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THE DAILY PHESS
Jublthei Kvery MonlnUt ... , f ' tatrsnAVS cnTB, !'' t V - - HKNIIY. IIGSKI) Ie CO., , , . rKOPBTBTOBa. , orrin -timim. oustob-bow,, THE oiwoiaaATI DllblBmii Irtlwmt , subperlsors la (Jlnolnnett, Oovtertoe end .. snrrcmBd.tB cities and town, a - Ten Onxxtaa ' a "vVooJjc, , varan. wtnl OAanlsa. ' run r kUn-Blntle coplss, 3 eent hm month, BOo i three months, 1 33 1 one year, $.1 VOLGME V, rtCUSUKD DI UENKI HEED tt CO AT OSE DIME A WEEK. CINCINNATI, WEDNESDAY OFFICE OS TINE-STREET, OITOSITJi THE C15T0JI-U0CSE. "MORNING, MAY 1. 1861. I .' i i, A t i j ., ,. ttJB&i. NUMBER 53 AMUSEMENTS. jy A T 1 U N A L T U BeA T B R . On WEPNEBPAY EVEN INQ, May 1, Will b acted the Intcraetlna drama, celled rjOMINIQtJlt,, TUB PE9EBTEB Oa, 1B1 UtSTLSMlK III iiUMIK, A splendid Seine, rnpreeentlne; TITR DKCLA RATION OF INDKPBNDICNO. A'ill be exhibited. andtba"-tar.epaneled Banner" by the aallra company. be pel D 01) D1AMUN t DIAMOND. MUSICAL. 4a A (IDA Jt'HT PI DUSHKB. A xw. ueanrum Bona and Chorus. ..-.r;..-.-a entitled ' Aura Lea ,r Poetry by W. nVSu5?-l W FoNUlrfc, Ssq price root. Jtirl M a CBTJIIOH, Ja.. Importer of Music and Musical Instruments Wt Foiirtb-at. ' apIS THE TITNFH'S onnE.-A treatmb on Tnntn tbe Piano lorta. Oro-an, Alelodeoa and Berspliine. nrinrislnn amnla Inntrurtions and a epeciucatien f Defects and their Remedies. Price 40 cen', on receipt of which It will be sent, post- paid 4. uhuhuu, Ja , tt want Founn-et apia BUSINESS CARDS. J. B. & T. GIBSOIJ, e-APTO -: ' ' BBASS FOtlNDERB, ... 900 AND 809 VINS-8T., (NATIONAL HALL,) Bet. Fifth aod 8lh, Glncfanatt, 0. " 1 ' IEAO-PIPR HHRBT-HRAH, WATFtt A tii.OSPTb , n-.tand Cold Bat hi and Chemical Apparatus fitted up In the neatest manner. Iron aid vrase. ripe, and Brass woik of every nescrtp. tlon. fei7 cm LEGAL HttPOirflNG. MA GBAf'HUJ HKPOBTKB. Tbe above hm now jrriiaiiemij mcu'ed in tmi cny ana m prpArud t Atttd BroniBtlv to or 6 irucrs n mmrf aesorlptioD, iff ibis city, State or any other State. PlinnooTunhin RpivnrtinaT tAiitrhr If A amir a A Of- the Irmt office. KpferHto AlDhooioTftfl. ICao.. Attor. Iitr-at-.aw; M" B. Pttfr, F-bq.. proprlptor of tb Pr felO-tf MEDICAL. 6 West 8eentlnt., betweea Vine and Baca. rUwIdenca. I O A Weet 8eTnth-Bt.. between VlMudliK. OBice ooia. 7X to si A. M n LAW CARDS. w. H. auwni. 1. v. lUDim, Bai.dwiji acBAinwti", AT LAW. Baak Duildlua. S, ATTORHETS street. Oinclnniitl. i. wast i ntra torn Oyster Ketchup! A. NEW AITICLE! TBI IT ! TB.T IT t BHUIVEB-g BALTTM08B 0T9TKB KSTCHOPI Bbrlrer'a Baltimore Oyater Kotchnp I sTnnis im am wntth ki.t Nifw att. J CLE, made of the finest and b'xheat-flaTored .Baltimore Oysters, containing all their flavor, and fs aronoupced the best Ketchup, or Banca. Dots in oaa. It is intended for use on all moats, hot or and is particularly good on poultry. For sea onii g soups and gravies it bas no equal, and is a dt'llthtul addition tochioaen salad, or wherever a Kelchop or sauce is aetiraeie. Originated aud prepared on'y by JAS gUHtVKtt A CO., Baltimore, Md. For sale, wtaoleaala, by J. T., WARREN & CO., Main-it., Cincinnati. Also, by retail trocars itenerally. feM-cni 0RA8. J. BUCKINGHAM. M. H. A. ATKIB, Chas. J. Buckingham & Co., fLOUB, C.BAIN AND PEODCCK, GENEBAt COmMISSIOM -AND ' ' ;, , , . FOEWABDInQ MERCHANTS, NO. 1IT CAST PIAB1VBTBK8T, Bet. Broadway and Ludlow.' Ghok-e brands of Floor, for Bakera and Fam use, ooustautly oa hand. A lull supply of Jews) ail Riuae. laio-im TECS. W. FARRIN & CO., Wholesale and Betall Dealers, -IN- BUILDING LUMBER ! Cedar Timber, Board and Posts Pine and Hemlock Fencing boards, Framing Timber, Shingle, Lata, Door and Saah . K-' J rwiO PABTTES WHO INTEND PFR, M- CI1 ASO for cash, or om ehort time, we offer an opportunity of ear lug from 5 to 10 par oeot. Particular attention paid te ihlpping Lumber, liner iy ttmiroau, itiTer or vaoai. BJT Terd oa reemant , opposite George, and next to ttte viBCiunaiit xiiuiuiwb ana u& tou nau road. LuhM-tr The Campaign Opened. SODA-WATER, WE HAVE JtTfeT COMPLETEOTHB T lehitirfi of our Soia-water apparatus, aud are now prepared to ffer our frienda, fur the eea n, a pure, cold and refresbins driuk. Our Syrups are nufeurjianwd in yuhiitj ana flavor, and can not fall to rleuee. Our pec laity, Dew-drop Cream," birh 1 1 tia been so popular toe laet two mmmeri, we fIikII l-ave, as ueual AINU- JJIne Liok, Kiwingen and iaratoga Wa tt ri tiirouM'a tflti sW-a'cn . J. W. HANNAFOB0, Drursrift, aplS X . H W eur. Qiw.tral-aT aud duth ei. CTFAM WEEKLY HBIWKKM nrw JVK. AIjU l.lVMhrooi., laiinmg and embarking nassengors at U(JKNS- flViWTU Tralut.il. The l.iverDoiil. New Philadelphia Hteamshlp Uompany lnteud dlspatchr ing their full-powered Ulyee-uuiiwrun oteauuuips as follows: CITY WABITHOTON.. ...Saturday, Mays. 01TV (IT MArJOH KHTKB Samrday, May II. CITY OF BALTIMOttK .....lurilay , Alay 18. And every Saturday, at noon, from Pier 44, North stiver. , . . .. . i . satis or risaaon Flr,t t',Ms 7 km.ere.......f3D Klnt Cahlo to Lopdon H ltera t, f nil'n..M 33 6l-r"hturn littels, good. (urBixMsutha... 60 Pasaencers ft-rwiirded to Paris, Hsv.a, Hamburg, Bremen, liotteidain, Autwwrp, Ao. at reduced tPiouirh fares. ...... at' rVrsiias wishing to bring ont their friends, can buy tickets here at tbe following rtes, to New York ; rom Ll.erp.jol or Qneeustown. First Cabin, 179. f o and fli; Hteeraga Irom Liverpool, W, lomttueenatown, IdO. . . . Thse Bteamera have superior aooommodatlona tor aaweuiiers, ai d carry eiperleaoed Burgeons. They -.rebuilt In Wetor-tinut Iron Suctions, aud Lave Pstet.t Fire aunibilators on board. J0I1N0 OALri, Bnt 15 Broadway, N. T. Or, WILL. B BAKHVsOO , Agents, ai30-tf ' cturpet-hooee BviMing, Olnclnnatl. OAftFlELD &. SBBTBAM, .? . i '. aaiixu w Coal and Coke, Fira-brlok and Clay, Office and Yerd-IOT-lasI Front tt., south side, between Butler. si and Miami Canal, tsT Corstantly a kand "Plrfv ot Yooghli. theny. Peach-orchard (launel au Btfo d Olty Coal: Olty-manulactured aud MuMee''' goke Tire brick and Clay. B Bun Mutual Insurance Company, OF CtWCUntATI. 1 " " ' . Office, No. T3 West' Third at. (Bvwe A do.' Bank , j , i BusUiuf ) , i " TBIs'OTHvIFANY IS PREPAItKD TO r.ceive applications fr lnsuranceea bwallimrs, Vrarrhoupea. Alaaulaotorka, auruitura aaA Mer ciandise. to'ion laaued from ana to Ave years. ; i aiascroas : A . B.1tta, . , - Josbna Josiea, J W. Hum 1 s- r,,i. HuHasAt ) t n. n. uraue, Joshua K. t.ibseai vih. v Plifnna. Calab U. Wliiuou, WM. t. PUIPPB, President. I, Tj. Bhho, tVereUry. " '- - apl-tf nAWII.TN )lrl!vlN PI,Rt-Nr, SI 37J -UrldgVI A. leigursua es. William For. ....r-nn Divorce. The dtenlaut is hereby notidud Ilist the plalntli U4 her petition aaaiust hlu. i" . I..I ulierelu she charilea the sal defendant with adiiltery, and ataye to ha divorced ?,.!ui ler said hushaud, and to cava alimony llts: thst uq1i he aupear ou oc before U dV, if Jr. Ib6l.,,a.d Plead. ,auw or deuiur thereto, the same will ue heard In ku bseaoa, Attwt'V ter P.tltlouer. April l, laal. apai-f tt tiK AND Liljt OK.Wr( UAVB If iiii ba asfttbee Ur.tUa poruataaa uf I looors which Lwi bawa aalaota axpraaalF Vicinal aa 11.BIIT KOtUL Drwaatsi. a.w wf. iWatral-. aad AiahtkS. 00tt sasegiaslimi a sua saasw VARIETIES. The TcxftAl are afmlDtr for 'tte ' fiiht. CorDptinlet are raisiDg all over the State. Fiflem hn rid red free Betrroei are aid to have Tolunteercd to defend New Orleans. 