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CADIZ, HARRISON COUNTY, OHIO, APRIL 25, 1811.
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" Come strike the harp, 'tis vain to muse
Upon the gathering ills we see." Moore.
Once more, delightful and soul-stirring Spring!
Thou coms't a ud carrioit with thee smiles and joy :
With naught thy pleasing features to destroy,
But fraught with all to make a poet sing.
Oh ! who would not thy lovely form caress?
And who would mourn to see thee tinge the plains,
Or shut his ear against the moving strains
Of mounting lark or heart sick shepherdess?
Thy breath is sweet, oh Spring ! and thy fair brow
Around is girt with gladness; and thine eye
Beams peace about the bosom of the sky
Which hangs its airy cov'ring o'er me now;
And thou art welcome, Spring! but thy return
Gildeth the grave of one that 1 must mourn.
' Isle of Beauty, fare thee well !
By TIIOMA8 II. BAYI.EY, ESQ..
Shados of ev'ning, close not o'er us,
Leave our lonely bark a while !
Morn, alas! will not restore us
Yonder dim and distant Isle :
Still my fancy can discover
Sunny spots where friends may dwell ;
Darker shadows round us hover,
Isle of Beauty, fare thee well!
, ' Tis the hour when happy faces
Smile around the taper's light j
Who will fill our vacant places?
Who will sing our songs to-night?
Thro' the mist that floats above us
Faintly sounds the vesper bell,
Lite a voice from those who love us,
Breathing fondly " Faro thee well !"
When the waves are round mc breaking,
. As I pace the deck alone.
And my eye in vain is seeking
Some green leaf to rest upon :
What would I not give to wander
Where my old companions dwell ;
Abscnse makes the heart grow fonder,
Isle of Beauty, fare thee well!
A Night with Burns.
In Ainsworth's Magazine there is an account
of "A Night with Burns," by Dr. Shclton Mack
ensie; which although too much concocted af
ter a fashion that is the vice of magazines, is char
acteristic and entertaining. Our Andrew Hor
ner, a resident in Carlisle, went to Glasgow to
publish a volume of poems, much admired by him
self. Oddly enough, on his way home, he stray
ed out of the direct road into Ayr, where he met
with Burns at a public house, and some boon
companions set the poet errant and the poet res
ident (whose fame was then unmade) to try their
strength in a match of verse making. "An epi
gram" was the subject chosen, because as An
drew internally argued, "it is the shortest of all
poems." In compliment lo him, the company re
solved that his own merits should supply the thome.
"In seventeen hundred thietty nine ;"
but beyond this, after repoated attempts lie was
unable to advance. The second line was the
. Rubicon he could not pass. At last when An
drew Horner reluctantly admitted that he was
not quite in the vein, the pen, ink, and paper
were handed to his antagonist. By him they
were rejected, for he instantly gave the follow
ing viva voce
"In seventeen hundred thretty nine,
The deilgat stuff to mak' a swine,
And jiut it in a corner;
But shortly after changed his plan,
Made it to something like a man,
And called it Andrew Horner!"
Tho subject of this stinging stanza had the good
sense not to be offended with its satire, cheer
fully paid the wager, set to for a night's revelry
with his new friends and thrust his poems be
tween tho bars of the gate, when ''the sma' hours
came on to four in the morning. As his poetic
rival then kindly rolled up tho hearth-rug in a
5uiet cornerof the room, to serve as a pillow for
or the vanquished rhymester then literally a
carpet knight the old man, better prophet than
poet, exclaimed, "Hoot, man, but ye'll be a great
Marriage in St. Petersburg.
