- " - - feiX inoutha,....i,... , . 450
Telrwul by (mer.pitk.. ....... .... .20o
1J- VtSiT.fcTATESAiI,rcr ear....k.....,f4 f .1
i.v !?...: - ' .-!- V 'i . i ittontb!.... X 8-i
.t i WEEIttlLSTATJisnAn, -
one Tear...' . flu
Fire copies one year-. ... . , . . ; :.;: Off
Ten copies one er J..x
. a.. ...... .17 50
Fiftv co9,ei on yar77An.lX;T.
ITS VAST RESOURCES.
Hn5sTaiid the TJhHetl State; the joung
? 1iht .reepecUvfly bf the' Old and New
VprTcK at" this, aornehV although In
taost respects lb.e. Antipodes of each other:,
ensrasred in the same workthatof expaa
ion and 'progression f No two nation , at
nee bear a. mote forcible ri semblance, and
exhibit a more striking eontru8tA-id at thi
rftoment no two, despite the aggressive 'pol
Icy pf Prussia or'. the, 'raenacln 8.lence of
trance, are watcoeo, -yita more Kpiiriwwe,
or are likely to accomplish : more. tu pen?
dbug remits; . The ultimate bbject-arohich
Jtussj almas the . aKiulsltlOa ibf. the Eu
ropean pas&tsilmiaof the SultaiWi With the
1tyof Constantinople,- the command f the
Uosfchofus. ahajhe coinmetce or tne jsiacic
eaBder heriControl-r-ai' unbrokea. terrlr
toryextendlng from the Arctio to the Med
iterranean, and stretching acresa Aia--$hte
would be effacttiajry 'inlstrts of Europe.
Th U n i ted .6 tales do not define -their aspi-
fttiorik .Thut look ' ootetly forward to. the
lime- wh'en thwh'olebouodlePS.conTlentri1
form .oqe.anbrokeni republic The: re-;
iiiarkahlft entente cordial .whiclh for'A quar-i
ter bt a"centary 'has been 'Increastojr ne-i
SvesA jtts,"nderi: higallari pX .(? bj?jjt
the mora natural.
Russia and tha UDited 1 Stater intfst ever;
trdW the 'colossVbaYlhtoeltherter-!
VltoilaK n-or, maritlHae Jealousjesto; p?cite
Aba one afratngt tlie oilier The ialere&ts of
botb deoaaa?that they should go haod iu
fcand tiKtheir march to ,eoipirfttot , !
WHY RUSSIA CEDES THE TERRITORY.
Hit i in. this lijrht that
fast Kasslair American' possessions to the
.Uplted States ehould, b,q regarded Jpr this
Xerritoryembxaclua ajcwuntrx wore than
fieveo times as large as the State .of New;
Vork U the epbntanepas offer of the Em
f keror, &hd entirely uhexpected. and unso
icited; on.the -nart of theu Uoitedi States;
fThls la the second time It has been 'tender
ed to usl It Beems to have been suggested
With the same spirit of friendly sympathy)
-vrhieh, when thetwo chief powers of -West-r
Jern Europe were on the polnt of f ecognli
inir the Southerdi Con fedferacy 'prompted
-the anchoring of two large Russian-. fleets
Tts ir by- accluen'at the iime, one.-to the
abbr of New .Yo'rk.- and: the ther. in the
5ay of San.FrancWco--a silent hut eloquent
intnct xeep naoas on i ne omcers xi ootn
if!ppt hecme the nubile quests of the "re-i
jinpr.ti vp. r.omm unities.. .Th6 spectacle ;had
lu efiectj nd; recoltloa was abandoned
Qf cpfifse -Bussia tiaaf her own 4ntere-ts to;
Euhsetve4tt tMi,;irnsactlnn, and qa'letly
eniora the iilrontiealed chngrin of ,Uer old
lenemy.Englandi in belng,thuattBexpect4
-dly benimed tin north; west, and south; by!
ti er renublicah nelirh bor, - Russia Is K alsoi
little. TeluctantVto, Dart, witlu "A territory
kWhich, owing to its remoteness from.vthe
tent re 'of-governmenticannever be 'of
fnuol eonjnjercial yalue to a power not ed-j
wBentialJy.tBaritme while to ber repuoilcan
sfriena ancr, auyit,1 oe.;omey or irameaiaiej
Jlmnbranee'ln every lwintdl. view.. Under!
, ;the,ruleof -the4iuasiaB..,Traduig Cbmpanyj
lit yielded little oi ns .Tevenuei to ttw im-j
perral ' treasury; the. m n6 poly consuming;
y the proiiu and sbariiig but tithe of the,
dauraens ox. lcsi governmeut. ! j. litre iwasj
very -reason whv RrteU stionld cede, anq
.trby we should acquire; thi immense.tfactj
: .territory-. .The iirf'ormation ooacernlng!
a. couotrv so far removed lrom tue ordinary:
routes of Commerce must necessarily be at
.besti oniy of a general nature; Facts, there-;
tore obtained; from personal experience,'
and rel iable d ata f rom - recen t -x piorers,
may-Berre to illustrate the pramloenfc.fea-
.turea ofrthej country ana. w7 people unu
v JfrASlAy9 n w nniiiltl-tlO fiO II V t maId
A GLANCE AT RUSSIAN AMERICA HISTORICALLY.
RnsRlan booVa furnish' interesting partic-
nTars otthe discovery of the -Ameri-i
can coasVnortTT of 3 5a bff Captatlr Behr
Jng. whowa8serit out On a voyage of ex-i
'pioratiqin'ih 1733 jy the Empress: Ami of
aStfsia. JUA aij-O ftiScoyere.i,ue greater pvy
of the island between itne two coiuineuts.
-Freraihat time Russian hunters and trap-'
rrieW.frpnj " Okhotsk began to jbx tend their.
feX peult ion! kit Vra UUI i i(SBfci;uaai( V auia
ifcau-i lositiva iniotmacwn.-xi4is oi iwm
Tojty expedition's ;ofj thlr:idndjlurmg the,
ias't half of '.the feizhtpcnth-eentiirj&-The
-Andreianoff IfilanUa (a rort-tfrtt-ot the A4en
t1anf archlfIeWereTormally annexed
-in RhfPia in' 1705;. A .government explorii-
UAon ifitarted from Okhotik;;in;:.1790T. under
the command of Captain BUllngs .To Cap-;
tainr.Tarvteheffi one of the members, are;
ue important researches on'jthe bydrogra-j
.pbyaod ethnology of those cnuntries...Tho
firstattetnptata permanent settlement was,
"due! to '"three- Russian traderi Shfelekhoff and,
. Uwo Golikoffwho fitted; out two or threjo!
iBfiels:to.be Bent to .the land .of Aliaski
also-called America, to islands known or ic
cof exploring the country, and entering into
'relations with tho inhabitantsin Their first
"eihpdltlon started 1bl78Uand the first set-i
Ulement was founded on the Ulaodof Kadjak
rTh authority otrtbo Russiau Government
wasthnsesUblished on this and ; the adja-
icent jslandsIn 1799. Speleknon;, then rei-!ig0urCes
c43ing-at lrkoutsK,- sen, rou. wercuanb
Baranon togovern cne ,rewwrony. A"
Jiamftor.isaranon, wno: wr-iweiny-sereu
lenternrlse, thus appeared for. the first time
in Its history.fvSheIekhoff died in' 1795, and
.ii widow.contmuca . tpe , pusiness, wnic.ii
tJLi...ii ir..olMi' WnprJiLiiw' afrnrpm-rbossesslonsIS
iiiv nTirhtih4 nfiinik.ift' Comhanv.- The
fdiarter of thlsjointcdtnpany' was signed in
August, 1798 and nfhrmed at St.;Peters-;
.barglnl799;'--llova Arkhangelsk. on the
island bf Sitka now knOwn as the towh Of
that name, was founded .inl799.v;b'e(
. tKmndarte3-trf nheHLands-granted, to the
corananv.t and tdefined ? ia ;its renewed
Icharteri t of JSi
icharteri of JS21, i LwereJ ibrmallyj con-i
...A . adlrnnsrlvrtvixl hv.tha . Itm.
