I f, :
Cadiz, March 2s,, 1 H I I.
"BAI?OAI. ASD SALE."
SPEECH OF MR. 1MLD1VI.Y, of Clinton,
We make the folio-win" extract from a speed
of Mr. Baldwin, of CUiniou county, in, this State.!
reconily delivered Lefore the Hickory Club of
Columbus. Wo rogrct that our limila prevents
us from publishing the speech at length. It ex
poses the unholy league, the "bargain and sale,"
that was entered into by the friends of Adams
and Clay, to defeat the election of Gen. Jackson,
when it was well known that a large majority of
tho people of tho United States had declared
themselves faverablc to the election of "old Hick,
ory." Mr. Clay and bis friends may still have
the audacity to deny the charge, but it is fasten
ed on him, and will stick to him like the shirt of
Ncssus. The intriguing demagogue and arrant
hypocrite, while in New Orleans, had the impu
dence to join in a celebration on the birlh day of
the patriot of the Hermitage! "Oh, shame!
where is thy blush ?" (r It will bo seen that
old Mordccai Hartley, the coon candidate for Gov
ernor, was among those who entered into tho "un-
lwly alliance," to defraud Gen. Jackson out of
his election. Ed. Sentinel,
The Majority have the Right to Knlc-
This, my second proposition, need not be dis
cussed. Toabandou it. would lie to abandon the
idea of a Republican Government at . once. A
Republican Government cannot exist for a single
day, if this one of its main pillars, is removed. I
will not occupy your time in discussing this self
evident proposition. Let us at once go into an
examination of some of the leading acts of the old
federal, and the modern whig party, to see how
they square by this Tiile. One single act of the
old Federal party will be sufficient fb'. my purpose.
When the elder Adams was tho President, the
"stamp act," the "alien" and tho "sedition" laws
were enacted laws which were of the most anti-republican,
and despotic character laws con
demned together with their author, the then
President, by the majority of the people, who de
clared in 1800 for that great apostle of Democra
cy, Thomas Jcflbrson. At tha'. memorable peri
od, when a majority of the people had declared
against tho elder Adams and his measures, and in
favor of Jefibrson, did you find the Federal party
submitting to the people's decision, they seized
upon a defect in the constitution, (which has
6ince been amended) and strove from day to day
to defraud Mr. Jcflbrson out of his election, and
to place in the presidential chair a man who had
, not received at the hands of the people a single
vote for that office. Monstrous, revolting and
damnable as this act may seem, still it came with
in one vote of succeeding in the House of Rep
resentatives of Congress, and it was almost by a
miracle that the nation escaped from being cursed
with Aaron Burnt as its President, to the exclu
sion of the people's choice. In this one act, fed
eralism revealed itself in all its deformity. The
voice of tho people, with the Federal leaders,
were as nothing. Place and power, no matter by
what fraud obtained, was all- that they desired.
Tho will of the people, by a providential interpo
sition, succeeded, and they burled the conspira
tors from power and, kept them in rctiracy until
182 1. Such was the act, and such the fate of an
cient Federalism. ;,. .
I have just remarked that the federalists were
hurled from power in 1800, and that they did not
come up again , until 1821, at which time they
came into power under John Quincy Adams, but
not of or by the people's will. This was clToc
ted by a foul bargain between Adams and Clay.
A coalition unnatural unholy, and in defiance
of tho popular will. As this act of the federal or
modern whig party was effected chiefly by the
agency of Mr. Clay, who is now their great idol,
i trust you will 1 bear with mo while I give that
branch of iny Subject a somewhat careful exami
nation. The principal features of the case you
. all recollect. Gen. Jackson, Mr. Adams, Mr.
Crawford and Mr. Clay, were, in 1821, tho op
posing candidates lor the rresidency, and in con
sequence of there being four candidates, no one
received a majority of the electoral rotes, and, as
a consequence, tho election devolved on the
House of Representatives of Congress. Although
no one had received tho majority of electoral
votes, all who will take the trouble to examine,
will find that Gen. Jackson had a large plurality
of those votes. Yes, Mr. President, a decided
majority of the poople were then for Jackson in
preference to any other one candidate. The
popular will was as nothing the toil and the
blood which tho Patriot and the Hero, who was
the second Saviour of his country in her darkest
hour of trial had shed for that country; Tho in
structious of the Legislature of Clay's own State
the popular voice of tho whole west was as a
feather in tho balance with tho ambition of this
arch intriguer and demagogue. These, all these,
togother with hia formed democracy, were cast
aside as dross, that he might consumate the bar-
gain, and becomethe Secretary of Slate to Mr.
