Newspaper Page Text
, . : , , , ,
THE SENTINEL. (tulii, Bla) - , IS II. Till: IIARUAI AXD SALE. Proof ns Strong ns Holy Writ. If any person is still skeptical lu regard to ihe fowl "bargaiu and sale" between John Q. Adams and Heury Clay let him road tiio letter of Colo nel L. Boyd. If hp -ill not believe, after poru sing the f.icts sot forth in that letter, Hie would not belicvo though one arose from the dead." The Glohp introduces Colonel lloyd's letter as follows: "We call tho attention of our readers to the following letter of Col. Linn Boyd, a member of Congross from the first congressional district of Kentucky, to Messrs, Coles and Hopkins, mem bers of Congress from Virginia, and by them cau sed to be published in the Richmond Enquirer-, from which paper wo extract if. Colonel Boyd is a mm unimpeached & of un impeachablo character, and his word will have more weight and mfluencc than the word of Mr.' Clay, whore tUfly arc both known. But tho Col onel does not permit what ho says to rest alone on his veracity, ho "speaks from the book," and proves what ho says as he proceeds. We have seen it stated in the papers that the Legislature of Tennessee, (whig) lately resolved that thcro was no "bargain and corruption" be tween Mr, Adanis and Mr. Clay, iu 1825, when Mr. Clay made Mr. Adams President of the Uni ted States, and Mr. Adams appointed Mr. Clay (Secretary of State. Legislatures may "resolve ami re-reslye," and a majority of the people of United States, who were old enough iu 1S23 to form, an opinion, will die in the belief that it was a foul transaction, to say the least of it. If we could have assurance of a lease oflifo until Mes srs. Adams and Clay could clear up their char acters in rpgard to the 'bargain1' of 1825 alone we would have hopes of living to see the mille a:ns, so firmly did the people of Kentucky be lieve that tint gentleman was in truth, Loth iu practice and iu theory, a genuine federalist, and an enemy of the West, (and, I flunk, their opin ion to th:s day remains unchanged in huh res pects,) that in 12, he was beaten by General Jackson for tho Presidency, by l do urge majority of T.'.HIl votes. In lvif, the Clay electoral ticket, in Kentuc ky, received 17.')') I. and the Jackson ticket 6,155 voles. o other ticket was ruu; but there wei one or two volunteer candidates for Adams, who receive.!, perhaps, a hundred votes. The public feeling of the Lcg:slatuie,as well as of the coun try, was overwhelming iu favor of Gen. Jackson alter Mr., Clav; and wnen, in the month of De cember, an impression began lo prevail that the vote ot Kentucky might be given to Mr. Adams Mr. Henry Crittenden, a brother to our present cnator, introduced into the llonso of Represen tatives two resolutions, one requesting our Repre sentatives iu Congress to vote for Gen. Jackson, &. the other declaring that he was the ehojco of the people of Kentucky. They were debated on the 5! 1st December, l21,and iu that debate one reason given for adopting the resolution, was that Mr. Clay m'glit bo made Secretary of State to tho exclusion of General Jackson for tho Presi dency Mr. Benjamin Hardin, then a prominent mem ber uf the House, and in favor of the resolutions, and now a candidate on the Clay electoral ticket, said, uho knew that many ot our members of Con gross were inclined to vote for Mr. Adams, and believed lie would'get the vote of Kentucky, un less this llouso acted." lbo resolution renucs ting the members of Congress from Kentucky to for General Jackson you expected mc to do that jscrve entire; and that could not, and would which I could not, and would not do.' Signed, " Jacob Frizzle, Jesse llainrick, Henry Halbcrt, John urirlith, David C. Heath, Win. Davis, Wm. C Coffrin, llez. Griffith, Richard Pell, Win. Hambliii, Johnllendrick, David Tonkry." (The above statement was sworn to belore justices of the pence, was duly certified, and was published ahout that tunc in me pipeis oi ien- tuck.y ... . ';r: We wish to know, seconuiy, wnax was inr. Clay's courso on the right ol instruction, previ ous to his disregard ot the wisiics oi me legisla ture and people of Kentucky in 1621-2J. Mr. Clav. somo years belore, voted lor the cci- i .. ...i.:..i. .... ..i ,.r euratcu coinpensiuiou uti, mum gjo gna. ,m- feuce to his constituents. It was on tlnsoecasion to secure his re-election, ho told his famous sto ry of the failing rifle, and concluded by asking the people to "pick their flint and try again!" lie promised to change his vote, etc., iV-c, and was re-elected. In the January after, (1817,) lie delivered a speech, from which tho following is an extract. See the speech at full length iu the National Intelligencer, January, 1837: "Mr. Clav saidho agreed poifvotly in tho sen timent, that" instructions given by the people are nl.liirHinrv on the representatives, this was a "o. - . ,. .1 . ...; ... or ncm o consecrated uy ino revolution, inserter- able from all free government, and which he, therefore, hoped never to sec depaneu irom, in nractice. under ours. Whilst, theu,ho had a seat 1 . . r r. .