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VabLiohoel Mworr Slrenlnc, . , ,'iogPAVi rrxomFri.i - ST ' I ' ' ' M KNIIV IlKF T J se CO. raorEirtOM. orrtra. Tnm.iwr. oottob koc. CBX OISOIBHATI DAILY FBFPg to dsllv.red mbeoribere la Olpotanatl, ttovlar ton end Brronilnl eltlM ui tewm. at PATal.a tO TBI fMUUB. Paid v Msris fllngle rentes, 3 sent: or amain, BOc 1 tfrrrs months, 1 tl.f 1 nne year. MUSICAL. riUlK I,ATM;T0T STOCK OF PIANOS m. in t.incinrati can tin luiiuu at "A Vi fit t'onrlli l 1 and it 11m will 1 give me a cull before ton buy, you fftfiTftfi will find that roy price nan not Ml J J l J 1 itctueniber tbe number 7 ii Went Fourth-st. C. M. Muiton. Old Plants tnken In exchange for new. oct-tf IpIANOH FOR UKNT.-I HAVB on ML tftnd 1xtv.flve new and seonnil- tiai A I' I mi on thst I will rent by the! month, end let the rent my fir th Piano j or will rent by the quarter V a lnw ft n y other tiru.e. ntti lit number the number 79 Wssl Fourth it CM. IMURCII. Old Planoa taken In exchange far new. ocl-tf .NEW BO O II 3 fCWT PTTrJtjISiTrJ 1 "VI'NIR'I Peifert Gniile for tbe 0nltr;".v;,r--7-nrT " Winner'! Perfect Unids for the Vlo-VVK MOJ.I Hn j" in which tie Instructions are no t. :.r - 8 clearly and slmrly treated a to make 1 It unnecessary to require a teacher. For practice, more than IM Operatic and Popular Airs are added, forming a complete collection of tb. belt Melodies of tliedHT. Price 90 rente each, for which ther will be for. Warded per nail poet paid ., - ; johk chubch, tin West Fourth-st.. Publishers of Miulo, Importer and Dealer In Mail, leal Instrument. niy7 Victor Williams, Musical Instructor. TrKT1 WIIHAJIS TlEOVF.CTFr'tY v LY inform lite friends and the citizen of Clnrlnnfiti, that he has removed to the North-east c rnnr of Peventlirand Cutter-sts., Ne 378, where he wi'l be btiiry to receive pupils on the Piano, uultar, and the Cultlvuuou of me voice. Gentlemen will receive Instructions on theGnltar, violin, viola, violoncello, and Uontra It'is In the evenings at Mr. W.'e residence. Performers sutB cieutly advanced will be instructed in quartle play ing or singing Instructions In timi will be thoroigh and the pi ice niuueraie Instiucti ns given at p-rlvete residences, Orders left at the residence of sir W. or at the nnsic e-iaac 01 eiessrs ro'ers sr tsrntutrsand .1 Church, will 1m promptly attended to. eel? tf MISCELLANEOUS. THE 11MMTI FUEL COMPAXY! COAL-YAED AND OFFICE TKo. Ir B. THIHU.MTK'SBr TOFGHIOGHKNT, WIIU VRKBtt OAHHKIi A KB Hartford City CosJs Delivered at the lowest market rate. ay-Order tollclted and sronjetlT exeetri. sea7-ay W. U. HUbUAliIj. aecrelew SHI R T S ! PERFECT FITTINO BXZIRT IS, it TH1 BOSTON SHIRT FACTORY U. A. Keppner, Agent, HORTH-EABT (JOB. FIFTH AND TIMK-BTB. Over Oole A Hopkins. Mntranoe on Fifth-et. SELF MEAMIJRKItIKNT FOR 8RIKII rioted directions sent free everywhere, and II easy to noderwtand that any one can take his owl measure for Bhlrta. I warrant a good fit. The oast to be paid to the Bxpress Company on receipt e goods. mhl-tl SIGNS OF THE TISVSES C. T. FORRI8TALL AT 139 VINE-STREET, Corner of Burnet, ay stairs, hi prepared te W ALL KINDS OF BIQNH, BAHNSitB, ASB riOIOBLAL WOBK 0IS1AA" Da short notice and on the mot reasonable 'All Work Onaranteeel. BONT roaOET NO- 133 Tift lno!6-tf) MILLINCR7. Having just returned from the last. I am nof oponlig Bfull assortment of BONNETS, RIBBONS, ARTIFICIAL. FLOWERS, . SILKS, FEATHERS, ROUCHES, 3lTiiiiiery, Kmbraolng all the noveHica of the season, aw The attention of Hillineri is called to our FBENOH. PaTTEBN BONNETS, As , Ao. Wholesnle and retail. ST. "W 13 13 X3 , T XT . , re26 134 Fifth it , between Race and tlm. C. m. miniilli iuiiui, l. r. tniameu fhiladalfhi. Cincinnati. Lanoastaf. amargo Manuileiotuiing Oo, BT WCST FOB BTB-ET., OIBUIBHATIt Btannfucturert and Dealers la . WU rapera ani Wudo w-SJiaelM 1 O'TR. ATOCH OF TUB afMITi 6WOBW !)aa been aianalWotored xpn)y for thic Bl kt. Oar styles are all new, aud eiloes sanol. loas than ever befcve otfetert In this c.t- ae-ay 10 Bnt IIS LARGE CODFISH KB. Cl.1V AU and tor sale by JA8. A. FBAZEK A CO , se24 Nos 6tt and OS Walnnt-st. BERTRAM & CO. CSUCCE8S0R.8 TO Caufluli A itertrain, Dealers in Coal and Coke, KO. 197 EAflT FRONT-STREET, Hare on hand a supply of Youghlogheny , Peach Orchard and Cannel Coal, and City-manufactured i d MrOunneliTille Coke, for sale In qaantitlee to eult purchasers, ! wxrnEBS CAN TOV Olt aood-fittlnffShirt jVT BICUAIlDrJON'S, HI TH1 MASON 10 BCILDIBO, tt'i Walnnt-st., near Third. sny . BANKIBAN I t Commercial Babk. October S, 1S61 I. J. J. HIITLKB. AGUNT, NO. 39 vtii. dTili.uA ftMml. for ii. e in our Bank, ndor.n Quarts, half copy in and ba f ''""f dj " vour KXCi UKIiblUU Ul" I IHl Ann PLlili ma, .and ohllgo ciuh II JTUJta. Cashier. rave 11 oc rXI.Ell'B VHEMIUM BLACttlNO- atuaii, dew jawiiam aaa Aiarge. Xlutler'a IXL Oil niacking, IN BABTbKN POTS. Factory, 39 Vine-street. .f T. 8. BOTLKB, Afent ATqiNG-UOO.MH AND GYMNASIUM Warm, Cold, Bhower and Plange Bathe. Boom opea from fcur In the morning until ten at nlht. Membership tor one yew....-,-... ...... Initiation Fee ........... I. Apply to L. MOHTOH. Sooretary. 