... Adams, the minority President. As Mr. Clay is
now tho candidate of the whig party, for tho Prcs-
idency, and 83 his friends are claiming lobe
democrats, let me fasten this charge of selling
his democracy and the popular will upon him so
closely- that noithor ho or his friends can shako it
off. If yon will examine Mies' Weekly Register, 1
vol. 27, pago 3T3, you will find that tho Hon. !
George Krcrner, then member of Congress from
tne Mat ot I'ennsyivaina, acknowledges hu
to be the author ot the following letter:
, ?Ir. K renter's Lexer.
"WaahingUin, Jan. 25, 1825.
"Dear Sir: I take up my pen to inform you
of one of the most disgraceful transactions that
ever covered with infamy the republican ranks.
Would yon believe that men professing democra
cy could be found base enough to lay tho axe at
the very root of the tree of liberty? Yet, strange
as it is, it is not less true. To give - you a full
history of this transaction would far exceed the
limits of a letter. I shall, therefore, atonce pro
ceed to give you a brief account of such a bargain
as can only be equalled by the famous Burr con
- v tpiracy of 1801. K" rt time past tho friends
' rryWllkrm fhscrved "That the eyes of
wjF F'opio arc ttie eyes that rum us. If all
Jf.i myself wore blind, I should Wahf neither line
tlutfics, fine houses or fine furniture.
What makes you ppond yur time po
Bt.'cntwo it i:4 t!,i
: price, thsy woul J clcsa with them. But none of:
!the fiends of Jackson would descend to such
j mean barter and sale. It was not believed by
ianv of the friends of Jackson thajt this contract
would be ratified by the members from the States
who had voted for Mr. Clay. I was of opinion,
when I first heard of thisranssctioir, that men
professing any honorable principle could not, nor
would not be transferred like the planter docs Ins
negroes or the firmer his team and horses. No
alarm was excited we believe the republic was
safe. The nation having delivered Jackson ittslmll triumph. It cannot be otherwise
the hands of Congress, backed by a large major
ity of their voles, thero was, on my miud,nodoubt
that Congress would respond to the. will of the
nation, by electing the individual they had de
clared to bo their choice. Contrary to this ex
pectation, it is now ascertained to a certainty that
Henry Clay has transferred his interest 1o John
Quincy Adams. As a consideration of this aban
donment of duty to bis constituents, it is said and
believed, should tins unholy coalition prevail,
Clay is to be appointed Secretary of State. I
have no fear on my mind I am clearly of opin
ion we shall defeat every combination. The
force of public opinion must prevail, or there is an
end to LimsBTV."
This letter was published in tho "Columbian
Observer" soon after it was written, and a copy
forwarded to Mr. Clay, who, on the 31st of the
same month, came out with a card in the Nation
al Intelligencer, saying that he supposed the let
ter was a torgery, but it it was not, and tho mem
ber from Pennsylvania who professed to be its au
thor would unveil himself aud avow his name, he
(Mr. Clay) would hold him responsible to the laws
of honor! This blustering and talking about the
laws of honor was made public on the last day of
Januaiy, and on the Jd day ot r ebruary the Intelr
hgencer contained the following card:
"Another C ahd. George Kiemcr, of the
House of Representatives, tenders, his respect to
tho Honorable 'II. Clay, and informs him that by
a reference to the editor of the Columbian Ob
server, he may ascertain the name of the writer
of a letter of the 25th ult., which, it scorns, has
afforded so much concern to 'II. Clay. In the
mean time, George Kroner, holds himself ready
to prove, to the satisfaction of unprejudiced minds
enough to satisfy them of the accuracy of the
statements, which arc contained m that letter, to
the extent that they concern the course and con
duct of 'II. Clay.' Being a representative of the
people, he will not fear to 'cry aloud and spare
not' when their rights &, privileges are at stake-"
Here, then, we find that on the 25th Januai y,
1825, the charge was made that. Clay, through his
fiiends, had ollered, for the bribe of the Secreta
ry's oflice, to make Adams tho President. We
find that on the Cd day of February, Krcrner ac
knowledges himself the authority of tho letter,
and agrees to stand by it. The charge of "bri
bery and corruption '' was thus made and assu
med by a responsible man, and has not been with
drawn to this day. There stands the charge, and
Mr. Krcrner has never been called to answer un
der the "code of honor," even by this black-hearted
duellist. Mr. Kleiner, then charged that "it
is now ascertained to a certainty that ilenry Clay
has transferred his interest to John Quincy Ad
ams;" and "should this unholy coalition prevail,
Clay is to be appointed Secretary of State.'''' This
charge was made on the 3d day, and on tho Dth
day of the same month, the President was elec
ted by the House of Representatives; mid, ns Mr.