-.'I J on this Moor, Mr. u. saiu u was immaterial now he arrived at the will of his constituents, or what were tho evidences of it ; it was sufficient that he -r l , ,. ' . U ! U LIU I rtutli vow io uon. ..acKson was adopted hy a vole ot , ,d k k n all cases of expediency, he oOlo 21,and declaring that ho was the ... .,,; ,j,i;.f;nn nn i,;s mrt to choice of the people of Kentucky, by a vote of Ul0 inatrllcllcuS) Cxp.ess or implied, of 73 to 11. I hey were adopted by the Senate , . ,..... also, by a large majority, (though I am unablo to give the precise vote,) and sent to Washington. Lmring the succeeding month, it was confident ly asserted m private conversations, that if Mr. Adams was elected, Mr. Clay would be Secretary of Slate, placing him in a position which Mr. Clay afterwards called the lino of "safe precedents," and, on that ground, numerous letters were pro cured lo be written to our members of Congress advising them to disregard the resolutions of the Legislature. In the dcvclopcments of 1827 and 1828, this rumor was traced directly to a letter or hmself, to some of Ins friends in Kentucky, not, unimilnolls,Vj or, alWt, without a di xnhaps us "qst. WJ, That in the opin ilium, pr ofliving a thousand years at least. If of Kentucky was induced to take up and invest! they wil clear up that, they shall have our con sent to adjourn the question of veracity between them as to whether the navigation of tho Mis sissippi was traded off by Mr. Adams for a mess of codfish- sine die. HorSE OF Rl-IPHKSEXTATIVns, U.S. March 2;), 1811. , Qe.ti.kjien : Your letter of the 27th inst. is at hand. I fear I shall not be able to answer all your inquiries satisfactorily. Twenty years have passed awav, and with them tho recollection of many facta, and circumstances connected with the memorable presidential contest of 1821, Mr. Adams never was popular in Kentucky. There never was a time when, in tho opinion of! well-informed men, he could have obtainod a ma jority oftho votes of the people of that State for tho office of President or the United States, In 1821, the people of Kentucky vory gener ally believed that Mr. Adams had offered to sac rifice tho navigating interest of tho entire West for the paltry privilege of fishing upon the banks of tho island ol Aewloiinulaiul; and when Mr. Adams published a book lo explain away the cause of this extensive prepossession against him, Mr. Clay, in reply, published a letter, dalod No vember 10, 1S22, iu tho National Intelligencer of the 17th of December, 1822, in which ho said "ho believed" that the explanation of Mr. Adams contained "errors both as to ma.tler.iof fact and matters of opinion? and prom'scd "at somo tinta more propitious than tha present to calm and dispassionato consideration, and when there can bo no mlunlcrprctation of motives, to lay bo fore the public a narrative- of those transactions, as I (he) understood them." Mr. Adams replied, in a letter addressed to the editors of tho National Intelligencer, dated De cember IS, 1822, from which I extract the fol lowing: "Gentlemen: In your paper of yesterday, I have observed a note from Mr. Henry Clay, which requires sonic notice from me. After ndver jing to the transactions at Glie'nt, referred to by Mr. CI ay, relative to tho navigation ot the Mis sissippi and the fisheries, Mr. Adams procoods to ,-"pa "Concurring with Jvlr. Clay in tho regret that 1 the controversy should have arisen, I have only to find consolation in the reflection that, f orathe eccd time of 1811 to the harvest of 1822, the contest was never of my seeking; and that, since I havo been drawn into it, whatever I have said written, ordono in it, has been in tho face of day, and under the responsibility of rny name. Had Mr, Clay thought it advisiblo now to spocify any prror or fact, or of imputed opinion, which he thinks contained in tho appendix to my pamphlet or in any thor part of my shire in the publica tion, it would have given me great pleasure to rectify, by candid acknowledgment, any such er ' ror; of wh'ch, by tho light that ho would have shed on the subject, I should have been convin ced. At whatever period hereafter ' ho should deem the accepted tiine is come, to publi'sh his . prornised qarrativp, I shall, if yet living, bo rea ' dy, with equal cheerfulness, to acknowledge in dicated error, and to vindicate contested truth. "But as, by the adjournment of that publicaiion to a period 'more propitious than tho present to , calm and dispassionate consideration, and when - there can be no misinterpretation of motives,' it may chance to bo postponed until both of us shall 'Jiave boon summoned to account for all our errors before a higher tribunal than that of our country, I feel myself now called upon to say thf,let the appropriate dispositions, when and how they will, f if.pose the open day und soerct night oftho trans actions at Gfeont, the statements both of fuel and opinion, in the yapcr which I have written and published in rolatioq to this controversy, will, in ctpry particular, essential or important to the in- " tarcst of the nation, or . Ip the character of Mr. Clay, bo found to abid unshakon the tost of hu man ecrutinv, ol laiontg, ana ol lime." ; Mr, Clay's assertion, however, and the promise with which it was uccompuniod, connected with previous publications, satisfied his friends in- tho Wost, that the conduct of Mr. Adams at Ghent, fn the "transactions" relative lo the navigation of - (lie Mississippi, was reprehensible and apamtt thd West, I