-..v.t.un' , -Tsfrf 'cio0;-t iti.-it
1 1.1 1 uicuiiiwu .. ui.aii;o iu lu.i
reatuBrrtain-Jiri 1825. Such is;
t r.af h. Mcfrtrv-hf-ThA Kiisefun a mprJ
.whose esrenaea cnarcer nas laceiv exDireaj
in tut Mnpuiwi'tt'irtnfAii of n.o i-oj
' l.'.i.'Ai i a t-a,.A tUA xr.,c,J
nnshed their oDeratlons-Iff all directions and
. 'extended their J stations' rar. beyond thej
originally prescribed ' limits; haying at last
reached the coast oi ijamornia.' This was
-prior to therMpxican independence, and the
Ineoessary privileges were conceded' by the
tSpanlsh Government who then owned Cal-!
tomta.;-They al so- stretched ever to the
eAsiatio: Bide along the eOkhotsk ea,- and
bad Several -establishments- there- one es-i
t pecully at Ayan4n latitude. 52 ;28 north.'
.longitude 133 20 east .Jt has a, population
,ol about . three hundred,' with ,a Governor1
'and a, small garrison, -and twa tolerably
Twell ibrtilied la. the,; Crimean war The
.company alsn nave.es tablishments at Alias
ki, Cook's Inlejti. Bristol, Bay. a pd , -Nor tori
Sound, all on the American Bide of BehrJlng'a
traits,, and ,yla, the , Aleutian l,and
iKurile lilandinThese. are.their principal
stations out many f mauer ones mignt
Mentioned. - Upon thtf expiration of their
charter. asabove stated, the Government:
declined to renew it. despite the strenuous
efforts on the nart of the concession ists. :whd
at the time" were reaplug a splendid bar-;
lv.fift frofti tKeirenternr se. VThevhav now
lii.t7S.nr,: fur a nil trnYTln'or; crjif.in'na nlnYio1
the oasw bitta. being f tne general neaai
naartera. i i -i i - -. ; - -r-,.-? ir
A GLANCE AT RUSSIAN AMERICA HISTORICALLY. WHY THE EMPEROR REFUSED TO RENEW
Ihe.reasons of this refusal oa the part of
the Russian Government were, first, that
, tbecooipany bad failed, to meet the real ob-
jecto oi the concession., wnicn were to en-
a.a.1 . . f
courage imraigrMuu-to tuoee regions, ana
induce tne settlement or a population which
would developits mineral fe8oarce&," This,1
-however; - was wbattbe company had ; no
Idea of doing: on the contrary, theif inter-;
rest tKdmed: tarthe discouraging or: all
I branches of industry, save that which yield-
posea to "
ing'tends-tociear awy forests, and, ennse-h".
.BlsoTJlalnlyJnjUTiouBtd tbU trkfficTlii
,WMBi.wwiiwy.vry nana inas can man-
Ifge: aoar? oc use gun is vajuabie.'i AUencen
ithe minipgant agricuituraii tinavantages
Z n2cA .hA.mnanr-iii-,rednrfne,irh3
prices of their supplies of provisions and
jother articles' from abroad, not the
igood resulted to- Rusia lfl ueveioplpg .the
bajnujescgrpej Yi apa anoiuer sou more
)!inv.r!Oi, I-.'R n'.'itfi'Xt
ii i - vf II'.-" - - - - - m. if r i i .1
j.t;-:.h kv, Xi rn I
I n li'X-n: VCJ- 'J'vi lit f v tun-
. - t ' . ..
t 1 I 1 I I I II I'll I-I II 1 .'.v Vi 111 . II .11 I IS-. I Al I II II I II fill
l i i ir j it i. i it i ..,...-, .i j a i i i.i-f ii i. i i . t r i t i i. , i i jj-i ii
j Mr m k. is -m . m mw b - i x. tK . a v . . . i m w m m m m a m a
i mi-a tzt: -i m n rr.
Dowerful :conslieratfon with the'rim peria1
Government 'W as H that for the last fifteer
years certain political reasons - seemed' td
point put tho'wlsdoni oC srlUng thQ Wbdlq
of this great territory to the United State.
THEIR CHARTER. THE AMERICAN NORTHWEST FUR TRADE.
"In'tho- Intanrv of our commerce a few
far-eeefhgNew Torfc and Bostod.tactGhaots
rtcoiztu iW JUipyi tnuce ui iu irue nuu
commerce of what was vaguely khotrn as
theNorth west coast.Tbe Corambta river
and Oregon were then the .uttermost ends
only a few of our hardy pioneers and naviga-
tors had penetrated ; and. it lito those. earl v
adventurers thatis du'the creditof otind-
Ing oucplenqid poasessioas along the Par
cine which now crown the ' republican
THEIR CHARTER. THE AMERICAN NORTHWEST FUR TRADE. OUR RUSSIAN TREATY OF 1824.
While Europe'-was gradually emerging
from. the ehaos ofltho-Napoleonio war.ohr
Government, irk 1821 entered into' 4 treaty
with the Emperor Nicholas. byiwplcn.:th6
any iettlement north, and RusaHl south, or
54 nut the ships ot oota power, might,
for a term of ten years from that date, fre
quent the harbors and,oastSL jtor. the- pur
pose'oX' libhlngand sir ading with1 the na
tives. At the expiration of this term of ten
yearsUherEmperarTOliriedftd1 renew the
treaty5 or 'allow on r vessels to trade-on" the
unoccupied coasts 'noTth 'of 64 40, Our
plenipotentiaries at St. Jtetersonrg were instructed,-
in 183Gy t inquire into the cause.
Th uly -reasonaioffered to our minis ters-
-Mfsrs. Wilkina And oaliaa Bueeessivetv
bv Count Nesselrode, then Russian. MinlSr
ter:of Eoreiin. Affaira was that the renewal
of the, fourth ; article! of tbe treaty. aM824
.would enable theAmericans to, (umish the
natives 0Mhe coast with spirituous Jquors
and,, firearms-ThiSc.resuu), wa-dOubtless
prpducedbyvthe representations, of,-the
Russian American Trading Company, who
rearded with the deepest jealousy the ad-1
vent of a people whose enterprise and keen
nteiugence ooueti uu goou tp-tueif -pruip-y
monopoly."...;. --.'.,,VZ ivn,- i'"-.
There was. however, some foundation for
thiaexclusiveneRsi as the rum sold to the
Indians had already demoralized,; the coast
tribes, and hostile bands ".bad been fotihd
armed-wlth'1" muskets'i'1i'ottght"i'rom the
Amp rfo an tra.dpr.Jr. " P r rs I d p. n t' Van TJ n r e n .
as in dut bound,' alluded to' this very del
icately. In his message tQ-CongressJ-inl De
cember. 1833, and from that time the whole
ksubject quietly subsided, and no treaty ha
tvejr been signed, since tqac, time, ine lm
perial concessions to the British American
Company gained them; the .exclusive right
to trade tn-thoseTegions ana, consequeut
IVrfAmeriean trading vessels couUX;not be
permitted to violate the privileges of that
grant, t ;Xhus, while iuustau snips were aa-
tnitted freely to ail, American waters, tne
Russian Government found itself unable,
without violatingprlvate rights, to concede
the same privileges to us. '1 hi has at times
deeply annoyed Baron-StOecfeel, the Rus-
sian ambassador at Washington.
a "a. f
THEIR CHARTER. THE AMERICAN NORTHWEST FUR TRADE. OUR RUSSIAN TREATY OF 1824. RUSSIAN AMERICA OFFERED TO US DURING
THE CRIMEAN WAR.