'A fort Is reedi'y to be erected on Port Bill, noith of Vicksburtf, Miss., on the bluff. Junes, tie' basso. Is Hill lineim' at La Scale, Milan. Vcrdi'l Due Fotcari has been revived at Venice. ; -, The Hallo in Matcher a ha, been produced at Nice, with the 181116 success as elnewhere. Rose Devries is singing In Roberto at Am sterdam. ,,,,,, iii ' Stenanone wis singing at Naples, at last accounts. . i Madame LaGrantre has been encased for La Seal a, Milan, and will make her debut with lie turn in jxormd. The new opava called Shalrtptar, rrjusio by Beuvenuti and libretto b; Piare, has been recently produced at rarma. . A new opera V Aurora di Keren, by a new composer, Sinico, has been produced at Trieste. Carl Schorr, bas gone to Washington, it Is said, to take commana ot the Uerm&n regi ment from Minnesota. ' Thomas Francis Meneher is raUinsr a vol unteer company of Irish Zouaves in New lorn tiny. . ' The Chicago, Towaand Nebraska Railroad gives free passage for volunteers on their way to the Davenport rendezvous. ' Jeff. Davis has been hunrr In efflzv in Bos ton. We wish we could, with truth, leave out tne words "in emgy. Ten printers irom Harrisonburg, va., a town of 4,000 inhabitants, have euiiated in tne Virginia army. Samuel Dehring, a Tennesseean, has been expelled from Illinois, it is said, because of his bouuiern feelings. . The New York Timet ririreS the nnrrhina by tbe Government of 500 rilled cauuou and 600,000 Minnie ritlea. Anna M. Lam ax, who went to Hayti from Boston last Summer, was murdered there by a utuuscii uegiu, uuuie weutm ago. Ole Bull, the violinist, has recently played at a concert in London, the occasion being his first appearance in England for thirty jeam. , The Lyceum Theater In Barcelona, one of luomrntui opera nouses in ispain, nig been recently aestioyea Djnre, through the jeal ousy ot a rival manager. The Bellows Falls Timet judges that there aid now over 1,000 men under arms and waiting for orders in Vermont, and that 2,000 more wiu oe reaay next wees. Frank Lord, a shoemaker, walked and rnn from Natick to Boston, a distance of eighteen miles, the other day, in two hours and fifteen minutes. One of Hazard's powder-mills, at Enfield, Conn., was struck by lighting, and exploded, on Tuesday evening. It contained sixty- inree Darreis oi powaer. Lioss aoout f 5,000. Edwin E.Eldridge committed suicide with laudnum at Manchester. N. H.. the other day. on account of a ftar of pecuniary embarass- menis. Deacon Eli Memll, of Warsaw, New York, commuter, suicide on n eaoesaay eveninz, by hanging himself in his . own bark. He was a citizen of influence and distinction. The Memphis (Tenn ) Bulletin threatens to retaliate on Cincinnati a protective measures by seizing on an the property owned there Ij our citizens. . , , i A man was arrested in Memnhia. Tenn.. recently, and because he had plans of Hick, man and Columbus, Kyn he was supposed to be a spy. Peter B. Barum blew his brains out. tbe other dij, near Vickeburg, Miss., on account or tlie perplexed condition ot bis country a anairs. The New York Tribune has a correspond ent who says that Stephens, in all his speeches, urges an immediate dash at Wash ington. A son of the Rev. E. G. Berrv was accl dentally killed sear Smithfield. Kentucky. the other day, by tbe accidental discharge of bis gun. . i . . The senior editor of the Hartford (Conn.) Prest, Joseph R. Hawley, has gone to sup port with his sword the cause be has de fended Willi Lis pen. Twenty tuns of ammunition, including about 400,000 musket cartridges, have been sent from the Watertown (Mom.) arsenal to As we shall not be in the receipt of New Orleans sugar for some time, it is well that the Vermont farmers have made a large quantity or mapie sugar iuib season. . Choctaw County, Miss., has 700 men under arms, aod in addition, a company of women, numbering some sixty, has been armed and fuiffitd. . . .. . . The use of Brewster park has been offered to tbe State for a camp-ground for the troops during tneir stay in new Jiaven, uonnecu- The Reduction of Baltimore Necessary. " J The New York Tribune t&jt: In a very short time. Derhans this dav. Maryland will be as much out of the Union as is South Carolina, while Baltimore will assume the same relative position toward tbe federal uovernment inav unaneston has long occupied. Maryland and Baltimore, now in rebellion against the United State. will then be at open war with them. This treacherous State, this pestilent city, lie be tween the. royal North and the national Capital. Surveying the field from a mili tary stand-point, and . using a military brase, Uiey ptutl ot reuuoeu, this must be one at the earliest practicable hoar. The entire work can not be performed in a day, nor in a wqek. perhaps ; but a bold, stun, uiug blow oan be struck at the heart of the fee, and that immediately. Washington cin not be sate, no m.Uei how many troops oc cupy it, wntie Baltimore staaas-inarma be hind it. Now the most dangerous, m it is the most despicable city in the rebellious Slates, it most either surrender to the Fed eral forces on being summoned, or A mutt be AftmatA Hner rjtn thiaha rlnna r . . Fort McEenry, with tuck suitable 6Meli as can be promptly gathered m its. harbor, mnst demolish its street with shot And shall. Thoukh the entire city can not be reaohed Irom ice 10 rt ana toe naroor. yet au tna business and commercial and banking por tions of the infamous town aa be laid in ruins (torn these points. The spot to save Washington is at Baltimore, Tbe imprege nabln defense of the forme deDenda BDOn tbe Immediate destruction of latter. The Federal Caoital must not beexposed) to an attack In the rear from a large sity. filled with fighting men, with munitions of war, With provisions, aod easily reached from the sea. Let it be promptly red ace d ,,., ' Baltimore subdued .or in ashes, our Ipyal troont can advance; leisurely, is) two huge rniies, from the Pennsylvania line tovard' Waehington.- ii Mary ton a resists our marun as she doubtless will, we must plow, up her, rebellious soil witn cannon baus, and sow Wtln gunpowuer.JJ ' - , . , swi. I I l HI 1 .. III and Atk u4 om 1i gsjLFlSH PlIIPQSa PF TB 6opTHIB CokV "rapiBACY.rThe .quiv,ille',Ky.) 'Journal '. Wben Fort Eumter'was taken the Charles tonians cou-riatuUUd tbemaelve that they were through with the wart that it would titreMfttr be transferred to tbe Border States, Presently Virginia and Maryland will slip ept f It, and point the armv to Kentucky. Let the Cotton Slates that have sown wind reap the whirlwind themtolvas. Tbey have bronsht calamities nnoueh on these Stales already, by their m adnata) and fully. Tbetr bloody remedy Is their owa let them nln. t - " Wv Something About King Cotton—The Labor Question in the Cotton States. A rise i almost inevitable, save tbe New York AVxtti'njr Pott, and with it not only In dian cotton but Algerian cotton, Brazil cot tony African cotton, West India cotton, Cen tral American cotton, may all undersell America cotton ta Liverpool, we no not believe that the cessation of slavery in our southern estates would stride tne tatai mow at ike success of our cotton culture which is often supposed. The experience of the Brit ish planters In tbe West Indies shows that the question of profitably growing a great staple such as sugar or cotton is not a question of eompultcrf labor, (uf bfdenrily of popula tion. Slavery In tact succeeds only because it forcibly create! an' artificial populousness in certain small sections of a great and other wife poorly populated region. . Barbados, which has a population of one and a half to tbe acre, and where land is worth on the average five hundred dollars pet acre, grows mucn more sugar now, witn tree labor, tnan it ever did or could nnder slave labof. Jamaica, on the contrary, which has but a p0 nlation of eleven to tbe square mile, and where land may be had at $5 per acre, bas an immense deficit In Its sugar