Ience, when Mr. Clay &. his friends inCon2r93 voted for Mr, Amarus, tho excitetnont iunong the people, as cart easily be imagined, waa prodigious. Even after four rears bad pas god away, and not iihtnnding the L'igjntic efforts pf Mr. Clay and his friends to sustain lit,' Ad- his constituents. So decisively in favor of GennralJackson was the will of the people of Kentucky in 1821-25, that only eleven members oftho House of Rep resentatives, out of eighty-four present, voted a (rainst the declaratory resolution, to that effect and of that eleven, notono based hisvoto on tho allegation that the resolution was not true . You ask, thirdly, what were the facts in refer ence to tho instructions of the legislature of Ken tucky in 1811-12, on tho subject ot the bank rupt law. The loading fads arc as follows: On the 5lh January, 1812, the Kentucky House, of resolutions ivision, viz ion of the rrcncral assembly of tho commonwealth of Ken tucky, it is the desire of a large majority of Ihe people of Kentucky, that the bankrupt law, enac ted at the late extra session of Congress, shall be repealed. "2d. Resolved, further, That our senators in Congress be, and they are hereby instructed, and our representatives requested to use their uuiu CHce to have saiu law repealed." On the 19th of January, tho resolutions came back to tho House from the Senate, amended, so as to read as follows " Resolved by the ecncral Assembly of the Com monirealth of Kentucky, That it is the desire of a majority of the people of Kentucky, that the 1 1 1 1..... ..nn.-.nrl fit Vt ft llfj1 ftvjfj BnCUltl first arrived, or man witnass-1 hnt tho T-t.cnn mni,i , IMCongress, shall be repeaica, or so moamea ns io ' , . , "UV-,' . '" free it from its retrospective operation; and that no: veying lite idea. In 1828, the general excitement on the ac count oftho votcof Mr. Clay and his friends for Mr. Adams was sa groat, and the charge of a cor rupt bargain between Mr. Adams and Mr. Clay was so pointed and openly made,-that tho Seuate ,'afe the subject; persons and papers were sent lor, Mc; and ot the testimony given before that body, the following is a part. (See Kentucky Argus oi vnai uaie tor mo whole ol the testimo ny:) "John S. Hilt, of Bourdon, stated, nmram nlh- er things, that Gen. Metcalfe told him, in Wash ington city, about tho 4th or 5th of Janunrv. 1825, that 'ho know little more than when he laud you arc going to vote for Jackson; and so of tho friends of Crawford; that we stand uncom mitted, and we must know something about how tho cabinet is to bo filled.'" Hon. John T. Johnson, brother of Col. Rich ard M. Johnson, and at that time a member of Congress, staled that "ho was at Washington city in 1821, and at tho time of the Presidential elec tion in February, 1425. Aflor tho election, he and his brother (Col. Johnson) were in company with Gen. Metcalfe, who told them ho had a let ter from Kentucky, which slated that tho people would be dissatished with the result. His broth er told thegoneral that this voting for Mr. Adams would bo an uphill business in Kentucky. The general replied, 'Ifcar we have done too much for our friend?" He was asked whether he did not near Mr. While, one oftho members of Con-rress who voted for Mr. Adams, say, a few days after uie election, nwi ne considered, when voting for Mr. Adams, that ho was voting for Mr. Clay. This quostion was objectod to, and overruled, 11 to I'J. ; Mr. McMillan, ol tho llouso of Representa tives, stated, in reply to interrogatories, that Mr, Francis Johnson was at "Tompkiusvilio, in Mon roe county, aher his return home, subseouonllv to tho presidential election, where ho was asked how he came to vote lor Mr. Adams. Mr. John- not, be instrumental ia taking from the bankrupt the relief which lie Lad been promised. These grounds for disobedience arc found dis tinctly stated in a spoech delivered by him in the Senate on the 28th of January, IS 12. Hav ing adverted to the extra session of 1811, and its measures the incororatioii of a national bank, thi! distribution law, the increase of the tariff, the bankrupt law, and the relief of the banks in the District or Columbia he said: These were the fruits of the extra session, so far as they depended upon Congress. This was the circle of bencficient measures, intended to embrace all interests and oil parts of tho Union. It was A GREAT SYSTEM, parts of which' wero more or less adapted to all portions of the Union. W o havo reason to bolievo that it was looked upon and regarded as a whole; and that votes trewgieen for somo measures in the series, not so much because then wire iu consonance with the riews or t?ie constituents whose members gave these totes, as because they . were wanted by oilier parts ot the Union, and Ihe compensa tion was found in other more respectable measures of the same scries" I his practice of buying voles for measures not 'in consonance with tho views of the constituen cy," by "other more acceptable measures," how- ever well adapted to the promotion of purposes of ambition, is totally subvcrsivo ot the right. ot in struction, if notot all purity in legislation. Although tho senate oi Kentucky was willing Mr. Clay should preserve the great whig system, by the moans ho had used to build it'up, the House of Representatives repelled