'he Lafayene Ban or at the Qvaanaslnui iy-tf HOhB FOtt 1NUANTM, Oft IiADIKS pievlotia to, durlui aud alter connuuui.jta abort di tauce from (liuoluuatl. Kverv atteutlou aud all the oontforu of hun.e furnished upon rea sunaMe terms. Vor full particulars, address Boa S.,1-0 tuet-o-ii;, tisviutiatl. tail-. VOLUME 71. CINCINNATI. MONDAY EVENING. OCTOBER It. 1861. NUMBER 40 ARMY BUDGET. [From the London Chronicle.] WHAT THE WAR WILL DO FOR AMERICA. For tbe first time Bincether bad a history of their own, the United Stateg men, whether Federals or Confedcrntos, are en connleticg real didicuUics, and fighting rel biiulei against equal foes No doubt the difficulties are self-created, and the battles a.rn louftbt with one another. The Union has divided itself and gone to buffets bnt the result is the same, Tbe nation Is passing through the crnoible it is being pursed ai by rim. All the tetts of National strength, of Individual hardihood, of administrative ability', end of public spirit, to which we in the Old World have been subjected over and over again from our youth upward, are now suddenly applied to our American brethren iu the full tide of their wealth and enjoy ment. In their turn they have to discover by hard trial whether they possess generals who can command, soldiers who will fight, ministers with ability to organize, and a na tional spirit loyal enough to redeem the heavy burdens, the chilling disappointments, and, above all, tbe wearisome delays inevi table in a state of war. It is, indeed, but in probable tbat the struggle may serve, cot only io prove, but to produce, the virtues it is most deiirublo to find. It may be a proof es well as a Ust of tbe American character. From the pending contest the Americans, m a nation, may retire in the end exhausted and impoverished. But any temporary sac rilice of money or territory will be amply repaid if the National energies have boen traintd, and society in every circle hits learned to set a due value on the possessions which have been gained, or preserved, at a beavy cost of blood and treasure. If such should be the result of tbe war, it will have proved the heppiest event that ever happened to America. 1 'he Americans may be weaker, pr.orfr, and tvm dhimilcd by t( occurrence, but the lott will be far overbalanced by the gain. Titty will have acquired a belter title to rwpect from other nations. Above all, they will have learned better how to respect them selves. A letter from Hopkinsvillcf Kentucky, etatcs that Buckncr reached there with about three thousand Tennessee, Mississippi and Kentucky soldiers, who went into camp at the Fnir Grounds and on Col.Catnpbell's farm. The troops wen', down from BowlingGreen to Rochester, d then across the cou iiry ly way ol (iretnviile,; TheJUomeGuards, unpre pared for resistance, either dispersed or re trcnted.townrd Henderson. Buck net's troops aio in a toiry condition, armed with rusty Hint lock muskets, and seemed to be a very rough and ignorant set generally real hard customers. Since their arrival ruflimism has exhibited itself in the seircuiog of houses and Beiznre of property, the citizens being compelled to submit in silence. It is under stood that about one thousand of these men will remain at Uopkinsville to form the nu cleus for a recruiting camp; tbe rest will go back to Bowling Green, and some have al-rf-hdy taken their departure. Alfred C. Burnett, member of Congress from the First District, is raising a regiment for the rebel PROOF OF THE DEATH OF SOLDIERS. Many inouiries have been made of thn Second Auditor in reference to tbe proof of the death of a soldier, requisite to enable his heirs to procure his pay and the $100 bounty. .Sufficient proof of tbe death is furnished by the company roils, wnicn are aepositea with tbe Auditor. It is unnecessary for the ap pointment of an administrator, except where there are many heirs so scattered as tj create inconvenience in making several applica tions. When a claim is mado by a father, THE EMBARGO ON COTTON. In spite of Jeff Davis's order for the trans portation of cotton into the interior, little of it has yet left tbe seaboard. Recent advices indicate tbat the cotton can not move for want of sufficient rope or matting. For the most part, it is stowed where picked. Great IJritam recently entered into negotiations with Ecvpt for exportation from its porta and transit across its territory of cotton "from the East. Our Consul General at Alexan dria, W. S. Thayer, getting wind of the ar rangement, secured lor tbe United States all tbe accorded to A KENTUCKY GIRL. The Louisville Journal gives tbe following: Captain Clay pool, living about ten miles from Bowling Green, is commander of a company or Home uuards. lie bad the gunsot me company at ma nouse, out, on hearing of the arrival of General Buckner at Bowling urcen, tie sent mem to uolouel Glider's camp in a neighboring couaty. The next day a squad, dispatched by Buckner, called at his house, aud, finding only hig daughter, demanded the guns of her. She anenercd that they were not there, and if they were tbe wouldn t give tnem up. They bunded her General Buckner's order for the weapons, and she tore it up before their faces. Tbey went to the bucket end took each a drink of water, whereupon she threw the rest of the water out of the bucket and commenced scouring the dipper. The most thrifty of all vocations In these bard times is that of a soldier in the service of the United States. The soldiers are about the only people tbat are now making a live lihood. The Government pays most liberal wages $13 per month, board, clothing and doctor-bills paid. Over and abjve all this, tbe soldier, when the war is over and we sinceiely believe It will be over soon will have a minarea ana sixty acres oi taua wherever be chooses to locate bis warrant, and, if he shall be injured in the war, a mu nificent pension for life. Thus setting aside all the lofty consider ations of patriotism, even the pecuniary in ducements to enlist at this time are very power lul. W'bo is there that's making as much in a profession, atrade, or any mechan iittlor agricultural pursuit, as the United States Government offers to its soldiers fur their serviceB? Louisville Journal. APrClE TO TBI LOYAL WOMEN Of AHHRICA. An appeal to the loyal women of America has just been issued under the auspices of the sanitary commission at Washingtoa, asking on behalf of the army : Blankets for single beds; quilts of cheap material, about seven feet long by fifty inches wide; knit woolen socks; woolen or Canton flatiuel bed-gowns, underahirus, wrapper! and drawers; small hair and feather pillows and cushions, for wounded limbs; slippers, &c The Richmond Dispatch stateg that the militia In Berkeley County, Virginia, having refused to join the army, peremptory orders were issued from the military head-quarters to force them in, or to treat them as