Kreuicr had predicted, Mr. Clay did transfer his
triends to Mr. Adams, "like the planter doe.i his
negroes, or the farmer his team and horses.'''' By
this transfer made by Mr. Clay, he completed his
part ot the "bargain," and made Mr. Adams the
President, in defiance of the will of the majority
of the people. Clay's part of the contract was
now executed, and when tho 4lh of March arri
ved, and Mr. Adams was inaugurated, he comple
ted his part by appointing Mr. Clay Secretary of
state. Here was a conspiracy against the first
principles of republicanism, not less bold nor less
dangerous than that of Burr, although it was more
successful. Look at the States which Clay trans
ferred to Adams. First, Kentucky ; although
her electoral vole was given to Mr. Clay, her
Legislature instructed him aud his associates to
vote for General Jackson but regarding himself;
and ttie $tUUO a year more than he regarded the.
rigkts and wishes of the people, he and a major
ity of the Representatives of his State, voted coun
ter to these instructions. This was directly in
tho face of the popular will, for in 1828, General
Jackson had a majorily in Kentucky, even against
all Mr. Clay s cllorts. l he vote ot Ohio was al
so transferred by Mr. Clay to Mr. Adams, and I
will givo you the names of those who misrepre
sented our own State on thatoccasion. You find
them in tho same volume of the Register, page
387, viz: OCtMokohcai Bartlev, J'. Bcecher,
Duncan Me Arthur, Win. McLean, John Pat
terson, John Slonc, S. F. Vinton, E. Whirt-
lesey, John C. IV right, and Joseph Vance. These
men, a3 fir as they are living, are shining lights
in the whig party, and, with Mr. Clay, now wish
to bo callnd democrats. Heaven save the mark !
How stood the popular vote in Ohio in 1824?
Clay and Jackson were nearly equal ; Clay's ma
jority being only 7GG votes over Jackson, while
Adams had not quite two thirds as many votes as
Jackson. Mr. Clay, hoing out of this question
as ho was," Jackson was the choice (as subsequent
elections showed) oi a large maiority of our peo
ple. But what cares Mr. Clay, and these his
fiiends, for majorities? Sir, the people's will
the principles of republicanism reason, truth and
justice were as "cobwebs in the path of their un
holy ambition, and all were sold, like Esau's birth
right, for a mess of "pottage," as a little treasury
pap.n If, for $6,000ayear,Mr. Clay could
sell the people's will, and republicanism itself,
might he not, if it was in his power, and a suffi
cient prico was offered, sell his country? - Free
men, brethren, I appeal to you you whose
dearest rights were once bartered away will you
sleep on your posts, w hen your old enemy walks
abroad andis again seeking for power? Will you
forget the man who was the victim of that treach
ery? ho who i'n his boyhood poured out his blood
in the war of the revolution for the freedom we
now enjoy ho who lost a brother in that war.
and was turned upon tho world, at its close, with
nself!, r-, i f ... ,'. ...
uui. 4ii.-iiu.-i, a juui, a. jiuunviess orjuiiiu no wno
in the second war of independence, bared his bo
som to the storm, and led our troops to battle and
to victory he who in 1815, upon the plains of
lew Uijoans, achieved a victory unparalleled in
ihc annals of the world, and which closed that
war ia a blaze of glory he who has shed a lus
tre oyer the highest , civil stations in our nation,
and wno overthrew your greatest internal foo, the
U. S. Bank--who is Dow retired, full of years and
honors, to the shade of the "Ilermitacc," oatient-
ly awaiting the last flickering of the "lamp of
nje, navuig not an canuiy care nut nis country
and its welfare? Will you forget this your friend,
and the, wrongs which he has received at " the
hands of the u Dictator P. Will you fowct tour
XTfrT' r'Sh,s and """render them up at dis
JYS&BS .(Cries of no!
Cadi, Nov. 2J. 1813. ,'" F'1101 me rcmarKS.;
f.SM SOLE Ll:ATrfl1, Mp a, ' "
link tnnm.fl Sr,n;l. I,.,,l,.1l' strong,
mis;. 10,1S1X , , t Jf. MciyH to punish
"7"1 for. otfler
Id" fringes, Thread liii-rti. CJrnpa, f...-nA
The Right Spirit.