crop, but a happy population of small farmers. ' So it will be in our Cotton States when the era of free labor seta in with this advantage, how ever, to our planters, that their proximity to the market, their hold on that market, and tbe immense advantages of an intimate and unrestricted commercial Intercourse with all parts of the Union, will -enable them to pay higher wages than are paid in any other wvuxij t u"u k i J tuiiuii ur flaring tesa, still to undersell all others at a profit them selves. In the Cotton States negroes hired last j esr for from $250 to $300 per nnnnm, including lood, clolhea and medical attend ance. In no part of the country does acrricultural labor cost so dearly to tbe employers as in tbe slave States; and as the price of negroes bas gene up steadily, it has already reached apointwhere itccasesto he profitable to grow rire or suar by s are labor while every sen flble Southerner mast perceive that a steady dtcline in thn price of cotton of even two cents per pound, would ruin every cotton planter in the six States. But this decline niUBt come, because the world is doing the best to sbaie in onr monopoly. It is too rich a pi Ize to be left much longer in our bands, even if the slave-owners were quiet and industrious. By their mutiny ther only bring down their own ruin, by giving their competitors an op portunity, ""it is worth reflecting," says the London 7tw, "that if the agriculture of the slave States should be mined, there will be a trade of $200,000,000 a year to be picked up by some other countries." England will not bcbmjt to xmo cc'Tok. Lastly, of the present prospects, and of England's course and duty, the same paper, of the 12th of April, gays: Any intelligent study of history will show that the negro-slavery of America cannot go on for ever, and is not likely now to con tinue uiucu junger, ana mat a policy based on the institution of slavery has no chance of a prosperous and permanent existence. Are we to 1010 our arms and wait to see what comes to pass? Knowing that by an appli cation of capital in one place, and of labor in another, and of public works in a third, we can in a few seasons get all we want in a cafe way, are we to trust to American shifti ness, and bandiness, and enterprise, while the very frame of society is falling to pieces in the planting States? The export duty on cotton will do us good in its way, by quick enit g our recourse to other cotton-fields tuna toe American. We trust there is now no lonser a doubt of our enterprise and vigilance. We see the importance of tbe crisis as plainly as the Governor-General at Calcutta; and enr citi zens are going to work in all directions to try wbAt can be done. But while there are Persons among us who are not only willing o get onr cottod from America as every body is while it is to be bad on reasonable terms, but persuade themselves that we may trust to getting it thence in time to come as id times past, it is necessary to avow the truth that the American supply is precari ous in the extreme, and that ail reason and experience warn ns that it must fail before long, and may, be extinguished at any mo. tuent. If our capitalists have hitherto left it to American capitalists to grow cotton, and to late, or Providence, or sometbinir. to Erottot tbe supply Irom accident, the ti me as certainly at rived for trusting to our selves, instead of American destinies. How ever little we may know of differences in cotton produce, we still believe that it would have been wise to have ascertained before now whether we can rival the American ar ticle, or how nearly we can approach it. A prevision ot tne export duty ot toe South ern Ccnfedeitinn would have been a great stimulus as the increasingdangerof a serv ile was, from Charleston to San Antonio. ought to be now. A Virginia View of Washington and the Importance of its Capture. , it tba That extremely amiable and moderate journal, the Richmond (Va) Examiner, has this editorial in a late issue. Tbe capture of Washington City i the theme of universal conversation, and the de termination among tbe people to atlcct may be said to approach very nearly to ab solute unanimity.. There may be a little di versity of opinion about the policy as a mere military necessity, although it can hardly thought unnecessary by any military man real ability : but as a political necessity, no mun of any pretentions to ordinary sagacity and statr smansnip can oouni it ror a mo ment. i The Government at Washington a festering sore, arunning andaisgusung ul cer in the midst of a slaveholdiog body po litic- It ''htt'es slavery as much as any Ab olitionist," as Lincoln ninueii declared bis Illinois speeches, it is in tbe midat or Blaveholding community for the purpose making a perpetual war upon slavery useir. It puetesHea tuia Btruiig cwwernt pusiuuu. and. is clothed with . unlimited, . powers, snatched violently from the people, and used fur hostile purposes against tbe people. I city, in tbe bands of our most deadly foes, used as a point of rest for tbe Abolition hordes to leap firm upon their Southern prey. is the great Slvman lakeat which the traitor Scott intends to collect his scattering floods of black and bitter waters, to be let loose over tbe bosom of the country whernver feela himself ready to bring certain destruc tion upon the Commonwealth. Added all this, tbe possession of a city in the heart of a slavcholding community by a set rotten Abolitionists, is an eye-sore and mult, ana can neitner oo tuougnt ot nor tolerated. " 1 - It does not follow, by any means, when lbs expulsion of tbe banditti from W ashing- ton shall tnke place, tnat tee place snau held as a military point, to be guarded and maintained As a military point of opera tion fof us. it Is of bo Importance whatever; but as a point for operations against us, it one of very great power and significance. Besides, tne prestige ana aumoriij woica given to Scott and Lincoln from their poo atsslon of iluet city, and the insignln-of gov- frimieniai autbonty wpicn it lurnisnes, abosdont reasons for driving them out. ,' Xbe murderers and traitors would pe de prived cf all outward show oi auUianlicuy, and would become at ouea, io tact ae wU in principle, a roving band of free-boo t and banditti; Tbe Baboon would take tho -A'uog-wallow prairies" or Illinois, the "hero of twe wars and two pcittotip'' woald most appropriately take op his -aiiar ters upon the banks ef the beauUinl liadson,' amid the classic groves, still redolent of Seculinr ;atae or. bis great prowijpts, jjaaci let Arnold and A area Burr. rj- ,.j The capture of Washington City u a great moral, social and peUUcM eoewUy.raiid people or, evar-giorious siu-ttaaa auu ue own Common wealth, will take it. If corutiuiUd leaders hesitate, the people elect others: and before "dog days" the Anom now there will bave bad their day. . .. . . . . l-. . . V ' trie gentlemen of tne two out-en- tuo ' Maryland line." and the ,lOoulinBtals'' .r. . . .. ' 7 " .i.i Vliglulav Will congregate upuu tuo usuuw bur own foiomac ana oeiaurtu uio.wmv year of their greatest deliverance ana nearv Itftt jubilee. '' Providing mod Tor tbe gallows Jeff. vis's proclamation calling for privateera prey on American pummoToe. Life in Japan, and the Present Condition of the Japanese. ! j It of is in a of is It to of an ne is is 1 are as re to ; The London National Review aaya: . "Man must live," and he lives even In JepAB. The Japanese la cradled amid earth quakes and hurricanes. A conflagration of some of the slight wooden bouses which he Inhabits is of nightly occurrence. He feeds mainly on rice, and bis only liquor la rice beer of a very fiery and unwholesome