In the summer of 1854, daring the Crime-
ftn jvar, the. Russian GpvrnmenVtcoDsjd
erlng the , opportunity favorable iresolved
to take a step, whic,.a3 above stated, had
Deeij iong.ia contemplation. .ahjs, was 10
hem'' lu-the British J possessions ' oh the
northwest coast by conveying the 'Russian
territories to a people -whose 'activftyaBd
proximity .would create a powerful rival
England in the North Pacific; Baron Stoec
kel at - that time; formally -proposed. the
sale of the whole ot. Russian America to
tbe United States. ' :a oi-n "! ' ?
THE OFFER REFUSED BY PIERCE AND HIS
THE OFFER REFUSED BY PIERCE AND HIS CABINET.
President Pierce declined the offer, for
reasons never made public; hut which., also
induced him about the same, time to refuse
the gift of tbe whole of the republic-of
Honduras, whiciw under the administration
of President Cabanas, was tendered to the
United States through S nor Barrundia,
the special agent sent hither for that pur
pose. The proposed cession of Russian
Ameriaa was regarded as" the -first fitter to
wards the acquisition' of all the northern
part of -the continent by the great "republic.
Bui at that time the timid Pierce and bis
Cabinet feared eompllcations wltb England.
and the United States was not so eure of her
Imperial position jj at presenpowhen the
Wr of the rebeluou has raised her into the
first power on? tberglobe Perhaps, ; too,
Russian America was considered worthless
byo persons then, as now,;. ignorant of its
rMwitlve yalue to us, commercially and poli
tically..,H tn.t-i t1 it -"-. .y.-ii '' v."? r. - "'j -
This was as'i great ;a mistake as that un
happy treaty .which, .alter the North west-
tb.'Jiagland'r-a. -concession- which - would
scarcely .haveeenitBade had its immense
stratetic value; been tfuUy comprehended.
A greater blunder was never committed by
any S6Yernmet'ftbari;by,o.arsi In consent
ing to give up . Vancouver's island
Great Britain 7. She never; had any rjght
ir nnd in rftt.aininor it rpt.ainp.d nhnnt all Kh
thpn rpallvarfl for
Velopment Hthe ml herkl' and other re-'
of BritUfcColumbia has since dem-
i onstrated v the wisdom-: and --. foresight
iher nersistencyrf-rji: .-.iivn .n-i.r.& r, aia-al
THE OFFER REFUSED BY PIERCE AND HIS CABINET. CESSION OF RUSSIAN-CALIFORNIA CLAIMS.
'"'Ttnas fo.r some inae Been, the, policy .of
Russia tq head off fE,ngIand fn the North
.-?. a"tvt,;, iDC1"" y -
but In norsuance of hfer 6r-
iginai designs.1 ams policy ot yielding her
American psession td'as commenced
far back a in l&if, hdrtly after the treaty
of Guadalape1 Hidalgoand bur acq&lsitlon
of California, s Reference has already been
made to the extension or tberltuS3lan' trad
ing posts -early in thef present century to tbe
southward ::in .California by special treaty
with the Spanish Government,' the Russl&n
America nj iYadmg Company availing itself
L of .that treat v. located a trading manafotv.
i : - . . . ' .
and agricultural station at Bodega,
Inst north oi an Jbrancisco, ana erected
eJ ort there. .. This, settlement :was giveUTUp
, . , a-
Bionrand lust prior to the discovery of gold.
Ithe -Russian Admiral- Wransrel was sent out
7 - . 7 .' ; :
Uts value, with tbeytew.-prpbabJy, of ask
lng a consideration. for the lands ceded.
Admiral Wrangel reported the coiintrv
'no. vaiuc, ,snu Lno j,ussihui tuiu.tut ;ior
along to private-parties , (the pioneer Sut-
ter oeing tne priucipai purciiaser, oi xne
crops and cattle). This grahtof land faced
for many leagues on the l'aculc coast, im
mediately in front of the richest gold mines
In the word,, which were discovered verv
soon afterwards, and although the terms
thegrant prescribed the boundaries "north
and sohthr-.there was no limit to its extent
into the then unknown interior.. It may
be questioned whether Kussia would have
so gracefully presented us with these lands
had she known the priceless value of what
i j - .. ... . i - j
GOVERNORS FUZUJELM AND MAKSOUTOFF.
The Governor of Russian America .has
Ms residence at Sitka.' His powers aro ab
solute, embracing the death sentence. The
former ixovernor, wno uvea mere tor mauv
years; was Admiral FUzujelm, whose name
is known to an Cauioroians ior his gener
ous' hospitality to strangers visiting Sitka,
ana especially 10 Americans, uia-wiie. a
lady of St. Petersburg, and remarkable for
her personal beauty and elegant accom
piishment67'ably seconded the Governor in
I been feecpnd In command, for several years,
,,t ' tVlo!r ,?,.
nmvfdl bv thelate treatv. immedi-
his phuaatnropia enortsTwaras instruct
. ing thw peop'e. ana forming establishmehts
for their com fort and general improvement.
Admiral. "vFuzujelm , and i family passed
through San Francisco .and New York in
the suniraer of 1854, and were for several
'days at. the St. James Hotel. Theirchildren
were'educated at Sitka, and spoke. English,
French and German fluently, to say uoth
ipg.of. their native Russian. The Governor
repaired to St.-Petersburg, rendered an ac
count of the condition ot the country, and
is , now - Governor i tne ; Department . of
Eastern;; iberia At: j-NicolaUsti, . oao.the
- ha-.na-rf. to-the United States.
wiu nroceed -to: establish their.' 6 wn
fa-nitf invernment-;kThi. nf ponrse. will
r. terminate the line: of 'Russian-American
MafedntonT. ,k -
GOVERNORS FUZUJELM AND MAKSOUTOFF. MINERAL RESOURCES OF RUSSIAN AMERICA.
wi There are good , reasons to assume, that
Jeasllour iRussian American iaequisltion, coai
prising nearly" five " hundred.' thousand
square mue9f;terroory, yewara es
pToratlon np furnlngup.& valuable miner
al country. Tbe data are thus far rather
Bcafrtyv but such as""exUt are 'to the point,
arid" favOr the ab ve' sappositfon. Thelm
nerial Governaientwas log desirous that.
the Russian sAmerlcan Company- should
thoroughly, explore" the interior .which,
bpwtjver ' biirretf. la( appearahce,; and." nn
ptdmlslng in. an agricultural point of .view,
seemed likely to prove Valuable in minerals
This'Wai'Ofte of the" ohjects er, the grant
madft to that company ; but their aim being
immediate profit, and knowing that their
lucrative fisheries would suffer In any min
ing '.'excitement, they shrewdly " raised
every possible objection against the prac
ticability :of prospecting the interior, urg
ingjisa principal reason the, hostility of
tlicnatives. Tha. Einperorthereupon ol
fered them additional- troops in fact, as
tnanyi ass they wan ted,; the: compauy; to
maintain them at its, own expense.Tnls they
declined Tor some specious reason,' and. the
Government," although convinced that gold
existed there,. especially aftei; its successive
cuaepvery, in uregon,, rvasuington
toryi ana airman MJiumoia, iu regular yrv;
gression northward, allowed the subject to
8ub8ide;-'u-' 1 "-
GOLD EXCITEMENTS INJURIOUS TO FUR
! -,.,ti rtSiah
m-'m, ii h,, ,fa aiftf- thf, hoti(,v
of -the Russian Americah ComDanvi., .
n-r-The ghost in the closet of the Hudson Bay
Company always was thac'gold might be
discovered ''in .British: Columbia," which
would min their lucrative fur trade by the
desert4on ;of. their .employes to the' places.