The New York Plebeian (by the way a most ex
cellent democratic paper) has the 'following re
marks oa the necessity of an efficient organisa
tion of the Democratic party throughout the Vni-
ted States. Let the democracy of Harrison coun
ty cotnmenco this campaign, and carry it through,
according to these suggestions, and ns sure as
tho sun gives light to the earth, we., must and
The importance of a vigorous and speedy or
ganization of the Democracy, must be impressed
upon the mind of every Democrat, who is anxious
to sustain the principles upon which our Iiepul)-
lican (jovernment has hitherto, with but few ex
ceptions, been maintained. Federalism is at
work with all its accustomed art and machinery,
more profuse, moro reckless in its expenditures
it possible than in ys40. The eternal immutable,
and neverhanging principles of Democracy are
now, and ever will be. the principles of a large
majority of the people of tho United States. But
if we allow false issues to be joined, or are indu
ced to rely too implicitly upon the sacredness of
our cause, we will richly deserve all the- evils
that Federal ascendancy will entail. Evils that
would ere this have fastened upon us had iMio'l
been for a providential interposition that deprived
our opponents of the fruits of a vtctory," obtained
by a system of bribery and corruption unparal
leled in the political contests of our country, and
which degraded us in tho eyes oTtlie.' civilized
nations of thcworld. ' " - , '
. Let associations in every town, and not only in
uiu towns, uuisinancT associations n ji si:iiuui
districts, bo immediately organized.'-" And all of
these associations should supply themselves with
the ablest arguments in favor of Democratic prin
ciples, and Democratic measures. 'Fhey should
support liberally the. Democratic papers in Uieir
vicinity ; and subscribe for as many of the cheap
weekly papers devoted to the interests otitic Vc
mocracy as possible. All tracts and pamphlets,
written with ability, on some of the, leading ques
tions that divide tlie partics,sho'uldbe largely pur
chased, and put into the hands of every voter in
the. I nilcd states.
We owe it to ourselves, to posterity, the sacred
cause of Democratic liberty requires that our vig
i lance should be unceasing, that our talent should
be exerted, that we should use every honorable
eflort to secure the ascendancy of those princi
ples that have made our country what it is, that
have given us a name and character among the
nations ot the civilized world.
Our enemy is organized, and is at this moment
at work, secretly as possible, but not the less of
factually. No Democrat should flatter himself
that the triumph of our cause is an easveonquest,
that is to be had without much effort. If he does,
when too laic, sadly regret his error, he may con
sole linuselt with rotlections upon a titty million
Bank, a Prohibitory Tariff, a squandering away of
the JNational domain, and all the other mad
schemes of Federalism. .
Arouse, then, fellow Democrais! Let notdis
cord and disunion enter our ranks; but let us arm
as one man for the approaching contest. A uni
ted effort and a cordial union will bo certain to
achieve a brilliant and triumphant victory.
A Natioiv.tl IBank.
How can a national bank regulate exchange
or furnish a sounder currency than gold and sil
ver I As to such an institution being created by
the will of tho representatives of tho people and
subject to their inspection, it is all my eye and
Betty Martin. The representatives ofthe people
are no wiser or better than other men. Give
them the inspection and management of such an
overgrown bank, and they will practise us many
indiscretions and frauds as any of the quack fi
nanciers, there is no doubt that Mr. Clay
looting wiiu tne greatest anxiety to the tunc
when he shall bring a National Bank into exis
lence; a National Bank with a capital of fifty
m itions ot dollars. I nis is h:s darling scheme
hy which he thinks ho can bribe and seduce the
country to his purposes. But. he will fail to
certainty he never can be President ofthe Uni
ted States, nor w.ll ho ever be able to bring his
fellow citizens to tolerate such an ovcrbearin"
Exchanges between different parts of the Un
ion have never been so steady and equal as since
tne explosion oi bitldle's Bank. Nor has there
ever been such a large quantity of specie in pro
pomou io uie paper in circulation, as tiicre is
now. What, then is the use of a national bank?
I o bring paper into circulation instead of gold
and silver, to enable the financiers to corrupt tho
whole country and finally make an explosion sim
ilar to that which occurred in Philadelphia with
tne u. s. uanli. .V. U. Courier.
One of the great efforts of coonism just now
is to expunge tho condemnation passed upon
JicnryLlay by the American people, ior his co
alition with John Quincy Adams, whereby the
one became President and tho other was placed
in the line of safe precedents not presidents, as
it Happily proved by being mado Secretary of
c.-. nr. ... l i .i . .i .
oiaie. earo toiu tnai mis transaction was
not bargain, not sale, not corruption, but Krc
mer's letter foretold what would come to pass.
and it did come to pass as was forotold.' Clay's
influence mado Adams President ; Adams made
Clay his premier, being tho act and tlie consider
ation therefor, call it what you please. These
lacts are history, and the inferences are such as
naturally How from such a concatenation of cir
cumstances. It was Clay's blunder to accept
the quidpro quo afierGeorge Kreamerhad "cried
aloud and spared not." It was ! fatal error, not
to be repaired even by fighting duels with John
Randolph, or by twenty years of subsequent ex
planation; and it was but- a limping busiuesa .nt
this late day to endeavour to persuade the public
that tlie matter was only a "lair business transac
tion." Wo shall next be told probably that there
was no affinity, consanguinity and relationship be-
Iweoh Henry Clay and Mr. Riddle's Bank, and
that neither of them had anything to do with the
revolution "bloodless as yet." Where is he that
wrote upon the origin of imiwg-y-Fcnnsylva-
Truth from a Whig Source.