deserters or alien enemies. Sixty regimentg in all have been authorized by the Governor of Indiana. The Richmond Examiner says: A Yankee prisoner named N. C. Back, a member of tbe Seventy-ninth Mew York Regiment, confined in the lower prison, near Rocketl's, waB shot and instantly killed about one o'clock baturday morning, by one of the eentinel who kept watch over the building. The latter observing; the Yankee to approach the window in a suspicious smanner, as if contemplating an escape, ordered mm away several times. To these repeated commands the nriaoner returned an insolent and defi ant refusal, and the sentinel finally leveled bis musket and fired. The ball struck the lui klnaa Lincolnita in the stomach, inflict ing a terrible wound, which terminated hit me in very icw ujuiucuie. iub bvumuv. has not only been exonerated from all blame in the matter, but has received the applause if tlio rioter military authorities for the prompt and decisive conduct in tarrying ou bis instructions. The unfortunate Yankee was buried during tbe evening in the buria1 ground at the foot of Third-street, set apirt for the interment of the Federals who may shuffle off their mortal coils In this locality. The United States Government has seized in New York a million of dollars' worth of brandy belonging in the South. What start ling intelligence this will be in that unhappy region! How many thousands of rebel noses will turn pale in consequence! Tie New Albany iMtyeir says a couple ef youngsters from Ctmrlestown, Ind., came to tbatcilyon Thursday uight, determined to join the army in Kentucky, but the sherilT of Claik County overhauled them and Wok tbem home. . Georgia has expended $200,000 for winter Clothing for her Buldiers, thirty thousand in number, twenty thousand of whom are in Virginia. The ladies offer to make clothing for the soldiers without charge. The Helena (Ark.) Shield savs a regiment from the southern part of that State contains no lees than eight ministers, one of whom iB over seventy years old. The Colonel is a Methodist preacher. Another Arkansas regiment ia said to have fifty ministers in its ranks. What "sons of thunder" the South ern preachers must bel A gcod story is told of a Quaker volunteer who whs in a Virginia skirmish. Coining into pretty close quarters with a rebel, he remarked, "Friend, it's unfortunate, but thee stands just where I'm going to shoot," and blazing away, down came "secesh." WHAT FOR? The Montreal Advertiier gays that before the season of navigation close, the maga zines at Quebec will be filled with an amount or militnry Btores greater than they ever held before, with arm., cannon and equipment for an army of one hundred thousand men, and ammunition sufficient for a three years' war. Sixteen car Toads of arms arrived at In dianapolis on Friday over the Bellefontaine Railroad, destined for Kentucky. Among them were ten Bmooth-bore brass cannon, with carriages, caissons and all equipments. Tbey were forwarded by the JeiTersonville Railroad. John Brown, jr., son of tho loader at Har per's Ferry, is successfully canvassing the region of Titusville, Penn., for picked rifle men. He travels in gray shirt and trowaers, with large revolver and Bowie-knife pro trudirg from his pockets. He is a largo, powerful man, and iB supposed to be a man of muscle, with desperate resolves, anxious to avenge the death of his father. Tbe Richmond Examiner complains that while all other classes in the community have given a hearty support to the war, and pro vided means for carrying it on, the capitalists have bung back, and the consequence is that military operations are greatly embarrassed by the want of a variety of articles which have heretofore been manufactured exclu sively, or almost altogether, at the North. The Examiner says : Tbe class of men to which we allude, there fore, as having proved delinquent in public duty during the war, is the capitalists of the South who refuse to assist skill and genius in bringing their knowledge and invention into the service of the public. There is room for great and grievous complaint at the cau tion and tbe costiveness of the capitalists of the country. Now is the moment for en couraging in every way manufactures and the mechanical arts in the South. A SOUTH-SIDE VIEW. The Baltimore correspondent of the Tri bune advances the opinion that, as a measure of self-defense, the rebel) will yet proclaim emancipation. In support of this theory reference i3 made to the speech of Toombs, made two years ago, against the increase of the army: Mr. Toombs warned the North tbat the South, held the institution of slavery in its own bands, and if events should justify it the slave States would anticipate ou'side pressure, and by a sweeping act of emanci pation, convert the slave into a friend t tie South. The Secessionists of tbe more ardent sort in this city (Baltimore) do not hesitate to essert that this will be the policy of the South, as the war progresses, rather than sufl'er the rebellion to be put down. Tbey are free to admit that a vigorous prosecution of Fiemoui'a policy would speedily enl the rebellion and hence their joy at its modification. CAUSE OF THE REBELLION. a speech at Philadelphia, thus stated the cause tf the Southern rebellion : Tbe secret of all our trouble is the loss by tbe South of all political power. When they lost this they could not enduie the mortifi cation. Tbey had seen the Republican party lying, like Lazarus, waiting for a crumb to tali Irom tbe rich man's table. Applause. Now they can not bear to see the Lazaru es et tbe rich man's hoard, and Father Abra him bimstlf at the head of the table. This is an aggravating circumstance, un doubtedly. But there were a good many men in the North who disliked tbe appear ance of the "table" quite as much as the South, but tbey never thought of kicking it over ana Dreuaiug iue uisuea in orurr to improve their condition. A civ lork 1 tinea. General McClellan has now ninety-six bat teries in the Potomac army. The Ellsworth Zouave