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LJU
VOLUME XI.
CADIZ, HARRISON COUNTY, OHIO, APRIL 18, 1811.
NUMBER 4.
lit
'ft
PRINTED ASD PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY
. BY L. IIARFEK.
fj- Teh Ms. One dollar and fifty cents per annum,
If paid in advance, or within three months ; two dollars
at the end of six months; or two dollars and fifty cents
at the end of the year. (7- These conditions will be
strictly adhered to.
Oj- Advertising. One square, (twelve lines,) fifty
coma for the first insertion, and twenty-five cents each
subsequent publication. A liberal discount made to
those who advertise by the year.
(gj' Letters to the editor must be post paid.
POETICAL.
From the Ohio Statesman
Far o'er the blue sea there's a bright little island,
Endear'd to my heart by a million of stories,
Where tho pure flowing streamlet and glorious highland,
Add charms to the page of her greatness and glories.
Her soil is as rich as the hearts of her yeomen,.
Her flowers are the sweetest that deck the green earth,
And where iB the man, be he friend or a lbeman,
v Who loves not her lasses, their beauty and worth
Her bards have chaunted her legends for ages,
: r . ' Their songs have re-echoed from mountain and dale,
Her orators, patriots, statesmen and sages,
'-:' Have told of her wrongs a sad, bitter tale!
For many long years the hard hand, of oppression,
: Like an incubus, weighed down the valiant and brave,
And though feeling daily new acts of aggression,
Erin yet will be free! on her soil not a slave !
Like a giant refresh'd with new wine, she will rise !
The chain'd lion will yet break forth from his lair!
The voices of Freemen will resound thro' the skies!
Sending fear to her tyrants to her oppressors despair !
Hasten the day, O, great Father of Nations,
When Emmet's last prayer shall be felt in each heart,
When Erin's brave sons shall once more take their sta
tions, .
" The highest .and proudest on liberty's chart.
' ( Cadiz, OA L. Haiipf.u
"When my country shall have taken her station
among the nations 01 the earth, then, anil not until then,
let my epitaph be written." ammcPt flimy speecn.
COOD BYE.
Farewell ! Farewell ! is often heard
From the lips of those who part j
'Tis a whispered tone 'tis a gentle word,
But it springs not from the heart.
It may serve for the lover's closing lay,
To be snug 'neath a summer's sky ;
But give me the lips that warmly say
The honest words "Goodbye!"
Adieu! Adieu ! may greet the car,
: In the guise of courtly speech ;
But when we leave the kind and dear,
'Tis not what the soul would teach.
Whene'er we grasp the hands of those
Wo would have forever nigh,
The flame of Friendship bursts and glows
In the warm frank words "Good bye!"
The mother sending forth her child
To meet with cares and strife,
; Breathless thro' her tears, her doubts and fears,
For the loved ono's future life.
No cold "adieu," no "farewell" lives,
Lives within her choking sigh j
But the deepest sob of anguish gives
In the warm frank words "Good by!"
Go watch the pale and dying one,
When the glance has lost its beam
When the brow is cold as marble stone,
And the world a passing dream 5
And the latest pressure of the hand,
The look of the closing eye, '
Yield what the heart must understand,
Along a last "Good bye !"
MISCELLANEOUS.
DEMOCRACY.
BY HEV. W. S. HALSII.
mi i 1 t
ino system 01 democratic government is
most beautiful in its structure, and benevolent
in its operations. It is a transcript of the govern-
mentofGod. It is supported by. the profound
est researches of philosophy, by the sublimcsl
teachings of religion, the purest piety, the deep-
est virtue, tho hrtnest iaith,, tho brightest hope
the most expansive charity. It gives to each
tho right of all. Each man is estimated a unit
tho sum of which makes up the whole. What is
tho right of one is tho right of aflS? It confers no
title ; it bestows no immunities. It makes each
accountable for the whole, and pledges tho pro-
tection of the whole for the good of each. The
. man that is bom in insignificance, and bred in
a corner, may, by a continuance in well doing,
riseioiue centre 01 giory ana Honor. Merit is
tho only avenue to success. And the sons and
' daughters of tho rich,by the neglect of virtue, by
indulgence in vice will sink into merited insignif
icance. Tho man in office may bo removed
without a revolution, whilo vacant seats are open
to the emulation ot all."