qual ity. His highest sartorial effort hag only achieved a dressing-gown without pockets, and be has no shoes for himself or his horses, except such aa are mi de of strav, I But na Pinto found that tbe Japanese, who bad never Seen a musket before his arrival, had made a considerable number of snch firearms before his departure, so, in later times, they have fabricated first-rate horse-shoes of iron for I- Eupopeana. We are told that seven-eighths ot tne entire suriac or toe Japanese islands is naturally barren and mountainous. The Empirort. Until yesterday, and for the last 200 years, to leave his country wag a capital Crime, and to prevent his escape all ships must bo left open at the stern. Then he ta subject to an omnipresent ttpionagt. Nobody knows who may not be "wanted," and nobody is free. For example, the Nemesis of absolutism seems to have won its greatest success in the person of the Emperor of Japan, He is styled Mikaddo, or Sublime Porte. He is the fountain whence flow all Japanese honors and titles, both lav and eccleaiaBticaL He is the lineal descendant of a chief who founded the In. sular monarchy nearly seven centuries be fore Christ I Nay, more, while all the Japan ese claim kindred with tbe gods who once ruled in visible presence in Japonia, the ''Great Door" is the direct representative snd heir of the supreme sua goddess herself. While he lives, all the prayers of the faith- mi are supposed to enter the unseen through tbe - Sublime Door: and at his aeato be receives honorable apotheosis. Nevertheless, so long as he occupies the mortal body, the Mikaddo dwells in a charmed circle, environed by inexorable ceremonials as idle as a painted Jupiter in painted clouds and lanching only painted thunderbolts. In traversing his palace court yard be is not allowed to touch tbe profane earth with bis sacred feet: but la borne shoulder high in a palanquin. To remind mm continually or ine sanctity oi nts per son, every dish out of which,, he eats is brokon immediately, lest any one less holy should make use of it; and the subtle spirit of control a Heels to be so reverent that it will not cut the angnst father's nails or sbave bis bead unless be is asieep. Poor imperial Guliiver is pinned down through excess of worship and may not stir hand or foot, except as the worshipers please. When will Italy have done as much for the Roman Mikaddo t - . h ot has tbe eo called secular Emneror tbe Tycoon In reality any autocratic power. At highest be is the mere organ of the Supreme Council, and at the meetings of the Council two super-vigilant apies, who are ready to swoop down upon any innova tion, always "assist." For it appears that the decisions of even this Privy Council are cot final. We bave read that the ultimate authority of the country is lodged with a Committee of Three. This triumvirate the heir apparent being always one of the inree wnen a disputed case is banded un to it, can set aside even the finding of a uiHjuruy : out woe to uie councillor wno mooted toe proposal rejected by the commit tee I He is ordered immediately to become his own execntioner; and should the un happy Tycoon bave expressed his annroval of the reprobate measure, he too must die, ur, at icaei luuciis ills turouo. The borons. The sixty eight great feudal barona are no less slnctly looked after. They must reside in Jeddo every alternate six months. Their wives and families are never allowed to leave the metropolis, but are detained there as hostages for the good behavior of the lords when -the latter have gone down to their provincial estates. Then. as we descend lower in the social scale, we nno arrangements lor carrying out tbe most thorouirh-guine inquisition. Not only is registry made of the usual domesticities, but the movements of each humblest person are honored with the publicity which, in in inis country, is reserved lor tbe miirra- t ons of Belgravia; or the frequenters of our watering-places. Tbe agents ol the demon of suspicion are every-wheie, and assume all kinds of disguises. For aught that yon can tell, that meek-looking gentle man who is presiding over tbe institution in which you can regale yourself on a slice of whale (n't:) is a functionary who is duly and daily sending his reports to head quarters ; and that stolid-looking palanquin bearer, who is sittinrr on his heels onnosita the whale cook shop, la very possibly taking diligent notes as to cow tie mammal-nan- moneir is tranagiusr bis trust, in tact tifie is around every man in Japan a thread at tbe one vast anider-wen. 3 he People. Poor flies I we exclaim, and certainly not without reason, for Japan is not quite tbe paradise, either physically or morally, which it was represented to be seme two years ago in the newspapers. Un tbe other band, there are not a fe w contrast ing and compensatory elements in Japanese existence. In the first place, in the matter of tbe ttpionagt itself, the reader will have remarked that there reigns a grand equality an impartiality of pressure, like that of tne atmospnere. in tue intervals or tne earthquake and deluging rains, there ia a glorioua sunlight shed over the majestic mountaine-'-wooded most of them to their summits over the deep blue lakes, the noble rivers, the green rice fields or slopes ot purple barley, and gardens exquisite cultivated and replete with growths bo rich and rare. ' -'And; notwithstanding his "heavy laws." the Japanese himself ia wonderously gay aod good-humored jolly, we might say, if tbe expression be allowable, in industry he is surpassed by no member of the human family. There uie some J0,ooo,ouo to main tain in Japan; yet Japan is quite independ ent of tbe harvests of other countries. Nor in other respects is the empire less sufficient unto itself. Indeed, Japan is so rich in mineral and vegetable possessions, and so ingenious and dexterous iu working these up into both useful and ornamental, as to atand in less need of foreign supplies than almost any other country with which we are acquainted. -' ;' - - 1 , . Rttiaion. Since the extirpation of Chris tianity, Buddhism baa been increasingly leavening all Japanese thought and feel ing. Bat side by side with the grossest superstition the highest science takes apiece of iu own. ' The more abtiuse mathematics, astronomy and geography have their dtli (tent and successful cultivators. ' It is, fbr example, to a Japanese geographer that wo ' owe the discovery that Sagaiin ia an island, and bpt a peninsula. Again, every. boa y in 1uT.cn 1- ftunnk, 'Ia HaJ a nrl wrritA Anil t.na literature of the country is at once abundant nd various. - Ther - are ncyolopaliay scientific treatises, translations of European works on science, histories, almanac ia thousands. - twetrv and prose action W hat the Japanese really think concern ing God, the universe, and the human soul, are, ran but varraelv cues. ' We Snsoect that not a few are haunted occasionally bt esiiDt aa to wnotnnr uuriaiiamitv- ssu ssvu have finally closed, account witn eaua other; and, judging from th quality of ob jection arced br the priesthood against the' - - . . j-. . . ... Lruai lty ot Aarier, we can not oat po- liavnitbnt.a mora eomDrehenaiv eoeuel than that proclaimed by "tbe Apostle - . . . ii ' , . l . - . 1 1 .. 1 1 - C. i : vne inuiea - wouiu oe vuruuuij siwi-wr Japan. the the viv the will vile and u tuu ol mi Da to A. Tama- Ahibicab Motms- Henry rft'. Stanton, of Seneca Falls, N. Y, now ia New Y ork1 Uitj.naa reeervea a letter irom uia -if- Afra Vlezahftth Carlv fi Linton. Seneca Vails, stating that their 'two oldes son hod joined tne army, apo. tun sue rogroivnit tun. the next three were too youug lor service. Wrs Stanton Is daughter or judge, ifaniei Cad v. on d i rand-dau abler of Col . L I vtagston, -u hri enured in the war of the Revolution. and it w Ij, be perceived that the old fire ita been traoeniiuea oy insiimsw. : Exioctton o a .