Regiment, or Ells worth Avengeis,as tbey are called, now sta tioned at Albany, a. x., is tun, numbering ten hundred and forty men. The regiment is composed of one man Irom from each town and ward in the State. They will be uni formed in a few days, and will be ready to march this week. WHERE ARE YOU, MR WIGFALL? Wigfall is wanted. Wig fall made a speech in tbe Senate just before ue seceded. Wig fall mude cotton King, broke up the block ade, turned our operatives into the street idle, ruined our capitalists, and set tbe peo ple of Enir'and starving all in futuro". Wig- fall drove bis slakes down just where be wanted them, but they don't stay down, Here ia what he said: "Cotton is King. We can ship our cotton; there is no trouble about that. But perhaps you will say tbat you will blockade us. Ia tbe first place, naval officers like to have a little pay now and then, if only to buy grog with. You can not keep tbem in service unless you pay them. How are you going to pay tbem unless you tax your people? Your operatives will have nothing more to do; your capitalists will be broken; and whom are you going to tax? How do we stand? .We bave our cotton, and Europe is obliged to buy it. You might cram the granaries of England to bursting. Slop our supply of cotton for one week, and she would be starving. At Paducah all is quiet The pontoon bridge across tbe Ohio renders transit over tbf river at mat point easy, ana e iue piece will be a sort of sub-baae of operations for some time to t ome, its completion is a mat ter of great importance. Major-General Smith, It will be remembered, commands at THE NEWS. At or near Waveland, Indiana, a day or two ago, Harrison Wright, a Secessionist, who had joined the Twenty-ninth Indiana Regiment and deserted, was caught and i:0La. Ills irons, not being locked, he h escaped again, and is probably on his way to join tbe rebel army. Colonel Buckner. not a brother of S. B. Buckner, but an officer in the United States Army, was arrested by a party of Secession ists a few day since, near Hopkinsville, and taken toward Colnmbns. " A9 they were crossing the Cumberland River, at Eddyville, the gun-boat Conestnga arrived from Mow, captured the entire party, and relnajed Col onel Buckner. There wat, according to re port, only one Union man left In Eddyville, and he is the Postmaster. These facts we learn from a member of the Louisville Le gion, who has just received a letter from his v, ife at Eddyville, Louisville Democrat, Uh. MORE CONTRABAND. - haul of contraband goods yesterday, at the bouse of a man named Sale, on Preston street, near Green. Parties bad loaded two wagons full, and were about to put off on their wsy toward tbe South, when the officials pounced upon them and confiscated tbem. Tbey then searched the house, and found in the cellar enough more to fill two wagons. This they also seized and appro priated to the use and benefit of the United Stale!. Louisville Democrat, 12th. The Southern Gulf and Atlantic Coast. THE CHANDELEUR ISLANDS AND MOBILE BAY. Among the islands raid to have been taken possession of by the United States forces in the ate Gulf the Cbnndeleur group. Tbey lie immediately south of the point where Luke Borgne debouches into the Gulf. They lie full sixty miles east of the mouths of tbe Mississippi, and twenty-five from Mobile PoiDt. The group consists of three small island" the southernmost beingthe smallest. They bend in the form of a semi circle. Be tween them and tbe north-east point of St, Bernard Parish, which is the southernmost parish in Louisiana, lying east of the Mis sissipi'i River, is Cband'-leur Bay. Upon tbe northernmost island of the group there was a fixed light fully sixty feet high. It was of tbe utmost use to sailors navigating those waters. The rebeis, with their van dalism,, are said to bave removed it some mouths ago. Tbe fortifications of these islands, with corresponding batteries upon Ship, Cat and Horn Islauds, and at Missis sippi City, npon the main land, will com pletely control tbe debouchure of Borgne into the Gulf, and aid most materially in the blockade of Mobile Buy. This bay iB separated, at its entrance into tbe sea, by an island called Dauphin. At the entrance, including Dauphin Island, it attains a btead'h of fourteen miles. Tbe deepest channel is on the east side of Dauphin, ad mitticg vessels of eighteen feet draught. Batteries on Horn Island would render tbe passage of the western channel a very hazard ous experiment. Wero Dauphin also forti fied, and Mobile Point and the main land on the west planted with water batteries, Mobiie would also be most effectually blockaded. BEAUFORT, SOUTH CAROLINA. The necessity for the seizure of this port by the Federal forces has been often dis cussed in certain quarters, and has been said to be a seizure which would be highly ad vantageous to the Government, lc is sit uated in an arm of the sea called Port Royal River, about fifteen miles from the Atlantic. Tbe harbor iB one of the safest on tbe whole Southern coast, and bos eleven feet water full npon the bar at its entrance. Situated immediately south of tbe line of railroad, at a distance ot twenty miles, running between Charleston and Savannah, it would afford an easy base for land operations against either. Either conld be much more easily tuken by land operations than from the sea. Its im portance is then by no means to be under valued in any future series of assaults upon these hot-beds of treason. Its distance from Charleston is less than fifty miles, and a lit tle further from Savannah. The creat desideratum gained by an attack npon it ia tbat it can be taken with little or no loss of life, and can be so fortified as to be held landward against 8. formidable force The Bri'ish took it and .held it for several months during the Revolutionary War, deem ing it a point of the greatest importance, lis collector, under Mr. Buchanan's Administra tion, refused to give in his adhesion to the Secession dynasty in South Carolina, and was arrested for high