"I can concoivo ho form of government so per
fectly compatible with tho stiblimo principles of
Christianity, or so directly calculated to promote
,, the happiness ot all mankind, as a democracy
Itnoedsjonly to bo understood in theory, and
adopted in practice, by a people qualified to test
its qualities to secure the admiration and suppor
of every philanthropist throughout tho world."
The Brother and Sister.
'Mrs. Child relates the following pleasant ancc
, dole, in one of her New York letters to U10 Bos
ton Courier: '
"1 found the Battery unoccupied, save by chil
dren, whom the weather mado as merry as buds,
Everything seemed moving, to tho vernal tune oi
"Brignal banks Hro fresh and fair, ,
. , , And Greta woods are green." ')
'To one who was chasing horhoop, I said smi
lingly,"Youarc a nice little girl." She stopped
. looked up m my tace so rosy and happy, and lay
, v i'lg her hand on her brother's shoulder, exclaim
od earnestly, "and he is a nice little boy, too:
It was a simple, childlike act, but it brought a
. . warm gush into my heart. Blessings on nil un-
selfishness. On all that leads us in love to pro
' ferone another1.' Hero lies tho secret Of univcr
sal harmony) this is tho disposition which would
bring tis all into tunc. Only by toning ourselves
can we una oursoives.".
ICELIGIOX.
Religion never shines with so bright and be
nignant a lustre as upon those who embrace it in
early youth. To the aged it gives light, peace
and hope. Upon the young it confers all these,
together with many peculiar benefits. It nur-
tures kind allcctions. Jt imposes needtul re
straints upon bad passions, or purifies every vi
cious taste. It sheds a beautiful and benignant
influence upon the whole social and moral char
acter. Thus it blesses for a whole life time, and
lays the foundation for blessings throughout eter
nity. It is to the young who listen to its voice,
a counsellor of infallible wisdom, a sun of right
eousness which guides them through their whole
being. Have you, my young friends, sought
this inestimable treasure. You cannot prize, it
too highly. Give to it your whole heart, Sac
rifice for it pride, and passion, the love of pleas
ure and of the world. Bo simple hearted. Be
heavenly minded. Lay the foundation of piety
broad and deep now, while habits are plastic and
feelings are lively. Never bo ashamed of your
religion. Never compromise it. Keep a consci
ence void of offence towards God and toward man.
Remembor you are to grow in grace. Let every
year, if possible, every day, add perceptibly to
your piety. Endeavour to do good, to be active
ly pious. Try 1o feel habitually that it is your
duty always to make upon others a decidedly re
gions impression. lour lite and example must
do something towards saving others. Cultivate a
sense 01 perpetual responsibility, that every day's
history may give a coloring to your eternity .
Olin.
At a recent meeting of the French Academy,
one ot the members reaa an interesting memoir
of Baily, the famous astronomer and a conspic
uous personage in the French Revolution. In the
courso of the memoir the author related the first
interview of Baily and Franklin, as follows:
;iThe illustrious delegate from Pennsylvania
entertained on his arrival in France the opinion
that our countrymen love inordinately to hear
themselves talk and would infinitely rather speak
than listen. When the philosopher and astrono
mer met for the first time, tho latter kept silence,
expecting a question from the illustrious stranger,
Fkanklin, 011 his side, did not open Ins mouth:
at the end of a half hour, neither having yet ut
tered anything, Baily took out his snuff-box
and offered a pinch to the other mute. Fkank-
lix, motioned that he did not use snuli; another
half hour elapsed in the same way, after which
Baily having risen to depart, Franklin seized
his hand, saying, "very well, Mr. Baily very
well indeed! '
Pulsations of the Heart. If the brain be an
electric pile, constantly in action, it may be con
ceived to discharge itself at regular intervals,
when the tension of tho electricity developed
reaches a certain point, along the nerves which
communicate with the heart, and thus to excite
the pulsations of that praan,This idea is forci
bly suggested by a view of that elegant apparatus
the dry pile 01 JDcluc, 111 which the successive
accumulations of electricity are carried off by a
suspended ball, which is kept by tho discharges
in a state of regular pulsation for any length of
time. We have witnessed the action of such a
pile maintained in this way for whole years, in
the study of the above named eminent phi
losopher. The same idea of the cause of the
pulsation of the heart appears to have oc-
curred to Dr. Anion, and is mentioned in
his useful and excellent work on Physics; to
which however we are not indebted for the sug-
gestion, it having occurred to us independently
many years ago. Ilerchels Jyaturul Philoso-
A gentleman's pleasure. "It is in youth as in
after life, that vicious propensities are best coun
teracted, not by stern precept and rigid law, but
by turning the feelings and passions into a purer
channel, by giving a higher object to generous
ambition, by centering the active energies on
more worthy pursuits, by teaching them, in short
to find their highest gratification m mental and
moral culture. Let a man's pride be to bo i
gentleman furnish him with elegant and refi
ned pleasures, imbue him with the love of intel
lectual pursuits, and you have a better security
for his turning out a good citizen, and 11 good
Christian, than it you have confined him by the
strictest moral and religious discipline, kept him
in innocent and unsuspecting ignorance of all the
vices of youth, and in the mechanical and order
ly routine of the severest system of education."