An English Merchant, resident at St. Peters
burg, desired to marry a Russian lady, which
cannot bo done without a special edict from the
Emperor. He had given up all hopes, when one
.evening, a friend happened to find the Emperor
in good humor, represented the matter to linn
and desired his permission. "Let Miss A. and
Mr, B. be married immediately," was the order
given by Nicholas. This Ukaso was signed at
o P, M. and by 10, it had passed through tho of-
!ices of the registry, whence by 11, it was in the
lands of the synod, and by mid-night, the police
werp trotting the streets to put it in execution
Mr. was fast asleep, when a thundering
rap at the door frightened him awake. Visions
pf the knout, and the like, floated beforo his awa-
fiened brain, when the bare-faced soldiers burst
nto his chamber, and ordered him to dress and
follow. ; "In God's name what have I done?" he
exclaimed, "where am 1 to go? Must I be drag
ged away at this time of night 7"' "We havo a
warrant for you, which must be executed immei
dUdelyP said one of them; and ho proceeded
to read, "By the grace of God, tho Autocraj to
all the Russians, &.c, orders tho marriage of Mr.
'. B. to Miss A, to be solemnized immediately," &c.
"You see this admits of no delay," observed tho
officer, gravely. The astonished merchant was
then hurried off to a priest, and thence in com
pany with this functionary, to the house of the!
lady, who was thundered up in the samo way ;
and ere her eyes were fairly opened, or her dis-
habi lc half arranged, the twain were one ncsn.
The clergyman attested the execution ofthe sen
tence, and abruptly departed with the oincers,
eavinn the astounded couple to get over Uieir
'confusion, consider what ought to be done next
and finish their broken slumber at their leisure.
This is condensed from a translation of the
'Diary of a traveller in Russia in 1843."
The last of the Stuarts.
This most wonderful charactear still lives at
Tweedmouth. Ho will complete his lloyear
on Christmas. 1843. His father General John
Stuart, was a cousin of Prince Charlie, the Pre
tender. His grand-mother was the lady of Air-
lic, well known in old scotch song James stu-
art saw those memorable battles during ihe re
bellion in 1745.1'restonnans andGuilloden, and
has spoken to and had wine with the Pretender.
lie served on the side ot the royansis in me
American war, and was at the battle of Quebec,
whero General Wolfe lost his life at the moment
of victory. Ho served on board a man-of-war
lor many years under those naval heroes, Admi
ral Rodney and rear Admiral Hood. He has
hnnn fivf! times married, and now lives with his
fifth wife. 75 veais younger than himself. He
has had by his several wives 24 children, ten of
them havo been killed m battle live ot uiem
at India, two at Trafalgar under Nelson, one at
Waterloo and two at Algiers, t or nearly sixty
years he has travelled in the Border districts as
a wandering minstrel, playing on, a fiddle, but
ho never asked alms from any one. Hundreds
of persons can bear testimony to his amazing
strength, from which circumstance ho got the
bye-name of Jemmy Strength. Among other
feats he could cany a 24 pounder cannon, and
he has been known to lift a cart load of hay
weighing a ton and a half, upon his back. Many
a time has he taken up a jackass, and walked
through the toll-bar carrying it on his shoulders.
It will bo long before we can look on his like
again, to hear his stories of 1745, and his glow
ing description of the young Chevalier. I'cr
The art of being Agreeable.
The true art of being agreeable is to appear
well pleased with all the company, and rather to
seem well entertained with them than to bring
entertainment to them. A man thus disposed,
perhaps, may not have much learning, nor any
wit, but if he has common sense and something
friendlv in his behavior, it conciliates men's minds
more than tho brightest parts without disposition
and when a man of such a turn comes to old
noe he is al wavs sure to be treated with respect. It
is truo indeed that wc should not dissemble and
finder in company but a man may bo very tigree
able, strictly consistent with truth and sincerity
bv a prudent silence, whence cannot really con
cur, and a pleasing assent where ho can. JNow
and llicii you meet with a person so exactly
formed to please that lie will gain upon every
one that hears or beholds him. This disposition
is not merely the gift of nature, but frequently
the effect of much knowledge of the world, and
a command over the passions.
Beautiful little Allegory.
A humming-bird once met a butterfly, and be
ing pleased with tho beauty of its person and
glory of its wings, made an offer of perpetual
'I cannot think of it, was the reply,' as you
once spurned mc, and called mc a drawling dolt.'
'Impossible, exclaimed tho humming-bird. '1
always entertained tho highest respect, for such
beautiful creatures as you.