treason. He subse quently succumbed to force. It must not be confounded with the North Carolina Beau fort, more than a hundred miles north-east of it. FERNANDINA. oc cupation of the port of this patne. It is lo- cated upon Amelia island, a email island ly ing off tbe extreme north-eastern coast of l lonaa. At tne nonnern eno or mis island the St. Mary's river, the dividing stream be tween Ueorgia and fiorma, puts into tne ocean. Tbe length, or the ittver is about one buudred miles, and tbere is thirteen feet of water upon the bar at the mouth. Right opposite to its mouth is the harbor of Fernandina with, it is said, full twenty, four feet of water the deepest water in any Atlantic harbor south of tbe mouth of the Chesapeake. Amelia Island is about eigh teen miles long, and is very fertile. The town of Fernandina has but few inhabitants. The principal advantages which would ac crue to the Government from its possession would be a safe harbor tor vessels of deep draught; a point of rendezvous for fleets in tended to opera' e upon tne extreme nou' uern coast, and as a safe basis tor operations against Southern Georgia and Eastern Florida. Balloon Reconnoissances. The Washington correspondentof the Phil adelphia Inquirer, in referring to Professor Lowe's balloon reconnoissances, says : Tbere have been occasions when Washing ton was expected to be attacked by the en emy, when the balloon was sent up and re ported "no enemy near," and instead of a whole army standing in line of battle all night, they were permitted to enjoy a night's rest without the tear of being molested. The balloon has also been used for directing shells to points out of sight of the gunner. By as cending in the air, the places where the shells explode were visible, and, with a sig nal, the gunner was directed to alter big gun until the shells reached the right spot. The enemy does not possess these means for ohseivioe our operations, as there are no practical aeronauts in the South, and even if tbere were, very tew possess tne aomty lor such a purpose, as has already been proved on this side of the line. La Mountain, the boldest of our aeronauts, has just furnished valuable information to the Government and General McClellan by a late daring flight, which is thus described by a Washington correspondent: "On Friday last, it may be remembered, balloon was seen passing over Washington, and it was thoucht by many to bave started from tbe rebel camp on an aerial -reconnois- a noe: but aa it subscouently descended in Maryland, it proved to be the air-ship of La Mountain, which had ascended from tbe Union camp of the Potomac. It appears that when La Mountain rose to a certain distance he cut the rope which connected his balloon with the earth, regardless of the danger, and soared up to an elevation of a mile and a half, and got directly over the rebel lines. Here he was enabled to make perfect ob servation of their position and all their movements, the results of which he has com' municattdto head Quarters, and which are said to be of the ntuioat importance. When La Mountain completed bis observation be threw out sufficient ballast to enable him to rue to a bight of three- miles, when he fell in with a counter current which carried him back in the direction of Maryland, thus pas), ing over Washington and Coming down ia , safety." Andy Johnson and the Armed Exiles from East Tennessee. Johnson, Tennessee, J said in his speech at Columbus last week, re ferrlng to a visit to Camp Dick Robinson: The other day, when I stood in the pres ence of two thousand Tennesseeans, exiled like nijBelf from their homes of comfort and the families of their love, I found that my manhcod and sternness of mind were all nothing and tbat I was only a child. There they were, my friends and fellow citizens of my beloved State, gathered upon the friendly soil of Kentucky, from the tender strippling of sixteen to the gray -haired fathers of sixty, all mourning the evil that has befallen our land and our homes, but all seeking for arms wherewith to go back and drive the invader from our fields and hearthstones. I essayed to speak to them words of counsel and en coumirement, but speech was denied me. I stood before tbem as one who is dumb. If it be true that out of the fullness of tbe heart the mouth speaketh, it is also true that the heart may be too full for the utterance ot speech. And such were ours two thousand of us exiled Tennesseeans, and all silent I Silent bb a city of the dead I But there was no torpor there. There were the bound ing heart and throbbing brain ; there were the burning cheek and tbe blazing eye, all more eloquent than ever were the titterings of human speech. Each of tbat throng of exiles, who bad wandered among tbe moun tains and hid in their caverns, who had slept in the forest and squeezed themselves, one by one, through the pickets of the iuvadcr, each was now offering comfort and pledging fidelity to the other. Youth and age were banding together in a holy alliance that will never yield till our country and our flag, our Government and our institutions, are bathed in the sunlight of peace, and consecrated by tbe baptism of patriotic b'ood. There were their homes, and there too is mire right over there. And yet we were homeless, exiled! And why? Was it for crime? Had we violated any law? Had we offended the majesty of our Government, or done wrong to any human being? Nay, none oi inese. unrtauir, ana our only Mult, was loving our country too well to permit its betrayal. And for this the remorseless agents of tbat "sum of all villainies," Seces sion, drove us from our families and firesides, and made us exiles and wanderers. But the time shall soon come when we wanderers will go home! Depend upon it, my friends, this monstrous iniquity can not long subsist. Some bolt of Heaven's righteous vengeance, ' red with nncommon wrath, will blast the traitorB in their high estate." But whatever they may do though they may ravage our State and make desolate our homes, though thev convert