- -London Quarterly licview.
A man three years old. The following ac
count of an extraordinary phenomenon, witnes
sed at Palermo, and which has excited some in
terest, appears in the Journal des Doax Siciles :
"Guiseppe Gonzaga, a child scarcely three years
old, has attained tho height ot lour palms and a
third Sicilien measure, or about four feet and a
half French measure. His limbs arc well formed
he is extraordinarily strong and vigorous, and
lie is a man in every sense of the word. The
sauans who have seen him, say that their cxami
nations have led to discoveries of great impor
tance 111 pathology; and Dr. Diego Sgroppo, ono
of the most distinguished physicians of Palermo,
says, that if Guiseppo's growth should not be ar
rested by accident or illness, ho will be one of
tho most astonishing giants ever seen. Le Cab
inet dc Lectarc.
When is a Man drunk. Wo presume this
question is nowettlcd. Our temperance friends
have frequently tried to answer it satisfactorily
but have as frequently failed. Some where in
South Carolina it was thought to be Bottled ; for
afier solemn debate it was decided that a man
was drunk when ho was seen holding himself by
a pump stock and trying to light his segar by the
spout. In North Carolina it was decided that a
man was drunk, when ho wont to bed with the
hogs instead of his wife. But tho New York
Court of errors has settled tho important question.
It has determined that a man is not drunk as long
as ho can stand on his two logs (dont faint ladies)
without any support. '
Aclcan skin.- Dr. Kitchener states, that "a
clean skin is next to aclcan conscience;" and
tho old saying of "a healthy mind in a healthy
body," goes further, and may be understood to
imply, that a clean skin is a prerequisite for a
cloan conscience; at all events, that it is essential
to bodily health, is established on physiological
principles. . To keep tho pores of the skin open
and freo Corn impurities, contributes to the health
ful action of all tho other organs of tho body, par
ticularly those of tho stomach; and this requires
frequent and regular bathing.
A FACT.
In a town not a hundred miles off, a small sized
man went to the plantation of a certain gentle
man who was light in wit, but rather heavy in
flesh, with a piece of paper in his hand, folded in
a legal lorm, and known by the abreviation of 'ca
sa? Having found the owner of the mansion in
the field; he explained his business when he was
requested to read the capias, commenced as usu
al. 'You are hereby commanded, without delay,
to take the body ot,' &,c.
"Humph!' said the prisoner, stretching himself
upon his back, 'I am ready.
'Oh, but you don't expect me to carry you in
my arms?' ,
'Cer tainly you must take my body, you know,
I do not resist the process of the law, understand,
but submit with cheerfulness.
'Will you wait here until I bring a cart?"
'Can't promise; I may recqver my fatigue in
the mean while.
'Well what must I do?'
'You must do your duty.'
And there he lay immovable until the Sheriff
Ictt.
American Heroines. -In tho late wars which
ensanguined the provinces of Buenos Ayres, the
women of that country displayed the greatest
courage. Donna Juaua Ossunday fought a con
siderable time by the side of her husband, Gen
eral Cadilla. At the battle of Laguaua this Am
azonian lady carried oil' from the Spaniards one
of their colors, and the republic, in order to show
its gratitude, conferred upon her the rank of heu
tenate colonel. . When the battle at Cochaham
ba took place, the general commanding, finding
himself inferior in forces to the opposing party,
gave arms to the women of the city, and a posi
tion to defend. They all perished 111 the conflict.
On the same evening, according to the practice
of the French army, an officer at the roll-call en
quired, whether all the women of Cochahamba
were present, and was answered, "No, they are
all dead for their country in the field of honor."
Le Camelon.