'Perhaps you do now, said the other, 'but when
you insulted me, t was a caterpillar. so let me
give you this piece ot advice. JNever insult the
humble, as they may one day become your su
It is a remarkable fact that every animal when
dressed in human apparel resemble mankind very
strikingly in feature. Put a frock, bonnet and
spectacles on a pig, and it looks like an old wom
an of fifty. A bull dressed in an overcoat, would
resemble a lawyer. 1 io a few ribbons round
cat, put a fan in its paw, and a boarding school
Miss is represented. A cockrel in uniform is a
general to the life. 1 he features of a tiger
call to mind those of a sailor. A hedge-hog
looks like a miser. Dress a monkey in a frock
coat, cut off his tail, trim his whiskers, and you
have a Broadway dandy. Jack Asses resemble
a good many people ; but wo dislike personali
ties in this case.
Frugality may be termed tho daughter of Pru
dence, the sister of Temperance, and tho patent
ofLiberty. He that is extravagant will quickly
become poor, and poverty will enforce depen
dence, and invite corruption. It will almost al
ways produce a passive compliance with the
wickedness of others, and there are few who do
not learn by degrees to practico those crimes
which they cease to censure Johnson.
Fashion rules the world, and a most tyrannical
mistress she is compelling people to submit to
the most inconvenient things imaginable for fash
She pinches ourfctt with tightshocs, or clothes
us with a light neck handkerchief, or squeezes
the breath outof our body by tight lacing.
She makes people sit up by night, when they
ought lo bo in bed, and keeps them in bed in the
morning when they ought to bo up and doing.
She makes it vulgar to wait on one's self,
and genteel to live idle and useless.
She makes people visit when they would rather
slay at home, eat when they are not hungry, and
drink when they are not thirsty.
She evades our pleasures and interrupts our
wiiekidan said Deautiiuiiy, 'women govern
us; let ns try to render them perfect, the more
they are enlightened so much the more shall
wo bo. On tho cultivation ot tlie minds of worn
en depends tho wisdom of rncn. It is by wom
en that nature writes on tho hearts of men.'
'The future destiny ofthe child,' said Napoleon
'is always the work ofthe nlother,' and that great
man failed not to repeat, on all suitablo occa
sions, that to his mother ho owed all his great
ness.' .' ', ,
TJicy talk of establishing a permanent gallery
of pictures and statuary in New York..
GATHERINGS AXI GOSS1PPIXGS.
" A snapper up of unconsidered trifles."
Did yotj ever? Did you ever see a preacher
who thought he 'had a call' from a high salary to
a low one f
Did you ever know a critic who did not consid
er every thing he was unable to comprehend as
Did you ever see a man who in accepting office
was not actuated solely by a desire to 'serve his
Did you ever know a mechanic to do a job per
fectly well, after being screwed down below their
living price? -
Did you ever know a merchant that did not sell
'ten per cent, cheaper than any other man in
We know an old maid who is so fearful that her
ago will be suspected, that she fills up tho wrink
les in her face with putty, wears pantaletts, has
her hair braided behind, wears a bib, and plays
'hide and go seek' with tho schoolgirls.
A young lady who had been insulted by an
old maid, placarded the following lines on her
doors and windows :
To bo let or be sold for the term of her life,
Elizabeth Hall, by the way of a wife;
She's old, she's ugly, ill-natured and thin,
For further particulars, inquire within.
"How can you, mv dear prefer punch to wine ?"
"Because my lovo, 'tis so like matrimony --such
a charming compound of opposite qualities. -"Ay
my lord, I am the weak part, I suppose
"No, love you arc the sweet, with a dash of the
acid, and no small portion ofthe spirit.''''
A bov in Vermont, on hearing that the temper
ance folks in Boston were m such a hurry to get
rid of their cider that they were paying loafers
75 cents a day for drinking it, said if his father
was down there ho might make three or lour dol
lars a day, easy.
Ardent very. A projected runaway match in
Pittsburgh was prevented trom coming oft by the
lover oversleeping himself.