the suggestion, by a vote nearly unanimous. And at the close ot the eloquent speech delivered by Mr, Clay in opposi tion to the repeal of the bankrupt law, ho said; ' xVnd I am invited to undo in this work of inhu manity and cruelty; I have not the heart to do it! I have not the hand to do it ! I cannot, I will not do it!" Stript of its poetry this declaration means, " I am called upon by my constituents to vote for a repeal of the bankrupt law: mil not do it I1 Aflcr a few remarks from Mr. Demon tor, and Mr. Williams against the repeal, tho vote on tho bill from the House of Representatives repealing the bankrupt law was taken, and resulted as fol lows yeas 22, nays 2J : 1 hose who voted in the affirmative, were Messrs. Allen, Archer, Bayard, Benton, Buchanan Calhoun, Fulton, Graham, King, Linn, McRob erls, Morehead, Pierce; Prentiss, Rives, Sovier, Smith of Connecticut, Slurgeon, Woodbury Wright, and Young, Those who voted in the negative, were Messrs. Barrow, Dates, Berrien, Choatc. CLAY, Clayton, Evans, Henderson, Huntington, Kerr, Maugum, Merrick, Miller, Phelps, Porter, Simmons, Smith of Indiana, Southard, Tallmadgc, Walker, AYhite, Williams, and Woodbridgc. Y ou will sec that the fate of tho bill depended On Mr. Clay's vote ; and had he obeyed the will of his constituents, lh.it wholesale repudiation of honest debts, which disgraced the year 1812, would never have occuned, as the bankrupt law had not then gone into operation. Very respectfully, Your obedient servant, LINN BOYD. Messrs. W. Coles and G. W. Hopkins. Great Britain his already made treaties with' Texas; and we kuow that far-seeing nation nev er omits a circumstance in her extensive inter course with tho world, which can be turned lo account iu increasins; her military resources. May she not enter into an alliance with Tex as? and reserving (as she doubtless will) the western boundary question as a cause of war with us whenever she chooses to declare it, let us supixise that, as an ally with lexas, we arc to fight heil Preparatory to such a movement, she sends her 20,001) or 30,OiK) men to Texas ; orga nizes them on tho Sabine, where her supplies and arms can Ikj concentrated belore we have ever notice of her intentions; makes a lodgment on the Mississippi; excites the negroes to insurrec tion; the lower country falls, and with it New Orleans ; and a servile war rages through the whole South aud West. ;-' In the mean whilo she is also moving an army along the upper western frontier from Canada, which, in co-operation with tho army from Texas spreads ruin and havoc from the Lakes to tho gulf of Mexico. Who can cstimato tho national loss we may sustain, before such a movement could be repel led with such force as we could organize on short notice. ''"'"Remember that Texas borders upon us, on our west, lo 42 deg. of north latitude, and is our southern boundary to the Pacific. Rcmombor also that if annexed to the United States, our westorn boundary would be the Rio Grande, which is of itself a fortification, on account of its exten sive, barren, and uninhabitable plains. with such a barrier on our west, we are invincible The whole European world could not, in combi nation against us, make an impression on our union. Our population on tho Pacific wouul rapidly increase, and soon be strong enough for the protection of our eastern whalers, and, m tho worst event, could always be sustained by timely a:d from the intermediate country, From the Rio Grando, over land, a largo army could not march, or be supplied, unless from the gulf by water, which, by vigilance, could always be intercepted; and, to march an army near the gulf, they could be harrassed by militia, 'and de tained until an orgnnized forco could bo raised to meet them. But I am in danger of running into unnecessary detail, which my debility will not enable me to close. Tho question is full of interest, also, as it all'ecls our domestic relations, and as it may bear upon those of Mexico lo us. I will not un dertake to follow it out to its consequences in those respects; though I must say that, in all its aspects, the annexat ion of Texas to the United States promises to enlargo the circle office in stitutions, and is essential to the Utiitcd States, particularly as lessening the probabilities ot iu ture collision with foreign powers, and giving them greater 'efficiency in spreading tho blessings of peace. I roturn you my thanks for your kind letter on this subject, and subscribe myself, with great sincerity. Your friend and obedient servant, ANDREW JACKSON. Hon A. V. Buown. P S. The papers furnished mc by Mr. Erwin, to which I havo referred in 1his letter, can be pla ced in your possession if desired. A. J. l oiii:i; aCws, Tho Royal Mail Steamer Acadia came up to her wharf in East Boftoi, on t'uiidtij- morning, from Liver pool. ' By thii ariival wc have ucti-i from London and Liv- . erptwl of tho -lili ult., Havre and Paris to tho 2d, Dub lin Od. ' The following summary it from Wilmor and S-mith's European Tiuic-g of the 4th ultimo: ' Cottou has declined oue-ciiduh and one-fourth pence icr lb., and the prospect of tlic marKet wore rattier sloomy. ' , ' ' , .... I lie King ol iMvr-den, itornnnuiic, who hih n been lluctuaiinc but ween life und death, has at last died. , Parliament is