Lt last, itilSSS, the long-dreaded discovery
was made, and the company's factors has-
teried to assert that it was all humbug, and,
GOLD DISCOVERIES WORK NORTHWARD.
jr rrne oi3coveryrOi goiu nas Deen sceauuy
to thenbrthward since the days of the early
Spaniards, who, .in the: sixteenth century,
Imagined that gold . Was confined to the
tropics. No one suspected its existence in
the north until the California marvel awoke
the world ,to; the splendid reality.' From
tbat;time richer gold fields have been con
tlnuallv developed northward nhtil those
of British-Columbia, "far 'north of Fraser
riven promise to outshine all that has
hitherto been found.' Mr. Collins states
that goldi mining has already been.com
inencrd.hy American ." prospectors on the
Steeken or Sc.' Francis river, as far north as
tittyilx degrees of latitude. This, river
flows Into the sea through Russian Ameri
can territory, and the writer adds that the
t prospect lor gold on that river was reported
! to be equal to the palmy days ot California,
j If these .reports prove to be correct, our
nardy'miners along the northern frontier
Tand. in California will not be long in over
i running the. country and exposing its hid
j Iden treasures. On the Copper Aline river
tbe Indians Jbriug lumps and nuggets
i a 'aamam l..fA ' 1T.l1.n iniirl cottlti.
! ioents. near the mouth of that river. Many
large specimens of metalic copper and ol
- - 1 . 1 . . . Ofc Tl .
copper pre uave ueeu iah.eu w b. jreters
"burg.. V '.. ; ..".,'.; .'.". ;
DAZZLING ACCOUNTS BY ROCHE, THE EXPLORER.
' ' ; plorkr.;" :; :; ;; , ;
"' ' Rochei who seems to have traveled with
eyes and ears open on the mineral subject,
and who perhaps hoped that Russian Amer
ica might some dny be absorbed by its big
ger British neighbor, grows eloquent oyer
the gold, silver, and even diamonds.1 des-:
tlned to be found in, that country. His1
statements' respecting ; other parts of the
contineut. have proved very correct, ana
'hence the following is entitled to attention
'unncctiin A marina ' h a cq ,70 nAsp&2aa
ivuooiau iiun.n,-, ""j t.won.oov
its minerals and ores far greater riches than
it furs or 'its fisheries, or even its forest3
-can be made to yield, the turning to account)
of which would give life to. this whole re
gion, and .tend to raise up villages and
- towns' as prosperous- as those of tar: legs
hospitable Siberia." Coal and copper,
'feays, bave.beeh found along the Mackenzie,
and he hacr little doubt, from tne compan-1
son which he had made between the , geo-
fraphical .features of both .countries, that
he whole region .was as rich in minerals
fand ores as Siberia,' and that upon a proper
exploration gold, would i be lound in
river? and valleys, i This was fifteen years
ago, and a parfpfjtbe prediction has already
been fol filled, as surface gold'.wasblftgs
as beingsuccessfully worked.
-boldly asserts It as his belief that platinum,
jeaa, silver, aiaruouas, ana au tne precious
stones .ofibiberia . would , be found in ;:the
mountains or liussiau- America.' lie-adds
1 that several valuable minerals, such aa.
j jasper porcelain, clay, -semi-opal, plumba
. go, gypsum, various colored ochres, amber,
i sulDhur. petroleum, galena,' porphyry.'va
iriegated marble; add iron ore had -been
-covered.:. :iYhether these precious products
! -exist in ; any considerable . quantities,
Roche, does jlot saV ;He 'received; these
jBtatements from what he took to be reliable
, authority. - v 4 ' '
COAL DEPOSITS OF RUSSIAN AMERICA AND
THEIR FUTURE NATIONAL VALUE.
are - nu
i merous places ; on the-. Russiau American
i coast-and -on" the Aleutian Islands:-' -It is
I "generally of a bituminous character .'. The
.Russian steamers have long supplied thera-:
; selves from the Kodlac mines, where.alone
i exist enough to meet' all present 1 or1 fu
ture demands of commerce. The. Russian-',
; who are fully alive-. to;j the; value of coal,
' have-always ;had a .keen eye for such de-
jjpllH-ihpth . p'n fne'Auierlcan.and Astatic
coasts, for they knpwthat it forms one of
the most essential'materlals of war.( They
j npwhold a portion of .Saghalion Island for
j lts"valuable coal mines,and the English,.
; who are not less awake to its importance,
have for some time been vainly influencing
the. Japanese to , exclude, them This coal
is ot 'excellent quality; and the Rus3siais
get if at the mere cost of mining.' The Rus-;
sian jAmerican?Ctompanyvhave.. for some1
years past used the coal; from Kodlae Isl
and in-' their workshops and forged
Coal is distinctly traced through Califor-,
nia, frbinand within 30 miles' of San Fran-:
ciconorthwardto Oregon.'Wnercin Coose
I 'Bay, are Ihexhuastible mines, from which a
i lucrative business ia maintained with San
: Francisco; thence northward, equally large
coal-fields exist near 'the Umpqua .river,
and still further north, at Bellingham Bay,
In AVashlngton Territory, the most valua
ble coal mines on the Pacific coast have
been successfully worked for ten or filteen
! years. Those of Vancouver's . Island are
eoually productive,' and supply the' British
I naval and merchant, steamers,' as'wellas
' the whole coal consumption in British Oo
j lumbla. y It is, ' consequently, nothing re
markable, that Russian ..America should
! possess valuable coal, mines., Iron . mines,
perfectly accessible, and easily worked, are
j also found. There 1, therefore, no lack of
i natural resources In , the newly-acquired
j territory ifor. .Yankee "ingenuity to work.;
I upon, and it remains with ourselves to turn
j them to profitable account. . . , , . . ,
CLIMATE AND WEATHER STATISTICS OF THE
The so-called rigor of the Russian-Amer
ican climate has -been urged as a reason
why the country cannot be worth, oiir ac
ceptance. This results from a want of re
liable Information about that region, and
i'eneral vague, idea obtained from old
chool books and encyclopaedias, that it is
?cene of frightful. desolation and eternal
:ce. An impartial examination of the facts
is obtained from those who have passed
nuch of their lives there might'suffice
ay this ice-gnpst. it is, truly observed
hat Russian America is not especially
rgricultural country. Compared with
ich lands of Oregon and California, it cer
j.ainly is riot.-; ' -
Roche, the French traveler,' who pene-
i rated the Interior of Russian America
i ome fifteen years ago, nevertheless gives
Mattering account of" .the fertility of some,
I f the inland valleys and, great river
i curses; . He represents the inland country
;i3 .being well watered with' lakes and riv-
rs, abounding, even to the Arctic circle.
yA'ith splendid forests of large pines :
iu astonishing vigor of vegetation, owing
:o the. humidity .of the. atmosphere
i tateS that the Hudson Bay Company, who
I nave located upon the Russian possessions.
i n several instances, nave raised tbe cereau
nearly as far north "as 60 degrees; but
; :-nis cannot be done on the coast lands,
i :"bat corn, despite the moist atmosphere.
; jrill not grow anywhere in the country.;
;fhese facts, formed,. a , .portion, of a paper
j-ead; before the ".JLlteraryV and .Historical;
bociety Of Quebec In.lfiKsy.iVf i.-.nf
Wher . to thX ann!
I -ready remarked, iia generally noor
COMPARISON BETWEEN THE PACIFIC AND
COMPARISON BETWEEN THE PACIFIC AND ATLANTIC CLIMATES.