tbe caves of our mountains into sepnlcbers, and turn our valleys and plains into grave jards, there is still one thing they can not dj they never can, while God re'gns, viake East Tennessee a land of slaves! Fighting Against Odds. Tbere was a time in our history when su perior numbers in an enemy never prevented our fathers from assailing them; there was a resolute courage in fighting against odds for which "American soldiers and sailors were once distinguished. We don't believe in surrendering to a superior force without hav ing tried hard knocks fiist. History has immortalized man) battle plains whero hun dreds were conquerors of thousands, and tbe Boston Advertiser rerallB to mind that the first great naval triumph in our annals was a signal case of refusal to settle the question of surrender bv the result of anv sum in addi. tion or subtraction. When John Paul Jones took tbe Bon Homme Richard into action. fiat vessel was old, leaky and rotten. She mounted forty-eight guus, mainly twelve and nine pounders, except six eighteens, two of which buret at the first discharge. Her crew was in a mutinous condition, and num bered, all told, only two hundred and twenty seven men. With affairs In this wretched condition, Jones promptly eugaged the St r apis, a new and excellent fifty gun ship, mounting, with tbe rest, twenty eigbteen-pouuders, and hav k g a crew of three hundred and twenty men. Alter fighting for an hour the two ships fouled, but Jones lim; asked from tbe Se rapis whether he had struck, answered, "I bave not yet begun to light." The battle continued with the ships at close quarters; Jor.es s companion ship, the Alliance, under circumstances which suggested malice auitd ss much as mistake', poured two destructive broadsides into the Hon Jlomme Richard. In the heat of the action one hundred prisoners on board the Richard were let loose, a great purt of her guns were disabled, she was on fire in two places, and the water was gain ing rapidly in her hold. Jones, however, was not the man to surrender fort rifles. He fonght with three of bis quarter deck guns, until at last the Herapis struck, aud he was glad to transfer to ber his flair and men from bis own ship, which then had seven feet of water in her bold, and soon after sunk. An Important French Pamphlet. Dentir, the well known Parisian publisher ot pam phlets, has issued a little brochure, which bas not yet been suspended by government, and from its ind irouiP-tory tat are is, therefore, generally believed to oe under the imperial sanction. In this remarkable, work the French bishops are soundly taken to task for their meddKag with politics; and, above ell, for their sup porting the temporal power of the head of the Church, and waned that they had better confine themselves to the strictly episcopal matters if they wish to retain the small amount of power tbat is still allowed them. The writer points out with grnat power, and an abundance of quotations from Scripture, perfectly out of place in a political essay, that the Pope bas no need of temporal power, and victoriously shows that as regard to its con tributing to his independence in a spiritual point of view, the necessity of foreign military aid to keep it up renders it com pletely illusory. The temporal power. properly so called, he says, can not be said to exist at present; the continuance of the present state of things merely keeps Italy out of ber Capital, without adding a tittle to tbe power of tbe Pontiff. He then proceeds to warn the French episcopacy that they must prepare themselves for a speedy with drawal ot the French troops from Rome, and to tell them tbat tbey bad better, in the in terests of the Church, remember that politics are wholly beyond their cognizance and con trol. Its conclusion is taken up by a violent attack on the bishops, who are reminded tbat thev bave always been against the people. and that they have always had the people against tbem, save in those distant ages when the Church was the champion of the oppressed. Thi latest Paris styles of ladies' shoes are thus described by a correspondent: A new style of walking boots for ladies is out. It is made of kid, and fastened with buttons, or elastic, at leasure. Tbe front of the sole Is corked, raising it from tbe ground and rend ering it perfectly and entirely water-proof. It is also light and springy in Its action, and very agreeable to tender feet, as well as to persons who have not been accustomed to wearing thick-soled shoes. Anew walking slipper, "a la Uarquiie,'' is made of red mo rocco, with black heels, and trimmed with black velvet or lace. The same sty ie is made in bronze or black kid, with little lappets, ornamented with heavy gilt buckles. The ioulttr tension is a pretty Dreakrasi supper, in delicate shades of kid, ornamented with a velvet bow of the same color and sparkling steel buckles. Breakfast slippers in all tbe new shades of color are alio trimmed with black lace and Hue gold cord, and black satin slippers with narrow gold lace placed around the edge on the outside and forming a svrt of fn lu front, BY TELEGRAPH. NIGH DISPATCHES. [By the Pony Express.] Later from California. 