Beauty and Poetry. Beauty is to a woman
what poetry is to a language,and their similarity
accounts for their conjunction; for, ; there never
yet existed a female possessed of personal love
liness, who was not only poetical in herself, but
the cause of poetry in others. Were the subject
to be properly examined, it would be discovered
that the first dawn of poetical genius in a man
proceeds almost invariably from his acquaintance
with the other sex. Where love exists, poetry
must exist also; for one cannot possibly hive be
ing without the fellowship of the other; they live
together, and together they perish. Fiazcr's
Magazine.
King Charles and Dr. Bush by. King Chas.
ll.onacertaintime, payinga visit to Dr.Bushby,
the Dr. is said to have strutted through tho school
room with his hat upon his head, while his ma
jesty walked coniplaisantly behind Iiiui with Li
hat under his arm; but when he was taking leave
at the door, the doctor, with great humility, thus
addressed the king "I hope your majesty will ex
cuse my want of respect hitherto; but if my boys
were to imagine there was a greater man in the
kingdom than myself, 1 should never be able to
rule l hem.
A new discovery. In the expedition lately
made by Dr. Gerard into the territories between
the British frontiers on the northwest and the
Caspian sea, the ruins of an extensive city were
traced at the base of the Hindoo Kosh mountains
supposed to bo the city of "Alexandria ad Cau
casum." Various topes were also examined by
Mr. Mason, from which he collected upwards of
30.000 old coins, mostly copper, and a large por
tion with Greek inscriptions.
Children. A popular writer contends that
one fifth of all the children born, die belore they
attain one year old, and significantly ask if a far
mer was to lose one fifth of his cattle would he
not ascertain the cause and apply the remedy?
Children are overfed, overclotlied, take too little
exercise in the air, &. these are the causes of mor
tality among them. We agree with the writer
who recommends mothers to study Combe and
Brighain instead of Bulwer and Boz.
Lucky hit. An old building about to be pul
led down in tho Bowery, was sold for $30 to
two Irishmen, on condition they would remove
it. They went to work at it, and in tearing o
pensome of the wainscoating found a jug, which
on examination proved to be a money jug; con
taining it is said $9,000 in old coin. This is a
good prize. xV. Y. American.
Curious ancient manner of getting gold. Sir
Walter Raleigh tells us, "Not far from Caucasus
are certain steep-falling torrents, which wash
down many grains of gold, as in many other parts
of the world ; and the people there inhabiting used
to sot many fleeces of wool in these descents of
of water, in which the grains of gold remain, and
tho water passeth through, which Strabo wilncs-
seth to be true."
Errors in education. "Many a child is brought
to me in mv room for a little reward of a tract,
&c. Since I began this scrawl, a sharp little girl
was brought for this purpose. She repeated a
short poem extremely well. 1 then said, 'Now
I must examine what you know of the Bible.
Who was Abraham ?' After some hesitation, she
answered, 'I think he was an Exeter man!'"
Life of 11. Moore.
Tho Picayune says "Four ladies walked
through Royal street, a few days since, who at
tracted particular attention. Their dresses were
precisely alike thoif parasols were alike their
bonnets were alike and judging from appear
ance, we should say their bustles were alike.
Mercury congeals at a temperature of 40 de
grees below zenith. Mr. Simpson and his party
on their exploring expedition to the northern
seas, made bullets of mercury when tho.thcr-
momclerwas at 49 degrees, and on the 11th of
March their spirit thcrinomoter, indicated Wi be
low zero. .
Honor, honosty,and industry,arc the best cap-!
-.1.1 . - . -- I ' . 1 . 1 . 1- ! j I ''
nai mai a young man can nave 10 uegin nie wiin.
If ho have principles of honor, ho will ho always
respected. If ho have honesty ho will always be
credited. If lia have industry, ho will noverlack
for tho means of bettering his fortune, . '
"My 'spected bredren," said a venerable look
ing preacher of tho Etheopian race, "blessed Bin
doy dat 'spects nuttin, for dey aint guino to bo
disappintod." ' ,.
DEMOCRACY, jjp"
THE SENTINEL.
Cadiz, April 18, 1811.
A POLITICAL, CL7I!
We believe we have never read any thing that
pleajod us more than the following address, de
livered by Gansevoort Melville, Esq., in New
York, at the great Democratic festival, on the 5th
ultimo. We publish it in full, because every par
agraph is a living stream of glowing eloquence!
Read it Road it!
ADDRESS.