-Ala oa fExaaaasua Abolition SkiTlUkT-eWe lsnrn through the Memphis Avaiamck that, a the first sta- tlUn UeVUnU ASSUVHW i UU wu.-- phis, CiaiksvLUa, and Louisvill IUilrokd, man ws hung by tbe populate, ou Thurs day, for exprtssii g aentimenia unfavorable to the South. Us WM known aa Squir The Advantage and Necessity of Blockade —The Question Again Urged. New Evening -aems": ' . No one doubts the necessity of an imme diate blockade of the coasts now in posses sion of tbo Montgomery mutineers. t The Government bag declared its purpose to make aucb blockade efficient and thorough but for tbe moment, by the traitorous fore thought of members of tbe last Administra tion, a full balf of our email navy ia distrib uted in foreign parte, far away. We can not Wait for their return, because irrnj day the mutineers are getting supplies ot arms and ammunition from abroad, and, doubtless, provisions from secret traitors at the North. It Is well known in this city that guns are now on their way from En gland and Belgium to the Southern ports, bought by ageuts Of Davis. It was stated, a few days ago, in a New Orleans paper, that twerds and pistols were being manufactured in Germany, by contract, for the mutineers. A rebel privateer has already captured a United States steamer the 8tar of the WetU Ws read in Southern pppers of privateera being fitted out in New Orleans and Mobile and tlte porta of Texas; while nearer borne, in Chesapeake Bay, the Virginians bavo quickly armed a number of fast schooners, which bave already chased several, and cap tured one, of our Northern coasters. Moreover, until tbe blockade is effective tt Will do no good to stop the Southern mails or watch them. Treasonable communica tions cap. eily be sent to New Orlean? by way of Havana, find it bas already b?en brought to our attention that certain parties in tbls city, who are Known to be In sympa thy witb tbe Montgomery mutineers, aud wnose movements are closely watcned, as they should be, no longer correspond with' the South by regular mail, but have suddenly a coi.eiderauie correspondence witb Havana. Of course, parcels from Havana are quickly forwarded to New Orleans or Mobile, so long as these ports are open to all comers. Further, it is impossible by any vigilance to prevent the sailing from Northern ports of vessels laden with supplies for the rebel armies. Our collectors may do theirduty aa faithfully as possible, and yet, so long as we export provisions at si), they can not en tirely stop supples for the South. Vessels will be sworn through by traitors, to whom oaths are unconsidered trifles, and when once ont of reach ot our guns they will go where they please, sure that their papers will be made all right in Southern custom-houses. the only cure tor tbese evils is an imme diate and vigilant blockade of tbe Southern coast. For this purpose, however, it is prob ably not expedient to detach all the naval verso i s now wituin teecn. .- ine uovernmeot beg no less than six stationed at Fort Pick ens to assist our brave garrison there ; and it should bold several ready for any service that may become necessary in the course of the war. It is evident, therefore, that the navy reeds a re-enforcement, and it becomes a question bow additional vessels con be most quickly obtained. Fortunately, we do not need large ships for the blockade. The mutineers bave no con siderable vessels. It would be even a, need- It ss expense to detail steam-frigates for a service which can be more efficiently per formed by ngbisieam-guauoats, eacn carrying- onlv one or two suns of Ion? ranee. Such vessels we can get an abundance of witbout delay. There are at least btty good staunch propellers running from this port alone, besides others owned in Philadelphia and Boston. These are a firmly-built class of vessels, of good speed, aud from 250 to boo tuns burden. To nttnetn as gun-uoats would require but a few days at our four Northern N aw-yards. A surlicient number ot tbem could doubtless, be purchased at a reasonable rate, and at tbe close of the war, tbe Uovernment could sell sucn or tbem as it found superfluous, for little lees than their present cost, Of such vessels, we estimate, on a careful survey of the coast and its ports, that not more than thirty, or at most thirty five, -aanuld be needed, with pvrbaps two or three of our steam-trigates to aid tnem in gaard- ine New Orleans, mobile and Charleston. Tney could cruise close in-shore, and would without difficulty oat of even the "lontr-shore" trade in small boats. For the Git f fleet, transports would keep a large supply of atoreB at Tortugas and Key West; while tbe Atlantic fleet could be retrularly supplied br other transports. Thns no vessel need be off duty more than a day in several months, and we should bave secured, at a minimum expense, a measure of tbe utmost importance in tbe war witn in mutinous reoeis. Condition of Affairs at Harper's Ferry— Five Thousand Virginia Troops in Possession —The Rebels Recovering Arms and Powder. A correspondent of tbe Baltimore Sun, writing from Harper's Ferry uuder date of the 23d instant, gives fuller particulars of the condition of affairs at Harper's Ferry t There are now Quartered at this place up ward of 6,000 Virginia troops, couti:(i,g ot artillery, nne and cavalry corps, and tueso number among tnem tne youtu or fourteen years and tbe sire ot eigbty v inters. rri 1.: J ...la k as well as the unfinished arms that escaped destruction by bre, are being rapidly boxed up ana sent into tne juienor oi tun ouiwj. Tnls is done for prudential reasons, and also as a punishment to the bands employed in tbe armorv. most of whom took sides against the Secession of tbe State, and even threat ened to torn Lieutenant Foster a command. wbicbwas stationed at tne armory ror its protection, for tbe purpose of beating back the Jellerson county forces unaer tue com niand of Colonels Allen and Uibjon, wuo were ordered to take possession ot the armory for the use of the State. I notice several false statements in regard to the. burning of the armory butldiuga. Nothing was burned out tne two once DuildiLCS comprising tue anenat auu toe roof of one of tbe shops in tbe armory-yard Large quantities of powder, which had beeu removed clandestinely from the magasiue. were placed in the shops, undoubtedly for the purpose of blow ing them up, aa were also eight or ten kegs under the railroad platform, ia front ot tbe - wasser House." This, however, was fortunately discovered and removed before tbe fire had made much headway. The wanton burning ol tbe arms by the Federal forces has created a fueling of universal anliuatby againet tnose wno cow control the i ederal Government, the chief of whom, no longer than ten onya azo. assured tbe Virginia Commis&iquers that Ihete should be no unnecessary destruction Of either public or private property. Tl. Vitoinia. forcea hare are under the 'mmmand of General Kenton , Harper., Siauntop, and Brigadier-General Carson, VYibckesier. ueneiai aarpec saw goout deal of service in the Mexican war. a A Sxcaasioa Jodbmal Bibravis Tba North Goiio Mao. The, Mobile. Ala.) Regiiterl noticing .' the .entire ' unanimity of the North in the present crisis, and' com menting particularly upon the fact that . policy of the Administration. i auslalned. by Stephen A.