The New York Plobian says:
Van Buren and Clat. Tho Ncwburyport
Herald, a whig paper, speaking of tho next Pres
idential election, very significantly remarks:
"If the battle is to bo fought in 1844 between
Mr. Van Btiren and Mr. Clay, we have no doubt
and never have had but verylittlo, as to tho re
sult. - It will be the reverse of 1840, ahd it will
be brought about by tlie votes of not loss than
120,000 citizens in tho various parts ofthe Union
who Will voto for" Mr. Van Buren, not in reality
because they like him and his policy, but because
they dislike him lens than Mf Clay.
' Tho same sentiments are expressed by many
of tho most knowing of the whigs. They regret
that their parly iaso? deeply committed in favor
of the nomination of a man who cannot bo elec
ted.', -1 , : :,. - : ... ; :.
, Property of Married Women! A bill has boon
rrnnrtOfl in thn (ZnnaraV A aafmtilif- rf TftnAa Tul.
and, for the security' of tho rights of property of
, .... J 1 1 '
married women. . ' - .
For the Senthct. I
To the Democrat of i ison County.
H ; ; unexpectedly wen my name in the Ca
liz f-Vntiiiel as a candidate for nomination fir
the Senate aud not bavin'! vet obtained mv own
consent to be a candidate il.r that or .ivy other
oftico it is due to those to whose kihJr.f s 1 am
indebted for so favorable a notice to know i
reasons for thus pereintoriiv i!" liiiin such
esteemed mark of respect, , ' 4V f,r the-.came of
Uic Democratic party upon tuo s'wev ot which
I have long since been convinced the liberties
and happiness of this Republic depends. In 18 12
shortly after I came to this county. Parties were
much excited in consequence of tlt disorganiza
tion of our' Legislature, by the resignation of the
Federal members. Public discussion on politi
cal questions ensued. The Federakoratois as
sailed tne iawsior uie regulation ot .yanking m
Ohio; and I was called upon to assist the Demo
cratic Speakers ihdefending that jneasure, jmd
having been so uufortunate for , more than ten
years as never to -have discovered tho necessity
of such visitations iipon tlie industry of tho coun
try l declined delenttmg said law and stated then
among others the following reasons therefor.
1 hat it 1s a, Well settled principle m moral
Philosophy ; that labor is the only source of wealth.
It transforms and reduces the productions of na
ture to a state suited to the comfort and-convenience
of mankind ; and ever since that memora
ble curse jvas pronounced upon -man ililn tho
sweat of thv face shalt thou eat &,c." it is eaual-
j -.- - -7 y ---- -
ly settled lhati to the Laborer belongs tho fruits
ol industry, and that any institutions whicn would
divert the fruits of labor from their proper chan
nel into tho"pock,els of men who neither labor nor
produce any thing in turn therefor is opposed to
the interests ortlie toiling millions in whose sweat
lhe pampered few riot & luxuriate requiting their
toil with sneers and contempt. To which latter
class, belongs Bankers producing nothing, liv
ing upon tho interest of what they owe, and tax-
ins the labor of the conntry at pleasure: There
can no general good result from their imployments
and the inevitable loss to community is the time
and sustenance of those engaged in the business
but these dwindles into insignificance when coin-
posed to the many avenues to fraud opened up
y tho paper money system.
Commerce is the result of wise experiments
upon tho ancient and cumbersome system of traf
fick and among the greatest inprovements therein
may be reckoned the introduetion of money as a
universal representative of value and in which
character lliere is no intrinsic value in money;
therefore you cannot enlarge the principal by
multiplying the representative no more than hav
ing two deeds for the same piece of laud will make
a man ricncr tlian iiaving one, nor more man
doubling the representation in the Ohio Legisla
ture would increase the number of inhabitants in
tlie state. The whole money being always equal
to tho wholo commodity in market, the despanly
in weight or bulk between money as a represen
tative and the commodity as the principal can
never effect the commercial interest except when
it is carried on upon tne principles oi credit, ami
in that aspect of the case the more stable and
uniform the money of the county is m amount
the hotter. So that it may be equally plenty when
debts are to he paid as when contracted and to
secure that object the best currency m the world
is one composed of a material possessing an in
trinsic value equal to its representative value.