doing nothing: of importance. A detachment of four iiiH.lli-'ent non-commisfionid orticers and privates of the Uoval hoppers and Miners, are under orders to cmbaik in the next roj ul mail steam er for Halifax, N. to join and assist a pnrty already' employed in determining tne tmundary line between New Orunswick and the United Slates. Queen Victoria anil Prince Albert will visit Berlin- about the 15th of May next. - ' An entertainment is to be itiven to Mr. CTCohnell in' Duhlin, immediately after his arrival from Cor.. Wed nesday, lOtli of April, ha9 hern named. Great distress prevails in (ialway, and tlie other west ern parte of Ireland. The fishermen on those coastsr . have appealed to tne tiovcrnment to aia mem Willi menus to pursue their avocations. The latest new from' Faris contains no news of im--portunce. The new customs bill which has been intro duced into the Chamber of Duputics raises the duty on hog's lard from tho United States. For pome time past negotiations have been pending for a commercial treaty between the United blatcs of America and tho Germanic Union of Customs. We learn, upon pood outhority, that these negotiations have been brought to a close, and that a treaty has been ac tually signed by tho Prussian government and Mr. Whcaton, the American Minister at this Court. The effect of tho treaty is understood Jo bo to reduce the niesent duties on tobneco and rico imported into Ger man v from tho United States; and ou tho other hand, to r... i. ..;.. il.o si, - our senators and representatives in Congress be requested touso their inllticiice toobtain such re peal or modi heat ion." Tho House of Representatives had passed third resolution against a repeal of the distrihu lion law, vrhich the Senate amended by addm another resolution, as follows, viz: Resolved, further, That the people ot tin Commonwealth, as well as the general assembly regard tho continuance in force oi the Una dis tribution law as of far creator importance than the repeal of the bankrupt law." You will perceive that tho benate maclrj two important amendments one changing tho in- structwn to the senators lo voto lor a repeal ot the bankrupt law into a request, and tho other allowing them, if tlioy could, to trado for a con tinuance ot the distribution law, by consenting to preserve the bankrupt law for that considera tion. ; Tho House, however, rejected the Senate's a- mendincntsby a vole of 5 yeas toS2 nays. Each llouso adhered to its position; and llio resolutions failed by thoir disagreement. No member, how ever, waa left in doubt that both the legislature and tho people of Kentucky wero in favor oftho unconditional repeal ot tho bankrupt law, by an overwhelming maioiity; and "the obligation of; .i . .i... .:ii r.f1 .vn,nL.tn son answered that he voted for Mr. Adams to net ,i:.., .i...,.: ;.,...,...; ,i . ll,Ultijl IU t'l UUVII UIO Ul I1IULI HVIIVIIJ IU JVM " !lr. Ohiy made becretary of Stalo. Ho made this declaration ropcatcdly in conversation, and witness believed in a public speech. He said, Mr. Adams for President, and Mr. Clay his Sec retary, would conduce more to tho interests of the est, tnan Gen. Jackson President, with wo Know not whom tor lis Secretary; and that Mr. Clay might perhaps succeed him." oy Mr. Clay in 1817. If there can bo any doubt on the subject, it is obvialcd by the remark of Senator - Morehead, (Mr. Clay's collcaguo from Kentucky,) in Janua ry, 13-12, on presenting a rcmonstranco against the repeal of the bankrupt law. Ho said: "It could not have escaped his notice, and that Ct.- C! i .1... .!..(.. ,.n.'' I... iiT .1 n AT. cat I"1 mo EJeiiuiu, io.li uiu luuiaiaujiu tn xvumuw.v C 1 . T ' V r ii t i ' WM, bad, by a large majority, passed resolutions upon lied and stated as follows: Jo in Mason of 3 .i. A..r.' L ivf, , . . ., . . uie sun eci oi too ouumuui iuw, vxoieaaiuu uu Mnntfrnmoi-v KtMra Hint ItnCi-a 1Y....V1 !.l-1 . . J . . . r ' . 1 iawu iiiinui: . ,, . , t , f ho rrmn.n ri A-niil iA ( .rmrrrnca in l.'l on. .... II. . . I . V VV e V- n " , '"""""J w"" "It was not fur h:m to search for reasons to 1S3J,) he was contending with witness that Mr. vind;cat0 thc ecntiments of the people of that Rowan ot.gtn to bo elected sonata to Congress gta,c on ,hia or auy 0(her question;but he would v-."" juueu:sT, ac-j mai mQrcIv poit t0 hcr position, under all circum- he would bo surprised if witness voted for him. Witness said that Ihe presidential election was comiug on, arid, from the number of candidates, he expected that the election would come before Congress, and said to Trimble, supposo that you voto for .Mr. Adams, who is also an apostate fed eralist. "Trimble replied, he knew Adains to be an apostate federalist, and tint if he over voted for him, witness inight call him a federalist as long as he lived. Ho also said, that Adams had a- greed to give up tho navigation of tho Mississip pi river fur whales and mackerel, and that ho (Adams) had always been an enemy to tho West, Uhcu wituess hoard that Trimble had voted for Adairts, he was surprised; and soon nftor hi re turn, he had a conversation with him about his vote, in which be gave as his reasons that 'We ascertained if Mr. Adams was miido President, Mr. Clay would bo made Secretary of State : and that if (Inn. Jackson was made Presidout, Mr. Clay