Chuck Full. A man who married a particu
larly plump specimen of womankind, being a bit
of a wag, told her one day that she filled the
measure of his matrimonial pysfull; for she was
beautiful, dutiful, youthml, cheerful, healthtul
plentifull and an arm full.
A modest lady passenger on board one of the
packet ships into New York, sprang out of her
b:rth and jumped overboard, on heaving the captain
during a storm order the crew to haul down the
Straxoe names. In tho Massachusetts Lc
gislature, Mr. Graves presented a petition from
Mr. and Mrs. Death, for a change of name. On
motion it was referred to a select committee, to
consist of Messrs. Graves and Coffin. Correct
To embitter domestic life, maintain your opin
ion on all small matters at the point of the bayo
Chase your shadow, it will fly you,
Fly yourself it will pursue j
Court a girl, if she deny you,
Drop your suit and she'll court you. '
Good Advice. If a man calls you a liar,
thief, and a scoundrel, tell him you have not suf
ficient confidence in him to believe it.
A western paper, in announcing a steamboat
explosion savs Ihree persons were sligntly
Keep him at least three paces distant, says
Lavatar, who hates music and tno laugn ot
The last definition of 'Home Protection' is,
closet in your dwelling suitable to hide away
from your creditors.
Jouksiymen Shoemakers. Tho number of
journeymen shoemakers in the United States is
estimated at 15U,UUU.
Judne Edwards has been nominated as the
Democratic candidate for Governor of Missour
and Col. Young for Lt. Governor.
It is said that one broker, and two bankers, o
New York, who can command capital and credit
to the amount of $20,000,000, havo tho abso
lute control of tho Stock Market in that city.
During tho month of March, tho amount of
duties received at tho Uoston custom house was
$453,000. There have also been 80 more for
eign arrivals during the past month, than there
were in tho month ot March 184J.
Dr. Crossman, of Philadelphia, is obtainin
considerable celebrity as an operator on the cross
The Vicksburgh Whig of March 29th, appre
hends an overflow ofthe Mississippi River. All
the rivers above were then rising, and it was fear
ed that tho bank of the Mississippi could not con
tain the mighty flood.
A new bank has been established at Buffalo,
owned by White and Williams, Exchange bro
Two fishermen found on Rockaway beach
Long island, a lew days since, the remains of
shark, which measured eleven feet six inches in
A beautiful kind of lace is now made in En
gland by tlie galvanic process. The lace is rub
bed with plumbago till it assumes a perfectly
black color. It is then subjected to the voltaic
action, and then comes out a perfect fabric of
It costs as much to build and equip a single
frigate for sea, as it would to erect seventy large
three story brick dwelling houses. So says some
body who is 'good at figures.'
Tho Maysville Eagle, says that tho black
tongue is raging with, great violence in Augus-
(tWt won't do for a young lady to presume
that more than a third of the gentlemen who
show her pointed attention, have the most distant
idea of marrying her.
Take your time, Miss Lucy Long. We are
sorry to learn that Miss Lucy Long was last week
sent to the Alms House in New York city as a
Why is a young woman like a duohill? Be
cause she ought to be settled off as soon as she
comes to maturity. - V
Cadiz, April '2.5, 181 1.
Tlie Second Ogle Flayed Alive!
Our readers doubtless have all heard of Ogle
Charley Ogle, better known as the author of
" Ogle's Omnibus of Lies," in 1810. He is now
dead, and therefore we will speak no evil of him
as a man; but of Ogle the federal politician, we
have a word to say. He was selected during
the campaign of 1840, as tho sewer, the conduit
through which all the lies and filth and abomina
tions of the federal party might pass to the ears
and rnouthofthe reading community. His speech
es were so full of lies, that it was a common re
mark that old ladies used to boil them down to
An ancient moralist used to say that lie could
not see how two soothsayers could look each
other in the face without laughing. And if the
Federal coon politicians who circulated Ogle's
trash can look each other in the face without
grinning, they must certainly have metallic coun
It was thought after Ogle "shuffled off this
mortal coil," that another reckless enough lo
supply his place could not be found. But this
was a mistake. Pennsylvania, it seems, ha3 the
honor of furnishing another champion, in the per
son of one Stewart, who bids fair to "out Herod
Herod.". His omnibus of falsehoods, found its
way lately into one of the 'Coon sheets in town
And a pretty dish it was! A man who would
servo up such stuff for his readers, should next
publish "Gulliver s Travels!" One is about as
interesting and probable as the other. Wc be-
live it was lludibras who said,
"Some books are lies from cud to end,
And some great lies were never penned,"
And the same might bo said ofthe speech ofthe
second Ogle. It is a tissue of misrepresenta
tions from Alpha to Omega.