That in a democratic government organized
upon the principles of ours the delegated powers
should never be exercised without some real ne
cessity and that no necessity, however urgent is
sufficient to justify the exercise of power not del
egated or prohibited, for that would be revolution
ary and that of the most tyranical order.
There is no power delegated to the U. S. gov
ernment to make paper money, and that power
has been expressly prohibited to the States as
must appear from a careful reading of the 1st
clauso of the 10th section of the 1st Article of
the constitution ofthe U. S. some argue that the
words Bills of credit here mentioned does not
mean paper money, but if we take into consider
ation the evils against which the drafters ofthe
constitution were trying to provide the conclusion
is inevitable, the country was then unindated
with a species of paper money consisting of col
lonial scrip and individual shinplastcrs the char
acter and effects of which have been impressed
upon the recollection of many by the sad reflec
tion that aficr a long life of toil and economy
they were suddenly stipped of all and left in a cold
and uncharitable world to linger out their days in
poverty and wretchedness. This was the evil pa
per money was the evil against which that body
was providing. A system by which the sharpers
and monied Shilocks were enabled to appropriate
to their own use tho earnings of tho more indus
trious and unsuspecting. It is contended that
paper money is not bills of credit, that the evi
dence of State stocks is not bills of credit
Slate scrip circulating as money is not bills of
credit that the notes of State Bauks are not Bills
of credit then, I ask inthe name of commonsense
what the draftcre of our constitution could have
ment by tho words bills of credit, but in justice to
them let us refer to their own interpretation of
the term as being the most certain method of ar
riving at the true meaning of the expression, we
find in an able work written by three individuals
among the most distinguished friends of that in
strument in answer to the objection raised by the
various journals ofthe day against the constitution
at the time it was before the American poople for
their ratification the words bills of credit and pa
per money used in the same senso whether spea
king of it by comparison with other powers they
use the words bills of credit and paper money in
discriminately. And 1 prefer taking tho interpre
tation of the friends ofthe constitution made when
they were recommending it to the favorable con
sideration of the several States who with that in
terpretation before them ratified and adopted the
same, to taking the opinions ol interested Legis
lators, or judges who blindly follow the glimmer
ing ignis fatuus of precedent in preference to
tho sun beams ot common sense
And it is said that although tho States are pro
hibited tho exercise of this power, yet, the people
may exercise it as one ot their natural rights. This
doctrine I consider wholly int en able .-does anyone
suppose that the Word stato as then used, signifies
tho tcntory within certain geographical boundaries
it undoubted means the people comprising a cer
tain political community, and that clauso is inten
ded to prohibit tha people of tho state whether
individually or in the aggregato fi -om tho exer
cise ot that power, in the same section ofthe con
stitution the slates aro prohibited from coining
money and would any one Lizard an assertion
that a stato could incorporate a company with
power to coin money, or that an individual of his
own right rnay coin money, but to 'admit that a
stato has no right to enter into the business of
banking and assert that sho may incorporate a
company and secure to that company tho exclu
sive privilege of Banking is the argument of a
Having given these reasons among othors for
not aciendingtho measure then under discussion
I was met by several Democrats high in the confi
dence of tho party who told mo that I would in
jure myself and tho Party too bv the avowal of
such sentiments saying at the same time that they!
were opposed to Banking and wit-lied thero never I
i el :ik in i
the country that it was an i
grown up among us and had j
so incorpo:'?l itself "into the business of the
country, iu f ;-o could not wicnout injury to our
selves du-p-f ? with them, to such 1 would say,
had oitrroi' p lenary f.tthera valued their pockets
more th m t I tibortics of jKiaterity we would have
been aBnt lit okniyto (hisday, and if they wish
to piovo thevrtfylves legitimate sons ot such a no
ble "cncestiv lil ver compromise the liberties of
your . child: en (for case or gain, don't stop to
count the cost when liberty is to be defended.
From that timo to the present there has been a
few iiidtvidiialsubout the town of Cadiz who con
sider paper money tho great centre around which
all Political "action should revolve a question
always sealing and, never to bo settled who say
they w ill not voto for any man entertaining such
sentiments. .And believing that it is at tins and
all times important not only to the Party but to
. i 11 .1. .1111
tlie people generally tnai we snail liave a aemo-
crat elected to that office, it would be folly to
nominate any man against whom there is any in
curable' prejudice; inasmuch as the contest will
bccloscin this district at all events. J therefore
with sentiments of kincLrc'gard for those who have
seen fit to use my name in so respectable a con
nexion assure tb,e people of this county that I
cannot permit my ,iwme to go before them. But
permit mo toay,my attachments for the Demo
cratic principles and party arc too strong to be
driven like those to whom I have refered to the
whig ranks for so small a cause as the difference
of opinion on tho Banking question.