- DoUglaa,-j S-Prsidsi--Bai ehanan aad Fillmore, General Ones, and Gov. Bprague, Qf Rboda Island, aaya - , H-. ia a rcnreaeatativa matt or every shade of Northern conservatism. . We oan-, fesi that this coincidence aad aiaaltaoAou seBS of action on tba-, part of men who aia wider apart by their, antecedent uiau even, by their places of residence, take us by stir, uriaa. Vi endeavor in tain to explain it the supposition that -theae gentlemen oon- anient, airlaa arr-ArdiUIX Victions', to tttajusuiesaof lh war. .Wore tli a tha exnuinauon. wuy mis nut naste ah, tha Inikjraeiuent .ol the malic Of COlVv titutionality of tha watt. ,W are, then. thn-ed tn tbe oono.uaion-iuat me wnoie public mind ot the North to been suddenly aiaei with one of those maniaa by which. Piovidenc , sqmetimt smite . a eaur. people. . Ii t,-r ' ' 1 A member of the Cabinet writes to a friend: "We intend to teat the power of the Gaveru metik to protect itself against treason; It the people will austaitt us, we will CfUeh, put Uii rebeliion." LATEST NEWS BY TELEGRAPH. Highly Important News. Cruel Treatment of Union Men in South Carolina—Eighty-three Thousand Additional Troops Called for the President— An Attack to be Made on Washington Immediately —The Maryland Legislature Declare they have no Right to Pass an Ordinance of Secession—Western Virginia Asks Arms to Defend Itself Against Secession— Great Union Meeting in Baltimore—President Lincoln Threatens to Invade Virginia— New York Purchasing Arms in Europe. Naw Yobk, April 29. The Croton Aque duct is guarded by tbe police, in consequence of ftars that traitors may attempt to blow up tbe piers of the high bridge. The schooner Ii. D. Pittt, from Charleston, brings twenty one passengers, including the ciew of tbe steamer A'athvilltj Jag. Tracy, a native of Ireland, bis wile and five children. Trscy bad declared his intention to become a citizen, and bad a small farm, which was confiscated because he refused to fight against tbe flag he had sworn to protect. He was siizod, tied to the fence, bands over his bead, and given 600 lashes. His wife was kicked and otherwise ill-used. Tracy served in the Mexican war under . Scott. The schooner R, R. Culler is to be made a gnn boat. WASHiKdTOlJ, April 29. The troops called ' out by tbe order oi to day are all additional .1... e- t.nn .. 1 3 : j mi. u.i. tu luc aiienujr rttiuiiaii. iu, w uuio number called for by the Government, thus far, is: volunteers by proclamation, 75,000; volunteers for three years' service, 40,000; reguiurs tor nve years service, zo.uuu; sea men for five tears' service, 18,00i being a tutalof 158,000 men; that is, 76,000 week before latt, and 83.000 to-day. Even this fulls short of the real number, as several States send double the number of regiment asked fcr. [Special to the New York Herald.] by r and 29 just arrived here from Wilmiugton, N. C, leaving mere ou rriday ana iticomond on Satniday, states that tbe people of North Carolina were all up in arms, and were pre paring to come North with several thou sand tioops for the purpose, as Gov. Ellis in formed him, of making an attack on Wash ington. The day he left, Gov, Ellis showed him a dispatch which ho bad just received from Montgomery, stating that some 6,000 troops were on their way to join those of North Carolina about to leave for Richmond, and that it was the purpose cf tbe Confederate Government to make an attack without a moment's delay that if they were to attack it. it must be dore before the Federal Gov ernment bad concentrated a large force at Washington. He conversed with Gov. Letcher on Sat urday morning, and that the Governor told Lim it was tbe purpose of the Southern States to attack Washington at once. .He (Letcber) bad advised against It, but tbe Confederate Government were for Instant attack. - He says he has no doubt the attack will be made very soon, and at several points at Ibe same time, and that every little villaee was bristling with bayonet, and people were perfectly frantic He lay, farther, that Governor Ellis shewed him dispatches from Pensacola, dated 25th, from General Bragg, stating that no attack on Fort Pickena np to that time had been made. It was not hi purpose to attack for some time. . -. r aioiBiox, jud April z ia tne House to-day a petititiou -of 210 voters ot Prince Georges County, praying the Legislature to pass an act ot secession immediately, was presented. Committee on Federal Relations subsequently reported that the Legislature pos.se.-std no sucn power, and the report was adopted by the House without a division. UaBHisBOBO, PEiutA.f -April S9. Intelli gent gentlemen from Western Virginia waited on the State Administration, in voking its influence with the National Ad ministration to procure arms to detand them selves. They say timt west of the Blue Ridge can be held if the necessary arms are given in time. Tbey said they were indorsed by the pub I c sentiment- of that portion of Virginia. They went westward from here, and tbe State Administration has complied with their request. Fhiladslpbia, April 30. It is again de nied that the person arrested was Ex -Senator Mason. , . Baltiuorb, April 30 A spontaneous Union meeting was held last night in Balti more street. Twenty thousand people at. tended. Straight out Union speeches were made, and tbe stars aod stripes unfurled amid great enthusiasm. Steamers are now seen regularly between here and Perryville, making complete com mnnication witb Philadelphia. Harrisedbo, PkstiA , April 30. The Chief Justice of Vermont, who bos resided in North Carolina for tbe past two mouths, arrived here to-day. He came with passes from Governors Letcher and Ellis, and says North Cutolina is almost unanimous for Secession. Axkapolib, April 29. Fortifications corn tnsnding the railroad country, some twenty miles rrom ADnap;iiiH, were tnrown up yes terday. - Acnai.olia waa made a military depot yesterday. General Butler will remain bere. From an attackee of oar Minister to Paris. jnst arrived from Washington, we have re- liaDie luiormatiuu tuns io, troupe iruui the Southern Confederacy are ia Virginia, end more pouring in. The Administration have notified Gov ernor Letcher that one step of advance from Kicbruord wul cause a speedy Invasion ot V irgima Irom tne est. Farmers trom Virginia nave rorcea tne Secession lines, and report a strong Union feeling a few miles from the Capital. ' We learn from private sources that tbe Secessionists saved G,00OmuskeA at H trper'a Fury. '.' 1 ,! Saturday ntgiit uie oupenniennent oi me Baltimore and Ohio Railroad went to Wash ington to get the road from Baltimore to Washington open, but met witb no success. It is said that the Legislature refused to paBs tbe Ordinance of Secession by a two- ibilds vote. It is also reported that an armistice of six dajs baa beea made, and the Secretary of r ar oas gone to nicouionu. x no niter item cieatea great diesatistaclioa here. Pbilapilpbia. April 30. Trains run front Baltimore to Wheeling, but are searched at Harper's Ferry, by Secessionists, who are all along tbe route. H Aamsaraa, PbnnA.. April 30. Tbe Penn sylvania Central road has given tbe Govern ment irnme tor new nnnges to repair tnose destioyed on the Northern Central. Largo numbers of workmen and engineers bave txen quietly ronoentrated at York fbr this purpose, and will be protected by the troops. it la tbe inteution to guard every bridge clear of Baltimore; after arriving at that city, tbey will attempt to pass around It aud reach the Relay House, at tbe junction of the ... .Vit-i l W...L1 . naillicore ana unio bbi wanuiDtua nsui roads. i ' ' ' '" '" .' Should 'thl' prove successful,1 tbey will hold lb place permanently. ,. , y- Kiw'Yosk, April 30. A special messen ger sails on the next European steamer, to purchase balf a million dollars'- worth pf arms for