T .1 1 l . i
liut as tne poison nas uecn sent abroad, we
must accompany it Dy ino antidote. Tlie re
marks f Mr. WisUiEii, of this State, in reply lo
Stewart, which wc publish below, are full of in
terest. Ho has completely used up Stewart
not left enough of him to cast a shadow. "Alas.
poor Yorick !"
MR. WEULEIt, OF OHIO.
Reply to Mr. Stewart, of Pennsylvania.
House of Representatives Jauuary 17 and 18, 1811
Tuesday, January 10, 1844.
Mr. Stewart, of Pennsylvania, having con
cluded Ins rcmakrs
Mr. Wellek obtained the floor, and the House
Wednesday, January 17, 1841.
Mr. WELLER, being entitled to the floor, pro
ceeded to say that, when the House adjourned
last evening, he had a strong inclination to say
something in reply lo the very extraordinary
speech ot the gentleman from Pennsylvania, M
&TEWART.J lie lclt called on, as a western
member, whom that gentleman endeavored to
place in a false position, to say something in res
ponse. But now, after a night's reflection, he
had no disposition to make a speech; and he
would briefly state his reasons for this course.
After explanations between Messrs. Welleh
Ixoersoll and Seymour members ofthe Com
mittce of Ways and Means as to what had oc
curred yesterday, he (Mr. W.) proceeded to state
this history ot tins debate.
On Monday, the gentleman from Kentucky
Mr. Tiiomasson presented the resolution now
under consideration instructing the Committee
of Ways and Means to bring in a bill making the
necessary appropriations lo keep tho snag-boats
on tho western Waters in operation during the
ensuing year. Subsequently, a motion is made
to reconsider; and upon that motion a debate
sprang up. Tho author of the resolution Mr
IuomassonJ submitted a lew remarks pertinent
to the question before the House. Then came
tho gentleman from Pennsylvania, Mr. Wil-
kixs, who also confined hunsclf to the question
He was succeeded by his friend, who sits by him,
from Missouri, Mr. Bowlin, who spoke of the
importance ofthe western rivers, and tho neces
sity for immediate action. Thus far, the debate
was strictly in order. But the gentleman from
Pennsylvania, Mr. Stewart, to whom he now
alluded, left his seat, and came over to the dem
ocratic side of the House, and, taking a position
near him, mado a violent stump speech, covering
the whole ground of party politics; a speech which
he had no doubt that member had repeated an
hundred timos and which ho IMr. YVeli.erI had
often heard in better language from the stump in
his own district. If ever an outrage upon all par
liamentary rules was committed, it was done on
yesterday, by the infliction of that stale party di
a'.ribe on the House. What were they called on
todof they were asked to instruct a commit
tee to report a bill to remove tho snags in the
Mississippi and its tributaries, which are daily
destroying tho lives and property ol our people
And while we are deliberating upon this subject
with our sympathies deeply excited by the arri
val of tho news that a steamboat had struck one
of theso snags on the Mississippi, and fiom fifty
to seventy-five of our countrymen, without a mo
ment's warning, hurried to another stale of exis
tence a calamity which carried grief and mourn,
ing to the heartsofmore than a thousand kindred.
at that momont tho gentleman launches out in
to tho broad field of party politics, and makes a
stump speech; a spoech denouncing, in the har
sliest language, Mr. Van Buren and his friends.
and endeavoring to stir up tho angry feelings of J
the respective parties. There are times (and
such an occasion might occur) when he would
take pleasure in exposing the numerous misrep
resentations of that gentleman. Ho (Mr,W.)
would, at tho proper time, show that all of his
allegations, as to Mr. Vau Duron's position to
ward tho western improvements, now under con
sideration, were wholly unfounded in truth. If
he could not show, beyond a doubt, tlie untruth
of many of his assertions, ho would be content to
wear the brand on his brow; but if he did show
that statements corning from an intelligent mem
ber were untrue, he should ask tho House and
the country to place a mark on his forehead.