Your fellow citizen,
f , - L. P. MILLIGAN.
Contrast: Whigs of '76 aiul 'U. .
Perhaps there fs no incident in history, of great
er dignity, than the surrender by Washington of
all the authority he held during the revolutionary
war, after he had accomplished the "great onds
which Providence ana his lellow countrymen
called upon him to do. Look at tho names by
whom he was surrounded. Again look at the
magnificent moral spectacle ofthe taking leavo
of his Brother Soldiers; who had so gloriously
battled for the rights ot mankind. Look at the
men who surrounded him" at that interesting
time. Now let the mind follow a lapse of 68
years and imagine these men headed by Wash
ington tramping up one ofthe streets of our most
populous city, formally aud gravely, with all the
honor of party devotion, receiving into their hospi
table protection, n pair of Ihc nastiest, dirtiest,
stinking and thievish animals known to our woods,
as emblems of their principles She very reflec
tion stops our pen. Bait. Hep.
IIoKKiw.rc MuBDEit.- We are called on to re
cord an awful crime in our community, perpetra
ted under circumstances that are truly appalling
On Friday morning last, at about 10 o'clock,
George Week of this place, according to his
own voluntarily statement before W. Jones, Esq
and others shot a colored man, named Edward
Woods. A slight quarrel arose on account o
tho negro getting employment at a place Weeks
deemed he had secured. A few words followed
W. incensed Edward, and tho latter gave George
the lie. Weeks went to Mr. Smith's north of
town and borrowed a gun, returned to the sta
ble of Mr. Martin, where Edward was 'at work,
and shot him with slugs, in the right breast .-pie
ces of the slugs, like pounded shot, were, on ex
amination, taken from the heart and abdomen.
Two ribs were fractured by the charge in the
gun. Wreeks persisted for 2 or 3 days in saying
he would kill tho negro, it alive, and that he in
tended to do so the day before the awful deed.
When arrested hy Sheriff Simpson, he made no
resistance, and on exaination boforo W. Jones,
Esq. was sent to jail, and the grand jury then in
session found a true bill against bun for murder;
but to which, on Monday morning, he plead not
Weeks was not quarrelsome in disposition; but
we suppose he would harbor enmity along time,
if offended. Poverty and rum have mado life
burdensome, and lienco the recklessness with
which he perpetrated the horrible crime.
The murdered negro was one of the most in
offensive we ever knew; ho kept his place, was
kindly disposed, and demeaned himself better
than blacks in general. Weeks will be tried in
the Common Pleas in June.
Mr. Editor: I see my name before the people,
in your paper, for the several offices of Represen
tative, Commissioner and Director of the Poor.
Believing that there are persons in tho Democrat
ic ranks upon whom tho party could more cordi
ally unite than myself, I have concluded not to be
a candidate for any of those offices.
Mr. Editor: Please withdraw my name from
the list of candidate for State Senator.
J. It. HUNTER. -
CADIS TOTUVSHfp TICKET.
JOHN1 MiFADDIN, Sen.
JOSEPH II AVERF1ELD. ;
. JAMES CROSSAN,
J. B. BR ADEN.
WALTER B. BEEIiE.
JOHN MITCHELL, Jr.
lst.dist ROBERT McCULLOUGII,
SAMUEL HEDGES, Sen.
Overseers of the Poor.
T. C. VINCENT,
Miss SARAH UITCIIEY,
WOULD respectfully inform the Ludies of Cadiz
and vicinity, tha t xhe is about to open a
in the front room of the second story of JosErn R. Hun-
tea's uwellMK house, on MeuoenvilJe street, directly
opposite joii.h ukai.1. a urug ciore, wncre sue is prepares
to mnlf.e, blench, alter or trim bonnets in the newest arid
most fashionable style, bhe will also carry on the
MANTUA MAKING BUSINESS
in nil its various branches. All persons favoring her
with their patronage, may rely upon her punctuality
and untiring assiduity in striving to render general sat-
islRCtion. frT-'arKcs moderate. ,fe
Cadiz, March 8,1 844...
LAUD FOR SALE.
f TIIE subscriber wishes to sell the farm on which he
lives lying in Cadiz township Harrison county
oining the lands of George Day, John Hincsand othors.
The land is of a good quality, first rate for wheat and
clover, a good orchard a county road runs through
the farm which mnkesit convenient to travol either wav.