.Sitka 'situaWd-on about the .rnertdlan '
of, Etiinburg. '. ' Its climate? b aa sometimes
been, cpm pared ,'to that, of Scotland , Its
mean temperature , is . ohly..fynr1degrees
lower tha'n that of tondoni.buf the isotber-j
mal '.ILpe, glyes It that ot . ewfoindland.
Physical conditions, however, iave latter
ly been discovered whl,cl( place itavcHinate
rather approjacnlng thaijpf New England,'
and the-facts fully.bear.put this, estimate.
The diflereuCe Iii. tehiperatufe'ln lavof Of
the Pacific side of "th'e'c6ntlnent 3 well
kiiowfi. akei Wr exam pie, SartTFrflnclscp.
which lies tri about the latitude 6f Delai
ware Bay.'; 'Tee In San Franetscd even, thin
ice is rarely been in midwinter; $how tiever
falls,' llowersloom in the ' open ' -air "th$
year1 round, 'and winter, is only, to be dis
tinguished from feiimmet' by the' "bracing
ocean winds of tile' former and the frequent
rains of the latter, J For those 'who. have
steamed or feAiled tfp DetywartiBay in wih-
ter ntf description will be required. '' 1
-' This great mildness on the Pacific side is
hot less marked to the', 'nbrthwtrdi -The
writer has traveled along the coast' lands
of Oregon'ln rhidWinter withoutseelnglciB,
i aua Bnowoniy on iu- luouumni wps, auu
the "Atlantic side
Sitka includes ice fl.mong itsexports, with
which itsupnlieaajl therAmeriican.p.aciGc
coas before .lpngend it tq ...the
porta oi.ypina ana anqia,..,. isut so noes pie
country, arouna. isoston, aca yet a munon
people una that climate ;quite .enauraoie.
Wjthput. attempting or desiring to'magnl-
fy the Russian American rlimate into that
ii n iii 1 1 ii rv - .iih . iv I i rt- - w nil ill iiw
atno time.suffered'frdm' cold, night. Or-day;.
The same Jexp6rlenee was had in1 British
Columbia,, at ' Vanfcouver'a 'Islarid,'1 and
anionsr the mountains of Frazef ; river and
the Lillpfcet country. r'There. thq climate is
more riorousy' but at no time, a'proichlh
the severity ot thepat winter1 throughout
Middle -arid -N6fthern '.'State8,.a'l 'Russlafi
-America, along It9ferii5 re Pacific cc.asV.fr6m
the latitude of 54 degreds 40 niinutes a'rotfn'd
to the AleuTafi'ltlauasThasTprobably never
experienced'' so cplda .wlntei; 'as'fhat we
of a mild country, the writer would ien
deavor to 'dissipate the erroriebds ideds
Which i seem to have 1 obtained 'concern
ing it. - ; -i ' i v-.i'i-oU .U r-f. $-:tZ
It i3 certain that rye and barley grow
well,'6ven with the rude cultivation which
l is vouchsafed to them; and it is. stated that
vwaeat has been raised in some of the, prpr
tevted inland valleys, .but this Is subject, to
grave doubts. Potatoes and all j.the-t escu
lents, thrive there: wherever the soil is good
or has been enriched, as is often done, with
manure made ot fish, and there seems to be
no good reason, ,why grains and vegetables
should not do as well there as in. .'Nova
Scotia and .Newfoundland. ' "
FUR-TRADING AND FISHING MONOPOLIES
OPPOSED TO AGRICULTURE.
r .But the policy of ihe'.Rus'slan' American
Company. na3 been Bteadily opposed to ..di
recting the attention of its employes away
from tbeir4lucrative fur , trade, ad. lor this
reason., agriculture has .neeu qiscouragea.
a .years food
on ' haua m their storenouses .ai csiiKa,
enough for their employes to provide
against the possibility' of scarcity, or the
lossof the annual -ship loaded with supplies..;-
-,..:!: i '" r - - ,t
-. Until lately not even :a .kitchen garden
was cultivated at any of these coast . settle
ments butlately'the people are beginning
to rais,e yegetahles, and rye and barley have
been' soccessmuy attempted, urom cms
total nesilect the", people 1 are gradually
awakening to the consciousness 'that the
soil can be made productive by tillage, 'al
though these lands are by no means as fer
tile aa the valleys of -tlie great rivers. Even
iv commonest, vegetables ere : imported,
lit I ' i . ' j ......
nreservea 1 1 cans : auu irnucB' jiaKsuutuu
; l i - . i . ' r o:.t. v..: ..
the present Governor of Sitka, haviug sent
to San Francisco for a cow; in order to have
a 8upply of mil,k for.a sick child, it was
found necessary to bririg1' hay to' keep 'the
ahlmaT the ouly-cow in Russian"Amerl?a
ii-from starving. But the company at' last
began to see the folly of tabooing agricul
ture, and confining' -the -industry:! to . one
branch, rfhis, however, was ;j,ust:rat the
P1cn4rfttir,n of their mouoDolv.. which, has
pasted about . sixty v years. ( Ploughs and
farminginiplement8are almostas unknown
as thy were iu California, in the days'
j,"he, Spaniards. , In f4Qt, the country is in
completely primitive state-farid cultivation,
6ave id a few insignificant instances
are kitchen gardris, aiid the like scarcely ex
reported He f.,. OTn m name. The 6dil of '- the hew
territory, ' therefore, must, in jts present
condition, be called unproductive
not' because it is utterly - barren,
I climate too severe, for agricultural
suits.!: In the hands of: Americans.
sian America can be made self-
THE WEATHER AT SITKA AND ON THE
Mr. rcllmate'sduth of Behrlng'Stralts are simply
' The recent statements v concerning th'e
absurd to those who'krtow the-temperature
alongthe coasts. These ideas ; have been
fxhumed from the exaggerated accounts
the early voyagers,' whose 'befogged and
cumbrous i volUmes ' are ; consulted, ' wheh
dozens . of wide-awake adventurers are liv
ing among? us who know the country thor
oughly, and are ready to impart: informa
tion' "concerning it. The whole Pacific
Coast,' ifrom ; California to the Arctic, is
times enveloped in dense- fogs,, lasting
sometimes several- weeks,-and long-rand
chilling rainsr- as: well ias saowrstonns.
winter, are frequent. In the summer tbe
most extraordinary . contrast .occurs, ,and
the heat is at times unbearably. Oppressive,
not oniy at oiita, put across . me y'aSKan
'peninsula, iii . the sea' of Kamtschatka.
whaling shipmaster who has passed several
season 3 in the far north, asserts that be has
seldom suffered more with the. heat in
Atlantic States than" he has ori $he coast'
Russian America' during- the'.' .-summer
months. . The Aleutian 'Islands; stretching
across the ocean "nearly on 'the fifty-Second
parallel,' are about in the Jlatltude of
south: of - England or- - Germany. : The
Trading Compauy'a stations, two of; which
are-located -on: the principal Aleutian -isL-ands,;
are in a humid but not .cold climate,
which is generally milder, than that of
AtlantiCi Beahqard between the capes
Delaware arid New. York. Tuese facts,
after all that has been Bald in opposition
the climate Of the newterritory:may seem
incredible unless supported, by reason and
proofs, which it t will be here in place
adduce. 4 ;:'"i"' -1
EXPLANATION OF THE MODERATE CLIMATE
ON THE NORTHWEST COAST.
lieutenant Rent, United States navy, an
The cause of the, higher temperature ,6Y
the Pacifio, coast over the same parallels of
latituueon tne..-ATiaonc sae, is precisely
the same cause which moderates the climate
of Euglahd and France the warm waters
of the gulf stream. There exists in the Pa-
ciuc a gulf stream acting Under nearly sim
ilar conditions with that ' or the Atlantic
side. Maury, in hi3 'Sailing Directions,"
satisfactorily-' explains the moderate tem
perature of the: North Pacific by this Im
mense warm.-ocean current -nowlng from
the coast of India and China towards Behr-
Ina's Straits.- .'.-This stream," he says, 'es
capes from the Straits jot Malacca, . and be-
log joineu py. otuers iroui ine Java and
China seas, passses out into the Pacific like
another jimr stream oetwecn thenniiip
plnes and the shores of Asia, whence it at
tempts the great circle route lor the Aleu
tian Islands,' tempering climates, and Haw
ing towards the northwest coast of Amer
ica and he then proceeds to describe the
noiuts of resemblance between "this 'ocean
cu rrent and .a gulf stream of the Atlantic.