Ho would, in due time, show that that member,
if not an economist in pecuniary affairs, was, at
least, an economizer of truth; but this, said he, is
not tho time. After some further remarks, he
expressed the hope that tiic House would termi
nate this unprofitable debate, and conic at once
to the question. This, he repealed, was no tune
for following the member from Pennsylvania into
a discussion of the presidential question, the sub
ject of tho tariff, or tho expenditures of the last
administration, or any ofthe hackneyed topics ol
the party debate.
lie regretted that the member from Pennsyl
vania was not now in his seat, that he might have
an opportunity to correct orcxplain, if he desired
what lie (M. W.) had said ; but be would again
affirm that, at the proper time, he would expose
the imposition he has attempted to practice on
this House. Yes, (said Mr. V.,l 1 will show
some of his statements wholly destitute of truth.
lie promised al the outset not to make a
speech. If, however, in the course of his re
marks, he had said anything which any gentle
man desired to explain, he would cheerfully yield
the floor. But he came into this hall this morn
ing deeply impressed with the necessity of ter
minating a debate which cannot, after the remarks
of the gentleman from Pennsylvania, be contin
ued without extending over the whole ground of
party politics. The people want no stump speech
es, especially now when their sympathies arc so
deeply excited by the recent calamity. They
want action action; and, as g western member
he felt bound to do all in his power lo close this
discussion. He, therefore, moved the previous
Several members on both sides appealed to
Mr. W. to withdraw the previous uuestion.
Mr. Weller said, if gentlemen desire to con
trovert any ofthe statements I have made, I will
most cheerfully vield; but if the debate is to he
a general one, covering tho whole field of politics
I cannot 1 dare not withdraw :nv motion.
The previous question was sustained by the
In the afternoon the following proceedings were
had, as reported in the National Intelligencer:
"Mr. Smith of Illinois obtained the door, and,
alter some conversation, finally yielded it to
"Mr. (Stewart, ot Pennsylvania, to make
personal explanation. Mr. S. said he had under
stood that; at a very early moment this morning,
bcloie lie had come into his seat, the "entleman
from Ohio Mr. Wei.ler had occupied (ho floor
and, among other remarks, had undertaken to
say that what he (Mr. S.) had yesterday said in
regard to the opinion ot Mr. Van isurcn m refer
ence to the powers of this government over inter
nal improvements was not true.
"Mr. Smith here interposed and claimed the
lloor; but Mr. Stewart urging his request to be
allowed an opportunity lor "one word ' of expla
nation, again yielded, and
"Mr. Stewart proceeded. 1 lie gentleman
from Ohio, he had understood, had said that whir
he (Mr. S.) had said was not true, and, if he did
not prove that this was the case, that he would
take the brand upon his forehead of having stated
an untruth; and that, if he did succeed in it, he
(Mr. s.) should take this brand of falsehood
Mr. S. took up the gauntlet, lie pledged to the
House and to the country to prove to the letter
every word he had said, by Mr. V an Buren s let
ters, in which he denied the powers of the gen
eral government to make internal improvements,
stating that the consent of (he States could not
confer the power, and concurring with Jackson
in the principles which he had laid down in his
veto on the Maysville road bill. lie was pre par
ed to substantiate this by proof, and then he ho
ped the gentleman would take on his own fore
head the brand of which he had spoken.
