, I don't speak now to Democrats alone, or to Republicans. Many of the issues which divided us are settled, and need not divider us more. I speak to you now on a subject whereon we all must agree.' Citizens of New York,' you are generous and eharttw able. ' Never men had more than you "a tear for pity and a hand open all day to melting charity." You are eagef to relieve f want and alleviate human niiery all over the earth. Do you know do you realize; the fact that men and women, Americans; ' of the same 'language, faith, aud color is yourselves, your fellow-citizens in South Carolina, one of your sister Stites, are starving, dying, for want ot food? Will you not help them, too? You can heln . them tlty don't ask money. All they oski. for Is justice justic e tempered with mercy. Give them that, they need no more help. Confidence will he restored.; Capital will' flow thither. , The wreck and -ruin -of war will be repaired, and they will sooni ' add to the wealth of the republic Instead of shaming It with their misery. .Ji on nt-wr j be well with New York when itjsill with South Carolina or Tennessee. This alone Is' Union Union, not Inform and name alone, but In Bitbstance aud reality, that no wrong, can be Inflicted on any State, or any city or any man, from Main to Florida, without all the States, all cities, all men, feeling the hurt aud desiring to apply a remedy. This Is real Union all for each and each for all, ) Citizens, don't look at this from the low ' level of fathom. "Sursnm oorda." As cend the higher eminence from which ther wider and grander prospect may be obtain ed. There is danger for New York whea' the rights of Tennessee are Intaded.' For by the same wrong by which Tennessee Is ex- , eluded from representation by the same wrong your own State may Bfift'er if tho exigencies of faction required that crime. During the civil war mat is past many, things were submitted , to for which the alleged necessities of war were the only' excuse. We saw the Constitution violated! and the civil law set aside.-. We bore it for the sake of the Uuion, which we thought by such a sacrifice could bepreticrved.1 flue' nowthe war is over. ; The violations of thJ Constitution and the law continue, and tho. Union Is not restored. , Citizens, beware! The Republic is in danger! 'The Tilstorio danger of Republics! The' Government has fallen from. the hands of the many into, the hands of the few. From the many who, are apathetic, to the few who are energetic' and bold. - Whenever respect far the Con stitution dies the Republic is lost luileed.j For paper Coustitutlons,Declaratlons of 1 n depeudence, are but paper worthless, life less; mere delusions, mockeries and snares4 when they cease to express the instinct aud longings of airee people. The, con centration of power will go on till man. weary and sick of the worst of all bad Gov ernments, au Irresponsible ollgarohvy will go cue stei farther, and "fly from' petty, ty rants to the throne." Do you e v er thi ,k, citizens, wherein the greatness of your Re public this great liepahlicof Rrpablic rcally liejs? ; lu its wealthi trade, manufao, turei Not so.., There ,ara .nations in the old world richer, with"' larfrer commerce1 than ours. In its rod-laiFds-4t almost? illimitable domain? No. Russia a tuil-i iious of fertile acres to wljich no emlgraut turns his steps ; thousands day "after -day-arrive on our shores.' Isitfaonr s heoUf churches, palaws? In all these JMiJjjgs there areother countries by wbiea jre art equalled or excelled. I'll tell wherei and where alonel its greatness lies thespcretof Its greatnes? strength, hope, and endurance, ut is, I a Its freedom.' Ia this, that it has been and wilL bo, if it so, please God and fhe people? a free Democratic republic. Lose that a net all is lost -Better be shorn ol ft wealth better it had never gained one. -rood oC ground more than the thirteen original states--Dctter ' it never'' manufhetureo! ' a pound ef cotton or a bar of Iron better bad no millionaires, no.bnnkivoo parks, nq palaces better now lose them, all than losa that wlthont which never could have beeu' our heritage of freedom, our Constitution,' our Democratic republic. With thk,ialr things are possible, .Without this progress is progress toward rtitn 'apdev'h the high est developments of wealth and civilisation" ara hut the -unhealthy-Jlush: of prematura! detayjHp can-we stop t .'4uw,lhalt,m, the read to-, ruin? Where.ijan wefJl)d a. guide? 'Retrace" your' stdp-r.Si Takether Constltutioa aodtUatiDoclarationifif Intfp peudence, lor your g,itxlBa,HDd jo will 6i'4t be safe.. These , are your gutdc-i follow them To'8 Democrats the- path is easy ' , and the guide' familiar, fo the Constltuttoi and the, declaration af ladependenre hard : always been the prlpelples.of the Demo; i cratlp patty. To these principles the Do- I raooraoyj if: II Be true to itse'lft must always j be. true vla'thiithe Democmtio party diXt 1 fws 4r9rn, other parties. (lt always goes 1 wrong when it swerve from its principles. Other parties nevek-go' right onLss 'whea they abandon theirs.- Wiuttare thesa prin- Clples?.t Thstthatjgoverrrncnt i-.te be-i thatgoveros, tlie, least, .That '' an-i I.