this State. The Timet' i apeeial correspondent, front Frederick, Hi., saj a a direct vote on Secea-. Sicn in tbe House stood m against w lor it. The Senate bas published, an address oo- All the Union men are' leaving Eastern Virginia, where heavy depredations are r made on private property bj an armed rab- U D. I An armed Secession corn boa beed pro rounced by a Stats Jadge illegal, and the Sheriff directed "to take their arms front tbem, -, .V .. ,., ' .: " ." Nxw Yobsl.' April 30. A soldier who ee raped from Charleston, and served at gun oaring in ngui at mouuria, aaya ma every, shot from Sumlar killed somebody. Between 300 and 400 war killed, and large auuboi wounded there, dunug tu lug. The killed were interred At night In Pot ter's Field. Many were also killed in dwel'a inpi outside the fort. Soldiers were threat med with death if they disclosed the facta sbont the killed. ' People are constantly inquiringfor friends, and are assured they are at Sullivan's Island. Another, who was at Morris Island, says ir0 were killed there, and forty at Sullivan's Island. . They make the same statement relative tar the dead being buried at night. They also state that the negroes only want their leader to give the word, when the slaughter will be terrible. ' Infantine Nomenclature. What shall w name the baby ? Thia t the important question that interfere with pspa s study of his newspaper. Long before tbe baby's birth, the baby's mother, whose privilee ia nowadays to name the baby, ponders over that point of future career. And very wisely for before a body can have a career it must be distinguished from other bodies by a name. Mamma, however, has not always enjoyed tbe right ot naming the baby. This office with other rights, is the B,,lul iinre w ner it uas grown into lavor wbh tapa'srigth to read the newspaper. - jim our me urtentais tbe Hindoos pre scribed that tbe father alone should solemnly name a rhild, and then only male children. A. Greek in old times had but one name, generally the name of bis grandfather; he received thia at the hands of bis father. Roman children were named in like man ner. With the Roman people, however, there arose a fashion for several names, one that grew out of family pride, civic honors nnd the privilege of Roman cittz-nhip. Family names seem to bave originated with the Romans, indicating among other things, woman's social influence in the mingling of the maternal family name with that of the paternal branch. an But a study of surnames historically is of little import to the qnf stion. What shall we name tbe bnby ? Let us lee how this ques tion is generally answered. In Poland, after tbe introduction of Christianity, all tbe men were baptized Peter or Paul, and all the women Margaret or Catharine. The Italians seem to take few church names, although the country is, (or was, we suppose we ought -to say), the seat of Church Government. Roman history snd raytbologic sources are more frequently resorted to by tbe Italians. Hercules, Ori-heus, aod Caesar are commoner than Ambrose, Augustin or any other saintly name en tbe calendar. The poets furnish tbem the most names, aucb aa Tan cred, Gcdtiey, Ciorinde, Beatrice and Laura. England, whirling round in a hereditary circle, prefers names because tbey are old and their own. France, the country of ideas, selects its names in the world of sentiment. In America the baptismal name is, if our observation be extensive enough, an arbit rary one nnd the gift of the mother entirely. I'n pi is tto 1 u;y to attend to such matters. Tbe next thought ia what influences tbe mother in tbe bet.tc.wal of a baptismal name. Who can tell? Should there have beeu a maternal ancester on board tbe Mayflower or at tbe battle of Banker Hill, or one who meant to bave been there the matter is soon disposed of. If tbese germinating point of national pride are not in herendowment, she reports to ber husband's ancestral tree. This failing, she recurs to some rioh bachelor uncle or brother yet living on either aide. She may,, perhaps, be pious, a Catholic, a Protestant, or, as ia apt to be the case .here, decidedly metaphysical she then selects for a name that of ber child's birthday, one of tbe Hebrew characters, or from a list ot tbe ebstiact virtues, as the case may be.. If her teste bave been literary (wbioh are apt to recede at tbe approach ol children l she may, pet haps, preserve a souvenir of a favorite character in a romance especially if her husband fall below the sentimental standard; or finally she may be prompted by the affec tions, and ia spite of religious, ancestral, bitorlc or romantic proclivities, tbink tnat name tbe meet beautiful which is borne by ber child's father and her own husband. Whatever iniluencta prevail with the another as respect the naming of the baby, there is one that has not sufficient weight with her tbe artistic principle- of sound. We do not mean to aay that a mother should name her child Appolles, Michael Angelo,. or Kuffaelle, or after the painter of the last "sublime portrayal of God's Heavens," but that with a prescience ot her son's cultivated tastes she should Btudy the music of his name as a vocal utterauce. Children, when they gmw nn, are not inclined to endure maternal tastes founded on conceits. Many a man who owes his baptismal appendage to biblic, patriotic or romantic notions, wishes his name was left to bis own selection. Think of tbe discontented Sauls, Moses, Levis, Aarons and Jeremiahs; of the non fighting Alexanders, Wellington, and Jack sons, of the prosaic Thaddeuses, Rolando?, Fitzclarences and Franciscos. What contrast between the real and the ideal a man's name may suggeat I Sound is we assert it dogmatically the law of naming tbe baby. All sorts of surnames may be rendered euphonic by a proper study of tbe gamut of sounds. The name Smith, to a musical ear. may form the root ot baimonic chord. John Sinitn is like tne vibration of two slack piano strings John Hoeford Smith comes out in tuneful har mony. Monosyllabic surnames always re quire polysyllabic baptismal names. How much more pleasing Inio Jones sounds than John Jones, Luke Jones, or Giles Jones. Sometimes monosyllabic given names are etketive, such as Max or PuuL but rarely. A polysyllabic name may be too long, aa Maximilian prefixed to Smith ; it would Bound much belter if given to Robinson. Whatever principle may dictate the gift of a name, there is another law we would enforce uuder severe penalties: Every child entering tbts world ot democratic con fusion Bhould bear a middle name. Dear reader, if you be a mother and have not given your child two names, correct the mistake at once I Dear reader, if you be minor and have faith in our experience, as sume on immediately without asking per mission of any body. If you don't, friend minor, when you get to be a major unless you figure in the army you will find your double witbout inquiring for him. You may perhaps encounter judgment against you in courts, aud certainly gossipping judg ments in society, w hich are not the result J a fair trial of your personality. It ia not worth while to mention the letter opened by your nominal counterpart aud returned indorsed as not fbr recipient number one. How -could he discover that witbout reading them? And then tk let ters transmitting money which yott never Set and never hear of until a twice-dunned eblor ' blows you up," for disturbing hint tbe second time. Think of somebody reptt tionsly getting possession of yoar heart's aecreta I Imagine yourself walking Broad way, mi joe, and fancying aomebearded man. as be pttew yon, gmoung you with a conn dental mine, the import uf which ."strike ttnoi to your