"Mr. VYellkr said tho House would recollect
(and the gentleman's remarks were so reported
and correctly) that thcgentlcmaii had stated that
Mr. Van Buren had instructed his Secretary of
War to omit the estimates for the Cuinbciland
road, because he would veto tho bill if tho appro
priation was inserted. Mr. W. had been speaking
in relation to this, and had pronounced this state
mnnt of the gentleman untrue. So far from it
was the fact, that, in 1S38, Mr. Van Buren had
signed a bill appropriating for the continuation
of the Comberland road through the St:ite3 o
Ohio, Indiana and Illinois.
"Mr. Stewart said he had made no such slate-
mcnt as tho gentleman represented. Ho had
said, what was perfectly true, that Mr. Van Bu
rcn had withheld the estimates for these western
improvements from this House; and he had sta
led it as a mailer ol inlcrence that he had will
held them from the House on the ground that if
appropriations of that kind were made, he must
fuel lumsell bound to veto the lull, and that he
would havo vetoed it.
Mr. weller read irorn Mr. Stewart's re
marks, as lcported in tho Intelligencer, (tho re
ports of which, he said, were uniformly quite as
accurate as those of any other paper.) to corrob
orate his statement as lo what Mr. s. had said
yesterday on this point.
"Mb. Stewart repealed that he had stated
the fact that Mr. Van Buren had withheld these
appropriations; and, as a matter of argument or
inference, he had said that they were withheld
because ho would have vetoed the bill if they had
been included. '
Thursday, January 18.
Tho House resolved itself into Committee of
tho Whole on the state of the Union, on tho ref
erence of the President's message.
Mr. Stewart being entitled lo the floor, pro
ceeded to address tho committee for an hour in
defence of the propositions laid down by him in
the courso of his remarks, among other harsh ex
pressions, said, "I have fixed the brand of false
hood on the brow of tho member from Ohio, who
sought to fix it on mine. Let him wear it."
Aficr he concluded, Mr. Wellkr obtained the,
floor, and remarked, as the hour is now late, if it
is tho pleasure of tho committee to riso and ad
journ, I will to-morrow obey the injunctions of
Solomon, and "answer a fool uccording to his fol
ly, lest ho be wise in his own conceit.'
Tho committeo then rose, and the House ad
journed. Friday, January 19.
Mr. Weller, being entitled lo tlie floor, pro
ceeded to address the committee as follows.
Mr. Ciiairmax : For tho reason assigned at
the adjournment last evening. I am here to-day for
the purpose of paying my particular respects to
the gentleman from Pennsylvania, Mr. Stew
art. I do not propose discussing the immedi
ate question beforo the committee. 1 o that 1
had no opportunity of speaking some ten days
since; but I intend to confine myself to a reply
o the remarks which have fallen trom that mem
ber, Mr. Stewart. . He shall not, after tho par
licular attention he has bestowed on me, have
anv cause to complain of neglect on my part.
lie has made, as the House will bear mc witness
an unprovoked, an unjustified attack on Mr. Van
Buren and his friends, and endeavor id place mc
in a false position before tho country. Ho has,
with a vast deal of self-complacency, told the
House he was ready to meet me; and, by show
ing that his statements, which I pronounced on
a former occasion untrue, were sustained by tho
proof, thus fix the brand of falsehood on my brow.
I am now ready for the contest, and will not
shrink from the position I have assumed.
In order that the committee may properly un
erstand the difference between the member and .
myself, it is necessary logo back to the origin of
Tim debate sprung up upon a motion to recon
sider a resolution submitted by the gentleman
from Kentucky, Mr. Thomassox, instructing
the Committee of Ways and Means to report a
bill to keep the snag boats on the Mississippi and
ts tributaries in operation during mc ensuing
year. 1 he author ot the resolution spouc to me
question and nothing else; he was followed by
the gentleman from tiie Pittsburgh district, Mr.
Wilkixs, who also confined his remarks to mo
subject. My friend from Missouri Mr. Uowlis
succeeded him in an able speech upon the im
portance of these western rivers, their commerce
and the necessity for tho immediate action of
the general government. Thus far the debate
md been strictly inordor, and not a remark made
o rouse the party foeling of any member on this
floor. The gentleman from Pennsylvania Mr.