would not be rnado Secretary; and that it would bo better for us to have Adams, with Mr Clay Secretary, than General Jackson without1 him. Oftho tunas of testimony other than that taken before flio Senate, the following affidavit is n spe cimen: . ' - "We, the subscribers, certify on oath, that wc were severally present at the Lewis county court, for October, and hoard David Trim- bio make a speech, and ho used the following language ( Whoa wc went on last fall to the city of Washington, we found Mr. Crawford cut of the ouostidu; the contest was botween (lenerr al Jackson and John Quiney Adams. -.. We' as certained, that under no circumstances would General Jackson appoint our fiiond. Clay. Sec retary of State. Knowing this, then, follow-citi-zenfl, that General Jackson would not, end Mr. Adams would, appoint Our friend, Henry Clav, j Secretary of State, if jot -expected mo to vote stances, and lue manner m which, whether in times oi prosncnty or distress, in peace or in war sho has always acquitted herself as a member of tho Union. Whether the oanKrupt law was a measure of national injury, was a question about which tho peopla ot the united blatcs could form their own conclusions; but whether tho measure would affect advantageously or injuriously the interests of the pooplo of Kentucky, they aloue were competent to judge; and so tar as ho was concerned, ho thought that from 'their judgment there was no appeal. At the extra session ot Congress he voted for the Bankrupt law. If he had boon disposed to recount reasons why he should yote for tho ropeal of tho law, ho would have pointed to the expression of opinion in thc State from which ho came ; in truth, ho would havo had occasion to go no furthor than tho other end of (he Capitol, to satisfy himself of tho pub lic state of feeling, by observing that tho whole body oftho delegation from Kentucky, with one exception, had recorded their votes for tho repeal ot tho law. JJut he should take no such pains. Without entering into a discussion oftho measure at tho present time, and in advanco, lie would content biroselt (coupling thn sentiments of the legislature with what ho had seen and heard since he came to tho city,) with tho remark that the law ought to be repoalod ; and ho would conform his conduct to tho roquiroinonts ol tho resolu tion." . " Notwithstanding tho decisive action of tbo leg islature, the unanimity ot the Kentucky mom hers of the other House, ' and tho declarations of bis collenicuo and friend in the Senate, all evin cing, beyond a doubt, tho will of his constitu ents, Mr. Clav voted against the ropeal It is but just to Mr. Clay to stato thc reasons which induce him to disregard the will of his constituents, o unequivocally mado known to him.--They were, tint (ha bankrupt law was a part ot thc mngsyitcm. winch ho wished to pre Annexation of Texas. vve copy the following interesting letter of Gen. Jackson from thc Washington Globe. Thc Annexation of Texas is a subject at this time which engrosses tho attention of tho minds of all, and is assuming an important attitude. The opinions oftho retired Statesman oftho Hermit age, ou all subjects, arc always read with avid ity: IIkbjhtace, Feb. 12, 1813. MvDjukSir: Yours of the 23d, ult. has been received, aud with it tho Madisonian, containing uovurnor uumers's letter on tho subject ot the annexation of Texas to the United States. You arc not miatakon in supposing that I have formed an opinion on this interesting subject. It occupied much of my attention during my Pres idency, and I am sure has lost none of its impor tance by whit has since transpired. goon after my election in 182'J, it was made know11 10 ma hy Mr. Erwin, formerly our minis ter at 1110 Court ot Madrid, that whilst at that court h laid the foundation of a treaty with Spain for tho cession ot the l'loridas, and tho settle ment of the boundary of Louisiana, fixing the wes tern limit of tho latter at tho Rio Grande, agree- bly to the understanding of France that ho had written home to our government for powers to complete and sign this negotiation ; but that in stead of receiving such authority, the negotiation was taken out of his hands and transterred to Washington, and a new treaty was there conclu ded, by which the Sabine &, not the Rio Grande, was recognised and established as the boundary of Louisana. Finding thatlhesc statements were true, and that our government did really give up that im portant torritory, when it .was at its option to re tain it, I was filled with astonishment. Tho right to the territory was obtained from I ranee: Spain stood ready to acknowledge it to Ihe Rio Grande and yet thc authority asked by our minister to insert tho truo boundary was not only w:thlicld, but in lieu of it, a limit was adopted which strip ped us oftho whole of tho vast country lying between tho two rivers. - On such a subject, I thought with tho ancient Romans, that it was right never to cedo any land or boundary oftho republic, but always to add to it by honorable treaty, thus extending tho area of fioedom; aud it was in accordance with this feeling that I cave our minister to -Mexico in struction to enter upon a negotiation for tho re trocession oPTexas to the United States. This negotiation failed, and I shall ever regret it