soull". Take a dozen names, major, In spit or your parent or guardians, snd sign tha re all to every kwe letter you write, Father than encounter sacaamaroi pvcAaatbatl t ,,,1? y. .. ... And I bow saving philasophiud on tha aamo, of the baby, lord of creation, waat shall w ay of tbe lady lord ? ' Not much. Ladle ar generally no, anxious to n i on sve.au, the only auu that iroublM them I Uie taauiy name. . M or vne napusmai name weeaa famish na better hint than one down ib Hindoo law, and which no modern law can improve, whatever it nay do tbe Hindoo code in other reatpeoU. - It substantially thia i., "Let the nam af tb Boats b on that can be spoken easily mild, sweat, befitting and agreeable ; let terminate with Ion if vowel and fall on tit ear like tha utterance, of A bnedictLoa"-y .In Vrayon,. - , . ,' .i vl a CuHTRIBCTIOB 0 BokLBTS AT CoLCIttraV, The Buperintendent and tikplayt ia Lunatic Asylum in Columbus have, within a few days past, run 14,000 bullet , scran of refuse lead found about tha preta ine. The bulietahav been SnatWi Ue&Utsev eVraenai. r i , i 1 . i t - i At Palrm tney are playing tb .Sialism Vetpert, wbioh was tWhiddeo by tlie fund Naapohiaa Oovtrnraeat.! Palarnia,, it will be remembered, ia tha fcena oi atory. ' i mSTHTED IT THE TOUtTtTfU tllttt ' . . - V3E3X1.TAXia. OAfl tU A si Use testa, not eweaafttng Ivo Una (aesr) I ywe ineei liwa..j) yn llA laaertkuie. 1 SI laser Mima... 0S ff U laserUana. J mi tarrfet ndrertl eao tMlowMr trisa JnwsrHon., B-vk sH.mioo laser tie n s. SMSewsa laarM sA resee per square et tan Haas I isrww...ei fa SEWING MACHINES. -1 Y HEELER & VILSOTS Sowing - I.Xacliincs rEICE3 EECCCED! i JL INO-M ACl'.lN a iXIMPANV k-.ln- I.. awsai I all their snlis at law with Infringing aiama snrera, propose that the prtbllo shall be benefits) thereby, and have ecem-dinaiy KS0UOEJ TM j PBKlanef their bewlng.iwaVifnaa. . Havlna marie, fhr mm k- IN f, '''ar Family P-wlng-oiarMne ta the country, a-4 t- owevepmrg w I ,HMi MI In their bn.lneaa, a snaking 6k I VliNUHkU MAUHlNK pavr -l they are prepare with such extraordinary lata. . Itleeandeiperienooas rnarantne to the p-irohemft ' entire sad. taction. All w AUoalnes are nM , equally wall, and ar , WABBAirTID t&BanfTA3S. 1 I-- Tk difference la prloe bein merely a differs Ml 91.AC9 Macblnea aold In 1", hetng dosiMt snat . sales of any ether oompany In the TJntoa. Awarded the Pint Pranannt la the , , O. B. FAIBA Of ISO, BS AND IS, " ' Ar at the ClnelTraatt aebanfee laettttias not, FOFB fttJCK'KjelVB TEARS we have taken few First Premium over all competitors ae the best BMT FAMILt BBWIirO-MACHI SB. . It usee battle, makes the lork-stlteh alike s both sides of the goods, leading no chain or rhsot ' on the nt,der. elite of the seam; and neee but feat as much thread as the rhaln-atiich machines. Send ei call for a Circular, ooatalnln nstatf ' testimonials, eto. WW. SUMNER & CO., Affeabs, . 77 "Went Fonrlh-at., PIEK'B OPCBA-BODSB, dolS OTNOTlfSATl WILLIAMS tV OHV18. Kannfactnrersof tha Celebrated Urable-threnal ' $QO J " ' FAMILY SEWING-MACHINES I TB OPBJVBD A CKNTRAI BALK. MM ROOM for the Wt in tfas nw Coram-? Hnildine, NO 164 BACK ST., thrM doors froti Fon'th, Cincinnati. TbrfM ftftAchinet-hav no rival. Thojr nraMi cheitpneM nd excMIe with ritaptlcltr, dut-abU. ttratul norlnsMiea of actioa, to a dogr . : .Tchea by ny othen. They dem -nutrata. that m food mtMhlnt oaa ' tnfdr for 1 25 m hare herts-P),- Nwn sold fvr $71. Oar muchtisM rang from $25 to $87, aoofrrrltv ft fltylft ttnd finish; yt. for all th ojm or a Family Boiti-Miachin, onr 2 style Is jnst u ffod wad rel,HM a the more expenaira ones, nod fcttttrowi not t made by any body. Famllioi aud dttAlen art) rentated to call and tmi onr tr.ar-htnei, wbfch art) warrantod and kept t repA.r for one year trr of chance. Terma cwh. A urn tat wasted thnegtient the Wo.t Am South. nibl-cm WII.LIAM8 4 OHVI3. OHEKNMAN Ac TltTJHTS . Kew aud Improved Lock-stitch Shuttle HKWINI1 MAOII1NK. M B. PATENTS, for Family and Tailors' nee. These Machines will do more and better work thaw any other In the market tiring your work and try them and be oonvinced It Is a fnrr, A eents wanteef- 8. T. GARRISON, Agent, aptl cm 19JC) West Fifth-street. SLOAT'S ELLIPTIC Sewing-machines ! , TTNHTTAlltD FOR HTRKHflT H, L sreeil, beautr. simplicity and adaptation to every kind of family sewing. The only machine la . the world that makes a stitch alike nn both side, without shuttle, pad, circular needle or loo per. AA--. though great improvements hare been mtda om. sueso ceieorateo mar.nines. tney are now sold a CHEAT LY-BBDUOED PBT0B8, And are warranted for three yeara. Hemmers. turolna all widths of hem, are Riven with each inar-htne. The fnion Maniifacturfna- Company' new Family and Mwnufartuiinaaihutli Macitlnes, ' upon a new r-rinoinleprioe. for Ifaniily Alaohine.; witb cover, l; heavier Warrrlne., for eloth or leather, from S.'Ato tino. Sallsfaction anaraateeat -to all. Cntl and see before purchasing etsewhers. CBION AJANUFACirUBIKO COMPAHT. "' ' RalkbooMo: 63 West Fourth-st, OUiolnnatl. Oo" apS IMUEK'S sKWlKO-OAUUIMa OOMMBBOIAL BUILSIBO, . Corner of Fovxrtli and TTnm atnil s, - I OlHOlrtHATI, OHIO. How k It Blnser's Sewlaf -machines ar ally need for manufacturing parnoaasf Tha pankv reaaoa why, hn Becanae tbey are better, more dam hie, mora reliable, capable af delnj- a mneh coanssr variety of work, andeamln mere asoaas; tnaa aaw other Af ac.hlna. The pnbHc ar, respectfully netted to call and sa amino Blnfer's new Transverse-sh ntle Machlmo, p -Buntly on ix.xc70Ei &acy. This Kaeblna Is highly ornamented, easy as asaw -at, and Is the very bast and cheapest Maoaira Bp the msrkst. JAMEH 6K.A&UOK. Western Afent for Slnfer't Bewlng-n rnottt V. MISCELLANEOUS. of . w net tor i it the trom j dew. tk IDE QUAKER COAL C00K-ST0YL B end is, without doubt, taw beet kaklna. ae'. durable, si, ,1 most eoonomlcal Ooal Uookiua-anovo-oSered in ibis market. AtanuAaeturod by P. P. DAVIS tk CO., Corner of atain and second -son. FOB BA-IkBi BTl I. F. MERRILL, Corner Bom aad tifth-a BIDWAY A BURTON, lea. If FutU-t. I H, KBELBB, Ho. IS, PHlh-et. J PBTBB MABTIN, No. 1 1 Plftk-at.; H. W. TON BBHBBW. Me, Of Bao-t. J. HAIBSWOBTH, traesaott. Aly.t - CALVKBT A BICH, (JavioKton. K.y. : ciiomati mi: .wmim 00AL-1A3D JJTD0ITIC8, ; No. lOS K. THIHrj-HTHKHrn-f TOVaHIOSIINT, WINilKIBIs oambbji An i, o : .., , Hartford City. Coals. , Dellveee at tke k-west market rata,' "" ' " 3 aarOrsaaotleited and nroiaertv easui.V saa-ap -- . v.. m. hvbbeu ALLIGATOR! COAL. COOK ING-STO VTS 1 fataaAed Deo. I, laje, Vu...,L.wJ rf tl.U ad aIivis, pecko vkr & cai' " " : i ....... - --. .. .-i las-tf I tin W, OOB. W1FTH AID BLU. . . ' ui am aoaa , , l e taT- ewau - - w , l-AUS saja . . Ja. McOOIjUTIM, Ha. ml Wees BJatb'-e,., bat TU ana Boa 1 ' .. IP V - aaaaaais), a, y , nannias.,, - j , rhuasMahia. , Oujoluuati, . . Lai.ne.lea. , ' I ,wt-fl''.. in i 1 eOA'le. vi i - I -(,( ; . f WaCTTOB ATH-BTj, OIB0IIMAT1,1 ' 1 " -'.,., I aaaaannaATanesrsta S "" ' Wn Pawn-'a4 Vbaswoalt! '1 :,t w maWorrf Ww'TTt Atn Wat"1" M ! niOtnnottTPi UW. StlT Uip) "' ket. Oaf aiyli ar alt uuw, atki ptom muoti Uam u fcMOHWWI. JAT-rNTtONt -- CBOICB . JliVn,. "? a, Pehaseu w- I ,ia T " " K a,-s J4 Biiaa llasa, afAa1l kt rKitni'MitiC'ia v...., i vi... - ' -r- - ' 11 ., ', m n, - n Ue I liUStlllHUHill Ultn UL.! .TV) (fco- I bat.wi-afet4, riwtiic ptatniK Lakwa- UjI- U"Jj k'riUt at4 tt tUtMUlal. AJattClBAtasAtt O. i ,VVW ri.amtwi I.iuJ it-i.i iilatiL t;j at Btt Kit lottleA k'tMb with laAVaA, Couiilrf V erbVlia, order kvUUWda mA ltld tA ISIalK ltanK nU IM AllllvjlAUaa. aV.ata(ASi Sktl- m TftiT W With sjHraali h i--j.ii .-til L. A IU lh v1 ,l si ii -. o I.e. a.