Stewart then took the floor, and inflicted a
stump speech upon this House, denouncing tho
friends of Mr. -Van liuren m unmcasuruu
... . Y
terms, discussing the subject ot tne larm,
internal improvements by the general gov
ernment, the expenditures of the past adminis
tration, and all tho political topicB upon wmcu
the parties are divided. The main object of that .
speech evidently was to place western gentle
men in a lalse position, and produce tno unpicb
.sion that Mr. Van Buren was opposed to all tho
improvements wc were so zealously advocating.
He told us, in his insolent manner, that we must
ibandon our man or our principles, with my'
ympathies deeply aroused by the recent calam
ity on tlie Mississippi, and loeling mc mobi anx
ious solicitude for an appropriation to guard a
gainst such disislcrs in future, I was provoked
beyond measure at the course and low attack of
the member from Pennsylvania. I am aware that
tlie member has since attempted to find a justi
fication for this outrage upon propriety, in the
fact thai some remarks of a party character foil
from my friend from Missouri, Mr. Jameson-.J in
answer lo this, I have only to say that the speech
lo which he alludes was made not in the Houso
but in Committee of the Whole riot on the res
olution of the gentleman from Kentucky, Mr.
Tuomassox, but on a motion to refer the Presi
dent's message; not by way of attack, but in an
swer to an assult made on the democratic party
by the gentleman who proceeded him, from JNew
York. TMr. llu.vr.l The Uommittcc oi mo
Whole, therefore, (if in order stall.) was the pro
per place to make his stump speech. Satisfied
in my own mind that his misrepresentations, un
less contradicted, would make a false impression
on the public mind, I did rise in my place, and
sav that I would, at the proper time, show that
that member was an economizer of trut.i, and I
am ready to establish it.
Ihe member from Pennsylvania labored
hour on yesterday to maintain his charges, which
I had pronounced untrue, and declared that ho
had succeeded in fixing the brand of falsehood
on me. After I have been heard on this subject
I am willing to leave this House and tho public
to decide the matter.
I will now take tip the report of thai member's
speech, as found inhisown party organ, (tho Na
tional Intelligencer,) and will show that, in many
particulars, he lias attempted to palm unlrullis up
pon this House.
In tho first place, he says, (for I quote his own
'Mr. Stewart said he concurred in much
that had been said by the gentleman from Mis
souri Mr. Jamison aslo (he general importance
of tho commerce on the Missii
and of im
proving its navigation. But the gentloman had
told the House that Mr. Van Buren had ne
ver refused to sign a bill for any works of in
ternal improvements. That might be all very
true; but did he not withhold tioin Congress
the estimates for (ho Cumberland road? And
wa3 it not under his administration that these es
timates were so withheld for tho first time? He
told his Secretary of War hot to send in estimates
for the continuation if that roud, because, if he
aid, and Congress made the appropriation, he
must veto the bill."
When I quoted this (he succeeding day, what
did that member say? I give his answer:
"Mr. Stewart said he had made no such
statement as the gentleman repersentcd.'" " ,,
There is no "presumption,1'' no "inference,"
in (he matter; it is positively asserted as tfact;
and, when the remarks wero read, ho denied
them. This denial, sir, in the presence1 of this
House,vI apronouncc untrue. If there is a gen
tleman on this side of the hall, who listened to
his speech, who will now rise and say that he' did "
not use (ho language imputed to him, I will re
tract all I have said. Yes, sir, if a single mem
ber sustains his denial, I will yield the fkor,aml
abandon the contest;- v ! 4 . '
No member rising, Mr. W. proceeded to Say :
This member, then, has mado a false charge a
gaiust Mr. Van Buren, which has gone to the
world as true, and has now attempted lo escape
from its consequences by denying it! Finding
that a denial of what had been utlcred in the pres
ence of so many witnesses would not answer, ho
now seeks to cxtncalo himself from (hi Unenvi
able position, by skulking behind an "'inference"
Let gentlemen read the charge, and sio wheth
er that construction can lie given to it, But even
if.il were an "inference," no member lias nri'dit