The Pacific stream may even be traced for
thousands of miles by its temparature, and
even tne aiterea ooior oi its waters, it
8 weeps over from the Japanese coast to
wards the north,, against ,the bend pf tbe
continent, to Russian America, where it js
turned to the southward along the coasts
of Oregon, California and Mexico.
The same facts, but in much fuller and
more explicit manner," are given in Kerhal
let's General Examination of the' Pacific,
translated and' published by the Messrs.
Blnht, in which the "Japan current," as he
and other eminent navigators now term: it,
is minutely) aescnoea.- fThe ..Paclnc gulf
stream, commencing in the vicinity of Ijqo
Choo island, gets rapiaiy along the ABiatic
shores, .whence, striking . ofj, across . the
ocean in a weli-uefihed belt," it expends Its
warm currents at Behring's straits apd
along the .Russian American coast;" where
It turns along the coast southward to Cali
fornia.' "This remarkable stream' varies in
temperature, but runs aa high as eiarhtv
one degrees" Fahrenheit in the lndian' seas.
and ta at about nicy aegrees Fahrenheit, at
experienced navigator, read a pa
per, some time ein$e, on this subject before
the, New .York, Geographical Society, ...lie
states that the, treDgtU and character
' S Sto S
in.JT.-" a - -:.- - 1
,ed as those of the gulf stream on the coast.
Of Florida, and that Ati Influence in modi
fy ing the climate: of the northwest coast
is-not less remarkable. Its smftenihg influ
ence is felt aton our- North Pacific shores
tdftuch an extent that, to use- the inaVlga
tor'B own wordfc Vessels trad lnr to Petro-
paolovskl i(ont the Asiatic side), when be"
coming innwieldy1 from'ttocumulations of
ice wn their hniis and rigglnTnayer to
a niger latitude on the American coast, ana
thaw out. in the same manner that' vessels
frozen up on our own' coasfi retreat again
Into the gulf stream nntil ' favored by an
eaPteriy wind." fJ'' T''mi i ;i:-i
'This coricurrent testimonyv were-it not
corroborated by thousands of witnesses' as
to the mildness of Hhe temperature of the
northwest coast, should set at -rest the fa-
t bles of a frigid climate there i and, what is
! equally satisfactory they divest-the subject
j of vulgar mystery in explaining the' causes
: by tne' stnrpiest laws of nature- -rne ex
j perlence of-the presentwrlter ow the north-
I tajnef Anacf rt i r4 IHth4a ' nrlllck Pn.
' w, vuD VUCHV aUU VUV 'U Wl IV JLIIIVIC1I W l.w
S who know tbeextreme'Nbrth Paeificv leads -
t to but ohe'conclusion-i-th4t' Whatever oa-
i lection maybe raised against the final? aS
i quisitioh of Russian America', as regards Its
i value, i material1 or -political, -there are no
i IgTonnds for rejecting it 6ri the seore of an
! inhospitable-climat. 'l 'A8 1 regards ' the
j "northern-i coast, 'at' Behrlffg's Straits and
! around n the Arctid 1 shore, J there can be
; .niinesition'aA to thi BGVerltv f hei wih-
! n'..;T..iiL. J.lio .. - i.." l-.-'ff
tingency could arise which--would call for -in-
a settlement -there The" fisheries,' ifdrL-j
traae, ana general course oi commerce, are
to the southward, east of the sea-of liamt
schatkai In the great bend of the oceatt' ly
ing' between the eastern coast and the penH
Insula, thence1 to China and India. .V '51i ;
I i u
ON THE NORTHWEST COAST. NECESSITY OF AN EXPLORING EXPEDITION
BEING SENT FROM SAN FRANCISCO.
effectual .way, of I
' nil ' . : t . l
I .a ncr? is; a, jspeeuy stnu
solving xnese.vexea. que
and the general value of. Russian. America.
i .'Oar Govern.mept should without delay dis-
patch.. a steam, .reyepuecutter Jrm San
i .Frahcis.co; for the Special service this sum
i jner iri;explqrlng.that, p9rtioh oi, the. coast
.whlchhal.f a, pentdry. of explprience.ba8
! Jaugh'the Russians- is ayaUable, tor.g.eaerr
1 ai commercial purposes! VSuch'a vesselrlf
! dispatched, at once,.by..telegraph--and one
i or . fwo,'. might now be mentioned as well
; .calculated lor the trip-7-would reaeh Sitka
I jsay',.by"th'e- middle of-May and quite in
j .time, for , the breaking' -hp of the' northern
; .winter, and, th& opening of the inlets', and
i xivers Jf the far norths. At Sitka the local
authorities would "supply pilots and guides
who ' have , passed their "lives In .. those
regions, and (. the .;voyage." ot , exploration
could, be" completed, , for all practical pur
poses,' ibyf "October.. , The steamer, would
find an ample supply ot coal at twpor three
wpll known rnine's. esneciallv 'at tAdinAI
Island. She. could visit rany, or, all of the
company's . postsi;or, tradng,.stationsof
which, as has alreadytbeen stated there are
.thirty-eight, and, ascertain, frprn actual pb
servation and accounts-taken on the spot;
the yyhole story in time for the meeting; of
.Congfes jd ext.. winter.,' -Such a flylhg ex
;peditionof cou.rsepould not be exppcted
'to navigate any' great distance up. the Kyi
chrak or - other, large rivers, or, effect any
detailed., exploration of .(he; interior; but,
.with, aa active andj wide awake little corps
ot .the proper ,ro'ii untrammeliea , by, red
; jtape restriction, the expedition would bring
-back timore. live;;intormationi on, all impor
tant points than could.be obtained by years
.of fumbling among tlw? accqunts of ancient
. navigators, aqq musty .pooka. of travel. iy.
in ! !
-f'vOT '.3 T!; i t ft
j-)t:u) it is ii')7
-7 1 1
I lf!;r, f" "
tPio. 23 lo 2
..hi, f :!J '- I
i t r i i ' I i t - f i m t n
utb; Ilich Street,
:hi i );jvt "iU i mj
: Are now offerlnsf a' fresh Assortment of :
f) il V ii 'I fl-Ti ! U
I RmnmiriATPrt i rimmincB. . ...
it r-whiteMariiauiee. ' JJ ;' - '
. : I.J 1 ' fOlOfc iAtieiHaniKercniMS, .; .
. . ..vs v.
.Plain French Lawn. .
1 ' ' Spring Shawl.",- ;' 1
! ,t :.,.? i. Paisley Shawl
j'i-.-m) , : i -'-; French
Woven Corsets. . ;
Small Hoop Skirt3, . .
. ' Imperial Shirts.
.-Fancy:Cas8imere8. ;--- " .n'.' .
i llnv.' (la-HKimGreR-'
UIVW. '"u null 1.1 ' 1. M. UDI1 UO .
Toilet QaiHd.' s;i-"-''
-. .Table Linens and Napkins;
,.";-, :8prina Cloaking.
Dress -TiiTnmlnir'jii :v.n
. t Lace UurUuns, -. ... ., .- -i..