as a misfortune to both Mexico and tho United States, Mr. Gilmer's letter presents many cf tho considerations which in my judgment, rendered tho step necessary to the peace and harmony of the two countries; but the point in it at that tunc, which most strongly impelled me to tho course I pursued, was the injustice done to us by thc sur render of tho territory, when it was obvious lhat it could have been retained without increasing the consideration afterwards given for tho Flori das. I could not but feel that the surrender of so vast and important a territory was attributable to an erroneous cstimato of tho tendency of our insti tutions, in which there was minjiled somewhat of jealousy to the.ris!ng greatness of the South and West. - , But I forbear to dwell on this part of the his tory of this question, It is past, and cannot now be undone, Wo can now only look at it as one of annexation, if Tezas presents it to us; and if she does, I do not hesitate to say that the welfare and happiness of our Union require; that it should be accepted, . If in a military point of view alono, tho ques tion be examined, it will be found to be most im portant to the United States to bo in possession of that territory. , TJtc Em!:!?i2ts of Viu'ty Jlc Cock the Coon. The coon is an animal filthy in its habits, and no use can be undo ot it until after it is dead t , .i i..i.ii. . I.., . , . us Bum, me oniy vamuuic pan oi ine annual, is sent from the United States lo Russia, and sold to that government to be used as a clothing for the Russian standing army. It is a prowling, cowardly, petty thief, skulking by day and committing petty larceny by night, and is thc terror of old women because of mid night depredations among hen-roosts. Such is the animal the federal party have chosen as em blematic of their principles, and they havo chosen well. To the democracy, tho whigs have assigned the chicken-cock, as the emblem of our princi ples. At the earliest peep of dawn, the clear, loud notes of Chapman is heard ringing forth its joy lhat light is about to overspread the earth. At early eve, being no friend to darkness, it re tires with thc sun to rest. It skulks from no danger, and readily does battle in defence of its privileges. It is no thief, and cortaiuly not a coward, for it would crow forth a defiance to tho assembled world. There is nothing moan or skulking in its nature. ' At the battlo on Lako Champlain, when the British and American fleets wero enveloped in the smoke of batlle, a cannon ball knocked to pieces a chicken coop on one of the American vessels. An old chicken-cock, who thus owed his escape from bondage, immediately flew upon one of tho masts, and at every interval between tho roaring of the cannon,' tho gallant cock crowed forth its notes of defiance and of victory. As soon as this was perceived, tlio sailors greeted the noble Chapman wkh cheers, and thourh the bullets flew thick and fast around him, still, in thc caruago of that dreadful battlo, the gallant bird kept its post until eur tars triumphed. Thus it will bo seen that in giving tho chicken- cock to tho democracy and taking the coon as an emblem to themselves, the federal party are i . . . .1 .. . 1 mi i . more nonosi inan usual. iney nave given us a noble, an honest, and a patriotic bird, and havo taken a secrot, prowling, midnight thief, without a single rodeeniing virtue. Democracy is open in tho avowal of its principles, and honest in carrying them out. Whiggery repudiates a doc trine belore an election, and acts upon it ufler the contest is decided. 1 ruly tho rooster and the coon are good emblems of tho two parties statesman. . nfliird facilities for the introduction into the Um'eu States of several branches of German manulactures lor American consumption. Tarisr Facts from the Jiook. Tho Eredericksburgh Recorder, gives the fol lowing facts, which all ought to be acquainted with: - Tho average exports of the Uuilcd States, un der the Protective tariff, for the nino years prece ding tho Compromise, were 57,i5,J!t,,J45 dollars per annum.' While during tho period of redu ced aud reducing duties, it was 1)8,447,795 ; be ing a gain of SSyfJ 10,855 per year. Let fanners who make and sailors who. carry produce, re member this. ! The thc duties on the calicoes used by tho rich is 30 per centum.' Let the poor remember this. . . , ' - - . -.: Tho duty on flannels for the rich is but 40 per cent, on flannels for the poor 100 per cent. The duty on " golden cambrics" is 30 per ct., on " stripe shirtings" G5 per cent. Tho duty on sold chains for dandies is but 7 per cent, on iron chains for farmers 30 percent. The duty on window glass ranges from 1)4 to 178 per cent with an average of more than 150 percent. Is not light heavily taxed? Implement of husbandry are taxed from 75 to 150 per cent so of every dollar paid by a farmer for such articles, nearly 50 cents are extorted " from him, to enrich tho already rich manufactu rer. ' '7 . ...:.',,' Let farmers remember when they spend a dol lar for farming utensils, that they pay 50 cents for the article itself 10 cents for tho support of government, and 40 cents to gloat the rich beg gars of the north. This is not fiction. Raw iron hiss a duty of 112 per cent. Who uses iron? or rather who does not use it? Let them