Fellow-Demockats:
We are. not here to mouth high-sounding phra
ses, to prate of transcendental philosophy in
transcendental language, and to deify "the mill
boy of the slashes." Neither are we here to in
dulge in fulsome eulogy, and debase ourselves at
the foot of the stool of any man. Nor are we
here to enter deep into a discussion of the prin
ciples and policy of the democratic party. This
is noi uie nuing lime ior me elaborate consider
ation of a subject so grave and weighty. What,
then,are we here tor Why, this gathering in
of the democratic host? Wherefore are the beau
ty and bravery o this fair city congregated here
to night? This is a jubilee. We come here to
discharge a duty which is a ploasure. We are
here to celebrate the anniversary of the birth-day
ot Andrew Jackson (applause) the man who
has filled the measure of his country's clorv.
He who, in times not long passed, was our cham
pion and our leader he whose crest always dan
ced in the hottest and thickest of the fight he
who! swept on at the head of the democratic
masses with a force as resistless as the surges of
the sea. Ana we come here to celebrate the
anniversary of his birth-day, as he would have us
celebrato it to take each other by the hand to
look each other in the face to cheer each other
onward to feehlhat we stand as we did of yore,
snouiuer 10 anouiaer, making common cause
against u common enemy, ivneers.i This is
the', way that tho anniversary of his birth-day
should be celebrated. We are brethren, and we
meet as brethern. 1 he spirit which actuates us,
one and all, is tho spirit of union, harmony, and
concession. Everything for the cause nothin
for men. Our opponents, the whigs, held a great
pow-wow hero on the iouUh(Uay 01 tins present
itiarcn. . it was a colouration in anticipation
f . t . IT ' . -
01 tne inauguration 01 neniy Uay. (Laughter.)
prcherrei-nj ttnrt-thcy will be deprived of tlie
reality, they are determined not to do without
the illusion. I heir celebration will turn out to
be very much like the dead sea apple fair to the
eye, but turning to ashes on the lips. They have
enjoyed their shadow, but we have a word to say-
about the substance. Who ever before heard of
a celebration in anticipation? There is not a
farmer's wife in the country but who might have
taught the magnates of the whig party here a les
son of practical wisdom, by simply referring them
to tho old saw, that it is imprudent to count chick
ens before they aro hatched. (Great laughter.)
This celebration of theirs is pretty much the
same thing as if some poor, hungry, starving loaf
er should cuddle up in a warm corner, close his
eyes, shut his mouth, and eat a glorious good
dinner in imagination. (Continued laughter
and cheers.) The whigs said one thing at their
late meeting here, which cannot be passed over
in silence. The orator of the evening doclared
that the women were with them. This sentiment
was concurred in by a very high authority. A
gentleman who in private life is estimable and
respectable, and to whom I only refer in his pub
lic capacity. He distinguished himself on that
occasion calling to mind the fact that the devil
can quote scripture; and being justified by the
precedent, he quoted scripture too, (laughter)
for all must know who is referred to tho cele
brated whig extravaganza singer, Mr. Jim-along
fosey Iloxie. (Roars of laughter, and cries of
"clear the way ole Dan Tucker.") Now, with
all due respect to such high authority, we meet
this assertion boldly and plumply, and deny that
the women are with them. On that point we
are ready and desirous to join issue whenever
and wherever they choose. On that point they
have thrown down the gauntlet. We take it up,
and in behalf of our fair democratic countrywo
men, accept the challenge. Calling to witness
the bright cestus of Venus nnd the blushes of
young Aurora, we feel confident that we can
produce moro and prettier women than they can.
(Tremendous cheering for several minutes.)
When I learned that their orators had made that
monstrous assertion, it caused me to reflect.
What, though I, the fairer, the belter, and the
gentler sex that we all delight to honor to
whom we all owe so much they who make a
paradise of home against us! If this bo so, we
might as well give it up-first as last for it would
be decidedly a bad job. (Laughter.) But it is
not so. (Cheers.) Every man of us, on that
subject, can speak from his own observation.