- i v"jJiack Msntil'a Silks-" " '
umwu iw -.Game Undersbirts.
Gingbaois and Calioo's. ' . '
; Jilastio Serge Skirting, etc.; etc.,
V; "i . '! "Iii .':-' j-''-.'"; '-if .1! .
-...; " . i . F '.: !; . . i I
""! f; . ' Jif! j ! ';
On'ISroadway, between llontl and
--..",:!; Front Streets, '':' ' ;':
. coUMBUs, piaro.
t-rri! TAKE THIS METHOD OF
,VY calling attention to our large stock of, band-
some an well noianea . ,
Carjriaffea , . ... -"
Uarencthet; ; ; .
-. -;:,1 : fclilftlnjrTop-nnsjglea,.'
...... ,.. . : '..'a lop Kurgies,
. .;',-! . '...-,"-' , : Open.Hugffles,
A. r : ,. . .' .
And Spring Wa?ons. Tbey are. alt of tbe latest
' style, finished in tbe finest manner, and warranto 1
giro Mtiafaotion.' We take great pleanre in show
ing ear stock, whether yna bay or not, and only ask
,rnii tn all and examine for vourselves. ...
All orders by mail promptly attended lo, and spe
cial care taken in tne snipment ot work.- -....
. fT. ANDERSON.
' All repairing p our line done qa the shorten no-
lice. . .. . ...n . : ,. .., apri-uom
SPRING AliD SUMMER GOODS;
; No, 220 South High St.,"
( ." .V - .'..
I HAVE JUST RECEIVED . THE
lareeat and fine t stock of Fall and Winter Goods
ever brought to this city, consisting of '-
.. . ; 1 .: ; :.!.,-!'. in: .....
'.-; lEiieriiBla txncl,
.: CaBsimcreBt So
For Gentlemen's wear, which I will sell at tbe low
est Cash prices.. . ...
Also keep' constantly -on hand a well selected
.ftfoekof-'-'Vi " -
READY MADE CLOTHING,
;, JOHN HUNTER. .
may! !. ; ' ' " - ' , 820 South High street.'
Ininof tant to Mercnants & Shippers
u 'r . , . -. 1 1
lilL 1 UV-i!. Jwr'-,....:1'- 'L'VZZ-SJ-
TTAVING: SUPERIOR FACILITIES
..171. for shipping by Canal, we will zro special
to tbe forwarding of all goods sent to us
shipment to poinu on tno.vnio ana liooking ca
nr a va Arrwm v w . . . - w-y
:-r ,.ji ..?o;r V'f.V.v..'.D. F.8uTDAM.''
i Gbo.-W. Hoskinboi. AgenC.:.' -
. Packets leave daily. from our landing;, west
cf Canal.-foot of Friend street, forCircleville
CbiUiaothejl-' :'- J ' '-" 'apr24-d9t
1f FARJW,' OF 183 ACItfiS. iN CWPfJ
'1X ton township, about six miles north of'Oolnm-t
.bus, on tbe riyer read;: large tew two-etory briolt
, house, rbaro, stable and other 4utrbnildinfjs;
orchard and vineyard, rich bottom soil and choice
'upland, in an excellent state of eultiTa'tion; about
'85. acres of timber;--For sale- cheap' and on
. terms j . Apply at my : residence; 368 8outb Front
' - street, or at tbe office of Otto Dreel. Sit .South
1 fclw aWAGEif
j wiawwiui v., arm , yiiiniir
.'f,.1t rr? n -
!; - j; ii
i ;:::'! h
.. ly.'- Ol 3:iy''i it brtl
-jn'.:-''- i'j'-ii ni 'i'u if
ipr -;ih r- '. V.hb 7m"J '-I
..-i r, .-. ft -.,-.1 :-r, 'r:l ,' f ct
j I tc.iii fct p
niv:i! ! i f I; . I - r
1 1 J I A'
;.:r.l ?r'J-'n5X t'vd O'tXll )t f i;
:i;iq m-iii 'r.r.u 'si :1 jud y-
L t: j:
Great ; Bateal
!; v r7
- ;: v!ii ?l
ill VV i if.''
.IJm h:is i;ah'?
; n.-ifU n.'if i j'i-
i,t,jq',JI fun; .ty. ')
i'j ).! I .r-tu)
i: .!J i
tl-1 Jfc.-J f;;-.ulj
Great Bar gains.
inn (-ooihwi vnj
!? it ;-.ui-"i
WlW Yf. 7--1V
3 1 1 i-;
'j i i
G. IIEADLEYr & GO.'S
-. ; 'ij " .
ii 'ft i-i .V .'.!
f ;:..; ;;
I T. f H
;i: fei ;.
.. . i
Sphtlv: Higlr Street.
J!... T J.I
H'COLl!,.. .MILES ' & M'DONALDS,
: (:u; : ::K! i j J ' 1 1 -i: J -I 1 :'i ' i"5 .j'l
Eycry Variety of Family Sapplies,
'I i-1 - - I ,..! i.
Vines,: Brandies, . Cigars, -
i . . r. . i . t a.. r -
. rtopneiprs uoiampos rowaer juagazine,
l ;aqeKT3 FOE SILK OT i ' :
PMpps & .to.'s Sugar Inrtd urna-s.
I . - . . .. . . .
i , m iwava in nann T.nn nnHt nrsnni or ; i t i
" " v" . -y
I ... V J 1 1 , - 1. -.
1VBIIXE HOSE,? -v
" ' ' ' , Headquarters for
FRESH BALTIMORE: OYSTERS.
. j ..' :i oiitfEiKS SOIilCITEO.1
'All roods delirered, freo of charge, lo any part
' M'COUf JJILa M'DONALDS,
-:r:'-.ii .1:10 12 and 126 Soutb fih atreel-
HILL & EDWARDS,"
.133 anai3 .SowtjAoiirtU Street,
DEALERS IN 'V'i 1 I' V
1 FAM! LY , GROCERIES, :
Choice Teas, Foreign and Domestic Fruits,
' and Willow Ware , Sc.; untter, ifggBj iaro,
, And. all kinds of ,
AlwaTS in store. - AH -ood warrant d as represent
ed. Call and. see. . .132 ana. 134 povtn t oarin
; IS" All poods delivered free of ebarga;,; j i
feb27-eoo3m ' . . . ..
rrilE 'AiwfeicAr IiOFlL' PKOPKR.
J. ty, fronting on Highratraet; will be dvrided
n8ineea lots and oflered at private eale. untiltbe
iota day of May. For particulate, call at my
ao.SQ State street, or at the totei. ij ;
W. A. AlcCOT, Trustee.
April 22. 1867.' "'-'J ' " --' ": i ' apr23-dtf
. I. G.ARDSEB.:. ....... , i , , V..H ; PBHMAH
- !;m .- .-.ii i no i is :-t.iv'-.
GARDNER it , PENMAN ,: Propria
mcb21-dtf . '
r PHILLIPS HQUSEi
SOUTHWEST CCR. MAIN RnD TH1PD STREETS
, . . . L. RrllBOLD, Proprietors
C.O.McMillenI Chief Clerk.
of.mdtfr.. - ':h:l:t-J .':.:;
1 nil fu ft "Ao-
j rOKMKRLY BtlCKIKSHAll BOUSK,
East Side of Hie Public Square;
JOHN RdOS, - ; '- ''I-r
, 0Ctl5-dtf r! j a r'f-
8. B. CRITTEKDKNj. ': ;" -ii C. tV SfcHGRANT;
. ; .! CI3C!i3(AXI, OHIO. .'1
S. E.-CRITTENDEN 4c CO., Propria.
T-TAVIVG L.E SbD THE PROPERTY
XX knouh as tbe Walnut Street House, and
pi ed our improvemenu PPon th
s thoroughly re furnished, painted,
most erc'ellent copdUion. and will
the, CLARENVON. HOTEL.
tne same, it is
from this data
We shall be
banor to-see our friends and tbe traveling
and guarantee tbe aocommodationa of .the
don to ne equal to any iiotei in tne
in the Hotel-
Teleeraph Ofl5ce In
Marc n 18. 1867. -I & E
.4epr30-dtf-mch26 . , .