remember they p;iy double lis worth. Thc duty on certain descriptions of cotton goods ranges from 60 to 150 percent making tho article ilsclt at least twice us natural price. . Salt (wo wish every ono who uses salt to note . this fact) is taxed 133 per cent extorting more tlian double its actual cost from tho consumer and every person is such) in order to enable our salt boilers to make their yearly dividend of 80 per cent! The duty on anvils ;s u per cent. lzx mc-. chanics remember it. The duty on iron in small bars 210 per cent! Ono price for the article itself and 24 for tho protection ot tne American mauut.icturer.. The duly on irons tor tailors and natters is i iu per ccut. This is protecting mechanics. The duty on iron wire is percent. Tho rise in tho pricy of hardware has been 10 percent since last spring. Win pays il? Tho rise in the price ot woollens has been per ct. Who pays it f . ' ' These are a few tacts connected with tho present tariff. More arc forthcoming. Repeal is tho word, and repeal is tho remedy. Whig Cannibalism. Tho voracity of th whigs is astonishing. , At the late eloction in this city they gulphed INativcism as greoddy as a bun gry man would a fine fat oyster. Having their appetites thus whotted they havo since turned lo, and actually devoured even their own kind We understand from (he Rochester Advertiser that (he whigs of the city closed their celebration of Clay's birth day by eating a dead Coon. - " If this bo the tact,1' remarks the Advertiser, "the parly is without a principle the Coon being the only cne left for the public eye. The voracity of these whigs is astonishing so are their polit ical fandangos. 15ut what can bo expeeted from a party whose emblem is one of the most thiev- ng ot tho flight prowlers which prey on tho a- bois ot tho husbandman? " Vlebeian. That this boundary could havo been obtained, was doubtlem the beliof of our niintxtdr in Hpuin; Lmttliek oner oi ii)enimni8li liornmiutMit wrtfl prolmoiy tlio l olo- ' mdo certainly a line ftir weM of the Ktthiiif!.. , Tub Tadlhs Turneo. There was one uni versal shout among tho whigs all over the coun try, during (he last session of Congress, when John Quiney Adams assailed the Hon. Henry A. Wise, baid tho tierce, malevolent old man " he is dripping with the blood of Cilley .'" Why is it that the whigs now cover their faces when tho Cilley duel is mentioned? 05" They have learned that Henry Clay was at tho bottom of that duel; that Henry Clay penned the chal lenge; and that Henry Clay said, after tho murder had taken place, when rebuked for his part in it, " it is only a ntno days' bubble! -Plebeian. Keop your own secrets, if you ever wish to bo tiny thing or do any thing in this world, Mr. CJay antl the Tariff: i Thcro was quite a piquant debate in the llouso of Representatives cn Wednesday, between Mr. Brown of Indiana and Mr. Whilo of Kentucky, n reference to Mr. Clay's double face on tho Tariff question, in wh'ch (ho authenticity of tho subjoined remarks attributed to Mr. Clay as hav- inr; been 'uttered in January 1812, in reference to Mr. Woodbury's amendment to the Treasury Note Bill, camo under discussion. It has been assorted that Mr. Clay said: ' - -1.1 'Carry out the principles oftho compromise act, look to revenue alone for tho support of Gov ernment. . Do not raiso the question of protoc tion, which I hoped had been put to rest. There is no necessity tor protection.1 - Mr. While, however, who was exceedingly in dignant at this, declared that the quotation was a forgery, 'but -admitted that Mr. Clay had "spoken . on the occasion jeferrcd to as follows: ',"' ."Carry out, then, tho spirit of the compro mise act. Look to revenue alone for the support of Government. Do not raise tho question of protection, which I hoped had been put to rest. There is no necessity of protection for jirotcC' tion." ,: .-'.-.:''. '--. ',, - This, then, is what was, said by Mr. Clay, as admitted by his staunch friend Mr. White; but, wo must confess lhat we do not seo that any ma- tcrial difference has boon established, nor that tho explanation at 'all docs away with the forco of tho chargo, that whilo Mr. Clay's adherents are laboring strenuously 011 his behalf in the mid-; dla and Northern States, as an ultra tariffito and . protectionist, he himself is endeavoring to gain support clscwhere,,as thc reducer of Tarifis, as the trioiid ot " the spirit or me uomprouuso Act," and as believing that "there is no necessity of protection for protection," to give him the bene fit of what are said to bo his own words. ' Hero is at least one, and the other and opposite face may be soon any day 11 the week in the ultra Clay Journals of this cily, displaying a system of hypocritical electioneering to deceive the work ing classes, such as has 'rarely been witnessed. "Do not raiso the question of protection. There is no necessity of protection for protection," which counlod with Clay's declaration to Merri- wcthcr, that" it is remarkable that since 1828, my exertions in Congress havo been directed to tho reduction and modification or Tariffs," form a pretty commentary upon the course of coouish journalism. Halt. Argus. , A man 65 years of age has been discharged, cured, from tho Pennsylvania lunatic Bnylum, who had been crazy 25 yfars. ., '