(Cheers.) As for myself, I come from a stock,
tho women as well as tho men of which have,
from the first organization of parties, manifested
a preference for and a sympathy with tho demo
cratic cause. (Loud cheers.) If any man wishes
more proof than this derived from his own person
al knowledge, let him look around him. Those
galleries will settle the question. (Tremendous
applause, and nine cheers for the ladies.) The
wild flowers of feminine delicacy, beauty and
grace, that honor us with thoir presence hore to
night, and whoso exceeding loveliness might lure
an anchorite from his cell, were never plucked
from tho prim and artificial gardens of modern
whigjery. (Shouts of laughter and tremendous
applause.) Show me a woman who can sympa
thize the magnificent mothcrof the Gracchi
who, when asked by the aristocratic dames of
ancient 'Rome to exhibit hero store of ornaments
of gold and precious stones answored, that she
had none of these, but ot tho same time produ
ced her two glorious sons, exclaiming, "these ore
my jewels !" Show mo a woman who can under
stand this and feel it and that Woman is at heart
a democrat.- (Cheers.) Remember the simple
story of that sweet English girl, who was uipon
ccd to an officer on foreign service. It s&ctwn
ced thntie was desperatelv wounded in bottle,
' ' '
losing one limb and the use of another, besides
being terribly hacked and disfigured. The first
use that he made of returning strength was to
write to his affianced wife she who was a part
of his very being informing her of the misfor
tune which had befallen him, and releasing her
from her engagement. This was the first intel
ligence that she had received of tho sad occur
rence. It fell upon her with stunning force.
Recovering from the shock with heaving bosom,
and suffused eye, she sat down and wrote : "If
your feelings for me are unchanged, and you
have body enough left to contain your soul, I
will not be released from my engagement."
That glorious girl, whose high-souled and self
sacrificing spirit dictated those words, well illus
lustrated tho hopeful, trusting, Christian nature
of the democratic creed. (Great cheers hurra
a-a-a-a.) Now, my fair countrywomen, with
your permission, a word with you. I grant ye
that the whigs have the advantage of us plain-
spoken democrats, in scented hair, diamond rings,
and white kid gloves (roars of laughter) in
the language ot compliment, and the alfectation
ot manner, and, most particularly, in their style
of dressing. If one of these exquisites wished
to express the idea contained in the home-spun
adage, "There is no pitch hot, and the devil to
pay," ho would say, " I here is a pecuniary lia
bility due to the old gcntleniaiij and no bitumi
nous matter, of the proper temperature, where
with to liquidate the obligation. (Uproarious
laughter and applause.) These flashing quali
ties do not answer the purpose. They do not
rank in the list ot hreside virtues. They do not
make home the holiest spot on earth, loved and
prized as it ought to be. Such qualifications will
not smooth the pillow for the aching head; will
not pour balm into the wounded heart, and quick
en the soul of sympathy. (Cheers.) It is most
presumptuous 111 me, ladies, to proffer you advice,
ior 1 am so unlortunate as to be a bachelor. (A
laugn.; uut 1 may never have another opportu
nity and, any how, I can't resist the temptation
So let me tell ve, that if ye wish vour lovers
when transformed into husbands, to Le all that
you would wish them, kind, affectionate, reliable,
of good habits, truth loving husbands that will
be the idols of your hearts, your protection, your
glory and your pride be sure and choose from
among the democracy. ( 1 hunderinrr applause
i o sum up, m the words of an old lady of my
acquaintance, who, 1 must conless, has strong
political predilections. Says she to inc. one day.
"i always tell my daughters that they must never
marry any body but democrats, bocause they al
ways wear so well." (Laughter and great ap
plause.) Intelligent warm-hearted, and right-
leeimg women, the world over, must always wish
well to that great democratic party, whose watch
word, and whose crowning glory is "Equal and
exact justice to all men." And I may add, "wo
men too." (Tremendous cheering.) Now let us
give a little of our attention to our friends, the
whigs. 1 hey like to be noticed. It will not do
touoglect them on this festive occasion, (cheers.)
T'U: - 1- 11 11 .1 . .
moil inouusiy is oiuy equation uy their merit
(Laughter.) They claim all the respectability
all the morality, all the decency. A party with
such claims commends itself especially to our
attention. We havo all heaid a good deal said
about amalgamation. Did it ever occur to you
that the whigs are practical political nmalgama-
tionistsf It is clearly so. Federalists, national
republicans, anti-masons, and conservatives all
rallying under one banner, professing one sot of
principles, and unilingin the supportof one man
Jf this is not practical political amalgamation,
what is it? The whigs naturally affect the compo
site order ot architecture. The democracy pre
ler the Done, llie Doric is moro 111 conson
ance with our principles. It scorns ali superflu
ous ornament. It is strong, simple, severe, sub
lime, the whig party and whig principles call
to my mind two things. 1 he whig party prac
tical political amalgamation, asd whig principles
Joseph's coat ol many colors. (Laughter.)