It is not-necessary to say more, as persons wishing to
purchase win view tne nirm lor themselves, t or terms
apply m tne suosenner on the larm,
March 17th, 1W4.
FOR THE SENTINEL.
Mr. L. Harper Dear Sir: Please publish the
following ticket, and oblige many democrats of
franklin township. J : -
. For Congress! William Wallace.
Senator Joseph R. Hunter. . -! ' ( .
Representative John L.. Layport.
Auditor John Sharp. j "
Commissioner Thomas Ritchey. ,., -Recorder
Matthew M. Sloan. .
Director of the Poor-James Wallace. .
I JOB THE SENTINEL.
For Representative Samuel Colvin ofFree
port township. " .. ,
Auditor John Sharp, Cadiz.
Commissioner Ephraim Johnson, Moorefield.
Recorder Abraham Cr'oskey, Cadiz. ' '
By giving publicity to the above you will oblige
many yoters of Moorefield, Washington, Frank
lin, Freeport, and other townships.
For tlie Sentinel.
Mr. Editor Please publish the . following
ticket, subject to the decision of tho popular voto
system, and oblige
" Many voters of ILvnttison county.
For Senator, '
1 Representative, '
Ephraim Johnson. , - -
- Charles Patterson.
. John McNeill.
, Poor Director,
. James Wallace.' . : '
' For the Sentinel.
Mr. Editor Please pubiish tho following
ticket, and oblige
. For Congress, Win. C. Walton; for Senator,
Joseph R. Hunter; for Representative, Charles
Warfel; for Auditor, John Sharp; Commissioner,
James Wallace ; Recorder, M. M. Sloan; Direc
tor of the poor, Thomas Kyle. i '
Y .-- For the Sentinel.
Editor Bo good enough to publish tho
following ticket in the Sentinel, for the consider
ation ofthe Democracy of Harrison county. We
think it will meet tho approbation of a majority
of the party in all sections.
Senator, " ,.
James Simcral, of Green, s
William Milligan, of Cadiz.
Col. Finnicum, of Itumlcy.
John Sharp, of Cadiz.
Jas. II. Laverty, of German. .
For the Sentinel,
Mr. Editor Please publish the following ticket,
subject fo the decision of the popular vote sietom and
oblige many voters, of Archer Township.
Congress, William C. Walton ; Rcptesentative, James
Wallace, of Archer; Auilitor, John Sharp, of Cadiz;
Commissioner, John Itoss, Ksq. of Archer; Recorder,
Mathew M. Sloan.
Mr. Editor: Please announce the name of
Ephraim Johnson, of Moorefield, for Representa
tive; Charles Patterson, of Cadiz, for Auditor;
Matthew M. Sloan, of Cadiz, for Recorder, and
Nathaniel B. Fisher, of Moorefield, for Commis
sioner, and oblige MANY DEMOCRATS.
For the Sentinel.
Mr. McGonaole Sir: Please to publish tho
following ticket, subject to tho decision of the
popular vote system.
-. UREEX 1 0WN3HIP BOY'S.
Congress, . , "
. William C. Walton. -
William Milligan. i
George Ramsey. , t
Director of (he-Poor House.
William Boylcs. , ,
For tlie Sentinel.
Mr. Editor By announcing tho name of M. F. Biirk-
kcad, Est).,,of Franklin township, ns a candidate for
Representative subject to tho decision oi tlie popular
vote, and John L. Layport, Esq, of the same , township
for Commissioner, and J, It. Hunter, for Senator, you
will oblige - . ., 1 MANY VOTERS.
For the Sentinel.
Mr. McGonaoi.e: Sir: Please to publish the follow
ing ticket, subject to tho decision of the popular voto
system and oblige many voters ot uitMiJN.
Charles Warfel. " .
Matthew M. Sloan. ; '
Mr. Editor : We recommend the following named
ticket, subjoct to the popular vote system, on tho CrJ
Monday of April next. For
William Reed, of Green township.
Mark Hogge, of Washington.
John Sharp, of Cadiz.
. Matthew M. Sloan, of Cadiz.
Director of the Poor, T ,
JacobTIyncs, of Archer. .. .w "
Many Voters of Harrison County.
" 't ;
' For the Sentinel.
Mr, M'Gonagle Flease publish the following ticket
for the consideration of tho Democratic voters of Harri
son county when they go to the election on the first
Monday in April, to cast their votes for candidates to.
be supported at the full election. ' ' -
MANY" CITIZENS, of Archer.
' : . William C. Walton.
William Milligan. '
, James Wallace.
' Recorder, ' ,
I v. . John McNeill
Director of the Poor.
' Jacob Ilvnes,
, fa!o rlitan by
Align"!. 10, Jri43.
r n A s
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