12. Express, with California dates to the 8th inat., passed here this morning. Business in San Francisco is gradually im proving. General Sumner hag issued hig prodam. tion, ordering the manning of the United States military forts in the department by volunteers, and concentrating the regular forces at convenient points for their em barkation for Panama. The horses and equipments of the regulars at the Dalles will be turned over to tbe Oregon volunteer cav alry. The Los Angelos Star of the 28th nit. an nounces the arrival of several families of em igrants from Texas. These are but the ad vanced portion of some one hundred and eight emigrant wagons from the State. It is stated that Western Texas will be almostdc populated during the present year. Minnesota State Election, &c. York, October 13 The Herald" t Washington special says a new rebel battery is building on the Potomac between the mouth of Quanties Creek and Cockpit Point, me tunuuci ia uvtir iue v irgtnia snore. A private dispatch from St. Paul announces the re-election of Governor Ramsey by an increased majority. The Times's dispatch gays a portion of a German regimentfired into the pickets of tbe New York Thirty-fifth Regiment, yesterday, in mistake. The error was discovered before anv damage was done. The lleraldt Fortress Monroe correspond ent says the ship John Clark put into Lynn Haven on tbe 10th, in consequence of the stress of weather, and was fired on by the rebel battery, but was rescued by the steamer Vauliaht, much to tbe chaerin of the rebels. who expected an easy prize. Southern News from Southern Sources. Baltimore, October 12. The Richmond Ktfguirer says the transformation of the Jamestown into a war vessel is progressing rapidly. Passengers from Norfolk and Richmond give gloomy accounts of affairs. Government authorities have purchased nearly all tbe coffee in Norfolk and Rich mond for the soldiers. Benjamin linger, formerly commanding the Aisennl at Parkersburg, has been com missioned Major-Geneial of the rebel army. Prisoners captured on the Fanny reached Norfolk. Among them are Isaac W. Hart, Quartermaster of the Twentieth Indiana Regiment, and Captain Keefer, of the same regiment; also, Sergeant Bartlett and twelve privattB from Indiana and Illinois. Those captured at Chicamacomico include Serge in t Major Comly, four Sergeants, two Corporals and thirty-seven privates ot the Twentieth Indiana. More About the Surprise at Santa Rosa. Baltimore," October 13. The refugees from Norfolk, who arrived to day in the Louisiana, previous to leaving had been closely searched, to prevent bringing any newspapers; vut one passenger secreted a Norfolk Day Book, which had the dispatch from New Orleans of the attack on Wilson's Zouaves at Santa Rosa Island. Tbe rebels, one thousand in number, stormed the works in the night, and in an hour bad spiked all tbe guns, which were in position, and de s royed all the tents but the hospital, cap tured ammunition, rations and stores. Major Israel Vodges, of tbe United States Second Artillery, recently at Fortress Mon roe, was taken prisoner. Secession Camp in Eastern Kentucky. LotiisviLLB, 12. The Evening News learns upon nnquestionable authority tbat Brec'-.inridge, Preston, Johnson, Desha, Williams, Haws, Moore, and other Secession notables are organizing a large rebel camp at Prestonburg, Flcyd County. It says they have a force of six to seven thousand men, where tbey are drilling eight hours per day, and that tbey are alarming the mountaineers by circulating incredible stories as to the intention of the Govern ment. The ATews asks the Government to plice promiiy the requisite force in the mountains around which the Union forces may rally. Missouri Convention. St. Locib, October 13. In Convention yes terday, Mr. Hendricks, from Committee on Elections, introduced a bill to postpone the State elections till the first Monday in Au gust, 18C2,and providing tor tbe continuance of the present provisional Governor, Lieu tenant Governor and Secretary of State in office till their successors be duly elected and qualified. The balance of the day was oc cupied by epeoches from Uriel Wright and Mr Birch. One of the gun boats in the course of con struction at Carondolet was launched yesterday. Price's Movements. Syracuse, Mo., October 13 A special to the St. Louis Republican says tbat letters from the rebels in Price's army, dated on the Dth inst., have been intercepted and brought here They represent Price and his army within eight miles of the Osage River, near Pupinsville. He has ttro thousand wagons, sixteen thousand horses, and from eighteen to twenty thousand men. jEvyxaisoN City, October 13. Secretary Cameron and Adjutant-General Thomas paBsed here at half past five P. U. to-day, by special train fur St. Louis. Tho Secretary reviewed the troops at Syracuse and Tipton to day. Gallant Exploit of the Thirty-ninth Indiana. Louibvillr, October 13. Yesterday after noon, about fourteen miles south of Rous seau's advance, and eight miles from tbe rebel encampment on Green River, a detach ment of forty men ef the Thirty-ninth In diana attacked three hundred rebels, half cavalry, without loss; killing five, wounding three, end driving the whole force beyond Bacon Creek. Apprehended Battle. Washington, October 13 In consequence of' reports yesterday of a large rebel force west of Lewinsyille onder the circumstances induce the belief tbat tbey meditated attack. The various divisions on the Virginia side bave been in position to meet the enemy. Up to noon to-day the excitement of this city was intense, in consequence of rumors of actual and med iated hostilities, but the alarm gradually quieted. From the Isthmus. Champion arrived from Aspinwall on tbe 6th inst., sailing in company of the Macedonian to Carthageoa and convoyed to latitude 23 by the gun-boat Keystone Mats. She bringa $1,000,000 in treasure. Wood cutters Attacked by the Rebels. FoBTRisg Mom bom, October U A. party of New Yoik Zouavea, catling fuel, were at tacked bj a rebel acoutinn party and driven io, with a loeg of one wagon. Two rebel eteainti(rg appeared at the game tint on the j antra ittver. Transports Sailed. . . .!,.! , uaMti'urts euutu 17-uav, ADVERT I SEMENIQ A nuiTu it the rouowixa Rim I . AevertlseeMata, aot exeeenlB( Ave lints (aftAsfc Larger aAvertlsnmsats tasarVA at the fbllowta rate for squirt ot tea lBeai Oae fwierte....e) pa l Bach eKiltioBii. J$ IS In-moT""-1 SS O, InsarttAiia. 1 I Si rn.rtln"sTT SEWING MACHINES. WHEELER t VILSO.T 3 Sewing - Machines PRICES REDUCED! ranw varnvarTv Ja. lHO-stAOHlNi COM ..WJMOW 8BW PANf, h,i1ni (aiixsl all th.lr suits at law with Infrlnglne maut jnn-. pro pr sa I as IDS srn.no sl.t'i he I eustiWsT tbarehy, and have aeconliagly BKOOOBD rum TKICrtSof thairSewlai-piaolfiiaa. Having aiaite, fcr ovar years, the noet pop. alar rami!