I heir principles shift with every anticipated
change in popular opinion. They change their
names with a facility kindred to that of those
ingenious gentry, who, when brought up to the
bar ot our police court charged with petty larcc
ny, or something of the sort, aro always provided
with half a dozen appellations Jack Smith alias
Tom Brown, alias Jim Jenkins. (Cheers.) To
do our opponents justice in speaking of them
they should always receive tho benefit of full
name and title. Federalists, alias national re
publicans, alias anti-masons, alias conservatives
alias native Americans, or adopted whigs, alias
aemocrauc wings, ircai laugmcr ana applause.)
But this last cognomen is enough to make a horse
laugh. Why, they might as well talk of a white
black cat, or a tall short man, or any tiling else
that is a contradiction in terms. If they do pro
cure any sumages by such petty sliuliling as this,
I am inclined to think that an indictment would
lie against them for obtaining votes under false
pretences. (Great laughter and applause.) Whig
tactics are very peculiar, ana there is a reason
tor it. Ihey icel and know that, in sober earnes;
they are the weaker party. And hence the man
ner in which they conduct their campaigns.
uia you ever see a man contending, physical
ly, with ono who is on overmarch for him? Now
ho strains, swells and tugs but to no purpose
The strongman puts his hand on hiin, and its all
over. Do you know the way they catch rattle
snakes at Lake George? A man, armed with a
long stick, forked and sharpened, sallies out
among the lulls and rocks. Spying a rattlesnake
ho watches his opportunity, and with a quick and
sudden dart, catches with tho forked end of the
stick tho head of the reptile, as it lies upon the
ground, and pins it to the earth. Tho rattlesnake
no doubt very much surprised, squirms most un-
mercitully. JJut it dots no good ho is des
patched t leisure. So it is with the whiss.-
(Great cheering.) We have got their heads to
the ground and all that they can do is to make
a splutter, and a noise, and kick un a trreat dust
(Tremendous cheering, cries of "That's the
talk '.""Give it to 'em, old boy !") The whigs
arearrotean party, l hey change their pruici
cipies and their names with a magical facility
An animal is their emblem. Their animal aflin
ities arc very strong they can crow, snort, snuf
fle, grunt, bray and baa. Now let us make them
whine, yelp and squeal. (Cheers and shouts of
"we will by blazes'.) 1 said that an animal is
their emblem so it is. And what sort of an Rn
imal? Something dull that never learns is it
tho ass? Something vicious is it the mule? .
Something stupid and hiding its stupidity under
the garb of sceminV wisdom is it the owl?
Something blind and that works In tho dark
it the molo? Sqmelhinjj thievish ond nibbling
in its propensities is it the rat? Nq none of
these ; but a nicely adjusted and fitting compound
of them all a coou! A fat, lazy, oily, thieving,
cowardly, skulking coon the hybrid emblem of
hybrid party. (Great laughter, tremendous
cheering, and groans for some minutes.) The
banner of the whigs is a coonskin. In the long
night of the middle ages, when armed Luropesent
forth her steel-clad barons, with their stout re
tainers, on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem to rescue
the Holy Sepulchre from the tenacious clutch of
the infidel and alas, to redden the sands of l'al
estine with Christian gore the banner that wa
ved above the bold Crusader then, as he iougttt
and bled
And died, the sword iu bis red band, .
On the holiest spot of that blessed land,
was the banner of the Holy Cross. (Cheers.)
When tho Bourbons desired to call to their aid
the lances of imperial France, the Oriflamme was
displayed, and the Gallic chivalry rallied round
it to conquer or die. (Cheers.) In more mod
ern times, tho tri-color of tho revolution and tho
golden eagles of the empire have been carried in
triumph into every capitol on the coulinent.-
There is not a single breeze that blows in whieh
the meteor flag of England docs not wave; and
Blenheim, Itamilies, Sciingapatam, Albuera,
Salamanca and Quebec Acre, Aboukir, Water-;
loo and Iralalgar, are eloquent with its glories.
We are reany under a banner interior to none of
these a flag loved at heme and respected abroad
the star-spangled banner cf our country.-
(Tremendous cheering.) It is familiar to tho
British soldier, lor Le saw it on the plains oi .Sar
atoga, in the lines at Yoiktown, ond upon the
breast work at New Orleans. Great cheering.