, SALLIHIB, ,,M
Late of Mason Co, Ky
: -..M O. NILBOH. i '".4
Late of MUt:terUn4 Ky.
: .1 ,- t q.,ir"M f.i ,. 1 !.:! ' Iil".V
(r OKHKSLT P KNKI80H HOUSV L j .
4LLEHES.- REL80-S-C0.r .Proprietprs
,.! FlfUi Street, nciur: WnJjtt,
,. , i , ' i -'-i v
' JWTbis House bavingentborougMy
n oTsted and newly furnished, if now open.)
Ten lines ot NonpdreijJ'or iuoE epace, 'cws'.:
ite eqiij'.ra. . ; i i . . J i"l 1
DlitT For euca f ntion, per gqflsrs.Tj cents ;
Iotine of Heath. 50 cenia : i'Otioes til' larriaeea.
SOeenta; Reliaioui Notices, 60 eenta. Adrertiae
menra inaerted eTerj other day. ptom Ititrtt rfazrxtl
one week, will be charged, 1 00 per sinare, each
cents per line, for each insertion., ISq
tnntirWiU',1 prrnotrt r'
Wbeklt i.0 erittara e&cff f nser
1UBQI UBlUeS 1, WIICO l UWK immuil, n
INq Notice lets.
ness Notiee, 60 eent per lis eac insartloa. A'e
Notice less tb&n w w iiesaraavertuements
bchiPBedmratar rates.- f f
All transient advertisements muitb pafl Tor at
tbe time they are ordered. .
. ' - - - - J" f LV 1- i II --i f 1 '
a 1 1 t i j t? n f r ?r rr rs v l J
nwwuai iit.it itoMWf
- i N13 West BrMdMreeti
Importer ofFlno Liquors & lsrs,
iune2aVdtflr:li la U 1 1 J .! a I r. Ail
w. d. Burm Ai.i Cs co.,
44 CHA11BE& COC pTJIXDINQ, '
.fiwX la ttn ttt .! CUXCilOO.
. ISAAC ITIETER .Salesman.
Rifikewcbs Messn.fBnram' Go.i BanVen,
Lawrence burg ii auonai lianH, LAwrencebmj, ina.
janI-doTM'AJfT MJT to l.im(
or.i fionnnojr wnis.
Thirty barrels' pnre 10 years ; old Bonrbot
Also. titftatj-H-barrela par 8 to U
years o .
of. the beet brands. , , .Will be sold, by Ihe demboba
keg'ot barrelr also,' all kindr of; Wines and -ether
dSaeS lirt-ia-r,) , V. ', r 223oWth- ii wtn i treti J
L. 0. AILVT- JT. O. TK.OV TSOX.
BAICEr, THodPson S CO.
-079 virRXl J II Li 1 53 i" TJ",r
.--DO-A- n. t Irruvf -f uitnsT
Frein and Domestic Eb'aiiJ,irn
-F'ti - J- -riWa.Ma.MAMaV fTHK Jl V T? XV .
to and remitted for on the day of paymen
Ti 'maja6-d6m-jneS3 ;u f l n VX 1
'I . ' rtm atnaV af . . .
.rrno-rtA ri 1 t
r. HAT&BW." J-0S.SUtCHB30H.
AT NO., 13 SOUTH HICH CT.,
(Lately oeenpled Ine oTSos-Of tb- Boar j ro'f 3on-
ON MONDAY, JANUJJiTuX&jd&Z
j. i-i:n ;o-?qfoi nalo p iraq eizT A
1 pOMlPOltNli 'II ltllEfe WdVlf1"!,
W Gold, Silrer and Gold Coupons bonrht at lib
eral rates. GoTernmentand St e Seenritien honrht
,ndoldv7 1 8-Kf Notew conTerted.iiUn B W Bends.
M reenlated ineomorated Hanki. acpnt tha iuuinvuf
regulated incorporated liankf,xtepUha,iMiiinKftf
Bank notee. 1 ',TJ fl ' ' T
I w u ta
-qj; i; iini,ti;ti
O. "W. CA1TPBEI,L. E.BABBEB
(Snt;cessors to jr. & L. Zettler,) 41
nf i-igvo'-: o?'l f'filn slnr-if "i-frr no ?xl
h n :T,?ol t i JMPAiy ' .JRAuraa jn-g
. a I . ..... sI...,a
: 17!rn nn1 YlM&F'tlVX
I aaaa. A a BBBm'bM hL- t-i" 'il 11
i - - n m n k jw - aw ara - -
1 " mmr WB
31 '11 OJ
COK; F0URTH;&! FRIENDSTS"
rrTTT XTTiTT B SI TTTfl
OFFICE Parson's Block, corner State and J7ia;tt
treet. hp stairs. jan8-dtJi
aa. mm aaaa aaa. m m aaa. .
A . TXT Y1TJAWAM ,.
ATTORNEY !AT LM4W.
if' Prompt attention given to bnslnees.' d suT
angl-dtf .t f t ,-, n..; , r,ltr.n .-.r
At tornev atJavi,
'nEiOFFtC-In the Buckeye Block,
rCOER OFRIQR AiDvR0Ar8TR
ii.ni r t ' i li i'i i,.' ' . i. "iVi 1 ml n T
OFFICE No. 151 Sontn. Ulali.Stret
.JESS"? Especial attention paid to .CorrKTA'CTKB
"toTSCoti.iOTiNO.--:- VlJJ -a J may"68dtf
THOS. C. "THURLI AIT.t
v1!''.'' n-'fK '' ,li ''I " ' '.X" ft gvr
JSJDGE Til UltMAN S OFFICE :
SAUL S.- HENKLEj
IL.EPRACTICE IN THE sJuPREIUB
aVra.init t.h tJit nnrl Korl or 1 f!nirArnniint
OFf ICEAe. 87 East State street, opposite tba
B.ataRnc. . .... r.H J,.
If : .T -" .CP-;W"V'.7t
iUftV: JT . i4WVx i!ua
-Attorney and - Cotrnssllor' 'at 'Lafr
.1 .r.frrq VAPAkbWETA!?"R
; . 1i..t unf I j t".ui j'.'i. ; ' '"Jj'ior K
, i nia-.:.;r ."J- . .i--;n". -i;-
Traotieea In, tia Conr . . of Wester Ohio,
; '..j.!: .li'li.' I'i' A I '.jrqij.
. . I... ' " ' 7 PI 1 ' 1 Ri hi-.l . - .ii... .
ViV liiJ .iLs-I..IU r. U-?.ff5iil .-,lft
.On Fourth, street. between. State, and Proai. la-J.
J-'-' e- ' ' -7fMtller,a Office.--
3'.'RKsnXNCl---iJoirt3 SSntar Fturtb streetl di
jiio 1.) FiioiTfjx') i;rtf:a;jT'jqia .
.'ii.'.: ...:..i,.L'... jii' ,'uj.ji ii.'vJ
- if; -Coaiitfmeys-win tad it Cetheir3acrrsuatagitalei
repaired I at No. 6, GWYNNfi.Jil.CCKJ before parrhspi
1 .lswhere.- J iCr JESAJB Re Sa ONE,
liTBSTi rRECEIVEl. " AiEAItit3 '-AKh,
'Or .Borrmentef .BRUSSELS nd LSGRAIN
VAJrXi Ju Ul cuiucij uow p.icnio, . , .
ineir UTantni to jean
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