- S wine -mac h'ae lo the ooantry. a4 owemplrfra ai,0tMi,GC9 In th.lr btislnMn, eal naainc una niuaai.' BAUHinni? per dav tti v a r ..n.MJ arliH .it.k ;.i - 1 lti and avaerlenoeto anarante to the poreta entire eetlstacttoe. AU our Uauhinae ace atado equally well, aad are WAUABTTBD THEBB TIABA. The dlSerenoe In prloe let,,- aerely a dlffsreiee ba tni-h. . 31,303 Machlnee sold In lass, being do the laics of any oth"r oompany In the I'nfoa. Awarded the first Premium la the 0. B. VAIIta OT IBM, US AUD 18SS, And at the Olndnnatl Mechanlesf Institute tap Kiflh 8UOOC381VK VAAHC we have rakea SSL tint Prsmlum over nil oomretlton as the best BK81 FAMILY BIWIN8-MAOHIKB. It oaoe B fhottls, makes th lork -stitch alike es win ernes -- ins goons, leering no etialn or ride a the nudsr-side of the seam; aid aw bat hear on mucn -nm-o as 'ni cnain-succn ns-Jiemee nriia or can tor a uurouiar, eoatalulng W,,IIUVU1,H SIM. C WW. ICnNEB eV 00., Agont. 7T "Weot K'oni-th-sir.l riZI'B OFKBA-HOCeX, dell CmOIBHATa. tjIWBEBJB BIWIKB.IIHOHIIHI Great Reduction In Prices! SIXGKB'8 No. 2 BrandsTil 8hntt1e Machine, Beducftd from ? too to 9T5 SINGER'S No. 1 8tanderd Shuttle Machine, Bedaced from t0 to 9T9 BINQV.B'B Letter A Machine la the best la the World for Family Sewing and Light Meiiufeetata log Parpos-l. Price, with Hemmer, Ac, $30 CINCINNATI OFFICE: Commercial-office Bnildinff, Corner of Fourtb and RactvavtsW milt JAMM 8RABDOV, Agent, REMOVALS. REMOVAL. Dor-rcm itai.i. v wititr ttatk removed their URii-e from 3,1 lust Tlilrd-st. to 1V3 Wst Fourth-st , where lliey can be oon ulirdatall times liy tbe nnfortunate Drs. II At W. have lifcd many years existence in hospital aad private practice. Their treatment is thurouxh and effective, and their cures prompt and permanent Persons who bave need 'f the advice of a physician, especially tlnee who have fllid to obtain cnre of ctlieis, are solicited to call on Drs. U A. W., f ir they guarantee cures In all cases cf private dfseaw the must complicated and troublesome. Young mea who have been addicted to those habits of early youth so destructive to mind and body, should ap ply to Urs. II. A W., and be restored to full health and vigor. Ague and Fever cured iu twelve ho ore, warranted. Ladies suffering from derangements peculiar to) their sex should use the French Periodical jDrope. It is an Invaluable rem.dy f r Irregularities. Ac. of lemalea-to he hadof Dra U. A W. All letters contsining a feo, addressed to Dri Hull A White, l 5 West Fourth Fourth St., Cincinnati, O.. promptly attended to, and remedies sent to a ay address. N. B.-Offlce centrally located (173 West Foarth St., two squares west of the Postofflue), eaiy cf ao ceee, and safe from observation., se7-tf REMOVAL. Wm. Van dive or, AWNING AND TENT-MAKER, nAB RKMOTFD FROM HIS OU stand, 100 Sycamore-st., to 49 KAST THIBD-8T., BKTWSSS BY0AM01M AND BHOADWAT, Where he will be happy to receive orders for wort la his line. jan.ti OYSTER TRADE. C. S. 31ALTBY, DHALKB IN ) OYSTERS! FRFSH CAN OYSTERS. COVE OYSTERS, gplced Ojsters. Tb nibirTllffr In rce irine dally, bf tbft AduM KxpreHtt, MALTlir'tt uur.va.tU ud oeUbru4 Clioica PLANTED OTSTERS, IN" CARS. A fonntant dullf upply always on hand, to thai df aleit and families cau obtaiu at aar tim diiriuff the Bn, Hum dip rinr Oy titer ia cau aud halt cams wurrantHi fresh ad wpt Aiwayi ud httud. a full aftaortraant of M ALTBT9 butting up of beioieticatly -stated Oot aad 8ptce4 Oybtera Olt HALK CHEAP, bobeut cmuy Depot, 11 Weit Fifth-strtdt. P B. A liberal discount allowed to the trade a4 partleti. Terms catth. iuMi OTXTBBS. are now recelv. In ilallv by the A'iams Ax- "M pres. tl elrOMiKIUtaTlcn FKESII 1ILT1H KB Olblv.ttfc. in cans and half-cans, which we oSac lur sale at iue lowest casn price. L B. PLATT A 00 . sel-cm S. . corner Sycamore aad Tklrd- Fine Fresb Baltimore Oysters AB B RECEIVED DAIXY BT ADAM Aiprese Oompauy, at UKANNitfiJ A UO.'aT Oyster Ieput, IVJ"c BBSS w alxiutat. For sale by the case, feelf-eeee, oreaa. Prioa. t uit tbe timee. U-eet induceuieate ottered ti deal ers and consumers. au3lciu I O. OICSNBtt. mtmm a INV SIBI,.-OMIITniNQ NEW KOU I ADIt9' TuILKTS- A daliuate and ex ceedingly flue Puwder, which so nearly resemble, the natural hue of health aa to defy detention by the must experienced. It is likewise not only per fectly harmless iu its eOects upon the health and complexion, hut it has even curative propertiee, f thai render it valuable for resaoving tan, fteoal.,, I pimples aud other slight blemishes. fALathB'8 VKU&TABLB Ot3ETlo LOTION Is the king f all reipediaa for the cure of plmelv. and othsr srnptlons of the faoe, tetter oa the heads) and oiber paita nf the person salt-rheum err-ls-elaa, diseases of the sca'p old sor.s wherever located, itching eruptions of all kinds, eoaly erup. tlmis of all kinds, baroers' itch, ringworm, chil blains, fever b Users, the stlugs of bees, the bliaa of niu.kitoes, fleas, eto j also, the bites of poison i,i,s rentilee indeed everv hind nf riitftnenu. .11. .aae. Prepared only by B H,ON PALMS si. oca o. .-10 west roarth street. SBALBO PROPOSALS WILt. BR H HlVkDat theomreof the ripecial ItoadVil. lege (at B Fowler'a, Waluut Hills), uulll three o clock, Oi-tober 24, for rearadiug. selling vuiuv, paving guuere nve lets wme Wltu Dlnelnuni limestoue, .on four Inches of gravel and thra. Inotiee on top; sidewalks Bugged nve feet wide) tho roadway to be lAacadauiiaed one foot deep, etone to be measured in the pile - IliKhlaad-aveuue. trout Auburn-avenue to the corporation line. Pereoaa Induing will bid by the perch lor brokea stone, by the cubic yard for gradiug, ai d by the liueai toot tor fledging, curbing and paviug. By oieW of the .Board. otlaj 8 W. tBWIW. fflarfc. SU PIIITB OP I.IME. FO AKKKST IKO t AttMKMTAllOH IN WiNBaNUUl 1KK This is a cheap, eaeily-managnd suoeteuc in, parting so unpieasantuees, and Ita auooee. la always certain., we are luauoiauturina hargelrv and aie prepared to euppl, anv demand, at Low price, W.J M. OOBDetN BBO , Tepufaclurlng Cheniista aad Uriig glate, 1 fct Jt. h6, VUlfl T,uil fcia-biu-it.