It is associated in the mind of the British sailor
with the names of Hull, Porter and Decatur. It
streamed from the mast-head of the Constitution,
when the Guernere struck.. Oheenng.j True, ;
these arc the banners of nations; but this con
temptible coonskin is the emblem and the ban
ner of a party which aspires to control the desti
nies of a nation. Groans and hisses. ' And
such a nation, loo; a nation which doubles its
population and quadruples its wealth every two
and twenty years; the only free nation on tho
face of God's earth; a nation, the comer-stono
of whose greatness was laid by him, in speaking '
of whom all language fails and all utterance be
comes palsied. Ransack the records of all time.
Invoke the aid of the genius of the past. Who
is his peer? lie is unappvoached in the intellec
tual symmetry and moral grandeur of his charac
ter. George Washington knows no peer; he has
no parallel. Loud and enthusiastic applause.
Let me call your attention to the startling fact
that an indirect and most iusiduous attack has
been lately made upon the memory of Washing
ton. It was made from this very stand only elev
en days ago, by one who stood here before the
wholo country as un acknowledged mouth piece
of the whig party. The language of this Whig
orator was this: 'He Mr. Clay has made his
own character of the age, as Washington did in
his time. Washington loft the nation sober, or
derly, high-principled and patriotic, but on tho -whole
rather with negative qualities, but the man
of our time, i. e. Henry Clay, came to give the
nation additional traits of a positivo and active
character; to make it while it yet retained all
those Wushingtoniiin virtues, still more enterpri
sing, bold, energetic, ardent, enthusiastic, aspi
ring, self-improving, nnd self-protective." An
honest political adherent and admirer of Henry
Clay should hang his head in shame to hearsuch
language. And yet it was uttered in the pres
ence of, and listened to with approbation by
nearly 5000 whigs, and not one voice was raised
against it. It has been extensively published in
the whig press. Not one whig editor has passed
strictures upon it. On the contrary "The Tri-
bune," without reservation, pronounces die whole
oration of which the above is a part as "truthful"
and 'mastetly.' The Courier and Enquirer praises
and regrets that it cannot publish it. The Ex
press predicts that "when published it will be the
text book of the campaign; tho minnows of the
whig press follow in the wake of these, their
leviathans. Now this whig "text book" cxaljs
Henry Clay at the expense and makes him tho
equal of George Washington; him who is degra
ded by a comparison with any man; whose fame
should be dearer to us than our hearts blood; who
is our father; for he is the father of our country.
Not content with this attempted parricide, this
accredited organ of tho whig party further says :
"Mr. Clay is not only Amorican, but America
itself, the Republic personified?'! This is nought
but man-worship. It has 110 foundation in truth.
It is the reckless and destructive spirit of ultra
partizanship. It is a bowing of the knee to Baal.
What reasonable and unprejudiced man would
trust a party who, exasperated by defeat and mad
with excessive lust of power, arc now endeavor
ing to gain their end by making an idol of Clay
and falling down before it. To hear their wa
ters and their presses speak of Henry Clay, one "
would suppose him to be more than man. I am
no calumnialor of Henry Clay; I seek not to de
tract from him his fair fame; I am willing and de
sirous to accord him his truo position. I do not
impugn his patriotism. ' I freely grant that he is
persevering, energetic, eloquent and brave; en
dowed with an indescribable magic of manner,
and pre-eminently fitted by nature to bo what lie
is; a great partizan leader. In his democratic
youth, before lie was flattered and caressed into
the ranks of the advocates of special legislation,
he stood up manfully against tho recharteroftho
U. S. Bank ; and for Madison and tho war. We
honor him for it. We gratefully remember his ex
ertion in behalf of tho acknowledgement of the
independence of Greece and the South American
Republics. At the same timo we must regret
that ho whoso youth gave such glorious promise
should, in tho full maturity of his manhood, for
sake tho bouse of his fathers and go wandering
afier strange gods. It is beneath the dignity of
the democratic party to war with any man. The
democracy war not with Henry Chy, the man;
but with Henry Clay, the representative of certain ,
principles. ' Tho whig parly and Henry Clay are
one; they are thoroughly identified with the pol
icy of the land distribution, a high tariff based
i))on the principle of protection, and a U. States
Bank. Mark how these, three kindred mensures
mutually aid ond assist each other,. - They dovo
tail togethor most admirably. Each ensures the
necessity for, and the permanence of the exis
tence Ql all. Let thorn but be established and
rivetod upon tho industry of the country, and1 an
incubus will be placed on the moral welfare and
substantial prosperity of. this great Republic,
which will be most difficult te shake Off, will havw
cost a bitter and protracted struggle. Elect Hen
ry Clay President of the United Stairs- give him
a majority in both branches of Conirsi lei tin
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